Idaho Society of Individual Psychology
The ISIP Newsletter
Volume 31, Number 1 September/October 2008
MARCH 6 & 7,
James R. Bitter, Ph.D.
2008 Fall Training Calendar
Please check our website for more information, or email or call Tom – 344-7194
– Series Workshops –
September 25 & 26 IDAHO FALLS #2 Adlerian Psychotherapy
October 1 & 2 BONNERS FERRY #2 Adlerian Psychotherapy
Please Note: Bonners Ferry joined the Adlerian training in June, 2008. ISIP has notified
those in our database with zip codes corresponding to that area. It has not been set up for
on-line registration to date.
October 3 & 4 BOISE #3 Adlerian Couple & Family Therapy
November 7 & 8 LEWISTON #1 Adlerian Theory
October 10 & 11 BOISE Advanced Couple Therapy
This is open to all graduates of the Series who have received their Certificate in
Professional Studies of Adlerian Psychology.
– THE ISIP POSITION ON ETHICS –
Adler believed that teaching his psychology to a wide audience would
increase the mental health of the general population, and that is a good
thing. However, Adler and ISIP recognize that knowledge should not be
confused with competence. Each person attending ISIP workshops and the
Conference needs to be reminded that the practice of psychotherapy in
any profession is governed by the ethics and standards established by the
profession. It is imperative that each person attending is required to apply
the Adlerian tools within the scope of practice established by the person’s
profession. ISIP is concerned about how the tools are applied. The utility
of Adlerian Psychology makes it tempting for trainees to use them even if
that trainee’s profession would not normally recognize the person’s competence.
ISIP is aware of the need to respect the professional standards and practice
limitations of all mental health providers. Because ISIP training is not
specifically designed to apply to any profession, it runs the risk of being
seen as an alternative to developing the competencies and standards of the
professions utilizing it. Rightly or wrongly, that can easily be viewed as
threatening to the goals and purposes of various professions.
Due to these concerns, a statement similar to the one below will be
included in all training to alert attendees and prospective attendees of the
need to be conscious of and guided by each attendees ethics and state laws.
“It is the individual responsibility of each attendee to be knowledgeable of the
particular ethics and state laws of their profession with respect to areas of authorized
practice, as well as those areas of practice that are beyond the scope of the
attendees credentials. ISIP is not responsible for any misunderstanding, or misapplication
of the training received.”
As far as the ethics training provided at our Annual Conference, ISIP
does not believe the ethics presentations should be profession-specific
since most of us have to be sensitive to two or three different Codes anyway.
The differences are fairly small and usually apply to a limited number
of issues or work settings. Since ISIP is committed to promoting Adlerian
theory and practice, it only makes sense for our Conference to offer training
that is independent from any specific profession. Our goal is to promote
ethical practice, regardless of one's profession or licensing.
Therefore, it only requires that we present material that is more universally
ISIP DELIVERS IT’S NEWSLETTER VIA INTERNET
ISIP believes that in this modern Internet era, email correspondence is widely accepted and understood to be an improved costeffective
way of communicating. We will be emailing our Newsletter beginning with this issue. ISIP will continue to mail a hard copy
to members without email service. Please let us know if, for whatever reason, you wish to receive our Newsletter by mail. Our
Newsletter is posted to read and for download, on our website www.adleridaho.com.
Previous publications are stored there for several years and are accessible for download. We hope you will review this PDF file
and print it either in its entirety or just the pages which you want to have handy or keep on file. We welcome your view regarding this
change in getting our Newsletter to our members. A member is defined as one who has attended an ISIP training within the last
twelve months. The Newsletter is published three times a years after each Annual Conference - August, October and January.
We are contemplating
adding a “Question &
Answer” column in future
issues. Please drop us a
note at the P.O. Box, and
let us know if you would
like to see this. Feel free to start
sending and questions you may have
about Alderian Individual
WHAT IS ISIP?
The Idaho Society of Individual
Psychology is an organization of people
in Idaho who are interested in
furthering the concepts of
Individual Psychology, the psychology
of Alfred Adler.
Individual Psychology is a philosophical
approach to understanding
human behavior based on the teachings
of Alfred Adler. Individual
Psychology helps us understand that
all of our behavior is purposeful and
the purpose for behavior is to find a
meaningful place in any group.
Individual Psychology is also
based on the idea that all human
beings have goals for themselves as
demonstrated by their behaviors and
those goals can help the individual
achieve meaningfulness in their life.
Individual Psychology emphasizes
behavior that is based on mutual
respect, social interest and cooperation.
The ISIP Newsletter
SIGNIFICANT ADLERIAN CONTRIBUTORS
Each year at the ISIP Conference,
we recognize individuals who have
shown a commitment to the principles
of Adlerian psychology through
their work, in their family, or in
their life. Adlerians are “born”, as
well as “trained”, and many of us
know effective and successful parents,
community leaders, and compassionate
whose lives show such
Each year we strive
to recognize someone
from the professional
category as well as the
We cannot do this
without your help.
– 2 –
Please send us your nominations.
Nominations need to include the
name and description of contributions
the person has made in their
family, their workplace, their spiritual
life, or their community.
Mail your nominations to ISIP,
P.O. Box 284, Boise, Idaho 83701-
0284, or phone us at (208) 344-7194
as a Significant
is an experience
one never forgets.
like to give that
2008-2009 ISIP BOARD
Debby Woodall 888-5828
Edward Mowry 376-8747
Kimberly Hoffman 880-3785
Julene Coston 343-7296
Michelle Montoya 288-1453
Being recognized as a
Contributor is an
experience . . .
You will find a full range of professional articles, workshop and conference
announcements, news postings, conversation forums, and
additional resources. Please visit regularly and check us out!
The ISIP Newsletter
Volume 31, Number 11 September/October 2008
Published three times each year by: Idaho Society of Individual Psychology
P.O. Box 284, Boise, Idaho 83701
ISIP membership and newsletter subscription is included in Annual Conference
registration. Non-Member subscription rate is $10.00 per year.
We encourage readers to send news, suggestions, ideas and opinions.
Randy Williams 377-4946
Members at Large:
Dale Babcock 888-7274
Tim Hansen 746-6278
Randy Dotson 422-1145
Marlese Teasly 733-4643
Tom McIntyre 344-7194
The ISIP Newsletter
Maybell Memos AN OVERVIEW OF PSYCHOLOGICAL
BIRTH ORDER POSSIBILITIES
Copyright © 1989 by Steven A. Mayben, Ph.D. Published in the Vista Press (CA) and in the newsletter
of the North American Society of Adlerian Psychology
– 3 –
© 2007 Steven A. Maybell, PhD
The ISIP Newsletter
THE LEXICON OF ADLERIAN PSYCHOLOGY
What is a lexicon? From the book itself, “A lexicon is a stock of terms used in a particular profession, subject, or style; a vocabulary.”
PSYCHOLOGICAL BIRTH-ORDER POSITION/
Jane Griffith/Robert L. Powers
Adler was the first investigator in modem psychology to note the significance of psychological birth-order position in
the development and dynamics of personality. Psychological birth-order position is the vantage from which the child perceives
and evaluates self, others, and the world, and from which the child forms convictions about what is required of - as
well as what is open to - him or her. It is distinguished from ordinal position in consideration of other factors contributing
to the child’s sense of PLACE in the family, including gender, age differences, death, absence, or incapacity of a sibling.
For example, a son born following the birth of a daughter (or daughters) may still be regarded as having a “first-born”
position. The same may be true for a daughter born following the birth of a son (or sons). Where there is a large number
of siblings the male and female children may enumerate themselves in separate categories as first, second, and third-born
(etc.) sons or daughters. [See DETHRONEMENT.] While Adler associated certain characteristics with each position, and
these provide a framework for GUESSING, they are not to be considered as a way of TYPING the individuals in any one
of the positions.
Unlike many other students of the individual’s development in a family-of-origin, Adler went beyond attention to the
importance of birth order, GENDER GUIDING LINES, and other matters regularly regarded as influences upon the child.
He also gave his attention to what is obvious, even though regularly overlooked, namely the influence of each child on the
shape and character of the FAMILY CONSTELLATION into which it is born.
It is a common fallacy to imagine that children of the same family are formed in the same ENVIRONMENT. Of
course there is much which is the same for all children in the same home, but the psychological situation of each
child is individual and differs from that of others, because of the order of their succession (p. 376).
It is not, of course, the child’s number. . . which influences his character, but the situation into which he is born
and the way in which he interprets it (p. 377).
For a report and discussion of the White-Campbell Psychological Birth Order Inventory (1991) and the Birth Role Repertory
Grid (1994), developed by White, J., Campbell, L., and Stewart A. E., see Oberst, U. E. & Stewart, A. E. (2003), pp. 170-
[Most general texts in Adlerian Psychology, especially those on parenting and child guidance, address the birth-order of
the children, not all with the same emphases.]
Capitalized words refer to a cross reference to other terms in the Lexicon.
Page number quotations are from A. Adler (1946a) The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler.
Readers of the ISIP Newsletter may purchase a copy of The Lexicon of Adlerian Psychology for $50.00 plus $6.00 S&H.
Send payment and inquiries for bookstore or group discounts to: Adlerian Psychology Associates, Ltd., PO Box 1450,
Port Townsend, WA 98368 – Email: Adlerpsy@olypen.com
– 4 –
It has been my good fortune to have worked with hundreds
of people as their teacher and counselor. I have
found my fellow human beings to be wonderfully creative
and ingenious. When I hear someone say, “After all, I’m
only human,” I want to correct them, tell them it is the
most marvelous thing they could be. Human ingenuity
and creativity is no where more evident than in the variety
of ways in which we make ourselves miserable. There
are common themes, to be sure. We share humanity and
the tasks of being human in a less than perfect world. But
even if common patterns do exist, we always supply our
Albert Ellis has listed a set of the most common irrational
ideas that people create and live by. They are our
own creation, they belong to us, and, most importantly,
they form the foundations of our own reality - the place
we occupy in the world. And that is why it is so difficult
for us to recognize and change our useless beliefs. They
are reality to us.
Why is a belief called, “irrational”? A belief is irrational
if it leads us to being miserable whether we follow it or
choose not to follow it. If I believe that I must be
absolutely perfect all the time or else I am nothing, a
worm, then I am basically doomed to be unhappy much of
the time. I give up spontaneity and plan, plan, plan. I
dwell on possible errors. I say, “Well, nothing ventured,
nothing 1ost.” And I’m not happy. Or I just let things
happen as they will and I blunder into errors and mistakes
- and I am nothing, a failure. And I’m not happy.
We usually hold these irrational and harmful beliefs
about ourselves, the others in the world, and about the
nature of the world itself. Our behavior, the way we live
our lives, flows directly from our beliefs. Here is an example
of a person's beliefs:
(A) I am vulnerable and helpless.
(B) Others are out to get me.
(C) The world is cold and indifferent.
I should do unto others before they do unto me.
The ISIP Newsletter
– 5 –
Irrational Beliefs Make
Sense of Seemingly
by Thomas E. Edgar, Ed.D.
Human ingenuity is clearly seen in the responses we
give to our own belief systems. Another human being
starting with the same beliefs about self, others and the
world could present a totally different set of behaviors.
She may say, “Therefore: I must withdraw from life and
the people in it,” or “Therefore: I should make myself so
powerful that no one can hurt me.” The list can go on for
pages and never come close to capturing the creative
power of human beings.
We choose the beliefs we hold and we select the behavior
that, to us, matches best the beliefs we hold. We can
make errors at both levels. That is just inherent in making
choices. We can choose foolishly.
As I mention earlier, Albert Ellis has collected some of
the most common irrational beliefs. They are listed below.
Why not take the time to see if you can find some of yours
among them? A little helpful trick is to identify some of
the ways you behave that either mystifies you or surprises
you. Then ask, “What must I believe in order to make this
behavior sensible?” This often provides a clue to an irrational
belief. Remember, we are generally unaware of
these irrational ideas we hold, and they are sometimes difficult
for us to isolate and recognize.
1. It is a dire necessity to be loved and approved of by
everyone all the time.
2. I should be thoroughly competent, adequate and
achieving in all possible respects all the time.
3. Some people are bad, wicked, or evil and must be
4. If things are not the way I want them to be it is
awful, catastrophic or terrible.
5. Unhappiness is externally caused and I cannot control
it unless I control the other person.
6. It is easier to avoid responsibilities and difficulties
than to face them.
7. My early childhood experiences must continue to
control me and determine my emotions and behavior.
8. The world should be fair and just. Well, did you find
Tom Edgar, Ed.D., is a Professor Emeritus from Idaho State University. One of his areas of expertise is Adlerian Psychology. He
has authored numerous articles in the Journal of Individual Psychology.
ISIP 2009 CONFERENCE
Seeing the Same Thing Differently: Changing
Client Perceptions of Their History
Presenter - James R. Bitter, Ph.D.
March 6 & 7, 2009 • Doubletree Riverside, Boise
WHO SHOULD ATTEND? Counselors, Social Workers, Corrections, Case Managers, Psychologists, Nurses, Child
Care Providers, Teachers, Parents.
WHY? This is a unique opportunity to learn from an outstanding Adlerian practitioner and teacher. Basic and
underlying principles of Individual Psychology will be wrapped in Adlerian strategies of resilience and strength
ABOUT OUR PRESENTER: Dr. James R. Bitter is Professor of Counseling at East Tennessee State university in
Johnson City, TN. He is a former Vice President and Delegate to the General Assembly of
the North American society of Adlerian Psychology (NASAP). He worked with the late
pioneer of family therapy, Virginia Satir, for the last ten years of her life, and more
recently, he has studied with the master Gestalt therapists, Erv and Miriam Polster.
DATE: March 6 & 7, 2009
LOCATION: Doubletree Riverside, 2900 Chinden Blvd, Garden City, ID 83714
FOR RESERVATIONS call: (208) 343-1871 or (800) 222-8733
The ISIP Newsletter
P.O. Box 284
Boise, ID 83701-0284
“Anyone trained in Adlerian
Psychology knows what to do the
first time they sit down with a client
and through the process.”
Wes Wingett & Steven Maybell
In This Issue . . .
For more information call (208) 344-7194.
March 6 & 7
Includes 3 hours of
U S POSTAGE
BOISE, ID 83708
PERMIT NO. 628
IDAHO SOCIETY OF INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGY ANNUAL CONFERENCE
Seeing the Same Thing Differently: Changing Client Perceptions of Their History