Views
2 years ago

Green lizards in central Europe: status, threats and ... - VipersGarden

Green lizards in central Europe: status, threats and ... - VipersGarden

Green lizards in central Europe: status, threats and ... -

BOHMB, W., BISCHOFF, W. & T. ZlEGLER (eds.): HERPETOLOGIA BONNENSIS, 1997: 105-113 Green lizards in central Europe: status, threats and research necessary for conservation KERSTIN ELBING, HANS-KONRAD NETTMANN & SIIJCE RYKENA Introduction Green lizards (genus Lacerta s.str.) form a real clade rather distinct from other lacertid groups (MAYER & BENYR 1994). Mainly the L. lepida IL. princeps species group, which is commonly lumped with green lizards (e.g. in the most common field guide of ARNOLD & BURTON 1978), is forming quite a different, not closely related clade (Lurz & MAYER 1984, RYKENA & NETTMANN 1986, MAYER & BENYR 1994), recently designated as separate genus Timon (MAYER & BISCHOFF 1996). Species number in green lizards has increased within the last 15 years. Currently eight species are recognized, L. schreiberi, L. strigata, L. pamphylica, L. trilineata, L. media, L. bilineata, L. viridis, L. agilis, the last five of them are polytypic. Taxonomic status Beside of the sand lizard, L. agilis, which is not subject of this paper, the green lizards are represented in Central Europe by two forms, formerly known as L. viridis. BOKER (1990) demonstrated marked differences in thermal requirements and activity pattern, comparing his own ecological observations from populations at the Rhine with PETERS (1970) data from Brandenburg. This as well as arguments given by NETTMANN & RYKENA (1984) supported the hypothesis of B6HME (1978) about two ecologically different adapted forms, representing different glacial refugia. Based on results from hybridization studies RYKENA (1991) had stated, that the former I. viridis consists at least of two distinct species. That means, the former western subspecies is genetically isolated enough to be recognized as a distinct species Lacerta bilineata DAU- DIN. Recently AMANN (1995) supported this specific differentiation of the two forms, based on electrophoretic data. His results, together with further hybridization data will be published soon (AMANN et al. in press.). L. bilineata is present in Western Germany, Switzerland, France, Northern Spain and Northern Italy. The systematic status of the green lizards in the Italian peninsula is still not known sufficiently (NETTMANN & RYKENA 1984). But, based on preliminary observations about coloration of hatchlings and adults, we prefer to list all green lizards from Italy with sometimes unclear subspecific status tentatively as belonging to L. bilineata. Likewise the animals from the Balkan Peninsula and from Northern Anatolia, described as different subspecies, belong to L. viridis (fig. 1). 105

Status, threats and conservation of birds in the German ... - AEWA
unep.aewa.org
Bowling Green and South Central, KY 2009 Magazine
duhne.paul59
Status and sustainable use of mahogany in Central America
globaltrees.org
Substance use in Central and Eastern Europe - World Health ...
who.int
E-mobility in Central and Eastern Europe - Roland Berger
rolandberger
Bowling Green and South Central, Kentucky 2010 Magazine
duhne.paul59
Roma and Traveller Inclusion in Europe. Green questions and ... - GEF
gef.eu
Business Information on Central and Eastern Europe http ...
bankaustria
Status of demo sites worldwide and particularly in Europe - CO2Geonet
co2geonet.com
Austria and Central Europe - Erste & Steiermärkische banka
erstebank.hr
UNDP Engl Satz 8.5.03 - UNDP in Europe and Central Asia - United ...
europeandcis.undp.org
EU support for Roma communities in Central and Eastern Europe
pedz.uni.mannheim.de
Roma and Traveller Inclusion in Europe. Green questions and ... - GEF
gef.eu
EBRD - Your partner in eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia
unepfi.org
important plant areas in central and eastern europe - Plantlife
plantlife.org.uk
E-mobility in Central and Eastern Europe E mobility ... - Roland Berger
rolandberger
Central and Eastern Europe | Turkey | Russia - Global Real Estate ...
mygri.com
Forest road in the Czech Republic and Central Europe
svf.tuke.sk
Economic Regeneration in Central and Eastern Europe: - Financial ...
fsresearch.co.uk
Cash, Treasury and Risk Management in Central Europe
czechtreasury.cz
Migration Processes in Central and Eastern Europe - Multiple Choices
aa.ecn.cz
IT Outsourcing in Central and Eastern Europe by PMR ... - ITOnews.eu
itonews.eu
A brief review of the status of Emulsified Fuels in Europe Today and ...
adeptgroup.net
Becoming Slav, Becoming Croat (East Central and Eastern Europe ...
cs6207.userapi.com
Reforming Pension Systems in Europe and Central ... - Destree.be
destree.be
EU support for Roma communities in Central and Eastern Europe
pedz.uni.mannheim.de
Tax Connect - Tax regimes in Central and Eastern Europe
rc.cms.sk