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Pharmacology Demystified

Pharmacology Demystified

Pharmacology

  • Page 2 and 3: PHARMACOLOGY DEMYSTIFIED
  • Page 4 and 5: PHARMACOLOGY DEMYSTIFIED MARY KAMIE
  • Page 6 and 7: Professional Want to learn more? We
  • Page 8 and 9: vi CONTENTS CHAPTER 3 Pharmacology
  • Page 10 and 11: viii CONTENTS CHAPTER 9 Vitamins an
  • Page 12 and 13: x CONTENTS Tuberculosis 243 Antifun
  • Page 14 and 15: xii CONTENTS CHAPTER 22 Disorders o
  • Page 16 and 17: xiv A Look Inside INTRODUCTION Phar
  • Page 18 and 19: xvi CHAPTER 8: HERBAL THERAPY Herba
  • Page 20 and 21: xviii CHAPTER 17: IMMUNOLOGIC AGENT
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  • Page 26 and 27: 2 are prescribed; and how they are
  • Page 28 and 29: 4 The Source of Drugs Ask a child w
  • Page 30 and 31: 6 Drugs Names One of the most confu
  • Page 32 and 33: 8 Drug Safety CHAPTER 1 An Inside L
  • Page 34 and 35: 10 PHASE II: LIMITED CONTROLLED EVA
  • Page 36 and 37: 12 Drug Orders CHAPTER 1 An Inside
  • Page 38 and 39: 14 Table 1-1. (continued) CHAPTER 1
  • Page 40 and 41: 16 TYPES OF DRUG ORDERS CHAPTER 1 A
  • Page 42 and 43: 18 Healthcare providers should also
  • Page 44 and 45: 20 Summary CHAPTER 1 An Inside Look
  • Page 46 and 47: 22 4. Herbals are tested and regula
  • Page 48 and 49: 24 Drug Actions Drug action is the
  • Page 50 and 51: 26 PHARMACOKINETICS Pharmacokinetic
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    28 molecules and a carrier must be

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    30 CHAPTER 2 Drug Action and Drug I

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    32 CHAPTER 2 Drug Action and Drug I

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    34 The response time is plotted on

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    36 Side Effects The drug’s Therap

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    38 Summary CHAPTER 2 Drug Action an

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    40 CHAPTER 2 Drug Action and Drug I

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    42 The Nursing Process CHAPTER 3 Ph

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    44 CHAPTER 3 Pharmacology and the N

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    46 Patient information CHAPTER 3 Ph

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    48 Some drugs such as barbiturates,

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    50 achieve the goal statement. An i

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    52 Impact of Cultural Influences in

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    54 Mother and the Fetus Pediatrics

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    56 CHAPTER 3 Pharmacology and the N

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    58 Quiz CHAPTER 3 Pharmacology and

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    62 A medication is misused whenever

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    64 For a variety of reasons, a subs

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    66 a medication for pain creates a

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    68 CHAPTER 4 Substance Abuse mine i

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    70 Table 4-2. (continued) Drug Desc

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    72 CHAPTER 4 Substance Abuse Tolera

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    74 CHAPTER 4 Substance Abuse to an

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    76 CHAPTER 4 Substance Abuse (dizzi

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    78 Summary CHAPTER 4 Substance Abus

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    80 6. Psilocybin is (a) extracted f

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    82 The Nursing Process and Medicati

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    84 can available when administering

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    86 CHAPTER 5 Medication Administrat

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    88 • Create your own medication a

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    90 11. Instruct the patient about s

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    92 ADMINISTERING MEDICATION AT HOME

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    94 Summary Quiz Assessing the patie

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    96 CHAPTER 5 Medication Administrat

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    98 mouth but instead of ingesting t

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    100 increasing number of drugs that

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    102 • Instill the prescribed numb

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    104 • Flush the tube with 30 to 5

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    106 • Assess the patient in 24 to

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    108 Table 6-1. Injection sites. Inj

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    110 Summary CHAPTER 6 Route of Admi

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    112 5. The inner aspect of the fore

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    114 Table 7-1. Units and their equi

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    116 Converting Metric Units Let’s

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    118 There are two methods nurses ca

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    120 For example, the prescriber mig

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    122 Quiz CHAPTER 7 Dose Calculation

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    126 CHAPTER 8 Herbal Therapy fact t

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    128 Herbal capsule is another commo

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    130 After choosing a nursing diagno

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    132 DONG QUAI (ANGELICA SINESIS) Do

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    134 SAGE (SALVIA OFFICINALIS) Dry s

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    136 4. Chamomile should not be take

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    138 However, larger amounts of vita

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    140 Table 9-1. (continued) B3 Eggs,

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    142 CHAPTER 9 Vitamins and Minerals

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    144 CHAPTER 9 Vitamins and Minerals

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    146 Vitamin B Complex (continued) C

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    148 Vitamin B 12 the transcobalamin

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    150 Alert the patient to the signs

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    152 Zinc Dose 12-19 mg/day Maintena

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    154 Summary Quiz Vitamins and miner

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    158 Body Fluids Electrolytes Water

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    160 IV Fluids osmolar. Hypo-osmolar

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    162 CHAPTER 10 Fluid and Electrolyt

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    164 • Weight (not increased). •

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    166 • Diaphoresis. • Dialysis.

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    168 cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

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    170 • Read all labels on food pro

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    172 CHAPTER 10 Fluid and Electrolyt

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    174 CHAPTER 10 Fluid and Electrolyt

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    176 • Administer vitamin D. • H

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    178 Phosphorus is acquired by eatin

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    180 Summary • Confusion. • Oste

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    182 CHAPTER 10 Fluid and Electrolyt

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    184 CHAPTER 11 Nutritional Support

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    186 There are various mixtures that

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    188 Table 11-1. (continued) CHAPTER

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    190 • Potential for loss of skin

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    192 The Nursing Process and Parente

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    194 Quiz CHAPTER 11 Nutritional Sup

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    198 fluid and white blood cells to

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    200 COMMON TYPES OF ARTHRITIS CHAPT

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    202 3. Which of the following relie

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    204 Microorganisms—A Small Formid

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    206 4. They inhibit the bacteria’

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    208 Otherwise, this can lead to und

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    210 CHAPTER 13 Antimicrobials—Fig

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    212 CHAPTER 13 Antimicrobials—Fig

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    214 PENICILLIN AND DRUG-DRUG INTERA

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    216 Cephalosporin can be prescribed

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    218 CHAPTER 13 Antimicrobials—Fig

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    220 CHAPTER 13 Antimicrobials—Fig

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    222 MACROLIDE ANTIBIOTICS CHAPTER 1

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    224 Macrolides and Drug-Drug Intera

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    226 Here are the common nursing dia

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    228 • Ethacrynate parenteral [Ede

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    230 CHAPTER 13 Antimicrobials—Fig

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    232 TETRACYCLINES CHAPTER 13 Antimi

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    234 Tetracyclines, Nursing Diagnosi

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    236 Chloramphenicol and Drug-Drug I

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    238 Fluoroquinolones and Drug-Drug

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    240 CHAPTER 13 Antimicrobials—Fig

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    242 CHAPTER 13 Antimicrobials—Fig

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    244 CHAPTER 13 Antimicrobials—Fig

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    246 CHAPTER 13 Antimicrobials—Fig

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    248 Anthelmintic CHAPTER 13 Antimic

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    250 Summary CHAPTER 13 Antimicrobia

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    252 3. Antibiotics fight off bacter

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    254 The respiratory tract is divide

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    256 TRACHEOBRONCHIAL TUBE The trach

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    258 gestants—especially nasal spr

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    260 ACUTE PHARYNGITIS Acute pharyng

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    262 disease. More than 1 1 /2 billi

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    264 leukotrienes inhibit the action

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    266 Summary CHAPTER 14 Respiratory

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    268 7. Constriction of the bronchio

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    270 iology of the system. The nervo

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    272 analeptics are benzphetamine (D

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    274 CHAPTER 15 Nervous System Drugs

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    276 Other Barbiturates (continued)

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    278 Commonly administered intraveno

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    280 Other Local Anesthetic Agents L

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    282 Receptor Physiologic responses

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    284 CHAPTER 15 Nervous System Drugs

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    286 CHAPTER 15 Nervous System Drugs

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    288 Anticholinergics drugs block pa

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    290 Centrally acting muscle relaxan

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    292 CHAPTER 15 Nervous System Drugs

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    294 types of seizures defined by th

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    296 Atypical antipsychotic drugs ar

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    298 There are three types of depres

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    300 Table 15-3. Side effects of ant

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    302 Quiz Anticonvulsants are medica

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    306 CHAPTER 16 Narcotic Agonists Fo

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    308 Pain Assessment Pain is classif

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    310 NARCOTIC ANALGESICS Narcotic an

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    312 Quiz Pharmacological pain treat

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    316 and cells from transplant donor

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    318 CHAPTER 17 Immunologic Agents T

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    320 A list of drugs utilized in the

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    322 also be acquired from a pool of

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    324 • If more than one vaccine is

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    326 Quiz 1. The immune system is ab

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    330 esophagus, stomach, small intes

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    332 If nonpharmacological measures

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    334 Glucocorticoids Glucocorticoids

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    336 CHAPTER 18 Gastrointestinal Sys

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    338 There are four types of laxativ

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    340 Emollients Emollients (surfacta

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    342 Anticholinergic Anticholinergic

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    344 Summary CHAPTER 18 Gastrointest

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    346 CHAPTER 18 Gastrointestinal Sys

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    348 blood to cells and absorb waste

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    350 Plasma contains glucose, protei

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    352 2. Unstable (preinfarction). Un

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    354 CHAPTER 19 Cardiac Circulatory

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    356 • Stress. • Diet. • Exces

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    358 Angiotensin antagonists Drugs i

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    360 Most sodium and water reabsorpt

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    362 CHAPTER 19 Cardiac Circulatory

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    364 Caution should be used with pat

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    366 Thrombolytics When a blood clot

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    368 and triglycerides and contribut

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    370 Quiz CHAPTER 19 Cardiac Circula

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    374 Skin Disorders Epidermal cells

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    376 hands, knees, and soles of the

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    378 At the first sign of contact de

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    380 Severe febrile illnesses, pregn

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    382 Summary (Sulfamylon), silver su

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    384 3. Contact dermatitis is caused

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    386 Table 21-1. Endocrine glands an

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    388 CHAPTER 21 Endocrine Medication

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    390 of the eyelids and face, thick

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    392 insulin secretion from the beta

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    394 areas than when given in the th

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    396 Summary Thiazolidinediones such

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    398 4. Glucocorticoids therapy is u

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    400 GLAUCOMA The eye is under const

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    402 Eye Medication CHAPTER 22 Disor

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    404 Table 22-1. Ophthalmic medicati

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    406 Common ear disorders are cerume

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    408 Patient Education for Ear Medic

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    410 CHAPTER 22 Disorders of the Eye

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    412 5. Peppermint may relieve migra

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    414 20. An undesired outcome of a m

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    416 35. Order: Duricef 0.4g On hand

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    418 50. NNRTs arrests the progressi

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    420 64. Antibiotics fight off virus

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    422 79. A pregnant patient tells th

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    424 93. Spinach is a source of iron

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    426 CHAPTER 3 1. b 2. b 3. d 4. b 5

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    428 CHAPTER 17 1. c 2. a 3. d 4. a

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    432 CHAPTER 14: Respiratory Disease

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    434 CHAPTER 17: Immunologic Agents

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    438 Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis), 1

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    440 Basics of pharmacology (Continu

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    442 Chronic obstructive pulmonary d

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    444 Drug action and drug interactio

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    446 G Galantamine (Reminyl), 292292

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    448 Iontophoresis, 279t Ipratropium

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    450 Narcotics, controlling, 93 Naso

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    452 Pharmaceutic phase, 24-25, 25t

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    454 Route of medication administrat

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    456 Trimipramine (Surmontil), 299t

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