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JUNE 2012



August vote called

Luanda Oil



Province of promise


Life on the ocean waves


oil and gas news

Universo is the international

magazine of Sonangol

Board Members

Francisco de Lemos José Maria

(President), Mateus de Brito, Anabela

Fonseca, Sebastião Gaspar Martins,

Fernando Roberto, Baptista Sumbe,

Raquel Vunge

Sonangol Department for

Communication & Image


João Rosa Santos

Corporate Communications Assistants

Nadiejda Santos, Lúcio Santos, Sarissari

Diniz, José Mota, Beatriz Silva, Paula

Almeida, Sandra Teixeira, Marta Sousa,

Hélder Sirgado, Kimesso Kissoka


Sheila O’Callaghan


John Kolodziejski

Art Director

Tony Hill

Sub Editor

Ron Gribble

Circulation Manager

Matthew Alexander

Project Consultants

Nathalie MacCarthy

Mauro Perillo

Group President

John Charles Gasser

Universo is produced by Impact Media

Custom Publishing. The views expressed

in the publication are not necessarily

those of Sonangol or the publishers.

Reproduction in whole or in part

without prior permission is prohibited.

This magazine is distributed to a closed

circulation. To receive a free copy:


Circulation: 17,000

Davenport House

16 Pepper Street

London E14 9RP

United Kingdom

Tel + 44 20 7510 9595

Fax +44 20 7510 9596



Cover: Mr. Simba

Inside this issue

Our June issue opens with a special report on a

potential cornucopia of Angolan jobs from seafaring.

We follow in the wake of young Angolans who have

grasped the opportunities afforded by naval careers with

the aim of becoming ships’ officers and perhaps eventually masters

and commanders.

Our second story introduces some of Angola’s veteran and up-andcoming

writers and poets to an international public. We gain an insight into

the issues that stimulate their work.

Angola’s general election is the subject of our third main feature.

We examine the processes involved in registering voters and mobilising the

electorate for the August 31 ballot.

Our fourth major story highlights the mushrooming economic growth

of southern Angola’s Huíla province, where new infrastructure is helping to

harvest a wealth of mineral and agricultural resources and realise government

efforts to broaden the country’s economic base and create more jobs.

John Kolodziejski

Editor 48



Brazuk Ltd


EU Commission president visits Luanda;

President dos Santos receives South Sudan

minister; Angola raises school numbers;

Education accord bears fruit; TAAG buys more

Boeings; Angola’s project at Korea Expo











Raising standards; ARA presidency confirmed;

Cabinda drilling starts; Block 31 production on

track; Porto Amboim shipyard nears completion;

Sonangol opts for renewable energy; SIIND adds

industrial units at Viana; Sonaref pipeline plan;

Tribute: Dr Serafim Araújo





IStock Photo


Pieter de Wulf


London 2012


Pierre François Photographie


Mr. Simba

Angola news briefing Angola news briefing

Barroso visits Luanda

■ José Manuel Barroso, president of the European Commission,

paid a three-day official visit to Angola in April aimed at

strengthening co-operation with the European Union.

Barroso said that he wished for increased dialogue between

the EU and Angola at political and governmental levels, as well as

between both societies.

Angola raises

school numbers

■ The Angolan government has set the right

to education, universal primary education and

the democratisation of education as priorities,

said Miraldina Jamba, Angola’s Women

Parliamentarians Group chairperson, during

a meeting with UNESCO director- general

Irina Bokova in April.

Jamba pointed out that Angola now has

6.1 million people studying in the education

system, compared to 4.3 million in 2010.

In a move to improve further education,

Angola’s cabinet also approved in April

the setting up of 15 new private highereducation

colleges. The establishments will

be located in Luanda, Benguela, Cabinda,

Huíla, Huambo, Uíge, Kwanza Norte,

Kwanza Sul, Bengo and Bié provinces and

will provide places for 19,000 students.

During his stay in Luanda, Barroso had an audience with

President José Eduardo dos Santos and invited him to visit EU

headquarters in Brussels.

Angola and the European Union also signed several agreements

to finance projects related to Angola’s electoral process worth

about €1 million.

Manatees for Korea Expo

■ Angola will present its manatee preservation

project as part of its contribution to Expo 2012

which is being held in the South Korean city

of Yeosu.

The theme of this year’s event is ‘The Living

Ocean and Coast’ and it runs from May 12

through to August 12. Angola’s Expo

commission has selected the manatee

initiative and also Angola’s liquefied natural

gas project (see page 44) as examples of

sustainable development.

Under the theme ‘Angola Sustainable

Development, Our Commitment’, the

country will also display information

about ‘The Great Maritime Ecosystem

of the Benguela Current’, the sea

current that also affects Namibia and

South Africa.

IStock Photo


Education accord

bears fruit

■ An education co-operation agreement

signed by President José Eduardo dos

Santos and the former French leader

Nicolas Sarkozy in 2008 is reaping its

first results.

Eighteen students from the Eiffel School in

Caxito, Bengo province, managed to qualify

for a place at Agostinho Neto University,

and another five received grants from

French oil company Total to study abroad.

The Eiffel Project, financed by Total

and run by the French Lay Mission under

the auspices of the Angolan Ministry of

Education, comprises four schools in

provinces in the interior. The other schools

are at Malange, Ondgiva (Cunene) and

N’dalatando (Kwanza Norte). The project’s

success is put down to the schools’ small

class numbers of 24.

Cunene school opening



new college places for Angolan students

estimated iron ore reserves in Huíla province


IMF forecast for Angolan economic growth in 2012

Angola in numbers


of sand decontaminated in Luanda Bay


1 million tons

of cement produced at the Secil Lobito plant this year






TAAG buys more Boeings

■ Angola’s national airline TAAG has ordered three more Boeing 777-

300 Extended Range aircraft to add to the two it purchased previously.

The aircraft cost $895 million and TAAG has an option on buying another

three later.

The new 777s will probably be used on its Brazil service to Rio de Janeiro

and São Paulo, and to Portugal (Lisbon and Porto), as well as to other European

destinations. The airline also operates eight Boeing 737s, the workhorse of

Angola’s regional services for over 30 years.

President receives South Sudan minister

■ President José Eduardo dos Santos received Deng Alor Kuol, South Sudan’s minister

for foreign affairs, at the end of a three-day stay in March aimed at strengthening

bilateral relations.

South Sudan is interested in closer co-operation, especially in the oil sector, to draw

on Angola’s successful experience as Africa’s second-largest sub-Saharan producer.

Established only last year as a new country, South Sudan has also expressed interest in

co-operating in sports, specifically in basketball, another area of recent Angolan success.

5.2 million


annual output of liquefied natural gas expected at Soyo

Boeing TAAG




Angola’s thousand-mile seaboard offers huge opportunities to deliver professional

careers and profitable livelihoods to many more Angolans than at present.

Universo looks at moves to develop the country’s seafaring industry k

Opening image: Angolan cadets aboard SS Danmark training ship




Angola has a long, benign

coastline generally unaffected

by the more dramatic weather

conditions which make

shipping difficult in many parts of

the world. Current Angolan maritime

activities are concentrated in its busy and

well-developed offshore oil industry.

There is intense coastal traffic supplying

oil exploration and production companies

with equipment, transferring crews, and

ferrying staff overseeing well-drilling

operations or carrying out maintenance.

There are also regular oil-tanker loading

operations which then take the precious

cargo to markets all over the world.

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers

have been a more recent addition to

large vessel traffic. Sporting characteristic

domed profiles, these carriers are

scheduled to start regular gas shipments

from Angola LNG’s Soyo facility in June

this year.

Most of the vessels plying Angolan

ports often operate exclusively in coastal

waters for oil industry-related activities but

use crews drawn from around the globe,

with relatively few Angolans on board. The

government plans to change this situation

and bring greater Angolan access to these

jobs, creating a local seafaring industry.

‘Angolanisation’ is already making steady

headway, with more indigenous crews

being trained for the task.

Glasgow city centre

Brazuk Ltd

Masters and commanders

Angola’s merchant navy has seen

concerted institutional development

over the past ten years, thanks mainly to

the efforts of Sonangol EP and Sonangol

Shipping, which have made substantial

investments in both a Suezmax tanker fleet

(seven to date and three more to deliver

by January 2013) and an LNG carrier fleet

(three ships delivered), which provide

significant training and professional

maritime sailing opportunities.

In addition, Sonangol Shipping

has partnered with Stena Bulk, part of

the Swedish conglomerate Stena, and

Chevron Shipping to provide shore-based

training and professional employment

opportunities for Angolan seamen.

Sonangol Shipping also operates its

own cadet-training programme, which

has graduated over 40 deep-sea Deck

and Engineering Officers since 1998. As

originally structured, this programme

provided the Sonangol cadets with the

required English language and maritime

academic training in India and in Scotland.

The first academic year is spent at one

of several Indian schools, the Academy of

Maritime Education and Training (AMET), in

Chennai, Tolani Maritime Institute in Pune

or Vels Academy of Maritime Education in

Chennai, and the second academic year at

the Glasgow College of Nautical Studies,

now the City of Glasgow College (COGC).

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The Angolan cadet officers also

receive on-board training on the Sonangol

Suezmax tankers, all of which are built with

extra cabins to accommodate them.

For the past several years, Sonangol

and Stena have been collaborating on the

development of the Angolan Maritime

Training Centre (AMTC) in Sumbe, Angola,

350km south of Luanda. AMTC will be

owned by Sonangol EP and operated in

collaboration with COGC, which has been

appointed academic manager. António

Pelé Cardoso da Silva Neto will be the chief

executive of AMTC.

It will provide complete training

for maritime ratings, and the first year

of academic training for deep-sea Deck

and Engineer Officer cadets. COGC will

continue to provide the second academic

year in Glasgow until such time as AMTC

has developed to enable it to also take in

this important element of the programme

to unlimited certification. Over time,

additional types of training will be provided

including English language training.

It is anticipated that AMTC will

eventually be able to provide the entire

academic cycle of training in both deep-sea

and restricted certification qualifications

for cadets and ratings. It will have staff

and student accommodation and aims

to become an internationally-recognised

centre of excellence, on a par with similar

maritime centres around the globe.

Bridge simulator at City of Glasgow College

Biggest riches in the sea

“A strong and reliable Angola training

programme will give the country

a new culture of seafaring,” says

Catarino Pereira, general manager at

Sonangol Marine Services, who has

18 years’ experience as a mechanical

engineer. “The biggest riches are in

the sea. There’s no seafaring culture

at the moment but Angola is getting

there. The programme will be an open

door to understanding life at sea.”


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LNG Carrier Sonangol Etosha

Sonangol Marine Services



Taking the wheel – an Angolan Svitzer trainee

Angolan Maritime Training Services, a

Sonangol Shipping and Stena joint-venture

company, designed the training centre,

which is nearing completion. AMTC will be

run as an outreach centre of COGC. It will

ensure compliance with the highest maritime

academic standards and will develop

relationships with statutory authorities.

Opening in 2012, the centre’s first

intake will consist of 24 deck cadets and

24 engineer cadet trainees for Sonangol

Shipping. This will pave the way to

accepting trainees from third-party

companies from 2013. It is then planned

that AMTC will provide a stream of highlyskilled

and internationally-qualified

Angolan seafarers for Sonangol and the

local maritime and offshore industries.

The centre aims to “vigorously and

actively support the Angolanisation

programmes of both Sonangol and the

wider maritime industry in the region.”

During the first five years, trainee

numbers will be progressively increased

with the potential to also offer many

short and specialised courses to the wider

maritime industry. A major component

of the project will be to develop Angolan

professional maritime academic staff who

will eventually be fully responsible for

managing and operating AMTC.

The investment in the centre will

ensure the long-term success of the

project, and will also bring added value by

employing people from the surrounding

area, developing the local economy

and infrastructure.

Angolan Maritime Training Services

will strategically support and oversee

AMTC which will also provide statutory

courses for skilled seafarers in the

Angolan maritime industry, a sector that is

Aiming high

Delcio Cassinga Tito is

a 26-year-old merchant

seaman whose career

has taken him a long way

from home in Luanda’s

Rangel district. Tito won

a Sonangol scholarship

in 2006 to study marine

mechanical engineering.

He has already undergone

courses in India and South Africa, and

in February he passed his examinations

at COGC to become a mechanical

engineer officer.

In his first ‘sea time’, a sevenmonth

period aboard the oil tanker

Sonangol Luanda, Tito overcame a

period of adaptation which included

seasickness. “As time went by I got

used to it, gained the confidence of my

superior officers and learnt a lot. I also

had a study programme aboard ship

which helped me to understand the

systems we normally worked with.

“Life at sea requires a great deal of

responsibility and dedication. You need

experiencing significant growth in demand

for skilled professionals.

AMTC will offer residential courses

to 192 students on campus at one time,

including the first year of the two-year

Higher National Diploma course for Deck

and Engineer Officer of the Watch Trainees.

This includes English language, Standards

of Training, Certification & Watchkeeping,

and short courses on survival, fire-fighting,

first aid, and tanker familiarisation.

Sonangol leads maritime development

“Sonangol has been active in the Angolan national and international shipping

markets for many years,” says Mark Heater, president of Sonangol Marine

Services. “This activity has allowed Sonangol Shipping not only to build, buy and

own crude and product tankers and LPG and LNG carriers of various sizes, but

it has also provided the catalyst to develop a very successful maritime cadettraining

programme. This programme has graduated over 40 officers to date and

has more than 150 in various stages of cadet and rating training.”

to be very safety-conscious in all the

work you do. In my free time I listen to

music, play bar football (which I like a

lot) and PlayStation. I also watch a lot

of films, and on Sundays we swim in

the pool,” he says.

Whenever he missed his

parents while aboard, he would call

them through the ship’s communications


“My future objectives are to

continue in this area and become a

chief engineer and a master marine

mechanical engineer, and help

Sonangol to grow in this area and

reach higher levels.”

Courses will also offer restricted

certificates for Captains and Chief Mates

on coastal shipping. These certificates

involve shorter courses and are faster to

achieve compared to unlimited maritime

certification. There will also be courses

for restricted power certificates for

Chief Engineers.

Courses offered at AMTC will be

accredited and approved by the UK

Maritime & Coastguard Agency (UKMCA) or

the South African Maritime Safety Authority.

In a separate development, merchant

marine training is under way to support

port operations for the fleet of LNG

carriers that will serve Angola LNG, the

new liquefied natural gas plant in Soyo (see

story on page 44).

“The fleet provides an opportunity for

maritime training and jobs for Angolans,”

says António Orfão, chief executive of

Angola LNG.



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João Pedro Alvado Mariano


Sea – the opportunity

João Pedro Alvado Mariano, currently at COGC

in Glasgow, was the first to opt for a maritime

career in his family. “I thought it would be a

good opportunity,” he says. It was a challenge

to learn English and get on with other cultures,

but he enjoyed doing this and acquiring nautical

knowledge. He would recommend that others to

follow his example.

Mariano says his most memorable

experiences aboard were “the harmony between

master and crew on board, sudden changes in

climate and work related to navigation”. Most of

all, he liked keeping watch on deck, which is the

main task of the navigator. He says everything is

going well and he aims to eventually be a captain.

Angola LNG’s marine department

requires pilots and crews for support

craft. Specialist company Svitzer is in

charge of these operations, which use five

tugboats, four line-handling boats, two

patrol boats, a pilot boat and a pollution-

response boat.

Demand for qualified Angolan

mariners far outstrips the supply in this

nascent industry. Svitzer has hired more

than 60 people from Soyo, providing

training in English and then pre-sea

training on board the SS Denmark during a

three-month trip from Lisbon to Madeira,

Cape Verde and the Azores.

The curriculum included basic seaman

skills, watch-keeping, navigation,electrical

knowledge, engine duty, fire and rescue

drills and tanker familiarisation, along with

routine housekeeping tasks.

The Angolan ratings are now working

on the support craft and getting ready

for operational start-up at Soyo. By 2014,

Svitzer Angola aims to achieve 65 per cent

Angolanisation of its workforce.

Port pilots worldwide are generally

mariners with extensive experience, having

sailed a number of years on merchant ships

before becoming pilots. With qualified

individuals not readily available, Angola

LNG has embarked on a programme of

selecting candidates as marine deck cadets

who will work their way up the ranks to

become master mariners and eventually

pilots in the port.

The first two candidates are presently

undergoing their pre-sea training at

the Maritime College in Cape Town,

South Africa. Angola LNG plans to train

two to three candidates every year

and has an arrangement with Chevron

Shipping to provide berths on ships

when the cadets start sailing in order

to gain experience in navigation and

cargo handling.

Oil and gas-related shipping is not

the only show in town. Another area with

great development potential is Angola’s

fishing fleet. The country’s coast teems

with underexploited fisheries and other

seafood resources.

Angola’s ferrous mineral wealth in

the shape of iron ore and manganese is

about to be resurrected, thanks to the

newly-rebuilt railroad linking Namibe

with reserves at Kassinga in Huíla

province. This will provide another

opportunity for Angolan-crewed bulk

cargo ships.

The Benguela Railway may similarly

provide transport for renewed Zambian

copper exports in the coming months, and

Angola’s fast-developing farming industry

may also supply growing export cargoes in

the next few years.

Coastal shipping is another potential

provider of local jobs at sea as Angola’s

ports expand, new ones are built and their

operations gain in efficiency. p



Sonangol Marine Services LNG Carrier Sonangol Benguela


IStock Photo





Angola boasts a unique and fascinating literary tradition yet to be discovered

on a truly international scale. Pepetela currently leads the way k

Artúr Carlos Maurício Pestana dos Santos, ‘Pepetela’ (born 1941), won the world’s most

prestigious award for Lusophone literature, the Camões Prize, in 1997

PEPETELA was born in Benguela and studied in Lubango,

Lisbon and Algiers. Pepetela means ‘eyelash’ in Kimbundu, as

does ‘pestana’ in Portuguese. He received his nickname while

a fighter for the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola

(MPLA) during the country’s struggle against colonialism.

After Angolan independence in 1975, he became vice-

minister of education under Angola’s first president, Agostinho

Neto. He left the government in 1982 and started teaching

sociology as a professor at Luanda’s Agostinho Neto University.

Pepetela has written an impressive list of successful novels.

They include Mayombe (Jungle) which describes the MPLA’s

fight against Portuguese rule; A Geração da Utopia (The Utopia

Generation), which deals with the disillusion of young Angolans

during the post-independence period; and in A Gloriosa Família

(The Glorious Family), in which Pepetela dives into Angola’s

brief period of Dutch colonial rule.

His most recent works include Predadores (Predators),

a review of Angolan society; the post-apocalyptic allegory

O Quase Fim do Mundo (Nearly the End of the World)

and O Planalto e a Estepe (The Plateau and the Steppe),

which describes Angola’s history and its ties with former

communist nations.

You were awarded the world’s highest prize for Lusophone

literature in 1997 (the Camões Prize) and are arguably today’s

most famous Angolan writer. Does the fact that you are so

deeply respected at home and abroad make it easier for you to

comment on Angola when you feel it takes a wrong turn?

I comment on many things about Angola which I think need

to be criticised, whether through books, lectures or interviews,

but what is important is not to be critical in order to ‘charm’, or

to get more media attention. What is important is to come up

with solutions, paths towards improvement as a citizen, not as

a writer.

What has Angola achieved in ten years of peace?

Angola has had several important victories, such as reintegrating

around four million war refugees and displaced people. It has

also made a lot of quantitative progress in health and education

with the construction of thousands of schools and hospitals.

The same goes for the rebuilding of road infrastructure and an

effort to solve Angola’s serious housing problem. Angola’s GDP

is steadily increasing but it has not yet managed to narrow its

social disparities.

When was the first time you remember loving your country?

When I left Angola; I was young and went to study in Portugal.

From that moment onwards I knew Angola was the Lost

Paradise. I travelled back to many places, but they were never as

good as I remembered them. The Utopia Generation, sometimes

in a slightly negative way, delves deeply into this feeling. I wrote

the entire book outside Angola.

When will it be time to write an autobiography, if ever?

That probably won’t happen; it’s a theme that doesn’t appeal

to me. What’s more, I have a bad memory and would commit

many involuntary mistakes.

Who are your favourite Angolan poets and writers?

Viriato da Cruz as a poet, and Luandino Vieira as a writer.


Jose Mendonça


A brief history of Angolan literature

The origins of modern Angolan literature, traditionally

of a combative and satirical nature, date back to the

1930s. The first novel by an Angolan writer, O Segredo

da Morta (The Secret of the Dead Woman) by António

Assis Júnior, was published around 1935.

The ‘Generation of 1950’ revolved around the magazine

Mensagem. Angola’s first president and famous poet Agostinho

Neto formed part of this movement, as did Viriato da Cruz and

António Jacinto. These men helped shape an entire generation’s

conscience, which would eventually culminate in resistance to

Portuguese colonial rule and lead to national independence.

In the following years, authors such as Oscar Ribas, Luandino

Vieira, Arnaldo Santos, Uanhenga Xitu, Ernesto Lara Filho and

Mario António developed a more uniquely Angolan, expressive

language in a bid to rediscover and define Angola’s national

identity. Luandino Vieira was awarded the Camões Prize in 2006 but

he didn’t accept the award “for personal reasons”.

The creation of Angola’s Writers’ Union soon followed

Angolan independence in 1975 and this gave the publishing

industry a tremendous boost. Poets Arlindo Barbeitos, David

Mestre and Ruy Duarte de Carvalho were widely celebrated,

The ‘Generation of the 1980s’ was all about

freedom of creation and themes revolving

around love and intimacy

as were prose and fiction writers Henrique

Abranches, Manuel Rui Monteiro and Pepetela.

The ‘Generation of the 1980s’ was all about

freedom of creation and themes revolving around

love and intimacy. Poets José Luís Mendonça, João

Maimona, João Melo, Paula Tavares, Lopito Feijó

and Botelho de Vasconcelos, among others, are renowned

representatives of this period.

The 1990s saw a serious comeback of prose and fiction

writers Pepetela, Manuel Rui Monteiro, Henrique Abranches

and Arnaldo Santos. New names of this period include

José Eduardo Agualusa, José Sousa Jamba, Boaventura

Cardoso, Fernando Fonseca Santos, Cikakata Mbalundo,

Fragata de Morais, Jacinto de Lemos, Roderick Nehone,

Alberto Oliveira Pinto and Jacques Arlindo dos Santos.

Poet José Luís Mendonça (born 1955) was part of the

‘Geração das Incertezas’ (Generation of Uncertainty) and

is a member of the Angolan Writers’ Union and the director

of Jornal de Angola’s new weekly magazine Cultura.

He has won an impressive number of national awards:

Chuva Novembrina (November Rain) – Sagrada

Esperança Poetry Award from the National Book

and Disc Institute (INALD), 1981

Gíria de Cacimbo (Dry Season Slang), Angolan

Writers’ Union, 1986

Respirar as Mãos na Pedra (Hands Breathing on

the Rock) – Sonangol Literature Award, Angolan

Writers’ Union, 1988

Quero Acordar a Alva (I Want to Wake the Dawn)

– Sagrada Esperança Poetry Award, INALD, 1996

MENDONCA was born in Galungo Alto, Kwanza Norte province

and moved to Luanda’s Cazenga district when he was six. He

studied law at the Catholic University of Angola, worked as a

journalist at various Angolan newspapers and was a long-serving

press officer and journalist at UNICEF.

According to literary analysts, Mendonça’s writings were

born in the context of the death of the revolutionary utopias

of the 1960s and 1970s and his disenchantment with a newly

independent Angola which proved unable to fulfil the promises

of freedom, justice and equality.

Mendonça’s literary generation was divided into two

fundamental movements: the Brigada Jovem de Literatura (the

Youth Literature Brigade) and the group centred around the

magazine Archote (Torch) to which he belonged.

Which themes inspire you most?

My poetry refers to the earth. I get my inspiration from the

simplest and most common things, such as Angolan oil. For me,

objects have a voice. The poem Eu Sou Petróleo Bruto (I Am Crude

Oil) from my collection Poesia Manuscrita pelos Hipocampo

(Poetry Written by the Hippocampus) contains various layers. It

can be interpreted as a love poem for an imaginary woman, or

as an African human being’s thirst for emancipation. Among my

most important themes are platonic or carnal relationships with

women, and social as well as philosophical poetry.

When did you first start writing?

I started writing short stories at the age of 14. During colonial

times I lived in a musseque in the Cazenga neighbourhood,

where there was lots of violence. There were only two mestizos

(people of mixed heritage) and three blacks at school; society

divided us into groups according to skin colour. I was badly

discriminated against, had few friends and led an isolated life.

I didn’t understand why I lived in such a difficult world. That’s

when I began to read a lot and write.

I spent years training myself in the techniques of writing

poetry, in order to be different and still produce quality. Then

in 1981, at the Sagrada Esperança contest, I won a prize for my

first book, Chuva Novembrina. When I entered the Angolan

Writers’ Union in 1984, I began to be well-known. My ultimate

breakthrough came when I won the Sonangol Literature Prize in

1986 for my poetry collection Gíria de Cacimbo.

Mendonça on the next generation of writers and poets:

“Angola is in the middle of a growth spurt since the end of the war

in 2002. There is finally space for culture. During the war youths

had to fight. Now they can breathe.”

As the director of Jornal de Angola’s new magazine Cultura, do

you feel that more needs to be done to export Angola’s culture to

the rest of the world?

Angola has some very good writers and poets. My personal

favourites are Agostinho Neto, Mario António, Joaquim Cordeiro

da Mata and Ruy Duarte de Carvalho. For me, Ondjaki definitely

represents the upcoming generation.

Mendonça believes difficulties in spreading Angolan culture

abroad could be overcome with more co-operation from foreign

embassies, better translators and private-company investment.


IStock Photo

Jose Mendonça



Carlos Sérgio Monteiro Ferreira (born 1960)

is a celebrated Angolan author and one of the

co-founders of the the Youth Literature Brigade

of Luanda (BJLL)

FERREIRA, also known as Cassé, is a poet, radio journalist and a

member member of the Angolan Writers’ Union and co-founder of

the now extinct BJLL. As a member of the ‘Generation of Uncertainty’

his writing is characterised by deep anguish and melancholy resulting

from the disillusionment following Angolan independence.

His many works include Ponto de Partida (Point of Departure),

Projeto Comum I and II (Common Projects 1 and 2), Sabor a Sal (Taste

of Salt) and Quase Exílio (Nearly Exile).

Can you tell us something about your latest work, A Magia das

Palavras (The Magic of Words), which describes Angola’s difficulties

as a result of the war?

It’s a process of catharsis. It contains various stories and letters,

among which are those I wrote to the living and deceased people who

had a fundamental role in my upbringing.

How would you summarise your writings and convictions?

My poetry stems from a very strong bond with the earth, and contains

an equally strong component of social criticism. I disagree with

ultra-liberal and inhuman capitalism without rules. Instead, I believe

Angola needs to return to its progressive, democratic premises,

without copying the Western democratic model.

Can you explain the title of the book that represents 400 years of

Angolan poetry: Entre a Lua, o Caos e o Silêncio: a Flor (Between the

Moon, Chaos and Silence: the Flower) written by yourself and Irene

Guerra Marques?

Yes, that’s an easy one. The moon has always been a symbol of poetry.

Chaos and silence are matrices of Angolan society – at least in Luanda

– today. The flower, or new poetry, can despite everything be reborn.

Lulu Ahrens

Ndalu de Almeida, ‘Ondjaki’ (born

1977), has written poetry, children’s

books, short stories, novels and film

scripts. He was awarded the Grande

Prémio de Conto Camilo Castelo Branco

2008 (Camilo Castelo Branco Grand

Prize for Storytelling) by the Portuguese

Writers’ Union for his novel Os da

Minha Rua (The Ones from My Street).

That same year he won the Grinzane

for Africa Award, followed by the Jabuti

Prize in 2010 for his children’s book

AvôDezanove e o Segredo do Soviético

(Grandmother Nineteen and the Soviet

man’s Secret)

ONDJAKI studied sociology at Lisbon University and

wrote his thesis on Angolan writer Luandino Vieira.

Ondjaki also has a doctorate in African Studies at Naples

University. His books have been translated into French,

Spanish, Italian, German, Serbian, English, Chinese

and Swedish.

In O Assobiador (The Whistler) a young man

arrives at a small African village. He enters the church

and starts whistling. Eventually he bewitches the priest

and the churchgoers to such an extent that they reach a

state of trance, culminating in an orgiastic celebration.

Bom Dia Camaradas (Good Morning, Comrades)

was written in loving and humorous memory of a

childhood in Angola in a Luanda marked by decades

of civil war around 1990.

Ondjaki, who currently lives in Rio de Janeiro, told

Universo that his main subject was “probably people”,

adding: “I write from a starting point of a story that

involves very human moments; many sensations,

smells, places that exist or are yet to exist. I don’t know

if that’s a subject or an obsession.”

Michael Hughes

Etelvina da Conceição Alfredo Diogo ‘Ngonguita Diogo’

(born 1963) is a member of Movimento Lev’Arte

NGONGUITA DIOGO entered the literary

scene in 2010 with No Mbinda o Ouro é

Sangue (In Mbinda, Gold is Blood); Weza,

a Princesa (Weza, the Princess); Sinay, the

story of an unscrupulous wizard, and the

children’s book A Minha Baratinha (My

Little Cockroach).

Diogo’s favourite female writers

include Sónia Gomes and Marta Santos.

Her work describes the suffering, social

injustice and general day-to-day life after

Angolan independence.

Diogo’s children’s books

Weza, a Princesa explores Africa’s

charm, beauty and ancient rites

and traditions for children, so that

this heritage is kept alive. “As in any

children’s story, good overcomes

evil,” says Diogo. A Minha Baratinha

describes “children’s unique wisdom

and offers proof that fantasy is real and

cockroaches can talk. It is also about

the importance of hygiene.”

A Minha Baratinha describes “children’s unique

wisdom and offers proof that fantasy is real and

cockroaches can talk”


Lula Ahrens


Kiocamba Cassua (26) is the

executive secretary of the young

and hot Movimento Lev’Arte. His

first collection of poems, Outros

Sorrisos nos Nossos Lábios

(Other Smiles on Our Lips), was

published in 2011

CASSUA’s other poems were published in the

anthology Palavras (Words). Love, disillusion

and sadness are his universal themes. “This

movement (Movimento Lev’Arte), created

in 2006, aims to take art to all parts of the

world and to humanise people through

art. We have a presence in Luanda, Brazil

and Portugal,” he says

Cassua says he sees numerous literary

movements and literary works being born

in Angola at the moment. In the past, people

chose to invest in profitable businesses

with immediate returns. Now big business

concerns are financing literature and the arts.

Ngonguita Diogo

IStock Photo

Hindhyra Mateta


saluting an Angolan master

by Lula Ahrens

Capoeira, a martial art largely associated with Brazil, is believed to

have originated in Angola. Mestre Kamosso, a maker of the musical

instrument played to accompany it, tells Universo his story k


ged 92 years old, Mestre (Master) Kamosso holds a

unique place in Angola’s living cultural heritage. His

long life is entwined with the martial art capoeira that is

now practised throughout the world, and the instrument

that provides the cadenced background twang that accompanies

its dance-like fight.

Kamosso is renowned for making the musical instrument

called a hungu, better known by its Brazilian name the berimbau.

This consists of a gourd (dried fruit shell) at the base of a thin

wooden bow with steel wires attached. The plucked wires resonate

in the shell, producing a gentle, hollow plunking sound.

Kamosso used to be a celebrated hungu player and has

many stories to tell. “I was invited to play during MPLA mass

demonstrations and speeches, first by former President Agostinho

Neto, and later by President Eduardo dos Santos, in Luanda,

Lobito, Catumbela, Benguela, Cuba and Congo. I also played

during Carnival. That’s how I got my girlfriends!”

Mestre Kamosso, whose name means ‘Come here!’ in one of

Angola’s national languages, Kimbundu, laughs out loud as he

recalls the old days in his derelict little house in Catete.

Mating rights

The Angolan hungu or m’bolumbumba

used to be played by Angolan herdsmen.

The Luanda-born poet, painter and

ethnographer Albano Neves e Sousa

(1921-1995) was convinced that the hungu

and the martial zebra dance N’golo it

accompanied were exported from the

16th century onwards by Angolan slaves,

a theory widely accepted as capoeira’s

founding story. N’golo was inspired by

male zebras fighting for mating rights.

The people of the Mucope villages

in southern Angola dance N’golo, which

technically speaking is capoeira, wrote

Sousa. It is performed when girls reach

puberty. The man who performs the N’golo

best is allowed to choose his wife among

the new eligible brides without having to

pay a dowry. Slaves taken to Brazil through

the port of Benguela are believed to have

taken this tradition along with them.

The logo of the International Capoeira

Angola Foundation features a zebra coming

out of the African continent and meeting a

South American capoeira fighter.

Young admirers

Hindhyra Mateta and Alexandre Yewa

are producing a multimedia exhibition

and a documentary on the hungu and

its masters to preserve its musical and

cultural heritage. They are in a hurry;

Mestre Kamosso believes he will soon die.

Capoeira teacher Janguinda Moniz,

aged 31, known by his capoeira name

‘Cabuenha,’ and his friends have repainted

Mestre Kamosso’s house. Having been

trained by Brazil’s famous Mestre Camisa

and other masters, Cabuenha now

performs and teaches in Angola, Brazil,

South Africa, São Tomé and Príncipe,

Dubai and Europe.

Mestre Kamosso’s voice is hoarse; he

has difficulty remembering the details of

his past. He has the intensely emotional

expression that only the ancient possess.

“I joined the Portuguese army in

1958; I served in Angola for one year and

in India for two years. Until Independence

in 1975, when I worked as a cook for the

white people, I was not allowed to play the

hungu. But I used to do it anyway, every

night after making dinner.”

In 2007, the Ministry of Culture

awarded him a diploma for his efforts

in the preservation and dissemination

of Angolan culture. Nevertheless, his

nation-wide popularity acquired after

Independence did not last. “Everyone

forgot about me,” Mestre Kamosso says.

His voice turns soft; for a moment his face

crumbles in grief. “But now people are

coming back to say hello.”

Cabuenha has a special relationship

with Mestre Kamosso. “For me he is a

teacher, a master. For Luandans he is a

symbol of national and cultural resistance

during colonialism. He helped change the

values of several generations of Angolans.”

His legacy will live on. “After an

interval of almost two decades, capoeira

has returned to its Angolan roots and is

once again growing in popularity,” says

Cabuenha who has worked alongside

artists including Paulo Flores, Café Negro,

dance group Kussanguluka, Raúl de

Rosário, Zona 5 and Brix.

“Capoeira is important because it

helps to strengthen ethnic, cultural and

civic values. Since 2008, I’ve been teaching

capoeira to children and teenagers in the

musseques [shanty towns] for free. It’s a

way to awaken their interest in music, art,

sports, school and health. We teach them

respect for the elderly, and use capoeira

to raise awareness regarding HIV, blood

donation and the environment.”

Later the master makes us an offer.

“Learning how to play hungu is not that

difficult,” Kamosso says cheerfully. “I

will teach you if you bring me six eggs, a

chicken and five litres of wine.”

He grabs his hungu and begins to

play, and then sing. Soon he drifts off into

another world: Angolan history. p

“After an interval of almost two decades,

capoeira has returned to its Angolan roots” – Cabuenha



Hindhyra Mateta






A country-wide mobilisation of voters is underway

as Angola prepares for general elections in August.

Universo observes some of the processes involved k


Corbis Images


On May 23, President José

Eduardo dos Santos convoked

general elections. The Angolan

people will choose members

for the National Assembly and as

a consequence, the president who will

be selected by the largest party in the

National Assembly.

The elections, to be held on August 31,

will be the second to take place in a 10 year

period of peace since 1992.

In the previous election, in 2008, the

governing Movimento Popular de Libertação

de Angola (MPLA), won a landslide victory

with over 80% of votes casts.

The turn-out at 87% was high and the

electoral process was widely praised for

its fairness and the peaceful atmosphere

in which it took place. Observers from

the African Union, the Southern African

Development Community (SADC) and

the Community of Portuguese Language

Countries (CPLC) oversaw the process.

The second-placed party in the 2008

election race, UNITA, conceded defeat early

on during the count when it realised it was

trailing far behind the MPLA. UNITA only

managed to attract 10% of the voters, but

the party’s conciliatory attitude in accepting

the result contributed to the pacific, civic

atmosphere of the electoral process.

Angola’s elected 81 women or 36.8%

of National Assembly members in 2008;

77 for the MPLA and four for UNITA. This

compares extremely favourably with more

mature democracies such as the United

States were only 22.3% of Congressmen are

women and United Kingdom’s Parliament

which has just 17.2% women.

Registration campaign

Angola has vigorously campaigned to

sign up as many potential voters as possible

for the electoral register over the past year.

Registration points were set up throughout

the country in public places to update the

roll in the period July 29, 2011 through to

April 15 this year.

Famous Angolans such as international

athletes from the women’s national

basketball team who won gold in the

African championships made high profile



Election 2008 in numbers

Votes ................................ 7.21 million

Voter turnout: ..............................87%

MPLA votes 81.6%: ............ 191 seats

UNITA votes 10%: ................ 16 seats

PRS: ......................................... 8 seats

FNLA: ....................................... 3 seats

ND: ........................................... 2 seats

Polling stations: ........................50,195

The turn-out at 87% was high

and the electoral process

was widely praised for its

fairness and the peaceful

atmosphere in which it took place





Beathan/Corbis Joao Relvas/epa/Corbis

Populous Luanda predictably came out

as the largest electoral-college

with 2.85 million voters

contributions to this campaign by publicly

registering for the vote.

As a consequence of the campaign,

Angola’s Central Computer Electoral

Registry (FICRE) increased the roll of

registered voters to 9.79 million compared

to 8.6 million previously. The new roll

removed doubly-registered electors and

those who had since died.

Populous Luanda predictably came

out as the largest electoral-college with

2.85 million voters according to the new

census, followed by Huíla and Benguela.

FICRE presented the updated registry

to Angola’s independent Electoral Council

or CNE on May 15. In order to undertake

a thorough and independent audit of the

electoral registry and identify any mistakes

and irregularities, CNE contracted

international auditors Deloite to analyse

the data it contains.

The CNE is charged with overseeing

the electoral process. Its role includes

cooperating with independent observers

who will accompany the vote throughout

Angolan territory to verify the election is

free and fair.

Election prospects

Angolan political observers are

unanimous in their evaluation and are

predicting another substantial MPLA

majority at the polls.

On May 25 an MPLA Central

Committee meeting was opened by

President dos Santos who is also head of

the party. The objective was the evaluation

and selection of MPLA candidates and the


drawing up of proposals for the party’s new

election manifesto.

‘We are here to appreciate new

proposals and present them to Angolan

society to continue to consolidate peace and

democracy as well as to promote economic

and social development and well-being of

all Angolans,’ said President dos Santos.

‘The MPLA aims for our social

development to be as dynamic as our

economic growth has been.’

Angolan GDP grew on average by

11.1% between 2001 and 2010 according to

The Economist and the IMF predicts GDP

will growing at a rate of 9.7% next year.

‘We are conscious that much still

needs to be done, but a new Angola is

already emerging, capable of satisfying the

legitimate yearnings of all Angolans.’

iStock photo

Women in politics

Angola: ................36.8%

USA: .....................22.3%

UK: .......................17.2%

According to President dos Santos,

‘The time has arrived to grow more and

distribute better, the time for us to be

a strong and just Angola and of being,

increasingly free and happy... now the total,

absolute priority is to improve Angolans’

living conditions’.

The future project for society of

our party is based on a Programme of

Stability, Growth and Employment, he

said. This meant ‘more water, energy,

better education and health, stimulate

rural areas and stimulate the creation and

strengthening of micro, small and mediumsized

Angolan companies.’

‘When we made the diagnosis of the

situation in 2008, we noted that it was

necessary to stamp a new dynamism on

the country’s governance, change the

Republic’s Constitution, improve the

management of public affairs and affirm the

principle of more rigour and transparency

in the organisation and management

of public finances and better sharing of

national income,’ the President said.

President dos Santos said that the

government presented its programme and

made several promises to the electorate in

2008 and that MPLA meetings analysing

the realisation of these commitments had

been ‘positive’ and that this was clearly

shown by the fact that projects have been

inaugurated nearly every week.

‘The country is in fact changing for the

better and there is progress in every area,

but to make Angola grow more and more is

what the MPLA wants,’ he said. p

President José

Eduardo dos Santos







Huíla province in southern Angola is distinguished by fertile lands and mineral

resources as well as the natural beauty of its green highlands. An attractive

climate also combines to make this province a focus for agro-industrial

development and tourism. Universo takes a closer look k


Kostadin Luchansky



rrival at the gleaming new glass

airport at Lubango, Huíla’s

provincial capital, offers a

clear idea of the lie of the land.

Well-watered hills and a rocky cliffscape

reminiscent of Cape Town embrace the

town, hinting at the importance of local

geology and climate to the region’s wealth.

After Luanda, Huíla is home to

Angola’s second most important

industrial concentration, and this is

about to grow sharply. Huíla is set

to make a dramatic contribution to

economic diversification, adding its

mineral wealth to Angola’s dominant

export earners of oil and diamonds, with

a number of mining projects on schedule

to start up in 2013.

The principal undertaking is renewed

extraction and processing of iron and

manganese ore at the Kassinga and

Jamba mines some 300km due east of

Lubango. Proven iron ore deposits in the

area amount to 400 million tons, with

indications of probable reserves totalling a

massive 4.2 billion tons. When last worked

in the 1970s, these mines were yielding

output worth $500 million a year at current

international iron ore prices.

The Kassinga and Jamba mining areas

are served by a recently rebuilt railway, the

Caminho de Ferro de Moçâmedes (CFM),

which links them to the port of Namibe,

formerly Moçâmedes.

The ore will be refined into

concentrate, a process that not only adds

value because the product can then be put

directly into steel-making furnaces, but

also reduces the bulk sent by rail and thus

cuts transport costs to the coast. There

are long-term plans to build a steelworks

based on the rich Kassinga deposits.

Gold mines

A parallel important addition to

Angolan exports comes from plans to

mine gold in Huíla in 2013 from two sites;

M’popo near Jamba and Chipindo in the

north of the province. Prospecting for iron

and gold in the M’popo area is expected

to bring economic development to the

Jamba area, creating jobs and training

local people.

Diamantino Azevedo, chairman and

chief executive of state mining company

Ferrangol, says a long-term continuous

geological survey is needed to map the

minerals in Angola. Ferrangol’s aims

are prospecting, research, exploration,

processing and the sale of ferrous minerals

as well as others used in steel production.

Minerals found in Angola’s subsoil include

lead, copper and aluminium, among

many others.

“We are thinking that one day we

will produce and sell all the minerals

indispensible for the country’s

development so as to add value to our

economy,” says João Paulino Chimuco, a

Ferrangol mining engineer and planner.

Mark Clydesdale

Solid gold future

IStock Photo

View over Lubango

Already experiencing a sales boom is

Huíla’s sought-after ornamental stone. The

province possesses some types of granite

which are relatively rare and much prized

on export markets. Several companies

are well-established and exploiting

opportunities in this area. Angola’s own

fast-expanding construction industry is just

one of many markets taking this excellent

decorative stone. Huíla is also selling pink,

grey, black and brown granites to India,

China, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Germany and

Canada, as well as tiles to Zambia, Namibia

and South Africa.

Bottled water

Huíla’s well-watered hills above

Lubango provide another resource –

mineral water that is also being successfully

extracted and marketed. A number of

bottled-water companies are already doing

good business and more are jumping on

the bandwagon.

A well-known company in this

sector is Água da Chela at Humpata near

Lubango. Officially opened in 1999, it

produces 7,000 litres of bottled mineral

water an hour and has plans to raise this

to 15,000 litres an hour.

Água da Chela not only supplies

the whole of Angola, benefiting from the

country’s much-improved highways, but

also exports water to notoriously parched

Namibia on its southern border, where

water recycling accounts for some of

its supply.

The company has invested $10 million

in its operations and estimates that it can

achieve a return on its investment over a

period of six years. Água da Chela has an

all-Angolan workforce of 60 and aims to

soon double the shifts worked.

Inspired by Água da Chela, other

enterprises have followed suit in setting


Brazuk Ltd

Liquid assets

IStock Photo

Mark Clydesdale

Granite features

IStock Photo



up bottling plants at Humpata to serve

Angola’s discerning thirsty. Cristo Rei did

this in 2009, and Preciosa of the Regente

Hotel Group has also recently invested $10

million in a project there.

Another enterprise established near

Lubango is drinks company Refriango,

which has the Pura water brand. The

pure-source water has also stimulated a

buoyant beer (Huíla’s long-standing and

justly famous N’gola brand) and soft drinks

(Coca-Cola) industry.

The fresh image of Huíla’s cool

highlands is an important element in

marketing these drinks. “Our water is

marvellous and we have capacity for six

more bottling plants,” says Paula Filomena

Joaquim, provincial director for Huíla’s

Ministry of Industry, Geology and Mines.

It is not only bottled water that

is appearing in Angolan homes. The

provincial government signed a €Euros

900,000 deal with Germany’s Gauff

Engineering in March to renovate and

expand Lubango’s public water supply

system. The three-year plan involves

sinking new wells at Humpata and building

new reservoirs and treatment plants.

The new system will raise water storage

capacity 15-fold to 60,000 cubic metres

and will benefit up to two million people.

A major event in August this year will

be the reopening of the CFM, the railway

which runs through the whole of Huíla as

it crosses southern Angola from Namibe.

The railway is a boon to Huíla’s

infrastructure in that it will relieve the

pressure on the steep zigzag Serra da Leba

road. Trucks carrying blocks of granite can

now descend to Namibe by rail instead.

There is also up-plateau traffic of Namibe

province’s block granite, which is cut and

polished in Huíla.

The CFM continues east from

Lubango to agro-industry centre Matala,

through to the mineral belt around

Jamba/Kassinga and on to its terminus at

Menongue, where Sonangol has built a fuel

and liquefied petroleum gas depot. The

renewed transportation of heavy goods

and passengers by rail is crucial to Huíla’s

major redevelopment, and large-scale

mining is unthinkable without it.

Angola’s huge road-rebuilding

programme is also impacting Huíla’s

markets. Lubango is on the main northsouth

highway that connects Luanda and

Malange in the north to the Namibian

border, taking in Angola’s second city

Huambo en route. The potential for

the growth in trade between all these

economically reviving areas is enormous.

Convoys of lorries now bring produce

from Namibia to serve Angola. Easier road

access has enabled South African–owned

supermarket and restaurant chains to set

up shop in places like Lubango.

Farming investment

Huíla’s temperate climate and good

soils have made it another magnet for

investment. Apart from its extensive, long-

established cattle-rearing, the province

has two large irrigated areas at Matala,

due east of Lubango, and Gangelas to the

south near Chibia, which are in the process

of refurbishment and upgrading and are

already raising food supplies significantly.

Both these areas enjoy excellent road and

rail links to Lubango and beyond.


Matala is located on a dam and

reservoir and is the focal point of a 350kmlong

section of the River Cunene, which

has the potential to eventually irrigate an

area of 350,000 hectares on its banks in

Huíla and neighbouring provinces. The

project will raise crop output and improve

the pastures for cattle.

Thanks to Matala’s position within

Brazuk Ltd

All the world’s a stage: Lubango girls at play

Lush vegetation in downtown Lubango

rich farmlands, new food-processing and

storage facilities are being completed to

make best use of the excess output. This

will solve the problem of wastage while

adding value and income for farmers as

well as stimulating higher output.

With this in mind, a tomato-paste

factory will shortly reopen at nearby

Kapelongo, as will wheat flour and maize

mills. Other units will be built to process

and pack fruit juice.

Afonso Pedro Canga, Angola’s minister

for agriculture and rural development,

inaugurated a maize-drying facility along

with three grain storage silos, each with

a capacity for 4,000 tons, at Matala in

May 2012, showing that the area has an

important role to play in Angola’s quest

for food security.

Tundavala’s wild landscape

“Huíla is an agricultural province with

good land. Our priorities are to develop

agricultural storage capacity and process

farm produce locally. Industry has to

initiate local production and create more

jobs,” says Paula Filomena Joaquim. ‘‘Huíla

has expanded a lot over the last five years

and its industry continues to grow well.”

The Matala dam is currently

undergoing a $255 million makeover to

dredge its reservoir and raise its waterholding

capacity, while also expanding

electricity output to 40 megawatts from 26

megawatts at present. The extra energy will

underwrite Huíla’s industrial expansion.


A second more-compact irrigated

area is the Gangelas project located in

the Chibia area, based on a dam and two

14km-long water channels. Government

investment since 2009 is already bearing

fruit at Gangelas and providing local jobs.

In phase one of the revamped

infrastructure project, local producers’

association Sogangelas farms cereals,

beans and vegetables and has recently

planted 18 hectares of fruit trees including

oranges, lemons and mangoes.

At present, 1,990 hectares are being

cultivated out of a total of 6,220 hectares.

Phases two and three of the project will

not only farm the remaining area, but also

process produce such as juice, then store

and trade it via a logistics centre. Gangelas

has a production target of 48,000 tonnes of

food a year in 2015.

There are plans under way to provide

sufficient electricity from the dam to power

the Gangelas irrigation pumping system.

There is also a project to develop fishing

as a tourist attraction at the dam reservoir.


Huíla is also famous in Angola for

its great concentration of cattle. Nearly a

million graze pasture in the province. These

cows are mainly owned by professional

ranchers, but some are still kept by

nomadic and semi-nomadic herders such

as the exuberantly necklaced and bangled

Mwilas of the Nyaneka peoples.

The ranchers have become increasingly

professional and connected to

international breeders, and exotic cattle

breeds are being imported in greater numbers.

While most Angolan cattle are of the

hardy and well-adapted Zebu, Africander

and St Gertrude breeds, in recent years

there have been imports of imposing beef

cattle such as the stocky Bonsmara. Huíla’s

farmers have also imported dairy cattle

such as Jerseys and Friesians.

Huíla’s well-organised ranchers

prosperously dominate the southern

farm regions and are now expanding their

businesses further north to Kwanza Sul

and Benguela and nearer to main coastal

markets. The aim is to cut meat imports by

30 per cent within four to five years.


Brazuk Ltd

Brazuk Ltd

Brazuk Ltd



View of Namibe from Tundavala

Mwila women

Local cattle breed

The aim is to cut meat imports by

30 per cent within four to five years

Eric Lafforgue

Brazuk Ltd

All cattle herders and ranchers are

benefiting from government vaccination

campaigns and improved technical

assistance. There are, however, some

sources of conflict between fenced-in

ranchers and arable farmers on one side

and nomadic herders on the other. To

reduce the trampling of crops and grazingrights

disputes, an EU-backed project has

developed corridor routes with watering

facilities for seasonal cattle movements for

traditional herders.


Kostadin Luchansky

Huíla is one of Angola’s most

attractive tourist destinations thanks to

its mild climate, mountains, fauna, flora

and national park. The emblematic Huíla

image is the switchback road that slithers

over the western edge of the Serra da Leba

mountain chain.

Other spectacular locations are the

Tundavala Gap, 2,200 metres above sea level,

where a sheer, rocky cliff affords spectacular

mountain-top views west through a gorge

1,200 metres down to the lower hills of

neighbouring Namibe province.

Tundavala’s bushy boulder-strewn

plateau is also an important bird-watching

area and pasture for semi-nomadic herders.

Nearby Lubango hosts Africa’s third-largest

bird-skin collection – a treat for serious

ornithologists. Huíla is also home to the

Bicuar National Park.

Lubango already boasts decent

modern hotels that charge half the price

of those in the capital, and relatively cheap

flights from Luanda.

All Huíla’s ingredients are in or

about to be put into the development

pot: They include new air, rail and road

infrastructure; greater farming production

and industry to process it; and an exciting

revival of the mining sector. Projects to

improve energy and water supplies as

well as telecommunications will also soon

come to fruition. Huíla’s future prosperity

is assured. p

The emblematic Huíla image is the

switchback road that slithers over

the western edge of the Serra da

Leba mountain chain



Brazuk Ltd

Brazuk Ltd




Angola’s music experienced a golden period in the 1960s and 1970s;

Universo looks at the comeback by some of the leading artists of

that era and their impact on the contemporary music scene k

The return to the public eye

of some historically popular

Angolan musicians last year

invited comparisons with the

massively successful Buena Vista Social

Club in Cuba, where some octogenarian

artists cut a world best-selling record and

featured in a documentary made by a top

international film-maker.

Conjunto Angola 70 is a new grouping

of veteran musicians originating in

different bands who resurfaced in the

public consciousness after a compilation

album of their work Angola Soundtrack

was released in 2010.

Respected music critic Robin

Denselow of the UK’s Guardian

newspaper described the album “A

rousing and intriguing compilation... well

worth checking out”. The London Evening

Standard also raved, calling it “Stunning...

Glorious music captured in its prime and

re-presented with style”.

The individuals making up Conjunto

were Angolan stars in their own right or

who had belonged to popular bands in the

period at the end of the 1960s and early

1970s. Their music, semba, an African

root rhythm that later flowered in the

shape of Brazilian samba, was one of the

soundtracks to the turbulent period which

saw Angola gain independence in 1975.

Later, more-commercial influences

entered the country and, for some, the

authentic Angolan sound began to fade

and the musicians to disappear from the

public consciousness.

Boto Trindade from The Bongos and

lead guitarist Teddy N’Singui were the

nuclei for the revivalist project. The two

contacted other former stars and within

less than a month they had put a band

together that became known as Conjunto

Angola 70 (The Angola 70 Band).

Other group members are Trinity

Dúlcio – rhythm guitar; Carlitos ‘Calili’

Timóteo – bass guitar; Joãozinho Margado

– drums; Raúl Tolingas – dikanza (an

Angolan grooved bamboo instrument

which is stroked with a thin stick); Chico

Montenegro – congas; and Gregório

Mulatu – singer and percussion.

However, it was only in May 2011

that the new line-up gave their first

performance together. The venue was

the Elinga Theatre in downtown Luanda,

where the band delighted the old and the

not so old.

The group followed this up with

a European tour in October promoted

by Mano a Mano Productions (Angola)

and Analog Africa (Germany). The first

performance was at the Global Club in

Copenhagen, Denmark. The group then

went on to play at five venues in the

Netherlands and Belgium.

The tour was supported by Sonangol,

Angolan insurer ENSA and the Dutch and

German embassies in Luanda.

Mano a Mano Productions produced

the tour in partnership with Analog

Africa (Germany), a record label which

specialises in classic African vinyl. The

tour was marketed by Dutch promoters

RASA Music & Dance.

The aim of the Angola Conjunto 70

project is to make the music of Angola of

40 and 50 years ago known to the world

today. “The music of that era marked a

turning point in the history of Angola

[before and after independence]”,

say Mano a Mano producer Otiniel

da Silva and Samy Ben Redjeb of

Analog Africa.

The producers say the idea is to sell

the product to the largest international

producers and show promoters, so that

Angola’s culture gets the space it deserves

on the global cultural scene.

After the concert in the Dutch city

of Groningen, proposals were made

for the group to play in the United

States, Australia, South Korea and other

countries, says Otiniel.

Universo wishes Angola Conjunto 70

renewed success and thanks Otiniel and Samy

for rescuing this important part of Angola’s

musical heritage. p

* Angola Conjunto 70 can be contacted

via Mano a Mano Productions;

telephone Luanda +244 923-824-618

or email otinielfs@gmail.com



Pieter de Wulf


Pieter de Wulf



FOR GOLD Athletes

As Angola prepares its Olympic hopefuls for the London

2012 Paralympic Games, Universo previews the country’s

efforts in this growing segment of sporting activity k

London 2012


ngola will send seven athletes to

the London 2012 Paralympics

which take place between August

29 and September 9.

The squad includes the team’s talisman

and now veteran athlete José Armando

Sayovo. He will be accompanied by fellow

runners Octávio dos Santos, Miguel

Francisco, Joaquim Manuel and Martinho

da Chela. Sayovo, Santos, Francisco and

Manuel were the first Angolan para-athletes

to qualify for London 2012.

They were later joined by female track

hopefuls Maria da Silva and Esperança

Gicasso. Maria da Silva is African paraathletic

record holder in the 200 metres.

Strong support

The Angolan government is wholeheartedly

supporting its estimated 150,000

disabled citizens with policies designed

to integrate them socially, said Gonçalves

Muandumba, Minister for Youth and Sport.

“It has been the preoccupation of

head of state José Eduardo dos Santos to

create policies and legislation to support

the rights of the disabled. This was seen

with the approval in May of the setting up

of the National Council for the Disabled,”

he said.

Reaffirming its commitment to the

Paralympics teams, the government also

backed the sport’s African section conference

in May where Leonel da Rocha Pinto, the

president of Angola’s Paralympic Committee,

was re-elected as president of the African

Paralympic Committee until 2016.

going to London

The African committee has also

gained new offices at the Cidadela

Stadium in Luanda.


At the end of May, the team set off

for a 15-day training camp in Lubango

in the cool highlands of southern

Angola with a view to adapting to

London’s climate.

The Paralympics team will then

have training sessions in Cuba before

heading for Bedford, England, for final

intensive training ahead of the Games.

Bedford is 76km north of London and

will be hosting 14 Paralympics and

one Olympics team, almost all of them

from Africa.

Speaking at an event organised

to mark the 100 days before the

Olympics, Richard Wildash, Britain’s

Ambassador to Angola, described

Angola’s participation in the Olympics

and Paralympics in London as “an

excellent opportunity to showcase a

new country that is developing in an

extraordinary way. In itself, sport has

the potential to bring together the

integration of cultures, nations and

ethnic groups.”

Paralympics team trainer José

Manuel believes Angola has the chance

to gain three gold medals in London

with the most likely winners being José

Sayovo and Octávio dos Santos in the

100 and 200 metres.

We wish them good luck! p

Place of birth

José Armando Sayovo ............................................................................................. Luanda

Octávio dos Santos .................................................................................................. Luanda

Miguel Francisco ...................................................................................................... Luanda

Joaquim Manuel ........................................................................................................... Huíla

Martinho da Chela ....................................................................................................Namibe

Maria da Silva ........................................................................................................ unknown

Esperança Gicasso ................................................................................................ Malange

José Armando Sayovo

José Armando Sayovo is Angola’s most

successful athlete. He was triple Paralympics

gold-medal winner at Athens in 2004 and set

records in the 100-, 200- and 400-metre races.

Sayovo followed this up with three silver

medals at the Beijing 2008 Paralympics Games.

In recognition of his inspirational

stature, Sayovo has been asked to be a

special ambassador for the UN to promote

social causes by the organisation’s president

Ban Ki-moon. “I recommend all disabled

Angolans to take up a sport. It does you

good. And you can even be a champion and

win medals,” says Sayovo.

The runner, who lost his sight aged 26

after a landmine explosion, says adapting to

blindness was not easy but that there was

help available which made it possible for him

to be rehabilitated into society.

He is confident that Angola will do well

in London after the team’s preparatory

training courses.


Jornal Da Saúde Angola

BP Angola

London 2012

London 2012

London 2012

London 2012

■ Sonangol board member Anabela Fonseca was

re-elected non-executive president of the African

Refiners Association (ARA) at its March conference

in Morocco. Angola has led ARA since March 2011.

Fonseca will occupy the post until 2013.

The central theme of this year’s meeting was

‘The Development of African Downstream’.

Fonseca, accompanied by Ana Joaquina da Costa,

president of Luanda’s refinery, along with Baltazar

Miguel, a board member of Sonangol’s Luanda refinery,

and João Silva, director of new business at Sonaci

(Sonangol Comercialização Internacional), took part in the

inauguration of ARA’s new offices in Abidjan in May. ARA

represents refiners in Angola, Algeria, Egypt, Sudan, Libya,

Zambia, Kenya, South Africa, Nigeria, Morocco, Senegal,

Ivory Coast, Ghana, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic

of Congo, Gabon and the Republic of Congo.

Communication Affairs Department

Sonangol news briefing Sonangol news briefing

ARA presidency confirmed Shipyard nears

Communication Affairs Department

Communication Affairs Department

Pierre François Photographie

Communication Affairs Department


■ Porto Amboim’s shipyard project is on schedule for completion

in June. Sonangol is supporting the development, which covers

an area of 23 hectares, in partnership with South Korea’s

Daewoo and Singapore’s SBW Shipyard.

The shipyard project, begun in 2007, aims to produce

vessels to support Angola’s burgeoning offshore oil and gas

operations. It will also provide ancillary services such as boat

repairs, metal working, oil-production equipment and buoys.

Cabinda drilling starts

■ Sonangol’s exploration arm, Sonangol P&P, began drilling in the

Cabinda Norte on-shore field in April. The block is located in the

municipalities of Cacongo and Buco Zau.

Block director Ernesto Pedro Taya told the Angop news

agency that Sonangol is now ready to accelerate drilling operations

after the completion of seismic surveys of the concession area.

Taya added that he expected Sonangol’s work in the area would

stimulate new jobs for local people.

Raising standards

■ The First International Conference on

Company Certification in Angola took

place in Luanda from March 27 to 29.

The event was promoted by Sonangol

EP in partnership with the Ministry of Oil,

Total Angola and the Angolan Institute

for Standardisation and Quality.

The aim of the conference was

to publicise best practices and make

Angolan companies aware of the use of

international standards for quality, job

safety and environmental protection.

On opening the event, Sonangol

board member Sebastião Gaspar

Martins said that certification for any

company was a factor for development,

given that it made it more transparent

to the market that an organisation was

seeking to obtain high-quality standards.

Filomena Rosa, president of the

executive commission of Sonangol

Distribuidora, Sonangol’s distribution

arm, said that company certification

was the only way for a business to

professionalise and ensure its growth in

the Angolan market.

Block 31 production

on track

■ Production is scheduled to begin in Block 31 in the second

half of the year, Dow Jones Newswires reports. The block is

expected to reach peak oil output of 150,000 barrels per day

between 2013 and 2014. Sonangol’s partners in the venture

are BP, Exxon Mobil, Statoil, China Sonangol International and

Marathon Oil.


IStock Photo

IStock Photo

IStock Photo

Sonangol news briefing Sonangol news briefing


Sonangol opts for

renewable energy

■ Sonangol is installing solar panels and wind generators to power its communications

equipment alongside Angola’s highways.

According to Sonangol’s co-ordinator for the environment, Maria Luísa Ndembo, a

pilot project at Cabo Ledo in the south of Luanda province has proved successful, and

the next step is to implement the project between Benguela and Kuito. Here, seven new

renewable, energy systems will be installed; six will be solar-powered and one wind

powered. The equipment will replace generators using fossil fuels.

Sonaref trans-africa pipeline plan

■ A pipeline connecting Sonangol’s proposed new

refinery (Sonaref) at Lobito to Zambia’s Copperbelt

has been mooted.

Contracts for building the 200,000-barrels-aday

refinery are expected to be awarded late 2013

or early 2014. Sonaref would supply Zambia with

several types of refined products such as petrol,

diesel and aircraft fuel.

The main mover behind the project is reported

to be Zambia’s Basali Ba Liseli Resources.

Zambia’s Copperbelt currently receives its oil

products from the Middle East via Tanzania.

IStock Photo

SIIND adds

more industrial

units at Viana

■ Mines and Industry Minister Joaquim

David inaugurated six new industrial

units at the Luanda-Bengo Special

Economic Zone at Viana at the end of May.

The new factories bring the total at the site

co-ordinated by Sonangol Investimentos

Industriais (SIIND) to 14 and job numbers

up to 3,600. Investment in the new units is

estimated to be worth $78 million.

Manufactured items now include foam

and spring mattresses, cushions, high-density

plastic pipes and joints, PVC, medium- and

low-voltage electrical equipment, cables,

transformers and insulators.

SIIND’s executive commission plans

to have a total of 26 industrial units up

and running by the beginning of 2013,

expanding to 53 units by 2014.

Established in October 2010, SIIND

performs the role of promoting, developing

and co-ordinating the management of

industrial projects on behalf of Sonangol EP

and its subsidiaries.

Tribute: Dr Alberto Serafim Araújo

■ Dr Alberto Serafim Araújo,

known affectionately as ‘Beto

Araújo’, passed away on

April 11. Dr Araújo had been

president of the executive

commission of MSTelcom SA,

Sonangol’s telecommunications

subsidiary, since 2008, having

spent a total of 34 years in the

Sonangol group.

Born in Luanda in 1958,

Dr Araújo joined the MPLA

guerrilla movement in Congo

Brazzaville in 1974 and took

part in the defence of Luanda.

Wounded in combat, he was

demobilised in 1978 and then

joined Sonangol, initially in

the operational services office

and then in the studies and

projects department.

He later took a degree

in economic science at the

University of Saint-Étienne,

France. In 1988, he joined

Sonangol Distribuidora, where

he rose to be head of the

finance and planning office by

June 1992.

Dr Araújo, pictured left and

inset left, had a strong personal

interest in the protection of the

environment and biodiversity.

Sonangol Universo offers

its condolences to Dr Araújo’s

family and friends.


IStock Photo

Sonangol GCI Archives

Sonangol GCI Archives




Sonangol news briefing Sonangol news briefing



Angola is about to initiate shipping operations of liquefied natural gas

(LNG) and add a new income stream alongside its huge crude oil exports.

Universo examines the country’s first foray into this lucrative trade k

The $10 billion Angola LNG (ALNG)

project at Soyo, Zaire province, in

the north-west of the country, is

now largely completed, tested

and set to start exporting its first cargoes of

liquefied natural gas.

Shipping tests including mooring and

loading took place in May with the LNG

tanker vessel Sambizanga, and regular

exports will begin after official plant

inauguration in late June, just five years

since the giant project was initiated.

ALNG’s target market is no longer

the United States but Asia and Europe,

where gas commands much higher prices.

US prices have dropped dramatically,

thanks to the rapid development of

shale gas unleashed by new drilling and

extraction techniques known as ‘fracking’.

This involves the use of explosives

deep underground to release trapped

pockets of gas.

At the same time, Asian prices have

been boosted by the extra demand

caused by the emergency shutdown of

the nuclear facility at Fukushima, Japan,

after a tsunami hit the site following an

earthquake. European prices, where

demand is buoyant, are still three to four

times higher than the current US price

of around $2 per million British thermal

units (MMBtu).

The timing of the plant start-up is

favourable as delivery prices for June have

soared up to $17 per MMBtu in Asia.

The 5.2-million-ton capacity Soyo LNG

plant could earn over $4 billion a year if

prices stay at the current level – an important

addition to the country’s export income.

Angola LNG partners

Environmental benefits

ALNG is currently Angola’s largest

investment enterprise and is a huge

step towards adding extra value to its

hydrocarbon resources, allowing the

country to develop and benefit from its

natural gas deposits.

Thanks to the project, the gas is

now being piped ashore instead of being

burnt off as a waste by-product from oil

drilling. The wholesale stoppage of routine

flaring has also contributed to reducing

Angola’s greenhouse gas emissions with

long-term environmental benefits for

the planet.

Some of the natural gas, 125 million

cubic feet per day, will be piped ashore for

Sonangol’s domestic use. This will provide

a cheap energy source for Angolans and

help to replace electricity generators

currently burning less-clean diesel oil.

“This is a huge venture, which has

involved building a new company from

scratch in a remote corner of Angola,” says

Craig Bloomer, ALNG project director.

Sonangol ...................................................... 22.8%

Chevron ........................................................ 36.4%

Eni ................................................................. 13.6%

Total .............................................................. 13.6%

BP .................................................................. 13.6%




Sonangol news briefing Sonangol news briefing

Environmental concern

ALNG is conscious of its impact on the

local community and the environment

and has acted to address this

throughout the construction process

and beyond.

The project team has created a

comprehensive and positive relationship

with local fishermen and fish

traders. This includes protecting the

mangrove swamps that act as fish

hatcheries and habitats.

In addition, it has improved fishing

equipment by providing nets, floats,

safety equipment, navigation lights,

radar reflectors and rain jackets to

help them fish at a safe distance from

the ALNG site.

ALNG has also provided training

for safety at sea and equipment use.

Before site preparation and the

dredging of trenches for tanker access

began in 2007, ALNG drew up an

‘impact mitigation and development

programme’. This identified and

counted the fishermen and fish traders

likely to be affected. It gave them

identity cards and bank accounts so

that any compensation due could be

paid directly to them.

ALNG also wanted to add value

to the fishing industry by developing

fish- cleaning and storage facilities

employing local women. The processed

fish now has improved consumer

quality and commands a better price

at market.

The scheme has benefited from

exchanges between ALNG team members

and experts from Chevron’s Gorgon and

Wheatstone LNG projects in Western

Australia. Chevron Angola has the lead role

in developing the ALNG operation.

To make liquefied natural gas,

ALNG gathers natural gas associated

with oil production from offshore oilproducing

fields and from a number of

operators throughout Angola – unlike

most LNG projects, which are supplied by

only a few non-associated fields that are

primarily gas wells.

The gas is then transported through

Sonangol’s 500km pipeline network to

an onshore processing plant where it is

cooled to minus 160 degrees centigrade.

This process converts the gas into a

much more compact liquid, roughly

600-times smaller in volume, which can

then be more conveniently shipped to

customers around the world. The ALNG

plant also produces condensate, propane

and butane. The latter two are liquefied

petroleum gas (LPG) ingredients and will

enable Angola to be self-sufficient in the

domestic fuel arena.

Located on a 240-hectare site south of

the Congo River near the city of Soyo, the

plant includes LNG tanks and a loading

jetty able to accept the docking of ships

with capacities up to 210,000 cubic metres.

Since ALNG began building the plant in

2007, the project has been a major provider

of jobs and has helped 4,500 local workers

to develop skills. It has also created business

opportunities for nearby companies.

“Sonangol is intent on building

industrial capacity and developing the

Angolan workforce,” says Emanuel

Leopoldo, ALNG operations manager.

“ALNG also has a comprehensive training

programme for its Angolan employees that

will position fishermen well for career-

advancement opportunities.”

As part of this training, Chevron

sent newly-hired Angolan workers for

several months’ on-the-job practice at the

company’s North American refineries. The

ALNG project also acts as a catalyst for the

development of Zaire province.

“We show our commitment to the

Soyo community by creating good jobs;

sourcing goods and services locally;

investing in infrastructure, education and

health; and implementing various social

projects,” says Laurentino da Silva, ALNG

development manager for Chevron policy,

government and public affairs.

Infrastructure investments include

improvements to roads, Soyo Airport and

a community-housing development.

ALNG plans to spend nearly $100

million to renovate and expand

the Soyo municipal hospital and

the city’s electricity supply. It has

also refurbished and expanded

a local school to help improve

education in Soyo.

As part of the project, ALNG had a

seven-ship fleet built at South Korean

shipyards in time to carry the first

shipments of the liquefied gas. The tankers,

named in honour of towns and cities in

Angola, are mid-size vessels relative to the

worldwide LNG carrier fleet, which gives

them the ability to trade in almost any LNG

port in the world.

Each is equipped to load a full

shipment of LNG in 16 hours. When the

plant is fully operational, it is expected

that the ships will make about six loadings

each month.p

Preserving biodiversity

ALNG protects biodiversity in all

places where it operates, creating

local partnerships and support for

biodiversity schemes further afield. It

also funds research and environmental

education in schools and communities,

publicising and promoting activities

linked to protecting wildlife.

ALNG is particularly strong in

stimulating local participation in

initiatives such as beach cleaning and

monitoring the protection of mangrove

swamps around the Soyo site.

This is demonstrated in its

extensive turtle-protection scheme,

which goes far beyond minimising the

impact of ALNG operations on turtleegg

laying on local beaches.

During the October to March

laying period, ALNG-backed projects

organise night patrols for turtle nest

sites for the four species concerned,

the green, leather-back, olive and

big-head turtles.

An educational programme is

being undertaken by locally-contracted

‘turtle guardians’. They patrol over ten

miles of beach, identify and tag turtles

and have built a hatchery. Turtles lay

about 130 eggs each 15 days, but only

one in a thousand will survive bird

predators and reach adulthood.




BP Angola


iStock Photo



Sonangol news briefing Sonangol news briefing


Luanda hosted Angola’s international conference and exhibition on oil and gas in early May,

attracting exhibitors and analysts from around the globe. Universo went along too k

Francisco Maria, president of Sonangol E.P. (centre)

José Maria Botelho de Vasconcelos, minister of petroleum (right)

The Angola International Oil &

Gas Conference and Exhibition

(AIOGACE) took place between

May 7 and May 9 in downtown

Luanda to celebrate the industry’s

astounding growth over the past decade.

The conference analysed Angola’s

hydrocarbon exploration and production

operations as well as how to add value to

its reserves.

The three-day event was held under

the banner of ‘utilising and identifying

new oil and gas resources for the benefit

of Angola’s future generations’. Among

those attending were specialists from

Angola’s Ministry of Petroleum, Sonangol,

the World Bank and international oil and

gas companies. The event was hosted at

Angola’s latest venue, the recently-opened

five-star Epic Sana Luanda Hotel midway

between the upper and lower city.

The use of high technology

has made Angola a

world-class oil country

In a speech made at the official

opening, Minister of Petroleum José

Maria Botelho de Vasconcelos said

that the opening of the Angolan oil

sector to international companies after

independence in 1975 has been crucial to

its rapid development in recent years.

The government had successfully

opted for an oil-sector policy offering

attractive conditions for foreign

investment, based on the principles of

“reciprocal interests and mutual benefits”.

The use of high technology had

made Angola a world-class oil country,

the minister said. In a strategy based on

increasing natural gas and oil reserves,

geophysical studies and mapping has led

to the discovery of new exploration areas,

which Angola is now exploiting.

Vasconcelos identified these areas

as the landward part of the Kwanza basin

and the deep waters of the Kwanza and

Namibe basins, as well as the ultra-deep

basins of the Lower Congo and Kwanza.

Priority in drilling, he said, has been given

to the deep and ultra-deep basins of the


Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)

Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)

Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)

Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)

Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)

Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)

iStock Photo

Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)



Sonangol news briefing Sonangol news briefing

Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)

Lula Ahrens

Mr. Simba

Angola had estimated oil reserves

of 9.5 billion barrels, which could

last more than 50 years at

current production rates

Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)

Kwanza as these are geologically related to Brazil’s Campos Basin, an area

with abundant oil reserves.

The minister also confirmed that the first shipment of liquefied

natural gas from the Angola LNG project in Soyo, Zaire province, would

take place in June this year and that annual production would reach

5.2 million tonnes a year. He said he expected the project would have a

positive impact on Angola’s economic growth and that its provision of

butane or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) for domestic use would make

Angola self-sufficient in the product.

Vasconcelos said Sonangol would also have at its disposal 125 million

cubic feet of natural gas per day to produce power and for use by the

petrochemical industry, increasing its economic impact on the sector.

Speaking to the press, he said that Angola has estimated oil reserves

of 9.5 billion barrels, which could last more than 50 years at current

production rates. It also has 11 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, enough

for the next 30 years.

Discussions held at the various conference seminars included

power production in Angola, the exploration of new oil and gas frontiers

represented by promising subsalt deposits and had finance and

management of risks involved in the country’s oil and gas projects.

Other topics were the updating of current exploration and production

techniques, the development of and challenges for the service sector in

oilfields, and strategies for training and education in the oil and gas industry.

Angola’s Ministry of Petroleum, the African Petroleum Producers

(APPA) Fund for Technical Co-operation, and Africa & Middle East (AME)

Trade promoted the event. p

Conference topics

• An update on current exploration and

production activities

• Exploring the unknown: Presalt: Angola’s

new exploration frontier

• LNG and gas: The future of Angola’s

energy production

• Technological innovations in exploration

and production

• Developments and challenges in oilfield

services sectors

• Angola’s activities in joint development

zones and in projects outside of Angola

• Finance and risk management in Angola’s

oil and gas projects

• Angola’s fiscal, legal and regulatory


• Empowering Angola’s entrepreneurs and

small and medium-sized enterprises to

succeed in the oil and gas sector

• Training and education strategies in

Angola’s oil and gas industry

• Corporate social responsibility projects in

Angola: Case studies

• Data management and information

technology in Angola’s oil and gas industry

• Angola’s downstream sector: Transport,

logistics, supply chain and trading

• Roundtable discussion: on The challenges

and goals for the next decade of Angola’s

oil and gas industry


Mr. Simba

Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)

Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)

Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)

Event entertainer

Africa & Middle East Trade (AME)

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