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The Transmission and Impact of the Hadhrami and Persian ... - Rihlah

The Transmission and Impact of the Hadhrami and Persian ... - Rihlah

The Transmission and Impact of the Hadhrami and Persian ... -

The Transmission and Impact of the Hadhrami and Persian Lute-Type Instruments on the Malay World by Larry Francis Hilarian Musical instruments have always accompanied sea-fearers as entertainment artifacts in their long sea voyages. Along the grain of politics, conquests and economic exploits, some of these instruments have become identified as cultural icons amongst the communities so linked to this trade, mercantilism and adventure. The main focus of this paper is on the transmission and adaptation of the Hadhrami and Persian lute-type instruments commonly known as the gambus in alam melayu 1 (Malay world). The gambus, although not of Malay origin, shares “kinship” ties not only with the Hadhrami qanbus (lute) but also the European lute, Spanish guitar, Persian barbat, Greek bouzouki, Chinese pipa, Japanese biwa and also many other Central Asia and Eastern European lute instruments. This paper will also examine the impact and influences of Hadhrami musical and cultural practices on the various aspects of the Malay Muslim society. Map. 1 The Malay World, Malay Archipelago and the Austronesian Language Group 1 The term alam melayu generally refers to a territorial network of genealogically related Malay kingdoms as shown in Map.1 The Malay World, Malay Archipelago and the Austronesian Language Group. These countries currently include locations in Peninsular Malaysia, including Singapore, the east and southern coast of Sumatra (Jambi, Padang, Siak, Deli, Palembang) the coastal areas of Borneo (Sabah and Sarawak (East Malaysia), Brunei and westwards to Banjarmasin, Pontianak (south and west Kalimantan – Indonesian) and Riau Lingga Archipelago (Indonesia) and southern Thailand. 1

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