Views
5 years ago

A grammar and dictionary of the Malay language : with a preliminary ...

A grammar and dictionary of the Malay language : with a preliminary ...

xxTi DISSEKTATION.

xxTi DISSEKTATION. and kaemutan, "remembrance ;'' from rasa, "to taste/' kara- saan, "taste or feeling;" from duwur, "high," panduwur, "height;" from amuk, "to run a muck," pangamuk, "a muck ;" from buri, " behind," pamburi, " the rear ;" from ar&p, "before," pambarap, "the front," and also "first-born child ;" from gawa, " to bear or carry," panggawa, " a bearer or carrier," and also the title of the principal Javanese ministers of State ; from machan, " a tiger," pamachanan, " a tiger-house" or "place for keeping tigers;" from Sunda, "the Sunda people," Pasundan, "the country of the Sundas ;" from omah and griya, "a house," pomahan and pagriyana, "homestead or homestall;" from tilam, "to sleep," patilaman, "a sleeping-place;" from manusa, "a man," kamanusan, "mankind" or "human nature." When a radical ends with the vowel i, the a of the affix an is turned into e, and when in u into o ; as from bopati, "a noble of the first order," bopaten or kabopaten, " the class of nobles of the first order;" from grami, "trade," gramen, "merchandise;" from chalatu, " to speak," clialaton, " speech." A nasal is some- times interposed for euphony; as from sae, "good" in the ceremonial language, saenan, " goodness or virtue." In Malay, the vowel which follows the prefix in p is always a, but in Javanese it is generally a, sometimes a, and occasionally i ; as from gawe, "to do," pagaweyan, "employment;" from bagi, ''to divide," pambagi, "division, portion, or share;" from tapung, "to join or unite," pitapung, "junction or union." With the initial prefix p, also, there are commutations of other consonants with nasals, and the consonant is frequently placed before its vowel ; as from jurit, " war," prajurit, " a warrior or soldier;" from kara, "to do," prakara, "an afi'air;" and from tand'a, "to mark" or "a mark," pratand-a, "a token or sign." Besides these modes of forming abstract nouns, thei'e is another almost peculiar to the Javanese, for there are but very few examples of it in Malay. This consists in doubling the first syllable of the radical, which, however, if it terminate in the vowels a or u, these are turned into ^ ; as from bakal, the name of a class of small officers, babakal, the class or order of such small officers ; from bm-u, " to pursue or chase," buburon, "beasts of the chase or game;" from sata, "a wild beast,"

DISSERTATION. xxvii sdsaton, " wild beasts collectively ; " from sare, " to sleep," s^sarean, " a sleeping place -," from rapen, " to sing/^ rarapen, "singing, poetry, song;'^ from gawa, "to carry," gagawayan, "a burden;" from reka, "to think," narekan, "thought." All these different forms of abstract nouns have substantially the same import, and occasionally, indeed, two or more of them can be applied to the same radical. In these abstract nouns, the sense, in general, follows closely that of the word from which they are derived ; but occasionally there is a very considerable departure from it, and the practice of the language alone determines the exact meaning. The practice of reduplication is even more frequent in Javanese than in Malay. It expresses reciprocity, frequenta- Eedupiica- ti^encss, extension, plurality, and intensity, although, *'''°sometimes, none of these qualities are found in its use. The following are some examples :—From tulung, " to assist," comes tulung-tinuluu, " to assist mutually," literally, " to assist and be assisted;" from bad-il, "to shoot or discharge a missile," bad-il-binad-il, " to shoot at one another," literally, " to shoot and be shot at ;" from duga, kera, and uda, " to think or consider," duga-duga, kera-kera, and uda-uda, "to ponder, to 'meditate;" from surak, "to shout," surak-surak, "to shout on" or "go on shouting;" from long, "a fire-rocket," longlongan, "fire-works;" from riris, "small rain," riris-riris, "a continual drizzle;" from balik, "to return or go back," balik-balik, "to return again;" from bunga, "glad," bunga-bunga, "very glad;" from alit, "little," alit-alit, "very little;" from alon, " slowly," alon-alon, " very slowly, gently ; " from ulu, " the head," ulu-ulu, " chieftains." Frequently, the reduplicated word is not traceable to its primitive, or appears itself to be a primi- tive; as etok-etok and api-api, "to feign;" ara-ara, "an open plain;" kochar-kachir, "scattered about;" rojok-rajek, "crushed to pieces;" long-linongan, "mutual slaughter." As the ceremonial language of Java is the only one of its kind among the languages of the East, and consequently a subject of interest, Ceremonial I shall cndeavour to render some account of it. language, j^ jg Called by the Javanese krama or basa, both words in this case, meaning the "polite," in contradistinction to the

  • Page 2: Oa^i«^/Vii^j. ( .(fc
  • Page 7 and 8: GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY MALAY LANGUA
  • Page 9: THE BARON ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT Si
  • Page 12 and 13: viii TREPACE. Mr. Marsdeiij my book
  • Page 15 and 16: A DISSERTATION AFFINITIES OF THE MA
  • Page 17 and 18: DISSERTATION. iii history refute th
  • Page 19 and 20: DISSERTATION. V the ideas which the
  • Page 21 and 22: DISSEETATION. vii they contain, jus
  • Page 23 and 24: DISSERTATION. ix this kind of circu
  • Page 25 and 26: DISSERTATION. xi fetta. Magellan ha
  • Page 27 and 28: DISSERTATION. xiii An examination o
  • Page 29 and 30: DISSERTATION. xv sabtu, "Saturday/'
  • Page 31 and 32: DISSEKTATION-. XvU inherent vowel.
  • Page 33 and 34: DISSERTATION. lix ABBREVIATIONS OF
  • Page 35 and 36: " the creator," literally, " he who
  • Page 37 and 38: DISSERTATION. xxiii Javanese anabra
  • Page 39: DISSERTATION. xxv for the ordinary,
  • Page 45 and 46: DISSERTATION. xxxi the permutation
  • Page 49 and 50: VULGAR. Tagal. Samarang. Madura. Ba
  • Page 51 and 52: DISSERTATION. xxxvii usually stated
  • Page 53 and 54: DISSERTATION. xxxix easily intellig
  • Page 55 and 56: DISSERTATION. xli letter of the alp
  • Page 57 and 58: DISSERTATION, xliii as Sumeru, the
  • Page 59 and 60: DTSSEKTATION. xlv the Archipelago t
  • Page 61 and 62: DISSEETATIOX. xlvii come along, and
  • Page 63 and 64: DISSERTATION. xlix had also settlem
  • Page 65: DISSERTATION. time ai'e sudah, tala
  • Page 69 and 70: DISSERTATION. sinjang, " cloth ; "
  • Page 71 and 72: DISSERTATION. Ivii The ordinal numb
  • Page 73 and 74: DISSEKTATION. Ijx It Avould be curi
  • Page 75 and 76: DISSERTATIOX, l^^i The only specime
  • Page 77 and 78: DISSERTATION. Ixiii for the aspirat
  • Page 79 and 80: DISSERTATION. Ixv case, which is fo
  • Page 81 and 82: DISSERTATION. Ixvii therefore, in o
  • Page 83 and 84: DISSERTATION. Ixix relation are not
  • Page 85 and 86: DISSERTATION. Ixxi are in the follo
  • Page 87 and 88: DISSERTATION, Ixxiil rous. For the
  • Page 89 and 90: MADURESE. Elan, Jaga, sans. Eutar.
  • Page 91 and 92:

    DISSERTATION. hxvii words are forei

  • Page 93 and 94:

    DISSERTATION. Ixxix three letters ^

  • Page 95 and 96:

    " here ; ; ; DISSERTATION. Ixxxi "

  • Page 97 and 98:

    DTSSERTATIOX. Ixxxiii themselves in

  • Page 99 and 100:

    ^ DISSERTATION. hxxv advanced of th

  • Page 101 and 102:

    — DISSERTATION, Ixxxvii vowel o,

  • Page 103 and 104:

    BUGIS.

  • Page 105 and 106:

    DISSERTATION. xci Bugis prouuuciati

  • Page 107 and 108:

    DISSERTATION. xciii guages, the Sum

  • Page 109 and 110:

    DISSERTATION. xcv Judging by these

  • Page 111 and 112:

    DISSERTATION. xcvii much larger tha

  • Page 113 and 114:

    ENGLISH. DISSEKTATION.

  • Page 115 and 116:

    DISSERTATION. ci particles differ e

  • Page 117 and 118:

    DISSERTATION. ciii considerable adv

  • Page 119 and 120:

    DISSERTATION. CT voyages extended n

  • Page 121 and 122:

    DISSEETATION. cvii each, and which

  • Page 123 and 124:

    DISSERTATION, cix prefix one which

  • Page 125 and 126:

    DISSERTATION. cxi for its genitive

  • Page 127 and 128:

    DISSERTATION. cxiii inaralan ; plup

  • Page 129 and 130:

    DISSERTATION. CXT Tagala or Bisaya,

  • Page 131 and 132:

    DISSERTATION. cxvii The same corrup

  • Page 134 and 135:

    cxx DISSERTATION. more in concrete

  • Page 136 and 137:

    cxxii DISSERTATION. 25 of these wor

  • Page 138:

    cxxiv

  • Page 141 and 142:

    DISSERTATION. cxxvii western part o

  • Page 143 and 144:

    DISSERTATIOX. c.Txix of his theory.

  • Page 145 and 146:

    ; DISSERTATION. exxxi is coarse and

  • Page 148 and 149:

    cxxxiv DISSERTATION. several words

  • Page 150 and 151:

    cxxxvi DISSERTATION. but no observe

  • Page 152 and 153:

    cxxxviii DISSERTATION. is formed by

  • Page 154:

    cx\

  • Page 157 and 158:

    DISSERTATION. cxli the changes prod

  • Page 159 and 160:

    DISSERTATION. cxlv islands, or at l

  • Page 161 and 162:

    DISSERTATION. cxlvii storm into the

  • Page 163 and 164:

    in the Negro ; well-proportioned ;

  • Page 165 and 166:

    DISSERTATION. cli of which it is h.

  • Page 167 and 168:

    MALAGASI. DISSERTATION, cliii

  • Page 169 and 170:

    MALAGASI. DISSERTATION.

  • Page 171 and 172:

    DISSERTATION. clvii although, by vi

  • Page 173 and 174:

    DISSERTATION. clix Polynesia. The p

  • Page 175 and 176:

    DISSERTATION. clxi many miglit be c

  • Page 177 and 178:

    DISSERTATION. clxiii- parts also of

  • Page 179 and 180:

    DISSERTATION. ckv African Negro. Th

  • Page 181 and 182:

    DISSERTATION. clxvii Proceeding eas

  • Page 183 and 184:

    DISSERTATION. clxix On the authorit

  • Page 185 and 186:

    « ^' -3 -^ . -^ .^ ^11 J a DISSERT

  • Page 187 and 188:

    DISSERTATION. clxxiii The conclusio

  • Page 189 and 190:

    DISSERTATION. clxxv and their conso

  • Page 191 and 192:

    J DISSERTATION. clxxvii is to the s

  • Page 193 and 194:

    DISSERTATION. clxxix eighteen verbs

  • Page 195 and 196:

    DISSERTATION. clxxxi Boripar, and Y

  • Page 197 and 198:

    DISSERTATION. clxx.\ui I proceed, t

  • Page 200 and 201:

    clxx

  • Page 202:

    cl>IxxxviH

  • Page 205 and 206:

    DISSERTATION. cxci The names given

  • Page 208 and 209:

    cxeiv DISSERTATION. of iron ordnanc

  • Page 210 and 211:

    cxcvi DISSERTATION. The Malay and J

  • Page 212 and 213:

    cxcviii DISSEETATION. prevalence of

  • Page 214 and 215:

    cc DISSEKTATION. ENGLISH. MALAY. JA

  • Page 217:

    DISSERTATION. coiii and "princess."

  • Page 220 and 221:

    ccvi DISSEETATION. tliem, and that

  • Page 222:

    ccviii DISSERTATION. name for the i

  • Page 227 and 228:

    DISSERTATION. ccxiii not belong to

  • Page 229 and 230:

    DISSERTATION. ccxv 'riie cultivated

  • Page 231 and 232:

    DISSERTATION. cc.wii The influence

  • Page 233 and 234:

    DISSERTATION. ccxix The first five

  • Page 235 and 236:

    DISSERTATION". ccxxi Malayan, and a

  • Page 237 and 238:

    DISSERTATION. ccxxiii Two languages

  • Page 239 and 240:

    ENGLISH.

  • Page 241 and 242:

    DISSERTATION. ccxxvii tlie Malayan,

  • Page 244:

    DISSERTATION. barley (?), and the f

  • Page 247 and 248:

    DISSERTATION, ccxxxiii Of this clas

  • Page 250 and 251:

    ccxxxvi DISSERTATION. referring to

  • Page 252 and 253:

    ccxxxviii

  • Page 254 and 255:

    ccxl DISSERTATION. in 1000 of the w

  • Page 256 and 257:

    ccxlii DISSERTATION. Pacific island

  • Page 258 and 259:

    cexliv DISSERTATION. two synonymes

  • Page 260 and 261:

    ccxl'vi DISSERTATION. west, and ext

  • Page 262 and 263:

    ccxlvlii DISSERTATION. inhabitants.

  • Page 264 and 265:

    ccl DISSERTATION. Thin, sleuder.

  • Page 266 and 267:

    cclii DISSERTATION. less intermixtu

  • Page 268 and 269:

    ccliv DISSERTATION. lying between t

  • Page 270 and 271:

    cclvi BISSERTATIOX. that the migrat

  • Page 272 and 273:

    cclvlii DISSERTATION. account, that

  • Page 274 and 275:

    cclx DISSERTATION. immigration." *

  • Page 276 and 277:

    cclxii DISSEETATION. " thousand," a

  • Page 278 and 279:

    cclxiv DISSERTATION. au example of

  • Page 280 and 281:

    cclxvi DISSEETATION. into Madagasca

  • Page 282 and 283:

    cclxviii DISSERTATION. also, both t

  • Page 284 and 285:

    cclxx DISSEETATION. " pepper fruit/

  • Page 286 and 287:

    cclxxii DISSERTATION, expected, app

  • Page 288 and 289:

    ccl.x DISSERTATION. Among the class

  • Page 290 and 291:

    cclxxvi DISSERTATION. be added. In

  • Page 292 and 293:

    cclxxvlii DISSERTATION. the assista

  • Page 294 and 295:

    cclxxx DISSERTATION. by the arrival

  • Page 296 and 297:

    cclxxxii DISSERTATION. ornamental m

  • Page 298 and 299:

    cclxxxiv DISSERTATION. It may be ob

  • Page 300 and 301:

    cclxxxvi DISSERTATION. termed provi

  • Page 302 and 303:

    cclxxxviii DISSERTATION. and never

  • Page 304 and 305:

    ccxc DISSERTATION. persons under Li

  • Page 307 and 308:

    A GRAMMAR THE MALAY LANGUAGE. ORTHO

  • Page 309 and 310:

    ORTHOGKAPHY. 3 distinct character f

  • Page 311 and 312:

    OKTHOGEAPHY. 5 by Roman letters as

  • Page 313 and 314:

    ab t PEONUNCIATION. 7 LETTERS OF TH

  • Page 315 and 316:

    PARTS OF SPEECH. 9 the k is elided

  • Page 317 and 318:

    NOUN. 11- rang buiiga ini; tarlalu

  • Page 319 and 320:

    NOUN. 13 balakang, balik, susor, si

  • Page 321 and 322:

    NOUN. lo D^ri may be rendered in En

  • Page 323 and 324:

    NOLTN. 17 Antara and the two next p

  • Page 325 and 326:

    NOUN. 19 naga makutaiia dariprida p

  • Page 327 and 328:

    ADJECTIVE. 21 chantik, molek ; her

  • Page 329 and 330:

    NUMERALS. 23 the system of numerati

  • Page 331 and 332:

    PRONOUNS. 25 are used only in addre

  • Page 333 and 334:

    PEONOUNS. 27 To the personal pronou

  • Page 335 and 336:

    VERB. 29 the summit of the island.

  • Page 337 and 338:

    VERB. 31 Transitive Verb.—A trans

  • Page 339 and 340:

    VERB. 33 suwaraiia, sapurti buhih p

  • Page 341 and 342:

    VERB. 35 as to a radical, by the af

  • Page 343 and 344:

    VERB. 37 and the nasal ng substitut

  • Page 345 and 346:

    VEKB. 59 from labuh, to anchor, par

  • Page 347 and 348:

    VEK13. 4L miuer, aud also, a diggin

  • Page 349 and 350:

    VERB. 4.;} words of the language^ l

  • Page 351 and 352:

    VERB. 45 saudarafia, utus-mangutus,

  • Page 353 and 354:

    VERB. ^T not easy to understand. Ji

  • Page 355 and 356:

    Sakutika barwayang, a^-ampun barkuk

  • Page 357 and 358:

    VERB. 51 Saorftng p^rampiian mud'a

  • Page 359 and 360:

    VERB. 53 affix kan may be the prepo

  • Page 361 and 362:

    generally some reference to an ante

  • Page 363 and 364:

    KEDUFLlCATIOiS\ 57 constant occurre

  • Page 365 and 366:

    SYNTAX. 59 The object follows the v

  • Page 367 and 368:

    PROSODY. 61 PROSODY. The Malay lang

  • Page 369 and 370:

    MISCELLANEOUS REMAEKS. 63 consists

  • Page 371 and 372:

    MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS. Go speech ;

  • Page 373 and 374:

    MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS. 67 Indian is

  • Page 375 and 376:

    MlSCELLAiSEoUS REMARKS. 69 very cop

  • Page 377 and 378:

    IDIOMS. 71 sister ; ayah and ayahan

  • Page 379 and 380:

    HISTORY UF THE LANGUAGE. 73 the peo

  • Page 381 and 382:

    DlALEGTSc 75 arisen^ more from the

  • Page 383 and 384:

    LITER ATUKR. 77 author. All Malay l

  • Page 385 and 386:

    LITERATURE. 79 like that of a rose

  • Page 387 and 388:

    LITERATURE. 81 all drank, pledging

  • Page 389 and 390:

    LITERATURE. 83 examples, in additio

A grammar and dictionary of the Malay language - Wallace-online.org
A grammar and dictionary of the Malay language : with a preliminary ...
A grammar and dictionary of the Malay language ... - Wallace Online
Collins Malay Dictionary - RunMob
A grammar of the Malayan language, with an introduction and praxis..
A dictionary of the Malay tongue, as spoken in the ... - Sabrizain.org
Routledge Dictionary of Language and Linguistics.pdf
Routledge dictionary of language and linguistics - Developers
A new pocket dictionary of the English and Swedish languages
Dictionary of languages - RITELL
A dictionary of the Manks language, with the corresponding words or ...
A concise and simplified grammar of the Spanish language
An English-Welsh pronouncing dictionary, with preliminary ...
A grammar of the Spanish language - National Library of Scotland
A grammar of the Welsh language : based on the most approved ...
A dictionary of the Gaelic language, in two parts, I. Gaelic and ...
A dictionary of the Asante and Fante language called Tshi (Chwee ...
A dictionary of the Gaelic language, in two parts, I. Gaelic and ...
Oxford Language Dictionaries Online Chinese French German ...
Generating Control Languages with Abstract Categorial Grammars
[+][PDF] TOP TREND American Sign Language Green Books, A Teacher s Resource Text on Grammar and Culture (The Original Green Books) [FREE]
[+][PDF] TOP TREND American Sign Language Green Books, A Teacher s Resource Text on Grammar and Culture (The Original Green Books) [PDF]
Read Online Allen and Greenough s New Latin Grammar (Dover Language Guides) Review
The Dictionary & Grammar of Hiri Motu - LANGUAGE ...
The Alternative Malay Dictionary - The Alternative Dictionaries
language, dictionaries, grammars, et. al.: sixteenth through the ...
BUDDHIST HYBRID SANSKRIT GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY