UNEST Newsletter 2010 Issue No. 7 - UNDP Timor-Leste

UNEST Newsletter 2010 Issue No. 7 - UNDP Timor-Leste

UNEST Newsletter 2010 Issue No. 7 - UNDP Timor-Leste


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<strong>UNEST</strong> Team<br />

Andres del Castillo<br />

Chief Technical Advisor<br />

Dan Radulescu<br />

Project Manager<br />

Vera Monteiro<br />

Coordinator of Electoral Advisors<br />

Karen Kelleher<br />

Graphic Designer<br />

Georgete Gomes<br />

Project Officer<br />

Bernardo Cardoso<br />

Senior Trainer for Political Parties<br />

Euclides Monteiro<br />

Electoral Officer<br />

Sonia Miguel<br />

Electoral Officer<br />

Til Subba<br />

Electoral Officer<br />

Vicente Ximenes<br />

Electoral Facilitator<br />

Samuel Soares<br />

Electoral Translator<br />

Olivio Joao<br />

Public Information Officer<br />

Francisca da Costa<br />

Administrative Assistant<br />

Simoa da Costa<br />

Administrative Assistant<br />

Candida Moniz<br />

Project Clerk<br />

Alessandro Righetti<br />

Operations and Logistics Advisor STAE<br />

Diane Cruz Almeida<br />

Advisor for STAE Director<br />

Rodney Fonseca<br />

Electoral Legal Advisor for STAE<br />

Rodrigo Gambera de Sousa Elias<br />

IT Specialist for STAE<br />

Abdullah Abidin<br />

Electoral IT Advisor for STAE<br />

Marcos T. Clemente<br />

Electoral Logistic Advisor for STAE<br />

Carla Duarte<br />

Public Information & Voter Education Advisor<br />

for STAE<br />

Jose Levi<br />

Administrative Advisor for CNE<br />

Jessie Lagrosas<br />

Electoral IT Advisor for CNE<br />

Raffaele Ditadi<br />

Monitoring Advisor CNE<br />

Albertina Piterbarg<br />

Civic Education & Public Information Advisor<br />

for CNE<br />

Martinho Chachiua<br />

Electoral Management Advisor for CNE<br />

Olga Rabade<br />

Electoral Legal Advisor for CNE<br />

Filippo Caruso<br />

Electoral Legal Advisor for CNE<br />

ISSUE 7<br />

The UN Electoral Support Team (<strong>UNEST</strong>) is an integrated initiative from the <strong>UNDP</strong><br />

Support to the <strong>Timor</strong>ese Electoral Cycle Project and the UN Integrated Mission in<br />

<strong>Timor</strong>-<strong>Leste</strong> (UNMIT). With more than 30 national and international professionals,<br />

<strong>UNEST</strong> provides the <strong>Timor</strong>-<strong>Leste</strong> Electoral Management Bodies, CNE and STAE,<br />

with advisory and support in the areas of Electoral Planning, Legal, Logistics,<br />

Information Technology and Data Base, Civic and Voter Education, Public Information,<br />

Management, Finance, Administration and Graphic Design.<br />

2009 Community (Suco) Elections<br />

concluded in a successful manner<br />

Community (Suco) Elections 2009, organized by the Technical Secretariat for<br />

Electoral Administration (STAE) and monitored by National Commission of<br />

Elections (CNE) with permanent <strong>UNEST</strong> support, were countrywide completed<br />

as scheduled on the 9th of October last year. Massively, the voters participated in<br />

the process with a turnout of 67.75%, polling in a peaceful and responsible way.<br />

26,876 candidates distributed in 1,207 lists were chosen for the 442 sucos with<br />

minimum problems reported. The gender disaggregated information regarding<br />

elected female candidates (including female suco chiefs, aldeia chiefs and suco<br />

council members) was of 28.30%, representing the highest in the South East Asia<br />

Region, where the average is less than 20%.<br />

Total number of<br />

men elected,<br />

3498<br />

72%<br />

2009 Community Elections Results<br />

Gender Disaggregated Data<br />

Total number of<br />

women elected,<br />

1379<br />

28%<br />

There was one draw in Suco Raimea (Covalima District) where the Electoral<br />

Management Bodies (EMB) set up a 2nd round of voting with the two most voted<br />

candidates. The event took place on December 3rd without registering any<br />

inconveniences.<br />

Finally, the Court of Appeal analyzed all the documents and recommendations<br />

verified and submitted by the CNE and announced the validation of the<br />

Community Elections results, giving a fully satisfactory conclusion to this democratic<br />


Photos: Jessie Lagrosas/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

Photo: Carla Duarte/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

1st International Seminar on<br />

Electoral Studies: “The Legal Framework”<br />

On <strong>No</strong>vember 18-21, CNE hosted the 1st International Seminar on<br />

Electoral Studies: “The Legal Framework” with the support of the UN<br />

Electoral Support Team (<strong>UNEST</strong>). The <strong>UNDP</strong> Support to the <strong>Timor</strong>ese<br />

Electoral Cycle Project in partnership with the Spanish Cooperation Agency<br />

(AECID) financially assisted this important electoral event.<br />

The seminar was attended by participants from various countries including:<br />

Brazil, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Mozambique, Philippines and Spain.<br />

Participants from <strong>Timor</strong>ese central institutions included: the President of the<br />

Court of Appeal, Dr. Claudio Ximenes, the Former Prime Minister, Mr. Mari<br />

Alkatiri, and the Director of STAE, Mr. Tomas Cabral.<br />

The Seminar was inaugurated by the Chairman of CNE, Dr. Faustino<br />

Cardoso and the UN DSRSG Mr. Finn Reske-Nielsen. The President of the<br />

Republic, Mr. Ramos Horta, addressed the attendees and made remarks regarding<br />

the significant cooperation between STAE and CNE and thanked the<br />

UN for the continued support to the electoral processes and successful<br />

Community Elections.<br />

The Seminar focused on the importance of how the legal instruments define<br />

electoral processes and how various countries in the world developed their<br />

system and process of elections. The target audience are members of the<br />

EMBs, MPs, Government, Political Parties representatives, and civil society.<br />

The closing ceremony was chaired by the Prime Minister Mr. Xanana<br />

Gusmão who emphasized the importance of the electoral legal framework<br />

in the ongoing consolidation of democracy in the country.<br />

As a result of the presentations and discussions, CNE and <strong>UNEST</strong> are planning<br />

to launch a publication on the <strong>Timor</strong>ese electoral management system,<br />

comprising the keynotes documents and conclusions of the debate.<br />

Mexico-<strong>Timor</strong>-<strong>Leste</strong> Electoral Exchange<br />

As part of the Mexico-<strong>Timor</strong>-<strong>Leste</strong> exchange in the Electoral Area,<br />

Mr. Carlos Navarro, Director of Electoral Studies from the Electoral<br />

Federal Institute (IFE) the Electoral Management Body from Mexico<br />

visited the Director of STAE Mr. Tomas Cabral, together with<br />

Mr. Andres del Castillo, <strong>UNEST</strong> Chief Technical Advisor, and took<br />

the opportunity to address the 13 STAE District Coordinators and<br />

the 13 District Administrators on the Mexican System of Municipal<br />

Elections.<br />


Photos: Meire Alves/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

Photos: Paulo Ferreira/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

Electoral UNVs and Their Experiences in<br />

the 2009 Community Elections<br />

Voter Education Advisor (STAE), Dili: Meire Alves - Brazil<br />

After working with elections in my country for three and a half years, I<br />

thought being an electoral UNV in <strong>Timor</strong>-<strong>Leste</strong> would not be much of a<br />

challenge. I was wrong.<br />

The situations and difficulties I faced in the field showed me I was to give<br />

much more than just the knowledge and expertise I had acquired in my<br />

professional life. I was expected to get involved in the development of the<br />

<strong>Timor</strong>ese democracy process. I found out voter education was much more<br />

than just hanging posters around and distributing flyers and electoral materials,<br />

but getting the people to trust that what we were doing was to help<br />

them consolidate the independence they so long fought for. Sometimes we<br />

forget elections are about that.<br />

The second challenge of my job was to find out how to work with the resources<br />

we had, which sometimes were very limited. Against all odds and despite<br />

their little experience, the <strong>Timor</strong>ese people surprised me by showing<br />

how much they value their elections and how much they were able to give<br />

of themselves to make them happen.<br />

To be able to observe and even to take part of this process was much more<br />

than just a professional experience to me. It was a privilege.<br />

Logistics Advisor (CNE), Lautem: Paulo Ferreira - Portugal<br />

I arrived with the 3rd group of electoral UNVs and was deployed in Lautem<br />

district at the end of August. The weeks that preceded Election Day were full<br />

of challenges but also presented a great opportunity to know the region<br />

and to strengthen working relationships with my national counterparts.<br />

Due to the lack of transport resources of CNE, my job involved a lot<br />

of driving around the district. I went to the 34 sucos with my national<br />

counterparts in order for them to talk to and advice existing suco chiefs<br />

and brigadas regarding the display of the electoral posters, candidates’ lists,<br />

complaints coming from the public in general and candidates themselves,<br />

and the access of the polling centres by voters for Election Day and the<br />

distribution of materials for the elections.<br />

On the technical side, my job consisted of advising and assisting CNE with<br />

regard to planning, management and monitoring of logistic operations in<br />

relation to the electoral process. I was sometimes based at CNE district<br />

headquarters in Los Palos, working closely with the national counterparts<br />

and at other times in the field with suco committee members. The latter<br />


was more of a logistic reconnaissance nature to monitor<br />

the logistics support status.<br />

Electoral Officer (<strong>UNEST</strong>), Dili: Caroline Tan -<br />

Singapore<br />

I arrived in <strong>Timor</strong>-<strong>Leste</strong> among the 1st batch of electoral<br />

UNVs at the end of June. My place of work is<br />

<strong>UNEST</strong> HQ at Respect Building, on the Dili beachfront.<br />

I report to the 3 members of the <strong>UNEST</strong> management<br />

team (profiled in previous section) and assist<br />

them with a variety of tasks.<br />

My initial duties included supporting electoral UNVs<br />

with the distribution of their equipment (computers<br />

and mobile/sat phones) and the processing of their<br />

administrative documents such as Movement of<br />

Personnel, Waiver and Leave Application Forms.<br />

In recent months, my work included taking minutes of<br />

meetings, drafting concept papers for After-Action<br />

Reviews and Reports. I helped to arrange and<br />

co-ordinate travel itineraries for <strong>UNEST</strong>-organized<br />

official trips to the districts. I also provide content<br />

(articles and photographs) for the <strong>UNEST</strong> newsletter.<br />

The most challenging aspect of my work is having<br />

to execute tasks assigned to me within a very limited<br />

time constraint. On a positive note, given the nature of<br />

my job, I have the opportunity to work with people<br />

from various sections of UNMIT. This gives me a<br />

better understanding of the roles each section fulfills<br />

within the mission.<br />

<strong>UNEST</strong> GENERAL OBJECTIVES<br />

Photo: Karen Kelleher/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

Photo: Valerie Sticher/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

Photo: Karen Kelleher/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

• To enhance capacity of the National Electoral Management Bodies (STAE<br />

and CNE) to fulfill their administrative and supervisory mandates and<br />

organize and conduct free and fair elections.<br />

• To support electoral processes and the revision of the legal framework.<br />

• To enhance participation and credible elections.<br />

• To assist and support in the development of the political parties capacity.<br />

• To support the implementation of comprehensive public awareness<br />

strategy focused on civic and voter education.<br />

• To promote gender equality and empowerment in the electoral processes.<br />

Photo: Valerie Sticher/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

Photo: Valerie Sticher/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />


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