THE N - SITEMAP of "lbsr.mzf.cz"

lbsr.mzf.cz

THE N - SITEMAP of "lbsr.mzf.cz"

JIJN21

SUPREME

S

EXPEDITIONARY

EVALUATION D N

G­2 R E

TH

GERMAN

Prepared y y . n ) d

in n h e r e .

E.D.S./G/I

inr


SUPREME

S

EXPEDITIONARY

EVALUATION D N

G­2 R E

TH

GERMAN

lush

Prepared y y . n ) d

In n h " r e .

E.D.S./G/I

April


" n e g r e l t y n , n , d n e

There l e h e f e r . t t

decide n e d e r e e h f e n

These e s s n , , d e r

which e d s t h s e s e w d o

to e . o e e t n t , n d e n

actual , s y e k R s d o

German e n n h e

In e S s f c s n n y

and d , s r h t n e

SS—may l e d s e t . t t y s

organisation, n d , t o , y

the l e n e d d e i s

" " o w e t n e t m f g

German n o , e o , d e o d t

employed y n g . e n f y s

Police y s e t d n f e , d e

government s t e s d y e r , t

no y d e o n s . e i

has r n d y e l f e e e l f e r e

both e w d e m f e n . n h e e

is e t f n n e s f s

Allied s n e e f r e o n y

as n e , r e d s f e n e e

their n d d s e n l

In s d y d s e k f g t

and e s l . e i , e , d e ­

telligence s d y e o s l y

the s f e

Finally, n e d f , l d , t l

found y o r , d o g o , y

and y s f e n . n r e s f ­

isation d , e e t f e g n

machinery l e d y n t o s , d n ­

standing f s n y e i

This k s e n d h e m f g

intelligence d r h f e e s n e n

Germany


THE

N

Forewor

Table

f

PART E Y D N F E N

1 n e e 3

2 g n d )

3 l e h f e o

4 R s y f f e o

5 n f t d s t n e e

6 t f f r n i

7 n f e e r R

8 e ­ d r r S d e )

9 w n f e l .

10 w n f e o

11 w n f e o

12 l n f e n y s .

PART O E H D F E N

A. H

13 s y r d e e f e S .

14 s r n e i t

B. R E

15 l l f e e .

16 l l f e e h f .

17 s f e f

18 ­ d r

PAG

PART : L N D E

19 l e f e e m

20 l e s

21 n n e r d e

22 e s ) .

23 e , t d l e s

24 e l e s

25 n

PART R E

A. R N D L E F E

26 l

27 e o s t )

28 e s n e t o

29 s d y e t i .

30 l : r r i

31 e n s

32 e r o

33 e o s f e o


B. E R

I. l n

34 s d s

35 n f e r d e

36 n f e r d e . . . .

37 s f e r n e l

. y

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(/)

38 d f e o

39 l n f e i . . . . . .

40 k e s n e d

41 e . .

42 T s

43 e ) V

44 s s

45 d e s . . . . . . . . .

46 r s f e o

47 K e o e o

48 e o e o

49 n f e i r n . . . . .

50 d f e i r n

51 e : l . . . . . . . . .

52 e s s . . . . . . . .

53 t d t

54 e d e

55 n f e d e . . . . . .

56 s s r l e

57 e : l

58 n f e i

59 d d y s

60 n f e i . . . . . . .

61 y s f e P .

HE. l y

62 s f e e n

(g)

(h)

(j)

63 n f e n

64 d f e n .

65 n d n . . . . . .

66 e f e s .

67 l r e s : e B

68 n f e i

69 y P s

70 e f e e e .

71 y f e N

72 , h d l n

73 l e f e N

74 l e f e N

' 5 e e f e N

i


IV s o e r d e ^

76 i .

77 i

C. E E

78 : l

79 d n f e g

80 s d s

81 e s d t y l s

82 e n

83 n s : e i

84 n f e

85 p . . . . #

86 r d s f e e e

PART E : E I D R

A. R N D L

B. E

C. E

87 t f e o d D

88 l s f e o d D

89 s f e A x .

90 s d y e A

91 l : r ) r i d s D .

92 e s f e S

93 e r o d s D

94 o d D s : o . . . . . . .

95 e d e

96 e o , t V f e A

97 e f t V

98 e r e f t V

99 r e s f t V . . . . . . .

100 s f e o

101 o s f e w

102 l n f e o

103 l n f o s

104 n n f n o

105 e i

106 t l )

107 n s

108 e t d e

109 l : l

110 s f e o

111 n f t f e A

112 e f t

113 l l e n

114 e l e

115 n l h )

116 s d y e l e

117 c s f e y e

118 t f e o l k

119 l n f e o

120 l e f o s

121 h r d s )

122 s f g

123 g


C E —

124 r s g t n g

125 y d g s

126 e r e n f s .

D. E

12

12

12

13

13

13

13

13

13

13

13

n d e f e D

e d e f t I f e A

D n f n e

D c . . . . . . . . .

n f t I f e A

e f t I

D s

l n f e D e y . . . . .

e D m f s

l n f e D n d s

n d y s f e D

PART X L S F E

13

13

14

14

14

14

14

n

n g e s

l s f e e

e s d r t . .

s n s f y

s n l m

n d n .

PART

N

14

14

14

14

14

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

17

The n n

Legal s

Police s s n e i

Commissioned s n e i . . . . . .

Women s f e r e .

Verwaltungspolizei

Einfacher

t

Mittlerer

t

Gehobener

t

Hoherer

t

Technische

e

Die n e r r

Vollzugsbeamte f e i .

The n n e i

Fuhrerlaufbahn s n s n e i

Fuhrerlaufbahn s n s n e i

Fuhrerlaufbahn s n s n e i

Weibliche

i

SS s n e D .

Pay d s

Payments r n y

Pay r s r e e d s n n

Taxes d s n y

Pensions d s n e f h . .

Der d r n . . . . .

Table f s . .

V

^ r^

r £>. , '*­*T­I ­ r


A. S

171 l n

&? S D L

172 s d n n h s

173 s f e i

174 e m .

175 i m

176 i m

177 i m

178 e e m

179 i m

180 i m

181 s f e i d e D

B. L

182 l n

183 h

184 S h d y e e

185 s e e )

186 l s f e e g s

187 l s f e P s

188 l s f e N

189 l s f e i d )

190 l s f e o d D

191 s d o e c y e e

192 n n l r e

193 e s

ANNEXE

ANNEXE E H

Part e e f e S d f r n i m m s

(a) t i l t f e r )

(b) t l t f )

(c) t t d n t f t d )

Part o l e

(a) t f , g o s r y

(6) t f , g o s r y

(c) t f , g o s r y

(d) n f e e f e O e

ANNEXE R E D E

Part

e

(a) t f e n r g n ) d e

(b)

e

Part o y r d e Reich e ­

missioners)

ANNEXE L E N

Part e n

Part : n

Part : r

Part : n d g )

Part e i m f n f )

vi

'

' i: '

W

1

. .


ANNEXE R F E F O S N Y

Part e e n r o d c l )

Part o e ) d

(a) s d s

(b) e f s d t f e d e

(c) n f e e s f e d e .

Part e i s n

(a) W s d d s

(b) l x f W s y s . . . .

Part : i e n )

Part e i r d n )

Part x e e l y

(a) B g o n e d )

(b) t f d r s f e N

Part n n f e e e d e s f e ) .

ANNEXE D S F E

PartOne: B f e s

PartTwo: B f e s

Part e O d E r t d r t ) f l e n

Part r e s s

Part : s f e d s h )

Part : s d y e i )

ANNEXE R F E F E E

PartOne: o n l s f e )

PartTwo: o n l s f e )

Part : o n r h s f e )

Part r i r

(a) e r e )

(b) n r e )

Part : o s d s

Part x i y y s e o

Part

n

(a) e k f e o d D .

(b) s o e e k f e o d D . . . .

(c) l s d s d n ) d . . . . .

(d) k f e e s s n r y

(e) e d y e e e n

(/) s s f e o d D

(g) s n e e f o d D s s

ANNEXE R F E F E

PartOne: n l s f e l )

PartTwo: n l s f e l )

Part : o n d n o h )

Part r e s f e e f o l

(a) l n f , 8 . . . . . .

(b) n f e , 1

(c) n f e , 3 . .

vii


PAG

Part e h s s l n f e h

Administration

{a) n r r t n f e

n d e s f e l y s

their )

Part x e f n g ) d r n h e o d D

ANNEXE R F E F E

Part e e D l )

Part o e l )

Part : n e h )

Part : n r h )

ANNEXE R F E F E

ANNEXE T F S D E

ANNEXE

ANNEXE

Part

e

Part o l

INDEX

F


FOREWOR

This k s o t s e y n e n e s .

should e d , , t o k n e o l y h t r

such , d o r y l s t t . e n e s

a c , d e s e l n e s f g h n

and e n e n r e . e n e s e t t

number f r s g e k f g e d e y n

difficult

The n s g e t f e n e g e t e s

given n T E f e , t r f r s f n l e r ­

out. S , , R d E g e , s d

of e n e d e d s , d r r g f s

the o s n n d ) t e d f e k d e . T

dealing h l , s t y y s e e y f e s d ­

tions g e n ; t s e e r n n e e f l s

exist n , g t e e e r f s f l s t l ^

encountered n n h e n . T N s n e f e

features f e n l s r s s s e l f e .

tables f e s n t e d f T N d e e g f

Part. s f e s d y s e n n T

Strength s e t d g o e y f g t y e

All e s n d e s d s n y d ­

occupied y e d n e s , t s g o e n e ­

quarters n d s e t t h . n h d o e

inside y t d e d t e f e s n e y '

to d , e r e d r s f , s n s d ­

sonalities r . r s n e r f s d n e k s

kept o . n r o d n e s e d e e f e

of n s d e s e . t e s e n

formerly d s d e t f y y e s e n d r

of

German l y d s e n d t e , s

stated, d e d e e o e t f s d o e x f s

at e d f e

Sources d e t y n , , e ,

files, l , d r , s l s s f W d r e

As r s s , o e e n k n e e , y g o

complicated e f e t , d y o s l

therefore

The g S s e n d o s k n d s d

MIRS/OCC­CI/1/4 Gestapo s n r y e e

MIRS/OCC­CI/2/4 SD y ) s n r y e e

MIRS/OCC­CI/5/4 Headquarters f e l ) n r y

Annexe^G)

MIRS/OCC­CI/10/44 e s n y e e

MIRS/OCC­CI/12/44 n r y e e

MIRS/OCC­CI/15/44 r e d e s n r

(Landes­ e e

MIRS/OCC­CI/28/44 e t V f e ) e , t , n

X


Part

HISTORY D

GERMAN

N F

1. n e e

The n e e s y e

powerful n f s d n e .

is o e t e s f

Gestapo h e e f t

It s e e f s t o e e ­

ment f e n , g e n

of e i , m r f

organised s t l y o

disciplined e e l n

to n i e r e n

When e l s d r

30th , , e s o l

authority n . e y s

into , s t d n r

monarchy d r e r ,

each e d l f e e s

polizei) n s n

These s e , g

independent f e r d t

relationship, d r n l s

administration, , , d n

own l

Neither e s y r e

Republic d e l e f

German , h e r

provided r l l f e e y

Reich r f e . , y

to e s r e e e f

certain e r d e

of t n r .

however, e d o r

own e

Earlier s o y e e e

Germany t h g n m

States, y m c ,

traditionally d t n r s

the e l d t

2 g n

Assimilation

To t r , e l

needed m n n d

strong, d e e y d y

central . t y d t ­

mediately e o s e s

th s e s n e

country, s y d o e l

opposition f e r l , e

groups, e s s d s

interests

With e e o d , e s

more y e n , t

the e f e t o

they d t d o t e n

the . y , , e e

to e s

The w s r e

were n s e d f

the g d g f l ­

tions n e h e s h

taken e n e h t

During t d l e s f

Lander e n r y e , d

them l e e s g

Police s f e r f e

etc.). e y d s n

began y s e n

regions, o e l e r s f

Police o d n n y y d h

republican r c , r e

towards e i e s n o

Such n e y d y

(" d r ) e y

beyond l w f . s e

forces e d y m e

below. n , e s f e A

SS e y d s y

3 l e h f e

The t s s n ­

tional e n e n e m

taken n e f e

Police)—known n a s e

Stapo—a d e f h d n

in e r . e s f s

however, d n s y d s

numbers d

A t e e d r

the y r r e r

and s d t e s y e

" e e

The l s d t d o

the e f e t e s n

totalitarian , d y e k o

upon d d h n s n

repression s l e

Above l y d e n f

transforming t o r t t

weapon, d g s d l

to

They o w e s f g

utilising e s f

Germans d y d t e d

the w

Prussia, s t c

was e t o h n l t

though e e s r g t

Braunes y ) n

was e g r e t s n

subject

GORING, s e r f , d

control f e n , s t o

his l r s h s , d t

also n t , f f e

politically l A , d o

large e f l r s w

system

Die

r

State ) h d e r

Political e s y d

GORING n h ,

GORING d e e f f f

Gestapo t d e e n f

organisation o ,

until n d n n e f e n r

Observation f m n e h

of e

Thus e d s

institution, d n y t s t y

Reich , h e n s

purely , e g o e

Decree f h , 6 e . ) d

HIMMLER e f h , 6 e .

the s t f e h y

Shortly r e

had e r f e l e

Bavaria, g h m ,

fiSssp


Political e f n . , r

important, H s o f f

Sicherheitsdienstdes

Security e f e r n f

the , d e n e

HIMMLER n e s y s

SS r n f f e

The e d e f e D n

early y f e n f e

cannot e . t y d

nucleus f e s e

was o y n e s f e s

the l t

Thus y d

service s t d o m e s f

intelligence m n n t

The y D s o e s e

but t e y d h e

State , l e l f e ,

to e t t f e , g

from e

The t t e m g

early s f e t f e

was e y

Unit r l , h

became e

It d f d s d

commanded y e r . s

was e s f e t

Division f e

The s e p

uniformed s d ,

members e d d

the t r e o w t y e t

special l

z.b.V.) f , d , f s w

force, e

4 R s y f f e

HIMMLER, g n s e m

headquarters n h n S

Prussian t , s t o e e n

competition r l . s

in f f e , o e l s

for e e d y f e , d s

Chief f e , e e m

him o n d n l e r

members f e , e t t e d

some y n e n f t

But y r d e

managed o e s . g t

he d y t y d

of e l e s f l e

except , d d e e f

Polizeikommandeur

l

Commander f e n

In e g f 4 R

several n s r s

and d t t ,

seenu'ngly g e y f e

Gestapo. n l i ,

HIMMLER d s , d

latter d m y f f e

Gestapo n e f , o s

At e e e R d s

as d f e l e s f e

German , d n t y d s

chief f e o e e l

his

His t e s o e e e f

officials d f m e

the . n e y d e

officials y s f e , s g

amalgamation f e S d e , h

to s l n e o s

5 n f t d s t

the

The p s d l

taken n h , , y e

after e n e e r

reconstruction f e h

Neuaufbau

s

Article f s w d n t e

rights f e ) e o e

to e . l e s e ­

forth d o e l h ­

ment, , f , e e s f

State. s e f e r , e f e

necessities f e l t y

achieved

This g t d ,

produce y s e n e e

of e . n t t

dated d , , d t e

of ­ n s d o e

by e d n n e s f

States, h d t n f f e

Government n e s e e r d

choose, n l r r , o e

use f s s r e w . s t

central t m f e n

absorption f e , d t s

freedom h s e r e

structure f e n e m d r

anomalous s r h e

Police s

Outwardly, e n r

control, t e l r s d n

A e p n e n d ­

tion f e e s e

of e e i r

barrack , h s d d d

infantry

Prussia d y n e d n

matter d y e f h , ,

established r f

(Police h e t f

and g e s

against l

The n e s d y

governments f e r d y

decree d n h , , e

administration f e s

over o e h s f e r d

Finance r

This e s y d y

legislation, h d , s m t

1935, e d s

all e e s d e n r

the

With e n f l

in , , e y f e n n

" e d o e y e

formed l s f , ­

disciplined

Some y n e e d

of e s s o e n n

barrack e s d s f

Attention s n d o e n

the i l .

reorganisation f e

Police ) n e s d y

a n e f , t e

substantial s n e e f

Gemeindepolizei, t y n e

State t n n e a d r

the e

Prussia n k e d y g p

position f r n l , d

them o e s f e . d n

issued n h , , e h


Prussian r f e r d n

principles g e e n f

section f e

A r n s e n f

Chefder f f l

whose y t s o y d t l

police s n e s s

the

The n e s w f h

1937, e w e o s Schutzpolize

der l n .

unification f s p h e e

polizei r h ­

tection ) s r d y

decrees h d , g r ,

i r s f n e

Police e o e d y e

th a d g d s

der f d y ) r s

Schutzpolizeidienstabteilung f d y

captain r r g

6 t f f r n

The s f n d s

on h , . n s , R

a w , t f

of e n ) n e h y f

Interior

The n d o l s

position f e d f e e s

the h s , , s e

seen, r f e S , e

deputy i f e

The w f h , , d

transferred e d e y m

Lander o e , d s c t

power s w y d y

appointment f e e r

happened o o e e f e t l

in e t d n e

His n d s e

defined y e w e s

und

des R s e y ­

sible o e y f e . e

therefore, n e e f s e ,

the e f e h r f

Interior, d e e f ,

Prime r f . e n f

as t y n e e f e

should e

As r n f f e ,

HIMMLER s y e o

alone, e e r f e , d

therefore, n n o t e

of , e r f e

HIMMLER's s s e r n

issued y e h d n r f

Interior d h , , h s

unequivocal s t e s o e

the y r y , r t s

signatures f s n e y f e

or r t s d y s

In r e t s l

7 n f e e r

HIMMLER t o e n g s

powers. s k s o e

division f s n e h .

decree s e d n e h ,

entitled

des

n f

in e e f e f f e n

This d e e o o l s

(a) Ordnungspolizei r r

(b) Sicherheitspolizei r y

Into e t l e

branches f e d e h s

Schutzpolizei n ) d e

armerie l ) s e

(Administrative . e w

was e p y e

Reich l ) d e

polizei —Secret e

Whatever s t e d

the s f s r t h f e e

completely d y s e h

detail e e s f e o

divisions f e

d

SS

n y

fu'hrer) e d s f e

polizei d e

The l d l n f e

throughout e h s t d y

innovations, t e l r f

administration s r d y

creation f n h e s o

the l s f e d d

as r e n s h

looal s s l s e l

departments n . o h

District), , e d n

der r f e d n

der r f e

They e d y e d e

September,

Their s d n h e

Party h e r f

Wehrkreis d h e e

of e e r e o h y

appointed

Unless d y l s m

Head f e r e e ­

pected o y t e s f e

Government

Polizei

Reinhard

t E

H

d

In

Inspectors

,

r e

R d

z

e

(a)

(b)

der

(c) Der

In e e f e g ,

General s e . e .

The l y f e l

is o g d s r e

development f r e ,

generally n l k n e ­

formance f

A r p s n d

the t f h , , h o

the g f e e s y e

of'the e , d e n f

rank s d

8 e S d r r S

Police

Not t h e w ,

doubtless g n d e e f

rapidly g , R r

another e f h e

In h f e n

divisions f e S n e h

with e r y s o

Germany s ) e d y n


Fiihrer r f e S s n t

It , , e d l p o

this 5 t e d o f e

Die

Superior S d e ) s y

called, e e t d l

in h —and r , g e

in l d f R

the f f e S d f

German . n n e f d

HIMMLER's l n s h

Wehrkreis , d r r

authorities

9. w n f e

Other s d s e

of e n e d e w

polizei y , e e l f

two n s f e d n

HIMMLER n h ,

The s e d n h

1936, h d s f e

(Secret e ) d l

which r e e

Police), o t r s n y t

the h y f e a d

their

This e d n t e s f

still­born w f e t , , h

provided r l l e

responsible o e h r f e

and d n e y

departments. e l e s o y

common s f , d s s

those n e d l s ­ o

empowered, y e f s , o

their s n y t f e .

law, , s r d n e

owing o n y e

10 w n f e

The n f e d

Police o e w n f e

State e s y e t

On e h , , w

made ) n a ­

sible r e s f e l e ­

manders n l e s f

On e t , , r e

the p y y g t e

Police s e o e d

(Secret e

The n f k f d

and y ,

Headquarters) d l ­

quarters) t e h d s

matter f

The d r y e

before s n s d y .

decrees d h , , d h

1934, d e e f e

and g f e n t n d

1935, d t e t e e e

subject o l , e l

basis n h e r f e

is e s n ) w f

February, , d

Staatspolizei w g e t

Police)

This , h s f n f

is o d s o w e y t n

action o e t e e t , n

nothing e n l e r

police m f e t s d

nature

The e f e e s d n

seventh , h s y e s

It s t s n

Gestapo

This s n t t s y e

and d t t t r .

also s t s d d d

guilty n , y e d y e

the t s e f s d g

case f r

In e e f r s s f

Gestapo y o e e n f

types d s f e l ,

personnel n y e e l n

the

Instructions r e n f s

issued n e e , . h ,

laid n n r l e s

attributes f e e f e e

follows

(a) s

effective n l

d

s

y

f

e

e

e

(b) e

Political

s

e

e g y

(c) e

concentration

s d s l

The l e s t d y

State, l d l ,

even e s f e r f e

all t l s d

It s g o e t g o e

of e h , , e f f

Gestapo s e e r f a

GORING). , ,

has r , d s t n , f

the h n t s y

of o l t y o

11 w n f e

As e r l

now s t f e t

important o n t s t e

parallel o t f e h s

in e n f e

The l s e t t n

of s g e , e ,

reporting d e e s f e

Police

The n e

Police ) e e

polizeiamt —National s f

Reich l

The s f e l e

Germany w e m k f

polizeileitstellen l e l ­

quarters). e , l , d o

National e s n r

localities. y t s s r

instructions d s m e l

Police t o e l e s

their

These l s t d y

statistics, d d s f

criminal y r s n t

those f y l d l e

tion. y , , n

German d e l e f

democratic s t e o t

wide s f e t d

the e y o e d n

12 l n f e n

Force

One f e t t s n e


of e e s e g p f e

the y )

fuhrers­SS D . , e t

intelligence d e t f

Nazi

The e d y e h r f

Interior n h , , e e

officially e r e l f l

activities d s h t e h

dominance f e l t .

stated

" e f e , s

Party d h t ,

to y t t ; n r

must t e y e . e

and e e D s y

on f f e h d s s

and t n n e D

the s f e l d

Administration.'

The o s f e ,

from e 6 n f e e s

instruments f , e w ,

ultimately d d , y e

The n f t , y g

Gestapo d y n e s f

SD, s d y e f d ,

ordermgthe t f l l n

ranks f e , f y e t y

The d d D e

be n s e —an

Nazi m g e n f s

the n f e " n s f ­

tion e s s d n 9 y

merging f e n

Reich y f e r h e ­

Together y d e

hauptamt l t

Security), e e

the g s

this w

In 4 R k e l p n

seizure f e e r y g

practically l s f y

from e d s d g m r

the . g l l d

intelligence, e t f e D s s

thrown r e e n d

Forces f y d d

and n h l n s

missions f e d e t

Allies—into s d s

jurisdiction


'art

THE H D F E N

A. H

13 s y r d e e f

S

Any n f e n f e ­

man e n s y m t t

the r f h ,

und

Dt —Commander­in­Chief S d ­

in­Chief f e n . e s t

the r f e n e , t e s

real r f

HIMMLER s n n 0 d d r

brief d n e t , g e k

Fahnenjunker r . s

studied e n h d

tried s k n s s f ,

chicken . r e e s o

in n l e

He d e l i y d

standardbearer o , f f e ,

Nazi y d .

on, e s y o r R

took t n e R h f

On l f e y n , r t d

banned d R d n

HIMMLER r e d e s f

Party

s

Later n e e y t f

Gau d s f

{Munich)

I 6 R s e e f

original s f e

(National t y . t s

noteworthy t g e t s

1926­1930, n e y s

throughout e y n r o n

ground, R d e n f

vertretender y ­

paganda f f e

In 7 R d m y

of e , n n f e h

powerful . t s o e c

HIMMLER t y t s

he s n s y r f n

and n t e d o k s y

th g . s n 9 e d

appointed y R s

At t e e , S l ­

guard, d f y 0 , t y

HIMMLER d d s n

to y

Their e s y d y

blood e f e A n h , , n

SS e t f e

Stormtroopers. e e n s f e

was r d y e e f

Waffen­SS d

At e g f e r e S d

approximately 0 , t e r

the s f e l )

now h r g o e t t

of s s e d o

Waffen­SS, e e d e d ,

are d s n p

The r f e , , s l

increased, e o e t f s

thousands f n o e d

to e t t s f e S y

thousands f e , t y n

Police, t n l s f e , e

administration, , , d

and e e n . e c

of e , , d e

14 s r n e i

In 3 R e f f

Bavarian l e d n 4 y

of e n h r d o

Gestapo f , g s s r

whole f y d , r d

In , 6 R d e w

of C f e n e n e h ­

try f e , d d R

this , s g m

Chef

In 9 R s d

kommissar

tums h r r e

of . s h e s e r

re­settlement f l

—from e , e k ,

Wallachia, n y d ,

as e d d ­

Westpreussen, h d n n m

and , r o , y

populated y

This k s d h e

Mittelstelle, n e y d h

SS h d d y d y

personnel

Since e g f e r R

acquired e s f

Innere r l

Internal ) d f

fur

—General­Plenipotentiary

r

In s r y e s r s ­

vision e y f e , e

of , h , d e

Planning

y

almost e e c e f

Reich d s e l

For e e e y f e o

to s e f e l K

appointed h r f

A r e n s

occurred n , , n e s

Reichsinnenminister h e f e

succeeding . , o e h ­

tector f . l n ­

LER d d f e d

into g n n e ;

even h e d s d s f ­

venting e y f s , K

still y s . m , 3

however, e s t y n , t o n

the f f s r

This t f s r e o

after e t n s e n

July, , n R d

oberst M s

Befehlshaber f f

Equipment d r f e g

He , , r n f f l

Forces


Thus, e e d f

and e h y ,

became e g r n y

As R e o r e S

Command d s s d r

likewise, d y d

agencies n y f t n l

As d n T , e

55 d p y p e s f

Hauptamt

l

of e y , ­ , %

latter t s y d h

SS­Sicherheitshauptamt

(Reich s f e , . e

Service) o m e

(RSHA—National t f

Thus e S d s l

within e n n n l

specifically n e n , r

HIMMLER f s e

B. S E

15. l l f e

HIMMLER s e l r s

police e h e f s

Berlin, h n e f e y e

police , e e

(a) Chef f f

Regular , o s n e f e

Ordnungspolizei l t f

Police)

This n s d y y

der

WONNENBERG, o n 3 d

oberst

DALUEGE

(b) Chef

RFSS f f e y e d

Security e f e f

the , o s n d f e

heitshauptamt l t f

The t r f s n s

General . t ­

TENBRUNNER. s r n h ­

pointments s t

who s d y h s n , t

time n e o d e n f

Reich r f

(c) Chef

(Chief f e t f t d

whose e s w n n r

Wirtschafts­ und

the S c d e

y e

Nothing e s n t e r

which s n s n , t t

known t e n n e f e

SS­OGF, d ,

holds e k d n f

direktor k f n e

tion) n e h y f e .

therefore s t n t s n

the f f e

which s t f t

­

Under m e e o g h

the y f e r e f e

Deutschen d e . y e

Ami

the , e f

l

s

h

t ,

Amt l h f

WVHA, e f s

leutnant . .

Amtsgruppe s s t h d ­

berg . s n

at e , r .

Amtsgruppen y e s n r ,

if , y e t n

16. l l f e e h

Regional l f e e s d

HIMMLER h e und

fuhrer r S d e

These s e l t

and g o e e e e

created s y s 7 t e n

FRICK d G e t n s y

Pra'sident

gung—President f e l l

National , s d e ­

sibility f r d e t d

strengthen e y f l e

internal y y g l ­

sentative f e f f e S d e

wide e a e R

in h y t r

Forces s . e e s

the n t s s t n

that e n f s t e s

made n o e n c l

after e k f

Before e r e m f f

conceived s " e

their s g d o n ­

ties. n e k f , , l

forces d s n h

subordinated o n

There e e s f r S

Police

s

(a) f d n h f e

SS­Oberabschnitte, h e t

with e n n r

(This s ,

former

Since e . e a r h

HSSPf s , s t l h

administrative n f , e

is d o h r

authority e y s y r ­

pletely o t s s d

the e f n . r , e k

Wehrkreis . ) ­

sists f , s s f e

administrative . e e e f

HSSPf n n s s s

"

Oberprasidenten

Merseburg,

Thuringen

Another d e s e

kreis

territory y s f n

plus e d f

Reichsgau d d w d

of r n s e

reads

"

terium

in

Wurttemberg

(b) f e r , t

territory d y e d

and " d e d o ­


There e e h

SS­Oa

SS­Oa

SS­Oa

c

The s f e f e t

than e d e y e

is y e r e y

occupied , y e

For e e e f e f n

reads s s

"

besetzten

(c) f n r d s h s

General , , ,

the s n . y l

territories e y , r t o

liberated y e d , d e ­

tion d e e d o s p

HSSPf

In y e n e n

slightly . e e O ­

tice n , , n e s

the , l

has n d n e n d t f

country s u. e

HIMMLER'S e d y ­

potentiary r l y h s

Verona

WOLFF s e e r o

HSSPf c l

at e d y o o e r o

HSSPf d r e n d

parts f n . , , s

confirmed, d t s e t F

may r e s f y s ,

title s y g t

is e r f e r , y

one d t . n ,

SSPf e . 8 ) e n o e ­

blished n

WOLFF s o

(Chief f s l ) d

until , s e t

Fiihrerhauptquartier, . e W e

Forces h

A n r o e e d

for y d n e , e

summer, , s ­

MANN s n s ­

ing t y f e y r

but , t e e , r o

HSSPf, y e f

Sea) t o s w d o

(Tarnava) n

17 s f e

The l s f e f y

to e h n n

regional S d e s d e l

and l , , n e t f

emergency, o e r d f

combined S d e s n s

As r e e l

Headquarters n n e f s t

the e e t p y e

fur l l

National ) n h

bezirk h e . e

Regions e y l h e

kreise, t s t f e e f h ­

ber, , y e w l h e

Party n r y e t

Reichsverteidigungskommissare n e

The r S d e s

also s s h e

macht d k n e n h

Acting s , o e e

chiefs d g s f e

Collaboration n e o h

in h a s e e d e

because, e t , , s

have n d y d t n

pace, y h , o

Waffen­SS, d f o e r

Navy r r

The s t e l f e f

the

the e y s f e

of e n e l n d

SS t , l s f e r

(Orpo) d y e d e s

the y e

An f y s e k f S

fu'hrer

e

as l s d s f s

the l r f e d

(BdS r S e a , e l ­

mander f e O e . ,

Stabsfuhrer f f ) f e

and y r l o y e

for c

In d y e f y

command e s f e f y

not r t r y

For , e f n ,

gruppenfuhrer,

REDIESS s d s

representative t e y s

the y l , d y ­

mans e s n

Two r t s y

the g s f e t

und

SS­OGF,

Erich n m ,

HSSPf n

SUD­OST) d r f n l

occupied , s y d ­

mander n f f l n s n e ­

saw , y g t y l

Waffen­SS d e , t e s

the g n e

One y ,

NSKK­OGF n , e f

Wehrkreis )

appointed r n f f l

forces n . o S d e

employed t e t e s n

the d f y r r e s

now, r e t e s e

under e d f S d e

18 d

Certain d s h s e

Gouvernement, , e c ,

other n d n s ,

course, g e n d y e

are n s n

kommissariat l e d S s e ­

manded y n , h s t

and . t f e

again y d o

kommissariate, d n e s e

have d

and e . s l ­

tives e n e l S d e ­

mand n r , d e r e

responsible r e e

Under e f f e t

at u r , e , r


SSPf n , , , g d

Krakau

An f , s s f s d

of s ,

Commander f e r ) d

mandeur t ­

r f e y e d e

Service) d e o s e d

para. 2 d . 3

Thus, n e n f s f s l

in s , e f s r e

of e


Cx ­ »

Part

REGIONAL N D

POLIC

19 l e f e e

The t n f d h s

HIMMLER, s f f n ,

his e , o e e

has n d n T . e y

with s n f d e t s

Police , d n s

administration

In . t s d t e

German e d y e

1934 o r r

rights) o e , t e d y

Reich t o e e s n

behalf. e s f e d

subdivisions e e t n n

administer d t e s d ­

tives f e h . s

responsibility r e e

The t f e 4 e s

hierarchy d y e e

of e y g s

the h e n f

States, t n t t t l s o e ­

ful e f e h . r

purpose f g h e e

routine e f e , n n o

ordinary s , x , e ­

trators. n s y y e n

Polizeibehorden e , r

as

e

Authorities)

These s r e

side y e h e t s f

central S d e

The l e f s m s t

puzzling o e t f n s

German s s t s

and t t e

20 l e

The y l n f ­

many y s e t d d

uniform f y y t s h y

of e . r y

the e d e t

divided y o 5

traditional ) d 1 e p

territory d y y e ,

directly e o e h

(Note.—The 8 n ,

Posen d , e t

into

The n n s d y

Reichsminister h r f

Interior), .

Under m e r e l f

Land r s e

Governor) o s e t e f

Reichsregierung h ) d s

HITLER

Under e h s ­

ministered y s n , n s

Landesregierung r e n

Reichsgaue e s e t

of e h s

affairs f e

21. n n e r d

The e s f e

and e s s

(i) d

In a ­

sian e ) s n e ,

all l s e d h

corresponding s n e

therefore, e n y f e r

now y d h e h y

the s n n e e

Preussischer R r

the n s e y d

the

There e 4 n , h

by n l f ­

trator)

Each n e s n d

several e ­

tricts), h d y

There , t e t , 5

Regierungsbezirke e e

In n o e 4 e

three s o o k s

Oberprdsidenten, g e l o .

are

The f n y ,

Chief r r r

The f , n

capacity s r f e

of e t n

bezirk

The f g

Hansestadt , n s y s

of e f k

Aurich

Note.—On e t , , e

Provinz n s d o o

Provinz g e

Regierungsbezirk )

Provinz g e r

bezirk

Similarly, e u

divided o

Provinz n e r

bezirk ,

Provinz u e r

Wiesbaden)

These r w s t h f

one d e

(Deputy) f h f

Provinces s e k d n f

acting

The k d

properly g o e e f

and s r s n e , l e

do , t y y , e

1st , , n d r e e

from e e r n r o

them o d h e s f e

verteidigungsbezirke h e

Similar s y e d r

the s f n d

(ii)

Before , a d f


ezirke, t y t s f y , g

the t t n o s o

Regierungsbezirke e n d o

while e e n

Rheinpfalz, s n d r

purposes n e k r

duration f e

(hi) d

Saxony y d f

bezirke, h e d t e d f

Their s e d d n

by s y f e

(iv) d

Baden s d o

(comparable n e s o

to h t e d

in e l

Region) f , h e

attached o

(v) e r

The g e t d

Regierungsbezirke t y o

helow)

(vi) e n

The n , , ­

doiiau, , , k d ­

Vorarlberg r e r a s

border s f r a

Jugoslavia. l y r e

Austria s y d o s e ­

mark." s , , s w

dropped y n r f e m

und n r o e y ­

tion f e a f n t

These t d

Regienmgsbezirke. e s

functions f d

duties d h s e o s

who y s g

schweig

Mecklenbur

(vii

preussen

e

d

, ­

Each f e e s d

three

(viii) u

The k s d o

Bayerische z r z h ­

nate), e d d

Lothringen l n n f ­

raine)

Below e l f r e

of e r l y e d

as l s e y d ) s

into und l d

districts g o n

headed y l ) r

(Ober­) )

22 e s

As d n a 9 n s f

regional e m e e ­

tional k f g r l

and e n n s y s

(Police

A r f s e h

shall e e n h ­

torial n f . e s

classified n g , s s

Hohere r e ­

ties, o d o

their 3 e

(State e ­

ties)

District e ­

ties

Local e ­

ties

In n o e s , x

administer e , e e r ­

ties d y e e . e

the s f

National e ) d y

classified s

Besondere l e ­

hdrden

Such e s e d

almost l r , e y e

functions f e d

They e e e f e

system f e

These r s f e s

discussed n e t o

23. e , t d l e

(i) Hohere

The r

administrative

e

s f

s

y

n

e s

e

s

Administrative

Areas

Prussia,

gaue

,

,

e

l

Danzig

and

Sachsen,

The

Baden, (Ministries f

Oldenburg, ­ Interior)

The

Abteilung

(Ministry

Department

Affairs)

Hessen, , The

acting

Schaumburg­Lipp

Hambur

Breme

f

f

h

Landesregierung

Government)

The

The

acting h

Staatsverwaltung

Administration)

The

meister

Mayor

The ­ The

mark, , ­ through s

donau, , ­ treter ) o

burg, , as

and head f e

(ii)

The

t

Authorities) e d y e

Hohere

In l ) e

functions s n

(Urban t d y e ) t s

Bur r ,


where e e . ) e

Polizeiverwalter. e a r e

of s d

The n n e

control e

(iii)

These l e , t n

main f e f r s

rural s r e

larger s .

In e s d s h e

Polizeiverwaltung e . 4 , e

liche l e

tor) s t f e s f

behb'rden e . 1 n e

­

In n l s e

of e s h

Officials s e g

h

Areas

Those f e e

Ostprovinzen n f

Eastern )

which l

gemeinden l ­

munities) e

into e

Those s

Regierungsbezirke

f e

­

e

kommissar

demuhl, r t

and z

the ) ,

1918, d o

Province

The

and

s d e

The e r e

and d t

Cases e e e e

authority s t t

with e

the y

Ostgebiete n ­

tricts

The a

behbrde s

r

n

e

s n

n f n

All e e d e

rank s l s n t y ­

stitute s f , s f

and e s r e

work

They e r e t f h e

technically e o

Headquarters f e f f e n

and t s n e r n d

their s l e d y e

Ordnungspolizei l t f

Police) r e

Department f ) s l e d

PARTS R d

24 e l e

Besondere

l

Authorities) e e

(see . 9 y e d

larger s d s d e e

functions f n h e f

Kreispolizeibehorde n e

Thus e l n , e

Polizeiverw l e

takes e e f e e

official d n e s

According o r e e

personnel , e

tungen e d s s

(a)

Headed y d d

four , z

(i l ,

only n , g d

(ii

(iii)

(iv)

(b)

Headed

y

(c)

Divided o o , z

(i) Branc s f r ) ,

controlled y r e e

by

(ii) Independen

d

the l e e d y

Polizeirat r

A t f l

Greater y h r t

personalities d r s s n n e

For h l d l ,

Staatliche

e

(personnell o e

Ordnungspolizei

In e , , e r

are n e d f e y

subordinate r , t r r

matters o e

SD

NOTE.—Police n n

Berlin s l e e e s

the n n o

Kreis­ und e d

the n f e e r

equal n k o n

the e y s e f n

equal n k o e n

Thus s n s

nature. t s t e

(State e ) d

waltende

s

Body), e

As n n

the l n f g e

of

bezirk d n

It d e d t n s

probably ,

Mayors)

25

Thus e e t e

are d r y l

officials g x o r y e

officials, e e e d

the d s f e e

in h s m s n e s

throughout T R y n

Section g h e ­

ministrative

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SD, s r n

(Special r l ) , e n

if t s n , y

from s l m f .

have r n s f d d r

administrative


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police h n s f d h

direct d t d , ,

ultimately t o e e l ,

interlocked h e s f y ­

persed m f e d l

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be d o e n n s ­

selves, t y e s f

difficulties r n d n

It t n e o r p s

would e e y

1


THE

Part

A. R N D L

OF E

26.

All e s d h e ­

tenance f r d e n f

safety e y d n e

(Regular , d

A l n f e d

polizei d e e r e e

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word s r y

as r " t s s t

that e s f e n e

do t g o e e ,

or e

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sation f s y f y d d

policemen t y e t n

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functions, s d s n e

can y e d h s d ­

lent n e n . e

far e y e f e r

an n f c

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caution n e t f y s f

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doubtful d e r d t y

each n s e y s o r

affiliation, , r e

the , d l

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most s l s f

police l n o e n n

suburban t r l e e

authorities h e n e

27 e o Q t

The , y n s

Hauptamt

l

of r ) e n . y m

of e e f e

Deutschen n e h y f

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Alfred

G

Originally t n d n d y

Oberst­Gruppenfuhrer,

DALUEGE l s l y

came o e d o s n

with s l . n ,

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tamt s o e d o r ,

as s n f e n f

organisation, e y d E

" s f h t r y

officially g m m s . s

result f s g y

is , n , f f e

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tragt, . d h e t f

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seven —consisting f e n

(I, , ) d r r x , ,

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be e l n , e s s

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mandoamt s f e

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and r d

tectio

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wor

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an

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tio

­

Note.—The n

tionsdienst l

issued y e

formerly d y e

n

Some e n h h d t

1941 e e f s n s

to

Schulung

for e l n f e ­

lar

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Gruppe d f

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one d o e d s

"

for e d . s s e

the l g e d e

for e t l f

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y

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Service


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e

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handled l , l d

affairs e I . t s d y

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contains l r s s

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tralisation f e

­

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Official

linary d

e

l

­

Deutsches l e f e ­

man e

der

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the e

trative

­

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an

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der

General

of e

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Police s ­

garding s f ­

tainment s

Fire

Police

handicrafts d

Police

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y

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ulation

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ting f e

d ­

III s

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in e n d y s f

Police

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of s r e e t m

Police e d o e k f

amt d e

appears , e e n , w ,

Wirtschaftsverwaltungsamt e r e ­

ministration f t d ) s d

the o l h e f s

work. e e f s w , s l

other s f , e e ­

ship n e f

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hauptamt , r n

the g y s ­

tion f e e h e

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was d n n r d n y ,

that s t e f e f

Wirtschaftsverwaltungsamt e y

with e f e A s n ­

felde , r n n

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SS­Obergruppenfiihrer,

SS t . t s

the d e g e

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ing

d ­

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nd ,

and l

Gruppe

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IV s t e e u f

Technical y . t

Birkbuschstrasse

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SCHMELCHER

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Police). n , z

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Gen. l n ­

WILDENBRUCH, o s o

teur e t

VII s t e S d

(Bureau f e l S d e

In , r

Headed y

H.

28 e s n e t

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Inspectors o e e s f

Orpo d e y e o s d

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(Inspector l f e h n

SS­GF

g

Der

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spector l f e

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by

l

PFEFFER­WILDENBRUCH, o s

Chief f e e

paragraph)

Der

1


Feuerwehren r l f e e ­

tection e d f e e

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Pol. . .

This t s o n s

Inspekteur

und r f l n d

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took e n 9 n e

was d d e e

or s r e l f t

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at .

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position s

t

h

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spector f

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SCHLAKE

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possible t t s d r e y

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gesamte

und r r l

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the n g n o F t

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founded n h r 3 y r

the

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f s d

f r

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29 s

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d y e

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hunde t e r e

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n

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e

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called

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Berlin­Schoneberg

n

30 l l r r ­

polize

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of e o n h s e

der r f r

abbr.

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n

capacity y e d h g

co­ordinating l s f e s

of e r e n r . y

emergencies e y o e l d

all e s r

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political s d R o ­

trate e r n e s f l

of d . n s s l

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the n d s f

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within r y , d e n

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the f f e , e l f f

Police d S . n e e f e

the O s e t f n

Wehrkreis s r s s g o

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HSSPf l h n e s f e

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speculation. t t r e

that e O n d s

Germany e n n n e e

large e n d a

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militarised s r r

Commanders. , e e f t

viewed s l e "

BdO s s d

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(a) e n f c d

training

(b) e n f l e d

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(c) e n f e d

training f e s f l s f

(d) e n f e

(Reichsverteidigung) n o r s y

the k f e

n

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g

P

f

d

l

r

y

e

s f

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are d n m , t e

organisation f e O n s n

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accordance h e c n f

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l

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force

f h

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munication

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intelligence

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y

schauung) y ­

ties. e o t ­

grap

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and g

and

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the r s d r e f e

now n y s r . n r

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attending o n s f g r

field s f e , s g

variety f r . o

can e e n g s

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(Medical ) s d s

IV d n r s

between d I e . s

the c n r e e f O s

a n t f n g o

requirements t e

1

A l n f e n f

BdO s l e d n e

According o e e f e e f

BdO n , e m d n e

of e O s e e s t d n l

Polizeiverwaltungen l e ­

tion). t s d n e

(EAPl—Uniform g , h

issued n . r r s e .

in e n n

31 e n

In n h e O l e

officer s , e

(Indoctrination r f e . t

that e s e d o e f f

BdO

Not y h s n t s

but e s o e d h e

of e d h t

of e r e l n e a f

BdO, o e f e s

He s e o e O

Sozialistische

—National

Indoctrination ) f e

Polizei­Schulungsleiter e n o e

since . y , e e ,

striking n f e r f e

to y d e l

Ten f e e

identified o . r s e m ­

Hauptsturmfuhrer ) o ­ Obersturmbannfu'hrer

. . e f m e

from e f f e

names f e d r n e

under e t f s d

connection h e s f e

der

32 e r

In e h e ­

districts n n d , e

subregional s f e n

Kommandeure .

should t e d h e

der e . , o e

Commanders f e s f e n

A s d n .

(q.v.), s r f e f f e f n

particular . r s a e ­

mands l s n e e r s

superior, e , s r e e

territory

In e e f e r r f e

have o n d e ,

they o t e r n .

they e d r e s d

local n f l , y

forces f e n d l

Other s n n l n s

Stabsoffizier t e e f e

prdsident r r r e ,

attends o h n d n n

allotted . t s t r r r

Stabsoffizier s y r e

Kommandeur e o . 8 n

Stabsoffizier

33 e o s f e

The s o y

carried t y o s f e

Firstly, e s y d h

concept f t n n e

such s g , g

protecting e c , . s k


done y r

Police, y e e

The r d e e

fully n n s

Secondly, e e e k

in r s d e e y n

This s d y e ­

ministrative , e s e n

Polizeiverwaltungsbeamte, d y r y

wear . , , n

locality, e e n s e s

both e e s f , e l ­

doubtedly e n m t l

The e e e d n

C .

General

B. E R

34 s d

The h d f e r

Police s e n n s e

(literally d ) n e

Ordnungspolizei. l s f

the e k f d e

lead k o s

d

The

of e

g

d

e e

e

t s d

(i) Ordinary

Police

s f e r

Schutzpolizei

Reich

Polic

Schutzpolizei

Municipal

Polic

Gendarmerie

Rural

Colonial

Wasserschutzpolizei Waterways

Polic

Feuerschutzpolizei

FS

e n

(These

38—61

s e d r ,

(ii) Branches f e r d

known s

Auxiliary )

Feuerwehren

e

Luftschutzpolizei(LSPoL) r d

Polic

Technische

or

l

(These

62—75

s e d r ,

In n e e y s o

Regular d , g o e

two s

Sonderpolizeien l

Hilfspolizeien y

These , d r , s ,

are t l s f e t y

frequently d n o t s f

Orpo n e n f r

35 n f e r d

The r d e

are o i , h

command s t s y s t n

to

The r s e s d

Germany, y s o e n

what y s o e , r

p o e w

A n e d n e

D

to l n n d d o

Trooper n

The t e , , t

German d s e

militarised. n r e c y

always d n s y y

the s , f , y

the s n s t f n e

Prior o d r d n

usually d m g e n

had d r m f y e

were g r l e . ­

larly, e o n l s

to r r s n , e

taken m r s f y s n

Army

This d d r e r

for d . e s y ­

pelled e s o e r r

to e d d n y o

made p r s o e

soldiers s d s t ­

ment. y g e n n e e

the , o n d e ,

only d e t f r

problem, t o t p n e t

time y t h h o

what y d e s f e

regime n e , y e

parties f e t d

This s y d y e

men n e e

of r f t , o w n s ­

isation f e e s f g p

cadre h d e y e e r

organisation d n f l

Army

The s e t w n g p

development. m 3 , d

infantry g h l s f s

routine r e . t l f e

spent n g e n h e e

automatic , d t s t g

instruction n e e f d s

heavy s o d n r

schedule

Thus , g n , e

was d t s d t e e

able o y e y d

some 0 d , y f O

Officer

Finally n , e e s e t

the y w f e , d e s f

SS e n s ­

and e

36 n f e r d

This d t s

aspect f e r d e f y

the h n f e

It s y n d T

that t m e g e s


a g e f e , s d

did n y e f n . n e

of s s y d l n

were n y y d s s f

former c r r n ,

who d e s o

If e r f d s f

Police s s t s e s e t

expected, s s y e o e t

even r e l , g o

background s e , e k f

policemen d y s e

Indeed, h e f m d

Nazi , n s y s e

twenties

All e s d y e s n

ranks f e e e f e d h

followers f e , y f m d

unemployed r e d f e

were w s o e n e s d

themselves d . s w t

not e d o h n e ,

when e e d y f s n o

expanding y n , e s f

members, y n m e , d

ranks f e e s .

when R k r l f e

Police, e w o t t l e g

were n o s f s n , e

and r , s f e en­

Allgemeine­SS e n n e

applicants r e , y o e ­

clusion f l

Since, , t d y ­

possible o e h S l l

members f e e , e s

to r n m o r e

Indeed, p f e S e

for s d , o y e ,

NCO's f e d ;

doubtless, d e S t n

compunction

In e s s s s d

more e y e c t

the f l e l

had y n s f e i

In e e f h , y

SS s t o r e

As t f s t e

of e S n e s f e r

increased y d . n

for , t s d t l r 0

cent f e e s f e

higher s e y o t n

proper

37 s f e r n e

Of , e s f g s f

SS o e e y e t

down. h e k f r n

the e s 1 d r e t

the , e y d s e

units

An 5 s d n

framework d r e s f e

SS. s t d n y

campaigns e e g f e .

addition, r , h s S

Battalions d s e d e

40) d t o e t , e y

heavy . , e t f e

and d n e

at e , s d o e d

them t . r s e

serve s d n r o t o

Police e n o d n d y

Armed

^

Today e e f e r

Police n y s f

The e e f e n s n

and . y e d r e e

the l g s f e

Forces. e y e t l

but y d o o e k r e

they l n o r n

after e , h e n f e

might h o e d o e e

of e e

Some f e n o e d n

and 4 y y e n d

service, t t s t e o e o

extent s s s n . n f

members f e e d t e

the , y y d t e o

their s n c e , e

any r p f , e d d

upon y e , d y .

any , t y e d h y t

today e y f n n

fully e m S t f

The s f n f e

Police s r d y e

or n f h t y s f

Orpo s e

Kolonialpolizei d

organisations e r i s r

they d t y t n r

form. y e d

{a)

Ordinary

38 d f e

The

n

of e ) s e e e h

(Uniformed ) n e r s

cities e

Police ) e n

The d e e r h

Police n s s

by

of e n , o s

assistant o e e l

of e l e .

Polizeiverwalter y e r

Polizeidirektor, r e . .

wields y s r e

der d s n l e

In e e f e d

exercised y s , o s ,

exercise y s r e

The l s o e d

decided n y e y

the o s o y

that . e

has e r o l s l r

police , d y s e

of l r e s f e

Liaison n e

a y d e n e

kreis s d t h

Schupo f r f e n

who s d o e e f e

prdsident r r

whom e s e r e t f

work f e n s


These e m

Regierungsbezirk, r r

be y s f e f f e

haber n e y

in h r l s e

The t y y f e

des s e

polizei n e

39 l n f e

The s f e

Schutzpolizei s d n e e

as e e f e O e . .

Schupo s r e e

as

and l o o

e

First e e e n o e

Polizeireviere s r , t

and l r . s e s

Einzeldienst e , d s f

branch e d o

(Groups), )

Schutzpolizeireviere s r

One e p f e 0

is y d r y 0 o

inhabitants. e r e e p

Abschnitt, d e o e e

though y , g d a

large h o e

Secondly, e

responsible r e t f

formations f d e t

in r s d s f l , r

purpose e t e

heiten k e . e e

into , y

Hundertschaften. r e e

companies r e

they e y d o

Battalions. e s e

independent, t r n n e c

(e.g. r e

officers, h s e r

Befehlshaber y y

the k e n r y

Police s d

These , y e p f e

age , e r e y

in e d t n e

in e d y e d t

time s r , r h e

have t r l l e y

and

The

units e

n

s

s f

s

e r k

(a) o e s r y s

other e " n s

they e h e

(b) o l h l t n n

Nazi y

(c) To n r g d r

raids, d o t

(d)

major

o n

e r

l c l r

The k e s y e d

an h f e r

militarised k , y d

para

40 k e s n e

With e k f , e d r

militarised s e e , d ­

tinued o e s l y

occupied d e d o e

The w e s f e k

include e g f s f

in d , e g d ­

guarding f d , k

operations t , d e

maintenance f w d r n

with S r y s d r

organisations

Additional s f k e e ­

fore d y g

(Police ) o s h o m

police . e l f e

includes e e s f

men, n d ­ d

year

Thus e y g d r e

occupied y s t t e ­

establishment f y f e h t e

abroad, h s t e m

predecessor, e y d

The l n f e s

regiments s t f r e

followed r g n o

military

During e n f a n

approximately 0 o 0 d

Police e d d ­

able r n n . h

or d h )

were d e y d r

service h e r d

Beginning h e h n

kompanien e d o d d

action s h f e ­

talions, , l d o

town r r

the s e r r

and y s l s r r

There e 4 f e l

each g f t 0 , d

a Q d

In 1 s n e s n

make t y r l s o

set p n r o l r a

several e s e . ­

tually r d t

were , t n , n n r

and n , l l e

84 s e d o 8

(numbered ) f s . t

same e e s e d

the x , . , I d I n

regiment, g , n ,

original c s h y d

independent

In e e f e , s e d r ­

tional e d s , r

regiments e . y e d

Schutzen­Regimenter d d s

30 , 8 g e t d

Since , , l e e e

have n d

menter d

change f n s n e h

amalgamation f e d S .

the e f e y l e t t

been d t r e e d ­

tions o w n e s f e S

than e e e m f ­

ing l s h e ' e

But t t e d t e

and s e t S s d

not e d h e s f

SS­Polizeidivision f e w

as e

Polizeiregimenter d e r

formations f e e d r n e

all S


While e s e d

diluted y y d , y l

Germans d y s s f ,

SS­Police s d o h r

homogeneous

Many f m e g e t

fanatical d l n d .

participation n " s s

them e r f , ,

Greece, a d

Certain r s f e d

staffed y d ,

German s d , e

There e s f 0

bataillone

d

Ukrainians d c . e

were d n e , s ­

ting y s h d n d

for e l e . y

used l r d , y

Central d n . t n e

of n s y f m d o

most e r s n

number e , r l

probably d r d r n

In a e e d

Regimenter h e t

beginning f 4 d

Regimenter. e f m e d

Serbia 5 d

in a 5

In y x

been d 6

addition e e n h e s

Italy d y e

to e d o . r

appears o e m e e e

is d f n s d

volunteers. h f e 2 s f

battalion . n d o e

in s n f e s f

Italian t , , h t

to e e r , e g r

HSSPf n

A e f n r

of l k e , d

Order f e f d

and s n n e

41

There s r e f

which s y e n d t

be d h e k e s

above,—namely e

Guard ) d y

principal k s o n r d o

and e c n t

About o h s t n

Wehrkreis. y e d y c ­

bers d y e n l f e

e.g., .

These s e t y d

civilians f n e , o

been d o e e s

for e n f e . e e e

the n d e s d o e

the t n n e t g

Only e s d e e d

the t e s o e y ,

police

There e o s r , o

platoons r , d s S

per . e l h f

ranges m 0

These e y

on e t r y n e f r . y

not , t e e y

from e f e n

they e . r t s

rifles d w t e . n

to e r k e s y t

considered d y e f

poor g d h e . e f

battalions s t o e t e r

and y d t n

42 T

The g s ) l

other s h e s f

The t f e e e

Columns), h e d o

Kraftfahrbereitschaften T

Motorisierte

Traffic

Verkehrsunfallbereitschaften d

Detachments)

The e e f l

travel s l s f e e f l

transport s d o r ­

mand

The e ­

ated n 7 r e n d n

traffic n e r . y 1 s

this d e , t t t e d

after e n f a n , d

after t , l s

created o e n e y d

For e n f r s y e

their l l , f s d

cycles h d t . l

the

e

employed s l , t n l

entire s y e . e h

a l t s f 8 n n s

4/4 . s l s ,

of t e y e p , t

autonomous, , h s s f ,

or 6 n d o s , 4 r 4

respectively)

As s e d r e

of y d r ,

percentage f s l s n m

ranks f e

(NSKK—National t r . r

Order f e f e

schaften e e

The

d

Detachments), s n s

kommandos d t ) o e

their l l s d s n r

perform l s h e n n

traffic . e t

are d n e r

waltungen n s f 0 s

above. r h s y t

local , t , n t s

the n f , a d

range m 0 o 0

It d e d t l s f e

Police y e )

preceding e e r n e e

43 e )

In , , e

Chef

d

Verkehrskompanie d c ­

pany r l ) o m

essential o e n f e

This t s d h e n

wartime c n e , g e ­


tectorate

Its s e

(a) n f l s d r

preservation f

(b) n f e l e f

operated r l e

(c) Supervision f e f s n

interest f c

(d) l n f c s l s

additional e s d y ­

ordinary e

The s r e t ­

mand f e

schen , n e l e

the , d l s n

importance

It s f y d e

and s d o ) h

which s d o c .

is t f e , h s d

of r

No. Platoo

Headquar­ Are Covers s f

ters f g know

(Platoon a Wehrkrei HSSPf d

1 OS Konigsberg

VII Bresla

X

Danzi

XX Pose

2. MITT I Stetti

II

Berli

I

Dresde

3 NOR V Munste

I

Kasse

Hambur

X

Hannove

4 SU Stuttgar

VI Miinche

XI Wiesbade

XII Niirnber

5 SUDOS XVI Wie

XVII Salzbur

44 s

The

e

Columns) e e r e ­

tions, l f h e d t

throughout e r s f e

Both e o d e s e

into k s d y

The s l s

the e s n n , h ­

sents e e f l l e k

in . r l f e , e

has t s l

Wireless

In e t s d n s e

owns d s y

mobile s d s h

handled y e

Squads). o n s e

supplemented y n n d d ­

work f y s r t

All t y d y

funken d ) s y t t

to t f e n d . s

Orpo s t s l t y s

termed e t d t t f e

communications n e , s

efficiency h t s o e d

only y e n s d y

Sipo d

The s k s d h

system f l , h s

of t , , , ­

way, l d l s r

receiving d . e s

therefore s d o e h l

other s

Alongside s n e , e

operates s n e m d

both d e s d

cable

Its l e s e

stelle n e r ­

changes, n s

are d t e s f e O d e ­

quarters f e

which e y r n e s ­

necting m h e s f e

pen­und d h e ­

dividual f r y r . t f

exchanges e o d h e

net d y e n l

Thus e n n o s n

may l f f e d

telephone d e , g

priority

For r s n n e ­

munication s e . 4 d

As t f e d s f e e

exist

Signals . 9 e n

some s t s f

others s s s f e e n

countries e e

45 d e

Until , , d s

known s t e r

Polizei­Reiter d e

The s e c t f e

Police s f l . ­

ing o , e r n

as s d s r e

into d s h e r

polizei. e g d

were n o t n 8

Mounted s n ,

Stettin, u d , e e

always e s d r

command

Mixed s n t

Bochum, , e d

composed f s d d

foot

Mixed s n , , ­

muhl, , , , z

Aachen d f d d

two­thirds t

Mixed s n n

half f d d f f t

In e , ­

posed f y d s

operation. o r e

(Battalions) e o d n f

in

46 r s f e

The t l )

under e l s f

Police), o e r n

and t d

The t y )

under

y

of e . n n o e e f

and s d y e , y e


with e g f l s

the n f t d r l

The e s

Riot ) e d n y n

has y e

in s t l s d e d r

assistance n f y e f y

may e n r . e r f

squads s n e e f e

These t , d h ,

high­speed s g g G

are n o e n t m

to , d d m o l

demonstrations. s m a e

dispatched o a o k n s

stamp t a , d o t ­

pendently n h s s e l f

leading h n

Such t s o t s o

character f e . y y f

personnel s t t s o e

of r n r n f

For e e n f n d

traffic, d y r e t f

laws, e s l s

Schutzpolizei d e

employ n s n n ,

These s y e n t

Fusszivilstreifen), n s —Radzivilstreifen)

r d

Zivilstreifen). s , f ,

by e

Employment f e s s d n

the n e e

the y e

Each l g f e n e n

headed y l

47 K e o e

The

duties n

r

y

d

s y

e s

y

d n

The t c

Service) s d e n f n

police , e f e e n

traffic d e n n e r e

as e d e f e r e d o

colours f e e d

Police d

It d r e t e n s e

the k f e n y s d m

East o e t g e n f

Polish . d s f s

include

NSKK c l ­

ment)

NSKK ) n

Hambur

Verkehrskompanie

NSKK

n

Eastern

When e d e e s e

bodily o t e

These s e o d n ­

hungsdienst c l )

under e , y s f

exhibitions d e g f d g

In s y s t d

or c e , e K

square e s n e s m

to s t g l n .

centre f e s s d l h

insignia f e K e d d s

The s e , d e e

telephone y h e

Zone ) y e . t s e

duty, n e f , o e r

for e , r , ,

similar , g n l

This e s y n t

system d n d . r

the N d

1942 t s t d 5 l . e

of s l d t e e s

into 5 , d e d 0

roads, d 0 s f y

In n o e e s e

is d h e e s ­

sierten s r t

Inspection f d e ­

port). s f l s e

obtain s m l K

(Fahrbereitschaftsleiter) r s

certain , s f h e

regionally. s K l s o

for r n f , s l s

the t t f e t

means f . n e s f

economy e l o e o r e

trip

As l t o e s

Reichsverkehrsblatt l c

Gazette), d h , , s

NSKK y h e g f

for, d e e , ' .

the e r n f r s

vehicles

is y d y e , r e

of e e

For r s n e ,

should e e o e c k 3

this

48 J e o e

The r y n g

Regular d e s e

Streifendienst) l l e d

the r h . t d n

as r e n g

of e s f e , n r

to n r h s g e

of r e , t s e s

widened

The e s y d

carrying t e s f e

gesetz

Police w r e n f n

of . s w s y s

boys d s n , h s

smoking, , c ,

By , , e D s n

into y n d

commanded y S . d f J

SS s s l s

service n e , g e s

of e n e D y

combined l e s s f

SS d e . n t y D ­

nel e n e n h e

authorities g e d

SRD y e d r m

Allied n s s s 6 r

members e f e t s d ­

scrupulous i . r , y e

extensively d s g s d s ­

formers n d e D s n n o

furnished n

A h f s n s n s

Schnellkommando r e ­

gency , d l h s t

constant l f e n . t s

2


in s o t r e e e f

Regular e n y , y n

case f r s d e

124. r s n s t y e

in e n , c k

the J

(b) SCHUTZPOLIZEI

49 n f e i r

In e s f e n

inhabitants n h

has t n , e e

functions f e e d t y s f

Schutzpolizei

l

Police)

Their l e f s e

meister ) r d

In s f s n 0 s

executive e y s h e

darmerie l . t s d o

the e y f e o

communities w 0 , t p

the t e s s y n d n

newly d s h s e

and n w s f e d . ­

tistics f 2 n t

verwaltungen l e

exist n 8 s f r 0 ­

tants, l f m t

verwaltungen. f e

5 e r 0

22 e n 0 d 0

591 e n 0 d 0

720 e n 0 d 0

In e r s t

Polizeiverwaltungen e s d

a d e t s n

a e e m

for e n l

the r n e f e s n

Lieutenant, d s t s n s

polizei­Dienstabteilung ­

ment)

Prior o e n f d

Gemeinden e n d n

police n n t s d n

adjacent , t w r f

regulate d e e h f e

(in n o e , y f

pay, , d g l r e

Although s f e

Gemeinden e y l l

they e e t o e e

of e h s s e s f

Schutzpolizei s r f

the l f e s

exclusively m l f e

Reiches, d e f e s s

members f e n e ­

ferred o e d e

or m e y o r t

individual's

Thus y e e s y

the d e

50 d f e i r

The s f l s f e

Gemeinden e d y e

der

Below m e s f e

are r e d d n f

Befehlshaber n e r

The s f e l

polizei o d s m

der , d o e n

Stabsoffiziere, e y e o

Higher e s

etc.) f e . n n y y

advisory s n e f f e

der

The s f e

in s f r 0 s

subject o e n f e

Schutzpolizei d o e r

Authorities. e s t e

Dienstabteilungen t e s f

Regierungspra'sident, . s l s n e f

the O f e n s

less n 0 e

subject o n y e s f

Gendarmerie o " d o e

of e r r

Police

Otherwise, s f e

organised n h e e y s s f

Schupo t t y e

not o y , d e y

the l f e r f e n d

the

(c)

51. e

The s e

police n e n , d n

of s n 0 . t s

planned o d e f n f e

darmerie o l s p o 0

but o r s s y n d n

parts f e y e .

The l e n e

and e s , g o e

of e y n h y , e

of e n n o r

functions s e

Officials) e o d d d o

and e e l n n s

general , d n e d

which n y n e "

all o y e

The l o s s

tour f y n , , e r

horseback s y n e y

of e t n s l a n t

constant h h e . s e

in s , e e s d

he s d y e r s y

messenger. s r e f e

is d n s e n ,

necessity s e d n t f

Schupo, t y o s s

Two n s f e

are d n g , t

distinguished

The

Service

The d ­

darmerie) r

52 e s

The t t f e s

Gendarmerie­Einzelposten e ,

of y e d o y

area. e y d y

which e r s e

Posten d y l d d

a

r


NCO). l e ­

ised o m

Post) d y y

The , , s t e l ­

mand r e n f e n

district, s y n r t f ­

ence o e m o e h y

matters

This l e n o y

with e n f e n l

It , , s e r s f

individual o s

amount f l r e n n

district, n h e s e

representative f e , h s r

as e g m f e

AH e s f e n

kreis e t d

and d y e

is y t f

or

The h s d y

Gendarmerie­Oberleutnant, d e

strength f t 0 . n s

to e e

also e e r o e

Councillor r ) d s h s

to m r e n f y d

affecting e

If s r n e

the . e d

Gendarmerieabteilungen g h f

of f l , h s

Posten,

d

commanded y

A , n e ­

age, m 5 o 0 . , l ­

ditions h s e k f

stations n e y f e , n

regions r r e l r y ­

sitate e n f r

Several

m

hauptmannschaft h n e f 0 o

men, d y r

(Captain) , n , s ­

ordinate o

(Commander f l )

bezirk r r r e

f e

The

o

represents e f s

on e f f e t

kreis s s e o e r

all s n s

The d l

subordinate o m e e

by e

Schutzpolizei

of e

n e

A l h f e s

Hochgebirgs­Gendarmerie n

It s d n t 1 d , n e

organised g e e s s e

Gendarmerie. s , ,

special g r y n e s d

mountain .

in s s f e n 0

(about 0 ) n , e d o

Gend.

Recent s s l s c

by n s y e t

mountainous s y e d o

turned o g s f e r

as l s a . e s

by e ,

of l t o d g d ­

ing . e g s d y

units s d t n e e f 1

be d n s n

Reichsgau

Reichsgau

Reichsgau k g ­

mark)

Reichsgau n g n

Krain)

Gend. , f .

Vocklabruck d r f e

Oberdonau

Gend. , ,

and t f e ­

donau

Gend. n d n f e

Bezirk

d n s l s

Gend. n f e

Traunstein f e

Gend. k t

Gend.

Rosenheim

, d ,

53. t d

In , , e

Rural ) s t p y ,

Chief f e o t e

Gemeinden , , e

Its s e y d m

Wehrmannschaften s n e

of 8 d 5 t e , t

with c y g y e i

Storm ) d e n f e t

While s r e

conscripted r n y

enlistment r e s

voluntary d n e , y

developing o y

Military g s d y e A

personnel f e e t

wearing y e d h e

" y e d h t

such s , ,

The s e o e f f

Regular d ,

WUNNENBERG d h m o

The t r f e e

Landwacht s

ALPERS, e , r ,

a r f S c

When n , e e r

orders f e e d d

attached o r r e

Even h e s d t

period f g y n l

its t y n s e n

the s f t 2 n n

prisoners f , d e l

elements d r g n l

Under g s t s s t

strong , h s s d y e

wacht, s e y o r e

Reich

The n f e s t

by e s r r . t s

mentioned l e g f , n

similar , e

Urban ) s ; e

also d m e

function s o t e

in s n e e r s e

at e l f e

and n .

In , , R d

for e n f h e d

Landwacht. s y y e

2


mans o e t s f r i

organisations e t o e h

urban r l d , e w

made y , s f ,

to e d

The s d d h f

organisations d r n

three s

(a) Aktive r l

this y e e o o y r

periods f . y e y t e ­

posal f e e d t o e

Not d e s f e P d

passive e

(b) Reserve s l ,

of r n r l , e

immediately e r , t y e

in n l

(c) Reserve s l l

owing o e l e f r ­

tions, e e r e y n

emergencies ,

Searches)

As s r i e d

guerrilla e n y e

accelerated, n f e y

formations s g s

On h , , R

the n f

Militia) r e s f e A o

all d n m 6 o 0 s f

not o r s f e d .

existing s e e

such y d d s d e

organised y e s f e

Landwacht l e y r

indeed

For r n n e

schaften, d e

EDS/G/1 A f e

54 e d

In e y f r , e

ungen —Storm ) d l

formation, e t s

to y t s d s

to t s h n e t f

Its t e t t t s n

organisation d y m d

Party s d t m r

brought t s l e r e

purge f e . , n t , ,

Feldjdgerkorps s . e f s

were d y o e w

Polizei, g e h

incorporated o e y d

Other s t o m

Motorisierte

d

abbr. e n d

SA s r e d e a

badges f . s s e f

political , g l e

the n g r f e A d e

confidence f e e n e r e

from h l " d n ­

moved t , , n x f 0 r

Nazi s o e t d s

the

A e d n h , , y

RFSS h t l M d

newly d o e

" l e h f e

operating t e e y f

Reich, h e l f c h n

strassen t s ) d n e

(National ) s s n

Differing m e r

Motorisierte

e

(Barrack , d e d g

military s o ­

panies) d . e

regular , y e ­

ordinate o e

i d o e

ungsprdsident, ) f e

Apart m g e , e

of e e

reporting f l , e g f

Aid, e n f n ,

reporting o r e s n

state d n f s d n e d

new c s r e d

see o h 7 e n e

In e t f e e n

the

dos e d n ,

These s e d y e

Gendarmerie, e h f h g

5 d

leader). y e d h l

and r s h

On l , e

merie y e d o m s

their l e f . e y

operate n l , y , n

be d n l h s .

Gendarmerie s l e r

need s r h l ­

ments). n h , t t

made o e r e s

administer e . r e s

component s f s e o e d

special s r e n e ,

must e d m e

Chef

The y f e

extends t e e h d s

bound y e l s n

country. e y s e e s

those s n h e d

verwaltungen e e y f e

(mot.) s d o e

through e y

Men d r e

are d n e g l s

Gend.

Gend.

Gend.

Gend.

In e y e f s d h

necessary , s f e

Gendarmerie , r y o

service, d o e

55. n f e d

The s d

the s f d 3 t g 8

and . h c s n e ­

divided o 3 s 6 n d ,

2/3 s 2 n d , r d

overstrength 3 4 n d

and l n n s y

units. n 7 l f 2 s e

and d s s

Two 3 o d

Gend. —4 s d 4

each

Twelv 3 o d

Kompanie —3 s d 8 n


Eighteen 3 o d

Gend. —2 s d 2

each

Ten 3 o d

(platoons) —1 r d 6 n

By , t r f l

had n d o e a d r ­

acquired . y t , e

Bereitschaft d n , d e

Gendarmerie­Abteilung d n d

Verstdrkte —reinforced)

panie s f 6 s h

personnel f 1 s d r s

formed. s w n s

following s

Three 3 f

officers d 4 n

Twenty­four 3 f

officers d 8 n

Thirty­one 3 f

officers d 2 n

Eight 3 f r d

men

It t e e n d t e s

strengths d e e d y r

and t t e d t r f ­

tional s e e n d d e w

operation

An r f e d g

Wehrkreise y ) f l

units f e l e

in e

Since e s

militarised d e , s

increases n e t f e t d

prepare e e s r r t

National e d e e

Indeed, e e k f , e

of l e

incorporated o s

Military ) d s h e d o ­

sions, s d s f e d

Motorisierte s e

being t o e s f

immediately t o e s f

and o d , o t r

formations n c , s l s n e ­

vention f e d n

From 0 o '

platoons f e l h f r

36 , e n d n a d

In , o

known o , e f m g n

in

The s d

carbines, s d e . s

and t e d d d y

special

(Ordnance d e ) h

all s f e n . e

weapons d , d t f e

of e l e d n e

A e m f e e s

all s f e

special s d o h l ­

quarters s l s o h y f

has n t . e n f e

numbers r e l 2 s . t

include e s d n 2 d ) l

found n e

It n e d t r

systems t r e e s f

vehicles

(d) KOLONIALPOLIZEI ­

56 s s r l

From e y g e i

took t t n g e

ashes f n l . s

demonstrated y e t t n 6

units f e e d h

continuation f e l

Thus e f n s

to e e t f e e e

former n h t , e

polizei f l s o e s r

Kamerun ) d e

Hamburg s d h e s

Kiautschau

These l s e d

the n ) n

the t

In , , e s n o e

interest n e n n n h

and R e d e

polizei l ) d d e

polizeiamt u f e l )

the e e

this y d u , n e s f

decree, e m n d

employment f e n

German s d

The ­

spector l f e e ,

leutnant n ­

BRUCH, s d f f e

polizeiamt, d d s n l e

of

A l e

was d t g r

Since e n h e i

was d s , e

politische S l

Institute) t g r , s l

the

School f " y ) n ­

burg d e t f e

of e l

In n o e s n n

specially d S d e s e

to e n l e e t

near , r l

Personnel f e e d r y f

colonial g s e d o

units r s r n f r

but e y d r l

at e e . l r f m

reported o e e r e n

Africa n 2 d . t , ,

said t e l e s r n

more n

Just w r e s d n r

for e l r s ,

at y , e y e f e

polizei s e f e s f

many's s , d r

in e e f e r d e t

her l . t , ,

added h e n t y w

Kolonialpolizeiamt d s f e y

the t t n . f t s l ­

ing n n y m t , t s y n

insignificant e d h o t

for e

(e)

e

i

The r d e s

D


its s e l f d s

harbour

Following n t f t ,

between e S h t l d e

verkehrsministerium y f

HIMMLER k r n t , ,

responsibilities f e g

(Water c ) d

Police), e s e h o e ­

charged y h f e r

Police, . e

Protection

Subsequently e f h ,

declared e s n e o e

" l e h f e

the l n " t s t

clear y e n " s

instead f " e t e

is t e e e

schupo—considered n l t f e

and y y e n n s

polizei n n h s

abbreviation " s n , .

"

From e t f w f e g

forces, e , g e s d s

Germany, y l e d s

formation

The W s t f s

system d , , o e

with s y e e f ­

affection n y r d , ­

senting s t s n e t

to e s s s d s n

waterways d y e e

and e s r e

movement

58 n f e

The l k f e W s o n

and r n , n s d

harbour . s s e t e

of e l , o y t l s

upon m r l . y

also t n n s n f f

Sipo y

The s d o

following s

Gruppenkommandos p

Kommandos .

Abschnitte

Reviere :

Precincts

Revier­Zweigstellen r

Stationen

Wachen

Fliegende

Posten . .

These s e d r r

require d n h e h

size d e f r . r ­

sation s y t l s

exist n h , d e s e

A y t e y

may d e y r f

Reviere d e f m t

subdivided, s g f , e

more r

Wasserschutzpolizei

e

established n d s r l

in s d n d

Higher e s h s

prdsidenten f e n ,

minister f e O f e

the s f e

waltungen l e n ­

quarters) e e r e e n

rivers d s n r t r

Such s e l ,

Wasserschutzpolizei, s t f e

of e f r r , s e

may , f e o s

Wasserschutzpolizei y h

section. n l s e y

direct

The t y y s

15th , , h e

Wasserschutzpolizei r f e

Protection .

KRUMHAAR d s n l t

1944, n e s d y

Ernst . y e e

moved m l o n , r

Linden

For r l e , e s

subordinated o e l , d

police s n r d t e

of e . y , r

exercise e l t e r f

regional e d s e y

ships d s d g r d

black t , r y l t

patrols o k d g t

request f e l y d e

The s n s

varying . e e ,

and e s e d r y

deemed , , n ,

vehicles e o

On e s e ­

ploys s f l , t y l

boote l . r W s

Streckenboote e ) t r

most f h e e f g

and n a

The d t f e s f e

is d k r , r e s

in e d e r l s d

All s e

Reich t e d e

designation f r e n d n

stern e d

with n c l d n e .

numeral s e l r f e t

registered h e r

verwaltung s f e ' n

Revier. n , h t s n

bow r , d o t y e

of e

The l f e W s s e p

Police s

meister, d d

Officers

mann, d o ­

strative s d

are y d n e l f n

Large s e n r n

a r s r t g , d

SW g s d y

Oberstleutnant . t , ,

that n e W s e n d

the s f e e s

T/O)

59 d d y

Close n s n e

schutzpolizei d e

Coastal , . . e l f

MKP y e n m e s ­

2

Li e i^/ J


tection e d n t o s

was d n h , , n e

(High d f e ) d e

d n h e s f t

officers d n f e

Marine­Kustenfiolizei e d

Before , s f P g ­

boat s e d t s g

entire t e f d e m

Norway o e y f

Their s e e n f l

vessels, e l f l t t d

sailing­ s d e t f

deserters d . P s e

the s f und

stellen l d t

Members f e W g n e P

temporarily d s l l d

subect o l . e P s

Marinesoldaten l s r , o

most s e r e n f

personnel d h e s e

their l e

The s f e P e

with e s d .

Feldwebelder e P s

by s n s d s t s

by e l r f e a n h

operates

The K s d

heiten t ) h e n ­

many's n , s d ,

the e d e . y n

auxiliaries o e

in e l f c d e f

permanent l . e f e

units e f l e

3, d e n , t t f

are

In r s e s

reinforced y l s f e

who e t e l f e s f e

SS­Oberabschnitte

.OSTSEE d e s

known s

Security . y l e

and r s n n h

authorities d e

during d r r

(/)

60. n f e

Before 3 e n d e g

Germany e e n f o

Larger s d l e ,

members e l l s

towns d s d y

brigades. t o e s e g

a

e

The , n r r t o

changed s t y g e

fire s o e

Police . r , e

of e s s o d o

Hb'here , e e r

directly r e h , l

completely

Shortly r e k f , n

September, , e ­

tection , . ) s d y

Reich t n t h e

of e y d r e H

GORING). l r n s

ordered o e e n e ­

tions d o r r r e

into e w

Some n , , h

professional e g , e t

upon o m s f e

such s e d e g

continued o

The s f e w

were d e

officials), t s e e s f e

and e e t o l s d

governing e s f l r s f

Reich

The g u f e P d

organisational x s e

polizei f n e

the e .

All s f e P n e e h

supervised y e

schutzpolizei

r

of e e n e d e

who s y o e f f e

the e f g f l d n

details f . e o s ­

ations d s s n w

and s f e g o e f

the

Regionally e , e l r s

the s d y e

Orpo f h o e f s

a f ) f e

polizei g s t d l

Locally e s

by e f e , t

is n t n s h

waltung e t f e ­

tion s h e

and n y , l s f

Feuerschutzpolizei, g e r e

and e f , e e y

community. l s e

directly y e h y f e ,

the n e d

certain s y e r e

but r y e s f e s

Feuerschupo s e

The n r n s o m

Feuerschutzpolizei t s t y d

the r f , t n n ­

teristics d s f e y h

the e d e f s l

its s d , s

exposure o r ,

The l f f e P s e

der o s e r

organisation d e n f e e

stationed n e . e s

areas o e s s f s ,

issues s g . t

in e r s e

schutzpolizei s y e o

Kommandeur

Subsections f e l

called

t

and g .

Berlin, g d , l

kommandos m

The t t d t y r

is n s g

It s f o o e s g

ten o e . e e y

Zu'ge d o h

One s , s n a

several e s r

but e s , g n

constructional s d e t

the n d e

2


The P s s n r d

systems

A t f e s n h s f e P

known o t s n n e

61 y s f e

In n o r l , t s

duty f s f e o

action d e l e s n

outside r c l ,

officials f e r t

reached. n e t f s t t s f

importance o p n d w

centralised d d e

has e r e i . t

therefore, e g o t t s

to s f t s n ­

cratic s r o t , t e

other h f e n , e P

be d s n t f i

The s n n

into r s s d . e

several

motorised , f h . o

been . e e o s

schutzpolizei­ e d e

in e

These s e g k .

Feuerschutzpolizei­Regiment

instance, d n e d t m

advance s f e n r

prevent y e d h y

the g d . s e d

1941, n n e o e s y

German y d , e

SACHSEN s n d n s o

the n l s r e h r

Units f s t e o d

Ploesti n , n e s e

in 4 y e n r

Technical y

62 s f e e

So r e s y s f

Regular d e e n

As y , , e e

in y s y e

(Technical y e , ,

the t t e n d s t

of e r d e n l t f e

While n e r e d o d

replacements r s l f r

classes g e e

Hilfspolizeien d o t t

to e t f

Thus, l f e

are t y l s f

police. y , , n y

become e e l r e

of e . r t f m l

to r n , h t y

expected t e l y o r o

active s f r h f e

It d e y d t s

the e ) e n y

not e s f e , t

merely d y m r n

for y r e d r r

arises. r , , y y ­

sembles t f e y

(Auxiliary ) h l e d n

detail n . ; t y e

officially d

The e e

wehren e , e

Police), d e

Emergency . e s e ­

cussed n l w r d

respectively

(g)

63 n f e

As d n . 0 , n ,

most f e r

Fire ) e d s s o

newly­created n l ­

munities e o s f e P e

the e d o

already g r y d

Feuerwehren y e

While y f e l

were s d y e

was d e n e s o

the d d y

Feuerwehren, y n e , y s

auxiliary o e

It , f , e s o

that h s d o

retained r r . e

other n n i , y o

completely , d d

throughout e . y y e

classified s d

therefore e y d o

Four s f s n t

distinguished

(1 y

Brigades)

(2 y

Brigades)

(3) y e

(4 g

of e r

Any y r y h s

compelled y e f e h r f

Interior o h t f e

is d d o m e

must e d d d o t

and t r s d y n

area

As , h s , d y

are, d n y . n

where y t s t ,

authorities

r

establish y g

for e n e

Wartime r e y

far n g e s f e y

brigades, d e s d o t e

more o e t f

fill e

In s g y l s

the n f l s

constitute t p d e f ­

power, e s

organise e e r l s r

an e s f s

are. n s e

Groups) d o t n e r m

Freiwillige r

Even h t f e

may y t n , e

(Local e , . e )

decide t t s e o t l ­

tingencies, d y e t


Feuerschutzpolizei y r

feuerwehr r . e h y

brigades n e ,

are r l l s y

to e d r g

employment d o e n f

local r f e

Recruits r h e d

feuerwehren , n n o e

minimum l , e n o

" t e l f e l t

at l s d t "

may t e n m e l f

the

l

Corps), e d , r

below). t r e , l

between e s f 7 d 5 e e r

Freiwillige d

At e e f 0 s f e

are d n e e e y

informed f l s g o

and e n o t y n e

in e t f n

64. d f e

Individual s f h

Pflichtfeuerwehren e d y

(contingent ) o s d y

Each s d w

several f e

wehr. n e l f e

i t ) d

the f f O n h n

inspekteur

Inspector f e y e

Bezirksfiihrer e d y e

Administrative s .

the t f e

Deutschen . y

and d e s f l y

brigades n r e , ­

ordinate r s d e l

concerning g d

In e f e e ­

tions, , d s f e

Bezirksfiihrer, d e

non­existent. n e s

bezirk, d l y

are l s f e

and d o e

The t r r e e h

the

Feuerwehren r l f e e ­

tection e d e ) y ­

tioned n . 8 d . s e s

referred o s t f e

Ib'schwesen r f

Urban d l g

The t s f l

brigades n y s e

(Bureau f e , h s n

Hauptamt s u s ,

control e e

Headquarters s n e f

Hauptamt e . 7 d

It d e d t e e

of e o e e

responsible r m s r t

was n s e

wehren l u f y

Brigades)

65 n d

In , h d s e

_._„_„ . . y e

have y d n . o

intents d , y e e

willige r t s e

are d y e r l

{Kreis), e e d

the t f l , ,

are d y r

The n s o e n f

wehren, , s t t h e

management f . , e

Administrative s . e

conjunction h e h y f e

and e l P ­

quarters) n e

League f , n y n f

industries) s e

to e . n , y

to e y k e

of e e d s y

request h e l P , o

the

r

Each t f e t

of t t 8 s d t e d

a m f e n

These s t n

concerns h s s s d

oil . y e h e e s e

units h r s n d

organised r e n f r

To r e r e n

ranks f e d

at e f d e ,

Hitler r h )

the d J e ­

ing . , y e

as s f ,

unit f e

A s f

50 s d s d o

(Squads)

The e d d

by e l

Freiwillige s e e y .

then e r e t d f

local f f e e

Larger s y e e n

Feuerwehr g o r l

In r s e o

been , e l J s

detail s m e D

fire­fighting . r r n

the D s e y , e .

66 e f e

All s f e e n

whether t e e e

willige r r e

wehrscharen, e t y y e l ­

munity. n e e f en,

factories h e m e e f

burden h e

Only r e e f e

schulen e e ) f e

Provinzen s e h t

half f e , e g f

covered y e d

exception o s t s

Reichsfeuerwehrschule n e s

is y r e l f e l ­

ment d s s e d y y

Reich

For y l s e

organisations y n e d

of n n f s n s

Reichsverein

3


National e f n e

Engineers)

[h)

67. l r e s e

Before e k f , s

air d n n y e

by e —Reich ­

tion r r d . s

had e r f e n

was, f , d d d y

Nazi , e h , e

and, n , e r

After e h , e

obtained l s n e

of e l n s l s

the e e d o e

with e

e

A r r e B s y

over y e

Oberbefehlshaber

L—Reich r r n d

the ) , o s n e

of l e r , h s . d

balloons

C

The t f e B s n

appointed

ministeruim r f

Passive r e n e h r

Similarly n e e

tricts f e )

appointed o e h e l

Headquarters f e , e r , d

Police

­

The n d e r f

Hilfspolizei y , n e

were d o e l y o

RLB s s s e n f

ings, , n f r d s

" . l f

scrap l m ,

­

precaution t

Work n e B s y d d ­

time. t s d o

Untergruppen ,

Units) d

68. n f e

Up o t e e und

(SHD—Security d e )

the l s f l e

services d s h s e r e ­

tion f l , s g n

caused y r . t d f

members h e s f y

After e t 0 r d y e

on , n h , , e D

completely e f g h y

major . t s t t e t

Luftschutzpolizei r d n

was d d d r e t ­

mand f . s t e

of e n l d

Hilfspolizei l y ) n ­

ticular

The y d n e

professional r d n ,

for e d r , , ­

tamination, d e e f e

The e f s k , f

very e n h e

and e s t f

developments o t s f P

must w e . e s e

service f e e r s

part­time e f s y

(discussed n e t ) s l s

network f e d k

In e n e s

over l e s d l f e

reinforcing m h e l f

Technische t e s

following l e , y s

the D r N

Feuer­ und

g

decontamination

d

Dienst. s e n r s

frequently d o y e e

" " e e m h t

developed. l s d y

the

Instandsetzungsdienst , n

rescue

d

This e s y

as l s l . t

originally d y e

Nothilfe d s n d m

Luftschutzdienst f t n

para.

Luftschutzsanitdtsdienst l d t

Service)—abbreviated

Luftschutzveterina'rdienst y t

Service)

Fachtrupps d l

These s e d h e r

damaged s d r ,

installations, , , d

water s y e d t f

Bereitschaftsdienst f e N e .

It t e d t e

its y s s

created s y d t

the r . s l s e

entitled o e t

Thus, n e t f r , e

Police s l e f l P s

directly s e t d ­

mands e s f e

the , t s l e s

ARP . t o e s e

polizei e e t r f

however, n h e r e

so e t o m s t f s k

authority

As e f s y r

the s s e t

to e n f e

(SS d e ) s y e

taneously s f e r e r

branch

­

Most n f e e

from e d , ,

professional e . n t ,

when e D s d o e

schutzpolizei, s e , t

holding y e , s y

into e

Officers f e e d

the

Academy r P ) t

formerly n s e

schutzfiihrer t

As t f n g r

women e w g d o e

in e s e

been d o e s s n r

free s y n s e r e

service

As e r r , e P

3


units e , h d e y ­

ported m e e o , r

were . y y e n

SHD t e w d

Abtetlungen y 0

battalions e n . e f

have n d d e t n

and t i n , e y

employed o e c s

destruction

69 y P

The s d n s

by s y P s h s

Werkluftschutzdienst y P

Werkschutzpolizei y n

Selbstschutz

n

Erweiterter d ­

tion

Luftschutzwarndienst P g

The t s d n

larger d l s y e

gruppe l e f

an y n f l )

to s m e

It s d d d y e

of h y d d y e s

employees

The i s d n t f

factories h e o d

schutzdienst. t s d o e

" m n f l s

workers. s e d r

service d e d h e

polizei h s y n e f

organisation

While e s

created, t r P , t r

protection f s d s n

e.g. t e d , t s w

an e t n P . e

or t y e s y s d

be l h e S

Police), e s g r e d

the f e n h

function

At s t t d o e d t

Werkfeuerwehren y e ,

in . , e y h e

schutzdienst d e

The z t l e d

basis r l n P . t

air­raid , k , f

and l r l n P ,

unlike e n d P s

more y , s t e

in i

The r z s d n

official , , ,

stores, , d r c d

buildings e e s . s

the f e s s

conscripted m g e s f

buildings

The n f e t s

observe g y s d o

the d n n e

similar s o e r s n e

Increased d r , ,

caused s n o e y

Most f s r s e w

by d n r e l

the s f e n

including n d , y

and g e y d

specially d r e

Werkluftschutz,

schutz d e o d

as e f e

(Air n y . e

these s s , t n ­

time s d d t r n l ­

imbursements g s d . ­

day y n ,

PW m e n d )

pressed o e n e y

organisations. e f e

bataillone . ) e o n

performing P s d d s

air s n

All n y P s

above e d d d y e

That , l y y r

civilian P , s f w d

the o t e e m

German P s s y

and , e t e e e

down o e t r f e

It s r e l f e r

whose y d y r

work s e

It s y n d t t

Luftschutzpolizei d s s o t

regular e s e e l

all e y e ,

this y d n

and y e l f e

police

Lately e m s o

extent e o e n e n

all e d y e s

these e d g d r r

Thus e

Technische e l d o s

schutzpolizei r y e

employed n t

The s d n e

of s s y s r y

e.g. e

Companies). e d r s e

trained r e A , t e

necessarily d y f A ,

serve s s e s n s P

engaged n e f , c

and e . e n s s

special g e s , d

important e y y n d r

5S

Safety ) e d s s f S

who e n e f s f s

serve s n s h e s s

the h e d h

and d

(;)

70 e f e e

The

l

Corps), n d o s d

abbreviated , s l y

formation f e r

It s s f , , d

and d s n n

public s , ,

salvage, d r d . s

corps f e n e e N s y

of e l s n g e

of d r

The N s n d n o e

clear s f , r , e ­

munications, r l , ­

mantle s d s n ,

3


idges, h d , s l

to m y r s f n

restoration e y y l

and e

The d s e e e e

the . s s e n

to e y d r e r e e ­

tion f . s e N ,

as

r

attached o n y , g

Kommandos l ) o

formations. n a l

wer d t e t s

p

On s y d s f e

hav n d o e s n

field d n n d s

for d y . N s

also n d o e s n

territories o t n e g f

utilities d r

The t r e N s s

Ersatz­Abteilimg n ­

TN e d n

basis d e e d h y

same n l s s t

Thus, , , , , ,

IX, d I e n

A y s f

companies, h n d o

sections' h s

Bautrupp

Rohrtrupp e

n

Leitungstrupp l t

Wasserwerktrupp

s

Section)

Krantrupp e

Briicken­

Locks

s d

In y r , N s e d

the f , s r , y

them r s f l .

Armies w n n l , ­

fore, n e e e f , ­

counter N s s t f e s r

command f f f y .

addition t d e e n d t

considerable n f e r s

the N d h s n e S d

Police

Thus e N s y m h

Allied l e d r

occupation

71 y f e

The s d n

under e s f n

the r f e d t

originally t o e t t s e

a l n o e d n

During e s f e r

when t l , d y

extremist s f e t d ,

the e f e , e N t c

and l s . ,

its r s y t f ­

breaking , t d e

parties n n

Between 5 d , g e d

pseudo­prosperity, e N t h f

importance, t r g o

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protection e d d s

dienst y ) o

organisation d o l

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rather n e e , e i

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des

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with c

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fully­fledged y . s l ­

quarters d x s d e

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formation y n f

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of e N l

in , k , h s o

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head n 3 s ­

DUBEL

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centralisation f e N d s e ­

corporation o e . t e

technisches

technical y s f e . o

chief s n e e d

National s h e d

made t f e

as h d

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designation ­

ever, s l y d y e

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the t o y s d

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public. t d n s c n f

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three

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and

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functions s e

reliable m e i t f . y

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Nothelfer) e n r y e

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to e

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the n f y e

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one e r r n d d t

the y s f e r

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the l s o s

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organisation y t e d s

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into , h s o y t t

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graphs h s f n e

73 l e f e

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comes s t , e

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his y r e d

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ing, d l d l

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schools, s f h s e

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s f

74 l e N e

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in y z

Technischer

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factories d c y s n

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sonnel. g o s , e D

of

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sections)

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needs t f e n e

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trained r e r k e d n e

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working n f e D s t d

will e d g o e e f

work n . s e t o

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created h e c n f

training, d g e

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the s f e , s g d

are w r e d f e r

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removal f c , y ­

cult e , g f y

bomb l k d y ­

in f e e r g

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motor s d y e ,

auxiliary d d

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trupps, h e d s s

1


1 t

2 l

2 ) f n

2

2

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so t y e n r r r .

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setzungsdienst s e )

those s e e

police) s t d o m

services

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abbr. ) s l e N n o e t

the d d e d

a l , , , e

special s

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Musik­

d

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All n o e e y r

service r o e s f e d

as l s l

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feranwdrter s r N )

also d s t f e

75 e e f e

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can e d y y g e ­

bination h s w t e N d

retreating h e d s o e

are g h e N s f e e

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that e N d s e e e

technical , e e e t

must, n r t , e

thoroughly r h e g s

all l s s l s h e

locations f l , c

water , s , , ,

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combine s n n r n ,

danger s d m t e

reckoned

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the g d , e N l

be d h e r f l

to e r s n e r f e .

the r s o e n y e

advance, t d e y l r e

to l n e N o e d e

of s y r e r y e

clearly d d

The , d y y S ,

then e y o g o n s

" d l n f

saboteurs

Considering e N n s ,

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tion o s y d d

weapon f e . , e

and l l r e N t t

Allied s y n g

sabotage s f n e ­

ments

I

Auxiliaries o

Uniformed

76.

Certain s f d e n

e

many e t n l t f e

polizei. y o t e e r

jurisdiction f e h

duties e r o e f e

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polizei l , d

The e y )

its , e

Protection d e

dienst y l n

The

The

l

The o n

The e r e n

Mines

The m d e

The i s d y e

Reichsbahn e , d s

subordinated o e

(RVM—Ministry f . ,

the s s l

functions n r o e e f e

of e t s r e

of e

Polizei. c s e n ­

mitted y e f f e

the f e

agreement h e

In h , l f e

accorded e s f e t

In l s h e

employment f r l

tasks e ,

request f e e e t

disposal f e S h t r

employment h s f e o

cooperation n e

terium d e e e

terium s o

liaison h e

In n s

the e , h s , ­

ductors d , e n d

Police r n

The z d z n

the d r y

is o d y g o e

and g . e

similarly s r e y

(See . 2

Most f e s f e

today y d h d o e

taken r y e . t s ,

fact, t h e d e

these s f , s l s e k

their , e f n , r l ­

nificance s y f y

character. y , , d

in r l n n h e

polizei d e . e d

polizei—which e r e

ministerium —Ministry f

are d n . 6 n n h

V

77

The —Auxiliary ) ­

sists f s y y ­

cruited m i y s

—which y e d n o t e

Police n e . y e

discussed n s s n g s

this

The —discussed n e

paragraph—which s d y e

should t e d h e s s

3 E


Hilfspolizei. t , , s f

Sonderpolizei y e d

and l n t e r e n

functions

The t t y f e

is d y e d e

(Rural d n , d y

among e n

duty s y , y r n ­

band, y e h e k

" r r s e .

Other s s n e s

Hilfspolizeien e

Traffic l

of e K

Socialist r

See .

NSKK c ­

cation .

para.

NSKK d d ­

vice. e .

NSKK

trollen

Transposes

HJ­SRD

Werkschutz

SA

NSKK­

NSKK­

NSKK­Verkehrshilfs­

SS­Industrieschutzmann­

NSKK o ­

tion e f ­

ised e

See .

Hitler h

Service. e .

Fire g

of e r

See .

ARP s n ­

tories

g

Werkpolizeien ­

trial . e

69

Industrial .

para.

Self­protection

See .

Emergency

See .

Industrial y

See .

C. E E

78 :

Even e e n f e

Reich n , e e s l

in e n f h a

STEIN d , d a

METTERNICH. s r y d

the n s d h s y

" y d d

by e . y e e n e d

is y e l d r o

life f e l n s e n

or e d

The y n t f e

is, s s t m e

discussed o , y . n

administrative e o t l e n t

German e s t d y o

great e f r k d h

regular s f g r d

public , t s n n n r

great y e , h

other s e d y y

clerical . n y t s e

polizei e ) h s

duties

While l f e r s f

Orpo e d o s

(Police e , s f

various s f e

called e ­

trative . y e t

uniformed. s , y e n f

age s d y f m y e

to r e s r

completed h f e s

beamte. t y , e e s e

power, e , , e e r s

Even ­ y o t s r ,

have y d e y g

experience n e , d e w

" d t d

The s h f

Orpo, s e l e s y

in s . e x f s d

however, s t e n

Hauptamt s s e h l

branches f e r d ,

rather

of , w d l

3

The

Germany e e l s e t f

duties d s f e

are . e n f e

tungspolizei n e

tungen s n d t

Its e e s d y e , n

next , f e s s

each

79 d

Polizeiverwaltun

n f

The e e n

Polizeiverwaltung e d o

sections

d

of e ,

1.

(Office f e e

(Office

2.

f e f f e

3.

(Office f e e r d

The e l s e d

follows

Abt. .

Wirtschaftsabteilung l

This n s h

Haushaltskeeping

d

, ­

Besoldungsangelegenheiten

stellten

Clerks d s n e e

y f

Versorgungsangelegenheiten

ments d

, ­

Wirtschaftsangelegenheiten

Bekleidung,

matter f e

Subsistence d

n e h s

Abt.

Passwesen, , , ­

satzwesen , l f ,

Registration, g f e d

This n s h

Durchfiihrung

n

Passport


A

—tjberwachung,

erlaubnis

n

Registration f , e d l

permission o ,

Meldewesen,

(Police n , ,

Volkskartei l n

Wehrersatzwesen—Wehrerfassung,

rollen, n f s

the d s d r e e

the p f e

Staatsangehb'rigkeitssachen

ship

s f ­

Zeugnisse

(Attestations d e

Durchfiihrung

gesetze

Jewish

g l n d ­

A

Namen,

changes f ,

Abt.

Verkehrs­, , d i , ­

ways d e

This n s h

Verkehrspolizeiangelegenheiten

Strassenordnung,

kehrsregelung,

(Roads, d l d g

with c , h s t

vehicles

s

Ausstellung e f

Licences, h e e f e

see .

Fahrlehrerwesen n f

Instruction

Genehmigungspflichtiger

(Licences

mercial

r , s d r ­

Feuerpolizeiliche

e

Regulations d e

Wasserpolizeiliche

r

Regulations

Enteignungsangelegenheiten

n

Expropriation

Abt.

Gewerbepolizei e e r

control f e s d r

This n s e t y r

handling f s g o s

Licences n e s f e

(a e f h s g e

of s d . t s h e

matters

Preisiiberwachung t f

Control

Lichtspiel

n

theatres d

Ausstellung

Reiselegitimationskarten s r s

Commercial , l

Regelung

und

von n f y

curfew s r s f

tjberwachung

heime n f

hotels, s d

Wirtschaftswerbung,

of s d t

Schutz

Symbols d

Abt.

n f

Strafverfugungen, ,

Lebensmittel d i s

punishable , e ,

Food d y

This n s h

Polizeistrafrechi e , l e

Police

Amtshilfesachen

e

Polizeiverwaltungsgesetz

fugungen

Orders

e e e d

Verwaltungszwangsverfahren y ­

ministration, . ,

Administration f d ,

other y

Volks­,

of ,

Establishments

, l d

Polizeiliche

fahrtsangelegenheiten

Welfare

e e n

Gesundheitspersonen,

Giften,

and d , n f

and , , e n

Poisons, n f c ,

regarding s d

s

Tjberwachung

(Supervision f e n

Tierseuchen,

und

(Animal , n f

and

r

Waffen­ s d

Licences

80 s d

Like e n d , e

Polizeiverwaltungen e m

for l e

Filing , . . s m

instituted n e h ,

A e n f e

tabulated n s f s g

subject , l e d n e

The e g y s t n

as t s f s m 0 o r

This t s c m

into t l h c s

such s s l s d e g

police

One f e s f e

is e n f e y

system f l s d .

detail, e s n e e

Nur

Nur

r

use

This

of

n s e

Vertraulich

Geheim

Geheime

" t d " e ­

lent f

below

s

r p

n

"

d e


to t d " t s d Schulpolizei e r e n f

documents g y o and l

and l s r

headquarters

Geheime

t

relating o l . s ­

mate t d e y

than r p " t s d

matters f r l r

importance d s y

While e e e l s

German e , s y

be . h l s s

vertraulich y , r r ­

tions d s o , t y ,

a e

81 e s d t y l

It s y t n n s h

Staatliche t l s

police n e d y

authorities. d r f e

is t o e , . o e r

Lord r d s . e s

referred o s

police s

The n f h l d

authorities

Gemeindepolizeibehorde) s n d

Prussia n t f s d t ,

and d

Zustdndigkeit

Preussen e g e n

the l e s n

Similar s e n d n e

A m f s d s y o

certain t f g d

but e g s f n e y

as e y f e

horden e s f e )

Baupolizei

the g

e n

d

e f

n

t

Feld­ d d t

Naturschutz

life)

n f s d

Feuerpolizei e , s r s r ­

ties e d y e g d ­

struction

Certain s f e

Gesundheits­,

(Health, y d d ­

tion) s n n s e h

of e r s y

these s o e

Marktpolizei e r e n

Public s d , h s

its s e n f e d

Wasserpolizei s , t o

confused h e

ways n , d n .

et

Wege­ d ,

concerns f h e , ­

mination d g f

Bergpolizei e r e n f

Jagdpolizei e ­

tering g d g

Wohnungspolizei e r e n

Buildings, , l

and r

Obdachlosenpolizei e r e n

the s d

4

Other s h y e n

to e y f e

special

Most f e e s e d

later

Only r s e l f

Gemeindeverwaltungspolizeibeamten l ­

ministrative e ) o d o

above d . n m d d

communities l e e e ­

tions e d y e l f e

civil l . n ,

localities t

same l e e f e

activities h n s h

verwaltungen e d o e s f

Polizeiprdsidien, r e

paras. ,

82. e

Of e y d s f e

polizei e t e y

Among e t , m e

occupation d e t f

are e ) d

Volkskartei l n

Registration f e n s s

compulsory n y e e t

Using e g s s s r n n

rigid , e i t d

reinforced s , n s

in 8 d . , r , e

edicts d l s o r h

police n e s f y e f

Foreigners e d y e e ,

their n d o e e n

hours

The s f s e n s

from e e e y g

place f r e d g t

particular n s d e l s

her e f . e e s

the e f e f ­

dence). n , n , e

receives s w e f ­

sidence) h s t e s y

in e w . n r o p e ­

ties y , l s e d

advise e e n f y y e

their n . n t e

Meldeschein s t , t n y s o

change f s s e n e g

of

Duplicates f l d

scheine e d o e l

(Internal e ) . t

then s m r o e

(Reich u f ) n .

they e d y r l d

tabulations, t t y e d t

duplicate s f n n e

on t e h t

As t f s ,

Police p l d

registers) f l s n e .

office g s r s d

Einwohnermeldeamt r u

Population . e l

are d l ­

tration e

The r f e s

for n d e r . e l

contained n e d e e d ­


son's , e f , e f ,

status, , , , y

citizenship, y s d l

Additional n d n s d

name, e f , e f h d n

the d s , d r

and . r s r

possession f t d s r

hunting, g r

Unmarried s g h r r

mother e d n e n d f

parent. y n r n l ­

tion d n y e f , y r

up r n

On e e e f e l

card e d e s d y

changes f

Foreigners o o t e p

residence n n , t o

to y n e h y r t ,

issued h

Paper o e ) d f

This s e t e

travel, d t e n y e

wherever y y t r r ­

quested y e s o y

A l i d x

foreigners) s t y e

handling l s g )

the s d t l

behdrden d t s t f e

This e s d o

Auslanderkartei

Auslanderkartei s d r

foreigner g r y g d n

area f e r

file s d y g

surnames. r s , , e

red) e d o e n s

nationalities. h y n e

is n d y r g

1 o . , e s f s r

of h y e t n s d

numbered g o n h

identify h d y s g

a e . A t g s

of n f s l e d

Annexe

Included n s m f y e

residents f y o e r

categories ,

and l .

deutsche e d o e s f

listen , , . e l s

were n n r y t d

were d s s f

carry e l y . ,

expediently d r c

after, r , e n n

Poland d , d o e r

entered n y o y

identity . d , o e ­

verted o s t g

consulted, e d r n

This t p s p n

and s n y s h e

"

subject o . n l

members f y e d

List , r g d r l

loyalties. y f t I

graduate o t s l .

further s n e y s

members f e e n n

documents

Auslanderkartei s l s f

i


every . n h e

admit t e f r e

records e t s n t p o

during e r s f e , e

records f e t n y l

considered t . s y e

to e e h r s n h

kartei e d d n

1943

Since s l r s e

record f l e k g

entire , t s y t e

will e n t o y t n r

prevent s g o d . m

experience e n s e

the l n d l e

the a f g h c ­

piece s e

Should, , s f e

destroyed r y i n s

by d g , e n ­

ities l e e o e e d

registers n s r n .

for , e e e f

city, , r e s y

card f e n s n d o e

of P , e e l

(National t ) p

files f l e s d e

to e s f l y

foreign . e

Internal e ) o n

population y r e l f

levies

At l s f e i ,

are , t y f l y , t

all s g n e a f

particular y . e

is t f e o e n d y

Party. e s e y

since e n d n m s

the t n f e i y

warden. n , e p

and f e t d o

are t t e l s f l

Party s , , , )

affiliates. , r , l

physicians d s e d t

Headquarters f e

National t l

A t r f s f s d ,

course, d y e s

of e d . , , l

discussed n r l n e s

with

d

A s s t y l

index s d y h e n

Roman c , s l s

religious s d n

such s d . e e

mentioned s e e n %

the e n , d e

records l t e r s o

left e h y r r i

these e y y . s

resort y l y n e

the s r y n n e t f

Churches o y r s e

occupation y e y

Another x d y e

polizei s e r f l

within h . s f s x

white. n p f h r e s

addresses f e r d

followed y e s d s f

individual . s f r

are d , t n . e

Registration s t n l

arranged y t s h e s

each t n l

The e t f n

registers d y t e d

exhaustive. n t o e

list d d o r o e e f

administrative . t e s

may e s e o e s

available r g p n r

or f e n

84 nf

Another n f e

merits e n s e

of s d . l , ­

keepers d r s s

scales, s r s f d

must t e e r o e

to e m . e s d

officials g n s e d s

are s f e

The l f s n y s h

Reichskommissar

Commissioner r e SS­Brigadefiihrer

. s

whose e s n f e e f

Beauftragte

y

the r , . . e

administration f e l s

carried t y e k f

stellen e l , h y

staff t r . r e e

of s d e t f e

and s y d n e

of e s l e r

para. 9 , e e e ­

vise t l s f s y

inspect s d , e

licences, e e y f s r

check e r e f s d r

particular , , n , p

guard r l l . s

insight o s f s d

makes e l d

enforce s f e l

to t n f h s d

investigate t s r

Preisilberwachungsstellen l r h

The e r e l

Crafts d , s h f e

polizei, s e s f t

price l n e n h e ­

control

85

In r , e

Police d o e l l s

censorship f , , o d

was n s e

Under e i e e e f s

function s d y h

volume d n . t ,

become l s f n n

hands f e h t d f e

Party. t s , , t

in y n o r e d s

administrative . r s n t

for e t t n n t f e s

the e , h y

some f e l s f .

important l d e e

connected h p e w n e

of e d e D n n h

4


German l s s s y d

in .

Censorship f e , o d s

place t e y e f e l o

censored. e e y s

Ministerium

(Ministry f c t d

headed y . . e

other m f c t s

approved y e , t s e

of e l e o d t l

In e s f l t

Administrative e l n n

of , t n o l r s

made y e t e f

Sipo r e l i y f d s

Intervention y e l r y

public y d r e

86 r

tive

d s f e ­

The i g d

Code t , d e s e

the y d s f

Verwaltungspolizei, s e n

action d r n s g ­

struction d e f .

directives e d y e s f

Labour d , s l s y e

charged h . s

prescribed s r l g s

Germany t e d o e

for l e n k y

started

This f e y o s

granting f l g s n

with l s g , ­

struction, , , l

and . e s e

in e g p f r s y

ordnungen g ) d

By s f e s e e

even e e f n . n

construction , n f e k

again d h c s

the l s s d

proper , , d e

of

The l f e ­ d

(Field d t ) s f e

Feld­ und d d t

and g o e d

vollzugsdienst t e e

Service). e n e y t

and n e d y y n l p

an d h e e . y

under e n f e l

authorities, d r , t d

are d y e . y

are t d h , t y n

permits r e n f , n

require " m e r e

The l n f e und

polizei s e n f t

thefts, e o y d s

animals, d l y o

property r r d . n

duties y e d y e

(Honorary d , o e d

perform e s n , d

part­time

The i s )

not e d h e

(Waterways n . e l

polizei y s o d o s

strassenamt u f .

smaller s d s W

and d , d s e r e ­

tenance f w d r n e

and n r . r e n

inspection f e ,

reservoirs, , s d

the n f g r g n

responsibility. e s e n

determines e l r x d

administers e r , h s e

of . t o s l s d

for e e f s r s

The s e f e s

above s e y f e

Police

The n f l s l s

property n e s s d o ­

wachmanner r t

who y e d r y e

or y e e , . e

und d d

Protection . e n

not e , t y r t

uniform . e m m f t

the s f e e s

of o d

Night n , n l

entrusted h e n f d

functions. r y d o e

the t n n s m

Regular . s t f e g ­

power , e e s f o

increasing t f e y f

Nachtwachmdnner. n e d f ,

instance, s f e

schaft e d s r e

along e t n n h ,

and r e . t s , t d

noted t s f h e

are t t m e t n

the s ) g h

other s m 6 o 0 s f

The r h e ­

cipal , s d h e e

certain s g d ,

cleaning d t .

part f e l n f h k

however, d o d s e l

of y s n e h

German s d y . s

main n f e ­ d i

to e t e e s f

adjacent o s e e f

required e f e e . e

tasks f t , , d

of e e d n t n

and s y l n s

in e , y g h

companies

In g s l i

for e n f ) s n

It s d s e f e d

administration s e y f e ­

cipal . g e y

of s h f e e e y

supervision f l y s d

suitable g , s l s e

of e s m r t f .

the , , e s e

administrative y o y d

agencies e r e n

prosecution f e n e s d

acts y , y n r

recruited . s t f s ­

ment, e s e y

with e d e . e

therefore e d r r e .


The i e r e ­

vision f e s d ) s

municipally d h f e ­

tive . n , t s

shelters r e , s

and s n h s h s

of e . e

polizei s d o n e

and c n f o r

for e y n e

In , s e f e

dwellings y r , e s f

Obdachlosenpolizei e d

During d r e t , n e

shortage n y s t y o

as t s y e t p

Wohnungskommissionen s o

tenements) s s d o

the y s d . e ­

missions e e o l e o d

large s r s o e n s r

indefinite d f . r ,

on n y r , s

Thus, e g f s d

from s f s s o e

handled y e n

with e i , y ,

Wehrmacht d e n d , s l

with l e

The l n n l

includes e i m d e

classified s s s e

inspection d n f h l ­

tions s , , s d r .

of s , , e f y ­

tive d y . r e

executive s d s t e l

this e e , e

zeipra'sident, r r e y

supplement m y r e ,

of e r r

formations. e s e n d o

Erweiterte' d e


T B *

1

THE I D E

1 ^**

A. R N D L E

THE O D

87. t f e o d

The t f e n e

into e n e g

Nazi e s y n d n

ONE f s . , T R

a d n f e y n h

Nazis d r s f

centralised , d d

to e r l e s

appear, e t t s n

German e e e i t o

were t e g e t e

took e n e n f e d

These t l i , d

HIMMLER d s e t

have n t e e t s

coercion t e l f e t s

Germany

In T E e t f e

and D s d h e s m

until 9 n t d n e

of d l , e

in . t y e l o

briefly s . n 3

GORING's , e n l

had n d o e

the e e R d n

himself s e d f e l e n

the r d y n 4 s

gained m e l f e n

itself. n 6 e e r n

of e n , g ­

with t f r n f f e .

this w y e n d e

polizei —Security ) s w

of e n , y g e

{Secret e ) h e

Police). e y d d ­

modelled h e , d

jurisdiction r l f y d n

of l d y e s

the . , n 9 h e s

merged h e

fu'hrers y e f e

of e , e e m f e S

Nazi . y R

the D o h s l s

the t d e , h e

never d o e y r n ­

ment . t y e e y t

number f e r s f e ,

and , e g t y ­

tunists, t y l D l s

exclusively m e t e d

members f e , d s y l

good r e k f e , y

executives

It t y e d t

Sipo d D y o s t s

activities y d s g n

scope f e . y t

equate e s f e d D h

of e e s f c s

be y . s e g

will , e e f e

SD s o y e f n

and c . d ,

three t , t y e

as e . e y h l

its n m f l d r

which, , n n h

the n f e n , e

haber r

SD. , n d , e

services r n d , n

Einsatzkommandos. e y e n

the e s e y e s

Kripo d l t e

position f e D n e d e

there y n e s o e t

and n t n t h

especially f d m . ­

less, e t t s t t t

three s r e e

force d d d y e g

clique s n t o n d ­

ate r

HITLER d R e s

at n f t d , h

Party s e g . t

was r y , t n e d

acting r d d d d

men o e t y s f

SS, s i m s n t y

It s t t d

together e n i s y d

" d e r

Protection f e ) d t s

Police n s y d o

its g y n e s f e

Furthermore, n , W d D

supervision f y l n

intelligence s t e d .

in s p e s f

system f l l , y l

the i , s e f l

within e h d l s f

occupied . t t e e

that s y d n

remain e d e f e

of e o e d n f

Socialism

88. e l s f e o d

Der

(Chief f e y e d e ) s

present

Dr. t , o

HEYDRICH r e r s t y

Patriots n . e s e t

of e o s f e . e

Staatspolizei d e

(Kripo), s l s f e , d s

only o , e

der s s s

Reichssicherheitshauptamt l ­

partment f , e d

Headquarters f d

The , e r ­

NER r e l f e d

:


consists f t , e

were y d n r r ,

are w y . s e

should e d s e t

than n f e . t

within s e e d ­

quarters f e e

pblizeiamt s f e d

former s f e

but e k f e e s f e

is y o y d t t s n

instances e o w r e

their s d

The l n f e s f

Amter n e A s s s

(Personnel Under n

Amt

Organisation, Until e e o

waltung SS­SF , o

(Organisation, ­ believed o e n ­

ministration ceeded y ­

Law NEL. e f f

appears o e e

the f f

Amt

Deutsche

r

biete s u s e

(Spheres f n o e d

Life

Amt

Gegnererforschung o n s e

und Staatspolizeiamt .

fung r ­

(Investigation d , o s y

combatting f ­ y

position)

Amt

Verbrechensbekdmp­ o n s e

fung

(Combatting f l y r

Crime) E o d

the t n s

on h ,

Ausland r ­

(Foreign )

And

Weltanschauliche l y r

Erforschung X o s

Auswertung o e n d

(Ideological ­ SS­OSBF

search d s ­

ploitation

Militdrisches

(MI

Note.—This u s d o e

in , . t s y d h

dominated y I d t o s d

SS­BF . s r s s

however, e s l n ­

dependent u n e A d s

been d o

Most f e s f , , , V

VII, e d n n n e s

by e d

generally n s e

and e . s

in n n e s n s

Markt 6 d e . e

of I e n , ­

strasse . t s n t n e e

the y d r s n ,

most f e s e y

and y f e s e d o

locations n n d . n

even d o , , h

Vienna. s t r f s

to­day, h g e n f e r r

the s r s f e e

Since y f e s e y f

temporary e t s t n

advisable o t m n s

89 s f e A

The s f r d I e ­

tive, h I w y d

Amt r . g e

that y e d h e

organisation d n f e

Sipo d D h t s n t

retains e e f y

the n f s D l d

abroad

Amt I s e l s f

SD e y d s e l

for l D

stellen d n e . t t

functions d e t s d

Abteilung I n n d n

office f . e n k f I s

collection, y n d t , f ­

ation g l s d s

to t e e f i r t

and . t s l s f

life"

d

intelligence r e l f l ,

and c , t y r

suppression f i

As d , t V s e

of e h s g

in . t s y d h

and g y n o e i

For s e t s t k

Headquarters f s , n s

stellen,

d

stellen f e t y e d t o

large e I s e

used y V s s r s s

anti­Nazi , h y o s

Amt I l s d r e

to e e e f e

Abwehr­Amt e k r m

Intelligence l e , d ­

bined t h r r s n e

field. s n f y

caused e n n

some e n e r f .

details f e d d w n d

activities f V d e l

discussed n .

Amt , h s o n s e

kriminalpolizeiamt , s e l ­

quarters f e

Criminal , g e k

criminal e , e

­Aussendienststellen

e

developed t f e d

krimindlamt n l e ­

quarters), e s d y f

combatting f e n e l e f

term. e , , r e

regime, s t y d e t

" g o e n n

most s e t o s n

part n e n d n f

are y d l " t

formerly e n d t e t s

offences. e e g s f t o

Gestapo d e n e d f e

has n y s e r


Co­operation n V d s ­

fore y . d n

the n l e d f ,

organisation d s l e d n

109 .

Closely d h e s

functions f I e e d t

Amt , h y s h

sabotage d n n d d

countries. n s u e

therefore, e n e d e

services f e , , e , ,

reinforced y e y e d

services f e r y

now n s e

Amt I s d o e A n .

was d m e

Institut e r " n

Countries), e r , ,

until y n e s

maintains e n h e h

Office n n d y o h

Prof. l s

Institute n . I s y

occupied d e s d s

with e n f l e

and e t f l

especially n e c . e t f

bureau's h s n e e o

RSHA d o e n , d

also o r l . e ,

Amt , d f s n ,

and e s r d

paras. 7

A l t n n e

directly d o e

polizei s e .

Section s d n , , o

all s d h e k f

Polizei ) t

Embassies d s n l d

states. s f s d , r , ­

lished n , , , ,

Athens, , , , , ­

lava , , s , ­

holm, e d , e y

as s . n e

decree t s d t t e

in e A s d s n t

in r o e n e n l

of , , V d I g e ­

Attaches d o r e l

technical s f e s d r

The n s o d o d o

and l s g m e

of n s d o

German . e f f e ­

Gruppe s

90. s d y e

The g g s e

subordinate o d d y e

sicherheitshauptamt:

Fiihrerschule

t

heitspolizei

(Training l

Officers f

Security e

the

Kriminalfachschule d o e

(Criminology

Sicherheitspolizeischule t

(Security e

* In n d o e n

SD 1) t , r .

Als d s

and

Funkschule ) t e ,

Nepomuk/Protektora

Schiess­Schule

t

(Weapon

School

Sportschule

t

(Sports

School

Grenzpolizeischulen t , r

(Frontier e d

Schools

Schule

t

polizei

(School f e

Police d

According o e t s e s

Pretzsch e d o e n d o ­

berg

91 l : r

der o d s

Like e e t ­

mander n h s e

Orpo, e d D e ­

manded n h y e

(Inspekteur)

(Commander r r f e y

and e y e f e C f e

The S r S s y e o

HSSPf f e n e f e s

representative f e d . n e

of e f e S r S s

authority n l s g e

and D n e r . e s

through e , e r

between e d D n e d d

civi , i y d

Headquarters d l e

on e

When e s e t d

1936, y e n e e d n f

Inspekteur ) ­

ated S r . s n e

further n f r s

necessary n y , d

occupied s d n e

the l , h s , ­

Lorraine d , e n

were , e e d o

status f )

heitspolizei d S

BdSPuSD. e n n S

BdS , , y f r .

BdS s t l s e d r

forces d s e e f

preparedness, t d s f

units r s . e S

has y y , t e s ­

powered n e f e y o

complete . s d s

into n , s e f

will y e d o ,

the l e n S d n

one f l , f d h

has t y . n e

parts f e k d y n e

the n S , , d

regardless f r e t s n

particular y e e e s t f

haber r

Whenever e D d

known

s

r '­


led d , e S r

assumes l d r e d s

the n r o e r

He y n , r ,

assistance m e n d

these s e n o e d

combined s n e e s

guerrilla d n

Special n d e d o e

to e y e r f e S

the e f e l s

Gestapo d d f e

(Leit­Abschnitte). e l

discussed e y , e y t

in r o l

activities f r e s n

area, d y o e e

of g d g r r

sub­regional , e .

and d f e . e

however, e y f e l ­

quarters r e l s

been y . e e

or s l , t n r

functions e d

now t e d s d ,

than r o e d

executive r g y n

to e e f r S r , h s

now e e l y f e

and D n e s t

of , n e h e t r

unify d e r n e

Police, d o e g d ­

lapping y n e d f n f

Regional

92. e s f e

At t e n f e e f

is y n m s d n

or y d s h s

There, e S s s

into ) l o

to I f e A n . s

I d I f e S s n e

largely " , ,

administration d l , e

Ami I n e . , n ­

tingencies e t o e n d

which d t r n e a d

a g e e e .

instance, n e d

with e h , t n y s

is d t y n f

Like s t g I s

German s f " n s n

section s e c s

political s f e n s

German y f n n r

Nazi y n . t s

such s e e o e t t

Germany. c s n d ­

tories e f l n o s ,

sabotage f e , r n k f ­

operation, n n s n y

interpreted s g n e n

Abteilung . n s n

evidence s t n e e f

" " f h c ,

material s f e d D e

permitted o w e f e

people, r n f e n

In d , s e n

matters f t o e g

concerns f y h

and e g f l e .

sub­divisions d y o e

Amt V n e . l n s

by V o h s s

Jews, , d s f y

Abteilung s e n e

Amt f e n

It s l , t y

distinction n y e d

offence s n r .

investigations e y d y

section n n h ,

indicated . e l s f e

Abteilung s o d h

(Search r d , h s

for d

Like t I n , g I s n

instances y d h e

and s f , t s

by e y e f s t n n

intelligence s e r s d m

other , d r g e s

was y n o e t f e

and D

In y h e p

the r A d e

Abteilungen , t s e

Abteilung I s d . n

one d t s n g

interests d l s , n j

report m o s t e n e

hand, t s e f e s f h

given n s m I n n s

in g e i l e e

borders, y n l

The e f S s d

France s t e S s e

with e e l

dealing h n f l

It s n t e S s h e

zentralen n e t h e m f

SD, o t s y t e S ­

quarters o e n r

concerned h t

Whereas e e n f l S

occupied s s o w e r

the n d , e n f

Office f e S r S e y s

on r , e h f e

work s e y e e s f

Gestapo, d . e e S n

handles l l s r e

organisations, s y y

but t s l r I

on y e . , V d

inside , e y h r

in d s e l

functions e y d y e

Gestapo, d D .

VI t y s t , d e

may o e e f . l s

only e d t e t e l ­

ments g e n f S r

Headquarters e y e

available

93. e r o d s

As n e e o n e d

under n s t ­

manders o n e s r r ­

tion e d r l e ,

Gestapo, e d e . e e

as

S

KdSPuSD)

KdS e d n e d

which e n s

which e d o s


Generalkommissariate. s d n .

Police s n e

the d f n f t

of S d . e S s e

on s f r d D s d

holds e e n n r e s

superior, e , s r e e

territory

In e e f e , s e d

countries e n y e n

the d D e d o e e

security e s n e y d

This d h l s s e

down f e , e g

hostages d e t g p f

and . r s e e

forces, n s d D

Einsatzkommandos e d o e

officers d

und h f e s s d

certain . r e l d f

they y e e d e ,

up s n e t n f e

with s f e , n s

established s s n r .

organisation f e

mandos d s y e

as e . y d r e ­

quarters f S n n d .

whereas e y e

SD e r e c s

their e s f , n

countries y d n d ­

quarters h h r e f

between e s S d

(Einsatz­) e d n

for , t , ,

s/Marne, , , , , ­

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5


B. E

96 e o , t V f

RSH

Amt V f e A s o n s

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e

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tion d n f l l n

the i . e s h f

material d n r s n m

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joins e D n e n f e

population, g t y s d

network f s f s . s e f e

branches f e e

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of e D d e

responsible r e o

of i e h e ­

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licher s r e

of s h t e l o e

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and y e n e g n ­

sidered n e t f e l s

privileges d n e

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by, y n y e y y

para. . e e y

upon e s f l r e s

Germany d d s d

orders d s o ; n e

terminology, e s

gegenuber

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serves e i e s n t l r

ruthless n f l

IV

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mus

tionen

mittee

land

den

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marxist

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foreign

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in y d

annexed s

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German d

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activities, s t d e

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the r f , V s d

several, y , ,

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caused e n f V

according o t , t w s

two , V d V

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former d h e

of s e l f ,

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referate l , . V .

detail V s o e d s

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censorship e t h n V

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remembered, , t s n f

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evidence

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t l s e

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camps h e l

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movements g s n e h d d

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IV

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s

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war .

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kraft,

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traffic

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although e s o y f f s

actual e n e , . V

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in t l s g e

organisation f s f e t s

quite y t r n s n V

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sub­sections h r y n e

echelons f e t t s t t l n

whether e s e o d n

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those h e t y

namely

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prisoners

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V Juden s d n

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V Kirchenwesen s d

also V

V Freimaurer s e o V

V Presse e o V d V

in e r

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5 H


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members f e n d .

section s d o e n d s y

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functions r e l n

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the n . o y

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organisation f e

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tions, . e ,

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pflicht Conscription w

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verrats, treason d

rats

acts,

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friendly

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in against e e

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cree f 0 c 4 ­

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cree f r 7 r

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cree f 9 y 3

the

n

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cree f 2 n

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die Ordinances f p

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State

The t p f n s e e

the y n h e s e

blurred d d r e s

Government, , , e d ,

infused s s o e

politico­national . e g

such s y n e d s

an d r f s g

communist , n r s

offences t e e f n

and e r f e n " d

beyond , o e e f n

songs, t r y r m f

To e e f , ,

general g f i a s

mere g o l , l

enemy r n , r g f

literature

Acts h e d e d

economic r l s f e w e

Germany s t e t d

people d s h e e n f

Gestapo. s y s d o r

list f s g m s t

' e d y s d g

goods d s l n o y

or n h s d s ­

German r . t , t

permit, s g s d s

as y d f g

unworthy f

The e f n k f y s y

convenient e d s r d

considerations f . e y

issued o y e n e f 0 b

(see o . ) n t d

to e s y r e

of y d , n g e

previously d y . t t h

mock­interpretation f d l ,

Gestapo d s d o t e

by y l n t d

Subsequently, R n f 2

38 d n l , h

they , y g o e n w

of y s d n e l f e

Leader." e n d y

" y s d r e e f

out e l f e r s d l

though t y t h g s

legal t ; e d d

unlimited g " , g

the y d n , n e t

" t y " d m

German

As y e n m e ,

methods e d h e s

evolution—undefined n f e

unchecked g f e l ,

authorised n f e d

The s w n n o y

methods f e e . s

" e y r n y t ­

bination, d e t s n o y t o

review, r e y e y s s

become e d d h n y

in

102. l n f e

In h t s d t

Geheime s i t f

former e l e

existed n a r e r

A l e s d n y s

5


as 4 n t d f e .

first , n s t h

combatting f y s t e r

the . e r o s f

political e d p d e

supervision f , s d .

the t f c r e

of l s n 9 y t p

any n f s y e e

abolished d e y g h f

Political e s e g

Government t s d e

by . n 3 e s k r

organisation, y d t d

it e e l

however, d e d e n r

and e s l n s

(Stapo­LSt),

polizei

Stapo

d

(Stapo t t e ­

membered, , t e s

in e e m

simply s

A e s y d t

seat f y , r t

administrative l f n e

one f e r n r

At t e e 1 n

in r , g

As , e f f s

rank f n

approximately l o . e s

political r o e r

Oberpresident. e s y h

high e l s l s h

authorities f e d , h

normally d n e e

A e s d t e t f

Prussian r r n

or g o e t

information e e 0 h n

at e t . e f f

usually s e k f

rat y l o , d s

political r o e

similar y n e r e

Stapo­Stellen e t e o

leitstellen. y n y d

executive s s m r o

echelon e d y o

however, y e d n

larger e a f

instances f g d n

functions y . n e s f

efficiency d y f ,

the y s d s

memoranda o e n s y

in g s e s s

not s g . n t

this d y m r e d

and y o e l t n

a n f . t , , h

quoting e o s d

terminology g s n

"

den

bezirkes

fur

Einsatzes

geschlossenen

geordnete

stellen

stellen

In s n t t e d

that f e e d 0

completely . r k s t

to y n y

are d y o m m e

Stapo­Leitstellen

e

completely d s d o

any t n y y m

They e l s n r

area, . n e

which y e . n n y

all s n e r a h

administratively d y e

Headquarters f r . r s

they e d e r

branch s n e

or e h s e n

Stapo­Aussendienststellen r

The l e n e o s

office s t s t n y , t

may e d t

will e d n e r s d n

of r l . n

an s n o e

of r h s d s t

places n s , s n

has o h e

It s t o e t h

dienststellen d e t

independent , t y r e t

their k n s d s m

Stapo­Stelle r n e a

are

A r f e n

down­graded o e s f

for e n f e . g e

given r s t s e g ­

power , h s d e

to e e t s r s f

German , h e e

decreases, s s d s

constantly . n , y f

leading s f e e t

occupied . y e n f

number f e o e e d

of e f r

executive s d r l

freed r e n e d d

more e . t s

however, t s s d

retained h f r r

they , r , l d o

the e s s n y e

Stellen. , e d

Stellen e l d n s h e

seats f r r

administrative y h e f f

Stapo­Stelle s e l r o

authorities t s e

that e f f e w

performs s y , n h

must d n s m r

authorities

All s e r e

and n n y d

under e t d f e

(Inspekteur) ,

the S r S s e r n a

with e l ^ f e

Forces, . e y d

Stapo­Leitstellen d s

the l e m f

Reichsgaue, .

inconsistency r s e ­

tion r , y e

the n r d f t

from e e g r e

Leitstelle. s f s d e

5


gone r o g t e l e

the r f e S n n h

previously d y e e .

227 e n

in r , s e y

only s n

Latest e s t r t

as e e t d e y d

the l n f h

is t f n

In n 0 s

unknown n e n

These, , e t y

Furthermore e n

have , t , t , .

brings e l f d h

to . e f e e s e y f

Gestapo s n d s

than , r e e

of e d e .

included

Further s t l d

Leitstellen,

d

senstellen, h s ; ,

number, , h s d n

command l e d n e

103. l n f o

Regional s f e e

less . e n f V n

RSHA n r , t e g

for s d n e s

did , l , e h t

in e t

The l s n l

within r y m o e n

follows

Section e n d

Section I d o , ,

with , d n e

manner s V f e .

for , I d l h

same t s s V

in e

Section I n h e

' , d s f

and r .

of

r

Wartime s m o e

a e r f l s d

so t e r e f l

Regional s n o w

variations. t w , , t

further n f e r e

many d s

place h e t f g m o

with e y d V f e

Unde s w e n s

handle n d , t

II d I e n . d

IV s n , h s

the w n f n V f e

Ami n . n V f V s

represented n e l

since s s e l ,

by e s f e d .

abbr.

Thus, e n s n

Gestapo s o t n n

Hilfsreferat V f e , r

bein d y y

VI

It t e d h y t

whether s n s n e n

regional s f e n

Germany. n n f m ­

cratic s y s s y

unification r l d y ­

ment, t e s t h

take g , d e r m y

be d n e

On e r , e r n

Gestapo s n d s

followed y e l n f

of e . n t o e

within r , e n

countries s , s , n

independent , t s t

combined d D , h s e

of e r f

and

These d d d ­

quarters e d o n

(sections) r o e ) f

numbered

Within s n d

handle s f n d

for l e ' , d V

with

s

Following e n f V n

RSHA, l n f

appears o e n e n l

which e w m o e

described e r e

within

Mino , h s e r

which e m e s r o

territory, t y e , t

typical e f V n

SD n n e t

illustrates y e y h e

pattern, h y e d o l

throughout e m f

both n y d

104 n

Einsatzkommand

n £ g V n

The g n s e

of V n e d D

mando

IV

Oppositio

IV

Linksbewegung t g

Kommunismus, ,

ismus d d ­

organisationen

Illegale l d

propaganda

Rundfunkverbrechen n f ­

ing d

law

Wider e ­

ment

Ruckwanderer

IV

Right g

Reaktion,

Reactionapy ­

Liberalismus,

ments,

tucke

Liberalism,

1

(in o r s t s

handled y V

Illegale

Illegal

Collection f ­

mai

Homosexualit

5


Gemassregelte

Re

Removal m ­

enc

IV

Ausldndische Foreign d

Idndische

worker

Vagrant

Behaviour ­

Verhalten tal o e

wiinschter (Undesirable ­

mit tions h

Verbotener wives, l ­

mit tions h

of

IV

Sabotag

IV

Sabotage, Sabotage d ­

ation

Identification

criminal

Waffen,

Weapons,

Politische

Political

IV

Counter

Parachute

Wireless

and

IV

IV

Abwehr r

Counter

IV

Wirtschaftsangelegenheiten

Industriesicherung

c

g f ­

dustrie

Werkschutz

Bewachungsgewerbe

n f

l

Service

IV

Weltanschaultche

l

IV

Politische Political s ­

munitie

Sekten Sects d

IV

Juden Jews d

IV

Schutzdienst

IV

Sonderfdlle

e

Dauerdienst y ­

tained

Servic

Sonderauftrdge

l

iiberwachung,

n

iiberwachung, , n

handlung mails, g

men

anonymous

men and g r

pseudonym

Special

Illegaler Illegal l ­ ­

munication

verkehr

IV

Partei,

l

Party,

IV

Fahndung s d s r

persons

IV

Kartei, d ,

Dossier

Informatio

Foreigner

Ausldndischer Foreign ­

enc

Eindeutschung

Germanisation

Pole

IV

Detention

"Protective"

Transportangelegen­ Matters f

IV

Allgemeine General h

wanted

Kriegs­ und Wartime d

searches r

person

Wehr­ und Evasion f r

die

military

IV

Desertio

Deserters o

enem

Zersetzung Undermining e

effor

Self­inflicted

Passport

Visa

105 e

A e f y 7 d e

for e y f e n s h

Chief f e y , g n f

the h r f e . r

decree e k e f r

and, r s , d w

branch, e r

This l m f e s

Grenzpolizei­Kommissariate r e ­

missariates . d t y

along e h s s l s g

borders s e n y d

Government . 0 h

missariate e n . e

Headquarters e n e e l s

Aussendienststellen, t y l y h

control d n f e .

strength f s y n

and 5 . e e

are d y e t r

Leitstelle, h s l n V ,

under e d g m s I )

exclusively h e n V

the A s g h e l

of e e y d n

corresponding

V

Grenzpolizei­Kommissariate, n ,

their n h s t s d

crossing e r n e a r

jurisdiction. e h s e n

Grenzpolizeiposten r e s

Grepos). e h f s

according o e e f c .

of e s e d y y o r

men d y e y g n

of e y , d t s n

roads r , y y 2 r e

34 e n

Some e n

have d l s d

mandos g . t s

these s e t , t t s s

highly e s t e o e


n

tighten l f e n ,

are d h f s d r

may e n m e r f f e

missariate. s d n n

document e t e

are d o k d e e

of e r s s f e

Finance

The n n f e s

supervise l s g e

frontiers f y d o h e

of h s y g s d

identity . f e , .

Kripo, s y

Deutschen n k f

Persons), h s l d s h

escaped s f , n

perpetrators f l " y

workers d d s f

Camps. n n . s k e

receives s f e

blatt l e f e n

Police), h s e

consists y f l s s d o

large . s e s d

a ­ o e s

necessary. e t e t

of e s s d s m

territory d e s f e n

The s t l h

Persons r y e n . f

prisoner s y f n y , ,

she, s d r o e t ­

quarters f d f ' r

crime r f e e s d n o

Gestapo. l r n d

then s e k f e h

There e o r r l ­

ations, e e r i

Control) d e r

{VGAD: d r , h

both d s l

and e r e y f e

ministerium M h y f

Their e s e o e

control r r d s c d

provide n d l e l g

borders. , r e e f

1937, e d h t e

is n y o e e s f

Reich y f e n s f

control d o e s d s o

Zollkontrolle d e . e

therefore s n e o s

the t s , r ,

the s t y y t

personal . s d f

or e e s e d r o

Customs l s , y

in r l , y t h

report e s o r s f e

polizei. f , n s n n y

Frontier e e s e d

handed r o e r g

circumstances. e s l

are l s d e e

Police t l l r

The , y d

whose n h e r e

especially n e k f g

persons l g e s f , s

Nazi . t e s t

during e n f a d s ­

doubtedly d n n f .

then e D s y d d

of s s e d o e d s

guards r l d r

The d D e n

closely d y e s r s

functions d l t s

although y e d y e

Finance . r n h

Gestapo s d d d y e

inspekteure ) n s

Generalinspekteur

) n

Generalinspekteur I —South­east)

Dresde

Generalinspekteur I n

These e d o

of e A d e e r n

the h y f

Another n r e n

frontiers e s e n e t n

latter t f . t s n s e

(Frontier n . s l

recruited m s , t e ­

ation s n y m e l f

Finance s d d o

The s d n s

approximately 0 , s d

It s y s d d s ­

searches y o e d . e

is d o e n e o s

attempts o . t s o t e y

securing e r n s e

linie h s t y

with e y t . e s

independent n g o e

and s e t e o e

which t l n s e t

emergencies. e n f e

ordered t o e r s t

from r , t n e

moves s n t e r o e

106. t l

In c s p f

does t t n . n n

such s o e e s f

individual e t t d s

evil d d o g n

might e f e o e , t n

such s f l s e o

permitted o e h s r

maintenance f i . l

has e e r e

It s y n t t h

based n e 3 e r e n

People d , s t o

immediately r e t o .

of e y n f s ,

are t . s y d

para. ) e f e s f p

originally e n d t y e

polizei n n h e l

but e m , e , d

enormously t p n o r

regarded s n e n t

become d l t r

subjugation f e n

Theoretically n s n e

of e p e n , t y

neutralised y o y s n o t

interpretation t t s e o s

In e p y e n

Police s d y y e y d ­

sonnel t s . n r o e

purely l n f s d

6


Police s n

crime n d t o

the r e

People t l l d l

Three s f p f

must e d e y d ­

pied , o d m n s

to d m e d . l e

include e l f y s f ­

cation, l p , f ,

largest d e t t

Originally e e k r y e ­

ship e y d d s

there e s o e t s y

o e m f p s t

persons o e y r e

On 0 e t s d Ministerialblatt

—p. )

the e y r l n f e

of l s s h e

Staatspolizeiamt , h , h e

Leitstellen. s e s d n 9

1943 g e e y o e

kriminalpolizeiamt d e

pointing t e l s h e

the y f l d r p

specific . t , , t

large­scale y s t p e e

t l l l d r e ­

cations. r e n e

probably d o e s d s

likely d e d o t ­

selves o e l f y l

of s d o c s

Mail o d m n s s d

the

p

for n ) h e s r s n

ascertained t p d , l e

o , y e r e

Intelligence. n f e s e

identified, f m d n e d , e

Austria d e s n d

They l 0 r t f e s d ­

grams o d m n . t s

clearly , t t s , t e

and e n e e f y

machinery f r n o e e f

Brief y g c s

observation d

Up o , ,

centrally d y n I f e

Abwehr. n e r s ,

III s n r y V f e A

was, r e w n f

merged h e V . ,

least e , , p f l

telegrams n , h e n

military , s y n e s f

Gestapo, h t p r s e n

known s e

stellen l p .

office, d r t e l p

report r d r o e l d

headquarters y s . y

comply h e s d c s

the l d l Q f e

Military l n y s t t h

the p d e t y e

field t , h s e

directly d y e y

Since, , e s f e

(Military ) e n t

taken r y e , t s e t

Sicherheitspolizei w s e t f

over y l . l e

documentary , , m o

WsZ p f s n y s

the n d s s t y d

effective, d n y s

contained n s s e c s

military

107. n

The s s f e i e e

apparent n e s f e

Camps, e e n f e ­

sition s o s . s y

the i n f e m

(protective ) s e y

permanent n f s e

of m e r n y d r

by t f . e y s

been d o e s o e

their m f t g o

sentence d y , t e

detained y r f e t

Police, e l , e

(Security ) r e

(Secret d . t s n e

lager y d n y y

letters , t y d o s

Concentration ) t h s

detained

Actual n s r o e d

follows

e s s g

or

l

Habitual

(b) e s h l

criminals

(c) The

t

Police), s r n f e

within e d , y n

instances, h e

civilians s l s s r

It s t y t e D t

orders. d t h y

findings o e o h

for e s l o n

s

To t e e f n e m

Concentration , l t e

from e d d e D s

certainly d s

The r f n s n

and d s s n y

runs o s t e t .

available n n , y n

administration d n f , s

published n 6 n

Camps." n e e f e t

it s y e o n y e

between e n s d e

branches f e n

In h , . , f e

regulation g e e g

Secret e , d 0 b , t

stated t e s d h

administration f e t

Camps. e k f e n

guards, , e t n m e

or y r n e , t

recruited m e d

known s e S

Head , s r r s

brutality. r , r

was e

(Inspector f n ) d s

was y e o . t

stated n 0 t s d

office e n e f l n d ­

stration f e . n 1 ,


command f e r

" d s d s

the s y

GLUCKS. E s d n e

Front n

As e r d d e r

in y e e , e S

the t e f e e r d n ­

centration s e n f s

naturally d n g t f ­

ministrative k r e ? l e

administration f S d e , m 1

concentrated n e u.

hauptamt f e S S

and e , h

other s k r e

Bauten t f t d )

the

In 2 e e f

tionslager s d d s s

to e A S e f f

gruppe ,

tionslager n d n

KL's) n e

It t e n l e

economic s g n

have n d y .

details g e A d s k h

Concentration s l e d n

" e

This e n e n f e

leaves o e y e n

KL s d l l r e

Exact s e t n d t s y

even s y r l l

shared h e . s l s o

exercised h e l r n

camp, o g o , s r

the l n f e

whose a e n p s

108. e t d

At e k f r e W d

police , e

Secret d , o e h e

Forces. t s d s t o

Gestapo,—which d h f e

executive d s y

to y t y k n e , s

executive t f e y

(Abwehr, r n ) f e

The d t e

with e d . a

which s o e h r n

of y , d s d y

disciplinary s n e d

Since e P s y y

it l y e d y n o r s

comes n e e f s

The n P d l s

principal s f e P s s

e n d y f

and r s t y n

German d s s l s f l

military r n s d

within e e f , h y

hostile o e i . l

is d n e n d

of , g a

rumour­mongering. s k s

control f y , l s

supervision f l n t

forward d r

e n f s m g

an n t e g

(c) The n f l y s

forwardahd r s f .

GFP o s n n y y o

officers g h y e

security

(d) e

agents

g f s e o t

(/

e n f l y e s

within e f n f e

darmerie y

e g f l y Q d e

of s n s g

security

l r s f y e

co­operation , d g o ­

tions , I Q d

The t d , , e

had n r s n e

the d . e e e

Field e y t s t

orders. y y o t l f

Armed , t n h s e

to n e l t f e

superior r r . n s

emergency, e P y l n e s

the

The P s e n t

times h e O —CI

of e e n f e d

and h l s d . s

one ) f e P s d o

Army d r , t s f

group y e d o r

Personnel f e t d e e

with y s h e m o

any y , s h y r

restricted a d o e l y s

communications d t s " s

billeting d y

Most f e e l d s

the P e d y e

some e n n m e d

from s s f e e

of e t d e , ,

recruited o t n s e

from r y d r e .

ally l s f e P e n r

qualifications h s e f

and l e d d r y

deal h . n , , t

reported t P l s f r

calibre

­

Originally n n e

the P s y , t

importance f e P s y d

proportion o e h f r f e

Sipo d . e e P s t r

funds, t d s n e

Intelligence t f e W t

never e o e h e y

resources f e

The l e g e P

over s n e f e e

be d o y n r f

RSHA t e P s n e d

much f s

Finally, g e e f , t

the s s l s e s f e

were y n r y e d

and e g s f e P e

to l y s f e d

Personnel f e P d o e

and D o d t y n s

the , d S s t o

former n d e P a n

shoulder s e

Thus, e t f e r s

6 i


functions f y , e their e n e . ,

Feldpolizei s w y d y ­ at e e e R s d o

LER's e . t y e e a e h r e s f y ­

Forces w t n e d D sonnel

C. E

109 l e

It s n d t t e

Staatspolizei s n y t i

On e e t t t r e o

the e f e

Police). y h n n

long d n , s n l r

but d l f s n s t o

various d n o l

authorities, o , g o

needs, s d s r

crime. s e e s d n

co­operation h e

Police) r l

Upon e l , , t

apparent t e n l e

today t y e d s

of e r s r e n

prosecution f n . n l ­

ations e s y e t e

of e s f e l e n o

be e y f r f

decentralised

The s d h e

suppression f l n d n

order o e d n e r f

Nazi e d e y . n

fashion e s d n o e

guardian f e l h s

by e . s k n l s

combatting f y , t n

must e d t e n

the d e s n d o t

ideas. t s e s e e

for e n f l d

political s d r t o e

state, o e s n n g

with e n f s d o e

menace o e n " . o e

regime. , e s e e

branch f e d

for e n f e , g f

Gestapo, e d e

110. s f e

The l s f e l

in y y e p , n

prosecution f ; y e e

the s f e n l e s

be n m e n f n

A l e f s s n n

following l n e f e k f

RKPA n n

(i) Standardisatio f l

and

(ii) Applicatio f e s f h

experience n e d f e

and

(iii) Criminological

(iv) Policy d

g

n

f l

(v) Centralisation, f e f ­

fication, , e

searches r d s

(vi) Maintenanc f l s r

categories

(vii) Actual

f

n n t

cases

But e s s e t y

that t d e y g o

the o s n y e e r ­

batting e s y f e

of e n l

As y d e o s

one f e e s f e

korps." s h t t e t s y

protect t y c y n e e

crime, t d , o n d ­

guard e n n s d y

National t

To w e n l e h

necessary s o y t e s

Nazis e d e e f

prevention s s t n n o

discovery d t f , e

down d n s .

Gestapo d d s d

licence n e y f e n w

the o d s l s m

flexibility f e m

. e . n e s f

government e y f e n

sound d , d s y d

social . o e t e

can e d n r r o

would e y , r e

with r l e f a ,

readily d d g s

humanitarian s s r r

Police . s m , r ­

cracy s l m d

reconstruction, n y s r ­

tration , d n d

persecution r n n f ,

to e , e

In r o e e y f

prevention e s e y d

to c l d l

fashione'd o t r . g

their y e

the s f ) e d

within e n " t e

To s , , y d

have n d y e n

Police o e s r g

tendencies o s f e l

or . d h e s

new n l e s s e

the o l h s d

anti­social y e , t t t h

political s y e t e

Indeed, o e y f e n e

branches f e s d

co­operation

f

Men f e d e

the e g d e d y r

membership f e . s e n

where s d y s

both d l e

the e p n e o

of e s n y d s

the l e f e n n

(Lageberichte). n h s f s

would y e n e n f

Gestapo, y e n e s n p

the l . y e

could t y e h ,

it t t s l m f e


spies d s y r o t f

Perhaps t l f e w n

Kripo s s e s d n

importance f e s e

brings m t o e , y

Criminal e s n e

or . s e t h n

is o e d s e s e e t

familiar h l s g n s a

he t y r s d e

detail f r . e s o d

employ m r f l

among e t y f e

In n e s d o k n

liaison h e s f e , e

leiter d e i y k

Cell . y m f s

informers f s d y r s l

needs r g e t s y

true r f e s r f

Gestapo n e e f e i

111. n f t f e

In , n r o n e l

branch h e d n f

newly­created R ­

bined e s f e h y f

Interior h d l e

with e

State l e ) o m e

kriminalpolizeiamt , h n

part f e n

the A s d o e

Reichssicherheitshauptamt, e t e

V, g f

Thus s y e d e f e

Criminal e n n . t

located n n t t

but , s t f d r s

partly r y o r

Amt s d o

designated y l , .

Kriminaipolitik e ­

gation y d e . e

four r d , t

sections y e n . ,

instance, e e f n , y

finance, s n , t t d t

that e s

Each s d o g r

Referate ) d y c ­

erals r , s

Innerer

Geschdftsverteilungs­

Raumbedarf

Geschdftsstelle

Personnel

Internal e ­

isatio

Distribution f

and d g ­

te

Assignment f

spac

Registr

Secretaria

verbrechen l . e

again e d o y r f

(sub­sectional ) d y l

for , s e

filr

l

Bureau r g s d

corpses)

In e n n n e t

an t s e o w e l

of . s n f s

offices s t e n o n y

document, t s n d m

of n s d r . ­

ever e s h e f y

no e f t n ,

sub­section n n s n d h

asterisk . f n g e f

sections d s d t e

an y h g e e

reliability f e n s n

instead. e s n n e

as e l e f e

of , t , f , y m o

accuracy r . r e

original n y s n

At e e e n t s n e

combine n e n h n ­

tation f s r s d

It d e d t e e

of e l e o e A n 9

Reichskriminalpolizeiamt, d t m

designation r s s d .

Gruppen ) n d o s

were d y n , g

I—III e e d y

'Roman l f e d y

capital r g e : r

I s e g t f e

administration. e e

units) e d y e n f

Arabic , s r e

the l t g y

administrative e . e t s

improbable t y n f s

will l e d t s

documents f y l t s

numbering m s t n

112. e f t

The l g f f e A

Verbrechensbeka'mpfung g f )

it s d s s

n

Dienstbetrieb e offic

hilfen

Dauerdienst r r 4 r

Fernschreiber

r

In l e s l

sections g h e e

of l d e . e e ­

portant d g e s f

and , , e n d

Amter d I g e n f

6


VA

Rechtsfragen,

Kriminalforschung

VAl

Legal

Recht Gesetzge­ Law d

bung on l

bereich

matter

Grundsdtzliche Matters g

polic

Kontrolle Control f

i

Criminal

Publication

D Official s

publication

Forms d

matte

*Belohnungen Rewards o

individual

*Rechts­ und Legal d

investigation

Penal

Penal e

* Training

*Amtliche Dissemination f

cial s

report

Special s

the l

*Wissenschaftliche Special c ­

blem

*A Information

This y s h s

as e n f s o e n

Armed s r s f h . t

submit s o e e

interrogating d . r s

files y e t n a

Charakterkundliche r ­

ences), t t s d t e k f

references s t n e

VAl

Internationale International ­

atio

Matters g

foreign

Internationale International

minal­p

Police

Kommission

A Control f

regarding

countries ­

dition

Verkehr Relations h ­

Ausland eign s ­

bably s ­

respondence

Translation

Interpreter

Ausldnderbesuch Visits f

gebenenfalls and, e

ligung

their

in k t

HQ

*Festnahme t f

Idndern e o

This y n t ,

other s t y d

but g k f r . t y

Gruppe

Kriminalpolitik

(Criminal y d

d

e

d

assumed , y n ,

between e n l e d

corresponding e s f e

satellite s s y d

work n s

VAl

Criminal

Criminal

Statistic

Statistische Statistics f

* See

6

von

Polizeiliche

and

Crime

Kriminalitdt Crimes d

Idnder

foreigners

Archive

Librarie

*Prufung Examination f ­

senschaftlichen ialised c ­

po

s

treatise

Criminolog

Criminalistic

Research o

theories f ­

nolog

Advice n

matter

*Auswertung Exploitation f ­

gehenden tailed h ­

material erial d

home d

Hilfsreferat , n e h s t

criminology d l , o s

such s s l l

(study f y d . t o

to e n e n f e

attempted , t n h s l ­

ably k n n h e

technisches e e . t

seems y t c s h e

documentary d l s f

matters, g e

do e l c h d

In , s s d

handle n s f

tJberwachung c d e

supervision)

VA

Vorbeugung

VA2

VorbeugungsmassnahmenPreventive

gegen

against

heits­ habitual

logical

d ­

VA2

VorbeugungsmassnahmenPreventive

gegen against l ­

tuierte ments, s d

gypsie

Reichszentrale Central u r

kdmpfung suppression f

Hilfsreferat s h e

against , e y f s

military , r n o e

and r t n e d e ­

dustry. t s n t n l

reports n e t f s e d

V , t s y s t e

%


of s m b o

Instead t s t h s e e

V n n h t s

against d l , e d

to e

many r d . t e

with n n e e d

Hitler h n s f e

VA

VA

It s t s t s n d

Weibliche

l

the n f t y

Women's

date. s l n s t n

Organisation n d ­ present, t s s m o e e ­

ploymen

ing

Reichszentrale Beka'mpfung

Jugend­ combatting

A

Police n g p r

Central h u Polizeiliche und

n h

delinquenc

giving p

Arrest f s Standesamtliche Information

Juvenile l lungen

marital d

Polizeiliche

Police y

status) m e

and l s

registrars, d s ­

juvenile

ploitatio

It s t matters f e ­ Jahrgangsregister Register f e s

linquency e by . e

Collatio

matter t h n s t s t ­ These y n e

limited. t s h s s t and r s e o , d

juveniles r n f c d y ­ a t y y e y n r

tions, r f s o controlling t e d r

wahrlager t s r h ) making d r y s f

V

Reichszentrale

kdmpfung

Mord

Raub

V

Reichszentrale

ka'mpfung

Brandstiftung

Kapitalverbrechen

Verkehrsunfdlle

Nachrichtensammelste

fur

stoff

VBl

Reichszentrale

misste

V

Reichszentrale

ka'mpfung

naler

V

Reichszentrale

kdmpfung

gewerbsmdssiger

Gruppe

Vollzugmassiger z s

(Executive k f e

V

l

Central h

for g

crimes e o B

Homicide d ­

slaughter

Robbery d

with

Crimes

cruelt

Unlawful g

Central h

for g l

crimes e o B

Arson d

Traffic d

accident

Disaster

Section g ­

ports n e t

munitions,

and

Central h

for g s

unidentified

Central h

for g ­

national d ­

urban

Central h

for g ­

ling d

burglar

VB

Betrug

VB2

Reichszentrale Central h

kdmpfung for g ­

und ling d

Betriiger frauds d s

allgemeiner

general

Reichszentrale Central h

kdmpfung

for g

forgerie

VB2

Reichszentrale zur Central h

kdmpfung for g ­

und ling d

Betriiger frauds d

Betrug fraud n s

industr

*Bekdmpfung Combatting

against e ­

omy e o

and e

Hilfsreferat s o e n

expanded s t f e .

now s o e t k

operations d l g f

(Sohwarzschlachtungen) s l s s

price

VB2

Reichszentrale Central h

kdmpfung for g d

Korruption bribery d

of t

This u s h l s f

corruption d t y

authorities, s l s n c

Thus, r , o

accused s d g s n

armament

* See .

6


VB2

Reichszentrale

kampfung

und

VB2

Reichszentrale

kdmpfung

Wertpapier­

Briefmarkenf

Central h

for g

of e d ­

lent

Central h

for g

of ,

and e

VB2

This s y n d o

organisation f e e k

war. s s e y d o e

V . s d f n y s n

BekdmpfungderV g n

gegen

s

schaftsbestimmungen e y

also e

VB

Sittlichkeitsverbrechen s t

Morality

VB3

' Central h

kdmpfung for e n

Bilder, obscene , of l s

and

verbrecher)

Giuppe

Kriegsfahndung d g e h d l h r d

VC

Kriegsfahndung e for

Persons

VCl

Fahndung Searches r

fluchtigen

laubter

Angehorigen

macht,

der und

taillon,

Organisation

einschl.

Erfassung

iger,

der

who e y f ­

stellungsbefehls ing e p r

Bekdmpfung

stigung

tiger

tischen

Mitwirkung

kldrung

unbekannter

and r n

without , m

Armed ,

W­SS, e

battalions, e

Labour ,

Todt n

employees f

Armed

Arrest f s ­

ject o y e

Combatting f e ­

sistance f s y

their s f

motives e ­

politica

Assistance n e ­

tion f s ­

mitted y

deserter

Karteimdssige Maintenance f d

der

of s d

fluchteten

persons t o ­

tigen tary e o e

escaped o

countries

VCl

Central u r

war­time h

Wanted

Fahndung Search r

tigen Prisoners f r

nen baled­out y ­

nen

men

VB3

zur Be­

des

Mddchen­

VB3

Reichszentrale

kdmpfung

VB3

Reichszentrale

kdmpfung

sexualitdt

VB3

Reichszentrale

kdmpfung

keitsdelikten

Central h

for g ­

national e

traffi

Pimp

Procurer

Blackmailers n

heterosexual

Central u r ­

batting c n

drug

Central h

for g ­

sexuality d

Central h

for g s

against y

pathological x

This o s e

and n f d

(" n f e n e , .

relations n s d

It e s e l d

6

auf

Kriegsgefangenen­

Fluchtmittel

von

usw.

Vorbeugung

Bahn­,

kehrs­ und

dung,

nis

der

und

und

KPStellen.

Beta­

Preventive

against s

Prisoners f

Methods d s

escape f

of r ' t

include ­

tions g e ­

cape f ,

preventive

against e

foreign

Search n

on s d

barriers;

for l f

Forces y

Special h

of e y e

and y

(Alarm d ­

tional s f

Kripo­Stellen

Alpha­,

Signals d ­

ications

of e

Polic

Originally h s

a­f s e p f e

zentrale l n ) n

to e e e

Bureau, , d o k n y

liaison h e

Criminological ) r y f s ­

tions, s s e f n

overlapping f . o y s ­

tion, d t e e , o e ,

functions f e

i~*


were d h e , d l e d VC2

in r l n Reichszentrale das l h

The s y ­ of n

tained n , ) t h identificatio

steadily g s h l n s ­ VC2

section s e r , t t ­ Deutsches

German k f

portant s d s d Person

In 2 t s d o . VC2

particular e y y e n A List f

on n n f e r f e residences d

erkennungsdienstzentrale t f whereabout

Gruppe

VC2g

Among e s s s f VC2h

liaison d n f e h s

the K l t r , d VC2i

other y VC2

As d r ,

VC

formerly d e

and e f e s y l e d

Polizeiliche ahndungsmittel s d by s , t t s e

the e n e h r d available. n n s t s t

Grundsdtzliche Policy h d sub­section s h s r d

der Kripo s r ­ on e n y

lichen

ted

VC

VC2

VC3

Reichshandschriften­ Central Diensthundewesen Police s f

sammlung collection Sicherheitspolizei, Security ,

and satz ployment f s

This y s e

Fdhrtensuche, the g f

campaigns d n y t finden for e n

authors d s f n

zutn mines d r e ­

covery f

VC2

VC3b

Kriminalpolizeiliche Criminal e ­

tion f l VC3

Erfassung l f l

VC2 Reichsgebiet o e e ­

Sammlung Collection d ­ in s f e

tung ation f s tenen n h

richten Wanted s Referat s y r n

received m Amt . t m e s , t s

Reichsspitznamen­ Central s f ­ handle e g f l s d

names d ­ dise s l s e s d s f

ing manufacturers d . g e

VC2

kept d d y r , e e

Geschdftsstette Publishing e f

illegal s r s f h l

schen Criminal e

abortion. s k y e y

has s n d o e

Fahndung, , n r , t s

VC2 the , n d n

Zentrale Central s f makers f d s n l s f

Person

manufactured

Gruppe

Kriminaltechnisches t r

(KTI—Criminological e f e y

VD

VDlb

Spuren­ Zehnfingerabdruckzen­ Central y f ­

of s d finger t

VDla

Identifizierung Identification f b

kopischer prints d Persqnenfeststellungszen­Central u r ­

Einzelfingerabdruck­ Library

fingerprint

f

VDla

ing d g

person

VD

Identifizierung Identification f Chemisch­Physikalische aturzeugen,

footwear, wissenschaftliche

Tierfahrten, tracks, h , physical, l d l h

usw., their Analysis

VDla

Identifizierung Identification f VD2

Schusswaffen arms d Brand­ Investigation f

and


VD2

und

VD2

VD2

Biologisch Naturwissenschaftliche

Comparativ

of

Analysis

f

analysi

Research d

in e d f

natural

Among r , s s

analysis d n f ,

types, , , o f , t d

It d e d t

V w r l e s f e

Reichserkennungsdienstzentrale e o

above)

VD3

Schriftvergleich— Comparative

Druck­

—handwritten,

and n ­

ment

This s h k s e ­

of , s d , e n

blacked­out r d , d e g

matters n n e k e o

handschriftensammlung

VD

Technische

(Technical s d

Photolaboratory

files f

Zeichen­ und Drafting,

plaster ,

Mechanische Workshops d ­

atorie

The n f s n e

VD

bildstelle y o s f

marks, s f , d r

(Scientific n f

useful r e n f n

Formerly s n s d

VD3

Hilfsreferat , h d o t

Urkundenprufung Examination f ­ the

s

ments—forgerie and s s n r y e

This s t y t f

but s o e n d . s

functions d s f s n e

available, t y e s

indicate t g s s e t

fees d s s l s f

expenses. e e f o

this y d , s

definitely . s o l

particular h t f d

(Note o e o

Gruppe

Gruppe

Wirtschaftsverbrechen—(Criminal s t e l

also f e d e s n e

accidents. y e e

of l , s d s d

the e f s h s s

raids

At e e r g

Gruppe s t m o o e

of , t t y e n n o

that s t s

matters)

V l s e n e

A y d t s e e f e , h y e

formed o e h g c s g . r s n s n

as n t e o e y g n t s t . t s ,

that t s r n n , r e , e d

Verstbsse

rn

Schleich­ und

Diebstahl

schlagungen

VWi

Violations f e

governing

matter

Blackmarket d

barterin

Theft d

of g

VWi

Verstosse

s f

Devisen­, und g

Steuervorschriften

n

customs d

VWi

Korruption n n e

macht, , e ,

der OT d r ­

Wehr tions h e

sowie Forces s l s n

SS d e

VWi

Korruption n n

und and l

horden, in e i y

und in s

industr

VWi

Kaufmdnnischer d n , ­

Erfinder n f

gewerblichen , l e

heiten d s f ­

von

g

Certain s n e g n f , y e , e e

Police, e d e d y e d e c ,

amplification. y e t h n e t

7


113. l l e

In r o e l

an l l e

was d n s n . t s

known s e n e e

Police , t r 0 e

managed o e e n

moved s s t o a

later o . d H

its t n . r s

KALTENBRUNNER d , d t

agreed t e f f e d n

also d e n f t f e

nationale

Until y e y f e ­

ion s d y r

who s o d f e .

Dr. l L s e n f e

and e r e t f

Dr. o , s s t

The r s t e e e e r f

Commission, s l s f r f

publication

technical l d n e . n

Regierungsdirektor R s

Generalsekretdr f e . t s t

clear r e s s

German l d y e

are d y d I d

directives r r k m f e

The n s e s

international s d , d

photographs d . e

are d n e

International ) r e f f

At t e s f e K

located t , m n

16 e s e d h e

and r

From e g e t s t t

use f e m " s

since e K s y d y

German . t t e s f

Commission e y d h

control f e l e s n

various e

114. e l

The

Criminal ) s s n n ,

it s d s e d f .

main s e n n n e

tabulation f n e l s

are s s

(i) General e n e

(ii) The n d n f

and e , o e d

criminal d l .

comes r e g f l

prevention)

(iii) Initiatio f l d

measures r s e s

known o e

(iv) Th g f l g s

children d e , d

certain s

(v) Assistanc n l l

especially n g d

children, , d n e

female

(vi) Assistance n o s g

crime n g n n

The P s e e n

(Leit­)Stellen l d l

Headquarters) h s y r

direction. e l ­

ces) e y e o e f f

Kripo­(Leit­)Stelle d e t d o y

department n e .

office s y d y

or y n g

Woman

The l e g e s

the P y s t t s

may o e d n s h e

under e n f e d e

Beyond t n n e e f e

may, n r n , t

observations d s o e

departments f e

Personnel f e P e t d h

uniform, t r n . y

unarmed, t e d n e g

weapons

A e s , n n o

regular e , e P l n

instances e e e , r t e

welfare , y n s

Party s h s ­

(National t e , r

Hitler h t e e f

every r f e

115 n l h

The e d n f

(Central h ) e n n n

previous n f f e

These x e n d o e

Reichskriminalpolizeiamt o e h e

variety f l e s h

degree f . e d

of l e s s l n e

echelons f e e , y

logical n f s d k s

at e h . n ,

Reichszentralen n r s f

" l " s e d h

twofold k o t l n n

specialised s f y d o y

research n h l h w o

practical n y e r ­

quarters, o m e s f h

disseminated

In l , e l

over e a d y e n e

Headquarters f e o e t

zentrale s y d d n d

take n e d e d n s ­

hension. r s e e

maintain f f e s g

highly d l e .

number f l d y h

zentrale s g o e e f

work

The o e n f

of e A d s f h e l e

in . . s n

as g h s r h f e

broad s s n s r

the n f )

Gypsies V

Juvenile y V

Capital s V d

Missing s V

Pickpockets V

Burglars V

General d d t s V

Industrial d V

Bribery d n V

Gambling V

7

K


Forgeries f y V ) 3

Obscenity V

White e c V

Drug c V

Homosexuality d n V

Sex s V

Registration d n V

116. s d y e l

The g n f e n

Amt s t t t y f

sections d s n e

and d . o t s n

here o t e t f e

only s r r t d t

of m e e e s e d y

Criminal e n f y

Nevertheless e e f w f e

important d e

Perhaps e t e d

the n l , d t e e

that f t t r r

purposes s e

file f d . s e d

further d f d n n h

Reichsspitznamen

files f s d g )

the t f

and l ) s l s e

files f d e n f ­

writings. d , e l

maintains f l s f l

(Verbrecherkartei) d g o e

different s f , g o

report f . y f e y e

interest; y t r e l

criminals y r t t d

concentration . o d e

of s d o h s r l

crimes. s f e s e d

the h y f e

In 0 o l d s

started y e e d y

at t n , y e e

stelle e r g

located n g d

Auslandsdeutschen l d x f

abroad). e r d n e s f

Auslandsorganisation ­

ation r s n n ) n ­

Wilmersdorf, e , t

officials f e e r

Registration f ) e d o ­

tain e

The

s

index f l s o e n y y

in t h e . s s n

the d x f

and s d t e f

WKP. n r o e ,

tabs e d r l , e

for h , d k s r

117 c s f e y

The s t r ­

polizei , o e l ­

stitute f e y ) s d

in 8 r e e f g

and c s l r

discovery d n f . t

became o t t t s r

into f e A s e

Referat . e e s d y

Standartenfiihrer . s s e

in e n g f e

at r t 6 n ,

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n

(fdentTficatfon f , s d

and n f

were y d o ,

Schwerin, , e n

The e s t s l 7

equipped h e t n e f

for s d h n l s

criminology, d s f s f r

highly d c . e

of e I e d

such s s r e n f

and , y t f

study d , y s f

the s f s d r s

sabotage, s l s d l d

analysis f , t d , d y

clue h t d o e n f

criminal

The I s o n e k f

and g

stellen l h )

all r s e

training s e d y e

The y f e s n e d

the t t t k e s o n ­

three . e s t f x

of , l k d s

admit 3 s t e e y e d

1942 y e t y d

the n f e , t y t e

for s d n d o l e

existing h e

of e g 2

Augsburg

O

Darmstadt

Dessau

n

l

Erfurt

n

In n o g s n l

KTI o s s r l s f

Kripo d y n r s f e

branches f e n . r s

the e s , s d

Late n 2 e

(Central h u r e n

criminals) s d d s s

taken r y e ; l

since s k d t e y d

without e d f e . r

see n e s n

Amt

It d e d t t e e ­

operation n l s f e

Police s n d y e t t

KTI s t y e t e

and e s

An l y n e e f

prevention d n s e ­

biologisches t r o e f ­

biology f e y . l

of s d s d n y e

Even , , n , g

of l l a d n

in a d r n n

Ministerialrat .

science f l y s n

developed y e r n e

Ministry f e ,

stressed y s n n s

juvenile

In , , e

Institut s d d e

of e s s

located h e I t r t

in n s f s f r f

7


and y d . e

functions f e e e s

(i o n s f l l

criminal y s n

(ii o e g o e s

criminal y l s o

regarded s l o , d

" e e n n e

of e

(iii o h n n e n ­

operation h e

(National h ) n r o

records m e t f w f

biology

(iv o e t n h o e

of e n , d t n n

capacity o e l h

Wherever d y y

trained y e e y e d

regional

Throughout y

melstellen g s f n n

field f l ) e n

By , , g o ,

stations d n d n e g s

Munche Kol Leipzi

Freibur Berli Hall

Ministe Konigsber Gra

It s t y f e s f

Institute o e t p e f

V , e

the e f l y s

attached o r d o e I s

known d e e o y

for t n t .

it s e o e t e o ,

separate, n t e n

the e f r k

The s t

Sicherheitspolizei l e f

Medicine f e y ) s

in , , d d o

Reichskriminaipolizeiamt. s s e

(i g f s r e

personnel

apparently

f

s

e

t

S d

e e

e

(ii c h d t n

medicine

(iii) n d n f l h

other c l s n

matters

(iv n n l s g

medicine n e

(v l n f l s

interest o e

(vi g f l o l

problems f l

Personnel d y e e y e

to e s h ­

tives r d o e

suchungsstellen. e s f e

medizinisches y o e d

faculties f l e g t

universities

The s f y f e l

branches d t e t

professors f

As n l e r c s f e

the

s

Gestapo s l s e d e

is d h l s f e

Police

118 t f e o l

The i y f g r g

organisations n y d g

structures s n d n l n

ONE d E f s . h d

the l n f e l e

Germany s y d n e

existence f e s f l e ­

trol l e n f e

was d y R n . r

understanding f e t n

outline f e s m

Headquarters f e h l e

established n t s g

headquarters f e e

Stellen o l d l ­

quarters) , e r t n

been y e o e

polizeiamt] t r e ,

were, l t , d o e

Polizeiverwaltungen f r e

Their s e e d n e

7

prdsidien,

r

this n d

would y e d n s g

Polizeiverwaltung, d e l

­direktor s t e e e e f

Kripo­(Leit)­Stelle. r m e r

official, n s e , s n

of e l k d d s d

directives m e

Staatliche o h o

(Leit­)Stellen e d d r n ­

tions d y o l

functions, n s

(or, n ,

lungen). e , e e

Stellen, y e o e

Polizeidirektor r d d y ­

tional n h e A d e

Criminal

In s t

tung, e l )

charge f l l e s h

own l e s n s

Kriminalpolizei­Abteilungen. e e f

headquarters d y n l ­

ments d y d ; t e

of e e e d , d t

other d s e d

by

e

Abteilungen e d y e f

nearest

Obviously s e e

organisational n n

and s d o

principles f n d n ­

cordingly n e f p ,

ordered g n h ­

pletely d e l e m

Staatliche d

incorporated l l e s

the e f e

As t f s n

stellen e e t ­

quarters n e n f d f

Sicherheitspolizei, d e f e

(Leit­)Stelle, y , t t ­

ministratively, o e l

merely s e s o

Al r

Gemeinde­Kriminalpolizei­Abteilungen h n ­

tablishment f 0 r e s , y

decree, d o f

Reichskriminalpolizei. s h y e

directly e o e


their r .

Criminal e s e

(literally ) f e t

Stelle r h . s

general e t s t e e y

or e s n s f

50,000 , d s n n

in s f s n 0 . t

be d , , t s n

not d n n l e r

but s n d t s t f

research n e r f l s

it d e e d y s

guide g f s r l ­

ditions, h s n f

industries, y o e , r e

of n , e e t

an r n n

For d c

{Wirtschaftliche e e

dependent n e t

Appointments o d s m e

however, e e e y f

Letter f h

119 l n f e

Kripo­Leitstellen e y d t

seats f r n r

at e e s f

The d f y s e k f

Oberregierungs­

Just e e r

between 0 d 0 . e

have n t d e t ,

on e e e s o n o e t

average r s e

change. t t e e 2

in e n r . r

are s s

(i) Stud f n , d

application o l o

(ii) Maintenance d n f s

publication f l

furnishing f s d t s

general e n l

To e r y

properly,

n

minalberatungsstellen, h e

furnishing n d e

the c n l l .

that e ­

ment e k f e ,

and s n e n d ­

ganda s f g e c

to e r f l d l

elements

(iii) Supervision f l d d

equipment n f l

administrative , ,

and . l s s

on n n s

proper n h r

(iv g s e e r l

reports d , s l s

collecting e r t

All l f s e t

the r t s d o

(v) Takin n n l s f e

ordinary e h o d

territory d y f e f

lower o s g

The i t f e n f e

Police, , s r e n e

list f , h t t e d s

exhaustive. e e p f

Gestapo , y , t ­

stantly e . n n h

Gestapo e l , h s

and r , y e d n

discharge y l y d s ­

essary r g e d

the

Kripo­Leitstellen n e g

collating n l o e k n

particular t

Criminals d

Fingerprints

r

, e

palm

Photographs f s

Rogues'

Special g s

Nicknames d

Missing

Wanted

f

It s s t e r s t

most s m m e t f w f

Criminal . r s n e

Leitstellen y h s f r f o

local e y l k ­

gether h e s d l f e

in n t o y e y f

Criminal e n o e t

echelon. n e s l s

made t y r e o

complete o n s

offices g e r e . n

a n n s

(Harbour d r t f e l

has n . t y e d

similar t n r n

cities

Kripostellen e n d t e

of n r t e ­

strative s f r n

Reichsgaue t t e e 4

in e n r . e d f

Stelle y s e k f

Kriminalrat r e

Kripostelle s d o y 0

the t g y n l

The p n e

and s e r s e

between e t s f e

e s

the

d

are t e o

function y d o e

as m r o r n e d y

Leitstelle o , ,

are y d n e r

area f t y s

overlapping d n y , s

combatting f e t e d o y

regional s r , d e

down f s n y e e f ­

mum f n s n e

regional e . n e s

greater y d y f

therefore, e l y

directives d a o e n

territory. e s n f

even s f , s n e

same s t d n e

practice e r f , h ­

stant e f , y

more d d t e n e

of e n s d y

Stapo­Leitstellen. , e

never s s r d ­

quarters o e d e e

independence n o s

7


stressed n n l s s

necessary r e e t f

functions

Kripostellen n e e s

files s e t n r e

covering r e s . ­

ever e n d n e s

deemed t e y l n

more a t n e s f e

Similarly e y t e

attachment f l l m

larger s n l s

large e

Since Leitstellen d

jurisdiction r e , y e d

their s y e r f

offices n e

Reichsgau. e h , f h 8

been d n r , e n

Kripo­Aussendienststellen d

(literally . e e t

offices, t e d d d y

stelle r h s n e y

the t f r k d e n

their

The e n e d

Aussendienststelle, s y , s

one f . n t f e n

Kripo s s d n

an t f s n 0 n

The h s s e

regular s f e y ­

less e o e t e o n

dienststelle n t t y e d o e

Aussendienststelle s l r

with e r

Like e s f e e

the l e e t o e

of e S ) f e n h y

located. s y d

Stellen e d g e s f

regional n f , t e

on e r d s e r n

coinciding h

Consequently e e y s r

Kripo s t y d n e

administration f e

come r e n r d f

different S m e e g e ­

ponsible s y r ­

plications g m s ,

following e n f e e

of e S n n o e f e

have n y t y

In n t d n e d t

regional s f s , h t

expected o r e n f e

Police, e d r y e t

liaison d n n s

all

120. l e f o

The r n f l ­

quarters s t m o d

nor s t l h t f f e

Following e e t m

can t e d f e e f h ­

quarters s d o l , e

of s , n

to e e t s

organisation f s r . e

basic e l e s n n f

type f n y o e d n

Kripo

Kripo s e y d

3 r e n ) h

one e f ; i

Direktion s d y n l

Direktion , t n y s e ­

iation , d y n c , s

e.g. K , . n e c e n

is n o e l d e

Direktion I l d l

and n I r s d

activities f e l . h

is n d o n ­

ates) h s e e d y e

K d y n , . ,

Each n n s f g ­

ber f e h g

field f

As e e d ­

secutively t e e

but n e s y y e d

1 s n h y

designated y n c l g

letter , . , . n l e

are s d o s ,

etc.

It t e d n t s

is y g . n e

system d e d y y

one s o . e

structure f l n

German , s l s e l ­

down f e f n n 1 d

Hannover n , e n n e

121. h r d s

Originally e s r d

were d y e n l

as s t s n s

for h r e

ordinary e n d t n y

With e t e n e e f

activities r e i , d

since e k f , e d f

Fahndung n y s e

changes, l f e ­ f

Police r n . o e y ­

siderable r f s d n

grounds e n d e r

cases f e n s d s

war s l s f n s t

leave r g o . n g h

problem e d m f e

was d y . t

technically e o e l

or o t n h e n n l .

overcome e s e

(Wartime h r d ) s ­

augurated, g s r e

actions, y d s d

checks n e y s f l

travelling n , s d

crossing s r g

To l s f s d R

5th , , d e

zentrale l u r e e

for d ) o e A s

V . r e u s d

Referat e t s e

V 1 , h s f t e n

V . n e w d l

necessary o t e t r e f

foreigners, n , s f

baled t d , n

spies d s s l s s g

evade y e r g m

Armed

In e t f r y n

searches e l e s d o

7


the n d n f r

(Bagatellsachen) g o o

directives y R d n h

1939, d t , , g

to

(Order o e e l e f

duties) d

polizei r o e e t e

of r

Regionally e S ) f h

supervises d s l

activities. n s g e o e

is o d o e h e

various l s f e

tactically n l f s n

areas n n o s e s n

districts e e s e f

these s t

constant d e n h e

Orpo d r d . r

centralisation d y f

the

von l s f

RSHA r e n f e e f

of ) e d e l s n

of s

To p e s d p o e

all s y r e t f

searches e A s l

publications, e t t f h s

Deutsches k f s

by e n . e

zum l n

the l e f e n l

also s d s f

Prisoners f r d r d

122. s f

There e e t s f e

Fahndung, h e s s

Search n

Search n s d

other c

Search t

Police

Search t s

previous

The g carried t y

Bahnpolizei, n n h s n

existence r e e n f e

railway m n . l s s

employees f e d

under e n f e

ministerium h y f

On 7 , , n y w n f

Reichsbahn­Betriebsordnung y

Regulations) s * t d r e

time m y e ,

applicable o l s f e . s

Bahnpolizei h e n f

Postschutz^­the d y e e ­

ing e 3 n l s r

command h m l .

The s f e d ­

time y e . e e

officials e y s h s ­

masters, , n , s

level s d . n n o

usual , y e e r e ­

tenance f w d r n y

Full­time y e s e

into o , n s e

(Bzp y n ) d

Reichsbahnfahndungsdienst D

Criminal n . e

schutzpolizei s r d d l

* Published n e t , e

7

Its s e d d e y

with s d . y l n ­

forms d s e r k s e

maintenance f w d . e

fahndungsdienst s d n r o

corruption g y l d o

and e e t f s d e ­

bezzlement f s d y e l

Both s l n s y

but n e w m f y

especially e

additional

For s e e D s d

powers n h 3 g n

between e

and e h

of . r s t e

and e y t e s f

Bahnpolizei o t n e n f

political r r . r h

members f e , h s

(Special , e e s f

(Auxiliary . e y l n

the n d n f e

they e w e y d

the d y

regular e s f t d

confiscation d . n s f

and n f , e M t

the t f e

des e r s o e r

specialised g f l n y

functions d

The l f f e D s e

dungsdezernent e h l s d t

Reichsbahndirektion l y

Headquarters). n l s g

Security e s f e D

Fahndungsdezernent s s s m

chief f e t o ­

tains t n . e

dungsdienst h l r f s

The s o t d n l

of e h s

The g s

carried t y s f e n ­

tion h h y s s e

Verkehrshilfsdienst d d r c

Service) d e K

Motorisierten

(NSKK o n e f

wartime . e l

however, e t y n l f

activities f y f e ,

close n h m n l s

wartime . r s e

the l s f e ,

controls l s g

the , s t n h

RKPA. e g k f l

established y e K n r o y

their s s c d d l ­

tion e f e y e n

out d . r s

the s K y e

see .

The

Traffic y r l ) s

discussed n . . e e d

of s t e t t t g

searches t y o e y y d s

highly e l

In r o n e k f e

even r e m f g

instituted, y l , e p

Riegelstellungen r ) d g ­

many, e n p o t y n


crossing e s t g s s

permits y . e s

the s , , a d e s

as e r m ) . o

these n s f n r

were d t r t r

and y . e e n s

(Intermediate . n n t

that y s d o x e

(Sudost, , , , e

General ) o e

searches

Another t d scapturing

persons s h e e e n

Raids) d t y e

usually e t s s n h s

interrogate . s n t r

connected h e s

both y d t y o

Since e t t s

with e n d y e

number f e n ,

Auffangslager n ) e

in t . e e s e

organised d d y e r

the l s p n

touch h e . n n

Kripo s o e e s

trouble y r e

has d s n f s ­

ploying n . n g t

functions e s n e e f

RBFD, e d e

mentioned K

123.

So r e s d s f

y d e

discussed. n y , ,

measures e n d .

such s n y n n s

Sonderfahndungsplan

Search m f e d ) s t

operation. s e f y y e

to t y y f e l

or n r , y e t

offices

The

of

s d o e

Fahndungsstufe

Fahndungssiufe

The ­ g e e

are t . e n e s o

one f , e r f

involved n e .

is n m g o n y e s f

Security e

Fahndungsstufe

e

fahndung l e ) s

of l s f e n e

by s y d o e

Grossfahndung s t y n

.all s f e e g l

Party , d s

whatever s f e n e

but y s h t y e

normal y n . g e ­

tions g t n e l h e

SA, , , , , , ,

.Stadt­ d y .

illustrate e e f e y m

well s e y f h f s d

results f e d

over y m 0 , , y e

interest. e h s d y e

of 3 h d n n m

near , t e s d e g

Escaped s f r

Foreign s o d t

assigned s f k

Other s d y e Police .

Tota 13,91

Recently e n d s e

to y n g t n s d

In r o n e n g m

great y f t s d

searches d s e , e

Chef e h r

Transport d e f f e K d

form d . s f s d e

by e

dienstes s f e

service n h n t h

BdOs d e s f e

124 r s g t n

The z y ) d

SS­Postschutz l , s

to e d g e

and l s , e d

the d n 2 d r e d

SS­OGF , e f f e

(SS l . t e e e

service, e z o

Guard) s . s s e o d

radio s h s e

Berlin d r s d r )

detect l s s d n o

down s o l r n

Ordinary g f c y h s ­

ways, l d g s

seem o e e k f e r .

fact t e S s n r y f

functions s t r n f s

connections h e d

The r h s o n d t

disposal f e e r g t e

Originally e

intended y r s g s

concentrated . s n g

juveniles. s t f e t

shortage, , e r h D

employed s n y e g

regular e

For r d s r

juveniles e l t f e

jugendfiihrung h h ) s

Fahndungsblatt

(HJ­SRD e f d .

publication s y e

and s d n o e t

For l n n e D

para.

Another y n g e

in s e e

(Ship d y . n e h

proclamation y l

Reich r r n ,

ships l o s r t d

partially r y y n s

policed d d y

schaften. e s e d y e

of e n h e t f ­

ture s . g o e

these s e o n t ,

the n s n h s d

security r e n w

Their p o e s f h s

7


not . g e d

functions, r l e y s

serving e d D n r y

the y g e n o e

seas, n e h r

125. y d g

Headquarters f e und

(Forestry d g ) e

over e e . y e r e ­

mand f G n s y s

forstmeister h f .

the h t n s s n

at e e s f e

with h s d t h

These e s e d

(Hunting . n t s h

offices w e l s f

Lander, t l s y e

creation f l h

headed y t

Forester) e Q s e

meisters f e f e t f

The n n f e h t ­

tion d s e s s o t

hunting d o t n

Personnel f e e

by e t l s

cooperate y h e l .

the , , y e d r

importance n r c s d

to . e l f e

Jagdschutz e d d d y

be d h t y s a e

in t , t o s n e d o

Sipo d , d n d t s

nucleus r a s n e t

parts f e

D. E

127. n d e f e

The s f e i e s

that r p d y e d

the c n f e d

the d n f e r f .

preceding s f s k e

many f e e s h

Nazis d o t . e ,

would e n e t n

and s e y o

information n y e f n

evaluate t d e t e o e

branches f e n . n y f

kind s d y e s n e

heitsdienst y e f

RFSS) h d n d y

as y s . R t s

under e n f d

in e s e D w o y

political e m d r e

most e t r n t

disposal f e i . n e f

1934, e s e e e f e ,

other e s n e

Party e d d r s ­

ferred o e D h y e e

political e y n

When , n , e

Deutschen d d e

polizei y g e d e

he e e f f e , ,

Chef y g e e ­

ship h s o e d n e

organisations. s n n s e

two s t y l t

A n f e l n f

Reich t n l e d

Annexe

126. e r e n f

As y d . ) n

with e e

Police) r e i e k r e ­

vention d n f e n

areas s e f s n . t ,

except r e , n

of s l e n e

and e f 2 , , y e

der s e y

cooperation f e h e

Gestapo d . g o s e

Gestapo s h e n

investigations f e d r

political s t e i y d ­

ment, d e s n r l

investigations n e e f n f

Bergpolizei h e t y d

the l n f e .

such l s r o y f

cases d y ^ e

(Mining ) d e e

in e . n s t g

of t o e y , e

may y t e y s ­

dependently s e y s

participate

Details f e n n

and e d y e f e

and D g o l

A e f e g m

the e d D Q l e d

Annexe

FRICK n h r f e

apparently n n t o y d

this , d e n 1

1938, h d y e t

of e D n s y s e e

serving y d , y t f

the k f e

Originally e l e f e D s

SD­Hauptamt, o n s e

hauptamt S t f

which d t f e

High . n 7 , ,

SD s y d h e

when e f R d

Hauptamt d e

hauptamt o m e

Reinhold , , s d

was y f f h e r ,

Chief f e A d d e e f

der

A r r r T

up e e f e D n e

than d n e , n e d

SD, t e d

thoroughly e d d s f

great l s f ­

Socialism d f e n , n r ­

make e d d e t

the n f e

The e f e D s r d y

decree f 9 , , d y e

Minister f . s e d t

SD, y e f s r s e

service r y d , d e l y

reporting o e g s f e

7


all r s o l .

Minister f , , d

judiciary s o e e o e

ot e D l n d y

bimilarly t s e e y f e D

to f e y . s

finishing s e t o n e

for l . e , g ­

formation o e , e y d e

complex f l d l y d

headquarters, d y n n

structure f e i . h s

approach d s y d e f

and , e D d l e

the t , g g t

existed n y . e D t

be d o , n e , d y

effort o n r n e l r

phase f n

The D s o x n e

sicherheitshauptamt t I d

Lebensgebiete s f n ) d

entitled n .

dealing h

Auswertung l h d s ­

tion) e t y d o e t f

SD, s n o e n e r

direction. e s f e D e ­

variably , g e l

(Sondergerichtsbarkeit) f e , d e

the y l e f D k y

.selected r r n y o e i

and e y d e g

to l p f e . n e r

such t e m s e D

inevitably e e f e r f ­

time s d s y f m

merely y s t y

convictions f r . e n e

from l s f n e d e m

local r o e t d

of y . n y y

workshop D s h r

employees d . n s e

of D t y e y e p ,

star, r e e

Such s y n e e D

their . t s c t t

times n e t f e D e

" s g

has n y , g

endeavours f e D o d p m

which t y n s n

against s

128 e d e f t f

RSH

The s f e D s n e

inside y e d y I

the A d s k f l d

headquarters. e n f e D n

following s l n f

with e s d t y .

activities t f e n d ­

tion f l s d r

in l s f n . s l

is o p e s f h y d

constantly d n e s

towards l l ; o n

constant k n e f e

morale d o r y s f

dissatisfaction, , r d ­

ments. I , , w n r

study f l , l

social s n y d d

.and n s o r s o k y

business . n s n t

important o r t e D s

as, d s s , i

organisation. e D s t t

SD s y t t s

status d e t r t e , s

intelligence n f e r

Chief f e S s h y d ,

retains s e m

agencies. e D s e d n n

position o e d t n e

departments f e t d s

personalities

The e f e D s t t

its k t s e d t n e

co­operation h e

especially h e l f e

and D y y n e d

one n o e . s l

of n s d h e l ­

vision f d D k y e S )

central n y e . g

official s n n n

SD t y t m g t e

organisations e d . e

is t n s e

strengthens y S p

all r s g e

Again, e e e s f e

and , f , n

to e , t s l r m

that n e n e e

d n . e l

of d D s o

that . e o s , ­

theless, e d , r e f

one t n f e r d

a d . y n d

where y n d e

may n e , e e f

gives y o d d D

A n f e s f e D

include e r f s y

upon n n h e d

but e s o l g r

of s n e d e D e

in y s t n e ,

merely s n h n

the s r e n y e

the

The n d y D s

collated n n )

are d m e h s o

Higher l , e y

consolidated d d n o e

These s e d y d l

an d e f s g y

of n c d e . y e

the t g s d y

German . n m s d

and d e f n c

and , d e y e n r

highest i s , y e e

propaganda d l . e

berichte e r t o e

of e s n n e d n y

source. m m n e d n

account f r , s d ­

position o e i e s l s n

appraisal f e s f y d

Thus, r , y s

popular n s d g

as l s s y l e y

and y . e n

Lageberichte m l s f y d

occupied s d h d ­

L


mony f y n f c n

throughout e s f i .

even y n s f

sections f y l e n t ­

fallible y o e l s , ,

to e l e f e n n

areas s e d s f

129. D n f n

It s t e o e n l

of I s t e s f

activities r , e e s n

and n f n s e n

One f e t e d y e

SD s t f , , n d ­

tellectual e n . D s k

political e f y r r

university r ; y e e s

and t f y p f ;

make t d d s n s

courses. r s e e D s d

its s , s d

personnel f y l ,

for e e f r

willing o n r n r .

works f , l , l c s e

constantly t o e n f e

and , r r , e e s

On e n f e , r

long y s f d ,

plays d r s f t e

Similarly e k s t n lfilms, n

programmes d n y m f a

counter­propaganda

The , , s t y d n

investigation f e , t o n n r

extent t s e e f e c o

entertainments

A y f D s n c e d

effect f y a l n ,

suggest e t e e f a

be d o e n . s t s

that n s e t s

Party r , h s , e

speech e D s d n , d s

all s s d s o g e h

observe r n n ,

and r c g . y

after e h y d n r s

are d t e s d

on o I n . y w

later e t s d y

speaker e e t n r

giving m e r n s

speech. n n o e e f

programmes d t t r s o

foreign , e D f s

an e m r .

Among e s d s t

by e s s l n n

groups. e D e y s

church , s y n t

originating m e y d s e

of s d s s n e l

opinions f e . n e e f

investigations e D s o e s

of e h n d e y

as s d s t r n s

and r w s f e

In e l e D s

reaction s w s r , d s

to r y s f m r y

in r ; e D , s

suggest l s r

In s n f s y e n

military s n e e D s d

8

have n y d y e y

sentences. n y s e s

regular l e d r d t

ordinary t r e e r

arrested s n t e

conviction s t . o p

pressure s t o r n e

by e D d d s e t o ­

quarters n . n , , ­

bably s t f s , e n

Command d t e r

offences t e y f e h d

occupying , y ,

or y r s f l r o

German s f ; s r

officially d o s e

Erlass " t d g . t

the t r o y f s

to ; , r d l

was , t e d

or e n f h e t

unrest g e , e d ,

the n f e , y

Nacht d o e h

further , l r .

enquiries e e g s

deported, n s y .

victims f s r e l d

ever g e p r , r f

being d n n s r

classification f N . n t

therefore, e e f e y

was n e y . n

many l s e t h n

manner, e D s n d e

or n f s y r y

been d r d y e y r l

authorities. t s d t e ,

the , n s m , o

recommends e h , t y

a e f e r , s

most s o d

In r o e r s e

also e d t r r s

either d r . s

detailed l , e n r e t

or e e s l s e t r n

which e r s n t r g d

his . e e e D o p

close k n n y .

Every l f n n s ­

lowed d d y e . e

officials, g e g s

Party d e d n f e d

are d y e n m f e

The e f D s n s n s

illustrated y t f 9 h r

classification

p

gave n D t f e e

£ower n e n n e n e

side d e h y f a

the W n e . e D n s

not y t e d s f e

of s l , t d

information d o n s n

by g f e o s t

other

Since " s d s ­

cerning s e n d o

foreground f i y e D o s

interest n e . n , t

the t f s s f n

and s r s n e e ,

disrupting e n e , n n

of e y d n r .

SD s e g f e n ­

U


ment y s l s e d n d

systematic n f l .

for , e D d y t

on e e r g s m

and n e c e s t .

In s " s e D s n

liaison t e

(SS e d t

gives t e n e

suitability) f n g r S

and h e

stelle Department r e n

" " ) d s

(Repatriation ) t o y

on e s f i s o k p

many f e l s h e

and s f e , t e e

checking e l y f e

Germans." t s g o e t e t

Reichskommissar

Volkstums h r r e ­

ing f ) s d y

Censorship s y n d n

106. t s , , t o

an t f l l d t

neglected y e . e e l y

of p s y t y n e

of e d o e t f e

Amt, D s d s y n

cases t o