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Oktober 2023<br />

Nr. 10 | 70. Jahrgang<br />

Englisch lernen mit leicht lesbaren, aktuellen<br />

Artikeln und ausführlichem Vokabular<br />

€ 2,50 [D]<br />

NEWS AND REPORTS FROM BRITAIN AND AMERICA IN EASY ENGLISH<br />

Themen nach Bildungsplänen<br />

UK SECURITY<br />

A spy in Westminster<br />

Page 2<br />

SOCIAL MEDIA • BUSINESS<br />

Free food for good reviews<br />

Page 4<br />

SCIENCE<br />

Scientists revive 46,000-yearold<br />

roundworms<br />

Page 5<br />

A2–B1<br />

| Photo: Getty Images<br />

Has pickleball become<br />

America’s new favourite pastime?<br />

The sport, a mixture of tennis,<br />

badminton and ping pong, is very<br />

popular in the US now.<br />

<strong>Read</strong> more onpage 3<br />

Girl dinner is a big trend<br />

on TikTok, but perhaps the<br />

simple evening meal of light<br />

snacks is more or less just<br />

German Abendbrot.<br />

<strong>Read</strong> more on page 6<br />

New York City cracks down<br />

on Airbnb<br />

CITIES • TOURISM The Big Apple’s new rules for short-term rentals began last month.<br />

| Photo: Getty Images<br />

QUESTION TIME<br />

What is Columbus Day?<br />

Page 6<br />

70 Jahre<br />

UFOs<br />

Page 7<br />

SCIENCE<br />

Boring tasks help creativity<br />

Page 8<br />

Die Sprachzeitung nach<br />

Bildungsplan!<br />

View of the<br />

Lower East Side<br />

of Manhattan.<br />

There are still<br />

about 40,000<br />

Airbnb listings<br />

in New York<br />

City, but that<br />

number is<br />

expected to go<br />

down.<br />

| Photo: Getty<br />

Images<br />

examples include:<br />

AKTUELLE THEMEN UND<br />

EREIGNISSE, LEBEN IN<br />

DEN USA, NEW YORK<br />

NYC cracks down on Airbnb<br />

Page 1<br />

ERNÄHRUNG UND<br />

ESSGEWOHNHEITEN,<br />

SOZIALE NETZWERKE,<br />

INTERKULTURALITÄT<br />

TikTok calls it “girl dinner“,<br />

Germans call it “Abendbrot”<br />

Page 6<br />

By Siobhan Bruns<br />

1 LABOR DAYis in<br />

the first week of September<br />

in the US. The<br />

holiday represents the<br />

end of the summer season.<br />

2 This year, that same week<br />

represented the end of something<br />

else in New York City: lots<br />

of short-term apartments for rent<br />

on platforms like Airbnb. Because<br />

on September 5, rules that<br />

make it more difficult to rent out<br />

an apartment for just a few days<br />

came into effect.<br />

3 Right now, there are still<br />

almost 40,000 Airbnb<br />

apartments in New York<br />

City, according to the<br />

housing advocacy group<br />

Inside Airbnb, which<br />

looks at data about the company<br />

worldwide, but that number<br />

is expected to go down.<br />

4 All short-term rental hosts<br />

must now register with the city<br />

government, and all homes<br />

which are used for short-term<br />

rentals must be up to code with<br />

safety and other regulatory requirements.<br />

5 When renting for less than 30<br />

days, hosts must prove they are<br />

living in the same place as their<br />

paying guests.<br />

6 Guests must have access to all<br />

parts of the host’s home. And no<br />

more than two guests are allowed<br />

to stay at one time.<br />

7 Hosts who break these rules<br />

could be fined between $1,000<br />

and $5,000.<br />

8 Guests will not be fined if<br />

their host has broken the rules,<br />

but companies like Airbnb are<br />

now responsible for making sure<br />

anyone using their platforms in<br />

New York follows the city’s new<br />

rules.<br />

9 Short-term rental platforms,<br />

like Airbnb, VRBO, which is<br />

owned by Expedia Group Inc.,<br />

and Booking.com, have become<br />

popular alternatives to traditional<br />

hotels in recent years.<br />

10 The idea was that hosts could<br />

earn some extra money by renting<br />

out extra space in their apartments,<br />

and guests could have a<br />

more personal experience than<br />

they would if they stayed at a<br />

hotel – and, of course, pay lower<br />

rates.<br />

Continued on page 2<br />

€ 3,00 [a,b,f] CHF 4,90 [ch]<br />

0 – 2 TO CRACK DOWNon s.th. hart gegen etw.<br />

vorgehen — The Big Apple Beiname von New York<br />

City — rule Regel — short-term rental “"-t‰…m<br />

"rent´l‘ Kurzzeitwohnung — Labor Day “"leIb´‘ Tag<br />

der Arbeit — to represent s.th. “ÆreprI"zent‘ etw.<br />

darstellen; h.: für etw. stehen — to rent out vermieten<br />

— to come into effect in Kraft treten<br />

3 according to … “´"kO…dIN‘ laut … — (housing)<br />

advocacy group “"haUzIN "œdv´k´si‘ Initiative<br />

(für Wohnraum)<br />

4 – 6 host “h´Ust‘ Gastgeber(in); h.: Vermieter(in)<br />

— to register with “"redZIst´‘ sich registrieren lassen<br />

bei — city government “"gøv´nm´nt‘ Stadtverwaltung<br />

— to be up to code den Bauvorschriften<br />

entsprechen — safety “"seIfti‘ Sicherheit — regulatory<br />

requirements “Æregj´"leIt´ri rI"kwaI´m´nts‘ behördliche<br />

Vorschriften — access “"œks´s‘ Zugang<br />

7 – 10 to break rules Regeln brechen — to fine s.o.<br />

jdm. eine Geldstrafe auferlegen — to be responsible<br />

for s.th. die Verantwortung für etw. tragen —<br />

alternative “Ål"t‰…n´tIv‘ — low rates niedrige Preise


2<br />

October 2023 <strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong><br />

A spy in Westminster<br />

UK SECURITY A parliamentary researcher for the Conservative<br />

Party has been accused of spying for China.<br />

By Siobhan Bruns<br />

1 CHRIS CASH, a 28-year-old<br />

researcher for the chairwoman<br />

of the Commons Foreign Affairs<br />

Committee, has been arrested on<br />

suspicion of spying for China.<br />

2 Cash also had contact to the<br />

MP Tom Tugendhat. Tugendhat<br />

has spoken out about China’s human<br />

rights record and has been<br />

sanctioned by Beijing.<br />

3 It is thought that Tugendhat<br />

and perhaps other MPs who<br />

have criticised China were being<br />

targeted by Chinese security<br />

services. China has denied this<br />

and called the arrest a “political<br />

farce”.<br />

4 Cash is the son of a doctor and<br />

grew up in a wealthy suburb of<br />

Edinburgh. He was a parliamentary<br />

pass holder but did not have<br />

security clearance.<br />

5 However, a source told The<br />

Times it wasn’t only top secret information<br />

that could be valuable<br />

to China.<br />

6 Networks, influence, knowing<br />

what people in parliament<br />

think, and which other people<br />

can be spoken to is also very important<br />

information, the source<br />

said.<br />

7 Several ministers in Sunak’s<br />

cabinet, including Tugendhat and<br />

Home Secretary Suella Braverman,<br />

want the UK to be tougher<br />

on China.<br />

8 But although Prime Minister<br />

Sunak said he was “appalled” by<br />

the spying charges, he has not formally<br />

said China is a threat.<br />

9 In not doing so, he has the<br />

backing of his Business Secretary,<br />

Kemi Badenoch, who said calling<br />

China a threat would “escalate<br />

things” further.<br />

0 – 1 SECURITY “sIk"jU´r´ti‘ Sicherheit — parliamentary<br />

researcher “ÆpA…l´"ment´ri rI"s‰…tS´‘ h.: wissenschaftliche(r)<br />

Referent(in) eines Regierungsmitglieds — to accuse s.o.<br />

of s.th. “´"kjU…z‘ jdm. etw. vorwerfen — chairwoman Vorsitzende<br />

— Commons foreign affairs committee<br />

“"kÅm´nz "fÅr´n ´"fe´z k´"mIti‘ außenpolitischer Ausschuss<br />

des brit. Unterhauses — on suspicion of “s´"spIS´n‘ wegen<br />

des Verdachts auf<br />

2 to speak out about s.th. zu etw. seine Meinung sagen<br />

— human rights record “"hju…m´n raIts "rekO…d‘ Menschenrechtsbilanz<br />

— to sanction s.o. “"sœNkS´n‘ Sanktionen<br />

über jdn. verhängen<br />

3 to target s.o. “"tA…gIt‘ jdn. ins Visier nehmen — security<br />

services Geheimdienst — to deny s.th. “dI"naI‘ etw.<br />

leugnen<br />

4 – 6 wealthy “"welTi‘ wohlhabend — suburb “"søb‰…b‘<br />

Vorort — Edinburgh “"edInb´r´‘ — p. pass Dienstausweis<br />

als p. Mitarbeiter(in) — s. clearance<br />

“"klI´r´ns‘ Sicherheitsfreigabe — source<br />

“"sO…s‘ Quelle — valuable “"vœlju´b´l‘ wertvoll<br />

— influence “"Influ´ns‘ Einfluss<br />

7 – 9 Home Secretary “"sekr´t´ri‘ brit.<br />

Innenminister(in) — to be tougher on<br />

s.o. “tøf‘ eine härtere Linie gegen jdn.<br />

verfolgen — to be appalled by s.th.<br />

“´"pO…ld‘ über etw. entsetzt sein — spying<br />

charge “tSA…dZ‘ Spionagevorwurf<br />

— formally offiziell — threat “Tret‘<br />

Bedrohung — backing Unterstützung<br />

— Business Secretary brit.<br />

Wirtschaftsminister(in) — to escalate<br />

s.th. further “"esk´leIt;<br />

"f‰…D´‘ etw. noch weiter eskalieren<br />

lassen<br />

news photo<br />

|<br />

Illustration: Adobe Stock<br />

Children with India’s national flag and a<br />

poster of the Indian Space Research Organisation’s<br />

(ISRO) Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft. The Chandrayaan-3,<br />

which means “Mooncraft” in Sanskrit,<br />

landed on the south pole, also known as the dark<br />

side, of the moon on August 23 – the first spacecraft<br />

to do so. It was a triumph for the world’s most<br />

populous nation and its ambitious, cut-price space<br />

programme. | Photo: Getty Images<br />

Continued from page 1<br />

11 But housing advocates said<br />

most short-term rentals were<br />

becoming de facto hotels – used<br />

for overnight guests with no one<br />

living in the apartment full time<br />

– and that needed to stop. Making<br />

those short-term rentals into<br />

places which can only be used as<br />

homes will help the city’s housing<br />

shortage, they say.<br />

12 People living in buildings<br />

with Airbnb apartments have also<br />

greeted the new law. A group told<br />

the New York Times that they felt<br />

they went from living in a normal<br />

apartment house to living inside a<br />

hotel after investors – who wanted<br />

to make a fortune by charging<br />

high nightly rates – bought several<br />

apartments in their building<br />

to use as short-term rentals.<br />

13 Murray Cox of Inside Airbnb<br />

told the Associated Press: “In<br />

New York City, residential apartments<br />

should be for residential<br />

use”.<br />

14 But others think the new law<br />

will be bad for the city’s tourist industry.<br />

“The city is sending a clear<br />

message to millions of potential<br />

visitors who will now have fewer<br />

accommodation options when<br />

they visit New York City: ‘You are<br />

not welcome’”, Airbnb’s global<br />

policy director, Theo Yedinsky,<br />

said.<br />

15 And New York City Airbnb<br />

hosts say that short-term rentals<br />

allowed them to afford to<br />

live there. <strong>On</strong>e of them, a single<br />

mother with two children who recently<br />

lost her job, told Business<br />

Insider that she depends on the<br />

$3,000 to $5,000 she makes each<br />

month from her short-term rental.<br />

“Everyone just wants a place to<br />

live and to make it in what is one<br />

of the most expensive cities in the<br />

country”, she said.<br />

11 advocate “"œdv´k´t‘ Person, die<br />

sich für etw. einsetzt — de facto quasi<br />

— housing shortage “"SO…tIdZ‘ Wohnraumknappheit<br />

12 – 13 to greet s.th. etw. begrüßen —<br />

law Gesetz — to make a fortune<br />

“"fO…tju…n‘ ein Vermögen verdienen —<br />

residential “ÆreZI"denS´l‘ Wohn-<br />

14 – 15 to send a clear message<br />

“"mesIdZ‘ (fig) deutlich machen — potential<br />

“p´"tenS´l‘ — accommodation<br />

option “´ÆkÅm´"deIS´n‘ Übernachtungsmöglichkeit<br />

— policy director<br />

“"pÅlesi daI"rekt´‘ Leiter(in) für politische<br />

Strategie — single mother alleinerziehende<br />

Mutter — to depend<br />

on s.th. “dI"pend‘ auf etw. angewiesen<br />

sein — to make it (fig) sich über Wasser<br />

halten<br />

<strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong> erscheint 1 × monatlich in der<br />

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<strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong> October 2023 70 Jahre<br />

3<br />

Pickleball, America’s<br />

new national pastime?<br />

SPORT TRENDS <br />

Pickleball is the fastest-growing sport in<br />

the US for the third year running.<br />

mit Audiodatei und<br />

By Siobhan Bruns<br />

Übungsmaterial<br />

1 AS AMERICAN AS baseball<br />

and apple pie, the saying goes.<br />

But perhaps it will soon be pickleball<br />

and apple pie. Because pickleball,<br />

a sport which combines<br />

elements of tennis, badminton,<br />

and ping pong, has taken the nation<br />

by storm.<br />

2 With an average growth rate<br />

of 158.6 per cent in the last three<br />

years, according to the Sports<br />

& Fitness Industry Association<br />

(SFIA), the racket/paddle sport<br />

now has a whopping 36.5 million<br />

players – also known as picklers.<br />

3 The enormous growth shows<br />

how popular the sport has become<br />

with people of all ages. At<br />

first, pickleball was mostly popular<br />

with older folks, but now the<br />

largest percentage (28.8) of pickleball<br />

players are 18 to 34 years<br />

old, according to the SFIA. Many<br />

think the sport is so popular because<br />

it’s easy to play.<br />

4 “In pickleball, you’re hitting<br />

a plastic wiffle-like ball, so it’s<br />

less bouncy and doesn’t fly as fast<br />

through the air. And the paddle<br />

is much easier to handle because<br />

it’s shorter and lighter than a<br />

tennis racket”, Ernie Medina Jr,<br />

an assistant professor of public<br />

health at Loma Linda University<br />

and pickleball coach, told the<br />

New York Times.<br />

5 Pickleball can be played after<br />

just one lesson. And a pickleball<br />

court is small, so it’s easy to reach<br />

the ball and return it. Also, it’s<br />

not difficult to serve in pickleball<br />

because balls are served underhand,<br />

and balls that have been<br />

served underhand are easier to<br />

hit.<br />

6 Another reason for pickleball’s<br />

popularity may be the social<br />

aspect. In a small space, it’s easier<br />

for players to talk and joke with<br />

one another. And picklers often<br />

play doubles, which means even<br />

more banter.<br />

7 But not everyone is thrilled<br />

about the new trend. Picklers<br />

have already taken over tennis<br />

courts to use them for pickleball,<br />

and some tennis players aren’t<br />

happy about it. “I say if pickleball<br />

is that popular let them build<br />

their own courts”, read a tweet<br />

from tennis champion Martina<br />

|<br />

Photos: Getty Images<br />

Navratilova. Also, the noise pickleball<br />

makes has made a lot of<br />

people angry.<br />

8 After all, the social aspect of<br />

the game can have a downside<br />

for those on the sidelines: hearing<br />

chit chat for hours on end.<br />

But it’s the sound the plastic pickleball<br />

ball makes when it hits the<br />

fibreglass-covered paddle that’s<br />

the real problem.<br />

9 Those unfortunate enough<br />

to live next to a pickleball court<br />

are being driven mad by the pop,<br />

pop, popping sound, which is<br />

not only loud but high pitched.<br />

Like popcorn in a microwave,<br />

they say. And pickleball’s smaller<br />

court size means several different<br />

games can be played at the same<br />

time.<br />

10 Fed up neighbours have had<br />

enough. “Homeowners groups<br />

and local residents in dozens of<br />

towns and cities have rallied to<br />

limit pickleball play and block<br />

the development of new courts”,<br />

CNN writes. In some places, playing<br />

pickleball on already existing<br />

tennis courts has been<br />

banned.<br />

11 But there may be another<br />

solution: making<br />

the game itself quieter.<br />

<strong>On</strong>e new company is<br />

offering sound barriers<br />

which can be set up<br />

around a pickleball court,<br />

as well as paddles and balls<br />

that make less noise.<br />

12 Noise reduction, rather than<br />

bans, may indeed be the best way<br />

to deal with pickleball’s sound<br />

problem. Because the sport won’t<br />

be going away anytime soon:<br />

pickleball’s popularity is expected<br />

to continue growing at a rate<br />

of 7.7 per cent a year until 2028,<br />

the SFIA says.<br />

| Graphic: Pickleballkitchen.com<br />

0 – 1 NATIONAL PASTIME “ÆnœS´n´l "pA…staIm‘ Volkssport — …<br />

running … in Folge — apple pie Apfelkuchen — the saying goes<br />

wie es so schön heißt — ping pong Tischtennis — to take s.th. by<br />

storm etw. im Sturm erobern<br />

2 average “"œv´rIdZ‘ durchschnittlich — growth rate “gr´UT‘<br />

Wachstumsrate — according to laut — industry association<br />

“´Æs´Usi"eIS´n‘ Fachverband — racket Schläger — paddle Tischtennisschläger<br />

— a whopping ... “"wÅpIN‘ sage und schreibe ...<br />

3 – 4 folks “"f´Uks‘ (coll) Leute — percentage “p´"sentIdZ‘ prozentualer<br />

Anteil — wiffle ball leichter Spezial ball für eine Variante<br />

des Baseballs — to be less bouncy weniger springen — to<br />

handle s.th. etw. handhaben — assistant professor “´"sIst´nt‘<br />

(AE) Dozent(in) — public health “ÆpøblIk "helT‘ öffentl. Gesundheit<br />

— coach Trainer(in)<br />

5 – 6 court “kO…t‘ Platz — to reach s.th. etw. erreichen — to return<br />

s.th. h.: etw. zurückspielen — to serve the ball aufschlagen<br />

— underhand mit der Unterhand — to hit s.th. etw. treffen —<br />

doubles Doppel — banter scherzhaftes Geplänkel<br />

7 – 8 to be thrilled about s.th. von etw. begeistert sein — to<br />

take s.th. over etw. in Beschlag nehmen — noise Lärm — after<br />

all schließlich — downside Nachteil — on the sidelines am<br />

Spielfeldrand — chit chat (coll) Geplauder — for hours on end<br />

stundenlang — fibreglass-covered “"faIb´ÆglA…s‘ mit Glasfaser<br />

überzogen<br />

9 – 10 those unfortunate enough to … “øn"fO…tS´n´t‘ diejenigen,<br />

die das Pech haben … — to be driven mad by s.th. von etw. in<br />

den Wahnsinn getrieben werden — high pitched hoch — fed up<br />

genervt — homeowners group Interessengruppe von<br />

Hausbesitzern(-innen) — local resident “"l´Uk´l "rezId´nt‘<br />

Anwohner(in) — dozens of … “"døz´ns‘ Dutzende … — to rally<br />

sich zusammenschließen — development “dI"vel´pm´nt‘ Bau —<br />

to ban s.th. etw. verbieten<br />

11 solution “s´"lu…S´n‘ Lösung — quiet “"kwaI´t‘ ruhig —<br />

sound barrier “"bœri´‘ Schallschutzwand — to set s.th. up etw.<br />

aufstellen<br />

12 reduction “rI"døkS´n‘ Minderung — rather than ... “"rA…D´‘<br />

anstatt ... — ban Verbot — to deal with a problem ein P. lösen<br />

— s.th. is expected to ... es wird erwartet, dass etw. ... — to continue<br />

doing s.th. “k´n"tInju…‘ weiter etw. tun


4 October 2023 <strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong><br />

Free food for good reviews<br />

SOCIAL MEDIA • BUSINESS<br />

Some restaurant owners have felt bullied by influencers who say they will hurt their business<br />

if not given what they ask for. mit Audiodatei und Übungsmaterial<br />

American English<br />

By Jessica Stuart<br />

1 LIKE MANYother things in<br />

the world after the pandemic,<br />

the restaurant industry changed.<br />

Workers quit or were let go, customers<br />

stayed home, and restaurants<br />

shut down. Those that<br />

didn’t discovered new challenges:<br />

high bills and influencers demanding<br />

a free dinner … or else.<br />

2 In 2022, a post went viral on<br />

Facebook. Laurel Virginia, the<br />

owner of a restaurant and bar in<br />

Oregon, wrote that an influencer<br />

was trying to blackmail her.<br />

3 The influencer – who wasn’t<br />

so much an influencer as she<br />

was a person who sometimes reviewed<br />

restaurants online – had<br />

left a three-star review on Google.<br />

4 The onion rings and fries<br />

there were great, she said, but<br />

the corn dogs were “not tasty.”<br />

She also wrote that going to the<br />

bar was “like entering the twilight<br />

zone,” and the people eating<br />

there looked like toothless<br />

people you might meet in “old Las<br />

Vegas.”<br />

5 But Virginia wasn’t upset<br />

about the review. What upset the<br />

bar and restaurant owner was the<br />

message she received after the review<br />

was posted.<br />

6 The reviewer told Virginia, in<br />

a private message, that she was<br />

“one of Google’s top reviewers”<br />

and that her post had received<br />

53,000 views.<br />

7 She then said she would review<br />

the restaurant again if Virginia<br />

would pay her $500 and<br />

give her and her family a free<br />

meal.<br />

8 Virginia said no and reported<br />

the woman to the police. That’s<br />

not the only example of influencers<br />

behaving badly.<br />

9 Last year, Antonio Malik (@<br />

antonio_eats_la on Instagram)<br />

messaged a Missouri Chinese<br />

restaurant that he’d like to work<br />

|<br />

Photo: Getty Images<br />

with them. He would make a post<br />

about them, he said, if they gave<br />

him a $100-discount on his food.<br />

10 The restaurant said no; Malik<br />

ate there anyway. A few days later,<br />

he told his followers that the<br />

restaurant was bad and had the<br />

“worst dumplings ever.”<br />

11 Xin Wei, the restaurant’s<br />

owner, reposted the review and<br />

Malik’s messages on his own Ins-<br />

tagram account to show everyone<br />

what was going on. Wei told the<br />

St. Louis Post-Dispatch, “Sometimes,<br />

you just have to stand up<br />

for yourself.”<br />

12 The internet soon turned on<br />

Malik, and the influencer – who<br />

said he did nothing wrong and<br />

that it was an honest review – set<br />

his account to private.<br />

13 For some restaurant owners,<br />

bad influencer experiences like<br />

these have become a normal part<br />

of their work.<br />

14 Pim Techamuanvivit, the<br />

owner of two restaurants in San<br />

Francisco, told the Los Angeles<br />

Times that influencers ask her<br />

every week if they can work with<br />

her. They say, “We’d like to collaborate,”<br />

Techamuanvivit said,<br />

“but it doesn’t mean we’re going<br />

to collaborate on anything. It<br />

means, ‘I don’t want to pay for my<br />

food.’”<br />

15 Others, however, are open to<br />

working with influencers, and experts<br />

say that social media marketing<br />

can be great for business.<br />

16 Joel Gonzalez, the owner of a<br />

Mexican restaurant in Los Angeles,<br />

paid influencer Ashley Rodriguez<br />

(@firstdateguide) $1,500 to<br />

post one TikTok video.<br />

17 The video got one million<br />

views, and so many new customers<br />

came to the restaurant that<br />

Gonzalez ran out of food.<br />

18 Speaking to the Los Angeles<br />

Times, Gonzalez said: “If I could<br />

tell any other restaurant owner –<br />

it was worth it.”<br />

crossword puzzle: Free food for good reviews<br />

All of the words for this crossword are in the article on this page. If you put the letters in the orange squares<br />

in the correct order, you can find the answer below. Solution on page 8.<br />

Across<br />

5 The food you eat at one sitting<br />

8 A social media service app for photographs<br />

and videos<br />

9 A place where you are served food in<br />

exchange for money<br />

11 Someone who buys goods or services<br />

from a shop or business<br />

12 A round mixture made of fat and flour<br />

which is cooked in boiling liquid<br />

13 The person to whom something belongs<br />

Down<br />

1 See 4 Down<br />

2 To put one of your previous posts on a<br />

website or on social media again<br />

3 Commerce<br />

4 (Together with 1 Down) A city in<br />

California<br />

1 2<br />

Some restaurant owners don’t like these social media personalities;<br />

others think they can be good for business:<br />

—— —— —— —— —— —— —— —— —— —— ——<br />

5 A written text sent from one mobile<br />

phone to another<br />

6 Advertising goods and services<br />

which are for sale<br />

11<br />

12<br />

3 4<br />

8<br />

6 7<br />

7 A website on which you can show<br />

information about yourself and<br />

communicate with friends<br />

10 An opinion<br />

9 10<br />

5<br />

13<br />

0 – 1 REVIEW “rI"vju…‘ Bewertung —<br />

owner Besitzer(in) — to bully s.o.<br />

jdn. tyrannisieren — pandemic<br />

“pœn"demIk‘ Pandemie — to quit kündigen<br />

— to let s.o. go jdn. entlassen<br />

— to shut down schließen — to discover<br />

s.th. auf etw. stoßen — challenge<br />

“"tSœlIndZ‘ Herausforderung —<br />

bill Rechnung — to demand s.th.<br />

“dI"mA…nd‘ etw. fordern — or else<br />

(coll) sonst setzt’s was<br />

2 – 4 to go viral “"vaI´r´l‘ (coll) sich<br />

rasend schnell im Internet verbreiten<br />

— to blackmail s.o. “"--‘ jdn. erpressen<br />

— to review s.th. etw. bewerten —<br />

fries (AE) Pommes frites — corn dog<br />

Würstchen am Spieß, umhüllt von<br />

Mais teig und frittiert — tasty “"teIsti‘<br />

lecker — twilight zone “"twaIlaIt z´Un‘<br />

die Welt zwischen Diesseits und Jenseits<br />

— toothless zahnlos<br />

5 – 8 to be upset about s.th. sich<br />

über etw. ärgern — reviewer<br />

Rezensent(in) — view Aufruf —<br />

comment “"kÅment‘ Kommentar — to<br />

report s.o. to the police jdn. bei der<br />

Polizei anzeigen — to behave badly<br />

“bI"heIv‘ sich schlecht benehmen<br />

9 – 12 Missouri “mI"zU´ri‘ — discount<br />

“"dIskaUnt‘ Rabatt — dumpling gefüllte<br />

Teigtasche — to repost h.: teilen<br />

— to go on vor sich gehen — to stand<br />

up for o.s. für sich selbst eintreten —<br />

to turn on s.o. sich gegen jdn. wenden<br />

— honest “"ÅnIst‘ ehrlich — to set<br />

s.th. to ... etw. auf ... stellen<br />

13 – 18 experience “Ik"spI´ri´ns‘ Erfahrung<br />

— to collaborate “k´"lœb´reIt‘<br />

zusammenarbeiten — s.o. runs out<br />

of s.th. jdm. geht etw. aus — s.th. is<br />

worth it “w‰…T‘ etw. lohnt sich


<strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong> October 2023 70 Jahre<br />

5<br />

Scientists revive<br />

46,000-year-old<br />

roundworms<br />

SCIENCE The little worms had survived in the<br />

Siberian permafrost by slowing their metabolism.<br />

mit Audiodatei und<br />

By Franziska Lange<br />

1 TALK ABOUTa long, deep<br />

sleep: an international team of<br />

researchers have revived roundworms<br />

which had slept for<br />

46,000 years, 40 metres deep in<br />

the Siberian permafrost.<br />

2 In their study, published in<br />

the journal PLOS Genetics, the<br />

researchers write that the millimetre-long<br />

roundworms, also<br />

called nematodes, had survived<br />

for such a long time by entering<br />

what is called cryptobiosis.<br />

3 Cryptobiosis is a state in<br />

which organisms reduce their<br />

metabolism to extremely low levels.<br />

This helps them survive in extreme<br />

conditions. The worms had<br />

been frozen in time, so to speak.<br />

4 Dr Teymuras Kurzchalia, a coauthor<br />

of the study, told the New<br />

York Times this shows “that it is,<br />

in principle, possible to stop life<br />

for more or less an indefinite time<br />

and then restart it”.<br />

5 The researchers found out<br />

how old the worms are by using<br />

a method called radiocarbon dating.<br />

6 Radiocarbon dating looks at<br />

the amount of radiocarbon in, for<br />

example, a dead animal or plant.<br />

Übungsmaterial<br />

This amount goes down after the<br />

animal or plant has died. It does<br />

this at a constant rate, so looking<br />

at the amount of radiocarbon that<br />

is left makes it possible to find out<br />

when the animal or plant died.<br />

7 The researchers studying the<br />

roundworms used this method<br />

on the dead plant material found<br />

with the roundworms to determine<br />

how old the plants were –<br />

and therefore how old the worms<br />

are.<br />

8 There have been examples of<br />

organisms hitting pause on life<br />

for a long time before, but the<br />

longest a nematode had been<br />

known to survive in a state of<br />

cryptobiosis was 39 years. The<br />

nematodes analysed in the new<br />

study beat that record by tens of<br />

thousands of years.<br />

9 To revive the roundworms,<br />

the researchers had to slowly<br />

thaw the soil. Dr Philipp Schiffer,<br />

an evolutionary biologist at the<br />

University of Cologne in Germany<br />

and co-author of the study,<br />

told the Washington Post, “We<br />

can say that they are alive, because<br />

they move, they eat bacteria<br />

on the culture plates, and they<br />

reproduce.”<br />

10 Genetic analysis shows the<br />

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| Photo: Pixabay<br />

Roundworm (Nematoda) under a microscope.<br />

| Photo: Getty Images<br />

worms belong to a species that<br />

hadn’t been known before. The<br />

researchers have called it Panagrolaimus<br />

kolymaensis, after the<br />

Kolyma River, which is close to<br />

where the worms were found.<br />

11 But how could the worms<br />

have lived so long? The nematodes<br />

produce a sugar called trehalose<br />

to protect them against<br />

dehydration. This sugar might<br />

also protect their cells during<br />

cryptobiosis. Dr Kurzchalia said<br />

the worms would need trehalose<br />

to survive for such a long time;<br />

without it, they would die.<br />

12 But not everyone is convinced<br />

the worms really are as old as the<br />

scientists believe.<br />

13 Dr Byron Adams, a biologist<br />

at Brigham Young University,<br />

says the radiocarbon dating only<br />

shows the plant material around<br />

the worms is 46,000 years old,<br />

not the worms themselves. He<br />

told the magazine Scientific<br />

American, “The authors haven’t<br />

done the work to show that the<br />

animals they have recovered<br />

are not simply surface contaminants.”<br />

14 However, Adams still thinks<br />

the analysis of the worms done<br />

by the team is “solid and interesting,<br />

regardless of the questions<br />

about the age of the recovered<br />

animals”. In fact, there are good<br />

reasons to study these tiny survivors.<br />

15 Studying organisms that<br />

use cryptobiosis might one day<br />

help researchers find ways to<br />

preserve human cells, the team<br />

hopes.<br />

16 And looking at how the<br />

worms enter a state of cryptobiosis<br />

to survive extreme conditions<br />

could also be useful in finding<br />

out how animals might adapt to<br />

rising temperatures and changing<br />

weather.<br />

17 Dr Schiffer said, “in times of<br />

global warming we can learn a<br />

lot about adaptation to extreme<br />

environmental conditions from<br />

these organisms, informing conservation<br />

strategies and protecting<br />

ecosystems from collapsing”.<br />

0 – 1 SCIENTIST “"saI´ntIst‘ Wissenschaftler(in) — to revive s.th. etw. wieder<br />

zum Leben erwecken — roundworm “"raUndw‰…m‘ Fadenwurm — to survive<br />

“s´"vaIv‘ überleben — Siberian “saI"bI´ri´n‘ sibirisch — metabolism<br />

“m´"tœb´lIz´m‘ Stoffwechsel — Talk about … (coll) Das ist aber mal ein/e …<br />

— researcher “rI"s‰…tS´‘ Forscher(in)<br />

2 – 4 study Studie — to publish s.th. etw. veröffentlichen — journal “"dZ‰…n´l‘<br />

Fachzeitschrift — nematode “"nem´t´Ud‘ — to enter … h.: sich in den Zustand<br />

der … versetzen — cryptobiosis “ÆkrIpt´UbaI"´UsIs‘ Kryptobiose — state Zustand<br />

— to reduce s.th. h.: etw. herunterfahren — condition “k´n"dIS´n‘ Bedingung<br />

— to be frozen in time in der Zeit stehen bleiben — co-author “"O…T´‘ —<br />

in principle “"prIns´p´l‘ im Prinzip — indefinite “In"defIn´t‘ unbegrenzt<br />

5 – 8 radiocarbon dating “ÆreIdi´UkÅ…b´n"deItIN‘ Radiokohlenstoffdatierung<br />

— amount Menge — at a constant rate “"kÅnst´nt‘ gleichmäßig — to study<br />

s.th. etw. untersuchen — to determine “dI"t‰…mIn‘ bestimmen — therefore<br />

folglich — to hit pause auf Pause drücken — to analyse s.th. “"œn´laIz‘<br />

9 – 10 to thaw s.th. etw. auftauen — soil Boden — evolutionary biologist “Æi…<br />

v´"lu…S´n´ri; baI"Ål´dZIst‘ Evolutions biologe(-in) — Cologne “k´"l´Un‘ Köln —<br />

culture plate Laborschale — to reproduce “Æri…pr´"dZu…s‘ sich fortpflanzen —<br />

genetic analysis “dZ´"netIk; ´"nœl´sIs‘ Genanalyse — species “"spi…Si…z‘ Ar<br />

11 – 12 trehalose “"tri…h´l´Us‘ — to protect s.th. against s.th. “-"-‘ etw. vor etw.<br />

schützen — dehydration “Ædi…haI"dreIS´n‘ Austrocknung — cell Zelle — to be<br />

convinced “k´n"vInst‘ überzeugt sein<br />

13 – 15 to recover s.th. etw. entnehmen — surface contaminants “"s‰…fIs;<br />

k´n"tœmIn´nts‘ Verunreinigungen an der Oberfläche — solid “"--‘ verlässlich<br />

— regardless of s.th. ungeachtet einer Sache — in fact tatsächlich — tiny<br />

winzig — survivor Überlebenskünstler(in) — to preserve s.th. “prI"z‰…v‘ etw.<br />

konservieren — human “"hju…m´n‘ menschlich<br />

16 – 17 to adapt to s.th. “-"-‘ sich an etw. anpassen — rising steigend — adaptation<br />

to “Æœd´p"teIS´n‘ Anpassung an — environmental “InÆvaIr´n"ment´l‘<br />

Umwelt- — to inform s.th. etw. prägen; sich auf etw. auswirken — conservation<br />

“ÆkÅns´"veIS´n‘ Umweltschutz- — ecosystem “"i…k´UÆsIst´m‘ Ökosystem —<br />

to collapse “k´"lœps‘ zusammenbrechen<br />

language<br />

corner<br />

Phrasal verbs<br />

with the word<br />

“out”<br />

By Siobhan Bruns<br />

1 THE CAMBRIDGE Dictionary<br />

says that a phrasal verb is<br />

“a phrase that consists of a verb<br />

with a preposition or adverb or<br />

both, the meaning of which is<br />

different from the meaning of its<br />

separate parts”. You can see an<br />

example of this in the article on<br />

this page.<br />

2 In paragraph 7, it says: “The<br />

researchers studying the roundworms<br />

used this method on the<br />

dead plant material found with<br />

the roundworms”. Here, the<br />

verb find means what it normally<br />

does – to locate something.<br />

3 But in paragraph 5, find is<br />

used together with the word<br />

“out”: “The researchers found<br />

out how old the worms are by using<br />

a method called radiocarbon<br />

dating”.<br />

4 Find out has a different<br />

meaning than find does when it<br />

is alone – it means to get information<br />

about something, or to<br />

learn a fact for the first time.<br />

5 Here are some other phrasal<br />

verbs which use “out”:<br />

– fill out means to complete something:<br />

Please fill out this form.<br />

– back out means to change your<br />

mind and decide not to do something:<br />

I’m going to back out of<br />

the meeting. I’m not prepared<br />

for it.<br />

– eat out means to eat in a restaurant:<br />

Let’s eat out tonight; you’ve<br />

been cooking all week.<br />

– stand out means to be very noticeable:<br />

With her bright red hair,<br />

she really stands out in a crowd.<br />

– break out means to escape: The<br />

police are on high alert; prisoners<br />

have broken out of the jail.<br />

6 So look out for (which means<br />

to search for something) phrasal<br />

verbs that use “out” – using them<br />

will make your English sound<br />

more natural.<br />

0 – 1 PHRASAL VERB “"freIz´l v‰…b‘<br />

Verb plus Partikel — to consist of<br />

s.th. “k´n"sIst‘ aus etw. zusammengesetzt<br />

sein<br />

2 – 4 researcher “rI"s‰…tS´‘ Forscher(in)<br />

— to study s.th. etw.<br />

unter suchen — roundworm<br />

“"raUndw‰…m‘ Fadenwurm — radiocarbon<br />

dating “ÆreIdi´U"kA…b´n‘ Kohlenstoffdatierung<br />

5 – 6 noticeable “"n´UtIs´b´l‘ auffallend<br />

— to escape “I"skeIp‘ flüchten<br />

— on high alert “´"l‰…t‘ in höchster<br />

Alarmbereitschaft — prisoner<br />

“"prIz´n´‘ Häftling — jail Gefängnis


6 October 2023 <strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong><br />

TikTok calls it<br />

“girl dinner”, Germans<br />

call it “Abendbrot”<br />

TRENDS A simple evening meal of light snacks<br />

has become popular among social media users.<br />

mit Audiodatei und<br />

By Franziska Lange<br />

1 F OR MOST<br />

AMERICANS, dinner<br />

is the biggest meal of<br />

the day. Usually, it’s a hot<br />

meal which includes some<br />

kind of meat, together with a<br />

starch and vegetable. But a new<br />

trend on social media is turning<br />

that tradition on its head: the girl<br />

dinner.<br />

2 What looks like a snack plate<br />

to many has become the evening<br />

meal for some. A few baguette<br />

slices, some cheese, a handful of<br />

grapes – and dinner is ready!<br />

3 A girl dinner is indeed made<br />

of light snacks. It can be a plate<br />

of whatever crackers, vegetables,<br />

fruit and dips are in the house –<br />

anything that doesn’t take long to<br />

prepare.<br />

4 The term was coined by Olivia<br />

Maher in a video she posted<br />

on TikTok in May. Showing slices<br />

of bread, butter, cheese, pickles<br />

and grapes, she said, “This is my<br />

dinner. I call it girl dinner, or medieval<br />

peasant.”<br />

5 Since then, the internet has<br />

gone bananas over girl dinners.<br />

Maher’s video already has<br />

more than a mil-<br />

Übungsmaterial<br />

lion views, and lots of<br />

other users have been<br />

posting their versions<br />

of a girl dinner, showing<br />

that the best thing<br />

since sliced bread is, well,<br />

sliced bread – plus some<br />

cheese, vegetables and fruit.<br />

6 Fans of the girl dinner trend<br />

say it’s fun and freeing because<br />

you don’t have to worry about<br />

cooking from scratch, preparing<br />

meals and counting calories.<br />

They say a girl dinner is about the<br />

simple joy of a simple meal.<br />

7 A few have taken the trend to<br />

extremes, however, eating only a<br />

bowl of popcorn or ice cream, or<br />

even just a Coke Zero as their version<br />

of a girl dinner.<br />

8 That’s why some people say<br />

that girl dinner is nothing but disordered<br />

eating under a fancy new<br />

name. Dietitians are worried that<br />

the girl dinner trend could make<br />

poor eating habits look normal<br />

and reinforce the idea that women<br />

should eat less than men.<br />

9 They also say that eating just a<br />

few snacks or only a dessert for<br />

dinner isn’t very healthy, and<br />

that girl dinners often don’t have<br />

enough calories and nutrients.<br />

10 But Mackenzie Burgess, a<br />

dietitian, told Health magazine<br />

there are ways to make a girl dinner<br />

healthy and nutritious.<br />

11 Burgess said that “if you<br />

bulk it up with something like<br />

baguette slices, hard-boiled<br />

eggs, chopped veggies, hummus,<br />

and a handful of nuts, this<br />

would be more of an ideal dinner<br />

amount.”<br />

12 Others are more relaxed<br />

about it, saying that you<br />

shouldn’t overthink a fun trend.<br />

Like Ali Francis, who writes on<br />

the Bon Appétit website, “... girl<br />

dinner was never meant to be<br />

this deep. It’s about making a<br />

delicious, low-effort meal.” Or a<br />

user who joked, “That’s just a divorced<br />

dad’s dinner on a plate.”<br />

13 And Germans are also probably<br />

wondering what all the fuss<br />

is about: after all, they’ve been<br />

doing this for ages – and calling<br />

it “Abendbrot”.<br />

By Siobhan Bruns<br />

1 COLUMBUS DAYcommemorates<br />

Christopher Columbus<br />

landing in the New World.<br />

2 In August 1492, Columbus set<br />

sail from Spain with 90 men on<br />

three ships named the Niña, the<br />

Pinta, and the Santa Maria.<br />

3 <strong>On</strong> October 12, they arrived<br />

at an island, now part of the Bahamas,<br />

which Columbus named<br />

San Salvador.<br />

4 Columbus believed he had<br />

found a new route to India. That<br />

is why he used the word “Indians”<br />

to describe the people he<br />

met.<br />

5 In 1937, this event was commemorated<br />

in the US with a<br />

national holiday: October 12 became<br />

Columbus Day.<br />

6 Years later, the holiday was<br />

moved from October 12 to the<br />

second Monday in October to<br />

give workers a long holiday<br />

weekend.<br />

7 Columbus’s Atlantic crossings<br />

(he made three more later)<br />

changed the map – and the world<br />

– forever. It opened up the Americas<br />

to European settlement – as<br />

well as exploitation.<br />

8 The US Census estimates the<br />

population of American Indians<br />

and Alaska Natives at 5 million.<br />

Some places in the US have chosen<br />

to recognize these groups<br />

on the holiday rather than commemorate<br />

Columbus’s landing.<br />

question time<br />

What is Columbus Day?<br />

mit Audiodatei<br />

| Graphic: Getty Images<br />

9 The US Embassy website<br />

writes that the cities of Berkeley,<br />

Sebastopol and Santa Cruz in<br />

California have replaced Columbus<br />

Day with Indigenous Peoples<br />

Day. South Dakota now calls the<br />

day Native American Day. Hawaii<br />

calls it Discovery Day to commemorate<br />

the arrival of Polynesian<br />

settlers. And Alabama<br />

celebrates a combination of Columbus<br />

Day and American Indian<br />

Heritage Day.<br />

10 Another group which celebrate<br />

their cultural roots on<br />

Columbus Day are Italian Americans.<br />

Although he sailed under<br />

the Spanish flag, Columbus was<br />

born in Italy, and Italian Americans<br />

honour their heritage on the<br />

holiday.<br />

11 According to the US Census,<br />

there are more than 18 million<br />

people of Italian ancestry in the<br />

United States, making them the<br />

fourth-largest ancestry group in<br />

the US.<br />

12 Columbus was probably not<br />

the first European to cross the<br />

Atlantic successfully. Vikings are<br />

believed to have had settlements<br />

in Canada around 1000 AD, and<br />

some think Europeans were in<br />

the Americas even earlier than<br />

that.<br />

13 But Columbus’s Atlantic<br />

crossings were the beginning of a<br />

permanent connection between<br />

Europeans and the Indigenous<br />

peoples of the Western Hemisphere.<br />

Girl Dinner looks a lot like a German Abendbrot.<br />

| Photo: Getty Images<br />

0 – 4 STARCH stärkehaltiges Lebensmittel (z. B. Kartoffeln,<br />

Reis, Nudeln, Brot) — to turn s.th. on its head (fig)<br />

etw. auf den Kopf stellen — slice Scheibe — indeed in der<br />

Tat — term Bezeichnung, Name — … was coined by …<br />

stammt von — pickle Gewürzgurke — medieval peasant<br />

“medi"i…v´l; "pez´nt‘ Bauer/Bäuerin aus dem Mittelalter<br />

5 – 7 to go bananas over s.th. (coll) wegen etw. total<br />

ausflippen — view Aufruf — to be the best thing since<br />

sliced bread (coll) das Größte sein — freeing befreiend<br />

— to cook from scratch ein Gericht von Grund auf selbst<br />

kochen — joy Freude<br />

8 – 9 disordered eating essgestörtes Verhalten — fancy<br />

schick — dietitian “ÆdaI´"tIS´n‘ Ernährungsberater(in) —<br />

poor schlecht — eating habits Essgewohnheiten — to<br />

reinforce s.th. “Æri…In"fÅ…s‘ etw. verstärken — idea h.: Vorstellung<br />

— dessert “dI"z‰…t‘ — healthy “"helTi‘ gesund —<br />

nutrient “"nju…tri´nt‘ Nährstoff<br />

10 – 11 nutritious “nju…"trIS´s‘ nahrhaft — to bulk s.th. up<br />

etw. aufstocken — chopped zerhackt; h.: klein geschnitten<br />

— ideal “aI"dI´l‘ — amount Menge<br />

12 – 13 to overthink s.th. zu viel über etw. nachdenken —<br />

to be meant to be s.th. etw. sein sollen — deep tiefsinnig<br />

— delicious “dI"lIS´s‘ lecker — low-effort einfach; ohne<br />

viel Aufwand — divorced geschieden — to wonder sich<br />

fragen — fuss Aufregung — after all schließlich — for<br />

ages (coll) seit Ewigkeiten<br />

0 – 4 TO COMMEMORATE s.th. “k´"mem´reIt‘ etw. feiern; (Jahrestag) begehen<br />

— to land anlanden — to set sail in See stechen (to sail segeln)<br />

5 – 7 national holiday Nationalfeiertag — Atlantic crossing Atlantiküberquerung<br />

— settlement “"set´lm´nt‘ Besiedlung — exploitation “ÆeksplOI"teIS´n‘<br />

Ausbeutung<br />

8 US Census (Bureau) “"sens´s "bjU´r´U‘ statistisches Bundesamt der USA<br />

— to estimate “"estImeIt‘ schätzen — population “ÆpÅpj´"leIS´n‘ Bevölkerung(santeil)<br />

— American Indians/Alaska Natives “"neItIvz‘ Ureinwohner(innen)<br />

Amerikas /Alaskas — to recognize “"rek´gnaIz‘ h.: anerkennen<br />

9 US Embassy “"emb´si‘ US-Botschaft — to replace “rI"pleIs‘ ersetzen —<br />

indigenous people “In"dIdZ´n´s‘ Ureinwohner(innen) — discovery<br />

“dI"skøv´ri‘ Entdeckung — Polynesian “ÆpÅlI"ni…Z´n‘ — settler Siedler — to celebrate<br />

“"selIbreIt‘ feiern — combination “ÆkÅmbI"neIS´n‘ Mischung — heritage<br />

“"herItIdZ‘ (h.: Kultur-)Erbe<br />

10 – 11 cultural roots “"køltS´r´l‘ kulturelle Wurzeln — to honour s.th. “"Ån´‘<br />

etw. ehren — according to … “´"kO…dIN‘ laut … — ancestry “"œnsestri‘ Abstammung;<br />

mit (italienischen) Vorfahren<br />

12 – 13 successfully “s´k"sesf´li‘ erfolgreich — connection “k´"nekS´n‘ Verbindung<br />

— Western Hemisphere “"hemIsfI´‘ Westhalbkugel


<strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong> October 2023 70 Jahre<br />

7<br />

Old School | 1967<br />

Are Flying Saucers<br />

Real?<br />

1 NOT LONG AGO,<br />

50 people saw 5<br />

strange objects<br />

hovering a few<br />

feet above a field<br />

near the University of Michigan<br />

campus. The objects were the<br />

size of a car, but they were saucer-shaped<br />

and glowing white,<br />

green, and red.<br />

2 The term “flying saucer”<br />

was born in June 1947, when the<br />

American Kenneth Arnold in a<br />

private plane saw a fast-moving<br />

formation of flying objects like<br />

big saucers. Then the U.S. Air<br />

Force was ordered to investigate<br />

all future flying saucer incidents.<br />

Private American organizations<br />

were founded to solve the saucer<br />

puzzle.<br />

3 The chief adviser for the U. S.<br />

Air Force, the astronomer Dr. J.<br />

A. Hynek, has some answers to<br />

the mystery:<br />

1. Flying saucers may be new<br />

types of scientific military weapons<br />

being tested secretly.<br />

2. Many people think that<br />

they have seen something that<br />

doesn’t exist. Others tell us for a<br />

joke or trick.<br />

4 3. Flying saucers might be<br />

caused by swamp gas, ball lightning,<br />

or unusual weather conditions.<br />

High-altitude balloons,<br />

satellites, northern lights, even<br />

flocks of birds have been reported<br />

as flying saucers.<br />

5 4. Dr. Hynek believes that<br />

there is a pattern in more than<br />

600 sightings which could point<br />

toward visitors from outer space.<br />

Other scientists say that until<br />

there is unmistakable contact<br />

with these flying objects and<br />

their so-called pilots, it would<br />

be foolish to pretend that they<br />

come from outer space.<br />

(AM.) – WEEKLY NEWS REVIEW<br />

| Photos: AdobeStock<br />

(ADAPTED)<br />

0 – 1 FLYING SAUCER “"sO…s´‘ fliegende Untertasse — to hover “"hÅv´‘ (in<br />

der Luft) schweben — 1 foot = 30,48 cm — University of Michigan “"mISIg´n‘<br />

in Ann Arbor, M. (Staat im Norden d. USA), gegr. 1817 — saucer-shaped untertassenförmig<br />

— to glow glühen<br />

2 term Ausdruck — to be born h.: entstehen — formation “fO…"meIS´n‘<br />

militärischer Verband, Formation — U.S. Air Force US-Luftwaffe — to order<br />

s.o. to do jdm. befehlen -, jdn. damit beauftragen zu tun — to investigate<br />

“In"vestIgeIt‘ untersuchen, nachforschen — incident “"InsId´nt‘ Zwischenfall,<br />

Vorkommnis; h.: Auftauchen — to found gründen — to solve “sÅlv‘ lösen<br />

— puzzle Rätsel<br />

3 chief adviser “tSi…f ´d"vaIz´‘ Hauptberater — astronomer “´"strÅn´m´‘<br />

Astronom, Sternforscher — J. A. Hynek 1910–1986 — mystery Rätsel — scientific<br />

“ÆsaI´n"tIfIk‘ wissenschaftlich — weapon “"wep´n‘ Waffe — secretly<br />

unter Geheimhaltung — trick Spaß, Streich<br />

4 to cause verursachen, hervorrufen — swamp gas Sumpfgas — ball<br />

lightning Kugelblitz — weather conditions “ken"dIS´nz‘ Witterungsverhältnisse<br />

— high-altitude balloon “"œltItSu…d‘ Höhenballon — satellite “"sœt´laIt‘<br />

— northern lights “"nO…D´n‘ Nordlichter — flock of birds Vogelschwarm —<br />

to report berichten, melden<br />

5 pattern “"pœt´n‘ Gesetzmäßigkeit, Muster — sighting Sichten; Beobachtung<br />

— to point toward hindeuten auf — outer space Weltraum — scientist<br />

“"saI´ntIst‘ (Natur-)Wissenschaftler — until there is unmistak(e)able<br />

contact with … “ÆønmI"steIk´b´l‘ bis nachgewiesen werden kann, dass eine<br />

Verbindung mit … aufgenommen werden konnte (unmistak[e]able unverkennbar,<br />

eindeutig) — so-called sogenannt — foolish dumm, töricht — to<br />

pretend “-"-‘ vortäuschen, vorgeben; h.: behaupten<br />

New School | Today<br />

UFO hearings did little<br />

to change what Americans<br />

already believed<br />

US GOVERNMENT • ALIEN LIFE<br />

Testimony at a House Oversight Committee hearing said the government<br />

is keeping secret what it knows about aliens.<br />

By Siobhan Bruns<br />

1 SEVERAL FORMER military<br />

officers have claimed the<br />

government is hiding evidence<br />

about unidentified aerial phenomena<br />

(UAPs), usually called<br />

UFOs.<br />

2 The claims say the US government<br />

knows more about alien<br />

life than it lets on and is secretly<br />

keeping an alien craft which was<br />

found. The US government has<br />

denied these things are true.<br />

However, members of Congress<br />

from both parties asked for a special<br />

hearing so witnesses could<br />

testify.<br />

3 The special hearings happened<br />

because David Grusch, a<br />

United States Air Force veteran<br />

who previously worked at the<br />

National Reconnaissance Office<br />

on UFOs, told NewsNation that<br />

the government had retrieved<br />

several “non-human origin technical<br />

vehicles”, some of which<br />

contained “dead pilots”, Newsweek<br />

writes.<br />

4 At the hearing, Grusch testified<br />

that regarding UAPs, “the<br />

US government is operating with<br />

secrecy – above Congressional<br />

oversight”.<br />

5 Testimony was also given by<br />

David Grusch testifies before<br />

the House Oversight Committee.<br />

| Photo: Getty Images<br />

Ryan Graves and David Fravor,<br />

both former Navy pilots. Graves<br />

said he had seen UAPs on training<br />

missions, and Fravor said he spotted<br />

a large object during a flight<br />

off the coast of California in 2004.<br />

The video he took of that became<br />

famous on TikTok.<br />

6 But the hearings did little to<br />

change people’s minds, according<br />

to a Newsweek poll.<br />

7 Before the hearings, 34 per<br />

cent of 1,500 US adults polled said<br />

they believed that the government<br />

was keeping a non-human<br />

vehicle; 36 per cent said they<br />

didn’t know.<br />

8 After the hearings, the percentage<br />

rose very slightly, to an<br />

equal number for both groups –<br />

37 per cent said they were sure<br />

that the government had alien<br />

technology, and 37 per cent said<br />

they were unsure, Newsweek<br />

writes.<br />

9 The group that thought it<br />

was not true that the government<br />

was hiding a UFO changed<br />

more than the other two groups,<br />

but also not by much: from 30<br />

per cent before the hearings to<br />

26 after. This slight drop may<br />

show that the hearings did make<br />

Americans more sceptical about<br />

the government.<br />

10 And whilst the number of<br />

those polled who said they believed<br />

that the US government<br />

knows more about UFOs and<br />

alien life than it lets on went up<br />

a bit, from 57 per cent to 59 per<br />

cent, after the hearings, fewer<br />

people believe the government<br />

would be able to hide the existence<br />

of aliens from the public –<br />

from 59 per cent to 57 per cent.<br />

11 This could mean “a growing<br />

belief in the witness testimony<br />

or a growing belief that the government<br />

is telling the truth, and<br />

there really have been no alien<br />

visits to Earth that we are aware<br />

of”, Newsweek writes.<br />

0 – 1 HEARING Anhörung — government “"gøv´nm´nt‘<br />

Regierung — alien life außerirdisches Leben — testimony<br />

“"testIm´ni‘ Zeugenaussage(n) — House Oversight<br />

Committee “"´Uv´saIt; k´"mIti‘ ständiger Ausschuss<br />

des US-Repräsentantenhauses, zuständig für die Überwachung<br />

bundesstaatl. Aktivitäten — to keep s.th. secret<br />

“"si…kr´t‘ etw. geheim halten — former ehemalige(r,<br />

s) — to claim behaupten — to hide s.th. etw. verstecken;<br />

h.: geheim halten — evidence “"evId´ns‘ Beweise — unidentified<br />

aerial phenomena “ÆønaI"dentIfaId; "e´ri´l;<br />

f´"nÅmIn´‘ unidentifizierte Luftphänomene<br />

2 claim Behauptung — … knows more than it lets on<br />

… weiß mehr, als sie zugibt — secretly heimlich — craft<br />

Raumschiff — to deny “dI"naI‘ abstreiten — party Partei<br />

— witness Zeuge(-in) — to testify “"testIfaI‘ aussagen<br />

3 – 4 United States Air Force US-Luftwaffe — previously<br />

“"pri…vi´sli‘ zuvor — National Reconnaissance Office<br />

“rI"kÅnIs´ns‘ US-Militärnachrichtendienst (r. Aufklärung)<br />

— to retrieve s.th. “rI"tri…v‘ etw. bergen<br />

— non-human origin … “"hju…m´n; "ÅrIdZIn‘ … nichtmenschlichen<br />

Ursprungs — technical vehicle “"teknIk´l;<br />

"vI´k´l‘ zum Kampfeinsatz umgebautes Fahrzeug — to<br />

contain s.th. etw. enthalten — regarding bezüglich —<br />

to operate “"Åp´reIt‘ agieren — secrecy “"si…kr´si‘ Geheimhaltung<br />

— above Congressional oversight “k´N"greS´n´l‘<br />

ohne Aufsicht durch den Kongress<br />

5 – 7 Navy US-Marine — training mission Übungseinsatz<br />

— to spot s.th. etw. entdecken — off the coast<br />

vor der Küste — to change s.o.’s mind “maInd‘ jds. Meinung<br />

ändern — according to “´"kO…dIN‘ laut — poll “p´Ul‘<br />

Umfrage — to poll s.o. jdn. befragen<br />

8 – 9 percentage “p´"sentIdZ‘ Prozentzahl — to rise ansteigen<br />

— slightly “"slaItli‘ geringfügig — equal “"i…kw´l‘<br />

gleich — slight leicht — drop Rückgang — sceptical<br />

“"skeptIk´l‘ skeptisch<br />

10 – 11 existence “Ig"zIst´ns‘ — the public die Öffentlichkeit<br />

— belief Glaube; Überzeugung — truth Wahrheit<br />

— Earth “‰…T‘ Erde — to be aware of s.th. “´"we´‘ von<br />

etw. wissen


8<br />

October 2023<br />

<strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong><br />

“Shower thoughts”<br />

come without<br />

a soundtrack<br />

Noch mehr <strong>Read</strong> <strong>On</strong>?<br />

Jetzt Gelesenes online üben!<br />

→ Hier geht es zu den interaktiven<br />

Übungen dieser Ausgabe.<br />

Jede Übung auch zum Import in Ihr LMS.<br />

SCIENCE Research has found that turning<br />

off music and podcasts while showering can help<br />

you be more creative.<br />

The November issue is out on October 30.<br />

People have more new ideas<br />

when they’re doing an activity<br />

where they don’t have to think<br />

much, like taking a shower, going<br />

for a walk or gardening.<br />

| Photos: AdobeStock<br />

By Franziska Lange<br />

1 LIKE TO BOOST your mood<br />

in the morning by listening to music<br />

when you’re in the shower?<br />

You may be singing a different<br />

tune after finding out what the<br />

research says.<br />

2 Experts say hearing music in<br />

the shower can stop the flow of<br />

creative ideas because listening<br />

to music or podcasts while showering<br />

keeps your mind busy – and<br />

that makes creativity less likely.<br />

3 The task of taking a shower is<br />

pretty boring, which, as it turns<br />

out, is important for thinking<br />

outside the box. When you’re<br />

bored, you have nothing to do but<br />

daydream. And it’s daydreaming<br />

that makes you more creative, as<br />

a study published in the Creativity<br />

Research Journal showed.<br />

4 In the study, 80 people were<br />

put into two groups. Both were<br />

given the same creative task:<br />

come up with different uses for<br />

a pair of cups. But one group was<br />

given a boring task first. They had<br />

to copy phone numbers from a<br />

phone directory for 15 minutes.<br />

5 The “bored” group had many<br />

more ideas in the creative task<br />

than the group which didn’t have<br />

to complete the boring task first.<br />

The researchers think that’s because<br />

the people in the study<br />

were daydreaming during the<br />

boring task – and that made them<br />

more creative.<br />

6 Earlier research also found<br />

that people have more new ideas<br />

when they’re doing an activity<br />

where they don’t have to think<br />

much, like taking a shower, going<br />

for a walk or gardening.<br />

7 That’s because a network of<br />

brain areas which psychologists<br />

call the default mode network<br />

is more active during mindwandering<br />

or passive tasks. This<br />

network is important for coming<br />

up with new ideas. And it needs<br />

silence.<br />

8 There are already people who<br />

agree with the idea of a silent<br />

shower. They know boredom is<br />

what they need to get the creative<br />

juices flowing – like bestselling<br />

author Gretchen Rubin.<br />

9 Talking about the subject<br />

on the mindbodygreen podcast<br />

(which some, perhaps, were listening<br />

to in the shower), Rubin<br />

said that “it’s a downtime where<br />

then the brain creates its own fun<br />

… It’s when I’m bored that I have<br />

big insights because my brain is<br />

open and trying to entertain itself.”<br />

But some listeners defended<br />

their morning mood boost.<br />

10 <strong>On</strong>e of them said, “Many<br />

people have too much going on<br />

in their heads. That’s why they<br />

listen to music in the shower, so<br />

they can actually relax. ... Why<br />

can’t we just enjoy the things we<br />

love?”<br />

Answers to the crossword<br />

on page 4<br />

Across:<br />

5 meal, 8 Instagram,<br />

9 restaurant, 11 customer,<br />

12 dumpling, 13 owner<br />

Down:<br />

1 Francisco, 2 repost,<br />

3 business, 4 San, 5 message,<br />

6 marketing, 7 Facebook,<br />

10 review<br />

• Solution: INFLUENCERS<br />

Cartoon interpretation: www.sprachzeitungen.de<br />

0 – 1 SHOWER THOUGHT “TO…t‘ (coll) plötzliche Eingebung<br />

(t. Gedanke) — research “rI"s‰…tS‘ Forschung(sergebnisse)<br />

— to find feststellen — creative<br />

“krI"eItIv‘ — to boost one’s mood seine Stimmung heben —<br />

to sing a different tune “"tSu…n‘ (fig) seine Meinung ändern<br />

2 – 3 flow “fl´U‘ Fluss — mind “maInd‘ Geist; h.: Kopf —<br />

creativity “Ækri…eI"tIv´ti‘ Kreativität — likely “"laIkli‘ wahrscheinlich<br />

— task Aufgabe; h.: Tätigkeit — pretty (coll)<br />

ziemlich — as it turns out wie sich herausstellt — to think<br />

outside the box auf originelle Ideen kommen — to daydream<br />

sich in Tagträumereien ergehen — study Studie<br />

— to publish s.th. “"pøblIS‘ etw. veröffentlichen — journal<br />

“"dZ‰…n´l‘ Fachzeitschrift<br />

4 – 6 to come up with s.th. sich etw. einfallen lassen — to<br />

copy s.th. etw. abschreiben — phone directory “dI"rekt´ri‘<br />

Telefonbuch — researcher “rI"s‰…tS´‘ Forscher(in)<br />

7 network Netzwerk — brain area “breIn "e´ri´‘ Hirnareal<br />

— psychologist “saI"kÅl´dZIst‘ Psychologe(-in) —<br />

default mode n. “dI"fÅlt‘ N. im Voreinstellungs-Modus /<br />

auf Autopilot — mind-wandering “"wÅnd´rIN‘ Umherschweifen<br />

der Gedanken — passive “"pœsIv‘ — silence<br />

“"saIl´ns‘ Stille<br />

8 – 10 silent … … im Stillen — boredom Langeweile — to<br />

get the creative juices flowing (fig) die Kreativität in<br />

Gang bringen — author “"O…T´‘ — subject Thema —<br />

downtime Auszeit — insight “"InsaIt‘ Einsicht, Erkenntnis<br />

— to entertain o.s. sich unterhalten, beschäftigen — to<br />

defend s.th. “dI"fend‘ etw. verteidigen — mood boost<br />

Gute-Laune-Kick — s.o. has too much going on in his/<br />

her head jdm. geht zu viel im Kopf herum — actually<br />

“"œktSu´li‘ wirklich<br />

|<br />

Cartoon: Cagle Cartoons

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