Report on the Textiles from Burgos Cathedral - Middelalder Centret
Textiles from Burgos Cathedral in Patrimonio Nacional, Palacio Real Madrid, Spain Textiles excavated at Burgos, now in the Patrimonio Nacional, Madrid. Top left, inv. no. 653742, bottom left, close-up of inv. no. 653745 and right inv. no. 653742 and 651983. The cloister church in Monasterio de Santa María la Real de las Huelgas in Burgos, Spain had been burial site for members of the royality and nobility in Spain in the Middle Ages. Named Kings and Queens had been buried here in the 12th to the 14th century. In 1946 several of the coffins in the Monasterio was examined by Spanish archeaolgist Manuel Gomez-Moreno, the excavated textiles which counted silk covers, blankets, headwear, footwear and dresses were transported to the National Museum in Spain, Patrimonio Nacional in Madrid. Unfortunately many items taken from the coffins has not been well documented in 1946, except for the garments and textiles discovered in the royal graves, many discovered items are of no longer known context as it has not been documented which coffins they were taken from. The textiles has since been re-examined and re-conserved, now with documentation, inventory number and description of each piece held at the Patrimonio Nacional.
In september 2006 a selection of pieces of what has been described as head- and neckwear, excavated in Burgos, were examined for textile analysis and further description for a project on medieval headwear at the Medieval Centre, Denmark. The examination was carried out by dr. art. Marianne Vedeler, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo and mag. Camilla Luise Dahl, The Medieval Centre, Nykøbing, Denmark together with Dr. Concha Herrero Carretero, head of the Department of Conservation, Patrimonio Nacional. The examination included 11 silk pieces, inventory numbers: (00653737), (00653742), (00653745), (00653753), (00653754), (00653737), (00651970), (00651981), (00651982), (00651983), (00651984), (00651985). In 1995 these textiles were re-conserved at the Department for Conservation at Patrimonio Nacional by dr. Concha Herrero Carretero. The textiles are each documented by inventory number, material, place of origin and possible age. The textiles were all very well preserved, only in places where the textiles had been in direct contact with the decaying flesh of the corpses, the fine silk had rotten away. Human tissue still in the textiles left brown stains on the examination gloves. For the project at The Medieval Centre, Nykøbing we needed textile analysis of tread count, tread thickness and weaving which was carried out by Marianne Vedeler as well as description of the methods used for creating the unusual frilled edges on the textiles, which was examined by Camilla Luise Dahl. Documentation for Inv. no. 651982