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RAMADAN

How Non-Muslim Host Families can

Better Prepare and Support

Muslim Students During Ramadan


Have questions? CECF has answers!

Contact Imam Arafat and his trained staff at CECF with

questions about Ramadan, Islam, or any questions

about hosting a practicing Muslim student.

Imam Arafat, CECF

Email: cecf1@aol.com Phone: 410-944-6077

For years CECF has advised YES students and host families with

practical advice to help happy exchange experiences and

encourage multi-religious, multi-cultural understanding.


Quick Islamic Definitions

~ Islam: Surrender to the will of the one God, called Allah in Arabic

(Muslim’s religion/way of life)

~ Muslim: Believer of Islam

~ Five Pillars of Islam: Obligatory duties of all Muslims

~ Qur’an: Blessed book of God’s words revealed to the Last

Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him)

through Angel Gabriel

~ Shahadah: Declaration of Faith ~ The first pillar which states

“I testify that there is no god but God and I testify that

Muhammad is the Messenger of God”


Fasting in Ramadan is 1 of the 5 Pillars of Islam

~ Obligatory month of fasting for

adult Muslims from dawn to sunset.

~ The Qur’an was revealed during this

month.

~ Muslims believe that Fasting &

Performing Night Prayers with

sincere faith is a means to having

one’s sins forgiven.

~ Muslims believe that the gates of

Heaven are opened, gates of Hell

are closed, and the devil is chained

up during Ramadan.


What Does It Mean to Fast?

~ Muslims must fast from dawn to sunset every day.

~ Food, drinks, sexual relations or smoking during the

daylight hours is not allowed.

~ One is expected to do his best to practice self control

& discipline,

~ Control anger,

~ Refrain from using harsh language or insults, and

~ To tolerate, forgive and respect others.


Benefits of Fasting

~ Builds self-control and will-power to better resist worldly

temptations (such as excessive food intake, drugs or other

unhealthy substances), peer-pressure, and refrain from unhealthy

behaviors.

~ Helps one to feel compassion for the poor and needy.

~ Helps one appreciate the many blessings and gifts (such as comfort

and convenience) one possesses.

~ Purifies one’s body* and soul.

~ Opportunity to reflect and appreciate Faith and Family.

~ Develop a greater sense of generosity and forgiveness.

* Numerous scientific research proves that there are many health benefits of

a Muslim’s annual fast during the month of Ramadan.


Ramadan Greetings

~ Ramadan Mubarak:

Blessed Ramadan

~ Ramadan Kareem:

Generous Ramadan


Who is Excused from Fasting?

~ Who Should Fast?

~ One who reaches puberty

~ Who are excused from fasting and must make up their fast after Ramadan?

~ Long-Distant Traveler

~ Pregnant and Nursing Women

~ Menstruating Women

~ Who are excused from fasting and do not need to make up their fast?

However, they (or their guardians) are required to feed the poor and needy.

~ Physically and Mentally Challenged

~ Elderly


More Helpful Islamic Definitions

~ Adhan (Azan): Call to Prayer

~ Fajr: Dawn Prayer

~ Suhoor: Pre Dawn meal consumed before the Adhan for Fajr

~ Maghrib: Sunset Prayer

~ Iftar: “Break—fast”. The evening meal breaking the fast after the

Adhan for Maghrib

~ Ishaa: Night Prayer

~ Taraweeh: Prayers made after Ishaa, preferred in congregation at the

masjid (mosque)


Interpreting the Muslim Prayer Calendar

Day Ramadan Gregoria

n

Fajr Sunrise Dhuhr Asr Maghrib Isha

Wed 1 11/8 5:13 6:38 1:40 5:32 8:40 10:07

Thu 2 12/8 5:15 6:39 1:40 5:31 8:39 10:05

Fri 3 13/8 5:16 6:40 1:40 5:31 8:37 10:03

Sat 4 14/8 5:17 6:41 1:39 5:30 8:36 10:01

Sun 5 15/8 5:19 6:42 1:39 5:29 8:34 10:00

Mon 6 16/8 5:20 6:43 1:39 5:29 8:33 9:58

Tue 7 17/8 5:22 6:44 1:39 5:28 8:32 9:56

Wed 8 18/8 5:23 6:45 1:39 5:27 8:30 9:54

Thu 9 19/8 5:24 6:46 1:38 5:27 8:29 9:52

Fri 10 20/8 5:26 6:47 1:38 5:26 8:27 9:50

Sat 11 21/8 5:27 6:48 1:38 5:25 8:26 9:49

Sun 12 22/8 5:28 6:49 1:38 5:24 8:24 9:47

Mon 13 23/8 5:30 6:50 1:37 5:24 8:22 9:45

Tue 14 24/8 5:31 6:51 1:37 5:23 8:21 9:43

Wed 15 25/8 5:32 6:52 1:37 5:22 8:19 9:41

Thu 16 26/8 5:34 6:54 1:36 5:21 8:18 9:39

Fri 17 27/8 5:35 6:55 1:36 5:20 8:16 9:37

Sat 18 28/8 5:36 6:56 1:36 5:19 8:14 9:35

Sun 19 29/8 5:38 6:57 1:36 5:18 8:13 9:34

Mon 20 30/8 5:39 6:58 1:35 5:17 8:11 9:32

Tue 21 31/8 5:40 6:59 1:35 5:16 8:10 9:30

Wed 22 1/9 5:41 7:00 1:35 5:15 8:08 9:28

Thu 23 2/9 5:43 7:01 1:34 5:14 8:06 9:26

Fri 24 3/9 5:44 7:02 1:34 5:13 8:05 9:24

Sat 25 4/9 5:45 7:03 1:34 5:12 8:03 9:22

Sun 26 5/9 5:46 7:04 1:33 5:11 8:01 9:20

Mon 27 6/9 5:48 7:05 1:33 5:10 8:00 9:18

Tue 28 7/9 5:49 7:06 1:33 5:09 7:58 9:16

Wed 29 8/9 5:50 7:07 1:32 5:08 7:56 9:15

Thu 30 9/9 5:51 7:08 1:32 5:07 7:54 9:13

Calendar shown is for Ramadan 2010 Prayer Time Schedule

~ Important Points for Prayer:

Muslims must cleanse themselves (wudu)

before prayer (2 minutes).

Muslims must pray on a clean, quiet area

(For example, on a prayer rug in the

corner of their bedroom).

• Typical Muslim prayer takes

approximately 3 -15 minutes, depending

which prayer it is.

(The Recommended Night Ramadan

(Taraweeh) prayers may take hours. This is

not required ).

~ Tips How to Interpret the Prayer Time Table

(Specifically During Ramadan):

• Suhoor (Pre Dawn meal before the fast must

be completed before Fajr).

• Fajr = Muslim’s dawn prayer when fasting

begins.

• Maghrib = Muslim’s sunset prayer when

fasting ends.

~ Recommended Calendar:

~ http://islamicfinder.org

(English version)


So, When Does Ramadan Begin?

~ Ramadan is expected to

begin August 11, 2010

(God willing).

~ Ramadan begins when the

crescent moon is sighted.

~ How do you know? Ask

your local masjid (mosque)

or any Muslim community.


Typical Day During Ramadan

~ Suhoor

Waking Up Before Sunrise (Fajr) to Have a PreDawn Meal.

~ Fasting

From Dawn to Sunset.

~ Iftar

“Break—fast”. The Evening Meal Breaking One’s Fast.

~ Taraweeh

Recommended Ramadan Prayers made after Ishaa.

~ Time to Reflect by Reading Qur’an or Making Supplications

(Du’a).


~ Your student will eat Suhoor

(PreDawn Meal)

~ Then, pray Fajr

~ Possibly read Qur’an

~ Return to sleep

Typical Suhoor

Getting up for suhoor will

be around 4:15 am this

year. (2010)


Recommended Foods

~ Dates and Water ~

~ Slow-digesting foods that last up to 8 hours. Slow-digesting foods

are foods that contain grains and seeds like barley, wheat, oats,

millet, semolina, beans, lentils, whole meal flour, unpolished rice, etc.

(called complex carbohydrates).

~ Fiber: Fiber-containing foods are bran-containing foods, whole

wheat, grains and seeds, vegetables like green beans, peas, marrow,

spinach, and other herbs like the leaves of beetroot (iron-rich), fruit

with skin, dried fruit, especially dried apricots, figs and prunes,

almonds, etc.

~ Well-balanced meals, containing foods from each food group, i.e.

fruits, vegetables, meat/chicken/fish, bread/cereals and dairy

products.


Not Recommended or Forbidden Foods

~ Not Recommended Foods:

~ Fast-burning foods are foods that contain sugar, white flour,

etc. (called refined carbohydrates).

~ Fried foods are unhealthy and should be limited. They cause

indigestion, heart-burn, and weight problems.

~ Forbidden Foods

~ Pork and Pork Products

~ Alcohol

~ Non-Halal Meat*

*Halal meat is preferred, however, in a non-Muslim country where halal meat is not

readily available, it is acceptable for a Muslim to say

"Bismillah" (In the name of Allah) over the non-halal meat.


Tips for Making Suhoor Easier

for You & Your Student

~ Prepare food & set it out the night before.

~ Quick & easy protein-rich foods include, cheese, olives, hard-boiled eggs,

jam served with bread.

~ Drinks: While some cultures like tea, it is preferred to drink rich fruit

juices, milk and water.

~ Religious Preference is to start & break one’s fast with water and dried

dates.

~ ASK ~ Your student may have some preferences that you can shop

together & learn more about each other.

~ It is not recommended that you try and surprise your student by guessing

his/her favorite food because it can be expensive (buying from the world

market section of your supermarket) and impractical if you don’t know

how to prepare it, or worse he/she doesn’t like it.


Typical Ramadan Day

Recommended Duties During The Day

~ Fast

~ Read & Recite the Qur’an

~ Perform extra good deeds (such as volunteering)

~ Give alms (Charity to the poor and needy)


Common Problems & Solutions

~ Common Problems:

~ Lethargy and being

tired

~ Periodic headache,

constipation

~ Low blood pressure,

or gastritis

~ Caffeine withdrawal

~ Solutions:

~ Encourage your

student to partake in the

recommended duties of

the previous slide.

~ Allow him/her to rest,

and relax.

~ Prepare iftar together &

discuss the benefits of

the pious act of fasting.

(This is a very rewarding

experience).

~ Praise his/her efforts.


~ Muslims break their fast with

water & dates or light food.

~ It is recommended that one break

their fast first, pray Maghrib and

then have their main meal, so

don’t be surprised if your

student doesn’t run to the dinner

table ;-)

~ Don’t be alarmed if your student

does not eat all of his/her meal

immediately. A gradual approach

is spiritually and biologically

preferred.

~ During your snacks & meals,

please try not to eat in front of

your student.

Tips for Iftar

Iftar will be approximately 8:45pm

this year (2010). It is not expected

that you would change your meal

times for your student, but your

company during their Iftar is

appreciated.


Typical Taraweeh with Tips

~ One may pray and recite

Qur’an by themselves at

home, however

~ It is preferred at the masjid

since many rewards are

given to those who can

pray in congregation.

~ Tip: Encourage your

student to pray Taraweeh

in the masjid on weekend

nights.


The Night of Power (Laylat-al-Qadr)

& The Last Ten Days of Ramadan

~ The Qur'an was first revealed to

Prophet Muhammad, peace be

upon him.

~ It falls on one of the oddnumbered

nights of the last ten

days of the month (21st, 23rd,

25th, or 27th of Ramadan).

~ Muslims believe that worship on

this night is more valuable than a

thousand months.

~ Therefore, many Muslims spend

the entire last ten days in extra

worship or retreat to the masjid.


Eid ul-Fitr (Festival of the Fast)

~ Eid Greeting: Eid Mubarak

(Blessed Festival)

~ Once the crescent moon of Shawwal appears,

Ramadan is completed & the Festival of the month

of fasting (Eid ul-Fitr) begins.

~ Typical events:

~ Muslims observe Eid prayer which is performed in

congregation after fajr but before dhuhr (mid-day

prayer),

~ Muslims wear their best clothes,

~ Visit family & friends, and

~ Enjoy a feast.

~ In our house, we say

“Eid = Festival or Feast: Food, Family, Friends & Fun!”


~ Eating or drinking out of

forgetfulness is okay.

~ “Our Lord! Punish us not

if we forget or fall into

error”[Qur’an 2:286]

~ Fasting is still valid if one does

not have Suhoor (PreDawn Meal).

~ The Prophet (peace and

blessings be upon him) said:

“Have suhoor, for in suhoor

there is blessing.” (Bukhari).

Don’t Worry!

~ Ramadan is a time for goodness,

blessings, worship & obedience to God;

yet, He is Most Merciful,

~ “And march forth in the way (which leads to)

forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as the

heavens and the earth, prepared for Al-Muttaqoon (the

pious).

~Those who spend (in God’s Cause) in

prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who

pardon men; verily, God loves the good-doers.

~And those who, when they have committed

illegal sexual intercourse or wronged themselves with evil,

remember God and ask forgiveness for their sins; — and

none can forgive sins but God— and do not persist in what

(wrong) they have done, while they know.

~For such, the reward is forgiveness from their

Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath

Paradise, wherein they shall abide forever. How excellent is

this reward for the doers (who do righteous deeds

according to Allah’s Orders)” [Qu’ran 3:133-136]


Acknowledgements

All praise and thanks belong to Allah, the Lord of the Universe. May there be the blessings and peace upon the

last Prophet Muhammad, his family and companions and all those to follow his footsteps. May Allah accept our

work, such as this presentation, as a humble act of worship to please Him and Only Him. May He forgive us if we

misrepresented anything in our deen (religion or way of life) and/or led anyone astray, as this was not our intention

and any errors or faults are of our own, for You are Perfect, The Most Merciful, Most Beneficent. ~Ameen.

May Allah reward Hafiz Abdullah Muhammad www.muslimeye.net/thebestoftimes and the

Quran Study Group of Ilford www.QuranStudyGroup.org for their generous and timely input.

Special Thanks to Val Virag and ACES www.ExploreTheWorld.org and

Sanaa Nelson www.afsusa.org & www.yesprograms.org for providing us

the opportunity to educate others about Our Blessed Month of Ramadan.

Authors:

~Nacema ElOrra, ACES Local Coordinator www.ExploreTheWorld.org &

Contributor www.AmericanMuslimMom.com .

~Ponn M. Sabra, Best-Selling Author & Founder/Owner www.AmericanMuslimMom.com .

Email: ponn@americanmuslimmom.com

~ http://www.AmericanMuslimMom.com is the number one blog community for American Muslim Moms

That offers free tips, tools, reviews, and contests, to help raise pious Muslim Kids today.

The majority of subscribers are non-Muslims, so come join us today!


References for Images Used

Slide 1 Image 1 http://www.plus961.com/tag/ramadan/

Slide 3 Image 1 http://alquran-alkareem.com/index.php?wp=5p

Slide 6 Image 1 http://www.muhajabah.com/islamicblog/archives/veiled4allah/010920.php

Slide 9 Image 1 http://islamicfinder.org/

Slide 9 Image 2 http://islamicfinder.org/

Slide 10 Image 1 http://www.examiner.com/x-11140-Portland-Holistic-Health-Examiner~y2009m8d18-Ramadan-Fasting-for-spiritual-reflection-and-renewal

Slide 12 Image 1 http://www.ucsdakdphi.org/2009/07/

Slide 13 Image 1 http://www.thedailygreen.com/environmental-news/latest/potassium-superfoods-47020908

Slide 13 Image 2 http://peacefulone.wordpress.com/2008/03/page/2/

Slide 16 Image 1 http://chiditarod.ning.com/profile/Dev

Slide 16 Image 2 http://www.jamiattalibat.org/pages/RamadanSpecialQuran.asp

Slide 16 Image 3 http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Allah_alone/message/2093

Slide 18 Image 2 http://www.ezsoftech.com/ramadan/ramadan_tips.asp

Slide 19 Image 1 http://moomeen.blogspot.com/2008/08/taraweeh-prayernight-prayer.html

Slide 20 Image 1 http://theguidinglight.wordpress.com/2008/09/22/eid-greetings/

Slide 21 Image 1 http://alwaysindian.com/blog/category/entertainment/

Slide 21 Image 2 http://sufinews.blogspot.com/2006/12/eid-al-adha-unity-is-dominant-theme-of.html

Slide 21 Image 3 http://www.theage.com.au/national/celebrating-the-joy-of-islam-in-debney-park-20081001-4s1q.html

Slide 21 Image 4 http://www.indianetzone.com/1/id-ul-fitr.htm

Slide 23 Image 1 http://www.muslimeye.net/thebestoftimes/

Slide 23 Image 2 http://www.exploretheworld.org/

Slide 23 Image 3 http://www.afsusa.org/usa_en/home

Slide 23 Image 4 http://www.yesprograms.org/

Slide 23 Image 5 http://americanmuslimmom.com/

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