Skovkirkegård i Herfølge - Danske Landskabsarkitekter

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Skovkirkegård i Herfølge - Danske Landskabsarkitekter

SUMMARY IN

ENGLISH

Forest cemeteries have in the recent

years gained a certain popularity in

Denmark. Most recently they have

been the center of a ention in connection

to a change of law on funerary

issues. With this change, it has

become more simple for Danish

municipalities to establish municipal

burial grounds. The focus in the

discussion on the change of law, has

been on forest cemeteries, encouraged

by the society ”Løvfald” to

whom it is the declared goal to work

for the establishment of non-religious

forest cemeteries in Denmark.

The purpose of this thesis is to investigate

what should be understood by

the term “forest cemetery”, reasons

for the growing interest for this type

of cemetery as well as what advantages

we can gain from these types

of cemeteries.

By literary studies on the meaning

of the term “forest”, this assignment

a empts to come to a de nition of

forest cemetery. However it is di -

cult to come to an exact de nition of

what a forest is. Depending on the

di erent backgrounds for the sources

giving more or less direct de nitions

of forest, you can get various

de nitions. And when it comes to

the users personal experience and

perceptions of forest the picture is

probably even more varied. In general

however this text concludes,

that the productivity forest holds

the basic development plan for all

most all forests in Denmark. And as

a result of this, it is the main source

for peoples experience with forest,

and there by their understanding or

ideal picture of it. The productivity

forest can in this way be used as a

guideline for a general description

of a Danish forest. A forest cemetery

must, in connection with this, be understod

as a burial place situated in

a planting community more or less

equal to those of the Danish productivity

forests.

It is found that reasons for the increasing

interest in forest burials is

mainly connected to conception of

nature among the Danes as well as

decreasing religious a liations. As

we have become more and more

aware of the scarceti of the natural

resources, our respect for nature

and the natural circulations has increased.

And at the same time many

people are looking for a spiritual replacement

for religion to give meaning

and promise eternity in an ever

changing world. These facts separately,

or to an even greater extend

in connection, can for a large number

of people make the forest seem as an

ideal place to bury the deceased.

The forest in addition has a number

of positive e ects on the human

mind, which can be of great advantage

for the mourning visitors at the

burial ground.

The results from the investigation

are used in making a design proposal

for a forest cemetary. The area of

concern is an expansion of Herfølge

Churchyard on Sjælland. Based on

registrations and analysis the proposal

plans the infrastructure, forest

plantnings and placement of burial

places. The area will be laid out

with four di erent forest types and

the burial places will be placed in

groups in the four areas. The main

part will be urn graves, but a smaller

part will be laid out as burial places

for co ns.

The time perspective is important as

it usually takes many years for the

trees to reach a size of interest. The

plan suggest a way in which the rst

new forest areas can be taken into

use a er only 15 years.

3

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