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Air Warfare and Air Base Defense 1914-1973 - Defense Technical ...

Air Warfare and Air Base Defense 1914-1973 - Defense Technical ...

Air Warfare and Air Base Defense 1914-1973 - Defense Technical

SPECIAL STUDIES Air Warfare and Air Base Air Defense 1914-1973 John F. Kreis Office of Air Force History United States Air Force Whqhinmtnn. D. C. 1988

  • Page 2 and 3: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-P
  • Page 4 and 5: defensive emplacements, providing r
  • Page 6 and 7: The Author Maj. John F. Kreis compl
  • Page 8 and 9: Above all, special thanks go to my
  • Page 10 and 11: The Desert Luftwaffe ..............
  • Page 12 and 13: 13. Malta Antiaircraft Defenses ...
  • Page 14 and 15: 57. American SCR-270 Radar Used on
  • Page 16 and 17: Introduction Some medieval European
  • Page 18 and 19: INTRODUCTION guns, surface-to-air m
  • Page 20 and 21: INTRODUCTION the removal of militar
  • Page 22 and 23: Chapter I Air Base Defense in World
  • Page 24 and 25: WORLD WAR I Flanders aerodrome hous
  • Page 26 and 27: WORLD WAR I pleased one man ever on
  • Page 28 and 29: WORLD WAR I for air defense. The fi
  • Page 30 and 31: WORLD WAR I invention of position f
  • Page 32 and 33: WORLD WAR I further losses of aircr
  • Page 34 and 35: WORLD WAR I of Anti-Aircraft Servic
  • Page 36 and 37: WORLD WAR I intervention availed hi
  • Page 38 and 39: WORLD WAR I Lt. Douglas Campbell of
  • Page 40 and 41: WORLD WAR I France, antiaircraft of
  • Page 42 and 43: Chapter II Interwar Doctrine and Te
  • Page 44 and 45: INTERWAR CHANGES sense of base defe
  • Page 46 and 47: INTERWAR CHANGES Unlike the U.S. Ar
  • Page 48 and 49: INTERWAR CHANGES SCR-268 radar used
  • Page 50 and 51: INTERWAR CHANGES Blue Army's limite
  • Page 52 and 53:

    INTERWAR CHANGES air operations and

  • Page 54 and 55:

    German antiaircraft pieces used in

  • Page 56 and 57:

    Japanese 20-mm antiaircraft on trav

  • Page 58 and 59:

    INTERWAR CHANGES ing programs had s

  • Page 60 and 61:

    INTERWAR CHANGES five years. The Ai

  • Page 62 and 63:

    INTERWAR CHANGES there were poor. C

  • Page 64 and 65:

    INTERWAR CHANGES to exist. The low

  • Page 66 and 67:

    INTERWAR CHANGES German Wiirzburg D

  • Page 68 and 69:

    INTERWAR CHANGES flexible but firm

  • Page 70 and 71:

    Chapter III Blitzkrieg and the Batt

  • Page 72 and 73:

    BLITZKRIEG AND THE BATTLE OF BRITAI

  • Page 74 and 75:

    $rep BLITZKRIEG AND THE BATTLE OF B

  • Page 76 and 77:

    BLITZKRIEG AND THE BATTLE OF BRITAI

  • Page 78 and 79:

    TABLE 2 Strength and Losses of the

  • Page 80 and 81:

    BLITZKRIEG AND THE BATTLE OF BRITAI

  • Page 82 and 83:

    British 3-inch and 40-mm guns in Fr

  • Page 84 and 85:

    BLITZKRIEG AND THE BATTLE OF BRITAI

  • Page 86 and 87:

    BLITZKRIEG AND THE BATTLE OF BRITAI

  • Page 88 and 89:

    BLITZKRIEG AND THE BATTLE OF BRITAI

  • Page 90 and 91:

    to2 N .4 i > r0 0 0 A Nm 04 > r r 0

  • Page 92 and 93:

    TABLE 5 (Continued): BLITZKRIEG AND

  • Page 94 and 95:

    BLITZKRIEG AND THE BATTLE OF BRITAI

  • Page 96 and 97:

    TABLE 6 Opposing Forces, Battle of

  • Page 98 and 99:

    BLITZKRIEG AND THE BATTLE OF BRITAI

  • Page 100 and 101:

    BLITZKRIEG AND THE BATTLE OF BRITAI

  • Page 102 and 103:

    BLITZKRIEG AND THE BATTLE OF BRITAI

  • Page 104 and 105:

    BRITISH FIGHTER FORCE DEPLOYMENT 19

  • Page 106 and 107:

    BLITZKRIEG AND THE BATTLE OF BRITAI

  • Page 108 and 109:

    Three of the commanding British fig

  • Page 110 and 111:

    Chapter IV Malaya and Malta: 1941-1

  • Page 112 and 113:

    MALAYA AND MALTA interservice rival

  • Page 114 and 115:

    MALAYA AND MALTA Peng were to be bu

  • Page 116 and 117:

    Map7 8.0CAG BRITISH AA DEFENSES IN

  • Page 118 and 119:

    MALAYA AND MALTA and Patani on Dece

  • Page 120 and 121:

    TABLE 8 Antiaircraft Artillery Forc

  • Page 122 and 123:

    TABLE 10 Japanese 3rd Army Air Corp

  • Page 124 and 125:

    MALAYA AND MALTA sense of danger fe

  • Page 126 and 127:

    MALAYA AND MALTA On January 20th, t

  • Page 128 and 129:

    MALAYA AND MALTA paign in France an

  • Page 130 and 131:

    MALAYA AND MALTA Russia, the German

  • Page 132 and 133:

    MALAYA AND MALTA Grand Harbor, Malt

  • Page 134 and 135:

    MALAYA AND MALTA port the large und

  • Page 136 and 137:

    Fed" ip,, irL WL V - 1, AL

  • Page 138 and 139:

    TABLE 13 Order of Battle Malta Anti

  • Page 140 and 141:

    MALAYA AND MALTA destroy the Britis

  • Page 142 and 143:

    MALAYA AND MALTA Such success was r

  • Page 144 and 145:

    MALAYA AND MALTA TAKALI AIRFIELD, M

  • Page 146 and 147:

    MALAYA AND MALTA im German bomb lea

  • Page 148 and 149:

    MALAYA AND MALTA tactical situation

  • Page 150 and 151:

    MALAYA AND MALTA the defenders were

  • Page 152 and 153:

    MALAYA AND MALTA airfields absorbed

  • Page 154 and 155:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE War of Movemen

  • Page 156 and 157:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE infantry, his

  • Page 158 and 159:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE German aerial

  • Page 160 and 161:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE force units in

  • Page 162 and 163:

    TABLE 16 Royal Air Force in Africa

  • Page 164 and 165:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE S.... :l o .5

  • Page 166 and 167:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE published reve

  • Page 168 and 169:

    a)) 0 zr 0 w 4i w w 0 J V) I-Z 0 c

  • Page 170 and 171:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE theater comman

  • Page 172 and 173:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE tuba, they wer

  • Page 174 and 175:

    TABLE 18 Royal Air Force in Africa

  • Page 176 and 177:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE were in French

  • Page 178 and 179:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE Algerian labor

  • Page 180 and 181:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE Allied militar

  • Page 182 and 183:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE -. • ,..;,..

  • Page 184 and 185:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE -, 4 41 Britis

  • Page 186 and 187:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE tant, at Tunis

  • Page 188 and 189:

    Allied bombs fall on Axis airfield

  • Page 190 and 191:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE vacate threate

  • Page 192 and 193:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE not appropriat

  • Page 194 and 195:

    GERMANY GERMAN INVASION OF RUSSIA O

  • Page 196 and 197:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE effective acti

  • Page 198 and 199:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE Camouflaged Ge

  • Page 200 and 201:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE prepare for co

  • Page 202 and 203:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE TABLE 20 Luftw

  • Page 204 and 205:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE British observ

  • Page 206 and 207:

    TABLE 22 Luftwaffe Air Strength Eas

  • Page 208 and 209:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE ! 4' Luftwaffe

  • Page 210 and 211:

    ie German airfield construction in

  • Page 212 and 213:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE German light f

  • Page 214 and 215:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE The base was,

  • Page 216 and 217:

    EASTERN FRONT, 1943 Operation CITAD

  • Page 218 and 219:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE fixed a mobile

  • Page 220 and 221:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE The Attack on

  • Page 222 and 223:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE cans. The VVS

  • Page 224 and 225:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE Air raid alarm

  • Page 226 and 227:

    K Žp Soviet Yak-9s were part of th

  • Page 228 and 229:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE The Soviet mil

  • Page 230 and 231:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE and command an

  • Page 232 and 233:

    Chapter VII The Solomons and New Gu

  • Page 234 and 235:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA the Austral

  • Page 236 and 237:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA tently fire

  • Page 238 and 239:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA F4F Wildcat

  • Page 240 and 241:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA Crew poses

  • Page 242 and 243:

    TABLE 25 Japanese Navy Air Units So

  • Page 244 and 245:

    The SCR-270 radar had ten degrees o

  • Page 246 and 247:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA staff sough

  • Page 248 and 249:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA of the isla

  • Page 250 and 251:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA field. The

  • Page 252 and 253:

    '40 C / > 0 0 /)/ 'I 0 0 C 4Dz C) G

  • Page 254 and 255:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA the evening

  • Page 256 and 257:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA U.S. Army t

  • Page 258 and 259:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA responsibil

  • Page 260 and 261:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA Kenney comb

  • Page 262 and 263:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA between the

  • Page 264 and 265:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA C-47s land

  • Page 266 and 267:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA Vegetable g

  • Page 268 and 269:

    TABLE 26 SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA Al

  • Page 270 and 271:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA tioned at e

  • Page 272 and 273:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA nese aircra

  • Page 274 and 275:

    Ik4 44ý 41

  • Page 276 and 277:

    SOLOMONS AND NEW GUINEA were often

  • Page 278 and 279:

    L Chapter VIII Two Limited Wars: Ko

  • Page 280 and 281:

    TWO LIMITED WARS possessed some 145

  • Page 282 and 283:

    TWO LIMITED WARS ently assuming tha

  • Page 284 and 285:

    TWO LIMITED WARS arrived, General P

  • Page 286 and 287:

    TWO LIMITED WARS off MiG-15s while

  • Page 288 and 289:

    Hits by 307th Bomb Wing put Sunan o

  • Page 290 and 291:

    a1 TWO LIMITED WARS Fifth Air Force

  • Page 292 and 293:

    TWO LIMITED WARS caused the governm

  • Page 294 and 295:

    TWO LIMITED WARS to convince North

  • Page 296 and 297:

    SAM site photographed in North Viet

  • Page 298 and 299:

    TWO LIMITED WARS North Vietnamese e

  • Page 300 and 301:

    TWO LIMITED WARS Amid destruction o

  • Page 302 and 303:

    TWO LIMITED WARS After October 1967

  • Page 304 and 305:

    TWO LIMITED WARS LINEBACKER. Milita

  • Page 306 and 307:

    TWO LIMITED WARS In less than two m

  • Page 308 and 309:

    TWO LIMITED WARS B-52s at high alti

  • Page 310 and 311:

    TWO LIMITED WARS needed specific ap

  • Page 312 and 313:

    Chapter IX The Middle East: 1948-19

  • Page 314 and 315:

    THE MIDDLE EAST Laskov, in turn, dr

  • Page 316 and 317:

    @0 Ego C3 w3 m vz, -- q xM et z or4

  • Page 318 and 319:

    TABLE 31 British and French Aircraf

  • Page 320 and 321:

    THE MIDDLE EAST potential foes, Egy

  • Page 322 and 323:

    THE MIDDLE EAST ment. A lost war, t

  • Page 324 and 325:

    THE MIDDLE EAST opinion of Anwar el

  • Page 326 and 327:

    THE MIDDLE EAST tween fifty and one

  • Page 328 and 329:

    THE MIDDLE EAST the Israelis did no

  • Page 330 and 331:

    THE MIDDLE EAST without much effect

  • Page 332 and 333:

    THE MIDDLE EAST In any event, there

  • Page 334 and 335:

    THE MIDDLE EAST about 1,000 such co

  • Page 336 and 337:

    THE MIDDLE EAST In April 1970, Sovi

  • Page 338 and 339:

    THE MIDDLE EAST of their intentions

  • Page 340 and 341:

    THE MIDDLE EAST fifteen minutes pas

  • Page 342 and 343:

    ISRAELI AIRFIELDS, 1973 MEDITERRANE

  • Page 344 and 345:

    SYRIAN AIRFIELDS, 1973 ...... ALEPP

  • Page 346 and 347:

    TABLE 34 Comparative Strengths Arab

  • Page 348 and 349:

    TABLE 35 Syrian Air Defense Systems

  • Page 350 and 351:

    THE MIDDLE EAST After destroying mu

  • Page 352 and 353:

    THE MIDDLE EAST ineffective; poor m

  • Page 354 and 355:

    THE MIDDLE EAST Syrian airfield at

  • Page 356 and 357:

    Chapter X Conclusion A host of fact

  • Page 358 and 359:

    CONCLUSION tected. Tactical attack

  • Page 360 and 361:

    CONCLUSION bases in Australia and N

  • Page 362 and 363:

    CONCLUSION doctrine. Capable comman

  • Page 364 and 365:

    CONCLUSION destroying an air base.

  • Page 366 and 367:

    Appendices

  • Page 368 and 369:

    00 ~0 4 00 c~r~000C e~ bl) bo b t 0

  • Page 370 and 371:

    APPENDIX 2 Representative Antiaircr

  • Page 372 and 373:

    Glossary AA Antiaircraft, antiaircr

  • Page 374 and 375:

    GLOSSARY Light AA Small caliber ant

  • Page 376 and 377:

    Notes Introduction 1. Derek Wood an

  • Page 378 and 379:

    NOTES 3. Sherman, Air Warfare, p 11

  • Page 380 and 381:

    NOTES 2. Ibid. Conquered, The Frenc

  • Page 382 and 383:

    NOTES 59. Ibid. 66. Hartcup, Camouf

  • Page 384 and 385:

    NOTES "The Artillery Defence of Mal

  • Page 386 and 387:

    NOTES Dec 29, 1942, pp 14-15, USAF

  • Page 388 and 389:

    NOTES emy R.D.F., Report No 5, Dec

  • Page 390 and 391:

    NOTES Information Bulletin (Hereaft

  • Page 392 and 393:

    NOTES mott H. MacDonnell, Dec 16, 1

  • Page 394 and 395:

    NOTES 86. SWPA Air Evaluation Board

  • Page 396 and 397:

    NOTES 42. "Tactical Lessons of Viet

  • Page 398 and 399:

    NOTES 41. Herzog, Arab-Israeli Wars

  • Page 400 and 401:

    Bibliographic Note Original sources

  • Page 402 and 403:

    BIBLIOGRAPHY Chamberlain, Peter, an

  • Page 404 and 405:

    BIBLIOGRAPHY Lloyd, Hugh P. Briefed

  • Page 406 and 407:

    BIBLIOGRAPHY Articles Boog, Horst H

  • Page 408 and 409:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE 396 A-4 attack

  • Page 410 and 411:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE Baker, Chaunce

  • Page 412 and 413:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE airfield defen

  • Page 414 and 415:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE Kampfgeschwade

  • Page 416 and 417:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE Rabin, Yitzhak

  • Page 418 and 419:

    AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE gains control

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