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Olfaction: - Benjamin D. Young

Olfaction: - Benjamin D. Young

Olfaction: - Benjamin D.

Olfaction: Smelling the Content of Consciousness. by Benjamin D. Young A dissertation submitted to the Graduate Faculty in Philosophy in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, The City University of New York 2011

  • Page 2 and 3: ©2011 Benjamin D. Young All Rights
  • Page 4 and 5: Abstract: Olfaction: Smelling the C
  • Page 6 and 7: Acknowledgements: Portions of this
  • Page 8 and 9: Olfaction: Smelling the Content of
  • Page 10 and 11: Chapter 5 - The New Game: Olfactory
  • Page 12 and 13: Chapter 1 Introducing Olfaction 1.1
  • Page 14 and 15: consciousness that are predicated o
  • Page 16 and 17: esearch mice have approximately 1,0
  • Page 18 and 19: feature recognition showing how the
  • Page 20 and 21: tremendous body of research that ca
  • Page 22 and 23: Odorants reach the olfactory epithe
  • Page 24 and 25: 1.3.2 Mucus Matters Mucus plays an
  • Page 26 and 27: prevalent within a constantly evolv
  • Page 28 and 29: implementing a functionally composi
  • Page 30 and 31: entorhinal cortex, periamygdaloid c
  • Page 32 and 33: things, the aim of the second chapt
  • Page 34 and 35: Using the work of van Gelder (1994)
  • Page 36 and 37: (1987), Prinzʼs Attended Intermedi
  • Page 38 and 39: Chapter 2 Smelling Matter - The Olf
  • Page 40 and 41: object matters, precisely because o
  • Page 42 and 43: since not all of the ordinary objec
  • Page 44 and 45: can occupy vast spaces at varying c
  • Page 46 and 47: eason we should not consider olfact
  • Page 48 and 49: that accounts for the variegated sp
  • Page 50 and 51: 2.2.3 Mereologically Complex Entiti
  • Page 52 and 53:

    Figure 1. Polysantol - (4-Penten-2-

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    perceive the entire ordinary object

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    2.4 Odors Odor theories are a conte

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    or affordance of the object that is

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    Aristotleʼs purposes are not ident

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    In De Sensu the chemistry of the pr

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    should now turn to consider the vie

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    Figure 2: Two dimensional depiction

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    2.6.2.1 Shape Theory Traditionally

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    number of odorants we can smell vas

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    successful research project documen

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    (1954) rejected the spectroscope as

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    the odorant by changing energy leve

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    Figure 4: R-carvone and S-carvone w

  • Page 80 and 81:

    nonetheless through training discri

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    outlined in the introductory chapte

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    to discriminate between limonene (R

  • Page 86 and 87:

    2.7 Objection 1: But arenʼt smells

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    (conceptual) manner. There is somet

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    After the same manner, that the ide

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    independent manner (which is not to

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    chemical structures outside of this

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    suppose that my conclusion regardin

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    2.10 Conclusion Our intuitions and

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    Chapter 3 The Nonconceptual Content

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    the system in combination with rule

  • Page 104 and 105:

    sensory state pairing then I will p

  • Page 106 and 107:

    We do not misrepresent what the odo

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    olfactory object. There are at leas

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    A good example of volitional olfact

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    3.2 Nonconceptual content and Psych

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    debate is difficult to grasp, murky

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    nonconceptual content has already b

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    constituents, which are parts of th

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    109 (b) There is a (possibly unboun

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    and functional compositionality. Th

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    epresentation with constituent stru

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    cognitive capacities offered in fav

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    manipulate whether you smell a with

  • Page 130 and 131:

    119 The aim of this section is to p

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    fashion across multiple ORN. Just a

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    nature and quality of a complex odo

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    the firing pattern of the glomureli

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    have a compositional syntax capable

  • Page 140 and 141:

    esponded to the complex odorant (de

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    131 What is especially fascinating

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    mixture. While we cannot identify t

  • Page 146 and 147:

    compositional system of syntactical

  • Page 148 and 149:

    (2009) - it is quite clear that ele

  • Page 150 and 151:

    some olfactory states are formatted

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    once it has been established that o

  • Page 154 and 155:

    143 form, the signal always carries

  • Page 156 and 157:

    as Peacocke, the assumption that co

  • Page 158 and 159:

    19/1997) in which he claims the tim

  • Page 160 and 161:

    stronger argument for nonconceptual

  • Page 162 and 163:

    151 If olfactory states are encoded

  • Page 164 and 165:

    153 When moving from functionally c

  • Page 166 and 167:

    determined merely by physiological

  • Page 168 and 169:

    consciousness. Since his theory con

  • Page 170 and 171:

    organism based on caloric consumpti

  • Page 172 and 173:

    able to learn even with substantive

  • Page 174 and 175:

    is that these individuals have qual

  • Page 176 and 177:

    is then derived. Merkerʼs approach

  • Page 178 and 179:

    167 Lammeʼs (2003) background assu

  • Page 180 and 181:

    formation might be questionable bas

  • Page 182 and 183:

    Intermediate-Level Processes theori

  • Page 184 and 185:

    consciousness occurs within the hie

  • Page 186 and 187:

    distinguish between these modalitie

  • Page 188 and 189:

    processing when we attend to those

  • Page 190 and 191:

    level and intermediate-level repres

  • Page 192 and 193:

    consider it necessary for conscious

  • Page 194 and 195:

    selected by higher-level processes,

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    inadequate as an overarching theory

  • Page 198 and 199:

    olfactory object is the chemical st

  • Page 200 and 201:

    experience of introspecting a formu

  • Page 202 and 203:

    subjects have qualitative states de

  • Page 204 and 205:

    (1984, 1994) theory (Smythies, 1997

  • Page 206 and 207:

    intralaminar nuclei and the reticul

  • Page 208 and 209:

    necessary element in GWS interconne

  • Page 210 and 211:

    etween neural states. Evidence for

  • Page 212 and 213:

    unwarranted because the experimenta

  • Page 214 and 215:

    However, this comparison is silent

  • Page 216 and 217:

    assemblies of mitral cells in the o

  • Page 218 and 219:

    Chapter 5 The New Game In-Town: Olf

  • Page 220 and 221:

    awareness and that whenever we are

  • Page 222 and 223:

    that is of, or about, object x). ʻ

  • Page 224 and 225:

    213 System, whereby it can be used

  • Page 226 and 227:

    (i.e. reason), which are also repor

  • Page 228 and 229:

    217 Reverse Antonʼs Syndrome (Hart

  • Page 230 and 231:

    from, but necessary for, olfactory

  • Page 232 and 233:

    221 person way of determining what

  • Page 234 and 235:

    too subjectively bloated. The WiiL

  • Page 236 and 237:

    interaction and acquaintances (Li e

  • Page 238 and 239:

    undergoing any olfactory experience

  • Page 240 and 241:

    Taken together these studies show t

  • Page 242 and 243:

    towards the pictured faces. It was

  • Page 244 and 245:

    certainly does not prove that olfac

  • Page 246 and 247:

    elicit a qualitative experience of

  • Page 248 and 249:

    epithelium and bulb (the low level

  • Page 250 and 251:

    5.5.1 Phenomenal consciousness with

  • Page 252 and 253:

    theoretical possibility, which give

  • Page 254 and 255:

    ehave as they do is their represent

  • Page 256 and 257:

    7. The Phenomenal Element - Olfacto

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    247 Nearly all neurobiological theo

  • Page 260 and 261:

    structures are epistemically autono

  • Page 262 and 263:

    —(2010a), ʻWhat the Nose Doesn't

  • Page 264 and 265:

    Chuard, P. ((2007), ʻThe Richness

  • Page 266 and 267:

    Evans, G. (1982). The Varieties of

  • Page 268 and 269:

    Goodglass, H., Barton, M.I., & Kapl

  • Page 270 and 271:

    Keverne, E.B. (1999), ʻThe vomeron

  • Page 272 and 273:

    Lycan, W.G. (1996), Consciousness a

  • Page 274 and 275:

    Morasella, E., & Bargh, J.A. (2007)

  • Page 276 and 277:

    Porter, R.H., Cernoch, J.M., & McLa

  • Page 278 and 279:

    Schneider, G.E. (1967), ʻContrasti

  • Page 280 and 281:

    —(2009b), ʻPhenomenal and access

  • Page 282:

    Wilson, D.A., & Stevenson, R.J. (20

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