402 NOTES 5. The future Buddha, Maitreya, is in fact portrayed sitting on a chair. 6. You may not be following this practice now, but keeping the eyes open creates an auspicious condition for your practicing it in the future. See Chapter 10, "The Innermost Essence." 7. See Appendix 4 for an explanation of this mantra. 8. Although I have given here a full instruction on the practice, it should be borne in mind that meditation cannot truly be learned from a book, but only with the guidance of a qualified teacher. 9. Rainer Maria Rilke in Duino Elegies, 10. Lewis Thompson, Mirror to the Light (Coventure). 6. EVOLUTION, KARMA, AND REBIRTH 1. Adapted from the "Middle Length Sayings," quoted in H. W. Schumann, The Historical Buddha (London: Arkana, 1989), 54-55. 2. Quoted in Hans TenDam, Exploring Reincarnation (London: Arkana, 1990), 377. Other figures in the West in modern history who have apparently believed in rebirth have included: Goethe, Schiller, Swedenborg, Tolstoy, Gauguin, Mahler, Arthur Conan Doyle, David Lloyd George, Kipling, Sibelius, and General Patton. 3. Some Buddhist scholars prefer the word rebirth to "reincarnation," which they feel implies the notion of a "soul" that incarnates, and it is therefore not appropriate to Buddhism. The American statistics for belief in reincarnation appear in: George Gallup Jr., with William Proctor, Adventures in Immortality: A Look Beyond the Threshold of Death (London; Souvenir, 1983). A poll in the London Sunday Telegraph, April 15, 1979, indicated that 28 percent of British people believed in reincarnation. 4. Joan Forman, The Golden Shore (London: Futura, 1989), 159-63. 5. Ian Stevenson, Twenty Cases Suggestive of Reincarnation (Charlottesville: Univ. of Virginia Press, 1974); Cases of the Reincarnation Type, vols. 1-4 (Charlottesville: Univ. of Virginia Press, 1975-1983); Children Who Remember Previous Lives (Charlottesville: Univ. of Virginia Press, 1987). 6. Kalsang Yeshi, "Kamaljit Kour: Remembering a Past Life," in Dreloma, no. 12 (New Delhi, June 1984): 25-31. 7. Raymond A. Moody, Jr., Life After Life (New York: Bantam, 1986), 94. 8. Margot Grey, Return from Death: An Exploration of the Near-Death Experience (Boston and London: Arkana, 1985), 105. 9. Kenneth Ring, Heading Towards Omega: In Search of the Meaning of the Near-Death Experience (New York: Quill, 1985), 156. 10. Interestingly Mozart, in a letter to his father, referred to death as "the true and best friend of humanity ... the key which unlocks the door to our true state of happiness." "At night," he wrote, "I never lie down in my bed without thinking that perhaps (young as I
NOTES 403 am) I shall not live to see the next day and yet not one among my acquaintances could say that in my intercourse with them I am stubborn or morose—and for this source of happiness I thank my Creator every day and wish with all my heart the same for my fellowcreatures." Mozart's Letters, an illustrated edition, translated by Emily Anderson (London: Barrie and Jenkins, 1990). 11. Plato's Republic, translated by F. M. Cornford (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1966), 350. 12. An explanation given by His Holiness the Dalai Lama during a public teaching in New York, October 1991. 13. His Holiness the Dalai Lama, in a dialogue with David Bohm, in Dialogues with Scientists and Sages: The Search for Unity, edited by Renée Weber (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1986), 237. 14. H. W. Schumann, The Historical Buddha (London: Arkana, 1989), 139. 15. Schumann, The Historical Buddha, 55. 16. Shantideva, A Guide to the Bodhisattva's Way of Life (Bodhicaryavatara), translated by Stephen Batchelor (Dharamsala: Library ofTibetan Works and Archives, 1979), 120. 17. His Holiness the Dalai Lama, A Policy of Kindness: An Anthology of Writings by and about the Dalai Lama: (Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1990), 58. 18. Saddharmapundarika Sutra, quoted in Tulku Thondup, Buddha Mind (Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1989), 215. 19. David Lorimer treats this topic in depth in his Whole in One: The Near-Death Experience and the Ethic of Interconnectedness (London: Arkana, 1990). 20. Raymond A. Moody, Jr., Reflections on Life After Life (London: Corgi, 1978), 35. 21. Ring, Heading Towards Omega, 71. 22. Raymond A. Moody, Jr., The Light Beyond (London: Pan, 1989), 38. 23. P. M. H Atwater, Coming Back to Life (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1988), 36. 24. From Albert Einstein, Ideas and Opinions, translated by Sonja Bargmann (New York: Crown Publishers, 1954), quoted in Weber, ed., Dialogues with Scientists and Sages, 203. 25. His Holiness the Dalai Lama, My Landand My People: The Autobiography of the Dalai Lama (London: Panther, 1964), 24. 7. BARDOS AND OTHER REALITIES 1. Egyptian Bookof the Dead is itself an artificial title coined by its translator, E. A. Wallis Budge, after the Arab Bookof the Deceased, and having as little to do with the original title: "Coming Forth into the Day."