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Judaism: History, Belief and Practice

Judaism: History, Belief and Practice

Judaism: History, Belief and

  • Page 2: JUDAISM This all-encompassing textb
  • Page 5 and 6: First published 2003 by Routledge 1
  • Page 7 and 8: VI CONTENTS 43 The Emergence of Jew
  • Page 9 and 10: VIII MAPS 64 The flight from German
  • Page 11 and 12: X FIGURES 40 Israel Baal Shem Tov (
  • Page 13 and 14: XII PREFACE Companion Website is al
  • Page 15 and 16: XIV TIPS FOR STUDENTS bold typeface
  • Page 17 and 18: XVI SOURCES KC Solomon ibn Gabirol,
  • Page 19 and 20: XVIII SOURCES of an Idea, and (1993
  • Page 22 and 23: CHAPTER 1 Ancient Mesopotamian Civi
  • Page 24 and 25: Figure 1 God Ningirso as lion-heade
  • Page 26 and 27: Babylonian Flood Story ANCIENT MESO
  • Page 28 and 29: CHAPTER 2 The Bible and Ancient Nea
  • Page 30 and 31: his sons’ wives went with him. An
  • Page 32 and 33: DISCUSSION 1. How did the ancient I
  • Page 34 and 35: Canaanite El, who was the creator o
  • Page 36 and 37: If he be a freeman, he shall give 3
  • Page 38 and 39: CHAPTER 4 The Patriarchs Timeline:
  • Page 40 and 41: After arriving in Harran, Jacob wor
  • Page 42 and 43: Joseph and His Brothers Joseph, bei
  • Page 44 and 45: servant, whom you have brought amon
  • Page 46 and 47: Map 5 Egypt EXODUS 27
  • Page 48 and 49: your descendants.’ I have let you
  • Page 50 and 51: FURTHER READING Childs, Bernard S.,
  • Page 52 and 53:

    Map 7 Conquest and settlement CONQU

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    CONQUEST AND SETTLEMENT 35 Figure 6

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    the midst of the sea. The mighty ar

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    Map 8 Battles of the judges period

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    in Jerusalem which he declared the

  • Page 62 and 63:

    David and Bathsheba Desirous of Bat

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    CHAPTER 8 Solomon and the Divided M

  • Page 66 and 67:

    Figure 8 King Solomon overseeing co

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    Historical Studies on the Israelite

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    Map 13 The kingdoms of Israel and J

  • Page 72 and 73:

    and lay it on the wood, but put no

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    couch embossed and inlaid with ivor

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    Map 14 Jeroboam II and Uzziah JEROB

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    SOURCES Amos’ Prophecy Against Is

  • Page 80 and 81:

    CHAPTER 11 Ahaz and Hezekiah Timeli

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    Map 16 Assyrian empire prepared his

  • Page 84 and 85:

    Map 17 Growth of diaspora

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    Sennacherib’s Siege of Jerusalem

  • Page 88 and 89:

    Map 18 Assyrian and Babylonian exil

  • Page 90 and 91:

    Habakkuk’s Prediction of God’s

  • Page 92 and 93:

    CHAPTER 13 Aftermath of the Fall of

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    darkness. And I will bring them out

  • Page 96 and 97:

    DISCUSSION 1. Why were the Babyloni

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    Map 19 Judah during the time of Neh

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    these Jews believed it was possible

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    FURTHER READING Bickerman, Elias, F

  • Page 104 and 105:

    and Jason quickly tried to remove M

  • Page 106 and 107:

    Map 22 Hasmonean rule THE RISE OF H

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    Figure 15 Belshazzar’s Feast, pai

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    categories of labour so that everyo

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    that there should be a fusion and t

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    DISCUSSION 1. What were the major d

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    Map 23 The kingdom of Herod THE KIN

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    the court of priests where the Sadd

  • Page 120 and 121:

    FURTHER READING Appelbaum, Shimon,

  • Page 122 and 123:

    Greek community. Mobs broke into sy

  • Page 124 and 125:

    Donfried, Karl P., Richardson, Pete

  • Page 126 and 127:

    In the spreading of the gospel, Pau

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    you not know what the scripture say

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    CHAPTER 20 Roman Jewish War and Aft

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    Zakkai, who escaped from Jerusalem

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    CHAPTER 21 Jews in the Roman Empire

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    Caesarea and Sepphoris. These exten

  • Page 138 and 139:

    Judah Ha-Nasi JEWS IN THE ROMAN EMP

  • Page 140 and 141:

    Rules of Exegesis JEWS IN THE ROMAN

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    Chapter 22 Jews in Babylonia Timeli

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    SOURCES Jewish Learning in Palestin

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    JEWS IN BABYLONIA 127 Many stories

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    CHAPTER 23 Rabbinic Scriptural Inte

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    this conflict is resolved by referr

  • Page 152 and 153:

    CHAPTER 24 Rabbinic Theology Timeli

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    In rabbinic sources the heavenly re

  • Page 156 and 157:

    Chapter 25 Judaism under Islamic Ru

  • Page 158 and 159:

    understand, why do you insist on ar

  • Page 160 and 161:

    Corrigan, John, Denny, Frederick M.

  • Page 162 and 163:

    Map 27 Jewry under Arab rule in AD

  • Page 164 and 165:

    authority to engage in anti-Karaite

  • Page 166 and 167:

    Concerning the Jews, both the Asma

  • Page 168 and 169:

    FURTHER READING Ankori, Zvi, Karait

  • Page 170 and 171:

    As early as the eighth century the

  • Page 172 and 173:

    DISCUSSION Ashtor, Eliyahu, Wassers

  • Page 174 and 175:

    Map 30 Blood libels

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    themselves in public during Holy We

  • Page 178 and 179:

    Map 33 Jewish settlement in the Byz

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    Crusades JEWRY IN EUROPE IN THE MID

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    Black Death Bachrach, Bernard, Earl

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    CHAPTER 29 The Jews in Christian Sp

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    and undergoing various humiliations

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    against herself but to tell the tru

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    CHAPTER 30 The Dispersion of the Ma

  • Page 192 and 193:

    Map 37 Medieval Jewish migration DI

  • Page 194 and 195:

    CHAPTER 31 Early Medieval Thought T

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    perfection and communion with God.

  • Page 198 and 199:

    EARLY MEDIEVAL THOUGHT 179 Thou art

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    Moses Maimonides (1135-1204), the g

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    intellect. In this regard, Maimonid

  • Page 204 and 205:

    CHAPTER 33 Jewish Philosophy after

  • Page 206 and 207:

    Map 40 The Jews of Spain and Portug

  • Page 208 and 209:

    dominant philosophy in the Jewish w

  • Page 210 and 211:

    Simon ben Zemah Duran JEWISH PHILOS

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    DISCUSSION 1. Why was Maimonides’

  • Page 214 and 215:

    simple letters (he, vav, zayin, che

  • Page 216 and 217:

    RABBINIC MYSTICISM 197 According to

  • Page 218 and 219:

    RABBINIC MYSTICISM 199 Three mother

  • Page 220 and 221:

    CHAPTER 35 The Hasidei Ashkenaz Tim

  • Page 222 and 223:

    SOURCES Life of Piety ‘Let a pers

  • Page 224 and 225:

    CHAPTER 36 The Emergence of Kabbala

  • Page 226 and 227:

    For the kabbalists the sefirot are

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    FURTHER READING Drob, Sanford, Symb

  • Page 230 and 231:

    In the centuries following the medi

  • Page 232 and 233:

    Map 43 Jewish centres in the sixtee

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    aise up the captive sparks. The Tor

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    entire system and oversteps the bou

  • Page 238 and 239:

    Frank, Daniel (ed.), The Jews of Me

  • Page 240 and 241:

    and ascetic activities. In addition

  • Page 242 and 243:

    SOURCES Shabbatai Zevi THE SHABBATE

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    CHAPTER 39 Jewry in Eastern and Wes

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    Map 46 Poland-Lithuania in the sixt

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    Jews as allied with the Swedes. App

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    water with their swords and scythes

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    CHAPTER 40 The Rise of the Hasidic

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    Map 50 The rise of Hasidism no plac

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    gather together ten men for a servi

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    THE RISE OF THE HASIDIC MOVEMENT 23

  • Page 260 and 261:

    CHAPTER 41 The Status of Jewry in E

  • Page 262 and 263:

    Although this constitution did not

  • Page 264 and 265:

    Napoleon’s Sanhedrin STATUS OF JE

  • Page 266 and 267:

    CHAPTER 42 Jews in Eastern Europe T

  • Page 268 and 269:

    In 1851 a plan was initiated to cat

  • Page 270 and 271:

    Map 52 Pale of settlement, 1835 JEW

  • Page 272 and 273:

    CHAPTER 43 The Emergence of Jewish

  • Page 274 and 275:

    Map 53 The great yeshivas of easter

  • Page 276 and 277:

    the next two decades maskilim produ

  • Page 278 and 279:

    CHAPTER 44 The Origins of Reform Ti

  • Page 280 and 281:

    grow, Orthodox authorities vigorous

  • Page 282 and 283:

    Map 56 Jews of the United States, 1

  • Page 284 and 285:

    The development of our science in a

  • Page 286 and 287:

    Pittsburgh Platform THE ORIGINS OF

  • Page 288 and 289:

    CHAPTER 45 Jewish Thought in the Ag

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    prophecies were necessary to elimin

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    CHAPTER 46 The Rise of Anti-Semitis

  • Page 294 and 295:

    to be the minutes of a clandestine

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    Rubenstein, Richard L., Roth, John

  • Page 298 and 299:

    Figure 47 Theodor Herzl (1860-1904)

  • Page 300 and 301:

    the contrary, it is a very old one.

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    DISCUSSION THE ZIONIST MOVEMENT 283

  • Page 304 and 305:

    Map 57 European Jewish population,

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    Map 58 Zionism JEWS WORLDWIDE 287

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    Map 60 Jewish immigrants by country

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    Map 61 Jewish settlement in Palesti

  • Page 312 and 313:

    Hayyim Nahman Bialik JEWS WORLDWIDE

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    CHAPTER 49 The Nazi Regime Timeline

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    German economy, had ordered Reinhar

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    THE NAZI REGIME 299 For Hitler the

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    Kristallnacht THE NAZI REGIME 301 v

  • Page 322 and 323:

    The Assault Against Russia THE NAZI

  • Page 324 and 325:

    CHAPTER 50 The Death Camps Timeline

  • Page 326 and 327:

    SOURCES The Wannsee Conference What

  • Page 328 and 329:

    whips and rifles. The doors of the

  • Page 330 and 331:

    FURTHER READING Botwinick, Rita Ste

  • Page 332 and 333:

    Map 69 Palestine Mandate, 1922-1948

  • Page 334 and 335:

    Map 70 United Nations partition pla

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    In the 1980s Israel attempted to co

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    Declaration of the State of Israel

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    CHAPTER 52 Jewry After the Holocaus

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    Figure 52 Jewish refugee children,

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    We believe that the eternal covenan

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    JEWRY AFTER THE HOLOCAUST 327 In an

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    At the beginning of the twentieth c

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    MODERN JEWISH THOUGHT 331 The great

  • Page 352 and 353:

    Martin Buber MODERN JEWISH THOUGHT

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    Noveck, Simon (ed.), Great Jewish T

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    the binding authority of the law in

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    THE FUTURE OF JUDAISM 339 the Karai

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    PART II BELIEF AND PRACTICE Discuss

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    344 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE pa

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    346 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Je

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    348 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE No

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    350 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE he

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    352 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Wh

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    354 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE in

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    356 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Ku

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    358 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Th

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    360 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE on

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    362 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Ba

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    364 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE FU

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    366 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE af

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    368 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Ot

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    370 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE DI

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    372 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE In

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    374 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE re

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    376 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE FU

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    378 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE ge

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    380 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE po

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    382 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE St

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    384 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE pe

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    386 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE An

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    388 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Th

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    390 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE DI

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    392 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE to

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    394 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Ea

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    396 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE co

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    398 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE 8.

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    400 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE ce

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    402 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE In

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    CHAPTER 64 Commandments According t

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    406 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE 51

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    408 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE 13

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    410 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE 23

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    412 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE 32

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    414 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE 41

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    416 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE 50

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    418 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE 60

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    CHAPTER 65 Sin and Repentance Figur

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    422 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE re

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    424 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE We

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    CHAPTER 66 The Chosen People Figure

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    428 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Du

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    430 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE fo

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    CHAPTER 67 The Promised Land Figure

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    434 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE an

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    436 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Ye

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    CHAPTER 68 Prayer Figure 68 Jewish

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    440 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE to

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    442 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE DI

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    444 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE ho

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    446 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE SO

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    448 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE DI

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    450 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Bo

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    452 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE SO

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    454 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Th

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    CHAPTER 71 Afterlife Figure 71 Heav

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    458 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE an

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    460 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Im

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    462 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE se

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    464 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE On

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    466 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Am

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    CHAPTER 73 Jewish Education Figure

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    470 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE pa

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    472 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Ed

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    CHAPTER 74 The Jewish Calendar Figu

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    476 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Se

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    478 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE 21

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    480 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Ne

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    482 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Pu

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    484 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE me

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    486 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE st

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    CHAPTER 76 Worship Figure 76 Women

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    490 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE on

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    492 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Jo

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    CHAPTER 77 The Sabbath Figure 77 Sa

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    496 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Ra

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    498 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Fa

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    500 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE DI

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    502 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE At

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    504 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Th

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    506 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE FU

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    508 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE to

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    510 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE re

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    512 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Sh

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    514 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE FU

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    516 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE fi

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    518 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE SO

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    520 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Mo

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    CHAPTER 81 The Days of Joy Figure 8

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    524 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE (5

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    526 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Is

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    CHAPTER 82 Fasts Figure 82 Fast day

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    530 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Du

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    532 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Yo

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    534 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE He

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    536 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE SO

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    CHAPTER 84 Marriage Figure 84 Bride

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    540 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE .

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    542 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Ke

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    CHAPTER 85 Divorce The Get “On th

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    546 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE re

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    548 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Ka

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    550 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Th

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    552 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE SO

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    CHAPTER 87 Dietary Laws Figure 87 R

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    556 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Me

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    558 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE DI

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    560 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE is

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    562 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE SO

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    CHAPTER 89 Jewish Ethics Figure 89

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    566 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Ra

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    568 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE Ac

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    570 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE pr

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    CHAPTER 90 Conversion Figure 90 Mik

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    574 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE re

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    576 PART II: BELIEF AND PRACTICE FU

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    578 GLOSSARY Gaon: head of a Babylo

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    580 GLOSSARY Seudah Shelishit: thir

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    Reference Bibliography ATLASES Barn

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    Judaism on the Internet The World W

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    586 INDEX rise of 106-9; sin and re

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    588 INDEX Karaism 142-9; Rabbinic t

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    590 INDEX Talmud Torah schools 470

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