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African American Resiliency: Examining Racial ... - World Wide

African American Resiliency: Examining Racial Socialization and Social Support as Protective Factors Danice L. Brown The Ohio State University The purpose of this study was to examine the relative importance of racial socialization and social support in the resiliency of African Americans. It was hypothesized that social support and racial socialization would predict the resiliency of 154 African American undergraduate students at a large midwestern university. They completed the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MPSS), the Teenager Experience of Racial Socialization Scale (TERS), and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Findings from hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that receiving racial socialization messages and perceiving that one had social support accounted for the largest proportion of variance in resiliency scores. Implications for parents and mental health providers are discussed. Keywords: racial socialization; social support; African Americans; resiliency While resiliency research has increased steadily over the years, further examination of the resiliency of racial minorities, such as African Americans, is still needed. (Barbaran, 1993; Miller, 1999; Miller & MacIntosh, 1999; Utsey, Bolden, Lanier, & Williams, 2007). African Americans, in comparison to their White counterparts, are more likely to face poverty, live in violent neighborhoods, have less financial resources, and have higher mortality AUTHOR’S NOTE: The author would like to thank Professors Nancy Betz, Pamela Highlen, and Tracy Tylka of the Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University. Danice Brown is completing her doctoral internship at the University of Illinois at Chicago Counseling Center. Correspondence concerning this article can be sent to brown.1912@osu.edu. JOURNAL OF BLACK PSYCHOLOGY, Vol. 34 No. 1, February 2008 32-48 10.1177/0095798407310538 © 2008 The Association of Black Psychologists 32

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