400 NOTES 4. Jose Antonio Lutzenberger quoted in the London Sunday Times, March 1991. 5. Robert A. F. Thurman in "MindScience": An East-West Dialogue (Boston: Wisdom, 1991), 55. 6. Samsara is the uncontrolled cycle of birth and death in which sentient beings, driven by unskillful actions and destructive emotions, repeatedly perpetuate their own suffering. Nirvana is a state beyond suffering, the realization of the ultimate truth, or Buddhahood. Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche says: "When the nature of mind is recognized, it is called nirvana. When it is obscured by delusion, it is called samsara." 2. IMPERMANENCE 1. Michel de Montaigne, The Essays of Michel de Montaigne, translated and edited by M. A. Screech (London: Allen Lane, 1991), 95. 2. Milarepa, The Hundred Thousand Songs of Milarepa, vol. 2, translated by Garma C. C. Chang (Boston: Shambhala, 1984), 634. 3. Songs of Spiritual Change: Selected Works of the Seventh Dalai Lama, translated by Glenn H. Mullin (Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1982), 61. 4. Kenneth Ring, Heading Towards Omega: In Search of the Meaning of the Near-Death Experience (New York: Quill, 1985), 69. 5. Raymond Moody, Jr., MD., Life After Life (New York: Bantam, 1976), 65-67. 6. Ring, Heading Towards Omega, 67. 7. In the Mahaparinirvana Sutra. 8. Gary Zukav, The Dancing Wu Li Masters (New York: Bantam, 1980), 197. 3. REFLECTION AND CHANGE 1. Kenneth Ring, Heading Towards Omega: In Search of the Meaning of the Near-Death Experience (New York: Quill, 1985), 99. 2. Margot Grey, Return from Death: An Exploration of the Near-Death Experience. (London: Arkana, 1985), 97. 3. Dr. R. G. Owens and Freda Naylor, G.P., Living While Dying (Wellingborough, England: Thorsons, 1987), 59. 4. Tibet has its own traditional system of natural medicine, and its own particular understanding of disease. Tibetan doctors recognize certain disorders that are difficult for medicine alone to cure, so they recommend spiritual practices along with medical treatment. Patients who follow this practice are in many cases healed completely; at the very least they will become more receptive to the treatment they are being given. 5. Nyoshul Khen Rinpoche, Rest in Natural Great Peace: Songs of Experience (London: Rigpa, 1987), 27.
NOTES 401 6. Portia Nelson, quoted in Charles L. Whitfield, M.D., Healing the Child Within (Orlando, FL: Health Communications, 1989). 7. "Eternity" in Blake: Complete Writings, edited by Geoffrey Keynes (Oxford and New York: OUP, 1972), 179. 8. Alexandra David-Neel and Lama Yongden, The Superhuman Life of Gesar of Ling (Boston: Shambhala, 1987), Introduction. 9. In the Samadhirajasutra, quoted in Ancient Futures: Learning from Ladakh, Helena Norbert-Hodge (London: Rider, 1991), 72. 10. Chagdud Tulku Rinpoche, Life in Relation to Death (Cottage Grove, OR: Padma Publishing, 1987), 28. 11. His Holiness the Dalai Lama, A Policy of Kindness: An Anthology of Writings by and about the Dalai Lama (Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1990), 113-14. 12. In Letters to a Young Poet, Rainer Maria Rilke, translated by Stephen Mitchell (New York: Vintage Books, 1986), 92. 13. A famous verse by Milarepa, quoted by Patrul Rinpoche in his Kunzang Lamé Shyalung 4. THE NATURE OF MIND 1. Dudjom Rinpoche, Calling the Lama from Afar (London: Rigpa, 1980). 2. Chögyam Trungpa, The Heart of the Buddha (Boston: Shambhala, 1991), 23. 3. In this book, the ordinary mind, Sem, is referred to as "mind," and the essential innermost pure awareness, Rigpa, is referred to as the "nature of mind." 4. Nyoshul Khen Rinpoche (Nyoshul Khenpo), Rest in Natural Great Peace: Songs of Experience (London: Rigpa, 1989), 4. 5. John Myrdhin Reynolds, Self-Liberation through Seeing the Naked Awareness (New York: Station Hill, 1989), 10. 5. BRINGING THE MIND HOME 1. Thich Nhat Hanh, Old Path, White Clouds (Berkeley, CA: Parallax Press, 1991), 121. 2. The ferocious wild animals that were a threat in ancient times have today been replaced by other dangers: our wild and uncontrolled emotions. 3. Marion L. Matics, Entering the Path of Enlightenment: The Bodhicaryavatara of the Buddhist Poet Shantideva (London: George, Allen and Unwin, 1971), 162. 4. This direct encounter with mind's innermost nature leads to the more advanced practices of meditation, such as Mahamudra and Dzogchen. I hope in a future book to be able to explore in greater depth the precise way in which the path of meditation develops through Shamatha and Vipashyana to Dzogchen.