What is a Stroke/Brain Attack? - National Stroke Association


What is a Stroke/Brain Attack? - National Stroke Association

Other famous leaders and celebrities who have experienced strokes:

• Princess Margaret - Sister of Queen

Elizabeth v

• Darin McGavin- Actor v

• David Merrick - Broadway producer v

• Empress Michiko - Empress of Japan

• Thelonius Monk - Jazz musician v

• Bill Monroe - Father of bluegrass music v

• Patricia Neal - Actress

• Pat Nixon - Former First Lady v

• Richard Nixon - Former U.S. President

• Minnie Pearl - Country music performer v

• Oscar Peterson - Jazz pianist

• Martha Raye - Actress/singer v

• Ben Vereen - Entertainer

• Deng Xiao Ping - Chinese political

leader v

• Della Reese - Actress/singer

• J.R. Richard - Major league baseball


• Hugh Rodham - Father of First Lady

Hilary Rodham Clinton v

• Ginger Rogers - Dancer/actress v

1. Alberts MJ, Bertels C, Dawson DV. An Analysis of Time of

Presentation After Stroke. JAMA. 1990; 263:65-68.

2. Williams GR, Jiang JG, Matchar DB, Samsa GP. Incidence and

Occurrence of Total (First-Ever and Recurrent) Stroke. Stroke.


3. Hoyert DL, Kochanek KD, Murphy SL. Deathes: Final Data for 1997.

National Vital Statistics Reports; Vol. 47 no. 19. Hyattsville,

Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. 1999.

4. American Heart Association. 1999 Heart and Stroke Statistical

Update. Dallas, Texas: American Heart Association.1998.

5. National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological

Disorders and Stroke. Stroke: Hope Through Research.

www.ninds.nih.gov, May 1999.

6. Sacco RL, Wolf PA, Kannel WB, McNamara PM,. Survival and

Recurrence Following Stroke. The Framingham Study. Stroke. 1982;


7. Sacco Rl, Shi T, Zamanillo MC, et al. Predictors of mortality and

recurrence after hospitalized cerebral infarction in an urban community:

The Northern Manhattan Stroke Study. Neurology. 1994; 44:


National Stroke Association’s Complete Guide to Stroke



• Franklin D. Roosevelt - Former

U.S. President v

• Robert Shaw - Conductor, Atlanta

Symphony v

• Josef Stalin - Russian leader v

• Willie Stargell - Baseball legend v

• Robert Lewis Stevenson - Author v

• Potter Stewart - Former Supreme Court

Justice v

• Bill Tavoulareas - Former Mobil Oil

President v

• Mel Torme - Singer v

• Jackie Mayer Townsend - Miss America


• Fred Waring - Pennsylvanians'

conductor v

• Ted Williams - Major league baseball

player v

• Woodrow Wilson - Former U.S.


8. American Heart Association. 1996 Heart and Stroke Statistical

Update. Dallas, Texas: American Heart Association.1996.

9. National Center for Health Statistics, various studies, 2002.

10. Adapted from Gallup/NSA Survey of Stroke Awareness in

America. 1996.

11. NHLBI, National Institutes of Health. Morbidity & Mortality:1998

Chartbook on Cardiovascular, Lung and Blood Diseases. October


12. Petitti DB, Winger J. Use of oral contraceptives and cigarette

smoking and risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Lancet. 1978;

2(8083): 234-5.

13. Horner R. Racial Variations in Ischemic Stroke-Related Physical

and Functional Impairments. Stroke. 1991; 22:1497-1501.

14. Perry HM, Roccella EJ. Conference report on stroke mortality in

the southeastern United States. Hypertension. 1998; 6: 1206-15.

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