The Temple of Derr

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The Temple of Derr

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LES

TEMPLES IMMERGES DE LA NUBIE


SERVICE DES ANTIQUITES DE L'EGYPTE

LES

TEMPLES IMMERGES DE LA NLIBIE

THE TEMPLE OF DERR

PAR AYLWARD M. BLACKMAN

LE CAIRE

IMPRIMERIE DE L'INSTITUT FRANCAIS

D'ARCHKOLOGIE ORIENTALE

1 9 1 ;]


FWMJ

-Y

.B5


THE TEMPLE OF DERR

AYLWARD M. BLACKMAN M. A.

Laycock Student of Egyptology at Worcester College, Oxford

Late Oxford University Nubian Research Sciiolak

Formerly Scholar of Queen's College.


PREFACE.

This record of the Temple of Derr was made during the months of

January, February, and March 1910. The difficulty of obtaining satisfactory

photographs of the reliefs in the inner rooms (see pp. ih , 4 2 and 7 A ) was

great. Those published are the fruits of considerable labour— I was single

handed—and of an experience gained after many failures. Early in the season

I met with an accident in which a leg was badly injured. By this untoward

event, I was effectually prevented from climbing I

he rocks to search for

graffiti, a most regretable omission in view of the tine collection of rock-

1

'

inscriptions made by D Roeder (1) in the district Avhere he worked for this

same series of memoirs.

My best thanks are due to Miss B. Porter (

*

2)

, who once more furnished

me with all the bibliographical particulars, and to Professor Breasted, who

kindly read over the proof-sheets, and collated my copies of the inscriptions

with his own. To him I am indebted for many useful suggestions, while his

critical and experienced eye detected more than one error in my versions

of the hieroglyphic texts. These friendly offices will have greatly enhanced

any value that this publication may possess.

'" Roeoer, Debod bis Bab Kulabsche.

'

( 2) See Br.AckiUN, The Temple of DendAr, p. 100.

Aylward M. Blackmw.


THE TEMPLE OF DERR

PART I.

INTRODUCTION AND TEXT.

Derr. called ed-Dirr b\ the inhabitants, is situated on the east bank of the

river about 190 miles south of Shellal. It is by far the largest township in

Lower Nubia and, before the conquest of that country by Mohammed Alv. was

a place of importance, being the seat of the Kashif, or native ruler, who held

sway over the territory that lies between Shellal and Haifa. The Kashifs palace,

a large building of crude brick, is still standing, and. though somewhat ruinous

in parts, is even now occupied by bis descendants. This palace and the mosque

adjoining it are well worth visiting. In the latter are some old Arabic inscriptions

engraved on slabs of alabaster inserted in the walls. Derr is still the administra-

tive centre of Lower Nubia, and its white government offices standing on the

river bank, with the minaret of the KasluTs mosque rising above them — all set

in the midst of extensive palm-groves. — never fail to attract the eye of the

passing traveller as he speeds Haifa-wards on the express steamer.

Just above Derr, the Nile makes an immense bend (1) and Hows almost due

south till it reaches Korosko (

'

2)

. In the description of the temple this fact, for the

sake of convenience, has been ignored and the walls referred to as though the

axis of the temple lay east and west. This is only following the example of the

Egyptians themselves, who always assumed the river to run north, and orien-

tated their temples and tombs accordingly.

All that now remains of the temple of Derr, which lies some way back from the

river behind the town, consists of two pillared halls, a sanctuary, and two side-

chapels (see PL I). These, with the exception of parts of the first hall, are entirely

excavated in the rather low cliff that marks the commencement of the high desert.

l " This must be — V J^ ^ * ^ « | the ^ eastern bend -, alluded to in an inscription in Penny's

J

tomb at Anibcli. L, I)., \U, ato', c. Perhaps also (Sethb, Urkunien, IV. -^^J^ 8) is a

name for this part of the river.

'2 » S. S. E.

The Temple of Derr. i


-2 THE TEMPLE OF DEI'. II.

There maj originally have been an open courl and pylon in front of these chambers,

lnil in) trace whatever nov\ remains of any such constructions. Though all the

walls ami pillars of the first hall were probably rock-hewn, masonry seems to

have been used for tin- roofing as far as the third row of pillars (see the remarks

on p. U), in the architraves of which grooves have been cut to receive the

ends of the stone beams (see PI. II). This is the only surviving trace of masonry.

The temple is entirely the work of Ramses II who named it « House-of-Meri-

Amon-Ramses-in-the-House-of-Rea or r Temple-of-Meriamon- Ramses -in- the-

Ilouse-of-Re (l Rut

'

'-% and dedicated it

( 2)

to Re the sun-god .

Soleb (3) and Serreb 1 ' 1

as was the case at

the statue of the royal founder was also worshipped here,

and this cult figures largely in the scenes sculptured on the walls (5) .

We know nothing of the temple's subsequent history, and there is no mention

of it in any inscription, except that in the tomb of Penne at Anibeh (0)


INTRODUCTION. 3

All tho reliefs in the temple are


THE TEMPLE OF DEP.R.

Bincu. Views on the Nile, p. 27 lower (drawing l>\ Owen Jones), year 1 83 q-3.

Light, Travels, p. 77, year 181/1.

Maspero, Lea Temples immerge's, Pis. CXXXVIII and CXL, jear 1909.

Hobeai .

Punonimit d'Egypte ei


THE F1HST PILLARED HALL : NORTH WALL. 5

pillared hall, is covered with representations of the king worshipping various

divinities or sacrificing his prisoners before Re-Harakhte and Amon-Re.

Above these scenes is a frieze consisting of repetitions of the cartouche M

between two uraei {1) , alternating with the name ^M (See Champ., Notices.

I. 89; L., IX, Ill, i84, a; and cf. PI. XXV. •>

)~

North of the door of the second hall, forming a dado, eight {2) of Ramses U's

sons are depicted, marshalled in a line, and south of it is a corresponding

company of nine daughters.

SCENE I (PI. Ill; fig. 1).

The North Wall

(Pis. Ill -V).

Published : see Champ., Notices, I, 88.

Destroyed except for a figure of Amon-Re standing -— and wearing head-

dress no. ii.

SCENE II (PI. V, 2; fig. 1

').

Ramses -— offers two #-vases of wine to Atum who is seated -—-.

Text. a. Behind Ramses :

behind him like Re! »

b. Above Ramses -— :

j

First Pillared Hall : North Wall. Scale

^—

( j jj Cf! J j

Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems . . .

"' From each uraeus hangs a q- symbol.

^ ^ *— —- ® «A11 protection and life

J

.... '• Lord of the

(2) There are now only six complete ligures, one having been almost, and another entirely,

destroyed.


THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

-«- c. In front of Ramses

0ffl

' . *"~\L^J"

hi Ins father Mum.-

AJAove Alun. in lour lines:. - f J") J^ ^^ J ^j* ^~

j ]

j

I

x i *^> «Ulterance b\ Alum lord of the Two Lands of On :

ihee all might'. ••

UcHAEOLOGICAL DETAILS :

C

J have given

Ramses. The upper part of the head-dress is destroyed. For what remains of

Fig. a.

the wig see fig. •>.

Robe no. 2 A with girdle-ends like .'! B.

Atiim. Head-dress no. 3 A.

Robe no. 8 B.

The space between scenes I and III is occupied by the architrave

of pillar 9 and by the following inscription

indicated by II in fig. 1 (see also PI. V).

rrLord of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of

diadems Ramses-Meriamon, beloved of Re-Harakhte the

great erod. •

SCENE IV (

1*1.

8- l )-

III*


THE FIRST PILLARED HALL : NORTH WALL. 7

Text. Behind Ramses in a vertical line : —-> /^ + & ( 1 j Cfl J "

I I

• • ^The t'M

I

-^J *

king of Upper and Lower Egypt Usermare-Setepnere

[appears upon the throne of his father]. . .

SCENE VII (PI. V: fig. l).

Published : Champ., Moil, XLI, i (figure of god only and facing -—>- instead of*—«): see

Champ., Notices , I. 88 for text.

Ramses -— +, his right hand extended in token thereof, presents prisoners of

war, marshalled in two lines, to Re-Harakhte who is standing-.—«. The king

holds his how in his left hand and also the rope to which the captives are

attached* 2 '. Some of these unfortunates have their arms tightly hound behind

their backs so that the elbows meet. The arms of the first man in the lower row

are tied above his head while his hands dangle in front of his face. It is impossible

to determine to what race the prisoners belong as their features are very weather-

worn and almost obliterated. They do not seem, however, to be negroes.

Probably, as has already been suggested, since the battle-scene on the south

wall commemorates Ramses' Nubian war, the north wall was reserved for the

representation of his campaign in Syria (3) .

—> — Text. a. Above Ramses :

]


( o^-^j ] ^

( fcfl— (fp^| rcLord

of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Ramses-Meriamon.

i

i.J„ front of Ramses :~ \r** A f^ ' ¥ *~=

I JZ!' tf

' *— . . . .? Presentation of the captives whom his majesty brought from

gp

his victories ...'>

c. Above the prisoners in five lines -— :

j

I V= i

n /—» IaT \k I

; \m

j|

! tUs j

(o j d CZ J

*~~*.^- ? sSaith the king of Upper and

Lower Egypt Usermare-Setepnere in the presence of Re-Harakhte : 'I

have brought for thee the captivity of my strong arm'. -

( " Gf. second hall : south wall : scene II, j. p. 53.

(2) For a similar scene cf. L., D., Ill, i 27, b.

l3) The prisoners in scene IV wear long skirls, a fact which lends further support to the idea of

their being Asiatics.

'' Champ., Notices, I, 88, reads p, hut Breasted considers J^Jx— to be the correct reading

and refers to Stele of Thutmose III in Petrie, Six Temples, I (see also Breasted, Records, If, S8afi).


THE TEMPLE OF DERI',.

(I. Between this inscription and the ^£-disk above the king's helmet : -—

cc ^®jj Given life like Re. *

e. Behind the prisoners in a single vertical line : —


THE FIRST PILLARED HALL : EAST WALL. 9

the lion, which accompanies Ramses, is gnawing. For a fuller description of these

prisoners see scene VI on this wall (p. h and PI. XXI, 1) where there is iden-

tically the same group in a much better state of preservation.

V FRIEZE


10

THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

/. Above Re-Harakhte's right arm in two horizontal lines : «—- j 8HiZl^

- I" 1

ct Smiting al one blow'", trampling on the Nine-Bows.- .

g. In from of Re-Harakhte in three lines : _ ! j ^ J_k

IID"

k Utterance by Re-llaraklite who is in the Temple-of-Ramses-in-the-House-of-Re :

Thou art my beloved son, who comes forth as leader;

K^ I repel for thee the rebellious.' •-

/ ^x Above the lion in two horizontal lines : »— 47

j

/ "^w [the follower of his majesty], who sla\s |

j^^^^—^-Z--^- Archaeological details :

"^ITSfjS^ -

Ramses. Head-dress no. 3 B.

his

loes] (

'

2)


His kilt is too destroyed to say exactly what type it

is, though it was probably no. 7. He wears a broad belt,

sleeveless vest (3)

, for which and the unusual waist-strap see fig. 5. Down his or

back hangs a quiver of ordinary form. The weapon with which he is about to

smite the prisoners, and which he held in his right hand, is broken away.

Re-Harakhte. Head-dress no. 6.

He holds a (-falchion in his right hand.

SCENE II (PI. VIII: fig. h).

Published : L., D., Ill, .83, b.

The figures are broken away from the waist upward. What remains shews

Ramses who wears »— robe no. 1 A standing before two seated divinities 1—«.

SCENE III (PL VIII; fig. 4).

Published :l.,D., Ill, i83, b.

Ramses-— offers ill to Khnum who is standing *—«.

(1) r

With this phrase M Griffith compares >—* [& ±** "^ -at one expedition^. Una , i. hi

Urkunden, I, 1 07).

Cf. Scene VI, e.

(3) See Petrie. Egyptian Decorative Art. p. 5a.


Text. a. Behind Ramses :

behind him like He! -

b. Above Ramses : -—>• U

THE FIRST PILLARED HALL : EAST WALL. 11


X^^T" — ^T Et

diadems, Usermare-Setepnere Meriamon-Ramses.

c. Above Khnum :

j

JjiJ j \\

— j^

d. Above Khnum's left shoulder n

lord of the Cataract.

c. In front of Khnum :

and victory.

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. U with \p$

Robe no. 3 B.

" AU P

rotection an(1 lifo

E Lord of the Two Lands, lord of


12 Till. TEMPLE OF DERR.

Ptah. Head-dress do. 18.

lie is of the usual If -form and holds the 1 combined with «¥ and f. Ptah

and his associate arc scaled together in a j| -shrine. The right hand of the

latter, who is much destroyed, is laid just on Ptah's waist. Onl\ Lhis hand, part

of his face, and his feel are left. The lower end of a cartouche above him shows

thai he represents the deified Ramses.

SCENE V (PI. VII. •>: fig. 4).

Published :

L.

/'.. III. i N.'i a; see Champ., Notices, I, 89.

Ramses , and having a short neck surmounted by a lid which is in the

shape of a hawk's head crowned with a disk.

Thoth. Head-dress no. 9.

scene VI (Pis. IX, X and XXI, 1; fig. k).

Published : Gau,

I, 90.

Anliqukh de la Nubie, 5i, B; L., D., Ill, i84, a; see Champ., Notices,

Ramses 1— «, above whose head hovers the sacred falcon with outspread wings,

sacrifices four prisoners of war before Amon-Re who is standing —* facing


THE FIRST PILLARED HALL : LAST WALL. 13

him. The king is accompanied l>\ his pet lion who is running to feast upon the

victims.

Text. a. Behind Ramses was his Horus-name supported by the ka-svmbol,

and now destroyed except for the top of v\

h. The accompanying formula is much injured and only the sign Ql re

king's ka- is left.

The

c. Immediately behind Ramses


I 'i THE

TEMPLE OF DERR.

Verilj there are given unto thee offices in order to approach (?) (1] the throne and

duration of He which was upon earth, tor ever.'??

h. Behind Amon-Re :

-

'X'HIIiIr

and happiness behind [him]. ...!••

Archaeological details :

' ' ' '

r:

[ A11 ] l ,roteclion life, stability,

'

The victims. Their faces, of which two are turned north and two south,

present as in scene I three distinct racial types. Two of them are negroes, the

third, who looks north, is an Asiatic with an aquiline nose and bushy beard,

while the fourth, the central ligure in the group, has a straight nose and wears

a long spiral side-lock of hair. The clenched right fist of this fourth prisoner

rests on his left thigh and his left arm is raised in supplication: over his right

shoulder passes a band the lower end of which cannot he distinguished and was

probably indicated in paint. It will be noted that only one arm of each of the

other victims is shewn. Both negroes have a bracelet on their wrist.

The king. Head-dress no. 3 A(?).

Robe no. 7.

His quiver hangs down his back. He grasps the hair

of his victims with his right hand and brandishes a ,^^-

battle-axe in his left.

Amon-Re. Head-dress no. 11.

He doubtless held a ^.-falchion in his, now destroyed,

left hand (cf. scene 1 and L., D., HI, 211).

SCENE VII (PL XI, 1 and a; fig. 6).

Published : Gau, Antiquite's de la Nubir, PI. 5i, B; Champ..

Fig. 6. M011., XL, 3; L., D., Ill, i83, b; see Champ., Notices, I, 901.

This scene, forming the dado north of the door of the second hall, consists of a

row of Ramses' sons. They were originally eight in number, but now only the

inscriptions belonging to seven are left, and one figure has been almost, and

another completely', destroyed. Each holds a f-fan (sec fig. 6), and his name and

titles are written out in front of him.

'" Champ, reads -=-0 ;?r For ~n f. ^ here Breasted compares \ r_ = trap roach- or sim. in

/'///.. .' 82, c, 637, c, and 798,6.


-

THE FIRST PILLARED HALL : EAST WALL. 15

Beginning from the south I lie inscriptions are as follows :

-—>"*";*—

, *^

!!!!!!!!! 2^w*- |

(:!,

)i^

ffThe hereditar H

'inn '- kin s

3 i

s'

scribe, grand commander of the army, tlie kings eldest son of his body, whom

he loves, Amenhirkhepeshef.

-. In two lines :~ j ^

? *— *

1

dl w 1^ i

|j *H &, V- I ~ J 'J -^ ^V—^

''

t ) "King's scrit*e, grand commander-in-

J

chief of the army of his majesty, king's son of his body, whom he loves, Ramses-

si -neter. •»

3. In two lines : ~ j

^V~T^T^JL^l

""Xtf "

'•King's son of his body, whom he loves, chief champion of the army, master of

the horse, chief charioteer of his majesty, Perehirunamef. »

U. In a single line : — > JL 4^'/~* x— *— _ ,^*^^==/ f*r'M

-King's son of his body, whom he loves, Khamwese.

5. In a single line : »—» J-

6. In a single line w :

-—

1 Ik. *~~* *— *— '*' '

-King's son of his body, whom he loves, Nebfnekhare].

*~y* \ J w*-

B

7. The inscription is destroyed. Only the top of the fan and part of the right

elbow and leg of the accompanying figure are preserved.

11 ^ is preserved in L. , D. . he. cit.

-) ' after — in L., } [)., he. cit. is a mistake.

< 3)

* is omitted by Champ, and Lepsiub, neither of whom indicate any lacuna.

i 4) lkl"l J

' Champ.,

is omitted in Champ., he. cit., but not in L., D.

he. cit., wrongly has under f^t as well as at llie top of the second line.

s) The 1—* has been omitted by the sculptor.

'" tj| is preserved in Champ., and L., D., lor. cit.

(8) The figure which accompanied the inscription is destroyed.

[9) In Champ., he. cit. . >—» is preserved after —'. The remaining signs ^ ^ -%» 1 ^

a restoration in Champ., hut in L., D. . ^ , ^

appear as

and ^ are shewn as damaged while "^* is intact.


8. In

THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

single line : -—» =L 4^ >~~~*> *- w=s\

'a r King's son of his body, whom he loves. Setemuia (St-in-irk).

Fig-


SCENE VIII (PI. XII, i and a; fig. 'i I.

Published : Champ., Moil. XL, 4; L.. D., Ill, i8'i. a; see Champ.,

Notices, I, 89-90.

On the south side of the above mentioned door, and cor-

responding to the sons on the north side of it, is this group of

nine of Piamses daughters. They are depicted standing -


whom lie loves, Henttowv.

8. 4=^fc»/—* .*— ,

wliom he loves. Wernure.--

THE FIRST PILLARED HALL :

1

*— »-^^

f

9. i^jfc.'—* *— *— I V^-lfcfJ

whom he loves, Nezemmut.--

Published :

SCENE I (PI. XX. 1: fig. 8).

Published : see Champ., Notices, I, 87.

SOUTH

WALL. 1

IJ ^King's daughter, of his bodj

*— 'ill IJ -King's daughter, of his body,

The South Wall.

(Pis. XIII-XX, 1).

Gal. Antiquites de la Nubie, PL 5a. 1.

Ramses «—« offers four w- vases to Onuris who is seated -— .

Ill

Text. a. Above Ramses : -— - f

Fig. 8. — First Pillared Hall : Soulh Wall. Scale 1 : 100.

b. In front of Ramses in one line • ) LA J *—^ ^^ •¥- j f ^ >~~~+

n~^^ 3 ;•:)« ^_f Tie] ..cj

.

|-

jiave ^ven ^^ .m( a ||j |j^e l, a ppi nesS: I Qave

given thee all health'. [Utterance by] Onuris - Shu -son-[ of- Re], r.

(1! Champ, wrongly reads * ~~,j-

(- There are traces of p| m before J: apparently J^ was omitted 1

_^

because of the following |'.'

The Temple of Derr. >


18 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

Ari haeologk u DETAILS :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 17 A or 17B.

Robe do. a A with a girdle like that of 3 B, for the details of which cf.

lift. - 1 . p. 'i(».

Onuris. Head-dress no. 10.

There is a space between scenes I and II which is occupied by the architrave

of pillar 1 2 and the cartouches of Ramses II below it

(see Pis. Mil and XX). IT I,

*_ *

Published: Champ., Notices, I, -

87. ^ £*

•king of Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of the Two *'" Pasn nam

Lands, lord of diadems. Usermare-Setepnere, Ramses- Meriamon. »

SCENE II ( Pis. XIII and XV and fig. 8).

Published : See

Champ., Not. descr., I, 87.

A much destroyed representation of Ramses II offering prisoners of war to

Amon-Re. All that remains of the king is the front of his skirt. Behind him are

the legs and feet of some of the captives, and. immediately behind them, the legs

of a lion and the hoofs and lower forelegs of a horse. In front of the king stands

Amon-Re *— broken away above the waist.

Text. In front of Ramses in a single line -


THE FIRST PILLARED HAM, : SOUTH WALL

about to be smitten down by Ramses' brandished falchion (1) . Underneath

the

feet of the king's prancing steeds we can with difficulty discern the forms of the

fallen or Hying' enemy. Immediately behind this chariot are the legs and feet of

people advancing in an opposite direction .—. One leg and foot are much larger

than the others and no doubt belong to a destroyed repre-

sentation of Ramses® engaging in a hand-to-hand combat.

In the foremost chariot we see Ramses with bow bent

shooting at his foemen who llv pell-mell before him or lie

prostrate beneath the hoofs of his careering stallions (3) .

— each armed with a large shield and spear {

'l K Manv of

Behind him are two Egyptian soldiers — much damaged

the fallen enemy are pierced with arrows,

one of them having a shaft implanted in

his forehead. Hard bv him a negro in full

flight, but still clutching his bow, has just

turned his head, to see whether his pur-

suer has gained on him. lie, like most of the negroes in the

scene, is clad in a leopard skin, the legs and tail dangling

about his legs (see figs, (j and 1 o). Immediately in front of

him two men are carrying a wounded comrade' 51 on their

shoulders who lies face downwards with his arms hanging limp

and helpless. He is supported underneath by the arm of one of

his bearers, while below him walks a boy. The wounded man is also accompanied

by two warriors armed with bows, one of whom walks at his head and the

other at his feet. The latter breaks the news of the defeat to a woman who

wails and tears her hair. Under the feet of this man there is a figure with hand

on head in the attitude of mourning, crouching in front of a domed hut(?) t


20 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

Behind the hut(?) is a woman, bending over a child, who has evidently run

l her for protection; of the latter only the legs and feet are preserved.

\l the east end of the wall we have the representation of a pastoral country.

Flocks of goats and cattle with their young gambolling around them (n , are to

be seen grazing near a tree, in charge of a shepherd

who leans upon a staff. Just opposite his face we can

make out the figure of a small boy holding a bent stick

and running forward. Behind I

he shepherd a negro

clad in a leopard skin and armed with a bow. tells the

tale of disaster to a wailing woman upon whose back

(2)

is suspended a basket containing a baby (see fig-. 1 .

1)

The messenger is led into her presence by a naked

child. The object behind the cow and skipping calf,

Fi u with rounded top and an oval in the centre, may repre-

sent merely a small hillock, but, like the similarly

shaped objeci already mentioned, it might be a domed but or granary, or even

an oven!

Under this pastoral scene and the group conveying the wounded man, is a

row of prisoners moving .— w and marshalled by three Egyptian officers, the

foremost of whom carries a short staff. The hands of these

poor wretches are bound either behind their backs or above

their heads, or else crossed on the breast and tied at the

wrists. The officers who wear a long side-lock of hair (fig. 12)

are perhaps meant for sons of Ramses?

It is a great misfortune that such an interesting relief should

be in so bad a state of preservation, due more to the ravages

of time and the poor quality of the sandstone than to acts of vandalism. The

style though somewhat rough is full of life and vigour. The wounded man and

his bearers represented so unconventionally, the messenger with his bad news,

the running children, the wailing woman, the shepherd leaning on his staff,

and the sportive kids and calves, are motives not usually found in the ordinary

run of Egyptian battle-scenes. For such naturalistic touches where the artist has

given rein to his imagination, we might compare the humorous figure of

the king of Aleppo who, after being rescued from drowning in the Orontes,

into which he has been driven by the victorious onslaught of Ramses, is held

(1) Note especially the cow close to the tree with her calf skipping in front of her.

121 The baby is omitted bv Champoluon, he. cil.

Fig. 12.


THE FIRST PILLARED II \l.l. : smith WALL. 21

upside down by his soldiers in order that he may disgorge the water lie has

swallowed m .

"— * I

Text. a. Between the two chariots ( Pis. \l\ and XV) in lour vertical lines :

'.-' ; 1 71 f rD

;i n '

f "

• (?) %?) cop* 1 1 1

—'

s,rf

I ^^ • • l

*_ m —

I I : -^" /~~~\ " Breath breath - °

-

ci L., D., Ill, 16&, b.

2 < > Restore lo "| for which cf. L., D., HI, J^ .45, c

\ JJJJJ

(3) C3 ^—n | s f course intended. Champ., Notices, I, 88, reads ^ a-w. While a is a mistake

for .=—11, the » is possibly correct, but all traces of it are now covered with cement.

;4) The signs V --" • are very doubtful. Champ., he. cit., has mereh

5)

It is impossible lo say how many signs are missing from the ends of the lines.

(6) Restore to ^ -~^ i ^ ~^"*— for which see L., D. , HI, i.3o, b.

t" Champ., he. cit., wrongly reads Bill -""- ^ ,

(«] Cf. L.,D., HI, 166.

(o) r 1^2 j s or {^J __ 1 *"p ^ ^ c f_ \^~ Temple j Bigclt , Pylon, w. face, s. jamb, sc. I), or else an

odd way of writing | | ^ j^?

,in) y * 1,^ por iilouseo f,j before relative-form sdmwnf see Erman, Gramm.*, S 546, and Haifa

stele of Thutmose HI, 1. 5, in MacIver, Buhen, p. 27. ^ | ^ J *"~A IIT ., Ill, 16G). Otherwise blew is

governed by tiny nn and the sentence is lo be rendered -'impose upon us tributaries)) i.e. -appoint

us as tributaries (lo Uto).-

"-' The sign is defaced. I had \ in my hand-copy of the inscription. Champ., Notices, I. 87,

reads i. D r

A. II. Gardiner has suggested to me the reading T^ i.e. ^\\ J = Uto.

Uto and Nekbbet were the two tutelary goddesses associated with the royal diadems. Therefore

Uto here symbolises the kingly power.

(13) So my hand-copy. The signs are much defaced. Breasted, from his photograph, would read

. ^ which commonly occurs with bh.


22 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

valiant one, llorus beloved of Anion! Give us the breath which thou bestowest!

(Behold us) tributaries unto Uto. contributing every thing like every foreign

land which is under thy feet."

c. Above the woman with the basket and baby on her back, in three lines :

—>. Mil]

fa aCr, *J J

; ([ Q '* 1^i]f^ Saith every overthrown

J

one(?) 'dome not forth, the lion

[is in(?)J the valley Usermare-Setepnere. ••

PILLARS 9-12 (;

\

(Pk xx. 2 -x\vin.

As we have already seen (p. k) the third row of pillars (nos. 9-1 2) and their

architraves still remain intact. The west face of each pillar is adorned with a

^___^


PILLARS 0-12 : THE ARCHITRAVE, WEST FACE. 23

The Architraves.

West Fair.

Architrave between pillar 9 and .north wall.

Traces of a scene representing the king- -—» before Iwo seated divinities *—«.

Architrave between pillars g and 10.

The king— before two divinities «—«. The figures are destroyed above the

waist. The northernmost divinity holds 1, the southernmost

seems to he holding the | and

J\(?) and therefore probably

represents k Ramses-in-the-boat-shine (see fig. ih)-. The

dress is the same as that worn by him in scene II, east wall,

southern side-chapel (PI. L\ ).

Architrave between pillars 10 and 1 1.

There are two scenes on this architrave. In 1 (the northern scene) Ramses

stands -— before Amon-Re who is seated *— «.

Text. In front of Ramses : »—«- \ ' ,-»«^ I- -.

U m. • • • *v—— Is

In 2 (the southern scene) Ramses •— « before a divinity — .

Architrave between pillar 12 and south wall.

The scene is obliterated.

Between north wall and pillar 9.

The inscription is destroyed.

The ( nder Faces of the Architraves.

Between pillars 9 and 1 o.

"— " f ( Q 1dCf;1 "

• • • I sermare-Setepnere. -

Vi i;

'


24 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

Between pillars i o and i 1

Published :

Champ., Notices, I, 91.

-— - ill _-£• ^ 'Ia««~a -Live the good god, who performs pious acts in the

house of his lather. Amon-ReN

Between pillars 11 ami 12.

—-> ^Ljif - ?*? A^X,'"* • • • "Live the good god, who makes a monument for

his father !

Betw KEN PILLAR 1 L> AM) SOI I'M WALL.

^= (°1^£j; J

-Lord of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere

PILLAR 9.

West Face.

Inscription on north side of Osirid stati l.

In a vertical line : —

(ftlfl ="":

[|'iP4 :

J'

;^!^~F ^^^fol^l

r '

n ^ s foreign countries king of

Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of the Two Lands, Usermare-Setepnere, [son of

Re] lord of diadems. Ramses-Meriamon-.

In a vertical line : ~ ' 1J^;~£->'

Inscription on south side of Osirid statue.

(lli^D ^ *m (HEED 0* — *

'P^W

=

Good S ocl ' g reat ot " victories.

slaving lord of the Two Lands, Usermare-Setepnere, son of Re, lord

of diadems, Ramses-Meriamon. beloved of Khons(?)*.

SCENE I«.

Published : See

Champ., Notices, I, 88.

Horus standing -— ,

North Face.

holds Ramses' right hand and puts to his nose the

symbol ¥•• which the king has raised his left hand to receive (cf. pillar 1 o : north

face : scene I. PL XXII, 1).

ll)

It was impossible to photograph scenes I and II owing to the narrow space between the pillar

and llic north wall.


PILLAR 9 : NORTH FACE. :>5

;^ (!5?$fj

Text. Above Ramses : < -«

j ^Qg]

Two Lands. Usermare-Setepnere , lord oi' diadems, Meriamon-Ramses.

Above Horns in two(?) lines : — : Ik ^^ f^.

j

* llorus lord of Bek.

Behind Horus —> : . . . TW**

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 1 7 \ with |0I above it.

Robe no. 8 A.

Horus. Head-dress no. 3 D.

SCENE II.

Published : See Champ.. Notices, I, 88.

*L°rd of the

-All [protection and] life behind him! -

Horus of Buhen -— and Ramses


26 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

SCENE I " I Fig.

I.')).

East Face.

Morns of Buhen standing «— , holds Ramses 1

ieft hand and puts to liis noso

the symbol ¥- whicb (ho king has raised his righl hand to receive.

Text. a. Behind Ramses : — ^-_— -All

®J

behind

him like

-

Re!

-— traces of the Ramses-Meriamon cartouche.

b. Above Ramses :

c. Above llorus : •—>

The inscription is entirelj destroyed except for a few

traces of signs whicb suggest that be was described as -*^ I

d. Behind Horus —- —-® : O^-All protection and life behind

^Hr*

him like Re!*

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 2 B.

Robe no. h A with girdle like fig. 2 1, p. 46.

He wears the usual sandals of the period with turned up toes.

Horus. Head-dress no. 3 D.

11 m (Kig. 10).

Published : see Champ., Notices, I, 88.

right.

Ramses -— - olfers i to Horus


Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. .'! B.

Robe no. 8 A.

Horns. Head-dress no. 3D.

Inscription beneath scene II.

Published :

PILLAR 9 : SOUTH FACE. 27

Champ., Notices, I, 88.

f\ {^ *» ff! $J

-=^ |= = (°T$yS[j

In a horizontal line : «—

•Live the good god! great of marvels, making a monument for liis creator in

the house of his father Re-IIaiakhte: lord of the Two Lands, Usermare-Setepnere. ••

SCENE I (PL XX, 2).

Published : see Champ., Notices, 1, 88.

South Face.

Ramses »— offers to Nefertum who is standing >— «.

Text. Above Ramses in three lines -— :

j

^—

j f G 1 ^ Cfi J I

C

\ S ? ft.M

rrLord of the Two Lands, lord of diadems, Usermare-Setepnere. Meriamon-

Ramses.

In front of Ramses »—> : Ti«'« * a~~* rr Making offering(?) to his father. -1

Above Nefertum in three lines *—•

Ramses :

j

( ° 1 ii Cffj f|j~~| | j fj c Lord of

the Two Lands, Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems, Meriamon-[Ramses].


•2$ THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

b. In front of Ramses : - • |^** v

JLjlL^ $*= Tq "l Givin !'>

J

wine to Ins father Khons-in-Thebes.

c. Behind Khons >— - traces of the usual formula V^ etc.


AnCHAEOLOGICAL DETAILS :

Ramses. Head-dress no. h.

Robe no. 3 A.

khons. Mead-dress no. 7.

He is mummiform and stands on a ——-shaped pedestal. He holds a composite

sceptre, the usual 1 combined with -¥- and f. He also holds the [-sceptre and

/[- whip (see PI. LXVI, 7 ).

Inscription beneath scene II.

In a horizontal line : -—

Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere. 5?

= C G 1iiCfi J

PILLAR 10.

West Face.

" l 01 d °f the

Inscription on north side of Osirid statue.

In a vertical line : ~ II^^^T^! 2!V— ( SInali

Wank space) +^= (3^] ^^(EEIBIW^VZM1

«Good god-, a lion lord of blood (?) like the son of Nut, king of Upper

and Lower Egypt, lord of the Two Lands, Usermare-Setepnere, son of Re, lord

of diadems, Ramses -Meriamon, beloved of Amon-Re lord of Karnak.w

Inscription on south side of Osirid statue.

In a ,ert,cal line : ~ T|^~ JLJLf>M» r -M


SCENE I (PI. XXII . l).

PILLAR ID : NORTH

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, 107, It.

North Face.

FACE. 29

Sekhmet offers •+• to Ramses who puts out his hand to take it.

Text. a. Behind Ramses — : « $ ^ f | ^ ^- " ^ Al1 protection, life.

stability and happiness behind him!"

I). Above Ramses


30

SCENE I (PI. Will, i

: fig. l 3 ).

THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

East Face.

Mont -—- [tuls ?• lo Ramses' - < nose.

Text. a. Above Ramses —* : i^GjjJj?) |

I^i

Q 5 ? ffl PTj "Lord

of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Meriamon-Ramses.

h. Above Moot in two lioes ~* j Vd'* - "1F


Text. a. Behind Ramses :

/, Above Ramses : —

PILLAR 10 : SOUTH FACE. 31

¥• -| All

protection and life

V |

* j^ (°1dd] iZ^ OSfnlPTj

Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Meriamon-Ramses. *

c. In front of Ramses : - > ,

for his father. Adoring the god :

~,

' I

') *~~v

lour times."

(I. Ahove Amon-Re in two lines : -—« J

jj

House-of-Re. ••

"Lord of the

* I •• Doing . . .

| (?)

I "j I * ,*~* J a~~*v . J j

T| c d i ^ f||

-Utterance by Amon-Re [within] the House-of-Ramses-in-the-

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress destroyed.

Robe no. 3 G.

Amon-Re. Head-dress no. i i.

Robe no. 8 C.

SCENE II (PI. XXIII. 2).

Ramses »—> receives from Aturn, who is standing •~~* *£= V j n

I

' j^S,^

QCfll

'Receive thou the jubilee, son 01 of mv

' {^ **~~( ? ) -Utterance by Alum :

body(?).

Arch GEOLOGICAL DETAILS

Ramses. Head-dress no. r i with ^f above it.

The robe is destroyed.

Atum. Head-dress no. 3 A.

The horizontal line of inscription below the scene is obliterated.


32 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

PILLAR 11.

West Face.

Inscription on north side of Osirid statce.

In a vortica l line :.^ \\ 1| t_i" |~ ffi ± \ [

=C3M]^I7.(IIE1D

+ &

|

" G,,o,1 s° d for him

who fashioned him king of Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of the Two Lands

Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Meriamon-Ramses, [beloved of ]. ••

Inscription on south sidi; of Osirid statue.

In a vertical line : «— « 1 1 i * ~3Sio ^^ *^ holds Ramses right hand

in his left. He was, perhaps, presenting him with *'.'

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress destroyed.

Robe no. 8 A.

Nefertum (?). Head-dress like no. 21. For a drawing of it see fig. i6 (l)

.

SCENE II (PL XXIV, 2).

Published : G\u,

Antiquitis de la Nubie, 52, 1.

Ramses -—- receives the UU- symbol from Ainon-Re who is standing -— .

'" Traces of a lotus-flower on the lop of the head-dress (see PL XXIV. 1) are jusl visible.


Te\t. a. Above Ramses :

Lands lord of diadems

6. Behind Amon-Re :

^^

PILLAR 11 : EAST FACE. 33

] ^—

\ j


"[AH] protection and life

c. Above Amon-Re : j|l "Utterance by r>

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 4.

Anion. Head-dress no. i i .

hand.

'- -Lord

of the Two

The ]X[ is suspended from the tip of the f which Anion holds in his right

scene I (PI. XXV, i; fig. i3).

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, i 5y, i.

East Face.

Ramses -—« offers lotus-llowers to khons who is standing-— .

Text. a. Behind Ramses : ^^ "

^ ^ ^ ^

behind him! »

b. Above Ramses : — — '[

j (®1^J ^

AH protection and life

(lIHiEEl " L° rd ° f the

Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Meriamon-Ramses. *

c. In front of Ramses : — T =

"living fl° wers to ms father. »

"m\ T i^!L

d. Rehind Khons :

him like Re for ever! n

e. Above Khons in two lines : -—

^

^^^°^]^*

j

-Utterance In Khons-in-Thebes-Beautiful-of-Rest. »

Archaeologicvl DETAILS :

Ramses. Head-dress no. U with ^J above it.

AH protection and life behind

i |l*-** =L \ '<

^=

»

/

j^j^ m

Robe no. k A.

Khons. Head-dress no. 7. The plaits are not indicated on the \-\ock of hair.

The god is mumniiform with 1 hanging down his back, lie stands on a—

shaped pedestal. He holds his usual sceptre, a compound of j, ^ and |, along

with the '[-crook and j\-whip (see PL LXVI, 7).

The Temple of Dorr. 5


;;', THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

SCENE II | PI.

XXV, •>: Bg. i3).

Ramses «- - offers two #-vases of wine to Mut who is standing -— .

Text. a. Above Ramses : < - — (o^^j *

j ^(MESEjI " Lorfl

of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere , lord of diadems Ramses-Meriamon.

<

b. In Iron I of Ramses : — \^ --j| "[Offering] wine

to [Ins mother. . .

]

c. Above \lut in two lines : —>

j | . . .

?gj| ^ — *\ S ...

|

•| I Iterance by] Mut the great, mistress [of Islirn |.

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 1 k I).

Robe no. 8 A or 8C?

Mut. Head-dress no. 3 G.

Inscription beneath scene II.

In a horizontal line ~ :

,. o ,^,C&fM] "

[Amon]-Re, [lord of] Karnak, [within] the House-of-Meriamon-Rainses.

SCENE I (PI. XXVI, l).

Published : Rifaub, Voyage, 107, 7.

Amon-Re ->—-

uplifted right hand.

South Face.

offers *< to Ramses »— who receives it in the palm of his

Text. a. Behind Ramses —> : ^ j^^T l\ " AU P rotection i

life and

b. Above Ramses : — (o^d] ] j ^ ( \ g ? (\\W «Lord of the Two

j

happiness behind him like Re!r

Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Meriamon-Ramses.--

c. Behind Amon-Re :

happiness behind him like Re!-?

"^j^^^JI

"

AH rotection

P '

life ancl

d. Above Amon-Re in two lines :


PILLAR 12 :

e. In front of Amon-Re : -—« '3^ ,

and happiness! •

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. ih A.

Hobo no. i A.

Amon-Re. Head-dress no. i i.

SCENE II (PI. XXVI, a).

WEST

,

FACE. 35

T{\

"Take unto thee life, stability

Ramses -—- receives from Re-Harakhte who is standing -—, the emblems |JL J

and [Jl which are suspended from a | -palm-rib held in the god's left hand.

Re-Harakhte holds Ramses' left hand in his right.

Text. a. Above Ramses : -— —— ( ° 1 7^j ^j 1 "Lord of the Two Lands

Usermare-Setepnere. -

b. Above Re-Harakhte :--... .

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. h.

Robe no. h A.

Re-Harakhte. Head-dress no. 6.

|=

•• . . . Re-Harakhte

r

Inscription' beneath scene II.

In a horizontal line : — \~_ j= (o^f^] his father

Re: lord of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere."

PILLAR 12.

West Face.

Inscription on north side of Osirid statue.

In a vertical lino : — "| j~

^^ $ '

|| ^^

V ffi' | LJ. (sho rl

blank space caused by elbow of statue) r^f©^^ J ( "l^ffiPTjH

nuntn

I I I I I

^^"•^l I =»"= -Good god. great of victories, slaving the princes of foreign

111 la the original (he man is bending forward like Jt|.


THE TEMPLE OF DERB.

countries, lord of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, [son of Re], lord of

diadems [Ra]mses-Meri[amon], beloved of Amon-Re lord of Kama L-

Inscription ok sooth side or Osiiud statue.

In a vertical line -— : - 1 \ 1

(blank space at elbow)= (o^Cf )^

-«>- f~~**

'

{W~M±

good god, making a monument for his father [lord] of the Two Lands

Lfsermare-Setepnere, son of Re, [lord of diadems] Ramses-Meriamon, beloved

of Re-llarakhte. »

SCENE I (PI. XXVII).

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, i5y, 2.

North Face.

Ramses-— holding a |-vase of ointment, anoints with the little finger of

his right hand the head of Ptah who is standing »—>- upon the usual— - pedestal.

Text. a. Behind Ramses : «( AH) protection, life,

"^flUT^—TE^

stability and happiness behind him like Re for ever! v

b. Above Ramses :

Setepnere.

c. In front of Ramses :

father Ptah.

him

: §Q'^[ < ~ ' f AH protection and life behind

e. Above Ptah in two lines : —^ j

of the Two Lands. »

Archaeological details :

"x

j i*—

Ramses. Head-dress no. 17 G with >©$ above it.

Robe no. 6 A.

Ptah. Head-dress no. 18.

-Ptah lord of truth, king

He is of the usual jf-form: his sceptre is a combination of 1 with


SCENE II (PI. XXVII).

PILLAR 12 :

Ramses —

: - * |

Above Mont in two lines — : >

-Adoring the god : four times. »

>

.•'

/

]~}\\\'—'

j

j ; f /''

-Utterance by Mont, lord of Thebes. 5?

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 1 7 A with i&§ above it.

Robe no. 2 G.

Mont. Head-dress no. i3. The head seems to have been tampered with (see

photo., PI. XXVI). The alterations were made in the stucco, with which the

sculpture was regularly overlaid before the final details were added.

The horizontal line of inscription below this scene is destroyed (3) .

SCENE I (PI. XXVII; fig. i3).

East Face.

Thoth who is standing » * puts * to Ramses «—« nose who has raised his

left hand to receive it. The god clasps the king's right hand in his left.

Text. a. Behind Ramses : «— •Y'r'Mr u -All protection and life behind

him like Re! »

b. Above Ramses :

Setepnere. y>

«—- ^~(^1^Cffj "Lord of the Two Lands Usermare-

;i) This formula was changed and the original signs covered with plaster, some of which still

remains.

^ ^ has been cut over 1 > 11 and «— inserted above o. Probably the rest of the new formula

was in stucco only.

(2! The inscription has been altered and now reads j ^o''^

been cut over f q.

» Pari of the king's name is legible : --. ( $ M%\

s 'v j ~| j "^f |- ~] \ nas


8 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

"

e. Behind Tboth : - - A " X^^^ET P

rotection aiul life ljol,illd ,UI "

like Re!*

(I. Above Thotb :

Hermopolis. ••

Archaeological details :


J

|I"* ,

*^J = E

Ramses. Head-dress no. 17G with lQ$(sic) above it.

^Utterance by Thoth, lord of

Robe do. h A. The girdle is decorated with ursei crowned with disks and there

is a I -petal-fringe (cf. fig. 21, p. 46).

Thotb. Head-dress no. 9.

SCENE II (PI. XXVII).

Horns of Buhen who is standing- »—«-, puis ¥ to Ramses' •


Inscription beneath scene II.

In a horizontal line : -— .all ;

SCENE I ll) .

PILLAR 12 : SOUTH FACE. 39

South Face.

L_ (oj^^ J

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, 107, 3.

-— receives in the open palm of his right hand the symbol •¥• from

Ramses

Atum who is standing -—«. Atum holds the king's left hand in his right

(cf. PI. XXVI. 1).

Text. a. Above Ramses : -— j

nere, Meriamon-Ramses.

f G 1^^J

j MSlT^iJ « Usermare-Setep-

b. Behind Atum -— : - atY ._ "^ protection and life behind him

it

like [Re]!-

c. Above Atum in two lines «— : - ^jnatVJ j j ~~j^ (fAtum, lord of the

Two Lands of On.

(I. In front of Atum :

)iness.

t f

Archaeological details :

*—

2S5 J^ *"""'*¥'

1 « Receive for thyself life and

Ramses. Head-dress no. 1 7 A with j|£X above it. The ura?us hangs over the

hack of the head.

Robe no. 8 E.

Atum. Head-dress no. 3 A.

SCENE II (1) .

Re-Harakhte who is standing »— -, puts •¥ to Ramses' nose. The king stands - >

with his hands hanging beside him (cf. PI. L, 1 ).

Text. a. Behind Ramses : y-¥> ' Protection, life !

b. Above Ramses — : > — (oj^-^]

]

j ^mQMISSI

Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Meriamon-Ramses.


.'.0 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

c. Above Re-Harakhte


THE SECOND PILLARED HALL. 41

Goddesses, great of strength like the son of Mat, might) king of the Nine Bows (1) ,

powerful of falchion, lord of diadems Meri[-Amon-Ramses], given life like Re. ,-

THE SECOND PILLARED HALL.

(Pis. XXVIII-LIY i.

The jambs and architrave of the door leading from the first into the second

hall are almost entirely destroyed. The scraps still remaining on the west face (

'

2)

shew that they were decorated with scenes representing the king offering to, or

adoring, divinities. There were no such decorations on the inner (east) face, for

the scenes on the west wall of the second hall extend to the edge of the doorway.

There are traces of figures however on the north and south thickness of the

door, but too much destroyed to make anything of. This hall measures

about la metres x i3 metres. The height is from h m. 80 cent, to 5 metres.

The roof is supported on six slightly tapering pillars of square section (like

those in the first hall), standing on square bases (PI. XXVIII, 9). They are about

1 m. ho cent, square at the base and 1 m. 20 cent, square at the top. The bases

themselves are roughly 1 m. 80 cent, to 2 metres square and o m. ho cent, in

height. The roof was covered with stucco and painted. In the central aisle the

decoration consists of vultures, with wings outspread, holding a ring and fan in

the talons of each foot. The birds are separated from one another by the car-

touches of Ramses II. Most of the stucco has fallen, and what remains is at the

east end of the ball. The colouring, except for some traces of red, has disappeared

and all details have been obscured and blackened by the bats. In the side aisles

the ceiling has in manv places collapsed, and no traces of the decoration remain.

Below the ceiling on all four walls there is a frieze, broken only by the archi-

traves of the pillars and the door of the sanctuary. It consists of repetitions of the

cartouche

Si ojh

m

between uraei and the name *'

jr^i

(PI. XXV, 2).

This hall, the sanctuarv, and the two side-chapels are entirely excavated in the

rock. The workmanship is very inaccurate and there are no really straight lines or

right-angles any where. There is quite a marked curve in the north line of pillars

l " See Sktiie, Snge vom Sonnenauge , p. 8, note 6.

'

( 2)

Adequately shewn in L., /)., Ill, i83, b. Their present condition is exactly the same as when

Lepsius' party visited the site.

The Temple of Dm: 6


i2

THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

which clearh shows in the photograph (PI. XXVIII, 1 ). The sculpture in these

four inner chambers is very poor. The subjects were onl\ roughly cut in the

stone and then finished off in stucco, though even so there are but few details,

these having doubtless been added afterwards in paint. But the scenes have been

so blackened b\ the bats that the colours have entirely disappeared, except for a

few unimportant traces on some of the pillars. It was thus, as can well be

imagined, practically impossible to note more than the mere outlines of the

costumes and other accessories. The work however is so coarse that there pro-

bablj never was much detail of archaeological interest. Owing to the dirt} stale

of the sculptures and also to the natural darkness of these chambers, it was very

difficult to obtain satisfactory photographs; moreover no light could enter except

through the one door. All photographs, therefore, were taken b\ reflected light

introduced by large plate-glass mirrors, of which as many as four were some-

times employed simultaneously.

North Wall.

(Pis. XXXI-XXXIV).

SCENE I (Pis. XXXI and XXXII: fig. I 8).

Published : Champ., Moil, XLII. 2; Ros., Mon. del Culto, VII. 2.

Ramses-*—« oilers two bunches of lotus- flowers before a boat-shrine \W,7

which is being carried by fourteen priests; above it is the winged solar-disk.

II II

Fig. Second Pillared Hall : North Wall. Scale

Behind these priests, at the stern of the boat, is a priest carrying a flabella.

Ramses -—> is also represented as walking beside the shrine accompanied by

the chief priest. Both wear the panther skin proper to their sacerdotal office.

Ramses alone wears sandals.


THE SECOND PILLARED HALL : NORTH WALL. 43

Ti:\r. a, Above Ramses offering I lie lotus-flowers : *— -

-r li"*^

'£==

I -Live the good god who bath made a monument in the house of

ber!»

//. Above the how of the boat-shrine in three lines : -—


Vi THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

to whom again is a standing figure^ * — with arms extended, cither in the

attitude of adoration (cf. L., D. , III, 180, ft), or else he is offering a vase, as

he seems to be doing in the corresponding scene on the south wall in this temple

(cf. Cai 1.1 11:1.1.. Tcmpkofthe Kings, PI. IV, and L.,D., III. 180. b).

Ramses offering the lotus-flowers. Head-dress no. h.

Robe no. 'i F.

SCENE II (Pis. XXXII and XXXIII; fig. 18).

Published : see Champ., Notices, I, o,3.

Ramses - * offers two #-vases of wine to Amon-Re accompanied by Isis, both

of whom are standing >—«.

Text. a. Behind Ramses in a sinpje line : -— (fo^-^j| ] j ITiCUHMEl

Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Ramses-.Meriamon. ^

c. In front of Ramses : -—

his father that he may be given life. ••

KLord of the

*—il 4t»~~* AM -Offering wine to

it. Above Amon-Re in three lines : >—- 1 1 *~~a I >~~a ytm, ^%| *— j

j

^** I

TJ

""^

«— 'J

I « Utterance by Amon-Re, bull of his mother, who is

upon the great throne. 'All life and happiness are with rae.'s

e. In front of Amon-Re : -— '

. ."*' y T> • I have given thee

a«wv»a -mmr /«w^ V— i I __\

all might like Re for ever. ••

./. Above Isis in four lines «—

: j^^j*"]^! j j

.

,^^- 1

'

tZ^^t^

I^

',^ •*** ' Utterance hv Isis. the pod's mother: T have

•" The work is so rough ami summary that it is almost impossible to determine the details. The

head-dresses of this standing figure, and of the two kneeling on either side of the shrine, are

probably intended to be *>. (see Caulfield, op. cit., pis. Ill, IV and V, which contain very useful

reproductions of some of the boat-shrines at Abydos).


THE SECOND PILLARED HALL : NORTH WALL. 45

given thee all life and happiness, I have given thee all might, I have given thee

all joy. •

- puts out his hand to receive (cf. L., D. , III, 169). Behind the king is

Thoth »— holding J , one of the notches of which he marks with his reed-pen.

Text. a. Above and behind Thoth in five lines : — *

j

l 1 1 >~~* [j>- -*^ 1

^^—^t, |

| ^= 1 ,

|||^^^__JJf

,G>n-^ r Utterance by Thoth,

the lord of hieroglyphs, true scribe of the ennead of gods, unto his son whom

t" ^ Champ.. Mon., XLIII, 1.


',6 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

he loves, the lord of the Two Lands, master of action, Usermare-Setepnere :

Tin name is established upon the august persea tree by the writing of my

- . I speak as thj father Ptah-Tatenen hath commanded. There are given

unto thee millions of years, hundreds of thousands of jubilees, like Re For ever.

J

b. In front of Thoth —» : " the years of Alum eternally.

'

T"\

j j j^l "I have given thee

-

c. Above the tree and Ramses' head in a horizontal line : »— t r& T c ~| j ^ j

"4^ s C\ \ '3 111 4 j 1 « King of Upper and Lower Egypl I sermare-Setepnere, son

of Re Meriamon-Ramses. given life.

J. Above Ptah in five lines:—*

'

j p^'jjf— ~V^-

( °^C^ )

Ptah. lord ol truth, unto his son L sermare-Setepnere : T record thy name upon

the august persea tree for tbe celebration of very many jubilees/

e. In front of Ptah «— : ZZ!^f?!^ = r ^

-

my duration as king, like Re every da\ .

/.

Above Sekhmet in three lines


THE SECOND PILLARED HALL : EAST

WALL. 47

The king wears sandals with turned up toes (cf. ti;;. I a, p. 'lii . In his right

hand he holds the [ and |\ .

Ptah. Head-dress no. 1 8.

Down his hack hangs the jj-tassel of his collar. His stall' is a compound of 1 :

and «*•. For a drawing of a similar sceptre held by khons see PI. LXVI. 7.

The god stands on a ^- shaped pedestal.

Sekhmet. Head-dress do. 5.

She embraces Ptah with her right arm.

East Wall.

(Pis. WW -XXXVIII).

I'ublisbed : see Champ., Notices, I, g3).

This wall, as seen in the accompanying plan, is pierced by three doors, the

central one admitting to the sanctuary, and each of the others to a small side-

FRIEZE URAEI FRIEZE


THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

Text. Above (1) in three lines -— :

j j « n"^~* I Tl'"*' I

( G 1ii^ J

wOsiris-Khentamentbes; may he give all life and liappiness (to) Usermare-

Setepnere. •

Above (V) in two lines : -— !

he give


\k

I i -rlarsiese;

Above ( .'!) in two lines — r "

: * 4^-J* j j •• • Setl

Above (4) in two lines : -—>•

ma\ she give I

stc). •

AnCIIAEOLOCICAL DETAILS

All five deities hold the 1-sceptre.

The three gods have the usual curved beards.

SCENE II (PI. XXXVI: fig. •>->).

j

mav

—- < « rrlsis. lady of heaven,

j

Ramses «— offers incense and a libation to Re-Harakhte accompanied by

Hathor, both of whom are seated i—«. In front of them is an offering table.

It is to be noticed that both Ramses and the deities are inside a 1 j -shaped

shrine.

Text. a. Above Ramses —> : |= ("°1^] |

Zm (EIHlED

of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Ramses-Meriamon. ••

b. Above Re-Harakhle in seven lines : >—• j j

1 l*~>~* V- |N-^^ '

" L° rd

j^^

by Re-Harakhte, great god lord of heaven : '0 son of my bod\ whom I love,

lord of the Two Lands, Usermare-Setepnere! my son wide is thy love for me,

I rejoice when I behold what thou hast done. The reward for doing pious acts is

an unending eternity of jubilees like Re.'?:


THE SECOND PILLARED HALL : EAST

WALL. i9

e. Above Hathor in three linos : . -

i | j

Ja>~~* —- I .—^ , ^ j

«= |j r

of heaven : 'Coming in peace : the great god 'i>

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. h.

Robe no. 'i B.

I

~ ; -Utterance l>\ Hathor lad} of Dendera , ladv

He wears sandals with turned up toes (cf. fig. 19, p. 63).

The censer is of the usual *-*j-form. The perfumed smoke rises from the

cup containing the burning charcoal (cf. fig. ai, p. 55). indicating that the

grains of frankincense have just been put thereon.

The libation vase is 4- shaped. The liquid issues from the spout in two

streams and falls upon the offering-table on which are laid ©-cakes of bread, a

trussed duck, and vegetables.

Re-Harakhte. Head-dress no. 6.

Robe no. 8 B.

Hathor. Head-dress no. 1 2 with a full wig.

The thrones, which are of the usual gf-shape, stand on a dais decorated with

repetitions °f JT T 1 jT T 1 •

SCENE III (PL XXXVII, 1 and 9; fig. 29).

Ramses •


50 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

(I. Above the deified Ramses in three lines -— :

j

M =— = ft


Til If: SECOND 1MLLAIIKI) HALL : SOUTH WALL 51

SCENE I (Pis. XXXIX and XL; fig. 2 3).

The South Wall.

(Pis. XXX1X-XL1I).

Published : Cuamp., Moil, XLIII, 9.; Rosellini, Mon. Star., LXXVII, 3; Gau, Antiquith th-

in Xiihir, PL 5-3, 20; see Champ., Notices, I, 90.

Ramses *— kneels before Amon-Re - * and in his outstretched right hand

receives the symbols jXj and jTj, which are suspended from the palm-stick f,

FiK . 2.3. — Second Pillared Hall : South Wall. Scale

held in the god's right hand. Behind Amon-Re, whose left hand is raised in

blessing, stands Mat with her left arm round his neck, and holding |

in her

right hand. Behind Ramses are three gods, Thoth, Mont and Harsiese. The two

last carry the emblem 1 in their right, and \JJ in their left, hand. Thoth has

his right hand raised in blessing and holds the | in his left (for a similar

scene see L., D. , III, i5o,c; cf. also L. , D., 53, 12 4, d, and MacIver, Buhen,

Plate 20, A5' 1

').

Text. a. Above Mut (9) — : > "*j{'w'IT R Mut, lady ofIsh[ru].-

In front of her crown -— : w- | --Mistress of all gods.

(li This scene here and L., D., Ill, i5o, c seem lo depict the granting of jubilees by the gods,

the two others the actual coronation at their bands. In the former the king kneels upon **- facing

the presiding god, in the latter he kneels upon the god's dais with his back towards him.

CHAHP.-bas}-^^--!


52 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

111 lOll A«««A

1

Ii. Above Amon-Re in two lines : » - - 1 ) lAww^l/v^w^f i I"""

' ^

m

'-./ ^ "4J *— w| =— = trUtlerance bj Amon-Re, > I a c i n j y the diadem(s?)

on his son Horus the beloved, t

c. In front of Amon-Re : — - i—i 80S *= X fl__ I give thee eternity

d. Above Ramses in three lines «— : . — (q^-^1 j

|

as king of the Two Lands.

I

l

—-

' > ULj

I7iQM3ESI

-'Lord of the Two Lands I sermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems

Meriamon-Ramses, upon the ceremonial rocker (?)••

e. Above Thoth's right hand raised in benediction behind Ramses head : -—

|l /»~~v ^111 *~~* yjj^ =—= 1*1

beloved of Mat.??

rr Establishing hundreds of thousands for Horus

r = EpKj-^^

/. Above Thoth in two lines : ^—

t3)

*^—^*^-(T^Mij|

] j^^J*"—

"Utterance by Thoth lord'of Hermopolis :

']

establish for thee th\ diadems. my beloved son, Meriamon-Ramses!':'

g. Above Mont in four lines:—! Jl " ffl

( "> ^ ° — g[ ; * J *

i 1

I

J"y\


THE SECOND PILLARED HALE : SOUTH WALL. J

1

" ^— ( G

1ilC^ 1 A T K Utterance b\ Harsiese : 'Thou has received

the olliees. o m\ beloved son Horus, in Thebes. There is given unto thee the

ollice in order to approach^ 3 ' the throne and the duration of Re which was upon

earth, eternally. Thou art crowned as king for ever. The ollice of lord

of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, given life's

i. Behind Harsiese : — 4B= *^\

-f J^ ^ |

"^" protection and life

behind him. like lie for ever! '5

/. Immediate!} behind i: «-« j^^'J— C°1^ j l 'T

1

! Ji-^-i^- k

rtThe king, the lord of the Two Lands, Usermare-Setepnere, appears up the

throne of his lather Re-Harakhte.

Archaeological details :

Mut. Head-dress no. 3 G.

Amon-Re. Head-dress no. i i.

His throne is the usual t£ and stands upon a .^-shaped dais decorated

with repetitions of the signs fyl-

Ramses. Head-dress no. i U E with \&£ above it.

He kneels upon the ceremonial ^s^-rocker (see note 2, p. 5a) and holds the

[-crook and j\ -whip in his left hand.

Thoth. Head-dress no. o,. Robe no. 8 C.

Uy is suspended by a loop from his left arm.

Mont. Head-dress no. id.

Robe no. 8 C.

Harsiese. Head-dress no. 3 I).

Robe no. 8 C.

The but-ends of the |-palm-ribs held by Anion, Thoth, Mont, and Harsiese,

terminate in the s\mhols ^ and Q.

ll) Champ, omits w».

!a)

Left blank in Champ, without .

131 Sop foot-nolo i

, p. i4.

He

also omils >—*.


54

-».'!

SCENE II (Pis. \U and XLII: fig. |.

Published :

Ramses

Gau,

THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

Antiquith it la Nubie, Pis. .">

i , c, unci .">•_>, 2; see Champ., Notices, I. q3.

- — attended l>\ a 4i-fan-bearer who stands behind him, offers incense

and a libation in front of a boat-shrine which is carried on the shoulders of

eight priests. In the midsl of the priests, as in north wall : scene I, Ramses again

appears, with the chief priest walking behind him and bending forward in a

respectful attitude. Roth of them wear a panther skin. Bringing up the rear of the

procession is a priest with a flabella which he holds over the stern of the boat.

Text. a. In front of Ramses as high priest : ...Qfjflj^ffiP^J

diadems Ramses-Meriamon.

b. In front of the chief priest : »—

|l^^

c. Above Ramses offering incense, in six? lines -


THE SECOND PILLARED HALL :

WEST

WALL. 55

p. 'io for a full description and discussion). The onl\ differences are as follows :

Instead of the T aft of the shrine there is4>, and T

in place of the three papyrus-plants in the prow-

Ramses offering incense. Head-dress no. 'i.

Fig. a'i

-5Zs

Kobe no. h A. with sleeves like 4 I). The uraei on the girdle-ends and the

other details were probably indicated in paint.

Ramses wears the usual sandals of the period (cf. fig. 10,. p. 43).

The censer is of the regular «-*J-shape, with the fragrant smoke rising out of

the cup contaning the burning frankincense (see fig-. 24).

The libation vase is * as usual.

The 4>- fan- bearer. His wig is an ordinary one of the period, with the long

plaits of hair reaching to the shoulders.

He wears the usual full skirt of the Piameside age, and an upper garment

with wide sleeves.

SCENE I (PI. XLIH; tig. :>."> ).

Published :

The West Wall.

(Pis. XXIX-XXX and XLIIl-XLIVl

Champ., Mon., ALII, i; Ros., Mon. del Culto, VII, l; Rifaud, Voyage. io-j, n.

Harsiese «— - and Thoth (destroyed above the waist) {l] »—>- pour water from a

V


50 THE TEMPI.E OF DERR.

and Q-ring in her talons. Horus and Thoth stand on low pedestals, which are

decorated with the group of symbols I t1 eight times repeated. The water that

Hows from either vase is represented in the form of a chain of alternating •V , - an( l

1-s\ mbols.

T,,, «. In front of Th.ll, : ~ -f^ft-J^lTI ,

pure (l)

is Thoth. twice pure(sic)! To he repeated four times.-

b. Behind Harsiese : —

him like Re for ever!

jffiffi^"® ^V\

m

' Twi


THE SECOND PILLARED HALL : WEST WALL. 57

Text. a. Above Ramses : < — — Q

f C 1d^ J ''^ (N ~ ^flV" 1 " Lo1 '' 1

of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Meriamon-Ramses.

b. In frontofthekingrQPQ].

1-

e. Above Sefkhet-abwy in two lines - <

:

j j ^ I *"*""*

P*__ "' e

\S\^^

^|(i)

•j^V_i~UfQJI,'|\T2"i rrUtterauce % Sefkhet-abwy.

mistress of writing : 'Thou has received jubilee(s), all freshness,

like the stars.' 55

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. h with tfttf above it.

Robe no. 1 B.

He wears sandals with turned up toes.

Sefkhet-abwy. Head-dress no. 16. For a drawing of the r*S

and "^ . wliich are somewhat different to the type on PI. LXVIII , see fig. 26.

She is draped as usual in a panther skin. The but-end of the | -palm-rib

terminates in ^ and Q; from the tip of it the ]JLj -symbol is suspended by a loop.

SCENE III (Pis. XXIX and XXX; fig. 9 5).

Published : Champ., Moil, XLI, A; Roselmni, Mon. del Culto, VIII, 1; Rifaud, Voyage,

157,8.

Atum x—« and Harsiese »—«• lead Ramses into the presence of Re-Harakhte and

Iusaas (/tw-rf-'i-*), both of whom are standing -«—«. Atum and Harsiese each

hold a hand of the king, while Atum also puts «¥ to his nose. Iusaas has her

right arm round her consort's neck (For a similar scene cf. L.,D., Ill, 56, a;

\^k,d; i5 1, a).

Text. a. Behind Harsiese 3 >

:

tion and life behind him like Re for ever and ever!»

rrj

( " n"2 in original.

tc.

(Jl Champ, reads || instead of j=f|.

(3) Omitled in Champ.

The Temple of Den:

— ^J*~—°

Jfe fojj ^ All protec


58 THE TEMPLE OF DERIS.

b. Above Harsiese in four linos — : *

]) ^ 1

\Z2W'' "I H

'Come, there are given unto thee all offices 1>\ Harsiese !'

] p| ^^JVK I ^ I

|(3)

w Utterance by Harsiese

^.VI II

c. Above Aturn in four lines »—* : i | J j

*~-~* V m J ^^ I j

^

b\ Alum lord of ihe Two Lands of On, conducting the king unto the temple :

'0 son of my bod\ (?) whom I love, beloved of Horus, the king.';?


: X I j\ ^< X, IA -=-| H »~~* "Conducting

the king into the temple of his father Re. ••

e. Above Ramses -— : > — 1""r 1

j ( o~fs|£j; J | (J^ 4= tf Lortl of the

P flV" J

Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Meriamon-Ramses. »

j

f. Above Re-Harakhte in four lines :~iJ"^^/$jJ^' J

:

1

'^="V J'^^tD

[thou]' festivals.

g. In front of Re-Harakhte M :

an eternity of jubilees.

'

(8)

' « Utterance bj Re-Harakhte*: 'Come

- - ^~f O — -8

"1

heaven, mistress of all gods. ••

l " Champ, and Rosellini read v—i.

,'"

I 9

' K

\

^-Utterance by Iusaas (lw-s-',-s), mistress of On, lady of

-'>

Champ, reads I "V c ''([

^ j j.

j |

I3 ' sc.j ~-,?

is now obscured by cement.

( ''>

Champ, lias instead of

J p a . He also wrongly lias f\ after "].

51 Line 3 according to Champ, and Rosellini reads ^1 2T\« M'

' 6 > Champ, lias j instead of ^.

'" Champ. Las instead of ^ J.

t8) Line h is represented by erasures in Champ.

a) Represented by erasures in Champ.

C°' Omitted by Champ.


Archaeological details :

Harsiese. Head-dress no. 3 D.

He holds ¥ in his right hand.

Rarnses. Head-dress no. 1 't D.

THE PILLARS : NOHTII AISLE.

Robe no. h A. hut with uraei on the girdle like &C.

Alum. Head-dress no. 3 A with streamers like 3 C.

Iusaas. Head-dress no. 20: cf. that of SW <

reproduced here in Bg. 27.

THE PILLARS.

(Pis. XLV-LIV).

n II T>

Y have said on p. U e hall is divided into three aisles

by two rows of pillars (see plan, PI. I). Fig. 28 shews the way

;

Fig. 28. — a. Band of inscription 01

architrave: b. Frieze above scene

c. Scene. Scale 1 : 100.

a

t

(

in which the pillars and architraves

are decorated.

On all four sides of each pillar

there is a frieze b, of the same design

as that on the walls (PI. XLVIII, 3

L.,D., Ill, iti,b

and cf. PI. XXV, 2), and a scene c depicting

Ramses with a deity. Along both the north and south

faces of the architraves of the northern row of pillars

there is continuous line of inscription a. Only the

north face of the architraves of the southern row is

thus decorated; the southern face is blank.

The under- faces of the architraves between the

pillars are also decorated with the names or attributes of Ramses II.

Owing to the narrow space between the pillars and the north and south walls

it was impossible to make satisfactory photographs of the north faces of the

northern row of pillars, or of the south faces of the southern row.

WEST FACE (PI. XLV, 1).

Amon-Re — embraces Ramses.

Text. a. Behind Ramses :

VY

The North Aisle.

Pillar 1

-Protection, life!"

59


60 THE TEMPLE OF DEIUi.

h. Above Ramses : •*— -^^- -^^ -Lord of the Two Lands Usermare-Se-

tepnere, lord of diadems "TT ^-1" (Meri)amon-Ramses, given lifelike Re. *

c. Behind Amon-Re : Id

hehind him!

y — "All protection and life

-*5^^f^

il. Above Amon-Re in * o on three lines : »—

within his temple. -i

AltCHAEOLOGICAL DETAILS :

Ramses. Head-dress no. h with ^—,* above it.

"It J

Robe no. 1 A.

lie wears the usual sandals with turned up toes.

Amon-Re. Head-dress no. 11.

!

i | I / aIa^-w

Utterance by Amon-Re lord of Karnak

NORTH FACE.

Mut »— embraces Ramses -—«. She has her left arm round Ramses' neck

and with her right hand supports ,^ ^^ his right elbow; Ramses' left

hand holding •¥ hangs at his side. ^T ^^

Text. a. Above Ramses :

+—

mare-Setepnere, lord of diadems

her!' 1

b. Behind Mut :

^ ^ ^ ^ '

c. Above Mut in two lines : -—>

14 M Lord of the Two Lands User

^ ^

*'

Meriamon-Ramses.

^ All protection and life behind

! jjj^" a 'w jl Jb&V© « Mut the

great, mistress oflshru. ••

J^~"

d. In front of Mut — : +

V~~A J

^UlS * ^aVe ^Ven l ^lee m 'S nt

and victory.

m

Ramses. Head-dress no. 2 C with v^. above it.

I"©

Robe no. 7.

Archaeological details

Mut. Head-dress no. 3G.


EAST FACE (PI. XLV, •>).

THE PILLARS ; NORTH

AISLE. 6

Horns of Miain .

Text. a. Above Ramses : — -^- ~„ -Lord of the Two Lands User

mare-Setepnere, lord of diadems (~^

like Re. ^

y

VIeriamon- Ramses, given life

,Ines: " ¥!~ i ©

-~- •• Horus lord A J2 ® of Miam, son of Isis, great god.

b. Above Horus ofMiam in three \~~l

| 4^ | |

Archaeological details :

|

Ramses. Head-dress no. i4B with #(Wr) above it.

Robe no. 6 A.

Horus of Miam. Head-dress no. 3D.

SOUTH FACE (PI. XLVI, l).

Published :

RiFAun,

Voyage, i 56 . top.

Ramses »— stands before Ptah


62 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

Ptah. Head-dress no. i 8. lie is of the usual jf -form standing on a ^-shaped

^^^

pedestal within a Tl -shrine, over which hovers a winged disk.

"^~y His sceptre is a combination of If and •¥••

Fig. 29. For the winged disk above the shrine see fig. !>o.

WEST FACE (PI. XLVI.2).

Pillar 2.

Werl-hkau (Wrt-hklw) »— embraces Ramses.

-— « YtI

Text. a. Behind Ramses :

< Protection, life, happiness!"

b. Above Ramses : *— ] ^ Ql^] | ^(HEIED

Two Lands, Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Ramses-Meriamon. -n


c. Above Wert-hkau : —* " ^ f , ^ ^|

Wert-hkau.

,

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 1 h C with "5^ above.

Robe no. 2 A.

Wert-hkau. Head-dress no. 5.

NORTH FACE.

c:Lor(l of the

Atum -— », holding' Ramses' right hand in his left, puts •?• into the king's

outstretched left palm. Above Ramses" head hovers the tutelary vulture holding

Q in her talons.

Text. a. Above Ramses in four lines : 1— - "| I ^»>- a~~* f »


Archaeological details :

THE PILLARS : NORTH

Ramses. Head-dress no. 17 A.

Kobe no. •> A.

Atum. Head-dress no. 3 A.

EAST FACE (PI. XLVI, 3).

AISLE. 63

Onuris *— - puts •*• to Ramses' —> nose. Above the kings head hovers the

tutelary vulture with outspread wings, holding Q in her talons.

Text. a. Behind Ramses : -—

AT W i * ' ^ rotect i 011

P

ant^ n ^e

behind him like Re! -•

h. Above Ramses in three lines : — ~— j ( 1 d 5Pj j Tu C^tlMijI

At 'l I/ trLord of the Two Lands Lsermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Ramses-

Meriamon. given life like Re. n

c. Above Onuris in three lines *— :

j

j V c~3 j rr

Meriamon-Ramses-in-the-House-of-Re.

d. In front of Onuris -~~* jf \>—i^*! ^?lnP +

Utterance by Onuris-Shu son of Re, within the House-of-

Hi ^Unto thy nose, good godb

Amon-Re 1—- puts t to Ramses' - > nose.

Text. a. Above Ramses — : *

] ^ (®1tf£S|") | j ^ (U ±W\\ "Lo"1

of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Meriamon-Ramses.

b. Behind Amon-Re : — « AH is with thee,

^=P*~f^=

all health is with thee. ••


THE TEMPLE OF DEI! It.

: c. Above Amon-Re in three lines -


TI1K PILLARS . NORTH

h. Above Init in two linos : h!~i!C

Archaeological details :

Ramses. I lead-dross no. t 'i 15.

Robe no. a A.

Init. Head-dress no. 8 A.

EAST FACE (PI. XLVII).

Mon I x—« puts •¥• to Ramses' «—

Text. a. Above Ramses :

-—

mare-Setepnere, lord of diadems

like Re.

b. Behind Mont : —- :

j

of Thebes, within On. »

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. i/iC.

Robe no. 8D.

Mont. Head-dress no. i3.

SOUTH FACE (PI. XLV1II.3).

Published : Riiacd, Voyage, i56, lop.

1i

AISLE.

I

U

AKE

?

X "? *$*^ ? 2 ! ]EH " U1 P rotection and life Denmd

Re-Harakhle 1—« embraces Ramses »—

G5

" Lord of the Two Lands User-

Meriamon-Ramses, given life

m— if ::!:•"»' •«<

Text. a. Above Ramses in two lines : -— - ^—^^ f ( o 1 J £^ ] ,

v^- ( jl J^ 4 P Hi 5 " J "Lord of the Two Lands, master of feats, Usermare-Setep-

nere, lord of diadems, master of the falchion, Meriamon-Ramses.

b. Above Re-Harakhte in three lines


GO THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 17 15.

Robe no. '\ G.

Re-Harakhte. Head-dress no. 6.

NORTH FACE.

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, 107, 16.

The Architraves of the Pillars.

In a horizontal line r^-^^^W^iy^Jl^S^^c^^^

If.T.SSVT.iWQIS^^GIiEl iii

- ^^ m A>¥- sLive Horus, strong bull, beloved of Mat, belonging to

the two Grown -Goddesses, protecting Egypt, binding foreign countries! Horus

over the Ombite, mighty of years, great of victories, king of Upper and Lower

Egypt, lord of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, son of Re, lord of diadems

Meriamon-Ramses! He made(it) as (his) monument for his father Re lord of

heaven, that he might be given life. -7

SOUTH FACE (PL XXVIII, l).

Published : Rifaud, Voyage , \b~j, i5; Champ., Notices, I, 0,9 (marked 9/1); Breasted,

Records, III, S 5o3.

In a horizontal line : —

"rilr^s^lQ't^^i'"'!.?!

> ^"NC^"^ II tf ^ ^ -^^ VIV^-—

(" There is no *— after ; cf. corresponding inscription on p. 70.

121 So Champ.; my hand-copy had ^. The - is uncertain (Breasted).

' 3 '

I Champ.

(*' Instead of ! ^ j ^

Champ, incorrectly reads ^y3

J.

"Live Horus, strong bull, beloved


THE PILLARS : UNDER

KALES OF THE ARCHITRAVES. 07

of Mat, belonging to the two Crown- Goddesses, protecting Egypt, binding

Foreign countries! Horns over the Ombite, mighty of rears, great of victories,

king of Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of the Two Lands Usermare - Setepnere

son of Re, lord of diadems Meriamon- Ramses, given life! He made (it) as his

monument for his lather Amon-Re lord of Thebes, making for him a great

temple of millions of \ears.-

The Under Faces of the Architraves.

Between east wall and pillar 3. ^_

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, i5y, 11 (right end). «.

-Horus, strong bull, beloved of Mat.-

Between pillars 3 and 2

Published : Rifaud. Voyage, 107. 11 (middle right).

~ "%l

rr Belonging to the two Crown -Goddesses, protecting Egypt, binding foreign

countries. -

Between pillars 2 and 1.

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, lbj, 11 (middle left).

trKing of Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of the Two Lands, Usermare-Setepnere.^

Between pillar 1 and west wall.

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, ibj, 11 (left end).

Son of Re, Ramses-Meriamon. »

©

im


08 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

The South Aisle.

Published : see Champ., Notices, I. 91-99 (erroneously marked 9/1 |.

WEST FACE (PI. WAX).

Pillar 1

A tuni -—- puis >¥• to Ramses' -— » nose.

Text. a. Above Ramses : -—

^~ ^y ,

^ ^\

'• Lord of the Two Lands Usermare- ® Setepnere, given life like Re for ever. 55

b. In front of Ramses : —> £2 1 . r;Adoriiu> the god :

^ J -k ° °

1 1 I I I

c. Above Atum in three lines — =

'

| 5^=^ | J"^' Trio"] J |

r Alum lord of the Two Lands of On, great god, lord of heaven. -

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 1 h A.

Robe no. 9 A with ornamented girdle-ends (ef. fig. 21, p. 46).

Atum. Head-dress no. 3 A.

NORTH FACE (PI. L, l).

Published : Gau,

i83,«.

13

four times, »

H^^l-Z

Antiquitds

,

:

1 CJt^^Z'? lo*i

-

r-lJlte, '

ance b Thoth twice

y [ B

reat?

]

true scribe of the Ennead of gods, whose mouth is truthful (?) :

thee all life and happiness [every?] day/^

C

I have given


Archaeological details :

Harrises. Head

Robe no. \ G.

Thoth. Head-dress no. 19.

EAST FACE (PI. L,a).

khnum

THE PILLARS : SOUTH AISLE. G9

» > puts ¥• to Ramses'


70 THE TEMPLE OF DKRR.

WEST FACE ( Pi. L, 3 ).

Pillar 2.

Menhit x— -, who is lion-headed like Sekhmet, embraces Ramses -—.

Text. a. Above Ramses in three lines »— :

j

iM^iJ I

At

i

——

f °1^£lH j ffo^J 3"

"Lord of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems

I t

iMeriamon-Ramses, given life like Re."

b. Above Menhit in two lines : -— j

^^ fill

fp - |

iTlTl l"l

tr Menhit (Mnhtj-l) the mistress, within the Two Lands, mistress of all gods.»

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. i B.

Robe no. a A, with ornamental girdle partly indicated.

Menhit. Head-dress no. 5.

NORTH FACE (PL LII. l).

Published : Gau, Antiquilh Ac la Nubie, PI. 02,2; Rifacd, Voyage, 107, 13; Wilkinson,

Architecture of Ancient Egypt. PI. IV, 1 ; L., D. . Ill , 1 83,(7.

Re-Harakhte -—» puts •¥« to Ramses'


EAST FACE (PI. Ml. 9 |.

THE PILLARS : SOUTH AISLE. 71

Ramses >— - stands before khons »—.

Text. a. Above Ramses : — — ] f° 1 if Cf!

H f m OBTJlHHJ "Lord

of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems .Meriamon-Ramses.75

6. Above Khons :

ARCHAEOLOGICAL DETAILS :

— ^^^ JJl^

Ramses. Head-dress no. 1 h A with *y above it.

Robe no. 1 A.

K Khons-Beautiful-of-Rest.

Khons. Head-dress no. 7. The plaits on the ^-lock are not indicated.

The god is mummiform as usual and stands on a .^i-shaped pedestal. He

carries a sceptre compounded of ItI •

SOUTH FACE (PI. L1I, 3).

Ramses > > stands before Mont->—-. with his left hand on the gods shoulder.

Text. a. Above Ramses :

-

-Usermare-Setepnere, Meriamon

//. Above Mont in two lines LJ

••Mont, lord of Thebes.- & "? °l\

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 1 k R with t0i above it.

Robe no. 2 A.

Mont. Head-dress no. i3.

WEST FACE (PL LIU, 1).

Pillar 3.

Mut 1—« embraces Ramses -— .

Text. a. Above Ramses in three lines : -— j

Pffj"" J I

Ay

Ramses, given life like Re. »


-f Q 1^:£j;j i

...(jt}^

1""1

^T\ -Lord of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere. lord of diadems

Meriamon-Ramses, given life forever.


72 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

I>. Above Mul in two lines -— : - -Ik^""*"^ '' "^ ul l ' 1L>

] l^"S& F B

Teat '

lad) of [shru. ••

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. f i with ?#5 above it.

Robe no. 2 A.

Mnt. Head-dress no. 3G.

NORTH FACE (PI. LIII, .


Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress do. i A.

Robe no. 7.

Isis. Head-dross no. 8 A.

SOUTH FACE (PI. LIU, 3).

THE PILLARS : ARCHITRAVES.

Horus 1—- embraces Ramses » *.

There is no text.

Archaeological dltwls :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 1 h A.

Robe no. 2 A.

Horus. Head-dress no. 3 D.

NORTH FACE.

The Architraves of the Pillars.

73

Published : Gau, Antiquitds de hi Nubie, PI. [)?., 2; Rifaud, Voyage, 167. 17; Champ..

Notices, I, cjal"; L., D. . Ill, i83,a; Breasted, Records, III, § 5o3.

In a horizontal line : -^

"?

"i£ 25 M ! &t


74 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

Between pillars 3 and 2.

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, 107, 10 (loll end).

Horns over the Ombite, strong of years, might} of victories.-?

ETWEE> l'l I.I. Alls r> \M)

Published : Riiaud, Voyage, 1 -"i 7 , 10 (middle left).

King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Usermare-Setepnere.

Between PILLAR 1 AM) THE WEST WAL

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, 167, 10 (middle right).

rrSon of He, Ramses-Meriamon. »

m

THE NORTHERN SIDE-CHAPEL.

Published : see Champ.. Notices, I, 95, for a general description.

This chapel measures h m. 90 cent, x a in. 70 cent. The height is 2 in. 70 cent.

There is a stone bench o m. 70 cent, broad and m. 70 cent, high running

along the whole length of the north, east, and south walls. Owing to the nor-

thern and the southern side-chapels being so narrow, it was impossible to


photograph I

THE NORTHERN SIDE-CHAPEL : DOOR. 75

lie reliefs satisfactorily. The style in which they are executed is of

the rudest description, as can he seen from PI. LV. a photograph of scene I on

the easl wall of the southern chapel.

SCENE I.

The Door..

(PI. XXXV; 6gs. as and 3o).

Architrave.

Ramses kneeling »— offers two #- vases to Re who is seated -


76 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

South Jamb.

In a single vertical line : «— jjT| j 31(^H] ^g 17. C 1

-Live the good god, lord of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, son of He, lord

of diadems |

Ramses-Meriamon]. »

NORTH SIDE (Fig. 3o,fl).

The Thickness of the Door.

Ramses — stands before Ilorus of Rek who holds the king's right hand in

his left.

Text. Above Ramses : —* j

Fig. 3o. — Plan of Door of

Northern Side-Chapel. Scale 1:10

QJ5] (STE^| "[Lord

of the Two Lands] Usermare-Setepnere, [lord of

diadems] Meriamon-Ramses.

Above Horns : —

of Rek."

Ilorus. Head-dress no. 3 D.

Archaeological detai

—^

Ramses. Head-dress no. 17D.

Robe like no. h A (see fig. 3i).

"... lord

SOUTH SIDE. Fig. 3i.

Left blank (Fig. 3o, b).

s

The Interior of the Norther> Side-Chapel.

West Wall.

This wall is almost entirely occupied by the doorway.

NORTH SIDE OF THE DOOR (Fig. 3a, N).

Ramses stands


Archaeological details :

THE NORTHERN SIDE-CHAPEL : NORTH WALL. 77

Ramses. Head-dress no. 17 B with i%3 above.

Robe like no. 4 A but plain (see fig. 33).

SOUTH SIDE OF THE DOOR (Fig. 3* , S).

Ramses stands »—>- in the same attitude as on the north side holding a long

stafl* in his left, and a [ in his right, hand.

Above Ramses :

LIU.HAKOLOCICAL DETAILS

Fig. 33.

Head-dress no. 17 B with |0I above.

f 1^C^J crUsermare-Setepnere.

Robe like no. 4 A without ceremonial tail (see fig. 34).

SCENE I (Fig. 35).

North Wall.

Ramses -— offers two ^-pols of incense to Atum who is seated «—-. There

is a I -stand for offerings in front of the god upon

which are a ^-vase and a lolus-llower.

Text. a. Above Ramses in three lines : »—>-

1

j

~ (°1*Ej ) (IS?C] " Goo (1 01' lo,

| 8 .

I I '

tl of lhe

Two Lands I sermare-Setepnere, Meriamon-Ram-

ses. »

li. Above Atum in three lines : >— - *3==V j

j J

!'**'— I

"Atum lord of the Two Lands of On, lord ?>

^w -

ill

Fig. 35. — Northern Side -Chapel :

North Wall. Scale 1:100.


78 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 2 A.

Robe no. '1 A 1

sec fig. 36).

Alum. Destroyed except for his legs and right arm. He held the usual K

sceptre and ¥•

SCENE II ( Fig. 35 I.

Ramses »—> offers jj[| to Amon-Re who is seated ->—-. In

front of the god is an I -stand for offerings upon which are a

lotus-flower and a 'i-vase.

Text. a. Above Ramses : .— ]

; Usermare-Setepnere, Meriamon-Ramses. •

(©j75^|

] (T^TTM^I

-^

I

b. Above Amon-Re in two lines : *— ) I S 1 © 1 m za

"1

I

K Amon-Re ' orf^

\ T °^ Karnak; great god. prince of Thebes.--

Vr.cn AEOLOGICVL DETAILS :

Ramses. The head-dress and upper part of the bod\ are

destroyed.

Robe no. 2 A (see fig. 37).

Amon-Re. Head-dress no. 1 1

He holds I in his right, and •¥ in his left hand.

SCENE III (Fig. ?)0 ).

F 'S- 3 7-

Ramses »—>- offers four #-vases to Re-IIarakhte who is seated -


Archaeological details :

THE NORTHERN SIDE-CHAPEL : EAST WALL. 79

Ramses. I load-dross no. h with |0f above.

Robe no. 2 A (see fig. 38).

Re-Harakhte. Head-dress no. 6.

SCENE I ( Fig. 3 9 ).

East Wall.

»—>- This scene is much injured. The king almost entirely effaced offers two

#- vases to Horus lord of .

[ .?. . who is seated ]


80 THE TEMPLE OF It Kill!.

Between Scenes I and II ( Fig. 3g |.

In a vertical line — : JL ( °1 rf ~1 A ft •

SCENE I (Fig. ft 2).

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, 1.J7. i4.

The South Wall.

Ramses -—« offers incense in a -^*-i- censer to Ivhons who is seated »—>-.

Text. a. Above Ramses :

rrUsermare-Setepnere, Meriarnon-Ramses.

] (oj^)

j (| = ?fl):i]

/>. Above Khons in four lines :

i ¥1/= if * I

f ?- -

Uttera »ce b

y

khons-in-Thebes-Beaiitiful-of-Rest.

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. h with *5: above.

Robe no. 2 A (see fig. 4o).

w (cf. L., D., Ill, 2 34, a).

Khons. Head-dress no. r

]

SCENE II (Fig. ks).

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, l-iy, ih.

Ramses *— « offers a collar to Mutwho is seated »— .

III

Fig. is. — Northern Side- Chape

South Wall. Scale i : 100.

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 3 13.

Robe no. 2 A (see fig. U i ).

|

Text. a. Above Ramses :

u\-z,\

Fig. 4

-


For the collar sec fig. i3.

Mnl. Head-dress no. 3 G.

THE SOUTHERN SIDE-CHAPEL :

She holds a I- sceptre in her right, and •*- in her left, hand.

scene in (Fig. 4a').

Published : Rhauii, Voyage, l.'iy, i'i.

DOOR. 81

Ramses >— - holding' ^ and ^w runs towards the deified Ramses who is

seated-—. The figure of Ramses the king is destroyed above the waist

Text. a. Above Ramses the king >— : - f i

j °1^CfJ


82 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

b. Above Re-Harakhle : - « |^

Archaeological details :

Ramses. 1 load-dress no. 17 B with |0f above it.

Robe do. 2 I).

Re-Harakhte. Head-dress no. G.

'

- Re-Har[akhte]. *

In front of the god is an offering-stand upon which are a >#- vase for libation

and a lotus-flower.

SCENE II.

Ramses kneels - —

in front of Re-Harakhte who is seated —>.

Text. a. Above Ramses -— : - f°1ii;~H "Usermare-Setepneiv.

b. Above Re-Harakhte .— : i "Re-Harakhte. -

JV* \\

Akciiaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 17 B with |0f

Robe no. 9 B.

Re-Harakhte. Head-dress no. 6.

above it.

As in scene I there is an offering-stand with a libation-vase and lotus-flower

in front of the god.

The vertical line of inscription between the two scenes is completely destroyed.

North Jamb.

In a single vertical line -^— : "^^ — 1

(fcff ^fllf ^ j^. t*^"Son of

Re, lord of diadems Ramses-Meriamon. beloved of Amon-Re lord of heaven.-:

South Jamb.

4 &^ ( Q 1d~) | ^fcH

~ In a single vertical line :

"rKin of

^ M S

Upper and Lower Egypt, Usermare-Setepnere, beloved of Mut lady of heaven.-?


NORTH SIDE I

Fig.

THE SOUTHERD SIDE-CHAPEL : WEST

\h . N).

The Thickness of the Door..

WALL. 83

Ramses » - stands before Horus of Bek (?)


8i THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

SCENE I I Fig. '17 ).

Published : see Champ.. Notices, I, o5.

Fig. 67. — Soulliern Side-Chapel

X i

North Wall. Scale 1 : 100.

The North Wall.

Ramses -— offers a w-shaped vessel containing three ©-cakes, to Ptah who

^^

U| I

of truth : 'I have given thee all might.'-

Archaeological details :

|

. .""^

is seated -—- in his usual -shrine, | in front of

which is a I-stand for offerings.

Text. a. Above Ramses :

Ramses. Head-dress no. h with |0$ above.

-—

j

- Usermare-Setepnere, given life. »

b. Above Ptah in four lines : *—

•• Utterance bv Ptah lord

Robe no. h A without ceremonial tail (see fig. 48).

Ptah. Head-dress no. 18.

He is of the usual form and holds the regular 1-seeptre

f©i^;Cfj

-

j Anf

j \\y


combined with ^ and | (cf. PI. LXVI, fig. 7).

&

On the offering-stand is a basket of fruit (?) and three ©-cakes

of bread (see fig. 4g).

SCENE II (Fig. 47).

Published : see Champ., Notices, I, 96.

Ramses »—>• offers a i-pot of incense to Amon-Re who is seated

^-vase and lotus-flower.

Text. a. Above Ramses in three lines -— : 1

r:

I At

(°~f

$j£j! J |

Usermare-Setepnere, Meriamon-Ramses, given iife.s

b. Above Amon-Re -


\ iu. ii i; makes offering ring to the deified Ramses who is

seated--— - with a I- stand lor offerings 111 Iront ot him,

Fi8- 5 °

Chapel : East Wall.

Scale 1 : 100.

upon which are a


80 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

h. Above tlie deified Ramses in three lines : A.

His hands and their contents are destroyed.

The deilied Ramses. Head-dress no. 17 B.

lie sits with left hand on bis lap holding ¥ '" his light hand, which is laid

on his breast, is the | -sceptre.

Robe no. h E.

SCENE II (PI. LV; tig-, bo).

Published : Champ., Notices, I, g5.

Ramses


SCENE I (Fig. 5 il.

THE SOUTHERN SIDE-CHAPEL : SOUTH

Published : see Champ.. Notices, I.


88 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

SCENE II (Fig. 5

i I.

Published : see Champ.. Notices, I, g5.

Ramses ->—«

offers incense and a libation to Re-Harakhte who is seated »—

in front of a I-sland for offerings ii|>on which is a basket of fruit,('?), ©-cakes

of bread, a duck, and vegetables. The relief is very rude and obscured by dirt.

Text. a. Above Ramses in three lines :


THE SANCTUARY : DOOR.

89

a winged disk, and above the cornice there are fourteen ura?i (see PI. LVI and

fig. 2 3 }.

SCENE I.

Architrave.

(PI. LVI and fig. aa).

Ramses -— holding ^ and ^v runs towards a group (?) (1) of seated divi-

nities - — who are destroyed.

SCENES II and III.

The centre of the architrave is too battered and broken to see what was

carved upon it.

SCENE IV.

Ramses


90 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

SCENE I (commencing from the top).

Ramses

SCENE II.

South Jamb.

(Pis. XXXVII and LVI).

- — before a god who is standing —»-.

Ramses «— oilers to Horus who is standing - >.

Text. a. Above Ramses :

. — | (Vld£ff )| , ^

Q~"l

Two Lands I sermare-Setepnere. lord of diadems [Ramses-Meriamon ]. ^

Fig. H- — Plan of Door of Sanctuary. SCENE III.

Scale 1 : 100.

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 2 A.

Alum. Head-dress no. 3 A.

In a single vertical line (see fig. 54. «) : -—

b. Above 1 torus in two lines :

AnCHAEOLOGICAL DETAILS :

" Lor


NORTH WALL (Fig. 54, c).

SWI.TI A in ;

THICKNESS

OF 1)0011.

The Thickness of the Door.

Amon-Re standing-*— puis the symbol of life to Ramses' nose. The god holds

the king's left hand in his right. Ramses' right hand hangs

at his side.

Text. a. Behind Ramses :

behind him! -

b. Above Ramses :

——

i


(

XHr

Q ~\ dj i ^ J

-Protection

...M

®ftP J «Lord of the Two Lands I sermare-Selepnere, lord

of diadems Meriamon-Ramses. »

Fl? 55 '

"

c Behind Amon-Re :


92 the temple of derr.

d. Above Re-Harakhte id three linos -.—* j

V

jl j

Re-Harakhte, great god, lord of heaven, prince of the ennead of gods.-;

ARCHAEOLOGICAL DETAILS :

Ramses. Head-dress no. 1 \ \\ with %s above.

Robe no. 1 C (plain?); see lig. 55.

Re-Harakhte. Head-dress no. G.

The Interior or the Sanctdary.

Length (from west wall to base of statues) : 5 m. ->o cent.: breadth : 3 in. 65 c:

."5 height : in. 65 cent.

SCENE I (Pis. LVII-LX; fig. 56).

The North Wall.

Published : Champ., Mon., \Ll, a (the figure of the deified Ramses); see Champ., Notices, I, g/i.

Ramses »— offers incense and a libation before a \H/- boat-shrine resting

upon its ^[-pedestal. The poles b\ which it is carried and the sledge upon which

J

Fijj. 56. — Sanctuary : North Wall.

Scalei:)0 °-

ki ng in four lin es : — j

f||^—

^^

it is dragged are all in place. Round about

the JJ-sland are various tables on which

are laid offerings and ceremonial vessels.

Beyond the stern of the boat (PI. LX)

stands the deified Ramses *—- crowned

with the solar disk and with the tutelary

vulture living above his head.

Text. a. Above Ramses as officiating

f^-j j ^L^T"""" I QI1DI

( fl^Tj cr

jjjjjjjjj ® Live the good god, master of feats, wielder of the falchion

(f|

I

over everv foreign country, Usermare-Setepnere. Meriamon-Ramses. i>

b. Above the deified Ramses :

Archaeological details

-— -

Ramses as olliciant. Head-dress

Robe no. h h.

^— *m

1J

He holds in his left hand a censer of the ordinary v*j- pattern, and in his

h.

f

I\


THE SANCTUARY : NORTH WALL. 93

right a S-libation-vase, from the spout of which the liquid Hows in a broad

stream, that divides oil*, however, into two narrow ones before it finally reaches

the T- offering- stand upon which it is being poured.

The boat-shrine. The bows and stern terminate in the usual hawk's head

and aegis (cf. fig. 20, p. 43). In the prow is the J-3-emblem behind which

is a standing figure -— with outstretched arms, holding a A vase between his

hands, and wearing the "^.-head-dress and robe no.

-2 A. Immediately in front

of him is a kneeling figure wearing the d-cvo\\n and holding a §-vase(?) in

both hands. On either side of the shrine, which is half covered with a veil, are

two kneeling figures. In the stern is the steersman holding the rope attached

to the two >w -steering- paddles (cf. the similar boat-shrines in second hall :

north wall : scene I. and south wall : scene II).

Beside the prow of the boat is a tall fll-flabella, and just aft of the shrine is

a T-shaped one of similar height. Behind the steering gear are three papyrus-

plants the stalks of which touch the carrying-poles. Be\ond the stern is another

tall ^|-llabella.

Between the | -offering stand, upon which Bainses is pouring the libation,

and the bows of the boat, is a 1^5 -table loaded with food, consisting of ©-cakes

of bread, baskets of fruit, ^^-jointsf?), a trussed duck, a -^v-

bowl containing some kind of offering, and a bouquet of lotusflowers

(?) (see fig. 57). Immediately beneath the bows is a ^-

Fig. 58.

shaped offering-slab upon a tall lath rack. Next to it

is another 155 -table, almost destroyed, on which are

T-shaped vases filled with ointment. East of the boat-

stand is yet another lf5- table, bearing four vases

>s 5? '

'

with lids in the shape of a hawk's head crowned with a disk (see

fig. 58); next to it is a basket of fruit (?) on a similar rack to the

one upon which the ^-offering-slab is placed.

The deified Ramses. Head-dress no. 1 7 F.

Kobe no. 8 A.

He holds a "f - sceptre in his right, and 4-feather in his left, hand. These

emblems combined with the solar disk which surmounts his head 1 ", form the

(l

The deified Amenophis III at Soleb is crowned with the combined crescent moon and disk

e.« (L., ().. (II. 84, c, 85, a, an. I 87,6, c), and so also is the deified Ramses at Wady cs-Sabu f


94 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

name Usermare (Wsr-ml'-t-IV). The figure doubtless is a representation of I he

actual cultus-image of Ramses which was kept in the boat-shrine, and which is

referred to in the inscriptions in this temple as ( $ J =— - ff) ~^_ j-^= ^Xa


THE FRIEZE (Fig. 56 |.

Published :

Cbamp.

, Notices, I, all.

THE SANCTUARY :

EAST

WALL. 95

Il runs the whole length of the wall : —> ^^^.^M^^i

Ia~~^x^^|J -Live the good god! Live Horns, strong bull, beloved of Mat,

belonging to the two Crown-Goddesses, protecting Egypt, binding the foreign

countries, Horus over the Ombite, strong of years, great of victories, king of

Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of the Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of

diadems Meriamon-Ramses, beloved of Amon-Re lord of Ivarnak!-

The East Wall.

(PL LVI; fig. 5 9 ).

Published : Rifaud, Voyage, toy, i3; L. , D., Ill, i84, b: see Champ., Notices, I, q5.

This wall is completely occupied b\ four seated statues cut in the rock and

representing Ptah, Amon-Re, king Ramses, and Re-Harakhte. Except for their

thrones they have been almost entirely hacked away.

The inscriptions beside and above them — reading from north to south —

are as follows :

a. Accompanying Ptah in two lines -— :

j

ijI*~~a |S-w^^ X^

J

'

il ^m^-^K^^ ,

J

1/ "Utterance bv Ptah, lord of truth, upon the

A»w»«\ '^^r:j /tov*v»A V— ' * *

I # • '

great throne : 'I have given thee all might, all joy, like Wc.'n

I). Accompanying Amon-Re in three lines, the first two -— «, the third -— :

(M^l£( - a slight gap- | P

I -I

^BS~=«~ V^GSID

have given thee the duration of Re, the years of Alum.- j -Utterance by


% THE TEMPLE OF DEKR.

Amon-Re king of eternity to his son Ramses-Meriamoi

Fig. 5g. — Sancluarv :

East Wall

(after L., D.,111, i84, J).

x Utterance by Amon-

Re, lord of Kama k, to his sou Usermare-

Setepnere. ••

c. Accompanying kin;; Ramses : *—

rrKing of Upper and Lower Egypt User-

mare -Setepnere, son of Re Ramses-

Meriamon. n

symbols HK; from each urseus hang alternating *,

which also shews the arrangement of the inscriptions).

SCENE I (PI. LXI; fig. 60).

(I. Accompanying Re-Harakhte in two

lines :~ji^~^l f * |B'?ffi:

cr Utterance h\ Re-Harakhte, who is within

the House- of- Meriamon- Ramses. »

The South Wall.

Published : Gac, AnliquiUs de la Nubie, 5a, 3.

Ahove the head of Ramses are the

-and 1- symbols (see fig. 5g

Ramses —

- Y T W

Protection and life behind him ! n

b. Above Ramses :

I ( it i^fur ^ J

Meriamon-Ramses.

1


Archaeological details :

THE SANGTI \1'.\ : SOUTH

Ramses. I load-dress no. i-(i with |0tf above.

Robe do. U A (plain).

Re-Harakbte. Head-dress no. 6.

Robe no. 8 B.

SCENE II (Pis. IAll and LXIII; fig. 6o).

Published :

Gad,

WALL. 97

inliquilfa de la Nubie, PI. 5 2 , 3; see Champ., Notices, I, rj/i.

Ramses -— - offers incense and a lihation before a \jf/- boat-shrine standing

upon its J-pedestal. The poles by which it was carried in procession and the

sledge upon which it was dragged are all in place. Round about it (cf. north

wall : scene I) stand tall llabellae. and tables bearing offerings

and ceremonial vessels. S^Z

Text. a. Behind Ramses :

behind him! jj

YtW^

cr

b. Above Ramses in two lines :


98 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

a. In Irorvt oi Kamses in two lines -«—- :

j

^Offering incense and a libation to his lather.- 1

Archaeological details :

Ramses. Head-dress no. i4B.

Kobe no. h A.

* I -j ' •>"—

ft

j [f

He holds the usual •w^j-censer in his left hand, and in his right a S-vase

for libation from which the liquid issues in two streams on to a T-shaped

offering- stand.

The boat-shrine. The boat is quite usual and almost exactly like that in

scene I : north wall. By the stern stand two tall fans, one 4i-and the other T-

shaped. At the bows is a large fll-llahella. Beyond the hows, hut with the stalks

resting on the carrving-poles, are tbree lotus flowers.

In front of the prow of the boat is a 1^- table upon which lie ©-cakes of

bread, ^^-jointsf?), baskets of fruit (?), and a small bouquet of lotus-flowers

(cf. fig. 67, p. 93). Next to this, under the bows, is a JL- offering- slab

on a I -stand.

On either side of the pedestal which supports the boat is a T—T- table. Upon

the one on the west side are arranged four vases, shaped like canopic jars, with

lids in the form of a hawk's bead crowned with a disc (cf. fig. 58, p. 93). Upon

the one on the east side are two |- vases containing ointment and four I- vases.

Next to this table is a lath rack supporting a "Y"-shaped bowl containing ©-

cakes of bread, a w^-joint and other provisions. Immediately behind it is a tall

-bouquet of lotus-flowers.

I

THE FRIEZE (Fig. 60).

The frieze on the south as on the north wall, consists of a continuous line of

g^iJ^=(2g]^QS^]if f^ve the good god! (Live)

may presume lliat the slirine contains an image of the ha, a thing not altogether unknown. Db

Morgan found a wooden statue of the ha of king Itor in that monarch's tomh at Dahshur (see

Steindorff, A.Z., 48, 1 58).

(i) The sign faces —- W.


THE SANCTUARY : WEST WALL

Ilorus, strong hull, beloved of Mat. belonging to the two Crown -Goddesses,

protecting Egypt, binding the foreign countries, Horus over the Omhite, strong

nt \ .ais. great of victories, king of Upper and Lower Egypt Usermare-Setepnere,

son of Re Meriamon-Ramses. given life ! w

The West Wall.

The space on either side of the door is very limited.

THE NORTH SIDE (PL LXIV, a : fig. G 1 . N).

Published : see Champ., Notices, I, ah.

Ramses -


Text. Above Ramses :


]

THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

( a 1^d] j

«u„ = ?—

Two Lands Usermare-Setepnere, lord of diadems Meriamon-Ramses. *

\ Hi II \ I ((LOGICAL DETAILS :

Head-dress no. 17(1.

Kobe no.

'1 A.

The vulture holds Q in her talons.

The Frieze.

"Lord of the

NORTH OF THE DOOR (Fig. 6l).

In a horizontal line - beloved of Mill

I1ZW

lady of heaven.

SOUTH OF THE DOOR (Fig. 6l).

In a horizontal line -— : »

C° H^>~*jM

A~~A ""^ ffi m

V 1 1 « Usermare-Setepnere, beloved of Amon-Re lord of

Karnak. t>

The architrave of the door is broken away (see fig. (i 1 ).

The Ceiling.

Down the whole central length of the ceiling there was a band of

inscription of which only the eastern half is now preserved :

«A11 life, stability, and happiness! All health! All jov! Horus,

strong bull, beloved of truth, protecting Egypt »

¥

V—

y

(banquets); et passim). It is perhaps worth mentioning in this connection that it is a common custom

among the modern Egyptian peasantry for the men, on gala days such as el-'Id el-Keblr, to carry

a handkerchief in their hand. This they do out of doors as well as in the mandara.

111 >— is purely decorative and extends right across the band of signs from edge to edge. It

merely divides the ka-name of Ramses from the preceding formula.

(2) The to, is 3^ ' V n the original.


DIVINITY.

PART II.

INDEXES.

A. INDEX OF DIVINITIES.


DIVINITY.

THE TEMPLE OF DERR.


IhliSIESE.

Init.

IVMTlUN IN THII'l.i:.

Second Pillared Hall, West

wall.Sc. I.

Second Pillared Hall, West

wall, Sc. III.

Soul hern Side-Chapel, South

walLSc. I.

Second Pillared Hall .East Re-Haiakhte.

wall, Sc. II.

First Pillared Hall, Pi liar,,,

N. face, Sell.

First Pillared Hall, P illara,

E. face, Sc. I.

First Pillared Hall, Pi liar


Isis.

I us us

Khnus

Khons

Memii

Mont.

)

I

i'iism,i\ i\ tkmpi.k.

Second Pillared Hall, North

wall, Sc. II.

THE TEMPLE OF OEMS

Second Pillared Hall, Easl Osiris-Khen-

wall, Sc. I.

Second Pillared Hall, South

aisle, Pillar ,'i, E. face.

Southern Side-Chapel, South Osiris-Khen-

wall.Sc. I.

Second Pillared Hall, West

wall, Sc. III.

First Pillared Hall, E. wall,

Sc. III.

) Second Pillared Hall, South

,

I

aisle. Pillar 1, E. face.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 9,

S. face, Sc. II.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar

I 1 1 , E. face, Sc. I.

Second Pillared Hall, South

aisle, Pillar 2, E. face.

Northern Side-Chapel, South

wall, Sc. I.

Second Pillared Hall, South

aisle, Pillar 2 , W.

face.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar

10, E. face, Sc. I.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar

13, N. face, Sc. II.

Second Pillared Hall, East

wall.Sc. IV.

Second Pillared Hall, South

wall. Sc. I.

Amon-Re.

tamenlhes.

tamenthes.

Re-IIarakhte.

Harsiese and

Seth.

A turn

and Harsiese.

A turn, Shu and

Tefnut.

Amon-Re, Mut.

Thoth and

Harsiese.

mmiilTIN ami LOCALITIES

CONNECTED \\ ITU THE DIVIXITV.

!*•

i:~i:TH:m

(seep. 69).

-=f©S:V

— f ©

•'«

—T ©


DIVINITY.

[NDEX OF DIVINITIES. 105


100 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

DIVINITY.


DIVIMTV.

INDEX OF DIVINITIES. 107


108 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

DIVINITY.


INDEX OF HEAD-DRESSES.

NO. PROVENANCE. WEARER.

•_> 15. First Pillared Hall, Pillar 9, E. face, Sc. I.. . Ramses.

•2 C. Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 1, N. face 9

3 A. First Pillared Hall, N. wall, Sc. II Atum.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 0, S. face, Sc. 11. »

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 12, S. face, Sc. I..

Second Pillared Hall, W. wall. Sc. Ill

Second Pillared Hall. N. aisle, Pillar a , N. face. »

Second Pillared Hall , S. aisle , Pillar 1 , W. face. 9

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar 3 ,

N. face.

Door of Sanctuary, S. jamb, Sc. HI »

3 B. Firs't Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. I Ramses.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 9 , E. face, Sc. II.

Northern Side-Chapel, S. wall, Sc. II »

3 D. First Pillared Hall, Pillar 9, N. face, Sc. I. . Horus.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 9, N. face, Sc. II. . g

First Pillared Hall , Pillar 9 , E. face, Sc. I. . .

First Pillared Hall , Pillar 9 , E. face, Sc. II . .

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 2 , E. face, Sc. II

Second Pillared Hall, S. wall, Sc. I Harsiese.

Second Pillared Hall, W. wall, Sc. I »

Second Pillared Hall, W. wall, Sc. Ill

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 1, E. face. Horus.

Second Pillared Hall , S. aisle, Pillar 3 , S. face. n

Northern Side-Chapel, N. thickness of door. . »

Northern Side-Chapel, E. wall, Sc. I 9

Northern Side-Chapel, E. wall, Sc. II »

Southern Side-Chapel, N. thickness of door. . 9

Southern Side-Chapel, S. wall, Sc. I Harsiese.

Door of Sanctuary, N. jamb, Sc. HI Horus.

3 E. First Pillared Hall, Pillar 19, E. face, Sc. II. Ramses.

Southern Side-Chapel, N. wall, Sc. II 9

3 F. Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar 1, S. face. r>

Southern Side-Chapel, N. wall, Sc. HI »

3 G. First Pillared Hall, Pillar 10, N. face, Sc. II. Mut.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 1 , E. face, Sc. II. *

Second Pillared Hull, E. wall, Sc. Ill g

Second Pillared Hall, S. wall, Sc. I 9

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 1, N. face.

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar 3 . W. face. 9

Northern Side-Chapel, S. wall, Sc. II 9

'.. First Pillared Hall, N. wall, Sc. VII Ramses.

First Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. HI

XXIX

V.

XXIII, 2.

XLIX.

LIII, 2.

XXX.

VI and VII.

XXVII.

XXXIX and XL.

XLIII.

XXIX and XXX.

XLV, 2 .

LIII, 3.

XXVII.

LI.

XXII, 2.

XXV, 2.

XXXVII.

XXXIX and XL.

LIII, 1.

V.

VIII.


110 THE TEMPLE OF DERM.

NO. PROVENANCE. WEtRER.

First Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. V Ramses.

Firsl Pillared Hall, Pillar 9, S. face, Sc. [I..

First Pillared Hall, Pillar id, E. face, Sc. I. .

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 10, S. face, Sc. II.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 11, N. face, Sc. II.

First Pillared Hall. Pillar u, E. face , Sc. I . .

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 . . S. face, Sc. II..

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 12, S. face, Sc II.

Second Pillared Hall. N. wall, Sc. I

Second Pillared Hall. N. wall, Sc. Ill

Second Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. II

Second Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. Ill

Second Pillared Hall, S. wall, Sc. II

Second Pillared Hall, \\ . wall, Sc. II

Second Pillared Hall , \. aisle, Pillar 1 , W. face.

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar a ,

E. face.

Second Pillared Hall , N. aisle, Pillar a . S. face.

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar 1 , E. face. n

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar 2, N. face. »

Second Pillared Hall , S. aisle, Pillar .">, W. face. „

Northern Side-Chapel, N. wall, Sc. Ill y>

Northern Side-Chapel, S. wall, Sc. I »

Southern Side-Chapel. N. wall, Sc. I »

Southern Side-Chapel, E. wall, Sc. 1 51

Southern Side-Chapel, E. wall, Sc. II i>

Southern Side-Chapel, S. wall, Sc. II «

Door of Sanctuary, S. jamb, Sc. II n

Sanctuary, N. thickness of door

Sanctuary, N. wall , Sc. I n

5. First Pillared Hall, Pillar 10, N. face, Sc. I. . Sekhmet.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 o, E. face, Sc. II . Wert-hkaw.

Second Pillared Hall, N. wall, Sc. Ill Sekhmet.

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 9, W. face. Wert-hkaw.

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar 2, W. face. Menhit.

6. First Pillared Hall, E. wall , Sc. I Re-Harakhte.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 1 , S. face, Sc. II

First Pillared Hall , Pillar 1 a , S. face, Sc. II

Second Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. II

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 3, S. face. »

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar 1, S. face.

Second Pillared Hall , S. aisle , Pillar a , N. face.

Door of Northern Side-Chapel, architrave, Sc. I. Re.

PLATE.

VII, 2.

XXI, 2.

Will. 1.

win,-..

XXIV, 2.

XXV, .

XXVI, 2.

\\.\1 and XXXII.

XXXIII andXXXlV.

XXXVI.

XXXVII.

XLI and XXII.

XLIV.

XLV, 1.

XLVI,3.

XLVffl.i.

L,9.

LII.i.

Lffl,i.

LV.

LVII.

XXII, t.

XXIII, 2.

XXXIII and XX XIV.

XLVI,2.

L,3.

VI and VII.

XXVI, 2 .

XXXVI.

XLVIII, 3.

LI.

LII, 1.

XXXV.


8 A.

10.

11.

1 'i A.

INDEX OF HEAD-DRESSES.

PROVENANCE. WEARER.

Northern Side-Chapel, N. wall, Sc. Ill Re-Harakhte.

Door of Southern Side-Chapel, architrave, Sc. 1. »

Door of Southern Side-Chapel, architrave, Sc. II. »

Southern Side-Chapel, N. wall, Sc. Ill »

Southern Side-Chapel, S. wall, Sc. II »

Door of Sanctuary, N. jamh, Sc. II i>

Sanctuary, S. thickness of door 9

Sanctuary, S. wall, Sc. I »

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 9, S. face, Sc 11. Khons.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 1, E. face, Sc. I.

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar a, E. face.

Northern Side-Chapel. S. wall, Sc I »

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 3, N. face. Init.

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar 3, E. face. Isis.

Southern Side-Chapel, S. wall, Sc. I 9

Second Pillared Hall, N. wall, Sc. II 9

First Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc V Thoth.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 a , E. face, Sc. 1.

Second Pillared Hall, S. wall, Sc. I 9

First Pillared Hall, S. wall, Sc. 1 Onuris-Shu.

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar a, E. face.

First Pillared Hall, N. wall, Sc. I Amon-Re.

First Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. VI

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 10, S. face, Sc I.. 9

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 1, N. face, Sc II

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 11, S. face, Sc I..

Second Pillared Hall, N. wall, Sc. II

Second Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. Ill

Second Pillared Hall, S. wall, Sc. I 9

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 1 , W. face.

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 2, S. face. 9

Second Pillared Hall , N. aisle, Pillar 3, W. face.

Northern Side-Chapel, N. wall, Sc. II »

Southern Side-Chapel, N. wall, Sc. II »

Sanctuary, X. thickness of door 9

Second Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. II Halhor.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 10, E. face, Sc. I.. Mont.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 a , N. face, Sc. II. 9

Second Pillared Hall, S. wall, Sc I »

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 3, E. face.

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle. Pillar a, S. face.

First Pillared flail, Pillar 1 1 , S. face, Sc. I.. Ramses.

XXXVIII.

XXXVIII.

XXI,

XXV,

LII,

LIV.

Ill

XXXII and XXXIII.

VII, a.

XXVII.

XXXIX and XL.

XX, 1.

XLVI,3.

HI.

IX and X.

Will, a.

XXIV, a.

XXVI, 1.

XXXII and XXXIII.

XXXVII.

XXXIX and XL.

XLV, 1.

XLVIII,..

XL VIII, 2.

XXXVI.

XXIII,!.

XXVII.

XXXIX and XL.

XLVII.

LII, 3.

XXVI, 1.


112 THE TEMPLE OK DERR.

NO. PROVENANl E. WEAKER.

Second Pillared Hall, N. wall, Sc. II (with

Ramses.

streamers like no. h

)

Second Pillared Hall, K. wall, Sc. Ill Deified Ramses.

Second Pillared Hall . S. aisle, Pillar 1, W.face. Ramses.

Second Pillared Hall, \. aisle, Pillar .">

, S. face.

Door of Sanctuary, N. jamb, Sc. HI »

1 !x B. Second Pillared Hall, i\. aisle, Pillar i , E. face. Ramses

Second Pillared Hall, Y aisle, Pillar 3 , N. face.

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar a , E. face.

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar >.

, S. face.

Northern Side-Chapel, E. wall, Sc. I

.Northern Side-Chapel, S. wall, Sc. Ill Deified Ramses.

Southern Side-Chapel, N. thickness of door (see

p. 83 ) Ramses.

Southern Side-Chapel, S. wall, Sc. I Osiris.

Sanctuary, S. thickness of door Ramses.

Sanctuary. S. wall, Sc. II »

I k C. Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar a, W. face.

Second Pillared Hall , N. aisle . Pillar 3 , E. face. »

14D. First Pillared Hall, Pillar i i, E. face, Sc. II.

Second Pillared Hall , W. wall , Sc. Ill

1/i E. Second Pillared Hall, S. wall, Sc. I

1 k F. First Pillared Hall, N. wall, Sc. VII Re-Harakhte.

15. First Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. Ill khnum.

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar i , E. face. n

16. Second Pillared Hall, W. wall, Sc. II Sefkhet-Ahwy.

17 A.? First Pillared Hall, S. wall, Sc. I Ramses.

First Pillared Hall , Pillar 9 , N. face, Sc. I. . .

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 9 , S. face, Sc. I. . .

First Pillared Hall, Pillar '10, N. face, Sc. I..

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 a , N. face, Sc. II.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 -i , S. face, Sc. I.

Second Pillared Hall , N. aisle, Pillar a, N. face. *

Sanctuary, W. wall, N. of door n

17 R. Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar i,S. face.

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 3, S. face. »

Second Pillared Hall , S. aisle , Pillar 1 , N. face.

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar 3, N. face.

Door of Northern Side-Chapel, architrave, Sc. I.

17 B. Northern Side-Chapel, W. wall. N. of door. . h

Northern Side-Chapel, W. wall, S. of door ... »

Door of Southern Side-Chapel, architrave, Sc. I.

XXXII and XXXIII.

.

XXXVII.

XLIX.

LIII.3.

XLV,a.

LII,a.

LII,3.

XLVI,a.

XLVII.

XXV, 2.

XXIX and XXX.

XXXIX and XL.

V.

VIII.

L,a.

XL1V.

XX, 1.

XX, a.

XXII, 1.

XXVII.

LXIV.a.

XLVI,i.

XLVIII,3.

L,i.

LHI.fl.

XXXV.


VARIATIONS IN THE WRITING OF THE NAME OF THE TEMPLE. 113

NO. PROVENANCE. WEARER. PLATE.

17 I!. Door of Southern Side-Chapel, architrave, Sc. II. Ramses.

Southern Side-Cbapel, W. wall. S. of door. . .

Southern Side-Chapel, E. wall. Sc. I Deified Ramses.

Southern Side-Chapel, E. wall, Sc. II n LV.

1 7 C. First Pillared Hall, Pillar i 2, N. face, Sc. I. Ramses. XXVII.

Second Pillared Hall , N. wall. Sc. 1 XXXI and XXXII.

(as high priest |.

Second Pillared Hall . S. wall. Sc. II Ramses XLI and XLII.

(as high priest).

Sanctuary, N. wall, Sc. II Ramses. LX.

Sanctuary, S. wall, Sc. I

••

LXI.

Sanctuary, W. wall, S. of door •• LXIV, i.

1 7 D. Northern Side-Chapel. N. thickness of door. .

1 7 E. Second Pillared Hall, W. wall, Sc. I » XLIII.

1 7 F. Sanctuary, N. wall, Sc. I Deified Ramses. LX.

1 7 G. First Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. IV Ramses. VII, a.

First Pillared Hall , Pillar la, E. face. Sc. I. » XXVII.

1 8. First Pillared Hall . E. wall, Sc. IV Ptah. VII, a.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar i a , i\. face, Sc. I. » XXVII.

Second Pillared Hall. \. wall, Sc. Ill « XYXIIlandXXXIV.

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar i,S. face. » XLVI.i.

Southern Side-Chapel, N. wall, Sc. I »

Sanctuary, N. wall, Sc. II r>

19. Second Pillared Hall, N. wall, Sc. Ill Thoth. WXIIIandXXXIV.

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar i, N. face. n L, i.

•20. Second Pillared Hall, W. wall, Sc. Ill Iusaas. XXIX and XXX.

21. First Pillared Hall, Pillar o,S. face, Sc. I.. . Nefertum. XX, a.

First Pillared Hall , Pillar i i , N. face , Sc. I . . » XXIV, i

Atef-crown with horns like no. i /i F and with ?*>

1 . House

above it.

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 10, E. face, Sc. II. Ramses. XVIII, i.

G. VARIATIONS IN THE WRITING OF THE NAME

OF THE TEMPLE.

- or -Meriamon- Ramses -in -the -House -of -Re.

!"h?lf + ]] =C ?? First PilIared Hal1 ' N- "all, Sc.VII,/, p. 8.

JSTmP+^^IlTJ Second PiUared Hall , N. aisle , Pillar a , E. face, c, p. G3.

The Temple of Den


'2 . House

HMl'+'lk"/ '

S

THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

>

'"'" ,ul I iH«r.*cl Hull, S. aisle, Architrave of Pillars, N. face, p. y3.

JSTnC \ U ? J Northern Side-Chapel, N. wall, So. Ill, ft, p. 78.

- or - Ramses - in -the - House- ok - Re.

"V 1

1

Mli

'nid Firsl 1,ill;ilvl1 Hall, Pillar 10, S. face, Sc. I, d, p. 3i.

3. House- of -Meriamon- Ramses.

" 0' ;ST^J!j| Firsl Pillai '

e(1 Hall, Pillar 1 1 E. face, Inscription below, Sell, , p.

3'

!?ffl~

Sanctuary, E. wall, d, p. 96.

.'1. Temple- of-.Meriamon -Ramses -in- the -HousE-oi- Re.

IE " 1

(i 3 ^ 4- f ft ""'

J *= " 3 First Pillare(1 HaH, E. wall, Sc. VI, g, p. i3.

IB 11

? (!5J$iJ


THE CARTOUCHES OF KING RAMSES. 115

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 9, W. far,.. \. and S. side of Osirid statue 2 4

* » • • E. face, Sc. II 26

v

•• •• Pillar 1 1 , W.

Pillar 1 (i . \Y. face, N. and S. side of Osirid statue 28

face, S. side of Osirid statue 32

Pillar 1 2 , VV. face. N. and S. side of Osirid statue .it;

Second Pillared Hall, N. wall. Sc. II Uk

j)

t>

E. wall, Sell 48

• N. aisle, Pillar 1, S. face 61

N. aisle, Pillar 2 , \\ . face 6a

•• •• N. aisle, Pillar 2 , E. face 63

• •• N. aisle, Under Faces of Architraves of Pillars 67

S. aisle . Pillar 1, N. face 68

S. aisle, Pillar 1 , E. face 60,

S. aisle, Pillar 3 , N. face 72

S. aisle, Pillar 3 , E. face 7

S. aisle, Under faces of Architraves of Pillars -'x

Southern Side-Chapel, E. wall, Sc. II 86

Sanctuarv, E. wall, c 96

u H

M y

2. First Pillared Hall, N. wall, Between Scenes I and HI 6

» S. wall, Between Scenes I and II 18

3. 1 Pillar 10, N. face, Sc. II 29

Sanctuary, S. wall, Sc. 1 96

14 M

First Pillared Hall, Pillar to, S. face, Sc. II 3i

First Pillared Hall, Pillar 1 1 , W.

face \. side of Osirid statue 02

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 1 . N. face 60

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 3 , W.

face 64

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar 2 . S. face 71

Northern Side-Chapel, E. wall. Sc. 1 79

Sanctuarv. l\. wall, Sc. II i/i


11C THE TKMl'LK OF DERF

Second Pillared Hall, X. aisle. Pillar 1, W. face

6.

M U

'

M M

First Pillared Hall , E. wall , Sc. V i a

Pillar it, E. face, Scl 33

Pillar . i , E. face, Sc. II 34

•• Pillar i 2, E. face. Sc. II 38

Second Pillared Hall, S. wall, Sc. II 54

» W. wall, Sell 5 7

•• W. wall, Sc. Ill 58

i> » 57 N. aisle, Pillar i , E. face 6 i

» N. aisle, Pillar 3 , E. face 65

» » n N. aisle, Pillar 3 , S. face G5

n n it S. aisle, Pillar a , W.

face 70

i5 •• 11 S. aisle, Pillar a . X. face 70

n » S. aisle , Pillar 3 , W. face 71

First Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. IV

U y

a » » E. wall, Sc. VI (second cartouche only).

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 2, S. face

8

u y

Second Pillared Hall, E. wall. Sc. HI 4o,

Second Pillared Hall, X. wall, Sc. Ill AG

Second Pillared Hall, X. aisle, Architraves of Pillars, S. face 6G


Till r.UtTOUCIIKS OF kl.NC I! IMSES. 117

10. (ol^J QlJ^I

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Architrave of Pillars, \. face. . .

I I

First Pillared Hall, Pillar i i , S. lace, Sc. 1 34

PiCFK.

• Pillar 12, N. face, Sc. U 3 7

> Pillar 1 2, S. face, Sc. II 3g

Second Pillared Hall. S. face. Sc. 1 52

Sanctuary, N. wall. Frieze (horizontal) g5

12.

M

First Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. Ill i i

» i> " Pillar 9, N. face, Sc. I a

" " Pillar 9, S. face, Sc. 1 27

Pillar () , S. face, Sc. II 27

" » - Pillar 1 , N. face, Sc. 1 39

» Pillar 10, E. face, Sc. 1 3o

» n - Pillar 10, E. face, Sc. II 3o

» » Pillar 10, S. face, Sc. 1 3

» Pillar 1

1 , E. face, Beneath Sc. II (second cartouche only) 34

» g Pillar 1 2 , S. face, Sc. 1 3 9

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Architraves of Pillars, N. face (horizontal) G6

Sanctuary, Thickness of Door, N. wall 91

n W. wall , N. side of Door 99

W. wall, S. side of Door 100

M rg

Second Pillared Hall, E. wall, Sc. Ill (second cartouche only) 4

Sanctuary, Thickness of Door, S. wall 91

Sanctuary, S. wall, Frieze (horizontal) 98


118 THE TEMPLE OF DER

Sanctuary, larj S. wall, Sc

11

15.

M

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle. Pillar •» , N. lace

Second Pillared Hall, S. aisle, Pillar a , E. face

Northern Side-Chapel, N. Jamb of Door

I\. Thickness of Door

» » n N. wall, Sc. I

N. wall, Sc. Ill

" r v S. wall , Sc. I

» S. wall, Sell 8o

Southern Side-Chapel, N. wall, Sc. II 84

» » « N. wall, Sc. Ill 85

» » » E. wall, Sc. 1 85

,5 S. wall, Sc. 1 87

S. wall, Sell 88

16

First Pillared Hall, Under faces of Architraves, Between Pillars 9 and 10 a

Under faces of Architraves, Between Pillar ia and S. wall a&

» » n Pillar 9, N. face, Sc. H a5

•• Pillar 9, E. face, Beneath Sc. II (horizontal) ay

» » •• Pillar 11, S. face, Sell 35

Pillar n, S. lace. Beneath Sc. II (horizontal) 35

Pillar 1 a, N. face, Sc. 1 36

1 - •' Pillar 1 a , E. face, Sc. 1 87

» Pillar 1 a , E. face, Beneath Sc. II 3g

» •• Architraves of Pillars 9-1 a , E. face (horizontal) Ao

Second Pillared Hall, N. wall, Sc. III. ..." 65

» •• N. wall, Sc. Ill 46

v - E. wall, Sc. 1 48

02

80


THE CARTOl CHES OF KING RAMSES.

Second Pillared Hall. E. wall, So. II A8

S. wall, Sc. 1 53

S. aisle, Pillar I, W. face 68

» • S. aisle, Pillar 1, S. lace Gn

Northern Side-Chapel, W. wall, S. side of Door -j

Door of Southern Side-Chapel, Architrave, Sc. II 8 a

Door of Southern Side-Chapel, S. Jamb 8a

Southern Side-Chapel, N. wall, Sc. 1 84

Door of Sanctuary, Thickness of N. Jamb no

Sanctuary, E. wall, b q5

Sanctuary. W. wall. S. of Door, Frieze (horizontal) ioo

17.

Second Pillared Hall, S. wall, Sc. Ill 54

Door of Southern Side-Chapel . N. Jamb 8 a

Door of Sanctuary, Thickness of S. Jamb go

Sanctuary, E. wall , b g5

18.

Second Pillared Hall, N. aisle, Pillar 2) S. lac M

First Pillared Hall, Architraves of Pillars g to la, E. face. ho

H

y

20. (XM&P\

Door of Southern Side-Chapel, Architrave, Sc 1 8

© I

m

Second Pillared Hall, S. wall, Sc. 1 5;


THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

Northern Side-Chapel, VV. wall, N. Side of Door

Southern Side-Chapel, IV. Thickness of Door. . .

E. THE CARTOUCHES AND ATTRIBUTES OF THE DEIFIED

^Z All!

M

V

RAMSES.

Sanctuary, N. wall, Sc. I ty.


P^

INDEX OF Al TII01UTIES QUOTED. 121


122 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

Jones, Owen (drawing bj

Kits. Opfertam des Aegyptiscnen Konigs. 8i

(foot-note i), 87 (foot-note).

Kubban Stele. 61 (foot-note).

Lepsius, Denkmdler (L, D.), III. 1 (foot-

note 1), 2 (foot-notes ."> , 4, 5, and 6), 7

(foot-note 2), 1 o, 1 1 . 1 >, 1 3 (loot-note 3),

1

'1 , i5 (foot-notes 1, 2, 4, 7, and 1 (i

9),

(foot-notes i,2,3,4, and 5), 19 (foot-

note A), 9 1 (fool-notes 1, 2, 6, 8, and 1 1 ),

22 (foot -note 3), 4o (foot-note 2), 4i

(foot -note 2), 43 (fool -note 3 ),

'1 ."11

'1 ,

(foot-nole 1), .

r

>6 (foot-note 1). 68, 70.

72,

nole 2).

7'i, cj'i (foot-note), g5, 0,7 (foot-

Light, Travels. 4

Maclver, Buhen. 21 (foot-note 10), 5i, 87

(foot-note).

Maspero, Les Temples immergis de la Nubie. 4

iMoret, Rituel du Cidte divin en Egypte 56

(foot-note 1).

Newberry, Beni Hasan, I. 99

Abu Simbel. 2 (foot-note 4), 90 (foot-note).

Aleppo (king of).

Petrie, Egyptian Decorative Art. 1 (foot-nole .'!).

Petrie, Six Temples.

7

(foot-note 4).

Porter, Miss B. Preface.

Pyramid Texts (-Seine's Edition!. 97 (foot-

nole >.).

Rifaud, Voyage en Egypte et en Nubie. 3,8,

27, 29, 3o, 33, 34, 3G, 3g, 55, 5f>,

57,61,63,65,66,67,68,70,72,73,

80, 95.

Rosellini. Monumenli del Culto. '12. 45, 55,

56, 5-, 58 (I'oot-noles 1 and 5).

Rosellini, Mommenti Storiei. 18. 19 (fool-

notes 3 and A), 5 1

Sethe, Sage vom Sonnnenuuge. 4o (foot-nole 2),

4i (foot-note 1), 70 (foot-note 2).

Sethe, Urkunden, 1. 10 (foot-note 1 ).

Sethe, Urkunden, IV. 1 (fool-note 1).

SteindorfT, in A. Z.. '.8. 97 (foot-note 2).

w

Weigall, Antiquities of Lower Nubia. 2 (foot-

notes 4 and ,

7 ) 3 , 4

G. GENERAL INDEX.

20

Amenhirkhepeshef (son of Ramses). i5

Amenophis III. 93 (foot-note), 97 (foot-

note 2).

Anibeh. 1 (foot-note 1), 2 (foot-notes 4-7).

Wiedemann, Geschichte. 6 (foot-nole 1).

Wilkinson. Architecture of Ancient Egypt. 70

Asiatic (prisoner).

Asiatics. (foot-note 3).

7

Bek.

Bekmul (daughter of Ramses). 1

2 5, 76, 83

Boat-shrine (of Ramses). 2 (foot-note 5),

43,5^.


Brush (ceremonial

Buhen.

. a6,

GENERAL INDEX. 123

99

38, 5i

Captives (sacrifice of). 8

Coronation. 5i (foot-note i).

Cultus-image (of Ramses), a (foot-note 5), cjfl

Cultus-statue (of Ramses), a (fool-notes 4-5).

Cultns-statne (of deified living kings), o/t (foot-

note).

Curve (in line of pillars in Second Pillared

Hall). 4i

1)

Dahshur. (foot-note).

Deified Ramses. 20, 69, 81, 85, 86, 92,

(|-"> , (|'i ( foot-note).

El-Idel-KeUr. 100 (foot-note).

Lsenefer (daughter of Ramses). ill

Eye (king).

97 (foot-note 2).

Gerfllusein. 2 ( foot-note 4 ) , q4 (foot-note).

Haifa.

H

Haifa (stele of Thutmose III at). 2 1 (foot-

note 10).

Handkerchief.

99

Heliopolis (sacred persea tree of). 45

Hcnllowy (

daughter of Ramses). 1

7

Hor (king). 98 (foot-note).

Horus, local (at Anibeh). 2 (foot-note 7

Jubilee-baldachin. 5a (foot-note 2).

Jubilees. 5i (foot-note 1 ).

ka of King. 117 ( foot-note 2), f)8 (foot-note)

Kashif.

khamwesc (son of Ramses). 1 5

king (deified living). ni (foot-note I.

korosko. 1

Lector. qq

Lion (accompanying Ramses). 9, i3

Lower Nubia. 1

H

Mandara. 100 (foot-note).

Menthirkhepeshef (son of Ramses). 1 5

Miam. 2 (foot-note 7), 61

Mnit-collar. 29

Mohammed Aly. 1

N

Napkin.

99 (and see fool-note).

Nebnekhere (son of Ramses). ij

Nebtowy (daughter of Ramses). 16

Nefreteri (daughter of Ramses). 1 6

Negroes. 8 , 1 h , 1 q

Nekhbet. 21 (foot-note 12).

Nezemmut (daughter of Ramses). 1

7

Oronles. 20

Osirid statues (of Ramses). 3 , 'i , 22 , 2 '1

28,32. 35.3fi.

Peasantry (Egyptian). 100 (fool-note).

Penne\ 1 (foot-note 1), 2

.">

Perebirunamef (son of Ramses). 1

Persea tree (sacred). 45

Prisoners (sacrifice of). 8, 9, 10, 1 2

Prisoners of war. 7, 8, 18, 20

Ramses (daughter of). 1 i)

Ramses (sons of). 1 4

Ramses-in-the-boat-shrinc. 2 (foot-note 5),

23. 8,, 86.


124 Tilt; TEMPLE OF DERR.

11, line's II (Nubian war of). k, 18

.">

Ramses-si-neter (son of Ramses). 1

Ramses VI (slatue of). a

Rocker (ceremonial). 02 (and see foot-note 2).

Schutzgollheit.

S

97 (fool-note 2).

Serreh. 2

Setemuia (son of Ramses). 1

Seti I. li) (foot-notes 1 and 3 1.

SheHal. .

Soleb. 2, (}3 (foot-note).

Thutmose

note 2)

T

(J

1 (foot-note 10), 97 (foot-

Thutmose IV.

Uto.

Victims, human.

V

7

(foot-note /1).

2 i (foot-notes 1 1 and 1 9 ).

V

W

Wady es-Sabu'. 9 (foot-notes h and 5), o3

(foot-note).

CORRIGENDA.

Wernure (daughter of Ramses). 1 7

Wounded man (carried by comrades). 19

Page 3,1. 16. In some copies of the volume instead : of routed out and their return prevented, read :

routed out; their return has been prevented.

Page 5,1. io, instead of: Scene II, read : Scene HI (1) .

Page 19, 1. 19, instead of: about his legs, read : below his knees.

Page 57. After paragraph c add :

d. In front of Sefkhet-abwy : •—

as king of the Two Lands, n

Plate XXV. In front : of Second Pillared Hall : Frieze, insert : 2.

Plate XXXV. Instead of: Nhorthern, read : Northern.

28£ *_, ^|© |-=^= j^"^ "Thou hast received eternity

Plate LV. Instead of: Northern Side-Chapel : East Wall : Scene I, read : Southern Side-Chapel :

East Wall : Scene II.

'•> Seep. 6, 11. 12, i3 and li,


TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Preface vn

PART I.

Introduction ami Text 1-100

Indexes :

PART II.

A. Index of Divinities 101-1 08

B. Index of Head-dresses 108-1 i3

C. Variations in the writing of the name of the Temple 1 1 3-i 1 h

D. The cartouches of King Ramses 1 1&-1 20

E. The cartouches and attributes of the deified Ramses 120-1 21

F. Index of authorities quoted 1 2 1-1 :>•>

G. General Index 122-12A

Corrigenda n'i


FicriES.

ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE TEXT.

1 First Pillared Hall : North Wall 5

2. Head of Ramses (>

3. Head of Re-Harakhte (after L., D., Ill, 179) 8

L First Pillared Hall :

East Wall

9

5. Broad bell, girdle, and kilt worn by Ramses sacrificing captives 10

6. Son of Ramses 1/1

7. Daugblcr of Ramses Hi

8. First Pillared Hall : South

Picts.

Wall 17

9. Leopard-skin kilt of negro 19

10. Leopard-skin kill of negro 19

1 I Wailing woman with basket containing baby on her back 20

"2. I Head of Egyptian ollicer 21

13. First Pillared Hall : Pillars 9-12 aa

'1.

I Hall-destroyed figure of deified Ramses 23

1 5. Kilt worn by Ramses 2 5

1 6. Head of Nefertum 3 a

1 7. Kilt worn by Ramses ho

18. Second Pillared Hall : North Wall '.a

11). Sandal with turned up toes /i3

20. Hawk-headed aegis decorating stern and bow of boat-shrine 63

2 1 . Girdle-end decorated with petal-fringe and uraei '1 6

22. Second Pillared Hall :

23. Second Pillared Hall : South

East Wall \-

Wall 5i

2 h Censer 55

25. Second Pillared Hall : West

Wall 55

26. Head-dress of Sefkhet-abwy 5

27. Head-dress of £ #f M • fl

5

9

28. Pillar and part of Architrave in Second Pillared Hall 59

29. Winged disk above shrine of Ptah 62

30. Plan of Door of Northern Side-Chapel 7t">

3 1 . Kilt worn by Ramses 76

32. Northern Side-Chapel : West Wall 76

33. Kilt worn by Ramses 77

3'i. Kilt worn by Ramses 77

•'15. Northern Side-Chapel : North Wall 77

30. Kilt worn by Ramses 78

37: Kilt worn by Ramses 78

38. Kilt worn by Ramses 79


128 THE TEMPLE OF DERR.

FlOlBIS. PlOE«.

39. Norlhern Side-Chapel :

East Wall

'ill. Kill worn bj Ramses 80

h 1 kilt worn by Ramses 80

42. Norlhern Side-Chapel :

South Wall 80

43. Collar offered by Ramses to Mul 81

44: Plan of Door of Southern Side-Chapel 83

45. Southern Side-Chapel :

West Wall 83

'ili. Figure of Ramses 83

47. Southern Side-Chapel : North Wall 84

'|S. kilt worn l>\ Ramses 84

59. Stand with offerings 84

50. Southern Side-Chapel : East Wall 85

51. South, 'in Side-Chapel : South Wall 87

5*2. Part of figure of Ramses holding a censer and libation-vase 88

53. Jar on ring-stand 88

5 \. Plan of Door of Sanctuary go

55. kilt worn by Ramies 01

56. Sanetuary : North Wall ()•>

57. Bouquet 93

58. Vase with hawk-headed lid 0,3

59. Sanctuary : East Wall (after L.,D., HI, i84, b) 96

60. Sanctuary : South

Wall 06

1 Sanctuary : West Wall a


I. Ground-plan of llie Temple.

II. General view of (lie Temple.

III. First Pillared Hall. North wall.

LIST OF PLATES.

IV. North wall, Scenes V and VI.

V. i.

VI.

VH. 1.

3. - -•

•• - North wall, Scene VII.

•• North wall, Scene III.

•- - East wall, Scene I.

•• • East wall, Scene I (continued l.

2. - - • East wall, Scenes IV and V.

VIII. East wall, Scenes II and III.

IX. East wall, Scene VI.

X. - • •• East wall, Scene VI (continued).

XI. i . ••

•• •• East wall, Scene VII.

a. •• • •• East wall, Scene \II (continued).

XII. i. East wall, Scene VIII.

2.

•• •• •• East wall, Scene VIII (continued).

Mil. South wall.

XIV. - •• • South wall, Scene III (west end).

XV. - South wall, Scenes II and III.

XVI. •• • •• South wall, Scene III (east end).

XVII. •• •• •• South wall, Scene III (wounded man).

XVIII. - •• • South wall, Scene III (wailing woman, shepherd with goats and

cattle).

XIX. .... South wall, Scene 111 (slain negroes, prisoners and an Egyptian

XX. i . ••

XXL i.

officer).

•• - South wall, Scene I.

3. - • •• Pillar 9, South face, Scene I.

••

•• East wall, Scene VI, Heads of victims.

2. - •• •• Pillar 9, South face, Scene II.

XXII. i. Pillar 10, North face, Scene I.

2.

XXIII. i. •• -

XXIV. i. -

•• - Pillar 10, North face, Scene II.

Pillar 10, East face, Scenes I and II.

2. • •• Pillar 10, South face, Scenes I and II.

2.

••

Pillar i i. North face, Scene I.

•• - - Pillar 1 l, North face, Scene II.

XXV. i. • ••

•• Pillar li. East face, Scenes I and If.

XXVI.

'. Second Pillared Hall, Frieze (on \orlh wall above Scene III).

i. Firs! Pillared Hall, Pillar . i, South face, Scene I.

3. nun Pillar n, South face, Scene II.

XXVII. - Pillar 1 2, North face, Scenes I and II.

The Temple of Den-. 1


131) Till; TEMPLE OF DEMI.

XXVIII.

XXIX.

XXX.

XXXI.

XXXII.

XXXIII.

XXXIV.

XXXV.

XXXVI.

XXXVII.

XXXVIII.

XXXIX.

XL.

XLI.

XLU.

XLIII.

XLIV.

XLV.

XLVI.

XLVII.

xlvih.

XLIX.

L.

LHI.

LIV.

LV.

Lvr.

LVII.

LVIII.

LIX.

LX.

View of the Second Pillared Hall looking wesl ami showing the curve in the arc!:

View of the Second Pillared Hall looking east.

Second Pillared Hall, Wesl wall. Scene III.

-> West wall, Scene 111 < continued !.

Xorlli wall, Scene I.

North wall, Scenes I and II.

1 North wall. Scenes II and III.

North wall, Scene III (continued).

v ... Eas t wal]. Scene II.

East wall , Door of Northern Side-Chapel and Scene I.

East wall. Scene III.

East wall, Scene III (continued).

East wall, Door of Southern Side-Chapel and Scene IV.

South wall, Scene I.

- South wall. Scene I (continued).

y>

South wall, Scene II.

South wall, Scene II (continued).

West wall, Scene I.

• West wall, Scene II.

North aisle, Pillar 1, West face.

North aisle, Pillar 1, East face.

North aisle, Pillar i, South face.

North aisle, Pillar a, West face.

North aisle, Pillar 2, East face.

North aisle, Pillar 3, East face.

North aisle, Pillar 2. South face.

North aisle, Pillar 3, West face.

North aisle, Pillar 3, South face.

South aisle, Pillar 1, West face.

South aisle, Pillar 1, North face.

South aisle. Pillar 1, East face.

South aisle, Pillar 2. West lace.

South aisle, Pillar 1, Sou th face.

South aisle, Pillar 2, North face.

South aisle, Pillar 2, East face.

•• •• South aisle, Pillar 2, South face.

South aisle, Pillar 3, West face.

South aisle, Pillar 3, North lace.

South aisle, Pillar 3. South face.

South aisle. Pillar 3. East face.

Southern Sid -Chapel, East wall. Scene II.

The Door of the Sanctuary.

Sanctuary, North wall, Scene I.

North wall, Scene I (continued

North wall, Scene I »

North wall. Scenes I -If.


IAI. Sanctuary, South wall, Scene I.

LXll. - South wall. Stone II (East end).

LXIII. » Soulh wall, Scene II (West end).

IAIV. i. - West wall, Soulh side of Door,

•j. •• West wall, North side of Door.

L\Y. Types of Head-dresses.

I.W I. T\ pes of Head-dresses (continued ).

F.WII. Types of Head-dresses »

LXVTII. Types of Head-dresses (concluded).

LXIX. T\ pes of Robes.

L\\. Types of Robes (continued).

LXXI. Types of Robes (concluded i.

LIST OF PLATES. 131


A. — First Pillared Hall.

B. — Second Pillared Hall.

C. — Northern Sidi

D. — S.ll:

\i. — Southern Sid


Plate


Plate II


Plate IV


i. First Pillared Hall : North Wall : Scene V

Plate V


f,

First Pillared Hall. East Wall: Scene I.

V^- -.-..

Plate V


I

i

Plate VII


First Pillared Hall : East Wall : Scenes II and

Plate VIII


First Pillared Hall : Hast Wall : Scene VI.

Plate IX


First Pillared Hall :

Hast

Wall :

Scene VI.

Plate X


Plate XI


First Pillared Hall : Hast Wall : Scene VIII.

2. Idem : Scene VIII continued.

Plate XII


Plate XIII


If*

'''HI

Plate XIV


Plate XV


u

J-J

'

'A

i] 'W "W

'

Plate XVI


Plate XVII


,

Iflf'i

First Pillared Hall : South Wall : Scene III.

i

Plate XVIII


Plate XIX


First Pillared Hall :

South

Wall :

Seer

2. First Pillared Hall : Pillar 9: South Pace: Scene 1.

Plate XX


'. * -*j|;

»MM

Plate XXI



Plate XXII


First Pillared Hall :

Pillar

10 :

East

Face :

Scenes

I and 2. Idem :

South

Face : Scenes I and II.

Plate XXIII


^1

%!3f "'IFA- t~m

Plate XXIV


*•?

o-W

>-kv '"--«-

irst Pillared Hall : Pillar n :

l-'Pt

imi&

^^*d* ¥

Hast

|P

Face :

Scenes

I and

Plate XXV


Wg?3£ .. ~'J2=2 *-.~tZ

Plate XXVI


'


Plate XXVIII


Second Pillared Hall : West Wall : Scene III.

Plate XXIX


• ^ ,v , T t '\ -j VvX'>- V

' " > J^ / «I 'if. 'il

m%

!'?' ') \i ••*• i''i&kf-wt

•' v * M 'AW

'if- -'pj j-f. ^ K-J^w, '-4»— 111]

l#Ortif i

ufn $mk, A MA

Second Pillared Hall : West Wall : Scene 111.

Plate XXX


Second Pillared Hall : North Wall : Scene

Plate XXXI


Second Pillared Hall : North Wall : Scene I-1I

Plate XXXII


Second Pillared Hall :

North

Wall ; Scene 1I-III,

Will


Second Pillared Hall : North Wall : Scene III.

Plate XXXIV


Second Pillared Hall : Hast Wall : Door of Nhorthern Side-Chapel and Scene I.

Plate XXXV


ft

c 3^ J

Second Pillared Hall : East Wall : Scene II.

Plate XXXVI


nmmBHh

Plate XXXVII


Second Pillared Hall .

East

Wall :

Door of Southern Side-Chapel and Scene IV.

Plate XXXVIII


Second Pillared Hall :

South

Wall : Scene I.

Plate XXXIX


1

IB

Second Pillared Hall : South Wall : Scene I.

tiiil

-Fit

Plate XL


Second Pillared Hall : South Wall : Scene II.

Plate XLI


Second Pillared Hall : South Wall : Scene II

Plate XLII


-.*':.;. t

^r

Second Pillared Hall : West

f\\

*fmm

MM

J N

-n

*&

V.

J

Wall : Scene I.

w '4

a

'".


Second Pillared Hall : West Wall : Scene II.

Plate XLIV


I. Second Pillared Hall : North Aisle : Pillar i : West F;

.'I { I

2. Idem : Pillar I : East F;

Plate XLV


Plati' XI.VI


Second Pillared Hall :

North

Aisle : Pillar : 3 East Face.

Plate XLVII


LYm


Second Pillared Hall : South Aisle : Pillar I : West

F;

Plate XLIX


Kg

M§1l

Plate L


Second Pillared Hall : South Aisle : Pillar i : South Face.

Plate LI


Plate LII


Plate LIII


Second Pillared Hall : South Aisle . Pillar 5 : East Face.

Plate- I.IV


Northern Side-Chapel : East Wall : Scene I.

Plate LV


Door of Sanctuary.

Plate LVI


Sanctuary : North Wall : Scene

Plate I.Y


Sanctuary : North Wall : Scene I.

Plate I.Y


Sanctuary : North Wall : Scene I.

Plate I.IX


Sanctuary : North Wall : Scenes HI.

Plate I.X


Sanctuary : South Wall : Scene I.

Plate I.XI


Sanctuary : South Wall : Scene II.

Plate LXII


J

I i.UL' I.XIII


Plate LXIV


(,

LJ/I


iiin\

1'. E.


*>


nrK

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