What is a Stroke/Brain Attack? - National Stroke Association

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What is a Stroke/Brain Attack? - National Stroke Association

Stroke: A Leading Cause of Death

Stroke remains the third leading cause of death in the United States, killing more

American women each year than

breast cancer. The other two leading

killers are heart disease and cancer.

The Poor Public

Awareness of Stroke

A 1996 NSA/Gallup Survey on stroke

awareness in the United States

revealed the following 10:

• Among adults age 50 or older, 38

percent did not know that stroke

occurs in the brain.

• 19 percent were unaware that

many strokes can be prevented.

• Only 40 percent would call 911

immediately if they were having

a stroke.

• Two-thirds were unaware of the

short time frame in which a per

son must seek treatment.

• Only 8 percent correctly defined a

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) as

a small stroke.

The survey also showed that older

Americans could not identify the following stroke symptoms:

• Sudden blurred or decreased vision in one or both eyes – 91 percent

• Loss of balance or coordination (a major sign when accompanied by another

symptom) – 85 percent

• Difficulty speaking or understanding simple statements – 68 percent

• Weakness/numbness/paralysis in the face, arm or leg – 42 percent

National Stroke Association’s Complete Guide to Stroke

Atlas of Stroke Mortality: Racial, Ethnic and Geographic Disparities in the

United States.Atlanta, GA: Department of Health and Human Services, Centers

for Disease Control and Prevention; January, 2003.

4

STROKE MORTALITY

Age-Adjusted Death Rate Per 100,000

Adults 35 years and older

American Indian

Asian

Black

Hispanic

White

American Indian

Asian

Black

Hispanic

White

American Indian

Asian

Black

Hispanic

White

Ethnic Group Males

Ethnic Group Females

Ethnic Group Totals

77

96

153

72

113

79

105

166

79

80

118

182

88

121

117

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