HERITAGE DEVELOPMENT PLAN for VARANASI

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HERITAGE DEVELOPMENT PLAN for VARANASI

HERITAGE DEVELOPMENT PLAN for

VARANASI

Sponsored by:

Varanasi Development Authority (VDA)

Prepared by:

Architectural Heritage Division,

Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH)

Oct 2011


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

The Eternal City of Varanasi as one of the highest

embodiments of

Indian culture, religion and spirituality

A potential world heritage city

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

Varanasi Historic City City – Oldest Living City of World…..

1900

2010

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

Heritage Development Plan for Varanasi:

• Basis for regulation of its heritage zones

• Basis for conserving the built cultural heritage of Varanasi

• Seeks to provide an interface of heritage management

with spatial planning to come up with a regulatory

framework for development that is heritage sensitive

Output: Regulations and guidelines in

consonance with the cultural character of the city

that may be processed as part of Master Plan/

Zonal Plans, Zonal Regulations and Development

Controls.

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

GENERATING BASE INFORMATION

• Cultural Resource Mapping & Inventorying/ Listing

•Typologies Include:

Temples, Mosques, Gateways, Ghats, Kunds, wells,

Residential Buildings, Dharmshalas, Civic Buildings,

Institutional Buildings etc.

•TOTAL 1370

Beside this there are 5 Heritage zones as per MP, & 5

proposed as Per HDP

Basis for heritage zoning and formulation of regulations in the HDP

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

REVIEW OF EXISTING FRAMEWORK

Sectors for Consideration

• Cultural & Natural heritage protection and management

• Spatial planning

• Local governance and Socio-economic planning for

development

• Infrastructure development

• Land management

• Visitor Management and Tourism

• Legal Framework & Institutional Mechanism

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


ISSUES:

H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

Heritage Related

Lack of protection to heritage for its conservation

Potential danger to religious atmosphere

Poor and/or no maintenance of heritage

Destroyed visual potential esply ghats

Development Related

Increasing population

Shrinking spaces

Modifying urban spaces and heritage character

Tourism and pilgrimage pressures

Increasing traffic

Environment pressures

Operational Issues

Multiple agencies with overlapping jurisdictions

Lack of funds for conservation

Lack of adequate technical capacity

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

RECOMMENDATIONS

• Use of Master Plan* for Heritage Regulation in

lieu of Amendments to the Planning Law

• Identification of other heritage zones

• Ramnagar

• Panchkroshi Yatra Marg

• Mughalsarai

• Varanasi Cantonment

• Banaras Hindu University

• Identification of Heritage Sub-Zones (precincts)

within Heritage Zones (Mohallas, historic

commercial spines etc)

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

Heritage Zones of Varanasi

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

• Areas of High Priority Protection

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

ADOPT HERITAGE REGULATIONS : Based on Model

Regulations notified by Govt of UP.

• Will Define Heritage (Cultural and Natural) of city

• Notify Heritage buildings and precincts as per

Listing

• Establish Heritage Committee to assist VDA is

taking decisions Heritage Related Issues.

• Membership including VC, Municipal Commissioner, Town

Planner, INTACH(as per MP), Conservation architect etc.

• Constitution of State Level Advisory cum Monitoring Group

• Will help in preparation of Development Controls,

Building By-laws and Architectural Guidelines as

per historic building character of Varanasi

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

Review of Existing By-laws

• 50 mts around heritage building no construction zone?

• New building around heritage building to be single

storey?

• Set backs

INCENTIVES

• Property Tax Rebate

• Access too Heritage Fund

• TDR

• Flexible Landuse Conversions

CAPACITY BUILDING

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

Heritage Related Pilot Proposals

Thematic Detailed Project Reports

THEMES PROJECTS

Urban Heritage Conservation &

Development

Rural Area Development &

Pilgrimage infrastructure

Dasashwamedh Cultural Qtr

River front

Panchkroshi Yatra Halts

Conservation of Water Bodies Sarang, Pishachmochan &

Pushkar Kunds

Conservation & Reuse of Heritage

Building for Tourism Infrastructure

Chet Singh Ghat & palace as

a Cultural Center and

Jagannath temple complex

as Art & craft center,

Heritage Building Conservation Balaji Ghat, St. Mary Church

& Tripolia gate

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


LOCATION

H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

Dasashwamedh Cultural

Quarter

•Located in one of the three cultural

quarters (Visweswara Khanda)

•Central to old city of Varanasi.

•Covers significant river front (ghats)

and main public area of the city.

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

PROJECT CONCEPT & PROPOSAL

Entire proposal divided into four Sub Projects

SUB PROJECT 1

Development of pedestrian environment of the road from Goudhulia

Chouhmani to Dasashwamedh Ghat. Project Cost- Rs. 8.06 Crs

SUB PROJECT 2

Façade-scape development and Street facing property management on

the road from Goudhulia Chouhmani to Dasashwamedh Ghat. Project

cost- Rs. 1.70 crs

SUB PROJECT 3

Historic riverfront regeneration (from Pandey Ghat to Lalita Ghat)

Project Cost Rs. 14.72 crs

SUB PROJECT 4

Development of ‘Varanasi Sanskriti Darshan’ at the present Site of

Dasashwamedh vegetable and fish market. Project cost Rs. 7.93 crs

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

ISSUES &

CONCERN-

Southern

Ghats

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

CONCEPT

PLAN

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

CONCEPT

PLAN

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

Rural Area Development & Pilgrimage

Infrastructure

• Panchkroshi Yatra Halts

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

BHIMACHANDI -SITE PLAN

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


Restoration & Development of Kunds,Varanasi

PISHACH MOCHAN

Kund

Pushkar

Kund

SARANG

Kund


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

Proposed Detailed Plan: Sarang Kund

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


CHET SINGH GHAT CULTURAL

CENTRE VARANASI

Conservation and reuse proposal

HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE

• Historically significant in the history

of Varanasi due to the war in 1781

between Chet Singh and British

troop led by Warren Hastings.


Entrance Zone

Food Court

H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

Craft Zone

History Entry Zone

Char Bagh

Sacred Zone

Temple

CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF SHRI JAGANNATH

TEMPLE built in 1790 @ ASSI GHAT, as ART & CRAFT BAZAAR

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09


Conservation & Development of Heritage Sites

Now a WMF endangered site of 2011


Conservation of St Mary’s Church

H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09

Pediment

Mutules

Trigylph

Frieze

Regulae

Metope

Architrave

Pediment

Stylobate


H E R I T A G E D E V E L O P M E N T P L A N F O R V A R A N A S I

Thank you

Divay Gupta, Principal Director.

Architectural Heritage Division

INTACH

Conservation Architect

M Arch, Conservation (SPA),

M. Heritage Management (Univ of Birmingham)

Certificate courses on conservation from ICCROM,

divaygupta@gmail.com

www.intach.org

Architectural Heritage Division, INTACH December ‘09

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