Week of Philosophe J.W.Goethe

soeunlee0

Wekof

philosophe

JohanwolfgangvonGoethe


Johan

Wolfgang

aphilosopher ofenlightenmentedition

}

:JOHANN W OLFGANG VON GOETHE

vonGoethe

LiteratureandScience.

Itisanunfamilarcombinationtous.How

canthesesubjectscanbemixedupharmoniusly?Forthiswek,WekofPhilosophe

metJohannwolfgangvonGoethe,whois

anGermanwriter,butalsoworkedasa

scientistandmathematician.

Whoisthis

philosophe

JohannWolfgangvonGoethe,whowas

borninfrankfurt,in1749,wasONEOFthe

FAMOUSGermanwriterinromanticeraWHO

WRotedrama,orpoem.Hisliteracywork

wascontributedonthepoliticmovement.

Besideswriting,Heisalsoknownasoneof

thephilosopherwhofolowedGermanen-

lightenment,especialyinscientificway.he

wasinterestedinnaturescience,andmathematic,especialyphysic,geology,ormeteorology


aphilosopher ofenlightenmentedition :JOHANN W OLFGANG VON GOETHE


Romanticisim,

Howromanticitis!

Goethewasanuncommonfigurein17thcentury.hewasin

holyromanempireinhisearlyyears-hisparentswereborn

fromrichfamily,soheobviouslyhadtofolowhisparent’s

inheritance,astheydid.Whenhewasbecomingadolescence,

Hegoteducationsfromhistutoruntilhebecame16,withhis

father’sstrictpaternoflearning,especialyaboutthelaw.

Finaly,in1865,heleftfromhisparentsandtostudylawin

Leipzig.

'C

'C

A

Atfirst,Goethewasjustoneofthenormalromanticism

writer:everythingwasbasedonontheemotion,orfeling,

andsangaboutlove.(Buthisworkwasmostlyaboutthe

womenbetrayinghisman.Itisnoticeablethathewashighly

inspiredbyhisexperience.)Thetransitionofhisthoughtwas

startedfromchosinganunfamilarsubject,whichisthelaw

thatconsideredjewishreligion.whilehelearningseveral

languagesandliteraturearoundtheworld,hecouldunderstandthenationalculture.

Later,withtheseknowledgeandidea,heleduptosome

movementwithhisfriend,Schiler.


ause,baby,nowwegotbadblod

Youknowitusedtobemadlove

Sotakealokwhatyou'vedone

ause,baby,nowwegotbadblod


Nowwegotproblems

ndIdon'tthinkwecansolvethem

Youmadearealydepcut

And,baby,nowwegotbadblod

SheBetrayedme!

Thiswoman

This

guy

Iftaylorswiftisinourpresentto

talkabouthercomplicatedlove,then

goetheisin18thcenturytodoso.


STurMundDrang

;alate18thcenturyGermanliterarymovementcharacterizedbyworkscontainingrousing

actionandhighemotionalismthatoftendealwiththeindividual'srevoltagainstsociety

“Knowingis

notenough;

wemustapply.

Wilingis

notenough;

wemustdo.”

True

Knowledge?

Now,someofthepeoplemight

thinkthatGoethewasquitediferentwithotherphilospheswhofollowedenlightenment.Whydidhis

mostofstudieschalengedonother’swork.Itwascommoninenlightenment,asvoltairewrotesatires

butwhydidheatemptedtoapproachindiferentway?Oneofthe

reasonwasthathedidn’tfolow

therationalism,whichwasthe

basicideainageofreason.Hehad

hisownmovementcaled‘Sturmun

drang’.thenhowcanwesaythathe

contrbutedontheenlightenment?

Dowehavetosaythathewastotalydiferentwiththeelightenment?


J_W_GOETHE

I

hw

I’m intheRomanCompagnarightnow,lol

#travel#journey#daily#true#knowledge

#strumunddrang#f4f#l4l

Goethe’s

Italian

Journey

fortrueknowledge


n1786to1788,GoethetraveledaroundItalytofulfilhis

ope.ThegoalofhisjourneywasreachingtoRome,which

astheoriginofHolyRomanEmpire.

Hehadworkedinhereinhislife.

Thisjourneycanbechosenasoneof

theimportantthingsthatGoethedidbecauseheclearlyshowedtheideaof

strumunddrang.(canbetranslatedinto

dramaticterm,“Stormandstres”)this

movementcanbecomparedwithrationalism-whiletheenlightenmentconsid

eredaboutlogicandreasontofindthe

answer,stormandstresarguedthat

theanswercanbefoundbyfaithandexperiencing.Goethewaslivinginromantic

era,andhedesiredtobe“romantic”.

Basedonthisidea,hebelievedthathe

hadtousehissense,suchashearing,

seing,togetthetrueknowledge.

Vesuvius

Pompei

Basedonhisinterest,whichisgeology,

herevisitedtheplacethatkepsancientart,suchasvesuvius,pompei,

andherculaneum.


Natureisimperfect,asour

lifeisimperfect.

Goethebelievedthatournature

cannotbeperfectbecauseourlifeis

notperfectaswel,butpeoplecan

makeitbeterwithdevelopingour

knowledge.mostofhisworkswere

arguingaboutotherphilosophes’

work,especialynewtonianism,which

folowstheprinciplesofIsacNewton’swork.

ThemainexamplewasThetheory

ofcolor:herefutedontheexperiementthatusedaprismtoshowrays

ofseveralcolorswhenitmetsa

whitelight.Heshowedthattheprism

onlymadewhitecoloronwhitelight.

However,theevidenceandreason

ththatheprovidedweresocomplicated,andspecificconditionshouldbe

required

Also,itwasrevealedthathis

ideawascamefromthemisunderstandingofNewton’stheory.Due

tothelimitation,hisarguement

couldnotrecognizedbythescientistsinpresent,however,theidea

ledtotheestablishmentof

naturelight,andlearningdiferentkindsofarea,whichisthe

thoeryofwaveofthelight.


1.

ThEinspirationof

hisfirstdrama

In1773,Johannwolfgangwrotehisfirst

dramacaledGoetzvonBerlichingen,

anditbecameoneofhismasterpiecein

literature.Buthow couldheinspirethis

ideafrom?Heclaimsthatitwasinspired

from Shakespeare,whohasbeenrememberedasoneofthegreatestwriterin

Britishhistory.

2.

Langaugeskil

Hestudiedtheusualschoolsubjects

Latin,Greek,French,Italianinhischildhood.

5Sec

johann

ifyouarepasionatew

5specialfactstha

3.

LOVE-FEVER


etsof

4. hisfamily

Hisfamilywasquiteclosetowealthgroup:

hisfatherdidn’tneedtoworkbecauseofa

solidinheritance,andhismotherwasthe

daughterofsenioroficial.Goethewasthe

eldestsonbetween7siblings.Withthese

adventages,hecouldstudylaw ashis

father.

wolfgang

iththisphilosophe,hereare

tyouhavenotheardbefore

5.

hisideaaboutslavery


etc


COUNThis

life/work


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