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part i - eTheses Repository - University of Birmingham

part i - eTheses Repository - University of Birmingham

part i - eTheses Repository - University of

THE ROLE OF TROPOMYOSIN DURING HEART DEVELOPMENT (PART I) and NEUROANATOMICAL AND CARDIORESPIRATORY CHANGES ASSOCIATED WITH METAMORPHOSIS (PART II) IN THE AXOLOTL, AMBYSTOMA MEXICANUM by ARUNA NARSHI A thesis submitted to the College of Life and Environmental Sciences of the University of Birmingham for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY i School of Biosciences College of Life and Environmental Sciences University of Birmingham September 2010

  • Page 2 and 3: University of Birmingham Research A
  • Page 4 and 5: cells that looked like stereotypica
  • Page 6 and 7: It is not the strongest of the spec
  • Page 8 and 9: DECLARATION The work in this thesis
  • Page 10 and 11: LIST OF PUBLICATIONS Please note th
  • Page 12 and 13: 1.8c The model ....................
  • Page 14 and 15: 6.1 Introduction ..................
  • Page 16 and 17: Figure 1-1. Anatomical events of ca
  • Page 18 and 19: Figure 6-1. Axolotl habitat setup d
  • Page 20 and 21: LIST OF TABLES Table 1-1. Functions
  • Page 22 and 23: innervation is high in the sino-atr
  • Page 24 and 25: The hearts of bony fish have four c
  • Page 26 and 27: The role of the cardiac neural cres
  • Page 28 and 29: cavities. The vagus nerve is the ma
  • Page 30 and 31: Fourth ventricle Grey matter White
  • Page 32 and 33: serve important survival value. An
  • Page 34 and 35: The parasympathetic nervous system
  • Page 36 and 37: The postganglionic parasympathetic
  • Page 38 and 39: The ontogenetic development of auto
  • Page 40 and 41: the sinus venosus; 0.2 μg/g in the
  • Page 42 and 43: cardio-respiratory centres of the b
  • Page 44 and 45: Table 1-3. Effects of the autonomic
  • Page 46 and 47: Baroreceptor input from pulmocutane
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  • Page 50 and 51: 1.4a.iv Amphibians The amphibian he
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    1.5 OVERVIEW OF VERTEBRATE RESPIRAT

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    Figure 1-8. External gills of the n

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    is a sheet of skeletal muscle that

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    1.6a (1) Alternating inspiration /

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    Figure 1-11. Dorsal view of medulla

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    1.7 HEART RATE VARIABILITY AND RESP

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    1.8 THE MEXICAN AXOLOTL, AMBYSTOMA

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    Currently, no data exists on the em

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    Figure 1-12. Abbreviated developmen

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    Lemanski's group concentrated on ge

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    Figure 1-14. Creating chimeric muta

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    Figure 1-15. Myofibrillogenesis. In

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    equirement for this recently descri

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    Part I The Role of Tropomyosin in C

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    (1) 2 minutes at 50°C, (2) 15 minu

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    3.1 INTRODUCTION I. The Role of Tro

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    3.2e Transfection of embryonic axol

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    4.1 INTRODUCTION I. The Role of Tro

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    4.2d RT-PCR and Southern blot hybri

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    4.3 RESULTS I. The Role of Tropomyo

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    Published in 2005 in Cardiovascular

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    5.2d Confocal microscopy I. The Rol

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    5.4 DISCUSSION I. The Role of Tropo

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    I. The Role of Tropomyosin in Cardi

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    6.0 ABSTRACT II. Neuroanatomy and P

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    7.2 METHODS II. Neuroanatomy and Ph

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    7.4 DISCUSSION II. Neuroanatomy and

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    224 II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology

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    226 II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology

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    228 II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology

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    230 II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology

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    232 II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology

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    Figure 8-6. Ventilation rate in the

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    Figure 8-7. Bradycardia and tachyca

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    Figure 8-7. Bradycardia and tachyca

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    240 II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology

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    242 II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology

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    244 II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology

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    246 II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology

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    248 II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology

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    250 II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    II. Neuroanatomy and Physiology of

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    CHAPTER NINE CONCLUDING REMARKS AND

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    The heart rate work showed that the

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    REFERENCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY Akhavan

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    Bordzilovskaya, N.P., Detlaff, T.A.

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    Crawford, K. & Vincenti, D.M. (1998

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    Fuldner, R. A., Lim, S. S., Greaser

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    Hirsch, M.R., Tiverton, M.C., Guill

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    Laing, N.G., Wilton, S.D., Akkari,

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    Lynn, G. D. and Wachowski, H. E. (1

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    Muthuchamy, M., Pieples, K., Rethin

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    Priola, DE. V., O‟Brien, W. J., D

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    Smith, S.C., & Armstrong, J.B. (199

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    Verkerk, A.O., van Ginneken, A.C.G.

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    Zajdel, R.W., McLean, M.D., Lemansk

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