THE MAIN ROADS OF CYPRUS

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THE MAIN ROADS OF CYPRUS

A

MONO(TRAPH

or

THE MAIN ROADS OF CYPRUS

rn"\TPTT;ED BY

C, V. BELLAMY,

TEOR0L0GJ<

THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY.

niRECK PUBLIC WORKS, CTPRUIS.

PURLISTIET) BY ^^'^TTORITY.

rypRL s.

iVEBNMEXT PRIXTT

iJMi;;.

i:TY, FELLOW OF

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ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


A MOI^OGKAPH OF

THE MAIN EOADS OF CYPRUS.

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-s^^

c.f.^-

MONOGRAPH

OF

THE MAIN ROADS OF CYPRUS

COMPILED BY

C. Y. BELLAMY,

M. mST. O.B., FELLOW OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIBTT, FELLOW OF

THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIBTT.

DIRBCTOR OF PUBLIC WORKS, CYPRUS.

PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY:

CYPRUS:

^^^—A^l^g^ancu—,

I IIBAIOeHKH

PRINTED AT THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, NICOSIA.

1903.

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.J±£U^B- '

3«^.\o^SbS'2> ^eu

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INTRODUCTION.

IN the following pages certain information has been got together relating to the

Main Roads of Cyprus, the whole length of which as they exist to-day and are

described hereinafter has been constructed daring the British Administration of

the Country.

The Retrospect, in the absence of any available records for the two previous

years, commences with the year 1880 and has been brought down to the 31st

March, 1901. It has been compiled from Blue Book Reports, from Office Records

and othei' similar sources. It consists in a series of abstracts of Reports framed

by previous Heads of the Public Works Department, etc., aud constitutes a brief

historical record of the progress of road making and of those enterprises which

have led to the development of the country by the improvement in the means of

communication.

So far as these records go they shew that upwards of £195,000 has been spent

upon Roads, Construction and Maintenance, during the 21 years under review,

without reference to other Public Works of various kinds. During the two previous

years considerable sums were spent upon similar enterprises and it is probable

that the total amount approaches the SUTI of £200,C00. Save for a very

small percentage spent upon tools and other imported articles the whole of this

sum has been spent within the Island and has been distributed over all parts of it.

There is no enterprise under the Head of Public Works which is of so great

benefit to so large a number of persons—chiefly of the labouring classes, probably

the most deserving of any—than that of road making. The demand in all parts

of the Island is for " Roads " and as the cry has been, and is, responded to with

that generosity which is the first characteristic of a liberal Government, Cyprus

is rapidly becoming one of the best roaded countries administered by the British

Crown.

Following the Retrospect is a Schedule of the Public Roads open and in use

on the Slst March, 1902. The total length is 628'8o miles, and the area of the

Island being 3,584 square miles, the proportion of road mileage to square miles

of country is as 1 : 5-7, nearly ; the length of these Roads is yearly increasing.

A detailed statement of the Roads follows.

The Itinerary has only been compiled for those Roads which have been

recently measured aud over whicli mile posts have been fixed. It is anticipated

that this will shortly be extended to all the Main Roads.

Other information of a useful character is subjoined.

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CONTENTS.

xvlSTKOSPJfiCT ••• ••• «•• ••« ••• •••

SCHEDULE OF THE PUBLIC ROADS...

STATEMENT OF THE PUBLIC ROADS

ITINERARY OF THE MAIN ROADS ...

OLASSIFJCATIOU OF THE ROADS AKOUND NICOSIA

DISTANCES JN ENGLISH MILES ... •»» *»M

...

• • •

• • »

• • »

• • »

• • •

PAGE

1

... 37

... 38

... 44

... 86

... 87

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EXPLANATOEY NOTE.

The Retrospect covering the years 1880 to 1900-1 was, as explained in the

Introduction, compiled principally from Blue Book Reports and Office Records,

etc., in Cyprus. These sources gave little or no information as to what Road

Work was carried out between the date of Lord John Hay's assumption of the

Government of Cyprus on the 12th July, 1878, pending Sir Garnet Wolseley's

arrival, and the period at which the Blue Book Reports commence, namely, the

year 1880.

The veil which had hitherto obscured this period has since been lifted and

the necessary information obtained from records preserved in the Colonial Office

which have been kindly placed at the compiler's disposal.

From this source it may be ascertained in what state the Public Works, and

more particularly the Roads, of the Island were found at, and immediately prior

to 1878.

Lord John Hay writing under date 20th July, 1878, about a week after

landing in Cyprus, states that " Roads hardly exist at all; there is only one road

" that can be dignified by that name, and is the one which connects Larnaca with

" Nicosia ; its condition is as bad as possible. The rest are mere tracks, rarely

" passable by bullock carts, and generally only fit for mules and camels."

Sir Garnet Wolseley, on the 17th September, 1878, in forwarding a report ou

the Larnaca-Nicosia Road speaks of it as " the only road existing in the Island

" when we arrived." The enclosure written by Lieut.-Col. Maquay, Commanding

Royal Engineer, runs to the effect that " The Road is fairly laid out and has had

"• a good amount of labour expended on it in its construction it is nowhere

" metalled some parts are in deep soil which is almost impassable—for many

" days in winter ; for four months in the year a coach takes many hours of the

" day in getting over the distance of 25 miles."

Indian Sappers and Miners had been employed on tliis Road at Larnaca,

Goshi and Pyroi. '^ Several parts of the Road require making from the founda-

" tion." "The cost of making a road which will allow of uninterrupted

" communication during the winter " was " estimated at £6,000 to make a per-

'' manent highway, repair bridges, make culverts, etc."

This sum was sanctioned and the work was carried out with the aid of the

Bombay Sappers and Miners whose labour constituted a valuable asset not included

in the £6,000.

So much of the so-called road as existed prior to 1878 had been made during

the four years ending 1871 by forced—and therefore unpaid—labour under an old

Turkish Law wiiich applied to the whole of the Ottoman Empire and by which

all able-bodied men between the ages of 16 and 60 were compelled to give four

days a year ou the construction and repair of roads. This contribution of labour

was Uable to be increased to 6 days and " the carts and beasts of burden of the

" people were liable to be employed on the roads without recompense."

The only recorded instance of its operation in Cyprus was in the case of the

Larnaca-Nicosia Road, lefore the British Occupation ; after that date it was never

availed of, except in the case of the Limassol Water Works, when its operation

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was advised by the Native Members of the Municipal Commission in 1879 but an

Ordnance for which a precedent is taken from the case'of Zante during the British

Occupation of the Ionian Islands was passed to supercede the old Law imposing

compulsory labour as requirements demanded; all labourers so employed were

however paid Is. a day indiscriminately.

Its aid was first invoked during the construction of the Limassol-Platres

Military Road in order to expedite the work; it does not appear to have been

operated again; probably the rise in wages under the new rule removed any

necessity for so doing as it is recorded that in the case of the Kyrenia District

whereas the price of labour had been, prior to 1878, 5cp. or 7^d. a day, it had

risen in April 1879 to Sep. or lO^d.; in another case at Larnaca, it had been from

4 to Icp. for common labour and 15 to 17cp. for master masons but had risen to

lOc^. and 24 respectively. Sir Garnet Wolseley also wrote on the 12th August,

1878. " I am now paying labourers Is. 3d. to Is. 6d. a day."

On the Limassol-Platres Military Road nothing less than Is. was paid.

The Military Road from Goshi to Dali and Mathiati was one of the earliest

enterprises and a sum of £3,700 6s. 2d. was spent upon it.

The Limassol-Troodos Road was opened as far as Platres by the summer of

1879 and the expenditure recorded is as follows :—

Original estimate of cost - - - - - £6,000

Supplementary sanction - - - - - 3,000

„ charged to Island Revenue - - - 2,000

£11,000

In addition to which an item of expenditure is recorded for :

Improving mule track from Platres to Troodos to admit the

passage of carts . - - - . £1,200

Prior to 1880 there appear to have been the following sums also spent on, or

in connection with, Roads, namely:—

Widening the Pedias River and constructing 2nd arch in

Bridge near Nicosia - - - - - £350

Improving Entrance to Nicosia at the Paphos Gate, Roads

to Government House and thence to the Larnaca Road,

etc. - - - - - - - £800

A vote of £1,000 appears to have been taken for the maintenance of the

Limassol-Troodos Military Road and another £2,000 for the maintenance of the

Nicosia-Larnaca Road for the year 1879 and other evidences seem to justify the

assumption that all these amounts were spent.

In justification of the expenditure upon widening the Pedias River Bridge

which was estimated to cost £750 but apparently only £350 spent it is stated

that in,the year 1865 a flood broke through into Nicosia, submerged a great part

of the City drowing many persons and animals.

A great number of projects were put forward at this time, thus for instance :—

District Roads - - . . . . £37,000

and again :—

Rough detail of the Fair Weather Roads it is proposed to construct in the

Financial Year 1879-80*

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Miles. Expenditure.

From Nicosia to Kyrenia - - - about 16 £1,100

Vasilia to Hai Grosh - - „ 22 1,600

Nicosia to Lefka - - - „ 34 4,000

„ branch to Morphou - „ 6

600

Lamaca to Limassol - - „ 40 6,000

Limassol to Paphos - - - „ 39 5,000

Paphos to Krysikou - - - „ 22 4,000

Krysikou to Lefka - - - „ 32 5,000

Nicosia to Famagusta - - „ 35 4,000

Famagusta to Tricomo - - „ 15 1,000

To improve tracks between Tricomo and Carpas „ 35 2,700

Rebuild culverts Larnaca-Famagusta Road

-

200

Improving Country Roads in Larnaca District -

900

Gap in Mountain, Road from Larnaca to Messaria to make it

practicable for carts (the Pyla Bougaz) -

100

These sums with the £800 for the Paphos Gate Entrance make up the details

of the item District Roads £37,000, vid : sup.;

It is difficult to say what if any others of these projects were put into

execution.

Lieut.-Col. Maquay also proposed a road from Arsos, Omodhos, Kilani (here

crossing the Military Road to Limassol) Ay. Mama, Pelendria, Heptagonia, Pano

Lefkara and thence to the coast at Larnaca.

There appear to be—definite records of an expenditure on Roads, and works

immediately connected with them, during the years 1878 and 1879, of something

over £26,000.

In the preceding Introduction it was recorded that £195,000 had been spent

between 1880 and 1900-1 and it was estimated that during the first two years of

the Occupation a sum sufficient to bring up the total approaching to £200,000.

It will be seen that this figure was a conservative estimate and it should have

been £221,000

To this sum must be added £14,000 for the year 1901-2 and £19,509 for

1902-3 ; the total for the 25 years covered by the British Administration of the

Country then comes to £254,509. This gives an average expenditure of well

over £10,000 a year, almost all of which has gone into the pockets of the labouring

classes. This forms a happy contrast to the period before the British Occupation

wheu the people were compelled to work on the Roads "without recompence" and

when, as the Government Engineer wrote in 1879, there had been "no outlay

incurred for very many years " on Pubhc Works.

Whereas in 1878 there were no roads in Cyprus beyond that between Nicosia

and Larnaca, over which a coach "took many hours of the'day," to accomplish the

journey of 25 miles, after 25 years of industry there are over 1,000 miles.

16th July, 1903.

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THE MAIN ROADS OF CYPRUS.

A KETROSPECT.

The systematic construction of roads in Cyprus for vehicular traffic dates,

so far as recent times are concerned, from the British Occupation. There are

indications of the existence of thoroughfares in ancient times in certain parts of

Cyprus, notably in the Eastern plains and radiatingi from Salamis, the capital of

the Island about twenty centuries ago; but with that neglect of everything that

was useful to the advancement of civilization which characterized the Dark Ages,

they fell into disuetude and are now only discoverable by the presence of a few

irregular lines of ruined walling or causeway whose presence leads to scarcely

more than surmise of what their destiny actually was.

When the Government of Cyprus was transferred to the British Crown there

were no roads, properly so-called, in the whole Island, and the number of vehicles

were few; and even in the early years of the British Administration the history

of road making is more or less veiled in obscurity.

The maps which accompany this memorandum have been prepared partly

from old copies, originally prepared by the Government Etigineer, and partly

from records and other documentary evidence. The earliest report of work done

in this connection by the Public Works Department appears to have been

contained in Mr. S. Brown's (Government Engineer) Annual Report dated lst

March, 1881.

1880.

A copy of the Map of Cyprus which accompanied that report is preserved,

and from it diagram No. 1 of the accompanying series has beien prepared. A

copy of the report has not unfortunately been retained in the records of the

Public Works Department, however, but the map shows the following.

ROADS CONSTRUCTED OR IMPROVED SINCE THE BRITISH OCCUPATION.

Nicosia to Larnaca (following the line of the present road).

Larnaca to Famagusta, by way of Pyla and Avgoro (since partly abandoned).

Nioosia to Famagusta, by way of Ornithi, Aphania, Ashia, Vatili, Kouklia,

Kalopsida and Acheritou.

Nicosia to Kyrenia, through Dicomo and St. Catherine's Pass.

Kyrenia to Lapithos, along the route, apparently, of the present carriage road.

Nicosia to Lefka, by way of Ay: Demetios, Akakia, Peristerona, Petra and Kalo-

Khorio (Chamli Keuy) (now partly abandoned).

Kythrea to Rizo-Carpas, by way of Exometokhi, Kuru Monastir, Marathovouno,

Vi tsada, Psilatos, Lefkonico,* Gypsos, Tricomo, Kamaraes, Ay. Theodoros,

TavroB, Leonarisso, Vathylakka, Elisis, Korovia and Galinoporni.

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Limassol to Pendakomo, along the route apparently of the present road.

The Military roads then in existence are shown to be, that from Limassol to

Troodos and from Goshi to Louroutjina, Dali, Nisou, Ay. Varvara and

Matiati.

Mr. Brown at the same time indicated certain roads which he proposed should

be carried out, viz :—

Nicosia to Mari, by way of Nisso and Kophinou.

Nicosia to Morphou, by way of Yerolakko and through the Morphou plain.

Morphou to Karavostassi, with branch to Lefka, thence through Tillyria to Polls

and Paphos (Ktima), through Krysokhou, Krito Terra, Arodhes, Cathika,

Chissonerga, Klorika and Emba.

Limassol to Paphos.

Larnaca to Mari, through Kyti, Zygi etc. to join the Nicosia-Limassol Road,

Nicosia to Kythrea, and

Famagusta to Tricomo.

All these lines of road are plotted on a copy of Kiepert's Map, a publication

remarkable for its inaccuracy.

There is a good deal to be said for these proposals, and history shows that

Mr. Brown was somewhat in advance of the times.

The earliest Blue-Book published was that for the year 1880 and contains

the following statement of expenditure.

Nicosia-Peristerona Road Construction

Peristerona-Lefka Road - „

Kythrea-Tricomo Road - „

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road „

Larnaca-Famagusta Road - „

Larnaca-Limassol Road - „

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - „

Tricomo-Famagusta Road - „

- £178 11 1 1 unfinished unfii li

500 0 0 ,.

710 18 3

1,617 15 4

920 12 9

46 12 3

51 16 4

3 10 4

Maintenance and Improvements

1,412 1 7

" The work on these roads consists chiefly of earthwork in formation, but

little has been done to culverts and bridges."—Vide report.

There appear to be no details of the sum spent on " Maintenance and

Improvements, £1,412 1 7."

1881.

The Blue-Book report for 1881 contains the following statement of expenditure.

'^

Expended to dat*. Expended in 18S1

Larnaca-Limassol Road

Nicosia-Kythrea Road

construction £904

- „ 546

0 0 unfinished £857 7 7

13 „

Nicosia-Limassol Road - „

Limassol-Paphos Road - „

Maintenance and Improvements -

9 10 6

966 4 2

2,502 13 2



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In :Mr. Brown's report No. B 730 of 15th March, 1882, it is stated that

during the previous year, closing 31st December, 1881, a sum of £5,799 16 3

was spent on Roads and Bridges; but the writer points out the difficulty of

comparing work done with money spent, inasmuch as the particulars of the former

apply to the Calendar Year ending 31st December, 1881, and of the latter to the

Financial Year ending 31st March, 1882.

The works to which special reference is made in this report are as follows :—

Nicosia-Larnaca Road, reported to be greatly improved, and the improvement

of all gradients to the limit of 1 in 20 is contemplated. This intention was

apparently never fulfilled as there are still gradients exceeding this limit on this

road.

An interesting comparison is given of the rates paid for transport at this

time. It is recorded that the rates of transport of Losusfc material from Larnaca

to Vatili, between which points no Cart-road then existed, was 7c.p. per ton per

mile as against 4c.p. by cart between Larnaca and Nicosia. At this latter rate

the transport between the two last-named places was in 1881 lis. 5c.p. per ton.

In 1898 it was 7s. 4^c.p. but in the present year 1902 it is 5s. 5c.p.

The other roads which received attention were :—

Tiie Nicosia-Kythrea Road—8 miles on which Earthwork and Side drains were

chiefly done.

Tlie Larnaca-Limassol Road—^the cutting of Side-ditches nearly the whole length ^

A good Bridle road was undertaken between Episcopi and Kouklia, a length

of 23 miles, and a Cart-road thence to within 2| miles of Ktima.

Also, 6 miles of roads were made around Nicosia by Convicts.

In Mr. Brown's report dated SOth May of the same year (B 893) he makes

various recommendations, and reports the following progress :—

Nicosia-Larnaca Road, 26 miles in good working order.

Nicosia-Famagusta Road, 37 miles, most of the minor streams bridged and the

worst parts metalled.

Nicosia-Tricomo Road, 82 miles, (a) Nicosia-Kythrea 8 miles, all minor bridges

and culverts built and half the length metalled ; (b) Kythrea to Lefkonico

impracticable for wheels during the winter months; (c) Lefkonico to

Tricomo in fairly good condition, requires little.

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road, 39 miles, the Earthwork was constructed in 1880 but

little else done. " The completion might be allowed to stand over."— Vide

report.

Nicosia-Peristerona-Lefka Road, 33^ miles, small bridges between Nicosia and

Peristerona built but not beyond.

Liirnaca-Famagusta Road, 26 miles. " Little need be done except draining and

metalling the heavier parts across the Livadhia Marshes."— Vide report.

Larnaca-Limassol Road, 45 miles. (See CO. despatch No. 555 of 12 6/82, and

Mr. Brown's report of 1st March, 1881).

Much done to improve this road. Metalled from Larnaca to South side of

Embankment across the Salt Lake, 3 miles formed with side drains as far as

Mazoto (13th mile.) From Mazoto to Zygi, 11 miles, formed, etc., for about half

the distance through cultivated lands. From Zygi to near Mari, 2^ miles, little

has been done. From this point to Amathus, 2^ miles, Earthwcuks formed, portions

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of side drain cut and certain bridges built. This section was almost impassable

for 2 or 3 miles near Pendacomo. Metalling of this portion now in progress.

From Amathus to Limassol, little done towards formation of road, is very heavy

for travelling in winter, and it is desirable this section should be reformed and

metalled.

The cost of completing the Larnaca-Limassol Road was estimated as follows:—

Earthwork and Side drains 26 miles _ _ - £1,560

MetaUiug 25 miles - . . . - 1,625

Bridges - - - - . - - 1,000

£4,185

Limassol-Ktima Road, 42 miles. During the previous summer (1881) the formation

of the Mule Track from Episcopi to Kouklia proceeded and between

Kouklia and Ktima the earthwork and cutting of side drains.

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road, 8 miles. The track was cleared and certain of the

Bridges were in course of construction.

The roads around Nicosia then measured 9 miles.

The following is a statement of roads constructed or improved since the

British Occupation to the time of writing.

Nicosia-Larnaca Road

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road

.

-

-

-

.

-

.

-

26 miles

17

Nicosia-Famagusta Road

Nicosia-Tricomo Road

Tricomo-Rizo Cai-pas Road

Nicosia-Lef ka Road

Larnaca-Famagusta Road

Larnaca-Limassol Road

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

.

-

-

.

-

-

_

-

.

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

37

32

39

33^

26

45

Limassol-Paphos Cart Road

Limassol-Paphos Bridle Road

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

24

(Total distance 42 miles. 8 miles not yet made.)

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road - - - - 8

Roads around Nicosia - _ - . 9

Total - - 306| miles

Add Military Roads :—

Limassol-Troodos Cart Road, as far as Platres -

Bridle Road, from Platres to Troodos - -

Goshi-Mathiati - - - - -

-

-

34 miles

4

12

Grand Total - - 356^ miles

This is a very creditable result of about 4 years work but it would appear

that many of the " Roads " were so called merely by courtesy.

Mr. Brown made some important recommendations in the same report of

which the following may be cited.

The opening of the Famagusta-Tricomo Road.

The opening of the Pyla-Central Messaoria Road.

The opening of the Prastio-Tricomo Road.

The opening of the Nicosia-Lefka Eoad, by way of Yerolakko, Morphou

and Karavostassi. -'

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The opening of the Kyrenia-Lapithos-Vasilia to Myrtou and Morphou.

The opening of the Nicosia-Dali and Dali-Kophino Roads.

The improvement of the Mule Tiack from Lefkara to Tokni and Zygi.

The improvement of the Mule Track from Lefkara to Kophino.

The conversion of the Kophiuo-Mazoto Mule Track into a Cart Road.

The opening of a road from Nicosia to Deftera and Pera with extension to

Paloeokhori and down the Yermasoyia Valley to Litnassol.

The improvement of the track from Ticfka to Evrycliou, Kako Petria

through the gap (i.e. at Karvouna) to join the Military Road at Doros with

branches to Troodos on the one hand and to the Peristerona-Evrychou path on

the other.

The Pass alluded to, and now known as Karvouna, although Mr. Brown did

not appear to know its name, is described as being the best across the Southern

range, and this route as having been an important one formerly. The recent

development of this route by the construction of the Eviychou-Troodos Road in

1900 and the Trimiklini-Karvouna Road in 1901 shows how history repeats

itself.

It was further recommended—

That the tracks joining Omodhos and Kilani with the Military Road should

be improved and this Bridle Path, apparently between Kilani aud Omodhos,

continued into the Kouklia Valley (more probably the Kostithes or Kha Potamos)

to Kouklia in Paphos.

That a good mule track be made between Paphos, Krysokhou and Poll but

Mr. Brown remarks that although in his Annual report of 1st March, 1881, he

advised the improvement of the Polis-Lefka track he now considers that from

Krysokhou to Pano Panayia and Mandria should be substituted.

That a good cart road should be opened between Limassol to Episcopi and

he submits a Tabular Statement of his recommendations in the following form :—

Cart Boad. Bridle Path. Total.

Famagusta-Tricomo - - 13 miles miles 13 miles

Pyla-Lefkonico-Tricomo - - 33

— 83

Nicosia-Morphou-Karavostassi-Lefka 44 — 44

Lapithos-Morphou - - - 3 14 17

Nicosia-Kophinou to join the Larnaca-

Limassol Road - - - 8 24 32

Lefkara-Zygi and Kophino-Mazoto - — 24 24

Nicosia-Def tera-Pera-Li m assol

13 32 45

Lefka to Limassol-Troodos Road at

Doros. Branch from Kako Petria

to Troodos and from Evrychou to

Peristerona - - -

47 47

Kilani-Omodhos-Kouklia

— 33 33

Ktima-Polis . - - — 23 23

Krysokhou-Mandria

— 28 28

Limassol-Episcopi - - - 8

— 8

Proposed

Present

122

282^

225

24

347

306i

Total - - 404^ 249 653^

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


In the same report Mr. Brown suggests some scheme for securing Voluntary

assistance of the inhabitants (either in labor or money) for the construction and

improvement of local roads or bridges. This is a most interesting forecast of

the present Village Roads Laws, the first of which was passed in 1885.

The document from which these extracts are taken is a most interesting and

exhaustive one.

Other reports will be found in the Government Engineer's letters to the

Chief Secretary No. B 926 and B 983.

1882.

The following statements of Expenditure appear in the Blue-Books for 1882

and 1883-1884.

Larnaca-Limassol Road construction £485 1 5 1 unfinished

Nicosia-Limassol via Kophinou

9)

1,766 3 0 9)

Nicosia-Kythrea Road

>'

19 14 3 99

Lefkara-Zygi Road -

»

255 8 2 tj

Famagusta-Tricomo Road

»>

421 0 5 9>

Nicosia-Deftera-Pera Road

n

42 0 1 99

Limassol-Paphos Road

5J

21 12 2 9)

Maintenance and Improvements

1,824 0 0

1883-4.

Improving gradients Nicosia-Larnaca Road construction £283 18 6

Approaches to Public Offices, Larnaca

74 5 0

Larnaca-Limassol

- -

115 10 2

Lefkara towards Nicosia Road - -

28 1 7

Central Messaoria Road

- - „ 1,955 9 5

Maintenance of Roads - - repairs 1,428 16 7

In Mr. Brown's letter G 867 of 23rd May, 1884, various recommendations

are ofifered.

In G 918 of 6th June of the same year the following are the main features

in Mr. Brown's " Report on works to 31st March, 1884."

The last previous Annual Report was for the year ending 31st March, 1882.

Mr. Brown appears to have been absent from the Island in 1883 and to have

submitted no Annual Report for the year ending 31st March, 1883.

The works executed during this interval comprise—

Construction of the Larnaca-Peristerona Road, 24 miles. The width adopted

was 20 feet and the low-lying parts had been metalled.

The gradient at Pyla was altered from 1 in 8 to 1 in 16.

The iron bridge over the Pedias River near Mia Millia was built, the

ironwork having been completed 26th September, 1883.

The gradients on the Nicosia-Larnaca Road were said to have been improved

from 1 in 10 and 1 in 13 to 1 in 20. The writer describes the condition of this

roud as having been, in the winter of 1878 and, 79, the worst he had ever seen

traversed by a public carriage, but when the report was written it was considered

to compare with the best roads of Europe and was capable of being maintained

iu its theu condition at moderate cost.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


In Mr. Brown's report No. B 730 of 15th March, 1882, it is stated that

during the previous year, closing 3l8t December, 1881, a sum of £5,799 16 3

was spent on Roads and Bridges; but the writer points out the difficulty of

comparing work done with money spent, inasmuch as the particulars of the former

apply to the Calendar Year ending Slst December, 1881, and of the latter to the

Financial Year ending 31st March, 1882.

The works to which special reference is made in this report are as follows :—

• Nicosia-Larnaca Road, reported to be greatly improved, and the improvement

of all gradients to the limit of 1 in 20 is contemplated. This intention was

apparently never fulfilled as there are still gradients exceeding this limit on this

road.

An interesting comparison is given of the rates paid for transport at this

time. It ia recorded that the rates of transport of Locust material from Larnaca

to Vatili, between which points no Cart-road then existed, was 7c.p. per ton per

mile as against 4c.p. by cart between Larnaca and Nicosia. At this latter rate

the transport between the two last-named places was in 1881—lis. 5c.p. per ton.

In 1898 it was 7s. 4^c.p. but in the present year 1902 it is 5s. 5c.p.

The other roads which received attention were :—

The Nicosia-Kythrea Road—8 miles on which Earthwork and Side drains were

chiefly done.

The Larnaca-Limassol Road—the cutting of Side-ditches nearly the whole length.

A good Bridle road was undertaken between Episcopi and Kouklia, a length

of 23 miles, and a Cart road thence to within 2^ miles of Ktima.

Also, 6 miles of roads were made around Nicosia by Convicts.

In Mr. Brown's report dated 30th May of the same year (B 898) he makes

various reoommendations and reports the following progress :—

Nicosia-Larnaca Road, 26 miles, in good working order.

Nicosia-Famagusta Road, 37 miles, most of the minor streams bridged and the

worst parts metalled.

Nicosia-Tricomo Road, 32 miles, (a) Nicosia-Kythrea 8 miles, all minor bridges

and culverts built and half the length metalled ; (b) Kythrea to Lefkonico

impracticable for wheels during the winter months; (e) Lefkonioo to

Tricomo in fairly good condition, requires little.

Tricomo-Rizo-Oarpas Road, 39 miles, the Earthwork was constructed in 1880 but

little else done. " The completion might be allowed to stand over."— Vide

report.

Nicosia-Peristerona-Lefka Road, 33^ miles, small bridges between Nicosia and

Peristerona built but not beyond.

Larnaca-Famagusta Road, 26 miles. " Little need be done except draining and

metalling the heavier parts across the Livadhia Marshes."— Vide report.

Larnaca-Limassol Road, 45 miles. (See CO. despatch No. 555 of 12/5/82, and

Mr. Brown's report of lst March, 1881).

Much done to improve this road. Metalled from Larnaca to South side of

Embankment across the Salt Lake, 3 miles formed with side drains aa far as

Mazoto (13th mile.) From Mazoto to Zygi, 11 miles, formed, etc., for about half

the distance through cultivated lands. From Zygi to near Mari, 2^ miles, little

has been done. From this point to Amathus, 2^ miles. Earthworks formed, portions

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

B 2


of side drain cut and certain bridges built. This section was almost impassable

for 2 or 3 miles near Pendacomo. Metalling of this portion now in progress.

Form Amathus to Limassol, little done towards formation of road, is very heavy

for travelling iu winter, and it is desirable this section should be reformed and

metalled.

The cost of completing the Larnaca-Limassol Road was estimated as follows:—

Earthwork and Side drains 26 miles - - - £1,560

Metalling 25 miles - - - - - 1,625

Bridges - - - - - - - 1,000

£4,185

Limassol-Ktima Road, 42 miles. During the previous summer (1881) the formation

of the Mule Track from Episcopi to Kouklia proceeded and between

Kouklia and Ktima the earthwork and cutting of side drains.

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road, 8 miles. The track was cleared and certain of the

Bridges were in course of construction.

The roads around Nicosia then measured 9 miles.

The following is a statement of roads constructed or improved since the

British Occupation to the time of writing.

Nicosia-Larnaca Road

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road -

Nicosia-Famagusta Road

Nicosia-Tricomo Road

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

26 miles

17

37

32

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road -

Nicosia-Lefka Road - -

Larnaca-Famagusta Road -

Larnaca-Limassol Road -

Limassol-Paphos Cart Road -

Limassol-Paphos Bridle Road -

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39

33^

26

45

10

24

(Total distance 43 miles. 8 miles not yet made.)

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road - - - . g

Roads around Nicosia - - - - 9

Add Military Roads :—

Total - - 306i miles

Limassol-Troodos Cart Road, as far as Platres

Bridle Road, from Platres to Troodos - -

-

-

34 miles

4

Goshi-Mathiati - - - - - 12

Grand Total - - 356^ miles

This is a very creditable result of about 4 years work but it would appear

that many of the "Roads" were so called merely by courtesy.

Mr. Brown made some important recommendations in the same report of

which the following may be cited.

The opening of the Famagusta-Tricomo Road.

The opening of the Pyla-Central Messaoria Road.

The opening of the Frastion-Tricomo Road.

The opening of the Nicosia-Lefka Road, by way of Yerolakko, Morphou

and Karavostassi.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


18

A road 15 feet wide was made from 3^ miles south of Tricomo to Tricomo

and thence for 30^ miles to Yialoussa, having a maximum gradient of 1 in 12.

All heavy portions, 19 miles altogether, metalled, temporary crossings (Irish

bridges) formed at stream crossings. This is the first mention in Annual Reports

of Irish bridges and they were adopted in this case with a view to being replaced

by culverts when funds were available.

The Yialoussa-Rizo Carpas section, 14| miles, was only opened 10 feet wide

on account of the paucity of traffic as well as owing to the commencement of the

harvest which had brought Relief work to a close. This section was recorded as

incomplete and needing metal.

Larnaca-Kophinou Road,—earthwork done during the past winter 1887-1888.

Length of road 15J miles and 15 feet wide.

Limassol Wine Roads,—Omodhos Road completed, the branch 4 miles long

to Mallia and Arsos formed, maximum gradient 1 in 12, and ravine west of Mrillia

spanned by a substantial bridge of two arches.

Total length of the Limassol Wine Roads now open 34^ miles, of this, 20

miles metalled, remaining length consists of compact dry soil.

Ktima-Polis Road,—a length of 4 miles added during the year and 8| miles

now open.

Kelokethara Nahieh Road,—commenced in December, 1887 and 4| miles

formed, the heavy portions metalled. It was deemed sufficient to make this road

10 feet wide with a maximum gradient of 1 in 8.

The following is a summary of Road Construction during the year alluded to:—

Bonds formed and drained Portions metalled

Karpas Road -

Larnaca-Kophinou Road

-

-

-

-

411 miles

loj

18i miles

If

Liipassol Wine Roads - - - 4^ 3

Ktima-Polis Road - . . ^ I 2

Kelokethara-Nahieh Road - - 4| f

Total - - 69| miles 25J miles

The expenditure on this work was £5,914, the cost per mile was therefore

between £84 and £85.

The following roads were maintained in good order :—

Nicosia to Famagusta to Limassol to Kyrenia and to Kythrea, and from

Larnaca to the Messaoria and to Limassol, besides several minor roads, or altogether

about 250 miles had been repaired.

A sum of £10 was granted by Government for supervision of free labour

given by the villagers of Karmi to improve the track to their village from the

top of St. Katharine's Pa^s past ,St. Hilarion Castle.

It is recorded that the people of Zoopygi had undertaken to improve the

track leading to their village also. Mr. Brown warmly recommended that every

encouragement be given to villagei-s making such offers.

This was the last annual report prepared by Mr. Brown.

1888-9.

The Blue-Book for the year 1888-1H89 contains the following expenditure

on roads.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


14

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections I. to VIII.

construction, expended to date £7,345 3 4

do. Sections II. to VII. maintenance 163 3 1

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - r „ 294 16 7

Nicosia-Korno (Limassol) Road -

76 17 8

Nicosia-Famagusta Road

198 2 3

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - -

111 15 5

Nicosia-Peristerona-Morphou improvement and

289 8 8

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - -

57 16 7

Larnaca-Limassol Road - - -

369 9 4

Larnaca and Central Messaoria Road

4 13 8

Carpas Road - - construction and

164 10 1

Limassol-Paphos as far as Episcopi

44 14 7

(formerly Limassol Roads, S.I.)

In the annual report of the O.C.,P.W.D. Mr. Cunnigham, No. 135/89 of 8th

July, 1889, the following works are recorded :—

Carpas Road,^-continuation from the Bridge near Eleousa Monastery for 3^

miles to Rizo-Carpas. A diversion was carried out in the village of Yiallousa,

but the sum available was inadequate to complete the metalling between this

place and Rizo-Carpas.

Larnaca-Kophinou Road,—^formation carried out during the previous year

and during that under review 7 miles were metalled and certain " Irish bridges "

formed. Four miles of this road remain to be metalled.

Nicosia-Peristerona-Morphou Road,—a length of 14 miles as far as Peristerona

(besides 3 miles at the Nicosia end maintained by convicts) improved but more

metal required. The Peristerona-Morphou section via Astromeriti and Zodia set

out and marked with cairns.

Limassol Wine Roads,—branch to Vasa | mile in length commenced but

not completed and the ravine close by a-bridge.

Ktima-Polis Road,—continued for another IJ miles making 10 miles now

formed, and heavy parts metalled.

Kelokethara Nahieh Road,—continued for 2^ miles ; total formed 7 miles to

31st March, 1889.

The summary shows 15^ miles of road formed and 14 metalled of whioh 7

were on Roads previously opened.

Roads maintained:—

The Limassol Wine Roads.

Nicosia-Larnacsf Road.

Nicosia-Famagusta Road.

Nicosia-Limassol Road as far as Korno.

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road.

Nicosia-Kythrea Road.

Larnaca-Famagusta Road.

Larnaca-Messaoria Road.

Larnaca-Limassol Road.

Limassol-Papho Road as far as Episcopi and other minor roads not specified.

Altogether about 240 miles had been repaired, some steep gradients improved

and heavier portions metalled.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


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ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


11

CARRIAGE ROADS.

Connection between Famagusta and Varoshia.

Extension of the Nicosia-Nisou Road to a point somewhere about a mile or

two beyond Korno.

The opening of the Nicosia-Deftera Road nearly as far as Lakatamia.

The completion of the Ktima-Polis Road for a mile or two beyond Tsada.

The Military Roads are shown to be the same as in previous years but it is

open to doubt if the Mathiati Road was under maintenance at that period.

The Bridle Roads appear to be as formerly with the addition of that between

Nicosia and Ay. Epictetos by way of Voeno or Sykhari and Kako Skala to the

west of Buffavento.

The " partially-made " roads appear to be the same, but it is open to doubt

if they were still maintained, and in fact the absence of any reference to many of

them in the returns of expenditure appearing in the Blue-Book would appear to

indicate that they had been abandoned for some time.

In Mr. Brown's Annual Report dated G.E. 225 of 18th July, 1887, for the

year ending 31st March, 1887, the following is recorded :—

ROADS TO WINE VILLAGES COMPRISED IN THE LIMASSOL ROADS LAW, 1885.

The branch to Omodhos was completed, and the Sections formed during the

previous year metalled, etc.

To the time of writing the following sections had been completed.

MAIN ROADS.

Section I. Limassol to Erimi Bridge

„ II. Erimi Bridge to Ay. Ambrosios

„ III. Ay. Ambrosios to Kissousa Bridge

„ VI. Kissousa Bridge to Omodhos -

Total -

BRANCHES.

Section iV." to Pano Kividhes

„ V. to Vouni . . . -

Miles

7

10

3

4

Total - - 30 674

The writer records having driven from Nicosia to Omodhos, a distance of

97 miles, by way, apparently, of Larnaca, Kophinou and Limassol and having

found the roads in good condition throughout.

The cost of constructing these Wine Roads was about £200 per mile.

Nicosia-Limassol Road,—7^ miles of Mule Track from Nisou beyond Korno

converted into a carriage road, having a width of 15 feet. "There are 19 miles

" of Carriage Road made from Nicosia to Korno and 19 miles from Limassol to

" the Mari Bridge, but there still remains a gap of about 16 miles between these

"two sections."— Vide report.

Ktima-Polis Road.—In January, 1887, relief works were started in Paphos

with £600 for the inauguration of this undertaking. The daily rate of pay was

7c.p. * but this sum failed to attract a sufficient number of labourers to allow

the whole amouut to be spent before the close of the financial year and it is

26

0

3

Yards

1,063

864

941

704

51

714

1,669

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


ecorded that £47 out of the £500 remained unspent. The length of road

formed to 31st March was 4J miles but to the time of writing 7 miles were

open from Ktima. " It is similar in character to the roads now known as " the

Limassol Wine Roads and is 14 feet in width with a maximum gradient of

"lin 12,"—FeV/e report. ^

MAINTENANCE OF ROADS.

The Nicosia-Larnaca Road, kept in good condition.

" Nicosia-Famagusta Road, repaired and so improved that except about 3 or

4 miles at the Famagusta end it is a good Carriage Road throughout."

The other roads maintained in fair working order were :—

The Nicosia-Kyrenia Road.

The Nicosia-Kythrea Road.

The Larnaca-Central Messaoria Ro^d.

The Larnaca-Limassol Road.

The Famagusta-Tricomo Road.

Improvements were also carried out on several district roads not specified.

1887-8.

The Blue-Book for 1887-1888 contains the following statement of expenditure

on roads.

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections I. to VII.

construction!, expended to date £6,772 12 0

do. Sections I. to VI. maintenance 141 15 0

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - - „ 317144

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - - „ 69 10 5

l^ico^ia-Famagusta Road - - - ,, 149 4 8

Nicogia-Kyrenia Road - - - „ 99 18 6

Nicosia-Limassol Road - - - ., 79 19 8

Roads around Nicosia - - - „ 49 11 5

Larnaca-Central Messaoria & Laruaca-Faiuagusta Rds ,, 47 10 8

Larnaca-Mari River Road - - - ,, 58 19 1

^jarnaoa-Kophinou Road _ . . construction 699 2 1

Karmi mule track (Kyrenia) - - improvements 9. 12 8

Carpas Road . . . -construction 3,587 2 0

Kelokethara Nahieh Road - - - ,, 347 19 1

Ktima-Polis Road - - - - „ 345 15 4

Mr. Brown's annual report for 1887-1888, No. 201/88 of 1st May, 1888,

contains the following allusion to road work during that year. Relief works

appear to have been a feature of this year, and proceeded on a considerable scale

in the Carpas, where over £3,500 was spent, and to a lesser degree in the Larnaca

and Paphos Districts.

Carpas Road.—In 1880 a road was traced from Tricomo to Rizo-Carpas via

Leonarisso and Galinoporni, etc., but little was done beyond levelling the track

and improving (?) some of the worst gradients. Little or no money was allowed

for years for repairs or improvements and it was therefore found necessary to

reconstruct the road. The old trace through Galinoporni was abandoned owing

to the heavy nature of the soil, and that through Yialoussa substituted, where

the country was considered to have been more suitable for Road making.

* It is assumed that this rate was the maximum. The maximum now, 1902, being paid is

5c.p. per diem, and no diflSeulty is experienced in obtaining abundance of labourers at

this rate.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


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ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


13

A road 15 feet wide undertaken as a Rehef Work was made from 3^ miles

south of Tricomo to Tricomo and thence for 30^ miles to Yaloussa, having a

maximum gi-adient of 1 in 12. All heavy portions, 19 miles altogether,

metalled, temporary crossings (Irish bridges) formed at stream crossings. This

is the first mention in Annual Reports of Irish bridges and they were adopted in

this case with a view to being replaced by culverts when funds were available.

The Yaloussa-Rizo Carpas section, 14| miles, was only opened 10 feet wide

on account of the paucity of traffic as well as owing to the commencement of the

harvest which had brought Relief work to a close. This section was recorded as

incomplete and needing metal.

Larnaca-Kophinou Road,—earthwork done during the past winter 1887-1888.

Length of road 15J miles and 15 feet wide.

Limassol Wine Roads,—Omodhos Road completed, the branch 4 miles long

to Mallia and Arsos formed, maximum gradient 1 in 12, and ravine west of MalUa

spanned by a substantial bridge of two arches.

Total length of the Limassol Wine Roads now open 34^ miles, of this 20

miles metalled, remaining length consists of compact dry soil.

Ktima-Polis Road,—a length of 4 miles added during the year and 8f miles

now open.

Kelokethara Nahieh Road,—commenced in December, 1887 and 4| miles

formed, the heavy portions metalled. It was deemed sufficient to make this road

10 feet wide with a maximum gradient of 1 in 8.

The following is a summary of Road Construction during the year alluded to:—

Boada formed and drained Portions metalled

Karpas Road - - - 411 miles 18i miles

Larnaca-Kophinou Road - - 15| If

Limassol Wine Roads . . . - 4^ 3

Ktima-Polis Road - . - 4 I 2

Kelokethara Nahieh Road - - ^i j

Total - - 69| miles 25i miles

The expenditure on this work was £5,914, the cost per mile was therefore

between £84 and £85.

The following roads were maintained in good order:—

Nicosia to Famagusta to Limassol to Kyrenia and to Kythrea, and from

Larnaca to the Messaoria and to Limassol, besides several minor roads, or altogether

about 250 miles had been repaired.

A sum of £10 was granted by Government for supervision of free labour

given by the villagers of Karmi to improve the track to their village from the

top of St. Katharine's Pass past St. Hilarion Castle.

It is recorded that the people of Zoopygi had undertaken to improve th*

track leading to their village also, Mr. Brown warmly recommended that every

encouragement be given to villagers making such offers.

This was the last annual report prepared by Mr. Brown.

1888-9.

The Blue-Book for the year 1888-1889 contains the following expenditure

on roads.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


14

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections I. to VIII.

construction, expended to date £7,345 8 4

do. Sections II. to VII. maintenance 163 3 1

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - - „ - 294 16 7

Nicosia-Korno (Limassol) Road - - „ 76178

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - - - „ 198 2 3

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - „ 111155

Nicosia-Peristerona-Morphou improvement aud „ 289 8 8

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - - „ 57 16 7

Larnaca-Limassol Road - - - „ 123 3 1

Larnaca-Famagusta Road - - - „ 49 16 2

Larnaca-Limassol Rd. (to Kophinou) const. & „ 369 9 4

Larnaca and Central Messaoria Road - „ 4 13 8

Carpas Road - - construction and „ 8,987 18 3

Ktima-Polis Road - „ „ „ 146 10 1

Limassol-Paphos as far as Episcopi - „ 44 14 7

(formerly Limassol Wine Roads, S.I.)

In the annual report of the O.C, P.W.D. Mr. Cunningham, No. 135/89 of

Sth July, 1889, the following works are recorded :—

Carpas Road,—continuation from the Bridge near Eleousa Monastery for 3A

miles to Rizo Carpas. A diversion was carried out in the village of Yallousa,

but the sum available was inadequate to complete the metalUng between this place

and Rizo Carpas.

Larnaca-Kophinou Road,—formation carried out during the previous year

and durin


16

1889-90.

The Blue-Book for the year 1889-1890 contains the following statement of

expenditure.

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections I. to VIII.

construction, exp nded to date £7,605 4 7

do. Sections II. to VIII. maintenance 2H6 9 5

Nicosia-Larnaca Road

>» 355 15 6

Nicosia-Korno (Limassol) Road -

»> 51 18 2

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - - -

j» 139 6 4

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road

>> 141 17 2

Nicosia-Peristerona-Morphou improvements and nd „ 195 8 5

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - - »> 54 5 3

Larnaca to Mari River, (Limassol Road) - » 42 0 0

Larnaca-Famagusta Road -

>» 57 11 0

Larnaca-Kophinou Road - - - »» 42 15 1

Larnaca and Central Messaoria Road

»> 79 18 1

Carpas Road _ - .

»j 104 8 7

Ktima-Polis Road construction and )» 149 6 6

Ktima-Kelokethiira Road - „

55 144 12 0

Limassol-Paphos Road (as far as Episcopi) »» 19 9 5

Kophinou to Mari River Road

construction 399 5 5

Limassol to Mari River Road

»i 99 15 4

Paphos-Kouklia Road - . -

V

16 17 8

Roads around Nicosia - - -

»5 67 9 2

Evrichou-Troodos bridle track

repairs 11 9 6

Lapithos-Nicosia „ ,,

*• 29 9 1

Mr. Cunnigham's annual report No. 98/90 of July, 1890, records firstly

that little was done in the way of Road Construction as compared with previous

years, but the following are the details.

Kophinou to Mari River Road,—Formation completed, length 9 miles, requires

to be metalled. This opens a connection between Larnaca and Limassol, distance

44 miles.

Ktima-Polis Road,—extended for another If miles bringing up the total

length practicable for wheeled traffic to 11| miles.

Kelokethara Nahieh Road,—2^ miles added, total length open 9J miles.

Nicosia-Peristerona-Morphou Road,—maintained and improved as far as

Peristerona but more metal required to make the road available at all seasons for

wheeled traffic.

Limassol Wine Roads,—^Vasa Road completed.

The summary of construction work done is as follows :—

Roads formed and drained Portions metalled

Kophinou to Mari River Road - - 9 miles 0 miles

Ktima-Polis Road . -

Ktima-Kelokethara Road -

Nicosia-Peristerona-Morphou Road

Limassol Wine Roads - -

Larnaca-Messaoria Road -

.

-

-

-

-

i|

2i

1J

o

0

i^

0

2|

2

2

Total - 14^ miles Similes

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


14

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections I. to VIII.

construction, expended to date £7,345 7,345 8 4

do. Sections II. to VII. maintenance 163 3 1

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - - „ - 294 16 7

Nicosia-Korno (Limassol) Road - - „

76 17 8

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - - - „ 198 2 3

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - „ 111 15 5

Nicosia-Peristerona-Morphou improvement and „ 289 8 8

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - - »>

57 16 7

Larnaca-Limassol Road - - - „ 123 3 1

Larnaca-Famagusta Road - - - ,, 49 16 2

Larnaca-Limassol Rd. (to Kophinou) const. & „ 369 9 4

Larnaca and Central Messaoria Road - „

4 13 8

Carpas Road - - construction and „ 3,987 18 3

Ktima-Polis Road - „ „ „ 146 10 1

Limassol-Paphos as far as Episcopi - „ 44 14 7

(formerly Limassol Wine Roads, S.I.)

In the annual report of the O.C, P.W.D. Mr. Cunningham, No. 135/89 of

8th July, 1889, the following works are recorded :—

Carpas Road,—continuation from the Bridge near Eleousa Monastery for 3^

miles to Rizo Carpas. A diversion was carried out in the village of Yallousa,

but the sum available was inadequate to complete the metaUing between this place

and Rizo Carpas.

Larnaca-Kophinou Road,—formation carried out during the previous year

and during that under review 7 miles were metalled and certain " Irish bridges "

formed. Four miles of this road remain to be metalled.

Nicosia-Peristerona-Morphou Road,—a length of 14 miles as far as Peristerona

(besides 3 miles at the Nicosia end maintained by convicts) improved but more

metal required. The Peristerona-Morphou section via Astromeriti and Zodia set

out and marked with cairns.

Limassol Wine Roads,—^branch to Vasa | mile in length commenced but

not completed and the ravine close by bridged.

Ktima-Polis Road,—continued for another IJ miles making 10 miles now

formed, and heavy parts metalled.

Kelokethara Nahieh Road,—continued for 2^ miles; total formed 7 miles to

31st March, 1889.

The summary shows 15^ miles of road formed and 14 metalled of which 7

were on Roads previously opened.

Roads maintained :—

The Limassol Wine Roads.

Nicosia-Larnaca Road.

Nicosia-Famagusta Road.

Nicosia-Limassol Road as far as Korno.

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road.

Nicosia-Kythrea Road,

Larnaca-Famagusta Road.

Larnaca-Messaoria Road.

Larnaca-Limassol Road.

Limassol-Papho Road as far as Episcopi, and other minor roads not specified.

Altogether about 240 miles had been repaired, some steep gradients improved

and heavier portions metalled.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


IS

1889-90.

The Blue-Book for the year 1889-1890 contains the following statement of

expenditure.

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections I. to VIII.

construction, exj oded to date £7,605 4 7

do. Sections II. to VIIL maintenance 2H6 9 6

Nicosia-Larnaca Road

» 355 15 6

Nicosia-Korno (Limassol) Road -

»

51 18 2

Nicosia-Famagusta Road . . - »» 139 6 4

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road

>» 141 17 2

Nicosia-Peristerona-Morphou improvements and nd „ 195 8 5

Nicosia-Kythrea Road . . . >» 54 5 3

Larnaca to Mari River, (Limassol Road) -

if

42 0 0

Larnaca-Famagusta Road -

»> 57 11 0

Larnaca-Kophinou Road . . . »> 42 15 1

Larnaca and Central Messaoria Road

»> 79 18 1

Carpas Road . . . »» 104 8 7

Ktima-Polis Road construction and n 149 6 6

Ktima-Kelokethara Road - „

)5 144 12 0

Limassol-Paphos Road (as far as Episcopi)

?> 19 9 5

Kophinou to Mari River Road

construction 399 5 5

Limassol to Mari River Road

51 99 15 4

Paphos-Kouklia Road - - . »» 16 17 8

Roads around Nicosia . . .

»5 67 9 2

Evrichou-Troodos bridle track

repairs 11 9 6

Lapithos-Nicosia ,, ,,

., 29 9 1

Mr. Cunnigham's annual report No. 98/90 of July, 1890, records firstly

that little was done in the way of Road Construction as compared with previous

years, but the following are the details.

Kophinou to Mari River Road,—Formation completed, length 9 miles, requires

to be metalled. This opens a connection between Larnaca and Limassol, distance

44 miles.

Ktima-Polis Road,—extended for another If miles bringing up the total

length practicable for wheeled traffic to 11| miles.

Kelokethara Nahieh Road,—2| miles added, total length open 9^ miles.

Nicosia-Peristerona-Morphou Road,—maintained and improved as far as

Peristerona but more metal required to make the road available at all seasons for

wheeled traffic.

Limassol Wine Roads,—^Vasa Road completed.

The summary of construction work done is as follows :—

Kophinou to Mari River Road -

Ktima-Polis Road . .

Ktima-Kelokethara Road

Nicosia-Peristerona-Morphou Road

Limassol Wine Roads - -

Larnaca-Messaoria Road

.

-

]

irmed and drained

9 miles

2i

H

0

Portions metalled

0 miles

Total 14| miles 8J miles

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

0

2

2


The following roads were maintained :—

Nicosia-Larnaca Road. ) . _„^ i ^>.j„«

Limassol Wine Roads. } ^^ ^^^"^ °"^''-

Nicosia-Famagusta Road.

Nicosia-Limassol Road (to Korno).

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road.

Nicosia-Kythrea Road.

Larnaca-Central Messaoria Road. )> In fair working order.

Larnaca-Limassol Road via Zygi.

Larnaca-Kophinou Road.

Limassol-Paphos Road (to Episcopi).

Famagusta, Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road.

Also a number of minor roads not mentioned, making up a total of about

250 miles repaired, gradients improved and heavier portions metalled.

The Lapithos-Nicosia Bridle Track was greatly improved at a cost of £60.

This track would appear to have crossed the mountains by way of the pass above

SiskUpos and to have proceeded through the villages of Plaesia and Photta.

The Evrychou-Troodos bridle path was also repaired.

The map No. IV. shows the condition of the road system at Slst March,

1890, and has been prepared from the Blue-Book report.

It would appear that at this time there were the following Roads under

maintenance, namely :—

Length Cost

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - - 26 miles £355 15 6

Nicosia-Korno Road - - - 19 51182

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - - - 88 139 6 4

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - 16 141172

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - - 8 54 5 3

liarnaca-Mari River Road - - - 27 42 0 0

Larnaca-Famagusta Road - - - 20 57 11 0

Larnaca-Kophinou Road - - - 14 42 151

Larnaca-Central Messaoria Road - - 23 79 18 1

Carpas Road - - - - 43 104 8 7

Limassol-Episcopi Road - ' - 8 19 9 5

Limassol-Mari River Road - - 19 99 15 4

Paphos-Kouklia Road - - - 10 16 17 8

Roads around Nicosia - - - 9 67 9 2

Total - 280 £1,273 8 0

This rate works out at a little over £4 0 0 per mile. In can hardly be

reasonable to suppose that the maintenance was carried out on anything like

systematic lines at this figure.

1890-1.

The Blue-Book report for 1890-1891, contains the following-statement of

expenditure on roads :—

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections I. to IX.

con^ruction, expended to date £7,850 11 2

do. Sections II. to IX. maintenance 183 2 2

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nPIAKH BIBAIOeHKH

If

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - . maintenance £655 6 0

Nicosia-Korno Road, (Limassol Road) - „ 71 12 3

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - - - „ 321 5 6

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - „ 162 13 1

Nicosia-Lefka & Papho Road as far as Peristerona „ 149 17 6

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - . - ,, 74 12 6

Roads around Nicosia - - - j, 24 19 1

Lamaca-Pyla and Central Messaoria Road „ 179 1 0

Larnaca-Kophinou Road - > - ,, 80 0 8

Kophinou-Mari River Road, constrnction and „ 509 16 5

Mari Rivsr to Limassol Road - - „ 149 12 2

Kophinou-Lefkara Road . . . construction 459 10 8

Famagusta-Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road - maintenance 199 8 2

Limassol Paphos Road as far as Episcopi - „ 44 17 8

Paphos to Port Road - - - „ 4 18 0

Paphos-Kouklia Road (Paphos-Limassol) „ 34 19 3

PaphoB-Polis Road - - - construction 150 0 0

Paphos-Kelokethara Road - - „ 149 10 3

New Paphos Roads—Paphos-Polis and Papho-Kelokethara

Roads . . . . maintenance 69 19 7

From this statement there does not appear to be anything to show that

system had yet been introduced into either Maintenance or Construction and no

attempt is made to distinguish between Annually Recurrent and Extraordinary

expenditure.

The annual report of the Officer in Charge P.W.D. No. 87/91 of June, 1891,

furnishes the following particulars of work done in connection with Roads for

the year ending Slst March, 1891 :—

Kophinou-Mari River.—Earthwork completed 1889 -1890 and during the

year under review the road was metalled, and certain bridges widened and repaired.

This section is recorded as 9|- miles long and its completion provided a fair

Carriage Road from Larnaca to Limassol, 44 miles, in all weathers.

Ktima-Polis Road.—Extended and metalled for 1^ miles, the making about

12 miles practicable for wheeled traffic.

Kelokethara Nahieh Road.—Extended and metalled for about 1^ miles, the

total length now open for traffic being about 10| miles.

Kophinou-Lefkara Road,—distance 6^ miles. Earthwork constructed and

the road partially metalled. This Road was Constructed under the Limassol

Roads Law, 1885

Limassol Wine Roads,—the road to Potamiou length 1^ miles constructed.

The tabular statement attached to this report shows 16 miles formed and

drained and 20^ metalled.

The Nicosia-Larnaca Road and the Limassol Wine Roads arc reported to have

been maintained in good repair and the following roads iu fair working order—

Nicosia-Famagusta Road . . . . 38 mles

Nicosia-Limassol Road (to Korno) - - - 19

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - - - 16

Nicosia-Kythrea _ . - . - 8

Nicosia-Peristerona Road . - - - 17

Larnaca-Central Messaoria Road - - - 24

Larnaca-Limassol Road via Kophinou . . . 44

Limassol-Paphos Road to Episcopi _ - ^ 8

Famagusta-Tricomo-Rizo Carpas . . _ 56

Altogether about 300 miles are said to have been repaired this year.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

0


18

1891-2.

The Blue-Book shows the following expenditure for the year 1891-1892.

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections I. to X.

construction, expended to date £8,246 15 7

do. Sections II. to X. maintenance 205 13 2

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - - „ 1,049 6 3

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - - - „ 349 87

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - „ 199 14 8

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - - „ 79 13 7

Nicosia-Lefka & Paphos Road (as far as Peristerona) „ 99 14 7

Nicosia-Limassol Road (as far as Korno) - „ 49 13 6

Nicosia-Lakatamia Koad - - - „ 19145

Road through Leper Farm - - construction 129 17 8

Road from New Cut to New Entrance Ay. Andoni Quarter

(outside ramparts) - - - construction 24 16 5

Roads around Nicosia - . . maintenance 16 2 1

Korno-Kophinou Road (unfinished) - construction 432 14 2

Famagusta-Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road ( . Tricomo and

Rizo-Carpas) - - - maintenance 99 7 3

Larnaca-Pyla Road and Central Messaoria - „ 199 17 7

Larnaca-Kophinou Road - - - „ 99 13 6

Larnaca-Kiti Road - - - „ 49 16 2

Kophinou-Limassol Road - - - „ 299 1 5

Limassol-Paphos Road (as far as Episcopi) „ 39 14 1

Paphos-Polis Road - - - construction 147 8 1

Paphos-Kelokethara Road - - - „ 149 8 8

Paphos-Port Road - - - maintenance 9 16 8

Paphos-Achelia Road - - - „ 1938

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road - - - „ 20 0 0

Kyrenia-Ay. Epictetos Road - - „ 19 3 5

Kophinou-Lefkara Road - - - construction 199 13 3

The annual report No. 165/92 of 5th November, 1892, of Mr. Cunningham,

O.C, P.W.D. records the following—

New Road, Leper Farm.—Owing to the proximity of the Nicosia-Larnaca

Road to the buildings of the Leper Farm it was decided to divert the main road

to the Southward. This diversion commenced from the Nicosia-Limassol Road

near Ay. Paraskevi and rejoined the old road near Aglangia. This diversion is

now classified among the Roads around Nicosia as Section VI.

New Cut to New Entrance Ay. Andoni Quarter, Nicosia. This was a connection

made between the newly opened Ay. Andoni Entrance and the New

Entrance near the present Land Registry Office. It is now embodied in Section

IV. the Circular Read of the Roads around Nicosia.

Korno-Kophinou Road.—Earthwork and drainage for 4 miles completed

leaving only 5 miles to connect with the Larnaca-Limassol Road at Kophinou.

The length of driving road from Nicosia towards Limassol was at this time 23

miles.

Kophinou-Lefkara Road.—2i miles of the length opened in the previous

year were metalled and this road completed.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


19

Limassol Wine Roads.—^A branch road of 2J miles constructed to the villi^e

of Pakhna half the cost being defrayed by the village interested.

Ktima-Polis Road,—was extended 1^ miles and a total length of 14f miles

thus rendered practicable for wheeled traffic.

Kelokethara Nahieh Road.—1^ miles added and a total length of 11| miles

opened.

The summary shows 17| miles of road formed and drained and 22| metalled.

The roads maintained were as follows :—

Nicosia-Larnaca Road . . . . . 26 miks

Limassol Wine Roads . . . . .

Nicosia-Famagusta Road . . . . . 38

Nicosia-Limassol Road (to Korno) - - - 19

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - - - 16

Nicosia-Kythrea Road . . . . . 8

Nicosia-Peristerona Road - - - - 17

Larnaca-Central Messaoria Road - - - - 24

Larnaca-Limassol Road via Kophinou - - - 44

Limassol-Paphos Road (to Episcopi) . - - 8

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road - - - - 43

Besides other minor roads making up a total of about 320 miles said to have

been repaired.

The Nicosia-Lakatamia Road is also recorded as having been metalled as to

one mile of its length as well as the Ktima-Port Paphos and Ktima-Kouklia

metalled in certain parts.

1892-3.

The Blue-Book for the year ending Slst March, 1893, shows the following

expenditure in connection with roads :—

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections I. to X.

construction expended to date £8,246 15 7

do. Sections II. to X. maintenance

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - - „

Nicosia-Famagusta Road • - - „

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - „

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - - „

Nicosia-Lefka & Paphos Road (as far as Peristerona) „

156 14 5

1,098 5 7

199 11 4

139 12 3

59 14 8

109 17 0

Nicosia-Limassol Road (as far as Korno) -

Nicosia-Lakatamia Road - - -



219144

29 19 6

Roads around Nicosia - -

Korno-Kophinou Road . -

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road -

Larnaca-Pyla-Central Messaoria Road

- „

. construction

- maintenance

- „

50 6 7

881 11 6

59 18 6

149 16 4

Larnaca-Kophinou Road - - - „

Kophinou-Limassol Road - - - „

Proposed Road Akanthou-Lefkonico(£ 1,000) construction

149 11 6

397 3 5

1 10 0

Proposed Road Limassol-Paphos (£4,770) „

Limassol-Paphos Road (as far as Episcopi) maintenance

Paphos-Polis Road . . _ construction

Paphos-Kelokethara Road - - ,,

4 16 0

99 11 4

299 5 5

149 6 2

Paphos-Kouklia Road - - - maintenance 40 0 0

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

C 2


20

Paphos Roads - . . maintenance £98 10 6

Khirokhitia-Ora Roads

construction 235 2 3

Kato-Lefkara Branch

»» 199 9 6

Kophinou-Lefkara Road -

maintenance 49 16 7

The O.C, P.W.D. reports in No. 55/93 of 7th June, 1893 :—

Korno-Kophinou Road.—The remaining five miles, required to complete the

connection, was finished aud the road from Nicosia J)o Limassol a distance of 54

miles was therefore opened to traffic. Certain torrents required to be bridged to

make the road available at all times.

Kat j-Lefkara Road.—^A branch of 1J miles was made to connect this village

with the Kophinou-Lefkara Road.

Khirokhitia-Ora Road,—formation for 2^ miles completed leaving 9| miles

to be done. This and the foregoing Road were constructed under the Limassol

Roads Law, 1885,

Ktima-Polis Road.—Extended for 3| miles making a total length open to

traffic of 18 miles, now within 1 mile of Simou.

Kelokethara Nahieh Road, was extended for about 2i miles making a total

length of 14^ miles open, now within ^ mile of the village of Kelokethara.

The summary shows 24^ miles of roadway formed and 22 miles, including

portions of roads previously opened, metalled, but this does not imply that the

whole 24^ miles were new roads as certain lengths of previously opened roads

were also reformed as well as metalled.

The roads maintained were the same as those of the previous year with the

addition of the Kophinou-Lefkara and the Paphos District Roads, altogether 330

miles are said to have been maintained but I find no reference to the Famagusta-

Tricomo Road which although it was shown to be a Carriage Road in 1887 does

not appear to have received much, if any, attention in respect of maintenance

since that year.

The satae document records the receipt of a portion of the iron work for the

Pyroi bridge, also the construction of a timber bridge over the Margi or Sisklipou

river on the Nicosia-Limassol Road and of the Kief tis bridge, Messaoria.

1893-4.

The Blue-Book report for the year 1893-1894 contains the following

statement of expenditure on roads:—

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections I. to X.

construction, expended to date £8,246 16 6

do. Sections IL to X.

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - -

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - -

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - ^-

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - -

maintenance

- ^^

- „

- „

- „

539 5 4

1,199 3 3

200 0 2

99 140

99 16 5

Nicosia-Lefka & Paphos Road (as far as Peristerona) „

Nicosia-Limassol Road (as far as Kophinou) „

Nicosia-Lakatamia Road - - - „

Roads around Nicosia - - - ,,

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road - - . ^^

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road - - „

Larnaca-Pyla and Central Messaoria Road - „

30 6 4

206 116

9 19 8

39 17 1

9 19 3

29 14 3

69 4 6

Larnaca-Limassol Road (as far as Kophinou)

Kophinou-Limassol Road - - -


^^

109 18 1

299 8 4

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


21

Khirokhitia-Ora Road

- construction £860 0 3

Kato-Lefkara Branch

»» 239 3 2

Kophinou-Lefkara Road

- maintenance 49 15 4

Liijiassol-Paphos New Road

- construction 203 10 3

Paphos-Polis Road

»> 8 11 6

Paphos-Polis Road

- maintenance 23 5 5

Paphos-Kelokethara Road -

»>' 24 7 3

Ktima-Pohs-Paphos Road -

" ^«

2 16 4

In Mr. Cunningham's annual report No. 24A/94 of 20th June, 1894, he

reports the following progress:—

Khirokhitia-Ora Road.—Earthwork and drainage i.e. formation of road for

a length of 3 miles was executed and it is recorded that communication was

opened with Layia and Ora. Half the cost of the work was borne by the villages

interested.

Kato-Lefkara Branch Road was completed.

Limassol-Paphos New Road.—2^ miles completed and metalled.

The summary of work done shows 11;^ miles of road formed and drained of

which 6 miles were on roads previously constructed and 23J miles metalled of

which 19^ had been previously opened.

It was estimated that 320 miles of road were under maintenance during the

year.

The construction of the Pyroi Bridge during the same year and of other

small bridges besides repairs is recorded.

1894-5.

The Blue-Book for the year 1894-1895 shows the following expenditure :—

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections II. to X. maintenance £213 19 7

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - . ^, 998 10 7

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - - - ?, 278 0 8

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - „ 99 16 0

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - - „ 48 8 6

Nicosia-Lefka-Paphos Road (as far as Peristerona) „ 49 5 5

Nicosia-Limassol Road (as far as Kophinou) - „ 150 0 1

Roads around Nicosia - - - „ 29 5 0

Tricomo-Famagusta Road (unfinished) - construction 296 1 8

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road - - . maintenance 99 3 3

Larnaca-Pyla and Central Messaoria - - „ 139 16 4

Larnaca-Limassol Road (as far as Kophinou) - „ 148 2 3

Kophinou-Limassol Road - - - „ 297 9 1

Ora-Khirokhitia Road - - - „ 60 15 0

Kophinou-Lefkara Road - - - „ 55 10 2

Kato-Lefkara Branch - - - „ 8 19 3

Limassol-Paphos Road (as far as Episcopi) - „ 97 15 6

Limassol-Paphos New Road - - -construction 595 14 1

Paphos-Polis Road . . . . maintenance 44 15 7

Paphos-Kelokethara Road - - - „ 45 3 1

Diverting Nicosia-Limassol Road at Nisou - 29 16 8

The O.C, P.W.D. in his annual report No. 81/95 of 4th June, 1895, records

the following progress.

Famagusta-Tricomo Road.—Earthwork and drainage for a distance of 5|

miles completed during the year.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Boads formed

Nicosia-Famagust.i Road -

Nicosia-Limassol Road (to Kophinou)

Nicosia-Kythrea Road . .

Roads around Nicosia

.

3

2

miles

Famagusta-Tricomo Road - . - 2|

Larnaca-Central Messaoria Road -

1

Limassol-Paphos New Road

2i

Approaches to new bridges, Larnaca-Limassol Road oad 1| l|

22

It is, necessary to remark here that this road was shewn as a Carriage Road in

the map accompanying Mr. Brown's Annual Report of 1887, of which No. III. of

this series is a copy. It appears to have been under maintenance from time to

time in the years between 1887 and 1894, but in this latter year it seems,to have

become necessary to reconstruct it; doubtless owing to the paucity of the amounts

allowed for maintenance.

The only other road which appears to have been under construction during

the year 1894-1895 was the—

Limassol-Paphos New Road,—to which 2J miles were added.

The summary of road work done is as follows :—

Portions metaUed

3 miles

Total - 13 miles 13^ miles

The following roads are recorded as being under maintenance :—

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - . . . 26 miles

Limassol Wine Roads . . . . .

Nicosia-Famagusta Road . . . . 38

Nicosia-Limassol Road (to Kophinou) - - - 27

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - - - 16

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - . . . - 8

Nicosia-Peristerona - - - - - 19

Larnaca-Central Messaoria Road - - - 24

Larnaca-Limassol via Kophinou - - - 16

Limassol-Paphos Road (to Episcopi) . . . 8

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road _ . . . 39

Kophinou-Lefkara Road . . . - 6^

Kato-Lefkara Branch Road _ - - - l

Paphos Roads Ktima-Polis Road . . . (uncertain).

Besides other minor roads. It was estimated the 330 miles had been under

maintenance and whenever funds were available some of the worst places have

been metalled.

It is also recorded that about 3 miles of the mountain road between Kythrea,

Khartza and Ay. Ambrosios were improved, the Government supplying supervision

and tools and the village interested the labour.

Amongst others it is recorded that the timber bridge over the Orta Keuy

Der6 or Medias Argaki near the village of Orta Keuy was constructed.

It is also recorded that a stone breaking machine worked by manual po«er

was imported and employed on the Nicosia-Larnaca Road and its use resulted in

a saving of 25 % on the cost of breaking metal as compared with that broken by

hand.

Reference is invited to the road map Noi Vi attached hereto.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

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ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


23

1895-6.

The Blue-Book shows the following expenditure on roads for the year

1895-1896.

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections II. to X. maintenance £156 14 8

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - - ,, 899 10 8

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - - - „ 99 8 2

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - „ 75 6 6

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - - „ 49 5 3

Nicosia-Lefka-Paphos Road (as far as Peristerona) ,, 29 19 2

Nicosia-Limassol Road (as far as Kophinou) - „ 49 11 3

Roads around Nicosia - - - ,, 19143

Famagusta-Tricomo Road (unfinished) - construction 495 0 5

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas . . . maintenance 19 20

Lamaca-Pyla and Central Messaoria Road - „ 149 7 7

Larnaca-Limassol Road (as far as Kophinou) - „ 99184

Kophinou-Limassol Road - - - „ 430 4 5

Ora-Khirokhitea (unfinished) - -construction 1,164 14 6

Ora-Khirokhitea . . . .maintenance 18 16 4

Kophinou-Limassol - - - - „ 34 1 2

Kato-Lefkara Branch Road - - - „ 4 16 6

Limassol-Paphos Road (as far as Episcopi) - ,, 29 13 6

Limassol-Paphos New Road . - - construction 990 19 8

Paphos-Polis Road - - - -maintenance 19 18 1

Paphos-Polis-Kelokethara Road - - „ 20 17 8

The Annual Report submitted by Mr. Cunningham, No. 86/96 of SOth

June, 1896, records the following progress.

Khirokhitea-Ora Road.—Fonned and drained for a length of 5 miles.

Liniassol-Paphos New Road,—formation for 3^ miles and metal for 1 -^ miles

completed.

Famagusta-Tricomo Road.—Two miles formed and metalled.

The summary is as follows.

Miles formed & drained Portions uictalled

Larnaca-Limassol Road (to Kophinou) - 1

Kophinou-Limassol Road - - 4 4

Nicosia-Limassol Road (to Kophinou) - 1 S

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - - 2 2

Total - - 7 miles 10 miles

From this it appears that in spite of maintenance many of the existing roads

required to be taken in hand from time to time and parts of them reconstructed.

The following is the schedule of roads maintained during the year under

review.

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - -

Nicosia-Peristerona Road -

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - -

Nicosia-Kythrea Road . .

Nicosia-Famagusta Road .

Nicosia-Limassol (to Kophinou) Road

Roads around Nicosia . .

-

-

-

-

-

-

- -

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

^

,

-

-

-

26 miles

16|

16

§

38

20

(micertain).

Famagusta-Tricomo Road « - - - 13

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Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road - H - - 41 miles

Larnaca-Central Messaoria Road - - - 24

Larnaca-Limassol (to Kophinou) Road - - - 16

Kophinou-Lefkara Road ,. _ - . 6f

Kato-Lefkara Branch Road - - - - 1

All the Wine Roads - - - - - 31^

Ora-Khirokhitea Road - - - - - 13

Limassol-Episcopi Road - - - - - 8

Paphos Roads - - - - - (uncertain).

Besides other minor roads. It is estimatciif that 300 miles were repaired.

It is also recorded that 1,000 yards of road between Khirokhitea and,the

diligence station on the Kopliinoa-Limassol Road and 1,000 yards of the

mountain track 13 feet wide between Anoyia and Evdimo were improted.

Government supplying foremen and tools and the villagers the labour.

Among the Bridge Work recorded the Masonry Work of the Garyllis Rrv^er

Iron Bridge, to replace the structure carried away by the floods of 1884, vas

completed.

This was the last report furnished by Mr. Cunningham as Officer in Charge

of the Public Works Department.

1896-7.

The Blue-Book for 1896-1897 shows the following expenditure i^-

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections II. to X. maintenance £186 12 2

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - - „ 898 5 0

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - - - „ 298 14 1

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - „ 551 5 7

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - - j, 200 12 1

Nicosia-Peristerona Road. - - - „ 99 11 8

Nicosia-Limassol Road (as far as Kophinou) „ 100 3 2

Roads around Nicosia .- - - „ 49 18 5

Famaarusta-Tricomo Road - - - construction 1.063 13 0

Peristerona-Morphou Road - - »? ^^2 18 4

Patriki Branch Road - - - „ 153 19 0

Kato Drys-Larnaca-Lefkara Road (unfinished) „ 173 16 2

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road - - maintenance 171 8 0

Larnaca-Pyla and Central Messaoria Road - „ 264 7 8

Larnaca-Ijimassol Road (as far as Kophinou) „ 149 12 6

Kophinou-Limassol Road - - - „ 681 8 0

Ora-Khirokhitea Road (unfinished) • - construction 1,862 4 6

Ora-Khirokhitea Road - - - maintenance 28 0 1

Kophinou-Lefkara Road - - - „ 30 14 2

Kophinou-Lefkara Branch Road - - „ 3 4 7

Limassol-Paphos Road (as far as Episcopi) - „ 99 17 7

Limassol-Paphos New Road - - construction 2,993 3 0

Paphos-Polis Road . . . maintenance 52 96

Paphos-Kelokethara Road - - - „ 39 14 2

Ktiraa-Paphos Road . . - ^^ 5 3 8

The Annual Report for this year No. 109/97 was furnished by the newly

appointed Director of Public Works Mr. F. Cartwright who was appointed to the

podt in November, 1896 and assumed duties on the 25th of that month.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


25

The allusions to roads are as follows.

Peristerona-Morphou Road,—formed, drained and prepared for metal, length

8 miles, completes the connection between Nicosia and Morphou.

Rizo-Carpas Road.—Patriki branch road formed and metalled, length 1^

miles.

Khirokhitea-Ora Road,—formed for 2| miles and metalled for 1 mile.

Limassol-Paphos Road,—formed for 24 miles and metalled for 12 miles.

Kato-Drys Branch Road,—formed for 1^^ miles.

The following is the summary of Road Work done.

Kophinou-Limassol Road

Famagusta-Tricomo Road

Nicosia-Famagusta Road

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - -^

Nicosia-Peristerona Road

Larnaca-Central Messaoria Road

Roads

mcd and drainetl

5 miles

6

3

4

1

2

Portions metalled

5 miles

5

8

4

1

2

Total - - 20 miles 20 miles

All these were roads which had been previously opened. It is therefore

difficult to classify such works as either construction or maintenance but the

following appear as roads under maintenance, viz :—

Nicosia-Larnaca Road.

Nicosia-Peristerona Road.

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road.

Nicosia-Kythrea Road.

NicosiarFamagusta Road.

JNicosia-Limassol Road (to Kophinou).

Roads around Nicosia.

Famagusta-Tricomo Road.

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road.

Larnaca-Central Messaoria Road.

Larnaca-Limassol (to Kophinou) Road.

Kophinou-Limassol Road.

Kophinou-Lefkara Road.

Kato-Lefkara Road.

Khirokhitea-Ora Road.

All the Wine Roads.

Limassol-Episcopi Road.

Paphos Roads.

Besides minor roads. Altogether about 370 miles of roads are said to have been

repaired.

The bridge work done was very creditable, the most important structures

being

The Garylhs Bridge, Limassol.

The Xero Potamos Bridge, Paphos.

The Nisou Bridge.

In the list of bridges carried out either wholly or in part during the year

under review as many as 36 items appear.

This was the only Annual Report furnished by Mr. Cartwright.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


26

1897-8.

The expenditure appearing iu the Blue-Book forthe year ending Slst March,

1898 is shown in the following statement.

Nicosia-Deftera Road (unfinished) - - construction £298 16 5

Kythrea-Tricomo Road ,,

791 4 5

Ora-Khirokhitea Road . - . ^ 1,480 7 2

Kato Drys Branch Road - - -

893 2 7

Peristerona-Lefkoniko Road - . ,, 391 5 0

Limassol-Paphos Road (unfinished) - „ 3,798 8 4

Achelia Jelojara Road . . .


Connecting main road with Garyllis Iron Bridge

106 1 1

Nicosia-Larnaca Road

repairs 963 8 8

Nicosia-Famagusta Road

409 4 4

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road . . .

219 15 0

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - . .^ 149 2 6

Nicosia-Peristerona Road - - - |, 571 5 2

Nicosia-Limassol Road (as far as Kophinou)

296 18 5

Roads around Nicosia - . .

57 12 1

Peristerona-Morphou Road . . - ^^ 45 4 0

Village Roads - . . . ^^ 115 2 8

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road . . . ^^ 196 1 4

Famagusta-Tricomo Road - - - „ 96 11 6

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road - - ,, 89 7 2

Larnaca-Pyla and Central Messaoria Road - „ 400 1 1

Larnaca-Limassol Road - - - „ 198 17 3

Kophinou-Limassol Road - - - „ 391 14 8

Limassol-Troodos Road (includes£290 10 0 byW.D.),, 794 17 0

Limassol-Episcopi Road

150 0 6

Ktima-Poli Road - - .

47 18 3

Ktima-Kelokethara Road -

53 4 3

Ktima-Port Paphos Road -

3 10 3

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections IL to X.

221 16 3

Kophinou-Lefkara Road

28 0 6

Kato-Lefkara Branch Road -

3 13 7

Patriki Branch Road

9 8 8

Ora-Khirokhitea Road

30 5 4

The Map No. VL shows the roads under maintenance in black and those

under construction in red. The following is the state of the road systems as

indicated in the Annual Report of the Director of Public Works No. 81/1898 of

September, 1898.

The comparative statement of the roads open at the Slst March, 1897 and

1898 respectively shows as following :—

Miles Miles Class

31/3/97 31/3/98

Nicosia-Larnaca & New Entrance Branch 28 28 Carriage Road

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - - - 37 37

Nicosia-Limassol Road - . . 54

»

54

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - . 8 8

Nicosia-Peristerona Road

17 17

Carried forward

144 miles 144 miles

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


27

Brought forward

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road

Nicosia-Paloeokhori Road via Deftera

Roads around Nicosia

Larnaca-Central Messaoria Road -

Larnaca-Kophinou Road -

Kophinou-Lefkara Road -

Kato-Lefkara Branch Road

Khirokhitea-Ora Road

Limassol-Paphos Road

Famagusta-Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road

Kythrea-Tricomo Road (part)

Peristerona-Morphou Road

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road -

Ktima-Poli Road (to Simou)

Kelokethara Nahieh Road

Limassol-Troodos Road -

Kato Drys to Larnaca-Lefkara Road

Patriki Branch Road

Limassol Wine Roads, Section II.

do. III.

do. IV.

do, V. -

do. VI.

do. VII. •

do, VIII.

do. IX.

do. X.

144

16

3

24

14

6h

r

44

56

8

9

18

13

35

1

m

i

2

4

H

H

144 Carriage Road

16

3

3

28

14

61 »

1

13

46

56

7

S

9

18 Cart Road

13^ „

35 Carriage Road

3| Cart Road

1

10^ Carriage Road

3^ Cart Road

4

1

4i

H

2i

4 »

Total - - 436i miles 457| miles

In the same document it was recorded that the following roads had been

long since abandoned.

Larnaca to Mari via Zigi.

Larnaca to Famagusta via Ormidhia.

Kythrea-Tricomo Road with the exception of 7 miles which had been constructed

during the year under review.

Peristerona (or Astromeriti) to Lefka via Elaea.

There were a number of extraordinary works done on several of the roads

the cost of which was included in the sums spent upon or classified as maintenance.

The expenditure on existing roads was £5,184 9 2 including £293 0 8

contributed by the Agricultural Bank, the cost of maintenance being therefore

£11 17 5 per mile.

The expenditure on new roads was £2,852 4 6 including £81 17 0 contributed

by the Agricultural Bank, the cost of construction being therefore £137 9 1 per

mile.

There was however no established system which governed either the

maintenance or the construction of roads, and there is no reason to believe that

the work done in connection with the former was anything more than superficial

repairs, instance the fact that no consolidation was effected in the case of newly

spread metal.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


28

This was the first year during which the Limassol-Troodos Road was

maintained by the Island Government under agreement with the War Depaitment

by which the latter undertook to contribute the sum of £233 6 6 annually

towards its maintenance.

The roads constructed consisted of :—

The Nicosia-Deftera Road 3 miles formed and metalled.

The Kato-Drys Road,—2^ miles formed and 1 mile metalled.

The Khirokhitea-Ora Road.—Two miles metalled.

The Garyllis Bridge Approaches, Limassol.

Peristerona-Pygi-Lefkonico Road,—4 miles formed and metalled and the

extension of the Larnaca-Central Messaoria Road to Lefkonico thus completed.

Achelia-Jelojara,—completion of ^ mile of road at the Jolojara end.

The more important bridges built were the Akachia and the Peristerona

bridges on the Nicosia-Morphou Road and the Nisou bridge the Xeropotamos

Bridge Paphos completed, all having been commenced in the previous year. The

improvement of the Erimi Bridge on the Limassol-Paphos Road was also carried

out.

1898-9.

The Blue-Book shews the following expenditure on roads during the year

ending Slst March, 1899 :—

Nicosia-Deftera-PalcekhoriRd., brt.ford., (unf.)constrctn. £1,038 12 6

Kythrea-Tricomo Road

Morphou-Karavostassi Road

Astromeriti-Lefka Road -

Circular Road around Nicosia


-

-

-





,,


,,


1,993 14 1

414 13 0

278 IH 0

134 18 1

Diversion Road, Moslem Cemetery, Famagusta Gate „

Limassol-Paphos Road, brought forward (finished) „ -

Nicosia-Larnaca Road . . . repairs

Nicosia-Famagusta Road - - - „

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - „

Nicosia-Kythrea Road - - - „

Nicosia-Peristerona Road - - - „

Nicosia-Limassol Road (as far as Kophinou) „

Roads around Nicosia - - . - „

Peristerona-Morphou Road - - „

7 0 6

5,496 19 5

854 1 1

513 19 0

226 17 7

89 5 8

203 8 8

243 9 6

85 10 2

40 14 4

Village Roads - - - - „

Kyrenia-Iiapithos Road - - - »,

Famagusta-Tricomo Road - - - „

Famagusta-Varoshia Road - - - „

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas - - - „

Larnaca-Pyla and Central Messaoria Road - „

Larnaca-Limassol Road (Kophinou) - „

Kophinou-Limassol Road - - - „

LimaBSol-TroodosRoad(includesf2S3 6 6byW.O.)„

383 14 6

366 9 3

60 18 5

17151

217 17 0

380 9 2

152 0 7

511 0 0

752 11 8

Limassol-Paphos Road -

Ktima-Polis Road - -

Ktima-Kelokethara Road -

-

-

-

-

-

-




373 12 3

51 10 2

49 4 3

Ktima-Polis Paphos Road - -

Limassol Wine Roads, Section II. to X.

-

-



18 2

193 11 0

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Kophinou-Lefkara Road - . - repairs £29 11 5

Kophinou-Lefkara Branch Road - - „ 4 12 0

Ora-Khirokhitea Road - - - „ 59 11 0

Kato-Dry Branch Road - - - „ 28 8 6

The Annual Report of the Director of Public Works No. 173/99 of 19th

September, 1899, records the following progress.

Nicosia-Deftera Road,—3 miles constructed without bridges as far as the

neighbourhood of Anayia beyond Deftera.

Morphou-Karavostassi Road,—7 miles constructed fromiMorphou but without

bridges.

Astromeriti-Lefka Road,—6 miles formed, but not metalled and no bridges

built, between Astromeriti and Koutrapha

Circular Road, Nicosia,—a length of 175 miles between the Paphos, Kyrenia

and Famagusta Gates thus completing with existing roads the circuit of the Town

of Nicosia. It was only metalled for that part of its length between the Paphos

Gate and the Slaughter House the rest of the road was not so treated.

A considerable number of bridges were buUt and the Giaz Bridge (Timber)

the largest of them was commenced.

The Mileage roads open on Slst March, 1898 was 457*25 and on the Slst

March, 1899, 497*25, showing 40 miles increase during the year, of which 56*75

miles were maintained out of Agricultural Bank Funds.

During the year the " Roads around Nicosia" had been remeasured and it

was found that their total length was 9'25 miles as against 3 miles recorded, so

that the actual length of roads added was 33-75 miles as against 40 shewn in the

foregoing statement.

The expenditure on the maintenance of these roads was—

Total - £5,819 13 6

Cost per mile - £12 11 0

£5,270 12 7 from Public Works Funds.

315 14 2 from Agricultural Bank Funds.

233 6 6 from War Department Funds.

A sum of £3,161 10 1 (including £383 14 6 spent on Village Roads) was

spent on New Roads.

The cost of construction was £82 1 8 per mile, most of the new roads not

having been metalled.

This report records the introduction during the year under review of a New

System governing the Maiutenance and Construction of Main Roads, aud the

improvement in condition of the roads resulting therefrom, due jis much as

anything to the importation of 23 Road Rollers, drawn by a pair of animals, and

weighing 15 cwt. each. They were paid for out of the Road Maintenance vote

and their cost is not included in the rate per mile as shewn above. Previous to

this date the total number of Road Rollers in the Island was four, of which two

were imported articles and the others of local manufacture from the shafts of

antique columns.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


30

At the close of the year under review the length of roads to area of country

stood in the proportion of 1 mile of road to 7|- square miles of area.

Allusion is made to the efforts inaugurated to arrest the progress of the

Sand Drifts which for years past had seriously impeded traffic on the Kophinou-

Limassol Road a little to the east of the latter town, and during the winter of

1898-1899 the first batch of trees was planted by the Public Works Department

at the Western end of the Drifts.

1899-1900.

The Blue-Book for the year ending Slst March, 1900 shows the followiug

expenditure.

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - - - - repairs £735 14 4

Nicosia-Varosia Rd. (£98 10 2 on extraordinary works) ,, 589 14 4

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road - - - - „ 295 13 5

Nicosia-Morphou Road - - - - ,, 314 7 5

Nicosia-Limassol Road (Kophinou) - - „ 318 1 4

Kophinou-Limassol Road - - - », 347 3 3

Nicosia-Deftera Road - - - - „ 164 11 2

Nicosia-Tricomo Road - - - - „ 218 8 1

Roads around Nicosia - - - - „ 251 12 2

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road - - - „ 317 11 1

Famagusta-Tricomo Road - - - » 257 15 4

Larnaca-Lefkonico Road - " - »> 358 10 4

Larnaca-Kophinou Road - - - „ 152 18 6

Limassol-Ktima Road - - - - „ 594 12 6

Ktima-Limassol Road - - - - „ 49 5 4

Ktima-Polis Paphos Road - - - » 18 8 2

Achellia-Jelojara Road - - - - „ 49 15 5

Limassol-Troodos Rd. (including £233 6 6 paidby W.O.) „ 680 0 7

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road - - - „ 111 0 4

Ktima-Chada Road - - - - „ • 191 16 3

Village Roads - - - - - „ 840 11 6

Nicosia-Deftera PaloekhoriRd.,brt.ford., (unf.) construction 1,328

9 1

Kythrea-Tricomo Road (finished) - - „ 2,720 " ' 15 0

Morphou-Karavostassi Road (unfinished) - „ 628 14 5

Astromeriti-Lefka Road „ - - „ 508 7 8

Koutrapha-Evrychou Road (finished) - - „ 703 2 6

Evrychou-Troodos Road (unfinished) - - „ 155 11 0

Karavostassi-Kambos Road „ - - „ 22 1 1

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road Diversions (finished) - „ 545 3 3

Kyrenia-Ay, Epictetos Road „ - „ 42 8 8

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road improvements (finished) „ 181 6 6

Road from Zygi to Limassol Main Road ,, - „ 62 0 8

Nicosia-Orta Keuy-Aghirda (unfinished) - „ 129 1 7

The report of the Director of Public Works No. 247/99 of 15th November,

1900, records the following progress in respect of roads :—

The report opens with an allusion to the difficulty which has existed and still

exists in distinguishing between "Annually Recurrent" and "Extraordinary"

expenditure in the accounts submitted to the Director in connection with Annual

Expenditure on Public Works, and the absence of discrimination between the two

classes frequently leads to fictitious results.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


31

It is recorded that the condition of the roads have shewn general improvement

throughout the Island under the New System inauguiated during the year

ending Slst March, 1899, and cites the Nicosia-Larnaca Road as au instance of

such improvement.

The frequency of offences under the Roads Protection Law of 1885 and the

general disregard of the requirements of the Law are alluded to, but vigorous

action by the Public Works Department aided by the Police had brought about

satisfactory results.

The Plantation of the Sand Dunes near Limassol made good progress but the

Acacias were the only trees which throve, the other bushes, Shigna etc., which

were planted on the advice of the Principal Forest Officer having proved a failure.

The improvements carried out to the roads and paid for from the maintenance

votes consisted mainly in the elimination of a number of Irish Bridges and their

substitution by Cement Concrete Pipes made in the local Prisons, the manufacture

of which was introduced in 1898.

The length of main roads open on the Slst March, 1899 was 497*25

„ „ „ 1900 „ 534-75

Increase during the year 37-50

The actual expenditure out of Public Works Funds ou the maintenance of

438'72 miles of road was £5,726 14 8 of which sum the War Department

contributed £283 6 6 towards the maintenance of the Limassol-Troodos Road.

In addition to whicli 56-75 miles were maintained under the Limassol Roads Law

from Agricultural Bank Funds at a cost of J6440 5 5 making a cost of £6,166 0 4

at the rate of about £12 5 0 per mile.

The following is a detail of the roads maintained during the year under

review.

From Public Works Funds :—

Miles Expenditure

Nicosia-Larnaca Road .

Nicosia-Varoshia Road

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road '

Nicosia-Morphou Road

Nicosia-Kophinou Road

Kophinou-Limassol Road

Nicosia-Deftera Road

Nicosia-Tricomo Road

Roads around Nicosia

Tricomo-Rizo Carpas Road •

26-00

38-50

16-75

23-75

26-75

28-35

14-50

36-00

13-12

88 00

Je735 14 4

491 4 2

295 13 5

314 7 5

318 1 4

347 3 3

164 11 2

218 8 1

251 12 2

317 11 1

Famagusta-Tricomo Road

Larnaca-Lefkonico Road

Larnaca-Kophinou Road

Limassol-Ktima Road

Ktima-Simou Road

Ktima-Port Paphos Road

Akhelia-Jelojara Road

Limassol-Troodos Road "

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road

18-25

26-00

14-00

46-50

18-00

1-75

13-50

35-50

8-50

257 15 4

358 10 4

152 18 6

594 12 6

49 5 4

18 8 2

49 15 5

440 14 1

111 0 4

Total -

438-72 miles

• Exclusive of Grant-in-Aid from War Office Funds of ie233 6 6

£5,726 14 8

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


32

From Agricultural Bank Funds :-—

Limassol Wine Road, Section

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

Kophinou-Lefka Road

Kato-Lefkara Branch Road

Khirokhitea-Ora Road

Kato-Drys Branch Road -

II,

III.

IV.

V.

VI.

VII.

VIII.

IX.

X.

-

-

-

-

Patriki Branch Road

-

10^ miles

Total - - 56| 1 miles £440 5 5

The following is a statement in detail o

Roads:—

xpenditure under the head of N

Astromeriti-Evrychou Road

8 : miles

Kythrea-Tricomo Road

8

Astromeriti-Lefka Road -

2

Morphou-Karavostassi Road

4

Nicosia-Paloekhori Road -

*2

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road

1

Kyrenia-Ay. Epictetos

H

Nicosia-Kyrenia improvements

0

Circular road round Nicosia improvements 1 0

Mari-Zigi Road

- 2|

Evrychou-Troodos Road, tracing of

0

Evrychou-Troodos Road, length included in

Astromeriti-Evrychou Road - '-}

Orta-Keuy-Aghirda Road

4

Karavostassi-Kambos Road, incomplete 0

£703 2 6

440 0 0

22:^ 9 8

209 1 5

289 16 4

181 6 6

42 8 8

545 3 3

6 0 0

62 0 8.

7 18 7

155 11 0

129 1 7

22 1 1

Total -

r miles £3,023 3 0

The total length of Roads constructed was 37'50 miles the cost of which

was £2,441 19 7 or an average of about £65 0 0 per mile.

The Kythrea-Tricomo Road was completed.—^A diversion was made on

account of the construction of the Synkrassi Reservoir between Lapathos and

Synkrassi Villages and paid for from Irrigation Funds.

Morphou-Karavostassi Road completed as to formation throughout, is

only metalled as far as Ghaziveram, certain parts are very muddy in wet weather

and bridges have not been built.

Astromeriti-Lefka.—The section between Koutrapha and Angoulemi was

formed and the essential bridges built.

K. Koutrapha-Brrychou-Troodos Road,—formed to a point a little above

Evrychou.

Deftera-Aradiou (Nicosia-Paloekhori) Road,—formed for another 4i miles

but no-metalling was supplied.

H

4

1

4J-

2 4

3

^

6i

1

13

- H

1

- m

£95 0 2

89 8 0

5 2 8

49 0 1

37 12 5

18 15 4

4 9 1

9 10 8

9 6 8

59 1 7

4 14 1

76 2 1

80 4 5

2 2 4

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


33

Orta-Keuj-Aghirda Road.—In reality a diversion of the Nicosia-Kyrenia

Road between the 1J and 10| miles, avoiding the bad line of the " Hummocks "

encountered vui Dicomo. The formation was carried out from the Nicosia end

to a point about a mile beyond Geunyeli.

Karavostassi-Kambos Road.—A commencement was made on this road and

the line opened in various places, by the cutting of the preliminary berm on the

gradients of a Third Class Road. The Villagers and the Monastery of Kykko

contributed largely with free labour towards this work, the sum granted by

Government being spent on supervision, tools and blasting materials.

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road.—The section between Karavas and Lapithos was

completed and metalled.

Kyrenia-Ay. Epictetos Road, formed throughout mainly by free labour from

the village of Ay. Epictetos.

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road, underwent improvements at five places between

Aghirda Police Station and the Bougazi Mylos where the gradients of 1 in 5*6,

I in 7, 1 in 11, etc., were substituted by those of 1 in 15. There still remain

parts of this road where the gradients are unreasonably steep.

Nicosia-Varoshia Road, was also improved near the village of Kalopsyda

and at the descent into the Vrysoudhi Valley where gradients of 1 in 8 and 1 in

II were replaced by those of 1 in 15.

Limassol Main Road to Zygi,—This was the re-opening of a section of the

Old Larnaca-Zygi-Mari Road between Mari Bridge and Zygi. The formation of

the whole length was carried out but not metalled.

Platres-Prodromos Road.—A commencement was made upon this important

road by lockspitting the trace which leaves the Limassol-Troodos Road a little

below Pano-Platres near the 30th mile post from Limassol and terminates at

Prodromes. At the end of the year about three parts of a mile of road had been

raade by free labour from the village of Prodromes.

Among the bridge work carried out during the year, of which full details

appear in the document under reference, the most important was the—

Giaz Bridge, commenced during the previous financial year and completed

during that under review.

1900-1901.

The Blue-Book for the year ending Slst March, 1901, shows the following

expenditure on roads :—

Nicosia-Larnaca Road - . - - repairs £487 6 2

Nicosia-Kophinou Road -

Kophinou-Limassol Road -

Nicosia-Varoshia Road -

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road -

Nicosia-Morphou Road -

Nicosia-Def tera-Aradhiou Road

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

«






306 5 1

326 16 6

456 4 8

238 8 0

197 19 2

215 1 0

Nicosia-Rizo Carpas Road - - - „ 626 19 6

Roa


34

Famagusta-Tricomo Road - - - repairs £165 10 5

Limassol-Ktima Road - - - „ 512176

Ktima-Port Paphos Road - - - „ 26 10 7

Limassol-Troodos Rd., (including £233 6 6 paid by W.D.) 700 9 4

Perapedhi-Platres Road - - - repairs 4 3 5

Ktima-Simou Road - - - - „ 57 0 7

Achelia-Jelojara Road - - - „ 49 14 8

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road - - - „ 84 14 3

Kyrenia-North Coast Road - - - „ 1658

Morphou-Karavostassi Road - - - „ 15171

Astromeriti-Evrychou Road - - - „ 205 1 6

Evrychou-Troodos Road - - - „ 17 0 1

Koutrapha-Angolemi Road - - - „ 2115

Mari-Zygi - - - - - „ 54 17 5

Larnaca Salt Lake Road - - - „ 6 18

Limassol Wine Roads, Sections I. to X. - „ 58 7 6

Kophinou-Lefkara Road - - - „ 4 8 3

Pano Lefkara Branch Road - - - „ 0116

Kato Drys Branch Road - - - „ 2 13 3

Ora-Khirokhitea Road - - - „ 9 8 5

Patriki Branch Road - - - „ 1100

Construction and improvement of other roads etc.—

Village Roads - - - .

Tools for ditto . . . .

Platres-Prodromos Road (unfinished) -

Tracks Troodos Camp . . ,

Tylliria Forests Roads, (expended by P.F.O.) -

Limassol-Zoopyi-Agros Road, setting out

Sodom and Gomorrha Paths - - .

Evrychou-Troodos Road

construction

Lefka-Karavostassi Road

Tsada-Stroumbi Road (unfinished) -

Trimiklini-Karvouna Road „

Mandria-Omodhos Road, setting out -

Nicosia-Ortakeuy-Aghirda Road (unfinished)

Karavostassi-Kambo Road „

£718 5

352 16

113 15 8

64 19

64 13

13 18

17 17

3,270 4

233 12

196 4

41 0

1 16

193 3

25 17

The Annual Report of the Director of Public Works No. 247/1901 of 10th

September, 1901, contains the following allusions to roads.

The importation of a Steam Roller at a cost of £471 16 4 is recorded, paid

for out of the road maintenance votes, and its use was attended with a saving of

40 per cent, in the cost of consolidation.

The number of offences under the Roads Protection Law is reported to have

diminished and the roads are better respected than they were.

The plantation on the Sand Dunes near Limassol was handed over to the

care of the Forest Department, under order of the Government.

A sum of £1,036 7 6 was spent on Village Roads of which £352 16 2

was spent in the purchase of Tools.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


35

The roads under maintenance are reported upon as follows :-^

Nicosia-Larnaca Road ordinary maintenance.

Nicosia-Morphou Road „ „

Nicosia-Varoshia Road „ „

At the Famagusta end the repairs were carried out with stone

brought from the Bougaz near Tricomo by lighter to Famagusta

aud converted into metal in the Local Prison.

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road.—Besides ordinary maintenance certain retaining

walls on the divei-sions on either side of St. Catherine's Pass

were built.

Nicosia-Morphou Road.—32 Irish Bridges closed etc. besides the regular

maintenance.

Nicosia-Deftera Road.—Little beyond ordinary mainteuauoe.

Nicosia-Rizo Carpas Road.—17 Irish Bridges closed etc. besides the regular

maintenance of the road. A flood occurred in the neighbourhood

of Konetra which carried away a bridge over an irrigation

channel east of the village scouring out the waterway

from 3 feet high by 8 feet wide to 10 feet deep by 14 feet

wide, traffic interrupted in consequence.

Roads around Nicosia.—Section XIV. was added i.e. that leading to the old

Racecourse.

Famagusta-Tricomo Road.—Certain parts were metalled with stone brought

from the Bougaz near Tricomo but want of funds prevented more being done.

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road.—Ten Irish Bridges were closed and ordinary maintenance

carried out.

Morphou-Karavostassi Road.—The section between Ghaziveran aud Karavostassi

remains uiimetalled. Certain retaining walls were built ou the sea shore

near Karavostassi to arrest the encroachments of the sea.

Astromeriti-Evrychou Road.—The greater part of this road was gravelled,

previously it had received no surface dressing.

Kyrenia-North Coast Road.—Metalled as far as Kamaraes Bridge but not

consolidated.

Koutrafa-Augolemi Road.—Certain portions gravelled.

The remaining roads underwent ordinary maintenance.

The maintenance of the roads constructed under the Limassol Road Law, 56

miles, was provided for under a new Law No. XXVII. of 1899 by which each

village affected was required to contribute unpaid labour for their maintenance.

This Law when it came to be operated was found to be inconvenient aud the

contribution iu money was reverted to, but not before it was too late to do

aiiythuig towards the repaira of the roads concerned, with the result that uo

maiutenance of any consequence was carried out.

Among the new roads carried out during the yeiu* the following are classed :—

Evrychou-Troodos Road.—The formation was completed throughout aud

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


36

the undertaking formed the subject of a special report by the Divisional Engineer,

Eastern Division, the Officer in direct charge vide D.P.W. No. 373 of 1899.

The total length formed was 19 miles, part of which was carried up the Solia

Valley from Kakopetria to Karvouna, from which latter point it traverses country

which had hitherto been scarcely known to any but wandering shepherds or

wood-cutters. Bridle paths were inserted as short cuts up the Pasha Livadhia

Valley from Devils Dyke to Armyro and thence to Sodom and Gomorrha.

Lefka-Karavostassi Road was constructed, joining these important places

and giving the lower end of the Marathassa valley communication by cart with

the sea port of Karavostassi.

Orta Keuy-Aghirda Road.—A short length was added in extension of the

work done in the previous year.

Karavostassi-Kambos Road was continued on the same lines as it had

commenced, and the cutting of the berm was proceeded with.

Nisou-Louroutgina Road.—A portion of the old Military road was re-formed

between Pera Khorio and Louroutgina. The original road had been so long

abandoned that this work amounted to the formation of an entirely new road

nearly the whole way.

Ayious Loucas Gradient on the Nicosia-Famagusta Road was improved from

one of 1 in 7 and 1 in 9 to one of 1 in 15.

Ayia Kendia Embankment was carried out in consequence of the construction

of the Acheritou Reservoir. The work was paid for froin Irrigation funds.

Platres-Prodromos Road was continued for a short length on the same

lines as it had commenced in the previous financial year.

Ktima-Polis Road.—The commencement of a new communication between

these two 'places, (on the lines originally reported upon by Mr. S. Brown, although

so far as the present designers are concerned the line is original and it was not

known at the time that the same route as that now adopted had been advocated

by that gentleman and subsequently abandoned in favour of that through Polemi

and Simou) was inaugurated by the commencement of the Tsada-Stroumbi section,

but owing to expectations of the value of free labour promised for this work not

having been realized the results were not satisfactory and the road work anticipated

was not completed by the close of the year although all the bridges had been built.

Troodos-Government Offices Road.—A new piece of road between the

Government Offices and the Post Office at Troodos with gradients of 1 in 12 in

place of 1 in 7 etc. was commenced.

The line of the proposed Trimiklini-Karvouna Road was set out.

Limassol-Zoopygi-Agros Road was commenced and some useful work done

with free labour under the supervision of Foremen paid by Government.

A large number of Bridges and Culverts were carried out during the year

mainly on the roads under construction, the principal one being the Kato Koutrafa

Bridge over the Elia River, the largest Masonry Bridge built since the Occupation.

The total length is 310 feet.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


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ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


36A

1901-1902.

The Blue-Book for the year ending Slst March, 1902, shows the following

expenditure on roads :—

MAINTENANCE.

Nicosia-Larnaca Road .

Nicosia-Kophinou Road -

Nicosia-Varoshia Road -

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road -

Nicosia-Morphou Road -

Nicosia-Def tera-Aradhiou Road

.

-

-

-

-

-

.

Miles

25*55

- 25-90

- 38-14

- 16-18

- 23*75

- 18*00

Nicosia-Tricomo-Carpass Road - - 73-78

Nicosia, Roads Round - - - 13*12

Marathovouno Branch Road - - 2*50

Larnaca-Lefkonico Road - - - 26*15

Famagusta-Tricomo Road . . . 13*25

Kyrenia-Lapithos Road . . . 8-80

Morphou-Karavostassi Road - - 11-50

Astromeriti-Karvouna Road - - 28*50

Kyrenia North Coast - - - 3-75

Koutrapha-Angolemi Road - - - 2*00

Lefka-Karavostassi Road - - . 2*50

Ortakeuy-Aghirda Road . . . 9-25

Kophinou-Limassol Road .- - - 28*24

Larnaca-Kophinou Road - - - 15*09

Limassol-Ktima Road . . . 46*77

Ktima-Port Papho Road . - - 1*73

Limassol-Troodos (including £233 by W.O.) 35*68

Ktima-Simou Road - - - 18*00

Achelea-Jelojara Road . . - 13*50

Troodos-Karvouna Road - - . 9-00

Tsada-Stroumbi Road - - - 6*00

Mari-Zygi Road . . . . 2*33

Larnaca Salt Lake Road - - - '75

Astromeriti-Evrychou Road, Improvements

Limassol Wine Road, Section 2 to 10

Kophinou-Lefkara Road - -

Kato Lefkara Branch Road -

Katodrys Branch Road . . .

- 31*75

- 6-50

- TOO

3-75

Ora-Chu-okitia Road

Patriki Branch Road

-

-

-

-

- 13*00

- *75

Expenditure.

£525 7 7

248 19 0

439 18 3

187 11 5

209 15 6

175 16 8

571 0 8

130 19 8

8 10 0

397 19 1

344 1 2

71 2 7

195 4 5

336 0 2

19 13 3

5 14 0

28 8 6

39 17 2

380 17 1

188 16 0

491 10 8

48 9 6

661 0 2

112 18 6

105 0 0

94 10 6

10 16 7

7 19 0

11 5 1

255 7 7

467 18 2

41 16 0

4 12 5

15 12 0

70 1 7

10 5 5

Total - - 571-46 miles £6,914 19 1

Less cost of—

Improvements Road between Platres and Troodos

2 miles included in £661 0 2 - - £112 7 3

Improvements Astromeriti-Evrychou Road 255 7 7

367 15 1

Poid for from Public Loan Funds but will be recovered from the villagers.

£6,547 4 0

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


36B

CONSTRUCTION.

Village Roads, Nicosia _ _ . -

Village Roads, Larnaca . . . .

Village Roads, Limassol _ . . .

Village Roads, Famagusta _ . . -

Village Roads, Papho _ . . _

Village Roads, Kyrenia . . . -

Village Road tools for all Districts - - -

Ay, Symeon-Rizo Karpas Road . . .

Platres-Prodromos Road . _ _ .

Lapithos-Panagra-Myrtou Road _ . _

Dali Old Military Road . . . .

Kyrenia-Ay. Epictitos Road - - - .

Road Nicosia Hospital via Pedias Government Offices -

Platanistassa-Karvouna Road, Tracing of

Forest Bridle Paths, Expendfed by Principal Forest

Officer - - . - . .

Trimiklini-Karvouna Road including £697 14 1 for

bridges - - - . . .

Mandria-Omodhos Road including £374 10 7 for bridges

Nicosia-Ortakeuy-Aghirda Road . . .

Karavostassi-Ambelikou-Kampo Road

Tsada-Stroumbi Road . . . .

Karavostassi-Pomos Track - - . .

Nicosia-Aradhiou-Paleokhori Road - - -

Limassol-Zoopiyi-Agros Road - - _

Tracks around Troodos Camps . - _

Nicosia-Prison Road - - - - .

Chelones to Rizo Carpas - - - -

Culverts Mazoto to Alamino . - - .

Kilani-Perapedhi Road . . . .

The annual report of the Director of Public Works, No.

September, 1902, contains the following allusion to Roads :—

The length of roads open on Slst March, 1901, wasand

on Slst March, 1902 . . . .

Shewing an increase during the year of -

14 0

57 18 1

145 0 2

129 16 7

127 18 1

64 6 2

128 15 5

414 18 6

296 8 4

53 15 4

38 9 0

46 13 1

40 8 2

2 18 0

£162

The cost of maintaining 516*71 miles of Main Roads was £5,703 11 3 from

Public Works funds and 56*75 miles Wine Roads et sim £598 11 4 malcing an

average rate of £11 per mile.

The aggregate number of paid labourers employed during the year was

268,867 : an average of 859 per diem as against 773 during the previous year.

This increase was due in a measure to Relief Works in the Carpas rendered

necessary by the deficient harvest of 1901.

A sum of £14,718 5 0 was paid in all in wages to labourers being at the rate

of £17 2 6 per head per annum as against £13,793 7 3 and £17 16 8 respectively

for the previous year.

The supervision of paid labourers cost £1,108 14 5 at the rate of £1 5 7 per

head or about 7*5 per cent.

60

2,857

0 0

8 6

977 18 6

320 16 6

90 12 3

383 6 6

366 2 8

100 13 2

124 14 6

8 2 4

1 5 0

5 8 7

4 7 6

15 14 5

247/19C ll, of 30th

- 568*53 Miles.

• - 628-85 „

- 60-32 „

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


360

The introduction is recorded of a new pattern of mile post constructed of

wrought iron of a character calculated to resist the attentions of evil disposed

persons who find pleasure in destroying articles of utility.

The Ortakeuy-Aghirda Diversion was completed as to formation and brought

into use. It constitutes a most important improvement in communication between

Nicosia and Kyrenia and avoids the objectionable road through very broken

country by way of Dicomo. This continues the virtual reconstruction of the

Nicosia-Kyrenia Road.

Through the absence of sound stone for road metal near Famagusta it became

necessary to fetch limestone from the sea shore near Tricomo by lighters a distance

of 13 or 14 miles. This stone was broken at Famagusta and delivered on the

roads in the vicinity with results which have been highly beneficial.

The Koutrapha-Evrychou Road was improved to the extent of converting it

from a 4th to a Srd Class Road, the work involving the substitution of gradients

of 1 in 15 for those of 1 in 12, and the widening throughout to 16 ft. carriage

way. This road was originally and before its continuation to Troodos was contemplated,

or, indeed, considered possible, opened as a 4th Class Road.

A practical commencement was made upon the Bridle Road from Karavostassi

to Ambelikou and Kambos by the cutting of a berm 6 ft. wide on a portion of the

route.

The Nicosia-Paleokhori Road was advanced a further stage by cutting a berm

on the lines of a Srd Class Road of 8 ft. wide also for a part of the distance.

The reconstruction of the old Military Road from the Nicosia-Larnaca Road

near Goshi to Mathiaty, whicli had long been abandoned, also proceeded.

A further length was added to the " Roads around Nicosia " by the formation

of a road from the entrance to the Hospital to the Pedias River, along what was

formerly the old Strovolo Road, and thence to join the Nicosia-Deftera Road

opposite to that leading from the Government Offices.

The construction of the Karavostassi-Papho Road through Tillyria was

inaugurated by the cutting of a berm 6 ft. wide on the gradients of a Srd Class

Road, from Karavostassi to within a short distance of Pomos Point.

A Bridle Road 6 ft. wide on the gradient of a Srd Class Road was opened

between Platres and Prodromes along the southern slopes of Olympus.

The Limassol-Zoopiyi-Agros Road was advanced by continuing the 8 ft. berm

over a portion of the route ; the total distance effected to the close of the year was

6*75 miles.

The Trimiklini-Karvouna Road was opened with the necessary bridges one

of which, that crossing the Amiandos River, is probably the tallest, as it is among

the most remarkable, being constructed of masonry 30 ft. clear span and 45 ft.

above the river bed, in the Island.

This road connects at Karvouna with the Nicosia-Troodos Road, via Astromeriti

and Evi-ykhou, and therefore offers an alternative and much easier route

from Limassol to Troodos while it also affects a most important connection between

Western Messaoria and the Limassol District.

A long-desired and most important connection was made between the Wine

Roads System and the Limassol-Platres Road by the construction of the Omodhos-

Mandria Road. This was inaugurated with appropriate ceremony on the day of

Omodhos Fair, 27th September, 1901.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


86D

The Ktima-Polis direct route, through Stroumbi, Yiolou and Chrysokhou,

was commenced by the construction of the Tsada-Stroumbi Section.

The most important items of Bridge Work included the reconstruction and

widening of the bridge crossing the Pedias River on the Nicosia-Morphou Road in

the suburbs of Nicosia.

The old arch constpucted in Turkish time was rapidly falling to ruin and

during a flood which occurred in the middle of May—one of the highest on

record—was nearly carried away. It is worthy of note that during the work of

reconstruction the old prependicular abutment was unmasked and indications

discovered of a timber superstructure previously existing; this had been replaced,

apparently by the masonry arch which in turn has been replaced by the present

structure.

The other bridge of consequence was that at Kalavasso where the masonry

piers were built ready for the reception of the steel trough superstructiire, a

novelty in Cyprus. The completion of this bridge was delayed by the non-arrival

of the latter.

The crusade against Irish bridges was carried on and the number of these

offensive and dangerous obstacles to traffic sensibly diminished.

1902-1903.

The year which is just closing has been one of unusual activity brought about

by the distress which has prevailed in nearly all parts of the country through

deficient harvest and scarcity of rain.

The direct results have been the inauguration of Relief Works in all District^,

the indirect, a much larger amount of work accomplished by reason of reduced

labour rates, and estimates framed on the basis of normal rates.

Pressure was first felt in the Carpas where the first Relief Works were started

during the last 3 months of the previous financial year. They were continued

during April and May until the ripening of the crops relieved the position, but

with a thriftless and improvident community like the dwellers in this part of the

Island the relief was only temporary, in fact ephemeral, and further works had to

be started shortly after the crops, generally good and in fact much better ihan

many other Districts, had been reaped.

Morphou, Tillyria and Paphos next felt the pinch and operations for the relief

of distress were extended generally.

Never before in the history of this Department have the rates for labour been

so low as during this year. In the year 1887-1888, a sum of £3,587 2s. Ocp. was

spent upon Relief Works in the Carpas. The rates paid then were between 6 and

7q). per head. In the year previous, 1886-1887, Relief Works were in operation

in the Papho District where a rate of Icp. was offered but failed to attract a

sufficient number of labourers to allow of the whole amount granted being spent

by the close of the financial year. In the present year the usual rate has been from

4 to 5cp. In Tillyria it has been as low as 3 to S^cp. for grown, able-bodied men.

In the Messaoria workmen employed on piece work in repairing the Irrigation

Works have been content to make from 2 to 4:cp. per diem. During the construction

of these works a year or two ago the contract rate for earthwork was £1 per

1,000 cubic feet; the rates paid this year have been 6s. for the same quantity.

Similarly the normal rate for breaking metal was from 9s. to lis. per cube of 100

cubic feet. It is now from 3s. 5^cp. to 4s. l^cp. for the same quantity.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


00

O

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


36E

On this account a considerably larger amount of work has been done on Maintenance

Work, Main Roads and the like, and the results of this have been a marked

improvement in the condition of the latter the benefit of which will be felt in

future years.

Without the statements of expenditure necessary to complete the Annual Report

little can be said iu respect of Main Roads beyond recording the fact that they

have, this winter, been subjected to an ordeal which seldom presents itself in

any country. For two or three years past the rainfall has been dificient and has

certainly not sufficed for even the proper execution of the annual road repairs.

Last summer was one of the driest recorded, just as the previous winter was the

driest for 24 years, so far as the official records go. The past winter has been

characterized by unusual and occasionally continuous rain for some days. It would

not have been surprising if the Main Roads had become so bad as to necessitate

the suspension of traffic entirely, but no case of this kind has occurred, and they

have stood a test which for severity could not be surpassed.

Long spells of dry weather are of themselves damaging to Roads but, followed

by excessive rain, the combination is one which only well made and properly maintained

thoroughfares could resist.

It is with no small degree of satisfaction that the good state of the Main Roads

is recorded and no better proof can be shown of the soundness of the Maintenance

System which was introduced in 1898.

' The length of Main Roads under maintenance is given in the followiug table

as 542.00 miles. Details are given iu the same of the sums assigned for maintenance

in each case, the savings effected by reason of the abnormally low rates of

labour, and the final amounts to be spent in this manner.

The net expenditure works out at a rate of £ 9 3s. 4^cj». per mile.

Statement of Expenditure sanctioned for the maintenance of Main Roads for

the Financial Year 1902—1903, showing also the Savings reported by the

Divisional Engineers.

Balance to

Sch. Name of Road

Ihlil6S Amount Less be spent up

IA.

Sanctioned Savings ^ to 31st March,

1903

£ £ £

1 Nicosia-Larnaca

25*55 610 30 580

2 Nicosia-Kophinou - 25*90 185 5 180

3 Nicosia-Varoshia - .38*14 375 20 355

4 Nicosia-Kyrenia

16*18 122 — 122

5 Nicosia-Morphou - 23*75 185 5 180

6 Nicosia-Aradhiou-Klirou - 18*00 122 — 122

7 Nicosia-Rizo Carpas 73*78 516 10 506

8 Roads round Nicosia 13*12 200 5 195

9 Marathovouno Road 2*50 9 '— 9

10 Larnaca-Lefkonico 26*15 250 — 250

11 Famagusta-Tricomo 13*25 250 5 245

12 Kyrenia-Lapithos - 8*80 48 — 48

13 Morphou-Karavostassi 11*50 100 — 100

14 Astromeriti-Karvouna 24*75 215 — 215

15 Kyrenia North Coast 3-75 10 — 10

10 Koutrapha-Angolemi 2*00 6 — 6

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

Carried forwai'd

327*12

3,203

80

3,123

D


Sch.

lA.

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

Name of Road

Brought forward

Lefka-Karavostassi

Dicomo Loop

Kophinou-Limassol

Larnaca-Kophinou -

Limassol-Ktima

Ktima Port Paphos

Limassol-Troodos -

Ktima-Simou

Achelia-Jelojara

Troodos-Karvouna -

Tsada-Stroumbi

Trimiklini-Karvouna

Mandria-Omothos -

Platres-Prodromos -

Larnaca Salt Lake

Mari Bridge Zygi -

Troodos Paths

Total -

86F

Miles

327*12

2*50

9*25

28*24

15*09

46*77

1*73

35*68

18*00

13*50

7-75

6*00

13*22

3*57

10*50

0*75

2*38


542*00

Amount

Sanctioned

£

3,203

25

22

280

150

465

43

360

160

122

50

15

280

35

20

20

10

10

5,270

Less

Savings

£

80



25

25

45

9

63

30

15


5







297

Balance to

be spent up

to Slst March,

1903

£

3,123

25

22

255

125

420

34

297

130

107

50

10

280

85

20

20

10

10

4,973

Besides these there are the roads maintained from what is known as the

Public Loan Fund, and of which there are 56*75 miles. The expenditure on these

will be rendered subsequently. The total number of miles maintained therefore

during the current year amounts to 598*75 miles.

A scrutiny of the foregoing statement will show to what extent the rate of

maintenance per mile has been reduced. Taking as a specimen, probably the best,

the Nicosia-Larnaca Road it is found that the annual expenditure during the past

ten years has been as follows :—

1893-1894 . . . _ . £1,199 3 3

1894-1895 998 10 3

1895-1896 899 10 3

1896-1897 -. H - - - 898 5 0

1897-1898 - - - - - 963 8 8

1898-1899 - - - - - 854 1 1

1899-1900 - - - - - 735 14 4

1900-1901 - - - - - 487 6 2

1901-1902 - - - - - 525 7 7

1902-1903 - - - - - 580 0 0

The rate of maintenance has therefore been reduced during the past ten years

to less than one-half. From 1898-1901, that is to say, from the time the present

maintenance system was brought into operation, the reduction has been from £854

to £580 or nearly 33 per cent. The fluctuation in the figures will show that this

arises from no mere accident nor is it to be entirely accounted for by the prevailing

distress and the present low prices of labour for, as will be seen during the two

years previous to this, the cost of maintenance was lower. A recent inspection of

this road convinces me of its excellent condition, a condition not to be surpassed

by any piece of road of similar length in any of the country districts of England.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


36a

A comparison of the general average rate for road maintenance shows the

following rates:—

'fci

1897-1898, cost per mile

1898-1899 „

1899-1900 „

1900-1901 „

1901-1902 „

1902-1903 „

exclusive of Limassol Wine Roads.

_

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

_

.

-

.

.

.

-

.

.

£12 14 0

12 11 0

12 5 0

10 4 0

11 0 0

9 3 41

These figures show that the rate of maintenance per mile has been reduced by

nearly 39 per cent, during the last six years.

It might be inferred from these figures that economy had been effected at the

cost of the traveller but far from this being the case the wayfarer gets over the

country with greater ease and far more confort than he did six years ago while,

owing to the improvement in the condition of surface journeys, now occupy from

25 to 30 per cent, less time than they used to. Carriages and carts are annually

increasing in number, the rates for transport are being lowered, and a more striking

proof than all is the improved style of carriage and diligence now to be seen on the

Roads, and the smarter and better conditioned animals drawing them.

The Divisional Engineers have exercised great care and given much attention

to enforcing the present system and the results are greatly to their credit. In the

Eastern Division whereas the contraction of roads is not attended with so many

difficulties as elsewhere, the maintenance is not so easy by reason of the absence of

suitable material for road-making and stone for metal. Great credit is therefore

due to the Executive Officer for the state of the roads in his charge. On the other

hand in the Western Division good stone is as a general rule within easy reach of

the Main Roads in almost every part though the country is more broken up and

there are more obstacles to road-making.

Since the appointment of an Executive Officer in charge of the Western

Division the roads under his care have shewn great improvement and this is most

marked in the case of the Limassol-Paphos Road the condition of which is excellent.

Among the more important works carried out in connection with the existing

Main Roads, the following may be noted :—

The metalling and completion of the diversion of the Nicosia-Kyrenia Road

between Orta-Keuy and Aghirda through Geunyeli, the consequence of which is

that carriage drivers report that they can perform the journey betwen Nicosia and

Kyrenia in an hour less than formerly. This, in refutation of the statement freely

made when the diversion was commenced, that the work was unnecessary and

unjustifiable.

A further and final improvement was carried out between Aghirda and St.

Catherine's Pass by the insertion of another new piece of road, on a gradient of 1

in 17 in substitution of those of 1 in 7 and 1 in 9 on the old road now eliminated.

This road from being one of the worst, most difficult, and steepest in the Island

is now one of the best.

The Nicosia-Morphou Road was improved between Akachia and Peristerona by

the elimination of gradients of 1 in 7 and 1 in 11 and the substitution of those of

1 in 15,

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


36H

The Nicosia-Varoshia Road was also improved in a similar manner between Ay.

Kendea and Famagusta gradients of 1 in 15 and 1 in 20 substituting those of 1

in 7 and 1 in 10. These works complete the improvements necessary to this road

which is now in excellent order. The journey can now be accomplished in from 5

to 5| hours without a change of horses excluding a halt midway of from 1^ to 2

hours.

The Nicosia-Deftera-Aradhiou Road has been greatly improved by being newly

formed and gravelled for a length of 6 miles between Nicosia and Lakatamia.

The Nicosia-Troodos Road was greatly improved between Kakopetria and

Karvouna by the construction of 1 mile and 1226 yards of new road on easier

gradients and a diminution in the number of zig-zags. Other small works of

improvement were also carried out.

The old Military Road between the Nicosia-Larnaca Road near Goshi and the

Nicosia-Limassol Road near Nissou to Mathiati, was reconstructed and the connection

between the two Trunk Roads completed. It had long gone out of repair

having been abandoned upon the withdrawal of the Military from the old Camping

Ground at Mathiati. Animals had continued to use it but carriages could not

traverse it; it is now quite suitable for carriage traffic and the journey from Larnaca

to Nicosia may now be agreeably varied by following this route.

The construction of the Nicosia-Paleokhori Road was advanced a further stage

by the cutting of a Bridle Road on Srd Class gradients for upwards of 7 miles

between Kalokhorio Bridge and Paleokhori and the construction of certain bridges.

The Ambelikou-Kambos Road was likewise advanced by the completion of the

berm the whole way to Kambos. This is an important undertaking and there are

no serious obstacles to prevent the present Bridle Road being converted into a

Carriage Road, the gradients being anything but severe. Three Bridges, the only

ones absolutely necessary were also constructed on this route.

The Leonarisso-Rizo Carpas Road, an alternative route through Ay. Symeon,

Korovia and Galinoporni, commenced as a Relief Work during the latter end of

the previous financial year was completed and opened for traffic before the harvest

set in and rendered further relief unnecessary for the time. This was the original

route adopted for the Main Carpas Road and the trace was opened first of all

more than 20 years ago. It should never have been abandoned as it opens up

much richer land suitable especially for Cotton Cultivation than that on the

Northern side of the Promontory. A bridge was constructed over the Mavroyi

River besides certain culverts.

The system of Main Carriage Roads was extended by the widening of the Karavostassi-Pomos

Road from 6 feet to full width as far as Mansoura and this work

will continue it is hoped until the whole length to Polls is opened. A large number

of bridges and culverts were built.

The Angolemi-Lefka Road was completed and opened for traffic,'the necessary

bridges and culverts, except those over the Karyoti River and the Lefka Argaki,

being also constructed.

A Bridle Road was opened between Evrychou through Tembria to the summit

of the ridge between the Solia and the Marathassa Valleys above Nikos. It should

be continued to the latter village as the descent from the Pass is excessively steep

and dangerous.

An important improvement was carried out, adding to the attractions of Larnaca,

by the construction of a Boulevard 60 ft. wide to the Westwards of the town,

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


36i

leaving the Nicosia-Iiamaca Road near the Hospital and proceeding to the Salt

Lake connecting with the Lamaca-Zygi Road near the Powder Magazine.

A length of road formed during the previous year between the General

Hospital at Nicosia and the Pedias River, the old road to Strovolo was metalled

and completed.

A short piece of road was made between Ay. Omoloyitades and the British

Cemetery Nicosia.

A road nearly 3 miles in length was opened between the Nicosia-Larnaca

Road near Eglengia to the Srd mile on the Nicosia-Limassol Road by way of

Athalassa Chiftlik recently acquired by Government.

Improvements were carried out between Yialoussa and Rizo Carpas including

a diversion up the Rizo Carpas Hill where a gradient of 1 in 15 was put in in

substitution of those of 1 in 7 and 1 in 11.

A connection was made between Kondemenos and Myrtou on the style of a

Srd Class Road.

The Nicosia-Kophinou Road was improved by the construction of two diversions

between the 8th and llth miles with gradients of 1 in 17 and 1 in 20 instead

of those of 1 in 9^ and 1 in 11 on the old road.

A very important piece of work was done in connecting the villages of Lapithos

and Myrtou by a road through the Panagra Pass. It was sufficiently advanced in

September to allow of my driving over it in a light two-wheeled cart.

Various small lengths of road were made as relief works in and in the neighbourhood

of Old Larnaca.

A New Entrance to the town of Nicosia on the North-East and facing

Kaimakli was carried out much to the advantage of residents in that quarter of the

town which is thickly populated.

The site of a New Famagusta between the Old Fortress and Varoshia was

marked out and certain road work thereon commenced.

The formation of a piece of road joining the Famagusta-Tricomo and the

Tricomo-Carpas Roads near the Bougaz and running- through the Livadia-tou-

Tricomou was undertaken. It has been generally used by carts, etc., going from

Famagusta to the Carpas but has been in very bad order.

In the Western Division the following are the most important works to be

recorded.

The continuation of the Tsada-Stroumbi Road to Yiolou and onwards to

Polls and Pomos, at inten^als, with a view to eventually connecting with the work

preceeding from the Nicosia Side and thus completing the circuit of that part of

the Island and accomplishing one of the most important enterprises of recent years.

The work has sufficiently far advanced to permit of my driving the whole way

from Ktima by way of Tsada, Strumbi, Yiolou to Polls and thence through Tillyria

to Karavostassi during the latter end of August and to repeat this in reverse in the

following month of January ; the first pair of wheels which have ever penetrated

sa far into what was considereed not long ago a semibarbaric and mysterious, the

unknown being always mysterious, country like Tillyria.

The first diligence traversed this new road from Ktima as far as Loukrounou

Mill, where further progress was barred by the absence of bridges, in the middle of

January last.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


S6J

The constraction of the Limassol-Agros Road was advanced by the opening of

a Bridle Road on the gradients of a Srd Class Carriage Road the whole way.

Portions of it at the Agros end were also widened to full width of roadway and a

number of culverts built.

Improvements were carried out to the Kophinou-Limassol Road on the 28th

and 29th Miles and the widening of the road-way through Moni Pass formerly only

wide enough for one Vehicle and therefore extremely awkward.

Relief Works in Paphos included amongst other things the construction of a

Bridle Road from Ktima to Kathika by way of Kissonerga and Peyia. This

greatly increases the facilities of communication between the points named and

the old road up the Kathika hill formerly very steep and difficult has been substituted

by an entirely new and much easier route.

The connection by means of a Carriage Road between Stroumbi and Kathika

was also undertaken thus permitted communication between Ktima and Polls by

vehicular traffic with Kathika and the table land in that neighbourhood.

The continuation of the Ktima-Simou Road to the New Road from Ktima to

Polls near Loukrounou was also undertaken. When these connections are completed

the District of Paphos will be very well roaded.

A Bridle Road on the gradients of a Srd Class Road was opened between the

Trimiklini-Karvouna Road near Saita Bridge and the Limassol-Agross Road at

Orongo by way of Xylouriko Bridge.

A Carriage Road was commenced between Perapedia and Saita on the

Trimiklini-Karvouna Road and the preliminary berm cut throughout permitting

traffic to use this track as a Bridle Path until the widening has been done. This

is a most desirable work as there has been a considerable increase in the araount

of traffic through the Karvouna Pass since the road was opened on either side.

A Bridle Road on Srd Class gradients was opened between Mandria and Ay.

Nicola thus greatly improving the communication between the Northern portions of

the two Districts of Limassol and Paphos.

The foregoing constitutes an important chapter in the history of road-making

in Cypras and the development of the Island.

As the 25th Anniversary of the British Occupation is approaching it will not

be out of place to review work done in this regard under British Rule.

Efforts have been made to record how the Road Systems have been developed

from time to time and by reference to documents of various kinds evidence has been

collected to show what has been done and the amounts which have been spent on

such and similar works.

A great impetus was given to road-making in 1898, and the past five years

will stand out conspicuous in this regard probably for all time.

History would not be complete without an allusion to the work done under

Village Roads Laws and when this is included it will be found that the total

length of Public Roads constructed either as Carriage or Bridle Roads and by the

Public Works and Village Road Departments amounts in all to over 1,000 miles.

A detailed Statement is subjoined giving full particulars of the work done in the

past five years during which it has fallen to the lot of the present writer to advise

Government in such matters.

So^ie of the Roads included in this Statement are not yet fully completed but

it is anticipated that they will be so before the Quarter of a Century of British

Rule has been accomplished,

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


36K

Statement of Road Work performed between 1898 and 1903, under the

supervision or advice of the Public Works Department, including Main Roads,

Bridle Roads, Side Paths, Berms and Village Roads.

Direction

Rizo Carpas to Chelones -

Chelones towards Cape Andreas

Leonarisso to Rizo Carpas via Korovia

. - . -

Yialoussa to Shipping Place

Yialoussa towards Korovia-

Leonarisso towards Platanissou

Galatia towards Ay. Theodoros

Galatia to Main Road

Patriki to Komi Kebir

Ay. Elias to Main Road -

Lefkonico to Akanthou

Lefkonico to Millia

Kythrea to Tricomo from Petra tou

Diyeni - - - -

Myrtou-Kondemenos-Ay. Ermolaos,

etc. . . - .

Myrtou to Kormakiti

Improvements, Famagusta Road -

Marathovouno Branch Road

Pyroi to Athienou-

Goshi—Perakhorio—Mathiati, aud

Lythrodonda . - .

Roads about Larnaca (including

Boulevard 60 ft. wide 1-5 m.

Haram Tekke Road (for the Evkaf

Department) - - -

Larnaca towards Zygi

Nicosia Circular Road

Nicosia to Kaimakli and Kythrea

Road - . - -

Road to Old Race Course, Nicosia -

British Cemetery to Ay. Omoloyitades

- - - -

Hospital to Pedias River, Nicosia -

Nicosia-Deftera Paleokhori Road -

Deftera-Pera Road-

Athalassa Chiftlik Road -

Improvements, Nicosia-Kophino Rd.

Dali to 4th mile Nicosia-Kophino

Road . - - -

Orta Keuy- Aghirda Road -

Nicosia to Yerolakko

Character

Cart Road

'5

Carriage Road

Cart Road

9>



»»


»»

Carriage Road

Cart Road

Carriage Road

Cart Road

»

Carriage Road

»

Cart Road

»»

Carriage Road

>>

Cart Road

Carriage Road

Cart Road

Carriage Road

>}


»»

Cart Road

Carriage Road

V

Cart Road

Carriage Road

Cart Roud

Department

V.R.

•»

P.W.D.

V.R.

»>


»»

9;>

»>

»>

V.R. & P.W.D.

V.R.

P.W.D.

V.R. & P.W.D.

V.R,

P,W,D.

»»

V.R,

V.R. & P.W.D.

P.W.D.

>i

V.R.

P.W.D.

V.R.

P.W.D.

»»

»>

»>

V.R.

P.W.D.

»>

V.R.

P.W.D.

V.R.

1 Carried forward

Length

3*50

4*50

18*31

2*00

3-00

2*00

2-50

3-00

3-25

2-00

13-50

3*00

21-00

15-00

4-00

1-75

2-50

3-25

15-00

3*16

0.62

6-00

2-00

2-00

0-45

0*11

0*43

21-50

4-00

2-87

1-72

8*00

8-57

6-00

190*49

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


• .

Direction

36L

Character

Department

-

Brought forward

Irtiprovements, Nicosia-Kyrenia Rd.

Kyrenia-Ay. Epictetos Road

Kyrenia towards Ay. Ambrosios

Kyrenia-Lapithos-Myrtou Road

Carriage Road


Cart Road

Carriage Road

P.W.D.

»i

V.R.

P.W.D.

Dikomo-Bellapaise and Kyrenia

Astromeriti to Troodos

Devils Dyke to Sodom & Gomorrha

Koutrapha-Lefka-Karavostassi

Morphou-Kapouti -

Bridle Road

Carriage Road

Bridle Road

Carriage Road

Cart Road

V.R.

P.W.D.

»)

tt

V.R.

Morphou to Karavostassi -

Morphou to Syrianokhori -

Carriage Road

Cart Road

P.W.D.

V.R.

Karavostassi-Ambelikou-Kambos -

Karavostassi to Pomos and Polis -

Trimiklini to Karvouna

Improvements, Platres-Troodos Rd.

Evi-ychou-Tembria-Oikos Road

Platres to Prodromes - j

Perapedhi to Platres (Short cut) -

Mandria-Omodhos- -

Kilani to Perapedhi - .

Perapedhi-Saita (Amiandosj Valley)

Bridle Road

Carriage Road

'?

n

Bridle Road

Carriage ahd

Bridle Road

»»_

Carriage Road

Cart Road

Carriage Road

P.W.D.

»»

))

»

>j

} "


M

V.R. & P.W.D.

P.W.D.

Limassol-Agros Road

Carnage & Berm >»

Trimiklini to Orongo

Bridle Road. »>

Mari to Zygi

Carriage Road »'

Kalavasso Road

Cart Road V.R. k P.W.D.

Mandria-Ay. Nicola

Cart & Berm P.W.D.

Tsada-Strombi-Polis

Can-iage Road »

Improvements, Ktima-Tsada Road- »>

»»

Ktima-Peya-Kathika

Bridle Road >»

Stroumbi-Kathika - - Carriage Road »

Simou-Loukrounou

»>

tl

Polis-Latzi . _ . Cart Road V.R.

Tro6dos Camp Bridle Roads and

Troodos-Prodromos

Bridle Road P.W.D.

Lefkara-Korno

Berm

V

Korno-Psevda-Ay. Anna to Larnaca' Bridle Road V.R.

Kato Platres-Phini

Cart Road V.R. & P.W.D.

Besides the above, several miles of Village Roads have been set out

and in many cases constructed either as Cart or Bridle Roads under

the Village Roads Laws in addition to the construction under the

Forest Department of several miles of Forest Paths aggregating in all

probably . - . - - - - -

Add mileage of roads open and in use at 1st April, 1898 -

Length

190*49

1*50

4*50

4-00

16-00

12-00

35-00

4-00

11*50

4-00

11*00

3*00

15-00

37-00

13*75

3*00

6*50

10-00

2-25

3-75

2*00

2*50

20*00

7*75

2*50

2*50

7*00

20*00

6*00

8*00

3-75

4-00

2*00

8*00

11*50

12*00

2*50

80*00

457*75

Grand Total - Miles 1047*99

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


o

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


36M

SYNOPSIS.

CARRIAGE AND CART ROADS.

Constructed by the Public Works Department - 282*74

„ under Village Roads Laws - - 75*00

„ by both Village Roads and Public

Works Department - - - 50*50

BRIDLE ROADS.

Constracted by the Public Works Department - 78-00

„ under Village Roads Laws - - 24*00

408*24

102*00

Total - - 510*24

Add roads, unclassified, constructed under the Village Roads Laws 80-00

(These are mainly Cart Roads)

590*24

Open lst April, 1898 - - - - - - 457*75

1047*99

Area of Cyprus 3,584 sq. miles.

Proportion to roads of area. 1 Mile of Road to 3-42 sq. miles of country.

Ratio of 1 mile of road to 3-42 square miles of country. There are probably few

countries in the world which can compare with these figures and still fewer to

surpass them.

The length of roads has been more than doubled in the last five years.

For facility of reference a Map has been prepared shewing in black lines the

work done previous to 1st April, 1898, and in red those works carried out since

and which have come therefore under the observation of the writer.

1903-1904.

In contradistinction to the previous year that just passed has been one of

plenty, consequently tlie remarkable increase in the mileage of Carriage Roads

whicli occurred during 1902-3 has not been maintained and the year's work lias

consisted chiefly of filling up gaps left in the main road schemes of the previous

year.

In the hill districts of Limassol and Paphos the harvest though plentious was

late and was not reaped until the end of May, Relief Works being continued u]) to

the end of that month.

There was a general cessation of nearly all work during the months of .lune,

July and August, roadwork during that tirae, with few exceptions, being at a

standstill. In September work was renewed, the wages paid being still below

the normal although naturally higher than during the preceding year. The only

exception being on the Irrigation Works where, owing to the extraordinary harvest,

labour could not be obtained, at lower rates than 1 s. per day.

Owing to the fact that much of this year's vote had been drawn upon in

order to carry out the various Relief Works of the previous year the sums allowed

for maintenance had to be reduced, a regretable though necessary action, and it

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


36N

has consequently not been possible to maintain the roads in quite the same

excellent condition as at the end of last year, though in the majority of cases they

may be looked upon as equal to carrying properly the amount of traffic which they

are called upon to bear.

In the maintenance works done the chief item is the great improvement made

to the surface of the Nicosia-Peristerona Road. This road originally surfaced

with gravel sufficiently to carry the light traffic between Nicosia and Morphou

was quite unable to bear the heavy work thrown on it by the cart traffic due to

the opening of the road to Troodos and had for the last two years shown signs of

breaking up. A large sum of money was granted for its proper repair and this

road has now been remetalled almost throughout.

A small improvement was made on the 19th mile on the Nicosia-Kophinou

Road where a short diversion was carried out substituting a gradient of lin 17

for that of 1 in 11 which previously existed and doing away with an unnecessary

rise and fall.

The Evrykhou-Troodos Road between Kakopetria and Karvouna saddle was

surfaced with rock debris where necessary, and a great improvement was effected

as the surface of the road formed from the side cutting was breaking up and had

become in dry wheather, very dusty, and in wet, muddy.

The following table gives the mileage of the Main Roads maintained during

this year with sums allotted to each.

This expenditure works out at the rate of £6 3 1 per mile.

STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE SANCTIONED FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF MAIN

ROADS FOR THE FINANCIAL YEAR, 1903-4.

Name of Boad

Nicosia-Larnaca -

Nicosia-Kophinou

Nicosia-Varoshia -

Nicosia-Kyrenia -

Nicosia-Morphou -

Nicosia-Aradhiou

Nicosia-Carpas

Nicosia Roads, round

Larnaca-Lefkonico

Famagusta-Tricomo

Kyrenia-Lapithos

Morphou-Karavostassi

Astromeriti-Karvouna

Kyrenia North Coast

Koutrafa-Lefka -

Lefka-Karavostassi

Dicomo Loop

Karavostassi-Pomo

Dali Military

Karavostassi-Kambo

Tembria-Niko

Lapithos-Myrtou -

Kophinou-Limassol

Larnaca-Kophinou

Miles

- 25*55

- 25-90

-

-

-

38-14

16-18

23-75

-

-

20-92

73-78

- 13*12

- 26*15

- 13*25

- 8*50

-

-

-

-

-

-

11-50

27*00

5*00

8*00

2*50

9*25

-

-

25*00

7*25

-

-

-

15-00

4*00

12*00

- 28*24

- 15*09

Amc mnt

sanctioned

S. cp.

£

650

150

250

150

500

60

250

100

150

150

35

100

150

10

15

20

10

30

15

20

10

15

255

160

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

Amourt

Expended

£ S. cp.

607 6 2

152 3 1

244 19 3

142 6 3

508 8 4

67 12 7

258 0 7

87 1 8

148 10 7

133 6 5

33 12 3

95 18 4

165 6 5

4 1 6

12 2 5

5 4 0

6 2 7

31 5 1

7 13 0

7 0 3

4 4 2

10 11 2

255 16 5

155 13 4

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ



Name of Road

Limassol-Ktima -

Ktima-Port Paphos

Limassol-Troodos

- -

Ktima-Simou . - -

Achelia-Jelojara -

Troodos-Karvouna

Tsada-Skoulli

Trimiklini-Karvouna

Mandria-Omodhos

Platres-Prodromos

Larnaca Salt Lake

Mari Bridge-Zygi

- -

Troodos Paths - - -

Leonarisso-Ay. Semeon-Carpas

Lefkonico-Akanthou

New Traces, Keeping open of, say -

860

Miles

46-77

1-73

37-68

18-00

13-50

9-00

12-00

13-22

3-57

10-00

2-00

2-33

2-00

19-00

6-50

53-00

Amount

sanctioned

£ s. cp.

328 0 0

1 0 0

364 0 0

50 0 0

20 0 0

32 0 0

38 0 {)

169 0 0

45 0 0

8 0 0

5 0 0

5 0 0

10

60

0 0

0 0

25 0 0

50 0 0

Amount

Expended

£ s. cp.

320 15 8

18 1

372 4 4

51 19 2

20 17 4

32 5 3

•10 7 1

169 13 2

44 14 .')

10 10 0

4 11 6

4 19 0

9 10 6

57 19 0

5 9 5

52 3 8

Total - 705-37 £4,465 0 0 £4,343 7 5

Besides these there arc the roads maintained from what is known as the

Pubhc Loan Fund, and of which there are 56-75 miles. The expenditure on these

has been £527 19 5.

Of constructional work first and foremost must rank the completion of the

formation with all absolutely necessary bridges of the Karavostassi-Polis-Paphos

Road whereby the wilds of Tylliria have been opened up and an alternative route

both shorter and easier made between Nicosia and Paphos.

Hardly second to this is the completion of the last link in the Circular Island

Road, namely, that between Morphou and Myrtou.

The construction of the Nicosia-Paleokhorio Road was further advanced by

the completion of the bridle path on lines of a TIL class road, and by the continuation

of the widening, by village labour, of the part madt' last ycju'. Veiy

little more work will now suffice to make this road practicable for carts.

Various diversions were carried out on the old Platres-Troodos Military mule

path and little now remains to be done to complete the conversion of this track,

previously only just passable for a lightly laden cart, into a good IV class carriage

road.

A commencement was made by cutting the preliminary berm of a road to

join the main road near the Chief Secretary's Office, Troodos, with the Plrtres-

Prodromo Road near Trooditissa Monastery,

Improvements were made to the private carriage drive to Government Cottage,

Troodos, the line for, and construction of which, had been undertaken by the

Royal Engineers some years ago.

No bridges of \'ery great size were constructed during this year though some

most useful work has Iteeii done, chief among these being the completion of all

absolutely necessary bridges between Stroumbi-Polis, Polis-Pomos and Karavostassi-

Pomos ; also tlie construction of the bridges over the Ovgos and Aloupos Rivers

between Morphou and Myrtou and the widening of the existing wooden bridges

and the building of a new stone bridge m the Panagra Pass.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

D2t


36p

Although more bridges are still required on the above roads enough' has been

done to render carriage traffic possible along them at all times except perhaps

during the occurrence of very high floods.

In reviewing the roadwork of the last six years it becomes evident that the

system of Main Trank Roads is almost complete and little new work remains to

be done. Other branch roads are of course still required to connect some of the

larger and more important villages at present still isolated, but with the exception

of the continuatiou of the Kyrenia North Coast Road to Akanthou and the

completion of the road already half done between that village and Lefkonico the

system is complete. Some of the roads still require metalling but this will come

in time and is not of such material importance as even those unmetalled are

passable for wheeled traffic during eleven months of the year.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


37

SCHEDULE OF THE PUBLIC ROADS OF CYPRUS.

No. Name of Road.

OPEN AND IN USE ON SIST MARCH, 1904.

1. The Nicosia-Larnaca ...

2. The Nicosia-Kophinou

8. The Kophinou-Limassol

4. The Nicosia-Varoshia ...

5. The Nicosia-Kyrenia ..,

5a. The Dicomo Loop

6. The Nicosia-Morphou,..

7. The Nicosia-Deftcra-Klirou

7a. The Klirou-Paleokhorio

8, The Nicosia-Rizo Carpiis

8a. The Leonarisso-Korovia-Rizo Carpas ...

9. The Roads round Nicosia

10. The Marathovouno Branch ...

10a. The Patriki Branch

11. The Larnaca-Kophinou

12. The Lai'naca-Lefkonico

12a. The Lefkonico-Akanthou

13. The Famagusta-Tricomo

13a. The Tricomo Boghaz

14. The Limassol-Ktima

14a. The Ktima-Port Paphos

15. The Limassol-Troodos

Length. Remarks.

25-55 Width generally II class.

25-90 Width variable, chiefly

III class.

28*24 Class between III & IV

width varies, metal 9 ft.

38*14 Width variable,, chiefly

III class.

16-25 III class except between

llth & 13th mile posts.

9-25 III class generally but

variable.

23-75 Width variable, repairs for

III class road, exact

length not measured.

18-00 Variable widths, chiefly

III class, exact length

not measured.

12 -00 Exact length unmeasured.

Bridle path 8 ft. wide

on hnes of a III class

road, is being widened

gradually from year to

year.

73*78 III class and mettalled

to Tricomo, III class

unmetalled to Yallousa,

natural trace beyond.

18-31 III class but unmetalled.

13-22 AVidths variable. II &

III class.

2-50 Formation III class, but

not metalled throughout.

•75 Branch Road III class.

15-09 Class between III & IV

width varies, metal 9 ft.

26-15 III class.

13*00 6 miles only completed,

III class.

13*25 III class, exact length not

measured.

3*50 III class but unmetalled,

short cut to Carpas

from Famagusta.

46-77 Class between III & IV

width varies, metal 9 ft.

1*73 do. do.

35-68 do. do.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


SYA

No. Name of Road.

The Limassol-Troodos Branch to Polemidia

Camp

The Perapedhi Bridle Path

16. The Ktima-Tsada-Strumbi-Polis

16a. The Tsada-Simou-Loukrounou

17. The Akhelia-Jelojara ...

18. The Kyrenia-Lapithos-Myrtou-Morphou

19. The Morphou-Karavostassi

20. The Astromeriti-Karvouna-Troodos ..

The Devil's Dyke Bridle Path

21. The Kyrenia North Coast

22. 'rhe K. Koutrapha-Lefka-Karavostassi

23. The Erimi-Ay, Ambrosios

24. The Ay. Ambrosios-Kissoussa...

25. The Pano Kivides

26. The x4.y. Arabrosios-Vouui

27. The Kissoussa-Omodhos

28. The Arsos

29. The Vasa

30. The Potamiou

31. ThePaklma

32. The Kophinou-Lefkara

33. The Kato-Lefkara

34. The Kato Drys

35. The Khirokhitea-Ora ...

36. The Mari-Zygi

37. The Platres-Prodromos

38. The Larnaca Salt Lake and Boulevard

39. The Dah Military

40. The Karavostassi-Pomos-Polis

41. The Trimikhni-Karvouna

42. The Mandria-Omodhos

43. The Platres-Phini

44. The Stroumbi-Katheca

45. The Perapedhi-Saita Bridle Road

46. The Ktima-Pcyia-Katheca ...

Length.

2-00

2600

13-50

32-25

11-50

35-00

5-00

11-50

10-50

3*50

*50

4*00

4-50

4-25

-75

1*25

2*50

6-50

1-00

3-75

13*00

2-33

10-50

2-20

7-25

37*00

13*22

3-57

2*50

3-75

2*50

11-50

Remarks.

Not yet measured, natural

trace only, III class,

do. do. 6 ft. wide.

Ill class.

III class incomplete.

IV class.

Ill class, only metalled

to Lapithos, exact length

not measured.

Ill class, exact length

not measured.

Ill class, only metalled

where necessary.

6 ft. wide.

Ill class, gravelled only.

Ill class, unmetalled.

WineRd. Sec. 2. IV class.

3,

4.

5,

6,

7,

8.

9.

10,

IV class

Unmetalled, III class,

Unmetalled, 1 mile, 173

yards, IV class, but 6

ft, berm on gradients

of III class only to

remainder,

I & III class.

Has been reformed as

III class road.

Ill class, unraetalled,

exact length not measured.

Ill class, unmetalled,

in „ „ ^

III „ not complete,

III „ grade, 14 ft.

wide, incomplete.

Bridle path ,on III class

grades.

Part carriage road and

part bridle path.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


No. Name of Road.

47. The Karavostassi-Kampos

48. The Tembria-Niko

49. The Mandria-Ay. Nicola

50. The Orongo-Trimiklini

51. The Lefkara-Korno ...

52. The Aglanja-Athalassa Chifthk

53. The Limassol-Agros ...

37B

Length. Remarks.

15*00 Bridle path on III class

grades being widened

from year to year.

6*50 Bridle path 8 ft. wide.

7*75 III class, incomplete.

8*00 III class, 8 ft. track open

only.

12-00 III class, 3 miles of 8 ft.

track only open.

2-90 III class, unmetalled.

81-50 III class, incomplete.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


38

STATEMENT OF PUBLIC ROADS.

No. 1. The Nicosia-Larnaca Road.—Commences at the Faraagusta Gate at

Nicosia, proceeds straight to Aglanja, etc., and terminates at the sea shore at the

root of the Pier at Larnaca, measuring 25 miles 980 yards. The width is,

generally speaking, that of a second class road, but is variable. The metalKiig is,

as a rule, 12' 0" feet wide but this also varies. Maintained as a second class road.

No. 2. The Nicosia-Kophinou Road.—Commences at the hne of fortifications

at the Ay. Antoni Entrance to Nicosia, proceeds straight past the Church

of Ay. Paraskevi, and terminates at the junction with the Larnaca-Kophinou

Road near Pano Kophinou, measuring 25 miles 1,580 yards. The width is,

generally speaking, that of a third class road, but is variable. It was originally

only a gravelled road but the repairs are being carried out with broken metal

9' 0" wide. Maintained as a third class road.

No. 3. The Kophinou-Limassol Road.—Commences at the junction of the

Nicosia-Kophinou and Larnaca-Kophinou Roads near Pano Kophinou and proceeds

to the suburbs of Limassol, turning off the Main road past the Commissioner's

house to join the Limassol-Troodos Road at the Police Depdt at Limassol

and measures 28 miles 420 yards. Maintained as a third class road.

No. 4. The Nicosia-Varoshia Road.—Branches off the Nicosia-Larnaca Road

at the Moslem cemetery outside the Famagusta Gate at Nicosia and terminates at

the commencement of the Bazaar at Varoshia, passing the entrance to the town

of Famagusta and raeasures 38 miles 240 yards. The width of the road varies

considerably, in some places being wider than a third class road in others being

only the fourth class width. The repairs are being carried out with broken metal

9' 0" wide and third class formation.

No. 5. The Nicosia-Kyrenia Road.—Branches off the circular road round

Nicosia at the South Western corner of the Moslem cemetery outside the Kyrenia

Gate, and passing through the Villages of Orta-Keuy and GioneUi terminates at

the entrance to the Fort at Kyrenia and measures 16 miles 440 yards. The

recent Daoud Dere diversion having shortened it by three-quarters of a mile. The

width is that of a third class road except between the llth and Hth miles where

it is generally only about 12 feet wide.

No. 5A. The Dicomo Loop Road.—This used to form part of the old Nicosia-

Kyrer.^^rl* ~a,d now diverted via Gionelli. It commences at the Pedias Bridge,

and passing through the village of Dicomo rejoins the Nicosia-Kyrenia Road at

Aghirda. Its length is 9^ miles.

No. 6. The Nicosia-Morphou Road.—Commences at the line of fortifications

at Paphos Gate at Nicosia and terminates at the first house in Morphou measuring

23-75 miles. The width is very variable though where repairs are being carried

out the formation is made for a third class road with broken metal 9' 0" wide.

The road was originally surfaced, if surfaced at all, with gravel, but is now only

treated as a gravelled road beyond the village of Akachi, between Nicosia and

that village repairs are carried out with broken metal.

No. 7. The Nicosia-Deftera-Khrou Road.—Commences at the Paphos Gate

at the junction with the Nicosia-Morphou Road at Nicosia proceeds direct through

the village of Ay. Omoloyitades, past Government House, and terminates one

mile beyond the village of Khrou measuring 18 miles. The widths vary considerably

being those of a second class road between the Paphos Gate and Government

House except through the village of Ay. Omoloyitades, from Government

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


39

House to Lakatamia it is a third class road and thence onwards about fourth class.

It is only metalled as far fis Government House, Thence onwards to Anayia

being surfaced with river sliingle. It is maintained as a third class road.

No. 7A. The Klirou-Paleokhorio Bridle Path.—This is a continuation of

No. 7 and will eventually be widened to third class widths.

No. 8. The Nicosia-Rizo Carpas Road.—Branches off the Nicosia-Larnaca

Road near the Famagusta Gate at Nicosia proceeds through Kythrea, Tricomo,

etc., and terminates near the Church at Ayia Triadha at Rizo Carpas and measures

73 miles 1,380 yards. This road as far as Tricomo is metalled and is of third

class dimensions. From Tricomo to Yalloussa it is of third class widths but is

only metalled in the low lying and muddy places. Between Yalloussa and Rizo

Carpas it is merely a natural trace with no metalHng, the gradients being very

steep in places but passable for wheeled traffic.

No. 8A. Leonarisso-Rizo Carpas Road.—Commences in the village of Leonarisso

and passes along the South coast of the Carpas Peninsula through the

villages of Vasili, Vathylakko, Ay. Symeo and terminates in the Anovrysi, Quarter

of Rizo Carpas. Its length is 18 miles 653 yards. This is practically the reformation

and reconstruction of the original road on gradients and widths of third class

road. It is unmetalled.

No. 9. The Roads around Nicosia comprise the following :—

] Miles Yards

Section I. From near the Faraagusta Gate to Limassol Trank Road 0 667

IL From the Kythrea Road at Palouriotissa to Government

House

2 267

III. Short length from Section II. to Government House.. 0 82

IV, Circular Road outside walls (including extension) 3 308

V. From Circular Road (near Supreme Court House) passing

-the Greek cemetery to the Limassol Road near

Ay. Paraskevi ... .., ... ... 1 829

VL From Limassol Road to Larnaca Road near East Gate

of Leper Farm ... ,.. ... ... 1 273

VII. From New Entrance past the Government Offices to

Government House ...

1 207

VIIL From Pedias Bridge to join the Road Section IL 0 1700

IX. From Circular Road near Mr. Smith's house past the

Moslem cemetery to the Deftera Road near the

Anglican Church

0 255

X. From the Anghcan Church to the Government Offices 0 537

XI. Roads about Government Offices ...

0 534

XII. From Pedias Bridge to the Central Prison ...

0 1233

XIII, From Section V. near Ay, Paraskevi through the Leper

Farm to join Section VI. ... ,., ... 0 1300

XIV, From Road to Central Prison Section XII, to Golf Club

house ... ... .. ... ... 0 800

XV. Hospital corner in front of Dr. Heidenstam's house to

Pedias River and Deftera Road ... ... 0 742

XVI. Ayioi Omoloyitades to British cemetery .. ... 0 175

Measuring a total length of 13-22 miles.

No. 10. The Marathovouno Road.—Branches off the Nicosia-Cai-pas Road

just l)eyond the 14th mile post about 2 miles east of the village of Petra-tou-

Diyeni and terminates at the first house at Marathovouno measuring 2-5 miles.

The formation is for a third class road but it is not metalled throughout.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


40

No. 10A. The Patriki Road.—Branches off the Nicosia-Carpas Road beyond

the 41st mile post about 2| miles west of the village of Ay. Theodoro and

terminates at the first house in Patriki and measures 0-75 miles. Maintained

under the Branch Roads Law as a third class road.

No, 11. The Larnaca-Kophinou Road,—Branches off the Nicosia-Larnaca

Road 1^ miles from Larnaca near the Monastery of Ay, Georgios and terminates

at the junction with the Nicosia-Kophinou Road near Pano Kophinou, measures

15 miles 150 yards. Maintained as a third class road.

No. 12. The Larnaca-Lefkonico Road.—Commences at the junction with the

Nicosia-Larnaca Road outside the Court House at Larnaca, proceeds through Pyla

crossing the Nicosia-Varoshia Road near Kontea, and terminates at the junction

with the Nicosia-Carpas Road in the village of Lefkonico, measuring 26 miles 266

yards. Generally speaking it is formed to the dimensions of a third class road.

No. 12A. The Lefkoniko-Akanthou Road.—Comraences in Lefkonico where

the Nicosia-Rizo Carpas Road crosses the Kryos Potamos and proceeds in a

northerly direction through the Akanthou Pass to Akanthou. It is laid out on

lines of a third class road but is at present incomplete. It is metalled for about

2 miles from Lefkonico.

No. 13. The Famagusta-Tricomo Road.—Commences at the Land Gate at

Famagusta Fort and terminates at the junction with the Nicosia-Carpas Road at

Tricomo, measuring 13*25 miles. The formation is that of a third class road

with metalling 9' 0" wide.

No. 13A, The Tricomo-Boghaz Road.—Length 3 miles 880 yards, third

class road unmetalled.

This road comraences at the KJiarivdhi Causeway on the Famagusta-Tricomo

Road and joins the Nicosia-Rizo Carpas Road at the Plakota Causeway. It forms

a useful short cut for traffic between Famagusta and the Carpas. It is unmetalled.

No. 14. The Limassol-Ktima Road,—Commences at the junction with the

Limassol-Troodos Road near the Garyllis Iron Bridge, passing over the bridge

proceeds to Ktima terminating at the west end of the Police Barrack garden,

measuring 46 miles 1358 yards. Maintained as a third class road.

No. 14A. Ktima-Port Paphos Road.—Comraences at the Konak, Ktiraa, and

terminates at the Jetty at Paphos measuring 1*75 miles. Maintained as a third

class road.

No. 15. The Limassol-Troodos Road.—Commences at the junction with the

Limassol-Paphos Road and terminates at the Post Office Hut, Troodos, measuring

35 miles 1200 yards. Branch to South Camp from bakery (about J mile). Bridle

path Perapedhi village to main road near Platres (about 2 miles,) Maintained

as a third class road.

No, 16. The Ktima-Tsada-Strumbi-Pohs Road,—Commences at the Paphos

PoUce Station, proceeds through the village of Tsada and Stroumbi to Polis,

measuring 26 miles. Metalled and maintained as a third class road.

No. 16A. The Tsada-Simou-Loukrounou Road.—Branches off the Ktiraa-

PoU Road at Tsada and passing through the village of Simou terminates where

it rejoins the latter road at the bridge of Loukrounou Mill. It is third class road

but not bridged and metalled throughout. It measures 14*5 miles.

No. 17. The Akhelia-Jelojara Road.—Branches off the Limassol-Paphos

Road at Akhelia and terminates in the village of Jelojara, measuring 13^ miles.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


41

No. 18. The Kyrenia-Lapithos-Morphou Road,—Commences at the Kyrenia

Konak and passes through the villages of Lapithos, Diorios and Kapouti,

terminates at the Serakhis River at Morphou, It is third class in width and

gradients but is not metalled beyond Lapithos. Its length is 32*25 miles.

No, 19. Tlie Morphou-Karavostassi Road.—Commences at the first house in

Morphou and terminates at the root of Jetty at Karavostassi, measuring 11^ miles.

Maintained as a third class road.

No, 20, The Astromeriti-Karvouna-Troodos Road,—Branches off the Nicosia-

Morphou Road at the village of Astromeriti passing near or through the villages

of Kato-Koutrapha, Evrychou, Galata and Kakopetria, ascends the valley of the

Karidhis River to Karvouna and then skirts along the south-eastern slopes of the

mountain terminating at the Post Office at the Troodos Camp, measuring 35-0

miles. The formation is that of a third class road.

No. 21, The Kyrenia-North Coast Road,—Commences at the Kyrenia Konak

and proceeds eastwards towards Akanthou, present length measuring 3-75 miles.

It is formed as a third class road.

No. 22. The Kato-Koutrapha-Lefka-Karavostassi Road.—Branches off the

Astromeriti-Evrychou Road at the south west side of the Eloea River and passing

through the villages of Angolemi, Petra and Lefka, terminates at its junction with

the Morphou-Karavostassi Road, Its length is 11 -50 miles. It is a third class

road but only gravelled in places.

WINE ROAD SYSTEM.

Maintained under the Branch Roads Law, 1885.

Section I. Now obsolete having become part of Limassol-Ktima Road.

NO, 23,

No. 24.

No. 25.

No, 26.

No. 27.

No. 28.

No. 29,








II. Commences at Erimi Bridge on the Limassol-Ktima Road

and terminates at Ay. Ambrosios, length ... 10-50 miles

III. Commences at Ay. Ambrosios and ends at Kissoussa

Bridge ... ... ... 3-50

IV. Commences at the 16th mile on Section II.

ends Pano-Kivides ... ... .,. -50

V, Commences at Ay, Ambrosios Section II. ends

at Vouni ... ... ... ... 4-oo

VI. Commences at Kissoussa Bridge Section II. ends

at Omodhos... ... ... ... 450

VII. Commences at ^ mile of North of Kissoussa

Bridge and ends at Arsos and includes a

short branch to Mallia ... ,.. 4-2.")

VIII. Commences 2 miles Section VT. and ends at

Y HSa> ••• ••• ••• *•• *To

No. 30. „ IX. Commences 1^ miles Section VI. and ends at

Potamiou ... ,,, ,,. ... 1-25

No, 31. „ X. Commences 2^ miles Section III, and ends at

Pakhna .,. ... ,,. ... 2-50

All maintained as fourth class roads.

No. 32. The Kophinou-Lefkara Road.—Commences 1| miles from Kophinou

on the Kophinou-Limassol Road and terminates at entrance to Pano Lefkara and

ends at Kato Lefkara, measuring 1-00 mile. Maintained as a toui-tli class road

under the Branch Roads Law.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


42

No. 34. The Kato Drys Branch Road.—Commences 3 miles up the Kophinou-

Lefkara Road aud ends at Kato Drys, measuring 3-75 miles. Maintained as a

fourth class road under the Branch Roads Law.

No. 35. The Khirokhitea-Ora Road.—Comraences at the Khirokhitea Bridge

on the Kophinou-Liraassol Road and ends at entrance to Ora, measuring 13-00

miles. Maintained as a fourth class road under the Branch Roads Law.

No. 36, The Mari Bridge-Zygi Road,—Commences at the Mari Bridge on

Kophinou-Limassol Road and ends at West end of Zygi, Forming and bridging

only done. Length 2-33 miles. Maintained as a third class road.

No. 37. The Platres-Prodromo Road.—Commences at 30 miles on Limassol-

Troodos Road and terminates on sumrait above Prodrorao with a short branch

ending near the School of Prodrome, 1-1 miles formed as fourth class road,

remainder formed 6 feet wide only and unbridged.

No, 38. The Larnaca Salt Lake Road and Boulevard.—Commences at the

Turkish Quarter of Scala and proceeds to the Salt Lake thence passing round the

Powder Magazine returns along the Eastern shore of the Lake and rejoins the

Nicosia-Larnaca Road near the Hospital. The first portion is third class and the

second first class with footpaths. It is unraetalled throughout.

No. 39. The DaU Military Road.—Was, as its name implies, originally

constructed by the Royal Engineers to obtain access to their Camp at Mathiati.

It is now being reformed as a third class road and surfaced so as to forra a halfway

connectting link between the Nicosia-Larnaca Road and Nicosia-Kophinou main

trunk roads. It coraraences near the 16th raile post of the former road and joins

the latter near the 12th mile stone opposite the village of Perakhorio and raeasures

7J railes.

No. 40. The Karavostassi-Poraos-PoUs Road.—Coraraences at the Karavostassi

Pier and generally foUowing the sea shore of TylUria passing through the

viUage of Poraos and terrainates at its junction with the Ktiraa-PoUs Road at the

latter village. It is third class road" but as yet only a short length has been

metalled at the Polis end. Its length is 37 miles.

No. 41. The Trimikhni-Karvouna Road.—Third class road. It leaves the

Limassol-Troodos Road at its 18|- mile and foUows the Amiandos Rirer terminating

at its junction with the Evrychou-Troodos Road at Karvouna and is 13

miles 390 yards in length.

No. 42. The Mandria-Omodhos Road.—Third class road connecting the

Wine Road system at Omodhos with the liiraassol-Troodos Road at its 28th mile

a Uttle above Mandria. It is 3 miles and 1000 yards in length.

No. 43. The Platres-Phini Road.—Third class road though at present

incomplete. Branches off frora the Liraassol-Platres Military Road at Kato

Platres and terrainates about ^ mile short of Phini.

No. 44. The Stroumbi-Katheca Road.—Leaves the Ktima-Poli Road 0-25

mile North of Stroumbi and terminates on the Katheca-Arodhes viUage road at

the North end of Katheca village. It is 3-75 miles long of which 1-50 miles only

have been formed on third class grades and 14 feet wide.

No. 45. The Perapedhi-Saita Road.—Leaves the Limassol-Troodos Road at

24 railes 1070 yards and terminates on the Trimikhni-Karvouna Road 0-25 miles

above the Saita Bridge and is 2-75 miles long 0-50 railes of full width road and

1-25 miles of 4 feet track and the culvert work only done,

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


4S

No. 46. The Ktima-Peyia-Katheca Road.—Partly Carriage and partly Bridle

Road. At present incomplete, although riding communication greatly improved

thereby. Unbridged.

No. 47. The Karavostassi-Ambelico-Kambos Road.—Commences at Karavostassi

and passing through Ambelico terrainates at Kambos. In course of

construction widths variable but being graduaUy widened year by year to full third

class widths. The grades are for a third class road.

No. 48. The Tembria-Nico Bridle Path.—Length 4 railes. The width is

8 feet and the ruling gradient 1 in 8 though ranch of it is easier. This \\\\\

eventually be carried down into the Marathassa Valley to the village of Niko.

No. 49. The Mandria-Ay. Nicola Road.—Coraraences at a bend in zig-zag on

the Mandria-Omodhos Road 0-25 miles West of Mandria aud terminates where it

joins Pretori village road at Ottoman cemetery 0-25 miles South of Ay. Nicola. Its

length is 7-75 railes of which 1*00 raile has been forraed of full width of third

class road and 4*75 miles of 6 feet track on third class grades.

No. 50. The Orongo-Trimiklini Road.—Commences a little below the Saita

Bridge on the Trimiklini-Karvouna Road and passing close to the village of Ay.

Mama, terrainates on the Liraassol-Agros Road at Orongo. It is 8 railes long and

is open as an 8 feet track on grades of a third class road throughout. It is

unbridged save for the old Xylouriko Bridge which it crosses.

No. 61. The Lefkara-Korno Road.—Comraences at the termmation of the

Kophinou-Lefkara Branch Road at Lefkara and passing close to Delikipou,

terminates at Korno. It is 12 railes long and third class road but 3 miles only

of 8 feet track have been forraed on it.

No. 52. The Aglanja-Athalassa ChiftUk Road.—Length 2 railes l.")46 yards.

Coraraences near the 2nd raile post of the Nicosia-Larnaca Road passing near the

Athalassa Chiftlik and joins the Nicosia-Kophinou Road near the 3rd raile post.

It is bridged but unraetalled.

No, 53. The Liraassol-Agros Road,—Leaves the Kophinou-Liraassol Road

near the Dep6t and the 54th mile post and proceeds through Ay. Phyla, skirting

Palodhia, Yerasa, Zoopiyi, Kato Mylos and Ay. Yannis and passing through Agros,

terminates at the school house in the church yard. 1"25 railes at A^ros has been

forraed of full width and bridged, Frora Liraassol to Palodhia is village road

work and in use by carts. The reraainder with the exception of 3-50 railes is an

8 feet track on grades of third class road.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles Yards

0

60

:}4;5

525

1225

1542

1659

1, 0

446

640

1300

1360

1585

1660

2. 0

259

305

592

705

892

1130

1500

3. 0

510

780

864

1060

1100

1462

1626

4. 0

590

780

.-.. 0

150

840

989

1338

1602

6. 0

14

806

946

ITINERARY OF THE MAIN ROADS.

No. I.—NICOSIA-LARNACA ROAD.

Comraences at the Faraagusta Gate, Nicosia.

Section IV. of Roads around Nicosia to left.

Nicosia-Varoshia Road to left (see ).

Culvert, Section II. of Roads around Nicosia right and left,

Top of Hill.

Culvert.

do.

Mile post to right.

Top of Hill.

Track to Eglenje to right.

Culvert.

1 Section VL of Roads around Nicosia to right.

( Track to Eglenje to right.

Culvert.

Track to Eglenje to right.

Mile post to right.

Track to Yeri to right.

Culvert.

Track to Ayia Chiftlik to left.

Culvert.

do.

do.

do.

Mile post to right. Top of Hill.

Bridge two spans 13' x 9' ]

do. 10' X 3' & 5' X 2' [ Kaloyeros Valley.

Culvert two spans 9' x 5' )

Top of Hill.

Track to Tymbou to left.

Culvert.

do.

Mile post to right.

Plakia Bridge two spans 8' 6" x 5' 0" & 8' 2" x 4' 6"

Track to Yeri to right.

Mile post to right.

Almiros Potaraos Bridge three arches 8' 0" x 6' 0"

Top of Hill.

Culvert.

do.

do.

Mile post to right.

Culvert.

Track to Yeri to right.

Top of Hill.

(44)

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles Yards

45

1012 Track to ]\largo Chiftlik to left.

1 .".52 Culvert.

7. 0 Mile post to right.

372 Culvert.

984 do.

8. 0 Mile post to right.

324 Culvert.

1406 do.

9. 0 Mile post to right opposite Margo Post Office.

160 Irrigation Culvert.

680 Iron Bridge Pyroi eight spans of 40' 0" each.

1100 Village Road to Athienou to left.

1150 Pyroi Village and coffee house.

10. 0 Mile post to right.

100 Culvert.

1218 do.

1740 do.

11. 0 Mile post to right.

82 Track to Dali to right; track to Athienou to left.

534 Culvert.

1006 do.

1384 do.

1672 Track to Athienou to left.

1698 Bridge over Kaji D6r6, two spans, 4' 10" & 5' 5."

12. 0 Mile post to right.

800 Culvert.

1320 Half-way House, " The Dewdrop Inn " on left.

1360 Track to Louroutzina to right.

1554 Culvert.

13. 0 Mile post to right; Khan on right.

1160 Culvert.

1382 Track to Louroutzina to right; top of Hill.

14. 0 Mile post to right.

814 Culvert.

936 Kokkino Kafkala. " Red Hill" top of Pass.

1400 Culvert.

1544 do.

1646 do.

1700 do.

15. 0 Mile post to right.

300 Track to Louroutzina to right.

620 Culvert.

1000 Old JMilitary Road, Goshi to Matliiati to right.

1150 Culvert.

16. 0 Mile post to right.

402 Culvert.

510 do.

1314 do.

1620 Track to (Joshi to right.

1640 Culvert.

17. 0 Mile post to right.

200 Culvert.

280 Goshi Police Station on left.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

^t


Miles Yards

46

606 Culvert.

772 do.

1282 do.

18. 0 Mile post to right.

868 Culvert.

1148 do.

1470 do.

1692 Bridge, two spans, 11' 0" & 8' 6."

19. 0 Mile post to right.

450 Culvert.

738 do.

20. 0 Mile post to right.

274 Track to Aradippou to left.

640 Culvert.

740 Bridge 28' 0" span, 12' 0" high.

1448 Culvert.

1500 Top of Marraara Hill.

1700 Track to Aradippou to left.

21. 0 Mile post to right.

488 Culvert.

22.

23.

1244 Track to Aradippou to left and to Vlakhos Chiftlik to right.

1710 do. do. do.

0 Mile post to right.

518 Track to Aradippou to left and to Mehmet Ah Chiftlik to right.

1460 Culvert.

0 Mile post to right.

820 Track to Aradippou to left.

1136 Culvert.

1400 Ayio Sergios Monastery to left.

1510 Track to Kalokhorio to right.

24. 0

320

464

570

780

1000

1620

Mile post to right.

Road to Old Larnaca or Touzla to left, Larnaca-Kophinou Road to

right (to Kophinou and Limassol see ).

Roads to left to Old Larnaca and right to Kalokhorio.

do. do. Liraassol Road.

Road to left. Ay. Georgios Kondos to right.

do. Kiti to right.

Larnaca town coraraences; road to Scala to right, aqueduct and

Government Agricultural gardens.

25. 0 Mile post to right. Larnaca Hospital on left.

294 Roads to left and right.

480 Convent on left.

746 Larnaca-Lefkonico Road to left (to Pyla, Kontea, Lefkonico and

Faraagusta see ) turning. Court House and Konak Square.

860 Turning, road to Scala to right. Konak Square.

25. 980 Sea Shore, root of Larnaca Pier, Custoras and Konak to left. Marina

on right.

Larnaca town, or Scala. Head Quarters of the District, Station of Commissioner,

District Judge, Collector of Customs, District Medical Officer, Local

Comraandant of Police, Head Office of the Postal Departraent, Principal Port

of the Island. Quarantine Station. Hotels etc.

Population 1901.—Larnaca or Scala ...

Old Larnaca or Touzla ,,.

4,930)

3,034 j

rp , i r. QCI

^^^^^ ''^^

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


47

No. IL—NICOSIA-PAPHOS ROAD VIA LIMASSOL.

Miles Yards

0 Commences at the Ayios Andonios entrance to Nicosia,

60 Culvert span 12' 6" x 7' 6" high and embankment crossing moat.

140 Section IV, of Roads around Nicosia to right and left,

176 Culvert.

286 do.

420 Bridge of two spans one 4' 0" x 2' 6" high, one 6' 8" x 2' 6" high.

455 Section IL of Roads around Nicosia to right and left.

1120 Top of HiU,

1500 Road to Leper Farm to left. Section XIII, of Roads around Nicosia

to right.

1. 0 Mile post on right.

128 Culvert.

220 do.

356 Sections V. & VI. of Roads around Nicosia to right and left, that

on left joining the Nicosia-Larnaca Road at 1 mile 1360 yards

from Nicosia (see No. I.)

360 Culvert.

460 do.

2. 0 Mile post on right.

700 Culvert.

3. 0 Mile post on right.

1180 Xeri Potamos. Timber Bridge 28' 0" span x 10' 0" high and

masonry arch 12' 0x8' 0"

1380 Track to Dali to left.

1440 Culvert.

1680 do.

1700 Track to Latzia to right.

4. 0 Mile post on right.

730 Culvert.

1380 Church to left. Track to Latzia to right.

1600 Culvert.

5. 0 Mile post on right.

640 Culvert 9' 0" arch span x 5' 6" high and flat topi)ed opening 9' 4"

X 4' 6" high.

1060

1350

do.

do. 6' 0" arch span x 4' 6" high and flat topped opening 4' 0"

X 4' 0" high.

1540 do. 5' 0" arch span x 4' 0* high and flat topped opening 4' 0"

X 4' 0" high.

6.

7.

8.

0 Mile post on right.

78;] Culvert.

0 Mile post on right.

1560 Top of Hill.

0 Mile post on right.

110 Track to Dali to left.

440 Culveri.

880 Alikhor Bridge one span of 2()' 0" x 13' 0" high.

1690 Alrairo Bridge over the Sisero Potamt^s two spans cT 20' o" ijmber

X !' I'l" hiiili.

9. 0 .Mile post on right.

360 Track to Mathiati to right.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


48

Miles Yards

400 Culvert.

698 do.

1480 do.

1540 Track to Perakhorio to right.

1545 Culvert,

10. 0 Mile post to right.

40 Culvert 6' 0" span.

365 Top of HiU.

1060 Irrigation Culvert,

1200 do. do.

1320 do. do.

1340 do, do,

1350 do. do.

1540 Nisso Village Post Office.

11. 0 Mile post on right.

128 Culvert.

178 do.

200 Khan Well to right, good water

240 Track to Perakhorio.

360 Nisso Bridge over the Yalias Potamos direction from right to left

crossed by nine spans of 30' 0" each in timber supported on

masonry piers.

490 Moslem Cemetery on right.

680 Track to DaU to left, track to Perakhorio to right.

860 Old MiUtary Road, right to Perakhorio and Mathiati, and left to

Goshi and Larnaca joining Nicosia-Larnaca Road at 15 railes

1000 yards (see No. I.)

1320 Perakhorio Culvert 6' 0" span x 5' 6" high.

12. 0 Mile post on right.

260 Track to Alambra to right.

1610 do, do, and to Dali to left.

18. 0 Mile post on right.

260 Track to Lymbia to left and to Alarabra to right.

755 Alambra Bridge, masonry, two spans of 11' 0" each.

14. 0 Mile post on right.

160 Track to Ayia Varvara.

600 Kalamouthi Bridge, one span, timber 26' 7" x 10' 0" high.

1708 Sha Bridge, one span, timber 27' 0" x 8' 4" high.

15. 0 Mile post on right,

16. 0 do.

300 Track to Mosphiloti to left and to Sha to right.

1375 Irrigation Culvert and Bridge 15' 10" span x 10' 0" high.

1652 Ayia Thekla Bridge 12' 0" span x 10' 0" high.

17. 0 Mile post to right.

540 Bridge 16' 0" span x 10' 0" high.

780 Track to Korno to right.

1410 Korno Bridge, one span, timber, 27' 0" x 8' 0" high.

1500 Culvert 5'0"x 3'0" high.

1520 Korno Khan on right.

18, 0 Mile post on right.

19. 0 do.

115 Track to Stavro Vouni to left. Culvert 8' 0" x 6' 0" high.

660 Top of Hill.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


49

Miles Yards

720 Track to Korno to right.

20. 0 Mile post on right.

1158 Top of Hill, Ayia Mavri Pass commences.

21.

22.

0

980

0

Mile post on right.

Culvert, three arches.

Mile post on right.

23.

24.

25.

0

0

1010

0

1580

do.

do.

Mavrou Bridge.

Mile post on right.

Road to Larnaca to left (Larnaca Kophinou Road see ) distance

to Larnaca 16 miles 150 yards to junction with Nicosia-Larnaca

Road boundary between Eastern and Western divisions P.W.D.

26.

27.

28.

0 Mile po^ on right.

135 Moslem Cemetery on left.

142 Track to Kophinou to left.

280 Kophinou Kban on left,

340 WeU.

445 Track to Police Station to left.

1200 Track to river to right.

0 Mile post on right.

440 Kophinou Bridge, masonry, two spans of 25' 6" & 15' 0" over the

Vasis or Pendaskino Potamos.

480 Track to Ay. Theodoro to left,

520 Road to Lefkara to right.

650 Skarino Khan.

660 Skarino Bridge 10' 0" span.

0 Mile post on right.

360 Track to Ay. Theodoros to left and to Skarino to right.

440 Bridle Path to Skarino to right.

480 Ruins of Ay. Yeorghios Church on right.

29.

do. Apostolos Loukas Church on right.

755 Track to Skarino to right.

0 Mile post on right.

130 Vathi Argaki Bridge, one span, timber 27' 0"

1660 Track to Skarino to right.

1620 do. Ay. Theodoros to left.

30. 0 Mile post on right.

360 Khirokhitea Khan on right.

880 Khan and Cafe on left.

390 Irrigation Culvert 1' 6."

31.

440 do. 1' 0."

470 Khirokhitea Bridge, masonry, 80' 0* span.

560 Road to Ora to right (Khirokhitea-Ora Branch Road).

570 Khirokhitea Khan on right.

1630 Track to Khirokhitea to right.

0 Mile post on right.

660 Track to Zygi to left.

740 do.

82. 0 MUe post on right.

170 Track to Tochni to right.

300

795

do,

do.

do.

do.

and to Zygi to left.

do.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

E


50

Miles Yards

1500 Track to Tochni to right.

33. 0 Mile post on right.

30 Track to Tochni to right and to Zygi to left.

220 Tochni Bridge, masonry, 12' 0" span.

710 Track to Tochni to right and to Zygi to left.

930 Top of HiU.

34. 0 Mile post on right.

240 Track to Kalavasso to right and to Maroni to left.

480 Cart Road to Kalavasso to right and track to Zygi to left.

640 Track to Kalavasso to right and to Zygi to left.

1080 Culvert 1' 6"

35. 0 Mile post on right.

100 Road to Zygi to left (see ).

160 Mari Bridge, six spans of 30' 0" each of timber supported on Iron

Screw pile piers.

240 Track to Mari to left.

280 Culvert 1' 6"

680 Track to Mari to left and to Kalavasso to right.

740 Khan on right.

760 Culvert 1' 6"

800 Track to Kalavasso to right.

1150 Culvert 1' 6"

1320 do. 1' 6"

36. 0 Mile post on right.

120 Track to Mari to left,

915 do. do.

1000 do. Pendacomo to right,

1160 do. do.

37. 0 , Mile post on right.

940 Track to fields to left.

38. 0 Mile post on right.

1300 Track to Zygi to left.

1540 Pendacomo masonry bridge 12' 0" span.

39. 0 Mile post on right.

260 Culvert 1' 6"

610 do. 1' 6"

920 do. 1' 6"

1080 Irrigation Dam.

1120 Culvert 1' 6"

1260 do. 1' 6"

1440 do. r 6"

1640 do. r 6"

40. 0 Mile post on right.

100 Track to Pendacomo to right.

240 do. do.

640 Culvert, masonry 10' 0" span with 4 iron tie rods.

980 Track to Pendakomo to right.

1400 Culvert r 6"

41. 0 Mile post on right.

145 Ay. Georghios Bridge, masonry, 6' 0* span.

226 Well on right.

420 Sija Bridge 12' 0" span.

882 Trivck to Pendacomo to right.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


51

Miles Yards

1340 Culvert 6'0* span.

1640 Track to Monagroulli to right and to Ay. Georghios Salamandnv to

left.

42, 0 Mile post on right.

470 Track to MonagrouUi to right.

610 do. do.

700 do. do.

870 do. do.

- 1600 Culvert, 6' 0" span.

48. 0 Mile post on right.

440 Track to Moni to right and to fields to left.

760 do. do.

880 Moni Khan on right.

980 Khan on right.

1125 Track to Sea Shore to left.

1640 Moni Bridge, three spans of 27' 0" each, timber on masonry piers

and abutments.

44. 0 Mile post on right.

54 Track to Moni to right and to Sea Shore to left.

760 Moni Pass commences.

1070 do. ends.

46. 0 Mile post on right.

760 Track to Pyrgos to right.

1735 Pyrgos Bridge, masonry, 12' 0" span.

46. 0 Mile post on right.

766 Track to Pyrgos to right.

782 Skotomenos Bridge 10' 0" span.

797 Track to Ay. Tichonas to right.

1740 Ay. Tichonas Bridge 10' 0" span.

47. 0 Mile post on right.

780 Ruins on right.

960 Ruined tower on left. Sea Shore, Site of Amathus or Old Liraassol

to right. Ruins.

1080 Track to Ay. Tichona to right.

1090 Amathus Bridge, masonry, 10' 0" span.

1290 Excavations to right.

1300 Culvert 1' 6"

1680 Old Tomb on right.

1705 Culvert 1' 6"

48. 0 MUe nost on right.

400 Culvert 1' 6"

410 Track to Ay. Tichonas to right.

760 Culvert 1' 6"

1006 do. 1' 6"

1160 Track to Ay. Tichonas to right.

1340 Garden and Alakati to left.

1360 House on right.

1564 Culvert 1'6"

49. 0 Mile post on right.

210 Well on right.

1280 Sand Drifts to left.

50. 0 MUe post on right.

600 Culvert 1'6"

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

E2


52

Miles Yards

1200 Yermasoyia Bridge, two spans of 27' C each, timber.

1680 Fence enclosing Sand Drifts to left.

51. 0 Mile post on right.

290 Fence to Sand Drifts to left.

540 do. do.

670 Gate in Fence do.

1340 Fence and Sand Drifts end to left.

1430 Orchard on right.

1680 Mesa Yitonia Cutting, Flood Outlet. Bridge 27' 0" span, timber.

1660 Gate to Ay. Nicola Cemetery to righ*.

52. 0 Mile post on right.

14 Orchard on right.

280 Track to right rejoining road near Commissioner's House.

1030 Gate to Hospital on right.

1280 Cement pipe Culvert 1' 0"

1390 Road to Limassol to left.

1400 Cement pipe Culvert 1' 0"

1704 Road passing Commissioner's Residence ta left.

53. 0 Mile post on right.

30 Gateway to Commissioner's Residence on left.

90 Entrance to Agricultural Department Gajrden on left.

120 Ay. Georghios Cutting, Flood Outlet. Bridge 13' 0" span, timber.

190 Gateway to Mr. Christian's Residence on riglit.

280 Road to Limassol to left and track to Yermasoyia to right.

660 Culvert 1' 6"

810 do. 1' 0"

1080 do. cement pipe 8"

1085 Track to Messa Yitonia.

1210 Sentry Box on left.

1320 Gypsum Factory on right.

1340 Double Culvert cement pipes 1' 0"

1650 do. do. I'O"

54. 0 Mile post on right.

40 Fence to Commissariat premises commences on right.

150 Gate in Fence. Police Depdt to right.

240 Road to Troodos to right (see ).

430 Commenceraent of Liraassol-Ktima Road.

Road to left to Limassol.

Limassol town. Head Quarters of the District, Station of Commissioner,

District Judge, Divisional Engineer, P.W.D., CoUector of Customs, Local Commandant

of Police, Port, Quarantine Station, Hotels etc.

Population, 1901 8,298.

730 Road to left, passing Divisional Engineer's Residence.

816 Garyllis Bridge, Iron, Lattice Girder, three spans of 36' 0" each.

980 Old Moslem Cemetery on right.

1139 Road to left to Moslem Quarter of Limassol.

1350 Olive tree on left opposite last house of Limassal.

65. 0 Mile post on right.

160 Caf^ on right.

180 Culvert 1' 6"

600 Garyllis Cutting, Flood Outlet, Bridge two spans of 27' 0" each,

timber.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


63

Miles Yards

970 Old mile stone ou left. From Limassol one mile to Ay. Ambrosios,

(Wine Roads) 17 miles.

56. 0 Mile post on right.

220 Track to Kato Polymedia to right.

685 do. do.

960 Culvert 2' 6"

970 Old Mile Stone on right. L. 2. A. 16.

1630 Track to Zakaki to left and to Pano Polymedia to right.

1545 Track to Asomatos to left and to Pano Polymedia to right.

67. 0 Mile post on right.

150 Well on right.

165 Cafe on right.

300 Mono Volokon Bridge 10' 0" span.

490 Track to Asomatos to left and Pano Polyniedia to right.

920 Old Mile Stone. L. 3. A. 15.

•1040 Culvert; 2'6"

1130 Track to Pano Polymedia to right.

1700 Culvert 2' 0"

68. 0 Mile post on right.

400 Culvert!'6"

900 Old MUe Stone on left. L. 4. A, 14.

1200 Track to Ypsona on right.

59.

60.

1690 do. do. and to Trachoni on left.

0 Mile post on right.

350 Ypsona Bridge three spans of 7' 6" each.

420 Track to Kantou direct.

860 Old Mile Stone on right. L. 5. A. 13.

910 Culvert 1' 6"

1350 Masonry Bridge two spans of 7' 6" each.

1560 Track to Kolossi to left.

0 Mile post on right.

860 Old Mile Stone on right. L. 6. A. 12.

920 Kolossi Threshing Floors on left.

1180 Culvert 4'0"

1230 Track to left to Traclioni.

61.

62.

1390 Kolossi Khan on right. Track to Kolossi to left.

0 Mile post on right.

820 Culvert 2'6"

860 Old Mile Stone. L. 7. A. 11.

990 Culvert 2' 6"

1220 Track to Erimi to right.

1226 Culvert 1' 6"

1260 do. 6' 0"

1820 do. r 6"

1630 do. 2' 6"

0 Mile post ou right.

10 Erimi Bridge six spans. Masonry. Old Type.

28', and 83', with Iron hand railing.

110 Erimi Bridge Ends.

166 Road to Kantou and the Wine ViUages to right

180 Track to Episcopi to left.

340 Culvert 1' 6"

440 do. r 6"

32', 31' 31' an'

' > >

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles Yards

54

690

920

1010

1060

1065

1170

1220

1222

1260

1320

1360

1420

Culvert 2'6"

Track to Episcopi to left and to Kantou to right.

Culvert 1'6"

Track to Episcopi to left and to Kantou to right.

Culvert 2' 6"

do. 2'0"

do. 4' 0"

Track to Episcopi to left and to Kantou to right.

Oaf6, Episcopi to left.

Khan do.

Culvert 1' 6"

do. 1' 6"

1450

1455

1700

Cart Road to Episcopi to left

Culvert 2' 0"

do. 2' 6"

63.

1750

0

1680

Track to Sanaja to right.

Mile post on right.

HiU.

64.

65.

66.

67.

0 Mile post on right.

150 HiU.

840 Track to Episcopi to left.

0 Mile post on right.

170 Track to Sotira to right.

340 HiU.

1650 HiU.

0 Mile post on right.

840 Top of Hill.

0 Mile post on right.

40 Top of Hill.

740 Descent to Symboula Valley commences.

68.

69.

0

210

660

1100

1310

1500

0

5

40

Mile post on right.

Zigzag.

do.

Double Culvert 1'6"

Culvert 1' 6"

do. 1' 6"

Mile post on right.

Track to Symboula Chiftlik to right and to fields to left.

Symboula Bridge, masonry, two spans of 6' 0" and one of 12' 0"

ascent commences.

70.

500 Zigzag.

530 Sheepfold on right.

740 Zigzag.

1140 do.

1570 do.

0 Mile post on right.

80 Zigzag.

330 do.

316 Culvert 1' 6"

780 do. 2' 0"

970 Top of Hill.

1010 Culvert 1'6"

1560 Track to Paramali to right.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Milei i Yards

71. 0 Mile post on right.

140 Top of Hill.

600

960

1490

Culvert 1' 6"

do. 1' 6"

Track to Paramali to right.

72. 0 Mile post on right.

850

550

780

1050

1140

1260

1310

1335

Zigzag. Track to Paramali to right.

Culvert 2' 0"

do. 2' 0"

do. 2' 0"

Track to Paramali to right.

Khan on left, Paramali.

Double Culvert 2' 6"

Paramali Bridge, masonry, 16' 0" span.

73.

1345

1860

1402

1520

0

Track to Paramali to right.

Treble Culvert 2' 6'

Culvert 2' 6"

Double Culvert 2' 6"

Mile post on right.

74.

150

230

410

450

675

0

Double Culvert 2' 0"

do. 1' 6"

Culvert 2' 0"

Track to Evdimou to right.

Double Culvert 2' 0"

Mile post on right.

540

1265

Track to Evdimou to right.

Sheepfold on right.

75.

1480

0

Track to Sea Shore to left and to Evdimou to right.

Mile post on right.

S60 Track to Sea Shore to left and to Evdimou to right.

430

810

820

Houses, wells and ruins on left.

Culvert 1' 6"

Evdimou Bridge, masonry, 14' 0" span.

840

880

1520

Track to spring to left.

Culvert 2' 0"

Track to Evdimou to right.

76.

77.

78.

0

1260

0

480

890

1620

0

Mile post on right.

Track to Sea Shore to left and to Plataniskia to right

Mile post on right.

Track to Sea Shore to left.

Hill to left. Ravine to right.

HiU.

Mile post on right.

200

800

830

970

Threshing Floor on left.

Track to Pissouri to left.

Khan on left, Pissouri.

Old Bridge to left, off road, on former track.

1000 Pissouri Bridge, masonry, 14' 0" span.

79.

1130

0

Track to Pissouri to left.

Mile post on right.

460 Zigzag.

700

780

do.

do.

55

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


56

Milei Yards

1060 Zigzag.

1120 do.

1340 Track to Pissouri to left.

1660 Village Roads to left to Pissouri and to right to Plataniskia.

80. 0 Mile post on right.

320 Top of cutting.

1490 Old Church on elevation to right.

81. 0 Mile post on right.

640 Culvert 2' 0"

1350 Track to Alektora to right.

1440 Culvert 1'6"

1620 do. 2'0"

82. 0 Mile post on right.

460 Track to Alektora to right.

770 Double Culvert, 2' 0"

1260 Culvert, 1' 6"

1420 do. 1' 6"

1556 Track to Alektora to right.

1560 Culvert, 2' 0"

83. 0 Mile post on right.

140 Culvert 2' 0"

380 do. 2' 0"

420 Zigzag.

510 do.

630 Double Culvert 2' 0"

800 Zigzag.

880 Culvert 1' 6"

1000 do. 1' 6"

1170 Zigzag.

1340 Culvert 2' 0"

1720 Double Culvert 1' 6".

84. 0 Mile post on right.

140 Culvert 1' 6"

380 Double Culvert 2' 0"

520 Culvert 1' 6"

660 do. 1' 6"

860 Entrance to Eastern and Colonial Association's House to left.

940 Wall letter box on left. Lakko-tou-Fcanko Post Office.

990 Double Culvert 2' 0"

1050 do. 2' 0"

1100 Cemetery to left and Khan, Lakko-tou-Franko to right, off road.

1200 WeU and track to Khan to right,

1205 Culvert 2' 0"

1530 do. 2' 0"

1740 do. 2' 0"

85. 0 Mile post on right,

180 Culvert 2' 6"

320 do. 2' 0"

680

880

1020

1260

1400

do. 2' 0"

do. 1' 6"

do. 2' 0"

do. 1' 6"

do. 1' 6"

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles

86.

87.

88.

89.

90.

91.

92.

Yards

1500

1690

0

185

360

970

1180

1200

1300

0

1420

1520

1700

0

80

340

540

670

780

1740

0

44

470

780

840

1120

1440

0

120

330

495

895

1040

1045

1200

1205

1640

0

140

190

300

460

640

670

910

1230

1420

1600

0

130

300

490

57

Culvert 2' 0"

Top of long descent; Ktima in view.

Mile post on right.

Culvert 2' 0"

Track to Kha Chiftlik (Sina Monastery) to right.

Culvert 1' 6"

do. 2' 0"

Guardian's House, Eastern and Colonial Association to right, off

road.

Culvert 1' 6"

Mile post on right.

Kha Zigzags commence.

Zigzag.

do.

Mile post on right.

Zigzag.

Hill to left, off road. Forest Boundary.

Culvert 2' 0"

Zigzag.

Culvert 2' 0'

Kha Bridge, masonry. 24' 0" span.

Mile post on right.

Culvert 2' 0"

Double Culvert 1' 6"

do. 1' 6"

Small Bay on Sea Shore to left, HUl to right.

Culvert 2' 0"

Treble Culvert 2' 0"

Mile post on right.

Culvert 2' 0"

do. 2' 0"

do. 2' 0"

do. 2' 6"

Treble Culvert 1' 6"

Ruined Aqueduct arches to left, off road.

Track to Kouklia to right.

Culvert, 2' 6"

Double Culvert 1' 6". Track to Kouklia to right.

Mile post on right.

Masonry Aqueduct on left. Track to Kouklia to right.

Double Culvert 1' 6"

Ruins and three Pahu trees to left.

Culvert 2' 0"

Road to Kouklia to right.

Double Culvert 2' 0"

Kouklia Bridge, with tablet inscribed in Turkish. Span 26' 0"

Track to Mandria to left.

Culvert 1' 6"

do. 2' 0"

Mile post on right.

Culvert, 2' 0"

do. 1' 6"

do. 1' 6"

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles Yards

58

780 Culvert. 1' 6"

93.

830 Xeropotamos Bridge. Eleven spans of 27' 0".

1160 Track to Nikouklia to right.

1440 Track to Mandria to left. Culvert 2' 0"

1620 Culvert 4' 0"

0 Mile post on right.

240 Double Culvert 1' 6"

Timber.

600

605

800

980

1105

Track to Mandria to left and to Lizata Chiftlik to right.

Culvert 2' 0"

do. 2' 0"

do. r 6"

do, 2'0"

94.

1220

1440

1630

0

520

550

740

840

Track to Mandria to left.

Culvert 2' 0"

do. 2' 0"

Mile post on right.

Double Culvert 2' 0"

Treble do. 2'0"

Track to Timi to right.

Cemetery to right.

Culvert 1' 6"

1150 Track to Fields to left and to Timi to right.

1860

1380

1610

Timi Bridge, masonry, 10' 6" span.

Track to Fields to left and to Timi to right.

Treble Culvert 2' 0"

95.

96.

0 Mile post on right.

40 Double Culvert 2' 0". Track to Timi to right.

190 Culvert 2'0"

430 do. 2' 0"

720 Double Culvert 2' 0"

820 do. 2' 0"

1000 do. 2' 0"

1060 Track to Timi to right.

1310 Double Culvert 1' 6"

1590 do. 2' 0"

0 Mile post on right.

320 Culvert 2' 0"

460 do. 2' 0"

780 Church on right. Akhelia.

870 Road to Jelajara to right.

1070 Culvert 2' 0"

1100 do, 3' 0"

1400 Akhelia Bridge, masonry, 28' 6" span.

1450 Track to Ay. Neophitos Chiftlik to right.

1620 Track to Akhelia to right.

97. 0 Mile post on right.

130 Culvert over Aqueduct 4' 0" span.

860 Track to Ay. Neophitos Chiftlik to right.

900 Bridge, two spans, 13' 0" each.

1700 Spring, Koloni viUage to left.

98. 0 Mile post on right.

120 Koloni village right and left.

1160 Threshing floor on elevation to right.

1240 Track to Yeroskipos to left.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


59

Miles Yards

1640 Yeroskipos viUage right and left.

1720 Small cave to left.

99. 0 Mile post on right.

55 Khan to right, last house in Yeroskipos village.

1120 Track to Konia to right.

1340 Track to Linnarka Chiftlik to right.

1460 Bridge 22' 6" span.

1600 Track to Linnarka Chiftlik to right.

100. 0 Mile post on right.

700 Treble Culvert 2' 0"

715 Air Motor in Comraissioner's garden on right.

900 Entrance Gate to Commissioner's Residence to right.

1390 do. District Judge's do.

1640 Entrance to Gymnasion to left. Meteorogical Station to right.

101. 0 Mile post on right.

30 Culvert 3' 0"

140 Front Gate of the Police Station and Prison, Ktima.

End of the Nicosia-Paphos Road via Limassol.

Ktima town. Head Quarters of the Paphos District Station of Commissioner,

District Judge, Local Comraandant of Police, Hotels etc.

Population, 1901 2,845

Port situated about 1^ miles distant at Port Paphos.

No. III.—NICOSIA-VAROSIA ROAD.

Commences at the Famagusta Gate of Nicosia.

60 Section IV. of Roads around Nicosia to right and left.

340 Road to Larnaca to right (see ).

349 Culvert.

420 Moslem Cemetery on left.

566

660

Section II. of Roads around Nicosia to right and left.

Track to Palouryiotissa to left.

680 Culvert.

1070 do.

1160 Track to Palouryiotissa to left and to Eglenii to right.

1.

2.

1380

0

80

470

680

994

0

Culvert.

MUe post on right.

Culvert.

do. top of HiU.

do.

do.

Mile post on right.

118 Track to Kaimakli to left and to Ayia Mandroes to right.

864 Bridge.

1530 Paleokhora on right. Top of HUl.

8.

1670 Ruins of Fountain on right. Good water in wet seasons.

1710 Sheepfold on left.

0 Mile post on right.

140 Culvert.

280 Bridge, two spans. 6' 6" x 6' 0" & 12' 0" x 6' 0"

330 Well on left. Franko Chiftlik ou right.

690 Culvert 12' 0" span x 5' 3" high.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


60

Miles Yards

700 Track to Ayia Chiftlik to right.

1020 Top of HUl.

1214 Culvert.

1374 Track to Haji Loucas Mandra to right.

4. 0 Mile post on right.

700 Track to Mandroes to right.

830 Culvert and Well on left.

1250 Top of HiU.

1682 Old Road on left.

5. 0 Mile post on right.

120 Track to Haji Loucas Chiftlik to right.

390 Old Road on left. WeU on right.

820 Ahnyros Valley. Culvert 12' 0" span 7' 0" high.

1370 Culvert.

6. 0 Mile post on right.

80 Top of HiU.

280 Short eut to right to 7 miles 452 yards.

860 Chingarii Culvert, 5' 9" span x 4' 6" high.

920 Old Road on right.

1800 Top of diversion.

1630 Old Road on right.

7. 0 Mile post on right.

452 Short cut to right from 6 miles 280 yards.

1652 Track to Mora to left.

8. 0 Mile post on right.

240 Track to Paleokythro to left ahd to Tymbou to right.

9, 0 Mile post on right.

220 Culvert.

672 do.

1400 Irrigation Culvert.

1404 Track to Tchumlekji Chiftlik to right.

1580

do. do.

10. 0 Mile post on right.

160 Irrigation Culvert,

170 Track to Mania ChiftUk to left.

1610 Ornithi Bridge, four spans, 30' 0" each, timber and four stone arches

5'0" each x2' 6" high.

1660 Track to Ornithi Chiftlik to right.

11. 0 Mile post on right.

100 Irrigation Culvert.

670 do.

740 do.

1190 Track to Ornithi Chiftlik to right.

1660 Culvert.

1680 Track to Ornithi Chiftlik to right.

12. 0 Mile post on right. Ornithi Village.

100 Church on right.

160 Track to Mania Chiftlik to left.

220 Culvert.

700 Track to Athienou to right.

1300 Culvert. Vineyard on right.

l.'>40 Track to Mora to left. Aphania Village.

1680 Oaf6. Aphania Village,

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles Yards

13. 0

120

180

140

440

800

1100

1740

14. 0

270

710

880

1240

1600

1720

15. 0

440

1136

16. 0

400

600

860

1460

17. 0

250

420

860

880

1020

1060

1110

1280

1426

1720

18. 0

180

790

1004

19. 0

1460

20. 0

80

340

744

1204

1670

21. 0

300

524

750

1030

1320

1630

61

Mile post on right. Centre Aphania Village.

Culvert.

Irrigation Culvert. Church on right, off road.

Culvert.

Irrigation Culvert.

Santoularis River. Culvert 8' 6" span x 5 8" high.

Top of Hill.

G&U. Ashia Village.

Mile post on right. Ashia Village.

Church on left, off road. Centre of Ashia Village.

Cafes on left. Ashia Village.

Track to Strongylo to left. Ashia Village ends.

do. Angastina do.

Culvert.

do.

Mile post on right.

Track to Strongylo to left.

WeU on right. Tra


62

Miles Yards

22. 0 Mile post on right.

80 Track to Kondea to right.

260 Track to Pistakia to left. Garden and well on right.

400 Larnaca-Lefkonico Road right and left, to Larnaca to right and

Lefkonico to left (see ).

420 Culvert.

672 Track to Kondea to right.

840 do. Pistakia to left.

880 Irish Bridge.

1660 Pistakia on left. Culvert 4' 6" x 4' 0" high.

23. 0 Mile post on right.

40 Track to Pistakia to left.

130 Sheepfolds on left.

190 Wells right and left.

810 Top of HiU.

1020 Track to Kondea to right.

1080 Kouklia ViUage. Track to Macrasyka to right.

1220 Police Station on left. Mosque on right.

1240 Khan and Post Office on left.

1266 Irrigation Culvert. Aqueduct on right, Kouklia ChiftUk.

1320 Irrigation Culvert. MUl aqueduct crosses.

1700 Water Mill on left off road.

24. 0 Mile post on right.

110 Track to miU to left.

140 Culvert.

180 do.

185 Track to Macrasyka to right.

768 Top of HiU.

920 Vineyards on right.

1090 Daoud ChiftUk, Ruins, on left.

1100 Irrigation Culvert.

1130 do.

1180 do.

1650 Top of HiU.

25. 0 Mile post and Well on right.

70 Track to Macrasyka to right.

196 Culvert.

544 Trapezia Hill on right off road.

960 Well on right.

1194 do.

1214 Garden on left.

1570 WeU on left.

26. 0 Mile post and track to Macrasyka to right.

184 Well on left. Kalopsyda VUlage.

320 Prodromes Church on left off road.

440 Track to Prastion to left.

580 do. Styllos do.

640 do. Acheritou to left Kalopsyda Village ends.

660 Diversion, old road to right.

1030 Old Road to right.

1080 Top of Hill. Sheepfold on right.

1110 Track to Akhna to right.

27. 0 Mile post on right.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


63

Miles Yards

150 Track to Yrysouthia on right.

1700 Track to Akhna on right.

28. 0 Mile post on right.

22 Culvert.

1040 Track to Vrysouthia to right.

1220 Diversion old road on right.

1520 do do.

1590 Vrysouthia Bridge, one span of 8' 5", one of 8' 6", and one of 12' 0*

1690 Track to Vrysouthia to right.

29. 0 Culvert, Mile post on right.

5 do.

64 Well on left.

146 Culvert.

170 Track to Avgora to right.

580 Top of Hill.

1154 Track to Bed of Acheritou Reservoir to left and to Avgora to right.

1490 Top of HUl.

1540 Track to Avgora to right,

1546 Culvert.

SO, 0 Mile post on right.

40 Well on right.

200 Track to Avgora to right.

240 Culvert.

254 do.

370 do.

990 Well on left.

1135 Track to Ay. Kendea Monastery to right.

1318 Irish Bridge.

1440 Track to Ay. Kendea. Well to right.

31. 0 Mile post on right.

178 Culvert.

340 Well on left. Diversion commences.

464 Culvert.

700 Top of Hill. Diversion ends.

720 Track to Acheritou to left and to Avgora to right.

1300 do. Avgora to right.

32. 0 Mile post on right.

8 Irish Bridge.

470 Track to Acheritou to left.

920 do. do.

972 Culvert, 8' 3" x 4' 0" high.

1260 Track to Acheritou to left and to Liopetri to right.

1280 do. do. Phrenaros to right.

1750 Garden on left.

33. 0 Mile post on right.

482 Track to Derinia to right.

590 Irish Bridge.

760 Top of Hill.

34. 0 Mile post on right.

420 Track to Acheritou to left and to Phrenaros to right.

550 do. do. Derinia to right.

656 Ay. Nicola Church on left.

720 WeU on right..

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


64

Miles Yards

1310 Track to Derinia to right.

35.

1610 Top of HiU.

0 Mile post on right. j ,^ • • . • i.

150 Track to Ay. Serghi to left and to Varoshia aud Derinia to right.

1720 Track to Acheritou to left.

36. 0 Mile post on right.

160 Laxi Cutting.

340 Laxi on left. Well on right.

520 Laxi Gardens on left. Track to Varoshia to right.

1040 Track to Acheritou to left and to Varoshia to right.

1620 Track to Ay. Louka to left and to Varoshia to right.

37.

38.

0

15

620

790

960

970

1398

0

58

68

80

180

240

Mile post on right.

Track to Ay. Louka to left and to Varoshia to right.

Track to Varoshia to right.

Plantation on right.

Famagusta-^Pricomo Road to left. (See ).

Drinking Fountain on right. Land Gate of Famagusta to left.

Road turns to Varoshia.

Tekke on right, off road,

Mile post on right.

Jubilee Garden on right.

Garden on right,

Road to Judge's Residence on right,

End of m.etalling,

Caf6 on left. Acropolis on right.

Terminus of the Nicosia-Varoshia Road at the entrance to Varoshia,

Famagusta, (including Varoshia). Head Quarters of District, stEBtion of

Commissioner, District Judge, Local Commandant of Police, Medical Officer.

Hotels, Bazaars, Hospital, etc.

Famagusta, a Medieval fortified Town, Port, and Harbour; Vardshia the

Residential Suburb about two miles from Port.

Population I901.-Famagusta 871 ) ^^^j 3 g^^

Varoshia 2,823 j '

No. IV.—NICOSIA-KYRENIA ROAD.

Commences at the Kyrenia Gate. Nicosia Secticm IV. Roads around

Nicosia to right.

1.

88

254

510

0

Turkish Cemetery on right.

Section IV. Roads around Nicosia to left,

Culvert. Track to Trakkona to right.

Mile post on right.

2.

700

804

884

1680

0

Track to Tannery to left and to Trakhona to right.

Stone Bridge, old type, over the Pedias River direction from left to

right. Three spans of 12' 0", 31' 6" & 13' 0" respectively.

Old Road to Kyrenia via Dicomo to right Geunyeli diversion

commences.

Orta Keuy Village. WeUs right, good water.

Mile post on right.

220 Culvert.

532 Madia Argaki Bridge, timber, 30' 0" span.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Milei i Yards

65

3, 0 Mile post on right,

4. 0 do.

324 Giuuyeli Village. >\Losque on right.

5. 0 Mile post on right.

20 Culvert.

778 Top of HiU.

1740 Village Road to Photta iu course of construction to left.

6. 0 Mile post on right.

400 Culvert.

586 do. two openings.

772 Track to fields to Karpouzan Chiftlik to left.

910 Culvert,

1186 do.

7. 0 Mile post on right.

730 Track to Yerolakko to left and to Dikomo to right.

1140 Track to Kathari to left.

8. 0 Mile post on'right.

200 Track to Photta to left and to Dikomo to right.

320 Culvert.

460 Track to Karpouzan to left and to Dikomo to right.

686 Bridge over Daoud Der6, five spans.

9. 0 Mile post on right.

10 Track to Aghirda to left and to Dikomo to right.

10. 0 Mile post on right.

140 Old Road from Nicosia via jDikomo to right. Giuuyeli diversion

ends.

348 Track to Aghirda to left.

450 Aghirda Police Station on left off road.

1150 Old Mile Stone on right. 11 miles from Nicosia-

11. 0 Mile post on right. Top of 2nd diversion.

60 Summit of St. Catherine's Pass.

180 Track to St. Hilarion Castle and Karmi to left.

850 Culvert.

1090 O'NeU's Well on right.

1630 Culvert 6'0"x 7'6^ high.

12. 0 Mile post on right.

90 Culvert.

530 do.

1140 Third diversion commences. Old Road to right.

1160 Track to Templestowe to left. Culvert.

1350 Culvert.

13. 0 Mile post on right.

100 Culvert.

140 Third diversion ends. Old Road to right.

600 Track to Bellapaise to right.

860 Fourth diversion commences. Old Road to right.

1406 do. ends. Bougasi-Mylos.

14. 0 Mile post on right.

158 ' Track to Kazaphani to right.

498 1 Culvert.

15. 0 : Mile post on right.

20 ' Track to Kyrenia, short cut, to right.

780 : Fountain on left. First house of Kyrenia on rinht.

V

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


utiles \ aids

66

1070 WeU ou left.

1270

1456

Kato Kyrenia on right.

Mr. (irigoriades house on right,

16.

1730 Road to Ay. Epictetos to right. Kyrenia North Coast Road. (See ).

0 Mile post on right.

30 Fountain on left.

40 Konak and Court on left. Burial-ground on right.

90 Land Registry Office on left.

170 Fountain on left.

280 The " Lodge," Police Offices on left. Edge of Ditch.

320 Entrance to Kyrenia Fort, containing Police Barracks and Prison.

Town and Harbour of Kyrenia lies to West near by.

Kyrenia. Head Quarters of District, Station of Comraissioner, who is also

Local Commandant of Police, District Judge. Bazaars, Hospital, Port and small

Harbour carrying on considerable commerce with Karamania.

Population, 1901 ... ... ... «. .•• 1,336

No. v.—NICOSIA-MORPHOU ROAD.

1.

Commences at the Paphos Gate of Nicosia.

94 Section IV. of Roads around Nicosia to left. Nicosia-Aradiou Road

to left. (See ).

110 Culvert Section IV. of Roads around Nicosia to right. Agricultural

Gardens on right and left.

530 Section VIII. of Roads around Nicosia to left.

540 Centre, Bridge over Pedias River, two spans masonry 24' 0" & 28'

0" re-constructed, 1901. River flows from left to right.

59U Section XII. of Roads around Nicosia to right. Roman Catholic

Cemetery on right.

1064 Track to Ay. Dometios and Yerolakko to right.

0 Mile post on right.

324 Culvert.

470 Ay. Dometios Church on left.

Culvert.

Village of Ay. Dometios on right.

2.

690

890

910

1050

1210

0

Track to Engomi on left.

Culvert,

do.

do.

(,'Ulvert two arches,

Mile post on right.

Well of good water on left.

100 Avgolia of Kykkou Monastery,

210 Mackinoditissa River Bridge, two spans of 4' 0"

3.

4.

0 MUe post on right.

660 Kolokoshis Argaki. Culvert.

1383 Ali Bey's Spring on left.

0 MUe post on right.

5. 0 do.

6.

1000

0

920

Diversion. Culvert.

Mile post on right. . . i i *in'

Causeway with four flat topped openings and one central arch ot 10

0" span over the Ovgos River. Spring of water.

7. 0 Mile post on right.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Milo Yards

8. 0 Mile post on right.

1654 Dhioiarga Bridge, 6' 0" span. Track to Kokkino Trimithia to right.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

0 Mile post on right.

300 Track to Palccometockhi to left and to Kokkino Trimithia to right.

1806 Garden and good well of water on right.

0 Mile post ou right.

0 do.

90 Track to Palueometockhi to left. Bridge over the :\lavroraargo,

Koutis, or Merika River flowing left to right. Four spans of 10

0" and 14 other openings.

230 Culvert.

0 Mile post ou right.

0

100 Ti-ack to .\eokhorio Chiftlik to right.

670 Culvert.

1020 do.

1040 Cemetery on right. Akakia Village.

1100 Culvert. do,

1240 do. do.

1290 Church on right. do.

1300 Post Office on right. do.

No. VI.—NICOSIA-ARADIOU (PALEOKHORIO) ROAD.

Coumiences at the Paphos Gate of Nicosia.

4 Nicosia-Morphou Road to right (see ) Section IV. Roads

around Nicosia to left.

30 Agricultural Department's Garden on right.

50 Public Gardens on right.

140 Plantation on left.

336 " i\lana-tou-Xerou," Regulator of the Aqueducts on left. Section

VIII. Roads around Nicosia right and left.

354 Nicosia General Hospital on right.

370 Section XV. Roads around Nicosia to right.

544 do. IX. do. • left.

584 Anglican CliurcU of St. Paul on left.

634 Private Residence of Dr. Heidenstam on right.

670 do. Mr. Collett on left.

752 Air Motor and well on left.

874 Private Residence of Mr. Smallwood on right.

'.i!>4 Section XT. Roads around Nicosia leading to the Government Offices

to left. Section XV. to right.

1134 Air Mutur and well of Governraeut Offices|on left. Pedias River

on right.

1270 Culvert. Pedias River on right.

1280 First House of .\y. Omoloyitades Village on left.

1550 \'illage Road to left, ('entre Ay. Omoloyitades Village.

1684 Church, Av. Omolovitades Village.

1. 0 Mile post on right.

152 \y. Omoloyitades Village ends.

180 Foot path to (ioveriiuient House to right.

478 Section Vll. Roads around Xicosia to lefi.

560 Culvert. Plantation, Government House grounds on right.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

F2


68

Miles Yards

692

692

712

758

Plantation on left

Section III. Roads around Nicosia to left.

Entrance Gates to Government House on right.

Culvert. Section IL, Roads around Nicosia to left and Road up

to Staff huts on left..

1080 Air Motor, Government House Well; and ViUage Road to Strovilo

on right.

1234

1328

Culvert.

Well on left.

1674 Tratik to Ay. Paraskevi to left and to Strovilo to right,

2.

3.

4.

5.

0 Mile post on right and Gardens.

49 House and Garden on left.

368 Track to Latzia to left.

502 do.

560 do. Xeri do.

704 do. Latzia do. and to Strovilo to right.

858 do. Xeri do. do.

1180 Culvert 11' 0" span x 6 6" high.

0 Mile post on right.

198 Culvert. 8'0" span x 6'6" high.

0 Mile post on right.

1400 Moslem Burial-ground on left. Garden on right.

15»0 Culvert.

1670 Track to Archangelos Monastery to right. Kato Lakatamia Village

commences.

0 Mile post on right. Kato Lakatararaia Village.

150 Post Offi6e on right. do.

200 Cafe and Well on right good water. Kato Lakatammia Village.

444

642

852

898

1320

Kato Lakatammia Village ends.

Culvert.

Track to Pano Lakatammia to right.

Culvert.

Garden on right. Pano Lakatammia ViUage commences.

1630

6. 0

304

882

Culvert. .Pano Lakatammia Village ends.

Mile post on right.

Culvert.

Timber Bridge 18' 2" span.

7.

910 Track to Pera to left.

1258 Culvert two openings.

1582 do.

1640 Track to Tracka Chiftlik to right.

0 Mile post on right.

326 Irrigation Culvert.

8.

578 Paleoraylos Bridge, one span 27' 0" timber and seven masonry arches.

580 Water Mill on right off road.

852 Wells ou left. Stream of water on right.

151() Irrigation Culvert.

0 Mile post on right.

80 Kato Deftera Village commences.

124 Irrigation Culvert.

141 Mudirate and Folice Station on left. Post Office on right.

180 Mosque and Moslem School on left.

210 Culvert.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


69

Miles Yards

390 Village Road to Pera to left.

730 Church on right, C&U on left.

900 Culvert. ~

1100 Post Office, Pano Deftera on right.

1398 Culvert.

1502 ChiftlUs on right.

1614 Track to Psomolopho to left. Culvert.

9. 0 Mile post on right.

38 Irrigation Culvert.

250 do.

288 do.

400 Centre of Pedias River, Ford, flows from left to right.

830 Track to Anayia to left.

1170 do. do. WeU on right.

1200 do. do.

1230 do. Ayious to right.

1550 do. Anayia to left.

1630 do. Ayious Tremithias to right.

10. 0 Mile post on right.

986 Bridge over the Mavromargo. 15' 0" span masonry,

1360 End of metaUing,

1480 Top of HiU.

11. 0 Mile post on right.

No. VIL—NfCOSIA-RIZO CARPAS ROAD.

Commences at the Famagusta Gate of Nicosia.

40 Section IV, Roads around Nicosia to right,

1.

180

550

684

1622

1730

0

do. do, left and track to Kaimakli.

Palaouriotissa Village on right off road.

Track to Kaimakli to left.

do. Palekythro to right.

Culvert.

Mile post on right

60 Track to Kaimakli to left and to Mandraes to right.

360 Culvert.

2.

3.

616 do.

670 Track to Kaimakli to left and to Palekythro to right.

1700 Culvert.

0 Mile post on right.

680 Culvert.

1330 do.

0 Mile post on right.

206 Culvert.

390 Mia Milia Bridge over the Pedias River, direction from left to right.

Three spans of 40 feet each.

560 Culvert.

670 do.

750

1184

1400

1540

Mia Millia causeway with four openings..

Mia Millia Village. Track to Chrysostonioa Monastery and Buffavento

to left.

Culvert.

do.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


:Hiles

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

'J.

Yards

0

80

124

340

550

1200

1590

0

354

460

1310

1370

0

100

760

780

1032

0

192

258

280

440

r,2()

(;74

730

1150

1360

1140

1754

0

140

160

194

270

530

870

920

960

1070

1170

1270

1810

1474

1640

1756

0

90

l'.>4

2G()

370

750

886

910

70

^lile post on right.

Culvert.

('Ulvert two openings.

Siraithia causeway. •

Culvert.

do.

Track to Neokhorio to right.

Mile post on right.

Oul vert.

do. two spans,

do.

do.

Mile post on right.

Culvert.

do.

do.

do.

]\lile post on right.

Culvert two spans,

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

do. 6' 0" span x 6' 0" high,

do.

do.

Mile post on right. Kythrea Village.

Cafe on left. do.

Police Station on left. do.

Culvert.

do.

do.

do.

do.

. do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

Bridge 15' 6" span x 8' 0" high.

Track to Kythrea to left and to Exometochi to right.

r^ulvert.

]\[ile post on right.

Culvert,

do. Track to Kythrea to left.

Track to Kythrea to left.

Culvert. Bey Keuy.

Track to Epikho to right.

Oul vert.

Epikho Bridge 12' 0" span x 6' 6" high.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles Vards

71

1060 Culvert.

1126 Exometokhi Bridge. 5' 0" span x 4' 3" high.

1860 Culvert.

1460 do.

1650 do.

10. 0 Mile post on right,

330 Bridge, three spans of 6' 4", 9' 6' x 9 6" respectively.

962 Culvert.

1062 Katouros River Bridge 12' 6". WeU on right.

1228 Culvert.

1420 Track to Angastina to right.

11. 0 Mile post on right.

330 Track to Epikho.

1194 Culvert.

1230 do.

12. 0 Mile post on right.

310 Culvert.

340 do.

390 do.

410 Petra tou Dhieni Bridge, 14' 0" span x 8 0" high.

600 Petra tou Dhieni Village on left, off road.

good water.

Garden and Well of

1330 Kuchuk River Bridge, 12' 0" x 13' 0 high.

13. 0 Mile post on right.

1274 Setecli Dere Bridge 12' 0" x 7' 0" high.

1456 Culvert.

14. 0 W\\e post on right.

170 Track to Kornokipos to left and to Palekythro to right.

320 Road to Marathovouno Main Uoad to i-ight (sec ).

14.32 (!ulvert.

1470 Hridge of three spans over the Kars Here, two spans 7' 0", one span

15' 0'

1500 (^ulvert.

1590 'i^rack to Chatos to left.

1710 dulvert.

15. 0 Mile post on right.

1480 Culvert.

1720 Track to Chatos to left and to Marathovouno to right.

16. 0 Mile post on right.

430 Culvert.

470 Chatos Bridge, two spans of 15' 0" x 8' 0" high and 6' 0" x 3' 0"

660 Culvert.

1020 do.

1130 do. 10' 0" span x5' 6" high,

1360 do.

1630 do. 10' 0" span x 6' 0" high.

1620 do.

17. 0 Mile post on right.

1340 Track to Tripimeni to left and to Vitzada to right.

18. 0 Mile post ou right.

12.50 (Advert.

19. 0 Mile post on right.

120 dulvert.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


72

Miles Yards

20.

250

370

450

660

714

0

420

850

1460

1480

Track to Vitzada to right.

Knodara Bridge, 20' 0" main span and four flat topped openings

2' 6" X 2' 0' high.

Culvert. Konetra or Knodara Village.

do. 10' 0" span x 6' 0" high VUlage Wells on left.

do. 10'6" over Irrigation channel,

Mile post on right.

Culvert.

do. 11' 0" span x5' 0" high.

do.

do.

21.

22.

1490

0

88

360

680

804

1140

1572

0

132

204

Psilatos, or Ipsilat ViUage.

Mile post on right.

PsUatos Bridge, 14' 10" span.

Culvert.

do.

do.

do.

Bridge, 19' 9" span x 10' 6" high.

Mile post on right.

Culvert.

do.

2.i,

630 do. 10'0" span. 1 Embankment revetted 8'0" high between

680 do. 10' 0" do. j the two bridges.

1626 Well on left. Only sweet water for VUlage of Lefkonico.

0 Mile post on right.

60 Track to Yenagra to right.

240 WeU on right. Water only potable for animals.

270 Lefkonico Village commences.

660 VUlage Judge's Court on left.

820 Post Office on right.

900 Junction of Main Larnaca-Lefkonico Road on right.

1180 Cafe on left.

1190 Creos Potamos Ford. (Unbridged).

1340 Lefkonico Village ends.

24. 0 Mile post on right.

1100 Track to Vouphaes to left.

15. 0 Mile post on right.

640 Culvert.

718 do.

894 Yephiras Bridge, 18' 0" span x9' 0" high.

26. 0 Mile post on right.

760 Gypsos VUlage and well of good water on left.

1010 Cafe on right. Gypsos.

1270 Post Office on right. Gypsos.

27.

28.

29.

1310

0

0

1540

0

300

1130

1662

Culvert.

Mile post on right.

do.

Track to Lapathos to right.

jlile post ou right.

Track to Lapathos to right.

Culvert.

do.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles Yards

30. 0

130

510

lOlO

1210

1482

1590

1704

31. 0

226

320

1700

32. 0

220

340

1260

1270

1300

1472

38. 0

210

220

340

580

34.

35.

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

0

0

0

1000

1100

1200

0

1280

0

1750

0

1540

0

120

620

730

0

464

0

1120

0

840

0

1320

1340

0

73

Mile post on right.

Culvert.

do. two openings.

Top of diversion, Syncrassi Resei-voir.

Culvert.

Well on left. Good water.

Culvert. Syncrassi Village on right.

Syncrassi Bridge, 19' 0" span x 9' 0" high.

Mile post on right.

Culvert.

do.

Kharanga Culvert 8' 0" span x 4' 0" high.

Mile post on right.

Track to Syncrassi to right.

Culvert.

do.

do.

Tricomo causeway with four openings.

Cemetery on left. Well on left, good water.

Mile post on right. Tricomo Village.

Police Station on left. Church on right. Tricomo Village.

School on left. do.

Tricomo Village.

Church on left. Main Road to Famagusta (Famagusta-Tricomo

Road. See ).

( Mile post on right.

I Garden on right and left.

Mile post on right.

do.

Old Road to Famagusta to right.

Plakota or Bougaz causeway, and track to Monarga on left.

Track to Monarga to left. The Tricomo Bougaz.

Mile post on right.

Track to Avgolidha to left.

Mile post on right.

Psilidhraki Bridge, 19' 0" span x 10' 0" high.

Mile post and track to Gastroulli Grain Stores on right.

Church on left Kamaraes Garden and Spring bad water on right.

Mile post on right.

Track to Gastria to right.

Track to Patriki to left.

Culvert 11'0" span.

Mile post on right.

Patriki Branch Road to left. Track to Gastria to right.

Mile post on right.

Track to Patriki to left.

]\Iile post on right.

Track to Komi Kebir to left. Ay. Theodoros VUlage, Post Office

aud Ottoman Telegraph Go's Office.

Mile post on right.

Garden and Well ou loft. Paleoraylos Bridge 15' 0" span.

Track to Galatia to left.

Mile post on right.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles Yards

46. 0

910

47. 0

220

1050

48. 0

49. 0

60. 0

890

51. 0

240

260

1116

52. 0

53. 0

800

54.

.55,

56.

57.

58.

59.

60.

61.

62.

6S.

64.

65.

66.

67.

0

50

980

1040

1740

0

0

0

300

720

760

1040

1100

0

1240

1450

0

1100

0

740

810

0

1.50

0

1320

0

704

0

1440

0

660

0

1050

0

1460

74

Mile post on right.

Track to Leonarisso to left. Short cut bridle path.

^lile post on right.

Track to Galatia to left. Post Office on right. Tavros Village.

Track to Leonarisso to left.

Mile post on right.

do.

do.

Koudounas Bridge two spans of 20' 0" & 10' 0" respectively.

Mile post on right.

Koraa tou Yialou Village.

Post Office on right.

Top of Hill.

Mile post on right.

do.

Track to Tavros to left junction of shor cut bridle path from 46

miles 910 yards.

Mile post on right.

Track to Galatia to left.

Church on left. Leonarisso Village.

Post Office on right. do.

Old Road to Rizo Carpas to right.

Mile post on right.

do.

do.

Ay. Andronikos Village.

Ay. Photou Church on right. Ay. Andronikos Village,

School on right. do.

Post Office on right. do.

Culvert.

Mile post on right.

Gardens on left. Maliotis Valley Culvert.

Spring on left.

Mile post on right.

Yialloussa Village commences.

Mile post on right.

Post Office on right. Yalloussa Village.

Police Station on right. do.

Mile post on right.

Track to Nirades on right.

Mile post on right.

Arabeli Potamos.

Mile post on right.

Melini Bridge 12' 0" span recent diversion.

MUe post on right.

Katartia Spring to left. Machercona on right. Track to Ruins

and ancient Egyptian Statues.

Mile post on right.

Ay. "^rhersis Monastery on left.

Mile post on right.

Goftos Potaraos Culvert 10' 0" span.

Mile post on right.

Ayios Photios Church and Spring off road to right.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


lilet

68.

69,

70.

71.

72.

73.

Yards

0

0

670

0

890

0

4.50

1000

0

330

0

966

1000

1160

1370

1580

75

Mile post on right.

do.

Bridge of ^fonasteraki or Selenia 10' 6" span.

Mile post on right.

Track to Panayia Eleousa Monastery to right.

Mile post on right.

Potamos tou Lari Bridge 12' 0" span.

Potamiii Bridge one arch of H' 0 " span and two small openings.

Mile ])ost on right.

First liou.se in Rizo Carpas.

Mile j.


76

Miles Yards

1470 Track to Alethriko to left.

8. 0 Mile post on right.

860 Track ta Alethriko to left.

1435 do. do.

1680 Alethriko Bridge, Timber, 27' 0" span.

9. 0 MUe post on right.

1540 Irish Bridge.

10. 0 Mile post on right.

330 Anglesidhes Bridge, Timber, two spans of 27' 0" each.

620 Track to Kato Anglesidhes to left.

1300 Track to Pano Anglesidhes to right.

1500 Khan on right, Anglesidhes.

1580 Village Road to Kato Anglesidhes to left.

1595 Khan on left, Anglesidhes, track to Pano Anglesidhes to right.

11. 0 Mile post on right.

95 Track to Pano Anglesidhes to right.

110 do. Kato Anglesidhes to left.

825 do. Alaraino to left.

1580 Pine trees right and left.

1745 Menoyia Bridge, Timber, 27' 0" span.

12. 0 MUe post on right.

10 Village Road to Menoyia to left.

660 Track to Menoyia to left.

13. 0 Mile post on right.

240 Pitharouli Bridge, timber, 27' 0" span.

1000 Xeropotamos Bridge, Timber, three spans of 27' 0" each.

1570 Culvert 8' 0"

14. 0 MUe post on right.

1260 Track to Kato Kophinou to left.

1600 do. do.

15. 0 Mile post on right.

150 .Junction with Nicosia-Limassol-Paphos Road. (See No.

Larnaca-Kophinou Road ends.

No. IX.—LIMASSOL-TROODOS ROAD.

Commences at junction with Limassol-Ktiraa Road.

to left.

(See No. )

Flour mill on right.

190 Road to Kophinou, Nicosia and Larnaca etc. (See No.

Paphos Road) to right. Police Depot on rights

Nicosia-

296 Guard Room, Police Depot on right.

right and left.

War Department compounds

370 Royal Engineers Yard on left.

384 Boundary Stone. W. 1). No. 9 on left.

460 Corner of Fence, Royal Engineer's Yard on left.

548 do. Commissariat Yard on right.

550 Track to Ay. Phyla to right.

620 Gate of last house in Iiimassol and Khan ou right.

810 Vathkia Bridge, Skew, Timber, one span of 20' 0" and one 16' 0"

950 Culvert 2' 0"

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


77

Miles Yards

1390 Track to Reservoir to right Limassol water works.

1.

2.

1680 Sports Ground on left.

0 Mile post on right.

192 Old Stone mile post No. 1 on right.

540 Track to Ay. Phyla to right.

900 do. Reservoir do.

1180 do. Ay. Phyla do.

1500 do. Kato Polymedia to left.

1580 Culvert 2 0"

0 Mile post on right.

100 Culvert 2' 0"

240

800

920

980

1300

do. 1' 6"

do. 4' 0"

Road to Polymedia Camp to right.

Track to Pano Polymedia to left.

do. water tank and Pano Polymedia to left.

1460 Culvert 1'6"

3. 0 do. 1' 0"; Mile post on right.

108 Entrance Gate to MiUtary Cemetery on right.

440 Culvert 2'0"

4.

640 do. 1' 6"

860 Boundary Stone, W. D. No. 7 on right.

880 Culvert 1'0"

980 do. I'O"

1080 Boundary Stone No. 8 on right.

1220 Culvert 2' 0" and track to Camp to right.

1224 Boundary Stone, W, D. No. 9 on right.

1450 Culvert 2'0"

1480 Boundary Stone, W. D. No. 11 on right.

1640 Culvert I'O"

1745 do. 2' 0"

0 Mile post on right.

190 Old Stone mUe post No. 2 on right.

660 Culvert 1'6"

770 do. 3' 0"

860 do. 1' 6"

1210 Retaining Wall against Garyllis River on left.

1710 Culvert 1'6"

5. 0 Mile post on right.

135 Culvert 2'0"

220 do. 1' 0"

480 Mersini Argaki Bridge, Skew, Timber, 15' 0" span;

6.

680 Culvert 2'0"

1240 do. I'O"

1600 Track to Palodhia to right.

0 Mile post on right.

150 Track to Palodhia to right.

330 do. Paramytha to right.

750 Culvert Skew, 8'0"

1020 Aqueduct Arches on right off road.

1140 Culvert 2'0"

1180 Khan. Ay. Irini on right.

1230 do, do.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles Yard*

7S

7.

8.

1490

0

210

280

286

0

710

Ay. Irini Bridge over GaryUis River direction from right to left

Timber floor ou steel joists 30' 0" span.

Mile post on right.

Track to Ay. Irini Church to left.

Khan ou right.

Track to Limnati to right.

Mile post on right.

Culvert 4' 0"

9.

Iv).

780

0

720

0

"Pig-Dog" Timber Bridge, one span of 37' 0" and one of 18' 6"

Mile post on right.

Track to Ay. Kyra to right.

Culvert 1'6". Mile post ou right.

11.

400

1440

1540

0

do. ro"

Khan on left. Cafe ou right. Zygo.

Zygo Bridge, one span of 22' 0" and one of 29' 0"

Mile post on right.

340 Track to Mavromati Spring to left.

570 " Pigeon-Gorge " Timber Bridge, three gpans of 9' 0" each.

80o Threshing floor ou right.

1320 " Khalasa " Timber Bridge, Skew, three spans of 30' 0" each.

1690 Track to Lophos to left.

12. r- '0 Mile post on right.

310 Short cut to left, rejoining sarae road.

1620 do. right do.

13. 0 Mile post on right.

160 Short cut to left, rejoining same road.

1620 Hills to right. Amiandos River to left.

14. 0 Mile post on right.

220 HUls to right. Amiandos River to left.

750 Havara pit on right.

1730 Hill to right. Amiandos River to left,

15. 0 Mile post on right

240 Old Stone mile post No 15.

740 Pine trees on left.

1180 Track to Monagri to left.

16. 0 Mile post on right.

180 Hills to right. Amiandos River to left.

1040 Track to Doros to left.

1540 do. and to Vineyards to right.

17. 0 Mile post on right.

100 Track to Doros to left and to Vineyards to right.

400

490

730

920

Doros Bridge, masonry, 11' 0" span.

Track to Doros to left.

Bridle path to Lania to right.

Culvert 4'0"

1110 Track to Doros to left and to Lania to right.

1270

1320

1500

Khan on right, Lania.

Conspicuous Oak tree on left.

Lania Bridge, Timber, seven spans of 27' 0" each.

18. 0 MUe post on right. -, ^ • • i

200 Track to MiU and Ay. Georgios to left and to Lania to right.

240 Culverii 3' 0"

420 do. 2'6"

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


79

Miles Yards

480 Culvert 1' 6"

486 Main Road to Trimiklini to right.

Road).

(See Trimiklini-KarvounaB

800 Zigzag.

920 do.

1200 do.

1390 do.

1580 do.

19. 0 Mile post on right.

80 Culvert 3' 6"

840 Zigzag.

550 PhiUipou's Khan to left. Silikou Bridge.

560 Culvert over Aqueduct to Mill, 2' 0"

570 Silikou Bridge, Timber, three spans, 16' 0', 25' 0" & 19' 0' respectively

over Amiandos River.

840 Culvert 3' 0"

890 Zigzag.

930 do.

990 do.

1080 do.

1160 do.

1210 do.

1380 do.

1420 do.

1510 Culvert 4' 0"

1630 do. 3' 6"

1710 VUlage Road to Silikou to left.

20. 0 Mile post on right.

200 Blackbird Bridge, Timber, Decking on steel joists, three spans of

29' 0" each.

420 Zigzag.

780 Culvert 1' 6"

1015 Stump of old Telegraph pole to right.

1420 Track to Trimiklini to right and Silikou to left.

21. 0 ^lile post on right.

24o Pine trees right and left. Ravine on right.

330 Track to Trimikhni to right.

780 Zigzag.

1070 do.

1180 do.

1285 do.

1510 do.

22. 0 Mile post on right.

60 Zigzag.

930 do.

1290 do.

1590 do.

23. 0 Mile post on right.

140 Zigzag.

720 Culvert 1' 6"

780 do. 3' 0"

920 do. 2' 0"

924 Track to Kouka to left and to Trimiklini to right,

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


80

Miles Yards

1040 Culvert 1' 6"

1540 Track to Kouka to left and to Spring to right.

1620 Culvert 4' 0"

1650 do. 1' 6"

24. 0 Mile post on right.

70 Zigzag.

340 Culvert 1' 6"

540 do. 4' 0"

585 Track to Mill below Amiandos Bridge to right.

1140 Track to Perapedhi to left.

1550 do. Moniatis to right.

1605 Irrigation Culvert, 1' 0"

1645 Track to Wine Factory and to Moniatis to right.

1670 Village Road to Perapedhi to left.

1740 Irrigation Culvert, 1' 0"

25. 0 Mile post on right.

160 Khan on left, Perapedhi.

180 Culvert, 7' 6"

185 Bridle path, short cut, to Platres to right.

200 Irrigation Culvert, 1' 0"

244 Ram House of Wine Factory to right.

260 Bridge, one span of 12' 0" and one of 10' 0"

380 Culvert 1' 6"

440 do. 2' 6"

730 do. 10'0"

940 do. 4' 0"

1120 do. 1'6"

1610 do, 4' 0"

26. 0 Mile post on right.

45 Zigzag.

82 do.

360 Culvert 6' 0"

656 do. 4' 0"

1230 Zigzag, track to Kilani to left.

1560 Culvert 1' 6"

27. 0 Mile post on right.

230 Culvert 1' 6"

810 do. 7' 6"

980 do, 1' 0"

1020 do, 1' 6"

1120 do, 1' 6"

1310 Track to Mandria to left.

1340 Culvert 1' 6"

1460 do. 1' 6". Track to Mandria to left.

1600 Track to Mandria to left.

28. 0 Mile post on right.

60 Culvert 1' 6"

170 Mandria Bridge, Timber. Decking on steel joists, two spans of 25' 6"

each.

270 Main Road to Omodhos to left. (See Mandria-Omodhos Road).

480 Culvert 1' 6"

665 do. Timber 2' 0"

980 do. 1'6"

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


81

Miles Yards

1020 Church of Kato Platres on left.

1200 Walnut tree on left.

1215 Culvert 7' 4"

1460 ViUage Road to Kato Platres and Phini to left.

1720 Culvert 6' 0"

29. 0 Mile post on right.

190 Bridge, 12' 0"

560 Culvert 7' 6"

800 do. 1' 6"

1240 do. 1' 6"

1340 do. 1' 6"

1730 Bridle Path from Perapedhi, from 26 miles 185 yards.

30. 0 Mile post on right.

60 Platres-Prodromos Road to left.

680 Church of Pano Platres on left.

740 Culvert 1' 6"

1010 Cafe on left, khan on right. Pano Platres viUage.

1160 do.

1320 Culvert 1' 6"

1880 Track to MUl to left.

1480 War Department Barrack Store on left, entrance to Royal Engineer

Yard on right.

1640 Ordnance Store on right.

1680 Boundary Stone, W.D. No. 8.

31. 0 MUe post. Carriage Road ends. Road continues to Troodos as a

Bridle Road, but passable for carts lightly loaded.

40 Track to Mr. Michell's Summer Retidence to left.

224 Timber Culvert 4' 0". " Sleepy Hollow " to left.

350 Mill Aqueduct crosses.

380 Mill on right off road.

1095 Zigzag.

1280 do. track to sheepfolds, Trooditissa Monastery and to Asprokremmos.

1745 Iron Pipe leading from spring on right.

32. 0 Mile post on right.

20 Culvert, Timber, 10' 0"

260 Zigzag.

580 do.

800 do.

1140 do,

1710 do.

33. 0 Mile post on right.

SO Track to Caledonia to right.

440 do. Asprokremmos to left.

660 Zigzag.

830 Track to Government Offices to left.

continues to Nicosia.

Carriage Road resumed and

1700 Government Offices on left and P.W.D. Store on right.

1720 Track to Government Offices.

34. 0 Mile post on right.

140 Ram house on right.

410 Creos Potaraos Bridge 10' 0* span.

460 Zigzag.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

G


8g

Miles Yards

670 Zigzag.

760 Road to Governraeut Cottage to righfi.

950 Zigzag.

1010 do.

1300 Road to Pumping Station to left.

1880 Zigzag.

1505 do.

1650 do.

36. 0 Mile post on right

420 Telegraph Offices on left off road.

620 Ruins of Khan on right.

900 The Camp Bakery and ovens.

906 Road to South Camp to right. War Department Shed on left.

1200 Post Office Hut, Troodos. Limassol-Troodos Road ends.

Troodos. Suinraer Resort of the Civil Government and of the MUitary

stationed in Cyprus.

^ No. X. -LARNACA-LEFKONICO ROAD.

Comraences at junction with Nicosia-Larnaca Road at 25 miles 746

yards from Nicosia opposite the District Court House, Konak

Square, Larnaca. Passes back of Quarantine Station.

138 Public Works Stores, back, on righf;, off road.

476 Masonry Culvert crossing drain from Bamboula Marsh.

640 Track to Livadia to left.

910 Slaughter house on right off road.

1293 Culvert, Mattel's drain.

1480 Track to Voroklini to left.

1. 0 Mile post on right.

1398 Culvert Livadia Marsh on left.

2. 0 Mile post on right.

20 Culvert.

386 do.

710 do.

950 do.

1374 do.

1670 Phonissa Bridge, Timber 30' 0" span x 4' 0" high.

3. 0 Mile post on right. Livadia Marsh on left.

48 Track to Voroklini to left.

612 Bishop Chiftlik Bridge, two spans.

1106 Culvert.

1684 do.

4. 0 Mile post on right.

786 Old Road to Famagusta via Orm^idia to right.

944 Despoti Chiftlik on left, off road.

1470 Culvert.

1(510 do. Marsh on left.

1726 do.

5. 0 MUe post on right.

106 Culvert.

6. 0 Mile post on right.

980 Chiflicoudi (Riddell's Chiftlik) on left.

7. 0 Mile post on right.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles Yards

1004

1604

1634

8. 0

534

1300

9, 0

1480

10. 0

280

11. 0

1060

1360

12. 0

570

1580

13. 0

660

1040

1580

14. 0

380

960

1630

15. 0

50

16.

17.

18.

19.

264

430

0

320

1158

1220

0

40

1092

1120

1150

1234

1244

1730

0

1330

0

200

854

994

1140

1208

1340

1410

1600

83

Centre of Pyla Village.

Culvert.

Mehmet Ali Bridge. Pyla Bougaz Diversion.

Mile post on right.

Top of Diversion. Track to Ormidia and Xylotimbos to right.

Track to Xylotimbos to right.

Mile post on right.

Well on left. Pergamos Village.

Mile post on right.

Track to Lysi to left.

Mile ppst on right.

Culvert.

Track to Kontea to left.

Mile post on right.

Ayios Mamas Church on left.

Track to Kontea to left.

Mile post on right.

Water tank on right.

Mr. Lapierre's Garden on right.

Track to Kontea to left.

Mile post on right.

Track to Kontea to left and to Kouklia to right,

do. do. do.

do. do. do.

Mile post on right.

Main Road Nicosia to Varoshia crosses from left to right. {See

No. ). Calvert; two openings.

Track to Kouklia Reservoir to right.

do. Sinta to left.

Mile post on right.

Track to Kontea to left.

Phiniki Bridge, two spans.

Culv6rt.

Mile post on right.

Culvert.

do.

Track to Lysi to left.

Oxydena Bridge, one arch 12' 0" x 9' 0" and two arches 6' 0" x 6' 0"

each.

Bridge, two spans of 11' 10" each X6' 6" high.

Culvert.

-do.

Mile post on right.

Track to KoukUa to right.

Mile post on right.

Culvert.

do.

do,

do,.

Tower of Ruined WindmUl to right, Prastio' Village,

Culvert. Prastio VUlage.

Post Office on left. Church oil right off road Prastio Village.

Track to Pyrga and Yenagra tO left and td Gaidoura to right.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles Yards

20. 0

280

604

700

1120

1130

1270

21. 0

630

1090

1100

1160

1180

22. 0

300

950

1180

23. 0

140

24. 0

656

26.3 0

1194

1590

26. 0

40

140

266

84

MUe post on right.

Culvert.

Causeway over the Kopris River (Pedias).

Well on right of good water, whence the village derives its water

supply.

Culvert.

Track to Pyrga to left and to Famagusta to right.

Ay. Georghi Church on right.

Mile post on right.

Culvert.

Track to Pyrga to left.

Bridge of two spans of 12' 0" each over the Plakos River.

Track to Sandalaris to right.

Culvert.

Mile post on right.

Culvert.

Track to Pyrga to left. Peristerona Village to right.

Track to Yenagra to left and to Maratha to right.

Mile post on right.

Track to Yenagra to left. Pyyi Village to right.

Mile post on right.

Koukera Bridge 12' 0' span x 6' 4" high.

Mile post on right.

Kryos River Bridge, three spans.

Well, good water, on left. Lefkonico Village commences.

Mile post on right. Lefkonico Village.

Church on right. do.

Police Station to left. do.

Terminus of the Larnaca-Lefkonico Road and junction with the

Nicosia-Rizo Carpas Road from left to right.

No. XL—KTIMA-PORT PAPHOS ROAD.

Commences outside the Konak at Ktima.

40 Track to spring to right.

205 Tracks to Ay. Kindia Quarter to left and to gardens to right.

310 Culvert 2' 6"

315 Track from East Ktima on left.

360 Culvert 2' 6"

400 Kato Vrysis, spring to right, pipes hence to Port Paphos.

730 Track to Yeroskipos to left and to gardens to right.

1100 Alakati and Garden to right.

1280 Branch track, short cut, to Paphos, to left.

1420 Alakati and Garden to right.

0 Mile post on right.

340 Ay. Thekla cave on left.

540 Track to Lighthouse to right.

680 Alakati and Garden to right. Scattered dweUings right and left

constituting Port Paphos.

1280 Jetty, Port Paphos to left. Customs House, Grain Stores and

Warehouses on right,

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Miles Yards

85

No. XII.—KYRENIA-LAPITHOS ROAD.

60

150

322

570

1240

Commences at the junction with the Nicosia-Kyrenia Road, at 16

miles 90 yards, outside the Land Registry Office at Kyrenia.

Road passing entrance to District Court.

Fountain to left, Victoria Road to right, Kyrenia.

Fountain on left.

Culvert.

do.

1360 Track to Templos Village to left.

1470 Track to the " Farm " (Mr. Houston's House) to right.

Stone on left.

1630 Track to Karmis to left.

1. 0 Mile post on right.

430 Culvert 10' 0" span x 11' 0" high.

986 do.

1570 do.

2. 0 Mile post on right.

110 Culvert.

342 do.

686 do.

1270 do. 8' 0" span x7' 6" high.

1528 Well on right. Culvert.

1610 House on left. Ay. Georghi Church on right.

1650 Track to Trimithi to left.

1704 Bridge 12' 0" span x 14' 0" high.

3. 0 Mile post on right.

620 Culvert.

958 Shiliomodousa house on right, off road.

1116 Culvert.

4. 0 Mile post on right.

600 AVell on right.

770 Culvert.

5. 0 Mile post on right. Kalamouli, House on right.

230 Culvert 10' 0" span x6' 0" high.

580 do.

820 Platani Bridge 17' 6" span x 7' 0" high.

1740 Culvert. Well on right.

6. 0 Mile post on right.

344 Ay. Andreas on right. Culvert 10' 0" span 12' 0" high.

1040 Bridge 12' 0" span x7' 0" high.

Old Mile

7.

1464

1736

0

72

Irrigation Culvert.

Irrigation Culvert.

Mile post on right.

Irrigation Culvert.

340

650

694

720

Track to Karavas to left.

Mr. Grigoris House to left.

Irrigation Culvert.

do.

764

780

do.

do.

820

870

do.

do.

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


8^

Miles Yard

930 - Irrigation Culvert.

960 do.

970 do. Lamboussa Yillagei

1000 Calvert.

8.

1074

1150

1244

1400

1680

1720

0

80

300

do.

do. 10' 0" span x 8' 6" high,

do.

do.

do.

do.

Mile post on right.

Culvert 10' 0" span x 9' 0" high,

do.

890 do.

430

620

1380

1420

do.

do.

Bridge 16' 0" span x 9' 0" high.

Lapithos Village comraences.

CLASSIFICATION OF ROADS AROUND NICOSIA.

TRUNK ROADS.

The Kythrea Trunk Road, frora the Faraagusta Gate, direct.

The Famagusta Trunk Road, from the Larnaca Road atid the. Moslem

Cemetery outside the Famagusta Gate, direct.

The Larnaca Trunk Road, from the Famagusta Gate, direct:

The Limassol Trunk Road, from the Ay. Antonio entrance, direct.

The Deftera Trunk Road, from the Paphos GatCj through the village of Ay.

Omoloyitades.

The Morphou Trunk Road, from the Paphos Gate, direct.

The Kyrenia Triink Road, fronii the Circular Road at the So'uth-IVest angle .

of the Moslem Cemetery near the Kyrenia Gate.

ENVIRONS ROADS.

Miles Yards

Section I. From the Famagusta Gate to join the Liraassol Trunk

Road ... ... ... ... ...

II. Frora the Kythrea Road at Paleoriotissa to Government

.,

66r

House ... ... ... ... ... 2 267

III. From Section IL, to entrance Government Hougggroiinds

(short length) ... ... ... ... 82

IV. The Circular Road, making a circuit of the town along

the outside of the Ditch ... ... ... 3 308

V. From the Circular Road near Supreme Cotirt passiiig

the Greek Cemetery to join the Limassol Road near

Ay. Paraskevi ... ... ... ... 1 829

VI. From the Limassol Road, passing along the Southern

boundary of the Leper Farm to join the Larnaca

Road near the second mile post ..* ... 1 273

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


Section VII. From the new entrance passing the Government Offices

to Government House

YIII. From the Morphou Road near the Pedias Bridge passing

the Hospital, Chateau Bovill to Section II.

IX. From the Circular Road near Chateau passing around

the Moslem Cemetery to join Deftera Roa^ near the

A.nglican Church

X. From the Anglican Church outside Chateau McDonald

to the Government Offices ... ...

XI. Roads about the Govemment Offices

XII. From the Pedias Bridge to the Prisons

XIIL From Section V. near Ay. Paraskevi through the Leper

Farm to join Section VI. at the Eastern entrance to

the Leper Farm

XIV. From Section XII. to the Golf Links

XV. From Hospital to Offices (Old Road to Strovilo)

From NICOSIA to

87

Total length of Roads around Nicosia

DISTANCES IN ENGLISH MILES.

Aghirda PoUce Station via Kyrenia Road ...

Akakia via Morphou Road

Asha via Famagusta Road

Alambra via Limassol Road

Alikor Bridge via Limassol Road...

Aradhiou via Aradhiou Road

Astromeriti via Morphou Road ...

Ayios Theodoros via Rizo Carpas Road

Dicomo via Kyrenia Road (Dicomo I^oop) ...

Deftera vm Aradhiou Road

Evrychou via Troodos Road

Famagusta

Goshi via Larnaca Road

GiunyeUi t7«a Kyrenia Road

IdaUa Road Bridge via Famagusta Road ...

Karavostassi via Polis Road (via Peristerona, Koutrafa)

Kako-Petria via Troodos Road ...

Miles

207

1,700

255

537

534

1,233

1,300

800

733

13, 1,025

10-25 miles

13-50 »»

14-00 >»

13-25 »

8-60 »»

14-60 »

20-00

43-50

»>

7-25

8-26

35-00

37-50

17-12

4-25

11-00

37-50

89-50

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

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From NICOSIA to

89

Templestowe via Kyrgnia Road ...

Tricomo via Kythrea ... ••.

VatiU via Famagusta Road

Varoshia do.

Almyro Bridge or Sisero Bridge via Limassol Road

Xeri Bridge'via LimdaSol Road ...

YaUoussa via Rizo Carpas Road ...

Zodia via Morphou Road

From LIMASSOL to

Avdimo Bridge via Ktima Road ...

Achelia do.

Ay. Ambrosios via Wine Roads ...

Ay, Irene Bridge via Troodos Road

B14ckbird Biidge do.

Colossi via Ktima Road

Dhoros (off road) via Troddos Road

Erimi Bridge via Ktima Road

Episcopi •" dd.

«»•

Kha Bridge do.

Kouklia Bridge do.

Ktima

Kophinou via Nicosia Road

Kandou vioj.Wiue Roads

Kissousa Bridge via Wine Roads...

Kato Platres via Troodos Road .,,

Kivides Pano via Wine Roads ,,,

Lacco-tou-Frankou via Ktima Road

Kooka via TroQdos Road

Paramali via Ktima Road

Pissouri Khan

13-00 miles

33-00

17-60

38-13

9-00

3-75

60-45

22-50

21-50

42-00

18-00

6-75

19-12

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6*50 „

... 17-00 „

7-75

8-50 >»

35-00

37-00

46-77

28-18

8-75

21-50

29-00

16-50

31-00

23-75

18-75

24-50

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

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From LIMASSOL to

From LARNACA to

90

Pano Platres via Troddos Roaid ... i. ... 31-00 miles

Perapedia do. ...' ..'•' ••• 25-00 „

Polymedia Camp do. ... ... ... 3-00 „

Paphos (Ktima) ... ... ... — 46*77 „

Port Paphos ... ... ... ... ... 48-50 „

Silikofi Bridgfe vm TrbSdos Road... ... ... 19-50 „

Symboula via Ktima Road ... .i. ... 14-00 „

Ahklesides Bridge via Kophinou Road

Pitharouli Bridge do.

Junction, Pyla & Dikelia Roads via Lefkonico Road :..

Kophinou via Limassol Road

Lefkonico junction with Nicosia-Carpas Road

Limassol ... ... ... .•• ...

Menoyia Bridge via Kophinou Road

Nicosia-Varoshia Road-crossing Lefkonico Road

Pergamos via Lefkonico Road

Pyla do.

Prastio do.

Tremithios Bridge via Kophinou Road

Varoshia via Kouklia ... ,,. ^. ^

Xero Bridge via Kophinou Road,.. ... ... 13-75

10-18 miles

13-00

4-40

15-08

26-13

43-27

12-00

15-02

9-80

7-60

19-80

5-75

30-89

ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


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ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ


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ΚΥΠΡΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ

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