DSN Pharmacy Technology Report - Drug Store News

drugstorenews.com

DSN Pharmacy Technology Report - Drug Store News

Pharmacy Technology Report

DIGITAL

REPORT

FEBRUARY 2012


Pharmacy Technology Report

Investment, M&A activity heats up HIT

BY ALARIC DEARMENT

By most accounts, the U.S. economy embarked

on a slow but measurable recovery in

2011, but one area that saw a lot of activity was

investment in healthcare information technology,

according to a new report.

The report, conducted by Austin, Texasbased

public relations, investor relations and

market research fi rm Mercom Capital Group,

called 2011 an “extremely good year” for healthcare

IT companies in terms of fi nancial activity.

The funding in 2011 compared with $211 billion

in 22 deals in 2010, with the average venture capital

deal round coming out to $9.8 million per deal.

The top health IT venture capital investors in

2011 were HLM Venture Partners, based in Boston

with offi ces in San Francisco, which had four

deals. Meanwhile, Princeton, N.J.-based Cardinal

Partners; Louisville, Ky.-based Chrysalis Ventures;

San Francisco-based Founders Fund; Palo

Alto, Calif.-based Innovation Endeavors; and

Menlo Park, Calif.-based Kleiner Perkins Caulfi

eld & Byers each had three deals. The number

of venture capital investors also saw large-scale

expansion, from 62 in 2010 to 104 in 2011.

Most of the disclosed VC funding in 2011

went to health IT companies, according to the

report, for a total of $480 million in 49 deals.

Thirty of those deals, accounting for $336 mil-

U.S. $ in millions

200

175

150

125

100

75

50

25

0

lion, were disclosed, while $83.3 million went

to personal health record companies in 12 deals

— in the remaining undisclosed deals, certain

variables, such as names of investors and the

type of funding, were not made public. Other

deals included $27 million each raised by realtime

location systems provider Awarepoint and

Web-based healthcare network Ability, while

clin ical informatics company Humedica raised

$23 million, and Web-based electronic medical

records company Practise Fusion raised another

$250

20

18 18

225 18

2011

2010

Healthcare IT venture capital funding (by quarter)

Disclosed amount (in millions)

Number of deals

5 5

45

93

62

35

66

Q1 2010

11

Q2 2010 Q3 2010 Q4 2010 Q1 2011 Q2 2011 Q3 2011 Q4 2011

Source: Mercom Capital Group

49 deals

22 deals

Source: Mercom Capital Group

7

5

$211M

7

6

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4

220

Healthcare IT venture capital funding 2010-11

159

16

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

$480M

2 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

Number of deals


Pharmacy Technology Report

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 2

$29 million. In the biggest deal, online doctor

appointment startup ZocDoc got $75 million

from DST Global and Goldman Sachs.

Of the 30 disclosed deals, 23 received their

funding in the early stages, which the Mercom

report called a “very positive sign showing investor

confi dence in early stage technologies and

companies.” Of the 18 deals that received funding

in the fourth quarter, six were early-stage.

Mergers and acquisitions also saw signifi -

cant activity in 2011, which the report called

“robust.” There were 104 transactions in the

health IT space with a total value of $6 billion,

compared with 85 transactions in 2010 with a

total value of $4 billion. The report attributed

the increase to a number of different factors, including

strategic acquisitions, consolidation and

increasing market share through acquisition.

The bulk of mergers and acquisitions involved

health information management companies,

CONTINUED ON PAGE 6

U.S. $ in millions

U.S. $ in millions

$400

350

Q4 2011

Q3 2011

28

336

Q2 2011

300

Q1 2011

Total number of deals

24

250

200

150

100

50

0

80

60

40

20

Healthcare IT venture capital funding 2011 (by technology)

30

Health

information

management

12

83.3

Personal

health

record

Source: Mercom Capital Group

0

3

18.3

Mobile

health

2

26.6

Telemedicine Revenue

cycle

management

1

1

10 5.3

Service

providers

Healthcare IT venture capital funding Q4 2011 (by technology)

$120 12

100

10

Amount (in millions)

Number of deals

10

102.9

Health

information

management

Source: Mercom Capital Group

5

5

32.5

Personal

health

record

1

8

10

Telemedicine Revenue

cycle

management

1 1

5.3

Service

providers

4 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

32

20

16

12

8

4

0

8

6

4

2

0

Number of deals

Total number of deals


Pharmacy Technology Report

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 4

among which there were 61 deals with a total

value of $1.9 billion. The runners-up were revenue

cycle management companies, which had

19 deals worth a total of $3.9 billion, and service

providers, which had 16 deals.

Blackstone Capital Partners’ acquisition of

Emdeon, a company that contracts with pharmacies

and their service providers to simplify

and improve end-to-end prescription processes,

for $3 billion was the largest deal of the year. In

June 2011, Emdeon entered a deal with Armada

Health Care to support prior authorization

management for Armada member pharmacies

through Armada’s ReachRx suite of services.

Other large-scale mergers and acquisitions

included General Dynamics’ acquisition of

Vangent Holding Corp. for $960 million. HMS

Holdings spent $400 million to acquire Health-

DataInsights, a company that identifi es and recoups

claim overpayments, while Vista Equity

Partners bought business management software

provider Sage Healthcare for $320 million.

Toshiba Medical Systems bought medical

visualization and analysis software maker

Vital Images for $273 million.

These were followed by such deals as the

$202 million acquisition by Aetna of PayFlex, a

company that provides Web-based proprietary

benefi t administration services for companies offering

such consumer-based products as health

savings accounts. Experian bought Medical

U.S. $ in millions

4,000

3,500

3,000

2,500

2,000

1,500

1,000

2011

2010

500

0

104 deals

85 deals

Source: Mercom Capital Group

Healthcare IT M&A 2010-2011

Present Value for $185 million, acquiring a company

that markets revenue cycle management

software. Harris Corp. spent $155 million to buy

Carefx, which sells interoperability workfl ow

software that uses its proprietary Fusionfx platform,

while McKesson bought British hospital

software developer System C for $141.5 million.

MedQuist Holdings bought speech recognition

technology developer M*Modal for $130 million.

Since then, MedQuist has adopted the M*Modal

CONTINUED ON PAGE 8

$5,000

Disclosed amount (in millions)

37

40

4,500 Number of deals

35

27

Healthcare IT M&A (by quarter)

9

19

30

618 2,185 326 860 306 35 703 4,688 407

Q1 2010 Q2 2010 Q3 2010 Q4 2010 Q1 2011 Q2 2011 Q3 2011 Q4 2011

Source: Mercom Capital Group

15

24

$3,989M

28

159

30

25

20

15

10

5

0

$6,104M

6 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

Number of deals

Completely integrated Facebook + iPhone app.

Tools to help establish achievable objectives.

Expert plans and challenges fuel progress.

Results. Succes is measured using objective data.

Facebook,

iTunes.

Search: numera social




Take your social media strategies far beyond a simple fan page. Now,

you can immerse customers in your own branded Facebook + iPhone

health & wellness app.

Numera Social offers a new way to create deeper ongoing daily

relationships with your customers, helping them to improve their health

while also extending your reach to their family and friends.

Our social + mobile platform provides merchandising options,

compliance benets and many other opportunities to build your health

and wellness business along the way. Bring your brand to life by offering

self-management resources, while enabling support and motivation

from peers and friends.

Spark a chain reaction that fuels healthy behavior and customer loyalty.



Call 800.233.4323 | email info@numerahealth.com

numerahealth.com/numerasocial-overview


Pharmacy Technology Report

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 6

name, and on Jan. 27, the company announced

that Allscripts would adopt M*Modal’s Speech

Understanding technology and add it to its electronic

health records, saying that it would allow

for the creation of “content-rich, voice-driven

narrative patient documentation.”

But in addition to these large deals, there also

were many noteworthy deals that didn’t make

the Mercom report. For example, in December

2011, Medbox acquired Prescription Vending

Machines. Founded in 2008, Prescription

Vending Machines makes a biometric medicine

dispensing system that can dispense drugs

available from pharmacies, doctors’ offi ces, hospitals,

urgent care centers and alternative medicine

clinics. Financial terms of the deal weren’t

disclosed, but Prescription Vending Machines

has installed more than 100 machines and point

of sale systems worldwide and has had more

than $6 million in sales since 2010. ●

U.S. $ in millions

U.S. $ in millions

$4,500 Q4 2011

70

4,000

61

Q3 2011

Q2 2011

Q1 2011

3,970

60

3,500

Total number of deals

3,000

2,500

2,000

1,500

1,000

500

0

Healthcare IT M&A activity 2011 (by technology)

1,919

Health

information

management

Source: Mercom Capital Group

$450

400

350

300

250

200

150

100

50

0

17

7

Health

information

management

1

Undisclosed

5

Personal

health

record

5

2

18.3 26.6

Undisclosed 2

Mobile

health

Amount

Number of deals

1

Undisclosed

Personal

health

record

2

19

Telemedicine Revenue

cycle

management

400

5

16

213

Service

providers

Healthcare IT M&A activity Q4 2011 (by technology)

Source: Mercom Capital Group

Undisclosed 8

Undisclosed 5.3

Telemedicine Revenue Service

cycle

management

providers

8 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

3

50

40

30

20

10

0

18

16

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

Number of deals

Total number of deals

Our Blood Pressure Tracker Now Provides: Glucose, Cholesterol and BMI.

Our Pharmacy Services Program provides: Free ACPE Rx CE, Doctor Detailing, In-store Clinical Blood Pressure Workshops,

Nurse Intervention Counseling and Comprehensive "Live" Data Analytics for retail Health & Wellness strategy.

Patented, Clinically Validated for Accuracy & New Cuff Design

(Measures approx. 97% arms sizes, Sm. Med. Lg.)

Swivel

Ideal CuffWidt h

Small Arm

Swivel

Swivel

Ideal CuffWidt h

LargeArm

Swivel

• Cuff maintains ideal cuff width(40% of circumference)

• Cuff incorporates 2 axis swivel so itadjusts to arm.

• Tapered design accommodates large, cone shapedupper arms

“PS Data Smart” Targets “MTM” patient

Counseling and Reimbursement.

Overall

BP State Count %

Average

Systolic

Average

Diastolic

Average

Pulse

785 100% 137 80 75

Normal 150 19.1% 107 63 73

Pre-Hypertension 315 40.1% 128 75 75

Stage 1 Hypertension 245 31.2% 145 83 76

Stage 2 Hypertension 75 9.6% 167 97 75

Pharmacist enrolls patient into

Blood Pressure Program.

Winn Dixie #2, St. Johns, Florida.


Pharmacy Technology

CES highlights health tech

Visitors crowd around the health pavilion at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. The

show brought together more than 100,000 visitors and exhibitors between Jan. 10 and 13.

BY ALARIC DEARMENT

Now in its 44th year, the Consumer Electronics Show received a record

153,000 attendees and more than 3,100 exhibitors from

around the world in its 1.861 million sq. ft. of exhibit

space between Jan. 10 and Jan. 13.

The people and companies visiting the show fell under

just about every defi nition of the term “consumer

electronics,” but in particular, it included a number

of companies making products related to health care.

But rather than just seeing the latest healthcare technologies

directed at consumers, attendees at the show

got a taste of the technology behind the technology

— the platforms that power and augment technology

like mobile apps.

Among the companies showcasing these technologies

was Wind River Software, based in Alameda, Calif.,

which unveiled Wind River Solution Accelerators

for Android, a series of software modules that the company

said would help developers jumpstart Android

development and rapidly integrate features and functionalities

into their devices. The series consists of three

modules, dubbed User Experience, Connectivity and

CONTINUED ON PAGE 12

President/Group Publisher

John Kenlon

(212) 756-5238, jkenlon@lf.com

Publisher

Wayne Bennett

(212) 756-5157, wbennett@lf.com

REGIONAL SALES OFFICES

NEW YORK

425 Park Ave.

New York, NY 10022

Area Manager

Mike Shaw

(212) 756-5134, mshaw@lf.com

Area Manager

Steve Dixon

(212) 756-5237, sdixon@lf.com

Area Manager

Jeff Rothman

(212) 756-5244, jrothman@lf.com

MIDWEST

444 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 520

Chicago, IL 60611

Central Regional Manager

Catherine Stephany

(312) 645-5081, cstephan@lf.com

WEST

Western Regional Manager

Mary Fagnano

(818) 386-8709, mfagnano@lf.com

BUSINESS DEPARTMENT

Business Manager

Belinda Burger

(813) 627-6820, bburger@lf.com

PRODUCTION/MANUFACTURING

Senior Production Manager

Theresa Nicosia

(212) 756-5033, tnicosia@lf.com

CONTINUING EDUCATION

CE Account Manager

Renaye Phillips

(813) 627-6743, rphillips@lf.com

CONFERENCES & EVENTS

Executive Director of Special Events

Jim Kauhl

(603) 432-4077, jkauhl@lf.com

AUDIENCE DEVELOPMENT

3922 Coconut Palm Drive

Tampa, FL 33619

Circulation List Manager

Statlistics (203) 778-8700

Founder (1900-1981)

Arnold D. Friedman

President

J. Roger Friedman

Executive VP/CFO

Daniel J. Mills

INTERNATIONAL OFFICES

Japan: Diamond-Friedman Co., Ltd.

Takii Tokyo Building, 7th fl oor

1-6-1, Kanda Jimboucho

Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan, 101-0051

ph: 011-81-3-3504-6750

fax: 011-81-3-3504-6752

Spain: Ediciones Y Estudios,

Enrique Larreta, 9-1 A 28036

Madrid, Spain

ph: 011-34-91-733-91-14

fax: 011-34-91-315-56-28

Publisher of Drug Store News,

Connecting Northwest Arkansas,

Home Channel News and Chain Store Age.

10 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

PUT YOUR BRAND ON THE

PULSE OF ITS CONSUMERS.

Winner of the Coveted

“Intel Innovation Award”

The SoloHealth Station is changing the

way consumers keep tabs on their health.

Soon to be found throughout the nation

at major national retailers, each station

offers free vision, blood pressure, weight,

and body mass index screenings as well

as an overall health assessment – all

updatable online. It’s more than a free

check-up. It’s an unmatched, incredibly

targeted multi-platform advertising

opportunity that will change the game.

WEIGHT/BODY

MASS INDEX

VISION

SCREENING

HEALTH RISK

ASSESEMENT

BLOOD

PRESSURE

FOR MORE INFORMATION, CALL SOLOHEALTH AT

770-662-4158 OR GO TO SOLOHEALTH.COM TODAY.


Pharmacy Technology

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 10

Medical. The Medical module supports the IEEE 11073

stack, which allows for information exchange between

such personal health devices as scales, blood pressure

monitors and blood oxygen modules, as well as a Bluetooth

Health Device Protocol.

At the same time, the Beaverton, Ore.-based nonprofi t

Continua Health Alliance announced it would make its

design guidelines publicly available for download free

of charge, following an eight-month interoperability

and pilot phase. The group said that public access to the

Continua Design Guidelines would help a larger number

of developers build end-to-end systems that provide

seamless connectivity between personal connected

health products and services, facilitating critical interoperability

among devices and applications to drive down

data collection and management costs to signifi cantly

streamline and simplify the development process for

technology companies. As part of its commitment to

support the 2011-2012 GSMA Mobile Health University

Challenge, Continua recently

made its 2011 design guidelines

available to university

students to aid

their development

of applications.

UnitedHealth

Group is partnering

with three companies

to develop mobile

products and services that it said are designed to improve

consumers’ health and well-being. The company’s new

business partners — CareSpeak Communications, Lose

It! and Fitbit — help simplify the consumer healthcare

experience by making relevant, practical information

easier to access by using such mobile devices as smartphones,

UnitedHealth said. These include CareSpeak’s

medication and disease management application, which

enables patients to report their medication intakes and

biometric data to a clinician or care provider. Fitbit offers

a wireless tracker that includes an accelerometer

that it said can more accurately count how many steps a

user takes and an altimeter to track stairs climbed, while

calculating the number of calories a person burns. The

data then can be uploaded to Fitbit’s website, allowing

people to analyze their physical activity. The company’s

services will be integrated with UnitedHealth Group’s

OptumizeMe mobile health app. Lose It!, created by Fit-

Now, is a mobile app and website that helps consumers

manage their weight and improve their health.

That kind of technology could come in handy for

companies developing a host of new technologies

designed to interact with mobile devices, including

Valencell, which unveiled enhanced V-Linc technology

that integrates mobile health and fi tness technology

into audio earbuds. Presenters from the company

were on hand to demonstrate V-Linc on multiple mobile

platforms, wearing earbud prototype units and

showing mobile applications to demonstrate how the

technology measures such body metrics as continuous

heart rate, calories burned and speed during use

on a treadmill, stationary bike and in other exercise

scenarios. Company founder and CEO Steven LeBoeuf

noted that according to studies, 70% of regular exercisers

wear audio headsets while exercising.

Meanwhile, BodyMedia and Avery Dennison Medical

Solutions have created a body-monitor patch that

they foresee being used to gather physiological data for

health-and-wellness initiatives over a period of seven

days or less. The patch combines Avery’s Metria wearable

sensor technology with BodyMedia’s proprietary algorithms.

The companies said the patch initially would

be used as an evaluation tool for weight management,

while future applications are expected to include corporate

wellness programs, remote elder care, and safety

and monitoring of vital signs for a variety of health conditions.

The patch will track lifestyle indicators — such

as calorie burn, steps taken, activity levels and sleep patterns

through multiple sensors that collect more than

5,000 data points per minute — enable the data to be uploaded

to a computer or mobile device, and can remain

on the back of the left tricep for up to seven days. ●

A LEBHAR-FRIEDMAN ® A LEBHAR-FRIEDMAN PUBLICATION

425 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022

(212) 756-5220 Fax (212) 756-5256

Subscription Services: (813) 627-6707

EDITORIAL

Editor in Chief

Rob Eder

(212) 756-5160, reder@lf.com

Group Managing Editor

Teresa Dombach

(212) 756-5015, tdombach@lf.com

Senior Editor/OTC & Natural Health

Michael Johnsen

(717) 865-9030, mjohnsen@lf.com

Senior Editor/Beauty Care

Antoinette Alexander

(212) 756-5246, aalexand@lf.com

Associate Editor/Pharmacy

Alaric DeArment

(212) 756-5167, adearmen@lf.com

Desk Editor

Rozanne Gelbinovich

(212) 756-5093, rgelbino@lf.com

Desk Editor

Melissa Valliant

(212) 756-5156, mvallian@lf.com

Online News Editor

Allison Cerra

(212) 756-5178, acerra@lf.com

Contributing Editors

Jim Frederick, Barbara White-Sax

Continuing Education Director

Crystal Lennartz

(262) 696-4254, clennart@lf.com

CUSTOM MEDIA

Creative Director

Darren Ursino

dursino@lf.com

Group Account Director

Ali Zipes

azipes@lf.com

Designer

Calvin Anthony

canthony@lf.com

CUSTOMER SERVICE

(813) 627-6707, Fax: (813) 627-7062

Having a problem with your subscription?

Send us full details with the mailing label of

the last copy you received, along with your

telephone number. Write to Circulation

Fulfi llment Director, Drug Store News,

P.O. Box 2005 Skokie, IL 60076-9980

PERMISSIONS

Materials may not be reproduced without

written permission. Requests should be

directed to John Kenlon, President/Group

Publisher,

Drug Store News, 425 Park Ave.,

New York, NY 10022. Authorization to

photocopy items for internal or personal use,

or the internal or personal use of specifi c

clients, is granted by

Drug Store News,

provided that the base fee of $0.25 per

copy is paid directly to Copyright Clearance

Center, 222 Rosewood Dr., Danvers, MA

01923, (508) 750-8400, Fax: (978) 646-8600,

copyright.com.

For organizations granted a photocopy

license by CCC, a separate system of

payment has been arranged. The fee code

for users of the Transactional Reporting

Service is 0012-3587/92/$0.25.

12 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

The

Audit

Bureau

get your

together.

Every customer. Every device. Everywhere.

Out of the box or customized, Kony delivers mobile apps

for any device in record time, so you can stay connected to

your customers—and they to you.

Retailers can offer customers fingertip access to what they

need when they need it. And suppliers can streamline ordering

and inventory management for retailers. With Kony, you build

customer loyalty by making their interactions with you easy

and more convenient.

To learn more, download our white paper on how mobile

applications increase pharmacy profitability.

888-323-9630 | www.kony.com


Industry Issues

Health, Wellness and Technology Roundtable

PANELISTS: Will Abbott, CVS Caremark • Mike Cantrell, Good Neighbor Pharmacy • Bob Dufour, Blue Ocean Innovative Solutions • Bart Foster,

SoloHealth • Aaron Kaufman, Kony Solutions • Ashton Maaraba, PharmaSmart International • Craig Norman, H-E-B • Darren O’Neill, Health Mart

• Dev Patel, Moonshado • Rick Sage, Emdeon • Erick Von Schweber, Surveyor Health • Jim Weeast, Walgreens • Alan Yates, Numera Social

WAYNE BENNETT, DRUG STORE NEWS: In talking with retailers, people

tell me how they want to own health and wellness, and at the end of the

day, we believe that technology is the driving force. ...

Today’s event would not be possible without the guidance, insight,

commitment and passion of Bob Dufour. I’ve known Bob for about 12

or 15 years, and we had the pleasure of working together while he was

at Walmart. Many of you know that Bob had 24 years of experience at

Walmart, and in that time Bob provided leadership and direction that

was integral to Walmart’s growth in pharmacy from $100 million to

more than $20 billion in sales. He’s worked over the years with numerous

branded pharmaceutical manufacturers to execute programs in

compliance and persistence, and he also has worked on professional

education programs and pharmacy marketing programs for consumers.

Bob’s distinguished background includes stints as the past presi-

dent of the Arkansas State Pharmacy and 2007 chairman of the NACDS

Pharmacy & Technology Conference. He’s a [board] member for four

different schools of pharmacy, and he also is a frequent speaker at many

industry events throughout the year.

BOB DUFOUR, BLUE OCEAN INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS: Thank you, Wayne.

[When] Wayne and I started talking last spring about [the topic for a

roundtable], I told him that the most interesting thing I could think of

is if we could bring together some key retailers with some leading and

emerging technology vendors who are working on projects for pharmacy

and have a very open discussion about the industry. ...

Our objective today is: No. 1, this is an opportunity for the retailers.

... Craig [Norman], if you think [about] how [sometimes] a vendor

shows up with a product and it’s a great idea that they’ve put a lot of

14 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

In November 2011, The Drug Store News Group hosted in New York an exclusive executive round-table discussion of leading pharmacy retailers

and executives from leading and emerging healthcare technology companies. Guest moderator and veteran pharmacy executive Bob Dufour and

the panel examined a range of topics, including opportunities to use such new technologies as mobile and social media platforms to improve

patient compliance, how kiosks are helping to redefi ne the self-care experience at retail pharmacy and new clinical technologies that are helping

to improve pharmacist-patient interactions.

work into, and you love it, but you think, ‘Boy, if they just really understood

H-E-B a little bit better, would they have done it a little bit differently?’

So, it’s an opportunity for retailers to see what the suppliers are

working on, what they’re thinking and to give them feedback on what’s

relevant for the retailer.

So that is the objective of this meeting: to give you a chance to talk

about what you’re working on and give a chance to the retailers to give

you feedback on how relevant it is to their businesses.

So I guess to start ... where we see the big opportunities for the industry

is three-fold: One is how do we make health care more affordable for

the consumer? That’s a big issue that we’re facing in our country. Second,

how do we drive compliance and persistence? [Compliance and

persistence] will lower the cost of health care; it will improve health.

And third is, when you look at what I call “drug events,” how do we

do a better job? That’s more than clinical information; whether it’s the

adverse drug effects that we see, or if it’s the misfi lls from the pharmacist

— how do we use that clinical knowledge to get better at our craft?

So I guess to start with today ... if we can go around the table and just

quickly state who you are, the company you’re with and maybe two or

three sentences about what makes your company different.

“ Where we see the

big opportunities for

the industry is threefold:

One is how do we

make health care more

affordable for the consumer?

... Second, how

do we drive compliance

and persistence?

... And third is, ... how do we use that clinical

knowledge to get better at our craft?”

Bob Dufour, Blue Ocean Innovative Solutions

DRUGSTORENEWS.COM FEBRUARY 2012 • 15


Technology Roundtable

MIKE CANTRELL, GOOD NEIGHBOR PHARMACY: I’m Mike Cantrell. I’m the

president of Good Neighbor Pharmacy. Good Neighbor Pharmacy is a

franchise banner that represents about 3,700 independently owned pharmacies

across the country. The parent company is AmerisourceBergen,

which is one of the top three drug distribution companies in the country.

“ It’s incumbent on

[us as] providers to

understand where

the technology is

going and then

respond to that progress

by developing

the appropriate

vehicles that facilitate

improved patient outcomes through

pharmacist-supported instruments.”

Mike Cantrell, Good Neighbor Pharmacy

ERICK VON SCHWEBER, SURVEYOR HEALTH: Erick Von Schweber, executive

co-chair of Surveyor Health. I’m going to suggest here that there is a

concept that unifi es and unites adverse drug events, compliance, adherence

and even sales and revenue. That concept is trade-off management,

as opposed to looking at the patient or consumer in stovepipes — they’re

a diabetic, they’re a congestive heart failure patient, they spend this much

— what if we could look at them in total? Well, that’s a pretty radical idea.

Consider this: For every patient, your typical senior, average 65-yearold

in the United States is on eight to 10 prescription [medications]. Lets

ask ourselves a question that’s never asked: For that one regimen that

they’re on, how many other regimens are possibly indicated for them?

And let’s be conservative — rather than nine or 10, let’s just look at eight

meds. ... The answer is an astonishing 39 trillion regimens, which as a

search space outnumbers Google when you search the Web by about

1,000 to one in terms of scale. And where there’s only one Web to search

— we’ve got 40 million-plus seniors in this country, each with this very

astronomical, complex space with these regimens differing substantially

in terms of adverse events, costs, effectiveness, etc. And the fact is, [often]

the regimen that people are on is not necessarily the one best suited

to them. So when we’re looking at reducing adverse events, when we’re

looking at getting that patient to be not just a reluctant medication taker

but actually someone who’s a consumer who loves what their regimen

does for them, what we need to do is fi gure out how to identify and

manage these trade-offs — the trade-offs for their concerns, the tradeoffs

for the concerns of the pharmacy system and the healthcare system.

Now that sounds like an impossible thing to do.

That’s where we come in. So we come out of a background in DOD and

DARPA, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. What we have

is a technology that can look through those enormous spaces in seconds

and help a physician or a pharmacist manage those trade-offs for the patient.

So my hypothesis here today, which is what I’d like to talk about, is

how can we take these next two — not just one, but two — generations of

clinical decision support to better manage trade-offs for the patient and

the healthcare system, and therefore actually create a win-win-win for all

of us involved? That’s what I’d like to talk about.

DARREN O’NEILL, HEALTH MART: I’m Darren O’Neill, senior director of

retail technology innovation at McKesson, and more specifi cally with

Health Mart, which is a franchise banner of about 3,000 independently

owned pharmacies. I work specifi cally with retail technology and innovations,

where we affect patient care services delivered at retail through

our network of pharmacies and supporting technologies.

DEV PATEL, MOONSHADO: My name is Dev Patel from Moonshado.

We’re a mobile technology company that specializes in SMS, MMS, QR

codes, augmented reality and branded applications.

CRAIG NORMAN, H-E-B: Good morning, my name’s Craig Norman. I’m

SVP pharmacy with H-E-B. H-E-B is a grocery and general merchandise

retailer based in San Antonio. We operate roughly 230 pharmacies

in the state, fi lling a lot of prescriptions, typically more than your

traditional chain pharmacy. We also offer a broad array of professional

services that we administer right at our pharmacy.

ALAN YATES, NUMERA SOCIAL: I’m Alan Yates from Numera and

Numera Social. There are two sides to our business: one, we support an

array of home healthcare devices, and we provide an information service

— a data service — to a variety of electronic medical record and personal

medical record systems; the second piece of our business that I’m here to

talk more about is Numera Social, which is a Facebook and mobile application

to help people improve their health — so for self-management.

ASHTON MAARABA, PHARMASMART INTERNATIONAL: I’m Ashton Maaraba,

with PharmaSmart. We actually have two segments to our business

model as well. We manufacture and distribute blood pressure equipment

and kiosks, and we also have a health IT solutions segment of our business

that’s engaged with the whole [medication therapy management]

process, which we’re going to discuss today. We’re also in the data management

part of the business as a result of the blood pressure results that

we’re bringing in [from our] kiosk usage. We’re in just under 6,000 pharmacies

in the United States and Canada, and growing aggressively.

JIM WEEAST, WALGREENS: Jim Weeast with Walgreens. I’m the rookie

here — I’ve been in pharmacy retail technology for just seven months

now. [My] career [prior to that had been] in fi nancial services. At Walgreens

I’m responsible for developing technology integration plans for

various M&A activity that we have going on. I also have responsibility

for technology for our specialty and infusion business units. Finally, I

also have responsibility for the overall execution of technology projects

16 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

within pharmacy, health and wellness, including linking our more strategic

projects into our legacy applications.

BART FOSTER, SOLOHEALTH: I’m Bart Foster. I’m CEO and founder

of SoloHealth. We’re based out of Atlanta, and we’re focused on selfservice

health care and empowering consumers to take charge of their

heath. We’ve developed the SoloHealth Station, which measures blood

pressure, body mass index and vision screenings. Because they’re all Internet

connected, we’re then able to put people in touch with local providers

in their community. We’re going to be scaling across the country.

I’m excited to be here, and one of the things I want to make sure we

cover and talk about is how we can empower consumers to better take

care of themselves. We feel that we don’t necessarily need the government

to take care of everyone; we need people to be educated, and we

need to make them aware of certain conditions they may have and get

them to take action. We feel that through an ecosystem of health and

wellness ... [we think] what we’re doing at SoloHealth — [a self-service

station] — can be the entry point or the on-ramp, ... but it’s bigger than

that. It’s an ecosystem around Web and mobile, and what we’re doing

in store that I think will be the big difference. But empowering the consumer

is what we’re most excited about.

WILL ABBOTT, CVS CAREMARK: I’m Will Abbott with CVS Caremark. We

also have two sides of our business, [retail and PBM]. I’m on the traditional

retail side. As the senior director of pharmacy operations, I have

responsibility for the policy, procedure, training and workfl ow development

for all staff behind the bench. Along with those responsibilities

comes a lot of our in-store technology, including vendor relationships

around kiosks, as well as our automation solutions and relationships

with industry partners like Surescripts. I also work closely with our

product development group, which has responsibility for adherence

programs and health-related programs.

AARON KAUFMAN, KONY SOLUTIONS: I’m Aaron Kaufman with Kony Solutions.

As the GM and VP of the healthcare division, which covers healthcare

life sciences, we work with some of the largest payers, pharmaceutical

companies, distribution companies and providers out there in the healthcare

domain, and we also are starting to get into the retail independent

pharmacy and retail pharmacy large chain [environment] from an app development

[standpoint]. We actually have a global app development platform

that allows you to write your code once and deploy it on every single

platform that’s out there. So, many top blue chip [companies] leverage our

platform to write their mobile applications. They [write] their applications

once, they have one code base and it deploys daily across all seven operating

systems, as well as HTML 5 and HTML 4, kiosk and even desktop Web.

In the retail health space — especially in the retail pharmacy space

— we are building on top of this platform a starter application, a template,

that’s very similar to what Walgreens offers today in the marketplace

for their brand. And we’re trying to make that kind of technology

a commodity for ... the larger and the smaller chains that can’t afford

to do mobile development themselves. So we have a template, a starter

application, that they can basically rebrand, reskin and allow patients to

refi ll prescriptions from a bar code, QR code or [by] entering [it] in; fi nd

a pharmacy if multiple [ones] exists; [and obtain] patient-friendly drug

monograph information, ... those kinds of activities that drive the needle

for repeat, sticky and monetization of interactions with a pharmacy customer.

[I am] looking forward to our conversations to come.

“ Someone’s not just

going to go to an app to

look up a drug monograph.

It has to be part

of their workfl ow. Like,

‘I’m going to pick up a

drug, I’m going to

refi ll it,’ now show them

what a drug-friendly

monograph is. Don’t wait for them to go

search for it. Show it to them to their face.”

Aaron Kaufman, Kony Solutions

RICK SAGE, EMDEON: I’m Rick Sage with Emdeon. I lead our pharmacy

solutions, which are all of the products and services we offer to our

pharmacy customers. Emdeon is one of the largest healthcare technology

data management companies in the U.S. healthcare system.

The thing that interests me the most is engaging the patient between

interaction of the physician and the pharmacy. So taking a lot of what

we’ve already started talking about this morning, and bringing all that

together with an interaction between the encounter with [the patients’]

physician and the visit to the retail pharmacy to make sure that they

continue that cycle of care. ...

And to Bob’s point, instead of trying to build technology and get people

to use it, we want to look at the technology that’s being adopted already

and see how the healthcare environment can take advantage of it, such as

social networking, mobile technology, the Web, email ... all the technology

that already has been adopted, and looking to see how healthcare can take

advantage of this technology to encourage patient interaction. Because if

we can engage the patient in their own patient care, obviously we have a

much better opportunity for the persistency and the compliance of those

programs, and then we build — more easily, I believe — on top of those

programs once we’ve got that interaction with the patient established.

DUFOUR: Thanks Rick. And that’s a really good lead-in to our fi rst topic,

which is mobile technology. And as Rick said, one of the opportunities

we have today is we want to communicate and educate consumers; we

want to get them more compliant. The thing that they’re really attached

to now that wasn’t around 10 years ago is [the smartphone]. I was telling

this story last night — I have three grown boys and a 16-year-old

DRUGSTORENEWS.COM FEBRUARY 2012 • 17


Technology Roundtable

daughter, and if I call them, they don’t answer the phone. But if I text

them and say ‘Call Dad,’ they call right away. And I can’t fi gure it out,

but it’s a new generation, so we have to adapt to that.

So, I want to ask Dev to start off just as a primer on this because a lot

of folks have heard of short code and MMS and VMS and QR and maybe

AR [codes], but if you could just briefl y go over each one of those acronyms

and what they are.

“ Populating data

and having augmented

reality readily

available within

your locations, available

QR codes that

are able to ping back

information on the

Web that’s constantly updated, and the ability

to send notifi cations — those are the factors

early adopters in the market are looking for.

They’re more interested than just fi nding out

about their conditions and the drugs and the

side effects, which can be done via SMS and

lower-tier technologies.” Dev Patel, Moonshado

PATEL: So SMS, or text messaging, is an innovative way for patients

and providers to communicate with one another. In addition to sending

texts like Bob would to his children, providers also can develop mobile

applications — SMS-centered interactive applications. SMS is the most

ubiquitous technology that’s out there on a mobile device right now;

you don’t see phones that don’t have SMS. Nearly all phones within

the United States have SMS technology. So SMS is kind of the fi rst leg.

MMS is the next step, where you have video, images and a little bit of

audio. The carriers are very limiting in terms of how much bandwidth that

you can use within this technology. So, what has come is the next step,

which is VMS. It’s an application that Moonshado has released that allows

for person-to-person video messaging service. We’re building solutions

that allow for retailers and brands to provide specifi c content — health

education, product specials, in-store savings, to name a few — through the

VMS application, which is delivered directly to the user’s handset.

QR codes, or Quick Response codes, are a standard of 2-D bar codes. ...

It’s a square with a specifi c pattern or code — I’m sure most of you have

seen it. The idea behind it is since smartphones have a camera directly on

the mobile phone, you can scan the QR code, and it will link to some content

on fi le. That content can be changed by the owner of the QR code at

any time with a dashboard. We have dashboards within Moonshado that

allow you to create QR codes and change the content on the fl y.

The next thing is augmented reality, or AR. With applications or smartphones

you have the ability to take GPS data that’s within your phone,

match it with metadata that’s GPS-specifi c and create a virtual reality for the

user. It’s almost [like] the user is looking through the viewfi nder of [his or

her] camera and can see what you have populated the metadata with. So, for

example, a patient that has diabetes and is in your store can pull up an AR

application on their phone and see the items that are related directly to them

within the GPS metadata that you populated. The viewfi nder of their phone

will display as if they are shopping the aisles of the store. The customization

and interactive abilities of AR make it an easy way to reach customers.

Now branded applications are almost like a combination of SMS, VMS

and QR codes. The most important thing about branded apps is the ability

to really connect with the user. In order to persuade a consumer to

download an application, you have to really make sure that the person is

interested in what you have to say. Otherwise you’re better off launching

an SMS application that’s more ubiquitous.

DUFOUR: Thanks Dev. And with the use of mobile technology, consumers

are becoming more and more educated. I know on the way up here

on the plane yesterday, the guy sitting next to me asked me what I did,

and I told him I was a pharmacist. And he starts telling me that he’s on

Coumadin, talking about his PT, and how he goes and gets it checked.

And he really understood this. I asked him, ‘How did you come to know

all this?’ He said, ‘Well, my brother-in-law’s a pharmacist and he’s always

talking about it. But then I got on the ’net and read about it.’

And with that, the consumer is now walking into the pharmacy, and

whatever they have — even if it’s something very rare — they can go on

the ’net. In fi ve minutes they know more than the pharmacist knows,

and maybe more than some of the GPs know. So with that, how do we

address these issues?

O’NEILL: I think that’s a great topic. I think our culture has become an online

culture right now, and it keeps going more and more in that direction.

Just about anyone you meet is going to pull out a smartphone these days.

I was just with my nieces and nephews over the weekend, and they’re 8

and 10 years old. Nobody taught them how to use a smartphone, they just

know how to use them. And if I look back 15 years ago, we were trained

on how to use a computer. Now it is ubiquitous — to use your word, Dev

— everybody just uses one; it’s second nature. It’s like air.

I think our culture is so focused on the instantaneous and data-ondemand

— I want what I need now. So how does pharmacy step up to

that? How do we actually tap into that and then serve consumers where

they want to be met? Whether it’s on the Internet from home on my

desktop computer, on a laptop, on a smart device, via SMS or mobile

app. But then couple that with consumer-directed health plans, now I

have to make decisions as a member of the health plan. Where does my

money get spent? Well I need data to make the best decision.

So when I look at pharmacies, I say, what is our responsibility to that

culture that we are [part of] right now? How do we provide the patient

18 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

with enough information to make an educated choice about their health

care? To spend the money in the place that will be most benefi cial to

them. And how do we educate them to make that decision [correctly]?

As opposed to just a cost-saving measure, [is it] a balance of what is best

for me and what does it cost? And I think that’s something that I’d love

for us to really think about here today — what is our responsibility in

that? ... [There] are a lot of retailers at the table here, ... can we make that

happen for a patient, and what happens then with our relationship with

that patient? So I throw that out there for anybody to jump on. I don’t

think I answered your question, I think I just amped it up a little bit, Bob.

DUFOUR: That’s a good point. Any thoughts?

MAARABA: I was just going to say that ... the biggest thing that we fi nd

through the mobile technology aspect of the business is that ... if you fi lter

enough information to [patients] ... — let’s say the patient is suffering from

a chronic illness, whether it’s obesity or whatever — a way to support

MTM and free up the pharmacist’s time is to continue to encourage the

patient’s understanding [and to encourage them to] resource information

about [their] specifi c disease state so they learn more about it from the preventive

side. That patient will come to the pharmacy with a little bit more

knowledge, so when they get to the pharmacy, on the MTM side, the pharmacist

spends more time, or tries to spend more time, with the patient.

I think the issue is that 65% of the population doesn’t even use a smartphone

yet. So you’re really only targeting about 35% of that patient population.

And we’ll probably talk more about the culture of the pharmacist

later in the session, but targeting those [patients] that actually are in tune

to the smartphone and can access the intelligence within that technology

— that’s where you really have to start and kind of build around that. And

then fi nd a balance with the traditional methodology ... [because] you’re

targeting the 35% that uses technology, [so] you have to fi nd a balance

with the other 65% that doesn’t use that technology.

MAARABA: That happens. It’s part of, like you said, this ecosystem of

care — the pharmacy/patient/physician triangle, or the circle of care that

we’re all working within; family members are part of that. And it’s not

just the pharmacist who’s the chief consultant between visits. Or let’s say

if your pharmacy is connected to an EMR [at the] physician’s offi ce, you

have to rely on that caregiver. Personally I don’t have the percentages of

those households [where caregivers with smartphones] are actually assisting

[loved ones who don’t have access to smartphones]. But from what I

understand and other summits I’ve been involved with, there is greater

involvement by family members. I think there’s a statistic out there that

depending on the number of family members within a household, at least

one is in tune with mobile technology, or let’s say the iPad craze and everything

else. So you are seeing an emerging trend within that [group], so

more and more people are getting involved ... when there’s a hospice care

situation, whether it’s a signifi cant other or whatnot.

O’NEILL: I think you’re just looking at the idea that somebody’s representing

that patient, right? So it’s still in that triangle — it’s the patient, but

they may have an advocate at that point. I think we’ll probably see a lot

more of that going forward. I don’t think that changes the dynamic; I

think it just changes who that person is that’s going to act on behalf of the

patient. So if we look at that triangle — the prescriber, the pharmacy and

the patient — if we were to actually close that loop and have that threeway

conversation, who else wants to participate in that conversation?

That’s where I start thinking, where do we go to from there? For example,

how do manufacturers perceive value in that [scenario], or how do

payers perceive value in that, in a preventive method? And what is their

gain? How do we actually turn this around and say we can affect costsaving

efforts, and potentially generate some revenue for retail pharmacy

... through this process as well? Would it help decrease overall healthcare

costs? Because there’s the triangle and then there’s the circle around it, as

you’re saying. Who wants to be part of that, who’s got information and

who’s got incentive for patients to download the mobile app and to be

more involved because there’s something more for them there?

“ I think our culture is

so focused on the instantaneous

and dataon-demand

— I want

what I need now. So

how does pharmacy

step up to that? How

do we actually tap into

that and then serve

consumers where they want to be met?”

MAARABA: Or incentivize that caregiver.

O’NEILL: Everybody gets incentivized.

Darren O’Neill, Health Mart

SAGE: I think an important component, Darren, that you just hit on is

that larger circle. And to Bob’s point earlier, the consumers are yearning

for this information, and there’s so much information available. The

challenge that we have in health care is that they do come informed.

Are they well informed when they come in to talk to the physician or

the pharmacists? They have information; they’ve self-diagnosed themselves

or their elderly parent or their child correctly or not.

So one of the things that we have to deal with is how do we bring this

technology together and help gear the appropriate information to the

patients in that triangle? Because they will come informed, and there are

a lot of infl uences coming in every direction, whether there’s a mobile

app that they’ve downloaded from WebMD or they’ve done a Google

search off the Web to fi nd something that is matching with their ailment.

So I think a real challenge is how do we create that triangle? [How do

we] create the opportunities for revenue, along with the persistency in the

DRUGSTORENEWS.COM FEBRUARY 2012 • 19


Technology Roundtable

care of the patient and deal with the information that’s coming at them? I

think the more that we can help engage patients in the information that’s

going to be most pertinent to the conversation between those three parties,

the better the outcome for the patient and the more interaction we’re

going to have between our retail pharmacies and providers of care.

PATEL: I think another point is [that] the percentage in the public of smartphone

usage is rising. However, there still are people that are not using

smartphones — they’re using non-smartphones. So for them, SMS technology

is a delivering mechanism. It’s delivering the content that’s related

to their illness. And 95% of U.S. mobile phones are SMS-enabled.

“ There is a concept

that unifi es and

unites adverse drug

events, compliance,

adherence and even

sales and revenue.

That concept is tradeoff

management, as

opposed to looking

at the patient or consumer in stovepipes —

they’re a diabetic, they’re a congestive heart

failure patient, they spend this much —

what if we could look at them in total?”

Erick Von Schweber, Surveyor Health

VON SCHWEBER: I think it’s also important if we generalize that to identify

what’s the context. Part of that context is the capability of the device.

Is it SMS capable or is it more capable [than that]? But additionally,

where are they asking that question? Do they just want a short, quick

answer? Because they’re not going to read pages of information even

on a smartphone. So can we detect whether they want a short, quick

answer or they want a placeholder so that when they get back to their

PC or their laptop or whatever, they can then dig in deeper?

PATEL: Setting up those appropriate channels is important so that we

gather the right content. So that we know if they are walking into H-E-B,

for example, that they know that 75572 is the short code I need to text in

to fi nd additional information about this.

DUFOUR: When we talk about senior citizens and the elderly, [we talk

about] how important they are in our industry with the number of drugs

they take [and] all of the opportunities that we have to help them with their

health care, the misadventures, the drug events. ... I know back when Part

D was being rolled out, there was an effort by the government to get more

seniors to sign up for limited income subsidy, the LIS, and I had done some

work with Bob Dole and the folks down there doing some media events in

Walmart to raise awareness for LIS. And what they found afterward, when

Part D rolled out, was the number of senior citizens — Erick to your point

— who signed up online versus paper forms. And whether it was them or

the caregiver, [it] was shocking to the government. And Alan, I don’t know

if you have any statistics you can share with us, for instance the number

of seniors who are on Facebook or the amount of time they spend. But it

really surprises a lot of folks because they think of the elderly as not being

enabled with these technologies. The reality is I think some of them have

become enabled and they’re very faithful to those.

YATES: Yeah, I can just say that the fastest-growing population on Facebook

is women over 50 [years old]. And they’re typically the people that

are the caregivers in the home and ... across the expanse of their extended

family. And I think we all probably underestimate the baby boomer generation,

and then how much the baby boomer generation, as they get

older and as they get sicker, is going to be equipped with the technology,

whether it’s Facebook or smartphones. So in general, I think that we

should be careful to not underestimate the degree to which these tools

can help an increasingly growing number of the population.

CANTRELL: Community pharmacists are well-positioned to assume a

more prominent role in healthcare delivery, and that role contemplates

not only the dispensing and administration of medications and vaccines,

but extends to the provision of health screening and patient education.

Technology is a fundamental requirement for enabling those initiatives,

but such technology must have the capability to support an integrated

health information exchange so that all providers for a specifi c patient are

aware of the various elements of care for that patient.

The growing use of social media and mobile apps greatly expands the

potential to reach many more individuals much more rapidly than the

more traditional means. For pharmacists, these vehicles present opportunities

to provide patients with meaningful information for general consumption,

or tailored to specifi c patients. In either case, these evolving technologies

serve to increase pharmacists’ role in healthcare delivery.

DUFOUR: Aaron, you and Dev both work in this space: What are some

of the capabilities and some of the innovations that you guys are seeing

with mobile technology that the retailers ought to be thinking about?

KAUFMAN: I think some of the things I’m starting to see on the health

plan side, especially, is the closed loop adherence. Letting the physician

know, the pharmacy know — everybody know, basically, as part of the

caregiver circle — that the prescription was taken. And there are a lot of

things that can happen [from that], downfalls and upfalls. So things like

when users start using systems, you’ll be able to see if they’re taking

their drugs on time and stuff like that. There can be misinformation or

miscues, ill-reported data; whether it’s on mobile or whatever, there still

could be bad data in there, no matter what. And the closer you get your

care circle to that picture and to acknowledge it — having your wife or

20 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

your husband saying that they actually took that drug or they actually

went to go workout that day, having someone else there to verify and

validate some of the use cases — that to me helps to prove that circle of

care, whether it’s taking drugs, working out or being healthy.

DUFOUR: What are some things that are working and what are some of

the key lessons you’ve learned about when these things did not work?

KAUFMAN: There are some very transactional things that we see that

are working, like being able to fi nd care, being able to see what drugs

you’re on, being able to see your claims, pay your bills — very transactional

things. But when the informational side of things comes into

play, like being able to see a patient-friendly drug monograph on demand.

Like, ‘I’m scheduling an appointment to go see a physician or

I’m going to a provider to pick up some drugs right now — what do I

need to expect? What kind of questions should I ask my physicians or

my pharmacists?’ Those kinds of things aren’t being really used very

well or implemented well. I think some of the use cases — and the

way those tie into having someone that’s either on mobile or on Web,

desktop Web, whatever the channel is to deliver that on — those use

cases still are not well thought through by the people that are involved

in the healthcare system.

We’re trying to do things to help improve that by taking other industry

parallels, for example. But there are some things, the way we look at it, that

can help close that gap, the more it’s connected to their life. Someone’s not

just going to go to an app to look up a drug monograph. It has to be part

of their workfl ow. Like, ‘I’m going to pick up a drug, I’m going to refi ll it,’

now show them what a drug-friendly monograph is. Don’t wait for them

to go search for it. Show it to them to their face. ... Those kinds of things.

PATEL: In addition to some of the recent innovations in the marketplace,

augmented reality is an emerging one. These are the early adopters that

you are going to target in specifi c areas in your markets, where you’re

going to start seeing younger people interested in their health, interested

in nutrition, health-related items. Populating data and having

augmented reality readily available within your locations, available QR

codes that are able to ping back information on the Web that’s constantly

updated, and the ability to send notifi cations — those are the factors

early adopters in the market are looking for. They’re more interested

than just fi nding out about their conditions and the drugs and the side

effects, which can be done via SMS and lower-tier technologies.

KAUFMAN: I think from a technology perspective, there’s a lot of

things that people do to kind of downgrade the value of their application

because they try to fi t. They force-fi t in this least common denominator

approach to develop an app: ‘I’m going to do what every

device can do today.’ SMS is defi nitely one channel, but developing

an app for the iPad can be a lot richer than developing an app for

an iPhone. So leverage those APIs and the things that you can do

from a technology perspective to make the experience more interactive,

more fun, more friendly; whether it’s augmented reality or using

GPS, using accelerometer features, those kinds of things. Leveraging

the things that are device-native that create an experience for a pa-

tient or for physicians or anyone that’s in the care circle to experience

the things they should experience with this device. They’re used to

experiencing other apps, right?

A lot of people take the HTML 4 approach or the HTML 5 approach,

and that’s not going to fully get you the user experience that you want

on all devices. You’ll have to write all these different code bases to actually

leverage in HTML 5 what the iPad can do and the iPhone can do.

Then it’s not really a tech conversation. I just think that a lot of use cases

fail because people try to force-fi t one solution for all the technologies

that are out there. I think things that you do for desktop Web should be

different — leverage the things that are good for you there. Being able

to develop a multichannel application that reaches your constituents

the best I think is a strategy that a lot of the providers, a lot of the care

teams, including the retail pharmacies, in my opinion are failing at.

“ You have to take a

step back and not only

think about how to fi t

MTM into workfl ow,

but rather how [to]

fi t it into the demand

model. There are ways

to do it — it can be

done — but it requires

thinking about MTM differently in terms of the

types of interactions. Maybe it’s not one interaction,

maybe it’s multiple interactions over the

course of therapy that are shorter interactions

more targeted toward certain behaviors.”

Will Abbott, CVS Caremark

ABBOTT: I had a question for the suppliers. ... Pharmacies — and the

pharmacy industry as a whole — have ways of dealing with nonadherence

and nonpersistence. I see mobile technology as an opportunity to

reduce the cost of those existing solutions, to improve effectiveness, to

improve access, to improve relevance. ... One of the areas where pharmacy

as a whole has struggled, however, is noncompliance between fi lls.

How can we understand what is happening in the home with the patient,

insuring pills are taken at the appropriate time? Mobile technology, I believe,

is the fi rst opportunity where you have a device that is with them

more than any [other] individual [item]. I’ve yet to see solutions that

solve for noncompliance, but are mobile solutions evolving in that way?

Do you see any mobile solutions evolving in that way? Is there anything

DRUGSTORENEWS.COM FEBRUARY 2012 • 21


Technology Roundtable

out there that’s effective? Because appropriate use of the medication in

between fi lls is something that I would say the pharmacy industry as a

whole is blind to. And I think mobile offers a potential solution.

PATEL: I think from an overview standpoint, ... adding game-based

achievements to taking medication, and having check-in ability every

time they’re taking medication within the app, allows you to relay that

data back. Additional profi le scores and achievements can be shared

in a social manner to kind of drive behavior, ‘OK, I’m on this medication,

because it’s benefi cial to my health.’ And doing so in accordance

with HIPAA is possible; simply share the data that is related to progress

within your health profi le standpoint ... with the social networking application

of just looping in friends to modify behavior.

KAUFMAN: There’s defi nitely [also] a reach outside of mobile. There [are]

devices that are out there like the Jawbone Up app — I don’t know if anyone’s

seen that. The actuating wristband basically vibrates and tells you to

wake up or tells you to stand up and do some activities. We’re getting access

to that API, and we’re trying to put in adherence to that, like it vibrates

you when it’s time to take your meds. ... We’re looking at different ways of

leveraging devices, too. We’re also working with a company called Glow-

Caps. ... So, connecting all the different things that are out there that could

possibly help let a patient, or anyone in the care team, know that some

activity needs to happen. So it doesn’t just have to be mobile but having

mobile as a centerpoint because it’s always on is a good idea; whether it’s

smartphones, whether it’s SMS, whether it’s MMS. But all those other devices

that you can connect to your outside world also [are] a way to do that.

YATES: I was just going to say that there are very good summaries of the

research around behavior change that [are] available to us all at this point.

And there is kind of a formula for behavior change, if you will. It involves

individuals setting their own goals, and certainly being informed about

how to set their own goals, as a starting point — being motivated around

“ The fastestgrowing

population

on Facebook is

women over 50

[years old]. And

they’re typically the

people that are the

caregivers in the

home and ... across

the expanse of their extended family.”

Alan Yates, NumeraSocial

your personal goal and having a real targeted goal. Secondly, people get

stuck with too much information. So giving them an action plan and get

them committed to that plan so that they believe it will result in them

achieving their goal is a huge step. And have that action plan be fairly

descriptive — saying on Day 1, you do this; on Day 2, you do this; on Day

3 you do this. And having the mobile companion as a reminder to that

action plan is huge. Being able to get notifi cations, notices and reminders

[saying], ‘Hey, you didn’t do this. Did you mean to skip it?’ etc.

Having real, objective data that informs the individual as well as the

caregivers about what’s going on is huge so that people can be accountable.

You know when that pill wasn’t taken; you know when you didn’t

do [x, y and z] steps; you know that your weight isn’t really changing. ...

And then, fi nally, the last piece is social reinforcement. It’s having the

people around you that you can trust to help you with your health condition

or join you in your quest, join you in your goal, to again help you

stay accountable and stay engaged. So it’s not just the sort of thing that

reminds you, it’s really having this complete continuum of behavior

change working for you. Because people do need that help, they need

the whole continuum of pieces in place for them to actually change their

behavior and stay engaged for more than a month.

MAARABA: There’s a technology out there today that I am reading a lot

about these days: Apple Siri. That’s the voice recognition side of the

technology discussion that’s been going on. I think part of what Alan

[was] saying about patients being engaged because they also have to

walk the walk, so to speak, the other element behind that is the percentage

of, let’s say, the sophisticated population that actually will use the

technology, or those maybe not as sophisticated in terms of technology

usage but sophisticated in other ways, they need that push.

And this probably will segue into the discussion later on when we

start talking about where the pharmacist comes into play. ... I recognize

that retailers these days are really reinvesting in technologies that used

to be out there but then kind of died out, and now they are back in. For

example, the call that I receive on my cell phone that tells me to remember

to go to my CVS/pharmacy and get my script refi lled. Now obviously

with HIPAA constraints, there’s only so much you can divulge

with those calls. But those are the things that I think of — when you

look at patients out there that won’t wear, for example, the wristband.

It’s a matter of preference; it’s a choice. That’s the day and age we’re in.

There has to be a way that you can [implement] that voice recognition

technology [so that] the patient with a chronic illness could be driven to [do

certain things] if [he or she] didn’t remain compliant. I call it the ‘fear factor.’

I think that there has to be a challenge without crossing that [HIPAA]

line where you actually disseminate information. ... You’re almost putting a

sense of fear in that patient with that reminder: ‘If you don’t take that next

pill, if you don’t follow your regimen, this is what could happen.’

You’re seeing the cigarette industry being forced to print warnings

on each pack of cigarettes. Canada has done it for years; now the United

States is doing it. If you’re a smoker and you buy a pack of cigarettes,

you’re seeing pretty graphic images on your cigarette packs. I think

there’s a link there that can be drawn with, ‘If you’re not compliant, this

is where you may be headed.’ Then Siri says, ‘If you are compliant, then

this is what may happen to you in terms of better health’ and so forth.

22 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

VON SCHWEBER: Well I guess maybe Siri’s lovely voice might be enough

to motivate people to do it.

YATES: Actually, people have found that a reminder from your mobile

phone is much more effective than a nag from your mother. ... There’s

something about it that gives it a little bit [of] added power, objectivity

and companionship. It’s sort of your conscience talking to you instead

of your mother.

DUFOUR: I agree with that. We were talking about this [earlier] ... about

compliance and how if someone has a heart attack and they’re in the hospital

for three days, when they’re ready to be discharged, the doctor says,

‘I’m going to give you a pill to take once a day that reduces your chance

of a second heart attack by 65%.’ And I know in the drug stores if I saw

someone like that, I’d ask them, ‘Erick, how long are you going to stay on

that?’ The guy would say, ‘The rest of my life.’ But when you run the data,

... [in] 84 days [or less], more than half of people are off therapy. And you

would think that if it’s going to save their life, they would take it.

So you have to do something, whether it’s social media, like you were

saying Alan, or some innate object that you can’t argue with — you

can’t argue with your phone — that’s telling you to take your medicine.

Maybe that will change the behavior.

I want to make one more comment on mobile, I know we kind of

jumped around into social media, which is perfect, ... but on mobile,

one of the things that Dev was working with — because you were asking,

how do we do some of these things — is the concept of putting a

QR code on your prescription label. So ... your computer knows what

drug it is [you’re taking], and I think we’ll eventually get to where your

computer also will know what lot number [it is] if you’re scanning the

bottle, or what the expiration date is.

So imagine the QR code on the prescription bottle. ... What does it

mean? Well, it gives you the ability as CVS or H-E-B or Walgreens, for

it to be whatever you want it to be. I’ve got [this prescription in] my

medicine cabinet. It’s been sitting there for six months, and I forgot what

it is. It says take one a day, but what is it? So you scan the QR code and

up comes the monograph for the patient to read on his phone. That’s

pretty handy. Then you get up the next day, and you read in USAToday

that there’s a drug recall — God forbid, right? But those things happen

— and so you go, ‘Oh my gosh, is this drug under recall?’ Then you

go and you scan the QR code — and you can change that QR code and

the patient monograph in 15 minutes. Now it comes up and it tells you

whether it’s from Walgreens or CVS or wherever. And it says, this lot

number is not under recall. ... That could be a huge benefi t to the patient.

ABBOTT: And you can imagine taking that to the next level, where it’s

not just relevant to the drug, but it’s context-specifi c to the patient as

well. Scanning the QR code takes you to that drug, to that patient and

potentially combines in some of the work that Erick was talking about,

which speaks to their full regimen and how they should think about

those drugs working together. Providing them with additional information

about their overall health in the context specifi c to them. If they

want additional information, they will have it in hand every time they

pick up a prescription. I wouldn’t want to constrain the approach to the

prescription, but take it into the entire patient as well.

DUFOUR: Absolutely. And Will, I think that’s the key to these kind of discussions,

is that these things and the software that you can produce are

just tools. But how they’re used, ... your understanding of the consumer

because you were there, you serve those consumers, you understand

that getting that information over to people like Alan, and then Alan

giving that feedback on what you see working and what’s not working.

YATES: We feel that we’ve really come into a big idea, which is this massive

trend toward Facebook, where [more than] 800 million people are

using this thing — people spend more time on Facebook than any other

application on the Web today. They’re interacting with their social circle,

[who are] real human beings that they care about — their family, their

friends, as well as their extended network — and being able to do things

with people that they worked with 10 years ago that they may not have

otherwise been able to connect to very well [in the past]. That, plus the

billion-plus people that have smartphones today that have access to

those things as their personal companions over and over. We really believe

it’s the combination of those two things in particular that are very,

very powerful for this model of behavior change that I talked about.

So we’ve created a platform ... that is private labeled by any number

of different companies — we’re working with consumer companies, retail

companies [and] grocery stores, as well as health plans, certainly,

and health providers — to give people goals; to help people select their

goals; to help people latch on to action plans; to help people measure

their actual results, and then to involve their social circle in keeping

them accountable and engaged and happy and having fun while they’re

doing something that’s good for themselves.

So we believe that ... there is something really big here for selfmanagement/self-help

without giving people medical advice, but really

giving them an action plan: ‘Hey, on Monday I promised myself

I would walk 5,000 steps. So I’m going to walk those 5,000 steps, and

if not, I’m going to get a mobile reminder that I didn’t check that off.’

So again, we believe that it’s this confl uence of events that really offers

a new sort of opportunity for all of us in the room to help people do a

better job of achieving their goals.

FOSTER: I’d like to just expand on that, Alan. If we look at some trends

going on, and one of the trends that you mentioned was self-service and

consumer empowerment, it’s not that long ago that if you didn’t go to

the bank on a Friday, you didn’t have money on the weekend. The ATM

machine changed all of that, but it didn’t happen overnight. It took 12

years. It was consumer adoption that made it happen. But then if you

look at airline kiosks and what happened with the airline industry — it

took about three or four years, and all of a sudden we can’t even check

into an airline without using a kiosk. DVD rentals, photo kiosks ... it’s

really paved the way for consumer acceptance of some of the things that

we’re talking about today.

But there’s been a fundamental shift over the last fi ve to seven years

from a service perspective of what used to be, ‘what can you do for me?’

It was custom jeans at the Gap, and I want the burger ‘my way’ at Burger

King. It was all about, ‘what can you do for me, Mr. Retailer?’ I think

DRUGSTORENEWS.COM FEBRUARY 2012 • 23


Technology Roundtable

that the shift has been, ‘what can I do for myself? I don’t want to wait in

line; I want self-checkout at the grocery store. I don’t want to wait at the

doctor’s offi ce. I want to be reminded. I want text messages.’ It’s about

self-service, and that’s where I think consumer empowerment comes in. I

think we need to give people the tools to take care of themselves. But it’s

the shift — and I think everybody’s talked about it a little bit — of mobile

technology, checking in for yourself and what can we do for ourselves?

“ It’s about selfservice,

and that’s

where I think consumer

empowerment

comes in. I think we

need to give people

the tools to take care

of themselves. But it’s

the shift — and I think

everybody’s talked about it a little bit — of

mobile technology, checking in for yourself

and what can we do for ourselves?”

Bart Foster, SoloHealth

VON SCHWEBER: It’s interesting to comment that physicians — who are notoriously

objecting to doing any kind of data entry, any EMRs — when they

go to him they [have to] self-register using terminals. Even they will do it.

DUFOUR: You know, it’s easy for us to look at other parts of the medical

profession, whether it’s the doctors or the hospitals, and say, ‘Boy, pharmacy’s

leading the way in technology.’ But Jim, when you look at what

pharmacy’s doing compared with banking; we were talking earlier this

morning, and you were saying you’re new to pharmacy. I was thinking,

this is exactly what we need because the things you were solving in

fi nancial services years ago are the things you’re fi nding in pharmacy,

and you’re going, ‘That’s really easy to fi x, I understand this.’

And I think that’s true. I know that when we talk about Redbox, and

my small town where I live in Bentonville, I drive past where the Blockbuster

used to be, you think about the impact that technology has. And

here was this great company, and I remember in this small town, it was

fi lled up every night with people going in there and getting their DVDs.

You go about a half-mile up on the right, and there’s a Walgreens with

a Redbox sitting out front. That little box took down that big store. And

I go home, turn on my TV, push a button and Netfl ix comes on, and I’m

saying that little button is going to replace that box. And Redbox, as you

know, they already said, ‘OK, we did well, we have to do something different

now, this technology’s going to change.’

So technology has the power to change our industries. I know with

the self-service industry, thinking about the fi rst time I went to work at

a Walmart, we had a stand-up blood pressure machine. [Let’s] talk a little

bit about the self-care industry and how these kiosks have changed.

CANTRELL: Self-service health care will become more prevalent as the

new healthcare paradigm matures. Consumers’ decisions primarily will

be infl uenced by clinical, fi nancial and convenience factors. Once again,

technology will play a key role in enabling this shift, and pharmacists will

have the opportunity to elevate their role in the delivery of health care.

FOSTER: I got to be friends with Gregg Kaplan, who’s the CEO of Redbox,

and he told me the story two or three years ago. They recognize their business

fundamentally: They have coin counting — Coinstar that owns their

business — and DVD rentals. He said both have a fi nite life. He knows

DVDs aren’t going to be around forever. But they’re looking across the landscape,

and they’re saying, ‘What are some of the trends going on in self-service

technology?’ They want to own retail automation. And they’ve looked

at the landscape and said self-service health care is really at its infancy.

They made one bet in health care, and they made it with our company

SoloHealth. They believe that what we’re doing is very scaleable, and it’s

something that the consumer can latch onto. What we believe is if you

look at the trends going on, being able to self-diagnose, being able to learn

about yourself, being able to do it yourself in a retail environment using

touchscreen technology, answering a series of questions, having fullmotion

video. ... And in the future, as 4G technology becomes more and

more prevalent, SMS instant messaging, iPads, iPhones, it’s all connected.

It’s an exciting industry to be involved in, I think, for all of us.

DUFOUR: You think of the old kiosks, and they really were nothing more

than information devices. These things are much better at it now because

they’re always telling us that the kiosks of the future are going to

have to be things that can’t be done with a phone. And I found it very

interesting when Bart put in his kiosk, there was one in my hometown.

I went to the fi tness center, they had one in there and I sat down and

tried it. His kiosk, you sit down and if you need to wear glasses, it will

do the same thing an optometrist will. It will tell you what your prescription

should be. And I know there’s some things it can do that full

capability’s not rolled out yet, Bart, because of the legal system, but the

capabilities you have with your kiosk [are] tremendous. And I don’t

know if you want to comment where you think that’s going.

FOSTER: I’ll comment specifi cally to what you’re referring to. So vision

screening is one of the functions that the SoloHealth Station does. I’ll

bring it up as an example because I think fundamentally we’ll see examples

of this. So the kiosk today does blood pressure, body mass index,

vision screening and a basic health risk assessment, but the vision

screening part — it actually simulates a 20-ft. optical path, and you’re

comparing what you see in the distance with what you see near. It’s very

similar to what you would experience in an eye doctor’s offi ce. Well, you

could provide a prescription if you had what’s called an autorefractor. If

you’ve been to the eye doctor’s offi ce, [he’d say], ‘what’s better, one or

two?’ There’s not a lot of value in [a doctor doing] that. There’s a device

24 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

that will do that; it’s called an autorefractor, and you could give someone

their prescription. That’s not done today because of legal regulations, and

there are 30,000 eye doctors that would fi ght you tooth and nail.

What we’ve instead done is we provide you a vision screening that

says, ‘Hey, your left eye is not optimal. Here’s a list of fi ve doctors within

a 3-mile radius that accept your insurance. Why don’t you schedule an

appointment today?’ And we allow them to schedule an appointment.

So it’s not as disruptive. We think that’s working very well. But in emerging

markets — in countries where there’s not an eye doctor for 50 miles

— this becomes a way to improve access to care that will come to the

United States. With the cost going sky high and the focus on wellness and

prevention, we believe that the consumer adoption will take shape. But

in the meantime, we think that facilitating that dialogue with the pharmacist

[and] with the eye doctors in the community, that’s the model in

the United States, and that’s what we’re focused on.

DUFOUR: I think that has great value when you think about the retail

clinics. ... This is like an adjunct to that, which [is] one more service you

can offer. You may not have a vision center in your stores, but this little

device really shows that you’re in the healthcare business.

SAGE: I think we have to look at [the evolution of technology] from a retail

pharmacy standpoint. We need to ensure that as technology is evolving

that the retail pharmacy doesn’t go the way of Blockbuster video, where

technology can take the place of what we do today. And it will take the

place of what we do today, but we have to be the next step ahead to say,

‘where do we fi t into that?’ Because if we step back and say, ‘we do the best

job of the lick, stick, count and pour that anybody can do,’ the evolution of

technology will take care of that. It is important to understand that’s there’s

a lot of other ways of distributing medication — for example, the self-service

kiosks that can do a lot of what we do in retail pharmacy today. It’s the

other things that cannot be done by technology alone that’s critical here.

So I think the conversations that we’re having today are really important

because whether it’s the kiosk, such as Bart is talking about, or it’s the

cell phone or social media that can enable that patient, if we let that continue

on its own, I think there’s some pretty devastating things that can

happen to our industry. So we need to make sure that we’re embracing

technology and looking at how our individual companies can support

that technology for our partners, which are the retail pharmacists.

YATES: I’d love to broaden that question, actually, to the pharmacists in

the room and ask you, what scares you about social technology? What

scares you about social media? What scares you about mobile? What

scares you about self-service? And then we can fl ip it around and talk

about what you would like to see. Because I’m building these things. ...

WEEAST: I look at where Walgreens is spending quite a bit of time, and

the mobile strategy that we’re working on pays more attention right now

to the pharmacist and the clinician or the nurse in one of our Take Care

Clinics. The focus is to put the right information in front of the pharmacist,

clinician, etc., while they are having conversations with patients. The next

stage probably will be how to leverage mobile technology to extend that

information directly to the patients so they can consume it at their lei-

sure. We also must consider the trade-offs; there are investments you need

to make to stay relevant, but you can’t invest in every single technology

that pops up. You’ve got to fi gure out which ones are meaningful, which

ones actually provide value to patients [and] to payers, and you do that

through pilots and other opportunities. First rolling some of this technology

out to the pharmacists and clinicians provides for quick feedback.

“ The focus is to put

the right information

in front of the pharmacist,

clinician, etc.,

while they are having

conversations with patients.

The next stage

probably will be how

to leverage mobile

technology to extend that information directly

to the patients so they can consume

it at their leisure.”

Jim Weeast, Walgreens

MAARABA: Just before the next retailer speaks up, I’d like to [jump in] just

one second. I think as we have similar concepts in the kiosk world, you

need to really focus on the root issues. Fifty percent of the patient population

is noncompliant. And all of us who were at NACDS this year would

have heard Doug Long mention that today’s trend of why a patient visits a

pharmacy is because the pharmacist is better at consulting that patient. No.

3 reason was that patients today are looking for pharmacists that are more

connected to the physician — so that circle of care element that I brought

up earlier. So that’s the No. 1 reason and the No. 3 reason why patients go

back to a pharmacy. If you remember the statistics back in 2005, the No. 1

reason to go to a pharmacy was to go in there, get your script and run out

because [people were] in a hurry. Well we’ve got a lot of issues these days,

not just fi nancial issues, but we also have health issues that are far more

critical to our economy and our households than they’ve ever been.

So the angle with a program like what we do at PharmaSmart is that

we focus on pharmacy services. We target the disease state, and we don’t

complicate it for the pharmacy because we know a pharmacy is busy. The

average net gain, I think, per prescription fi ll at pharmacy today is $1.06.

And that hurts in one essence. The gain from a pharmacy service reimbursement

is huge. So what we do is we focus on the pharmacy services

element and the MTM aspect of the business with the connected kiosk

that transmits data. That targets hypertension cases and then transmits

that information back to the physician’s offi ce through an EMR and to the

pharmacist through a PHR, giving that pharmacist a meaningful oppor-

DRUGSTORENEWS.COM FEBRUARY 2012 • 25


Technology Roundtable

“ There has to be a

way that you can

[implement] that

voice recognition

technology [so that]

the patient with a

chronic illness could

be driven to [do certain

things] if [he or

she] didn’t remain compliant. I call it the ‘fear

factor.’ I think that there has to be a challenge

without crossing that [HIPAA] line where you

actually disseminate information.”

Ashton Maaraba, PharmaSmart International

tunity to target a patient who suffers from the No. 1 killer in the world. Or

perhaps even intervene from a preventive standpoint.

So those are the key aspects in our opinion. ... We believe in how critical

the out-of-offi ce visit is — the average patient probably spends about

three minutes three times a year with [his or her] primary care physician.

That’s too [little time] to actually advance a case; monitor a case; detect a

case properly. We look at statistics in our industry, like 1-in-3 of us suffer

from high blood pressure, 60% of us don’t even know we have it and 15%

of those cases are misdiagnosed. That’s a problem — that’s a problem

that gets right to the root of the total issue.

So when we get more engaged in the discussion about where the

pharmacist comes in, ... I think it’s the technology today that plants indicators

and alert messaging that can target patients, which allow the

pharmacist, who may be somewhat passive, to target a series of those

chronic conditions to help them identify who those patients are so that

they don’t have to actually ask the question. The technology’s seamless,

it’s integrated with the pharmacy workfl ow. It tells them ‘call this patient,’

or ‘when this patient walks in, you must do this.’ And there are

some retailers in this room that have already done that, they have their

DNA profi ling systems intact.

So that’s our opinion, and that’s how we focus our technology.

VON SCHWEBER: So I’m wondering. I hear Rick saying on the one hand

that retail pharmacy wants to make sure they don’t become the next

Blockbuster. I’m also hearing Ashton say there’s a huge opportunity for

the pharmacist to be a clinical pharmacist and provide more value, in fact

have more customer relationship there than they have with the physician.

MAARABA: They have to more than ever today.

VON SCHWEBER: OK. So I want to bring up the question, or the elephant

in the room, and that’s MTM. Now we know it’s a hard course. It hasn’t

hit the hockey stick yet, but I’m reading that there’s bipartisan support

for legislation that would open up eligibility for MTM from what it is

now — from maybe about 8% to 12% of the population in Medicare that

have a Part D plan to all Medicare enrollees who have even just a single

chronic condition, which could now be 30, 35, 38 million people, which

would make that one whopping big elephant. So I’m curious, I’d also

like to know from the retail pharmacy perspective, is that something on

your plate as a way of making sure you don’t become obsolete?

NORMAN: Well, I’ll queue it up. It absolutely is. MTM is something that

at retail we’re all very passionate about. The issue, as Ashton mentioned,

is integrating that into our daily workfl ow in the pharmacy.

Right now the platforms and the programs that are available to us are

disparate. The information resides on a website. Then my information

on that patient resides within my system. Then I have to go back to a

website to complete the billing and all the necessary documentation for

that particular provider. So how can I take all of that [and] seamlessly

integrate it into my workfl ow system so that my pharmacist can execute

consistently with every patient that may be eligible for MTM? That’s

the great opportunity that’s in front of us and the challenge that we

have at retail to be able to hit MTM out of the ballpark.

We do a great job in some stores because we know the customers that are

eligible. We do a great job of reaching out to these folks through distance

programs via call centers. But what we don’t do a great job of is taking care

of everything that falls in between that isn’t right in front of us because we

don’t necessarily know. Or we know that person may be eligible, but it’s

so cumbersome to execute that we’re just not doing it on a regular basis.

We’ve got a tremendous opportunity ahead of us. I was just talking

with someone earlier this morning about retail clinics. Think about just

fi ve years ago, I don’t think there is anybody sitting around this table that

wouldn’t have said, ‘What’s this retail clinic thing? I don’t think it’s going

to take off.’ Now look where we are fi ve years later. They’re very much an

integrative part of health care and a great partner to us in the pharmacy.

So it’s the same with all of the technology offerings that are available to

us. I’ve got a very, very diverse group of customers that we serve. Ashton

said it’s probably 30% of the folks that have smartphones, I would say

it’s much less than that within my market on a general basis. So yeah, we

need to build that technology and make it available to those customers

that utilize it on a regular basis because I want to remain relevant to them.

But then how do I reach out to those folks that have a disposable cell

phone that they’ve purchased? Maybe it’s through SMS technology. But

how can I get information to them that’s relevant to their prescriptions —

be it a refi ll reminder, be it [a] ‘your prescription is ready’ message — and

then link them to my website or give them a phone number to call and

follow up with their pharmacist?

So back to the initial question: Is retail pharmacy afraid of technology?

Absolutely not. Do we feel that technology will replace us at any point

in the future? Absolutely not. The healthcare system in the United States

demands and will require that face-to-face interaction. That is by and far

the best means for compliance and persistence with any disease state.

Yes, we can do great things and great outreach with technology, and we

26 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

should continue to really push the envelope to make that available, but

that is going to augment the pharmacist-patient-physician relationship.

I was reading [a pretty interesting] article [recently]. It was pointed

toward physician interactions and how physicians are using technology.

I jotted down a few statistics. It said 50% of doctors are using smartphones,

and they’re using them more than fi ve times a day. I would

agree that is probably a statistic that is valid with our pharmacists. I

would say half of our pharmacists have smartphones and are probably

using them numerous times per day to access information.

Seventy-eight percent of physicians are recommending websites to

patients. Let’s not forget about the Web and the availability of information.

I believe that still is primarily where the majority of folks are getting

their information. Yes a smaller percent are on the fl y, on demand,

traveling all the time like we do. They’re getting it on their smartphone

— and we’ve got to remain relevant in that space as well.

So the physician community is slowly adopting, and pharmacy is

slowly adopting. You [have] to continue on your side to develop the

technology that we can all integrate as seamlessly as possible. I’m not

an expert as far as QR codes are concerned, but how big do those things

have to be Bob? Remember, there’s limited real estate that we have on

a prescription label. So what link, what type of indicator can we put on

there that will allow that customer [to] grab that bottle out of [his or her]

cabinet and scan it? How can I integrate that into all the other data that I

have to put on a prescription label currently?

DUFOUR: Well right now I think [the QR codes are] too large; they probably

would fi t on top of the cap, is that right Dev?

PATEL: It’s 2x2.

NORMAN: That’s huge.

DUFOUR: But ... think of where cell phones were fi ve years ago or 10

years ago. So ... I know [QR codes are] going to where they will be

smaller, so we have to be thinking about those types of technologies.

The thing I like about QR codes versus a one-dimensional bar code is

that you, as a retailer, can control that message. You can change it on the

fl y, and [for] everyone who scans that code it’s different. In fact, I was

with Dev when we were down with a major database company, and he

was showing them these QR codes and how they work. He laid this one

QR code out and said, “Well it works this way.” There were three executives

who all scanned it, and they all got the same information. He did

another one, same thing; a third one he did, all three of them [scanned]

it and all three of them got different information. So he showed these

subscriptive abilities — that this subscription is a physician, so you get

this information; as a pharmacist you get this; as a patient you get that.

So there is a lot of things that people really haven’t thought about that

[are] really cool about those things. But I think that they really give us

a lot of opportunity.

But I think I want to switch the conversation because we have just a

few minutes left. ... I know Rick has done a lot of innovation over the

years, even before Emdeon. Can you talk about some of the clinical technologies

you’ve been working on and what you see coming?

“ The healthcare system

in the United States

demands and will require

that face-to-face

interaction. That is by

and far the best means

for compliance and persistence

with any disease

state. Yes, we can

do great things and great outreach with technology,

and we should continue to really push

the envelope to make that available, but that

is going to augment the pharmacist-patientphysician

relationship.”

Craig Norman, H-E-B

SAGE: Yes, and I think that it speaks a lot to the technology that we were

talking about before. On the clinical side, again as I mentioned earlier, how

we can bridge the gap between what’s going on on the medical side and

what’s going on on the pharmacy side I think is critical to the long-term

success in the pharmacy and the improvement of patient care.

So as we’re looking within Emdeon at the signifi cant amount of information

that is fl owing through on behalf of our customers, [we are

looking at] how we can disseminate and make that information available

to all providers of care. There’s a lot of things going on from a patient

perspective, and we need to interact with that patient, but we have to

start with the information that’s available to the provider so that they can

make better-informed decisions and help support technology that ultimately

will be available to the patients as well.

The key is, as we were talking about the MTM information that [Erick]

brought up, I think that it is critical to understand what can be available

and used within the retail pharmacy. So [perhaps] it’s actually looking at

improving the persistency and looking at adverse impact, but also looking

at what retail pharmacy can do in addition to what they’re doing today.

So how can they expand upon the opportunities of having a professional

provider of care that has more interaction than the physician does?

As Ashton mentioned, a lot of us don’t spend nearly as much time

with our physicians as we do with our pharmacists. [We need to] engage

the pharmacist to do more, even if it’s outside of the plan-based structure

that’s in place today. I get my prescription card, and it says I can get prescriptions

at my pharmacy. But I have to go to my physician, which I very

rarely go to, to do all my other benefi ts with this other card. So as we can

start helping bridge that gap and make those benefi ts on the medical side

DRUGSTORENEWS.COM FEBRUARY 2012 • 27


Technology Roundtable

“ I think we have to

look at [the evolution

of technology] from

a retail pharmacy

standpoint. We need

to ensure that as

technology is evolving

that the retail

pharmacy doesn’t go

the way of Blockbuster video, where technology

can take the place of what we do

today. And it will take the place of what we

do today, but we have to be the next step

ahead to say, ‘where do we fit into that?’”

Rick Sage, Emdeon

available to the retail pharmacy, that opens up a lot more opportunities

for that interaction with the patient, and obviously a lot more revenue

opportunities from a pharmacy’s perspective.

We go beyond that border of that prescription benefi ts card because

we know if we’re not getting paid, it cannot be sustainable to us long

term. So we must bridge that gap and move a medical information system

that is quite behind the times to more real-time decision processing

— pharmacy has a long way to go as well, but at least we have a way

of making sure that there’s payment before the patient leaves. [We’re]

looking at how we can bridge that gap and be able to perform more

information, more services, whether it’s MTM or basic prescription fi lling

services or specialty pharmacy within the retail environment that

may be covered under major medical; there’s a lot of technology that’s

allowing us to do that now.

It also will help push major medical into the environment that we’re

in in retail pharmacy; that’s the movement of going to real-time claiming.

But I think it is important within retail to look at the immediate opportunities,

whether it’s in a clinic environment or just our traditional

pharmacy, of making those types of interactions that we might walk

away from today because payers are saying it’s covered under a major

medical benefi t, not a pharmacy benefi t, and turning that around to allow

pharmacy to be reimbursed for those services as they interact with their

patients. And there is the line of, ‘OK, how do I bridge that gap? How do

I work with that?’ I know there [are] provider concerns from the physicians’

side. They’re saying, ‘you’re getting into my environment.’ But I

think what we have to look at from a patient perspective is a lot of those

patients are not going to the physician, so they’re not getting that care. So

it’s not that we’re taking away from physicians, we’re interacting better

with that patient to make sure they are persistent; to make sure that they

are getting the care that they need to get, and the pharmacies are getting

reimbursed for that. So I think that’s an important component as we look

at where the evolution of pharmacists goes.

And going again to what Erick said as far as more on the clinical side

and less on the production side of a retail pharmacy, technology’s going

to take care of the production, whether it’s a kiosk or all the other automation

that the pharmacies already have now. But we have to look at ...

the ability to take more on from a clinical standpoint in that pharmacy ...

within that workfl ow. And the key is, within the workfl ow — if they have

to go out to something outside of workfl ow, it’s going to be a challenge to

do the adoption within pharmacy, but if it’s going within the workfl ow

— the billing can be within workfl ow, and the interaction with the patient

will allow for some key opportunities for pharmacy.

MAARABA: I was just going to say that, to touch on what Rick said, how

simple it actually can be. Kerr Drug with their Asheville project proved it.

They launched that Asheville project, they piloted it — did a great pilot

— and kept it simple. The patients that they were getting reimbursed for

were not all on multiple drugs, ... they weren’t prescribed multiple drugs,

whereas a lot of the MTM reimbursement focuses on how many drugs —

between four and six. It was simple use of limited technology where they

improved the execution on the pharmacists’ side. So they focused on two

things. They focused on fi rst, get that pharmacist to execute. And then No.

2, follow a strict regimen. They set the reimbursement, they processed the

reimbursement and they were getting an average of $10 to $14 [for] just

basic [consultation]; [it] took them a few minutes to handle that process.

And you compare that [with] the average time it takes to fi ll a prescription,

talk to the insurer, all those things, you’re seeing where the profi tability

is in pharmacy, which is back to using the technology, combining it

with good, old-fashioned pharmacist execution and driving it, reinforcing

it. And we all know that on the retailer side, we have to keep doing that

more than ever ... and we have to keep simplifying the technology as entrepreneurs

and innovators on our end.

VON SCHWEBER: Craig, I have a follow-up question to what you said.

How important of a factor is it to be able to improve the productivity of

that clinical pharmacist so that it actually could be added to the workfl ow

so that they can provide that kind of clinical counseling [and] they can do

MTM in short periods of time so that they can actually be a profi t center

rather than a cost center?

NORMAN: That’s absolutely critical. We work every day on increasing our

productivity at the pharmacy so that we have the time to engage the patient

in all of the professional services that we offer within our business

model. That’s the focus for Walgreens, CVS, everybody. We’re all working

very, very hard to increase our productivity [and] take work out of the

pharmacy to an off-site facility where it can be back the next day so that

we can free up the pharmacists as much as possible to be able to execute

from that standpoint. So it’s absolutely critical.

VON SCHWEBER: So that’s a good place to focus.

28 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM

ABBOTT: We talk a lot about integrating these programs into workfl ow.

I would take a step back and ask how it fi ts into the entire pharmacy

productivity and demand model. ... Our pharmacists are central to our

core workfl ow in that they check every prescription. If you take a step

back, integrating MTM and other service into workfl ow is one way to

get to fi t them into our demand model. I would caution, however, that

fi tting into workfl ow is a very constrained way of thinking of how to fi t

the demand model.

I was talking about this at dinner last night, retail pharmacy is an interesting

blend of a retail-driven/consumer-demand model with the complexities

of a manufacturing process. If we think about manufacturing

plants, they have very scheduled demand; you fl ex up or down based on

demand, but you know when you start the day how many widgets you’re

making, when you’re going to make them and how many you should

have by 1 p.m., how many you should have by 2 p.m. In the retail environment,

you don’t know any of this. You don’t know when that patient’s

going to walk in; you don’t know when you’ll have an insurance issue to

resolve. As a result, you have a demand model that’s quite spiky — predictable

to some extent, but quite spiky in general. You have to think about

how you fi t these MTM or clinical programs into that model.

I don’t know what this group’s experience is, but what is the shortest

reasonable MTM transaction that’s been devised? Eight minutes? Five minutes?

It certainly is not on the order of a minute-and-a-half to two minutes.

If we are talking about fi ve- to eight-minute MTM transactions, then we’re

talking about doubling the average time to fi ll a prescription in most retail

pharmacies. This obviously would have serious impact on the productivity

and demand models, even if the programs were integrated into workfl ow.

You have to take a step back and not only think about how to fi t MTM

into workfl ow, but rather how [to] fi t it into the demand model. There

are ways to do it — it can be done — but it requires thinking about MTM

differently in terms of the types of interactions. Maybe it’s not one interaction,

maybe it’s multiple interactions over the course of therapy that are

shorter interactions more targeted toward certain behaviors. Maybe it’s,

to Craig’s point, pulling it out of the retail pharmacy, or only having certain

elements there; but having the pharmacy companies or pharmacyrelated

companies do this through centralized approaches. But that’s the

crux of this, that as long as we are in retail pharmacy, our pharmacists are

within that core service offering, within that production process. You have

to manage around the demand model.

CANTRELL: Access to care and cost containment are two of the three fundamental

elements needed to support an evolving healthcare system. The

third is the advancement of the quality of care. Accountable Care Organizations

contemplate all three elements, and one focus is of particular

interest to me: ... patient readmissions due to nonadherence to medication

treatment plans. Here a collaborative drug therapy management model

presents pharmacists with an opportunity to elevate their role in health

care through more active participation in the delivery component, but

without the support of technology, the burden of program execution and

management would be impractical.

DUFOUR: Well, I think you’re spot on, and my closing comments, when

you think about what Will said and you think about Bart’s kiosk — and

the fact that it has the capability if you wanted it to do autorefraction —

and you think about MTM, can we make our technology to where just

because an optometrist can sit there and say, ‘One or two; better, worse,’

or pharmacist giving advice, can we do the same type of algorithms, the

same type of thinking to whether it’s captured only on electronic devices

and sent back and the pharmacist can do MTM, and they’re still adding

value? ... I think that’s what we’re talking about. And it’s huge. ...

But I’ll say to Craig, H-E-B has always been an innovator, even back in the

days. Bob Coupman was always doing crazy things, and I’ve always seen

H-E-B as a very agile retailer. But today, more than ever, I’ve seen a lot

of retailers getting out there saying, ‘How are we going to get valueadded

services? What are we going to do to be the next big deal,’ so that

when someone walks into CVS, that’s where they want to stay because

of what CVS did.

And I’ve had the opportunity in the past six or eight months to really

look at the technology industry. A lot of these companies I’ve delved into:

I went to Alan’s social network and joined it; I [checked out] Bart’s kiosk;

I [looked at] all these things. And there’s some amazing technology out

there, and I think Jim hit on it when he said we can pilot these things, but

we can’t go out and buy everything. But I would urge the retailers to really

get with these companies, at least see what they have, try it in a couple of

stores. Most companies, and I’m not trying to sell for them, but most companies

will let you have a pilot for free or very low cost; understand what

they have and give them that feedback because it is going to be important

that each one of us as retailers is saying what the next big thing [is that] we

can do to drive loyalty to our stores.

CANTRELL: I learned a tremendous amount today from the suppliers and

could have spent hours listening to where technology is evolving. To me,

it’s incumbent on [us as] providers to understand where the technology

is going and then respond to that progress by developing the appropriate

vehicles that facilitate improved patient outcomes through pharmacistsupported

instruments.

O’NEILL: Bob, can I just make one comment? Because Alan asked the question

before, and I don’t think we got to talk about it, just really quickly. You

said, what are we afraid of with mobile, or social media? And I look at that

and say, the only thing I would be afraid of is that retail pharmacy doesn’t

step up and represent that doorway to the self-serve patient. The patient

wants to self-serve, and we talked about that a bit, where do they go? Right

now they go to Walgreens with your app, right? But do they go to Health

Mart? Where do they go? Does retail pharmacy represent that portal that

says, ‘Come here and I will help you with what you want?’ That’s the only

thing that I’m afraid of, that retail pharmacy will miss that opportunity to

say, ‘Come and knock on my door, and I will help you with the information

you want.’ So I just wanted to get that in; I think that’s big.

KAUFMAN: I wanted to refl ect on that question. My other fear on that is

not just representing that doorway, but NOT representing that doorway

well, and then somehow compromising the credibility of pharmacy as a

whole, the pharmacy practice as a whole, and potentially creating confusion

on what is the role of the pharmacist and how are they a participant

in your health care in helping you manage your health? ●

DRUGSTORENEWS.COM FEBRUARY 2012 • 29


Pharmacy Technology Report

Emdeon

Emdeon Pharmacy Services is a leading provider of electronic solutions to the pharmacy industry, offering

comprehensive and innovative solutions for claims management and analysis, e-prescribing clinical

services and simplifi cation of complex billing and processing issues, such as Medicare/Medicaid DME

billing and patient loyalty programs. Emdeon partners with pharmacies and their service partners to simplify and improve end-to-end prescription

processes through the company’s innovative solutions and exceptional service. Emdeon’s expansive service offerings provide customers with the

necessary tools to be competitive, improve patient care, and combat ineffi ciencies and errors that lead to low reimbursement rates.

Emdeon’s solutions, designed to improve pharmacies’ profi tability and effi ciency, include:

• Claims management and analysis

• Audit risk mitigation

• Specialized processing solutions

• Medicare and Medicaid DME billing services

• Electronic prescribing and clinical solutions

• Patient benefi t eligibility services

• Patient persistency, adherence and compliance programs

• Pharmaceutical brand programs

Emdeon’s transaction services, data center solutions and network infrastructure are designed to meet the evolving needs of a complex industry.

Kony Solutions

Mobilize, empower and connect the healthcare ecosystem. Kony offers feature-rich and future-proof

mobile applications in less time and at lower cost than any other solution to organizations that support and

deliver health care, according to the company. Pharmacies and drug store retailers rely upon Kony apps to help customers locate their store, refi ll

prescriptions, research medications and their costs, schedule a pharmacy consult, manage their health and well-being, investigate health plan

benefi ts, maintain a PHR and shop in an “endless aisle.” This functionality allows pharmacies to put their whole store in customers’ hands, discourages

trips to their competitors, and increases customer retention and loyalty. Kony is ideally positioned to help pharmacies defi ne and deploy an

effective and ROI-based mobile strategy through its comprehensive software and services offerings.

Moonshado

Moonshado is a global technology provider of mobile solutions and platform services, and is a CSCAapproved

connection aggregator for mobile messaging. Moonshado’s innovative cloud technology enables

mobile network providers, SMS resellers and marketing fi rms, as well as retail, health and pharmaceutical companies, to broaden their

reach and expand their services with industry-leading mobile-centric solutions, the company stated. Moonshado’s interactive messaging services

provide a cutting-edge approach to marketing, education and customer experience, enabling companies to align products and services with

mobile-centric interaction via SMS, MMS, QR codes and branded apps on Web and the mobile Web. B2C companies can easily integrate mobile

solutions into their existing plans to connect with consumers across all mobile channels, the company stated. Moonshado generates real-time

messaging to drive customers to action with mobile alerts for product specials, patient education, reward-club statements, seasonal announcements

and more. Moonshado has developed and executed successful mobile campaigns to increase customer loyalty and interaction for clients.

Numera Social

Build viral customer loyalty with your own Facebook and iPhone app. Take your social media strategies

far beyond a simple fan page. Now you can immerse customers in your own branded Facebook and iPhone health-and-wellness app. Numera

Social offers a new way to create deeper ongoing daily relationships with customers, helping them to improve their health while extending the

reach to their family and friends. Numera Social’s social and mobile platform provides merchandising options, compliance benefi ts and many other

opportunities to build health-and-wellness business along the way. Bring a brand to life by offering self-management resources, while enabling

support and motivation from peers and friends. Spark a chain reaction that fuels healthy behavior and customer loyalty.

PharmaSmart International

With more than 20 years as a provider of in-store blood-pressure monitoring

equipment, PharmaSmart International knows how important it is for people to

monitor their circulatory system. The company has been preaching heart health for years, and now is ratcheting up its efforts in both education

and connectivity to meet the needs of a patient base that is more knowledgeable and tech-savvy than ever.

According to PharmaSmart, one-third of all Americans have hypertension; one-third of those who have it don’t know it; and only half of those

with hypertension take their medication as prescribed. When those statistics are coupled with the fact that some of the leading health issues today

stem from poor heart and circulatory health — including obesity, diabetes and stroke — it’s easy to understand why many feel that a commitment

to preventive health should include regular blood-pressure monitoring. It’s no coincidence that the current generation of PharmaSmart kiosks is

built around frequent monitoring and the dissemination of networked results data. Its newest model is the “PS-2000 With Connectivity,” a smallfootprint,

22-inch-by-25-inch kiosk with many of the same features of past models; only this time it has a renewed emphasis on tracking and

sharing results, a holistic approach to monitoring that the company calls its “hypertension management program.”

“As pharmacy looks to MTM reimbursement as a core ROI objective, our technology is designed to specifi cally meet the challenges of patient

recruitment, pharmacist workfl ow and payer reimbursement,” said CEO and president Fred Sarkis.

SoloHealth

SoloHealth is a leading consumer-driven healthcare technology company that specializes in developing and

deploying interactive health screening kiosks to empower consumers about their health through awareness and

education, which leads to prevention and lower healthcare costs. Anchored by its award-winning SoloHealth

Station, this next-generation kiosk offers free vision, blood pressure, weight and body mass index screenings, as well as an overall health assessment

and access to a database of local doctors.

Currently in select U.S. test markets and retail locations, SoloHealth is launching a nationwide rollout beginning in early 2012, with thousands of

SoloHealth Stations estimated to be in retail locations by the end of the year. A cloud-based platform, the SoloHealth Station offers highly personalized,

targeted and interactive healthcare opportunities for consumers, advertisers and retailers by placing kiosks in high-traffi c retail locations and

offering access across a multiplatform ecosystem, including Internet, mobile, social and emerging platforms, as well as a digital signage network.

The multiple-platform approach gives advertisers, consumers and medical professionals the ease of interaction from many touch points, allowing

for greater effectiveness and effi ciencies.

The company recently was honored with Intel’s coveted IT healthcare award, the “Intel Innovation Award,” recognizing leading-edge technology

and exceptional innovation for healthcare delivery and processes.

Surveyor Health

Surveyor Health’s Med Risk Maps is a new generation of evidence-based Clinical Decision

Support (CDS) designed for clinical pharmacists. It enables pharmacists to perform more exhaustive clinical pharmacy and medication

therapy management reviews, yet requires far less time than the current standard of running interaction checkers and reading drug monographs

and inserts. The MTM Workfl ow provides all clinical functions needed, from medication reconciliation and compliance reports through tracking

concerns as they develop into incidents, which are identifi ed as ADEs. CMS reporting is eased as a Medication Action Plan is developed through

the use of Med Risk Maps, and is included with the reconciled Active Medications List in a Summary Report for the patient.

The greater depth and coverage looks at the entire regimen as a whole and includes instant analysis of additive toxicity side effects in addition

to drug interactions and contraindications, together forming a risk landscape that may be searched, sorted and analyzed to the level of detail

desired, reducing alert fatigue while improving insight. Patient complaints are correlated with risks, revealing those likely to be caused by the patient’s

meds and indicating the top risk factors — targets for alternate therapy. A simulation capability reveals alternate medications of lower risk

for patient problems and simulates the impact of prescription changes before trying them out on the patient. A trending function brings attention

to adverse drug events that may manifest with a change of prescription, enabling wise risk and cost trade-offs to be understood and managed.

Med Risk Maps is available as a fully managed cloud service and may be integrated with health information technology, such as dispensing

systems and EHRs.

30 • FEBRUARY 2012 DRUGSTORENEWS.COM DRUGSTORENEWS.COM FEBRUARY 2012 • 31

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines