05.06.2013 Views

The FNRI - Food and Nutrition Research Institute - Department of ...

The FNRI - Food and Nutrition Research Institute - Department of ...

The FNRI - Food and Nutrition Research Institute - Department of ...

SHOW MORE
SHOW LESS

You also want an ePaper? Increase the reach of your titles

YUMPU automatically turns print PDFs into web optimized ePapers that Google loves.

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong><br />

Executive Order No. 94, dated July 1,1947 created the <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>Research</strong> <strong>Institute</strong><br />

(<strong>FNRI</strong>) as the first clearinghouse <strong>of</strong> data <strong>and</strong> information on food <strong>and</strong> nutrition. Over the years, it<br />

has evolved as the lead government agency for food <strong>and</strong> nutrition research in the country. From<br />

its humble beginnings <strong>of</strong> only eight (8) pioneers, the <strong>FNRI</strong> now has in its fold 186 trained <strong>and</strong><br />

committed personnel.<br />

M<strong>and</strong>ate<br />

Executive Order No. 128, dated January 30, 1987, m<strong>and</strong>ates the <strong>FNRI</strong> to:<br />

1. undertake research that defines the citizenry’s nutritional status with reference particularly to<br />

the malnutrition problem, its causes <strong>and</strong> effects <strong>and</strong> identify alternative solutions to them;<br />

2. develop <strong>and</strong> recommend policy options, strategies, programs, <strong>and</strong> projects which address<br />

the malnutrition problem for implementation by the appropriate agencies, <strong>and</strong>;<br />

3. disseminate research findings <strong>and</strong> recommendations to the relevant end-users.<br />

In 1996, Executive Order No. 352 designated the <strong>FNRI</strong>’s National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Surveys <strong>and</strong><br />

Regional Updating <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Nutrition</strong>al Status <strong>of</strong> Filipino Children among the statistical activities<br />

that generate critical data for decision-making <strong>of</strong> the government <strong>and</strong> private sector.<br />

In carrying out these m<strong>and</strong>ates, the <strong>Institute</strong> is guided by its vision <strong>of</strong> optimum nutrition for all<br />

Filipinos, socially <strong>and</strong> economically empowered through scientifically sound, environmentfriendly<br />

<strong>and</strong> globally competitive technologies.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> affirms that nutrition is a human right.


Table <strong>of</strong> Contents<br />

Page<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> M<strong>and</strong>ate<br />

Secretary’s Message ………………………………………………………………………. iv<br />

Director’s Message ………………………………………………………………………… v<br />

Highlights <strong>of</strong> Accomplishments …………………………………………………………… 1<br />

I. Diffusion <strong>of</strong> Knowledge <strong>and</strong> Technologies …………………………………………… 7<br />

- Commercialized Technologies in Support <strong>of</strong> SETUP ……………………………. 7<br />

- Diffused Technologies ……………………………………………………………….. 8<br />

- TECHNICOM ………………………………………………………………………….. 8<br />

- Technical Trainings on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> ………………………………………… 9<br />

II. Generation <strong>of</strong> New Knowledge ……………………………………………………….. 12<br />

- <strong>Research</strong> <strong>and</strong> Development on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> (F&N) …………………….. 12<br />

1. Basic <strong>and</strong> Applied <strong>Research</strong>es on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> ……………………….. 12<br />

A. <strong>Food</strong> Fortification Program to Combat Micronutrient Deficiencies ……….<br />

B. <strong>Nutrition</strong>al <strong>and</strong> Functional <strong>Food</strong> Product Development Program<br />

12<br />

as Alternative Solution/Remedy to Alleviate Other <strong>Nutrition</strong>al Problems..<br />

C. Programs for Development <strong>of</strong> Tools <strong>and</strong> St<strong>and</strong>ards Used for <strong>Nutrition</strong>al<br />

18<br />

Assessment <strong>and</strong> Technical Services ………………………………………<br />

D. Program to Address the Increasing Incidence <strong>of</strong> <strong>Food</strong>-Borne Diseases<br />

20<br />

<strong>and</strong> Dem<strong>and</strong> for Quality <strong>and</strong> Safe <strong>Food</strong>, <strong>Food</strong> Product <strong>and</strong> Water …… 22<br />

E. Strategic Programs Addressing Normal, Under-<strong>and</strong> Over-Nourished 23<br />

Individuals …………………………………………………………………….<br />

2. <strong>Nutrition</strong>al Assessment <strong>and</strong> Monitoring ……………………………………….. 27<br />

A. <strong>Nutrition</strong> Surveys ……………………………………………………………. 27<br />

B. In-depth <strong>and</strong> Correlation Studies …………………………………………. 31<br />

- Contract <strong>Research</strong> on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> ……………………………………….. 44<br />

- Patent <strong>and</strong> Publications ……………………………………………………………. 47<br />

III. Provision <strong>of</strong> Quality Science <strong>and</strong> Technology Services ………………………….. 48<br />

- Technical Services on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> ………………………………………. 48<br />

1. Laboratory <strong>and</strong> Testing Services …………………………………………….. 48<br />

2. Consultancy Services ………………………………………………………… 48<br />

- Science <strong>and</strong> Technology Promotion Services ……………………………………. 52<br />

1. <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> Promotion <strong>and</strong> Networking ……………………………… 52<br />

2. Other Promotional Activities …………………………………………………… 54<br />

- Information <strong>and</strong> Communication Technology (ICT) …………………………….. 56<br />

IV. S&T Capacity Building Services on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> …………………………… 57<br />

- Scientific Linkages <strong>and</strong> International Cooperation ……………………………… 57<br />

- Awards ……………………………………………………………………………….. 60<br />

V. <strong>FNRI</strong> Internal Audit Services …………………………………………………………. 61<br />

VI. Financial <strong>and</strong> Human Resources Management ……………………………………. 61<br />

- Financial Resources Management ………………………………………………… 61<br />

- Human Resources Management ………………………………………………….. 63<br />

Committing to Future Directions ………………………………………………………….. 70<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Executive Officials ………………………………………………………………….. 72<br />

Organizational Structure …………………………………………………………………… 73<br />

Directory 74


Secretary’s Message<br />

<strong>The</strong> year 2006 was equally challenging <strong>and</strong> rewarding for the <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>Research</strong><br />

<strong>Institute</strong> (<strong>FNRI</strong>). Its efforts to contribute in the advancement <strong>of</strong> Science <strong>and</strong> Technology (S & T)<br />

through accurate data, correct information <strong>and</strong> innovative technologies in the fields <strong>of</strong> food <strong>and</strong><br />

nutrition proved its dedication <strong>and</strong> commitment to help eradicate the formidable problem <strong>of</strong><br />

malnutrition in the country.<br />

Foremost <strong>of</strong> its accomplishments is the launching <strong>of</strong> the e-<strong>Nutrition</strong>, an interactive web-based<br />

information system. It provides accurate <strong>and</strong> accessible food <strong>and</strong> nutrition data <strong>and</strong> analyses for<br />

planning <strong>of</strong> poverty alleviation programs aligned with the attainment <strong>of</strong> the Millennium<br />

Development Goal (MDG) <strong>of</strong> eradicating extreme poverty <strong>and</strong> hunger among the population. In<br />

recognition <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Institute</strong>’s untiring commitment towards service <strong>and</strong> excellence, the e-<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong> was awarded the gr<strong>and</strong> prize for Information <strong>and</strong> Communication Technology (ICT)<br />

Best Practice in e-Governance by the Asia-Pacific Economic Conference Digital Opportunity<br />

Center (ADOC).<br />

In continuing to fulfill its m<strong>and</strong>ate <strong>of</strong> defining the citizenry’s nutritional status, the dissemination<br />

forum on the results <strong>of</strong> the 2005 Updating <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Nutrition</strong>al Status <strong>of</strong> Filipino Children <strong>and</strong><br />

Selected Population Groups proved to be another significant accomplishment <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Institute</strong>.<br />

<strong>The</strong> nutrition survey results are essential inputs for planning strategic programs among the<br />

regions <strong>and</strong> provinces <strong>of</strong> the country aimed at improving the nutritional status <strong>of</strong> children <strong>and</strong><br />

selected population groups.<br />

To deliver one <strong>of</strong> DOST’s major final outputs (MFOs) which is the generation <strong>of</strong> new knowledge<br />

<strong>and</strong> technologies, the <strong>FNRI</strong> continued with its efforts to develop nutritional <strong>and</strong> functional<br />

products as an answer to the emerging lifestyle <strong>and</strong> nutrition-related diseases.<br />

I would like to congratulate the <strong>FNRI</strong> for its unrelenting efforts to improve the nutritional status <strong>of</strong><br />

Filipinos through various activities described in this report.<br />

I acknowledge that the battle against malnutrition is far from over. <strong>The</strong> task to alleviate the nutritional<br />

status <strong>of</strong> our people is made even more difficult with the increasing trend <strong>of</strong> overnutrition, obesity <strong>and</strong> the<br />

accompanying lifestyle diseases such as hypertension, cardiovascular diseases <strong>and</strong> diabetes mellitus. I<br />

believe, though, that with the able leadership <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> <strong>of</strong>ficials <strong>and</strong> with the persevering, dedicated efforts<br />

<strong>of</strong> its staff, the fight against malnutrition can be won.<br />

To the men <strong>and</strong> women <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>Research</strong> <strong>Institute</strong>, again, my congratulations for a<br />

fruitful year!


Director’s Message<br />

In behalf <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>Research</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> (<strong>FNRI</strong>) family, it is with great pride <strong>and</strong><br />

sense <strong>of</strong> fulfillment that I present the major accomplishments <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Institute</strong> for the year 2006.<br />

As the country’s lead agency in food <strong>and</strong> nutrition research <strong>and</strong> development, the <strong>FNRI</strong>, through<br />

the years, continues its relentless efforts to find ways <strong>and</strong> measures to help alleviate the<br />

formidable problem <strong>of</strong> malnutrition affecting the general population. In fulfillment <strong>of</strong> its m<strong>and</strong>ate,<br />

the <strong>Institute</strong> consistently takes the lead in defining the citizenry’s nutritional status.<br />

<strong>The</strong> last quarter <strong>of</strong> 2006 paved the way for the results <strong>of</strong> the survey on “Updating <strong>of</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong>al<br />

Status <strong>of</strong> Filipino Children <strong>and</strong> Selected Population Groups” done in 2005 to be disseminated to<br />

the public. <strong>The</strong>se results are essential inputs for policy <strong>and</strong> program recommendations, both for<br />

long <strong>and</strong> short term solutions to nutrition <strong>and</strong> health problems prevalent at the national, regional<br />

<strong>and</strong>/or provincial levels. <strong>The</strong> information also serves as basis for monitoring <strong>and</strong> tracking the<br />

nutrition situation in the country, in line with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).<br />

H<strong>and</strong> in h<strong>and</strong> with fulfilling its m<strong>and</strong>ates, the <strong>FNRI</strong> geared its efforts at completing a total <strong>of</strong> 31<br />

R & D <strong>and</strong> S & T projects <strong>and</strong> activities to deliver the <strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Science <strong>and</strong> Technology’s<br />

Major Final Outputs (MFOs) in support to the Medium-Term Philippine Development Plan for<br />

2004-2010. <strong>The</strong> MFOs are aimed towards ensuring that the country’s science <strong>and</strong> technology<br />

efforts are translated to socio-economic benefits for the Filipino people.<br />

Diffusion <strong>of</strong> knowledge <strong>and</strong> technologies was primarily achieved by the <strong>Institute</strong> through the<br />

conduct <strong>of</strong> two strategic programs which are: the <strong>FNRI</strong> Technology Transfer Program <strong>and</strong> the S<br />

& T Promotion Program.<br />

Under the <strong>FNRI</strong> Technology Transfer Program, six (6) entrepreneurs signed technology transfer<br />

agreements for several fortified food products developed by the <strong>Institute</strong> in response to the<br />

problem, particularly <strong>of</strong> micronutrient deficiencies prevalent in the country <strong>and</strong> in support to RA<br />

8976 or the <strong>Food</strong> Fortification Act 2000.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> also diffused 13 food <strong>and</strong> nutrition technologies to 600 clients. Under the <strong>Food</strong><br />

Processing Center, the Technology Business Incubator (TBI) has provided support to five (5)<br />

Small <strong>and</strong> Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) who adopted <strong>FNRI</strong>-developed food technologies.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong>’s third m<strong>and</strong>ate to disseminate research findings <strong>and</strong> recommendations is realized<br />

with the conduct <strong>of</strong> its S & T Promotion Program. A notable accomplishment under this program<br />

was the launching among media <strong>and</strong> relevant s t a k e h o l d e r s<br />

o f t h e e - <strong>Nutrition</strong>. This Information <strong>and</strong> Communication Technology Project<br />

(ICT) was established by the <strong>Institute</strong> to improve the nutritional status <strong>of</strong> the population by


providing electronically accessible information on food consumption, nutrition <strong>and</strong> health status<br />

<strong>and</strong> other essential indicators that would be useful in policy-making, planning <strong>and</strong> development<br />

<strong>of</strong> nutrition-related programs. <strong>The</strong> e-<strong>Nutrition</strong> was awarded the gr<strong>and</strong> prize as the 2006 ICT Best<br />

Practice in e-Governance by the Asia-Pacific Economic Conference Digital Opportunity Center<br />

(ADOC).<br />

Still another significant accomplishment under the S & T Promotion Program is the strong<br />

partnership the <strong>FNRI</strong> has forged with tri-media institutions, contributing to its remaining as one<br />

<strong>of</strong> the most active DOST agency in terms <strong>of</strong> media promotion <strong>and</strong> exposure. In 2006, the<br />

<strong>Institute</strong> generated a tri-media mileage value <strong>of</strong> Php 21 million, about Php 2.5 million more than<br />

that <strong>of</strong> 2005. Notable among the partnerships formed is that with <strong>The</strong> Coca Cola Export<br />

Corporation (TCCEC) <strong>and</strong> 11 publishers who made possible the publication <strong>of</strong> the Healthy <strong>and</strong><br />

Active Lifestyle (HAL) page in various newspapers.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong>’s commitment to provide accurate data <strong>and</strong> correct information on food <strong>and</strong><br />

nutrition has not gone unnoticed. This year, the <strong>FNRI</strong> celebrated still another important event as<br />

it received an award from the ABS-CBN Foundation <strong>and</strong> DZMM, in appreciation <strong>of</strong> its continuing<br />

support <strong>and</strong> effort in its campaign to disseminate <strong>and</strong> promote science <strong>and</strong> technology,<br />

particularly in the area <strong>of</strong> food <strong>and</strong> nutrition.<br />

While the <strong>FNRI</strong> is hard-put to generate new knowledge <strong>and</strong> technologies, the <strong>Institute</strong> also<br />

gives time to contribute towards the development <strong>of</strong> human resources for S & T through the<br />

conduct <strong>of</strong> training courses for its clients.<br />

<strong>The</strong> battle against malnutrition is far from over with the current developments in the health <strong>and</strong><br />

nutrition situation <strong>of</strong> our population. In response, the <strong>FNRI</strong> continuously equips itself with new<br />

knowledge <strong>and</strong> improved skills in food <strong>and</strong> nutrition <strong>and</strong> related fields. Energized with renewed<br />

vigor <strong>and</strong> commitment <strong>and</strong> armed with the support <strong>of</strong> DOST, our mother agency, <strong>and</strong> that <strong>of</strong> our<br />

partners, we will continue to accomplish the mission we have set to do in order to achieve our<br />

vision <strong>of</strong> optimum nutrition for all Filipinos, socially <strong>and</strong> economically empowered through<br />

scientifically sound, environment friendly <strong>and</strong> globally competitive technologies.


Highlights <strong>of</strong> Accomplishments<br />

President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo stated in her 2006 state-<strong>of</strong>-the-nation address that in<br />

today’s economy, knowledge is the greatest creator <strong>of</strong> wealth. As a response to this, the <strong>Food</strong><br />

<strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>Research</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Science <strong>and</strong> Technology completed 31<br />

research <strong>and</strong> development (R&D) <strong>and</strong> science <strong>and</strong> technology (S&T) projects in 2006. <strong>The</strong>se<br />

projects generated, diffused <strong>and</strong> disseminated knowledge geared towards the improvement <strong>of</strong><br />

the nutritional status <strong>of</strong> Filipinos.<br />

Diffusion <strong>of</strong> Knowledge <strong>and</strong> Technologies<br />

Winning the war against poverty through diffusion <strong>and</strong> transfer <strong>of</strong> technologies <strong>and</strong> technical<br />

trainings<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> developed-technologies, namely, iodine-rich drinking water, iron-fortified chocolate<br />

crinkles, squash supplemented bakery products, lumpia wrapper <strong>and</strong> ready-to-serve lumpia<br />

sauce, <strong>and</strong> fortified soy sauce, were transferred to six (6) small <strong>and</strong> medium-scale enterprises<br />

(SMEs).<br />

Likewise, 13 food <strong>and</strong> nutrition technologies were diffused for possible livelihood opportunities<br />

to 600 clients composed <strong>of</strong> entrepreneurs, government <strong>and</strong> non-government employees,<br />

students, <strong>and</strong> homemakers.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> conducted a pilot scale production <strong>of</strong> corn-based food bar that can be used for<br />

food assistance during disasters. This is a ready-to-eat food item that is appealing, nutritious,<br />

convenient, easy-to-carry <strong>and</strong> a possible vehicle for future macro/ micro nutrient enhancement.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> also held several trainings to increase the capability <strong>of</strong> its staff <strong>and</strong> its various<br />

stakeholders particularly mess <strong>of</strong>ficers, health workers, mothers, teachers, students <strong>and</strong><br />

entrepreneurs. It successfully undertook three (3) batches <strong>of</strong> training on <strong>Food</strong> H<strong>and</strong>ling <strong>and</strong><br />

Meal Management among the Bureau <strong>of</strong> Jail Management <strong>and</strong> Penology personnel. A series<br />

<strong>of</strong> training on nutrition labeling component analysis was conducted with support from the<br />

Philippine Council for Industry <strong>and</strong> Energy <strong>Research</strong> <strong>and</strong> Development (PCIERD-DOST).<br />

Moreover, it also undertook a series <strong>of</strong> training on statistical methodologies <strong>and</strong> report writing to<br />

build capability among <strong>FNRI</strong> staff <strong>and</strong> selected partner agency representatives.<br />

Generation <strong>of</strong> New Knowledge<br />

Combating micronutrient deficiencies <strong>and</strong> other nutritional problems<br />

A total <strong>of</strong> six (6) projects on food fortification to combat micronutrient deficiencies were<br />

undertaken. Among these are the determination <strong>of</strong> the efficacy <strong>of</strong> multi-micronutrient milk <strong>and</strong><br />

biscuits <strong>and</strong> technology generation <strong>and</strong> evaluation <strong>of</strong> the effects <strong>of</strong> fortified health drinks in the<br />

nutritional status <strong>of</strong> school-aged children. <strong>The</strong> multi-micronutrient milk <strong>and</strong> biscuits, <strong>and</strong> the<br />

fortified health drinks were found efficacious in improving the nutritional status <strong>of</strong> the children,<br />

<strong>and</strong> thus, were recommended to be


used in mass supplementary feeding projects. <strong>The</strong> fortification <strong>of</strong> chocolate crinkles with iron,<br />

on the other h<strong>and</strong>, were found to be technically feasible <strong>and</strong> stable under simulated market<br />

conditions.<br />

<strong>The</strong> production <strong>and</strong> quality assurance <strong>of</strong> iodized salt, <strong>and</strong> evaluation <strong>of</strong> iodine in cooked food<br />

were also done as a review <strong>and</strong> in support <strong>of</strong> the National Salt Iodization Program or ASIN Law<br />

passed in 2000.<br />

Development <strong>of</strong> functional foods as alternative solution to alleviate other nutrition problems<br />

With the appalling rise <strong>of</strong> lifestyle <strong>and</strong> diet-related diseases, the <strong>FNRI</strong> responded by developing<br />

functional food products like the meatless sausage <strong>and</strong> the scale-up production <strong>of</strong> high-fiber<br />

sausage.<br />

Advancing nutritional assessment with new tools <strong>and</strong> st<strong>and</strong>ards for nutritional assessment<br />

A compilation <strong>of</strong> 50 recipes utilizing eggs was developed by the <strong>Institute</strong> in partnership with the<br />

National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Council (NNC). <strong>The</strong> project was in line with NNC’s promotion <strong>of</strong> nutritious <strong>and</strong><br />

affordable recipes, <strong>and</strong> encourages families to raise livestock as sources <strong>of</strong> additional food <strong>and</strong><br />

income.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> also produced the 2007 <strong>FNRI</strong> Menu Guide Calendar in partnership with UNILEVER<br />

Philippines. <strong>The</strong> Calendar consisted <strong>of</strong> 12-monthly seven-day cycle menus <strong>and</strong> 12 st<strong>and</strong>ardized<br />

recipes with their nutrient contributions per serving portion.<br />

A total <strong>of</strong> 15 sets <strong>of</strong> easy-to-use Manual <strong>of</strong> Operations <strong>of</strong> frequently used equipment <strong>and</strong><br />

machineries <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> were prepared. <strong>The</strong> manuals will be used in the production activities <strong>of</strong> the<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Pilot Plant <strong>and</strong> in the operation <strong>of</strong> similar equipment <strong>and</strong> machineries in the regions which<br />

are used by adoptors <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong>-developed food technologies.<br />

Assuring quality <strong>and</strong> safe foods for health <strong>and</strong> well-being<br />

To address the increasing incidence <strong>of</strong> food-borne diseases <strong>and</strong> dem<strong>and</strong> for quality <strong>and</strong> safe<br />

food, the <strong>Institute</strong> undertook the nutritional, physico-chemical <strong>and</strong> sensory evaluation <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Philippine native chicken strain “Darag”. <strong>The</strong> study on Darag chicken addressed the gaps in<br />

enhancing its production <strong>and</strong> utilization in the Philippines.<br />

Promoting optimum nutrition <strong>and</strong> cutting down under- <strong>and</strong> overnutrition<br />

In 2006, four (4) projects were completed addressing the issues <strong>of</strong> normal, under- <strong>and</strong> overnourished<br />

individuals, particularly their food habits, eating patterns <strong>and</strong> lifestyles which<br />

contribute to the development <strong>of</strong> chronic illnesses.<br />

An evaluation on the effectiveness <strong>of</strong> an intervention program by means <strong>of</strong> nutrition education<br />

<strong>and</strong> physical activity among Grades 1-3 children in St. Scholastica’s College was done.


Monitoring <strong>of</strong> the implementation <strong>of</strong> the School <strong>Nutrition</strong> Program (SNP) among schoolchildren<br />

in Camarines Sur was also undertaken. <strong>The</strong> monitoring showed that all issues <strong>and</strong> gaps were<br />

properly addressed which resulted to the successful completion <strong>and</strong> effective execution <strong>of</strong> the<br />

program.<br />

In line with the promotion <strong>of</strong> locally-produced vegetables <strong>and</strong> related products, the National<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong> Council (NNC) tapped the <strong>FNRI</strong> to conduct a qualitative study on vegetable<br />

consumption. Results showed that vegetables were generally perceived as available <strong>and</strong><br />

affordable, <strong>and</strong> were considered “good” for their nutritional <strong>and</strong> health benefits.<br />

Overweight <strong>and</strong> obesity does not only affect the health status <strong>of</strong> individuals but also their mental<br />

attitude, happiness <strong>and</strong> wellness, especially women. Thus, a study on the body image<br />

satisfaction <strong>of</strong> urban Filipino women was done <strong>and</strong> showed that waist-hip ratio has a significant<br />

contribution on body image satisfaction.<br />

Ensuring well-nourished Filipinos<br />

To further define the country’s nutritional status, the <strong>FNRI</strong> conducted four (4) studies using<br />

data from the 2003 National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey.<br />

One study focused on the folate status <strong>of</strong> Filipino pregnant women in a nationwide scale <strong>and</strong><br />

zinc status <strong>of</strong> young children. Findings from these studies suggested that public health<br />

campaigns are needed to promote consumption <strong>of</strong> folate <strong>and</strong> zinc-rich foods <strong>and</strong> folic<br />

supplements among women <strong>of</strong> reproductive age.<br />

A study on the rib<strong>of</strong>lavin intake <strong>of</strong> pregnant women recommended that attention be given to<br />

increased intake <strong>of</strong> dietary rib<strong>of</strong>lavin or rib<strong>of</strong>lavin supplement <strong>of</strong> pregnant women especially<br />

those in their second <strong>and</strong> third trimesters.<br />

Furthermore, the <strong>Institute</strong> also undertook a baseline nutrition <strong>and</strong> food security assessment in<br />

Mindanao. Results revealed that food insecurity was manifested by skipping or missing meals<br />

among mothers/caregivers <strong>and</strong> children.<br />

Exploring the malnutrition problem in a deeper perspective<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> continued to examine the factors that affect the malnutrition problems <strong>of</strong> the<br />

country. This was done to implement proper intervention programs <strong>and</strong> target population groups<br />

who are most in need.<br />

<strong>The</strong> first study provided data on breastmilk <strong>and</strong> plasma retinol <strong>of</strong> Filipino lactating women <strong>and</strong><br />

vitamin A status <strong>of</strong> breastfed infants. <strong>The</strong> findings <strong>of</strong> the study can serve as vital input in<br />

promoting exclusive breastfeeding.<br />

A study on the prevalence <strong>of</strong> multiple micronutrient deficiencies among Filipino pregnant women<br />

indicated the strong need for women to enter pregnancy with sufficient stores <strong>of</strong> essential<br />

nutrients to minimize the risk <strong>of</strong> adverse maternal <strong>and</strong> fetal outcomes.<br />

With the controversies arising from the use <strong>of</strong> coconut oil <strong>and</strong> the development <strong>of</strong> noncommunicable<br />

diseases, a study was done to examine the association <strong>of</strong> dietary factors<br />

particularly coconut oil on the lipid pr<strong>of</strong>ile <strong>of</strong> some Filipino adults. <strong>The</strong> study


showed that coconut oil was not positively associated with the different risk factors <strong>and</strong> chronic<br />

diseases such as hypertension, dyslipidemia <strong>and</strong> obesity <strong>and</strong> diabetes.<br />

Two studies on harmonizing methodologies for estimating food security, hunger <strong>and</strong> food<br />

poverty were also done. Data generated from these studies will be used for the improvement <strong>of</strong><br />

the country’s poverty estimation methodology. Other studies focused on disparities in nutritional<br />

status, food intake <strong>and</strong> nutrient adequacy across income <strong>and</strong> selected population groups. <strong>The</strong><br />

results <strong>of</strong> these studies can help policy makers <strong>and</strong> program implementers enhance <strong>and</strong> fine<br />

tune programs to achieve increased equity in nutrition.<br />

Two studies focused on the development <strong>of</strong> cost-effective, sustainable nutrition intervention<br />

programs <strong>and</strong> models. <strong>The</strong> first study was an in-depth analysis <strong>of</strong> the 2003 National <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Survey (NNS) data, with one-time plasma retinol (PR) measurements from 6-71 month-old<br />

children. <strong>The</strong> findings <strong>of</strong> this study can be used as important inputs in nutrition program<br />

planning, particularly on vitamin A capsule distribution in the country. <strong>The</strong> second study<br />

provided data on the vitamin A <strong>and</strong> iron intake with <strong>and</strong> without fortification <strong>of</strong> processed foods<br />

<strong>and</strong> fortified staple.<br />

Provision <strong>of</strong> quality S&T services<br />

Several projects undertaken in 2006 were in support to DOST’s fourth major final output (MFO),<br />

the provision <strong>of</strong> quality S&T services. <strong>The</strong>se included nutrition surveys, technical services on<br />

food <strong>and</strong> nutrition, laboratory <strong>and</strong> testing services, consultancy services, information <strong>and</strong><br />

communication technology (ICT), <strong>and</strong> S&T promotion initiatives.<br />

As part <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong>’s commitment to render quality S&T services to its various clientele, its <strong>Food</strong><br />

Analytical Service Laboratory (FASL) served 198 clients for microbiological, nutrient, <strong>and</strong><br />

aflatoxin analyses. <strong>The</strong> FASL generated an income <strong>of</strong> Php 1,146,630.00. Consultancy services<br />

provided by <strong>FNRI</strong> experts benefited about 370 stakeholders.<br />

Promoting <strong>and</strong> popularizing food <strong>and</strong> nutrition<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> also continued its promotion initiatives through tri-media partnerships, local media<br />

networking, participation in S&T fairs <strong>and</strong> DOST Media Core activities <strong>and</strong> publication <strong>and</strong><br />

distribution <strong>of</strong> IEC materials.<br />

To improve the public’s awareness on food <strong>and</strong> nutrition, the <strong>Institute</strong> conducted its Annual<br />

Seminar Series. It was attended by 552 participants from government agencies, nongovernment<br />

organizations (NGOs), academe, food industry <strong>and</strong> others.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> regularly disseminates its research findings <strong>and</strong> recommendations through media<br />

releases <strong>and</strong> broadcast <strong>and</strong> personal interviews. For 2006, the <strong>FNRI</strong> was able to gain a trimedia<br />

mileage <strong>of</strong> Php 21 million, attesting to its strong partnership with media. It also continued<br />

to develop <strong>and</strong> produce IEC materials, <strong>of</strong> which seven (7) were developed, <strong>and</strong> 8,107 copies<br />

were disseminated to <strong>FNRI</strong>’s various stakeholders.


As for its information <strong>and</strong> communication networks, the <strong>FNRI</strong> revived <strong>and</strong> strengthened its<br />

linkages in 2006. <strong>The</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> Communication Network (NUTRICOMNET) held three (3) media<br />

fora in Regions 10, 11 <strong>and</strong> CARAGA. This signaled the reconstitution <strong>of</strong> members <strong>and</strong><br />

revitalization <strong>of</strong> promotion-sharing activities <strong>of</strong> the Network. <strong>The</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>Research</strong> Information<br />

Network (NUTRINET), on the other h<strong>and</strong>, coordinated several information activities like the<br />

NUTRINET fair. <strong>The</strong> dissemination forum on the results <strong>of</strong> the 2005 Updating <strong>of</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong>al<br />

Status <strong>of</strong> Children <strong>and</strong> Selected Population Groups was also conducted from November to<br />

December 2007 in Mindanao areas.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong>’s information <strong>and</strong> communication technology (ICT) capabilities were strengthened<br />

to better serve the increasing dem<strong>and</strong>s <strong>of</strong> research, communication <strong>and</strong> networking. Three (3)<br />

ICT projects were successfully implemented in 2006. <strong>The</strong>se were the Establishment <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Philippine Knowledge Center on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> or e-<strong>Nutrition</strong>, Test Analyses <strong>and</strong><br />

Calibration Information System (TACIS) <strong>and</strong> the Philippine e-lib project. <strong>The</strong> e-<strong>Nutrition</strong> was<br />

launched last October 2006 <strong>and</strong> was awarded the gr<strong>and</strong> prize as the 2006 ICT Best Practice in<br />

e-Governance by the Asia-Pacific Economic Conference Digital Opportunity Center (ADOC) in<br />

Taiwan. <strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> website (http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph) was also regularly updated to include<br />

the latest food <strong>and</strong> nutrition data generated by the <strong>Institute</strong>.<br />

S&T Capacity Building on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Affirming old <strong>and</strong> new alliances for a worthy cause<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> strengthened <strong>and</strong> forged partnerships with international <strong>and</strong> local agencies,<br />

organizations <strong>and</strong> institutions in conducting its R&D <strong>and</strong> S&T programs <strong>and</strong> projects. Likewise,<br />

the <strong>Institute</strong> maintained its linkages with several government agencies, international<br />

organizations, pr<strong>of</strong>essional organizations <strong>and</strong> the food industry with the 22 contract researches<br />

it has engaged in. Among the agencies <strong>and</strong> organizations included the Coca-Cola Export<br />

Corporation (TCCEC), Moonbake, Inc., United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), International<br />

Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Tulane University, Philippine Council for Industry <strong>and</strong> Energy<br />

<strong>Research</strong> <strong>and</strong> Development (PCIERD-DOST), National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Council (NNC), Philippine<br />

Association for the Study <strong>of</strong> Overweight <strong>and</strong> Obesity (PASOO), <strong>and</strong> Philippine Pediatric Society<br />

(PPS).<br />

Maintaining Resource Generation <strong>and</strong> Development <strong>of</strong> Human Resources for the S&T Sector<br />

Committing resources to cost-effective R&D <strong>and</strong> S&T programs<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong>’s total budget in 2006 was Php 65,783,000 under the General Fund. Of this, 81.03<br />

percent was used for personal services, 18.50 percent for maintenance <strong>and</strong> other operating<br />

expenses, <strong>and</strong> 0.47 percent for capital outlay. By S&T activity, 53.26 percent was spent for<br />

R&D, 10.20 percent for science & technology services, 3.26 percent for technology delivery,<br />

0.73 percent for science & technology education & training <strong>and</strong> 32.55 percent for general<br />

administrative <strong>and</strong> support services. Under the DOST Grants-in-Aid <strong>and</strong> international & local<br />

funds, a total fund <strong>of</strong> Php 39,839,262 was granted to <strong>FNRI</strong>.


Building <strong>and</strong> upgrading staff capabilities<br />

A total <strong>of</strong> 21 trainings on food <strong>and</strong> nutrition were undertaken by the <strong>FNRI</strong>. <strong>The</strong>se were attended<br />

by 370 participants from different government, non-government <strong>and</strong> private <strong>of</strong>fices.<br />

Majority <strong>of</strong> the 186 <strong>FNRI</strong> personnel are female (143), while 43 are male. By educational<br />

attainment, 7 have Ph.D. degrees, 45 have Master’s degrees, 110 have Bachelor degrees,<br />

24 are below Bachelor degree. Formal training is on-going for Doctoral <strong>and</strong> Master’s degree in<br />

nutrition, food science, public health, chemistry, communication, microbiology, statistics, applied<br />

science, economics <strong>and</strong> public administration. By S&T activity, 39.7 percent <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> personnel<br />

are engaged in R&D activities, 12.0 percent in technical services, 6.4 percent in science<br />

promotion, 4.8 percent in information services, 3.9 percent in technology services, <strong>and</strong> 33.3<br />

percent in general administration <strong>and</strong> support services.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> personnel attended in-house trainings, non-formal local <strong>and</strong> international trainings,<br />

seminars, workshops, conferences <strong>and</strong> symposia, as part <strong>of</strong> their continuing education. Formal<br />

training is on-going, six (6) employees are currently pursuing their doctorate degrees <strong>and</strong> 22 are<br />

presently continuing their master’s studies.<br />

Prospects <strong>and</strong> Policy Directions<br />

Making S& T in food <strong>and</strong> nutrition available <strong>and</strong> accessible to all Filipinos<br />

With the compelling vision for “optimum nutrition for all Filipinos, socially <strong>and</strong> economically<br />

empowered through scientifically sound, environment-friendly <strong>and</strong> globally competitive<br />

technologies”, the <strong>FNRI</strong> management will be guided by its Investment Portfolio. <strong>The</strong> focus <strong>of</strong> its<br />

R&D programs will be in addressing prevalent nutritional problems. <strong>Food</strong> quality <strong>and</strong> safety <strong>and</strong><br />

development <strong>of</strong> tools <strong>and</strong> st<strong>and</strong>ards will continue to be undertaken. <strong>The</strong> S&T programs will<br />

gear towards technological assistance to SMEs through technology transfer <strong>and</strong><br />

commercialization.<br />

Promoting <strong>and</strong> popularizing S&T, in general, <strong>and</strong> food <strong>and</strong> nutrition, in particular, will also be a<br />

continuing undertaking <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong>. Traditional, non-traditional, <strong>and</strong> the latest communication<br />

modes will be used in all promotion initiatives. This will include tri-media <strong>and</strong> online<br />

partnerships, development <strong>and</strong> distribution <strong>of</strong> IEC packages, networking <strong>and</strong> training, among<br />

others. ICT will be fully harnessed through <strong>FNRI</strong>’s e-<strong>Nutrition</strong>, e-Library <strong>and</strong> TACIS projects.<br />

Lastly, delivery <strong>of</strong> quality technical services will be ensured. <strong>The</strong> FASL, food processing center<br />

<strong>and</strong> biochemical service laboratory, to mention a few, will continue to service the <strong>FNRI</strong>’s various<br />

clients.<br />

As the <strong>FNRI</strong> enters its 60 th year <strong>of</strong> dedicated service to the country, it reaffirms its commitment<br />

to the Filipino people by “fighting malnutrition with accurate data, correct information <strong>and</strong><br />

innovative technologies”


I . Diffusion <strong>of</strong> Knowledge <strong>and</strong> Technologies<br />

To diffuse <strong>and</strong> transfer knowledge <strong>and</strong> technologies, the <strong>FNRI</strong> continued to implement specific<br />

projects <strong>and</strong> activities that directly increase the level <strong>of</strong> knowledge, skills <strong>and</strong> productivity <strong>of</strong><br />

relevant stakeholders. This is done to generate the much needed livelihood <strong>and</strong> income to<br />

ultimately help improve the nutritional status <strong>of</strong> the marginalized sectors <strong>and</strong> the socio-economic<br />

well-being <strong>of</strong> the population in general.<br />

Commercialized Technologies in support <strong>of</strong> SETUP<br />

<strong>The</strong> Small Enterprises Technology Upgrading Program (SET-UP) is DOST’s nationwide<br />

strategy designed to benefit small- <strong>and</strong> medium- scale enterprises (SMEs) through the infusion<br />

<strong>of</strong> technological innovations <strong>and</strong> support services like acquisition/upgrading <strong>of</strong> technologies;<br />

provision <strong>of</strong> quality S&T services, packaging <strong>and</strong> labeling assistance; database management;<br />

<strong>and</strong> skills upgrading/training.<br />

For 2006, a total <strong>of</strong> six (6) <strong>FNRI</strong> food technologies were transferred <strong>and</strong> agreements for<br />

technology commercialization were signed.<br />

Technology Transfer Beneficiaries<br />

Registered Name<br />

<strong>of</strong> Enterprise<br />

St. Martin Pharmaceutical<br />

Laboratory, Incorporation<br />

Beneficiary<br />

Address<br />

<strong>of</strong> Enterprise<br />

St. Martin Bldg., 17-A<br />

West Point St., Cubao,<br />

Quezon City<br />

Name/Tel. No./<br />

E-mail <strong>of</strong> Contact<br />

Person<br />

Mr. Jose Israel S. Bravo<br />

President<br />

9122409<br />

Moonbake, Inc. FTI Complex, Taguig City Rufino R. Manrique, Jr.<br />

President<br />

E.J. Baker # 33 National Road,<br />

Matain, Subic,<br />

Zambales<br />

Auden Enterprises 230 Samson Road<br />

Caloocan City<br />

South East Asia <strong>Food</strong><br />

Inc. (SAFI)<br />

Town Holdings Corporation<br />

(THC)<br />

12 F Centerpoint<br />

Condominium<br />

Garnet Road<br />

Cr. Julia Vargas Ave.,<br />

Ortigas Center, Pasig<br />

City 1600<br />

# 23 Berospe St. BF<br />

Homes, Parañaque City<br />

Ernesto C. Lim<br />

Owner<br />

Auden C. Pilar<br />

Owner<br />

Ms. Bambi M. Centino<br />

Group Product Manager<br />

Mr. Oscar S. Torralba<br />

Chairman<br />

Title / Description<br />

<strong>of</strong> Technology/ies<br />

Transferred<br />

Period<br />

<strong>of</strong> Engagement<br />

Start End<br />

Name/E-mail<br />

<strong>of</strong> Responsible<br />

Agency Staff<br />

Iodine-Rich Drinking Water 2006 ongoing Joyce R. Tobias<br />

jrt@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

Iron Fortification <strong>of</strong><br />

Chocolate Crinkles<br />

Squash Supplemented<br />

Bakery Products<br />

Lumpia Wrapper <strong>and</strong><br />

Ready-to-Serve Lumpia<br />

Sauce<br />

2006 ongoing Joyce R. Tobias<br />

jrt@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

2006 ongoing Joyce R. Tobias<br />

jrt@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

2006 ongoing Joyce R. Tobias<br />

jrt@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

Fortified Soy Sauce 2006 ongoing Marcela C. Saises<br />

mcs@fnri.dost.gov.<br />

ph<br />

Soy Gel 2006 ongoing Benjamin T. Molano<br />

btm@fnri.dost.gov.<br />

ph


Technology Business Incubator (TBI) Tenants<br />

Registered Name<br />

<strong>of</strong> Enterprise<br />

Beneficiary<br />

Address<br />

<strong>of</strong> Enterprise<br />

Auden Enterprises 230 Samson Road<br />

Caloocan City<br />

Town Holdings Corporation<br />

(THC)<br />

Licensing Agreements<br />

# 23 Berospe St. BF<br />

Homes, Parañaque City<br />

Name/Tel. No./<br />

E-mail <strong>of</strong> Contact<br />

Person<br />

Auden C. Pilar<br />

Owner<br />

Mr. Oscar S. Torralba<br />

Chairman<br />

Title / Description <strong>of</strong><br />

Technology/ies<br />

Transferred<br />

Lumpia Wrapper <strong>and</strong><br />

Ready-to-Serve Lumpia<br />

Sauce<br />

Period<br />

<strong>of</strong> Engagement<br />

Start End<br />

Name/E-mail<br />

<strong>of</strong> Responsible<br />

Agency Staff<br />

2006 ongoing Joyce R. Tobias<br />

jrt@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

Soy Gel 2006 ongoing Benjamin T. Molano<br />

btm@fnri.dost.gov.<br />

ph<br />

Title/Registry No. <strong>of</strong> Patents Name <strong>of</strong> Licensee Date Signed<br />

Squash Supplemented Bakery<br />

Products: Pan-de-sal, Buns & Loaf<br />

Bread<br />

Mr. Ernesto C. Lim<br />

#33 National Road, Matain,<br />

Subic, Zambales<br />

Canton Noodles with Squash Mrs. Anita B. Cervas -<br />

Ipil Market Vendor<br />

Multipurpose Cooperative<br />

(IMAVEMPCO)<br />

Diffused Technologies<br />

December 6, 2006<br />

August 7, 2006<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> also diffused 13 food <strong>and</strong> nutrition technologies such as tocino, skinless pork<br />

longganisa, beef tapa, maki-mi recipes, squash kutsinta, chocolate molding, shrimp kroepeck,<br />

fish cracker, choco coated pili nuts , rice-mongo crunchies to 600 prospective technology<br />

adoptors composed <strong>of</strong> entrepreneurs, members <strong>of</strong> non-government organizations (NGOs),<br />

government employees, students, <strong>and</strong> homemakers through product demonstration.<br />

TECHNICOM<br />

In support to the DOST’s TECHNICOM, the <strong>FNRI</strong> conducted pilot-scale production <strong>of</strong> cornbased<br />

food bar. This is a ready-to-eat food item that is appealing, nutritious, convenient,<br />

easy-to-carry <strong>and</strong> a possible vehicle for future macro/micro nutrient enhancement.<br />

A prototype food bar was prepared from admixture <strong>of</strong> corn, nuts, high-protein flours, binders,<br />

flavor enhancers <strong>and</strong> syrup. Sensory evaluation was conducted to determine the degree <strong>of</strong><br />

acceptability <strong>of</strong> its sensory attributes such as color, taste, texture, appearance, flavor <strong>and</strong><br />

general acceptability. <strong>The</strong> shelf-life <strong>of</strong> the food bar as well as its physico-characteristics,<br />

proximate analysis, fatty acid pr<strong>of</strong>ile, mineral


contents, aflatoxin content, <strong>and</strong> microbial load counts were determined. <strong>The</strong> production <strong>of</strong> the<br />

prototype food bar was also scaled-up at pilot plant level.<br />

Results <strong>of</strong> the study showed that an acceptable prototype corn-based food bar made <strong>of</strong><br />

admixture <strong>of</strong> high protein flours <strong>and</strong> nuts can be produced with acceptable sensory attributes.<br />

<strong>The</strong> microbial load counts were within the limits set by the Bureau <strong>of</strong> <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> Drugs (BFAD).<br />

No aflatoxin (B 1 <strong>and</strong> B 2 ) was detected. Packaging design should be developed for its image<br />

enhancement in the market place.<br />

<strong>The</strong> production <strong>of</strong> this food bar can be a potential entrepreneurial activity for employment <strong>and</strong><br />

income generation.<br />

Technical Training<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> conducted 22 technical trainings which benefited 520 participants, particularly mess<br />

<strong>of</strong>ficers, health workers, mothers, teachers, <strong>and</strong> entreprenuers.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong>’s <strong>Nutrition</strong> Information Promotion <strong>and</strong> Training Section (NIPTS) successfully<br />

conducted three batches <strong>of</strong> training on <strong>Food</strong> H<strong>and</strong>ling <strong>and</strong> Meal Management for Bureau <strong>of</strong> Jail<br />

Management <strong>and</strong> Penology (BJMP) personnel. This is in response to the request <strong>of</strong> the BJMP<br />

to improve food preparation <strong>and</strong> meal management skills <strong>of</strong> mess <strong>of</strong>ficers in order to prepare<br />

<strong>and</strong> serve nutritious, safe, clean <strong>and</strong> affordable foods for the inmates. <strong>The</strong> first batch <strong>of</strong> trainees<br />

consisted <strong>of</strong> 11 Taguig personnel, the second batch comprised <strong>of</strong> 34 BJMP wardens <strong>and</strong> the<br />

third batch had 18 participants from BJMP-NCR.


Another successful activity conducted by the <strong>FNRI</strong> was the Statistical Training Program for its<br />

staff <strong>and</strong> other stakeholders held from February 6-June 15, 2006. A total <strong>of</strong> 14 trainings were<br />

conducted, comprising 14 modules with each training covering a different module. It was<br />

spearheaded by the <strong>Nutrition</strong>al Assessment <strong>and</strong> Monitoring Division (NAMD).<br />

Technical Training Courses Conducted<br />

Title <strong>of</strong> Training Training Venue/Location<br />

No. <strong>of</strong><br />

Participants<br />

Inclusive Dates<br />

Conducted<br />

Funding<br />

Scheme<br />

Training on Production <strong>of</strong> <strong>Food</strong> Bar <strong>FNRI</strong> <strong>Food</strong> Laboratory 2 January 13-20, 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong><br />

Statistical Training Program<br />

Module 1: Refresher Course on Descriptive<br />

Statistics, Inferential Statistics <strong>and</strong> Data Analysis<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 61 February 6-10 , 2006 e-<strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Project Fund<br />

Module 3: Designs <strong>and</strong> Operations <strong>of</strong> Surveys <strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 14 February 27-<br />

March 3, 2006<br />

Module 4: Statistics for Project Monitoring <strong>and</strong><br />

Evaluation<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 19 March 6-10, 2006 -do-<br />

Module 6: Small Area Estimation <strong>FNRI</strong> Meeting Room 9 March 6-10, 2006 -do-<br />

Module 2: Statistical Methods for <strong>Research</strong>es <strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 20 March 13-17, 2006 -do-<br />

Module 8: Nonparametric Statistics <strong>and</strong> Data<br />

Analysis<br />

Module 5: Statistical Projection <strong>and</strong> Forecasting<br />

Techniques<br />

Module 9: Multivariate Categorical Data Analyses<br />

for <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>Research</strong>es<br />

Module 11: Effective Use <strong>of</strong> Micros<strong>of</strong>t Excel <strong>and</strong><br />

Powerpoint Statistical Report <strong>and</strong><br />

Presentation<br />

Module 12: Webpage Development for<br />

Dissemination <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> Statistical Data<br />

Module 13: Database System <strong>and</strong> Data Mining<br />

Module 10: Statistical Report Writing for <strong>FNRI</strong><br />

<strong>Research</strong>ers<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 30<br />

March 20-24, 2006<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 9 April 3-7, 2006 -do-<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 16 April 17-21, 2006 -do-<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Meeting Room 22 May 8-12, 2006 -do-<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 11 May 8-12, 2006 -do-<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 15 May 15-19, 2006 -do-<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 12 May 15-19, 2006 -do-<br />

-do-<br />

-do-


Title <strong>of</strong> Training<br />

Module 7: Spatial Statistics <strong>and</strong> Database<br />

Management<br />

Training<br />

Venue/Location<br />

N o. <strong>of</strong> P articipants<br />

Trainors' Training on Salt Iodization San Jose Mindoro 20<br />

Module 14: Response Surface Methodology<br />

Training on How to Keep Streetfoods Safe <strong>and</strong><br />

C urrent Good Manufacturing Practices<br />

Training on <strong>Nutrition</strong> Labelling Component<br />

Analysis<br />

Module 1 - Proximate Analyses <strong>of</strong> <strong>Food</strong>s<br />

(Moisture, Fat, protein <strong>and</strong> Ash)<br />

Training on <strong>Food</strong> H<strong>and</strong>ling <strong>and</strong> Meal<br />

Management (Batch 1)<br />

Training on <strong>Nutrition</strong> Labelling Component<br />

Analysis<br />

Module 2 - Training on Mineral Analysis <strong>of</strong><br />

<strong>Food</strong>s (Iron, Calcium, Sodium,<br />

Potassium, Iodine)<br />

Training on <strong>Food</strong> H<strong>and</strong>ling <strong>and</strong> Meal<br />

Management (Batch 2)<br />

Training on <strong>Nutrition</strong> Labelling Component<br />

Analysis<br />

Module 5- Vitamin A, B-carotene <strong>and</strong> Vitamin C<br />

Analyses<br />

International Workship on Laboratory Quality<br />

St<strong>and</strong>ards Toward Global Competitiveness<br />

On-the-Job Training<br />

Ms. Jackie B. Astillero<br />

Ms. Aberyn M. Padrique<br />

Bachelor <strong>of</strong> Science in <strong>Food</strong> Technology<br />

On-the-Job Training<br />

Ms. Quennie T. Becaro<br />

Ms. Honeylet S. Ochangco<br />

Bachelor <strong>of</strong> Science in <strong>Food</strong> Technology<br />

On-the-Job Training<br />

Mr. Alex M. Palomo<br />

Bachelor <strong>of</strong> Science in <strong>Food</strong> Technology<br />

On-the-Job Training<br />

Ms. Mary Grace Sapnu<br />

Ms. Ersan A. Resurreccion<br />

Bachelor <strong>of</strong> Science in <strong>Food</strong> Technology<br />

On-the-Job Training<br />

Ms. Janeen L. Dela Cruz<br />

Bachelor <strong>of</strong> Science in <strong>Food</strong> Technology<br />

On-the-Job Training<br />

Ms. Jennylyn M. Matienzo<br />

Bachelor <strong>of</strong> Science in <strong>Food</strong> Technology<br />

On-the-Job Training<br />

Ms. K ristina O. Tablante<br />

Ms. Ivy M. Fern<strong>and</strong>ez<br />

Ms. Andrea Jane B. Babares<br />

Mr. Edmyr L. Desabelle<br />

Mr. A llan N. Manalo<br />

Ms. Nerisa B. Martinez<br />

Bachelor <strong>of</strong> Science in Statistics<br />

On-the-Job Training<br />

Ms. Joyce Grajo<br />

Ms. Ma. Veronica Mancilla<br />

Bachelor <strong>of</strong> Science in <strong>Food</strong> Technology<br />

On-the-Job Training<br />

Mr. Alex<strong>and</strong>er B. Jardinero<br />

Bachelor <strong>of</strong> Science in Computer Science<br />

Inclusive D ates<br />

Conducted<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 9 May 22-26, 2006 e-nutrition<br />

Project Fund<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 15<br />

Cagayan de Oro City 25<br />

<strong>Food</strong> Analytical Service<br />

Laboratory Rooms<br />

May 22-26, 2006<br />

June 8-15, 2006<br />

July 25-27, 2006<br />

10 August 28-<br />

September<br />

1, 2006<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Meeting Room 11 August 29-30,<br />

2006<br />

<strong>Food</strong> Analytical Service<br />

Laboratory Room<br />

10 September 4-8,<br />

2006<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Meeting Room 30 October 16-17,<br />

2006<br />

<strong>Food</strong> Analytical Service<br />

Laboratory Rooms<br />

City Garden Suites<br />

E rmita, Manila<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST<br />

10 October 23-27,<br />

2006<br />

152 December 1 &<br />

4-7, 2006<br />

2<br />

April 4-May 15,<br />

2006<br />

240 hours<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST 2 April 4-May 15,<br />

2006<br />

240 hours<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST 1 April 4-May 15,<br />

2006<br />

240 hours<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST 2 April 4-May 31,<br />

2006<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST 1 May 8 - July 14,<br />

2006<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST 1 May 2 - June 8,<br />

2006<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST 6 April 19 - May<br />

24, 2006<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST 2 April 19 - May 31,<br />

2006<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST 1 April 24-June 7,<br />

2006<br />

240 hours<br />

Funding Scheme*<br />

United Nations Children's<br />

Fund (UNICEF)<br />

e-nutrition Project Fund<br />

DOST Region 10 <strong>and</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong><br />

Philippine Council for<br />

Industry <strong>and</strong> Energy<br />

<strong>Research</strong> Development<br />

(PCIERD)<br />

Bureau <strong>of</strong> Jail Management<br />

<strong>and</strong> Penology (BJMP)<br />

Philippine Council for<br />

Industry <strong>and</strong> Energy<br />

<strong>Research</strong> <strong>and</strong> Development<br />

(PCIERD)<br />

Bureau <strong>of</strong> Jail Management<br />

<strong>and</strong> Penology (BJMP)<br />

Philippine Council for<br />

Industry <strong>and</strong> Energy<br />

<strong>Research</strong> <strong>and</strong> Development<br />

(PCIERD)<br />

Australlan Agency for<br />

International D evelopment -<br />

Public Sector Linkages<br />

Program(AusAID-PSLP)<br />

Bicol University<br />

University <strong>of</strong> Sto. Tomas<br />

Polytechnic University <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Philippines<br />

University <strong>of</strong> the Philippine,<br />

Diliman<br />

Rizal Technology University<br />

University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Los Baños<br />

University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Los Baños<br />

University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Los Baños<br />

University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Los Baños


II. Generation <strong>of</strong> New Knowledge<br />

<strong>Research</strong> <strong>and</strong> Development on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> (F&N)<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong>’s R&D programs focused on responding to basic needs <strong>of</strong> the poor <strong>and</strong> vulnerable<br />

groups for improving their health <strong>and</strong> nutritional status. <strong>The</strong>se included programs on food<br />

fortification, food quality <strong>and</strong> safety, nutritional <strong>and</strong> functional foods. Strategic programs<br />

addressing normal, under- <strong>and</strong> over-nourished individuals were also conducted. <strong>Nutrition</strong> tools<br />

<strong>and</strong> st<strong>and</strong>ards for nutritional assessment were developed.<br />

1. Basic <strong>and</strong> Applied <strong>Research</strong>es on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

A. <strong>Food</strong> Fortification Program to Combat Micronutrient Deficiencies<br />

One way <strong>of</strong> addressing the problem <strong>of</strong> micronutrient deficiencies is fortifying foods given in<br />

feeding programs.<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> carried out a study on the efficacy <strong>of</strong> multi-micronutrient –<br />

fortified milk <strong>and</strong> biscuits in improving the nutritional status <strong>and</strong> school performance <strong>of</strong><br />

schoolchildren. This study determined the effects <strong>of</strong> fortified milk <strong>and</strong> biscuits on the<br />

nutritional status <strong>and</strong> school performance <strong>of</strong> school children. Results <strong>of</strong> the study showed that<br />

there was a reduction from 42.6 percent to 25.0 percent on the prevalence <strong>of</strong> underweight<br />

among 6-9 year old children given fortified milk <strong>and</strong> biscuits <strong>and</strong> for those given non-fortified<br />

food, a reduction from 37.2 percent to 22.8 percent was noted. Among the 10-12 year old<br />

children given fortified milk <strong>and</strong> biscuits, the prevalence was reduced from 43.8 percent to 35.8<br />

percent. <strong>The</strong> study also revealed that there was a significant increase in the linear growth<br />

among the children given the fortified foods compared to the children given non-fortified foods<br />

as well as the control group <strong>of</strong> children.


Prevalence <strong>of</strong> anemia among children 6-9 years old under the “underweight anemic” <strong>and</strong><br />

“anemic alone” classifications showed a reduction from 100 percent to 73.1 percent <strong>and</strong> 40.8<br />

percent, respectively, upon consumption <strong>of</strong> fortified milk <strong>and</strong> biscuits. Among “underweight<br />

anemic” children given the non-fortified foods, the prevalence was from 100 percent to 69.2<br />

percent. Among the “anemic alone” given non-fortified foods, the prevalence was also reduced<br />

from 100 percent to 46.7 percent.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study also revealed a reduction in the prevalence <strong>of</strong> anemia among “underweight anemic”<br />

children aged 10-12 years given the fortified foods, from 100 percent to 6.7 percent. Among the<br />

children fed with non-fortified foods, there was reduction from 100 percent to 27.3 percent.<br />

Among the “anemic alone” group fed with non-fortified foods, the reduction was from 100<br />

percent to 37.5 percent. <strong>The</strong> group fed with non-fortified foods was from 100 percent to 50<br />

percent.<br />

One way <strong>of</strong> reducing the prevalence <strong>of</strong> anemia <strong>and</strong> underweight among school children is<br />

through fortified milk <strong>and</strong> biscuits. However, if this strategy is to be used for improving school<br />

achievement test, other interventions should likewise be administered.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> conducted a study to determine the effects <strong>of</strong> a newly-developed noncarbonated<br />

fortified health drink in improving the nutritional <strong>and</strong> iron status <strong>of</strong><br />

schoolchildren. <strong>The</strong> participants <strong>of</strong> the supervised center-based feeding activity consisted <strong>of</strong><br />

four groups: 100 anemic, 100 underweight, 50 normal weight-non-anemic, <strong>and</strong> 27 underweightanemic<br />

children. <strong>The</strong> groups <strong>of</strong> anemic <strong>and</strong> underweight children were each further divided into<br />

two. One group was given fortified beverage while the other group was given non-fortified<br />

beverage. On the other h<strong>and</strong>, the groups <strong>of</strong> normal weight non-anemic children <strong>and</strong> the<br />

underweight-anemic children were given fortified beverage. Weight, height, hemoglobin, plasma<br />

ferritin, <strong>and</strong> plasma zinc <strong>of</strong> the subjects were collected at baseline <strong>and</strong> after a 100-day feeding<br />

period.<br />

Results showed that basal weight <strong>and</strong> height significantly increased between baseline <strong>and</strong><br />

endline among all children under study. Hemoglobin plasma ferritin <strong>and</strong> plasma zinc<br />

concentrations <strong>of</strong> the children that were given fortified beverage significantly increased from<br />

baseline to endline.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study recommends that mass supplementary feeding using the fortified beverage be<br />

conducted because it demonstrated significant reduction in the prevalence <strong>of</strong> anemia among<br />

children. It also showed that the fortified beverage maintained the nutritional <strong>and</strong> iron status <strong>of</strong><br />

normal children thereby preventing the deterioration <strong>of</strong> their nutritional status.


<strong>The</strong> lack <strong>of</strong> scientific data on the stability <strong>of</strong> iodized salt at the production level prompted the<br />

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to tap the <strong>FNRI</strong> in conducting the study among<br />

selected salt farms in Pangasinan <strong>and</strong> Occidental Mindoro.<br />

Iodized salt was produced using the existing method, formulation, <strong>and</strong> equipment <strong>of</strong> salt<br />

manufacturers at the study areas. Three production trials were conducted, (a) using fresh salt,<br />

(b) salt stored for one month, <strong>and</strong> (c) salt stored for two months. <strong>The</strong> iodized salt were packed in<br />

woven sacks with <strong>and</strong> without low density polyethylene lining (LDPE) <strong>and</strong> stored in warehouses<br />

<strong>of</strong> Alaminos <strong>and</strong> Infanta in Pangasinan <strong>and</strong> San Jose <strong>and</strong> Magsaysay in Occidental Mindoro.<br />

Moisture <strong>and</strong> iodine content, as well as purity, contaminants such as lead, arsenic, mercury <strong>and</strong><br />

cadmium, <strong>and</strong> microbial content analyses were determined.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study showed that the loss <strong>of</strong> iodine was dependent upon the moisture content, packaging<br />

materials <strong>and</strong> storage conditions. <strong>The</strong> loss <strong>of</strong> iodine was higher in woven sacks without linings<br />

than in woven sacks with linings. <strong>The</strong> study recommends that quality assurance be put in place<br />

for iodization particularly with regard to the moisture content to maintain the stability <strong>of</strong> the<br />

iodized salt <strong>and</strong> to ensure correct level <strong>of</strong> iodine in the final product.<br />

<strong>The</strong> results <strong>of</strong> this study can be used as basis to revisit some provisions <strong>of</strong> the Implementing<br />

Rules <strong>and</strong> Regulations (IRR) <strong>of</strong> the ASIN Law.<br />

<strong>The</strong> high retention <strong>of</strong> iodine in selected cooked foods seasoned with iodized salt <strong>and</strong> the<br />

variability <strong>of</strong> iodine results in food products prompted the <strong>FNRI</strong> to conduct the study on the<br />

retention <strong>of</strong> iodine in selected cooked food seasoned with iodized salt. It was a<br />

confirmatory study aimed to determine the iodine content <strong>of</strong> uncooked <strong>and</strong> cooked food<br />

seasoned with iodized salt using Technicon Auto Analyzer II Industrial Method (AAII) <strong>and</strong> Gas<br />

Chromatographic Method (GC). <strong>The</strong> study also aimed to determine the percent iodine retention<br />

in cooked food.<br />

Fresh fish, rice, <strong>and</strong> meat samples were seasoned with iodized salt <strong>and</strong> were cooked by boiling,<br />

frying, steaming, grilling <strong>and</strong> oven/baking. Salt was analyzed for its iodine content using the<br />

titration method before adding to food <strong>and</strong> cooking. Uncooked <strong>and</strong> cooked samples were then<br />

freeze-dried, ground, homogenized <strong>and</strong> sampled using quartering method. Moisture was<br />

analyzed before <strong>and</strong> after cooking <strong>and</strong> after freeze-drying.


<strong>The</strong> research concluded that significant amounts <strong>of</strong> iodine were retained in raw <strong>and</strong> cooked food<br />

previously seasoned with iodized salt using both analytical methods. Retention <strong>of</strong> iodine,<br />

however, is dependent upon the different food matrices. <strong>The</strong> iodine content <strong>of</strong><br />

selected raw <strong>and</strong> cooked food samples using Gas Chromatography was relatively lower than<br />

those from food samples obtained using Technicon Auto Analyzer II Industrial Method.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study recommends that iodine content <strong>of</strong> other foods commonly consumed by Filipinos<br />

using other cooking methods be analyzed to provide a database on the iodine content <strong>of</strong> cooked<br />

foods. Other methods for determining iodine in foods may be explored to measure accurately<br />

the iodine level in food samples <strong>and</strong> to confirm the retention <strong>of</strong> cooked food seasoned with<br />

iodized salt.<br />

In the Philippines, chocolate crinkles are popular snack items among children. <strong>The</strong>se are<br />

delicious chocolate cookies coated with confectioner’s sugar. Because <strong>of</strong> the popularity <strong>of</strong> the<br />

product among children, the <strong>FNRI</strong> saw its high potential for iron fortification.<br />

Moonbake Incorporated, a company that manufactures <strong>and</strong> distributes bakery products in the<br />

Philippines entered into an agreement with the <strong>Institute</strong> to fortify chocolate crinkles with iron.<br />

This led to the fortification <strong>of</strong> chocolate crinkles with iron through a public-private partnership<br />

agreement.<br />

<strong>The</strong> product was fortified with iron to increase the level initially present in the fortified flour to<br />

meet 1/3 <strong>of</strong> the RENI for 7-12 year old children. Changes in the physico-chemical,<br />

microbiological <strong>and</strong> sensory properties <strong>of</strong> the fortified chocolate crinkles during storage were<br />

also determined.<br />

Results <strong>of</strong> the study showed that the fortified chocolate crinkles with iron were stable for three<br />

weeks when stored under simulated market conditions. Iron was substantially retained in the<br />

product after processing <strong>and</strong> storage. <strong>The</strong> product was found acceptable to the taste panelists<br />

in terms <strong>of</strong> color, odor, flavor, texture <strong>and</strong> general acceptability.<br />

<strong>The</strong> iron-fortified chocolate crinkles are now distributed in supermarkets, public <strong>and</strong> private<br />

schools, <strong>and</strong> industry <strong>and</strong> government feeding programs. <strong>The</strong> product carries the Sangkap<br />

Pinoy Seal <strong>of</strong> the Bureau <strong>of</strong> <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> Drug <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Health as required under the<br />

Philippine <strong>Food</strong> Fortification Law <strong>of</strong> 2000.


This public-private collaboration between <strong>FNRI</strong> <strong>and</strong> Moonbake Inc. will enhance the<br />

current market-driven approach to food fortification in the Philippines.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> plays an important role in technology generation <strong>and</strong> commercialization <strong>of</strong> fortified<br />

products in partnership with the food industry. <strong>The</strong> project embarking on priority R&D <strong>and</strong><br />

S&T activities through joint programs with industry <strong>and</strong> other stakeholders was<br />

undertaken in 2006. Through the project, nutritious bakery products made <strong>of</strong> indigenous<br />

ingredients like squash, kamote, mongo <strong>and</strong> sesame were developed, formulated <strong>and</strong> packed.<br />

<strong>The</strong> nutrient content <strong>and</strong> sensory qualities, shelf-life <strong>and</strong> physico-chemical characteristics <strong>of</strong><br />

these products were determined for commercial <strong>and</strong> financial viability. Technology transfer <strong>and</strong><br />

commercialization was done to small <strong>and</strong> medium scale bakeries like E.J.Baker in Olongapo,<br />

Zambales.<br />

To increase public awareness on various food <strong>and</strong> nutrition information, press releases on<br />

nutritious bakery products were developed <strong>and</strong> disseminated. Capacity-building activities were<br />

also conducted to prospective stakeholders as communication support in popularizing <strong>and</strong><br />

promoting the developed nutritious bakery products.


B. <strong>Nutrition</strong>al <strong>and</strong> Functional <strong>Food</strong> Product Development as Alternative Solution<br />

to Alleviate other <strong>Nutrition</strong> Problems<br />

<strong>The</strong> alarming increase <strong>of</strong> lifestyle <strong>and</strong> diet-related diseases led to a study on development <strong>of</strong><br />

functional food product, meatless sausage. This sausage was made from soybean products.<br />

Several research studies have revealed that bioactive chemical components <strong>of</strong> plant foods such<br />

as is<strong>of</strong>lavones from soybeans can play a role in the prevention <strong>of</strong> cancer <strong>and</strong> heart diseases.<br />

A 100 gram serving <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> meatless sausage contained 1.5 percent dietary fiber, 17.3 percent<br />

protein <strong>and</strong> 262 kilocalories. <strong>The</strong> results <strong>of</strong> the study showed that the product remained stable<br />

<strong>and</strong> acceptable for 12 months <strong>of</strong> storage in a freezer when packed in polyethylene bags.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study recommends that pilot scale production <strong>of</strong> this product be conducted coupled with<br />

clinical <strong>and</strong> efficacy studies to substantiate any health claims.<br />

<strong>The</strong> increasing popularity <strong>of</strong> sausage products as vi<strong>and</strong> or snack among children <strong>and</strong> adults<br />

prompted the <strong>Institute</strong> to develop <strong>and</strong> st<strong>and</strong>ardize a high-fiber sausage production. <strong>The</strong> study<br />

on scale-up production <strong>of</strong> high-fiber sausage was conducted to determine its commercial<br />

viability; sensory, chemical, <strong>and</strong> microbiological properties; estimate production <strong>and</strong> product<br />

cost.


Coconut meat residue or sapal was processed at the <strong>FNRI</strong> pilot plant to produce coconut flour,<br />

the source <strong>of</strong> fiber in the formulation.<br />

Results <strong>of</strong> the study revealed that the product was rated between “like moderately” <strong>and</strong> “like<br />

very much” by the taste panelists. <strong>The</strong> product contains 12.8 percent protein, 236 kilocalories <strong>of</strong><br />

energy, 16.5 percent fat, 9.2 percent carbohydrates <strong>and</strong> 4.0 percent dietary fiber. <strong>The</strong> fat,<br />

cholesterol, <strong>and</strong> sodium contents <strong>of</strong> the sausage are lower than that <strong>of</strong> the commercial pork <strong>and</strong><br />

Chinese sausages but higher in dietary fiber. <strong>The</strong> pilot scale production <strong>of</strong> this high-fiber<br />

sausage is commercially viable. It has a short payback period <strong>and</strong> a high return <strong>of</strong> investment.<br />

<strong>The</strong> use <strong>of</strong> coconut waste product into a valuable ingredient <strong>of</strong> the sausage could address some<br />

<strong>of</strong> the health problems related to low intake <strong>of</strong> dietary fiber. It will also lead to the diversification<br />

<strong>of</strong> the uses <strong>of</strong> coconut in providing additional income to coconut farmers <strong>and</strong> processors <strong>and</strong> in<br />

reducing diet-related diseases among at-risk population groups.<br />

C. Programs for the Development <strong>of</strong> Tools <strong>and</strong> St<strong>and</strong>ards Used for <strong>Nutrition</strong>al<br />

Assessment <strong>and</strong> Technical Services<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> in partnership with the NNC conducted a study on the st<strong>and</strong>ardization <strong>of</strong> eggbased<br />

recipes. It developed a compilation <strong>of</strong> recipes using eggs. <strong>The</strong> nine-point Hedonic<br />

Rating Scale was used in determining the most desirable appearance, odor, texture <strong>and</strong><br />

consistency, taste <strong>and</strong> flavor <strong>of</strong> the recipes.<br />

A total <strong>of</strong> 50 recipes were organized, translated to Filipino, st<strong>and</strong>ardized <strong>and</strong> subjected to<br />

sensory evaluation. <strong>The</strong>se recipes came from the NNC’s nationwide search for nutritious <strong>and</strong><br />

affordable recipes.<br />

Based on the study, all recipes from all regions except Region 2 passed the acceptability test.<br />

No single recipe per serving portion met all the RENI for 4-6 year old children. Most <strong>of</strong> the<br />

vitamin A contribution exceeded the 100 percent mark. <strong>The</strong> percentage nutrient contribution per<br />

recipe varied but the least met was the energy. Majority <strong>of</strong> the recipes’ cost per serving portion<br />

ranged from 10-15 pesos. All the recipes were simplified to make them user-friendly <strong>and</strong> can


e prepared as breakfast, snack or as main dish. <strong>The</strong> st<strong>and</strong>ardized egg-based recipes are<br />

nutritious, easy-to-prepare <strong>and</strong> affordable.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> in cooperation with UNILEVER Philippines, developed <strong>and</strong> printed the 2007 <strong>FNRI</strong><br />

Menu Guide Calendar focusing on food fortification. <strong>The</strong> project was undertaken to promote<br />

utilization <strong>and</strong> immediate application <strong>of</strong> researches <strong>and</strong> technologies both in the home <strong>and</strong> the<br />

community, particularly the use <strong>of</strong> fortified food products.<br />

<strong>The</strong> Calendar included 12-monthly seven-day cycle menus <strong>and</strong> 12 st<strong>and</strong>ardized recipes. <strong>The</strong><br />

featured recipes were tested, st<strong>and</strong>ardized <strong>and</strong> evaluated for nutrient contribution. <strong>The</strong> recipes<br />

were evaluated using the nine-point Hedonic Rating Scale <strong>and</strong> featured the nutrient contribution<br />

per serving size in terms <strong>of</strong> energy <strong>and</strong> nutrients like protein, calcium, iron, vitamin A, thiamin,<br />

rib<strong>of</strong>lavin, niacin <strong>and</strong> vitamin C.<br />

Health <strong>and</strong> nutrition tips, food fortification facts, facts about iodized salt, the Daily <strong>Nutrition</strong>al<br />

Guide Pyramids for various age groups <strong>and</strong> the Philippine Recommended Energy <strong>and</strong> Nutrient<br />

Intakes (RENI) were also included in the calendar. <strong>The</strong> calendar is an effective way <strong>of</strong> reaching<br />

intended users <strong>and</strong> beneficiaries.<br />

A total <strong>of</strong> 15 sets <strong>of</strong> easy-to-use Manual <strong>of</strong> Operations <strong>of</strong> frequently used equipment <strong>and</strong><br />

machineries <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> were prepared. <strong>The</strong> manuals will increase production, lessen<br />

maintenance cost <strong>and</strong> downtime as well as facilitate more effective personnel training. <strong>The</strong>se<br />

consisted <strong>of</strong> the forced draft tray dryer, vacuum packaging machine, spike mixer, shrink wrap<br />

machine, plastic sealer, pasta forming machine, octagonal mixer, moisture meter, Hobart mixer,<br />

rice/corn grinder, flour mill, extruder/cooker, colloid mill, LPG tray dryer, <strong>and</strong> noodle machine.<br />

<strong>The</strong> 15 sets <strong>of</strong> Manual <strong>of</strong> Operations prepared were copied in 20 CDs.


<strong>The</strong> manuals will be used in the production activities <strong>of</strong> the <strong>FNRI</strong> Pilot Plant <strong>and</strong> in the operation<br />

<strong>of</strong> similar equipment <strong>and</strong> machineries in the regions which are used by adoptors <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong>developed<br />

food technologies.<strong>The</strong> development <strong>of</strong> the manuals is also in support to DOST’s<br />

SET-UP.<br />

D. Program to Address the Increasing Incidence <strong>of</strong> <strong>Food</strong>-Borne Diseases <strong>and</strong><br />

Dem<strong>and</strong> for Quality <strong>and</strong> Safe <strong>Food</strong>, <strong>Food</strong> Product <strong>and</strong> Water<br />

To address the increasing incidence <strong>of</strong> food-borne diseases, the <strong>Institute</strong> undertook the<br />

chemical, physico-chemical <strong>and</strong> sensory qualities <strong>of</strong> meat from the Philippine native<br />

chicken (Darag) strain. <strong>The</strong> study on Darag chicken addressed the gaps in enhancing its<br />

production <strong>and</strong> utilization in the Philippines.<br />

<strong>The</strong> chicken samples were analyzed for proximate, calcium, potassium, cholesterol <strong>and</strong> fatty<br />

acid contents. <strong>The</strong> chicken was cooked as tinola <strong>and</strong> roasted. A total <strong>of</strong> 50 consumer-type<br />

panelists participated in evaluating the sensory qualities <strong>of</strong> the meat based on a seven-point<br />

Hedonic Rating Scale.<br />

Results showed that the Darag chicken is an excellent source <strong>of</strong> protein <strong>and</strong> has low fat content.<br />

A 100-gram cooked sample contained 67.8 grams moisture, 4.2 grams fat, 27.1 grams protein,<br />

147 kilocalories, 15 milligrams calcium, 229 milligrams potassium <strong>and</strong> 141 milligrams<br />

cholesterol. <strong>The</strong> fat content <strong>of</strong> the chicken consisted <strong>of</strong> more unsaturated than saturated fatty<br />

acid. When the chicken samples were cooked as tinola, flavor was significantly higher in freshly<br />

dressed Darag chicken meat while freshly dressed commercial broiler chicken was more<br />

tender, as rated by consumer-type panelists. Flavor, juiciness, tenderness <strong>and</strong> general<br />

acceptability were significantly higher in roasted freshly dressed commercial broiler chicken. Offflavor<br />

was detected significantly more in commercial broiler chickens.


<strong>The</strong> study recommends that a similar study be conducted on the different edible parts <strong>of</strong> male<br />

<strong>and</strong> female Darag chicken meat.<br />

E. Strategic Programs Addressing Normal, Under- <strong>and</strong> Over-Nourished Individuals<br />

<strong>Food</strong> habits <strong>and</strong> lifestyles <strong>of</strong> individuals contribute to the development <strong>of</strong> chronic illnesses or<br />

lifestyle diseases as shown by many studies. <strong>The</strong>se include hypertension, coronary heart<br />

diseases, cancer <strong>and</strong> obesity. Though these diseases mostly affect adults, there is now an<br />

increasing trend <strong>of</strong> such ailments among the younger population. Results <strong>of</strong> the 6th National<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey <strong>of</strong> the <strong>FNRI</strong> showed an increase <strong>of</strong> 0.8 percent in the prevalence <strong>of</strong> overweight<br />

among primary school children.<br />

<strong>The</strong> “Whiz Kids for Fitness” Program <strong>of</strong> the Philippine Association for the Study <strong>of</strong> Overweight<br />

<strong>and</strong> Obesity (PASOO) is an intervention aimed at reducing the number <strong>of</strong> overweight children<br />

through nutrition education <strong>and</strong> physical activity.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> evaluated the Effectiveness <strong>of</strong> the “Whiz Kids through Fitness Program” among<br />

Grades 1-3 Pupils in St. Scholastica’s College, Manila.<br />

About 150 <strong>of</strong> the children were r<strong>and</strong>omly selected for the study. <strong>The</strong> pupils’ weight, age <strong>and</strong><br />

physical activities were evaluated at the start <strong>and</strong> end <strong>of</strong> school years 2004-2005 <strong>and</strong> 2005-<br />

2006. <strong>The</strong> same was also done for knowledge, attitude <strong>and</strong> practice (KAP) <strong>of</strong> the children <strong>and</strong><br />

their parents. Results showed that there was generally a small but non--significant decline in the<br />

percentage <strong>of</strong> children with above normal weight-for-age. Physical activity scores decreased<br />

<strong>and</strong> the percentage <strong>of</strong> inactive children increased.<br />

This study recommended a review, revalidation or modification <strong>of</strong> the instruments used in the<br />

assessment <strong>of</strong> the physical activity <strong>and</strong> KAP components. <strong>The</strong> module should likewise consider<br />

ways <strong>of</strong> reinforcing knowledge learned from school into the home <strong>and</strong> outside environment.


<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> undertook a monitoring <strong>of</strong> the implementation <strong>of</strong> the School <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Program (SNP) among schoolchildren in Camarines Sur, the province with one <strong>of</strong> the<br />

highest rates <strong>of</strong> undernutrition in the Bicol region, according to the <strong>FNRI</strong>’s 5 th National <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Survey in 1998.<br />

<strong>The</strong> SNP’s manpower linkages, networking <strong>and</strong> coordination, supervision, field visits in schools,<br />

data <strong>and</strong> report collection, documentation <strong>and</strong> feedbacking were conducted in the study area as<br />

an intensive surveillance <strong>of</strong> the SNP’s implementation.<br />

<strong>The</strong>re was a total <strong>of</strong> 162,072 beneficiaries from the SNP. <strong>The</strong>y included pre-elementary to<br />

grade six pupils, their teachers, other school staff <strong>and</strong> volunteer parents who are members <strong>of</strong><br />

the Parent-Teacher Community Association (PTCA) in the 406 schools in Camarines Sur <strong>and</strong><br />

Iriga City.<br />

Based on the monitoring, the implementation incurred less losses <strong>and</strong> damages. Moreover, all<br />

issues <strong>and</strong> gaps were properly addressed which resulted to the successful completion <strong>of</strong> the<br />

program. This contributed to the effective execution <strong>of</strong> the SNP <strong>and</strong> has empowered the<br />

teachers, school staff <strong>and</strong> parents to properly manage <strong>and</strong> carry out the program with broad<br />

sense <strong>of</strong> responsibilities.


In line with the National Strategic Plan on Vegetables, 2005-2010, the Formative <strong>Research</strong> on<br />

Vegetable Consumption was undertaken to provide a qualitative information base for<br />

designing a promotional <strong>and</strong> educational campaign.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study was conducted in rural <strong>and</strong> urban barangays <strong>of</strong> Metro Cebu (Danao, Toledo <strong>and</strong><br />

Cebu Cities) <strong>and</strong> Metro Davao (Davao <strong>and</strong> Panabo Cities <strong>and</strong> Sta. Cruz) <strong>and</strong> in Metro Manila<br />

(Manila, Parañaque <strong>and</strong> Marikina Cities). Focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted<br />

among mothers (pregnant <strong>and</strong> lactating) with preschoolers <strong>and</strong> schoolchildren. Key informant<br />

interviews (KIIs) were used among frontline workers <strong>and</strong> sellers to obtain data on the current<br />

situation <strong>of</strong> the local vegetable industry.<br />

Results showed that all groups <strong>of</strong> respondents generally perceived vegetables as available <strong>and</strong><br />

affordable. According to sellers, vegetables, either leafy or fruit vegetables, were bought at less<br />

than a kilo daily, with sales highest on weekends.<br />

Mothers <strong>and</strong> schoolchildren generally considered vegetables as “good” for their nutritional <strong>and</strong><br />

health benefits. Among vegetables, squash, stringbeans, <strong>and</strong> eggplant were commonly liked<br />

while ampalaya <strong>and</strong> okra were generally disliked by both groups in all areas. Reasons given for<br />

eating vegetables were mainly their nutritional value <strong>and</strong> because these are cheap, easy to<br />

cook, <strong>and</strong> available. <strong>The</strong> reasons cited for not eating vegetables included: not used to eating<br />

vegetables <strong>and</strong> the bad smell, taste, texture <strong>and</strong> appearance <strong>of</strong> the vegetable. What seemed to<br />

st<strong>and</strong> out though as reason for not eating vegetables was the influence <strong>of</strong> a family member,<br />

usually the father or the mother, who did not eat vegetable.<br />

Varied strategies <strong>and</strong> client-preferred channels including the use <strong>of</strong> interpersonal means <strong>of</strong><br />

communication (seminars, meetings, cooking demos), print (poster, magazines <strong>and</strong> books) <strong>and</strong><br />

broadcast media (radio <strong>and</strong> television) were suggested by all groups for the design <strong>of</strong> a<br />

communication campaign to promote the increased consumption <strong>of</strong> vegetables. Frontline<br />

workers, moreover, recommended that the campaign address the community <strong>and</strong> the school.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study recommends the use <strong>of</strong> audience segmentation, area-specific strategies <strong>and</strong><br />

communication channels (preferably interpersonal), inclusion <strong>of</strong> sellers among the primary<br />

audiences, <strong>and</strong> nutrition education focused on the various age groups in the family to help<br />

dispel the many false beliefs about vegetables.


<strong>The</strong> increasing prevalence <strong>of</strong> overweight <strong>and</strong> obesity as reported by the results <strong>of</strong> the 6 th<br />

National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey is alarming. Correlates <strong>of</strong> body image satisfaction among<br />

economically depressed urban Filipino women was conducted to assess the relationship <strong>of</strong><br />

body image satisfaction with dietary intake, hemoglobin levels, obesity indices <strong>and</strong> sociodemographic<br />

factors <strong>of</strong> economically-depressed urban Filipino women.<br />

Results indicated that body image satisfaction is greatly affected by nutrient intake - the higher<br />

the nutrient intake, the greater the body image satisfaction. On the other h<strong>and</strong>, younger women<br />

with higher income, <strong>and</strong> higher body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, waist-hip ratio <strong>and</strong><br />

hemoglobin levels were not satisfied with their body image.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study also showed that waist-hip ratio was found to have a significant contribution to body<br />

image satisfaction. As the body image satisfaction increases, there was a corresponding<br />

decrease in the waist-hip ratio <strong>of</strong> the respondents.<br />

2. <strong>Nutrition</strong>al Assessment <strong>and</strong> Monitoring<br />

A. <strong>Nutrition</strong> Surveys<br />

Considering folate deficiency as an important risk factor for neural tube defects (NTD),<br />

spontaneous abortion, intrauterine growth retardation <strong>and</strong> preterm birth, <strong>and</strong> may result to<br />

macrolytic type <strong>of</strong> anemia, the <strong>FNRI</strong> investigated the folate status <strong>of</strong> Filipino pregnant<br />

women in a nationwide scale. A total <strong>of</strong> 584 pregnant women with complete folate parameters<br />

from the 6 th National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey were included in the study. Blood samples were collected<br />

in a non-fasted state. Red blood cell, serum folate, <strong>and</strong> hemoglobin levels were analyzed.<br />

Interviews were also conducted to gather gynecological related data like age, gravida, parity,<br />

<strong>and</strong> other health related information such as history <strong>of</strong> miscarriages, alcohol consumption,<br />

cigarette use, <strong>and</strong> taking <strong>of</strong> oral contraceptive pills with folate. <strong>The</strong> results <strong>of</strong> the study are<br />

presented below.<br />

Prevalences <strong>of</strong> Anemia <strong>and</strong> Folate Deficiency by Stages <strong>of</strong> Pregnancy<br />

Hemoglobin (g/dL)<br />

Serum folate (ng/ml)**<br />

Red cell folate (ng/mL)<br />

Parameter* Trimester 1<br />

(n=91)<br />

% below normal<br />

95% CI<br />

% below normal<br />

95% CI<br />

% below normal<br />

95% CI<br />

11.8 + 0.16 a<br />

22.3 a<br />

(13.2-30.7)<br />

3.90 + 1.08 a<br />

39.9 a<br />

(29.8-49.8)<br />

218.6 + 13.4 a<br />

47.7 a<br />

(36.4-58.8)<br />

Trimester 2<br />

(n=246)<br />

11.1 + 0.8 b<br />

39.5 b<br />

(32.8-46.1)<br />

3.01 + 1.05 b<br />

54.3 b<br />

(47.2-61.4)<br />

273.8 + 14.9 b<br />

36.3 b<br />

(29.9-42.6)<br />

abc - value <strong>of</strong> different letters within the same row are significantly different. (p


Plasma zinc levels among pre-school children 6 months to 5 years was also assessed<br />

using flame atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) from 1,879 preschool children aged 6<br />

months to 5 years old. Data was interpreted using International Zinc <strong>Nutrition</strong> Consultative<br />

Group (IZiNCG) guidelines.<br />

Results showed that the mean zinc level was 102.6 + 0.9 g/dL <strong>and</strong> the prevalence <strong>of</strong><br />

deficiency based on the cut-<strong>of</strong>f values <strong>of</strong> 65 g/dL was 9.8 percent. Disaggregating into single<br />

age groups showed that prevalence <strong>of</strong> the deficiency tended to be higher among males than<br />

females except among children less than 1 year old <strong>and</strong> the 4-years old.<br />

6-11 months<br />

Male<br />

Female<br />

1y-


Nutrient Intake (RNI). EGR-AC is a test used to study the rib<strong>of</strong>lavin nutriture <strong>of</strong> pregnant women<br />

<strong>and</strong> is considered to represent a specific <strong>and</strong> functional test <strong>of</strong> nutritional adequacy <strong>of</strong> rib<strong>of</strong>lavin.<br />

It assessed the prevalence <strong>of</strong> rib<strong>of</strong>lavin deficiency among Filipino pregnant women covered by<br />

the 6th NNS done in 2003.<br />

Using the EGR-AC assay, results showed that the recommended rib<strong>of</strong>lavin intake <strong>of</strong> the<br />

mothers studied is adequate to satisfy the needs <strong>of</strong> Filipino pregnant women in this<br />

physiological stage. <strong>The</strong>refore, rib<strong>of</strong>lavin supplement is a must during pregnancy especially in<br />

countries with low intakes <strong>of</strong> dietary rib<strong>of</strong>lavin. Factors like age, parity, <strong>and</strong> educational<br />

attainment <strong>of</strong> subjects were found to affect the rib<strong>of</strong>lavin status <strong>of</strong> pregnant women.<br />

Parameter<br />

EGR-AC:<br />

Mean + SE<br />

95% CI<br />

Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin deficiency (%)<br />

95% CI<br />

Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin intake (mg/d)<br />

Mean + SE<br />

95% CI<br />

Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin Status <strong>and</strong> Intake by Stages <strong>of</strong> Pregnancy<br />

1st<br />

Trimester<br />

1.29 + 0.02<br />

1.24 - 1.33<br />

37.4<br />

27.2 - 47.6<br />

0.88 + 0.12<br />

0.63 - 1.13<br />

Stages <strong>of</strong> Pregnancy<br />

2nd<br />

Trimester<br />

1.30 + 0.01<br />

1.27 - 1.32<br />

44.0<br />

37.6 - 50.4<br />

0.83 + 0.04<br />

0.75 - 0.91<br />

3rd<br />

Trimester<br />

1.38 + 0.02<br />

1.35 - 1.41<br />

58.6<br />

52.5 - 65.2<br />

0.78 + 0.03<br />

0.71 - 0.85<br />

All<br />

Subjects<br />

1.33 + 0.01<br />

1.31 - 1.35<br />

49.1<br />

45.1 - 53.4<br />

0.82 + 0.03<br />

0.76 - 0.88<br />

% RENI 51.9 48.8 45.7 48.0<br />

<strong>The</strong> study recommends that attention be given to increased intake <strong>of</strong> dietary rib<strong>of</strong>lavin or<br />

rib<strong>of</strong>lavin supplement <strong>of</strong> pregnant women especially those in their second <strong>and</strong> third trimesters <strong>of</strong><br />

pregnancy. Emphasis on proper nutrition education <strong>and</strong> information dissemination on the<br />

importance <strong>of</strong> adequate amounts <strong>of</strong> rib<strong>of</strong>lavin during pregnancy is also urged.<br />

For three decades, Mindanao has suffered from serious nutritional problems <strong>and</strong> food security<br />

which can be attributed to human conflict. In order to assess the nutrition <strong>and</strong> food security <strong>of</strong><br />

the area, the <strong>Institute</strong> was commissioned by the United Nations World <strong>Food</strong> Program (UN WFP)<br />

<strong>and</strong> UNICEF to conduct a baseline nutrition <strong>and</strong> food security assessment in Mindanao.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study was done in 5 selected provinces, namely: Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur,<br />

Maguindanao, Sultan Kudarat <strong>and</strong> North Cotabato. It measured the prevalence <strong>of</strong> malnutrition<br />

among 0-59 month old children, anemia among 0-59 month old children, pregnant <strong>and</strong> lactating<br />

women <strong>and</strong> night blindness among 6-59 month old children, pregnant <strong>and</strong> lactating women. It<br />

also verified households using iodized salt as well as describe <strong>and</strong> assess the current food<br />

security <strong>of</strong> the area in terms <strong>of</strong> food access <strong>and</strong> utilization. <strong>The</strong> study also established the extent<br />

<strong>of</strong> vaccination coverage among 0-59 month old children.


Results <strong>of</strong> the study showed that undernutrition <strong>and</strong> stunting among 0-59 year old children were<br />

still a public health concern in the area. Moreover, among the 5 provinces selected,<br />

Maguindanao appeared to have the most number <strong>of</strong> malnourished children compared to others.<br />

Majority <strong>of</strong> the households experienced anxiety that food would run out before they could get<br />

money to buy it.<br />

<strong>Food</strong> Security Items<br />

Percentage <strong>of</strong> mothers/caregivers who experienced food insecurity<br />

(knowledge <strong>of</strong> self) in the last 3 months by province: Mindanao, 2006<br />

A. Knowledge <strong>of</strong> self in the<br />

last three months Once<br />

1. Did you skip eating or miss<br />

meals/food, because there<br />

was no food or no money to<br />

buy food?<br />

2. Did you not ever eat for a<br />

whole day, because there<br />

was no food or no money to<br />

buy food?<br />

3. Were you ever hungry but<br />

did not eat, because there<br />

was no food or money to<br />

buy food?<br />

Percentage <strong>of</strong> <strong>Food</strong> Insecurity<br />

Lanao del Norte Lanao del Sur Maguindanao Sultan Kudarat North Cotabato<br />

More<br />

than<br />

once<br />

Never Once<br />

More<br />

than<br />

once<br />

Never Once<br />

More<br />

than<br />

once<br />

Never Once<br />

More<br />

than<br />

once<br />

Never Once<br />

11.0 21.3 67.7 19.4 30.9 49.7 11.6 41.4 47.0 19.4 25.9 54.6 14.0 12.1 73.9<br />

4.1 3.9 92.0 9.8 6.5 83.7 13.4 14.5 72.1 17.8 11.1 71.1 4.1 2.8 93.1<br />

12.9 22.7 64.4 20.8 34.8 44.4 14.8 38.2 47.0 24.4 20.0 55.6 16.8 11.3 71.9<br />

Malnutrition among children, pregnant <strong>and</strong> breastfeeding mothers in all the WFP provinces still<br />

exist <strong>and</strong> continue to be a public health problem. <strong>The</strong> survey findings emphasized the need for<br />

a comprehensive program geared at combating malnutrition among children, pregnant <strong>and</strong><br />

breastfeeding mothers in the WFP provinces.<br />

B. In-depth <strong>and</strong> Correlation Studies<br />

In the 2003 National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey (NNS), the prevalence rate <strong>of</strong> vitamin A deficiency (VAD)<br />

among lactating mothers was 20.1 percent or 20 in every 100. This rate was higher than in 1998<br />

which was 16.5 percent or 16 in every 100 lactating mothers.<br />

Vitamin A level in breastmilk has been recommended for monitoring vitamin A status <strong>of</strong> lactating<br />

women <strong>and</strong> their infants. A study was done to examine the breastmilk <strong>and</strong> plasma retinol <strong>of</strong><br />

Filipino lactating women <strong>and</strong> vitamin A status <strong>of</strong> breastfed infants.<br />

This study used data <strong>of</strong> lactating women from the 2003 National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey (NNS).<br />

Maternal plasma retinol levels, maternal age, duration <strong>of</strong> lactation, body mass index (BMI),<br />

parity <strong>and</strong> vitamin A intake <strong>of</strong> lactating women were determined. Breastmilk <strong>and</strong> blood samples<br />

were also collected. Breastmilk <strong>and</strong> plasma retinol concentrations were determined by highpressure<br />

liquid chromatography (HPLC).<br />

More<br />

than<br />

once<br />

Never


Retinol concentration (umol/L)<br />

1.4<br />

1.2<br />

1<br />

0.8<br />

0.6<br />

0.4<br />

0.2<br />

0<br />

Breast-milk <strong>and</strong> plasma retinol concentrations (umol/L) in relation to<br />

duration <strong>of</strong> lactation<br />

0-3 4-6 7-9 10-11<br />

Duration <strong>of</strong> Lactation (m os)<br />

breastmilk retinol (umol/L)<br />

Plasma retinol (umol/L)<br />

Breast-milk <strong>and</strong> plasma retinol concentrations (umol/L) in<br />

relation to duration to lactation<br />

Breast-milk retinol concentration (ug/g fat)<br />

10<br />

9<br />

8<br />

7<br />

6<br />

5<br />

4<br />

3<br />

2<br />

1<br />

0<br />

Breast-milk retinol concentrations (ug/g fat) in relation<br />

to duration to lactation<br />

0-3 4-6 7-9 10-11<br />

Duration <strong>of</strong> lactation (m os)<br />

<strong>The</strong> result showed that lactating women with vitamin A intakes above the recommended level<br />

had higher breastmilk retinol concentrations expressed in milk volume <strong>and</strong> gram milk fat than<br />

those lactating women with inadequate intakes <strong>of</strong> vitamin A. Infants whose mothers had<br />

breastmilk retinol levels <strong>of</strong> more than or equal to 8 micrograms per gram had significantly higher<br />

plasma retinol levels than those whose mothers had breastmilk retinol levels <strong>of</strong> less than 8<br />

micrograms per gram. Infants whose mothers have normal plasma retinol levels showed higher<br />

plasma retinol concentration compared to those whose mothers had low plasma retinol levels.<br />

<strong>The</strong> average amount <strong>of</strong> vitamin A in mature milk <strong>of</strong> Filipino lactating women can provide<br />

sufficient vitamin A during the first trimester <strong>of</strong> lactation (223 microgram Retinol Equivalent per<br />

day) to prevent clinical deficiency.<br />

Exclusive breastfeeding from birth to six months, <strong>and</strong> then, giving appropriate foods while<br />

continuing breastfeeding should be emphasized in nutrition education classes.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study on the determinants <strong>of</strong> underweight, stunting <strong>and</strong> wasting among Filipino<br />

children 0-5 years <strong>of</strong> age aimed to correlate the children’s nutritional status (such as<br />

underweight, stunting <strong>and</strong> wasting) with the child’s characteristics, as well as maternal, paternal<br />

<strong>and</strong> household characteristics. Other variables were also tested such as child’s anthropometry<br />

<strong>and</strong> household food consumption. Based on the study, underweight, stunting <strong>and</strong> wasting were<br />

found to be associated with the following child’s characteristics such as: age, total energy <strong>and</strong><br />

nutrient intake together with other variables such as household characteristics like household<br />

head’s education, some socio-economic variables, number <strong>of</strong> household members <strong>and</strong>number<br />

<strong>of</strong> nutrition programs participated in by the household <strong>and</strong> child (e.g. Garantisadong Pambata,<br />

Operasyon Timbang, <strong>Nutrition</strong> Education <strong>and</strong> <strong>Food</strong> Production lectures).


According to the study, underweight among children was predicted by variables like child’s food<br />

insecurity <strong>and</strong> child’s total carbohydrates <strong>and</strong> protein intake. Moreover, variables such as<br />

household per capita income <strong>and</strong> number <strong>of</strong> appliances can also predict underweight among<br />

the study group. Also identified in the study are the five contributory factors to stunting among<br />

children. <strong>The</strong>se included (a) household head’s education, (b) household per capita income, (c)<br />

child’s food insecurity (d) child’s total protein intake, <strong>and</strong> (e) number <strong>and</strong> types <strong>of</strong> appliances<br />

owned by the household. <strong>The</strong> child’s total carbohydrate intake, household head <strong>and</strong><br />

household’s ownership <strong>of</strong> a water-sealed toilet found in the study group were significant as<br />

predictors <strong>of</strong> wasting.<br />

Through this study, intervention programs on proper program management <strong>and</strong> targeting <strong>of</strong><br />

population most in need must be implemented.<br />

Proper nutritional status <strong>of</strong> women before, during <strong>and</strong> after pregnancy is an important element<br />

<strong>of</strong> reproductive health. <strong>The</strong> benefits <strong>of</strong> good reproductive health helps reduce the risk <strong>of</strong><br />

adverse pregnancy outcome, birth defects <strong>and</strong> chronic disease in children in postnatal life. <strong>The</strong><br />

high dem<strong>and</strong>s for quality nutrients during pregnancy makes pregnant women vulnerable to<br />

multiple micronutrient deficiencies.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> conducted a study on the prevalence <strong>of</strong> multiple micronutrient deficiencies among<br />

Filipino pregnant women. It showed that single <strong>and</strong> multiple micronutrient deficiencies were<br />

common among pregnant women. Single micronutrient deficiency was highest for folate <strong>and</strong><br />

rib<strong>of</strong>lavin at 11.9 <strong>and</strong> 11.5 percents, respectively.


<strong>The</strong> following concurrent prevalence <strong>of</strong> micronutrient deficiency among pregnant women were<br />

also obtained:<br />

Distributions <strong>of</strong> Pregnant Women by Type <strong>of</strong> Micronutrient Deficiency <strong>and</strong> Indicator with<br />

Single Micronutrient Deficiency<br />

Single Deficiency<br />

Fe rritin<br />

Vitamin A<br />

Zinc<br />

Folate<br />

Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin<br />

Micronutrient Number %<br />

TOTAL<br />

Two (2) Micronutrient Deficiencies<br />

Ferritin + Vitamin A<br />

+ Zinc<br />

+ Folate<br />

+ Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin<br />

Vitamin A + Folate<br />

+ Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin<br />

+ Zinc<br />

Folate + Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin<br />

+ Zinc<br />

Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin + Zinc<br />

TOTAL<br />

Three (3) Micronutrient Deficiencies<br />

Ferritin + Vitamin A + Folate<br />

+ Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin<br />

+ Zinc<br />

Ferritin + Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin + Zinc<br />

+ Folate + Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin<br />

+ Folate + Zinc<br />

Vitamin A + Folate + Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin<br />

+ Folate + Zinc<br />

+ Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin + Zinc<br />

Fo late + Rib <strong>of</strong>lavin + Zinc<br />

TOTAL<br />

Four (4) <strong>and</strong> more Micronutrient Deficiency<br />

Fe rritin + V itam in A + F o late + Rib o lfav in<br />

+ Folate + Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin + Zinc<br />

+ Vitamin A + Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin + Zinc<br />

+ Vitamin A + Folate + Zinc<br />

Vitamin A + Folate + Rib<strong>of</strong>lavin + Zinc<br />

Ferritin + Vit. A + Folate + Ribo + Zinc<br />

TOTAL<br />

32<br />

16<br />

10<br />

61<br />

64<br />

183<br />

9<br />

5<br />

17<br />

56<br />

11<br />

14<br />

1<br />

42<br />

10<br />

4<br />

169<br />

2<br />

7<br />

1<br />

2<br />

35<br />

2<br />

10<br />

3<br />

4<br />

2<br />

68<br />

2<br />

1<br />

2<br />

0<br />

3<br />

3<br />

11<br />

5.6<br />

3.4<br />

1.8<br />

11.9<br />

11.5<br />

34.2<br />

2.1<br />

0.8<br />

3.3<br />

10.2<br />

2.0<br />

2.7<br />

0.3<br />

7.8<br />

1.0<br />

0.8<br />

31<br />

0.3<br />

1.5<br />

1.3<br />

6.0<br />

0.3<br />

1.9<br />

0.6<br />

0.7<br />

0.3<br />

12.9<br />

0.8<br />

0.4<br />

0.3<br />

0.0<br />

1.0<br />

0.3<br />

2.8


<strong>The</strong> existence <strong>of</strong> 2 or more micronutrient deficiencies indicates that women should enter<br />

pregnancy with sufficient stores <strong>of</strong> these essential nutrients in order to reduce the risk <strong>of</strong><br />

adverse maternal <strong>and</strong> fetal outcomes. <strong>The</strong> study recommends that multiple micronutrient<br />

supplementation can be very helpful not only during pregnancy but also during pre-pregnancy.<br />

Non-communicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, <strong>and</strong> cardiovascular diseases<br />

among Filipinos are becoming significant public health problems. <strong>The</strong> prevalence <strong>of</strong> these<br />

diseases increases with age according to 2003-2004 National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Health Survey (NNHeS).<br />

Age factor cannot be altered or changed. However, others factors like diet, smoking, alcohol<br />

consumption <strong>and</strong> physical activity that contribute to the emergence <strong>of</strong> non-communicable<br />

diseases are mostly modifiable.<br />

Coconut oil is a saturated fat under the category <strong>of</strong> medium-chain fatty acid. It is considered as<br />

the chief source <strong>of</strong> fats <strong>and</strong> oils in the diet <strong>of</strong> Filipinos. This oil has been the subject <strong>of</strong> several<br />

controversies regarding its effect on blood lipid levels, diabetes mellitus, metabolism, obesity<br />

<strong>and</strong> other chronic diseases.<br />

A study was done to examine the association <strong>of</strong> dietary factors, particularly coconut oil on<br />

the lipid pr<strong>of</strong>ile <strong>of</strong> some Filipino adults. It also assessed the diet composition <strong>of</strong> Filipino<br />

adults especially their fat <strong>and</strong> oil intake, correlating it with the prevalence <strong>of</strong> obesity,<br />

hypertension, hypercholesterolemia <strong>and</strong> diabetes.<br />

This study used the st<strong>and</strong>ardized <strong>Food</strong> Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) <strong>of</strong> the 2003 NNHeS.<br />

Other foods not found in the list but are usually taken were added provided that the food item is<br />

a potential source <strong>of</strong> fat, cholesterol, sodium <strong>and</strong> fiber.<br />

Results showed that the prevalence <strong>of</strong> obesity, diabetes, high low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol<br />

(LDL-c) <strong>and</strong> high total cholesterol were higher among females than males. <strong>The</strong> prevalence <strong>of</strong><br />

hypertension, high triglyceride <strong>and</strong> low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-c) were higher<br />

among males than females.


Bicol Region had the highest proportion <strong>of</strong> coconut (gata) consumption at 88.8 percent, followed<br />

by CARAGA at 78 percent, <strong>and</strong> the Autonomous Region <strong>of</strong> Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) at 76.3<br />

percent.<br />

<strong>The</strong> consumption <strong>of</strong> coconut gata is inversely related with the level <strong>of</strong> education. As<br />

consumption increases, the level <strong>of</strong> education decreases. Educational attainment by gender,<br />

on the other h<strong>and</strong>, seemed to have protective effect against developing high cholesterol, high<br />

triglyceride <strong>and</strong> high LDL-c among males. Females with at least tertiary education were more<br />

likely to have low HDL-c <strong>and</strong> be at risk <strong>of</strong> having hypertension than their male counterparts.<br />

In terms <strong>of</strong> income, having a higher income increased the risk <strong>of</strong> developing high cholesterol,<br />

high triglyceride, hypertension <strong>and</strong> diabetes mellitus among males while there was an increased<br />

risk <strong>of</strong> having high LDL-c for both sexes.<br />

<strong>The</strong> research concluded that the consumption <strong>of</strong> coconut oil was not positively associated with<br />

the different risk factors <strong>and</strong> chronic diseases studied. Age, educational attainment <strong>and</strong> income<br />

level were some <strong>of</strong> the factors that must be looked into.<br />

<strong>The</strong> results <strong>of</strong> this study may be used in promoting consumption <strong>of</strong> coconut oil in the<br />

Philippines.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> validated food insecurity responses vis-a-vis Nutritrional Status <strong>and</strong> Adequacy<br />

<strong>of</strong> food intake from the 6th National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey (NNS). <strong>The</strong> study aimed to contribute<br />

to the on-going efforts toward establishing an <strong>of</strong>ficial methodology for measuring food insecurity<br />

<strong>and</strong> hunger <strong>and</strong> to assess the progress <strong>of</strong> the programs to address them.<br />

This validated the <strong>Food</strong> Insecurity Measure Tool using the 2003 food consumption survey data.<br />

It described levels <strong>of</strong> food insecurity with their dietary, socio-demographic <strong>and</strong> nutritional<br />

characteristics. It also assessed validity <strong>and</strong> reliability measures <strong>of</strong> food insecurity <strong>and</strong> hunger.<br />

It used data from interviews <strong>of</strong> 3,568 mothers/ caregivers <strong>of</strong> 0-10 year old children from 786<br />

enumeration areas. <strong>The</strong> data set included household demographics, nutritional status <strong>and</strong><br />

household food security. <strong>Food</strong> insecurity was checked using the 10 items concerning economic<br />

fears <strong>and</strong> experiences related to sufficient food supply during the past 6 months adapted from<br />

Radimer/ Cornell measures. Cronbach’s alpha was used to measure internal consistency <strong>and</strong><br />

criterion-related validity was checked using the nutrient intake variables.<br />

Results revealed that the <strong>Food</strong> Insecurity Tool used in the 2003 NNS was valid based on the<br />

Cronbach’s alpha. Discrepancies in the nutrient intake <strong>and</strong> adequacy suggest that the tool is<br />

valid based on the criterion-related validity measure.


This study demonstrated the procedure for determining the reliability <strong>of</strong> summated scales. It<br />

emphasized that reliability tests are especially important when derivative variables were<br />

intended to be used for subsequent predictive analyses.<br />

Cronbach’s Alpha by <strong>Food</strong> Insecurity Level<br />

<strong>Food</strong> Insecurity<br />

Level<br />

Cronbach's Alpha<br />

Mother/caregiver 0.81<br />

Child 0.84<br />

Household 0.89<br />

All 0.89<br />

Prevalence <strong>of</strong> Undernutrition by <strong>Food</strong> Security Status <strong>of</strong> Households<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong>al Status <strong>Food</strong> Secure (%) <strong>Food</strong> Insecure (%)<br />

Underweight 12.66 27.66<br />

Stunted 15.44 30.10<br />

Wasted 3.45 6.29<br />

<strong>The</strong> study recommended that a good method <strong>of</strong> screening for efficient items is to run an<br />

exploratory factor analysis on all the items to weed out those variables that failed to show high<br />

correlation.<br />

Methodological issues in computing provincial poverty statistics prompted the NSCB to tap<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> to conduct a study to address these issues. <strong>The</strong>se issues include the large variability <strong>of</strong><br />

provincial food thresholds within the regions, higher food thresholds for some provinces<br />

compared to that <strong>of</strong> the National Capital Region, <strong>and</strong> non-comparability across space <strong>of</strong> poverty<br />

estimates, among others.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study aimed to develop a menu-based approach for the formulation <strong>of</strong> provincial<br />

menus that will become the basis in coming up with food threshold estimates that have less<br />

variability within regions <strong>and</strong> are comparable across space.


A national reference menu was formulated that served as basis in the formulation <strong>of</strong> provincial<br />

menus consisting <strong>of</strong> foods deemed acceptable <strong>and</strong> cheapest in the province. After validation<br />

<strong>and</strong> subjecting the menus to tests <strong>of</strong> revealed preferences, the cost <strong>of</strong> menus were then used to<br />

estimate provincial food thresholds that are comparable across provinces. <strong>The</strong>se food<br />

thresholds can then be used for the improvement <strong>of</strong> the country’s poverty estimation<br />

methodology.<br />

National Reference Menu<br />

Breakfast<br />

Scrambled egg<br />

C<strong>of</strong>fee with milk<br />

Boiled rice/corn<br />

Lunch<br />

Reference Menu <strong>Food</strong> Item Indicative Weight<br />

(in grams) 1<br />

Boiled/sauteed/ginataang munggo with malunggay<br />

<strong>and</strong> dried dilis<br />

Banana<br />

Boiled Rice<br />

Supper<br />

Fried (fish)/boiled pork<br />

Vegetable dish<br />

Boiled rice<br />

Snack<br />

Bread or boiled<br />

saba/ rootcrop<br />

Itlog, manok, buo<br />

Instant C<strong>of</strong>fee<br />

Gatas, pulbos, filled, instant<br />

Munggo, buto, berde, tuyo<br />

Malunggay<br />

Dried Dilis<br />

Latundan/Lakatan<br />

Bangus/galunggong/tulingan/<br />

matambaka/tilapia/sapsap/<br />

tambakol/flying fish/aloy/<br />

Baboy, liempo<br />

(Kangkong/kamote tops/saluyot/<br />

alugbati/pechay/sayote leaves)<br />

Pan de sal or cassava/kamote/<br />

saba<br />

Bigas, puti<br />

Mais, durog, puti<br />

Langis, niyog<br />

Asukal, pula<br />

Kakang gata<br />

Asin, magaspang<br />

Bawang<br />

Sibuyas<br />

Luya<br />

48<br />

(weight <strong>of</strong> 1 medium-sized egg)<br />

1<br />

5<br />

35<br />

25-35<br />

20-30<br />

65<br />

(weight <strong>of</strong> 1 medium-sized lakatan)<br />

50-55<br />

(weight <strong>of</strong> a medium-sized fish)<br />

50<br />

85-100<br />

(weight <strong>of</strong> 1-1 1/4 household cup<br />

<strong>of</strong> all other vegetable, raw weight)<br />

30 (medium-sized pan de sal)/<br />

120-190 (kamote/cassava)/<br />

150-200 (saba)<br />

360 (raw weight)<br />

210<br />

15<br />

10<br />

5<br />

7<br />

2<br />

5<br />

5<br />

Results <strong>of</strong> the 6 th National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey in 2003 showed that there is inadequate food<br />

consumption <strong>and</strong> nutrient intake in Filipino households specially among low-income households.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> conducted the study on the disparities in household food <strong>and</strong> nutrient intake<br />

across income <strong>and</strong> occupational groups to determine the differences in food <strong>and</strong> nutrient<br />

intake <strong>of</strong> Filipino households by income quartile <strong>and</strong> occupational groups.


<strong>The</strong> results showed that households belonging to the lowest income quartile have the least<br />

mean per capita food intake (731 g/day) wherein 50 percent was contributed by cereals <strong>and</strong><br />

cereal products. While those households that are in the highest income quartile have the<br />

largest mean per capita food intake (1,033 g/day) <strong>of</strong> which 33 percent was contributed by<br />

cereals <strong>and</strong> cereal products.<br />

Dried beans,<br />

8g (1.2 % )<br />

Miscellaneous,<br />

20g (2.8% )<br />

Starchy Roots<br />

& tubers, 30g (4.1 % )<br />

Sugars, 19g (2.6 % )<br />

Fats 9g (1.2% )<br />

Eggs, 6g (0.9% )<br />

Meat & Poultry<br />

24g (3.2 % )<br />

731g<br />

Fish, 86g (11.8 % )<br />

Fruits, 34g (4.7%)<br />

Milk<br />

products, 16g (2.2 %)<br />

Cereals, 365g (50.0 % )<br />

Vegetables,<br />

113g (15.4 % )<br />

<strong>Food</strong> consumption pattern <strong>of</strong> Filipino households in the 1st<br />

income quartile<br />

Starchy Roots<br />

& tubers, 17g (1.6 % )<br />

Dried beans,<br />

13g (1.3 % )<br />

Miscellaneous,<br />

57g (5.5% )<br />

Fats 28g (2.8 % )<br />

Eggs, 19g (1.8 %)<br />

Meat & Poultry<br />

132g (12.8 %)<br />

Cereals, 346g (33.5 %)<br />

Fish, 118g (11.4 %)<br />

Vegetables,<br />

114g (11.0 %)<br />

Fruits, 76g (7.3 %)<br />

Milk<br />

products, 89g (8.6 %)<br />

By occupational groups, households whose heads are pr<strong>of</strong>essionals, technicians, associate<br />

pr<strong>of</strong>essionals <strong>and</strong> clerks have the highest mean per capita food intake while households whose<br />

heads are trades <strong>and</strong> related workers have the least intake.<br />

Sugars, 26g<br />

(2.5 %)<br />

1,032 g<br />

<strong>Food</strong> consumption pattern <strong>of</strong> Filipino households in the<br />

4th income quartile<br />

<strong>The</strong> study concluded that mean per capita food <strong>and</strong> nutrient intake differs across income <strong>and</strong><br />

occupational groups with the poorest having the lowest intake. <strong>The</strong> inverse relationship<br />

observed between the intake <strong>of</strong> cereal <strong>and</strong> cereal products <strong>and</strong> income suggests a coping<br />

action/strategy among the poor income groups.<br />

Based on the results <strong>of</strong> the study, it is recommended that there should be vigorous <strong>and</strong><br />

sustained socio-economic <strong>and</strong> development programs/projects including jobs <strong>and</strong> incomegenerating<br />

activities. Special attention should focus on the socially-disadvantaged groups where<br />

inequities in energy <strong>and</strong> nutrient intakes were more pronounced.<br />

Widespread undernutrition <strong>and</strong> micronutrient deficiencies still persist in the Philippines.<br />

Inequalities in nutritional status particularly across income groups <strong>and</strong> regions are very high.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study examined disparities in nutritional status among Filipino children across<br />

income <strong>and</strong> occupational groups. <strong>The</strong> data used were from the 2003 National <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Survey. Energy <strong>and</strong> nutrient adequacies were assessed using the Philippine <strong>Food</strong> Composition<br />

Tables <strong>and</strong> Recommended Energy <strong>and</strong> Nutrient Intakes.


Percentage <strong>of</strong> malnourished 6 to 10 years-old children by poverty<br />

status<br />

50<br />

45<br />

40<br />

35<br />

30<br />

25<br />

20<br />

15<br />

10<br />

5<br />

0<br />

36.64<br />

17.88<br />

47.87<br />

26.75<br />

poor non-poor<br />

0.06<br />

Underweight Underheight Overweight<br />

Figure 2. Percentage <strong>of</strong> malnourished 6 to 10 year-old childre n by<br />

poverty status<br />

<strong>The</strong> study revealed that there were more underweight, stunted, vitamin A deficient, anemic, <strong>and</strong><br />

iodine deficient preschool- <strong>and</strong> school-age children in households in the poorest income quartile<br />

than in the highest income quartile. <strong>The</strong>se gaps are reflections <strong>of</strong> dietary inequities <strong>and</strong><br />

disparities in energy <strong>and</strong> nutrient intakes between children from the rich <strong>and</strong> poor households.<br />

<strong>The</strong> occupational group <strong>of</strong> farmers, forestry workers, <strong>and</strong> fishermen had the highest prevalence<br />

<strong>of</strong> undernutrition while overnutrition was highest among technicians, associate pr<strong>of</strong>essionals<br />

<strong>and</strong> clerks. Prevalence <strong>of</strong> vitamin A deficiency (VAD) <strong>and</strong> iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) were<br />

also high among farmers, forestry workers, <strong>and</strong> fishermen. Laborers <strong>and</strong> unskilled workers had<br />

the highest incidence <strong>of</strong> anemia.<br />

<strong>The</strong> results <strong>of</strong> the study will help policy makers <strong>and</strong> program implementers enhance <strong>and</strong> fine<br />

tune programs to achieve increased equity in nutrition.<br />

Data extracted from the 6 th National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey (NNS) <strong>of</strong> the <strong>FNRI</strong> <strong>and</strong> the 2003 Family<br />

Income <strong>and</strong> Expenditure Survey (FIES) <strong>of</strong> the National Statistics Office (NSO) were used for a<br />

study to determine the disparities in infant feeding practices <strong>and</strong> complementary feeding<br />

across income <strong>and</strong> educational attainment <strong>of</strong> household heads. <strong>The</strong> trends <strong>and</strong><br />

relationships <strong>of</strong> current infant feeding practice <strong>and</strong> the household’s income <strong>and</strong> educational<br />

attainment <strong>of</strong> the household head were analyzed.<br />

<strong>The</strong>re were 1,200 subjects in the study. <strong>The</strong> results showed that current infant feeding<br />

practices at the time <strong>of</strong> the survey had a significant relationship with household income. On the<br />

average, breastfed infants from higher income households were given water, complementary<br />

foods <strong>and</strong> commercial milk earlier at about two to three months <strong>of</strong> age. Infants from lower<br />

income groups were given complementary feeding at five to seven months <strong>of</strong> age.<br />

2.2


Percentage distribution <strong>of</strong> 0-23 month-old infants by current feeding<br />

practice in poor <strong>and</strong> non-poor households: Philippines, 2003<br />

Current Feeding Practice<br />

Nonpoor<br />

Poor Total t P-value<br />

Breastfeeding 43.41 67.40 52.48 8.49 0.000<br />

Exclusive Breastfeeding 4.76 10.49 6.93<br />

Breastmilk + Water 3.06 3.21 3.12<br />

Breastmilk + Other Milk 3.91 2.92 3.53<br />

Breastmilk + Complementary <strong>Food</strong> 31.68 50.78 38.91<br />

Non-Breastfeeding 56.59 32.60 47.52<br />

Other milk + other food 50.38 18.32 38.25 12.7 0.000<br />

Not breastfeeding nor<br />

bottle (milk) feeding (regular diet)<br />

6.21 14.29 9.27 -4.67 0.000<br />

Total 100.00 100.00 100.00<br />

As educational attainment <strong>of</strong> the household head became higher, the proportion <strong>of</strong> infants being<br />

breastfed decreased. <strong>The</strong> negative correlation between breastfeeding <strong>and</strong> educational<br />

attainment was only seen among 6-11 <strong>and</strong> 12-23 month-old infants.<br />

<strong>The</strong> findings <strong>of</strong> the study showed that there should be an emphasis on educating not only the<br />

mothers <strong>of</strong> the children, but also the household heads about the advantages <strong>of</strong> exclusive<br />

breastfeeding for the first six months, <strong>and</strong> that <strong>of</strong> continuous breastfeeding until two years <strong>of</strong><br />

age.<br />

Along increasing prevalence <strong>of</strong> vitamin A deficiency among children, an in-depth analysis <strong>of</strong><br />

the 2003 National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey (NNS) data, with one-time plasma retinol (PR)<br />

measurements from 6-71 month-old children assessed changes in plasma retinol level<br />

related to a national six-monthly high-dose vitamin A supplementation program.<br />

Plasma retinol (PR) measurements from 2,537 children aged 12 to 59 months, were collected<br />

using a stratified multi-stage sampling design that covered all regions <strong>of</strong> the country. <strong>The</strong><br />

sample was in turn culled from the bigger sample <strong>of</strong> 6-71 month-old children <strong>of</strong> the 2003<br />

National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey (NNS). Blood samples were collected by fingerprick in heparinized<br />

capillary tubes. Serum was separated from red cells by centrifugation. Plasma retinol (PR) was<br />

determined by high pressure liquid chromotography (HPLC).<br />

<strong>The</strong> study revealed that Mindanao had the highest VAD among 12-59 month-old children, with<br />

50.5 percent moderate to severe deficiency (PR


% SR


Results showed a decrease <strong>of</strong> 90.86 microgram retinol equivalent (ugRE) in vitamin A <strong>and</strong> 0.35<br />

milligrams (mg) in iron when fortified foods were substituted with non-fortified foods <strong>of</strong> the same<br />

type. <strong>The</strong>re was also a significant increase in the intake <strong>of</strong> vitamin A <strong>and</strong> iron specifically coming<br />

from rice, cooking oil <strong>and</strong> sugar when these staple foods were substituted with the fortified<br />

variety <strong>of</strong> staples.<br />

<strong>The</strong> study recommended that RA 8976 be fully implemented since the study showed that with<br />

food fortification, intakes <strong>of</strong> vitamin A <strong>and</strong> iron increased. Moreover, a consistent monitoring <strong>and</strong><br />

evaluation <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Food</strong> Fortification program is encouraged.<br />

Contract <strong>Research</strong> on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

A total <strong>of</strong> 27 contract researches were entered into by <strong>FNRI</strong> <strong>and</strong> several government agencies,<br />

international institutions, pr<strong>of</strong>essional organizations <strong>and</strong> the food industry. A total <strong>of</strong><br />

P39,839,262.00 was generated by <strong>FNRI</strong> from the 27 contract researches.


Name <strong>of</strong><br />

Business/Organization<br />

A. Private Industry<br />

<strong>The</strong> Coca-Cola Export<br />

Corporation<br />

(TCCEC)<br />

<strong>The</strong> Coca-Cola Export<br />

Corporation<br />

(TCCEC)<br />

<strong>The</strong> Coca-Cola Export<br />

Corporation<br />

(TCCEC)<br />

Client<br />

Name / Tel. No. /<br />

E-mail <strong>of</strong> Contact<br />

Person<br />

Ms. Cindy Lim<br />

Fax: 849-859<br />

cilim@gpac.ko.com<br />

Ms. Cindy Lim<br />

Fax: 849-859<br />

cilim@gpac.ko.com<br />

Ms. Cindy Lim<br />

Fax: 849-859<br />

cilim@gpac.ko.com<br />

Moonbake Incorporated Mr. Rufino R. Manrique<br />

FTI Complex, Taguig City<br />

Pinoy Incorporated Mr. Joshua Garlon Y.<br />

Icasas<br />

B. International Funding<br />

Agency<br />

United Nations Children's<br />

Fund (UNICEF)<br />

International Atomic Energy<br />

Agency (IAEA)<br />

United Nations Children's<br />

Fund (UNICEF)<br />

<strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Science <strong>and</strong><br />

Technology<br />

United Nation Childrens'<br />

Fund (UNICEF)<br />

United Nations - World <strong>Food</strong><br />

Program (UN-WFP)<br />

Tulane University<br />

Dr. Nicholas K. Alipui<br />

Mr. Edward Otico<br />

Dr. Najat Mokhtar<br />

Mr. Edward Otico<br />

901-01-23<br />

Mahadevan<br />

Ramach<strong>and</strong>ran<br />

mahamack@hotmail.<br />

com<br />

mahadevan.<br />

ramach<strong>and</strong>ran@wfp.org<br />

Dr. John B. Mason<br />

johnbeverlymason@<br />

hotmail.com<br />

masonj@tulane.edu<br />

Title/Description <strong>of</strong><br />

<strong>Research</strong><br />

Technology Generation for the<br />

Production <strong>of</strong> the Health<br />

Drink Beverages<br />

<strong>The</strong> Efficacy <strong>of</strong> Fortified<br />

Health Drink in Improving the<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong>al Status <strong>of</strong><br />

Schoolchildren<br />

Kineti-Kids a Fitness<br />

Program for Children<br />

Technology Generation for the<br />

Production <strong>of</strong> the Chocolate<br />

Crinkles Fortified with Iron<br />

Development <strong>and</strong> Shelf-life<br />

Study <strong>of</strong> Vitamin A <strong>and</strong><br />

Energy-Rich, Frozen Readyto-Fry<br />

Saba Banana Turon<br />

Production <strong>and</strong> Quality<br />

Assurance <strong>of</strong> Iodized Salt<br />

A Study on the Energy<br />

Expenditure, Body<br />

Composition <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong>al<br />

Status among Filipino Elderly<br />

Updating <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Nutrition</strong>al<br />

Status <strong>of</strong> Filipino Children<br />

Baseline <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Food</strong><br />

Safety Assessment in<br />

Mindanao<br />

Turning the Corner in the<br />

Prevalence <strong>of</strong> Vitamin A<br />

Deficiecy in Highly Affected<br />

Areas in the Philippines<br />

Project Duration<br />

Start End<br />

July<br />

2005<br />

July<br />

2005<br />

March<br />

2007<br />

December<br />

2006<br />

July 2004 June<br />

2007<br />

April<br />

2006<br />

October<br />

2006<br />

April<br />

2005<br />

December<br />

2006<br />

Name/E-mail<br />

<strong>of</strong><br />

Responsible<br />

Agency Staff<br />

Dr. Mario V.<br />

Capanzana<br />

mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

Marcela C.<br />

Saises<br />

mcs@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

Dr. Imelda A.<br />

Agdeppa<br />

imelda_<br />

agdeppa@<br />

yahoo.com<br />

Celeste C.<br />

Tanchoco<br />

cct@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

Joyce R. Tobias<br />

jrt@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

on-going Joyce R. Tobias<br />

jrt@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

Marcela C.<br />

Saises<br />

mcs@fnri.<br />

dostgov.ph<br />

December<br />

2006<br />

Dr. Mario V.<br />

Capanzana<br />

mvc@fnri.<br />

dost.gov.ph<br />

2004 2007 Gemma P.<br />

Yuchingtat<br />

gpy@fnri.<br />

dost.gov.ph<br />

May<br />

2005<br />

June<br />

2007<br />

May 2006 August<br />

2006<br />

August<br />

5, 2005<br />

September<br />

30, 2007<br />

Corazon M.<br />

Cerdeña<br />

cmc@fnri.<br />

dost.gov.ph<br />

Corazon M.<br />

Cerdeña<br />

cmc@fnri.<br />

dost.gov.ph<br />

Ma. Anna Rita<br />

M. Ramirez<br />

maria_anna_<br />

rita_r@hotmail.<br />

com<br />

Project<br />

Costs<br />

1,600,000.00<br />

1,077,622.00<br />

P1,264,000.00<br />

P 121,521.00<br />

P282,432.00<br />

P354,000.00<br />

P627,551.00<br />

P1,971,958.00<br />

(UNICEF)<br />

P2,276,274.00<br />

(DA-BAR)<br />

PP68,000.00<br />

(DOST)<br />

P1,712,540.00<br />

P2,318,127.00


Name <strong>of</strong><br />

Business/Organization<br />

C. DOST Agency<br />

Client<br />

Philippine Council for Industry<br />

<strong>and</strong> Energy <strong>Research</strong> <strong>and</strong><br />

Development (PCIERD)<br />

Philippine Council for<br />

Agriculture, Forestry <strong>and</strong><br />

Natural Resources <strong>Research</strong><br />

<strong>and</strong> Development (PCARRD)<br />

<strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Science<br />

<strong>and</strong> Technology (DOST)<br />

<strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Science<br />

<strong>and</strong> Technology (DOST)<br />

<strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Science<br />

<strong>and</strong> Technology (DOST)<br />

Philippine Council for Industry<br />

<strong>and</strong> Energy <strong>Research</strong><br />

<strong>and</strong> Development (PCIERD)<br />

<strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Science<br />

<strong>and</strong> Technology (DOST)<br />

Philippine Council for Industry<br />

<strong>and</strong> Energy <strong>Research</strong><br />

<strong>and</strong> Development (PCIERD)<br />

<strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Science<br />

<strong>and</strong> Technology (DOST)<br />

<strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Science<br />

<strong>and</strong> Technology (DOST)<br />

Name / Tel. No. /<br />

E-mail <strong>of</strong> Contact<br />

Person<br />

Ms. Rina C. Resureccion<br />

Tel. No. 837-61-71<br />

Loc. 2121 or 2120<br />

Ms. Maritess M. Ramil<br />

tess_ramil@yahoo.com<br />

Ms. Grace Estrillore<br />

grace@dost.gov.ph<br />

Ms. Grace Estrillore<br />

grace@dost.gov.ph<br />

Ms. Mary Jeanne<br />

Berroya<br />

837-20-71 loc.2111<br />

Ms. Grace Estrillore<br />

grace@dost.gov.ph<br />

Ms. Grace Estrillore<br />

grace@dost.gov.<br />

Ms. Grace Estrillore<br />

grace@dost.gov.<br />

Ms. Ma. <strong>The</strong>resa de<br />

Guzman 837-2071<br />

loc. 2031<br />

Ms. Ma. <strong>The</strong>resa de<br />

Guzman 837-2071<br />

loc. 2031<br />

Title/Description <strong>of</strong><br />

<strong>Research</strong><br />

Development <strong>of</strong> Functional<br />

<strong>Food</strong> Products from Coconut<br />

Flour<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong>al, Physico-Chemical<br />

<strong>and</strong> Sensory Evaluation <strong>of</strong><br />

Meat <strong>of</strong> Philippine Native<br />

Chicken Strain "Darag"<br />

Study on the Level <strong>of</strong> Nitrate<br />

<strong>and</strong> Nitrite in <strong>Food</strong>s<br />

Commonly Consumed by<br />

Filipinos<br />

Strengthening Public <strong>and</strong><br />

Private Partnership in <strong>Food</strong><br />

<strong>and</strong> Nutriton through R&D<br />

<strong>and</strong> S&T Activities<br />

Supplementary Feeding<br />

among School Aged Children<br />

Utilizing <strong>FNRI</strong>- Developed<br />

<strong>Food</strong> Products<br />

Establishment,<br />

Implementation <strong>and</strong><br />

Maintenance <strong>of</strong> Management<br />

System in all RDI's Regional<br />

Offices<br />

Project 1-Establishment,<br />

Implementation <strong>and</strong><br />

Maintenance <strong>of</strong> Laboratory<br />

Accredition in all DOST<br />

Laboratories in accordance<br />

with ISO/IEC 17025<br />

Project 2-Provision <strong>of</strong><br />

Reference Materials (RM)<br />

<strong>and</strong> Subsequent <strong>of</strong><br />

Pr<strong>of</strong>iciency Testing (PT)<br />

Program<br />

Establishment <strong>of</strong> Shelf Life<br />

Testing Facilities <strong>and</strong><br />

Upgrading <strong>of</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Analysis Capability for DOST<br />

IV, VII, X<br />

Preparation <strong>of</strong> Manual <strong>of</strong><br />

Operation for Frequently used<br />

Equipment <strong>and</strong> Machineries<br />

<strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong><br />

Technology Transfer <strong>and</strong><br />

Commercialization <strong>of</strong><br />

Nutritious <strong>Food</strong> Products<br />

Project Duration<br />

Start End<br />

January<br />

2005<br />

April<br />

2005<br />

November<br />

2006<br />

November<br />

2006<br />

April<br />

2006<br />

February<br />

2006<br />

May<br />

2006<br />

June<br />

2006<br />

March<br />

2006<br />

January<br />

2006<br />

January<br />

2007<br />

June<br />

2006<br />

October<br />

2007<br />

November<br />

2007<br />

December<br />

2007<br />

January<br />

2007<br />

April<br />

2007<br />

December<br />

2007<br />

May<br />

2006<br />

December<br />

2006<br />

Name/E-mail<br />

<strong>of</strong><br />

Responsible<br />

Agency Staff<br />

Dr. Mario V.<br />

Capanzana<br />

mvc@fnri.<br />

dost.gov.ph<br />

Ma. Elena G.<br />

Fern<strong>and</strong>ez<br />

egf@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

Dr. Rosario H.<br />

Arim<br />

rha@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

Dr. Mario V.<br />

Capanzana<br />

mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

Dr. Imelda A.<br />

Agdeppa<br />

imelda_<br />

agdeppa@<br />

yahoo.com<br />

Teresita R.<br />

Portugal<br />

trp@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

Teresita R.<br />

Portugal<br />

trp@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

Teresita R.<br />

Portugal<br />

trp@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

Benjamin T.<br />

Molano<br />

btm@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

Joyce R. Tobias<br />

jrt@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

Project<br />

Costs<br />

P727,558.00<br />

PCIERD<br />

P670,337.00<br />

P3,889,672.00<br />

P2,200,212.00<br />

P1,900,000.00<br />

P5,460,556.00<br />

P3,357,807.00<br />

P277,265.00<br />

P152,580.00<br />

P189,510.00


Name <strong>of</strong><br />

Business/Organization<br />

D. Other Government<br />

Agency<br />

National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Council<br />

(NNC)-DOH<br />

National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Council<br />

(NNC)-DOH<br />

E. Non-Government<br />

Organization (NGO)<br />

Client<br />

Philippine Association for the<br />

Study <strong>of</strong> Overweight <strong>and</strong><br />

Obesity (PASOO)<br />

Philippine Pediatric Society<br />

(PPS)<br />

L<strong>and</strong> O' Lakes Phil, Inc.<br />

<strong>and</strong> FNRF<br />

L<strong>and</strong> O' Lakes Phil, Inc. <strong>and</strong><br />

FNRF<br />

Southeast Asian Association<br />

<strong>of</strong> Glutamate Sciences<br />

(SEAGS) <strong>and</strong> FNRF<br />

Name / Tel. No. /<br />

E-mail <strong>of</strong> Contact<br />

Person<br />

Ms. Bernardita T. Flores<br />

Director National<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong> Council<br />

(NNC)<br />

843-58-38<br />

Ms. Bernardita T. Flores<br />

Director National<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong> Council<br />

(NNC) 843-58-38<br />

Dr. Rodolfo F. Florentino<br />

rfflorentino.mydestiny.net<br />

Dr. May Lian Guno<br />

mayguno@yahoo.com<br />

Mr. Allan S. Racoma<br />

aracoma@l<strong>and</strong>olakes.<br />

com.ph<br />

Mr. Allan S. Racoma<br />

aracoma@l<strong>and</strong>olakes.<br />

com.ph<br />

Dr. Akarat Suksomcheep<br />

Scientific Affairs Group<br />

Ajinimoto Company<br />

Bangkok, Thail<strong>and</strong><br />

Title/Description <strong>of</strong><br />

<strong>Research</strong><br />

Formative <strong>Research</strong> on<br />

Vegetable Consumption<br />

Development <strong>and</strong><br />

St<strong>and</strong>ardization <strong>of</strong> Egg-<br />

Based Recipes<br />

Effectiveness <strong>of</strong> the Whiz<br />

Kids Through Fitness<br />

Program: Phase 1.<br />

Process <strong>of</strong> the Physical<br />

Activity Component<br />

Zinc Status <strong>of</strong> Filipino Pre-<br />

School Children<br />

<strong>The</strong> Efficacy <strong>of</strong> Multi-<br />

Micronutrient Fortified Milk<br />

<strong>and</strong> Biscuits in Improving the<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong>al Status <strong>and</strong> School<br />

Performance <strong>of</strong> School-aged<br />

Children<br />

Monitoring <strong>The</strong><br />

Implementation <strong>of</strong> School<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong> Program on Schoolaged<br />

Children in Camarines<br />

Sur<br />

Regional Pilot Study on Free<br />

Glutamate<br />

Project Duration<br />

Start End<br />

February<br />

2006<br />

March<br />

2006<br />

May<br />

2006<br />

September<br />

2006<br />

Name/E-mail<br />

<strong>of</strong><br />

Responsible<br />

Agency Staff<br />

Dr. Zenaida V.<br />

Narciso<br />

zvn@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

Marietta M.<br />

Bumanglag<br />

mmb@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

2004 2007 Celeste C.<br />

Tanchoco<br />

cct@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

January<br />

2006<br />

July<br />

2005<br />

January<br />

2005<br />

January<br />

2005<br />

December<br />

2006<br />

June<br />

2006<br />

April<br />

2006<br />

March<br />

2007<br />

Leah A. Perlas<br />

lap@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

Dr. Imelda A.<br />

Agdeppa<br />

Imelda_agdeppa@<br />

yahoo.com<br />

Dr. Imelda A.<br />

Agdeppa<br />

Imelda_agdeppa@<br />

yahoo.com<br />

Wilma L. Molano<br />

wlm@fnri.dost.<br />

gov.ph<br />

Project<br />

Costs<br />

P300,000.00<br />

P149,068.00<br />

P50,000.00<br />

P1,613,700.00<br />

P488,147.00<br />

P2,938,825.00<br />

P1,800,000.00


Patent <strong>and</strong> Publications<br />

Patent/Utility Model<br />

Title/Registry No./Description <strong>of</strong><br />

Intellectual Property<br />

1. e-<strong>Nutrition</strong> Logo<br />

Trademark is a small leter "e" which represents the electronic<br />

dissemination <strong>of</strong> information. This letter is enclosed in a circle<br />

that represents one <strong>of</strong> the four circles in the DOST Logo, with<br />

green background <strong>and</strong> a leaf on top that represents <strong>FNRI</strong> (the<br />

agency m<strong>and</strong>ated to define the nutritional status <strong>of</strong> Filipinos).<br />

2. E-<strong>Nutrition</strong> Information Trade Name<br />

Website Logo plus a word "nutrition" written in green cursive<br />

<strong>and</strong> bold small caps.<br />

3. <strong>The</strong>rmally Processed Kare-kare Vegetable Mix<br />

This is value added product using indigenous food materials.<br />

This is thermally processed, ready-to-eat <strong>and</strong> convenient to<br />

prepare.<br />

4. <strong>The</strong>rmally Processed Pinakbet Sinigang Vegetable<br />

Mix<br />

This is value added products using indigenous food materials.<br />

This is thermally processed, ready-to-eat <strong>and</strong> convenient to<br />

prepare.<br />

5. <strong>The</strong>rmally Processed Putsero Vegetable Mix<br />

This are value added products using indigenous food materials.<br />

This is thermally processed, ready-to-eat <strong>and</strong> convenient to<br />

prepare.<br />

6. <strong>The</strong>rmally Processed Pinakbet Vegetable Mix<br />

This are value added products using indigenous food materials.<br />

This is thermally processed, ready-to-eat <strong>and</strong> convenient to<br />

prepare.<br />

Publications<br />

Intellectual Property Rights<br />

Intellectual Property Type 1 <strong>Research</strong>er/Inventor Status <strong>and</strong> Date 2<br />

design <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>Research</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> -<br />

<strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Science <strong>and</strong> Technology<br />

(<strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST)<br />

design <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>Research</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> -<br />

<strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Science <strong>and</strong> Technology<br />

(<strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST<br />

Utility Model Mario V. Capanzana, Ph.D.<br />

Joyce R. Tobias<br />

Wenefrida N. Lainez<br />

Kristine A. Beganos<br />

Lydia M. Marero, Ph.D.<br />

Utility Model Mario V. Capanzana, Ph.D.<br />

Joyce R. Tobias<br />

Wenefrida N. Lainez<br />

Kristine A. Beganos<br />

Lydia M. Marero, Ph.D.<br />

Utility Model Mario V. Capanzana, Ph.D.<br />

Joyce R. Tobias<br />

Wenefrida N. Lainez<br />

Kristine A. Beganos<br />

Lydia M. Marero, Ph.D.<br />

Utility Model Mario V. Capanzana, Ph.D.<br />

Joyce R. Tobias<br />

Wenefrida N. Lainez<br />

Kristine A. Beganos<br />

Lydia M. Marero, Ph.D.<br />

Scientific Papers Published<br />

For approval<br />

October 13, 2006<br />

04-2006-011276<br />

For approval<br />

October 13, 2006<br />

04-2006-011276<br />

For approval<br />

Application<br />

No. 22006000457<br />

October 25, 2006<br />

For approval<br />

Application<br />

No. 22006000458<br />

October 25, 2006<br />

For approval<br />

Application<br />

No. 22006000459<br />

October 25, 2006<br />

For approval<br />

Application<br />

No. 22006000460<br />

October 25, 2006


III. Provision <strong>of</strong> Quality Science <strong>and</strong> Technology Services<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> provided various S&T services in 2006. <strong>The</strong>se included nutrition surveys, in-depth<br />

<strong>and</strong> correlation studies <strong>of</strong> the Sixth National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey (NNS), technical services on food<br />

<strong>and</strong> nutrition, laboratory <strong>and</strong> testing services, consultancy services, information <strong>and</strong><br />

communication technology (ICT) services, <strong>and</strong> S&T promotion initiatives.<br />

Technical Services on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

1. Laboratory <strong>and</strong> Testing Services<br />

Through its laboratory <strong>and</strong> testing services, the <strong>FNRI</strong> was able to serve 198 clients for 2006.<br />

<strong>The</strong>se services generated a total income <strong>of</strong> P1,146,630.00 for the <strong>Institute</strong>.<br />

Name <strong>of</strong> Service*<br />

Microbiological services/<br />

Nutrient Analysis/<br />

Aflatoxin/Physico-chemical<br />

Analysis<br />

2. Consultancy Services<br />

No. <strong>of</strong> Clientele<br />

Served<br />

445 samples/ 198 clients P1,146,630.00<br />

Income Generated<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong>’s consultancy services, i.e. regular counseling <strong>of</strong> clients (oral or written) regarding<br />

food <strong>and</strong> nutrition matters is a continuing activity <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Institute</strong>.<br />

Beneficiaries <strong>of</strong> Consultancy Programs


Name <strong>of</strong><br />

Enterprise/<br />

Organization<br />

DOST-Davao Davao City<br />

Beneficiary<br />

Address<br />

Name/Tel. No. E-mail<br />

<strong>of</strong> Contact Person<br />

Ms. Ma. Delia Moran-<br />

Morados<br />

Title <strong>of</strong> Consultancy<br />

Services Rendered<br />

TNA on squash noodles processing<br />

plant<br />

Inclusive Dates<br />

<strong>of</strong><br />

Engagement<br />

Aoril 4-7, 2006<br />

Name/E-mail <strong>of</strong><br />

Field Staff<br />

Joyce R. Tobias<br />

jrt@fnri.dost.gov.py<br />

Ella Ballon Parañaque Ella Ballon Fruit Juices April 11, 2006 -do-<br />

Lalaine Abonal<br />

Gina Alej<strong>and</strong>ro<br />

Arsenio S.<br />

Santos III<br />

Coconut Republic -<br />

Manila<br />

65 Gen. Luna St., Ampid<br />

San Mateo, Rizal<br />

Ifugao St., La Vista Subd.,<br />

Bgy. Pansol, Quezon City<br />

894-4420 Coco-based products April 26, 2006 -do-<br />

0916-7825591 Kimchi April 28, 2006 -do-<br />

660-9464 Sources <strong>of</strong> Glycoprotein, etc. May 4, 2006 -do-<br />

Eunice Villanueva Parañaque 0917-8929973 Water May 5, 2006 -do-<br />

Trina Guanzon Parañaque 787-1982 Noodles, juices May 10, 2006 -do-<br />

FT Manlapaz Quezon City 637-2163 <strong>Food</strong> Preservation May 18, 2006 -do-<br />

Leticia Araullo Quezon City 371-9202 <strong>Food</strong> Preservation May 18, 2006 -do-<br />

Marvin Tibig M<strong>and</strong>aluyong Marvin Tibig <strong>Food</strong> Preservation May 18, 2006 -do-<br />

Cel DOST-ITDI 837-20-71 loc.2270 Salt Iodization May 18, 2006 -do-<br />

A.B. Garcia<br />

MSH East Service Road<br />

Parañaque<br />

821-3643 <strong>Food</strong> Preservation May 24, 2006 -do-<br />

Joana Occidental Mindoro 0919-2755981 Noodle Marketing May 30, 2006 -do-<br />

Grace Manuel<br />

Furumoto<br />

Jayson T. Alamo<br />

Roxas, Isabela 0927-5886489 Noodles, juices June 16, 2006 -do-<br />

205 Buk<strong>and</strong>ala, Imus,<br />

Cavite<br />

515-2143 <strong>Food</strong> Processing June 19, 2006 -do-<br />

Lenie S. Parañaque 0917-8534600 <strong>Food</strong> Processing June 23, 2006 -do-<br />

Ronald Garcia Parañaque 824-0868 <strong>Food</strong> Processing June 23, 2006 -do-<br />

Ronnie Robino RUPT Ronnie Robino Feasibility Study June 28, 2006 -do-<br />

Mary Grace<br />

Evangelista<br />

RUPT<br />

Mary Grace<br />

Evangelista<br />

Lyndo Villacorta DOST-CARAGA (85)3425345 JRT & MCS are resource persons for<br />

Technology Forum on July 26 to<br />

discuss <strong>FNRI</strong> food Tech<br />

JRT &MCS to conduct TNA <strong>of</strong><br />

MARJECK FOODS & TAGINDECO<br />

on July 24-25 re tech transfer <strong>of</strong> Vit.A<br />

Fortified Cooking Oil & Squash<br />

Canton Noodles<br />

Dr. Angelito<br />

Alolod<br />

Engr. Zinnia<br />

Teruel<br />

DOST-X (88)8583933<br />

DOST-VI (33)3200907<br />

Dr. Carol Yorobe TAPI 8372938<br />

Feasibility Study June 28, 2006 -do-<br />

Breakdown <strong>of</strong> extruder cooker for ricemongo<br />

curls product in Cagayan de<br />

Oro<br />

JRT as resource person on ricebased<br />

technology developed by <strong>FNRI</strong><br />

JRT & MCS as resource persons for<br />

Technology Forum on <strong>Food</strong><br />

Processing in Butuan on July 26 for<br />

STEVPP<br />

July 11, 2006 -do-<br />

July 11, 2006 -do-<br />

July 11, 2006 -do-<br />

July 11, 2006 -do-<br />

Jenifer Acabado Muntinlupa City Jenifer Acabado Feasibility Study July 13, 2006 -do-<br />

Ronnie B. Rabido Taguig City 0910-2597943 Feasibility Study July 13, 2006 -do-


Name <strong>of</strong><br />

Enterprise/<br />

Organization<br />

Medical doctor taking up PhD<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Beneficiary<br />

Address<br />

UP Diliman, Quezon<br />

City<br />

Name/Tel. No. Email<br />

<strong>of</strong> Contact Person<br />

Title <strong>of</strong> Consultancy<br />

Services Rendered<br />

Inclusive Dates <strong>of</strong><br />

Engagement<br />

Dr. Leila de Llana Poverty estimation July 14, 2006<br />

Name/E-mail <strong>of</strong><br />

Field Staff<br />

Ma. Anna Rita M. Ramirez<br />

maria_anna_rita_r@<br />

hotmail.com<br />

Rose Yamsuan Biñan 049-8390030 Feasibility Study July 18, 2006 -do-<br />

Marjeck <strong>Food</strong> Surigao del Sur Mrs. Estrella Uy<br />

TAGINDECO<br />

Pimentel St. Tago,<br />

Surigao<br />

del Sur<br />

Eng. Vidallusa<br />

Technology Needs<br />

Assessment (TNA) on<br />

Squash Canton Noodles<br />

Set-up<br />

Techology Needs<br />

Assessment (TNA) on<br />

Vitamin A Fortified Cooking<br />

Oil<br />

July 24, 2006 Joyce R. Tobias<br />

jrt@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

Marcela C. Saises<br />

mcs@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

July 25, 2006 -do-<br />

Albert Joseph, Jr. Parañaque City 0917-8546474 <strong>Food</strong> Processing July 25, 2006 -do-<br />

Michael Soriano Delifrance Philippines 6420021 <strong>Food</strong> Labelling Claim July 27, 2006 -do-<br />

Melton Mannag FEU 4396530 Feasibility Study August 1, 2006 -do-<br />

JC Lazaro FEU 3628730 Feasibility Study August 1, 2006 -do-<br />

Dina Masa PCA - P<strong>and</strong>esal with coco flour August 8, 2006 -do-<br />

Ester Lampa Bacoor, Cavite 046-9701826 <strong>Food</strong> Processing August 7, 2006 -do-<br />

O. Agpaoa Lucena City 042-7104799 <strong>Food</strong> Processing August 11, 2006 -do-<br />

Amarylis Abcede Medical Action Group 439-1376 <strong>Food</strong> Processing August 17, 2006 -do-<br />

Ruth Yanga Malabon 4471152 Powdered Products<br />

Mr. Wilfred Teves Davao (082) 2971188<br />

Amount <strong>of</strong> instant noodles<br />

<strong>and</strong> other concerns re SFP<br />

in Subic<br />

Benjamin Ong Manila 0922-4449146 Fruit Processing<br />

Johnson Maigue<br />

San Francisco,<br />

Quezon<br />

0920-8122321 Taho, Bean Sprouts<br />

Rene Taal Imus, Cavite 9707136 Preservatives<br />

Romy Tagbian DOST-III Romy Tagbian<br />

Provincial Health<br />

Office (PHO)<br />

Provincial Health<br />

Office Compound<br />

Balanga, Bataan<br />

Mr. Enrique Garcia<br />

PCARRD Los Baños, Laguna Dr. Ester Lopez<br />

Fin Atienza<br />

jacedera@yahoo.com<br />

Dr. Conrado Oliveros<br />

DOST 3 Dr. Conrado Oliveros<br />

Product Info on Canton<br />

Noodles<br />

Technology Needs<br />

Assessment (TNA) on<br />

Iodine- Rich water<br />

S&T Consultant to package<br />

a Pr<strong>of</strong>itability Analysis <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Backyard "Bahay Kubo"<br />

production (technology)<br />

Resource Person to<br />

conduct Training on<br />

Preparation <strong>of</strong> Squash<br />

Products<br />

September<br />

5, 2006<br />

September<br />

5, 2006<br />

September<br />

11, 2006<br />

September<br />

13, 2006<br />

September<br />

21, 2006<br />

September<br />

27, 2006<br />

October 8, 2006<br />

October 12 to<br />

present<br />

-do-<br />

-do-<br />

-do-<br />

-do-<br />

-do-<br />

-do-<br />

-do-<br />

Ma. Anna Rita M. Ramirez<br />

maria_anna_rita_r@<br />

hotmail.com<br />

October 13, 2006 Joyce R. Tobias<br />

jrt@fnri.dost.gov.ph


Name <strong>of</strong><br />

Enterprise/<br />

Organization<br />

PSTC-Capitol Comp.<br />

PSTC Business<br />

Center<br />

Beneficiary<br />

Address<br />

Trece Martirez<br />

Cavite<br />

Nep Bagnes Glacier Ref<br />

Services Corp.<br />

Aleli Narvaez C<strong>of</strong>re Fuerte<br />

Manufacturing,<br />

Corp.<br />

Name/Tel. No. E-mail<br />

<strong>of</strong> Contact Person<br />

Title <strong>of</strong><br />

Consultancy<br />

Services<br />

Rendered<br />

Inclusive Dates<br />

<strong>of</strong><br />

Engagement<br />

Mr. Raul Castaneda Shelf-life <strong>of</strong> Tahong November 2,<br />

2006<br />

Tarlac City Mr. Romy Tadiar Squash Canton<br />

<strong>and</strong> Canton<br />

Noodles with<br />

Saluyot<br />

November 2,<br />

2006<br />

8980083 Shelf-life November 10,<br />

2006<br />

5208926 Shelf-life November 10,<br />

2006<br />

Elisha Hidalgo HB Biotech 8350163 Shelf-life November 13,<br />

2006<br />

N/A Valenzuela Helen Marcelino<br />

(Tel. No. 279-9179)<br />

Vegemeat<br />

preparation<br />

World Vision Quezon City Grace Alviar <strong>Food</strong> during<br />

disasters<br />

(computation <strong>of</strong><br />

energy <strong>and</strong> nutrient<br />

composition <strong>of</strong><br />

rice, munggo<br />

guisado <strong>and</strong> dried<br />

fish)<br />

Corporate service manager,<br />

schools, NNC, health & lifestyle<br />

magazine, Fonterra Br<strong>and</strong>s Phil,<br />

GMA-7, Medical Observer, Asia<br />

<strong>Food</strong> News<br />

GMA-7 Emergency, ERDA Tech,<br />

Zamboanga del Sur, food<br />

companies, students/teachers for<br />

secondary <strong>and</strong> tertiary<br />

- -<br />

- -<br />

Written request for<br />

IEC materials<br />

Phone-in requests<br />

for IEC materials,<br />

course<br />

<strong>of</strong>ferings/trainings,<br />

food <strong>and</strong> nutrition<br />

literatures, nutrition<br />

surveys<br />

Ms. Sheila Garcia, Publisher - - Benefits on<br />

Coconut Oil<br />

Request <strong>of</strong> IEC<br />

materials <strong>and</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong><br />

publications<br />

Students (CEU, UST, UPLB,<br />

UPDil, PUP, FEU, PLM, St.<br />

Scholastica's College, Alaska<br />

Technical Staff, researchers from<br />

government <strong>and</strong> private<br />

companies)<br />

Student (Immaculate Heart <strong>of</strong><br />

Mary College)<br />

- -<br />

Request for IEC<br />

materials<br />

<strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

literature <strong>and</strong><br />

surveys<br />

Nutritive Content <strong>of</strong><br />

Filled Milk<br />

- - Information <strong>and</strong><br />

Communication<br />

Technology<br />

December 12,<br />

2006<br />

December 13,<br />

2006<br />

January 2006 -<br />

December 2006<br />

January 2006 -<br />

December 2006<br />

Name/E-mail <strong>of</strong><br />

Field Staff<br />

Joyce R. Tobias<br />

jrt@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

-do-<br />

-do-<br />

-do-<br />

-do-<br />

Chona M. Fern<strong>and</strong>ez<br />

shawna_fernadez@yahoo.<br />

com<br />

Dr. Imelda A. Agdeppa<br />

imelda_agdeppa@yahoo.<br />

com<br />

Chona M. Fern<strong>and</strong>ez<br />

shawna_fern<strong>and</strong>ez@yahoo.<br />

com<br />

Dr. Zenaida V. Narciso<br />

zvn@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

Dr. Zenaida V. Narciso<br />

zvn@fnri.dost.gov.ph<br />

2006 -do-<br />

2006 -do-<br />

2006 Milflor S. Gonzales<br />

msg@fnri.dost.gov.ph


Science <strong>and</strong> Technology Promotion Services<br />

1. <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> Promotion <strong>and</strong> Networking<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> provides accurate data, correct information <strong>and</strong> innovative technologies to fight<br />

malnutrition. In line with this mission, the <strong>Institute</strong>’s food <strong>and</strong> nutrition promotion efforts play an<br />

important role as catalyst in improving knowledge <strong>and</strong> attitude <strong>and</strong> ultimately in changing<br />

behavior towards food <strong>and</strong> nutrition. This is done through regular dissemination <strong>of</strong> R & D<br />

findings <strong>and</strong> recommendations among the <strong>Institute</strong>’s various stakeholders. Several activities<br />

like the Annual <strong>FNRI</strong> Seminar Series, tri-media exposures, IEC materials, exhibits, the <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Communication Network (NUTRICOMNET), the <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>Research</strong> Information Network<br />

(NUTRINET) <strong>and</strong> others are regularly conducted.<br />

<strong>The</strong> year 2006 was a fruitful year in terms <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Institute</strong>’s tri-media partnership. <strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong>-<br />

DOST was able to achieve a media mileage <strong>of</strong> Php 21 million. Over the years, the <strong>Institute</strong>’s<br />

media mileage has been constantly increasing. This can be attributed to <strong>FNRI</strong>’s strong trimedia<br />

partnership.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> produced 119 media releases, arranged 65 broadcast <strong>and</strong> personal interviews,<br />

participated in three (3) S & T <strong>and</strong> F & N related exhibits <strong>and</strong> two (2) Media Core activities. <strong>The</strong><br />

<strong>Institute</strong> also continued to develop <strong>and</strong> revise seven (7) IEC materials, distribute <strong>and</strong> sell 8,107<br />

copies <strong>of</strong> IEC materials.<br />

A total <strong>of</strong> nine (9) feedback conferences in Country Programme for Children (CPC) VI Focus<br />

Areas (Mindanao) were conducted from November 23 to December 12, 2006. <strong>The</strong> aim <strong>of</strong> the<br />

conference was to report back the results <strong>of</strong> the 2005 Updating <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Nutrition</strong>al Status <strong>of</strong><br />

Children <strong>and</strong> Selected Population Groups.


In November 2006, three (3) media fora on the Current <strong>Nutrition</strong>al Status <strong>of</strong> Filipinos for<br />

NUTRICOMNET CARAGA, Region 10 <strong>and</strong> Region 11 were successively held. <strong>The</strong><br />

NUTRICOMNET plays a vital role in imparting food <strong>and</strong> nutrition information where it is needed<br />

most, <strong>and</strong> where the <strong>Institute</strong> being a national agency, cannot reach local areas through<br />

conventional promotion strategies.<br />

For 32 years now, the <strong>FNRI</strong> Seminar Series continues to be an important venue for presenting<br />

findings <strong>of</strong> completed researches <strong>and</strong> food <strong>and</strong> nutrition technologies. <strong>The</strong> 2006 Seminar<br />

Series’ theme Nutrisyon ng Pamayanan, Yaman ng Buong Bayan emphasized the importance<br />

<strong>of</strong> health <strong>and</strong> nutrition as a building-block in shaping the country’s development <strong>and</strong> productivity.<br />

<strong>The</strong> activity was participated in by 552 nutritionists, dietitians, health workers, public health<br />

practitioners, college students, members <strong>of</strong> the academe <strong>and</strong> research organizations, nutrition<br />

allies in the medical field <strong>and</strong> media practitioners.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong>’s library provided information services to 2,390 clients coming from various<br />

government agencies, private firms, <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>Research</strong> Information Network (NUTRINET)<br />

member agencies, food industry, universities <strong>and</strong> colleges.<br />

<strong>The</strong> NUTRINET continued to promote food <strong>and</strong> nutrition information by regularly conducting<br />

meetings <strong>and</strong> promotion activities as well as developing food <strong>and</strong> nutrition databases. <strong>The</strong>se<br />

databases, such as the collection <strong>and</strong> computerization <strong>of</strong> bibliographic data <strong>and</strong> F&N abstracts;<br />

pr<strong>of</strong>ile <strong>of</strong> member institutes <strong>and</strong> union list updates were used to improve the flow <strong>of</strong> F&N<br />

information system in the country.<br />

Another venue <strong>of</strong> promoting F&N information was the conduct <strong>of</strong> the NUTRINET Fair held last<br />

September 25-27, 2006 at the <strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Social Welfare <strong>and</strong> Development (DSWD). <strong>The</strong><br />

event included seminar on food processing, bookfair <strong>and</strong> food demonstrations. In 2006, the<br />

network also continued to publish <strong>and</strong> distribute its newsletter.


2. Other Promotional Activities<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> technical staff served as resource persons, speakers, lecturers, presentors, facilitators<br />

<strong>and</strong> trainors in numerous conferences, conventions, seminars, <strong>and</strong> trainings organized by<br />

private institutions, other government agencies <strong>and</strong> non-government organizations (NGOs).<br />

Subject areas included results <strong>of</strong> the Sixth National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey (NNS), dietary fiber, food<br />

fortification, food safety, laboratory techniques <strong>and</strong> safety, meal planning for children, teenagers<br />

& elderly, healthy lifestyle, <strong>and</strong> nutrition education & communication, among others.<br />

Type <strong>of</strong> Service Rendered<br />

by <strong>FNRI</strong> Staff<br />

Number<br />

Resource Person 80<br />

Speaker 16<br />

Lecturer 41<br />

Presentor 25<br />

Trainor 17<br />

Demonstrator 6<br />

Critic 2<br />

Science Review Committee/Technical<br />

Working Group Member<br />

10<br />

OJT Supervisor 1<br />

Judge 8<br />

Facilitator/Moderator/Emcee 2


P u b lic a tio n<br />

2006 Tri-media Mileage<br />

M a n i la B u lle ti n P h p 5 7 9 ,5 9 5 .9 1<br />

B u s i n e s s M i r r o r 5 2 1 ,9 5 0 .2 5<br />

P h ilip p in e S ta r 3 2 2 ,1 8 3 .7 1<br />

P h ilip p in e D a ily In q u ire r 3 1 8 ,4 3 9 .7 5<br />

B a b y M a g a z i n e 3 1 2 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

B u s i n e s s W o r ld 1 2 2 ,3 5 2 .0 0<br />

M a n i la S ta n d a r d 9 0 ,1 6 1 .2 5<br />

P eo ple's Journal 6 1 ,0 0 3 .8 8<br />

S ta n d a r d E x p r e s s 5 7 ,0 0 5 .1 0<br />

In q u i r e r L i b r e 5 5 ,5 5 0 .2 3<br />

S unda y Tim es 5 4 ,2 0 7 .9 0<br />

M a la y a 4 1 ,0 5 5 .8 2<br />

P e o p le 's T a li b a 3 4 ,7 6 2 .5 9<br />

P e o p le 's T o n i g h t 3 2 ,8 8 0 .0 0<br />

M a n i la T i m e s 6 ,2 1 0 .3 9<br />

Te m p o 2 ,0 3 4 .4 0<br />

T e le v is io n<br />

S u b -to ta l 2 ,6 1 1 ,3 9 3 .1 8<br />

A B S - C B N 4 ,5 1 9 ,9 2 7 .0 0<br />

A B C 5 5 3 8 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

G M A 7 4 ,1 8 9 ,6 9 7 .3 3<br />

Q T V 1 1 1 ,6 4 1 ,6 6 6 .6 7<br />

IB C 1 3 6 0 0 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

N E T 2 5 3 ,6 0 0 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

U N T V 3 2 9 8 0 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

R a d io<br />

S u b -to ta l 1 6 ,0 6 9 ,2 9 1 .0 0<br />

D Y D W 3 9 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

D Z A R 4 0 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

D Z A S 4 0 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

D Z B B 4 5 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

D Z E C 2 8 8 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

D Z E M 2 8 8 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

D Z M M 1 ,1 9 8 ,0 8 0 .0 0<br />

D Z R B 6 9 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

D Z R M 1 0 4 ,8 0 0 .0 0<br />

D Z X L - R M N 2 0 ,0 0 0 .0 0<br />

M o m 's R a d i o 2 0 ,3 3 3 .3 3<br />

S u b -to ta l P h p 2 ,1 1 3 ,2 1 3 .3 3<br />

G R A N D T O T A L P h p 2 0 ,7 9 3 ,8 9 7 .5 1<br />

1 Monitoring based on <strong>FNRI</strong>’s limited access to newspapers <strong>and</strong> magazines.<br />

2 Publication cost for the Manila Newsweek, F&B World, Ang Diaryo Natin at Birit where <strong>FNRI</strong> media releases were also published cannot be computed<br />

due to unavailable rates.<br />

3 Monitoring based on <strong>FNRI</strong> <strong>and</strong> STII-DOST data.<br />

4 Monitoring based on <strong>FNRI</strong>’s limited access to broadcast exposure <strong>and</strong> fluctuationg costs <strong>of</strong> airtime.


Information <strong>and</strong> Communication Technology (ICT)<br />

In keeping abreast <strong>of</strong> the latest innovations in information <strong>and</strong> communication technology (ICT)<br />

<strong>and</strong> to better serve <strong>FNRI</strong>’s research <strong>and</strong> development, communication <strong>and</strong> networking needs,<br />

three (3) ICT projects were successfully implemented in 2006. <strong>The</strong>se were part <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Information System Strategic Plan (ISSP) <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Institute</strong> for 2005-2008.<br />

<strong>The</strong> Establishment <strong>of</strong> the Philippines’ Knowledge Center on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> or e-<strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

was launched in October 18, 2006. It is an interactive web-based nutrition information system<br />

which provides electronically accessible information on food consumption, nutrition <strong>and</strong> health<br />

status, <strong>and</strong> other essential indicators that would be used for policy-making, monitoring,<br />

evaluation, planning, development <strong>of</strong> nutrition-related programs. <strong>The</strong> e-<strong>Nutrition</strong> was funded by<br />

the Commission on Information <strong>and</strong> Communications Technology (CICT) in support <strong>of</strong> the<br />

country’s e-Government program.<br />

<strong>The</strong> TACIS (Test, Analyses <strong>and</strong> Calibration Information System) Project, on the other h<strong>and</strong>, is<br />

an interactive information system that will facilitate the processing <strong>of</strong> tests, analyses <strong>and</strong><br />

calibration services <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST. This is a collaborative project <strong>of</strong> seven (7) DOST R&D<br />

institutes <strong>and</strong> 15 regional <strong>of</strong>fices.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> is also a contributor to the Philippine e-Lib project. <strong>The</strong> Philippine e-Lib aims to give<br />

the Filipino people access to the wealth <strong>of</strong> information available not only in the Philippine<br />

libraries but in the world. It has a collection <strong>of</strong> more than 800,000 bibliographic records. A total<br />

<strong>of</strong> 1,790 bibliographic records were taken from <strong>FNRI</strong>.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> website (http://www.fnri.gov.ph) is regularly updated to include the latest food <strong>and</strong> nutrition data<br />

generated by the <strong>Institute</strong>. In 2006, <strong>FNRI</strong> website had a total <strong>of</strong> 62,048 hits.


IV. S&T Capacity Building Services on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Scientific Linkages <strong>and</strong> International Cooperation<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> continued to establish, forge <strong>and</strong> strengthen partnerships with both foreign <strong>and</strong> local<br />

agencies/institutions <strong>and</strong> individuals in its food <strong>and</strong> nutrition projects <strong>and</strong> activities.<br />

<strong>The</strong> following linkages with various institutions were developed in the implementation <strong>of</strong> the<br />

<strong>Institute</strong>’s food <strong>and</strong> nutrition projects.<br />

Name <strong>of</strong> Institution<br />

National Instrument<br />

<strong>Institute</strong>,<strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Industry,<br />

Tourism <strong>and</strong> Resources<br />

Australian Resources <strong>Research</strong><br />

Center<br />

<strong>Institute</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Mahidol University<br />

Bangkok, Thail<strong>and</strong><br />

<strong>Research</strong> Center for Chemistry,<br />

LIPI, Indonesia<br />

International Atomic Energy<br />

Agency (IAEA)<br />

International Life Science<br />

<strong>Institute</strong> (ILSI)<br />

<strong>Institute</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Food</strong> <strong>Research</strong><br />

(Norwich Englang)<br />

Scientific Institution<br />

International Scientific Linkages <strong>and</strong> Networks<br />

Name/E-mail/Position<br />

<strong>of</strong> Contact Person<br />

Stewart Jones<br />

Laboratory Services Manager<br />

steward.jones@<br />

measurement.goo.air<br />

Prapassi Puwastein<br />

Pr<strong>of</strong>essor ASEANFOODS<br />

Coordinator<br />

Bangkok, Thail<strong>and</strong>,<br />

neppew@mahidol, ac.th<br />

Julia Kantasubrata<br />

Chair, Indonesian<br />

<strong>Food</strong> Analysis Network<br />

juliakan@indo.net.id<br />

Nature/Description <strong>of</strong><br />

Scientific Linkages<br />

Project Coordinator,<br />

Australian Agency for<br />

International Development -<br />

Public Sector Linkages<br />

Program<br />

(AusAID-PSLP) Project<br />

Preparation <strong>of</strong> <strong>Food</strong> Reference<br />

Materials in the Australasian<br />

Region<br />

ASEANFOODS Project<br />

Coordinator<br />

Co-Project Team,<br />

Australian Agency for<br />

International Development -<br />

Public Sector Linkages<br />

Program<br />

(AusAID-PSLP) Project on<br />

Preparation <strong>of</strong> Reference<br />

Materials <strong>and</strong> Conduct <strong>of</strong> in the<br />

Australasian Region<br />

Co-Project Team,<br />

Australian Agency for<br />

International Development -<br />

Public Sector Linkages<br />

Program<br />

(AusAID-PSLP) Project on<br />

Preparation <strong>of</strong> Reference<br />

Materials <strong>and</strong> Conduct <strong>of</strong> in the<br />

Australasian Region<br />

Dr. Lena Davidson Collaborative Project on<br />

Regional Project on Preventing<br />

Osteoporosis<br />

Ms. Leong Boon Yee Consultancy on Functional<br />

<strong>Food</strong>s<br />

Dr. Susan Fairweather-Tait Training Center on<br />

Bioavailability<br />

January<br />

2006<br />

Dates <strong>of</strong> Engagement<br />

Start End<br />

December<br />

2006<br />

January 2006 December<br />

2006<br />

January 2006 December<br />

2006<br />

1970 present<br />

1990 present<br />

1985 present


Name <strong>of</strong> Institution<br />

Scientific Institution<br />

Name/E-mail/Position<br />

<strong>of</strong> Contact Person<br />

University <strong>of</strong> Toronto Dr. Lilia U. Tompson<br />

<strong>Institute</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Food</strong> Science <strong>and</strong><br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong>, ETH Zurich<br />

<strong>Institute</strong> <strong>of</strong> Nutriton - Mahidol<br />

University<br />

Dr. Richard Hurrell<br />

Taiyo Kagaku Dr. Lekh Kuneja<br />

World Health Organization<br />

(WHO)<br />

University <strong>of</strong> Toronto Dr. Thomas Wolever<br />

University <strong>of</strong> Surrey (UK) Dr. Warren TK Lee<br />

United Nations Children's Fund<br />

(UNICEF)<br />

United Nations - World <strong>Food</strong><br />

Program (UN-WFP)<br />

Nature/Description <strong>of</strong><br />

Scientific Linkages<br />

Consultancy on In Vitro Mineral<br />

Availability/Functional <strong>Food</strong>s<br />

Consultancy on Bioavailability <strong>of</strong><br />

Iron<br />

Dr. Emorn Wasantwisort Consultancy on the Asia-Pacific<br />

Regional Project on In Vitro<br />

Mineral Availability/Calcium<br />

Dr. Tommaso Cavalli-Storza Funding<br />

Mahadevan Ramach<strong>and</strong>ran<br />

mahamack@hotmail.com<br />

mahadevan.ramach<strong>and</strong>ran@<br />

wfp.org<br />

Tulane University Dr. John B. Mason<br />

johnbeverlymason@hotmail.com<br />

mason@tulane.edu<br />

Funding Agency<br />

(Collorative Project)<br />

Consultancy on Glycemic Index<br />

<strong>of</strong> <strong>Food</strong>s<br />

Consultant (Lead Country<br />

Project Coordinator)<br />

Baseline <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Food</strong><br />

Safety Assessment in<br />

Mind<strong>and</strong>ao<br />

Turning the Corner in the<br />

Prevalence <strong>of</strong> Vitamin A<br />

Deficiency in Highly Affected<br />

Areas in the Philippines<br />

Dates <strong>of</strong> Engagement<br />

Start End<br />

1980 present<br />

1995 present<br />

1995 present<br />

2002 present<br />

October<br />

2005<br />

February<br />

2006<br />

2002 present<br />

2003 present<br />

May<br />

2006<br />

August<br />

2005<br />

August<br />

2006<br />

present<br />

International Workshops on Laboratory Quality St<strong>and</strong>ards Toward Global Competitiveness held at the City<br />

Garden Suites in Ermita, Manila last December 1 <strong>and</strong> 4-7, 2006 sponsored by the Australian Agency for<br />

International Development’s Public Sector Linkages Program (AusAID-PSLP). <strong>The</strong> workshop was in<br />

collaboration with the <strong>Institute</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>of</strong> the Mahidol University in Bangkok, Thail<strong>and</strong>, the <strong>Research</strong><br />

<strong>Institute</strong> for Chemistry, LIPI, Indonesia, <strong>and</strong> the Australian National Measurement <strong>Institute</strong>. Shown in left<br />

photo above, from left to right are: Dr. Mario V. Capanzana (<strong>FNRI</strong> Director), Dr. Estrella F. Alabastro (DOST<br />

Secretary) <strong>and</strong> Stewart Jones. Shown in right photo above, from left to right are: Ms. Teresita R. Portugal,<br />

OIC <strong>and</strong> Supervising Science <strong>Research</strong> Specialist <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Food</strong> Science <strong>and</strong> Technology Division <strong>of</strong> the <strong>FNRI</strong>,<br />

Dr. Aida R. Aguinaldo, <strong>FNRI</strong> Consultant <strong>and</strong> Former <strong>FNRI</strong> OIC <strong>and</strong> Deputy Director, Stewart Jones, Dr.


Name <strong>of</strong> Institution<br />

Scientific Institution<br />

Local Linkages <strong>and</strong> Networks<br />

Name/E-mail/Position<br />

<strong>of</strong> Contact Person<br />

Unilever Philippines Ms. Jika Mendoza-<br />

Dalupan<br />

jika.mendoza-dalupan@<br />

unilever.com<br />

Nestle Philppines Ms. Corazon V. Sager<br />

corazon.sager@ph.<br />

nestle.com<br />

898-0001 loc. 6730<br />

<strong>The</strong> Coca-Cola Export<br />

Corporation<br />

<strong>The</strong> Coca-Cola Export<br />

Corporation<br />

Moonbake Incorporated<br />

L<strong>and</strong> O'Lakes<br />

Foundation,<br />

Philippines<br />

Philippine Pediatric<br />

Society<br />

(PPS)<br />

Philippine Association<br />

for the Study <strong>of</strong><br />

Overweight <strong>and</strong> Obesity<br />

(PASOO)<br />

Philippine Coconut<br />

Authority<br />

UP College <strong>of</strong> Home<br />

Economics<br />

Ms. Maria Cindy Ching-<br />

Lim<br />

Community Relation<br />

Manager<br />

cilim@apac.ko.com<br />

849-8155<br />

Ms. Maria Cindy Ching-<br />

Lim<br />

Community Relation<br />

Manager<br />

cilim@apac.ko.com<br />

849-8155<br />

Mr. Rufino R. Manrique<br />

FTI Complex, Taguig City<br />

Mr. Allan S. Racoma<br />

aracoma@l<strong>and</strong>olakes.com.ph<br />

Dr. May Lian Guno<br />

mayguno@yahoo.com<br />

Dr. Rodolfo F. Florentino<br />

rfflorentino.mydestiny.net<br />

Ms. Rina Masa<br />

<strong>Research</strong> <strong>and</strong><br />

Development Manager<br />

dina_masa04@yahoo.<br />

com<br />

Mr. Christian E.Ciron<br />

UP-CHE Assistant<br />

Pr<strong>of</strong>essor<br />

christian.ciron@up.edu.<br />

ph<br />

Nature/Description <strong>of</strong><br />

Scientific Linkages<br />

Development <strong>and</strong><br />

printing <strong>of</strong> the quarterly<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Digest <strong>and</strong> the<br />

2007 Menu Calendar<br />

Writeshop for the <strong>FNRI</strong><br />

Writers' Pool <strong>and</strong> the<br />

DOST Media Core<br />

Health <strong>and</strong> Active<br />

Lifestyle (HAL) Page<br />

Nutri Fair <strong>and</strong> Seminar<br />

on Health, <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong><br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong>:<br />

Challenges <strong>and</strong><br />

Opportunities<br />

Efficacy <strong>of</strong> Multi-Nutrient<br />

Fortified Milk <strong>and</strong><br />

Biscuits in Improving the<br />

Iron Status <strong>and</strong> School<br />

Performance <strong>of</strong> Schoolaged<br />

Children<br />

Zinc Status <strong>of</strong> Filipino<br />

Pre-<br />

School Children<br />

Effectiveness <strong>of</strong> the Whiz<br />

Kids Through Fitness<br />

Program:<br />

Phase 1. Process <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Physical Activity<br />

Component<br />

Development <strong>of</strong><br />

Functional <strong>Food</strong><br />

Products from Coconut<br />

Flour<br />

Development <strong>of</strong><br />

Functional <strong>Food</strong><br />

Products from Coconut<br />

Flour<br />

Dates <strong>of</strong> Engagement<br />

Start End<br />

January<br />

2006<br />

April<br />

2006<br />

September<br />

25, 2006<br />

September<br />

25, 2006<br />

December<br />

2006<br />

November<br />

2006<br />

November<br />

8, 2006<br />

September<br />

27, 2006<br />

July 2005 May 2006<br />

January<br />

2006<br />

December<br />

2006<br />

2004 2007<br />

2006 present<br />

June<br />

2006<br />

January<br />

2007


Awards<br />

<strong>The</strong> Establishment <strong>of</strong> the Philippines’ Knowledge Center on <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong> (e-<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong>) won the international gr<strong>and</strong> prize for Information <strong>and</strong> Communication Technology<br />

(ICT) Best Practice for e-Government. <strong>The</strong> award was given by the Asia-Pacific Economic<br />

Conference (APEC) Digital Opportunity Center (ADOC) last June 30, 2006 in Taiwan. <strong>The</strong> e-<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong> is a collaborative project <strong>of</strong> the <strong>FNRI</strong> <strong>and</strong> the Advanced Science <strong>and</strong> Technology<br />

<strong>Institute</strong> (ASTI).<br />

<strong>The</strong> ABS-CBN Foundation also awarded <strong>FNRI</strong> a plaque <strong>of</strong> appreciation last August 7, 2006 in<br />

recognition <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Institute</strong>’s continuing support in their campaign <strong>of</strong> disseminating <strong>and</strong><br />

promoting science <strong>and</strong> technology (S & T).<br />

Lastly, the Philippine Council for Industry <strong>and</strong> Energy <strong>Research</strong> <strong>and</strong> Technology (PCIERD)<br />

awarded a certificate <strong>of</strong> recognition to <strong>FNRI</strong>’s Technology Generation <strong>and</strong> Commercialization <strong>of</strong><br />

Iron Premix Rice using Extrusion Technology as qualifier in the Regional Competition <strong>of</strong> the 6 th<br />

S & T Fora <strong>and</strong> Competitions in the Industry <strong>and</strong> Energy <strong>Research</strong> <strong>and</strong> Development Category<br />

last February 27, 2006.<br />

e-<strong>Nutrition</strong> wins gr<strong>and</strong> prize in<br />

APEC Digital Opportunity Center<br />

Award<br />

A plaque <strong>of</strong> appreciation given by the<br />

ABS-CBN Foundation to <strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST in<br />

recognition <strong>of</strong> the continuing support <strong>of</strong><br />

disseminating <strong>and</strong> promoting science <strong>and</strong><br />

technology (S&T)


V. <strong>FNRI</strong> Internal Audit Services<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong>’s internal audit unit prepared <strong>and</strong> accomplished the following:<br />

Coordinated with the Accounting Section regarding management comments as per Audit<br />

Observation Memor<strong>and</strong>um issued by the Commission on Audit (COA).<br />

Pre-audited all kinds <strong>of</strong> disbursement vouchers, namely 767 purchase orders, 92 working<br />

orders, 219 liquidation <strong>and</strong> 1,589 other vouchers for payment.<br />

Audited time cards against the leave cards <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> employees.<br />

Audited accumulated vacation/sick leaves <strong>of</strong> personnel who transferred, retired or resigned<br />

prior to computation <strong>of</strong> terminal leave.<br />

Financial Resource Management<br />

(In millions P)<br />

70<br />

65<br />

60<br />

55<br />

50<br />

Budget Trends<br />

(2001-2006)<br />

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006<br />

(Year)


Total Budget in 2006 = P65,783,000.00


Human Resource Management<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong>’s human resource development program continued to further develop its staff<br />

through local <strong>and</strong> international formal trainings. For 2006, a total <strong>of</strong> 22 technical staff are<br />

undergoing formal trainings.<br />

A. Formal Training Programs, Local <strong>and</strong> International<br />

Name/Address/<br />

E-mail <strong>of</strong> Scholar<br />

Level (MS or PhD)/<br />

Field <strong>of</strong> Study<br />

MS/PhD. Scholars Supported<br />

Name <strong>of</strong> Educational Institution<br />

Ruby J. Apilado PhD in <strong>Food</strong> Science University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Diliman<br />

Marie T. Bugas PhD in Human <strong>Nutrition</strong> University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Los Baños<br />

Julieta B. Dorado PhD in Sociology University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Diliman<br />

Jocelyn A. Juguan PhD in Human <strong>Nutrition</strong> University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Los Baños<br />

Celeste C. Tanchoco Doctor in Public Health University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Manila<br />

Marina B. Vargas PhD in <strong>Nutrition</strong> University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Manila<br />

Status<br />

(On-going or graduate)<br />

On-going<br />

On-going<br />

On-going<br />

On-going<br />

On-going<br />

On-going<br />

Rowena E. Velasco MS in <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>and</strong> Dietetics Philippine Women's University Graduate<br />

Marilen M. Espinosa<br />

MS Programme Environment<br />

<strong>and</strong> Resource Management<br />

Catherine C. Lumba MS <strong>of</strong> Science in Community<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam,<br />

the Netherl<strong>and</strong>s<br />

On-going<br />

International<br />

University <strong>of</strong> Putra Malaysia On-going<br />

International<br />

Ma. Julia T. Golloso MS in <strong>Nutrition</strong> <strong>and</strong> Health Wageningen University On-going<br />

International<br />

Divorah V. Aguila MS in Public Health University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Manila<br />

On-going<br />

Marlon SA. Aguinaldo MS in Microbiology University <strong>of</strong> Santo Tomas On-going<br />

Jocelyn R. Badillo MS in Human Management University <strong>of</strong> Santo Tomas On-going<br />

Regina C. Beleno MA Health Policy Studies University <strong>of</strong> the Phippines<br />

Manila<br />

On-going<br />

Alfee N. Bustamante MS in <strong>Food</strong> Science University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines on-going<br />

Chona M. Fern<strong>and</strong>ez Master <strong>of</strong> Public Health<br />

Allan A.Gulles MS Statistics<br />

University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Manila (Open University)<br />

University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Diliman<br />

on-going<br />

on-going<br />

Aida C. Mallillin MS in Chemistry Adamson University on-going<br />

Czarina Teresita S. Martinez MS Applied <strong>Nutrition</strong> University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Los Baños<br />

on-going


Name/Address/<br />

E-mail <strong>of</strong> Scholar<br />

Level (MS or PhD)/<br />

Field <strong>of</strong> Study<br />

Alexis M. Ortiz Master's in Public<br />

Administration<br />

Name <strong>of</strong> Educational Institution<br />

Status<br />

(On-going or graduate)<br />

Polytechnic Universtiy <strong>of</strong> the Philippines on-going<br />

Ivy Marie P. Palma MMT Management Technology De la Salle University Lipa on-going<br />

Rey Alfred G. Rañola MS in Chemistry University <strong>of</strong> Santo Tomas on-going<br />

Marietta P. Rodriquez MS in Microbiology University <strong>of</strong> Santo Tomas on-going<br />

Michael E. Serafico MS in Chemistry De la Salle University on-going<br />

Salvador R. Serrano MS in Development<br />

Communication<br />

Rodolfo E. Sumayao, Jr. MS in Chemistry<br />

University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Los Baños<br />

University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Diliman<br />

on-going<br />

on-going<br />

Trinidad E. Trinidad II MS in Chemistry University <strong>of</strong> Santo Tomas on-going<br />

Phoebe Z. Trio MS in Chemistry<br />

University <strong>of</strong> the Philippines<br />

Diliman<br />

B. Non-Formal International Training Programs Attended by the <strong>FNRI</strong> Staff<br />

International Atomic Energy<br />

Agency (IAEA) Training on<br />

Calcium Bioavailability <strong>and</strong><br />

Bone Minimal Density<br />

Measurements<br />

Title Participant/s Date Place Organizer<br />

Aida C. Mallillin February<br />

20-24, 2006<br />

Bioavailability 2006 Aida C. Mallillin March 7-10,<br />

2006<br />

AusAID International Workshop<br />

on Laboratory Quality St<strong>and</strong>ards<br />

Towards Global Competition<br />

<strong>The</strong> 4th Asian Congress <strong>of</strong><br />

Dietetics (ACD)<br />

Teresita R. Portugal<br />

Julita G Ardeña<br />

Rosemarie J. Dumag<br />

Celeste C. Tanchoco<br />

Arsenia J. Cruz<br />

Milagros F. Villadolid<br />

Mildegarde C. Capistrano<br />

Mina Grace C. Aquino<br />

Ulpiano A. Florida<br />

Ermelita N. Bautista<br />

Mildred T. Aquino<br />

Evelyn Dela Cruz<br />

Merlyn G. Tajan<br />

Michael Angelo G. Lijauco<br />

Gemma P. Yuchingtat<br />

Consuelo L. Orense<br />

Ellen E. Cea<br />

Marilou L. Madrid<br />

Charina A. Javier<br />

Marie T. Bugas<br />

Zenaida V. Narciso<br />

May 13-17,<br />

2006<br />

April 23-26,<br />

2006<br />

on-going<br />

Hongkong International Atomic Energy<br />

Agency (IAEA)<br />

Chiang Mai,<br />

Thail<strong>and</strong><br />

B<strong>and</strong>ung,<br />

Indonesia<br />

Philippine<br />

International<br />

Convention<br />

Center,<br />

Pasay City<br />

<strong>Institute</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

Mahidol University<br />

Indonesian <strong>Research</strong><br />

Center for Chemistry, LIPI<br />

with Australian Agency for<br />

International Dev- Public<br />

Sector Linkages Program<br />

(AusAID-PSLP) funding<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong>ist-Dietitians'<br />

Association <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Philippines


<strong>The</strong> 4 th Asian Congress <strong>of</strong><br />

Dietetics (ACD)<br />

Title Participant/s Date Place Organizer<br />

36 th Southeast Asian<br />

Association <strong>of</strong> Glutamate<br />

Sciences Annual Meeting <strong>and</strong><br />

SEA Collaborative <strong>Research</strong><br />

Meeting<br />

AusAID International WS on<br />

Laboratory Quality St<strong>and</strong>ards<br />

Towards Global Competition<br />

27 th International Horticulture<br />

Congress<br />

Korea Joint Workshop on Fruits<br />

<strong>and</strong> Vegetables for Health:<br />

Enhancing Production <strong>and</strong><br />

Consumption <strong>of</strong> Safe <strong>and</strong> High<br />

Quality Fruits <strong>and</strong> Vegetables<br />

Palm Oil Awareness Seminar<br />

<strong>and</strong> International Palm Oil Trade<br />

Fair<br />

AusAID International WS on<br />

Laboratory Quality St<strong>and</strong>ards<br />

Towards Global Competition<br />

Crisanta M. delos Reyes<br />

Carol R. Pine<br />

Mildred O. Guirindola<br />

Ma. Belina Nueva España<br />

Cristina J. Garcia<br />

Magelene B. Casio<br />

Rhea B. de Leon<br />

Dulce S. Concepcion<br />

Ma. Erlinda R Tarrayo<br />

April 23-26,<br />

2006<br />

Dr. Mario V. Capanzana May 18-19,<br />

2006<br />

Teresita R. Portugal<br />

Dr. Rosario H. Arim<br />

Ennata M. Aveña<br />

Marlon SA Aguinaldo<br />

July 17-21,<br />

2006<br />

Dr. Mario V. Capanzana August 13-19,<br />

2006<br />

Dr. Mario V. Capanzana November<br />

21-24, 2006<br />

Leah A. Perlas<br />

Josefina Desnacido<br />

December<br />

1-7, 2006<br />

Philippine<br />

International<br />

Convention<br />

Center,<br />

Pasay City<br />

Pattaya,<br />

Thail<strong>and</strong><br />

Bangkok,<br />

Thail<strong>and</strong><br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong>ist-Dietitians'<br />

Association <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Philippines<br />

Southeast Asian<br />

Association <strong>of</strong> Glutamate<br />

Sciences (SEAAGS)<br />

Thail<strong>and</strong> <strong>Institute</strong> <strong>of</strong><br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong>, Mahidol Univrsity<br />

with Australian Agency for<br />

International Dev-Public<br />

Sector Linkages Program<br />

(AusAID-PSLP) funding<br />

Seoul, Korea <strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> Agriculture<br />

Organization (FAO) Ministry<br />

<strong>of</strong> Agriculture<br />

Kuala Lumpur,<br />

Malaysia<br />

Manila,<br />

Philippines<br />

Malaysian Palm Oil Council<br />

<strong>Food</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong><br />

<strong>Research</strong> <strong>Institute</strong>,<br />

<strong>Department</strong> <strong>of</strong> Science <strong>and</strong><br />

Technology with Australian<br />

Agency for International<br />

Dev-Public Sector<br />

Linkages Program<br />

(AusAID-PSLP) funding<br />

C. Non-Formal Local Training Programs Attended by the <strong>FNRI</strong> Staff<br />

Topic<br />

Number <strong>of</strong><br />

Conventions/<br />

Conferences<br />

Training/Seminars/<br />

Workshops Attended<br />

Number <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong><br />

Staff who<br />

Attended<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong>, Dietetics <strong>and</strong> Health 28 75<br />

Chemistry <strong>and</strong> Microbiology 3 5<br />

Statistics <strong>and</strong> Data Analysis 6 39<br />

<strong>Food</strong> Processing, <strong>Food</strong> Safety, <strong>Food</strong> Labeling, <strong>and</strong> Quality<br />

Assurance<br />

4 7<br />

Laboratory St<strong>and</strong>ards <strong>and</strong> Measurement Techniques 8 16<br />

Communications <strong>and</strong> Information Technology 6 23<br />

Policy <strong>and</strong> Development Planning 4 3<br />

Administrative matters (e.g. government procurement, briefing on<br />

charter change)<br />

2 2


D. In-house Trainings <strong>of</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> Staff<br />

Lecture <strong>and</strong> Critiquing <strong>of</strong> <strong>Research</strong><br />

Proposal & Seminar<br />

<strong>of</strong> the Use <strong>of</strong> Stable Isotopes<br />

Title Sponsor Date Venue<br />

NSTD Continuing<br />

Education<br />

January<br />

20, 2006<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training<br />

Room<br />

Number <strong>of</strong><br />

Participants<br />

Writing the <strong>Research</strong> Report RUMD January 27, 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong> Library 37<br />

Tips on the printing <strong>of</strong> IEC<br />

materials <strong>and</strong> demonstration <strong>of</strong><br />

the risograph machine<br />

RUMD March 7, 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong> Library 23<br />

Seminar on Stress Management RUMD April 11, 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong> Library 24<br />

Dietary Fiber <strong>Food</strong> Fortification in the<br />

Philippines Functional <strong>Food</strong>s <strong>and</strong> New<br />

Products for the Obese, <strong>and</strong> Echo<br />

Presentations on Sampling <strong>The</strong>ory <strong>and</strong><br />

Sampling <strong>and</strong> Safe h<strong>and</strong>ling <strong>of</strong> Hazardous<br />

Wastes<br />

Probiotics <strong>and</strong> Prebiotics<br />

Fructooligosaccharides New <strong>Food</strong> Products<br />

for Children <strong>and</strong> Experimental Design in<br />

<strong>Food</strong> Product Development, <strong>and</strong> Good<br />

Manufacturing Practices<br />

FSTD May 10, 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong> Pilot Plant 35<br />

FSTD May 18, 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong> Pilot Plant 33<br />

Creating High Performance Teams FSTD May 26, 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong> Training Room 23<br />

Effective <strong>and</strong> efficient nutrition tools that<br />

work<br />

Seminar-Workshop on Presentation,<br />

Interview <strong>and</strong> Hosting/Emceeing/Moderating<br />

Skills<br />

RUMD May 31, 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong> Library 25<br />

RUMD June 1-2, 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong> Training<br />

Room<br />

32nd <strong>FNRI</strong> Seminar Series* <strong>FNRI</strong>-DOST July 6-7, 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong> Auditorium 502<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Webmail Training MISU, <strong>FNRI</strong> August 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong> MISU Room 101<br />

Seminar on formative research on<br />

vegetable consumption<br />

Seminar on underst<strong>and</strong>ing<br />

knowledge management<br />

Seminar on underst<strong>and</strong>ing the human<br />

dynamics as a knowledge<br />

manager/worker<br />

Seminar on conflict management<br />

in the workplace<br />

Lifestyle Modification Through<br />

S.E.X.<br />

RUMD August 9, 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong> Library 21<br />

RUMD August 23, 2006 <strong>FNRI</strong> Library 23<br />

RUMD September 5,<br />

2006<br />

RUMD September 8,<br />

2006<br />

NAMD September 27,<br />

2006<br />

Wellness Orientation Seminar NSTD October 16,<br />

2006<br />

Lecture on Wellness NSTD October 26-27,<br />

2006<br />

Measurement <strong>of</strong> Body<br />

Composition <strong>and</strong> Energy<br />

Expenditures<br />

NSTD November 9,<br />

2006<br />

Procurement Training (RA 9184 <strong>and</strong> its IRR) <strong>FNRI</strong> November 23-24,<br />

2006<br />

11<br />

35<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Library 21<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Library 19<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Meeting<br />

Room<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Meeting<br />

Room<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training<br />

Room<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Training<br />

Room<br />

<strong>FNRI</strong> Meeting<br />

Room<br />

24<br />

88<br />

45<br />

15<br />

27


E. Awards <strong>and</strong> Recognition<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong>’s Program Awards <strong>and</strong> Incentives for Service Excellence (PRAISE) Committee<br />

conducted its annual search for model employees for each division <strong>and</strong> two model employees<br />

for the <strong>Institute</strong>. This activity is done to recognize the commitment, dedication <strong>and</strong> excellence <strong>of</strong><br />

the <strong>Institute</strong>’s employees in their work.<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>FNRI</strong> Model Employee Awards (Agency Level) were granted to:<br />

Redemptor C. Pagador – <strong>FNRI</strong> Model Employee, Level I (Non-Technical)<br />

Wilma L. Molano – <strong>FNRI</strong> Model Employee, Level II (Technical)<br />

<strong>The</strong> Model Employee Awards (Division Level) were given to the following:<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong> St<strong>and</strong>ards <strong>and</strong> Management<br />

Division<br />

Ruben M. Matanguihan – Level I<br />

Teresita R. Portugal – Level II<br />

Bio-Medical <strong>Nutrition</strong> Division<br />

Paz S. Lara – Level I<br />

Ermelita N. Bautista – Level II<br />

<strong>Nutrition</strong> Intervention Modelling<br />

<strong>and</strong> Assessment Division<br />

Edgardo C. Merambil – Level I<br />

Wilma L. Molano – Level II<br />

Communication Dissemination<br />

Services Division<br />

Redemptor C. Pagador – Level I<br />

Ma. Idelia G. Glorioso – Level II<br />

Administrative <strong>and</strong> Finance Division<br />

S<strong>of</strong>ia B. Banta – Level I<br />

For 2006, the <strong>FNRI</strong> PRAISE Committee<br />

granted other awards for its employees.<br />

<strong>The</strong> following awards were given:<br />

Exemplary Attendance <strong>and</strong> Punctuality Award<br />

Reynaldo G. Baldovino Arsenia J. Cruz<br />

Lolito G. Lugay Ulpiano A. Florida<br />

B<strong>and</strong>ila Award<br />

Paz S. Lara<br />

Most Prolific Writer Award<br />

Ma. Idelia G. Glorioso – Popular Writer Award (print media)<br />

<strong>The</strong> <strong>Institute</strong>’s Chess Team also won the<br />

DOST Sportsfest 2006, Inter-Agency<br />

Chess Tournament Championship <strong>The</strong> members<br />

are the following:<br />

Team Captain: Renato P. Leobrera<br />

Members: Gil D. Artuz<br />

Romeo R. Artuz<br />

Fern<strong>and</strong>o G. Gregorio<br />

Carlito J. Magno<br />

Hilarion D. Sanchez, Jr


Committing to Future Directions<br />

<strong>The</strong> year 2007 unfolds another milestone <strong>of</strong> worthy achievements for the <strong>FNRI</strong> as it celebrates<br />

60 years <strong>of</strong> dedicated research <strong>and</strong> development work in food <strong>and</strong> nutrition.<br />

Likewise, the year 2007 brings with it another opportunity for the <strong>Institute</strong> to continue with its<br />

mission to fight malnutrition with accurate data, correct information <strong>and</strong> innovative technologies.<br />

With its vision for the future – “optimum nutrition for all Filipinos, socially <strong>and</strong> economically<br />

empowered through scientifically sound, environment-friendly, <strong>and</strong> globally competitive<br />

technologies”, the <strong>FNRI</strong>, boosted with renewed vigor <strong>and</strong> commitment will continue to fulfill its<br />

m<strong>and</strong>ates.<br />

In 2007, the <strong>FNRI</strong>’s research agenda <strong>and</strong> investment portfolio will include various projects <strong>and</strong><br />

activities under its major R&D programs on food <strong>and</strong> nutrition. <strong>The</strong> investment portfolio for each<br />

program, a new development in the <strong>Institute</strong>’s R&D undertaking will include the enlisted projects<br />

<strong>and</strong> activities with corresponding estimated budget <strong>and</strong> personnel requirements for the period<br />

2007 to 2011.<br />

<strong>The</strong> following projects <strong>and</strong> activities which are formulated bearing in mind the Medium-Term<br />

Philippine Development Plan (MPDP) 2004-2010 <strong>and</strong> the DOST’s Eight-Point Agenda (EPA)<br />

<strong>and</strong> Major Final Outputs (MFOs) will be undertaken in 2007:<br />

Programs Addressing Normal <strong>Nutrition</strong>, Macro- <strong>and</strong> Micronutrient Deficiencies <strong>and</strong> <strong>Nutrition</strong>-<br />

Related Problems<br />

Assessment studies to define the nutritional status <strong>of</strong> various population groups<br />

In-depth analyses <strong>and</strong> correlation studies on the dynamics <strong>and</strong> determinants <strong>of</strong> nutritional<br />

status based on the nutrition survey results<br />

Effectiveness <strong>of</strong> wellness/fitness programs <strong>and</strong> nutrition intervention programs for<br />

schoolchildren<br />

Alternative communication strategies <strong>and</strong> innovative methodologies on nutrition education<br />

Capability building <strong>of</strong> local manpower <strong>and</strong> updating <strong>of</strong> survey to ensure effective <strong>and</strong><br />

efficient conduct <strong>of</strong> the nutrition survey<br />

Complementary, nutritional <strong>and</strong> functional foods as alternative solutions to the malnutrition<br />

problem <strong>and</strong> emerging lifestyle-related diseases<br />

Efficacy <strong>and</strong> effectiveness <strong>of</strong> micronutrient-fortified food products to address priority health<br />

<strong>and</strong> nutrition problems among at-risk population groups<br />

Review <strong>and</strong> evaluation <strong>of</strong> the effectiveness <strong>of</strong> various fortification programs in support <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Health Sector Reform Agenda (HSRA)<br />

Animal <strong>and</strong> human studies on health claims <strong>and</strong> safety <strong>of</strong> functional foods


Program for <strong>Food</strong> Quality <strong>and</strong> Safety<br />

Updating <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Food</strong> Composition Tables (FCT) as a continuing response to the Medium-<br />

Term Philippine Plan <strong>of</strong> Action for <strong>Nutrition</strong> (MTPPAN)<br />

Enhanced efforts to sustain laboratory accreditation to comply with international st<strong>and</strong>ards<br />

<strong>and</strong> continuously provide quality service <strong>and</strong> procedures<br />

Assistance in the implementation <strong>and</strong> maintenance <strong>of</strong> laboratory accreditation in the field <strong>of</strong><br />

chemical <strong>and</strong> microbiology testing<br />

Additives <strong>and</strong> exposure studies; evaluation <strong>of</strong> foods on trade-related components <strong>and</strong><br />

establishment <strong>of</strong> laboratory methods for filth analysis to ensure quality <strong>and</strong> safety <strong>of</strong> foods<br />

Program for Development <strong>of</strong> Tools <strong>and</strong> St<strong>and</strong>ards for <strong>Nutrition</strong>al Assessment<br />

Generation <strong>of</strong> new knowledge towards development <strong>of</strong> recommendations for the<br />

improvement <strong>of</strong> the nutritional status <strong>of</strong> various population groups through the development,<br />

updating <strong>and</strong> evaluation <strong>of</strong> guides <strong>and</strong> h<strong>and</strong>books; development <strong>and</strong> validation <strong>of</strong> st<strong>and</strong>ards,<br />

methods <strong>and</strong> protocols; updating <strong>of</strong> the E-cal <strong>and</strong> FCT + Menu Eval s<strong>of</strong>twares; <strong>and</strong><br />

preparation <strong>of</strong> communication <strong>and</strong> library tools.<br />

S & T Programs<br />

Provision <strong>and</strong> transfer <strong>of</strong> knowledge <strong>and</strong> technological innovations to SMEs in support <strong>of</strong><br />

the SET-UP Program <strong>of</strong> DOST<br />

Development <strong>and</strong> commercialization <strong>of</strong> nutritional food products <strong>and</strong> technologies to help<br />

improve the nutritional status <strong>of</strong> the marginalized sectors <strong>and</strong> the socioeconomic well-being<br />

<strong>of</strong> the Filipinos in general<br />

Promotion <strong>and</strong> popularization <strong>of</strong> S & T with the continuous development, updating,<br />

production <strong>and</strong> distribution <strong>of</strong> nutrition information packages; participation in food <strong>and</strong><br />

nutrition exhibits; dissemination <strong>of</strong> research findings <strong>and</strong> recommendations through various<br />

media channels; rebuilding <strong>and</strong> monitoring <strong>of</strong> established information <strong>and</strong> communication<br />

networks such as NUTRICOMNET <strong>and</strong> NUTRINET; <strong>and</strong> enhancing food <strong>and</strong> nutrition<br />

training capability<br />

Continuous harnessing <strong>of</strong> Information <strong>and</strong> Communication Technology (ICT) programs<br />

through the conduct <strong>of</strong> the e-<strong>Nutrition</strong>, TACIS, e-library <strong>and</strong> e-NGAS projects<br />

Program for S & T Services<br />

Initial preparation for the conduct <strong>of</strong> the 7 th National <strong>Nutrition</strong> Survey<br />

Technological assistance to SMEs in terms <strong>of</strong> laboratory <strong>and</strong> analytical services<br />

Upgrading <strong>of</strong> library collections <strong>and</strong> computerization in support <strong>of</strong> the R & D <strong>and</strong> related<br />

activities<br />

<strong>The</strong> above projects <strong>and</strong> activities constitute the R&D agenda <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Institute</strong> in its sustained<br />

effort to contribute to the health <strong>and</strong> nutritional development <strong>of</strong> the country’s most valuable<br />

resource - the Filipino citizenry - for a more social <strong>and</strong> economic empowered Philippines, both<br />

at the local <strong>and</strong> global arena.


Organizational Chart<br />

(as per E. O. 128)

Hooray! Your file is uploaded and ready to be published.

Saved successfully!

Ooh no, something went wrong!