ACTIVITIES 2005 - European Academy of Sciences and Arts

ACTIVITIES 2005 - European Academy of Sciences and Arts

By contrast By contrast the the Al Qaeda Al Qaeda type type of organizations

of organizations

a) use a) use different different temporary objectives, and and an unreachable an unreachable cosmic cosmic one: one: the the

establishment of a of world a world caliphate without without infidels. infidels.

b) they b) they are are virtual virtual and and thus thus they they are are hardly hardly rooted rooted in one in one specific specific region; region;

c) they c) they are are not not known known to have to have engaged engaged in negotiations; in negotiations;

d) they d) they have have an operational an operational structure structure only only

e) they e) they have have no problems no problems in multiplying in multiplying their their enemies enemies

I call I call them them strategic terrorists.

To sum To sum up, up, the the tactical tactical terrorists groups groups could could survive survive even even if there if there was was no more no more

enemy, enemy, because because they they are are stake stake holders holders in a in given a given society, society, but but strategic terrorist

groups groups would would melt melt like like snow snow in the in the sun sun without without an enemy. an enemy. That That is why is why they they need need

the the perpetual war war that that is why is why they they pursue pursue an un-achievable an un-achievable objective: the the only only way way

to assure to assure a perpetual a perpetual enemy. enemy.

In other In other words words the the frame frame of mind of mind of the of the strategic strategic terrorists is rather is rather different different then then

that that of the of the tactical tactical terrorists terrorists and and so are so are the the motivations behind behind their their actions. actions.

A dramatic A dramatic difference between between the the behaviors of those of those two two different different groups groups has has been been

the the way way they they dealt dealt with with the the hostage hostage taking. taking. Historically tactical tactical terrorists terrorists (about (about

whom whom we we have have of course of course a longer a longer time time span span of some of some 25 years), 25 years), have have by and by and large large

released released their their victims victims sooner sooner or later or later (and (and some some time time very very later?) later?) like like 7 years!!! 7 years!!!

By By contrast contrast the the strategic strategic terrorists (though (though we we only only have have a ten a ten year year period period to ana- to analyze)lyze)

have have killed killed almost almost 50 % 50 of % the of the hostages hostages they they had had taken. taken.

In 1991 In 1991 some some thought thought that that ideologies would would die die out. out. They They have have not. not. Over Over the the last last

several several years years in fact in fact new new ideologies with with religious religious overtones have have appeared in some in some

parts parts of the of the world. world. The The uncompromising nature nature of some of some of these of these ideologies has has

introduced into into the the world world body body politics politics a polarization a polarization and and an extremism an extremism of sorts. of sorts.

Let Let me me borrow borrow a sentence a sentence or two or two from from Isaiah Isaiah Berlin’s Berlin’s Notes Notes on Prejudice: on Prejudice:

“Few “Few things things have have done done more more harm harm than than the the belief belief on on the the part part of individuals of individuals or or

groups groups that that he he or she or she or they or they are are in the in the sole sole possession of the of the truth: truth: especially about about

how how to live to live what what to be to and be and do, do, and and that that those those who who differ differ from from them them are are not not merely merely

mistaken but but wicked wicked or mad, or mad, and and need need restraining or suppressing. or suppressing.

It is It a is terrible a terrible and and dangerous arrogance to believe to believe that that you you alone alone are are right; right; have have a a

magical magical eye eye which which sees sees the the truth truth and and that that others others cannot cannot be right be right if they if they disagree”.

One One could could argue argue that that the the mentality of perceiving of perceiving diversity diversity as a as threat a threat and and therefore

the the demonization of the of the “other” “other” has has been been with with us for us for millennia. It may It may be so be but so but the the

world world has has never never been been more more interconnected and and indeed indeed interdependent than than today. today.

And And with with interdependence asymmetry is also is also with with us. No us. No longer longer can can the the large large affect affect

the the small small but but vice-versa is also is also true. true. So even So even a small a small group group indeed indeed a single a single person person

can can impact impact the the entire entire world world like like never never before. before.

Yes Yes globalization has has not not only only empowered the the powerful it has it has also also empowered the the

small. small. As As interdependence increases at all at all levels, levels, economic, financial, environenvironmental,mental, health, health, security security and and so forth, so forth, the the impact impact of the of the mentality that that diversity diversity is ais


threat threat becomes becomes wider. wider. Only Only a decade a decade ago ago most most of the of the world world came came to the to the conclusion

that that failed failed states states were were beyond beyond repair repair and and could could be marginalized. be marginalized. One One of those of those states states

was was Afghanistan. But But even even poor poor and and war war ridden ridden Afghanistan eventually affected affected the the

entire entire world. world.

Failed Failed states states no matter no matter how how marginal marginal they they may may be at be the at the level level of world of world economy do do

matter matter and, and, in a in world a world of asymmetry, of asymmetry, can can affect affect us all. us all.

At the At the same same time time in a inglobalized a globalized world world the the need need for for a preservation a preservation of one’s of one’s own own

identity identity is felt is felt even even more. more. Thus Thus stimulating individuals and and groups groups to look to look for for ways ways

to re-affirm to re-affirm their their own own uniqueness. The The point point is that is that one’s one’s uniqueness does does not not nenegategate another another person’s person’s uniqueness it actually it actually proves proves it. it.

Over Over the the last last fifteen fifteen years years we have we have seen seen a change a change in the in the narratives in many in many societies.

Key Key to the to the change change of narratives of narratives has has been been the the search search for for a new a new enemy enemy that that started started in in

earnest earnest since since the the collapse collapse of the of the Soviet Soviet Union. Union. Clearly Clearly unable unable to live to live without without enemy enemy

many many went went about about the the search search for for a new a new one. one. From From the the Balkans Balkans to the to the Middle Middle East East to to

Africa Africa to some to some countries in the in the West, West, civilizational, ethnic, ethnic, religious religious and and historic historic

divides divides were were re-invented or re-packaged or re-packaged and and diversity diversity was was in fact in fact demonized.

To be To sure be sure only only small small minorities did did embrace embrace such such a vision a vision of the of the new new enemy enemy but but

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