generation will be inspired to better understand cultural, ethical and consensual values to build a sustainable future. In 2005 the Budapest Round Table was organised by the Hungarian Section of the EuropeanAcademyofSciencesandArtsand Gilbert Fayl. The latter conceived the idea and elaborated the concept. The discussions focused on the challenges today’s younger generation will meet and their related intellectual and moral responsibilities. Outstanding students and international experts participated. They issued the “Budapest Memorandum: The European Way in the 21 st Century – Our Message to the Future”. In an official ceremony the Memorandum was handed to Professor Ferenc Mádl, President of Hungary. Subsequently, the Memorandum and the DVD were transmitted to various Rector Conferences and highschools and universities, as well as to the European Parliament andEuropean Commission. Vll. Formulating advice As appropriate, the EuropeanAcademyofSciencesandArts formulates advice / declarations on current burning issues and transmits these to relevant EU- and national political leaders. The most recent deliberations were: - the “Reaction to the Conclusion of the Brussels European council, 15/16 December 2005” that notes that the funding allocated by the EU leaders for research for the period 2007 - 2013 is considerably below the level requested by the European Commission and is inadequate to boost Europe’s competitiveness. The Academy invites the EU leaders to compensate for this within the agreed Financial Perspective. Structural Funds must be specifically used to support R&D related initiatives. This would be particularly important for the new EU Member States and especially for the States in the stage of pre-accession. - The declaration “Political Obligations and Moral Duty” issued on the occasion of the “World Science Day for Peace and Development”. The declaration stresses that economically strong and competitive European Un- i ion could help develop the indigenous scientific and innovation potential of less developed regions in Europe and beyond. To be able to fulfil its political obligations and moral duties, the European Union must receive adequate research funding. - The declaration “Protect Variety” that notes that cultural pride, diversity and historical awareness are the pillars upon which the future of Europe rests. Linguistic diversity is an essential element in maintaining cultural heritage in Europe. This highlights the importance of all European minority languages. The Academy invites the EU member states to allow for specific and regional cultural diversity in their respective countries. The steady decrease in the use ofEuropean minority languages must be reversed before they become extinct. VIII. European Culture This noble task is directed mainly by Eugen Biser, Munich. His mission is to begin to establish and foster the bedrock for a conscience of our culture by unearthing constitutive notions that underpin the European Idea. The European Culture has participated in several discussions and meetings under the leadership of Eugen Biser: 1. “Zwei Wege – ein Ziel? Die Theologie der Zukunft und das Musiktheater der Gegenwart”, Munich, April 5 th , 2005. 2. „Der Gestaltwandel des Atheismus“, Munich, April 8 th , 2005. 3. “Forum for Believers and Nonbelievers”, Munich April 8 th and September 26 th , Munich. 4. „Was können wir hoffen? – Überlegungen zum neuen Pontifikat Benedikt XVI.“, Munich, May 9 th , 2005. 5. „Das zweite Vatikanum – vierzig Jahre danach“, Munich, June 20 th , 2005.
6. „Hat der Glaube eine Zukunft?“, Munich, September 26 th , 2005. 7. „Die Wurzeln der Menschenwürde in den christlichen und islamischen Traditionen“, Ankara, October 3 rd -4 th , 2005. 8. “Religion andEuropean Integration”, Munich, Salzburg, October 6 th . 9. “Freiheit – mehr als seine brauchbare Illusion?” chaired by E. J. Bauer, Salzburg, November 17 th -18 th . 10. “What do we say our youngsters?” a joint symposium with GlobArt where the specific question of our education concepts has been concentrated. 11. The project “Minority Languages – Migration - Tolerance”, Georges Lüdi from Basel is a renowned and experienced linguist who will invite to an international and interdisciplinary symposium allowing a high professional and original discourse. 12. “Contribution to shaping the Swiss Federal Policy of promoting Culture”, this project is in the first phase in Switzerlandand is based to the ideal of tolerance as a moving factor. IX. Projects: An interdisciplinary project “Artsand Tolerance” is on its way, organized by our Classes II Artsand VII Religions by the Deans Wagner and Biser. A specific emphasis is drawn by the Class V, Social Sciences on “The Role of Ethics in the Globalized Economy”. This will be organized by the Dean Joseph Straus. Erich Hödl, our Vice-President, is launching a new home page. The European Project of implementing the European Idea: The Vice-President of the European Parliament, Ingo Friedrich, stimulated the interest of the Academy with his proposal to de- X 2 velop ideas on how to implant the European idea in the heart ofEuropean citizens. A team of architects developed a fascinating concept: a portable tent to be moved from town to town in Europe. The main idea behind the tent is to stimulate a European identity. The local Parliamentarians and Commissioners should present their ideas in order to demonstrate the active life and the reality of the European idea. This task is in progress for 2005and should be realized in 2006 upon request of the Austrian Chancellor Wolfgang Schüssel. This concept has been presented to Margot Wallström, the Commissioner, during the meeting “Sound of Europe” in Salzburg. X. Activities organized by the Spanish Delegation 1. Europe’s Boundaries: Relating to this study, the appendix “Turkey’s adhesion to the European Union” was published, and the proceeding “The EU, Russia and the New Independent Western States (Belarus, Moldavia, Ukraine)” is available. “The Southern Caucasus Region” will complete the study. The project will be concluded in the first quarter of this year. The study will subsequently be put to debate. 2. European Union Enlargement in view of the incorporation of the Eastern European countries (Phase II). Our central office in Salzburg, aware of the content of the studies being carried out with respect to this question, proposed to us the possibility of debating the subject in a new form, with the participation of experts from other European academy delegations. Accordingly, a debate on the content of our documents took place last October, taking advantage of the CEN (Central and Eastern European Network) meeting in Vienna, which is a platform created by the EuropeanAcademyofSciencesandArts head office aimed at promoting informal dialogue between the Presidents of the national academies of science of the Central - Eastern European countries. Participating in this meeting, which was attended by our President and Professor Rubia, were 26 representatives from the national academies of several Eastern European countries. The fact that the Presidency of the British Delegation had presented a draft of the budget with the financial perspectives for 2007-2008, that reflected