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AP-42- Section 1.7 - US Environmental Protection Agency

AP-42- Section 1.7 - US Environmental Protection Agency

AP-42- Section 1.7 - US Environmental Protection

EMISSION FACTOR DOCUMENTATION FOR AP-42 SECTION 1.7, LIGNITE COMBUSTION Prepared by: Acurex Environmental Corporation Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 Edward Aul & Associates, Inc. Chapel Hill, NC 27514 E. H. Pechan & Associates, Inc. Rancho Cordova, CA 95742 Contract No. 68-DO-0120 EPA Work Assignment Officer: Michael Hamlin Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards Office Of Air And Radiation U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 April 1993

  • Page 2 and 3: DISCLAIMER This report has been rev
  • Page 4 and 5: TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES...
  • Page 6 and 7: 3.5 FUGITIVE EMISSIONS.............
  • Page 8 and 9: LIST OF TABLES Table Page 2-1 Ligni
  • Page 10 and 11: LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page 2-1. Li
  • Page 12 and 13: ozone depletion gases [such as nitr
  • Page 14 and 15: 2. SOURCE DESCRIPTION The two geogr
  • Page 16 and 17: 2.1.2 Gulf Region 5 The Gulf lignit
  • Page 18 and 19: level. This higher temperature prom
  • Page 20 and 21: Particulate emissions from lignite
  • Page 22 and 23: ! Poor fuel/air mixing; ! Cold-wall
  • Page 24 and 25: temperatures [e.g., staged combusti
  • Page 26 and 27: The formation of thermal NO x occur
  • Page 28 and 29: Several techniques are used to redu
  • Page 30 and 31: TABLE 2-1. LIGNITE-FIRED BOILERS IN
  • Page 32 and 33: Figure 2-1. Lignite-bearing strata
  • Page 34 and 35: Figure 2-3. Schematic of cyclone-fi
  • Page 36 and 37: Figure 2-5. Bubbling FBC schematic.
  • Page 38 and 39: REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER 2 1. Kirk-Ot
  • Page 40 and 41: 3. GENERAL EMISSIONS DATA REVIEW AN
  • Page 42 and 43: the seven largest lignite-fired uti
  • Page 44 and 45: 3. Sampling and process data. Adequ
  • Page 46 and 47: ases. Specifically for the air toxi
  • Page 48 and 49: estimate of emissions and possibly
  • Page 50 and 51: Reference 10: Not applicable to sta
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    Although cascade impactors are gene

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    REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER 3 1. Honea,

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    4. EMISSION FACTOR DEVELOPMENT This

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    4.1.2 Pulverized Coal Dry Bottom Em

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    Reference 2, two source test report

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    additional source. A significant am

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    4.1.7 Texas Air Control Board 16 Th

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    Many of the baseline particulate em

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    evaluation of the quality of the da

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    is a highly volatile metal and ther

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    4.3.3 Controlled Emission Factors T

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    was developed for total PM by multi

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    Na 2O in ash, % by weight 0.4 0.7 0

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    TABLE 4-4. SUMMARY BASELINE NO x EM

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    TABLE 4-9. ATMOSPHERIC FLUIDIZED BE

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    TABLE 4-10. CONTROLLED NO x, SO x,

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    TABLE 4-12. CONTROLLED PM EMISSIONS

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    TABLE 4-13. ATMOSPHERIC FLUIDIZED B

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    TABLE 4-15. N 2O EMISSION FACTORS F

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    TABLE 4-18. FLY ASH ENRICHMENT RATI

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    TABLE 4-20. TRACE METAL EMISSION FA

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    TABLE 4-22. HAP EMISSION FACTORS (E

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    REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER 4 1. Kirk-Ot

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    26. Amand, L.E. and S. Anderson, "E

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    5. AP-42 SECTION 1.7: LIGNITE COMBU

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    TABLE A-1. CONVERSION FACTORS Given

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    REPORT ON REVISIONS TO 5TH EDITION

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    1.0 INTRODUCTION This report supple

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    NO x Emission Factors for Controlle

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    CO Emission Factors for Controlled

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    These emission factors were checked

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    2.9.1 General Document Evaluation a

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    When assigning SCCs to an emission

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    The emissions test consisted of thr

  • Page 120 and 121:

    coal-fired boilers and were firing

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    coal feed rate in ton/hr. The emiss

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    coal HHV was used to convert the em

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    Engineering and was firing pulveriz

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    provides an HHV of the coal fired d

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    The test runs results are presented

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    included low NO x burners, overfire

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    This reference presents the results

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    develop AP-42 emission factors. The

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    The reference states that AP-42 pro

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    was utilizing a "demonstration" pol

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    average. The "non-detected" factors

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    Copies of the spreadsheets used to

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    7997\92\04\Suplemnt.B\Reports\Chptr

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    7997\92\04\Suplemnt.B\Reports\Chptr

  • Page 150 and 151:

    7997\92\04\Suplemnt.B\Reports\Chptr

  • Page 152 and 153:

    Reference No. No. of Boilers Fuel T

  • Page 154 and 155:

    7997\92\04\Suplemnt.B\Reports\Chptr

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    3.0 REFERENCES 1. Alternative Contr

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    25. Field Chemical Emissions Monito

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    4.0 REVISED SECTION 1.7 This sectio

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    Appendix A

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    REFERENCE 19 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 20 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 21 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 21 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 22 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 23 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 23 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 24 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 24 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 24 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 25 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 26 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 26 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 27 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 27 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 28 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 29 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 29 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 30 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 31 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 32 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 33 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 33 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 34 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 35 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 35 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 36 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 37 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 38 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 39 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 39 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 40 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 41 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 41 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 42 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 42 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 42 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 43 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 43 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 43 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 44 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 44 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 45 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 45 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 46 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 46 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 47 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    REFERENCE 48 OF AP-42 SECTION 1.1 B

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    A-103

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