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City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan - Climate Adaptation ...

City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan - Climate Adaptation ...

City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan - Climate Adaptation

City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program Technical Report 09-4 11/18/2009 James W. Beever III, Whitney Gray, Daniel Trescott, Dan Cobb, Jason Utley, David Hutchinson, John Gibbons, Tim Walker, Moji Abimbola: SWFRPC And Lisa B. Beever, Judy Ott: CHNEP 1926 Victoria Avenue Fort Myers FL 33901 (239) 338-2550 www.SWFRPC.org and www.CHNEP.org Adaptation Plan Page 1

  • Page 2 and 3: The Charlotte Harbor National Estua
  • Page 4 and 5: Disclaimer: The material and descri
  • Page 6 and 7: Table of Contents Disclaimer ......
  • Page 8 and 9: Figure 12: Acres of mangrove and sa
  • Page 10 and 11: Table 20: Potential Maximum Coastal
  • Page 12 and 13: Table 42: Potential Storm Surge Los
  • Page 14 and 15: Figure 84: Percentage of Estimated
  • Page 16 and 17: Executive Summary The City of Punta
  • Page 18 and 19: Promote green building alternatives
  • Page 20 and 21: Elements of an Adaptation Plan Succ
  • Page 22 and 23: In winter, sharp drops in temperatu
  • Page 24 and 25: Geography, Topography and General L
  • Page 26 and 27: topography of the City of Punta Gor
  • Page 28 and 29: Figure 4: Aerial Photograph of the
  • Page 30 and 31: Table 1 - Generalized Existing Land
  • Page 32 and 33: City of Punta Gorda Vulnerability A
  • Page 34 and 35: e. Linkage to other decisions (i.e.
  • Page 36 and 37: included ―intelligent growth‖,
  • Page 38 and 39: envelopes) was called out, particip
  • Page 40 and 41: The game pieces were ―EcoFriendly
  • Page 42 and 43: Figure 8: Placed Based Adaptation S
  • Page 44 and 45: natural shorelines and vegetation,
  • Page 46 and 47: Specific Adaptations by Group In th
  • Page 48 and 49: exotic jellyfish species, and with
  • Page 50 and 51: Negative effects on seagrass Sea le
  • Page 52 and 53:

    Figure 11: Historic occurrence of h

  • Page 54 and 55:

    as water depths exceed the depths t

  • Page 56 and 57:

    Coastal and wetland up-gradient tra

  • Page 58 and 59:

    climate-change projections makes it

  • Page 60 and 61:

    Listed Animal Species As of April 2

  • Page 62 and 63:

    Photograph 7: American crocodile in

  • Page 64 and 65:

    crustaceans, insects, frogs, and li

  • Page 66 and 67:

    currents. During storms, high-energ

  • Page 68 and 69:

    Probability (%) 2025 2050 2075 2100

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    Figure 13: South Florida Peninsula:

  • Page 72 and 73:

    Figure 14: Sea level rise in three

  • Page 74 and 75:

    Figure 16: Sea level rise in three

  • Page 76 and 77:

    Elevation in feet 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0

  • Page 78 and 79:

    Figure 12: Acres of mangrove and sa

  • Page 80 and 81:

    Figure 20: Acres of uplands habitat

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    In addition to the effects of inund

  • Page 84 and 85:

    Initial Condition Year 2100 Adaptat

  • Page 86 and 87:

    Habitat Migration Conceptual diagra

  • Page 88 and 89:

    Exotic Pests and Diseases Florida

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    Florida's increasing popularity as

  • Page 92 and 93:

    Mangrove restoration Incorporate we

  • Page 94 and 95:

    Fertilizer regulation Conservation

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    Establish migration routes for wild

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    Prohibit new bulkheads Build fish h

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    Adapt protections of critical bioge

  • Page 102 and 103:

    Adaptation: Seagrass Protection and

  • Page 104 and 105:

    The Charlotte Harbor National Estua

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    Analysis of aerial photography prov

  • Page 108 and 109:

    Figure 28: Seagrass persistence in

  • Page 110 and 111:

    Figure 31: Non-Restorable Seagrass

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    Baseline, non-restorable and adjust

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    Photograph 9: Close-up example of a

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    Efforts to educate boaters on the l

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    2) Extracting seagrass plantings fr

  • Page 120 and 121:

    of extreme heat and the added deman

  • Page 122 and 123:

    Table 13: Adaptations to Address In

  • Page 124 and 125:

    Use of grey water for irrigation In

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    Acquire land for recharge Increase

  • Page 128 and 129:

    Change ordinances that require vege

  • Page 130 and 131:

    Identify conflicting policies betwe

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    ADAPTATION: Florida Friendly Native

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    Furthermore, the Florida Native Pla

  • Page 136 and 137:

    Figure 32: Atlantic hurricanes pass

  • Page 138 and 139:

    All of Punta Gorda‘s structures f

  • Page 140 and 141:

    Figure 36: Number of Historic Struc

  • Page 142 and 143:

    37: Charlotte County Storm Surge an

  • Page 144 and 145:

    Critical facilities All of the 147

  • Page 146 and 147:

    Figures 43 & 44: Values for Critica

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    Tropical Storm Impacts For a tropic

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    Tropical storm effects on top emplo

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    Tropical storm effects on critical

  • Page 154 and 155:

    Category 1 Event For a Category 1 s

  • Page 156 and 157:

    Effects of a Category 1 storm on to

  • Page 158 and 159:

    Effects of a Category 1 storm on cr

  • Page 160 and 161:

    Effects of a Category 2 storm on hi

  • Page 162 and 163:

    Effects of a Category 2 storm on re

  • Page 164 and 165:

    Category 3 Event Under the minimum

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    Effects of a Category 3 storm on to

  • Page 168 and 169:

    Effects of a Category 3 storm on cr

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    Effects of a Category 4/5 storm on

  • Page 172 and 173:

    Effects of a Category 4/5 storm on

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    Floods Floods are the most common a

  • Page 176 and 177:

    Top employers in the 100 year flood

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    Effects of flooding on historic pro

  • Page 180 and 181:

    Effects of flooding on repetitive l

  • Page 182 and 183:

    Figure 76: The Coastal High Hazard

  • Page 184 and 185:

    Table 52: Adaptations for Coastal E

  • Page 186 and 187:

    Remove hard protection or other bar

  • Page 188 and 189:

    Regulate pumping near shorelines Im

  • Page 190 and 191:

    Table 53: Adaptations for Coastal E

  • Page 192 and 193:

    Adaptations for Coastal Erosion and

  • Page 194 and 195:

    of public resources on protection o

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    Figure 78: A method of gradual fill

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    Figure 79: Rolling easement step 1

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    Figure 81: Rolling easement step 3

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    Among the benefits of rolling easem

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    sustainable investments give consid

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    example of how CoBRA has worked, wh

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    Another endeavor of the BECP is the

  • Page 210 and 211:

    5. Limit public expenditures that s

  • Page 212 and 213:

    widely from $300 to $4,000 per line

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    Rip-rap and rock lining, random, br

  • Page 216 and 217:

    Establish early warning sites and b

  • Page 218 and 219:

    Utilizing the method of gradual san

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    The City of Punta Gorda Downtown In

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    Vulnerability 4: Unchecked or Unman

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    arely consider the contribution of

  • Page 226 and 227:

    forestlands and develop best-practi

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    Consider sea level rise in site des

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    uilding Growth Establish rolling ea

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    Plan for regional relocation & disp

  • Page 234 and 235:

    ADAPTATION: Constrain locations for

  • Page 236 and 237:

    Vulnerability 5: Water Quality Degr

  • Page 238 and 239:

    Table 56: Adaptations to address Wa

  • Page 240 and 241:

    Reduce impervious surface allowed W

  • Page 242 and 243:

    Integrated Coastal Zone Management

  • Page 244 and 245:

    ADAPTATION: Restrict fertilizer use

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    Vulnerabilities 6, 7, and 8: Educat

  • Page 248 and 249:

    Figure 83: Percentage of Critical F

  • Page 250 and 251:

    and that even more up-to-date land

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    Shore Protection Unlikely (blue) Ad

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    Figure 85: Land Use Projection Map

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    Educate homeowners associations reg

  • Page 258 and 259:

    Acquire sensitive lands for retreat

  • Page 260 and 261:

    Identify conflicting policies betwe

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    Fund and perform long-term research

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    Prohibit federal subsidies and floo

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    Funding for (education)programs at

  • Page 268 and 269:

    Climate policy integration where fe

  • Page 270 and 271:

    Control costs so that homeowners ar

  • Page 272 and 273:

    Allow shoreline hardening where app

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    Public purchase of private developm

  • Page 276 and 277:

    Table 63: Adaptations to address Ed

  • Page 278 and 279:

    energy efficiency over the 2004 Flo

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    could be transferred from unconditi

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    Build ―deconstructable‖ buildin

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    Decision Framework for Transportati

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    should focus on the reevaluation of

  • Page 288 and 289:

    Vulnerability 9: Fire A wildfire is

  • Page 290 and 291:

    Adaptation Option Drought preparedn

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    Identify conflicting policies betwe

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    vulnerable areas, population groups

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    those that occur in Texas and throu

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    places, it is very difficult to pre

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    Thunderstorms and High Winds A thun

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    An unusually strong pressure gradie

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    WIND LOSS ESTIMATES FOR CHARLOTTE C

  • Page 306 and 307:

    associated with this event. January

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    While the exact pace of sea level r

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    and 2005 storms, many more customer

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    expanding planning horizons of land

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    How the plan affects existing manag

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    Monitoring and evaluation of result

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    The ability of adaptation to amelio

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    Table 70: Adaptation Plan Monitorin

  • Page 322 and 323:

    Summary Conclusion This Climate Cha

  • Page 324 and 325:

    Citations American Farmland Trust 2

  • Page 326 and 327:

    Drew, R.D. and N.S. Schomer 1984. A

  • Page 328 and 329:

    Glick, P. 2006. Application of SLAM

  • Page 330 and 331:

    http://www.isse.ucar.edu/florida/re

  • Page 332 and 333:

    Peperzak, L. 2005. Future increase

  • Page 334 and 335:

    Stanton, E.A., and F. Ackerman. 200

  • Page 336 and 337:

    United States Geological Survey 200

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    Appendix I: April 9, 2009 Public Me

  • Page 340 and 341:

    Wetter 1 Drier 21 Same 2 Not sure 4

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    Generator Shutters/plywood Improved

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    Appendix II. Climate Change Adaptat

  • Page 346 and 347:

    Require municipal use of xeriscapin

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    Don‘t allow development or engine

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    Control flow of pollutants into har

  • Page 352 and 353:

    Appendix III. Results From the Seco

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    Flooding Replace shoreline armoring

  • Page 356 and 357:

    Free/low cost loans for photovoltai

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    Conservation Re-price water on a s

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    Fertilizer regulation Conservation

  • Page 362 and 363:

    Bridge I75 @ Tuckers Grade Bridge H

  • Page 364 and 365:

    Communications Tower 13600 Tamiami

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    Sewer Lift Or Treatment 4010 Michig

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    Sewer Lift Or Treatment Not Address

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    Slide 3 Slide 7 Slide 8 • Climate

  • Page 372 and 373:

    Presentation 3 by Jim Beever Slide

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    Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 Photo by

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    Slide 25 Slide 26 Slide 27 Adaptati

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    Appendix VI: Adaptations List from

  • Page 380 and 381:

    Change building codes to promote en

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    Create more energy cost effective c

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    establish or broaden use containmen

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    improve animal genetics Human Econo

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    increased shoreline setbacks increa

  • Page 390 and 391:

    Need research on heat waves and aff

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    prohibit shoreline hardening Human

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    egulation of pumping near shoreline

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    technological improvements to reduc

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    Appendix VII: Adopted SWFRPC Resolu

  • Page 400 and 401:

    Adaptation Plan Page 400

  • Page 402 and 403:

    Adaptation Plan Page 402

  • Page 404 and 405:

    Adaptation Plan Page 404

  • Page 406 and 407:

    Adaptation Plan Page 406

  • Page 408 and 409:

    Adaptation Plan Page 408

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