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The College Guide for Advising Undocumented ... - College Forward

The College Guide for Advising Undocumented ... - College Forward

2 Immigrant Students to

2 Immigrant Students to College! ** ¡Estudiantes inmigrantes a la universidad! Immigrant College Access Program * Office of Bilingual/ESL Education * Austin ISD Undocumented Immigrant Students and Access to Higher Education Undocumented Children/Youth in Education All K‐12 – In 2005, there were 1.8 million undocumented children under the age of 18; 15% of roughly 12 million undocumented immigrants in U.S. (Passel, 2006 –Pew Hispanic Center Survey) MS & HS – In 2002, approximately 607,000 undocumented students between the ages of 12 and 20 were enrolled in U.S. K‐12 classes. (AASCU, 2003) HS graduates – Every year, roughly 65,000 undocumented students who have lived in the U.S. for five years or longer graduate from U.S. high schools, representing less than 2% of all high school graduates. (Passel, 2003 – The Urban Institute) College students – Only between 5 and 10% of undocumented high school graduates go on to college, compared with about 75% of their classmates. (NILC, 2010) o 13,000 undocumented high school graduates enroll in public colleges and universities a year. (Passel, 2003 – The Urban Institute) Undocumented Students in Texas In Texas, there were an estimated 135,013 undocumented students in public schools in the 2004‐05 academic year. This number had risen from 125,000 in 2000‐01. (Special Report of the Texas Comptroller, 2006) In 2006, only 0.36% of all students attending public colleges and universities were undocumented. (Special Report of the Texas Comptroller, 2006) In 2009, this number had grown to 1% of all college students attending public colleges & universities. (Dallas Morning News, March 15, 2010) There are 3,699 students enrolled in Austin ISD in 2009‐10 who did not provide the school district a Social Security number when registering. This is a very rough proxy for the possible numbers of undocumented students in this district. An estimated 500 undocumented students are in the 12 th grade. (Immigrant College Access Program, Austin ISD) Undocumented Youth Face Unique Challenges For the majority, no opportunity exists under current law to legalize their status or they are currently waiting long years for immigration procedures Usually no drivers’ license or U.S. government identification No Social Security Number – cannot work legally Fear of discovery and deportation Often non‐traditional family/home situations High mobility/unstable housing Financial/economic need – often have a job or must help with home responsibilities so parents can work Language barriers for some, though many have grown up in the United States and are fluent in English Evangelina Orozco, Immigrant College Coordinator, Austin ISD S. Lanier High School, 1201 Payton Gin Rd., Portable T-25, Austin, TX, 78758 * 512-414-6427 * eorozco@austinisd.org

Immigrant Students to College! ** ¡Estudiantes inmigrantes a la universidad! Immigrant College Access Program * Office of Bilingual/ESL Education * Austin ISD Low levels of parental education Concentrated in schools lacking in rigor and preparedness Lack of appropriate career/higher ed. guidance and support in schools Lower participation in extracurricular and enrichment activities First‐generation high school and college students Higher dropout rate ‐ many lose aspirations due to struggles and need to contribute financially to home budget Transitioning to Higher Education Immigration status means they must apply as international students and pay much higher tuition Not eligible for any government financial aid or most scholarships Wide range of academic preparedness: remedial to valedictorians First‐generation college students Decreased opportunities due to status: o Teacher certification o Nurse registration o Study abroad o Trips with friends o Limited number of schools to transfer to Immigration issues Impact of Texas’ In‐State Tuition Law (HB1403/SB1528) State has developed procedures and systems to streamline and facilitate the college enrollment of undocumented students, including the creation of a state financial aid application – TASFA. Since 2001, 22,697 students have attended Texas colleges and universities who benefited from the law (Dallas Morning News, March 15, 2010) o No data on how many have graduated In Fall of 2009, 12,138 students were enrolled in Texas public colleges & universities and received in‐ state tuition – represents about 1% of all Texas college students. (Dallas Morning News, March 15, 2010) o Public Universities ‐ 3,725 o Community & Technical Colleges ‐ 8,406 o Health‐related Institutions ‐ 7 No data on number attending private colleges & universities, or going out‐of‐state. $33.6 million awarded in state and institutional financial aid between Fall 2004 and Summer 2008 (Dallas Morning News, March 15, 2010) Texas’ experience reveals that the number of undocumented students is far too small to deprive native‐born students of college admission slots or financial aid. Also, this legislation does not deprive the state of revenue from large number of students who would otherwise pay out‐of‐state tuition; rather, it raises the total numbers of high school graduates who pursue a college degree, therefore increasing revenue and postsecondary achievement. (NILC, 2010) Evangelina Orozco, Immigrant College Coordinator, Austin ISD S. Lanier High School, 1201 Payton Gin Rd., Portable T-25, Austin, TX, 78758 * 512-414-6427 * eorozco@austinisd.org 3

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