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September 2023<br />

Nr. 9 | 70. Jahrgang<br />

Englisch lernen <strong>mit</strong> leicht lesbaren, aktuellen<br />

Artikeln und ausführlichem Vokabular<br />

€ 2,50 [D]<br />

NEWS AND REPORTS FROM BRITAIN AND AMERICA IN EASY ENGLISH<br />

Themen nach Bildungsplänen<br />

SPORT • ROYALTY<br />

The Invictus Games<br />

Page 2<br />

A2–B1<br />

British titles can be<br />

confusing – there are royals, nobles<br />

and peers, but who gets which title<br />

and why? <strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong> explains in this<br />

month’s Language Corner.<br />

<strong>Read</strong> more onpage 3<br />

Elon Musk’s decision to<br />

change Twitter’s logo – one of Silicon<br />

Valley’s most famous – had almost<br />

everyone scratching their heads. But<br />

there may be method in his madness.<br />

<strong>Read</strong> more on page 5<br />

| Photo: Getty Images<br />

BUSINESS • ENTERTAINMENT<br />

Netflix’s crackdown on<br />

password sharing<br />

Page 3<br />

FOOD • ENVIRONMENT<br />

Seven healthy foods<br />

Page 4<br />

QUESTION TIME<br />

Who was Adam S<strong>mit</strong>h?<br />

Page 5<br />

MUSIC<br />

Singer-songwriter Gracie<br />

Abrams<br />

Page 6<br />

70 Jahre<br />

Travel<br />

Page 7<br />

SOCIAL MEDIA • LITERATURE<br />

Bestseller, thanks to TikTok<br />

Page 8<br />

Die Sprachzeitung nach<br />

Bildungsplan!<br />

examples include:<br />

KULTUR IN DEN USA; MUSIK<br />

Singer-songwriter Gracie<br />

Abrams<br />

Page 6<br />

GESCHICHTE, MOBILITÄT,<br />

TECHNOLOGIE<br />

Travelling Then and Now<br />

Page 7<br />

€ 3,00 [a,b,f] CHF 4,90 [ch]<br />

Lawsuits against<br />

ChatGPT are piling<br />

up<br />

AI • LAW The company which developed<br />

the AI chatbot is being accused of stealing from<br />

published authors and others.<br />

<strong>mit</strong> Audiodatei und<br />

By Siobhan Bruns<br />

1 AMAZING.Ask ChatGPT<br />

any thing, and it always knows<br />

the answer. How does it do it?<br />

2 By trawling the internet,<br />

books and other material to steal<br />

people’s words and ideas, lawsuits<br />

against OpenAI, the company<br />

behind ChatGPT, claim.<br />

3 When a question is typed into<br />

the chatbot of ChatGPT, it responds<br />

with text that resembles<br />

human language patterns. The<br />

model underlying ChatGPT is<br />

said to be trained with data that is<br />

publicly available on the internet.<br />

4 But a growing number of<br />

people, including published authors<br />

and a famous comedian, as<br />

well as a class-action lawsuit, say<br />

ChatGPT has taken what is theirs<br />

without their permission.<br />

0 – 1 LAWSUIT Klage — to pile up sich häufen —<br />

AI = artificial intelligence “ÆA…tIfIS´l In"telIdZ´ns‘<br />

künstl. Intelligenz — law Recht; s.w.u. Jura- — to<br />

develop s.th. “dI"vel´p‘ etw. entwickeln — to accuse<br />

s.o. of s.th. “´"kju…z‘ jdm. etw. vorwerfen —<br />

published author “"O…T´‘ publizierte(r) Autor(in)<br />

2 – 3 to trawl s.th. “trO…l‘ etw. durchforsten — to<br />

claim behaupten — to type s.th. into ... etw. in ...<br />

eintippen — to respond “rI"spÅnd‘ antworten — to<br />

resemble s.th. “rI"zemb´l‘ etw. ähneln — human<br />

language pattern “"hju…m´n; "pœt´n‘ menschliches<br />

Sprachmuster — to underlie s.th. etw. zugrunde<br />

liegen — data “"deIt´‘ Daten — publicly available<br />

“´"veIl´b´l‘ öffentlich zugänglich<br />

Übungsmaterial<br />

5 The comedian and author<br />

Sarah Silverman believes that<br />

ChatGPT’s artificial intelligence<br />

model was trained on her work.<br />

Together with two other authors,<br />

Christopher Golden and Richard<br />

Kadrey, Silverman has filed a lawsuit<br />

against OpenAI.<br />

6 The three authors “did not<br />

consent to the use of their copyrighted<br />

books as training material<br />

for ChatGPT. Nonetheless,<br />

their copyrighted materials were<br />

ingested and used to train Chat-<br />

GPT”, their lawsuit says.<br />

7 Two other authors, Mona<br />

Awad and Paul Tremblay, say<br />

that ChatGPT’s ability to give detailed<br />

summaries of their works<br />

shows their books were included<br />

in datasets used to train the technology<br />

behind ChatGPT.<br />

8 The award-winning authors<br />

are suing OpenAI for breaking<br />

copyright laws by using their<br />

books to train ChatGPT without<br />

their consent, and they want to be<br />

compensated for the money they<br />

otherwise would have got.<br />

9 But Daniel Gervais, a law professor<br />

at Vanderbilt University,<br />

told Business Insider that proving<br />

that they lost money because of<br />

the way OpenAI collects its data<br />

may be difficult. He said that, although<br />

it’s possible that ChatGPT<br />

used their work, it might have<br />

been obtained via other sources.<br />

10 Andres Guadamuz, an expert<br />

in AI and copyright at the University<br />

of Sussex, thinks so too. He<br />

told Business Insider that, “even<br />

if the books are in OpenAI’s training<br />

datasets, the company could<br />

have obtained the work through<br />

the lawful collection of another<br />

dataset”.<br />

11 Another lawsuit being<br />

brought against OpenAI involves<br />

not just published authors, but<br />

more or less everyone who has<br />

ever posted anything online.<br />

4 – 6 class-action lawsuit Sammelklage — permission<br />

“p´"mIS´n‘ Erlaubnis — to file a lawsuit<br />

against s.o. eine Klage gegen jdn. einreichen — to<br />

consent to s.th. “-"-‘ etw. zustimmen — copyrighted<br />

urheberrechtlich geschützt — nonetheless “Æ--"-‘<br />

dennoch — to ingest s.th. “In"dZest‘ etw. aufnehmen<br />

7 – 8 ability “´"bIl´ti‘ Fähigkeit — detailed detailliert<br />

— summary “"søm´ri‘ Zusammenfassung —<br />

dataset Datensatz — award-winning preisgekrönt<br />

— to sue s.o. jdn. verklagen — to break copyright<br />

laws gegen das Urheberrecht verstoßen — consent<br />

Zustimmung — to compensate s.o. “"---‘ jdn. entschädigen<br />

— otherwise “"---‘ sonst<br />

9 – 10 to prove “pru…v‘ beweisen — to obtain s.th.<br />

| Photo: Getty Images<br />

12 The class-action lawsuit<br />

claims that OpenAI stole data<br />

from “millions of unsuspecting<br />

consumers worldwide” so that<br />

the chatbot could replicate human<br />

language.<br />

13 The lawsuit also claims that<br />

OpenAI is “harvesting massive<br />

amounts of personal data from<br />

the internet”, including private<br />

conversations and medical data,<br />

without asking for users’ permission.<br />

14 Those bringing the class-action<br />

lawsuit are asking to be compensated<br />

for their stolen data,<br />

too, but they are also demanding<br />

that the company be transparent<br />

about what data it’s collecting,<br />

where it comes from and from<br />

whom, and how it is being used.<br />

15 Additionally, they ask that<br />

OpenAI introduce an option for<br />

users to opt out of all data collection.<br />

And that OpenAI stop its<br />

“illegal” scraping of internet data,<br />

ZDNet.com reports.<br />

Continued on page 2<br />

etw. erlangen — via über — source “sO…s‘ Quelle —<br />

lawful rechtmäßig<br />

11 – 13 to bring a lawsuit against s.o. eine Klage gegen<br />

jdn. einreichen — to involve s.o. jdn. betreffen<br />

— unsuspecting “Æøns´"spektIN‘ ahnungslos — consumer<br />

“k´n"sju…m´‘ h.: Nutzer(in) — to replicate<br />

s.th. “"replIkeIt‘ etw. i<strong>mit</strong>ieren — to harvest s.th. etw.<br />

ernten; h.: (fig) sammeln — massive “"mœsIv‘ riesig<br />

— amount Menge — medical “"medIk´l‘ medizinisch<br />

14 – 15 to demand fordern — additionally<br />

“´"dIS´n´li‘ außerdem — to introduce s.th.<br />

“ÆIntr´"dZu…s‘ etw. einführen — to opt out of s.th.<br />

etw. widersprechen — scraping Auslesen und Speichern<br />

von Daten — to report berichten


2<br />

September 2023 <strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong><br />

The Invictus Games<br />

come to Germany<br />

for the first time<br />

SPORT • ROYALTY<br />

The international sport event for wounded, injured<br />

or ill veterans takes place in Düsseldorf this year.<br />

<strong>mit</strong> Audiodatei und<br />

By Franziska Lange<br />

1 THE CITY of Düsseldorf and<br />

the German Bundeswehr will<br />

host the sixth Invictus Games,<br />

an international adaptive sport<br />

event for wounded, injured or<br />

ill veterans, from September 9 to<br />

16.<br />

2 The games will kick off with a<br />

big opening show on September<br />

9. There will be dance and music,<br />

with rap superstar Macklemore<br />

performing on stage. But the first<br />

emotional highlight of the games<br />

will surely be the entry of the nations,<br />

when all the teams make<br />

their way into the arena.<br />

3 Throughout the week, around<br />

500 veterans from 22 nations will<br />

compete in 10 events, among<br />

them archery, indoor rowing,<br />

Übungsmaterial<br />

athletics and wheelchair rugby.<br />

This year, they will also battle<br />

it out in table tennis for the first<br />

time. And there will be another<br />

first: teams from Israel and Columbia<br />

will join the games.<br />

4 Although the games are a<br />

competitive event, what’s more<br />

important is recovery, comradeship,<br />

and simply taking part, as is<br />

made clear on the Invictus Games<br />

website: “With a focus on participation<br />

rather than the medal table,<br />

the Invictus Games celebrate<br />

the personal bests and making it<br />

to the start line.”<br />

5 The first Invictus Games took<br />

place in London in 2014. The event<br />

was founded by Prince Harry, the<br />

Duke of Sussex. Whilst serving<br />

in Afghanistan, he saw how one<br />

dead and three injured soldiers<br />

Harry and<br />

Meghan in<br />

Germany last<br />

year promoting<br />

the Invictus<br />

Games.<br />

| Photo: Getty<br />

Images<br />

were brought home. The experience<br />

made a large impact on him.<br />

6 Then in 2013, he attended the<br />

US Warrior Games and saw how<br />

sport helped wounded servicemen<br />

and women in their recov-<br />

ery. That inspired him to start<br />

his own games as a chance to celebrate<br />

the human spirit and give<br />

veterans more recognition.<br />

7 The word invictus is Latin<br />

and means “unconquered”. It<br />

was chosen as the name for the<br />

games to show the fighting spirit<br />

of wounded, injured or ill soldiers<br />

who carry on after hard times.<br />

8 Now the games will be held<br />

in Germany for the first time<br />

ever. Prince Harry said, “I am delighted<br />

that the Invictus Games<br />

will be heading to Düsseldorf,<br />

for Germany to take the Invictus<br />

story further.”<br />

9 However, Harry himself may<br />

be the biggest obstacle to the<br />

games’ success. Because he wrote<br />

about how many Taliban fighters<br />

he killed in Afghanistan in his<br />

autobiography Spare, military<br />

experts fear there could be terrorist<br />

attacks at this year’s Invictus<br />

Games. They say there will need<br />

to be more security to protect the<br />

veterans.<br />

10 And with all the gossip Prince<br />

Harry and his wife Meghan generate<br />

these days, some think it<br />

would be better if they gave the<br />

event a miss – and let the games<br />

themselves take centre stage.<br />

Tickets for the Invictus<br />

Games are free. Ticket prices for<br />

the opening ceremony start at €21<br />

and those for the closing<br />

ceremony at €16.<br />

0 – 2 TO WOUND s.o. “"wu…nd‘ jdn. verwunden — to injure s.o.<br />

“"IndZ´‘ jdn. verletzen — veteran “"vet´r´n‘ Soldat(in) a. D. — to<br />

take place stattfinden — to host “h´Ust‘ (Event) ausrichten —<br />

adaptive sport “´"dœptIv‘ Parasport (konventionelle Sportarten,<br />

die für Menschen <strong>mit</strong> Behinderungen angepasst wurden) — to<br />

kick off eröffnet werden — entry Einzug<br />

3 throughout the … “-"-‘ im Laufe der/des (gesamten) … —<br />

to compete “k´m"pi…t‘ <strong>mit</strong>einander wetteifern — archery “"A…tS´ri‘<br />

Bogenschießen — indoor rowing “"r´UIN‘ Hallenrudern (an Rudermaschinen)<br />

— athletics “œT"letIks‘ Leichtathletik — wheelchair<br />

rugby Rollstuhlrugby — to battle it out es ausfechten; h.:<br />

gegeneinander antreten — (a) first Neuerung; h.: Neuzugang<br />

4 although “O…l"D´U‘ obwohl — competitive “k´m"petItIv‘ h.:<br />

von Kampfgeist und Wettbewerb geprägt — recovery “rI"køv´ri‘<br />

Genesung — comradeship “"kÅmreIdSIp‘ Kameradschaft;<br />

Freundschaft — to take part teilnehmen — participation “pA…<br />

tIsI"peIS´n‘ Teilnahme — medal table Medaillenspiegel — to celebrate<br />

s.th. “"sel´breIt‘ etw. feiern — to make it to … es an …<br />

schaffen<br />

5 – 6 to found s.th. etw. gründen; h.: ins Leben rufen — duke<br />

“"dZu…k‘ Herzog — to serve (als Soldat) dienen — experience<br />

“Ik"spI´ri´ns‘ Erfahrung — to make an impact on s.o. “"Impœkt‘<br />

h.: jdn. einschneidend prägen — to attend s.th. etw. besuchen<br />

— warrior “"wÅri´‘ Krieger(in) — serviceman Mitarbeiter der<br />

Streitkräfte — human spirit innere Stärke — recognition<br />

“Ærek´g"nIS´n‘ Anerkennung<br />

7 – 8 unconquered “Æøn"kÅNk´d‘ unbesiegt — fighting spirit<br />

Kampfgeist — to carry on weitermachen — to be delighted sehr<br />

erfreut sein — to head to … sich nach … aufmachen — to take<br />

s.th. further “"f‰…D´‘ (fig) etw. weiter voranbringen<br />

9 obstacle “"Åbst´k´l‘ Hindernis — success “s´k"ses‘ Erfolg<br />

— fighter Kämpfer(in) — autobiography “ÆO…t´baI"Ågr´fi‘ —<br />

Spare dt. Titel: Reserve — to fear befürchten — security<br />

“sI"kjU´r´ti‘ Sicherheit(smaßnahmen) — to protect s.o. “pr´"tekt‘<br />

jdn. schützen<br />

10 gossip “"gÅsIp‘ Klatsch und Gerüchte — to generate s.th.<br />

“"dZen´reIt‘ etw. generieren; h.: auslösen — to give s.th. a miss<br />

etw. auslassen; h.: meiden — to let s.th. take centre stage (fig)<br />

etw. die Bühne überlassen<br />

Continued from page 1<br />

16 Similar lawsuits are being<br />

brought against other companies<br />

that use AI.<br />

17 Sarah Silverman is also suing<br />

Meta for copyright infringement,<br />

and Google is being sued<br />

by the Daily Mail newspaper for<br />

taking hundreds of thousands of<br />

its articles without its permission<br />

to train Google’s ChatGPT rival,<br />

Bard.<br />

18 And it’s not just words that<br />

people are fighting over the rights<br />

to but images as well: Getty Images<br />

is suing Stability AI, the company<br />

which runs the open-source<br />

AI art generator Stable Diffusion.<br />

16 – 19 similar “"sImIl´‘ ähnlich — copyright infringement<br />

“In"frIndZm´nt‘ Urheberrechtsverletzung — to run<br />

s.th. etw. betreiben — open-source quelloffen — database<br />

Datenbank — compensation Entschädigung — effort<br />

Bemühung — competing Konkurrenz-<br />

19 Getty says the company copied<br />

more than 12 million images<br />

from its database “without permission<br />

... or compensation ... as<br />

part of its efforts to build a competing<br />

business”.<br />

20 As AI use grows, experts think<br />

there will be many more of such<br />

lawsuits. Katherine Gardner, an<br />

intellectual-property lawyer who<br />

talked to the Washington Post<br />

about the subject, said that the<br />

question of fair use is “an open<br />

issue that we will be seeing play<br />

out in the courts in the months<br />

and years to come”.<br />

The comedian Sarah<br />

Silverman is suing both OpenAI<br />

and Meta for using her work<br />

without her permission.<br />

| Photo: Getty Images<br />

20 intellectual-property lawyer “Int´l"ektSu´l "prÅp´ti;<br />

"lOI´‘ Anwalt/Anwältin für Rechtsfragen rund um geistiges<br />

Eigentum — fair use Rechtsdoktrin, die die Nutzung geschützten<br />

Materials zugesteht — open issue “"ISu…‘ ungeklärte<br />

Frage — to play out sich entwickeln — court “kO…t‘ Gericht<br />

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<strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong> September 2023 70 Jahre<br />

language corner<br />

British titles<br />

<strong>mit</strong> Audiodatei<br />

By Franziska Lange<br />

1 BRITAIN ISa constitutional<br />

monarchy, and its system of titles<br />

evolved over a thousand years. It<br />

can be confusing to know your<br />

royals from your nobles and<br />

peers, so here’s a quick guide.<br />

2 Royalty has the highest rank,<br />

and the monarch (the king or<br />

queen) is at the top of the hierarchy.<br />

Royalty also includes their<br />

immediate family.<br />

3 The ruling monarch’s brothers<br />

and sisters, children, the<br />

children of the monarch’s sons,<br />

and some great-grandchildren –<br />

namely, the children of the eldest<br />

son of the Prince of Wales (who is<br />

heir to the throne) – are allowed<br />

to take the title of prince or princess.<br />

4 The rules about the greatgrandchildren<br />

can be seen when<br />

we look at the children of Prince<br />

William and Prince Harry.<br />

5 Prince William is the eldest<br />

son of Charles, so his children,<br />

George, Charlotte and Louis, became<br />

prince or princess at birth.<br />

Harry and Meghan’s children,<br />

Archie and Lilibet, weren’t prince<br />

and princess at birth because the<br />

rule didn’t apply to them.<br />

6 But when Charles became<br />

king, Archie and Lilibet<br />

got the right to these<br />

titles because they’re<br />

now the grandchildren<br />

of the ruling monarch<br />

(even though their parents<br />

stepped down as working<br />

royals in 2020).<br />

7 Right below the royalty is<br />

the nobility. These are members<br />

of the upper social class who<br />

usually have a hereditary title.<br />

They and their immediate families<br />

are members of the nobility.<br />

8 The five ranks of nobles in<br />

descending order are: duke and<br />

duchess, marquess and marchioness,<br />

earl and countess, viscount<br />

and viscountess, and baron<br />

and baroness.<br />

9 However, people can now<br />

become barons and baronesses<br />

even if they aren’t members of the<br />

nobility.<br />

10 In Britain, the titled nobility<br />

is part of the peerage. Having a<br />

peerage means having the right<br />

to sit and vote in the House of<br />

Lords, the upper house of the<br />

British parliament.<br />

11 Peerages were once only hereditary<br />

and were traditionally<br />

passed down to the eldest son.<br />

But in 1958, the Life Peerages Act<br />

was passed.<br />

12 This allowed the government<br />

to create life peerages for people<br />

from different professions and<br />

from all across society. Those<br />

appointed a life peerage are all<br />

given the title baron or baroness<br />

– even when they are not noble.<br />

13 The change gave women the<br />

right to sit in the House of Lords,<br />

for the first time ever.<br />

14 Further change came with<br />

the House of Lords Reform Act of<br />

1999. The act took the right to be<br />

a member of the House of Lords<br />

from many peers with hereditary<br />

titles.<br />

15 Now, a maximum of 92 hereditary<br />

peers are allowed to sit<br />

and vote in the House of Lords –<br />

along with, at the moment, more<br />

than 660 life peers.<br />

16 Below the nobility are baronets<br />

and baronetesses. They’re<br />

not part of the peerage, so they<br />

can’t be members of the House of<br />

Lords, but they have hereditary<br />

titles, too, and are above knights<br />

and dames.<br />

17 Knight and dame are honorific<br />

titles that can be given to<br />

someone by the monarch for different<br />

services.<br />

18 Many public figures have<br />

been knighted; for example, actress<br />

Judi Dench is now a Dame<br />

and Formula <strong>On</strong>e driver Lewis<br />

Hamilton, a Sir. The title of<br />

knight or dame isn’t hereditary,<br />

and it doesn’t make you part of<br />

the nobility.<br />

19 Now that the differences<br />

have been cleared up, there’s<br />

only one more rule, probably<br />

the simplest of all: anyone who<br />

is neither a royal nor a peer is a<br />

commoner.<br />

| Photo: Getty Images<br />

Netflix’s crackdown<br />

on password sharing<br />

pays off<br />

BUSINESS • ENTERTAINMENT<br />

The streaming service has added around<br />

6 million subscribers since getting tough on<br />

non-paying customers.<br />

By Siobhan Bruns<br />

1 AFTER YEARS<br />

of trying different<br />

ways of getting people<br />

to stop sharing<br />

passwords, Netflix<br />

has gone zero tolerance:<br />

either pay up or<br />

get out.<br />

2 First trialled in<br />

2022 in South America<br />

and then brought<br />

to the US and most other countries<br />

this year, the new Netflix<br />

rules li<strong>mit</strong> the use of the streaming<br />

service to people living in the<br />

same house.<br />

3 What is perhaps less than<br />

wonderful news for the viewing<br />

public has paid off handsomely<br />

for Netflix: the company hasn’t<br />

had so many new subscribers<br />

since the early days of the pandemic.<br />

4 Whilst some cancelled their<br />

subscription because of the new<br />

rules, many more joined up.<br />

There have been 5.9 million new<br />

Netflix subscribers so far this<br />

year.<br />

5 Netflix has been smart by<br />

starting slow so it doesn’t alienate<br />

its users, streaming analyst<br />

Dan Rayburn says. And by giving<br />

consumers more pricing options.<br />

6 The company now has a<br />

“Standard with ads” plan, which<br />

costs $6.99 a month and has<br />

almost everything the $15.49<br />

standard plan has, but with advertisement.<br />

7 And with the idea that those<br />

3<br />

| Photo: Getty Images<br />

who have been sharing passwords<br />

were perhaps family members<br />

living somewhere else, standard<br />

Netflix plan subscribers can now<br />

add additional viewers for $7.99<br />

a month more.<br />

8 The streaming giant is also<br />

going easy on former offenders<br />

who are now willing to join<br />

up. Its “Profile Transfer feature”<br />

lets those who had been sharing<br />

a password with someone else<br />

move their old lists and recommendations<br />

to their new account.<br />

9 They haven’t come for you<br />

yet? Well, Rayburn says, they<br />

will: “Because if you have four,<br />

five, six different profiles, chances<br />

are you’re probably sharing<br />

that account with multiple people”.<br />

Sharing is tracked through<br />

IP addresses, device IDs and usernames,<br />

he said.<br />

10 Many think the passwordsharing<br />

crackdown was bound to<br />

happen sooner or later. And since<br />

Netflix’s has been so successful,<br />

other platforms are sure to follow.<br />

0 – 1 TITLE (Adels)Titel — constitutional monarchy<br />

“ÆkÅnstI"tSu…S´n´l "mÅn´ki‘ konstitutionelle Monarchie — to<br />

evolve “I"vÅlv‘ sich entwickeln; h.: entstehen — confusing<br />

“k´n"fju…zIN‘ verwirrend — royal “"rOI´l‘ Mitglied der<br />

königlichen Familie — noble(man/woman) Adelige(r)<br />

— peer Mitglied des brit. Oberhauses — guide “gaId‘<br />

Übersicht<br />

2 royalty “"rOI´lti‘ Mitglied(er) des Königshauses —<br />

rank Rang(ordnung); Stellung — hierarchy “"haI´rA…ki‘<br />

— immediate family “I"mi…di´t‘ direkte Verwandtschaft<br />

(i. un<strong>mit</strong>telbar)<br />

3 – 5 ruling m. Regent(in) — namely und zwar — heir<br />

to the throne “e´‘ Thronerbe(-in) — to be allowed to do<br />

s.th. “´"laUd‘ etw. tun dürfen — rule Regel — to apply to<br />

s.o. “´"plaI‘ für jdn. gelten<br />

6 – 7 even though “D´U‘ obwohl — to step down zurücktreten<br />

— working royal aktives Mitglied der königlichen<br />

Familie — the nobility “n´U"bIl´ti‘ der Adelsstand — upper<br />

social class soziale Oberschicht — to have a hereditary<br />

title “hI"redIt´ri‘ dem Erbadel angehören<br />

8 – 9 in descending order “dI"sendIN‘ in absteigender<br />

Reihenfolge — duke/duchess “dZu…k; "døtSes‘ Herzog/<br />

Herzogin — marquess/marchioness “"mA…kwIs; ÆmA…<br />

S´n"es‘ — earl/countess “‰…l; "kaUntes‘ Graf/Gräfin — viscount/viscountess<br />

“"vaIkaUnt; ÆvaIkaUn"tes‘ Vizegraf/Vizegräfin<br />

— baron/baroness “"bœr´n; "bœr´nes‘ Freiherr/<br />

Freifrau<br />

10 – 13 peerage “"pI´rIdZ‘ — to vote wählen; h.: <strong>mit</strong>bestimmen<br />

— to pass s.th. down to s.o. jdm. etw. vererben —<br />

Life Peerages Act Gesetz zur Ernennung von Mitgliedern<br />

des Oberhauses auf Lebenszeit — to pass an act ein Gesetz<br />

verabschieden — government “"gøv´nm´nt‘ Regierung<br />

— to create s.th. “kri"eIt‘ etw. kreieren; (er)schaffen<br />

— profession “pr´"feS´n‘ Berufssparte; Fachgebiet —<br />

from all across society “s´"saI´ti‘ aus allen Teilen der Gesellschaft<br />

— to appoint “´"pOInt‘ ernennen; h.: verleihen<br />

— noble adlig<br />

14 – 17 further “"f‰…D´‘ weitere(r, s) — House of Lords Reform<br />

Act Gesetz zur Neuausrichtung des H. of L. —<br />

knight/dame “naIt; deIm‘ Träger(in) des brit. Ritterkreuzes<br />

für besondere Verdienste — honorific t. “ÆÅn´r"IfIk‘<br />

Ehrentitel<br />

18 – 19 public figure “"fIg´‘ Person des öffentlichen Interesses<br />

— to knight s.o. jdn. zum Ritter schlagen — actress<br />

“"œktr´s‘ Schauspielerin — commoner “"kÅm´n´‘<br />

einfache(r) Bürger(in)<br />

0 – 1 CRACKDOWN ON Vorgehen gegen — to pay off sich auszahlen — to<br />

add s.o. h.: jdn. hinzugewinnen — subscriber “s´b"skraIb´‘ Abonnent(in) —<br />

to get tough on s.o. “tøf‘ hart gegen jdn. vorgehen — to go zero tolerance<br />

“"tÅl´r´ns‘ eine Nulltoleranzstrategie fahren — either ... or ... “"aID´‘ entweder<br />

... oder ... — to pay up bezahlen<br />

2 – 3 to trial s.th. “"traI´l‘ etw. erproben — rule Regel — viewing public<br />

Zuschauer(innen) — to pay off handsomely for s.o. “"hœns´mli‘ jdm. ein<br />

hübsches Sümmchen einbringen — early days Beginn<br />

4 – 6 to cancel one’s subscription “s´b"skrIpS´n‘ sein Abonnement kündigen<br />

— to join up h.: sich anmelden — so far bisher — to alienate s.o. “"eIli´neIt‘<br />

jdn. verprellen — analyst “"œn´lIst‘ — consumer “k´n"sju…m´‘ Verbraucher(in);<br />

h.: Kunde(-in) — pricing Preis- — ad(vertisement) “´d"v‰…tIsm´nt‘ (coll)<br />

Werbung — plan Tarif<br />

7 – 8 additional “´"dIS´n´l‘ zusätzliche(r, s) — viewer Zuschauer(in) — giant<br />

“"dZaI´nt‘ Riese — to go easy on s.o. schonend <strong>mit</strong> jdm. umgehen — former<br />

offender “´"fend´‘ frühere(r) Missetäter(in) — to be willing to do s.th.<br />

bereit sein, etw. zu tun — profile transfer feature “"trœnsf‰… "fi…tS´‘ Funktion<br />

zur Übertragung eines Profils — recommendation “Ærek´men"deIS´n‘ Empfehlung<br />

9 – 10 to come for s.o. (coll) hinter jdm. her sein — chances are ... aller Wahrscheinlichkeit<br />

nach … — multiple “"møltIp´l‘ mehrere — to track s.th. etw.<br />

nachverfolgen — device ID “dI"vaIs‘ Geräte-ID — to be bound to happen<br />

zwangsläufig geschehen — since da — successful “s´k"sesf´l‘ erfolgreich


4 September 2023 <strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong><br />

Seven foods that will<br />

keep you healthy and<br />

the planet smiling<br />

FOOD • ENVIRONMENT We keep eating the same foods again and again,<br />

but the World Economic Forum thinks that may be a problem.<br />

By John Bilstein<br />

1 EARTH IShome to more<br />

than 300,000 edible plant species,<br />

but worldwide food production<br />

has become mainly just<br />

12 crops, including wheat, soybeans,<br />

corn (maize) and rice.<br />

2 The World Economic Forum<br />

writes on its website: “This narrow<br />

range of eating habits is<br />

having a negative impact: not<br />

only are we li<strong>mit</strong>ing our vitamin<br />

and mineral intake, but overreliance<br />

on a few species<br />

leaves us prone to disaster<br />

with harvests<br />

vulnerable to pests,<br />

diseases and the<br />

impact of climate<br />

change.”<br />

3 Here are<br />

some suggestions<br />

for healthy and<br />

tasty foods that<br />

could help to make<br />

your diet more diverse.<br />

Buckwheat<br />

4 Have you ever had a Frenchstyle<br />

“galette” pancake made<br />

with buckwheat? If so, you’ll<br />

know that it’s just as nice as any<br />

pancake made with wheat. Buckwheat<br />

grows on really bad land<br />

and matures in around ten weeks,<br />

so it’s easy on the environment. It<br />

is little wonder that it has been a<br />

popular staple since the Bronze<br />

Age.<br />

Red Indonesian sweet<br />

potatoes<br />

5 These bright orange vegetables<br />

are perfectly suited for making<br />

stews, casseroles and pies.<br />

Baked at over 200° C, they caramelise<br />

naturally; but never mind<br />

the high sugar levels: Red Indonesian<br />

sweet potatoes are packed<br />

with vitamins A, C, and D, which<br />

makes them super healthy. They<br />

grow well under extreme tropical<br />

weather conditions and therefore<br />

make a good alternative to rice,<br />

which often gets damaged during<br />

cyclones.<br />

Lentils<br />

6 Before potatoes<br />

came to<br />

Europe in the<br />

16th century,<br />

most Europeans<br />

mainly ate<br />

oats and lentils.<br />

Lentils are<br />

full of protein, yet<br />

their carbon footprint<br />

is 43 times lower<br />

than that of beef. They can<br />

be used to make all sorts of<br />

dishes ranging from stews to veggie<br />

burgers. They also add extra<br />

flavour to salads.<br />

Buckwheat and kale are healthy food options.<br />

| Photos: Getty Images<br />

Kale<br />

7 Full of vitamins A, K, and C,<br />

plus important trace elements<br />

like manganese, Kale belongs<br />

among the world’s superfoods.<br />

Dried into a powder, it makes a<br />

good basis for soups and stews,<br />

but also works really well fried or<br />

roasted from fresh. It can grow in<br />

most climates and doesn’t mind<br />

sitting out in the field in frosty<br />

weather. Foodies have grown to<br />

love it, too.<br />

Orange tomatoes<br />

8 Red tomatoes are everywhere.<br />

However, their orange<br />

sisters are sweeter, healthier, and<br />

easier to farm. They’re hard to<br />

find on supermarket shelves, but<br />

that will probably change soon:<br />

gardeners are looking for robust<br />

strains of tomatoes to replace<br />

the red ones, because red tomato<br />

plants often develop fungal diseases<br />

such as blight.<br />

crossword puzzle: Food<br />

The answers to this puzzle can be found in the article on<br />

this page. If you put the letters in the orange squares in the<br />

correct order, you can find the missing words below.<br />

Answers on page 8.<br />

Across<br />

1 A fungus that often has a<br />

round flat head and short<br />

stem<br />

3 The meat of a cow<br />

6 Made of eggs, flour and milk,<br />

it’s often eaten for breakfast<br />

in the US<br />

8 A plant, or part of a plant,<br />

that can be eaten<br />

9 A grain grown as food for<br />

animals and humans – you<br />

can make porridge with it<br />

10 A food that is liquid<br />

Laver seaweed<br />

9 Eating seaweed is not just an<br />

Asian tradition. In fact, laverbread<br />

is to Wales what Cornish<br />

pasties are to Cornwall, so it’s<br />

not actually all that exotic. Mixed<br />

with sesame seeds for added flavour,<br />

laver salad is a real treat.<br />

Grilled laver, meanwhile, is perfect<br />

for wrapping sushi.<br />

Enoki mushrooms<br />

10 Enoki mushrooms can be<br />

grown on tree trunks, so they<br />

don’t take up any space on the<br />

ground. These delicate mushrooms<br />

make an excellent meat<br />

substitute in soups, stews and<br />

quiches. They’re usually found<br />

in Asian cooking, but also work<br />

well in any European dish that<br />

would traditionally be made with<br />

chanterelle mushrooms or champignon<br />

de Paris.<br />

Down<br />

2 A dish of vegetables and/or<br />

meat which is cooked<br />

slowly<br />

3 A small, dark seed that is<br />

grown for making flour as<br />

well as for feeding animals<br />

4 A small green, orange, or<br />

brown seed that can be<br />

eaten, usually in soups or<br />

stews<br />

5 A mixture of raw or cold<br />

foods such as lettuce,<br />

cucumber, and tomatoes<br />

7 A round vegetable that<br />

grows underground<br />

0 – 1 ENVIRONMENT “In"vaIr´nm´nt‘ Umwelt — to keep<br />

doing s.th. etw. immer wieder tun — World Economic<br />

Forum “Æi…k´"nÅmIk‘ Weltwirtschaftsforum — Earth “‰…T‘<br />

die Erde — edible “"ed´b´l‘ essbar — species “"spi…Si…z‘ Art<br />

— mainly hauptsächlich — crop Nutzpflanze — wheat<br />

“wi…t‘ Weizen — soybean Sojabohne — corn (maize)<br />

“meIz‘ Mais<br />

2 narrow begrenzt — range “reIndZ‘ Bandbreite —<br />

eating habit Ernährungsgewohnheit — impact Auswirkung<br />

— mineral “"mIn´r´l‘ Mineralstoff — intake Zufuhr<br />

— overreliance on “Æ´Uv´rI"laI´ns‘ übermäßige Abhängigkeit<br />

von — to leave s.o. prone to disaster jdn. anfällig für<br />

eine Katastrophe machen — harvest Ernte — vulnerable<br />

to “"vøln´r´b´l‘ anfällig für — pest Schädling — disease<br />

“dI"zi…z‘ Krankheit<br />

3 – 4 suggestion “s´"dZestS´n‘ Vorschlag — tasty “"teIsti‘<br />

lecker — diet “"daI´t‘ Ernährung — diverse “daI"v‰…s‘ abwechslungsreich<br />

— buckwheat Buchweizen — to mature<br />

“m´"tSU´‘ erntereif werden — to be easy on s.th. etw. schonen<br />

— staple “"steIp´l‘ Grundnahrungs<strong>mit</strong>tel — Bronze<br />

Age “brÅnz‘ Bronzezeit — Red Indonesian sweet potato<br />

“ÆInd´"ni…Z´n‘ Cilembu-Süßkartoffel<br />

5 bright leuchtend — to be perfectly suited for s.th.<br />

sich perfekt für etw. eignen — stew Eintopf — casserole<br />

“"kœs´r´Ul‘ Auflauf — pie Pastete — to be packed with ...<br />

reich an ... sein — condition “k´n"dIS´n‘ Bedingung —<br />

therefore daher — to get damaged “"dœmIdZd‘ beschädigt<br />

werden — cyclone “"saIkl´Un‘ Wirbelsturm — lentil Linse<br />

6 oats Hafer — yet doch — carbon footprint “"kA…b´n‘<br />

CO 2 -Fußabdruck — 43 times 43-mal — beef Rindfleisch<br />

— to range from ... to ... von ... bis ... reichen — flavour<br />

“"fleIv´‘ Geschmack — kale “keIl‘ Grünkohl<br />

7 trace element Spurenelement — manganese<br />

“"mœNg´ni…z‘ Mangan — powder “"paUd´‘ Pulver — to fry<br />

s.th. etw. braten — to roast s.th. etw. rösten — from<br />

fresh frisch — climate “"klaIm´t‘ Klimazone — foodie<br />

Feinschmecker(in) — to grow to love s.th. (fig) etw. inzwischen<br />

sehr mögen<br />

8 to farm s.th. etw. anbauen und pflegen — strain<br />

Sorte — to replace s.th. etw. ersetzen — to develop a disease<br />

“dI"vel´p‘ erkranken — fungal “"føNg´l‘ Pilz- — blight<br />

Mehltau — laver seaweed “"lA…v´‘ Nabel-Purpurtang (s.<br />

Seetang)<br />

9 – 10 in fact tatsächlich — Cornish pasty “"p´Isti‘ Fleischpastete<br />

aus Cornwall — sesame seed “"ses´mi‘ Sesamsamen<br />

— a real treat eine echte Gaumenfreude — meanwhile<br />

indes — to wrap s.th. etw. einwickeln — tree trunk<br />

Baumstamm — to take up space Platz einnehmen —<br />

ground Boden — delicate “"delIk´t‘ zart — meat substitute<br />

“"søbstItSu…t‘ Fleischersatz — chanterelle mushroom<br />

“SA)…nt´"rel‘ Pfifferling — champignon de Paris Zucht-<br />

Champignon<br />

1 2<br />

3<br />

4<br />

5<br />

6 7<br />

8<br />

9 10<br />

Earth is home to more than 300,000 edible:<br />

—— —— —— —— —— —— —— —— —— —— —— ——


<strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong> September 2023 70 Jahre<br />

5<br />

Twitter becomes X<br />

BUSINESS • SOCIAL MEDIA<br />

Elon Musk has replaced Twitter’s iconic bird logo<br />

with the letter X.<br />

By Siobhan Bruns<br />

1 MULTIBILLIONAIRE and<br />

master “disrupter” Elon Musk<br />

was on form again this summer<br />

or, in other words, doing something<br />

outrageous and grabbing<br />

the headlines.<br />

2 This time it was a surprise announcement<br />

– over a weekend<br />

– that he would be replacing the<br />

iconic Twitter bird with an X.<br />

|<br />

Photo: Getty Images<br />

3 The decision to change one<br />

of the most famous logos in<br />

Silicon Valley had almost everyone<br />

scratching their heads. But<br />

there’s method in his madness.<br />

4 Musk wants to turn Twitter,<br />

which he bought last year for $44<br />

billion, into a different app – a<br />

super app that will not only be<br />

a social media app but also a financial<br />

one, where you can make<br />

payments and do banking, as well<br />

as other things.<br />

5 Musk’s inspiration for an<br />

“everything” app seems to be<br />

China’s WeChat, which has messaging,<br />

voice and video calling,<br />

social media, mobile payment,<br />

games, news, and online booking<br />

among its many functions. The<br />

app dominates the Chinese market.<br />

6 Musk told employees: “You<br />

basically live on WeChat in China<br />

because it’s so useful and so<br />

helpful to your daily life. And I<br />

think if we could achieve that, or<br />

even close to that with Twitter, it<br />

would be an immense success.”<br />

But it’s unclear if an app like that<br />

is needed, or would be successful,<br />

outside of China.<br />

7 WeChat probably became so<br />

popular in China because many<br />

American companies like Twitter<br />

and Google were blocked there.<br />

That gave homegrown technology<br />

firms a chance to establish<br />

dominance in the internet space,<br />

CNBC reports.<br />

8 Some Musk critics think this<br />

is all only about Musk trying to<br />

make good on the online banking<br />

venture he started back in 1999<br />

but did not get a chance to finish.<br />

9 That online bank, which he<br />

called X.com, merged with another<br />

company and eventually<br />

became PayPal – without Musk,<br />

who was replaced as CEO by venture<br />

capitalist and Silicon Valley<br />

legend Peter Thiel.<br />

10 Author Paris Marx said Musk<br />

was “trying to rerun the playbook<br />

for his old finance company by<br />

grafting it onto a completely unrelated<br />

business”. But not everyone<br />

thinks Musk is barking up the<br />

wrong tree.<br />

11 Kendra Schaefer, head of tech<br />

policy research at analysis firm<br />

Trivium China, said: “If in fact<br />

he has identified that adding a<br />

robust payment mechanism to<br />

a social network is the key to expanding<br />

that social network into<br />

a super app, I think he is correct<br />

in that. It remains to be seen how<br />

successful that is, but I don’t think<br />

the fundamental idea is necessarily<br />

a bad one.”<br />

0 – 2 TO REPLACEs.th. with s.th. etw. durch etw. ersetzen —<br />

iconic “aI"kÅnIk‘ bekannt; charakteristisch — multibillionaire<br />

“ÆmøltibIlj´"ne´‘ Multimilliardär(in) — disrupter “dIs"røpt´‘ h.:<br />

Wegbereiter(in), Erfinder(in) (to disrupt stören) — outrageous<br />

“ÆaUt"reIdZ´s‘ schockierend — to grab headlines (fig) für Schlagzeilen<br />

sorgen — announcement “´"naUnsm´nt‘ Ankündigung<br />

3 – 4 decision “dI"sIZ´n‘ Entscheidung — to scratch one’s head<br />

(fig) sich wundern — there’s method in his madness “"meT´d;<br />

"mœdn´s‘ sein Wahnsinn hat Methode — to turn s.th. into s.th.<br />

etw. aus etw. machen — financial “faI"nœnS´l‘ Finanz- — to make<br />

a payment eine Zahlung tätigen<br />

5 – 6 to seem scheinen — voice calling Sprachanrufe — booking<br />

Buchung — employee “Im"plOIi…‘ Mitarbeiter(in) — basically<br />

“"beIsIk´li‘ im Grunde — to achieve s.th. “´"tSi…v‘ etw. erreichen<br />

— success “s´k"ses‘ Erfolg — successful erfolgreich<br />

7 – 8 homegrown einheimisch — to establish dominance<br />

“I"stœblIS; "dÅmIn´ns‘ eine Vormachtstellung erlangen — internet<br />

space <strong>On</strong>line-Bereich — critic “"--‘ Kritiker(in) — to make good<br />

on s.th. etw. einlösen; h.: umsetzen — venture “"ventS´‘ Projekt<br />

9 – 10 to merge with … “m‰…dZ‘ <strong>mit</strong> ... fusionieren — eventually<br />

“I"ventSu´li‘ schließlich — CEO = chief executive officer “ÆtSi…f<br />

IgzekjUtIv "---‘ Geschäftsführer(in) — venture capitalist<br />

“"kœpIt´lIst‘ Wagniskapitalgeber(in) — legend “"ledZ´nd‘ — to<br />

rerun s.th. etw. wiederholen — playbook Regelwerk; h.: Konzept<br />

— to graft s.th. onto s.th. etw. auf etw. übertragen — unrelated<br />

“ÆønrI"leItId‘ in keinem Zusammenhang stehend — to be<br />

barking up the wrong tree (fig) auf dem Holzweg sein<br />

11 head of tech policy research “"pÅl´si; rI"s‰…tS‘ Leiter(in) der<br />

Forschungsabteilung für technologiepolitische Fragen — analysis<br />

firm “´"nœl´sIs; f‰…m‘ Analysefirma — in fact tatsächlich — to<br />

identify “aI"dentIfaI‘ erkennen — robust “r´U"bøst‘ stabil; zuverlässig<br />

— mechanism “"mek´nIz´m‘ — to expand s.th. etw. ausbauen<br />

— it remains to be seen ... es bleibt abzuwarten ... — fundamental<br />

“Æfønd´"ment´l‘ grundlegende(r, s) — necessarily<br />

“"nes´serIli‘ unbedingt<br />

question time<br />

Adam S<strong>mit</strong>h (1723-1790).<br />

| Photo: Getty Images<br />

Who was Adam S<strong>mit</strong>h?<br />

By Siobhan Bruns<br />

1 ADAM SMITH (1723-1790)<br />

was a Scottish economist and<br />

moral philosopher who is often<br />

called the father of economics.<br />

That is because of a book he<br />

wrote, The Wealth of Nations.<br />

2 First published in 1776, The<br />

Wealth of Nations showed that a<br />

system of free exchange, which<br />

puts the individual consumer at<br />

its centre, is better at making a<br />

nation wealthy than if the nation<br />

tries to protect its markets by li<strong>mit</strong>ing<br />

competition – which is what<br />

nations at that time were doing<br />

with a system called mercantilism.<br />

3 “S<strong>mit</strong>h argued that by giving<br />

everyone the freedom to produce<br />

and exchange goods as they<br />

pleased (free trade) and opening<br />

the markets up to domestic<br />

and foreign competition, people’s<br />

natural self-interest would<br />

promote greater prosperity than<br />

could stringent government regulations”,<br />

Investopedia writes.<br />

4 The Wealth of Nations introduced<br />

the idea of “the invisible<br />

hand”. The invisible hand is a<br />

metaphor for the unseen forces<br />

that move in a free market economy<br />

without government interference.<br />

5 S<strong>mit</strong>h’s work became a cornerstone<br />

of economic theory,<br />

influencing economists such as<br />

Karl Marx in the 19th century, and<br />

John Maynard Keynes and Milton<br />

Friedman in the 20th century.<br />

6 2023 is the 300th anniversary<br />

of S<strong>mit</strong>h’s birth, and the University<br />

of Glasgow is marking this with<br />

a year-long celebration of his life,<br />

work, and influence.<br />

7 The University of Glasgow is<br />

where S<strong>mit</strong>h started his studies at<br />

the age of 14. He returned to the<br />

university in 1751 as a Professor of<br />

Logic and then became a Professor<br />

of Moral Philosophy.<br />

0 – 1 ECONOMIST “i"kÅn´mIst‘ Ökonom(in) —<br />

moral philosopher “"mÅr´l; fI"lÅs´f´‘ Moralphilosoph(in)<br />

— economics “Æi…k´"nÅmIks‘ Wirtschaftslehre<br />

— The Wealth of Nations “welT‘ dt.<br />

Titel: Der Wohlstand der Nationen<br />

2 to publish s.th. etw. veröffentlichen — free<br />

exchange freier Austausch (von Waren) — individual<br />

“ÆIndI"vIdZu´l‘ einzelne(r, s); s.w.u. Individuum<br />

— consumer “k´n"sju…m´‘ Konsument(in) —<br />

wealthy wohlhabend — to protect s.th. “pr´"tekt‘<br />

etw. schützen — competition “ÆkÅmp´"tIS´n‘ Wettbewerb<br />

— mercantilism “"m‰…k´ntIlIz´m‘ Merkantilismus<br />

3 to argue “"A…gju…‘ argumentieren — freedom<br />

“"fri…d´m‘ Freiheit — to exchange s.th. etw. austauschen<br />

— goods Waren — as s.o. pleases wie es<br />

jdm. beliebt — free trade Freihandel — domestic/<br />

foreign … “d´"m´stIk; "fÅr´n‘ … aus dem Inland/<br />

Ausland — self-interest Eigeninteresse — to promote<br />

s.th. etw. fördern; h.: zu etw. führen — prosperity<br />

“prÅs"per´ti‘ Wohlstand — stringent<br />

“"strIndZ´nt‘ streng — government regulation<br />

“"gøv´nm´nt; Æregj´"leIS´n‘ staatl. Regulierung<br />

4 to introduce s.th. “ÆIntr´"dZu…s‘ etw. einführen<br />

— the invisible hand “In"vIz´b´l‘ die<br />

unsichtbare Hand — force Kraft — free market<br />

eco nomy “i"kÅn´mi‘ freie Marktwirtschaft — interference<br />

“ÆInt´"fI´r´ns‘ Eingriff<br />

5 – 7 cornerstone (fig) Eckpfeiler — economic<br />

theory “"TI´ri‘ Wirtschaftstheorie — to influence<br />

s.o. “"Influ´ns‘ jdn. beeinflussen — anniversary<br />

“ÆœnI"v‰…s´ri‘ Jahrestag — to mark s.th. etw. würdigen<br />

— celebration “Æsel´"breIS´n‘ Jubiläumsfeier —<br />

influence h.: Wirkung<br />

zusatzmaterial<br />

Unterrichtsvorbereitung<br />

fertig zum Download!<br />

www.sprachzeitungen.de


6 September 2023 <strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong><br />

Singer-songwriter<br />

Gracie Abrams<br />

MUSIC Taylor Swift’s opening act has made a name for herself with her<br />

emotional songs. <strong>mit</strong> Audiodatei und Übungsmaterial<br />

By Franziska Lange<br />

1 WHEN TAYLOR Swift<br />

wants you as the opening<br />

act for her Eras tour, you<br />

can be pretty sure your career<br />

has reached the next<br />

level. But Gracie Abrams<br />

was already well on her way<br />

to becoming one of indie<br />

pop’s rising talents.<br />

2 Because singers like Billie<br />

Eilish, Phoebe Bridgers and<br />

Olivia Rodrigo enjoy Abrams’<br />

music, Teen Vogue wrote she’s<br />

“the kind of songwriter other<br />

songwriters love”. And critics<br />

rave about her gentle voice and<br />

emotional lyrics.<br />

3 Rolling Stone magazine<br />

called the 23-year-old American<br />

singer-songwriter’s debut album<br />

“one of 2023’s best debuts”, and<br />

Billboard says her music is “storytelling<br />

of the highest calibre”.<br />

4 Some may call Gracie Abrams<br />

a “nepo baby” (see: What is a<br />

nepo baby?, <strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong> May 2023).<br />

She grew up in Los Angeles as the<br />

middle child of the director, writer<br />

and producer J. J. Abrams and<br />

the producer Katie McGrath. But<br />

Abrams has been writing since<br />

the age of eight.<br />

5 In an interview with W Magazine,<br />

she said, “Growing up, if I<br />

didn’t want to talk to someone<br />

about the way I was feeling, I<br />

would go write instead.”<br />

6 As a teenager, Abrams put<br />

songs she had recorded in her<br />

bedroom on Instagram and<br />

Soundcloud, and it wasn’t<br />

long before she had fans. She<br />

says she’s “writing [her] deepest,<br />

darkest feelings down on paper”,<br />

and it seems people find it easy to<br />

relate to her.<br />

7 In February of this year,<br />

Abrams released her first album,<br />

Good Riddance. The songs on<br />

that album are about the ups and<br />

downs of relationships, about<br />

family and about being open for<br />

change.<br />

8 Abrams said, “I was capturing<br />

a lot of transformations and<br />

transitions in my life.” She told<br />

Flaunt magazine, “what pops<br />

into my mind is a person walking<br />

through an open door. They are<br />

walking into a new chapter.” She<br />

should know, as she’s had quite<br />

the new chapter herself lately.<br />

9 Her debut album was a big<br />

success, and tickets for the Good<br />

Riddance tour sold out immediately.<br />

But it was becoming the<br />

opening act for Taylor Swift that<br />

put the cherry on the cake for<br />

Abrams.<br />

10 About opening for Swift,<br />

Abrams told W Magazine: “I’ve<br />

been her biggest fan forever, and<br />

I’m baffled that she’s offered me<br />

this spot.” Every show with Swift<br />

is like Christmas for her, Abrams<br />

said.<br />

11 But although she loves performing<br />

and connecting with her<br />

fans during concerts, life on the<br />

road isn’t always easy for someone<br />

who describes herself as an<br />

introvert and a homebody.<br />

12 So, when Abrams isn’t touring,<br />

she’s happy to be home,<br />

spending time with family and<br />

friends and taking her rescue dog<br />

Weenie to the beach. However,<br />

her busy schedule means she<br />

won’t be able to do so anytime<br />

soon.<br />

13 After finishing up the US part<br />

of her own tour for Good Riddance<br />

and the tour with Taylor<br />

Swift, Gracie Abrams will be giving<br />

concerts in European cities<br />

this autumn, including Hamburg,<br />

Munich, and Berlin in October.<br />

14 And she’s already thinking<br />

about her next album. It seems<br />

her biggest and busiest year – or<br />

perhaps chapter – yet is only the<br />

beginning.<br />

Gracie Abrams | Photo: Getty Images<br />

Eintritt<br />

frei<br />

0 – 1 OPENING ACT Musiker(in) im Vorprogramm —<br />

pretty (coll) ziemlich — career “k´"ri´‘ Karriere; h.: Laufbahn<br />

— to reach “ri…tS‘ erreichen — to be well on one’s<br />

way to ... h.: bereits dabei sein, sich als … zu etablieren<br />

— rising talent h.: Nachwuchstalent<br />

2 – 3 critic “"--‘ Kritiker(in) — to rave about s.th. über<br />

etw. schwärmen — gentle h.: sanft — voice Stimme —<br />

lyrics Liedtext(e) — debut album “"deIbju…‘ — Billboard<br />

führende US-Musikwebseite — storytelling Erzählkunst<br />

— of the highest calibre “"kœlIb´‘ erster Güte<br />

4 – 6 nepo baby Person, die bei ihrer Karriere von berühmten<br />

Eltern profitiert — middle child das zweite von<br />

drei Kindern — director “daI"rekt´‘ Regisseur(in) — producer<br />

“pr´"dju…s´‘ (Film)Produzent(in) — it seems … es<br />

scheint, dass … — to relate to s.o. sich <strong>mit</strong> jdm. identifizieren<br />

können<br />

7 – 8 to release s.th. “rI"li…s‘ etw. herausbringen — ups<br />

and downs Höhen und Tiefen — relationship “rI"leIS´nSIp‘<br />

Beziehung — to capture s.th. “"kœptS´‘ (fig) etw. einfangen;<br />

künstlerisch darstellen — transformation<br />

“Ætrœnsf´"meIS´n‘ Verwandlung; Veränderung — transition<br />

“trœn"zIS´n‘ Übergang — flaunt “flO…nt‘ — to pop into<br />

one’s mind einem in den Sinn kommen — chapter Kapitel<br />

— quite the … ein ziemlich … — lately in letzter Zeit<br />

9 – 10 success “s´k"ses‘ Erfolg — immediately “I"mi…di´tli‘<br />

sofort — to put the cherry on the cake (fig) das absolute<br />

Highlight bedeuten — to baffle s.o. jdn. verwirren; h.:<br />

jdn. begeistern — spot Platz<br />

11 – 14 to connect with s.o. eine Verbindung zu jdm. herstellen<br />

— on the road unterwegs — introvert “"Intr´v‰…t‘<br />

introvertierte Person — homebody häuslicher Mensch —<br />

to be touring h.: sich auf Tournee befinden — rescue dog<br />

“"reskju…‘ Rettungshund; h.: Hund aus einem Tierheim —<br />

busy schedule “"SedZu…l‘ eng getakteter Zeitplan — to finish<br />

s.th. up etw. beenden — … yet bisher …<br />

29. /30.September 2023<br />

Messe Kassel<br />

Fr. 9 bis 14 Uhr<br />

Halle 3<br />

Sa. 10 bis 15 Uhr<br />

www.azubitage.de<br />

Powered by:


<strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong> September 2023 70 Jahre<br />

7<br />

Old School | 1959<br />

Travelling Then and Now<br />

1 SOON HIGHWAYS<br />

will be crowded with<br />

summer travellers.<br />

People will be on their<br />

way to holiday spots<br />

in the country; they will<br />

travel to the mountains, to<br />

the seashore, or to foreign countries.<br />

The new highways make<br />

car travel easier. Some highways<br />

are built high above the streets<br />

and city buildings; others go<br />

around the cities.<br />

2 Ford has built the model of a<br />

car which is called the Glideair.<br />

It has no wheels. The bottom<br />

of the car fits around a rail, but<br />

does not touch it. Jets of air push<br />

down on the rail and from either<br />

side. So the car can guide itself<br />

by the rail without touching it<br />

and the ground.<br />

3 Glideair is the newest step<br />

in transportation which started<br />

thousands of years ago, long<br />

before there were any roads or<br />

towns. Transportation began<br />

when people carried firewood<br />

and other loads on their backs.<br />

Later they tied such loads on<br />

the backs of tame animals. But<br />

they found that an animal could<br />

drag a heavier load than it could<br />

carry. Also, the load was easier<br />

to drag when it was raised off<br />

the ground. So men began to use<br />

wooden sledges.<br />

4 The wheel has been called<br />

“man’s greatest invention.” The<br />

first wheels must have been the<br />

ends of a roller. Wooden pins<br />

held the roller in place. Much<br />

later, men fastened an axle to a<br />

platform and fitted true wheels<br />

to the axle ends. The wheels<br />

0 – 1 THEN AND NOW früher und heute — highway<br />

(AE) Schnellstraße — holiday spot Ferien-, Urlaubsort<br />

— seashore Meeresküste, -strand — foreign countries<br />

“"fÅr´n‘ Ausland<br />

2 Ford (Motor Company) Autofabrik in Detroit —<br />

Glideair “glaId"e´‘ Luftgleiter — to fit around passen um<br />

— rail Schiene — jet of air Luftstrahl, -strom — to push<br />

down on herabstoßen auf — from either side “"aID´‘ von<br />

beiden Seiten — to guide o.s. “gaId‘ sich selbst führen,<br />

leiten — ground Erdboden<br />

3 step Schritt, Stufe — transportation “ÆtrœnspO…<br />

"teIS´n‘ Transport, Beförderung — firewood Brennholz<br />

— load Last, Ladung — to tie binden, befestigen — tame<br />

zahm — to drag ziehen — to raise off anheben — wooden<br />

sledge “sledZ‘ Holzschlitten<br />

4 man h.: Mensch — invention “In"venS´n‘ Erfindung<br />

— roller Rolle, Walze — pin Pflock, Bolzen — to hold in<br />

place festhalten — to fasten to “"fA…s´n‘ befestigen an —<br />

axle “"œks´l‘ Radachse, Welle — to fit to anbringen an —<br />

tree trunk Baumstamm — cart Karren, zweirädriger Wagen<br />

— waggon Frachtwagen — Frenchman Franzose<br />

— steam boiler Dampfkessel — mile engl. Meile = 1,609<br />

The Curtiss-Wright Air Car (around 1960) was similar to the<br />

Glideair. | Photo: YouTube<br />

were thick slices of tree trunks.<br />

Then man built all kinds of carts<br />

and waggons for animals to<br />

pull. In 1769, a Frenchman put a<br />

steam boiler on a three-wheeled<br />

waggon. Steam turned the front<br />

wheel, and the waggon rolled<br />

along at 2 1/2 miles an hour. It<br />

was a start towards using machine<br />

power instead of muscle<br />

power. Britain had the first steam<br />

railway in 1825, and in 1863, a<br />

German doctor invented an engine<br />

that would run on petrol.<br />

Other Germans built petrol-driven<br />

vehicles. The forerunner of our<br />

modern cars was tested by Daimler<br />

and Benz in 1885.<br />

5 In 1816, a Frenchman had<br />

made improvements on a walkabout<br />

bike which he called celeripede.<br />

About the same time,<br />

the Baron von Drais, a German,<br />

put a saddle and a horse-shaped<br />

body on a celeripede and called<br />

it a draisine. The first true bicycle<br />

was invented in 1840, but it had<br />

not yet pneumatic tires.<br />

6 Today, many people travel<br />

by air because planes are faster<br />

than railways. The Air Age began<br />

in 1903 on a December day when<br />

Orville and Wilbur Wright went<br />

up in their “flying machine.” Its<br />

first flight lasted 12 seconds. Today,<br />

aeroplanes fly across oceans<br />

and continents at high speeds. In<br />

America, almost as many people<br />

fly from one city to another as go<br />

by train. Air travel will be faster<br />

than ever when our jet passenger<br />

planes roar through the air. Fourengine<br />

jets will fly from America<br />

to Britain in 6 or 7 hours. Americans<br />

are planning to use a new<br />

flying machine called a helijeep.<br />

It is like a jeep and like a helicopter.<br />

It can take off and land just<br />

like a helicopter. The helijeep<br />

can fly about 150 miles an hour,<br />

under bridges and over mountains.<br />

A helijeep may be good for<br />

you to make short trips close to<br />

the ground.<br />

7 Transportation and travelling,<br />

like everything else, keep<br />

changing. The latest change has<br />

been brought by Glideair. It will<br />

travel faster than anything on<br />

wheels and will run more cheaply<br />

than a plane. Will Glideair become<br />

the railway of the future?<br />

(AM.) – YOUNG CITIZEN, READ<br />

MAGAZINE<br />

km — towards … “t´"wO…dz‘ zu … hin, auf … zu — machine<br />

power Maschinenkraft — muscle “"møs´l‘ Muskel<br />

— to invent erfinden — engine “"endZIn‘ Motor, Maschine<br />

— to run on petrol “"petr´l‘ <strong>mit</strong> Benzin laufen — petrol-driven<br />

<strong>mit</strong> Benzin angetrieben — vehicle “"vI´k´l‘<br />

Fahrzeug — forerunner Vorläufer — Daimler and Benz<br />

Gottlieb D. (1834 – 1900), Pionier des Kraftfahrzeugbaus;<br />

Karl B. (1844 – 1929), Ingenieur (Mercedes)<br />

5 improvement “Im"pru…vm´nt‘ Verbesserung —<br />

walk-about bike (bicycle) Lauffahrrad — celeripede<br />

frühe Form des Fahrrads — Baron von Drais Freiherr v.<br />

Dr. (1785 – 1851), badischer Forstbeamter — saddle Sattel<br />

— horse-shaped body wie ein Pferd geformtes Gestell —<br />

draisine Laufmaschine — pneumatic tire “nju…"mœtIk‘<br />

Luftreifen (erfunden 1888 von Dunlop)<br />

6 – 7 by air auf dem Luftweg — Air Age Zeitalter der<br />

Luftfahrt — Orville and Wilbur Wright erbauten das erste<br />

Motorflugzeug in den USA — to last dauern — (aero)<br />

plane Flugzeug — jet passenger plane Düsenverkehrsflugzeug<br />

— to roar brausen, donnern — four-engine jet<br />

viermotoriges Düsenflugzeug — to take off abheben —<br />

to keep changing im Wandel bleiben<br />

New School | Today<br />

From London to<br />

Sydney in two hours<br />

FUTURE TRAVEL<br />

Suborbital flight could<br />

drastically reduce flight<br />

times within the next<br />

ten years.<br />

By Franziska Lange<br />

1 THESE DAYS,a flight from<br />

London to Sydney takes around<br />

22 hours. But within the next ten<br />

years, that same journey might<br />

take no more than two hours,<br />

thanks to suborbital flight.<br />

2 <strong>On</strong> such a suborbital flight,<br />

passengers would be sent 100<br />

kilometres up into the air, leaving<br />

the Earth’s atmosphere and<br />

entering space. The spacecraft<br />

would stay on a suborbital trajectory<br />

before re-entering the<br />

Earth’s atmosphere to land on<br />

the other side of the world.<br />

3 This would reduce flight time<br />

by a whopping 20 hours, but it<br />

would also impose very high<br />

forces of gravity, or G-forces, on<br />

passengers.<br />

4 <strong>On</strong> a suborbital flight, G-<br />

forces would be four times the<br />

usual force of the Earth’s gravity,<br />

or 4G, for 20 to 30 seconds on the<br />

way up. <strong>On</strong> the way down, they<br />

would even be six times the force<br />

of the Earth’s gravity, or 6G, for<br />

10 to 15 seconds.<br />

5 King’s College London, the<br />

Royal Air Force, and the Civil<br />

Aviation Authority (CAA) looked<br />

at the effects this would have on<br />

passengers.<br />

6 Researchers put 24 healthy<br />

people aged between 32 and 80<br />

in a centrifuge to test their reactions<br />

to G-forces.<br />

7 <strong>On</strong>e participant passed out<br />

for several seconds but didn’t<br />

have any lasting effects. Others<br />

said they had a “greying out” of<br />

their peripheral vision for a short<br />

time. Participants also felt pressure<br />

on the chest, which made it<br />

harder to breathe. High G-forces<br />

make blood flow away from<br />

the brain, reduce oxygen in the<br />

blood, and make heart rate and<br />

blood pressure go up.<br />

8 But the researchers say that<br />

things quickly return to normal<br />

and that most people would be<br />

able to cope with the effects of G-<br />

forces during a suborbital flight.<br />

9 Dr Ryan Anderton, the medical<br />

lead for space flight at the<br />

CAA, told the Times that “physiological<br />

responses will likely be<br />

benign for most passengers” and<br />

that there aren’t any lasting negative<br />

effects.<br />

10 However, suborbital flights<br />

could have some other negative<br />

effects, namely, on people’s wallets:<br />

the CAA believes that a seat<br />

on a suborbital flight will cost<br />

$350,000. However, they also<br />

say that prices will go down as<br />

demand goes up, making this<br />

travel option “accessible to anybody”.<br />

0 – 2 SUBORBITAL FLIGHT “Æsøb"O…bIt´l‘ Suborbitalflug — within “wI"DIn‘<br />

innerhalb — Earth “‰…T‘ Erde — atmosphere “"œtm´sfI´‘ — space Weltraum<br />

— spacecraft Raumfahrzeug — s. trajectory “tr´"dZekt´ri‘ suborbitale Flugbahn<br />

— to re-enter … “ri…"ent´‘ wiedereintreten in …<br />

3 by a whopping … “"wÅpIN‘ um satte … — to impose s.th. on s.o.<br />

“Im"p´Uz‘ h.: jdn. etw. aussetzen — force of gravity “fO…s; "grœv´ti‘ Schwerkraft;<br />

Erdanziehungskraft — G-forces G(ravitations)-Kräfte<br />

4 – 6 X times the usual ... X-mal mehr als die übliche … — Civil Aviation<br />

Authority “"sIv´l ÆeIvI"eIS´n O…"TÅr´ti‘ Behörde für Zivilluftfahrt — effect Auswirkung<br />

— researcher “rI"s‰…tS´‘ Wissenschaftler(in) — centrifuge “"sentrIfju…<br />

dZ‘ Zentrifuge<br />

7 participant “pa…"tIsIp´nt‘ (Studien)Teilnehmer(in) — to pass out das<br />

Bewusstsein verlieren — lasting dauerhaft — greying out Grauschleier;<br />

Verschwommenheit — peripheral vision “pe"rIf´r´l "vIZ´n‘ peripheres Sehfeld<br />

(äußerer Rand des S.) — pressure “"preS´‘ Druck — chest Brustkorb —<br />

to breathe “"bri…D‘ atmen — oxygen “"ÅksIdZ´n‘ Sauerstoff — heart rate Puls;<br />

Herzfrequenz<br />

8 – 9 to return to normal sich normalisieren — to cope with s.th. <strong>mit</strong> etw.<br />

klarkommen — medical lead “"medIk´l li…d‘ medizinische(r) Leiter(in) —<br />

physiological response “ÆfIzi´"lÅdZIk´l rI"spÅns‘ körperliche Reaktion — to be<br />

likely to be … wahrscheinlich … sein werden — benign “bI"naIn‘ mild; h.:<br />

unbedenklich<br />

10 namely nämlich — demand “dI"mA…nd‘ Nachfrage — accessible<br />

“´k"ses´b´l‘ zugänglich; h.: erschwinglich


8<br />

September 2023<br />

First TikTok,<br />

then the<br />

bestsellers list<br />

<strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong><br />

Noch mehr <strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong>?<br />

Jetzt Gelesenes online üben!<br />

→ Hier geht es zu den interaktiven<br />

<strong>Übungen</strong> dieser Ausgabe.<br />

Jede Übung auch zum Import in Ihr LMS.<br />

SOCIAL MEDIA • LITERATURE After a<br />

TikToker posted a video of one man’s lonely book<br />

signing, the book became a runaway hit.<br />

<strong>mit</strong> Audiodatei und<br />

Übungsmaterial<br />

American English<br />

By Jessica Stuart<br />

1 FIFTY-EIGHT-YEAR-OLD<br />

Shawn Warner, a U.S. Army veteran<br />

and former therapist, grew<br />

up hearing that he was a great<br />

writer. But being a great writer,<br />

people said, isn’t enough to make<br />

a living. Warner believed that,<br />

until an unexpected meeting with<br />

a TikToker landed him on the<br />

bestsellers list, turning Warner’s<br />

career – and life – around.<br />

2 Earlier this summer, Warner<br />

was sitting alone in a Texas grocery<br />

store, waiting to sign copies<br />

of his first book for young adults:<br />

Leigh Howard and the Ghosts<br />

of Simmons-Pierce Manor. The<br />

book hadn’t been selling very<br />

well, and few people were stopping<br />

by.<br />

3 A TikToker named Jerrad<br />

Swearenjin, who calls himself<br />

Red and makes TikTok videos<br />

under the account @internetfamouslol,<br />

happened to be in the<br />

store at the same time.<br />

4 Swearenjin saw Warner,<br />

thought he looked sad, and decided<br />

to make a video with him. He<br />

also grabbed a book from Warner<br />

for a TikTok giveaway, although,<br />

as he wrote under his video, he<br />

doesn’t himself read books.<br />

5 Swearenjin later told the Today<br />

Show that he’s a “big people<br />

person” and that when he saw<br />

Warner without a smile on his<br />

face, he wanted to “change” that.<br />

Change it he did.<br />

6 Swearenjin’s video went viral,<br />

gathering more than 18 million<br />

views. Warner’s book, which is<br />

about a teenage girl and a ghost<br />

with multiple personalities working<br />

together to find out who killed<br />

the girl’s parents, quickly became<br />

the #1 bestselling book on Amazon.<br />

By mid-July, the book had<br />

over 2,000 reviews on the website;<br />

90 percent of them were fivestar<br />

ratings.<br />

7 Warner told NBC News that<br />

he never thought he would sell<br />

even 1,000 books, let alone the<br />

numbers he’s hit now. But it’s<br />

not just about book sales for him.<br />

It means a lot to him, he says, to<br />

see so many people “enjoying the<br />

book for its own sake.”<br />

8 Warner even created his own<br />

TikTok account to thank all his<br />

fans personally. He has also, of<br />

course, thanked Swearenjin. “He<br />

brightened up my day, and then<br />

it just brightened up my life,” he<br />

told the Today Show.<br />

9 Writing on his own website,<br />

Warner says that he is now living<br />

out his childhood dream, and he<br />

Shawn Warner went on the Today Show to talk about his<br />

experience. | Photos: YouTube<br />

regrets that he was ever “dumb<br />

enough to listen” to all the people<br />

who told him he couldn’t be a successful<br />

writer. He’s writing every<br />

day now and already working on<br />

his next book.<br />

10 Whatever happens next,<br />

it’s clear that Warner’s life has<br />

changed forever – all because one<br />

The October issue is out on September 26.<br />

man showed a little bit of kindness<br />

to another. “<strong>On</strong>e guy saw<br />

another sitting there,” Warner<br />

told NBC News. “And he just<br />

came to say hello out of an act<br />

of kindness. And that one act<br />

by one person triggered a tsunami<br />

of generosity after.”<br />

Cartoon interpretation: www.sprachzeitungen.de<br />

0 – 1 LONELY einsam — book signing “"saInIN‘ Signierstunde<br />

— runaway hit (coll) Riesenerfolg — former<br />

ehemalige(r, s) — therapist “"Ter´pIst‘ Therapeut(in) —<br />

to make a living seinen Lebensunterhalt verdienen — unexpected<br />

unerwartet — to turn s.th. around (fig) etw.<br />

auf den Kopf stellen<br />

2 – 4 grocery store “"gr´Us´ri‘ Lebens<strong>mit</strong>telgeschäft — to<br />

sign s.th. etw. signieren — copy Exemplar — to stop by<br />

vorbeikommen — to happen to do s.th. etw. zufällig tun<br />

— to grab s.th. sich etw. schnappen — giveaway Gewinnspiel<br />

— although “O…l"D´U‘ obwohl<br />

5 – 6 people person (coll) freundlicher, kommunikativer<br />

Mensch — to go viral “"vaI´r´l‘ (coll) sich rasend schnell<br />

im Internet verbreiten — to gather views Aufrufe erzielen<br />

— multiple personalities “"møltIp´l; Æp‰…s´n"œl´tiz‘ multiple<br />

Persönlichkeiten — review “-"-‘ Rezension — rating Bewertung<br />

7 – 8 let alone geschweige denn — to hit s.th. etw. erreichen<br />

— sales Verkäufe — for its own sake um seiner<br />

selbst willen — to create s.th. “kri"eIt‘ etw. erstellen — to<br />

brighten up s.o.’s day/life “"braIt´n‘ (fig) jdn. aufheitern;<br />

Freude in jds. Leben bringen<br />

9 – 10 to live out one’s childhood dream seinen Kindheitstraum<br />

ausleben — to regret s.th. “-"-‘ etw. bereuen<br />

— dumb “døm‘ dumm — successful “s´k"sesf´l‘ erfolgreich<br />

— whatever was auch immer — kindness “"kaIndn´s‘<br />

Freundlichkeit — to trigger s.th. etw. auslösen — tsunami<br />

(fig) Welle — generosity “ÆdZen´"rÅs´ti‘ Großzügigkeit<br />

Answers to the crossword on page 4<br />

Across: 1 mushroom, 3 beef, 6 pancake, 8 vegetable, 9 oats, 10 soup<br />

|<br />

Cartoon: Cagle Cartoons<br />

Down: 2 stew, 3 buckwheat, 4 lentil, 5 salad, 7 potato • Solution: PLANT SPECIES


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ein topping sein?<br />

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• Themenheft<br />

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• Themenheft<br />

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African Americans<br />

in Politik und Gesellschaft<br />

Neu!<br />

In diesem Themenheft werden wichtige Persönlich keiten aus<br />

Politik und Gesellschaft vorgestellt, wie z.B. Barack Obama und<br />

Ketanji Brown Jackson. Weiterhin werden die Jim Crow Laws als<br />

Grundlage für systematischen Rassismus und Chancenungleichheit<br />

gegenüber Afroamerikaner:innen erläutert.<br />

Die Bedeutung der Jim Crow Laws für das reale Leben von<br />

Afroamerikaner:innen in den USA wird an einem konkreten<br />

historischen Beispiel aufgezeigt.<br />

Ein besonderes Plus dieses Heftes ist die Materialvielfalt:<br />

Sachtexte, Videos, Podcasts, Infografiken und Trainingseinheiten<br />

inkl. Lösungen festigen das Verständnis und bereiten u.a. auf den<br />

Mittleren Schulabschluss (MSA) im Fach Englisch vor.<br />

obama – what he meant then and now<br />

reading<br />

1 Watch the video “President Barack Obama’s best moments on camera”<br />

and match the years with what happened. You can either scan the QR code on<br />

the right side or use the link to watch the video. Then fill in the chart.<br />

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-EUbjOtRGaY<br />

Extra: African Americans –<br />

Politics and Society<br />

Themenheft in englischer Sprache<br />

40 Seiten, DIN A4, Softcover · ¤ 16,90<br />

ISBN 978-3-7961-1180-8<br />

• Niveau B1 – B1+ / Sekundarstufe I<br />

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• Materialvielfalt: Sachtexte,<br />

Videos, Podcasts, Infografiken,<br />

<strong>On</strong>line-<strong>Übungen</strong><br />

a) 2008<br />

b) 2009<br />

c) 2010<br />

d) 2011<br />

e) 2012<br />

f) 2013<br />

g) 2014<br />

A<br />

B<br />

C<br />

D<br />

E<br />

F<br />

G<br />

Barack Obama and Russian President Vladimir Putin have dinner at a<br />

hamburger restaurant between regular customers.<br />

Together with his Vice President Joseph Biden, Barack Obama runs laps inside<br />

the White House to do sport while working.<br />

Romantically dancing live on stage, President obama Obama and – what his wife he Michelle meant then and now<br />

impress the audience.<br />

Obama –<br />

What He Meant<br />

Then and Now<br />

President Obama dances with TV Host Ellen de Generes on her late night<br />

show.ng.<br />

Attending a Methodist church practice, President Obama leads the attendees<br />

into a gospel song.<br />

After receiving the Noble Peace Price, President Obama thanks his daughter<br />

for keeping things in perspective.<br />

President Obama says finally goodbye at a White House event literally<br />

dropping the mic.<br />

By Samuel Chesney<br />

H As he is explaining his policies live from the White House garden, Obama<br />

i) 2015<br />

catches a pregnant woman who is fainting. 1 IN THE LEAD-UP to the 2004 election cycle, a young<br />

senator from Illinois was asked if he would ever plan on running<br />

for President the executive Obama office. throws I remember the hoping he would<br />

I While watching a baseball game in the stadium,<br />

j) 2016<br />

pitch on the field.<br />

say “yes,” since I had never seen a politician so well-spoken<br />

and comfortable in front of the camera. However, he answered<br />

sees a in crying the negative, baby and I, calms just a young teenager at the<br />

J At a meeting with citizens President Obama<br />

her by taking her in his arms and rocking her. time, asked my father who this man was because I planned<br />

to keep an eye out for him in the future. He told me that the<br />

man I was watching was Senator Barack Obama, and little<br />

a) ____ b) ____ c) ____ d) ____ e) ____ f) ____ did I know g) ____ that I would h) ____ be seeing i) a lot ____ more of him in the<br />

years to come.<br />

2 Three years later, in 2007, Obama announced his own<br />

candidacy for the office of the President of the United States.<br />

2 <strong>Read</strong> the text “Obama – what he meant then and now”. Then I knew decide this was if a the big moment statements because on although he was not<br />

the text are true (T), false (F), or not in the text (N). Tick the (X) first your African answers: American to run for president or to be considered<br />

as a possible candidate of a party, something felt different;<br />

there was momentum and a desire for change. After<br />

Statements the Bush Presidency and Terrant Fwars Nin multiple countries,<br />

we needed something new.<br />

a) Before running for president, Barack Obama served as US senator. 3 Barack Obama was a candidate who could rally different<br />

constituencies and sent a clear signal to minority voters,<br />

b) During the Bush presidency, tens of thousands of US soldiers young died. and old, that they would be heard. His first election<br />

in 2008 was an ecstatic time. Voters had not only the chance<br />

c) Barack Obama started work as US president in November 2008. to change the future but also the opportunity to make history<br />

by electing the first African American President of the<br />

d) Many Americans equated President Obama with a hope for change.<br />

United States. The infatuation that Obama’s voters felt for<br />

him was also reflected in the enormous crowd in Chicago<br />

e) The Occupy Movement was mainly active on the east coast of the USA.<br />

that celebrated his election victory in November 2008. This<br />

momentous occasion was also so close to home as friends<br />

f) During the Obama presidency, climate change became a main issue.<br />

traveled with their families to Washington DC the following<br />

g) Obama couldn’t tackle the economic recession successfully. January to witness the inauguration of the first Black president<br />

of the United States of America.<br />

4 His election as president represented not only a historical<br />

moment, given the fraught history of the country regarding<br />

race and discrimination, but also a reemergence of the<br />

© 2023 Carl Ed. Schünemann KG. Alle Rechte vorbehalten. United States on the world stage. A new, fresh face unlike 5<br />

typical winners of elections in Western society would now<br />

represent the US at international meetings and forums. The<br />

bitter taste of years of war and mismanagement that preceded<br />

Obama’s tenure would hopefully be redeemed by real<br />

change and good faith dialogue. There was also optimism at<br />

0 – 1 IN THE lead-up to im Vorfeld — election<br />

cycle Wahlen — Illinois — to run for<br />

the executive office für das Präsidentenamt<br />

kandidieren<br />

2 momentum Dynamik —errant fehlgeleitet<br />

3 to rally mobilisieren — constituency<br />

Wählergruppe — infatuation Vernarrtheit<br />

— momentous bedeutsam — to be close to<br />

home (fig) von persönlicher Bedeutung sein<br />

Auch<br />

als PDF<br />

reading<br />

home that the country could finally move beyond its troubled<br />

past.<br />

5 The first challenges for Obama’s presidency were the<br />

2008 recession as well as the first large political movement<br />

of my generation, the Occupy Movement. Though these issues<br />

stemmed from problems inherited from the previous<br />

presidency, they were a test for young people as to whether<br />

or not they would be heard. The difficult years following the<br />

Great Recession had already caused Obama’s popularity to<br />

slump by the time he was due for re-election, and he was<br />

having trouble convincing young people to have hope with<br />

promises that things would soon get better.<br />

6 In other arenas, however, he was exactly what many<br />

were hoping for. It was a breath of fresh air, no pun intended,<br />

when Obama, as one of his first executive actions, recognized<br />

climate change as a real threat to humanity and the<br />

future of young people as well as generations to come. The<br />

Affordable Care Act (ACA), which was passed in 2010, was<br />

a step in the right direction that many Americans needed,<br />

especially young Americans trying to make a future for<br />

themselves after the recession. Although the law left a lot<br />

wanting, many young people employed by small businesses<br />

saw it as a step in the right direction.<br />

7 Obama also had a rough time with other domestic issues<br />

throughout his presidency. He had to plead for gun control<br />

measures in the wake of the Sandy Hook Shooting and was<br />

not able to capitalize on the Black Lives Matter movement<br />

| Photo: Getty Images<br />

— inauguration Amtseinführung<br />

4 fraught problematisch —reemergence<br />

Rückkehr — to precede s.th. etw. vorangehen<br />

— tenure Amtszeit — to redeem<br />

wiedergutmachen<br />

5 to stem from s.th. auf etw. zurückzuführen<br />

sein — as to whether or not … ob …<br />

oder nicht —to slump stark sinken<br />

6 arena Bereich —no pun intended<br />

kein Wortspiel beabsichtigt — executive action<br />

Amtshandlung — ACA US-Bundesgesetz,<br />

das den Zugang zur Krankenversicherung<br />

regelt — to make a future for o.s. s. e-e<br />

Zukunft aufbauen — to leave a lot wanting<br />

(fig) viel zu wünschen übrig lassen<br />

7 domestic innenpolitisch — to plead<br />

for s.th. inständig um etw. bitten — in the<br />

wake of nach — to capitalize on s.th. h.:<br />

aus etw. politischen Nutzen ziehen —<br />

4<br />

© 2023 Carl Ed. Schünemann KG. Alle Rechte vorbehalten.<br />

• Die Sprachzeitung •<br />

Carl Ed. Schünemann kg · Zweite Schlachtpforte 7 · 28195 Bremen · Germany<br />

www.sprachzeitungen.de


Rolle und Wandel<br />

der Monarchie<br />

In diesem Themenheft werden Rolle und Wandel der<br />

Monarchie in Groß britannien erarbeitet. Aktuelle Pressetexte,<br />

Videos, Podcasts, Infografiken und Cartoons sind die<br />

Materialien, <strong>mit</strong> denen Lernende herangeführt werden an<br />

grundlegende Inhalte wie z.B. die britische Krone als Institution,<br />

die Bedeutung von Harrys und Meghans Rückzug<br />

aus dem Königshaus, die Sicht der westlichen Welt darauf<br />

und nicht zuletzt das wichtige Thema Commonwealth.<br />

<strong>Übungen</strong> inkl. Lösungen festigen das Verständnis und<br />

bereiten gezielt auf Prüfungen im Fach Englisch vor.<br />

why the queen is not likely to abdicate<br />

reading<br />

Focus on Words<br />

1 Match the following words with the correct definitions.<br />

a) monarchy A the people allowed to vote in an election<br />

b) sovereign B to assign a role to someone<br />

c) electorate C a ruler or monarch who has supreme power or authority<br />

d) to inherit D the condition of being different<br />

e) to appoint E to receive a position or property from a predecessor<br />

Extra: The United Kingdom –<br />

Monarchy<br />

Themenheft in englischer Sprache<br />

48 Seiten, DIN A4, Softcover · ¤ 16,90 [D]<br />

ISBN 978-3-7961-1164-8<br />

• Niveau B2 – C1 – C2,<br />

gymnasiale Oberstufe<br />

• Materialvielfalt:<br />

aktuelle Pressetexte, Videos,<br />

Podcasts, Infografiken, Cartoons<br />

f) distinction F a form of government that has a hereditary ruler<br />

a) b) c) d) e) f)<br />

2 Use some of the words from exercise 1 to complete the following sentences. If you use a<br />

verb, be sure to use the correct grammatical form.<br />

a) The UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson by the Queen.<br />

b) The monarch acts as head of state because he or she<br />

the position.<br />

british monarchy and the role of the queen<br />

Why the Queen Is Not Likely<br />

to Abdicate<br />

ABDICATION Though she will<br />

probably find it hard without Prince Philip,<br />

the Queen is unlikely to step down.<br />

By Caroline Davies<br />

c) The people in an typically do not vote for a<br />

1 THE QUEEN, newly widowed, will find it “difficult”<br />

.<br />

without the support she has leant on over 73 years of marriage<br />

to the Duke of Edinburgh, but royal observers have<br />

dismissed any speculation that she might consider stepping<br />

down.<br />

3 Use the link or QR code to watch a short video of the Queen’s 2 The former Prime Minister Sir John Major acknowledged<br />

that her position as monarch was “a very lonely posi-<br />

address to the UK Parliament at a state opening ceremony:<br />

tion”. He told BBC <strong>On</strong>e’s The Andrew Marr Show: “There are<br />

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qRInTdkb0R8.<br />

a li<strong>mit</strong>ed number of people to whom she can really open her<br />

Take notes on the following questions.<br />

heart, to whom she can really speak with total frankness, to<br />

whom she can say things that would be reported by other<br />

people and thought to be indelicate.”<br />

a) How is the Queen presented in the short video clip?<br />

3 She could “unburden herself” on Philip. When facing<br />

“a sea of problems”, or when feeling overwhelmed and<br />

needing to share decision-making, one needed someone to<br />

understand, “someone who can metaphorically – or in the<br />

case of Prince Philip, I think, probably literally – put their<br />

arms around you and say: ‘It’s not as bad as you think,’” said<br />

Major, on whom the Queen bestowed the honour of Garter<br />

Knight.<br />

4 Speculation about Philip’s death precipitating an abdication<br />

is unlikely to bear out, say royal experts. “<strong>On</strong>e main<br />

reason why the Queen will absolutely not abdicate is that<br />

unlike other European monarchs, she is an anointed queen,”<br />

the royal historian Hugo Vickers told the Guardian, referring<br />

to the pact she made with God during her coronation.<br />

“And if you are an anointed queen, you do not abdicate.”<br />

5 If she was unable to fulfil her constitutional duties, a regent<br />

could be appointed, as happened with George III. She<br />

© 2022 Carl Ed. Schünemann KG. Alle Rechte vorbehalten. also celebrates her Platinum Jubilee next year. “It would 5 be<br />

completely illogical to abdicate just before that extraordinary<br />

anniversary,” he said. “It’s a wonderful opportunity to<br />

celebrate. And I would hope she would be feeling up to that;<br />

a bit of time would have passed.<br />

6 “We need the Queen, with her vast experience. And she<br />

is still absolutely fine. She is still riding and very busily at<br />

the centre of everything; her office is still thriving. She can’t<br />

go out much at the moment, but she does occasionally. She<br />

looks wonderful, so no abdicating.”<br />

0 – 2 TO ABDICATE “"œbdIkeIt‘ abdanken;<br />

abdication Abdankung — to step down<br />

zurücktreten; h.: abdanken — widowed<br />

“"wId´Ud‘ verwitwet; s.w.u. widow Witwe —<br />

to lean on s.th. s. auf etw. verlassen — duke<br />

“dZu…k‘ Herzog — observer Beobachter(in)<br />

— to dismiss zurückweisen — to acknowledge<br />

“´k"nÅlIdZ‘ einräumen — frankness Offenheit<br />

— indelicate “In"delIk´t‘ unsensibel;<br />

taktlos<br />

3 – 4 to unburden o.s. on s.o. “øn"b‰…<br />

d´n‘ jdm. sein Herz ausschütten — overwhelmed<br />

überfordert — decision-making<br />

Entscheidungsfindung — metaphorically<br />

“Æmet´"fÅrIk´li‘ bildlich gesprochen — to bestow<br />

s.th. on s.o. “bI"st´U‘ jdm. etw. zuteilwerden<br />

lassen — Garter Knight Mitglied<br />

des Hosenbandordens — to precipitate<br />

“prI"sIpIteIt‘ herbeiführen — to bear out s.<br />

bestätigen — to anoint “´"nOInt‘ salben — to<br />

refer to s.th. s. auf etw. beziehen — coronation<br />

Krönung<br />

5 – 7 to fulfil a duty e-e Pflicht erfüllen —<br />

constitutional “ÆkÅnstI"tSu…S´n´l‘ verfassungsmäßig<br />

— regent “"ri…dZ´nt‘ Regent(in) — to<br />

appoint “´"pOInt‘ ernennen — to feel up to<br />

reading<br />

Royal observers<br />

have dismissed any<br />

speculation that Queen<br />

Elizabeth II might<br />

consider stepping down.<br />

| Photo: Picture<br />

Alliance<br />

7 The Prince of Wales and Duke of Cambridge have done<br />

much of the heavy lifting of royal engagements in recent<br />

years. Since Philip retired from public life in 2017, the Queen<br />

has leant on her son and grandson. “It’s lovely to think she<br />

does have a very supportive royal family, and that’s what<br />

they are there for,” said Vickers. “And they will help her now.<br />

They will step up to the mark.”<br />

8 Joe Little, the managing editor of Majesty Magazine,<br />

said: “I remain of the opinion that although the loss of<br />

Prince Philip is devastating for her personally, I don’t think<br />

it is going to impact on her role as monarch. I suspect that<br />

will continue pretty much as it has in the past few years.<br />

9 “Clearly, it’s a strange time at the moment because of<br />

COVID, and we’ve seen much less of her than we might have<br />

done otherwise. But I feel that despite the fact she is now<br />

a widow, and she’s soon going to be 95, it will still be very<br />

much business as usual.<br />

10 “There has already been the handover of certain responsibilities,<br />

not least to the Prince of Wales in the last few<br />

years, and clearly that will continue. But as monarch, she<br />

will continue as long as she is physically and mentally able<br />

to do so.<br />

11 “I think it is in her DNA. It also goes back not only to her<br />

speech in 1947 in South Africa but more specifically to the<br />

oath she took at the time of the coronation. She is a com<strong>mit</strong>ted<br />

Christian. That’s the contract she made with God, and I<br />

think it’s something she feels can’t be broken. It’s just how<br />

she is.”<br />

© 2021 Guardian News and Media Ltd<br />

s.th. s. etw. gewachsen fühlen — to thrive<br />

“TraIv‘ gedeihen — to do much of the heavy<br />

lifting (fig) e-n Großteil der Arbeit erledigen<br />

— engagement “In"geIdZm´nt‘ Verpflichtung<br />

— supportive “s´"pO…tIv‘ unterstützend — to<br />

step up to the mark (fig) s. der Herausforderung<br />

stellen<br />

8 – 11 managing editor Chefredakteur(in)<br />

— devastating “"dev´steItIN‘ verheerend;<br />

niederschmetternd — to impact on s.th. s.<br />

auf etw. auswirken — handover Übergabe<br />

— oath “´UT‘ Eid — com<strong>mit</strong>ted Christian<br />

bekennende(r) Christ(in)<br />

4<br />

© 2022 Carl Ed. Schünemann KG. Alle Rechte vorbehalten.<br />

• Die Sprachzeitung •<br />

Carl Ed. Schünemann kg · Zweite Schlachtpforte 7 · 28195 Bremen · Germany<br />

www.sprachzeitungen.de

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