Everything You Wanted to Know About Leaders ... - EclecticGuy

eclecticguy.com

Everything You Wanted to Know About Leaders ... - EclecticGuy

Everything You Wanted to Know About Leaders...

or

Furled Again

Tuesday, April 14, 2009

by Michael Hackney

www.eclecticguy.com

Copyright © 2007-2009, Michael Hackney

Do not use without permission

version 1.2


Leader

Tuesday, April 14, 2009

the section of line between the fly

and the fly line

used primarily to deliver the fly as

naturally as possible


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

History of early fly lines

Evolution of leaders

The “X” system revealed

Modern leaders

Demonstrations

AGENDA


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

The early years

HORSING AROUND


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Horse tail hair

braided or furled

typical butt has about 21 - 24 hairs

hairs removed to taper to 3 hairs at tip

Lines were fragile and stiff

Lots of folklore around the selection

stallion vs mare

hair color

HORSE HAIR LINES


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

No guts, no glory


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

British (re)discovery in the

early 1700s

Flexible, translucent and strong!

“Catgut”

12”-15” strands

Secret Chinese process

(the Chinese had been using silk fishing lines for centuries!)

Smuggled to Europe

SILKWORM GUT


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Revolutionary!

Dry and brittle - must be kept moist

Swells when wet

SILKWORM GUT

Market well established in early 1800s

Dominated market for 250 years

Spain produced the highest quality gut leaders

(“Refina” measured 0X was 2.5 pound test)


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Developed 250 years ago

Based on watch wire sizing standard

Developed to standardize drawn gut sizes

(0X to 8X)

Correlate strength to diameter

Still in use today

THE “X” SYSTEM


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

THE “X” SYSTEM

Subtract the X factor from 11 to get diameter in 1/1000”

8X = 11 - 8 = 3 or .003”

7X = 11 - 7 = 4 or .004”

6X = 11 - 6 = 5 or .005”

5X = 11 - 5 = 6 or .006”

4X = 11 - 4 = 7 or .007”

3X = 11 - 3 = 8 or .008”

2X = 11 - 2 = 9 or .009”

1X = 11 - 1 = 10 or .010”

0X = 11 - 0 = 11 or .011”

Can estimate strength in pounds by subtracting the X factor from 9


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

“I want to say one word to you...

Plastics”


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Discovered in 1937

(Dupont)

Manufactured to tight

tolerances

Stiff, slippery, doesn’t

hold knots well

Early leaders were black

Revolutionary

NYLON


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Basic Leader Training


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Connection between line and fly

Minimize line splash

Drag-free drift

Anatomy of a leader

Butt - fattest section, attached to fly line

Midsection - usually tapered

LEADERS

Tippet - thinnest section, usually tied to fly


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

LEADERS

Leaders developed through trial and error!


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Take me to your leader


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Knotted Leaders

Tapered Leaders

Braided Leaders

Furled Leaders

MODERN LEADERS


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Short sections of differing diameter and stiffness knotted

together

PROS:

highly customizable

inexpensive

easily hand made at stream-side

CONS:

knot drag

memory

KNOTTED LEADERS

knots are tedious to tie


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Manufactured built-in taper

PROS:

knot-less

inexpensive

“buy & fish”

CONS:

low wind penetration

“memory”

TAPERED LEADERS


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Braided thin mono, nylon or polyester thread

Hollow core

PROS:

knot-less

supple

drag-free drifts

visible

durable

CONS:

retains water

cost

BRAIDED LEADERS


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

A thin tapered rope

Dates back 300 years (originally horse hair)

PROS:

supple, no “memory”

durable

visible

drag-free drifts

shock absorption

CONS:

snarls if jerked

FURLED LEADERS

expensive to purchase ($8-$15)


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

CHOOSING YOUR LEADER

General Rules

Small flies - small diameter

Large flies - large diameter

Big fly - short leader

(5’ to 8’)

Flat water - long, thin leader

(12’ to 20’)

Wind - shorter leader

(5’ to 8)

{

“X” Fly Size

8x #20-#28

7X #20 - #28

6X #18 - #26

5X #14 - #20

4X #6 - #14

3X #6 - #12

2X #4 - #10

1X #4 - #8

0X #4 - #6


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

LEADER TO LINE CONNECTION

Direct Connection

Needle knot

Nail knot

Loop-to-Loop

Connection

Braided loop connector

5” #20-#30 mono loop

(Perfection Loop)


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

“Memory”

Knotted leader making

Furled leader making

DEMOS


Tuesday, April 14, 2009

“The Fly” Andrew Herd

(www.medlarpress.com) & (www.flyfishinghistorycom)

History of Silkworm Gut

(www.midcurrent.com/articles/history/schullery_guts.aspx)

LeaderCalc

(www.globalflyfisher.com/fishbetter/leadercalc)

Furled Leader Tutorial

(www.hatchesmagazine.com/page/may2006/185)

(mywebpages.comcast.net/freaner/furling/furled.htm)

(www.globalflyfisher.com/fishbetter/henk)

REFERENCES

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