Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar Peoples - National Native Title Tribunal

nntt.gov.au

Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar Peoples - National Native Title Tribunal

Research Report Bibliography

5/2006

Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar

Peoples

May 2006

Research Unit

Queensland


Note: This bibliographic series is produced for general library viewing from

reports prepared by the Tribunal for parties to native title mediations. The

bibliographies are also reproduced on the Tribunal’s website:

www.nntt.gov.au

© Commonwealth of Australia 2006

This work is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for study or

training purposes if an acknowledgment of the source is included. Such use

must not be for the purposes of sale or commercial exploitation.

Subject to the Copyright Act, reproduction, storage in a retrieval system or

transmission in any form by any means of any part of the work other than for

the purposes above is not permitted without written permission.

Information about this report and requests and inquiries concerning

reproduction should be addressed to, Manager, Research Unit, National

Native Title Tribunal, GPO Box 9973, Perth WA 6484.

Editor of the Research Report Series: Research Unit

Assistance is also acknowledged from NNTT Library Services, AIATSIS

Library and the Research Unit’s Production Team.

Telephone: (08) 9268 7272

Facsimile: (08) 9268 7299

E-mail: reports@nntt.gov.au

Web site: www.nntt.gov.au

ISSN: 1448-983X

TITLE: Research Report Bibliographies


Bibliography Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar Peoples

Introduction

The Tribunal’s Research Unit prepares bibliographies as a ready

reference for anyone wanting to locate readily available, published

material about Indigenous Australian people within a particular

region or locality. The bibliographies are produced for general library

use from reports prepared by the Tribunal for parties to native title

mediations. The bibliographies are not exhaustive reference lists

about any particular Indigenous group, nor is the published material

necessarily an accurate or insightful report of Indigenous society. The

Research Unit may update bibliographies from time to time, usually

because a new research report has been reproduced for parties to

mediation.

It should be noted that the contents and production of these reports

are governed by time and resource constraints. They are often

prepared in four to eight weeks by a single research officer with some

input from a research assistant and Tribunal librarian. Generally

most of the references sought for these reports are available only from

the AIATSIS library, which in turn has limited resources available to

supply material. Therefore care is taken to request only that material

which appears relevant to the scope of a particular report.

Disclaimer: The bibliographies are a list of materials that have been

used by the Research Unit of the Tribunal to provide background

information for native title mediations. The Tribunal forms no view

on the accuracy, completeness, or relevance of the reference material

cited in these bibliographies. Most of this material is held at libraries

and is available to the public. The Tribunal library may be able to

assist in locating items.

- 1 -


Bibliography Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar Peoples

Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar Peoples Report

This report was prepared by staff of the Research Unit of the National

Native Title Tribunal, in order to provide research assistance to the

Carpentaria Land Council, with the specific purpose of making

available basic research materials for a prospective native title claim

by the coastal Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar people of the southwestern

Carpentaria region. There are many different language

names and tribal names identified by anthropologists, linguists,

missionaries, other observers and Indigenous people for the groups in

the area under study. However, for organisational purposes

particular attention has been paid to Tindale's 1974 variations for

these groups: Kalibamu, Marrago, Kukatja, Kareldi and Kunggara

(and/or alternatives names).

To date, the groups have made no native title claims in the region.

However, based on the areas most commonly identified by the

literature in this report, the country of interest lies within a general

area defined broadly by the following points:

• on the western border by a line running from the mouth of the

Leichhardt River south to Augustus Downs Station;

• on the eastern border by a line running from the Staaten River

east to Dorunda Station;

• on the southern border by a line running through Vanrook and

Glencoe Stations to Maggieville Station south to Normanton,

then south to the Norman River south of Milgarra Station, and

further south to Donors Hill Station and finally west to

Augustus Downs Station; and

• On the north by the coastline of the Gulf of Carpentaria.

Towns within the area include Bourketown, Normanton and

Karumba. Major rivers include the Leichhardt, Norman, Cloncurry,

Flinders, Smithburne, Gilbert and Staaten, and important creeks

mentioned in the literature include the Spear, Vanrook, Forest and

Belmore.

- 2 -


Bibliography Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar Peoples

This report is based on publicly and readily available information that

describes the location of the Kuthant/Gkuthaarn, Kukatja and Kurtjar

people (including common alternative names) and the various

locations that form part of their territory, as indicated by the sources.

Research Method

This report contains summaries of information that is publicly

available and relevant to the traditional location of groups within the

region (the study area). It should be noted that the contents and

production of these reports are governed by time and resource

constraints. They are usually prepared in six weeks by a single

research officer with some input from a research assistant and

Tribunal librarian. Many of the references sought for these reports

are available only from the AIATSIS library which has limited

resources available to supply material. Therefore care is taken to

request only that material which appears relevant to the scope of a

particular report.

A search was made of the AIATSIS library catalogue, MURA, for

references which applied to the geographical area. The material

generated by the AIATSIS search was supplemented by relevant

references found in Tindale's (1974) Aboriginal Tribes of Australia. The

following general references were also used:

• Capell, 1963, Linguistic Survey of Australia;

• Davidson, 1938a, A Preliminary Register of Australian Tribes and

Hordes;

• Davis, 1993, Australia's Extant and Imputed Traditional Aboriginal

Territories;

• Horton, 1994, The Encyclopaedia of Aboriginal Australia;

• Oates and Oates, 1970, A Revised Linguistic Survey of Australia; and

• Tindale, 1940, 'Distribution of Australian Aboriginal tribes: a field

survey';

• Greenway, 1963, Bibliography of the Australian Aborigines and the

natives of Torres Strait to 1959.

- 3 -


Bibliography Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar Peoples

The research material used for this report is based largely on a search

of the AIATSIS on-line catalogue. As well as using the terms 'Kukatja

(G28)', 'Kuthant/Gkuthaarn (G31)' and 'Kurtjar (G33)' in the language

field, the catalogue was searched using the following 1:250 000 survey

map sheet numbers corresponding to the study area: Galbraith

(SE54-3), Burketown (SE54-6), Normanton (SE54-7), and Donors Hill

(SE54-10). Additionally, the alternative Tindale terms 'Kalibamu',

Marrago', Kukatja', 'Kareldi', and 'Kunggara' were searched. A search

was also made according to the names of prominent towns, rivers and

mountain ranges within the study area. Each record was examined to

determine its likely relevance or usefulness. Materials with access or

reproduction restrictions were omitted, as were foreign language

materials, obvious duplications, apparent cataloguing errors,

microforms, audio material and material that appeared to deal with

technical aspects of language or education curricula. Materials

relating to places or areas clearly outside of the study region were

also omitted.

The result of these searches is set out below

Map Sheet No. Result After filtering

Galbraith SE54-3 61 10

Burketown SE54-6 138 24

Normanton SE54-7 99 63

Donors Hill SE54-

10

68 32

Total 366 129

The searches of prominent landmarks, rivers and towns ultimately

identified the same works as the map sheet search. It is also noted

that not all potentially useful items listed in the MURA search were

available for examination at the time of the research. Some works

found are also duplicated across a number of map-sheet areas.

- 4 -


Bibliography Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar Peoples

The Tribunal's library holdings were also examined for material

relevant to language/tribal group in the region. The Tribunal's

Research Reports on native title applications in the region were also

examined for material relevant to the present report.

- 5 -


Bibliography Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar Peoples

Bibliography

Bannister, Dennis D. 1977, 'Australian Aboriginal Vocabularies

Collected by Archibald Meston 1870-1904' in Papers on the

Aboriginal Languages of Queensland, AIATSIS document

MS2171

Black, P. 1975a, 'Language research in Normanton', Normanton

Chronicle, November/December, Issue no.7, pages 1-2

Black, Paul 1975b, 'Kukatj: final report [to A.I.A.S.]', AIATSIS

document MS686

Black, P. 1975-1977, [Reports to A.I.A.S. on Normanton research, 1974-

7]' including (1, a-c) Draft fieldwork reports and preliminary

notes on Kurtjar kinship and marriage, January 1975; (2) Midyear

report on fieldwork in the Normanton area, 1974-5, March

1975; (3) Kurtjar and Kuthant interim report, May 1975; (4)

Final report on research fellowships of 1974-7, September 1977,

AIATSIS document PMS1524

Black, P. 1977, 'Section terms and totemism in the Normanton area',

AIATSIS document MS462

Black, P. 1978, 'The Kurtjar in recent times', Australian Institute of

Aboriginal Studies, Newsletter, n.s.9, pages 54-57.

Black, Paul 1974, 'Normanton research fieldbooks, Normanton,

Queensland', 18 volumes, AIATSIS document MS465

Black, P. and R. Gilbert March 1986, (draft) 'Kurtjar dictionary',

reproduced at the School of Australian Linguistics, Darwin

Institute of Technology, Darwin

Breen, G. 1972, 'Report on field trip to western Queensland and

adjacent areas, April-July 1972', AIATSIS document MS159(8)

Breen, G. 1992, 'Some problems of Kukatj phononology', AIATSIS

document PMS3021.

- 6 -


Bibliography Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar Peoples

Breen, G. 1981, The Mayi languages of the Queensland Gulf country,

Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.

Breen, G. 1992, 'Some problems of Kukatj phononology', Australian

Journal of Linguistics, vol.12, pages 1-43.

Bulleta (pseud.) 1897, 'Aborigines of the Gulf', Queenslander, January

23, 1897, vol.51, p. 183.

Bynoe, C. 1992, Memories of Normanton: An Aboriginal perspective,

Normanton State School, Normanton.

Capell, A. 1963, Linguistic Survey of Australia, Australian Institute of

Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.

Curr, E. M. 1887, The Australian Race: its origin, languages, customs, place

of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over

that continent, in four volumes, Government Printer, Melbourne.

Davidson, D.S. 1938a, A Preliminary Register of Australian Tribes and

Hordes, The American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia.

Davidson, D.S. 1938b, 'An Ethnic Map of Australia', Proceedings of the

American Philosophical Society, vol. 79, no. 4.

Donner, F. 1900, 'Aboriginal traditions and rock carvings', Science of

Man, vol.3 (7), pages 115-116.

Keen, S. 1970. '[Transcript of tapes A1150-A1156]', AIATSIS document

MS247

Mathews, R. H. 1899, 'Divisions of some Aboriginal tribes,

Queensland', Votes and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New

South Wales, vol. 33, pp.108-114.

Mathews, R.H., 1900a, 'The Origin, Organization and Ceremonies of

the Australian Aborigines', American Philosophical Society, Vol.

39, No. 164, pp. 556-578.

- 7 -


Bibliography Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar Peoples

Mathews, R.H. 1900b, 'Some Tribes of Cape York Peninsular' in Votes

and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 34,

131-135.

Memmott, P. & G. Channells 2004, Living on saltwater country:

Southern Gulf of Carpentaria sea country management, needs and

issues, National Oceans Office, Canberra.

Oates, W.J. and L. Oates 1970, A Revised Linguistic Survey of Australia,

Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.

Oates, L. 1975, 1973 Supplement to 'A Revised Linguistic Survey of

Australia', Armidale Christian Book Centre, Armidale.

O'Grady, G.N., Wurm, S.A. and K. L. Hale 1966, Aboriginal Languages

of Australia (map resource). Department of Linguistics,

University of Victoria, British Columbia, Victoria.

O’Grady, G.N. Voeglin, C. F. & Voeglin, F. M. 1966, 'Languages of the

World; Indo-Pacific fascicle six', Anthropological Linguistics,

8(2):1-97, University of Indiana.

Memmott, P. and Peter Kelleher 1995, Social impact study of the

proposed Century Project on the Aboriginal people of Normanton and

surrounds, a study carried out for the Bynoe Community

Advancement Co-operative Society Ltd., unpublished.

Memmott, P. 2004, Living on saltwater country: Southern Gulf of

Carpentaria sea country management, needs and issues, Consultation

Report, National Oceans Office, Canberra.

Palmer, Edward 1883, 'Notes on some Australian tribes' in Journal of

Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain, vol.VIII, pp. 276-

347.

Parry-Okeden, W. E. 1897, Report on the North Queensland Aborigines

and the Native Police, with appendices, Government Printer,

Brisbane.

- 8 -


Bibliography Gkuthaarn, Kukatj and Kurtijar Peoples

Roth, W. E. 1901-1910 (1984 facsimile edition), The Queensland

Aborigines, Hesperian Press, Victoria Park.

Sharp, R.L. 1939, 'Tribes and totemism in north-east Australia' in

Oceania, vol.9, pp.254-275, 439-461.

Sommer B.A. 1972a, 'Report on Field Trip to Cape York Peninsula',

AIATSIS document PMS 1623.

Sutton, P. 1970, 'Preliminary report of field survey of north-east

Queensland 1970', AIATSIS document PMS1780.

Tindale, N. B. 1940, 'Distribution of Australian Aboriginal Tribes: A

Field Survey', Royal Society of South Australia, 64(1).

Tindale, N. B. 1974, Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain,

Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names,

University of California Press, Berkeley.

Turnbull, W. [alias W.T.]1896, 'Lower Leichhardt River and coast

dialect of Mikadoon tribe' and 'On the sea coast and the estuary

of Leichhardt Minkin tribe' [wordlists], Australian

Anthropological Journal, no.2, pages 22-23.

Turnbull, W. 1903, [Letter to Editor], Science of Man, vol.6 (1), pp.9-11.

Turnbull, W. 1911, [Letters to A. Carroll: Investigations in Minikin

and Mikadoon tribes], Science of Man, vol.13, no.2, pp.39-41;

no.3, pp.59-61; no.4, pp.79-80.

Wurm S. A., and Hattori, S. 1981, Language atlas of the Pacific area,

Australian Academy of the Humanities in collaboration with

the Japan Academy, Canberra.

- 9 -


For more information about native title

and services of the Tribunal, please contact

the National Native Title Tribunal

GPO Box 9973 in your capital city on

Freecall 1800 640 501. A wide variety of

information is also available online at

www.nntt.gov.au

The National Native Title Tribunal has

offices in Adelaide, Brisbane, Cairns, Darwin,

Melbourne, Perth and Sydney.

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines