Ulykker i Danmark 1990-2009 - Statens Institut for Folkesundhed

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Ulykker i Danmark 1990-2009 - Statens Institut for Folkesundhed

English summary

Occupational injuries

The number of fatal occupational injuries has been declining during the period 1990-2009, in

particular for men. Among women, the number of fatalities remained consistently low

throughout the period. For non-fatal injuries reported to the Danish Working Environment

Authority, there was a decrease during the first part of the period, and from 2003 to 2008

there was an increase. The number of occupational injuries was significantly reduced in

2009, probably due to a decrease in employment due to the financial crisis.

A somewhat different pattern was found for hospital-treated occupational injuries; here a

steady decline during the period was found for men, particularly among 15-24-year-olds,

while the number of occupational injuries among women remained constant throughout the

period, except for 2009 where a significant decrease for both women and men was found, as

mentioned above (figure 6.1.3).

Figur 6.1.3 Emergency department contacts due to occupational injuries 1990

2009, by sex. Number

Number

120000

100000

80000

60000

40000

20000

Men Women

0

1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008

Source: The Danish Injury Register, National Institute of Public Health, Denmark, University of

Southern Denmark

Home and leisure injuries

Home and leisure injuries are those injuries that are neither traffic nor occupational injuries.

They may occur in the home, during sports, during education or in the countryside or elsewhere.

These injuries are by far the largest proportion of all injuries: 76% of all fatalities,

82% of all admissions and 77% of all emergency department contacts. The same priority

should, therefore, be given to the prevention of these injuries, as has traditionally and successfully

been given to the creation of safe workplaces and high safety on the roads.

The number of hospital-treated home and leisure injuries has decreased for men during the

period 1990-2009, while remaining fairly constant for women (figure 7.1.2) This has resulted

in a decreased injury share for men to about 53%. The number of injuries among children

has been increasing until 2002, and since then remained fairly constant. Compared to the

population in the different age groups, the number has remained nearly constant throughout

the period. Among those older than 65 years, the number of hospital-treated home and

leisure injuries has increased until 2004, primarily among the oldest group above 85 years of

age. This increase was partly due to the increase in the population of elderly. Those above

85 years has by far the largest injury risk. Happily, the number of hip fractures has decreased

during the period 1990-2009. The explanation is probably preventive measures

against hip fractures (hip protectors, physical training, treatment of osteoporosis, etc.).

Further, a generally healthier and more resilient elderly population may also be part of the

explanation for the decline in hip fractures.

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