Aromatherapy Guide to Essential Oils - Simplers Botanicals

Aromatherapy Guide to Essential Oils - Simplers Botanicals

EffEctivE thErapy and Good hEalth

BEGins at thE sourcE…

Thank you for choosing Simplers Botanicals. Simplers sources organic

essential oils direct from artisan distillers all over the world to ensure

they are genuine, species specific, expertly distilled and 100% pure.

We offer certified organic essential oils whenever an organic option

is available. We enjoy supporting organic farms in France, Germany,

Egypt, Nepal, Madagascar, Morocco, Indonesia, Guatemala, El

Salvador, Argentina, Croatia, Australia, Canada and the United States,

to name a few.

As an herbalist operated company, our passion is to provide the highest

therapeutic grade essential oils and extracts available. We offer this

complimentary guide to help you identify the value of therapeutic grade

essential oils and how best to incorporate them into your daily life.

taBlE of contEnts

Therapeutic Grade Aromatherapy ................................................... 2

How are Essential Oils Made? ........................................................ 3

Guideline to Dosages & Dilutions ................................................... 4

Practical Applications ................................................................... 5

Therapeutic Hydrosols .................................................................. 6

Guide to Essential Oils ................................................................. 8

Symptom Reference Guide ........................................................... 18

Natural Perfume Blending Basics ................................................... 21

Glossary of Terms ...................................................................... 22

Suggested Reading List ................................................................23

thErapEutic GradE aromathErapy

Aromatherapy is the art and science of using essential oils to enhance health and well-being.

To be truly effective, essential oils must be absolutely pure, genuine, and authentic. These

terms mean the following: 1) the oil does not contain synthetic fragrances to enhance the

scent, or adulterants to extend the volume. 2) the oil does not contain less expensive

or similar oils as substitutes (such as using rose geranium instead of real rose oil). 3) the

oil has not been reconstructed or altered in a laboratory – a process not uncommon in

the industry. For example, a reconstructed “rosemary” essential oil might actually be

made of constituents sourced from less expensive eucalyptus and orange oils. Synthetic,

adulterated and reconstructed oils, although less expensive, will not give you the effects

you desire and may even have adverse effects. To ensure oil quality and purity, choose

only oils that are certified organic or ethically wildcrafted, properly distilled or extracted,

originating from a reliable source, and priced according to the Aromatherapy market. It is

also essential that the oils are species specific, listing the botanical name after the common

name, and indicate the variety and chemotype when applicable.

Pure essential oils are highly concentrated, representing precious plant resources, and

should not be used indiscriminately or, in many cases, undiluted on the skin. We recommend

making a 2-5% dilution, which is appropriate for skin care or specific effects. Simplers

Botanicals cannot recommend internal use of essential oils. While our essential oils are

of the highest therapeutic grade, we ask that you never use essential oils internally unless a

qualified healthcare practitioner has advised you to do so and has recommended a specific plant

genus, species, and specific dosage amount. Please note that some essential oils are toxic if

taken internally.

You may notice that pure, genuine, and authentic essential oils, like Simplers, will vary

slightly in their scent, viscosity, and color from batch to batch. This is a sign of true quality

and should be considered naturally comparable to the way your favorite fruit changes from

season to season.

how do EssEntial oils affEct thE Body?

The molecules in essential oils are very small and volatile, meaning they can quickly change

into a vapor. This makes them easily and readily absorbed through the mucous membranes

of our respiratory system when we inhale (smell) them. When inhaled, or when diluted

properly and applied to the skin, they travel quickly through our capillaries and into the

circulatory system which carries them around the body. Inhalation also causes the nervous

system to transmit signals to the limbic system of the brain—the same area of the brain

that houses emotion and memory. The brain responds by initiating various physiological

functions, such as a release of hormones, relief from pain, or a positive boost in mood.



how arE EssEntial oils madE?

Essential Oil distilleries have classically used steam distillation to produce essential oils.

During distillation, steam is directed through the properly collected and prepared plant

material. The hot steam captures the volatile essential oil and is then carried into a cooling

unit where it condenses. This condensed steam, called distillate, contains both the

essential oil of the plant, and a water portion called hydrosol. The two naturally separate.

Like fine wines, the end result is dependent upon several factors which include growing

methods (preferably organically grown, bio-dynamically grown, or ethically wildcrafted),

geography, climate, soil conditions, and most importantly, the technique and expertise of

the distiller. The amount of essential oil that each distillation yields is dependent upon the

plant. Price is usually a reliable indicator of how much oil each crop yields. For example,

it takes approximately 40 rose buds to produce a single drop of rose otto essential oil. 1

ml (approximately 30 drops), is sold for about $35 on the retail market. Lavender, on the

other hand, yields approximately 4 liters of oil per ton of plant. A 5 ml (1/6 of an ounce)

bottle of true lavender is found for about $10-$15.

A relatively new method of extraction that is being employed is called carbon dioxide

extraction, or CO2. This process utilizes the “supercritical” state of CO2, when it acts both

as a gas and a liquid. The required equipment used for this method is quite expensive but

yields a higher volume of extract, making more expensive oils such as frankincense, myrrh

and vanilla more widely available.

Solvent extraction is another method used to extract essential oils from plants. These oils

are called absolutes and should be used for perfumery and blending only. Even though the

solvents used are removed after extraction, absolutes are not considered by practitioners

to be therapeutic grade. Common absolutes are jasmine, mimosa, and rose absolute.

Citrus essential oils are cold-pressed from the fresh peel, making it imperative to choose

only organic citrus oils for therapeutic purposes. Citrus oils should be used within 12-18

months and can be kept refrigerated if desired.

simplErs suGGEstEd GuidElinE

to dosaGEs & dilutions of EssEntial oils

application # of drops amount of carrier

Massage Oil/Lotion 50-60 4 ounces oil

Ointment 50-60 2 ounces oil

Topical 50-60 1 ounce oil

Compress 5 8 ounces water

Bath 10-15 Tub of water

Foot Bath 8-10 Bowl of water

Facial Sauna 2-5 Bowl of water

Facial Mask 2-3 1 tsp. Clay w/honey or

4 drops veg. oil for dry skin

Facial Oil 6-8 1/3 ounce oil

Cleanser 25 4 ounces oil

Hair Oil 25 1 ounce oil

Douche 5 1 liter water

Capsules 1-3 (25-75mg) 3 drops in Veg. Oil

Suppositories 4 1 gram cocoa butter

Body Mist 10-20 4 ounces water

Room Spray 20-30 4 ounces water

1ml = 25-30 drops

5ml = 1/6 ounce

15ml = 1/2 ounce

30ml = 1 ounce

60ml = 2 ounce

25mg = 1 drop

This booklet contains information on the use and specific properties of Simplers Botanicals

essential oils. We cannot assure you will get similar results with essential oils other than

those provided by Simplers Botanicals due to great variation in quality, authenticity and

purity of essential oils being sold on the market by other companies. This information is for

education purposes only and is not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any disease. Please

consult a health care professional if you have any serious medical conditions.



practical applications of EssEntial oils

With essential oils, one drop goes a long way. These volatile oils easily penetrate the skin

and some may cause skin irritation or sensitivity if not properly diluted or if used in high

concentrations. Some people have sensitivity reactions to essential oils. Test yourself for

sensitivity by applying your dilution to a small skin area before using on larger areas.

The descriptions of essential oils on the following pages reflect just a few of many possible

applications. To learn more, take classes or collect a small library of aromatherapy books.

You’ll find a suggested reading list of books by various authors on page 23.


Example: Anise Seed has BCM indicating use in Bath, Compress & Massage

B = Bath

c = compress

d = diffuser or nebulizer

i = inhalation

m = massage

p = perfume

s = skin care

(B) Bath. Add a total of 10 to 15 drops of essential oil to an already full bath. Agitate the

water to thoroughly disperse the oils before getting in. Foot & hand baths: Put 8 to 10 drops

of essential oil into a bowl of warm water. Soak for 10 to 15 minutes.

(c) compress. Add 8 to 10 drops of essential oil to 2 cups hot or cold water and agitate

to disperse oils. Briefly soak cotton cloth, wring and place on skin. Repeat every 15 minutes

for up to one hour.

(d) diffuser or nebulizer. The most effective tool for inhalations, diffusers create a

continuous fine mist of essential oils. Turn on diffuser for 5 to 15 minute intervals. Excellent

air disinfectant.

(i) inhalation. Place 1 to 3 drops of essential oil on a cloth to inhale. Or put 3 to 8 drops of

essential oil into a bowl of hot water, cover head and bowl with a towel, and inhale deeply

for 2 to 5 minutes. Do not use during asthma attacks.

(m) massage. For a standard 2% dilution, add a total of 12 to 15 drops of essential oil to

every 1 ounce of vegetable oil (almond, sunflower, etc.).

(p) perfume. Absolutes, resins and more viscous oils are ideal for creating personal fragrances,

artistically and imaginatively. (See blending basics on page 21).

(s) skin care. Follow dilution guidelines on page 4.

thErapEutic aromatic hydrosols

True floral waters, called hydrosols, are created during the steam distillation of aromatic

plants. They are rich in water-soluble elements of plant medicine that are not found in the

essential oil. Most aromatic sprays on the market are not pure hydrosols, but rather essential

oils added to water with an emulsifier. These are chemically different than hydrosols

and are not as gentle.

Hydrosols are moisturizing, anti-inflammatory, mildly antiseptic, and are a wonderfully

fragrant addition to skin care. The gentleness and benevolent nature of hydrosols offer

a myriad of treatment possibilities when essential oils might be too strong. Hydrosols are

a safe and gentle way for people with sensitive skin, children, elders, chronically ill, and

highly allergic individuals to enjoy the benefits of aromatherapy.

Geranium hydrosol

skin types: dry, combination, sensitive, acne-prone, rosacea.

properties: cooling, anti-inflammatory, humectant, balancing to skin, emotions, and

endocrine system.

indications: PMS, menopause, hot flashes, sunburn, broken capillaries, eczema, psoriasis,

rashes, bites and stings, healing wounds, emotional upsets.

applications: facial toner, spray on face and body during hot flashes, add to shampoo or

conditioner to nourish hair and scalp and balance oil production.

lavender hydrosol

skin types: all types, including damaged, fragile, and sensitive.

properties: cooling, regenerative, anti-inflammatory, wound healing.

indications: sunburn, eczema, psoriasis, sensitivities, rashes, itchy skin, cuts, scrapes, bites

and stings, wounds, infected skin, headaches, stress and tension, sunstroke, PMS, diaper

rash, tantrums.

applications: apply in a plane or other dry environments, add to a cold or hot compress

for headache or PMS symptoms, use after shaving or hair removal, add 1/2 tsp to baby’s

bathwater to calm and soothe, spray to clear anger and tension in the home, office, or car.

neroli hydrosol

skin types: oily, sensitive, acne-prone skin; may be too astringent for dry skin.

properties: anti-oxidant, astringent, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-stress and depression,

calming, aids digestion, mildly sedative.

indications: acne, broken capillaries, anxiety, shock, ADD, during detox programs.

applications: use as a facial toner for oily skin and acne, apply to overly-oily scalp, spray

on yeast infections and athletes foot, add to a cold or hot compress or spray on abdomen

for digestive upsets, spray into face and chest during states of high anxiety (combine with

Simplers Neroli Perfume for best results).



rose hydrosol

skin types: dry, normal, sensitive, damaged, mature.

properties: cooling, regenerative, mildly astringent and antiseptic, humectant, balancing

to emotions and endocrine system.

indications: mature skin, wrinkles, PMS, menopause, mood swings, emotional upsets,

opening the heart, self-motivation.

applications: apply just before facial oil or moisturizer, add to bathwater to relax and

revive, use when emotional support is needed. A great skin regenerative and rejuvenator.

Add to a cold compress and apply over tired eyes.

add hydrosols to

Aloe vera gel for a soothing, lightly scented and healing lotion.

Honey for a decadent and moisturizing facial.

Clay for an aromatic facial mask or skin pack.

Bathwater for babies (1/4 – 1/2 tsp per bath)

purE plant EssEntial oils

anGElica root Angelica archangelica

Spicy, earthy-herbal fragrance with warming and stimulating qualities. Revitalizing,

digestive stimulant, carminative, antispasmodic. Possibly photosensitizing. Do not use in

diabetes. BCDIM

ammi visnaGa (Khella seed)

Commonly used for asthma relief. Seek a qualified health practitioner for use. CIM

anisE sEEd Pimpinella anisum

Spicy and sweet, warming and stimulating. Used as a flavoring agent (traditionally in biscotti

recipes) and to stimulate digestion. Use it as an antispasmodic for menstrual cramps.

Antiseptic, carminative, expectorant, strong antispasmodic. BCM

Balsam pEru Myroxylon balsamum variety pereiae

Rich, earthy, vanilla-like scent. Warming, comforting, and grounding; soothes nervous

tension and stress. Antirheumatic, circulatory stimulant, respiratory antiseptic, expectorant,

emollient for dry, chapped skin. Blends well with florals, petitgrain, rose, patchouli.


Basil, swEEt Ocimum basilicum

Fresh, sweet, ‘green’ scent. Uplifting, clarifying and energizing for stress due to mental

overwork, anxiety, fatigue. Nervine, antispasmodic, antirheumatic, digestive stimulant.

Blends well with lavender, bergamot, lime, geranium, oakmoss, hyssop, peppermint.


Bay laurEl Laurus nobilis

This strong spicy scent is a classic ingredient in men’s fragrance blends. Used as a scalp rub,

it refreshes and stimulates hair follicles. Stimulant, antiseptic, antineuralgic, lymph tonic.

Blends well with pine, cypress, juniper, lavender, citrus and spice oils. BCDIM

BEnZoin Styrax benzoin

Sweet, vanilla-like aroma with warming and comforting properties. Excellent emollient for

dry or cracked skin. Soothing as an inhalation for anxiety, coughs, congestion and laryngitis.

Fixative and preservative for perfume blends. Diluted for pourability in 50% ho leaf oil

(Cinnamomum camphora), a very mild general tonic similar to rosewood. BIMSP

BErGamot Citrus bergamia !

Fruity-floral citrus with refreshing, uplifting, and regulating properties. Good general antiseptic,

antifungal, relaxant; recommended for oily skin, acne, depression. If not specified

bergapten-free, may cause photosensitivity. BCDMP

BluE cyprEss Callitris intratropica

Not actually a cypress, this oil is used as an alternative

to sandalwood. A thick, viscous oil that

can be used as a base oil to “fix” other essential

oils in a blend. Anti-inflammatory, antiviral. Used

for dry skin or warts. BSM

Avoid in pregnancy or epilepsy

Use in moderation and highly diluted;

may be a potential skin irritant

! May be photosensitizing



calEndula co2 Calendula officinalis

Warm herbal aroma. This extract is known for its exceptional anti-inflammatory and skin-healing

properties. Approximately 45% more concentrated than the herbal infused oil. Astringent,

vulnerary, antiseptic. Diluted for pourability in 75% organic jojoba oil. MS

cardamom Elettaria cardamomum

Sweet, spicy scent with woody-citrus undertones. Warming and stimulating. An exotic addition

to perfumes for men or women and (in moderation) as a flavoring. Antispasmodic,

expectorant, carminative. Helps to expel gas through the upper G.I. tract. Blends well with

rose, orange, cedarwood, ylang, neroli. BCDMP

carrot sEEd Daucus carota !

Warm, earthy-woody aroma. Specific as a tonic for revitalizing and regenerating mature or

damaged skin; may be helpful for hypertension and hyperpigmentation. Considered a general

stimulant and liver tonic. CMS

cEdar, atlas Cedrus atlantica

True Atlas cedar has a ‘ripe’, woody-fruity fragrance with deeply soothing and grounding

effects. Lymph and circulatory tonic, vulnerary; used in cellulite formulas due to its ability

to help release excess water and aid cellular fat metabolism. Blends well with wood oils,

bergamot, cypress, jasmine, juniper, neroli, ylang. BCM

cEdarwood Juniperus virginiana

Smooth, woody, stimulating evergreen fragrance. Circulatory decongestant, helpful for varicose

veins, hemorrhoids. Blends well with wood oils, bergamot, cypress, jasmine, juniper, neroli, ylang,

rosemary. BCM

chamomilE, GErman Matricaria recutita

A thick, velvety blue floral oil with an intense, pungent, warm odor. Soothing for red, inflamed,

sensitive skin. High in alpha bisabolol and chamazulene, it is most useful in the treatment of allergies,

eczema, psoriasis and itchy, dry skin problems. Also used for inflamed joints, muscular

pain and for boils or abscesses in a hot compress. BCMS

chamomilE, moroccan BluE Tanacetum annuum

Having the most chamazulene of all the blue oils, Moroccan blue chamomile has an intensely

sweet scent and deep blue color. Valued for its natural antihistamine effect when dealing with

hayfever, asthma and hives. Anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, non-specific red rashes and mild

antiseptic. Use for eczema and dry skin. BCIMSP

chamomilE, roman Chamaemelum nobile

Sweet, apple-like fragrance. Relaxant, antispasmodic, and antianxiety properties. Used in

treatment of PMS. As an inhalation, may help relieve emotional anxiety and tension associated

with asthma, hayfever and other allergies. Also used for hyperactivity and to calm restless

children. BCDIMS

cinnamon BarK Cinnamomum verum !

One of the most anti-infectious oils. Irritating to the skin and is best used either highly diluted

or in diffuser blends. Deeper and sweeter scent than the leaf oil. CDMP

cinnamon lEaf Cinnamomum verum !

Sharp, spicy scent with warming and stimulating properties. Exotic fragrance component,

broadly antiseptic; muscle warmer. Blends well with ylang, orange, mandarin, balsams. CDMP

cistus Cistus ladaniferus

Also known as labdanum or rockrose. Spicy, musky, somewhat woody scent with comforting,

centering effects. Often used as a fixative in men’s fragrances. Added to a massage oil, cistus

is known to increase lymph drainage. Firms mature skin; astringent for oily, acne skin; styptic.

Blends well with citrus, pine, lavender. BMSP

citronElla Cymbopogon winterianus

Tart, lemony aroma classically used as an insect deterrent. Antiseptic, antispasmodic. Specific

for oily skin, excessive perspiration, and as a room deodorizer. May be a skin irritant in strong

dilutions. DM

clary saGE Salvia sclarea

Unusual nutty-musky, herbaceous oil with calming, uplifting, euphoric effects. Antidepressant,

antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, astringent. Balancing for dry, oily or inflamed skin; specific for

PMS, cramps, menopausal symptoms and stress. BCDIMS

clovE Bud Syzygium aromaticum

Spicy and warming. Traditionally used in tiny doses as a local anesthetic for toothache. Broadly

antiseptic and stimulating; counters fatigue. Use in less than 1% dilution. Also used as a remedy

for warts. CMS

cocoa Theobroma cacao

Chocolate lovers will adore this natural extract. Dark brown, rich, bitter, and liqueur-like.

Smelling the oil is said to reduce the craving for sweets. Exotic accessory base note for perfumers.

Diluted for pourability in 70% organic grain alcohol. IMP

coriandEr sEEd Coriandrum sativum

Sweet, herbal, uplifting fragrance. Soothing antiseptic with antiviral and carminative properties.

Blends well with clary sage, bergamot, neroli, jasmine, ginger, needle and spice oils.

Used as a replacement for endangered rosewood. BCDIMS

cyprEss Cupressus sempervirens

Broad, refreshing scent of the evergreen family. Balancing, warming and energizing, it is an

antiseptic, astringent, and circulatory stimulant. Used for hemorrhoids, varicose veins, cellulite,

and sore throat. CM

Eucalyptus E. citriodora !

Pleasant lemon scented variety of eucalyptus used as a general anti- inflammatory, antispasmodic

and for relief of pain due to arthritis, muscle cramps, sprains, sore tendons and carpal tunnel

injuries. A must for massage therapists. BCDIMS

Eucalyptus E. dives

Mint scented variety of eucalyptus used for

oily, congested skin and respiratory congestion.


Avoid in pregnancy or epilepsy

Use in moderation and highly diluted;

may be a potential skin irritant

! May be photosensitizing



Eucalyptus E. globulus

Penetrating, camphorous odor. Stimulating, balancing, and cooling, it is used in inhalations

for deep bronchial infection or in massage oil for muscular aches, sluggish circulation, and

arthritic complaints. Antiseptic, vulnerary. BCDIM

Eucalyptus E. polybractea

Less camphorous odor than the globulus variety with similar properties; expectorant. BCDIM

Eucalyptus E. radiata

Having the gentlest aroma of all eucalyptus species it offers a surprisingly powerful antiviral

capacity. Perfectly suited for daily use while body brushing, in the sauna or on the chest. Childsafe,

it keeps microbes at bay, fortifies resistance and general immunity. BCDIMS

Eucalyptus E. smithii

Another child-safe and mild species. Stimulating, it helps boost immunity and eases muscle

pain. BCDIMS

EvErlastinG (see Helichrysum)

fEnnEl, swEEt Foeniculum vulgare

Warm, spicy, sweet scent somewhat similar to anise. Stimulating and cleansing, with antispasmodic

and carminative properties. Estrogen-similar may help regulate menses and promote

lactation in nursing mothers. CDM

fir, Balsam Abies balsamea

Fresh, green needle aroma. Stimulating, respiratory antiseptic, antispasmodic and sinus

decongestant. BCDIM

franKincEnsE co2 Boswellia carterii

Rich, sweet, complex fragrance traditionally used for ceremonial incense and perfumery.

A balm for mature and dry skin, calms anxiety and balances mood swings. Blends well with

geranium, neroli, pine, spruce, vetiver, petitgrain, myrrh, bergamot, cinnamon. BDMSP

GalBanum co2 Ferula gummosa

Excellent for skin care. Beneficial for mature or wrinkled skin, acne, abscesses, cuts and effective

in healing scar tissue. The ancient Egyptians used galbanum as an ingredient in the

embalming process and wound healing. Used to relieve poor circulation and muscular aches

and pains. Also used for respiratory ailments. BCIMS

GEranium, rosE Pelargonium x asperum

Earthy, flowery, rose-like scent with uplifting and balancing properties. Excellent for all skin

types, especially oily and acne-prone. Stress, anxiety and fatigue, PMS, water retention,

poor circulation. Antiviral and antifungal. Blends well with rose, lavender, neroli, patchouli.


GinGEr co2 Zingiber officinale

Sharp, spicy scent. Warming and strengthening for fatigue, digestive upset, and muscular

aches and pains. Aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, carminative. Blends well with frankincense,

cedarwood, rose, neroli, patchouli. BCM

GrapEfruit Citrus x paradisii !

Light, sweet, refreshing citrus with stimulating and uplifting properties. Specific as a tonic

for oily or congested skin, acne, cellulite, depression, and fatigue. Blends well with palmarosa,

bergamot, cypress, geranium, lavender, other citruses. CDM

hElichrysum Helichrysum italicum

Also known as everlasting or immortelle. Distinctive warm, herbal aroma with pungent

undertones. Used for sensitive, inflamed, irritated skin, wounds, bruises and sprains. Skin

cell regenerative, strong anti-inflammatory, antifungal, best vulnerary and antirheumatic.

Blends well with lavender, rosemary, eucalyptus citriodora, yarrow, chamomiles. BCMS

hyssop Hyssopus officinalis variety decumbens

Warm, spicy odor reminiscent of lavender with sweet, camphorous overtones. Calming and

refreshing. Herb traditionally used for respiratory infections but also helpful for anxiety and

general fatigue. Blends well with citrus, lavender, clary sage, rosemary, geranium, myrtle,

bay. CDIM

immortEllE (see Helichrysum)

inula Inula graveolens

Emerald green classic for deep cleansing of bronchial tissue. Antiseptic, ant-inflammatory

and antispasmodic specific for the lungs. Use this somewhat rare oil in moderation. DIM

JasminE aBsolutE Jasminum officinale or J. grandiflorum

Intense, heady floral with uplifting, sensory stimulating effects. Sweeter Sambac variety

is an exotic favorite. Concentrated absolutes are best for perfumery. Aphrodisiac, antidepressant,

sedative. Blends well with most floral, wood and citrus oils. BMP

JunipEr BErry Juniperus communis

Refreshing, woody-sweet fragrance. Cleansing tonic for oily skin and acne, uplifting and

stimulating in stress and fatigue. Avoid if you have a history of kidney problems. Blends well

with oakmoss, balsams, lavender, citrus, needle oils. BCM

laBdanum (see Cistus)

lavEndEr Lavandula angustifolia

A gentle oil with a soft, floral herbal scent. Known for its calming, relaxing and soothing

effects, lavender is said to balance the central nervous system. Considered the most universally

useful oil, it is excellent for all skin types. A must for every first aid kit, it can be used

for burns, sunburns, stings, muscular aches, cuts, blemishes, bruises, headaches, insect

bites, colds, flu, stress & menstrual cramps. Antiseptic, antispasmodic, nervine and sedative.

Promotes deep restful sleep. May be applied neat (undiluted) to the skin. Lavender is

used in France as a base or carrier oil for other essential oils to be diluted into. BCDIMSP

lavEndEr, spiKE Lavandula latifolia

More camphorous fragrance and not as mild

as true lavender with stronger anti-infectious

properties. Specific for acne, oily skin and burns.

Used in massage on the neck and shoulders for

tension headaches. BCDIMS

Avoid in pregnancy or epilepsy

Use in moderation and highly diluted;

may be a potential skin irritant

! May be photosensitizing



lEmon Citrus x limon !

Light, clean, familiar citrus scent. Refreshing, uplifting, mental stimulant; cleansing and

astringent treatment for oily skin, strengthens capillaries and may help correct varicose

veins. BCDIM

lEmonGrass Cymbopogon citratus !

Pungent, lemony scent with an earthy undertone. Uplifting, astringent, antibacterial, antiviral.

Stimulating hair treatment, good room deodorizer and insect deterrent. May cause

skin irritations in high concentrations. BCDIMS

lEmon vErBEna Lippia citriodora !

Used to relieve anxiety, insomnia and nervous tension as well as cramps, indigestion and

liver congestion. True, unadulterated lemon verbena is a rare find. CDIMP

limE, swEEt Citrus x aurantifolia !

Bittersweet citrus, interesting fragrance addition, sedative. Relieves stress and anxiety and

aids digestion. CDIMP

lindEn Blossom co2 Tilia cordata

Sweet, airy, honey-like fragrance that soothes anxiety and loneliness. Sedative that eases cold

and flu symptoms. Used in facial blends to tone capillaries and improve the complexion. A beautiful

floral top note for perfumery that blends well with citrus, floral and wood oils. BCDIMPS

mandarin Citrus reticulata variety mandarin !

A light, orange-like oil with a sweet, almost floral fragrance. Calming and soothing for

children. Use as a sedative, relaxing massage and for digestive spasms. Also used to treat

asthma. BCDIMP

marJoram, swEEt Origanum majorana

Tranquilizing, cool-woody, herbal aroma addresses digestive, cardiovascular and nervous

system stresses; respiratory disinfectant. Use in massage for headache and muscle pain,

menstrual cramps, and as an anaphrodisiac. BCDIM

mElissa Melissa officinalis

Commonly known as Lemon Balm. Complex, tart lemon aroma with soothing, uplifting

properties. Calming in times of emotional shock and grief; also sedative, antidepressant,

strong antiviral, (commonly used for herpes) heart tonic. Blends well with floral and citrus

oils, lavender, geranium, rose. BCDIMP

mimosa aBsolutE Acacia decurrens variety dealbata

Used in perfumery, mimosa has a sweet, heady strong floral scent that must be experienced.

Use a tiny amount in warm water as an exotic facial wash. Diluted for pourability in

50% organic jojoba oil. MP

muGwort Artemisia herba alba

Also known as armoise. Pungent, potent sage-like aroma. May be used for respiratory infection

and to break up mucous; antiviral, vulnerary, skin cell regenerative. Light-headedness

may result from excessive inhalation. Use in moderation for external use only. Contains the

toxic ketone thujone. BCMS

myrrh co2 Commiphora myrrha

A thick, resinous oil with a rich, heavy aroma. Mature skin, dry scalp; an emollient for

chapped skin and open wounds. Anti-inflammatory, astringent, gentle expectorant. Blends

well with frankincense, juniper, mandarin, geranium, mints, spices, lavender. BCDIMSP

myrtlE, GrEEn Myrtus communis

Fresh, camphorous scent somewhat like eucalyptus. Gentle, antiseptic, relaxing expectorant,

hypotensive. Oily skin, acne, open pores. Blends well with lavender, clary, ginger. BCDIMS

nEroli Citrus aurantium

True orange blossom is a rich yet delicate warm floral with deeply soothing effects.

Tonifying for most skin types, but especially mature skin lacking vitality and suppleness.

Specific for depression, anxiety, insomnia, PMS. Aphrodisiac, sedative; especially nice

during pregnancy. Blends well with many oils, including chamomiles, jasmine, ylang, rose,

geranium, woods and citrus. BCDIMSP

niaouli (mQv) Melaleuca quinquinerva viridiflora

Sister to tea tree and cajeput with a ‘stinky’ medicinal odor. Used similarly for broad

antiseptic, antiviral, antifungal and antiparasitic actions. Helpful for calming skin or respiratory

allergies; Known to protect skin from burns due to radiation therapy. Combines with

eucalyptus, rosemary, needle oils. BCDIMP

nutmEG co2 Myristica fragrans

Warm, spicy and sensual. Stimulant, antirheumatic, muscular tonic. Nice in exotic perfumes

and culinary sweets. BCDIMP

oaKmoss aBsolutE Evernia prunastri

Deep, tenacious ‘green’ scent used in perfumery for its fixative properties. MP

oranGE, swEEt Citrus sinensis !

Sweet citrus with calming, sedative effects. Oily skin, water retention, eases digestion,

stress and anxiety. BCDIMS

orEGano Origanum vulgare

Spicy-herbaceous odor reminiscent of the warm Mediterranean sun. Strongly antiseptic,

anti-infectious, stimulating, strengthening. Skin irritant; best used highly diluted. DI

palmarosa Cymbopogon martinii

Sweet, soothing, rosy-floral fragrance. Balancing and regenerative for dry, mature, cracked

or chapped skin. Antiviral, broadly antiseptic, antifungal. Blends well with geranium, cedarwood,

petitgrain, florals. BCDIMS

patchouli Pogostemon cablin

A dark, viscous oil with a distinctive, earthy-sweet fragrance. Warming and calming; specific

for mature skin, oily skin and hair, acne, cracked

and chapped skin. Aphrodisiac, antidepressant, Avoid in pregnancy or epilepsy

antifungal, anti-inflammatory. Blends well with Use in moderation and highly diluted;

jasmine, neroli, rose, wood oils. BCDIMSP

may be a potential skin irritant

! May be photosensitizing



pEppEr, BlacK Piper nigrum

Fresh, warm, spicy scent with stimulant qualities. Makes an interesting addition (in small

quantities) to perfume blends. Use in massage blend for constipation. Aphrodisiac, carminative.

Blends well with frankincense, marjoram, lavender, other florals and spices. CDMP

pEppErmint Mentha x piperita

Strong, minty aroma with cooling, refreshing, and stimulating effects. Used for poor

memory, depression, confusion, stomach upsets, fever. Antiseptic, carminative, decongestant,

analgesic. Blends well with eucalyptus, lemon, lavender, rosemary, mints. CDIMS

pEtitGrain Citrus aurantium

(Orange leaf, twig and pollen-laden blossom). Fresh citrus-floral scent with penetrating

spicy green undertones. Clarifying and uplifting in depression, mental fatigue, and anxiety.

Nervine, antispasmodic. Blends well with many oils and is a favorite of perfumers. BCDIMP

pinE, sEa Pinus pinaster

Sweet forest needles, surprisingly lovely in floral blends. Dispels depression, opens respiratory

passages, encourages deep, oxygenating breaths. BCDIMP

pinE, wild scotch Pinus sylvestris

Penetrating, stimulating evergreen scent. Potent tonic for adrenal fatigue, muscle and joint

pain, respiratory weakness. BCDIM

ravintsara Cinnamomum camphora

Camphorous, pungent odor similar to tea tree. The correct Latin name has prompted controversy

over the years. Originating in Madagascar, this oil is used in France as an effective

antiviral for flu, hepatitis, herpes, shingles and mononucleosis. Also used for insomnia and

as an expectorant. BCDIM

rocKrosE (see Cistus)

rosE aBsolutE Rosa damascena

Deep, sweet floral with an aroma more true to the flower. Uplifting in times of emotional

stress, grief, sadness, and depression. Aphrodisiac, nervine. MP

rosE otto Rosa damascena

Very complex, sharp floral fragrance (forty rose buds are needed to produce one drop).

Harmonizing for all skin types, but specific as a cell regenerator and moisturizer for mature

and dry skin. Tonic, soothing, cooling, and an uplifting aphrodisiac. Good choice for babies.

High in natural rose waxes that cause the oil to solidify at room temperature. Hold in pocket or

hands for a few minutes to help liquefy the oil. Rose water, or hydrosol, is also produced during

the steam distillation of rose otto (try Simplers Therapeutic Rose Hydrosol). BCDIMSP

rosEmary Rosmarinus officinalis cineole

Fresh, herbaceous odor disinfects respiratory and sinus passages, moves sluggish circulation;

best added for its clearing, energizing effects to inhalations and massage blends.

Combines with eucalyptuses, needle and citrus oils, myrtle, ravintsara, mints. BCDIMS

osEmary Rosmarinus officinalis verbenon

Crisp, lemon rosemary is surprisingly sedative unlike camphor and cineol chemotypes. Skin

regenerative, superb wound healer and mucolytic virtually unequalled in other essential

oils. Antiseptic, vulnerary; use in moderation for inhalations. CDIMS

saGE Salvia officinalis

Pungent, warm herbal scent. Strong respiratory antiseptic, air purifier, mucolytic, vulnerary;

provides muscular tone, slows excessive perspiration, nice in foot baths and oily hair

preparations. CDIMS

sandalwood, australian Santalum spicatum

Sustainably grown and harvested. This species is used similarly to Indian Sandalwood.

Warm, woody and musky base scent with a light, spicy top note. A soothing antiseptic with

anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Helpful for dry, red and flaky skin conditions.

Use for tension and anxiety or as an aphrodisiac. Blends well with most floral, wood

and citrus oils. BCDIMSP

sandalwood, indian Santalum album

(Endangered, use blue cypress or Australian sandalwood as a replacement.)

spEarmint Mentha spicata

Sweet, minty scent; somewhat milder than peppermint. Use in morning baths to refresh

muscles and tingle the senses. Decongestant, stimulant, antidepressant, tonic. BCDIM

spiKEnard Nardostachys jatamansi

Deep, refined earthy scent with sweet undertones. True to valerian family, soothes stress

and chronic insomnia by easing tensions and promoting sound sleep. Dry, itchy skin and

scalp, psoriasis. BCDIMSP

sprucE, BlacK Picea mariana

Sweet, forest-fresh needle oil. Used as an adrenal tonic in helping the body adapt to stress.


tarraGon Artemisia dracunculus

Anise-like herbal aroma. Strong antispasmodic, especially useful for menstrual or abdominal

cramps and hiccups. Inhalations may ease allergy symptoms. BCIM

tEa trEE Melaleuca alternifolia

Penetrating, medicinal odor. Broad spectrum antibacterial with excellent antifungal and

antiviral properties. Use directly on burns, abrasions, abscesses, acne or wherever there is

sign of infection. May be safely used in gargles, vaginal douches, sitz baths or externally for

ear infections.Child-safe. BCDIMS

thuJa/cEdar lEaf/whitE cEdar Thuja occidentalis

This oil contains a high level of the toxic ketone

thujone. Use in moderation for external use only. Avoid in pregnancy or epilepsy

Can be used for warts by adding 1-3 drops in an Use in moderation and highly diluted;

ounce of carrier oil. S

may be a potential skin irritant

! May be photosensitizing



thymE, linalol Thymus vulgaris linalol

Almost sweet antiseptic aroma. Gentle on the skin yet an effective antibacterial agent.

Purifying skin preparations, gargles, chest rubs. BCDIMS

thymE, rEd Thymus vulgaris thymol

Warm, intense herbal fragrance with stimulating, energizing properties. One of the most

anti-infectious of all oils, it is a skin irritant and should be highly diluted. Avoid in high blood

pressure. DIM

vanilla co2 Vanilla planifolia

Familiar, rich, sweet fragrance softens all blends. Sensual and aphrodisiac. Premium extract

from Madagascar is naturally thick and resinous. Hold in pocket or hands for a few

minutes to help liquefy the oil. Combines well with vetiver, spice, resin and citrus oils. BMP

vEtivEr Vetiveria zizanoides

Earthy, deep and exotic aroma with sweet undertones and comforting, sedative effects.

Dilute in blends for acne and oily skin; muscular aches. Used as a fixative in perfumery,

especially for men’s colognes, it blends well with lavender, rose, jasmine, oakmoss, ylang,

citrus and wood oils. BCMSP

wintErGrEEn Gaultheria fragrantissima

Fresh, sharp, minty aroma nearly identical with birch. One of the best anti-inflammatories

and antispasmodics for overworked muscles, sprains, painful joints and arthritis. Always use

in dilution to avoid skin irritation. BCM

yarrow Achillea millefolium

Soft, full, cool blue aroma with camphorous notes. Specific for inflamed skin, acne and

arthritis. Astringent, antirheumatic, anti-inflammatory, vulnerary. BCDIMS

ylanG ylanG Cananga odorata

Intensely sweet, tropical floral fragrance with an exotic hint of spice. Calming hypotensive

and muscle relaxant; aphrodisiac, euphoric, antispasmodic, antidepressant. Used for oily

skin care. One drop in a bowl of warm water makes a relaxing facial wash. A good fixative,

it blends well with clary sage, jasmine, bergamot, vetiver, rose, citrus, spice and wood oils.


simplErs symptom rEfErEncE GuidE

acnE Simplers Acne Aid, Lavender, Lavender Spike, Niaouli, Tea Tree, Thyme linalol,

Rosemary verbenon, Palmarosa, Green Myrtle, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German

Chamomile, Geranium, Yarrow & Cistus, Simplers Neroli Hydrosol

allErGy Niaouli, all Chamomiles, Lavender & Tarragon

antiBactErial Simplers Compound Help, Simplers Acne Aid, Tea Tree, Thyme thymol,

Thyme linalol, Rosemary cineole, Rosemary verbenon, Australian Sandalwood, Palmarosa,

all Lavenders, Oregano, Sage & Cistus

antidEprEssant Melissa (Lemon Balm), Peppermint, Clary Sage, Bergamot, Neroli,

Geranium, Ylang, Rose, Jasmine, Marjoram, Anise, all Citrus & all Pines, Simplers Hydrosols

anXiEty Neroli, Vetiver, Rose otto, Lavender, Lemon Verbena, Orange, all Chamomiles,

Petitgrain, Mandarin, Spikenard, Melissa, Sweet Marjoram, Simplers Neroli Perfume Oil,

Simplers Rose Perfume Oil, Simplers Hydrosols.

aphrodisiac Jasmine, all Rose, Ylang, Neroli, Australian Sandalwood, Vanilla, Vetiver,

Clary Sage, all Simplers Perfume Oils

athlEtEs foot Simplers Yeast Aid, all Lavender, Tea Tree, Moroccan Blue Chamomile,

German Chamomile, Thyme linalol, Clove, Niaouli, Australian Sandalwood, Oregano, &


arthritis/tEndonitis Simplers Arthritis Aid, Simplers Injury Oil, Wintergreen,

Helichrysum, Eucalyptus citriodora, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile,

Lavender, Yarrow & Simplers Arnica Infused Oil

BlEmishEs/rashEs Simplers Acne Aid, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German

Chamomile, Calendula CO2, Lavender, Lemon, Tea Tree, Rose otto, Palmarosa &

Helichrysum, Simplers Hydrosols

BruisEs Simplers Injury Oil, Helichrysum, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German

Chamomile, Lavender, Peppermint, Lemon, Simplers Arnica, St. John’s Wort & Calendula

Infused Oils

cEllulitE Cedar Atlas, Cypress, Grapefruit, Geranium, Juniper, Niaouli, Fennel, Sage,

Eucalyptus citriodora, Lemon, Lavender & Lavender Spike

circulation Rosemary cineole, Rosemary verbenon, Juniper, Ginger, Cinnamon Leaf

& Bark, Cypress, Geranium, all Pines, Black Spruce, all Eucalyptus, Peppermint & Basil

cold sorEs/hErpEs Simplers Herp Aid, Lavender, Lavender Spike, Melissa, Tea

Tree, Ravintsara, Geranium, Hyssop officinalis decumbens, Lemon Verbena & Eucalyptus


conGEstion Simplers Sinus Oil, all Eucalyptus, all Pines, all Firs, Lavender, Lavender

Spike, Rosemary cineole, Rosemary verbenon, Peppermint, Ravintsara, Tea Tree, Hyssop

officinalis decumbens, Green Myrtle, Cistus & Inula

concEntration/mEmory/alErtnEss Basil, Peppermint, Rosemary cineole,

Cypress, Lemon & Eucalyptus globulus



couGhs Simplers Sinus Oil, Inula, all Eucalyptus, all Pines, Ravintsara, Cypress, Green

Myrtle, Sweet Marjoram, Benzoin & Roman Chamomile

cuts/scrapEs Simplers Compound Help, Lavender, Tea Tree, Moroccan Blue

Chamomile, German Chamomile, Helichrysum & Cistus, Simplers Hydrosols

dandruff Tea Tree, Palmarosa, Atlas Cedar, Rosemary cineole, Rosemary verbenon,

Clary Sage, Cypress, Myrrh, Spikenard, Patchouli & Thyme linalol

dEodorant Myrrh, Vetiver, Spikenard, Patchouli, Australian Sandalwood, Simplers

Acne Aid

EnErGy/fatiGuE Black Spruce (on Kidney area), Atlas Cedar, all Pines, all Eucalyptus,

Peppermint, Rosemary cineole, Lemon, Juniper, Hyssop, Basil, Ginger, all Citrus & Tea


EcZEma Simplers Eczema Aid, Simplers Hydrosols. For Dry eczema use Lavender,

Palmarosa, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile, Calendula CO2, Rose Hip

Seed & Tamanu Oils. For weeping eczema use Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German

Chamomile, Lavender, Eucalyptus citriodora, Thyme linalol, Rose Hip Seed & Tamanu Oils

fluid rEtEntion/EdEma all Pines, Tea Tree, all Citrus & Black Spruce

funGal infEctions Simplers Yeast Aid, Lavender, Lavender Spike, Tea Tree,

Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile, Thyme linalol, Clove, Niaouli,

Patchouli, Oregano & Sage. For nail fungus use Thyme thymol, Cinnamon Bark & Oregano

hair/scalp Rosemary cineole, Rosemary verbenon, Lavender, Lavender Spike, Bay,

Lemongrass, all Chamomiles, Myrrh & Ylang

hEadachE Lavender (normalizing); Lavender Spike (for tension headaches); Rosemary

cineole, Peppermint (for cooling effect); Anise, Sweet Marjoram & Roman Chamomile (for

throbbing headaches); Simplers Lavender Hydrosol

hEmorrhoids See Varicose veins

indiGEstion Peppermint, Ginger, Cardamom. To promote good digestion use Basil,

Cardamom, Ginger, Coriander, Fennel, Orange, Peppermint, Black Pepper, Rosemary

cineol & Anise

insomnia Spikenard (apply undiluted on collar bone), Lavender, Lemon Verbena,

Roman Chamomile & Neroli

insEct BitEs/stinGs Simplers Compound Help, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German

Chamomile, Lavender, Lavender Spike, Niaouli & Tea Tree, Simplers Hydrosols

insEct dEtErrEnt Tea Tree, Citronella, Palmarosa, All Eucalyptus, All Cedar,

Geranium, Lavender, Peppermint, Lemongrass

immunE support Eucalyptus radiata, Ravintsara, Tea Tree, Lavender, Niaouli,

Palmarosa, Geranium, Wild Scotch Pine, Rosemary cineole & Bay Laurel

mEditation Frankincense, Myrrh, Patchouli, Vetiver, Spikenard & Australian


nausEa/motion sicKnEss Peppermint, Ginger & Patchouli

mEnopausE Clary Sage, Geranium, Frankincense & Lavender, Simplers Geranium


mEnstrual cramps Anise, Roman Chamomile, Sweet Marjoram, Lavender, Ylang,

Lemon Verbena, Clary Sage, Yarrow & Mandarin

musclE achEs/sprains/sports inJuriEs Simplers Injury Oil, Simplers

Arthritis Aid, Moroccan Blue Chamomile & German Chamomile for inflammation, Roman

Chamomile for muscle spasms, Helichrysum, Wintergreen (diluted) topically for pain,

all Eucalyptus, Sweet Marjoram, Rosemary cineole, Simplers Arnica, St. John’s Wort &

Calendula Infused Oils

pms Rose otto, Clary Sage, Geranium, Bergamot, Neroli, Jasmine, Lavender,

Frankincense, Neroli & Ylang, Simplers Hydrosols

rash See Blemishes

scars/scar prEvEntion Simplers Scar & Burn Oil, Simplers Rose Regenerative

Oil, Helichrysum, Lavender, Mugwort, Sage, Cistus, Neroli, Galbanum, Carrot Seed,

Tamanu & Rose Hip Seed Oils

sciatic pain Lavender, Helichrysum, Simplers St. John’s Wort Infused Oil

shinGlEs Simplers Shingles Aid, Ravintsara, Geranium, German Chamomile, Moroccan

Blue Chamomile & Tamanu Oil

sKin carE Simplers Rose Regenerative Oil, Simplers Acne Aid, Simplers Hydrosols, all

Chamomiles, Lavender, Neroli, Rose otto, Palmarosa, Australian Sandalwood & Rosemary

verbenon. For Wrinkles and Mature Skin use Rose otto, Lavender, Neroli, Helichrysum,

Carrot Seed, Frankincense, Myrrh, Palmarosa, Green Myrtle, Ylang & Rose Hip Seed Oil

strEtch marKs Preventing: Mandarin & Rose Hip Seed Oil. Healing: Sage, Rosemary

verbenon, Rose otto, Palmarosa & Rose Hip Seed Oil

strEss rEliEf Neroli, Bergamot, Lavender, all Chamomiles, Geranium, Rose otto,

Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lemon Verbena, Mandarin, Orange, Vetiver, Balsam Peru, Petitgrain,

Clary Sage, Tangerine & Black Spruce, Simplers Hydrosols

sunBurn Simplers Lavender Hydrosol, Simplers Scar & Burn Oil, Lavender, German

Chamomile & Moroccan Blue Chamomile

varicosE vEins/hEmorrhoids Cypress, Lemon, Moroccan Blue Chamomile,

Lavender, Grapefruit, Helichrysum, Juniper, Frankincense, Tamanu & Rose Hip Seed Oils.

warts Clove, Oregano, Thyme thymol, Blue Cypress & Thuja (use highly diluted, can

be toxic)



BlEndinG Basics

Creating your own fragrances is a playful art requiring little more than intuition, imagination,

a passion for aroma, and attention to a few simple guidelines. There are no real rules

as to which oils blend well together, so feel free to experiment! But remember, your blend

will be greatly enhanced by using the highest quality pure plant essential oils you can find.

Start small, mixing no more than 2 to 5 oils per blend and blending drop by drop. To get a

feel for particular combinations of oils, put the bottle caps together and smell them, or use

small strips of coffee filter or blotter paper. Working in a warm room will enhance the aromatic

qualities of the oils. If your oil bottles are not equipped with dropper tops, measure

oils with a glass dropper, rinsing it in grain alcohol or isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol)

and wiping it off between each oil. Extremely thick oils, such as benzoin and vetiver, may

need to be diluted with a little grain alcohol, such as Everclear, before blending.

Scents are categorized as top, middle, or base notes. These categories are based on oil

evaporation rates and some essential oils can fit into more than one. Most professional

fragrance blends are composed of a balance of oils from these three different categories.

Again, there are no rules about which oils belong in which category or how much of each

to use, so it is up to your nose and your intuition! This is the art of blending fragrant oils.

top notes (5% to 20% of the blend) have the fastest evaporation rates. These are sharp,

penetrating scents that you notice first when you smell a blend, and include citrus, needle

oils, lemongrass, palmarosa, eucalyptus and mints. In general, top notes are considered

stimulating, light, and refreshing.

middle notes (50% to 80%) are soft and balanced and usually make up the majority of

a blend. They include oils like roman chamomile, lavender, geranium, coriander, neroli,

pepper, clary sage, rose and petitgrain. Middle notes are considered harmonizing.

Base notes (5% to 20%) Having the lowest evaporation rates, base notes are deep and

heavy and are used in blends as fixatives (see glossary). Many are resins, gums or woods

and may be quite viscous (thick). Base notes, which are considered relaxing, include cedar,

benzoin, balsam peru, myrrh, spikenard, sandalwood, vanilla, patchouli, vetiver, jasmine

and ylang.

Allow blends to age a week or more before adding them to carrier oils. If you don’t immediately

love your creation, be patient. Blends undergo great transformations as they age,

and over time your ‘mistake’ could evolve into an aromatic treasure.

Store your finished blend in as small a bottle as possible, preferably amber or cobalt blue

glass. Blends, and all essential oils, should be kept in a cool place away from direct sun.

To make a perfume, mix the blend with a small amount of vegetable oil (jojoba is ideal),

distilled grain or grape alcohol.

Be sure to keep detailed notes and label all of your blends so you can reproduce your successes

or adjust blends that do not satisfy you. Keep in mind that essential oils tend to vary

somewhat from crop to crop, so a reproduced blend may differ slightly from your original.

Glossary of tErms

adaptogenic: Helps skin and body cope with stress.

analgesic: Reduces or eliminates pain.

anaphrodisiac: Lessens or mellows erotic feelings.

antibacterial: Assists the body in resisting or destroying infectious bacteria.

antidepressant: Helps uplift mood.

antifungal: Assists the body in resisting or destroying fungal organisms, such as yeast.

antineuralgic: Helps soothe nerve pain (neuralgia).

anti-inflammatory: Reduces heat, redness, and swelling associated with inflammation.

antirheumatic: A general term for an agent that helps ease arthritic symptoms, such as

musculoskeletal pain and inflammation.

antiseptic: Inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria or fungi.

All essential oils show some degree of antiseptic action.

antispasmodic: Eases muscular spasms or cramps.

antiviral: Assists the body in resisting invasion of viruses or relieving accompanying


aphrodisiac: Enhances or stimulates erotic feelings.

astringent: Contracts, firms, and strengthens skin and other tissue; reduces secretions.

carminative: Promotes digestion and peristalsis; assists in expulsion of intestinal gas.

couperose: Red, ‘spider-veined’ skin due to weakened or broken capillaries.

Emollient: Softens, soothes and protects especially dry or chapped skin.

Euphoric: Promotes a sense of well-being.

Expectorant: Promotes elimination of excess respiratory mucous.

fixative: A viscous (thick) oil with a very low evaporation rate; used in perfumery to

stabilize and increase the ‘staying power’ of a blend.

humectant: Helps skin retain moisture

mucolytic: Helps fluidify (dissolve) mucous.

neat: To apply undiluted, directly on skin

nervine: Having an effect on the nervous system (for example, a sedative or stimulant).

photosensitizing, phototoxic: May cause a skin reaction such as burning, irritation, or

pigment change upon exposure to ultra-violet light (sunlight, tanning lights).

regulating: Helps balance and normalize body functions.

sedative: Relaxing, calming, soothing effects.

sensitizing: Capable of producing an irritation or allergic reaction.

stimulant: Invigorating, stimulating, energizing effects.

tonic: Increases tone and vitality of skin, other organs or body systems.

vulnerary: Affects wound healing, skin regenerative.



suGGEstEd rEadinG list

Aromatherapy: A Complete Guide to the Healing Art by Kathy Keville and Mindy Green

Aromatherapy: An A-Z by Patricia Davis

Aromatherapy for Healing the Spirit by Gabriel Mojay

Natural Perfumes by Mindy Green

Advanced Aromatherapy by Kurt Schnaubelt, Ph. D.

Medical Aromatherapy by Kurt Schnaubelt, Ph. D.

Aromatherapy and Massage for Mother and Baby by Allison England

Naturally Healthy Skin by Stephanie Tourles

The Little Book of Aromatherapy by Kathi Keville

The Complete Guide To Aromatherapy by Salvatore Battaglia

The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils by Julia Lawless

The Practice of Aromatherapy by Jean Valnet, MD

Gattefossé’s Aromatherapy: The First Book on Aromatherapy by René-Maurice Gattefossé

The Art of Aromatherapy: The Healing and Beautifying Properties of the Essential Oils of

Flowers and Herbs by Robert B. Tisserand

Essence & Alchemy: A Natural History of Perfume by Mandy Aftel

Holistic Aromatherapy for Animals: A Comprehensive Guide to the Use of Essential Oils and

Hydrosols with Animals by Kristen Leigh Bell


PO Box 2534, Sebastopol, CA 95473

1-800-652-7646 Fax 707-824-5906

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