nr.1 2013.pdf

law.ugent.be

nr.1 2013.pdf

CONTENTS

Case and cornrnent

Rejection of documents tendered under a letter of credit (Fortis Bank v lndian Overseas Bank)

Reconsidering White (5 Carter v McGregor (The Aquafoith)

Unjust enrichment in a parallel universe? Restitution oftax, limitation and European law (FIl v

IRC)

A comprornise of principle? (lTS v Noble)

Rethinking the signature rule (Als Memasa v UBS)

In for a penny, in for a pound (Rubin v Eurofinanee; Netu Cap Reinsurance v Grant)

The law governing arbitration agreements in England (Sulamerica vEnesa)

Validity of a notice served under contractual rights reserved (Ener-G Holdings v Hormell)

Articles

30 years before the mast THE HON SIR BERNARD EDER

What is a "ship" under the 1952 Arrest Convention? SIMON RAINEY QC

Territory in the Rome I and Rome 11Regulations PROFESSOR ANDREW DICKINSON

Book reviews

Hodges: Consumer ADR in Europe

Barnett: Accounting for Profit for Breach of Contract: Theory and Practice


d

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egal Search"Maritime Legal"

[2013] LMCLQI-136 Part 1, February 2013

LLOYD'S MARITIME

AND COMMERCIAL LAW

QUARTERLY

CONTENTS

Case and conunent

Rejection of documents tendered under a letter of credit

(Fortis Bank v lndian Overseas Bank)

Reconsidering White f5 Carter v McGregor

(The Aquafoith)

5

Unjust enrichment in a parallel universe? Restitution of tax, limitation and

European law

(PIl v lRC)

11

A compromise of principle?

(lTS v Noble)

17

Rethinking the signature rule

(Als Memasa v UBS)

21

In for a penny, in for a pound

(Rubin v Eurofinanee; Neto Cap Reinsurance v Grant)

26

The law governing arbitration agreements in England

(Sulamerica vEnesa)

31

Validity of a notice served under contractual rights reserved

(Ener-G Holdings v Hormell) 35

Articles

30 years before the mast

The Hon Sir Bernard Eder

What is a "ship" under the 1952 Arrest Convention?

Simon Rainey QC

Territory in the Rome I and Rome II Regulations

Professor Andrew Dickinson

Book reviews

Hodges: Consumer ADR in Europe 133

Barnett: Accounting for Profit for Breach of Contract: Theory and Practice 134

42

50

86


utors

hould retain a copy. th top of the ürst page

s should be typeda~f a~ Artic\e, the author's

r Commenl), men: . hort AbstraCI (of na

s should then contalhna s d of Comments and

should be siated at teen

foHowing and other matters of

dance on the

n A4 paper on one side of the page only, with

h Id pear in a footno te

present position s o~ of a: Comment or Baak

Artic\e or at the en blic lecture) or

t an Artic\e (eg that r'~:ea~~i~~e should appear

oncermng the texi 0

AH f tnoles should be typed

I but in footnOtes. 00 added or deleled, aH

ely (so, if any footnO le IS

. ade. olherwise, references in Book

ference ISm ,

text. nol as fO~lnoles. and specific references

its media-neutr~ ~;Ia~~rerences sbould be 10 the

so, wbere avai a e, er 10 the Weekly Law

din the Law Reports prop din Lloyd's Reports

fficialEnglish law ;eports ~n2 [20011 UKHL 44;

Scot/and nc» Erndge ~ilaJe, citations should,

al English clla\1on IS':~C) The nominale report

Lloyd's Reports, I? wh~n Ihe English Reports

ept on tbe ~S)Ic~a~~n~ase of overseas cases, it is

128 (Adm I.. in overseas reports, eg

on in parenthe~~0[~~~.(t972) 32 OLR (3d) 571;

lelis) [19741Sf' bi 10 the media neutral

to a single senes-pre era Dnion cases should be

in both places). E~iohea;hiP Macie} Rara} (Case

Tatry V Owners oJ t e 51 1 Lloyd's Rep 302.

om The Macie) Rara{i~9 given in ful], preferably

of an aulhonty shou e of the snip, if any, or

form (partlcularly the na(bUI not generaHy) a list

used. In appropnakledc~~~~nole(see Note 7) and the

ded to the aSlens e

citation in abbreviated farm. in

10 append 10 the d ' .d d eg Norwich tjnion.

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Lloyd's Rep

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9931RLR 3. Books s ou , name: utle of baak in

foHowedby origin~1 aU~~~ti~ns ar~ 10 be repeated);

s in parenthesIs, w er~ the Conflict of Laws. 10th

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0 coHections of papers

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of CFH Tapper (ed.), nme,

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inor.

Table of Cases

Abuja International Hotels Ltd v Meridien SAS [2012] EWHC 87 (Comm); [2012] 1 Lloyd's Rep

~J......................................... ..........•................•..............•.........•..•.....•.....•.....•...... TI

Ace Tnsurance Ltd v Moose Enterprise Pty [2009] NSWSC 724 130

Achilleas, The [2009] 1 AC 61 (HL) 43, 49

Adarns v Adams [1971] P 188 105

Adarns v Cape Industries Plc [1990] Ch 453 28

Addison v Oenholm Ship Management (UK) Ltd [1997]ICR 770 75,76

AEG (UK) Ltd v Logic Resource Ltd [1996] CLC 265 24, 25

Aggeliki Charis CNSA v Pagnan SpA (The Angelic Grace) [1995] I Lloyd's Rep 87 (CA) 44,45

Akai Pty Ltd v People's Insurance Co Ltd [1998] I Lloyd's Rep 90 28

Akande v Balfour Beatty Construction Ltd [1998] IL Pr I 10 28

Alaskan Trader, The [1983] 2 Lloyd's Rep 645 6-10 passim

Alecos M, The [199 J] 1 Lloyd' s Rep 120 . 6

Aliakmon, The [1986] AC 785 (HL) 42

Allianz SpA v West Tankers Inc (The Front Comor) (Case C-185/07) [2009] ECR 1-663; [2009] 1 AC

1138; [2009] 1 Lloyd's Rep 413 .

Allied Carpets Group P1c v Nethercott [2001] BCC 81 .

Als Memasa v UBS AG [2012] SGCA 43 .

Amministrazione delle Finanze dello Stato v SpA San Giorgio (Case 199/82) ECR 3595 .

Amylum v Council (Case 108/81) [1982] ECR 3107 .

Andalusian. The (1878) LR 3 PD 182 .

Angelic Grace, The [1995] 1 Lloyd's Rep 87 (CA) see Aggeliki Charis CNSA v Pagnan SpA

43,44

19

21

17

95

57-63

Antaois [1985] AC 191 (HL) 42,48

Apostolides v Orams (Case C-420/07) [2009] ECR 1-3571 89,90,93, 108, II1

Athanasia Comninos, The [1990] I Lloyd's Rep 277 . 43

Attorney-General (UK) v Heinemann Publishers Australia Pty Ltd (1989) 165 CLR 30 27

Bank of Credit and Commerce International SA v Ali [2001] UKHL 8; [2002] 1 AC 251 39

Bankers Trust Co v State Bank of India [1991] 1 Lloyd's Rep 587 5

Base Metal Trading v Shamurin [2004] EWCA Civ 1316; [2005] 1 WLR 1157 97

Basse and Selve v Bank of Australasia (1904) 90 LT 618 5

Berge Sisar, The [2002] 2 AC 205 (HL) 43

Beximco Pharmaceuticals Ltd v Sharnil Bank of Bahrain EC [2004] EWCA Civ 19; [2004] 1 WLR

1784 100

Bijela, The [1994] 1 WLR 615 (HL) 43

Blunden v Commonwealth [2003] HCA 73; 218 CLR 330 127

Blunden v Frogmore Investrnents Ltd [2003] 2 P&CR 6 40

British Arab Commercial Bank P1c v The National Transitional Council of the State of Libya [2011]

EWHC 2274 (Comrn) 110

Buchanan Ltd v McVey [1955] AC 516n 27

Cv 0 [2007] EWCA Civ 1282; [2008] 1 Lloyd's Rep 239 32-35 passim

Caglar v Billingham (Inspector of Taxes) [1986] STC 150 104

Cambridge Gas Transportation Corp v Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors of Navigator

Holdings P1c [2006] UKPC 26; [2007] 1 AC 508 26,27,30

Capricorn Greenland Exploration I Limited v Stichting Phoenix (LJN:BQ7690) 126

Carl Zeiss Stiftung v Rayner & Keeler Ltd [1967] 1 AC 853 103, 106, 111

Carradine Properties Ltd v Aslam [1976] I WLR 442 36

Chartbrook Ltd v Persimmon Homes Ltd [2009] UKHL 38; [2009] AC 1101 39

Page numbers in bold type indicate where the details of a particular case are examined.

Vll


viii LLOYD'S MARITIME AND COMMERCIAL LAW QUARTERLY

Chen Li Hung v Ting Lei Miao [2000] 1 HKLRD 252; (2000) 3 HKCFAR 9 104, 106, 117

Chikuma, The [1981] I WLR 314 42,45

Child Poverty Action Group v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions [2010] UKSC 43; [2011]2 AC

15 11, 16

Chung Chi Cheung v The King [1930] AC 160 127

Civil Aeronautics Administration v Singapore Airlines Ltd [2004] SGCA 3; [2004] 1 SLR 570; [2004]

5 LRC 154 104

Commission v Parliament and Council (Case C-178/03) [2006] ECR 1-107 95

Consmat Singapore (Pte) Ltd v Bank of America National Trust & Savings Association [1992] SGHC

146; [1992] 2 SLR (R) 195 25

Cremdean Properties v Nash [1977] 244 EG 547 23

Curtis v Chemical Cleaning and Dyeing Co [1951] 1 KB 805 24

DFDS Torli~e AlS v SEKO Sjöfolk Facker för Service och Kommunikation (Case C-18/02) [2004]

ECR 1-1417 .

Deutsche Morgan Grenfell Group v IRC [2006] UKHL 49; [2007] AC 558 .

Do-Buy 925 Ltd v National Westminster Bank Plc [2010] EWHC 2852 (QB); [2010] AH ER (D) 231 .

Dolphin Maritime & Aviation Services Ltd v Sveriges Angfartygs Assurans Forening [2009] EWHC

716 (Comm); [2009] 2 Lloyd's Rep 123 .

Domierest Ltd v Swiss Bank Corp [1999] QB 548 .

Dominique, The [1989] AC 1056 (HL) .

Drouot Assurances SAS v Consolidated Metallurgical Industries (Case 351/96) ECR 1-3075; [1999]

QB 497; [1999] Lloyd's Rep IR 338 (ECJ) 43

Dumez France SA v Hessische Landesbank (Case C-220/88) [1990] ECR 1-49 124

Dynamic, The [2003] 2 Lloyd's Rep 693 6-10 passim

eDate Advertising GmbH v X and Martinez v MGN Ltd (Joined Cases C-509/09 and C-161/1O)

(Judgment of 25 October 2011) 125

Electrosteel Europe SA v Edil Centro SpA (Case C-87/10) (Judgrnent of 9 June 2011) 125

Emin v Yeldag [2002] 1 FLR 956 104, 105

Ernployers' Liability Insurance "Trigger" Litigation: BAl (Run Off) Limited v Durham [2012] UKSC

14; [2012] ICR 574; [2012] Lloyd's Rep IR 371 124

ENE Kos Ltd v Petroleo Brasileiro SA (The Kos) [2012] UKSC 17; [2012] 2 WLR 976; [2012] 2

Lloyd's Rep 292 43, 45

Ener-G Holdings Plc v Hormell [2012] EWCA Civ 1059 35

English Scottish and Australian Bank Ltd v Bank of South Africa (1922) I Ll L Rep 21 4

Equatorial Guinea v Royal Bank of Scotland International [2006] UKPC 7; [2005-06] GLR 373 27

Equitable Trust Co of New York v Dawson Partners Ltd (1927) 27 Ll L Rep 49 2,4

European and Australian Royal Mail Co v P&O Steam Navigation Co (1864) 14 LT 704 55,67, 82-84

Fanti, The and The Padre 1sland [1991] 2 AC I (HL) .

Ferguson, Ex parte, (1871) LR 6 QB 280 .

Flanders Harmony, The, Juge des Saisies of Dendermonde: Order of 20 Sept 1982 .

Fletcher Steel v The Unnamed Double Ended Gravel Dredge (27 July 1988) Unreported (NZHC) .

Football Cataco Ltd v Sportradar GmbH (Case C-173/11) (Judgment of 18 October 2012) .

Forestall Mimosa Ltd v Oriental Credit Ltd [1986] 1 WLR 631 .

Fortis Bank v Indian Overseas Bank [2011] EWCA Civ 58; [2011] 2 Lloyd's Rep 33 .

Franked Investment Income Group Litigation (Test Claimants in the) vinland Revenue Commissioners

[2012] UKSC 19; [2012] Bus LR 1033; [2012] 2 WLR 1149 .

Front Comor, The, see Allianz SpA v West Tankers Inc

Gan Insurance Co Ltd v Tai Ping Insurance Co Ltd [1999] 2 All ER (Comrn) 54 .

Gas Float Whitton No 2, The, see Wells v The Owners of the Gas Float Whitton

Giannis NK, The [1998] AC 605 (HL) .

Global Marine Drilling Co v Triton Holdings Ltd (The Sovereign Explorer) (23 November 1999)

Unreported CS OH) .

Global Partners Fund Ltd v Babcock & Brown Ltd (in liq) [2010] NSWCA 196; (2010) 79 ACSR

383 .

Golden Strait Corp v Nippon Yusen Kubishika Kaisha (The Golden Victory) [2007] UKHL 12; [2007]

2 AC 353; [2007] Bus LR 997; [2007] 2 Lloyd's Rep 164 .

Golden Victory, The, see Golden Strait Corp v Nippon Yusen Kubishika Kaisha

Page nurnbers in bold type indicate where the details of a particular case are exarnined.

127

11, 13

25

125

124

43, 48

43

54,65

63

61

125

2

1

ll5

11

43

76

30

45

Gur Corp v Trust

Halpern v Halpem

Harnlyn & Co v T:

Hanazalis v Court

Harlow, The [1922

Hesperides Hotels

HlH Casualty & G!

2 All ER (CO

Hill Harmony, The

Hillside (New Med

Hing Yip Fat Co L

Homawoo v GMF t

Hounslow LBC v 1

Howard v Pickford

ICDL GCC Founda

343 .

Independent Boat B

Independent Trustel

597 .

Interfoto Picture Li

International Tank

Investors Cornpens

896 .

Isabella Shipowner S

J Spurling Ltd v Br'

Jacques v Lloyd D

James (An Insolven

Jervis v Harris [199

Jurong Shipyard Pte

Kastor Too, The [2

Kinch v Bullard [I~

Kleinwort Benson v

Komninos S, The [I

Kos, The, see ENE

Kredietbank Antwerj

Kumagai-Zenecon C~

Kuwait Airways Co

AC 883 .

Kyzikos, The [1989]

L'Estrange v F Graud

Lee Chee Wei v Tan

Lipkin Gorman v K

Lipohar v The Queen

Ups, The [1988] AC

Littlewoods Retail Lt(

Lloyd v Registrar of l

Loizidou v Turkey [I!

Lorentzen v Lydden &

Lucasfilm Ltd v Ains

Mac, The (1882) 7 PD

McKain v RW Miller

Maclaine Watson &

Malas (Hamzeh) & C

Mandarin Star, The, Sf

Page numbè


LAW QUARTERLY

104 106, 117

AR 9 , 42 45

[ïöïöïuKSC'43:"[ïöïïï'i'Aë 11', 16

.................................... 127

..................................

1-107 ··································

. gs Association [1992] SGHC

.....................................

......................•..................

...........................................

'kation (Case C·18/02) [2004]

...................................

C 558 .

(QB); [2010] AHER (D) 231 .

127

11, 13

25

surans Forening [2009] EWHC

................................................

...................................

125

124

43,48

..;~ '3sÏï96j' EëR'Ï~3Ö75:'"[ï999j

.........................................

] ECR I~49.:::·.::::·.·

43

124

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Cases C-509/09 and C-161/1O)

......

125

125

nt of 9 Iune 2011) .

....................................................... 104, 105

Limited v Durham [2012] UKSC

124

ï7';"[ïö'iïï'ï"w"LR'976';"[ïÖïïï'ï

..............................

.........................................

(1922) I Ll L Rep 21

43,45

35

4

27

UKPC 7; [2005-06] GLR 373 2 4

7 Ll L Rep 49 ' '84

n Co (1864) 14 LT 704 55, 67, 82-

43

............................................. 54.65

~··;f·ïö··s~~;·ï98ï":::::::·.::::·.::::·.::::::::::~i

July 1988) Unreported (NZHC) .

ent of 18 October 2012) 12~

iïïï·Li;~d;~··R~~··3·3··:::·.·.:·.::·:::·.· ..::·.::· ....

e) vinland Revenue Commlssloners

49 .

IER (Comm) 54 .

as Float Whitton

···i~;;··Ë;;i~;~·~ï·(23··N~~~~b~~··ï999)

76

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30

"'~~"Vi'~~~'~)'[2ÖÖ7i'UKHL'ï2";'"[iöÖ7j

45

............................................................

ils of a particular case are examined.

104

95

25

23

24

1

11

115

43

TABLE OF CASES

Gur Corp v Trust Bank of Africa Ltd [1987] QB 599 101

HaIpern v Halpern [2007] EWCA Civ 291; [2007] 2 Lloyd's Rep 56 100

Hamlyn & Co v TaIisker Distillery [1984] AC 202 35

HanazaIis v Court of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate, HC 171/68, 23(1) PD 260 (SC of Israel) 121

Harlow, The [1922] P 175 68

Hesperides Hotels Ltd v Aegean Turkish Holidays Ltd [1978] QB 205 104-106 passim

HIH CasuaIty & General Insurance Ltd v New Hampshire Insurance Co [2001] EWCA Civ 735; [2001]

2 AU ER (Cornrn) 39 25

Hili Harmony, The [2001] 1 AC 638 (HL) 43

Hillside (New Media) Ltd v Baasland [2010] EWHC 3336 (Comm); [2010] 2 CLC 986.................... 125

Hing Yip Fat Co Ltd v Daiwa Bank [1991] 2 HK 35 3

- Homawoo v GMF Assurances SA (Case C-412/10) [2012] EWHC 1941 (QB); [2011] IL Pr 12 91-92,105,

Hounslow LBC v Twickenham Garden Developments [1071] Ch 233 .

Howard v Pickford Tooi Co Ltd [1951] 1 KB 417 .

ICDL GCC Foundation FZ-LLC v European Computer Driving Licence Foundation Ltd [2011] IEHC

343 .

Independent Boat Builders v the Unnamed Ship (1996) PRNZ 670 .

Independent Trustee Services Ltd v GP Noble Trustees Ltd [2012] EWCA Civ 195; [2012] 3 WLR

597 .

Interfoto Picture Library Ltd v Stiletto Visual Programmes Ltd [1989] I QB 433 .

International Tank & Pipe SAK v Kuwait Fuelling Co KSG [1975] QB 224 .

Investors Compensation Scheme Ltd v West Bromwich Building Soc [1997] UKHL 28; [1998]1 WLR

896 .

Isabella Shipowner SA v Shagang Shipping Co Ltd (The Aquafaith) [2012] EWHC 1077 (Comm) .

J Spurling Ltd v Bradshaw [1956] 1 WLR 461 .

Jacques v Lloyd D George & Partners Ltd [1968] 1 WLR 625 .

Jarnes (An Insolvent), Re, [1977] Ch 41 .

Jervis v Harris [1996] Ch 195 (CA) .

Jurong Sbipyard Pte Ltd v BNP Paribas [2008] SGHC 86; [2008] 4 SLR(R) 33 .

Kastor Too, The [2004] 2 Lloyd's Rep 119 (CA) .

Kinch v Bullard [1999] 1 WLR 423 .

Kleinwort Benson v Lincoln City Council [1999] 2 AC 349 .

Komninos S, The [1991] 1 Lloyd's Rep 370 .

Kos, The, see ENE Kos Ltd v Petrol eo Brasileiro SA

Kredietbank Antwerp v Midland Bank Plc [1999] Lloyd's Rep Bank 219 .

Kumagai-Zenecon Consttuction Pte Ltd v Arab Bank Ltd [1997]2 SLR 805; aff'd [1997]3 SLR 770 .

Kuwait Airways Corp v Iraqi Airways Co [2001]1 Lloyd's Rep 161 (CA); [2002] UKHL 19; [2002]

AC 883 .

Kyzikos, The [1989] AC 1264 (HL) .

L'Estrange v F Graucob Ltd [1934] 2 KB 394 .

Lee Chee Wei v Tan Hor Peow Victor [2007] SGCA 22; [2007] 3 SLR(R) 537 .

Lipkin Gorman v Karpnale [1991] 2 AC 548 .

Lipohar v The Queen [1999] HCA 65; 200 CLR 485 .

Lips, The [1988] AC 395 (HL) .

Littlewoods Retail Ltd and Others v HMRC (Case C-591/10) [2012] EUECJ C-591/10 .

Lloyd v Registrar of Ships [1989] NZLR 586 .

Loizidou v Turkey [1997] 23 AHRR 513 .

Lorentzen v Lydden & Co Ltd [1942] 2 KB 202 .

Lucasfilm Ltd v Ainsworth [2011] UKSC 39; [2012] 1 AC 208 .

ix

124

6, 7

6

129

60-64

17

24, 25

32

36, 39

5

24

24

104

6

22

43

41

11

130

2

2

109

42, 48

24

22, 23

20

110

43

16, 17

60-62

108

28

109

Mac, The (1882) 7 PD 126; 4 Asp MLC 555 (CA) 66, 68, 73, 75

McKain v RW Miller & Co [1991] HCA 56; 174 CLR 1 110

Mac1aine Watson & Co Ltd v Council and Commis sion (Case C/241/87) [1990] ECR 1-1797 109

Malas (Hamzeh) & Co v British Imex Industries [1958] 2 QB 127 4

Mandarin Star, The, see Nishina Trading Co Ltd v Chiyoda Fire and Marine Ins Co Ltd

Page numbers in bold type indicate where the details of a particular case are examined.


x LLOYD'S MARITIME AND COMMERCIAL LAW QUARTERLY

Mannai LId v Eagle Star Association Co LId [1997] AC 749 36

Maple Leaf Macro Volatility Master Fund v Rouvroy [2009] EWHC 256 (Comm); [2009] 1 Lloyd's

Rep 475 124

Mareva CNSA v International Bulkcarriers SA (The Mareva) [1975] 2 Lloyd's Rep 509 (CA) 46

Marinari v Lloyds Bank Plc (Case C-364/93) [1995] ECR 1-2719 124

Marks & Spencer Plc v Commissioners of Cu stoms & Excise (Case C-62/00) [2000] ECR 1-6325;

[2003] QB 866 15

Marleasing SA v La Comercial Intemacional de Alimentación SA (Case C-J06/89) [1990] ECR

1-4135 16

Marques de Bolarque, The [1984] 1 Lloyd's Rep 652 32

Mbasogo v Logo LId [2007] EWCA Civ 1370; [2007] QB 846 27

Merchants Marine lnsurance Co LId v North of England P&I Assn (1926) 26 LI L Rep 201 51,68,70,75,

85

Metallgesellschaft Ltd v IRC (Joined Cases C-397/98 and C-4JO/98) [2001] ECR 1-1727; [2001] Ch

620 11

Ministry of Health v Simpson [1948] Ch 465 20

Ministry of Sound (Ireland) Ltd v World Online Ltd [2003] EWHC 2178 (Ch) _.................. 6, 10

Mirador International LLC v MF Global UK LId [2012] EWCA Civ 1662.......................................... 39

Missouri Steamship Co, Re (1889) LR 42 Ch D 321 35

Monro v HMRC [2008] EWCA Civ 306; [2009] Ch 69 16

Moti v The Queen [2011] HCA 50; 283 ALR 293 IlO

Murthy v Sivasjothi [1999] 1 WLR 467 29

Musawi v RE International (UK) Ltd [2007] EWHC 2981; [2007] ArbLR 43 100

Namibia (South West Africa) (1971) ICJ Reports 16 103-108 passim

National Westminster Bank Ltd v Betchworth Investments LId [1975] I EGLR 57 40

Neilson v Overseas Projects Corp of Victoria LId [2005] HCA 54; 223 CLR 334 94

Nema, The, see Pioneer Shipping Ltd v BTP Tioxide LId

New Cap Reinsurance Corp v Grant [2011] EWCA Civ 971; [2012] 2 WLR 1095 26

Newborough v Jones [1975] Ch 90 40

Nicholas H, The [1996] I AC 211 (HL) 43

Niedersachsen, The, see Ninemia Maritime Corp v Trave Schiffahrts GmbH

Ninemia Maritime Corp v Trave Schiffahrts GmbH (The Niedersachsenï [1983] 2 Lloyd's Rep 600

(CA) 42, 46, 47

Nippon Yusen Kaisha v Karageorgis [1975] I WLR 1093 (CA) 46

Nishina Trading Co Ltd v Chiyoda Fire and Marine Ins Co Ltd (The Mandarin Star) [1969]2 QB 449 47

North Goodwin No 16, The [1980] I L1oyd's Rep 71 67,77

North Sea Continental Shelf Case [1969] ICJ Rep 3 126

O'Driscoll v J Ray McDermott SA [2006] WASCA 25 94

Ocean Chemical Transport Inc v Exnor Craggs Ltd [2000] 1 L1oyd's Rep 446 24

Oceanbulk Shipping & Trading SA v TMT Asic Ltd [2010] 3 WLR 1424 (SC) 43

Odenfeld, The [1978] 2 L1oyd's Rep 357 6--10 passim

Orient Centre Investrnents Ltd v Société Générale [2007] SGCA 24; [2007] 3 SLR(R) 566 22

Oversea-Chinese Banking Corp Ltd v Frankel Motor Pte LId [2009] SGHC 76; [2009] 3 SLR(R) 623

SGHC 25

Owusu v Jackson (Case C-281/02) [2005] ECR 1-1383 89, 93

Parker v South Eastern Railway Co (1877) 2 CPD 416 24

Parliament v Council (Case C-155/07) ECR 1-8103 .....................................•.......................................... 95

Parliament v Council (Case C-166/07) [2009] ECR 1-7135 95

PEC Ltd Thai Mapam Trading Co LId [2011] EWHC 3306 (Comm) 36

Peekay Intermark Ltd v ANZ Banking Group Ltd [2006] EWCA Civ 386; [2006]2 L1oyd's Rep 511 23

Peer International Corp v Termidor Music Publishers LId [2003] EWCA Civ 1156; [2004] Ch 212 28

Perks v Clark [2001] EWCA Civ 1228; [200l] WLR 17; [2001] 2 L1oyd's Rep 431 .... 55,74,78-85 passim

Peterson Farms Inc v C&M Farming LId [2004] EWHC 121 (Cornm); [2004] 1 Lloyd's Rep 603 32

Phillips-Higgins v Harper [1954]1 QB 411 14

Pilcher v Rawlins (1872) LR 7 Ch App 259 20

Pioneer Container, The [1994] 2 AC 324 lIS

Pioneer Shipping LId v BTP Tioxide LId (The Nema) [1982] AC 724 (HL) 42-47 passim

Pioneer Shipping LId v BTP Tioxide LId (The Nema) (No 2) [1981] 2 Lloyd' s Rep 239 (HL) 43-47 passim

Page numbers in bold type indicate where the details of a particular case are examined.


w QUARTERLY

TABLE OF CASES

..•..•..••..•..••..•..••..••..•..•.

ë~~);[2009] 1 Lloyd's

.................... .......................

yd's Rep 509 (CA) .

.............................

2iööi''[2000] ECR 1-6325;

~··'ë:ïÖ6ï89)··[ï99Öi··EëR

.............................................

................................

36

124

46

124

15

16

32

Polpen Shipping Co Ltd v Commercial Union Assurance Co Ltd [1943] KB 161

Popi M, The [1985] I WLR 948 (HL)

Press Automation Technology Pte Ltd v Trans-Link Exhibition Forwarding Pte Ltd [2002] SGHC 286;

[2003] 1 SLR (R) 712

Public Works Commissioner v Hills [1906] AC 368

Puerto Buitrago, The [1976] 1 Lloyd's Rep 250 (CA) 6-10

Queen v Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, ex parte SP Anastasiou (Pissouri) Ltd (Case

C-432/92) ECR 1-3087

Queen v St John Ship Building and Dry Doek Co [1981] 126 DLR (3rd) 353

70

42

25

8

passim

118

73

27

6'LiL'R~~2Ö·ï:::::::·.:::··sï·:·68, 70, 75,

85

Ol] ECR 1-1727; [2001] Ch

.............................................. 11

.............................................. 20

I(Ch) . 6,10

.2 . 39

............................ 35

....................................... 16

........................................... 110

,.

............................................. 29

43 . 100

R v Carrick District Council, ex p Prankerd (The Winnie Rigg) [1998] 2 Lloyd's Rep 675 80

R v Goodwin [2005] EWCA Crim 3184; [2006]1 WLR 546; [2006]1 Lloyd's Rep 432 (CA (Crim) 43,54,

55,79-80

R (Yollari) v Secretary of State for Transport [2010] EWCA Civ 1093; [2011] I Lloyd's Rep 274 lOl, 104

Raffaela S, The [2005] 2 AC 423 (HL) 43

Raiffeisen Zentralbank Österreich AG v Royal Bank of Scotland P1c [2010] EWHC 1392 (Comm);

[2011] 1 Lloyd's Rep 123 . 23

Rainy Sky SA v Kookmin Bank [2011] UKSC 50; [2012] Bus LR 313; [2012] 1 Lloyd's Rep 34 . 43,49

Robertson, Ex p, in re Morton (1875) LR 20 Eq 733 . 29

Rubin v Eurofinance SA [2010] EWCA Civ 895; [2011] Ch 133; noted [2010] LMCLQ 523 . 26

Rubin v Eurofinance SA; New Cap Reinsurance Corp (in liq) v Grant (joined cases) [2012] UKSC 46 . 26

..........................

...... 103-108 passim

E~~3~7.::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ~~

...............................................

...............................................

26

40

43

bH

) [1983] 2 Lloyd's Rep 600

.............................. 42, 46, 47

46

··~i~s~~·;i[ï969ï2·QB'449·::: 47

...................... 67,77

::::::::::::::::::::::::........................ 126

................................................

ep 446

94

!~

24 (SC) .

............................ 6-10 passim

'ÖÖ:;ï'3"SLR(R) 566 22

HC 76; [2009] 3 SLR(R) 623

................................................. 25

................................................. 89, 93

..........................................

...........................................

.................................................

24

95

95

36

............................................

. [2006]2 Lloyd's Rep 511 .... 23

èivI156;[2004]Ch212........ 28

yd's Rep 431 .... 55,74,78-85 passim

. [2004] 1 Lloyd's Rep 603 .... 32

, 14

............................................... 20

................................................... 115

............................

·'CBi)··:::::::::: 42-47 passim

oyd's Rep 239 (HL) 43-47 passim

particular case are exarnined.

SA Roquette Frères v Council (Case 110/81) [1982] ECR 3159 .

Saga Cob, The [1992] 2 Lloyd's Rep 545 (CA) .

St John Pilot Commissioners v Cumberland Ry & Coal Co [1910] AC 208 .

Salem, The, see Shell International Petroleum Co Ltd v Gibbs

Salemink v Raad van bestuur van het Uitvoeringsinstituut werknemersverzekeringen (Case C-347/lO)

(Judgment of 17 January 2012) .

Saunders v Anglia Building Society [1971] AC 1004 .

Seaconsar (Far East) Ltd v Bank Markazi [1993] I Lloyd's Rep 236 .

Serangoon Garden Estate Ltd v Marian Chye (1959) 25 MLJ 113 .

Sharpley v Manby [1942] 1 KB 217 .

Shashoua v Sharma [2009] EWHC 957 (Comm); [2009] 2 Lloyd's Rep 376 .

Shell International Petroleum Co Ltd v Gibbs (The Salem) [1983] 2 AC 375 .

Sierra Leone Telecommunications Co Ltd v Barc1ays Bank P1c [1998] 2 All ER 821 (CA) .

Simona, The [1989] AC 788 (HL) .

Sirius International Ins Co v FAl General lns Co Ltd [2004] UKHL 54; [2004] 1 WLR 3251 .

Smith v Eric S Bush [1990] I AC 831 .

Soc Eram Shipping Co Ltd v Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corp Ltd [2003] UKHL 30; [2004] 1

AC 260 27

Softly, Re, ex p Hodgkin (1875) LR 20 Eq 746 58, 60, 61

Sokoloff v National City Bank (1924) 145 NE 917 103

Somalia (Republic of) v Woodhouse, Drake and Carey (Suisse) SA [1993] QB 54 110

Sonatrach Pertroleum Corp v Ferrell International Ltd [2001] EWHC 481 (Comm); [2002] 1 AU ER

(Comm) 627 32, 33

Soon Kok Tiang and others v DBS Bank Ltd [2011] SGCA 55; [2012] 1 SLR 397 21

Springwell Navigation Corp v JP Morgan Chase Bank [2010] EWCA Civ 1221; [2010]2 CLC 705 23

Star Sea, The [2003] 1 AC 469 (HL) 43

Starsin, The [2004] 1 AC 715 (AC) 43

Steedman v Scofield [1992] 2 Lloyd's Rep 163 74, 77, 79

Stylo Shoes Ltd v Prices Tailors Ltd [1960 I Ch 396 39

Sulamerica Cia Nacional de Seguros SA v Enesa Engenharia SA [2012] EWCA Civ 638; [2012] 1

Lloyd's Rep 671 32

Sumitomo Heavy Industries Ltd v Oil and Natural Gas Comrnission [1994] 1 Lloyd's Rep 45 32, 33

Svenska Petroleum Exploration AB v Government of the Republic of Lithuania (No 2) [2005] EWHC

2437 (Comm); [2006] 1 Lloyd's Rep 181 . 32

Tanham v Nicholson (1872) LR 5 HL 561 .

Texaco Melbourne [1994] 1 Lloyd's Rep 473 (HL) .

Thomton v Shoe Lane Parking Ltd [1971] 2 QB 163 .

Page numbers in bold type indicate where tbe details of a particular case are exarnined.

xi

95

43

68

126

25

3

24

39

32

42,47

110

43

36, 47

23

39

43, 46

24


Xll LLOYD'S MARITIME AND COMMERCIAL LAW QUARTERLY

Timex v Council (Case C-264/82) [1985] ECR 849 95

Titan Steel Wheels Ltd v Royal Bank of Scotland [2010] EWHC (Comrn); [2010]2 Lloyd's Rep 92 23

Tilden Rent-A-Car Co v Clendenning (1989) 83 DLR (3d) 400 (Ont CA) 24

Titan, The (1922) 14 Ll L Rep 484 68

Toju Maru, The [1972] 1 AC 242 ".................... 98

Trade Agency Ltd v Seramico Investments Ltd (Case C-619/JO) (Judgment of 26 April 2012) 106

Tucker v Alexandroff (1902) 183 US 424; 22 S Ct 195 56

Underhill v Hernandez (1897) 168 US 250 109

Union of India v McDonnell Douglas Corp [1993] 2 Lloyd's Rep 48 32

United States v Insurance Companies (1874) 89 US 99 103

Upcerne, The [1912] P 160 67

Uptight v Mercury Business Machines (1961) 13 App Div 2d 36; 213 NY 2d 417 103

Valentines Property Ltd v Huntco Corp Ltd [2001] UKPC 14; [2001] 3 NZLR 305 40

Von Rocks, The [1998] 2 Lloyd's Rep 198 52,72-74,78-80

Watford Electronics Ltd v Sanderson CFL Ltd [2001] EWCA Civ 317; [2001]1 All ER (Comm) 696.... 22

Weber v UniversalOgden Services Ltd (Case C-37/00) [2002] ECR I-2013 126, 127

Wells v The Owners ofthe Gas Float Whitton (The Gas Float WhiUon No 2) [1896] P 42 (CA); [1897]

AC 337 66-67, 73, 76

White & Carter (Councils) Ltd v McGregor [1962] AC 413 (HL) 5-10

Winnie Rigg, The, see R v Carrick District Council, ex p Prankerd

Wood Floor Solutions v Domberger (Case C-19/09) [2010] ECR I-2121 125

Woolwich Equitable Building Soc v IRC (No 2) [1993] AC 70 12-15 passim

XL Insurance v Owens Corning [2000] 2 Lloyd's Rep 500 32-34 passim

Yukos Capital SARL v OJSC Rosneft Oil Co [2012] EWCA Civ 855 109

Zanzibar (Govemment of) v British Aerospace (Lancaster House) Ltd [2000]1 WLR 2333 (QBD) 23

Admiralty

Admiralty

s.3(1) ..

Agricultur

s.53 .....

Antarctic

Art.IV .

Arbitratio

Arbitration

Arrest Co

ventio

Brussels C

Ships

Art.1 ....

(I) .

2 .

4 .

5(1) .

7(5)

8 ....

214

Brussels I

China

Consti

Art.31 ..

Civil Juris

1987

Art.2 ....

Collision C

Arts 4, 7

Contracts (

s.2 .

Sch.l, Ai

Contractual

and Nl

to) (SI

Convention

Dama

Cross-Borde

2006/1

Cyprus, Tr

Art.1 .....

Cyprus,

14/60)s.29(1)(b)

Cyprus Act

s.2(1) .

3(8) .

Page numbers in bold type indicate where the details of a particular case are exarnined. Page nun


95

23

24

68

98

106

56

I 40

'4,78-80

22

126, 127

I 57,73,76

5-10

109

32

103

67

103 Admiralty Act 1973 (New Ze~and) 62

125

5 passim

4 passim

109

23

Table of Legislation

Admiralty Act 1988s.3(1)

57, 72

Agricultural Holdings Act 1923s.53

38-39

Antarctic Treaty 1959-

Art.lV 126

Arbitration Act 1979 43, 44, 49

Arbitration Act 1996 4

Arrest Convention 1952, see Brussels Convention

Brussels Convention 1952 on the Arrest of

Ships 50

Art.! 50, 54

(1) 63, 90

2 55,63

4 92

5(1) 126

7(5) 54

8 53, 55

214 51

Brussels I Regulation: (EC) 44/2001 44, 89, 90, 97

China (People's Republic of)

Constitution 114-117

Art.31 114

Civil Jurisdiction (Offshore Activities) Order

1987 (SI 198712197)-

Art.2 126

Collision Convention 1910 52-53, 98

Arrs 4,7, 10, 12 98

Contracts (Applicable Law) Act 1990s.2

31

Sch.l, Art.l(2)(d) 31

Contractual Obligations (England and Wales

and NI) Regulations (Law Applicable

tol (SI 2009/3064) reg.5(l) 119

Convention on International Liability for

Damage Caused by Space Objects 98

Cross-Border Insolvency Rules 2005 (SI

2006/1 030) 27

Cyprus, Treaty establishing Republic of 118

Art. 1 118

Cyprus, Courts of Justice Law (No

14/60)s.29(1)(b)

118

Cyprus Act 1960 (UK)s.2(1)

119

3(8) 119

EC Regulation 44/2001, see Brussels I Regulation

866/2004 89

864/2007, see Rome II Regulation

593/2008, see Rome I Regulation

EC Treaty (TEC)-

Art.65 95

249 87

299 88, 120

(1)-(6) 88

(6) 120

(4) 89, 119

Pt 3, Title IV 87,95

EC Treaty of Accession 2004 88, 89

Protocol No 10 107, 118

Art.l(1) 89, 118

~1) 89

Environmental Proteetion to the Antarctic

Treaty 1991, Protocol 98

Art.16 98

Annex VI 98

European Directives-

88/357/EEC

Art.2( d) 96

7 96

2002/83/EC

Art.32 96

2009/138/EC ("Solvency II") 96

Art. 13(13) 96

2012/23/EU 96

Family Law Act 1986s.49

104-105

(1) 105

Federal Courts Act 1981 (Canada)s.2(1)

57,71

Finance Act 2004s.320

12, 15, 17

Finance Act 2007s.107

12, 15

Foreign Judgments (Reciprocal Enforcement)

Act 1933 28

Gaming Act 1845 20

Geneva Convention 1999 51

Art.IO 52

Hague Convention 1971 (the law applicable

to traffic accidents)-

Art.ll 100

Page numbers in bold type indicate where the details of a particular piece of legislation are exarnined.

xiii

(;


XIV LLOYD'S MARITIME AND COMMERCIAL LAW QUARTERLY

Hague Convention 1973 (products liability)-

Art.12 100

Hague Convention 1978 (on the law applicabie

to matrimonial property)-

Art.17 100

19 100

Hague Trusts Convention 1985 (trusts)-

Art.23 100

Harbours, Docks and Piers Clauses Act 1847 80

High Court (Admiralty Jurisdiction) Act

2001- C

~ n

Hong Kong SAR Basic Law-

Art.l 114

2 114

8 114

11 113

18 liS

19 ll S

22 114

84 liS

Ch.lV 115

International Convention on Civil Liability

for Oil Pollution Damage 1992 52

International Convention on the Establishment

of an International Fund for Compensation

for Oil Pollution Damage

(FUND) 52

Interpretation Act 1978s.17(a),

(b) 80

Jurisdiction of Courts (Maritime Convention)

Act 1989 (lreland)s.13(2)

n

Landlord and Tenant Act 1927s.23

38-39

Landlord and Tenant Act 1954s.66(4)

39

Limitation Act 1980s.5

11

32(1)(c) 11-12, 14, 15

Limitation of Liability Convention 1976 52

Maritime Conventions Act 1911 77

L8 77

Merchant Shipping (Amendment) Act 2004

(Singapore) n

Merchant Shipping Act 1854 57,76

Merchant Shipping Act 1862 57, 58

Merchant Shipping Act 1894s.742

71

Merchant Shipping Act 1921s.I(I)

71

Merchant Shipping Act 1985 79

Merchant Shipping Act 1995 51-53,79

~8 W

185(1) 57

313(1) 71

Sch.7, Pt II, paras 2, 12 57

Merchant Shipping Act 1970 (Unregistered

Ships) Regulations 1991 (SI

199111366)reg.4

80

Misrepresentation Act 1994 (Singapore) 22-25

s.3 22

Navigation Act 1912 (Australia) n

s.8A(3) Tl.

New York Convention 1958 34-35

Non-Contractual Obligations (England,

Wales and NI) Regulations (Law Application

to) (SI 2008/2986)reg.6

119

Private International Law (MisceUaneous

Provisions) Act 1995-

Rome Convention on the law applicable to

contractual obligations 1980 31

Art.l(1) 100, 101

2 W

19 100

Rome I Regulation, 593/2008 86

Recital (7) 97

(11) 99, 129

(13) 99

(17) 123

(33) 95,96

(44), (46) 88

Art.I(2)(e) 31

(4) 88

2 94, 124

(I) 123

3 106

(I) 94, 99, 129-132

(3) 99, 106

(4) 94, 95, 96

4(1) 123, 124

(1)(b) 99

(3) 99

5(1)(b) 130

(2) 94

6(1) 94

7(1) 95

(3) 96,99

(6) 96

8 97

12(2) 114

16 106

20 93, 99, 112, 113, 131

22(1) 95, 100-113 passim

(2) 119-120

28 92

Rome II Regulation, 864/2007 86

Recital (6) 97

(7) 97

(8) 90

(13) 94,95

(29) 87

(30) 87

(34) 113

Art.l(4) 88

3 94

Page numbers in bold type indicate where the details of a particular piece of legislation are examined.

Ro

Ti

Trea

Pa


QUARTERLY

Act 1970 (Unregistered

Rome II Regulation, 864/2007-cont.

ulations 1991 (SI

Art.3(1)

4(1)

123

94, 97, 99, 123-129

................................................... 80

(2) 94, 126

ct 1994 (Singapore) 22-25

(3) 126

................................................... 22

6(3)(b) 96

2 (Australia) 72

8(1) 99

................................................... 72

14 106

ion 1958 34-35

(1) 94,99, 129

Obligations (England,

(2) 99

Regulations (Law Appli-

(3) 94, 95, 96

2008/2986)-

15 129

..._ 119

-17 113,114

al Law (Miscellaneous

t 1995-

00 the law applicable to

ligations 1980 31

24

25(1)

(2)

26

93, 99,112,113

95, 100-113 passim

119-120

106

........................................ 100, lOl

Arts 31, 32

............................................ 94

Senior Courts Act 1981

.................................................. 100

s.24(1)

, 593/2008 86

Shipping and Seamen Act 1952 (New Zealand)

.................................................... 97

Social Security Administration Act 1992-

........................................... 99,129

s.7 I

.... _ _ ...••...••...••. ~

Taxes Management Act 1970-

............................. _ 123

s.33

................ _ ~,%

Treaty on the European Union (TEU)-

................................................ 88

Art.25

.......................................... 31

26

..................................................... 88

27(1)

............................................ 94,124

30

...................................................

In

32

................................................... 1~

52

.............................. 94,99, 129-132

249

............................................ 99, 106

Title V

........................................ 94, 95, 96

Treaty on the Functioning of the European

.......................................... 123, 124

Union (TFEU)-

............................................... 99

Art.81

.................................................. 99

264

.............................................. 130

288

92

77

71

61

1 I

16

101

101

101

lOl

lOl

88

87

101

95

95

87

...................................................... 94

...................................................... 94

...................................................... 95

............................................... 96,99

..................................................... 96

...................................................... 97

................................................... 114

.................................................... 106

...................... 93,99, 112, 113, 131

......................... 95, 100-113 passim

............................................. 119-120

......................................................

n

.00,864/2007 86

....................................................... 97

..................................................... 97

..................................... 90

................................................ 94,95

....................................... 87

....................................................... 87

...................................................... 113

........................................................ 88

........................................................ 94

piece of legislation are examined.

TABLE OF LEGISLATION xv

Treaty on the Functioning of the European

Union (TFEU)-conl.

Art.355 88

(5)(b) 88

Pt 3, Title V 87

UNCITRAL Model Law 27

Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 5

Unfair Contract Terms Act 1994

(Singapore) 22-25

Unfair Terms in Consumer Contract Regulations

1999 (SI 1999/2083) 5

Uniform Civil Procedure Rules (NSW)

2005-

Sch.6, para.(a) 28

para.(h) 28

UN Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982

(UNCLOS) 126

Arts 55-75 126

Art.60(8) 126

76 126

Arts 77-81 v 126

Art.80 126

83 126

87(1)(a) 127

89 126

90 127

Arts 91, 92 127

Art.94 127

(1), (2)(b), (3)(a), (3)(b) 127

(3)(c) 128

(7) 128

United Nations Charter-

Art.2(1) 108

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

1969-

Art.31 53, 54

32 54

Workers Compensation Act 1987 (NSW)s.105A

113

Page numbers in bold type indicate where the details of a particular piece of legislation are examined.


Account of profit for breach of contract (book

review), 134-136

ADR see Alternative dispute resolution (ADR)

Affirmation

agreed sum, actions for an, 6

charterparties, 6, 9-10

damages, 8-10

economie efficiency, 8

hardship, 8

legitimate interest, definition of, 6-10

mitigation doctrine, 6

penalties, recovery of, 8

price, claiming entire contract, 5-10

public policy, 7

reasonableness, 9-10

repudiation, acceptance of, 5-10

sanctity of contract, 8

White & Carter principle, 5-10

Agreed sum, action for an, 6

Alternative dispute resolution (ADR)

consumer ADR (book review), 133-134

Appeals

arbitration, 43-44

Applicable law

ship, definition of a, 52

Arbitration see also Arbitration agreements

appeals, 43-44

Arbitration Act 1979, 43-44, 49

Arbitration Act 1996, 44

awards, challenging,

appeals, 43-44

case stated, 43

leave,44

questions of law, appeals limited to, 43-44

case stated, 43

court, role of the, 43-44

number of cases in London, 43

speed and finality, 43-44

Arbitration agreements

breach, legal proceedings following, 44-45

Brussels I Regulation, 44-45

choice of law, 31-34

common law, 31-32

express choice of law, 31-34

governing law in England, 31-35

implied choice of law, 31-34

matrix contract, law governing the, 31-34

New York Convention 1958, 34-35

seat, law of the, 31-34

separability, principle of, 33

Index

Arrest Convention 1952, definition of ship under,

50-85

applicable law, 52

attributes of a ship, 52

Australia, 57, 72, 81-82, 84-85

Canada, 57, 71, 73-74, 81-82, 84-85

ceasing to be a ship, 81-84

completion or fitting out stage, 57-60

construction, ships under, 56-64

deregistration, 82-83

early English case law, 64-71

examples of maritime structures, 51

floating objects, 68-69, 72-73, 81-85

flying boats, 70

France, 83

Geneva Convention 1999,51

hovercrafts, 71-72

inland waterways, 53-54

Ireland, 72-74, 84

jack-up rigs, 74-75

jet skis, 52, 54, 74, 77-81

launched, afloat and in operation, 64-81

launching, 56-57

limitation of liability, 52, 57-59, 68, 84

manning,64

merchant shipping regulation, 52, 76-80

navigation, used for, 51-52, 64-82, 85

new buildings, 56-64

New Zealand, 60-62

offshore industry objects and units, 64, 71-77,

83-84

oil pollution, 52

ordinary meaning, 53, 61-62

physical condition of ship, 64

pleasure craft, 52, 54, 74, 77-81

pontoon cranes, 75-76

propulsion, 64-66, 71-73, 76-77

registeredJflagged ships, 52, 55-56, 63-64, 73,

82-83

salvage, 66-67

sea-going ships, definition of, 52-55, 65-66, 71,

80-81, 84

Singapore, 72

stranded ships, 81-82

structure, 64, 66-76

tonnage, 64

travaux préparatoires, 53

treaties and conventions, context of, 52-53, 56

United States, 56-57

vessel, definition of, 51-52, 71-72, 77-78


1ARTERLY

132

2

ning of, 130-13 I

132

~ Rome JI Regulations,

t-129

rvice of, 35-41

:s Law Regulation, proposal

122-123

ley refer, link with, 122-132

3-129

ations, 87, 93-94, 96-99,

fon of states, 114-117

114-115

1\5-117

retation

56-64

review), 133-134

pnation; Arbitration

ir contract tenns and

service of, 35-41

ne, concept of a

eaning of, 112-14, 121-122,

meaning of, 99-122

es as countries, 111-112, 118

ulations, 112-114, 121-122,

45-46

19-90,104-105,107,118,130

18, 130

tulations, 88-90, 104-105, 107,

, 123-129

. aterial damage, 124-125

~ ,f state, occurring, 126-129

ulations, 123-129

gnty, 126-128

,27

Damages

affirmation, 8-10

currency movements, 45-46

Definition of a ship see Arrest Convention 1952,

definition of ship under

Denmark, 87-88

Disclosure

freezing (Mareva) injunctions, 46-48, 49

Documentary credits see Rejection of documents

under letters of credit

Economic efficiency, 8

Effecliveness principle, 15-16

Enforcement of judgments see Recognition and

enforcement of foreign insolvency judgments

Entire agreement clauses, 23

Equivalence principle, 15, 17

Estoppel

letters of credit, rejection of documents under, 5

EU law see also Brussels I Regulation; Territory in

Rome I and Rome Ir Regulations

Common European Sales Law Regulation,

proposal for, 131-132

effectiveness principle, 15-16

equivalence principle, 15, 17

EU, laws of the, 131-132

unjust enrichment and restitution of tax, 11-17

European Convention on Human Rights

unjust enrichrnent and restitution of tax, 16

Exclusion clauses

bank accounts 21-26

entire agreement clauses, 23

legitimate expectations, 25

letters of credit, rejection of documents under, 5

misrepresentation, 22-23, 25

non-reliance clauses, 21-26

onerous or unusual clauses safeguard, 25

reasonableness, 23

signature rule, 24-26

UCP, 5

unfair contract terms, 21-26

Expert evidence, 5

Fiduciary duties, 4-5

Finality of arbitration awards, 43-44

Financial and non-material damage, place of,

124-125

Floating objects as ships, 68-69, 72-73, 81-85

Flying boats, 70

France

ship, definition of a, 83

Fraud

letters of credit, rejection of documents under, 5

Freezing (Mareva) injunctions

ancillary disclosure orders, 46-48, 49

good arguable case test, 47

just and convenient test, 47

risk of dissipation test, 47-48

Germany

law of the state approach, 11I

Gibraltar, 89, 119-120

INDEX

Global financial crisis, 21-22

Governing law

arbitration agreements, 31.-35

Habitual residence

Rome land II Regulations, 94, 98, 132

Hardship, 8

High seas

collisions, 128-129

damage, place of, 126-129

Rag states, 127-129

Law of the Sea Convention, 126-129

Hong Kong, 114-115

Hovercrafts, 71-72

Hurnan rights see European Convention on Human

Rights

Injunctions see Freezing (Mareva) injunctions

Inland waterways

ship, definition of a, 53-54

Insolvency

recognition and enforcement of foreign insolvency

judgments, 26-31

Intention

interpretation, 47-49

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

International Standard Practice, 3

Uniform Customs & Practice, 1-5

Interpretation, 45-49 see also Arrest Convention

1952, definition of ship under

certainty, 48

choice of law, 130-132

damage, place of, 123-129

intention of parties, 47-49

law of a country, 112-ll4, 121-122

Iiteral approach, 48-49

notiees, validity of service of, 35-39

NYPE forrn, breach of, 48-49

ordinary meaning, 53, 61-62

precedent, 47-48

taking at sea, 47-48

territorial unit with its own rules of law, meaning

of, 102-112, 121-122

WIBON,48

Ireland

Rome land II Regulations, 87-88

ship, definition of a, 72-74, 84

Jack-up rigs, 74-75

Jet s~s, 52, 54, 74, 77-81

Judgments see Recognition and enforcement of

foreign insolvency judgments

Jurisdiction clauses

breach, legal proceedings in 44-45

Brussels I Regulation, 44-45

Knowledge

bona fide purchasers for value, 19

trust assets, restoration of, 19

Latent damage, 124

Launching of vessels, 56-57

xix


xx

LLOYD'S MARITIME AND COMMERCIAL LAW QUARTERLY

Law of a country

meaning, 112-14, 121-122,130-131

Rome land II Regulations, 112-14, 121-122,

130-131

"Law of the country", meaning of, 99-122

Law of the forum, 103, 108-9, 121

Law of the Sea Convention

damage, place of, 126--129

high seas, 126--129

Law of the state approach, 102-103, 108-122

Legitimate expectations

bank accounts, 25

exclusion clauses, 25

signature rule, 25

Legitimate interest, definition of, 6-10

Letters of credit see Rejection of documents under

letters of credit

Limitation of liability

ship, definition of a, 52, 57-59, 68, 84

tonnage, 57-59

Limitation periods see Time limits

Macau, 114-115

Manning

ship, definition of a, 64

Mareva injunctions see Freezing (Mareva)

injunctions

Maritime cases 1982-2012, survey of, 42-49

arbitration, 43-45, 49

currency movements, 45-46

damages, 45-46

economie cycle, 45

events, effect of, 45-6

freezing (Mareva) injunctions, 46-47, 49

interpretation, 45-49

jurisdiction clauses, 44-45

Misrepresentation

bank accounts, 22-23, 25

exclusion clauses, 22-23, 25

Mistake

time lirnits, 11-12, 14-16

unjust enrichrnent and restitution of tax, 11-12,

14-16

Mitigation, 6

Navigation, used for, 51-52, 64-82, 85

New York Convention on the Recognition and

Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards 1958,

34-35

New Zealand

ship, definition of a, 60-62

Non est factum, 25

Non-reliance clauses, 21-26

Northern Cyprus, 89-90, 104-105, 107, 118, 130

Notices served under contractual rights, validity of,

35-41

commercial contracts, 35-41

compliance, 36

exarnples, 36

interpretation, 35-39

personal delivery, 37-41

proof of receipt, 40

Notices served under contractual rights, validity

of-conto

registered delivery, 37, 39-41

test, 36

time limits, 37-38, 41

NYPE form

breach, 48-49

interpretation, 48-49

Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) , 120-121

Offshore industry objects and units, 64, 71-77,

83-84

Oil pollution

ship, definition of a, 52

Onerous or unusual clauses safeguard, 25

Overseas departments, 88-89, 118-120

Palestine, 120-121

Party autonomy

choice of law, 129-132

Rome 1 and Ir Regulations, 99-100

Penalties

affirmation, 8

Personal service, 37-41

Place of damage see Damage, place of

Pleasure craft, 52, 54, 74, 77-81

Pollution see Oil pollution

Pontoon cranes, 75-76

Precedent, 47-48

Price

affirmation, 5-10

entire contract price, claiming, 5-10

Prior equities, 17-21

Propulsion, 64-66, 71-73, 76--77

Public policy, 7

Reasonableness

affirmation, 9-10

exclusion clauses, 23

Recognition see Recognition and enforcement of

foreign insolvency judgments; Recognition of

states

Recognition and enforcement of foreign insolvency

judgments, 26-31

Australia, 26-31

common law, 26-27

confiscation, 27-28

England and Wales, enforcement in, 26-28

United States, judgrnents from, 26-28, 31

Recognition of states

constitutional recognition of states, 114-117

explicit recognition, 114-115

implicit recognition, 115-117

non-recognised states as countries, 111-112, 118

Registered delivery, service by, 37, 39-41

Registration of ships

deregistration, 82-83

flag states and high seas, 127-129

ship, definition of a, 52, 55-56, 63064, 73, 82-83

Rejection of documents under letters of credit, 1-5

autonomy, doctrine of, 4

discrepancies, 1-5


QUARTERLY

r contractual rights, validity

,37,39-41

8,41

-49

Territories (OPT) , \20-121

bjects and units, 64, 71-77,

f a, 52

clauses safeguard, 25

ms, 88-89, 118-120

29-132

egulations, 99-100

7-41

ee Damage, place of

54, 74, 77-81

pollution

5-76

10

price, claiming, 5-10

-21

,71-73,76-77

JO

ses, 23

Recoznition and enforcement of

Ivenc~ judgments; Recognition of

enforcement of foreign insolvency

26-31

3\

26-27

7-28

:\Vales,enforcement in, 26-28

, judgments from, 26-28, 31

states

recognition of states, 114-117

nition, 114-115

nition, 115-117

d states as countries, 111-112, 118

ery, service by, 37, 39-41

ships

,82-83

d high seas, 127-129

n of a, 52, 55-56, 63064, 73, 82-83

uments under letters of credit, 1-5

octrine of, 4

s, 1-5

Rejection of documents under letters of

credit-conto

estoppel, 5

exemption clauses, 5

expert evidence, 5

fraud,5

International Standard Practice (ISPB) (ICC), 3

strict compliance, doctrine of, 2-4

UCP, 1-5

unfair contract terms, 5

Renvoi, 93, 113

Repudiation

acceptanee, 5-10

affirmation of contract, 5-10

contract price, claiming the, 5-10

Restitution

UCP, 4-5

Rome I Regulation see Territory in Rome I and

, Rome TI Regulations

Rome TI Regulation see Territory in Rome land

Rome II Regulations

Sale of goods

Common European Sales Law Regulation,

propos al for, 131-132

Salvage

ship, definition of a, 66-67

Sanctity of contract, 8

Seafarers see Manning

Sea-going ships, definition of, 52-55, 65-66, 71,

80-81, 84

Seat, law of the, 31-34

Separability, principle of, 33

Ship, definition of see Arrest Convention 1952,

definition of ship under

Signature rule

bank accounts, 24-26

exclusion clauses, 24-26

legitimate expectations, 25

non est factum, 25

onerous or unusual clauses safeguard, 25

Singapore, 26

Singapore

bank accounts, 21-26

exclusion clauses, 21-26

ship, definition of a, 72

signature rule, 26

Speed of arbitration, 43-44

State, concept of a

China, 114-115

constitutional recognition, 114-117

fact-based approach, 102-108

illustrations, 114-121

law of the forum approach, 103, 108-9, 121

"law of a country", meaning of, 112-114,

121-122

"law of the country", meaning of, 99-122

law of the state approach, 102-103, 108-122

non-recognised states as countries, 111-112, 118

overseas territories, 118-120

Palestine, 120-121

recognition of states, 114-117

INDEX xxi

State, concept of a-conto

Rome land II Regulations, 101-122

territorial unit with its own rules of law, meaning

of, 102-112, 121-122

United Kingdom, 118-120

Stranding

ship, definition of a, 81-82

Strict compliance, doctrine of, 2-4

Taiwan, 114-115

"Taking at sea", meaning of, 47-48

Tax

restitution, 11-17

unjust enrichrnent, 11-17

Territorial unit with its own rules of law, meaning

of, 102-112, 121-122

Territory in Rome I and Rome II Regulations,

86-132

Brussels I Regulation, 90-91, 97

certainty, 125-126

choice of law, 129-132

connecting factors, 87, 93-94, 96-99, 122-132

constitutional recognition, 114-117

country, meaning of, 100-122

Cyprus, 88-90, 104-105, 107, 118, l30

damage, place of, 123-129

Denmark, 87-88

EU,laws ofthe, 131-2

Gibraltar, 89, 119-120

habitual residence, 94, 98, 132

interpretation, 130-132

Ireland, 87-88

"law of a country", meaning of, 112-114,

121-122, 130-131

"law of the country", meaning of, 99-122

material scope, territorial or geographical limits

on situations within, 94-98

rnember states are bound, which, 87-88

overseas departments, 88-89, 118-120

party autonorny, 99-100, 129-32

potential application of Regulations, 90-94

renvoi, 93, 113

State, concept of a, 101-122

territorial sovereignty, 126-128

territorial unit with its own rules of law, meaning

of, 102-112, 121-122

third countries, territorial connections to, 96

travaux préparatoires, 98

treaties and conventions, 98

uniforrnity, 126-127

United Kingdom, 87-89, 103-104

universal application, 94-96

validity, 130

where Regulations apply, 87-94

within rnember states, where Regulations apply,

88-90

Third parties

trust assets, restoration of, 19

Time limits

mistake, 11-12, 14-16

notiees, validity of service of, 37-38, 41

unjust enrichment and restitution of tax, 11-17


xxii LLOYD' S MARITIME AND COMMERCIAL LAW QUARTERLY

Travaux préparatoires

Arrest Convention 1952, 53

Rome rand II Regulations, 98

Treaties and conventions see also Particular treaties

Rome rand II Regulations, 98

ship, definition of a, 52-53, 56

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 53-54

Trusts

knowiedge, 19

restoration of assets, 17-21

third parties, 19

UCP see Uniform Customs & Practice (UCP) (lCC)

Unfair contract terrns and exclusion clauses, 21-26

bank accounts, 21-26

"letters of credit, rejection of documents under, 5

misrepresentation, 22-23, 25

non-reliance cIauses, 21-26

UCP,5

Uniform Customs & Practice (UCP) (rCC)

contract law, 4-5

exclusion clauses, 5

fiduciary duties, 4-5

letters of credit, rejection of documents under,

1-5

restitution, 4-5

unfair contract terrns, 5

Uniforrnity

damage place of, 126-127

United Kingdom

Cyprus, Sovereign Bases on, 88, 130

Rome rand II Regulations, 87-89, 103-104

United Kingdom-eont.

State, concept of a, 118-120

United States

recognition and enforcement of foreign insolvency

judgments, 26-28, 31

ship, definition of a, 56-57

Unjust enrichment and

absence of basis approach, 13

bona fide purchasers for value, 20

effectiveness principle, 15-16

equivalence principle, 15, 17

EU law, 11-17

European Convention on Human Rights, 16

foreign subsidiaries, 11-17

mistake, 11-12, 14-16

procedural principle, 15

restitution of tax, 11-17

time limits, 11-17

unjust factors, identification of, 13-14

Woolwieh principle, 12-14

Validity

choice of law, 130

notices served under contractual rights, 35-41

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

ship, definition of a, 53-54

White & Carter principle, 5-10

WIBON (whether in berth or not), 48

Woolwieh principle, 12-14

Wrecks

ship, definition of a, 81-83

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