Efficiency - NuMOV

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Efficiency - NuMOV

Leading Edge Solutions

for Higher Efficiency in

Saudi Arabia

ENERGY CONFERENCE

on 12th October 2010 in Berlin

Dr.Paul Girbig E O C&S

© Siemens AG


The usage of electrical energy will increase

due to higher efficiency

Example: E-Car

In an electric car, electricity from

batteries is converted to kinetic energy

with 95-percent efficiency.

Page 1 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Example: All Electric Oil&Gas

Traditional

Concepts:

Gas turbine direct drive

of compressors

and pumps

Efficiency:

20-25%

All-Electric

Solutions:

Central power

generation

and all drivers

E-motors

Efficiency:

34-50%

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Scenario: Fossil fuels remain the backbone but

renewables gain in importance

Power generation (in 1000 TWh¹)

Geothermal

Wind

Renewables

(excl. hydro)

in 2008: 600 TWh

(3% of total)

13%

28%

Solar 2%

47%

Biomass

Source: Siemens Energy Sector ¹ Terawatt-hours

2.6 % p.a.

21,000 TWh

3%

15%

13%

22%

5%

42%

Page 2 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Fossil fuels

68%

60%

37,000 TWh

Renewables

14%

Water

13%

Nuclear

13%

Gas

21%

Oil

3%

Coal

36%

2008 2030

Renewables

(excl. hydro)

in 2030: 5,200 TWh

(14% of total)

3%

Solar

28%

Geothermal

Others 1%

Biomass

19%

Wind

49%

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Energy Efficiency

a profitable partner in the energy chain

Avoided losses create profitability and comfort

Smart

Power

Generation

Smart Grid

Page 3 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Smart Consumption

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Oil & Gas market –

At the beginning of the energy chain

Page 4 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Integrated solutions for Oil & Gas

All Electric Oil & Gas

Traditional

Concepts:

Gas turbine direct drive

of compressors

and pumps

Efficiency:

20-25%

All-Electric

Solutions:

Central power

generation

and all drivers

E-motors

Efficiency:

34-50%

Page 5 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Benefit from the integrated

technology company:

Components from different Sectors

and Divisions:

Drives from Industry

Combined cycle power plant

from Fossil Power Generation

Division

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Oil & Gas Onshore Solutions

Lines of business

Exploration & Production

„Upstream“

Page 6 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Transport & Storage

„Midstream“

Oil production Gas/Oil separation Pipeline Tankfarms

Gas production

Gas treatment

Liquefaction

Pipeline Terminal

Refining & Processing

„Downstream“

Refinery

Petrochemistry

Gas processing

Distribution

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Synergy of competencies

Basic components of our solutions

Electrical

High Voltage

MV Distribution

LV Distribution

Power Transformers

UPS / DC Systems

Drives

MV/LV Cables

Power Management

Systems

Studies

Basic

Engineering

Control

Distributed Control

System (DCS and

ESD)

Scada and RTU

Intrinsically Safe

Barriers

Fire & Gas System

Instrumentation

Analyzers

Lab. Equipment

Detailed

Engineering

Page 7 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Telecommunication

Office – Networks

Fibre Optic Systems

Telecommunication

System – SDH, OTN

Radio Communication

CCTV System

Access Control System

Fire Alarm System

Paging System

Procurement

Installation

IT Solutions

Application Software

MES - Solutions

Advanced Process

Control System

(APC)

Business Intelligence

Training Simulator

Commissioning

After Sales

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Siemens onshore solutions for

the Oil & Gas Production

1 Christmas Tree / Wellhead

2

3

Pressure

Indicator

Equipment Area

Flow Line

Pressure

Transmitter

Selected References

Khuff Gas field, Saudi Aramco

Khursaniyah Oil field, Saudi Aramco

2

1

Battery Bank

Page 8 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

3

PLC/RTU

WSD

Panel

Storage Cabinet Battery

Charger

Scope

SCADA & Automation

systems

Related wellhead

applications

Telecommunication

systems

Field Instrumentation

systems

Electrical systems

Security systems

Support systems, like

shelters

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Integrated power solutions

E-House

Page 9 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Main features

Pre-engineered containerized power

distribution unit

Designed for permanent or temporary

applications in harsh environmental

conditions

Diverse applications with integrated

switchgears, MCCs, UPS, transformers,

distribution panels, control systems, F&G

Systems

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


FEED & Consultancy

Upstream core competencies

Page 10 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Services

Field Development Planning

Feasibility Studies

Concept selection and design

Front-End Engineering and Design (FEED)

Technology Selection & Studies

Facility & System Benchmarking

Design Verification and Design Audits

Cost estimation & Economic Analysis

Project planning

Project management

Process Safety & Risk assessment

HAZOP analysis, LOPA & SIL Reviews

Process optimization and facility de-bottlenecking

Relief System Analysis

Project Support - Staff Augmentation

Software

• OGM ®

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Reliability a key element of efficiency

Gas wellhead controller solution

Benefits

• Construction takes place in a

controlled environment hence

fewer incidents

• Construction cost reduced by

30 %

• Reduces project lead-time

• Gas production latest 2 days

after site delivery

• Only one E&I cabinet on the

skid

• Integrated Control &Safety

system (SIL-3)

• Wireless communication for

all data and control.

Page 11 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Process related Siemens oil & gas onshore

solutions Oil Production

Water-Re-Injection for

Enhanced Oil Recovery

Major components

Produced water treatment package

Sea water treatment package (as required)

Pump package

Control and monitoring

Power solution (MV, LV, optional power generation)

Operator’s scope

Inlet data from gas-oil separation plant and outlet

requirements to well head.

Other Infrastructure as civil, road access

Key Features

Pre-engineered range of injection capacity:

10.000bl/d up to 60.000bl/d

Skid based, modular system to save engineering

lead time and money

Partnership with Water Technology and Flowserve

Page 12 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Siemens XHQ

Operational Intelligence and Real Time Decision Support

The Benefits of Operations Intelligence

Single source of accurate

information

Faster continuous

improvement

Enhance collaboration

Greater visibility and

transparency

Proactive decision support

Improved decision making at

every level in the

organization

Improved troubleshooting

and root-cause analysis

Automation / IT

Page 13 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

ERP

Manufacturing

Execution

Automation & Control

Production Facilities / Assets

KPI Dashboard

Organization

CEO

Decision making

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Siemens XHQ

Operational Intelligence and Real Time Decision Support

Project:

Location:

Plants:

Corporate wide implementation in upstream, midstream

and downstream business verticals

Saudi Arabia

85+ sites in ARAMCO

• 5 refineries

• 8 marine terminals

• 26 distribution

(Bulk Plants, Airfields, SSSP)

• 24,000 Km of pipelines

• 32 GOSP & WIPS

• 4 gas plants

HSE Alerts Shift Logs

KPI Sales Power

Best Practice KOP Inventory

• Intelligent Oil-fields

HR Maintenance & InspectionsLAB

Centralized Asset Management Upstream Production Overview

Page 14 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Distribution

R efinery

Gas Terminal

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Siemens Fossil Energy Solutions:

Technology options for tomorrow

Hard coal-fired

steam power plant

47%

Reference STPP (>600 MW)

Efficiency

1992: 42 %

2007: 47 %

2020 target: > 50 %

CO 2 free > 41 %

∆ CO 2

basis

-11%

>-16%

>-90%

Efficiency

1992: 52 %

2010: > 60 %

2020 target: > 62 %

Page 15 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Combined cycle

power plant, H-class

>60%

Irsching 4 plant (530 MW)

Development of efficiency and reduction of CO 2 emissions

∆ CO 2

basis

-13%

>-16%

IGCC with and

without CO 2 capture

>43% with 47% CO2 capture

IGCC >400MW with CO 2 capture

Efficiency

1992: 42 %

2007: 47 %

2020 target: >50 %

CO 2 free IGCC >43 %

New technologies are essential to meet economic low-emission power mix

∆ CO 2

basis

-11%

>-16%

>-90%

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Siemens preferred solutions for CO 2 capture

IGCC / Pre-combustion carbon capture Post-combustion carbon capture

Gasification technology with multi-fuel capability for

new power plants

Technology “ready for implementation”

Alternative route for chemical / fuel production,

hydrogen economy

Mastering higher technological and contractual

complexity with “Siemens phased project

execution offer”

Siemens Fuel Gasifier Siemens IGCC in Puertollano (E) Siemens scrubbing process

test lab

Page 16 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Scalable market introduction, Demoplants with

slipstreams, minimize upgrade risk in process trains

Enhancement potential for solvents, scrubbing

process and for integration into the power plants

For retrofit and new fossil fired power plants

Siemens develops advanced amine process and

has established partnership for aqueous ammonia

process

Post-Combustion carbon capture

plant design

Siemens solutions ready for large-scale CCS demonstration plants

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Core components for pre-combustion capture

solutions – Gas turbines for IGCC

Syngas / H 2 Gas Turbine – E-class

About 140,000 operating hours with syngas, coal

gas and steel making recovery gas

Page 17 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Syngas / H 2 Gas Turbine – F-class

Advanced F-class engine under development

Based on GT platform with minor modifications

Development dedicated to CCS applications

0% - 50% air interaction

Component and plant development dedicated to CCS under way

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Sources and applications of CO 2 :

CO 2 capture and storage (CCS) system

Storage options

Fuels

Siemens CO 2 compressors

Processes

Page 18 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Power plant market demands

for CCS (up to 200 bar):

Discharge pressure requirements

up to 300 bar (e.g. Enhanced Oil

Recovery):

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


The increasing size of wind turbines is a

technological challenge

Wind Power: Technology Focus

3.6 MW WTG

107 m

A 380

Airbus A380

80 m

Page 19 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Efficiency

Blades strength

Bearing life

Transportability of wind turbine

components

High-wind and Low-wind capability

of turbines

Availability/reliability, esp. at

offshore sites with difficult access

Grid connection (offshore, HVDC

connects, grid code compliance)

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


GEMASOLAR (SOLAR TRES) Spain:

Molten Salt Solar Thermal Power Demonstration Plant

Solar Thermal Power

Page 20 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Siemens Reheat Steam

Turbine SST-600RH

Steam: 105 bar, 540 °C

Max output: 20,0 MWe

Expected PAC: August 2010

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Power Transmission Division –

The link between power generation and distribution

Page 21 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Principle and functionality of

High Voltage Direct Current Transmission (HVDC)

AC Grid 1

C

A

Page 22 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

~

HVDC Classic

G

8kV DC Thyristor, 4500A

up to 7200MW @ ± 800kV DC

Sea cable up to ± 500kV DC

=

DC

G

C

E

=

~

HVDC PLUS

AC Grid 2

4,5kV Transistor (IGBT), 1250A

up to 800MW @ ± 320kV DC

Cable up to ± 320kV DC

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


The 800kV DC Transformer goes far beyond

the state of the art of today‘s technology

Total weight:

512 t

DC test voltage:

1265kV;

58% more as for

the 500kV

Transformer

26m

Page 23 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Power Distribution Division – Completion of the

energy chain and the connector to the customer

Page 24 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


„Smart Grid“ –

Link for sustainable energy supply

Integration of wind and solar farm

Efficiency use of power plants

Specific demand side management

Reduced risk of blackouts

Energy trading

Integration of renewable energies

Demand side management

Automated grid operation

Power supply security

Smart meter as basis for

intelligent building and demand

management

Free energy trading down to the

consumer

Precondition: Consistent communication and new grid intelligence.

Page 25 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Efficiency along the entire

energy conversion chain

Efficiency up

to ~50%

for All electric O&G

~20%

Current ø

Efficiency up

to more than ~60%

for CCPP

Output up

through upgrades

up to

+7%

+150% +70%

~50% ~58% > ~60% 477MW 512MW

for All

Electric

Siemens

O&G

Ø state of

the art GT in

CCPP

Siemens

CCPP

Example:

NPP

Borssele

35 MW

increase

in 35

days!

Page 26 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Output up

Average energy

production / year

4.6 GWh

Capacity of

average

wind

turbine

7.8 GWh

Siemens

2.3 MW

turbine with

101m rotor

Efficiency up

in power

transmission

- 40%

losses

~93-95%

Efficiency

in current

ACsystems

~96-97%

Siemens

800 kV

UHVDC

system

Emissions down

CO 2 reduction with

Siplink

ships with

own

engines

running

per Ship/Day

in

harbor

Optimization with most advanced technology for intelligent grid management

-12t CO 2

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


The future of energy supply:

Intelligent, efficient, sustainable and

District Cooling

Page 27 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

comfort of your own home.

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Siemens Refrigeration Compressor Package 10.000 RT

The environmentally compatible chiller system

sales release autumn 2009

enhanced efficiency

Page 28 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

High reliability

High efficiency

Emission reduction

Less space

Less engineering

Overall attractive LCC

District Cooling Plant

The sun, which heats up offices, also delivers the energy to cool them

City

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Our sunshine story

Solar Thermal Energy for District Cooling

Solar Thermal power stations cover the electricity demand of the district cooling plants

Page 29 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Siemens

Component

supply

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Compensation of time difference

between solar power and cooling demand

Implementation of thermal storage on power side and on demand side.

Heat of the

sun

=>

molten salt

storage

Page 30 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Δ Time

Cold energy

carrier

=>

Ice storage

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Calculate the future with Siemens equipment

Annual emission of 50.000 Refrigeration ton CO 2

typical for cooling of approx 5000 residences

tons CO 2 Emission equivalent to

200000,0

150000,0

100000,0

50000,0

0,0

Regular Cooling District Cooling

plant

District Cooling

plant

with high

efficient Chiller

Page 31 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

80.000 cars

District Cooling

Plant receives

Energy from

Solar Thermal

Power Plant

50.000 cars

44.000 cars

0

cars

Environment

We support our

customers with

efficient technology

along the entire chain

of energy conversion –

from the chiller design

and efficiency

to the energy

CO2 free energy

supply

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


King Abdullah University of Science and

Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2009-Oct-05

Siemens is supporting the new King Abdullah University of Science and

Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia, which has begun its academic

instruction this semester. The focus of the international university’s research

activities will include renewable energy, environmental technologies, and

material and biosciences.

“The KAUST covers precisely the topics that help us in the development of

sustainable solutions for our green technologies,” said Requardt.

“Industrial collaboration is one of the key strategies of KAUST,” said Prof.

Choon Fong Shih, KAUST president. “KICP’s membership provides access

and an overview of the research work being executed on the main campus

in Thuwal, as through the significant global collaborative research network, a

seat on the KAUST Industry Advisory Board and strategic access to

KAUST’s start ups. KAUST is proud to have Siemens as a founding member

of the program.”

Page 32 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Saudi Arabia is in our focus

As a reliable partner, we deliver the most technologically advanced

energy solutions that provide maximum customer benefit

Saudi Arabia

For more than 75 years, the company has been committed to

transferring knowledge and developing local expertise in the

Kingdom. Siemens has grown to hold leading positions in the Energy

Sector in the Kingdom. One third of the power used in the Kingdom

is generated and distributed by Siemens

Key figures

Siemens currently has about 1,750 employees in Saudi Arabia.

In fiscal 2009 (October 1, 2008 – September 30, 2009), sales to

customers in Saudi Arabia totaled EUR 1 billion and new orders

were almost EUR 684 million.

History

Siemens’ activities in Saudi Arabia date back to the early 1930s,

when the country imported its first power plant equipment. From the

very beginning, Siemens has contributed significantly to the

development of the country’s infrastructure.

Page 33 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Siemens Ltd.

Head Office

P.O. Box 4621

Jeddah 21412

Tel.: +966 2 661 8888

Fax: +966 2 661 9000

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Siemens has teamed up with renowned custom

motorcycle manufacturer Orange County Choppers

to build its first custom electric motorcycle

Page 34 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

Higher

Efficiency

More

fun

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Disclaimer

This document contains forward-looking statements and information – that is, statements related to future, not past,

events. These statements may be identified either orally or in writing by words as “expects”, “anticipates”, “intends”,

“plans”, “believes”, “seeks”, “estimates”, “will” or words of similar meaning. Such statements are based on our current

expectations and certain assumptions, and are, therefore, subject to certain risks and uncertainties. A variety of

factors, many of which are beyond Siemens’ control, affect its operations, performance, business strategy and results

and could cause the actual results, performance or achievements of Siemens worldwide to be materially different from

any future results, performance or achievements that may be expressed or implied by such forward-looking

statements. For us, particular uncertainties arise, among others, from changes in general economic and business

conditions, changes in currency exchange rates and interest rates, introduction of competing products or technologies

by other companies, lack of acceptance of new products or services by customers targeted by Siemens worldwide,

changes in business strategy and various other factors. More detailed information about certain of these factors is

contained in Siemens’ filings with the SEC, which are available on the Siemens website, www.siemens.com and on

the SEC’s website, www.sec.gov. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying

assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those described in the relevant forward-looking

statement as anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended, planned or projected. Siemens does not intend or

assume any obligation to update or revise these forward-looking statements in light of developments which differ from

those anticipated.

Trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of Siemens AG, it's affiliates or their respective owners.

Page 35 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector


Questions?

Page 36 Oct 2010 Dr. Paul Girbig

© Siemens AG

Energy Sector

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