äGQGô≤dGPÉîJG

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äGQGô≤dGPÉîJG

äGQGô≤dG PÉîJG


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?¬∏©a ∂d »¨Ñæj …òdG Ée(Joneses) ácô°T IGQÉ›,(Smith) 嫪°S äÉcô°ûH Év«æ≤J G kôjóe (Leslie) ‹õ«d πª©Já«dÉY äGhOCG ```«æ°üàH ≈```æ©J »àdG á```«YÉæ°üdG äÉcô```°ûdG ió```MEG ‘É¡FÓeR e ¿hÉ©àdÉH »g ÉgQƒ£J »àdG äGhOC’G «æ°üJ ºàjh .IOƒ÷G¿CG (Leslie) ‹õ```«d ∑Qó```Jh .ácô`````°ûdG ∂```∏J π```NGO Ú```````°Sóæ¡ŸGGò¡dh ,AÉÑYCG ø```e ≥«£j ’ Ée πªëàj á```cô°ûdG ‘ ```«æ°üàdG º```````°ù`bÒNCÉJ ¬«∏Y Ö```JôJ sºnK øªa ,ôNB’ â```bh øe êÉàfE’G º```«∏````°ùJ ô```NCÉàj¢ù``aÉæŸG ¿CG (Leslie) ‹õ```«d âM’h .AÓ```ª©∏d áYÉ°†ÑdG ø```ë°T– äGhOCÓd õ```fƒL ácô````°T) (Smith) å```«ª````°S á```cô°ûd ¢```ù«FôdGâë‚ ób ,á°ùaÉæŸG äÉcô°ûdG øe Òãc ÉgÒZh (Jones Tool incäÉcô°T ≈∏Y ÉgOɪàYG ∫ÓN øe ,Iójó°T áYô°ùH É¡LÉàfEG ôjƒ£J ‘.IójóL k’ɪYCG É¡àcô°T IQÉ°ùN â«°ûîa .«æ°üàdG á«∏ªY ‘ iô```NCGsºnK øeh ,á«LQÉN äGQÉ«îH áfÉ©à°S’G ‘ åëÑdG Égôjóe É¡«dEG Ö∏£a.á≤jô£dG ∂∏àH πª©dG Iô°TÉÑe á«Ø«µH Ö°SÉæe ìGÎbG Ëó≤JäGQGô≤dG PÉîJG 28


É¡«a ¢ùÑd ’ ,áë°VGh áHÉLE’G ¿CG iô```J (Leslie) ‹õ«d â```fɵaøe G kÒãc ô```aƒj ,ácô°ûdG êQÉN äÉ```éàæŸG ```«æ°üJ ¿C’ ;¢```VƒªZ ’hí«LôJ ¤EG π«Á É```°†jCG k Égôjóe ¿CG âcQOCGh .ó```¡÷Gh ∫ÉŸGh â```bƒdGºYóJ »àdG äÉeƒ∏©ŸG ªéH É```v«°üî°T »g É¡Ø«∏µJ ºàa .QÉ«ÿG Gò```gËó≤J ºK øeh ,«æ°üàdG á«∏ªY ‘ iô```NCG äÉcô°ûH áfÉ©à°S’G Iô```µaÉ¡fCG ÒZ ..∂∏J äÉeƒ∏©ŸG ªL á«∏ªY øe ÆôØJ ÉŸÉM ÉgôjóŸ ìGÎbG¤hCG Iƒ£N π°†aCG »g ∂∏J âfÉc Ée GPEG ,É```gôeCG øe IÒM ‘ â```fÉc¬∏©Øà°S âæc …òdG ɪa .IOƒ°ûæŸG ájɨdG ≥«≤ëàd É¡«∏Y ΩGóbE’G øµÁ,ÚeC’G í°UÉædGh ¢ü∏îŸG º∏©ŸG ,ÜÉàµdG Gòg ∂d Ωó≤j ±ƒ°S ?â```fCG?¬∏©a ∂d »¨Ñæj …òdG Ée :¿GƒæY â– ,É k≤M’ vÓM29äGQGô≤dG PÉîJG


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