LTTE: 'no need to renegotiate 2002 ceasefire'

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LTTE: 'no need to renegotiate 2002 ceasefire'

No. 304

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India's military is retooling to project force more expansively - Anand Giridharadas, p5

TAMIL GUARDIAN £1.50

LTTE: ‘no need

to renegotiate

2002 ceasefire’

STARVATION

ALERT

WEDNESDAY JULY 27, 2005 www.tamilguardian.com

CHEMICAL

SIZZLER

Page 6 Page 7

REJECTING a call by Pres- ation."

and civilians have been

ident Chandrika Kumarat- "The failure on the part killed in recent months despunga

inviting them for top- of the Sri Lankan governite the ceasefire that has givlevel

talks to review and ment to comply with the en Sri Lanka its longest taste

restructure the February conditions and obligations of relative peace since the

2002 ceasefire agreement, of the truce agreement is the conflict erupted in the eight-

the Liberation Tigers this causative factor for the outies. Several Sri Lankan poli-

week urged the Sri Lankan break of violence and [ensucemen and soldiers reported-

government to implement ing] instability in the eastern ly associated with the mili-

the clauses and obligations districts," he said.

tary intelligence have also

of the truce without delay, so "The only way to stren- been killed in counter-

as to "consolidate the condigthen the ceasefire, the very attacks blamed on the LTTE.

tions of peace and normalcy foundation of the peace "The government's claim

in the Tamil homeland." process, is to implement the that it did not condone or

On Monday, President agreed clauses of the agree- support the activities of

Kumaratunga, meeting with ment," Mr. Balasingham told Tamil paramilitaries and that

ambassadors of the Co- Tamil Guardian.

these groups had already

Chairs of the Peace Process The LTTE's theoretician been disarmed under the

(United States, European welcomed the "timely inter- ceasefire agreement is a

Union, Japan and Norway) vention" of the Co-Chairs of baseless and malicious lie,"

in the wake of their govern- Peace Process in urging the Mr. Balasingham said.

ments' strong criticism of Sri Lankan government to "It is a well known fact

Colombo's failure to disarm disarm the Army-backed Ta- that the Sri Lankan armed

Tamil paramilitaries workmil paramilitaries and to en- forces, particularly the inteling

with the Sri Lankan milsure the security of unarmed ligence wing of the military,

itary, had rejected the char- LTTE cadres working in operate in collusion with the

ges and sought the renegoti- government controlled areas Tamil armed groups and

ation of the February 2002 in compliance with the were behind the cold-blood-

ceasefire agreement instead. ceasefire agreement. ed murders of several LTTE

Commenting on the vie- Last week the Co-Chairs cadres and supporters in the

ws expressed by President said they were "alarmed the eastern province," he said.

Kumaratunga to the diplo- deteriorating security situa- "These killings, which

mats, the LTTE's Chief Negtion in Sri Lanka," and assumed the characteristic of

otiator and Political Advisor, called for a cessation to the shadow war against the

Mr. Anton Balasingham, bl- violence.

LTTE, has generated a danamed

the Sri Lankan govern- Pointedly, whilst also gerous situation jeopardising

ment for the non-fulfilment urging the LTTE "to stop all the ceasefire agreement," he

of the obligations of the killings by their forces," the further said.

ceasefire agreement which Co-Chairs insisted "the Sri "It is therefore the respo-

contributed to the deteriora- Lankan government must nsibility of the Sri Lankan

tion of the security situations ensure that all paramilitary state to take urgent action to

in the island's east.

groups are disarmed and pre- ensure the disarmament of

In a special interview to vented from any activity that the paramilitary groups and

the Tamil Guardian, Mr. Ba- might lead to acts of vio- to prevent them from engag- The newly built Sri Murugan Temple in East Ham, London, is styled on traditional Tamil

lasingham Tuesday asserted lence. The government must ing in acts of violence," Mr. temples. The building, the interior of which is completed, has opened to the public even as

that there was "essentially also guarantee the security Balasingham said.

work continues on the elaborate exterior. However, the much awaited chariot 'ther' festi-

nothing wrong with struc- of unarmed LTTE cadres in The LTTE's Chief val has reportedly been temporarily suspended as the authorities have withdrawn permisture

of the ceasefire agree- government controlled Negotiator is of the opinion sion for the event which draws thousands of Tamils from across Europe. Photo A. Bala

ment that needed revision or areas."

that there is no need for the

restructuring through negoti- Dozens of LTTE cadres Continued on page 2

Morale low in MI - report India to train SLAF

A FIVE-MEMBER team more advanced than the ones A joint statement issued

MORALE is breaking down they are left high and dry elligence Director General from the Sri Lanka Air Force manufactured in India, from at the end of the visit noted

in Sri Lanka's military intel- following what they see as Kapila Hendawitharana was (SLAF) was in India last another source, the paper that "particular concern was

ligence due to unexpected shocking changes at the hier- suddenly removed from the month examining the train- added, without elaborating. expressed over the illegal

changes in its command archy and the directive from post isolating a large number ing facilities available for air The Sri Lankan team vis- acquisition of air capability."

structure and casualties in the top to scale down the of ground level members, defence as well as equipmeited the main IAF air defe- Before these high level

the continuing shadow war intelligence operations", a who had been operating unnt to counter air threats, the nce facility in Lucknow, the talks in New Delhi, Indian

between Army-backed para- senior military officer said. der direct orders from him, Sunday Times reported. capital of the state of Uttar External Affairs Minister

militaries and the Liberation He said a number of me- the Daily Mirror reported. The move is prompted Pradesh where they saw air Kanwar Natwar Singh decl-

Tigers, the Daily Mirror mbers of the intelligence un- Earlier Trincomalee Inte- by the reported acquisition defence operations systems ared that India is concerned

reported Tuesday.

it, mostly Majors and Captlligence Chief Chandika of air capability by the Lib- and how personnel are trai- about information that the

"Most ground level army ains had requested transfers Mahathanthilage was transferation Tigers, the paper ned. They also visited Uterl- LTTE had built an airstrip

sleuths have decided to or to be allowed to resign. erred to Colombo Headq- said. ai in the state of Rajasthan and acquired aircraft. He

either move out to other The official said that for uarters, the paper said, sug- The five SLAF officials where they saw air defence told the Chennai based The

divisions or resign following some time intelligence offigesting pressure from Tamil met the Commander of Ind- equipment including radars. Hindu newspaper the LTTE

the recent shake-up in the cers had been leaving in dis- politicians who accuse him ian Air Force, Air Chief Ma- The SLAF team's visit to was believed to be getting

military intelligence direcgust because they were not of being involved in the rshal Shashindra Pal Tyagi, India came in the wake of more aircraft.

torate," the paper quoted an given adequate protection or recent killings of LTTE and other high ranking Indi- talks President Chandrika The Sri Lankan govern-

official as saying this week. the necessary facilities to members was to blame. ans. The Sunday Times rep- Kumaratunga held with Indment also circulated an aide

He was speaking amidst carry out their duties effi- Earlier, Welikanda Inteo-rted that though the SLAF ian Prime Minister, Manmo- memoire to several countries

confusing and conflicting ciently.lligence

Officer Sudarman team inspected air defence han Singh during a three-day giving details of how the

reports over top level cha- Several MI operatives Gamage was transferred and equipment, no decision has visit to New Delhi beginning LTTE constructed a runway

nges in the Directorate of organising paramilitary atta- two Captains in the military been made to procure them June 2 this year. Among and acquired aircraft, saying

Military Intelligence, the cks on the LTTE have been intelligence attached to the so far.

other matters, both leaders this constituted a threat to

Daily Mirror said.

killed in counter-attacks 23rd Division in Batticaloa However, the Sri Lankan had discussed the Tiger the entire region and was in

"Intelligence personnel blamed on the Tigers. were also transferred, the government has obtained pa- guerrilla acquisiti-on of air violation of the Ceasefire

are disillusioned. They feel Last Friday Military Int- paper added.

rt of these needs, said to be capability, the pap-er added. Agreement.

LONDON'S Tamils were

shocked this week when two

of their biggest annual community

events were disrupted

when police withdrew

their pledged support only

days before they were scheduled

to take place, citing the

possibility of public disorder.

Organisers of the Tamil

Sports Festival, which was

expected to draw up to

15,000 people on July 31,

were forced to cancel the

event this week after

Guilford Borough withdrew

their venue, saying Police

had expressed "concern at

the likelihood of serious disorder

both at the event and in

the surrounding community."

One of London's oldest

Tamil places of worship, the

East Ham Sri Murugan

Temple, has this week been

forced to temporarily suspend

its famous chariot festival

this year after police

withdrew permission for the

event.

Sources close to the temple

committee told Tamil

Guardian the police had

refused permission for the

days-long event - scheduled

to begin on Sunday July 17 -

on the grounds that there

could be public disorder.

The temple committee is

said to be stunned and are in

urgent negotiations to secure

permission for the event,

which also draws thousands

of Tamils from across

Britain and Europe, to go

ahead.

SEE INSIDE FOR FURTHER DETAILS

ISSN 1369-2208

Shock, dismay as

Tamil community

events are struck

as London police

withdraw support

SRI LANKA'S Prime Minister

Mahinda Rajapakse has

been named the ruling party's

presidential candidate as

the incumbent president's

second six-year term draws

to a close.

A 10-member committee

nominated Rajapakse on

Tuesday night and an official

announcement will be made

after the party's central committee

endorses it Thursday,

an official at the prime minister's

office told the Associated

Press on condition of

anonymity.

Rajapakse, 59, is a senior

politician who has held important

labor and fisheries

ministries under President

Chandrika Kumaratunga and

was appointed prime minister

after Kumaratunga's party

returned to power in the

April 2004 Parliamentary

The British Tamil Association

(BTA), which organises

the Tamil Sports Festival,

had only two weeks ago

received a clear endorsement

from Surrey (County)

police, from whom they had

also hired a police team.

An official letter to the

BTA signed by a senior

police officer was obtained

by Tamil Guardian. It says:

"further to our meeting … I

am pleased to confirm

Surrey Police attendance at

the Tamil Sports Festival on

31st July 2005. I have

arranged to provide a total of

seven officers which will

consist of a Sergeant, 3

Police constables and 3

Special Police Constables."

However last week,

Guilford Borough Council,

which had long ago granted

permission to the BTA,

wrote to them again, saying:

"the Council has received

strong representations from

Surrey Police in connection

with the proposed sports festival."

"Having assessed the

history of crime and disorder

associated with similar

events in the past, the Police

are concerned at the likelihood

of serious disorder

both at the event and in the

surrounding community.

They have therefore strongly

advised the Council not to

grant permission for the use

of Stoke Park for this event,"

the Council said.

But BTA officials said

that the event which has

Continued on page 2

Rajapakse picked as

presidential candidate

election.

Rajapakse's nomination

comes amid divisions as to

when the next presidential

poll should be held.

Opposition Leader Ranil

Wickermesinghe, who will

be Rajapakse's chief rival,

says Kumaratunga's presidential

term ends in December.

However, the ruling Sri

Lanka Freedom Party says

Kumaratunga is entitled to

be in office for another year

from December, because she

ended her first term one year

ahead of schedule.

The main opposition United

National Party last week

accused Rajapaksa of trying

to siphon off nearly 83 million

rupees ($827,000) worth

of aid, but investigators

say they have not found evidence

of wrongdoing.

Reaching out, p2


2 NEWS

Tamil Guardian Wednesday July 27, 2005

Kumaratunga

reaches out to

UNP, slams JVP

AS PRESIDENT Chandrika

Kumaratunga's minority government

limps on in the

wake of the exit of a key Parliamentary

ally, she is reaching

out to the main opposition

United National Party

(UNP), weekend reports

said. A meeting between President

Kumaratunga and

Opposition Leader, Mr. Ranil

Wickremesinghe could

take place soon to discuss

options, The Island newspaper

reported.

A meeting last Tuesday

between the President and

UNP Chairman Malik Samarawickrema

has sparked speculation.

Kumaratunga had

initiated a lengthy conversation,

The Island reported.

Discussions on when a

presidential election is due

had figured in the talks with

Samarawickrema urging the

UNP point of view that it

should be this year, while

Kumaratunga held the view

that it is due next year, the

paper said.

Their talks had been

"cordial" with Samarawickrema

taking the position that

as the President had taken

her oaths following her reelection

in December, 1999

that an election is due six years

thereafter - that is in December

2005, the paper said.

However, according to

constitutional lawyers, there

is a strong case for Kumaratunga's

position that under

President J. R. Jayewardene's

Third Amendment to the

Constitution, her second term

had begun on the date in

the following year corresponding

to that in which her

first term began - that is November

2000. That would

mean that she could continue

till November 2006.

But "there has been agreement

during the talks that

divisions in the southern polity

had strengthened the ha-

nds of disruptive elements

and also that Sri Lanka's development

had been deeply

hampered by the actions of

politicians of all sides," The

Island reported.

Samarawickrema has

suggested that the President

and Wickremesinghe, who

was in the US last week, discuss

the matters they had

gone over on the Opposition

Leader's return to Colombo

and Kumaratunga had agreed.

"It is expected that a meeting

will take place in the

short-term," the paper said.

UNP sources told The

Island that Samarawickrema

had kept Wickremesinghe as

well as the party's deputy

leader, Karu Jayasuriya, fully

briefed on the talks.

The Sunday Times newspaper

carried details of what

President had argued: "She

said till the Presidential elections

next year, she could

work closely with the UNP."

The President had been

bitterly critical of the Janatha

Vimukthi Peramuna

(JVP), the ultra-nationalist

party, considered the third

force in Sinhala politics,

behind the UNP and Kumaratunga's

Sri Lanka Freedom

Party (SLFP).

In protest at Kumaratunga's

decision to sign an aidsharing

deal with the Tamil

Tigers, last month the JVP

quit the United People's Freedom

Alliance (UPFA) which

it had formed with the

SLFP and other much smaller

parties.

President Kumaratunga

had "said it was very difficult

to work with the JVP

and she never wanted to do

it. In fact she had conveyed

through her advisor Mano

Tittawella to UNP leader Ranil

Wickremesinghe the need

to get together since both

sides faced a threat from the

JVP," the Sunday Times

said.

Kumaratunga proposed

that at least now her party

and the UNP should formulate

a Common Minimum

Programme to create a better

environment politically, the

paper said.

"Such a programme could

focus on revision of polls

laws, which some analysts

said, was to sideline the JVP.

The other was to amend the

Constitution. Both were to

teach a lesson to the JVP."

But Kumaratunga is facing

challenges to her continuation

as head of state fro

within her SLFP, not least

from Prime Minister Mahinda

Rajapakse's camp who

are promoting him to be the

next Presidential candidate.

However Kumaratunga

"said she would determine

the next presidential candidate

and not anyone else,"

the Sunday Times said.

The paper quoted her as

lashing out at opponents

within the SLFP, saying

there were only a few families

in Sri Lanka that had

contributed national leaders.

Kumaratunga is from the

Bandaranayake family. Both

her parents were Prime

Ministers, her father in the

fifties and her mother in the

seventies.

On July 15, the final lap

of a protest march organised

by the UNP drew around

two hundred thousand antigovernment

protesters in

Colombo as it reached the

final destination.

The protest demanding

the UPFA government and

President Kumaratunge to

hold the Presidential polls

this year crippled the traffic

in Colombo city.

The Up-country Peoples

Front, the Western Province

Peoples Front and the Sri

Lanka Muslim Congress

took part in the final lap of

the march along with the

UNP leaders.

World leaders call for

early Presidential elections

THE International Democratic

Union (IDU) which met

in Washington DC Monday

last week under the Chairmanship

of Prime Minister John

Howard of Australia, expressed

concern "at the attempts

made by the Government

of Sri Lanka to postpone

the Presidential Election

scheduled for this year

[2005]," and called for the

elections to be held in 2005.

A press release issued by

Sri Lanka's main opposition

United National Party Thursday

said 26 political party

leaders, including 3 prime

ministers had endorsed the

call. Full text of the UNP

press release follows:

"Under the Chairmanship

of Prime Minister John

Howard of Australia, the International

Democrat Union

(IDU) unanimously adopted

a resolution calling for the

Sri Lanka Presidential election

to be held in 2005.

"The resolution stated,

'The IDU expresses its concern

at the attempts made by

the Government of Sri

Lanka to postpone the

Presidential Election scheduled

for this year. The IDU

supports the efforts of the

UNP and other democratic

organizations to ensure that

the sovereignty of the people

is upheld and the people of

Sri Lanka are able to exercise

their franchise for the

election of a President of the

Republic this year.?

"Party Leaders from 26

countries, including 3 Prime

Ministers participated at the

meeting. This included the

Australian Prime Minister

John Howard, Norwegian

Foreign Minister Jan Petersen,

Chairman of the U.S.

Republican Party Ken Mehlman

and Liam Fox Chairman

of the Conservative party

of the U.K.

"Those endorsing this

resolution also included the

German CDU, German

CSU, French Conservative

UMP, the Spanish Peoples

Party, Canadian Conservative

Party, and the Greek

New Demokratica.

"The meeting Chairman,

Prime Minister John Howard

congratulated Mr. Wickremesinghe

on his unanimous

election as Chairman of the

Asia-Pacific Democrat Union

(APDU). In that capacity

Mr. Wickremesing-he becomes

a Vice-Chairm-an of the

IDU along with the Foreign

Minister of Norway Jan

Petersen and Greek Prime

Minister Kostas Karamanlis.

At Prime Minister Howard's

initiative the IDU party

leaders expressed the hope

that member parties from Sri

Lanka, Canada, Germany,

Norway and Honduras succeed

at elections due in this

coming year.

"Later, Mr. Wickremesinghe

along with other party

leaders met with President

George W. Bush at the White

House at a roundtable discussion

on freedom and democracy.

At the meeting, Mr.

Wickremesinghe was one of

four IDU members to address

the global party leaders."

‘no need to renegotiate ceasefire’

Continued from page 1

revision or restructuring of

the ceasefire agreement

through negotiation.

"Technically, there is

nothing wrong with the

[truce agreement]. The current

escalation of violence

could only be attributed to

the failure on the part of the

Sri Lankan government to

fulfil its obligation under

[it]," he said.

"We urge the international

community, particularly

the Co-Chairs of the Peace

Process to use their good

offices to bring pressure on

the government to act with

responsibility, conducting

itself in compliance with the

ceasefire agreement," Mr.

Balasingham said.

In response to the Co-

Chairs criticism, President

Kumaratunga summoned the

ambassadors of the four and

in a meeting at which she

was accompanied by Foreign

Minister Lakshman Kadirgamar,

registered her

protest.

"It is unfortunate that the

four Co-Chairs repeated the

position of the LTTE about

the Government's support to

'paramilitary groups'," President

Kumaratunga's office

quoted her as telling the

diplomats.

"[My] government's obligations

to disarm paramilitary

groups under the Ceasefire

Agreement was completed

to the satisfaction of

the Sri Lanka Monitoring

Mission," she had also claimed,

referring to the international

monitoring body.

Earlier this month, in the

wake of the killings and an

abortive paramilitary attack

on LTTE members travelling

under Army-escort, the Tigers

withdrew their cadres from

military-held areas - where

they are allowed under

the terms of the truce - to

areas they control.

The withdrawal has helped

ease tensions because the

cadres are no longer exposed

to attacks that the military

blame on feuding between

the Tigers and a renegade

faction, but which the LTTE

has said are proven to be

facilitated and organised by

Sri Lankan military intelli-

gence.

But Hagrup Haukland,

head of the SLMM, said that

although he did not expect

killings to escalate at this

point, any trust between the

two sides had evaporated.

"It's the worst situation I

have experienced over these

3-½ years in terms of the

mistrust and the climate

between the parties," he

said. "The cornerstone in the

ceasefire agreement is the

ability of the LTTE to conduct

their political work in

the north and east. And if

they can't do that then, for

sure, the ceasefire is void."

And despite President

Kumaratunga's defiant stand,

her government this week

came up with new proposals

to ensure the safety of

LTTE cadres transiting through

Army-held territory.

The LTTE has not commented

on the new proposals,

but the last Sri Lankan

offer, restricting the journeys

LTTE cadres could make

and refusing a request to distribute

Army soldiers escorting

the Tigers amongst their

vehicles was rejected.

Thousands of unemployed graduates and those who hold temporary teaching jobs

protested in front of the Fort Railway station in Colombo on July 15 demanding the Sri

Lanka Government provide them with permanent employment. Demonstrators carried

placards and shouted slogans against Minister of Education and the Government of Sri

Lanka. The protest organized by the Graduate Employment Union, started in front of

the Fort railway and proceeding towards the Financial Ministry but was stopped by the

police at the boundary of High security zone. Heavily armed Special Task Force soldiers

and policemen barricaded the main street and provided security around the Presidential

residence. The United People Freedom Alliance government promised to provide 42,000

jobs for unemployed graduates, but one year later has created only 3,000 new positions,

protesters said.

‘Our leaders are dancing

to Western tune’

LEADERS of the ultra-nationalist

Janatha Vimukthi Perumana's

last week slammed

Sri Lankan President Chandrika

Kumaratunga for dancing

to the tune of the West.

"From today we start a

new struggle to find a new

patriotic and national leadership.

Hereafter, we won't

allow several embassies in

Colombo to decide which

way the wind blows," the

JVP's powerful propaganda

secretary, Wimal Weerawansa,

declared Tuesday.

Weerawansa, co-president

of the Patriotic National

Movement (PNM) and JVP

parliamentary group leader

was addressing a massive

gathering at the open air theatre

in Nugegoda for the first

rally of the Federation of

National Organisations

(FNO), the Gulf News

reported..

"The country needs a

new leadership that won't dance

to the tune of Westerners,

a new leadership that

will not betray the pride of

the nation to the whims and

fancies of the treacherous

forces plotting to divide this

motherland," he said.

"From the day we won

independence, we had rulers

who danced to the tune of

SRI LANKA last week claimed

that only one trade union

was opposed to restructuring

the Ceylon Electricity

Board and that legislation

would be introduced shortly

to unbundle the CEB into

several companies, The

Island newspaper reported.

Finance Minister Sarath

Amunugama, addressing the

weekly cabinet press briefing

in Colombo, said that the

government has decided to

form between four to seven

CEB owned subsidiary companies

with a view to ensuring

better management and

profitability.

"Legislation will be

introduced shortly to give

effect to the cabinet decision

. Unbundling would result in

the creation of companies

for power generation, bulk

electricity trade and two or

more companies for distribution."

he said.

Amunugama, repeatedly

emphasized that the pro-

the Western forces. Western

forces were successful in

removing patriotic leaders

arising from people's power

and manoeuvered with the

help of their local cronies to

empower a puppet leadership,

working in their interests."

"But, from today we start

a new struggle to find a new

patriotic and national leadership.

Hereafter, we won't

allow several embassies in

Colombo to decide which

way the wind blows. It

would be this platform and

this unity among patriotic

forces which will decide

where the wind blows in Sri

Lankan politics," Weerawansa

said.

On Friday JVP leader

Somawansa Amarasinghe

called on "all progressive

forces" to unite to defeat

"sinister moves of neo-colonialism"

and said "only the

solidarity of true patriots can

ensure the survival of true

democracy."

""Since independence,

our leaders were proven failures

against Western expansionism

and the Super powers'

moves to take control of

all other minor nations. This

is neo-colonialism," he said.

"Most of our leaders tod-

posed legislation would not

amount to privatization but

an exercise aimed at better

management.

"With the assistance of

the ADB, we will relieve the

CEB of a Rs 90 billion debt

burden.

This will help bring down

the cost of power generation

and would relieve the

poor of having to pay one of

the highest rates for electricity

in the world. It would

also help bring down the

overall cost of living."

The Rs 90 billion ADB

loan, he said, would have to

be repaid in 40 years with

provision for a 10-year grace

period.

Amunugama, said that

the government has found

necessary funding for the

Norchcholai coal power and

Kotmale hydro power projects

and work would commence

soon.

The cost of living, he

said depends on the cost of

ay are West-built and know

nothing but to follow the orders

coming from few Western

embassies in Colombo.

They are not leaders of people,

thus they have no confidence

but have to rely on the

Western powers."

The ultra-nationalistcum-Marxist

JVP has repeatedly

condemned Western

involvement in Sri Lankan

affairs, including Norwegian

role in the island's peace

process, as neo-colonialism.

The JVP which came to

power for the first time in

April 2004 in the United

People's Freedom Alliance

(UPFA), headed by

President Kumaratunga, is

considered the third force in

Sri Lankan politics.

The organisation launched

two abortive inserructions

against the state, once

in 1971 and again in the late

eighties. Both were crushed,

the second with widespread

killings and rights abuses.

The JVP quite the UPFA

on June 16, in protest at

President Kumaratunga's

succumbing to international

pressure to sign a joint aid

distribution mechanism, the

Post-tsunami Operational

Management Structure (P-

TOMS).

Sri Lanka to restructure CEB

power, cost of transport, cost

of inefficency and high

interest rates.

"We are totally in agreement

with the CEB unions

that if annual plans had been

followed and these projects

had been implemented earlier

the cost of power generation

would have been cheaper.

The demand for power

increases by ten per cent

annually but generation has

remained static."

But JVP-led unions in

the Ceylon Electricity Board

are demanding a written assurance

from Power and Energy

Minister Susil Premajayantha

that the CEB will

not be privatized at least for

the next two years, the Daily

Mirror reported.

Union leaders warned that

if such a written assurance

was not given, they would

block the implementation of

the latest CEB reforms package

approved by the cabinet

last Wednesday.

NEWS IN BRIEF

Communal violence

Sinhala mobs armed with batons attacked Tamil plantation

workers in Panthi tea estate near Mathugama, a small

town in Western Province, 61 km. from Colombo, Mr.

Mano Ganesan, leader of the Western Province Peoples'

Front (WPPF) said. Two Tamil civilians were injured in the

attack Monday last week. Policemen were sent to the estate

around 11:30 p.m and the Inspector General of Police also

visited the area upon complaints made by the parliamentarian.

The tea estate is located one kilometer from

Mathugama. (TamilNet)

Diesel VAT dropped

Sri Lanka has decided to remove the 15 per cent Value

Added Tax (VAT) imposed on diesel with immediate effect,

in a bid to "stabilise diesel prices in the face of galloping

world oil prices." Finance Minister Sarath Amunugama

claimed there would be no need for private bus owners to

increase their bus fares whenever there is a hike in world oil

prices. However, if there is a steep increase in world fuel

prices the government will be compelled to seek other alternative

avenues to offset the losses, he added. (Daily News)

Tourist arrivals up

Tourist arrivals in Sri Lanka from January to May, 2005

grew by 8.1 per cent totalling 208,389, despite the

December 26 tsunami, the Finance Ministry said. In May

alone, tourists arrivals grew by 35.5 per cent to stand at

40,878, according to the mid-year fiscal position report of

2005. This indicates an eight per cent growth in total tourist

earnings during the first five months of 2005, it said.

(Sunday Times)

India HC vehicle taken

The private vehicle of Assistant High Commissioner of

India K R R Pillai, has been stolen while he was on his way

to Colombo from Kandy on a private trip. ''He had asked his

driver to park the vehicle for tea half way through to

Colombo at Warakapola. When he came out of the tea cafe

he had found that his jeep was missing. He and the driver

have lodged a complaint with the Warakapola police,'' the

High Commission official said, adding Mr Pillai and his

family reached Colombo safely. Vehicle theft has been on

the rise in Sri Lanka in the recent past. (UNI)

Credit from China

Sri Lanka has received a US$ 300 million preferential

credit line from China, to be utilised mainly for infrastructure

development. The fund will be used for four projects -

the coal power plant in Norochcholai, the Hambantota

bunkering and tank farm, development of a rail system

between Katunayake and Ratmalana and the Colombo-

Katunayake expressway, Finance Minister Sarath Amunugama

says. Meanwhile the German Financial Cooperation

has contributed 49 million euros for tsunami rehabilitation

and reconstruction work. (The Sunday Leader)

Warrants - except in urgent cases

A new Bill presented to Parliament last week to deal

with computer crime will give wide powers of search and

seizure, backed by a warrant, to an expert or police officer

to obtain any information in the possession of any service

provider and to intercept any wire or electronic communication.

However, the need for a warrant is exempted in

cases where the investigations need to be conducted urgently,

there is likelihood of the evidence being lost, destroyed,

modified or rendered inaccessible and there is a need to

maintain confidentiality regarding the investigation.

(Sunday Times)

Police demoted

In an unprecedented move, 59 policemen were demoted

to a lower rank following a directive by the National Police

Commission. Accordingly, 17 Sub Inspectors were demoted

to the ranks of Police Sergeants and 42 Police Sergeants

were demoted to the ranks of police constables, due to lack

of qualifications and other legal reasons.The 59 officers had

been promoted to their ranks in January, 2003 by the police

department. However the NPC had found that the officers

were not eligible for their promotions. (Daily Mirror)

No VAT on gems

The Sri Lankan Cabinet has decided to abolished the

15% Value Added Tax (VAT) on the imports and trading of

rough, cut and polished gemstones, diamonds and precious

metals. "We have taken a bold step forward in the right

direction to make Sri Lanka the hub in the gem Industry,"

Advanced Technology and National Enterprise

Development Minister Rohitha Bogollagama said, adding

gem and jewelry industry is now an 'open, progressive and

value added' sector. (Daily News)

Shock, dismay as

Tamil community ...

Continued from page 1

been held for several years,

always with police presence

and protection provided by a

well known British private

security firm, had been disrupted

only once, in 1999,

when a member of the crowd

had attempted to shoot

another.

"Since then, the police

have had a strong presence,

and have even conducted recruitment

at the event, drawing

considerable interest" a

senior BTA official said.

This week, as the BTA

released leaflets to the public

announcing the event's cancellation,

there was shock

and dismay amongst the

community.

Sentiments were heightened,

as the Council's letter

to the BTA, which, along

with the police letter, was

released to the public (without

the names of the signatories),

refused to explain what

the "concerns" are.

The Council wrote to the

BTA: "due to the confidential

nature of the information

supplied to the Council, [we]

regret that [we are] unable to

supply you with any further

details in connection with

the concerns raised by

Surrey Police."

Several Tamil and non-

Tamil businesses that had

competed for marquees at

the community's premier

annual open air event and

sponsored prizes expressed

frustration at the last minute

disruption, saying that they

had prepared substantial

quantities of promotional

material and gift samples.

The Tamil Sports Festival

draws cricket and other

sports teams comprising former

pupils from famous

schools across the Tamil homeland.

Sportsmen and women

which had been eagerly

anticipating the annual tournament

were left bewildered

at the last minute withdrawal

of police support.

There is speculation that

the police concerns referred

to violence between gangs of

Tamil youth on the fringes of

the London community,

which has been increasingly

reported in recent years.

Many Tamils acknowledge

that there is a problem,

but point out that it is the

responsibility of the police

to deal with criminal violence.

The efforts of community

organisations such as the

BTA and the various temple

committees to involve the

police in their events was an

important step in checking

gang violence, an official

close to another well known

temple in West London told

Tamil Guardian.

"Even if there is problem

of a handful of violent youth,

the Tamils here should

not be prevented from hosting

their cultural and community

events," he argued.

"After all, just because there

are some hooligans amongst

football supporters, no one

expects the matches to be

called off?"

Editorial, p5


Tamil Guardian Wednesday July 27, 2005

‘Disarming

paramilitaries

vital for peace’

THE Liberation Tigers of Tamil

Eelam, last Wednesday

called for the immediate disarming

of the paramilitary groups

in accordance with the

ceasefire agreement with the

Sri Lankan government.

LTTE's Political Head

Mr. S. P. Tamilselvan, after

meeting with a Norwegian

delegation in Kilinochchi told

the press that the ceasefire

monitors did not bring any

new message that will improve

the deteriorating ground

conditions in the NorthEast.

He accused Colombo and

the Sri Lankan armed forces

for nurturing and promoting

paramilitary groups in the

SLA held areas of the North-

East in violation of clause

1.8 of the CFA. "We stressed

to Norwegian delegation the

urgency of disarming the

paramilitaries according to

the terms of the CFA,"

Tamilselvan told reporters.

The Norwegian delegation

comprised of Norwegian

Deputy Ambassador, Oddvar

Laegreid, Head of Sri

Lanka Monitoring Mission

(SLMM), Hagrup Haukland,

and other Norwegian embassy

and SLMM officials.

"The responsibility of

bringing the situation to normalcy

lies entirely in the

hands of the Government of

Sri Lanka and its armed forces,"

Mr. Tamilselvan told the

press. The activities of the

paramilitary groups - killings

of civilians and LTTE's

political cadres - are taking

place within the SLA occupied

areas, LTTE's Political

Head said. "The paramilitaries

can be effectively and

immediately controlled if

Colombo is seriously committed

to the CFA agreement

and the peace process," Mr.

Tamilselvan said.

He added that the Tigers

have repeatedly pointed out

to Colombo, as stipulated in

the clause 1.8 of the CFA

agreement, that the paramilitaries

must be disarmed and

vacated from the SLA occupied

areas of the Tamil

homeland in the North East.

"This very basic clause

of the CFA agreement need

to be respected in both word

and deed and given due respect

by Colombo and its armed

forces. The killings of civilians

and our unarmed political

cadres in the SLA held

areas must be stopped and a

safe environment created for

our unarmed political officials

and cadres to engage in

political work," he said.

“This is not the first time we

have told the Norwegians

this” He further said that the

LTTE understands the concerns

of the International

Community and the efforts

of the Norwegian facilitators

in the peace process, but said

the responsibility lies entirely

with Colombo as it has

not taken or implemented

any concrete measure to

implement the above mentioned

clause in the Cease

Fire Agreement.

IN A PRESS release issued

by the US Embassy in Colombo

Tuesday, the Co-chairs

for Sri Lanka Peace Process

expressed alarm at the escalating

violence called on the

LTTE to stop killings, and

the Government of Sri Lanka

to disarm all paramilitaries

and to guarantee security

to unarmed LTTE cadres.

"The Co-Chairs of the

Sri Lanka peace process, the

European Union, United

States, Japan and Norway,

are alarmed by the deteriorating

security situation in

Sri Lanka," said the press

statement representing the

United States of America,

the European Union, Japan

A section of the Sea Tigers' Marine Commando regiment on training exercises at an

undisclosed location in the North-East of Sri Lanka. A section of the marines are seen

posing here for the photograph. The Sea Tigers have been key in launching amphibious

assaults during combat operations against the Sri Lankan military. Photo LTTE

Norwegian delegation including Hagrup Haukland of the (SLMM) and Odvar Laegreid, from the Norwegian Embassy

met with an LTTE delegation led by Mr. Tamilselvan in Kilinochchi to discuss the ongoing security crisis. Photo TamilNet

‘Sri Lanka must guarantee security of

unarmed LTTE cadres’ - peace co-chairs

and Norway.

"Since February 2005

there has been an escalation

of violence resulting in the

killing and injuring of persons

associated with the Government

of Sri Lanka, the

Liberation Tigers of Tamil

Eelam and other political

parties," the statement said.

"Unless security is guaranteed,

a central pillar of the

Ceasefire Agreement will be

undermined. If the Ceasefire

Agreement ceases to function,

the wider peace process

would be gravely jeopardized

and international support

for that process would

be deeply eroded," said the

statement

OPENING event of a residential

nine-day workshop

for nearly 30 staff engaged

in social mobilization in different

districts of NorthEast

was held in Kanagapuram in

Kilinochchi Saturday, reported

TamilNet Sunday. Director

of the Socilal Mobilization

section of the Tamils

Rehabilitation Orga-nization

(TRO), Mr M Selvarajah,

presided the event.

TRO Planning Coordinator,

Lawrence Christy, TRO

Deputy Director, Mr V Reagan,

Advisor to the Social

Mobilization Division, Ms

Environmental Commission

formed in Kilinochchi

THE inaugural event of the

Thamileelam Commision for

Environmental Governance

(TCEG) was held at the

Planning and Development

Secretariat (PDS) located in

Kilinochchi presided by

Liberation Tiger's Head of

Political Wing S P Tamilselvan

on Saturday, reported

TamilNet. The main mission

of the Commission is to ensure

environmental protection

in the NorthEast.

Senior members of the

LTTE, K V Balakumaran and

Karikalan lit the common

flame and S P Tamilselvan

hoisted the Tamileelam

national flag.

More than 150 attendees

from Health department, Local

councils, Agriculture department,

Irrigation depa-rtment,

Office of the Gover-nment

Agent, International

and Local NGOs and cadres

of LTTE involved in environmental

matters participated

in the inaugural event.

Director of Sub-committee

on Immediate Humanitarian

and Rehabilitation

Needs (SIRHN), Selvin

"The Co-Chairs call on

the Government of Sri

Lanka and the LTTE each to

take immediate action to

prevent killings. The LTTE

must stop all killings by their

forces. The Sri Lankan government,

in accordance with

the Ceasefire Agreement,

must ensure that all paramilitary

groups are disarmed

and prevented from any

activity that might lead to

acts of violence. The government

must also guarantee

the security of unarmed

LTTE cadres in government

controlled areas," the Cochair

said in their statement

"Maintenance of the

Ceasefire Agreement is the

Tamil charity begins social

mobilization workshop

Rajani Iqbal lit the ceremonial

lamp.

More than thirty staff from

Batticaloa, Amparai, Trincomalee,

Vavuniya, Mannar,

Mullaitivu, Kilinochchi

and Jaffna districts are attending

the training sessions.

"The Social Mobilization

unit was conceived to strengthen

and to increase the

effectiveness of socio-economic

projects the TRO has

been implementing in different

disctricts of the North-

East. After this comprehensive

training staff will have

the skills to organize and

Irenuess, detailed the activities

of the new commission.

The commission while pursuing

the main mission will

also be responsible for creating

environmental education

programs, recommending

guidelines relating to the

environmental preservation

and will conduct an environmental

impact evaluation on

commercial, industrial activities

that are likely to affect

the environment, he said.

Deputy Director of PDS,

Shanmugalingam Ranjan,

formally presented the Commission's

Policy Document

to S P Tamilselvan.

Professor Jeyasingham from

Eastern University and

Professor Sriskandarajah from

Denmark outlined the critical

importance of preserving

NorthEast environment

and the importance of taking

preemptive efforts to replenish

depleting resources.

Tamilselvan speaking at

the event said, "Successive

governments of Sri Lanka,

in addition to destroying the

infrastructure and livelihoods

of Tamil people, showed

responsibility of the two parties

alone. In this effort, they

have had the excellent assistance

of the Sri Lanka Monitoring

Mission and the full

support of the international

community. The Co-Chairs

believe that it is time the parties

demonstrate the seriousness

of their commitment to

the Ceasefire Agreement by

coming together to resolve

outstanding issues and renew

their co-operation. The

SLMM can only fulfill its

functions under the Ceasefire

Agreement if the parties

actively demonstrate the will

to uphold the agreement,"

concluded the statement on

behalf of the four co-chairs.

educate villagers transforming

them into a community

with confidence and self

reliance to make rapid social

and economic progress,"

said Reagan in his introductory

remarks to the trainees.

Other speakers said that

they have confidence in the

ability of the trainees and

that they will work with

commitment in their respective

villages to uplift the

community. After the officila

opening ceremony concluded

Ms Iqbal conducted

the the first training session

to the attendees.

Attendees at workshop organised by TRO to promote social mobility. Photo TamilNet

similar intensity in destroying

the environment and

natural resources of the

NorthEast. Sri Lanka Ar-my

has destroyed much of our

forestry. Coconut esta-tes

and Palmyrah population

have been destroyed for use

as lumber to construct

bunkers, reinforce observation

posts and to protect the

camps.

"We have made significant

progress already in

reforestration. The Economic

Consultancy House

(TECH) has annual events

celebrating environmental

day where people are educated

on environmental matters

and free saplings of fruit

bearing trees are distributed

free. Coastal areas are

receiving focuss-ed study to

prevent erosio-n and more

recently actio-ns are being

formulated to protect the

coastline from natural disasters.

The conservation and

optimal use of water from

our network of irrigation

tanks, saliniation in coastal

and interiar lands are being

addressed.

PARAMILITARY groups

working with the Sri Lankan

military continued to be at

the centre of violence in the

North-East of Sri Lanka, despite

international condemnation

of their activities, said

press reports. The Sri Lankan

military have stepped up

their presence across the North-East,

and appear to be taking

a more hostile position.

Two Tamil youths, Mr.

Kumarasamy Pathmaharan,

23, from Jaffna town and Mr

Subramaniam Kohulan, 26,

from Sarasalai west, Chavakachcheri,

were found knifed

to death at Manippuram

northwest of Vavuniya, Police

said Tuesday. Vavuniya

Police condcuting investigations

into the killings have

yet to arrest the perpetrators.

Meanwhile on July 18,

Mr. Kanapathipillai Ilaiathamby,

40, was shot and injured

at his house on School

Road at Kalkuddah in Valaichenai.

Unidentified gunmen

who came to his house

Sunday evening asked the

victim to come out and shot

him at his chest and hands

before fleeing the premises.

Three days earlier, three

persons, two Muslims and a

person with Sinhala-Tamil

mixed background, were

shot and killed by unidentifed

gunmen at the Sixth Mile

post, Akkaraipattu. The

killers had stopped the persons,

who were traveling in

a three-wheeler, tied the victims

hands behind before

shooting them dead, Police

said. Soldiers from the Special

Task Force (STF) and Police

personnel are deployed

in Akkaraipattu town.

NEWS

Violence in NE

continues rising

A LARGE number of civilians,

majority of them fishermen,

demonstrated Tuesday

morning in Mannar

town, opposing the implementation

of the Sedusamudram

Canal Project (SSCP)

claiming that the project will

destroy fishing resources in

Mannar Sea. Mannar District

Fisheries Societies' Federation

and Mannar Peace

Movement jointly organized

the protest.

The demonstration commence

from the Mannar

public pl-ayground and concluded

at about 11.30 a.m. in

front of the Mannar district

Secretariat, reported TamilNet

press agency.

Organizers of the demonstration

later handed over a

memorandum to the Assistant

Divisional Secretary

Ms.S.Mohanathan.

Mr.Vinonoaharathalinga

m, Vanni district parliamentarian

participated in the

demonstration, sources said.

General shut down was

observed in Mannar town

when the demonstration was

held. Normalcy of the town

was disrupted, sources said.

About 8000 fisher families

live in Mannar district.

Mannar fishermen are cur-

3

The victims have been

identified as Abdul Lathif Rivaz,

26, a father of 4 children

from Union Road in Akkaraipattu,

Mohamed Nazar,

25, from Sea Road in Akkaraipattu

and Jayasekara Banda

Kucharanan, from Veerachanai

in Batticaloa.

Elsewhere on July 18, Sinhala

mobs, linked to hardline

Sinhala political parties

attacked Tamil plantation

workers in Panthi tea estate

near Mathugama, a small town

in Western Province, Mr.

Mano Ganesan, leader of the

Western Province Peoples'

Front (WPPF) told TamilNet.

Policemen were sent to

the estate around 11:30 p.m

and the Inspector General of

Police also visited the area

after complaints were lodged

by the area's MP.

Meanwhile, on July 16,

Vavuniya district Head of

LTTE Political Wing, Mr

Gnanam, protested to the members

of SLMM that harrassment

by the Sri Lanka Security

forces on LTTE cadres

engaged in political work

has increased and requested

the SLMM to take steps to

ensure LTTE cadres' safety.

"Recent grenade attack at

the Vavuniya LTTE offices,

increasing incidents of Sri

Lanka Army (SLA) threatening

behavior towards LTTE

cadres including a shooting

incidents and the escalating

violence in the Trincomalee

district are forcing us to take

precautionary measures. The

situation is rapidly deteriorating

and if this continues

we will soon not be able do

any political work," Gnanam

told the SLMM.

Mannar fishermen

protest against

Canal project

rently deprived of their legitimate

catch due to frequent

poaching by Indian trawlers,

fisheries federation in the

north-western town said.

In addition to the main

demand against the implementation

of SSCP, Mannar

District Fisheries Societies'

Federation has requested the

authorities concerned to

implement the following

demands for the development

of fishing industry in

Mannar:

■ Remove the Sri Lanka

military’s high security zone

in land and sea along

Mannar coastal areas.

■ Permit Mannar fishermen

to use fishing boats fitted

with 15 HP engine instead of

9 HP engines.

■ Expand the marketing

facilities by allowing exporting

fish, prawn and other

species.

■ Implement sea erosion

project along Mannar coast.

■ Reopen the unit of the

Fisheries harbour Corporation

in Mannar

■ Action should be taken to

establish Higher Education

Institute for fishing in

Mannar

■ Ice factory should be constructed

in Mannar.

NEWS IN BRIEF

SLA excavation ruins fertile fields

Mr.V. Shanmugam, President of the Thenmaradchchi-

Mirusuvil Farmers Associations' Federation Monday

expressed deep concern that several acres of fertile paddy

fields are ruined following excavation of soil by the Sri

Lanka Army (SLA). SLA soldiers use soil from paddy fields

to build earth bunds and to strengthen their bunkers and sentry

points, civil sources said. Mr Shanmugam further said

that SLA action is destroying natural and mineral resources

of the area. Cash and paddy crops in these lands are

destroyed due to water stagnating in the areas where excavation

is taking place, he said. (TamilNet)

SLA refuses bridge reconstruction

The Sri Lanka Army (SLA) has again refused permission

for the Jaffna civil authorities to commence reconstruction

work on the bridge over the Thondamanaru

lagoon, which connects Valigamam north and

Vadamaradchchi division in the Jaffna district district secretariat

sources said. The Thondamannaru Bridge was

destroyed during the military operation SLA launched in

1987. Thondamannaru Bridge is the main access to

Valvettithurai and Valalai areas via Achchuveli Road and

Palaly Airport Road. (TamilNet)

Family injured in Army barbed wire

Three members of a family including a baby were

injured when they got entangled in a barbed wire erected by

the Sri Lanka Army (SLA) along the Point Pedro Guest

House Road Thursday night. The incident took place when

several families were returning late in the night after attending

an event where boats and nets were handed over to

tsunami affected fishermen held at Supparmadam coastal

area, sources said. The injured were returning in a push

bicycle and got entangled into the security fence when they

attempted to give way for a motor vehicle from the opposite

direction. The mother of the baby was severely injured and

is yet to be released from hospital. (TamilNet)


4

NEWS

‘Colombo’s political drama threatens peace’

THE ruling against key aspects

of the Post-Tsunami Operational

Management Structure

(P-TOMS) agreed between

the Sri Lankan government

and the Liberation Tigers

of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)

are yet another political ploy

to oppress the people of the

North-East, said a senior LT-

TE spokesman on July 17.

"As Tamil people have

repeatedly witnessed in their

tortuous history of the past

several decades, Colombo has

shown its reluctance to provide

remedies to Tamil people

even after humanitarian

disasters of colossal proportions.

Sinhala leaders un-der

severe international pressure,

signed the deal after dragging

for six long mont-hs,

the Sinhala chauvinists then

staged protests to derail the

deal, and when all techniques

were exhausted Sinhala

nationalists engaged the willing

apex court to use constitutional

reasoning to scuttle

the deal," said S P Tami-lselvan

after a 4-hour long meeting

with the TNA leaders in

Kilinochchi Sunday.

Mr. Tamilselvan pointed

out that the escalating shadow

war in the east, Sri Lanka

Government's reluctance to

provide security to cadres forcing

the LTTE to take counter

measures, and scuttling

of agreements that benefits

Tamils are some of the ground

conditions that have poisioned

the tenuous peace.

"This doesn't come as a

suprise for the Tamil people.

During the more than three

and half years of cessation of

hostilities little has been achieved

in terms of implementation

of any remedial measure

to alleviate the suffering

of NorthEast Tamils. The Tamil

National Alliance MPs

and the LTTE have agreed to

unitedly work to highlight

this sad state of affairs to the

International community,"

said Tamilselvan.

The pattern of behaviour

of justice in the Sri Lankan

state and the Supreme Court

is well recorded. Everyone

knows very well how the verdict

of the Supreme Court

when the culprits of a [Bindunuwewa]

mass murder were

brought to justice. They

were simply set free by the

Supreme Court, he said.

With the recent stay order,

the hopes of achieving a

solution through negotiations

have been shattered, Mr.

Tamilselvan told the press.

Sri Lankan Forces and

the Sinhala leadership alone

have to decide how they are

going to resolve the Tamil

national question. We have

repeatedly informed them

that time was running out.

Leader Pirapaharan has clearly

spelt out to the Scandinavian

monitors that Tamil

people cannot wait indefinitely,

Mr Tamilselvan said.

Parliamentarians of Tamil

National Alliance (TNA)

in the meeting with the

LTTE’s Political Head resol-

The Liberation Tigers met with Tamil MPs to discuss the crisis over the P-TOMS deal on July 17. Photo TamilNet

ved to jointly explain to the

International community the

realities on the ground with

regards to the current stalemate

and controversy created

by the Supreme Court's stay

order and the Tamil stand

with regards to the nature of

the Sri Lankan Constitution,

TNA officials said.

"Although we have been

meeting the TNA parliamentarians

regularly today's meeting

has special significance.

Situation on the ground

has deterioted to dangerous

levels and there are no signs

that our people will get help

to rebuild their lives after

tsunami. TNA parliamentarians

told us that they will

work diligently to inform the

international community of

the predicament of our people.

Liberation Tigers will

closely collaborate with

TNA in this effort," Mr.

Tamilselvan told reporters.

Mr Tamilselvan called

the ruling by the Sri Lankan

supreme court an "unfortunate

turn of events."

"Sinhala leaders have

been using one strategy or

another to scuttle any deal

that provides some benefit to

Tamils. Sinhala leaders often

resorted to using Sinhala

Buddhist chauvinists, extreme

Sinhala nationlist parties,

or Buddhist clergy and if all

fails, using the judicial system

to defend the injustices

and institutionalized discrimination

of Tamils," he

said referring to the recent

ruling. "Joint Mechanism

was drafted to provide swift

redress to a people who have

undergone untold hardships.

The reaction of the Sinhala

polity to this humanitarian

deal can be explained in the

above historical context."

He also questioned the

partiality of Sri Lanka's judicial

system, given their rulings

on past matters related

to Sri Lanka's racist policies.

"Sri Lanka's judicial system

has always sided with the

majority. Recent ruling on a

mass murder [Bindunuwewa]

trial where the supreme

court acquitted all accused is

a clear example of what

Tamil people can expect

from Sinhala justice system.

Sri Lanka's parliamentary

legislative history too contains

several instances of enacting

laws intended to suppress

Tamil rights," he said.

He went on to say that

the LTTE had warned the

Norwegian facilitators that

the Sri Lankan government

would prevent the implementation

of any Joint Mechanism

agreement. "Sri Lanka's

President, under se-vere

international pressure,

signed the Joint Mechanism

after delaying more than six

months. Fully cognizant that

similar delaying tactics will

be employed during implementation,

we warned the

Norwegian facilitators on

the day the agreement was

signed that they should take

steps to implement the JM

without delay," he said.

"The Government of Sri

Lanka, after waiting nearly a

month, announces its representative

to the P-TOMS committee

one day before the

Court's ruling. This is part of

their political theatrics. In this

situation we no longer desire

to babble further on the

JM. Looking at the last three

and a half years, we have no

confidence that Sinhala leaders

are capable of implementing

anything they have

agreed to," he concluded.

Tamil Guardian Wednesday July 27, 2005

NEWS IN BRIEF

Rotary Club gets new president

Mr. A.Z.Jeeno Singarayer was elected as the twentyseventh

President of the Trincomalee Rotary Club for the

year 2005-2006. Mr.S.I.R.Croos, outgoing President, handed

over the presidency at an event held Thursday at

Trincomalee Hotel Club Oceanic with the Rotary District

Governor Mr.Nihal Bogahalande as the chief guest and

Mr.Krish Rajendran, Past District Governor as the Guest of

Honour, sources said. Mr. Singarayer in his address said the

district has experienced protracted war for the last two

decades that has brought high degree of devastation. Further

the district was rampaged by tsunami. Displacements,

deaths, damage to assets, loss of livelihood so on are the

outcomes of the war and tsunami. At this juncture,

Rotarians should come forward to take up greater responsibilities,

than ever, to support the resettlement and the

revival of livelihoods of the conflict affected population and

tsunami victims, Mr.Singarayer stressed. (TamilNet)

Indian official's limousine stole

Thieves stole the limousine of the Deputy Indian High

Commissioner in Sri Lanka, Mr Ramanpillai, at gun point

in Ambepussa, a popular tourist spot along the Colombo-

Kandy road Saturday morning. The incident took place at

around 10:30 a.m. when the Deputy Indian envoy who is

based in Kandy stopped his vehiche and entered the

Ambepussa Rest House for tea with his family, sources said.

The diplomat was travelling from Kandy to Colombo for

the weekend sources said. The Toyota vehicle was driven

away by the unidentified gunmen towards Colombo and the

police has launched a man hunt to apprehend the thieves

and recover the vehicle sources said. Police enlisted the

support of the Air Force to conduct aerial search along the

Colombo-Kandy high way from where the vehicle was

taken away. (TamilNet)

Expropriation of land deferred

Colombo High Court Monday issued a stay order on the

the State's attempt to expropriate land belonging to estate

workers at the Ingurugama tea estate in Badulla district,

legal sources said. Families of several estate workers were

asked to relocate to provide space for building University

campus for Uva province. Justice Eric Basanayake and

Justice Sribavan issued the stay order. Senior attorneys Mr

B Sivaloganathan and Ms Suganthi Rajakulendran appeared

for the plaintiffs V Rani, K Thangarajah, V Kalaichelvi, K

Vijayalaxmi, V Pumaalai, M Kumaraswamy, V

Katpuranam, N Mariathas, S Nadesan and S Parvathy. The

defendents in the case were Sri Lanka's Attorney General,

Minister of Land Development, Surveryor General,

Government Agent of Badulla district and Proprietors of the

Grand Estate, sources said. (TamilNet)

Humedica assists Jaffna fishermen

Humedica, a Gernam non-governmental organization

Thursday concluded its first phase distribution of fishing

boats with outboard engines, fishing nets and bicycles to

tsunami affected fishermen in the coastal villages from

Thondamannaru to Katkovalam in Point Pedro in the Jaffna

district. At an event held at Supparmadam, coastal village

which is located about 2 k.m. off Point Pedro town

Thursday evening Humedica representatives distributed the

final consignment of fishing boats, fishing nets and bicycles

to 316 beneficiaries. Earlier on several occasions the

Humedica distributed these items to 438 beneficiaries at

various coastal villages in the north, sources said.

Mr.K.Suriyakumaran, Secretary of the Vadamaradchchi

Fisheries Societies Federation said Tamil people especially

tsunami affected fisher folk have lost confidence on the

government that it would render necessary assistance to

them to restore their livelihood after the Supreme Court ruling

on the implementation of the P-TOMS. (TamilNet)

UNICEF funds school projects

UNICEF has allocated Rs 2.5m to build basic nine

schools in Vadamaradchy, Jaffna, to build facilities to provide

drinking water and to build latrines, sources in Jaffna

said. Only schools that were completely destroyed by tsunami

and functioning in temporary shelters have been selected

for this project. UNICEF and Vadamardchy region education

department are making arrangements to expedite the

rebuilding work so that students benefit from the added

facilities without delay. (TamilNet)

SLA to construct new road

Mr.Tyronne Fernando, North East Governor Saturday

declared open the renovated Tellipalai District Hospital and

commissioned the newly installed Cobalt Cancer Treatment

Plant in the cancer unit of the hospital. Meanwhile, a decision

was taken at a conference held in Sri Lanka Army

Jaffna headquarters in Palaly and attended by the

Mr.Tyronne Fernando and Major General Sunil Tennekoon,

Jaffna SLA commander, to open a new access road to the

Cancer Treatment Unit enabling the patients and employees

to have easy access to the hospital, sources said. (TamilNet)

Jaffna Cancer unit to reopen

The renovated Tellipalai District Hospital at a cost of

about 90 million rupees and the Cancer Treatment Unit at a

cost of 55 million rupees are to be commissioned by the

North East Provincial Governor Mr.Tyronne Fernando on

Saturday morning after a lapse of fifteen years. North East

Provincial Ministry of Health has organized the opening

event, sources said. Mr.W.Siriwardene, Provincial Health

Ministry Secretary, Mr.S.Rangarajah, Chief Secretary of the

North East Provincial Council (NEPC), Mr.K.Ganesh,

Jaffna District Government Agent and several health ministry

officials are to attend the opening event. (TamilNet)

Hindu Conference begins in Jaffna

Three day Hindu Conference began in Jaffna Friday at

the Jaffna College of Education premises. The All Ceylon

Hindu Mamantram (ACHM) has organized the conference

in collaboration with the Jaffna College of Education to

mark the golden jubilee year of the ACHM.

Mr.V.Kailasapillai, President of ACHM presided over the

inaugural event. At the commencement special prayer was

held in the Hindu Temple, which is located in the Jaffna

College of Education (JCE). Thereafter students took the

guests in a procession to the conference hall. (TamilNet)

District conference hall opened

Mr.Pandu Bandaranayake, Deputy Minister of Public

Administration and Home Affairs declared open the new

conference hall built at a cost of 12.7 million rupees in the

Trincomalee District Secretariat built inside the Fort

Frederick in the east port town last weekend. The District

Secretariat has been functioning in a two-century-old building

constructed during the British rule. The conference hall

is the first new building constructed in the District

Secretariat premises after about two hundred years, said

Mr.Gamini Rodrigo, Government Agent and District

Secretary at the opening event, sources said. (TamilNet)

German NGO donates water pumps

Juergen Wahn Stiftung, a German Foundation which has

been funding the Veloor Development Project since the village

was destroyed by tsunami disaster, Sunday donated

water pumps with accessories worth about 2 million rupees

to 41 farmers to restart their cultivation. Mr.K.Ratnakumar,

President of the Nilaveli-Veloor Rural Development

Society, and Mr.C.Suntharamoorthy and Mr.S.Kumaraguru

on behalf of the Juergen Wahn Stiftung handed over the

water pumps to the beneficiaries. Eighty-eight men, women

and children died in the disaster. Of the displaced 1796 persons

of these families 670 were children. (TamilNet)


Tamil Guardian Wednesday July 27, 2005

TAMIL GUARDIAN

P.O.BOX. 16226, LONDON SE1 4FE, UNITED KINGDOM

E-mail: editor@tamilguardian.com Website: www.tamilguardian.com

Tel / Fax: +44 20 7357 8731

WEDNESDAY JULY 27, 2005 EDITION 304

The Liberation Tigers' decision

to withdraw their political cadres

from Sri Lanka government-controlled

parts of the eastern province

has, at least in the short term,

reduced violence there by denying

the Army-backed Tamil paramilitaries

their easy targets. But the

withdrawal is itself a serious setback

for the ceasefire and the peace

process. As the head of the international

monitors in Sri Lanka, Hagrup

Haukland, aptly put it: "the cornerstone

in the ceasefire agreement

is the ability of the LTTE to conduct

their political work in the north and

east. And if they can't do that then,

for sure, the ceasefire is void."

This abysmal situation has not

developed overnight. Indeed this

problem has been simmering since

the ceasefire was signed in February

2002 (and only escalated in the

past year). Colombo not only

ignored its obligations under the

truce to disband the paramilitaries

but bolstered these forces and

resumed targeted killings. And for

far too long, this issue has been

ignored by all concerned. Indeed,

the dangerous low-intensity conflict

has been caricatured as the

LTTE attacking 'political rivals.' Sri

Lankan military intelligence's determination

to press home a murderous

campaign against LTTE members

and supporters (and the wider

insistence of Colombo's armed

forces - particularly the Navy - on

testing the LTTE's tolerance) has

thus seriously weakened the truce.

The unequivocal demand last

week by the Co-Chairs of the Peace

Process that Sri Lanka disarms its

paramilitary outfits and ensure the

safety of unarmed LTTE cadres in

its controlled areas is thus both

timely and welcome. But the nub of

the problem was revealed almost

immediately; President Chandrika

Kumaratunga's predictable

response to the joint statement by

the United States, European Union,

Japan and Norway was to vehemently

deny her military's central

role in fostering the paramilitaries

and to harangue the LTTE instead.

Moreover, her next impulse was to

Action, Not Words

Sinhala leaders have never honoured a deal

The Tamil community in Britain

was shocked and dismayed this

week by the abrupt cancellation of

its premier outdoor event, the

'Tamil Sports Festival' (TSF), and

the suspension of a key event for

the Hindus amongst them, the chariot

festival of the Sri Murugan

Temple in East Ham. In both cases,

the relevant authorities are reported

to have acted on undisclosed police

advice. Thus the Tamil community's

sense of consternation has been

heightened by a lack of clarity on

what police concerns about "serious

disorder both at the event and in the

surrounding community" might be.

After all, both events are longstanding

fixtures on the Tamil social

scene, drawing visitors from

across the UK and, more recently,

from Europe. Only on one occasion

- in 1999 - have the organisers of

the Sports Festival stopped the

event - and that, moreover, after a

single spectator attempting to gain

entry pulled a gun on another in a

private dispute. That the local authorities

which last week withdrew

their support for the Sports Festival

cited "a history of crime and disorder

associated with similar events"

is thus even more perplexing. Indeed,

tens of thousands have attended

the ever expanding TSF in past years.

There has been negligible crime,

particularly given the visible, but

friendly, police presence as well as

guards from a well-known private

security firm. Indeed, the Metropolitan

Police has even conducted

recruitment fairs at these events, as

has the London Fire Brigade.

There is speculation in the community

that the police concerns

stem from increasing violence

amongst gangs of Tamil youth. This

is an acknowledged problem and

organisers of all events are conscious

about such difficulties

seek the redrafting - i.e. dismantling

- of the February 2002 truce. Quite

properly, the LTTE has bluntly

rejected the notion. As the movement's

Chief Negotiator and

Political Strategist, Mr. Anton

Balasingham, told this newspaper

this week, "there is nothing wrong

with the truce agreement. The current

escalation of violence could

only be attributed to the failure on

the part of the Sri Lankan government

to fulfil its obligation under

it." But in seeking to redraft the

ceasefire agreement, President

Kumaratunga is merely continuing

Sinhala leaders' tradition of tearing

up deals they sign with the Tamils.

In sixty years, not a single agreement

signed by a Tamil leadership

with a Sinhala one has survived -

the fiasco of the Post Tsunami

Operations Management Structure

(P-TOMS) is but the latest. All have

either failed to be implemented or

simply been abrogated - and the

ethnic conflict has continued, escalating

on the way. Let us be clear.

The Tamils do not trust Sri Lanka's

Sinhala leaders. Even the conditional

goodwill extended to (then)

Premier Ranil Wickremsinghe in

2002 is based on his lack of a violent

history with us. The limited

benefits accruing to some sections

of our community from the peace

process stem from Colombo's failure

and inability to destroy the

LTTE. In other words, there is no

reason for us to assume a continuation

of the present peace is a natural

order of things. On the contrary,

we believe it is only a matter of

time before Colombo resumes its

efforts to crush our liberation struggle.

Kumaratunga's determined

continuation of the paramilitary

campaign against the LTTE is the

surest indicator of this. The Co-

Chairs have expressed their concern

and displeasure, but it very

much remains to be seen what Sri

Lanka does. As ever, the ceasefire

and peace process depend not on

Colombo's assurances - indeed,

words have rarely been cheaper -

but on concrete facts on the ground.

Unwarranted Prohibition

Police action unfairly stigmatises Britain's Tamils

(indeed, the TSF's organisers this

year had again paid for extra police

and private security after detailed

planning discussions with local

authorities). However, the solution

to this problem is surely for British

law enforcement authorities to

work closely with the Tamil community

in identifying and prosecuting

these criminal elements. By

way of comparison, the problem of

football hooliganism in Britain has

not been addressed by simply cancelling

matches. Indeed, British

police forces have quite rightly

stressed the importance of community

involvement in tackling crime.

Whilst the police are justifiably

seeking greater assistance from the

Tamil community, the latter is in

turn bewildered as to why British

law enforcement authorities have

not paid more attention to the

increasing violence by Tamil gangs,

both against each other and law

abiding people.

Meanwhile, the drastic measure

of cancelling the Tamil community's

leading events sends exactly the

wrong signals to all concerned: that

we are an inherently disorderly people

with criminal tendencies. The

cancellation of the TSF - and the

abrupt and antagonistic manner it

was affected - has disrupted relations

built over the years by the

Tamil community with local

authorities, other communities and

the Police itself. And it still leaves

the problem of gang violence.

Comprising successive waves of

immigrants and refugees since the

sixties, Britain's Tamils, whilst

maintaining close ties to their traditional

homeland, form a law abiding

and established community.

They are actively seeking - and

deserve - the support of the authorities

and police in hosting their public

events and living safely.

THE visit to Washington last

week by India's prime minister,

Manmohan Singh, symbolizes

a change in the fraught

but inextricable relationship

between the world's two

largest democracies: an unrivaled

superpower and an

aspiring one.

For decades, it has been a

dalliance of love and hate.

Indians have craved American

visas, denim, movies

and music. But the two countries

were "estranged democracies"

in the past, as

Singh said recently. Previously,

the Cold War had led to

chilled relations, with Washington

backing Pakistan

and the Soviet Union backing

India.

In a joint statement issued

last week by the two

countries, President George

W. Bush called India a "responsible"

nuclear country. He

also recommended a deal

that would allow India to

buy fuel and parts for civilian

nuclear reactors if it

opened its nuclear sites to

inspection.

The proposal is expected

to come under fire from

those reluctant to reward a

country formerly known as a

renegade nuclear power. But

the Bush administration has

gotten a "fairly positive"

response from allies and

congressional leaders for the

proposal, an official said.

Regardless of how soon

uranium will flow to this

country of one billion, Singh's

visit may signify America's

welcoming of a new

type of superpower - militarily

potent, economically dynamic,

regionally assertive,

independently minded but

still nonthreatening to the

United States. Call it superpower

lite.

Singh, a bookish former

scholar with a sky-blue turban

and hushed voice, manages

to achieve a combina-

tion of humility and assertiveness.

India's image is starkly

different from that of China,

the other fast-developing

country, which is seen as a

menacing rival, especially

after President Hu Jintao

said it would become a "world

power second to none."

Compared with the United

States' relationship with

China, there seems to be less

conflict with India, despite

India's efforts to project its

economic, diplomatic and

military influence more assertively

- including in ways

that contravene U.S. desires.

It raises the question of

whether India, which has

jealously lagged behind China

economically, will have a

long-term advantage because

it can be a world power

without being a threat.

The Bush administration

earlier this year said that it

was the United States'' official

policy "to help India

become a major power in the

21st century." It is a startling

contrast to the harsher vocabulary

used in Chinese-U.S.

dialogue.

Standing beside Bush at

a White House media briefing,

Singh struck a decidedly

humble note.

"The support and good

will of the friendly people of

the United States in managing

the transition from a

developing country to a fastexpanding

economy is something

we greatly welcome

and greatly appreciate," he

said. The agreement could

have important consequences

for India's power balance

with Pakistan. Since

1998, when India and Pakistan

conducted nuclear

tests, the region has lived

under fear of nuclear conflict

between the two nations,

which were partitioned

in 1947 when British colon-

ists left the subcontinent.

In the patois of regional

politics, the Washington deal

"de-hyphenates" India and

Pakistan, giving New Delhi

a different relationship to

Washington - as a power in

its own right, not a weight to

be balanced against

Pakistan's. Though Pakistan

is believed to seek a nuclear

status similar to India's, analysts

describe that prospect

as highly unlikely.

Pakistan, which has

acknowledged that one of its

chief scientists has shared

nuclear technology with Iran

and other countries, had no

official reaction to the agreement.

But Nicholas Burns,

under secretary of state for

political affairs, told The

New York Times that

Secretary of State Condoleezza

Rice had spoken to

President Pervez Musharraf

of Pakistan. Burns described

Musharraf's reaction as

"constructive" and "not

overly problematic."

Bush made a surprise

EDITORIAL AND OPINION

Superpower lite: US rethinks India

India is no geopolitical shrinking violet and the

US has noticed, writes Anand Giridharadas

in the International Herald Tribune.

THE back-to-back nature of

the deadly attacks in Sharm

el-Sheik and London, as

well as similarities in the

methods used, suggest that

the al Qaeda leadership

might have given the orders

for both operations and are a

clear sign Osama bin Laden

and his deputies remain in

control of the network,

according to interviews with

counterterrorism analysts

and government officials in

Europe and the Middle East.

Investigators on

Saturday said they believed

the details of the bombing

plots in Egypt and Britain -

the deadliest terrorist strikes

in each country's history -

were organized locally by

groups working independently

of each other.

In Sharm el-Sheik,

where the death toll rose to

88, attention centered on an

al Qaeda affiliate blamed for

a similar attack last October

at Taba, another Red Sea

resort.

In London, where 52

bystanders were killed in the

subway and on a bus, police

have identified three of the

four suicide bombers as

British natives with connections

to Pakistani radicals.

But intelligence officials

and terrorist experts said

they suspect bin Laden or his

lieutenants might have spon-

sored both operations from

afar, as well as explosions

that have killed hundreds of

people in Spain, Turkey,

Saudi Arabia and Morocco

since 2002. The hallmarks in

each case: multiple bombings

aimed at unguarded,

civilian targets that are

designed to scare Westerners

and rattle the economy.

The officials and analysts

also said the recent

attacks indicate the nerve

center of the original al

Qaeda network remains

alive and well, despite the

fact that many leaders have

been killed or captured since

the Sept. 11, 2001, hijackings

in the United States.

Bin Laden might be in

hiding, the officials and analysts

said, and much is still

unknown about the network,

but they added that his organization

remains fully capable

of orchestrating attacks

worldwide by recruiting

local groups to do its bidding.

"What the London and

Sharm el-Sheik attacks may

have in common are the people

giving directions: This is

what needs to be done, and

this is how you do it," said

Magnus Ranstorp, director

of the Center for the Study

of Terrorism and Political

Violence at the University of

St. Andrews in Scotland.

Prince Turki al Faisal,

the former director of foreign

intelligence for Saudi

Arabia who was named last

week as the kingdom's new

ambassador to the United

States, said in an interview,

"All of these groups maintain

a link of sorts with bin

Laden, either through

Internet websites, or through

messengers, or by going to

the border area between

Pakistan and Afghanistan

and maybe not necessarily

meeting with bin Laden himself,

but with his people."

"Since September 11,

these people have continued

to operate," he said, speaking

at his residence here,

where he has been serving as

ambassador to Britain.

"They are on the run, but

they still act with impunity.

They can produce their

material and get it to the

media, it seems, anytime

they like. Along with that, of

course, are the orders they

give to their operatives,

wherever they may be."

Overthrowing the Saudi

monarchy has been a longtime

goal for bin Laden, a

wealthy Saudi native once

close to the kingdom's rulers

but stripped of his citizenship

in 1994.

Some senior U.S. officials

have argued that bin

Laden has been effectively

bottled up since the U.S.-led

invasion of Afghanistan in

2001 and question whether

al Qaeda has the ability to

plan major operations such

decision to propose lifting

what some Indians have

termed "nuclear apartheid" -

a prohibition that has

stopped other countries from

selling fuel or parts for civilian

nuclear reactors to India.

India's nuclear program has

been labeled as renegade

since it first tested nuclear

weapons in 1974 and refused

to sign the Nuclear Nonproliferation

Treaty, which has

187 signatories.

The deal, if backed by

the U.S. Congress and other

nuclear states, would help

satisfy India's demand for

energy, which exceeds supply

by 11 percent.

There is also symbolic

importance in Bush's comments

in the joint statement

that India is a "responsible

state with advanced nuclear

technology" that "should

acquire the same benefits

and advantages other such

states."

The deal would usher

India into the inner sanctum

occupied by other "responsible"

nuclear states like the

United States, Britain, France,

China and Russia - the

permanent members of the

Security Council. In a speech

to Congress, Singh asked

U.S. lawmakers to back

India for a permanent seat.

"You would agree that

the voice of the world's

largest democracy surely

cannot be left unheard on the

Security Council," he said.

While Washington is

cool to such an idea, Bush's

overture reflects the peculiar

kind of nuclear power that

India represents. It forswears

first use of nuclear weapons

- as does China, in fairness,

but in contrast to Pakistan. It

lives by a self-imposed

moratorium on new testing.

It has strenuously argued for

the phased abolition of

nuclear weapons.

Yet India is no geopolitical

shrinking violet. It is

pushing its influence in Asia

with trade agreements, direct

investment, military exercis-

5

es, aid funds, energy cooperation

and new infrastructure.

Its circle of friendships spans

from Iran to Japan and

includes emerging ties with

countries like Tajikistan,

Thailand, Myanmar and

Vietnam.

India has also irked the

Bush administration by negotiating

a multibillion-dollar

deal to buy natural gas from

Iran, which Washi-ngton is

seeking to isolate over

alleged nuclear proliferation.

India's military is also

retooling to project force

more expansively. The navy

is said to be leasing nuclear

submarines and has announced

plans to become the

first developing country to

build an aircraft carrier - a

$662 million vessel that,

were it afloat today, would

be the largest from any

country outside of Europe

and the Americas, officials

and analysts say.

Yet these developments

do not seem to worry U.S.

officials. Defense Secretary

Donald Rumsfeld has compared

India with China

explicitly. "We anticipate

that the relationship with

India will continue to be

strengthened," he said in

June. "With respect to China,

it's not completely clear

which way they are going."

The transparent, manageable

ascendance of this

superpower lite puts India in

an unusual position and has

sparked confusion in India:

Has Singh won a victory for

India's standing, or will

India be a U.S. satellite?

The Hindustan Times, a

national newspaper, said that

the nuclear agreement was

"a historic bargain which

could transform the global

balance of power in as significant

a manner as Richard

Nixon's opening to China."

It said the deal recognized

India as a "thriving Asian

nation that possesses sufficient

gravitational force to

keep the balance of power

stable."

Diffuse, shadowy and bloody terror

Similarities between the Britain and Egypt

bombings suggested that al Qaeda was behind

them, with Osama bin Laden in control, writes

Craig Whitlock for the Washington Post.

Singh's visit

may signify

America's welcoming

of a

new type of

superpower -

militarily

potent, economically

dynamic,

regionally

assertive, independently

minded but

still nonthreatening

to the US

as the Sept. 11 attacks.

In April, for example, the

State Department concluded

in its annual report on terrorist

activity around the world

that al Qaeda had been supplanted

as the most worrisome

threat by unaffiliated

local groups of Islamic radicals

acting on their own,

without help from bin Laden

or his aides. The pattern of

attacks in 2004, the report

stated, illustrates "what

many analysts believe is a

new phase of the global war

on terrorism, one in which

local groups inspired by al

Qaeda organize and carry

out attacks with little or no

support or direction from al

Qaeda itself."

Some regional Islamic

radical groups function independently

of al Qaeda, but

enter into alliances for specific

operations or campaigns,

experts say. In Iraq,

for instance, a primary network

of insurgents is led by

Abu Musab al Zarqawi, a

Jordanian who has pledged

loyalty to bin Laden and acts

publicly on behalf of al

Qaeda but has developed his

own organization.

But intelligence officials

and analysts from European

and Arab countries said there

is increasing evidence that

several of the deadliest

bombing attacks against

civilian targets in recent

years can be traced to suspected

mid-level al Qaeda

operatives acting on behalf

of bin Laden and the network's

leadership. In some

cases, counterterrorism

investigators have concluded

bin Laden or his emissaries

set plans in motion to

launch attacks and then left

details up to local networks

or cells.

"The rather well-formed

structure that they had prior

to 9/11 does seem to be

degraded," said a senior

British counterterrorism

official, who spoke on condition

of anonymity. "But

there is still a fairly potent, if

diffuse network out there

that still aspires to make

decisions. We should be very

wary about writing them

off."

Writing to Tamil Guardian

Letters for publication should contain the writer's signature,

name and full address. They should be brief and are subject

to editing. Letters and unsolicited manuscripts are not

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Letters should be addressed o the Editor.

Email letters should be sent to

editor@tamilguardian.com


6 INTERNATIONAL

Tamil Guardian Wednesday March 29, 2004

Sluggish world response as millions starve in Africa

International aid is now starting to trickle in,

but Niger is not the only place in the region

where starvation is a reality. It just happens to

be the place where a BBC film crew has been.

THE United Nations still has

only about a third of the money

it needs to feed millions

of starving people in faminestricken

Niger, amid warnings

that 150,000 children

will soon die without food

aid. The UN World Food Program

needs only about $40

million to provide effective

aid in Niger, but even dramatic

footage of starving children

has led to only a third

of that being pledged, Australia's

ABC radio reported.

International aid is now

starting to flow, but the head

of the UN Office for the Coordination

of Humanitarian

Affairs, Jan Egeland says

only about $6 million has

been paid, with another $10

million pledged.

"It took graphic images

of dying children for this to

happen," he said.

Aid agencies have been

calling for aid in Niger for

months, but it's taken the pictures

filmed by a BBC news

crew to get world's attention.

The severe food crisis in

Niger and in other African

countries could have been

THE Bush administration

had gotten a "fairly positive"

response among its allies

overseas and Congressional

leaders for a landmark new

agreement to give India help

for its civilian nuclear program

while allowing it to

retain nuclear weapons, the

New York Times reported

last week.

R. Nicholas Burns, under

secretary of state for political

affairs, said European leaders

had been told in recent

weeks that a deal might be in

the works, but that it had not

been clear there would be an

agreement until the last minute,

leaving little time to brief

foreign and Congressional

officials in advance.

"I don't expect a lot of

opposition in Europe," Mr.

Burns said in an interview,

adding that Secretary of State

Condoleezza Rice also spoke

to President Pervez Musharraf

of Pakistan and that

his reaction was "constructive"

and "not overly problematic."

A spokesman at the

Pakistani Embassy said there

had been no reaction in

Islamabad to the deal announced

Monday, between

President Bush and Prime

Minister Manmohan Singh

of India.

prevented if the UN had a

reserve fund to jump-start

humanitarian aid while

appeals for money were considered,

Egeland, said.

Much of the crisis in

Niger was foreseeable because

of a massive locust infestation

and recurring drought

across the belt of countries

lining the southern edge

of the Sahara.

Questions are now being

asked about the reasons for

the delay, as fears grow for

other famine-stricken communities

in Mali, Mauritania

and Chad.

It was last November

when a plague of locusts and

drought sparked warnings

that the poor, desert nation

of Niger would soon face

famine, but the world took

no notice. Initial appeals by

the UN for money for food

yielded not one response.

It took last week's BBC

pictures of malnourished

babies and desperate people

fighting for food and medicine,

to get a reaction.

NGOs are airlifting some

food to Southern Niger, but

with 1.2 million people in

desperate, immediate need

The accord would bring

a major change in the international

accords governing

nuclear technology, essentially

exempting India from

longstanding requirements

that only countries willing to

forswear nuclear weapons

may purchase or obtain civilian

nuclear technology, equipment

and fuel from the

nuclear energy suppliers.

India has never signed

the Nonproliferation Treaty

and never accepted inspections

of its nuclear facilities.

Now it is to accept inspections

of its civilian but not

its military nuclear facilities.

For the agreement to be put

into effect, Congress would

have to change a 1978 law

barring American nuclear

energy aid to nuclear weapons

states, as well an accord

of a coalition of nations known

as the Nuclear Suppliers

Group, which has long agreed

to similar restrictions.

A European diplomat

said that although the deal

was a "step in the right direction"

for India, because India

would agree to safeguards

for its civilian nuclear program,

it posed the risk of

weakening the Nuclear Nonproliferation

Treaty "if it is

poorly implemented."

of food, it's not enough.

Two months ago, UN

Humanitarian Affairs chief

Egeland called Niger the

world's number one forgotten

and neglected emergency.

Now for many, he

says, it's too late.

"Niger is the example of

the imbalances in world generosity,

and only now when

children are dying in the

middle of July do we get

assistance," he told ABC.

One-hundred-and-fiftythousand

children will soon

die in Niger if more food is

not provided and UNICEF

Niger spokesman Abdul

Karimo Adjibadi says they'll

cost a lot more to save now,

than if the world had

responded earlier.

"The international community

is now trying to

respond quickly to what we

need, but we have to pay ten

times the amount we need to

do the same thing," Adjibadi

said. But Niger is not the only

place in the region where

starvation is a reality. It just

happens to be the place

where the film crew has

been.

Kate Pattison from

Oxfam says the world must

take action in neighbouring

Mali and Mauritania to prevent

the same thing happen-

US and India strike

landmark nuclear deal

The Bush administration expects little resistance at home and abroad

to a nuclear deal with Delhi, the New York Times reports.

India hesitant on

Iran oil deal

INDIA'S oil minister said on

Saturday a proposed gas pipeline

from Iran across Pakistan

was a risky venture that

would be difficult to finance,

but added talks on the $7 billion

project should continue.

"The pipeline proposal

is, as the prime minister stated,

fraught with terrible risks,"

Mr Mani Shankar Aiyar

told a news conference.

Indian Prime Minister

Manmohan Singh expressed

concerns about the project

during his visit to the United

States this week, when President

George Bush recognized

India as a responsible

nuclear state and promised

cooperation with its civilian

atomic power programme.

Some officials suggested

India may abandon plans to

import Iranian gas in return

of a nuclear energy deal with

the United States, which has

expressed concerns over the

Iran-India project because of

its opposition to Tehran's

nuclear programme. Mr Aiyar

said the issues were not

related. "I don't think there is

any connection between the

two," he said, but he added

the project faced formidable

challenges. "In my view it is

going to be extremely difficult

to put together an international

consortium which should

be willing to finance

this project," he said.

The proposal to build the

pipeline has been on the drawing

board for years but uneasy

relations between Pakistan

and India have prevented

any progress. Mr Aiyar

said India should import piped

gas as it faces a deficit of

200 million cubic metres a

day in 20 years even if more

gas was discovered in the

country. "It is essential that

we continue the process of

neg-otiations which, as the

prime minister said, is at

present at a very preliminary

stage," Mr Aiyar said.

India is also keen to develop

nuclear energy, which

meets only 3 per cent of its

power requirement but the

government aims to increase

that to about 25 per cent by

2050.

"India has to implement

what it committed itself to,

and perhaps go even further,"

said the diplomat, asking

not to be identified because

European governments were

still formulating their official

positions.

The deal between India

and the US drew criticism from

nuclear experts at research

institutions specializing

in efforts to stop the spread

of nuclear weapons and from

a former top Bush administration

official involved in

the issue. "It's disappointing

that we've given something

to India and not gotten something

substantial in return,"

said John S. Wolf, a

former assistant secretary of

state for nonproliferation

affairs. "This agreement is

difficult to reconcile with the

international norms advanced

by the United States for

the last 40 years."

Various administration

officials say that a core of

officials had wanted to help

India from the start of Mr.

Bush's time in office. Among

the advocates of concessions

to India, those officials

said, were Defense Secretary

Donald H. Rumsfeld and

Robert Blackwill, a former

ambassador to India who

served on the National Security

Council staff.

Mr. Blackwill, in the current

issue of The National

Interest, a public policy magazine,

says he frequently

battled with the State Department

on nuclear issues, describing

opponents of giving

India wider latitude in the

nuclear area as "nagging

nannies" whose policies he

refused to put into effect.

Mr. Burns, who has been

a point man in the India negotiations,

said Secretary Rice

and Stephen Hadley, the

national security adviser,

had hammered out the final

details. He said exempting

India from the nonproliferation

norms should not create

problems for the administration's

other efforts to try to

get Iran and North Korea to

adhere to nonproliferation

obligations as both countries

had signed the treaty, but

then cheated. North Korea

later withdrew from it.

Mr. Wolf said he expected

that the US' allies in Europe,

as well as Russia and

China, would probably support

the India deal because

they would jump at the chance

to sell nuclear components

to India. "Whatever they're

saying now about this

agreement," he said, "they'll

be in New Delhi tomorrow."

ing there.

"This isn't just about

Niger, this is about Mali, this

is about Mauritania. The

food crisis is across the

whole of the Sahel Region,"

she says.

"Niger is the worst

affected country at the

moment, but Oxfam has had

programs in Mali and

Mauritania where we've

been working to try and prevent

the situation there getting

to crisis point."

Medecins Sans Frontieres

warned this week that a

growing number of children

were also severely malnourished

in southern Sudan.

It's said that about 2.5

million people are facing

starvation in Niger, but

across the region, five million

people need food.

The head of the UN

Office for the Co-ordination

of Humanitarian Affairs, Jan

Egeland, says the international

response had also

been slowed by bureaucracy.

Mr Egeland said his UN

office had $US50,000

($66,400) to quickly respond

to emergencies, but only for

loans, which must be repaid.

The office was seeking

$US500,000 for grants to

rapidly launch emergency

relief campaigns as soon as

warning signs emerged.

INDONESIA'S President

has told the military to exercise

restraint following clashes

with rebels in Aceh which

broke out after a draft peace

agreement was concluded.

Andi Mallarangeng also

told Reuters that President

Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's

government still expects

comprehensive peace in Aceh,

where three decades of

fighting have killed at least

12,000 people.

The peace agreement

between the government and

Free Aceh Movement

(GAM) rebels announced on

Sunday before last in Helsinki

is due to be signed there

on August 15.

"When the president carried

out the decision, all offi-

A young Nigerois children suffering from severe malnutrition is treated at the Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors without

Borders) centre of Maradi. The UN appealed for millions of dollars in aid from donors to tackle an 'acute humanitarian

crisis' in the African state where 2.5 million people, including 800,000 children, are facing famine. Photo AFP

Clashes after Aceh peace deal agreed

cials must follow that. Security

officials have to (exercise)

restraint to maintain the

peace process," Mallarangeng

said.

Last week, Indonesian

military chief General Endriartono

Sutarto pledged to

hold back any offensive

activities, but GAM and the

military separately reported

on Wednesday that there had

been fighting since the

Sunday announcement.

Fighting in the province

has generally tended to be

sporadic, marked by short

sharp clashes on some days

followed by periods of calm.

Despite pledges to

reduce military activity by

both sides after the Dec. 26

earthquake and tsunami that

devastated the province, violence

continued with hundreds

of deaths reported since

the disaster.

GAM and the government

often blame one another

for initiating the fighting, as

was the case again this

week.

On Thursday a GAM spokesman,

Teuku Jamaica, told

Reuters the military had

beefed up its security posts

after the signing of the draft

agreement, and accused the

military of conducting security

sweeping to search for

GAM members near the provincial

capital Banda Aceh,

1,700 km (1,060 miles) northeast

of Jakarta.

Justice Minister Hamid

Awaluddin said the govern-

PKK seeks talks backing,

but Iraq, Turkey say US

offensive imminent

A TOP Turkish general and

Iraq's Foreign Minister say

the United States had given

direct orders for the capture

of rebel Kurdistan Workers

Party (PKK) leaders in Iraq.

But the PKK, who have

been battling Turkish soldiers

for two decades, this

week owed to keep up their

fight until Turkey agrees to

open a dialogue with militants.

However it is a call that

Turkey refuses, saying all

the guerrillas of the

Kurdistan Workers Party, or

PKK, must surrender or die.

Speaking to the Associated

Press, Murat Karayilan,

the military leader of the

PKK, says that Washington,

which is pressing for more

democracy in the Middle

East, must allow the Kurds a

voice and vows to keep

fighting on.

"We seek peace, but Turkey

seeks war and wants our

surrender," he said "It wants

to get rid of us entirely. The

Kurds' resistance will continue."

Turkish officials have

dismissed that PKK peace

claim as a mere change in

tactics by the group, which

the Turkish government and

the United States consider a

terrorist organization.

Iraqi Foreign Minister

Hoshiyar Zebari warned

Turkey on Sunday against

military incursions to pursue

PKK rebels, saying Turkish

incursions could destabilize

Iraq. Zebari also told Reuters

U.S. forces in Iraq were

poised to capture the rebels,

who have waged a violent

campaign against Turkey to

win Kurdish self-determination

for decades.

General Ilker Basbug of

Turkey's politically influential

General Staff said last

week the United States had

given orders for the capture

of PKK rebels in Iraq,

adding that Turkey had a

right to enter Iraqi territory

to attack them if no action

was taken.

"A cross-border operation

against the PKK is one

of many options in the struggle

against the PKK, in fact

it is the last resort," the CNN

Turk Web Site quoted him as

saying.

However, analysts say

Washington, which like the

European Union includes

the PKK on its list of terrorist

groups, has had its hands

full battling insurgents opposed

to U.S.-led forces in Iraq

and has been reluctant to

open a new front against the

PKK.

"They are in regions outside

the control of the central

and Kurdish government. If

they move the American

forces could arrest them. We

have an obligation to Turkey

and to control all non-Iraqi

armed groups and prevent

them from activities against

neighboring countries,"

Zebari said.

"We refuse any regional

military interference in Iraqi

affairs, whether Turkish, Iranian

or Arab, because it destroys

confidence and shifts

the focus when our priority

is finishing the political

process, improving the security

situation and providing

basic services," Zebari said

in an interview.

The U.S. embassy in

Ankara declined to comment,

and no Turkish or U.S.

government comment was

immediately available.

Turkey's General Staff

says the rebels have crossed

into Turkey more frequently

and in large numbers in the

past year and now number

nearly 2,000 inside the country,

carrying out attacks on

military targets in the mainly

Kurdish southeast.

Clashes tailed off sharply

after the 1999 capture of

PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan,

now imprisoned on an island

south of Istanbul, but

have escalated since the

PKK dropped its selfimposed

unilateral truce.

PKK military chief Karayilan

also said that the rebels,

who were once fighting

for a Marxist Kurdish state

in the southeast of Turkey,

now want to be part of a

democracy.

"We want to live in a

democratic way and establish

a democratic Kurdish

movement while giving up

extremist socialist ideas,"

Karayilan said. "We also

notice a change in American

policies, which now support

democratic governments.

America came to change the

Middle East, and Kurds have

a great role in this matter."

Turkey considers all of

its Muslim citizens to be Turks

and has rejected Kurdish

aspirations as an attempt to

break apart the country. It

was illegal in Turkey to

speak Kurdish until 1991,

and broadcasting in Kurdish

only began in 2004.

Secretary of State Rice warns against walling Gaza

US Secretary of State Condoleezza

Rice warned Israel

that Palestinians must be

able to move freely between

the separate territories they

will eventually hold. The

Gaza Strip must not become

a walled enclave after Israel

withdraws troops and settlers

next month, Rice said.

She also pressed Palestinian

leaders to clamp down on

militants opposed to any

accommodation with Israel.

Rice returned to Washington

on Sunday after three

days of shuttle diplomacy in

the Middle East that was intended

to encourage the Israelis

and Palestinians to keep

working on the details of

Israel's planned withdrawal.

Rice said the two sides

were making progress, although

she came away with no

new commitments. Several

practical issues remain unresolved

less than a month

before the mid-August start

date for withdrawal. One of

the most difficult questions

is how Israel will control its

side of a long border with a

Palestinian Gaza. Palestinians

say they fear Israel will

use worry over possible terrorism

as an excuse to make

travel and trade impossible.

Rice echoed some of that

concern in remarks with

Palestinian President Mahmoud

Abbas. Economic development

of the impoverished

seaside territory is key to the

success of Israeli-Palestinian

peace, she said. "That means

that when the Israelis withdraw

from Gaza it cannot be

a sealed or isolated area, with

the Palestinian people closed

in after that withdrawal."

Gaza and the separate

West Bank territory must

have some connection between

them, Rice said. "We are

committed to openness and

freedom of movement for

the Palestinian people."

Israel has held the Gaza

territory for three decades.

Under an international blueprint

for peace, the land would

become part of an eventual

independent Palestinian

state. The U.S. has no formal

role in the Gaza pullout plan.

ment would scale down its

military and police numbers

in Aceh between mid-September

and Dec. 31 in conjunction

with the gathering

and destruction of GAM

weapons.

In the Helsinki negotiations

that began in January,

GAM dropped its demand

for independence for the

province on Sumatra's northern

tip, and the government

moved to accommodate

GAM's request for political

participation in Aceh.

Peace deals have been

reached before, however,

and ultimately foundered as

each side pointed a finger at

the other for lack of followthrough

on promises.

Aceh, with abundant nat-

HOT on the heels of a Sky

television poll showing British

Muslims had a deeply

divided loyalty to their country,

the Daily Telegraph newspaper

Saturday published

a survey revealing nearly a

third of Muslims to believe

"Western society is decadent

and immoral and should be

brought to an end."

The newspaper's poll,

which is thought likely to

still further widen the chasm

between communities in

multi-cultural Britain, said

roughly a quarter of Muslims

sympathised with the

motives of the London bombers.

Commentators said the

thin Muslim line appeared to

be turning into the final, most

decisive hurdle for an officially

multi-cultural country

with a huge, settled population

of Muslim and other

religious minorities.

In a comment that described

the poll's findings as "at

once reassuring and disturbing",

the Daily Telegraph

said the 6% of Muslims who

felt the bombings were justified,

"may seem a small proportion

but in absolute numbers

it amounts to about

100,000 individuals, who if

not prepared to carry out terrorist

acts, are ready to support

those who do."

Twenty-four per cent of

ural resources, is a devoutly

Muslim province of 4 million

people with a long history

of revolt against Jakarta

and Dutch colonial rule. One

issue in the GAM rebellion

is natural gas and the revenue

split between the province

and the central government.

Aceh was harder hit than

anywhere else by the Dec.

26 earthquake and tsunami.

The killer waves left some

170,000 dead or missing in

the province.

An effective peace deal

could insure that a $5 billion

reconstruction effort over

the next several years, which

involves major commitments

by foreign donors, goes

smoothly.

British Muslims

seen divided

THE UK is to set up a global

database of extremists

who face automatic vetting

before being allowed in, Home

Secretary Charles Clarke

has said. The database would

list "unacceptable behaviour"

such as radical preaching,

websites and writing

articles intended to foment

terrorism, the BBC reported.

Individuals' presence on

the list means they may face

exclusion from the UK. Hopes

for an international conference

on Islamic extremism

were also outlined by

Prime Minister Tony Blair.

Mr Clarke said he wanted

to apply more widely the

home secretary's powers to

exclude an individual from

the Muslims contacted for

the survey said they had

sympathy with the feelings

and motives of those who

carried out the multiple, serial

attacks on London. A

substantial majority -56%said

that whether or not they

sympathised with the bombers,

they could at least understand

why some people might

want to behave in this

way.

Fifty-eight per cent said

they thought the ideology of

the bombers was "perverted

and poisonous", in line with

prime minister Tony Blair's

public comments. But roughly

26% expressed reluctance

about such dismissiveness,

the survey said.

Eighteen per cent of the

Muslims said they felt little

loyalty towards Britain, a finding

described by the paper

as indicating that "well over

100,000 British Muslims

feel no loyalty whatsoever

towards this country." However,

the survey found that

less than half of all Muslims

said they felt "very loyal."

The newspaper said, in

comments expected to be

played up over the coming

weeks and months, that its

poll was "remarkable"in its

revelation of "the sheer scale

of Muslim alienation from

British society."

UK plans global

extremists list

the UK if their presence is

deemed "not conducive to

the public interest". In a statement

to Parliament he said:

"In the circumstances we

now face, I have decided

that it is right to broaden the

use of these powers to deal

with those who foment terrorism

or seek to provoke

others to terrorist acts.

It targets those who, while

not directly inciting, glorify

and condone terrorist acts

knowing full well that the effect

on their listeners will be

to encourage them to turn to

terrorism, the BBC reported.

He said there would be

consultation before the final

list of "unacceptable behaviours"

was decided upon.


Tamil Guardian Wednesday July 27, 2005

Old story but, great chemistry

Worth a look, Moviebuzz writes of

'Priyasakhi' for Sify Movies.

IF YOU like candyfloss

romance and its bitter-sweet

nature, love and family relationships,

mush and melodrama,

then walk straight

into 'Priyasakhi'. This vanilla

coated love story is about

what happens in the life of

the lead characters, Madhavan

and Sada after romance

and marriage.

What works in favour of

'Priyasakhi' is the palpable

and terrific on-screen chemistry

between the lead pair. If

originality is not your top

priority this predictable story

by director K. S. Adhiyaman

reminds you of Mani

Ratnam's 'Alaipayuthe', Aziz

Mirza's 'Chalte Chalte' and

an old Mohanlal classic

'Dasaratham'.

'Priyasakhi' is built on

simple bits of screen writing

and director Adhiyaman's

perception on how a woman

should be after marriage, a

story beaten to death from

the 60's tearjerkers. Still the

performance and the love

banter between Madhavan

and Sada touches your heart.

He has also painted an intimate

portrait of love and

family relationships and the

values of joint family and at

the same time examines the

life and style of the so-called

modern society women and

their family life.

Santhana Krishnan (Madhavan)

alias Sakhi is a manager

in an automobile company

with a happy family

Sundar C’s attempt to break the mould

'Chinna' is another psycho pot-boiler

reports IndiaGlitz.

SUNDAR C has a penchant

for comedy capers that are

low on logic but high on

entertainment. 'Chinna' is

unlike Sundar C's film,

which is not just very serious

but also lacks his trademark

humour. However thanks to

a fast narration and good

performance by Sneha,

'Chinna' manages to leave an

impression with the audience.

The storyline reminds

one of movies like 'Kadhal

Kondein' and 'Guna'.

The movie begins with

Gayathri (Sneha) who reaches

Rameshwaram from Chennai

to do a research work

on sea corals. She comes

across a gangster Chinna

(Arjun), who lives by sword

and bullets.

On coming to know

about his past (he is said to

be a schizophrenic), Gayathri

develops sympathy on

Chinna and slowly gravitates

towards him. As days

go by, she develops an affair

with him.

Meanwhile, coming to

know of her love with the

gangster, her parents persuade

her to give him up and

return home. Eventually, Chinna

lands up in prison for a

murder which he commits to

save Gayathri from trouble.

After Chinna lands up in

prison, Gayathri's parents

force her to marry a engineer

Vikram ('Whistle' fame

Vikramadhitya).

Vikram and Gayathri

reach Ooty to begin their

newly married life. Now

enters Chinna, who is let

free from prison. He comes

to Ooty only with a sole aim

of getting Sneha back in his

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consisting of grandmother,

mother, elder brother and his

family, and younger sister. In

one of his trips abroad he

chances to meet a model

Priya (Sada) in Dubai. It is

love at first sight for Sakhi

who woos Priya and proposes

to her. Priya also falls

hook-line-sinker for Sakhi

and soon they get married.

Priya's family is just the

opposite of Sakhi's - a henpecked

father (Pratap Pothen)

and mother (Aishwarya),

a society lady who boozes,

flirts and goes to discos.

Priya finds it difficult to adjust

with Sakhi's family, their

culture and traditions that is

alien to her. Misunderstanding

and unhappiness sets in

and they decide to separate.

What happens then?

The first half of the film

including the casual mobile

phone flirtations, romantic

scenes of how Sakhi tries to

woo Priya, their marriage,

first night including love

making scenes after a discord

are handled with sensitivity

by Adhiyaman.

Bharadwaj's music is melodious

especially the 'O

Priyasakhi' and 'Muthal

Muthal Paarthen' that are

picturised superbly as the

camera of 'Sethu' Sriram

etches out the deserts and

landmarks of Dubai and

Ooty green beautifully.

Madhavan and Sada are

the life and soul of

'Priyasakhi' and they have

CHETTY & CO.

SOLICITORS

SOLICITORS


given their best. Madhavan

looks cool with his Tom

Cruise hairstyle and his performance

is top class. Sada

steals the thunder in the climax

with her sensitive portrayal.

And Aishwarya as

life. The rest is Chinna's violent

and desperate attempts

to get her back (not even

hesitating to commit a few

murders for accomplishing

his mission).

It's Sneha all the way in

the film. She has given a

matured performance oozing

glamour in a couple of

songs. She has shown fine

understanding of a difficult

role. Arjun, too, does not lag

behind. It is a different kind

of a role for him. In a psychologically

complex character

(suddenly such roles

are the in-thing in Kollywood),

he shows some refreshing

adaptation. Unlike in

other movies where he flexes

his muscles, in 'Chinna'

Arjun has scope to perform.

Vikramadhitya plays the

second fiddle well in the

movie. Riyaz Khan, Manivannan,

Vijay Kumar, Mansoor

Ali Khan, Livingston,

Ponnambalam and Aarthy

are the supporting cast.

The music of Iman is a

major let down while other

technical aspects pass muster.

Sundar C is usually cast

in a mould. He has tried to

come out of it in 'Chinna'.

Though the final outcome is

not totally satisfactory, you

should applaud him for making

a try.

A plausible romantic

thriller in the end is 'Chinna'.

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Priya's loud and garrulous

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a revelation. Kovai Sarala in

a cameo role is irritable.

On the whole, 'Priyasakhi'

is definitely worth a

look.

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What Satyaraj does in

Tamil, Mohan Babu does

in Telugu. Babu had

remade Satyaraj's 'Velai

Kedachachu' and played

the lead role in the Telugu

version 'Assembly

Rowdy'. Now the actor is

playing the 50+ don that

Satyaraj played with such

flair in 'Adithadi'. The

ageing don's obsession for

a college-going teenager

had the audience in splits.

And now Mohan Babu,

with its remake 'Political

Rowdy', is all set to give

the Telugu viewers a taste

of some hilarious comedy.

Telugu Satyaraj

Chandramukhi Satyaraj

Grouse

Talking of Satyaraj,

his still for his new film

had Jyotika call him up

and compliment him on it.

It was a picture of him

dressed in a dancer's costume,

with jewellery,

flowers et all. Jyotika was

so amused when she saw

what was a take-off on her

role of 'Chandramukhi',

that she lest no time in

ringing him up and expressing

her amusement,

Satyaraj's answer to her

was a cheeky 'laka laka

laka…'. The actor appears

in this garb for a scene in

his new film 'Englishkaran',

which promises to

be a hilarious entertainer.

Nayantara has

this grouse against

Malayalam film

makers. That the

industry doesn't

extend comforts and

luxuries to their

heroines like the

Tamil industry does.

That while the

Tamil film-makers

allowed her the use

of a caravan solely

for her use for

'Chandramukhi',

and for her subsequent

films too, the

Malayalam industry

was not so forthcoming.

The

actress, in an interview to a Malayalam magazine, happened

to mention this. And also, that for a Malayalam film

shooting she had asked for a caravan but was refused.

"That's why I'm concentrating more on Tamil films," the

actress is reported to have added. Naturally, this hasn't

amused the Malayalam industry bigwigs. Further, in the

Malayalam film industry, every artiste is treated the same,

they say, adding they thought it was a matter to be lauded.

Another comeback?

He announces his

comeback every few

months, signs a new film,

and then we neither get to

hear of him nor his film.

For Kartik withdraws into

his shell, barely accessible

to the media. But now

the actor has surfaced

again, and this time says

he's serious about turning

over a new leaf. "What

you see before you is a

middle-aged new face,"

he quipped, as charming

as ever, at the announcement

of his new film

'Iniyillai Idaivelai' a remake

of a Malayalam film.

"A leopard can't change its spots," say hardened cynics,

but one hopes Ka-rtik is serious this time!

Playing god

It's Ajit's wrong choice of

films or plain bad luck.

Because a couple of his films

do get stalled now and then,

at times for no fault of his.

This time one hears that

'Godfather', which was

announced with much fanfare

with K S Ravikumar as director

and Ajit playing three

roles, has been stalled, due to

financial problems. So the

actor's next release may well

be 'Kadavul', directed by

Bala, a film that may well

help resurrect his career and

steer him off his lean patch.

In disguise

That Rajinikant is

known to go around the

place in disguise, and

visit temples and theatres

and roads is a well known

fact by now. And most

times no one is the wiser

that the man next to them

is the Superstar himself.

In Bangalore, where it's a

bit more easier to get

away with than in

Chennai, the actor goes to

roadside eateries, for his

daily walks round gardens,

and to the theatres

too. At times he takes an

auto, changing it on the

way. The star had seen

'Apthamitra' a record four

times in Bangalore this

way, before he made up his mind to star in the remake.

One hears that in Chennai too he'd visited various theatres

where 'Chandramukhi' was being screened, each time

dressed in various guises. Here's one actor who changes

his look and dresses more in real life than in reel life!

Double action

CINEMA

Cine Scope

'Manikanda' has been

revived and shooting for

this Arjun-Jyotika starrer

has started again after

more than a year's gap.

Arjun plays a dual role,

that of father and son.

Uma has since been

added to the cast, and

while she is paired with

the senior Arjun, Jyotika

is paired with the son.

There's Malavika too and

one can expect an item

number from her. The

'Action King' has eight

villains to pit his fighting

prowess against this time

round. Directed by

Selva, it's reportedly based on a true story centered on a

village that had seen no elections for the past 17 years.

Going places

She's balancing her

career admirably, travelling

around south, selecting

suitable roles from the

various ones offered to

her in the south Indian

languages. She's also

striking the right balance

between offbeat films and

the typical potboilers,

winning in the bargain a

couple of awards too.

With the shooting of the

Tamil film 'Kasturiman',

directed by her mentor

Lohita Das, completed,

Meera Jasmine is back

with director Lingusamy

in 'Sandaikozhi', with

'Chellamay' Vishal as the

hero. Jasmine teamed up

with Lingusamy in her debut Tamil film 'Run' and it had

spelled success for the duo. They must be hoping to repeat

it here too!

Sati Leelavati in Kannada

'Sati Leelavati' goes to

Kannada. And directing it

is none other than

Ramesh Arvind, popular

actor in all south Indian

languages. The Tamil version

had Kamal Haasan

and Ramesh Arvind sharing

frames with Heera,

Kalpana and Kovai

Sarala. While Kamal and

Ramesh Arvind will be

re-enacting the roles

they'd done in the original,

Heera's role is being

played by Daisy (she's

done a film in Tamil),

Kalpana's by Shruti, and

Kovai Sarala's by Urvasi.

For Ramesh Arvind it's

his first directorial venture, and one hopes the hilarious

sex-comic caper will regale the Kannada audiences like it

had done the Tamil viewers.

Gayatri gets a break

Here's some news for

fans of Gayatri Jayaram.

After doing films in all

south Indian languages,

the actress had all but disappeared

from the acting

arena. Now news trickles

in that the pretty actress is

acting in a Kannada film.

Titled 'Sami', Gayatri is

paired in the film with

Darshan, one of the popular

young heroes of

Kannada cinema. She

plays a journalist. When

asked where she'd gone

all these days, the actress,

who's also a trained physiotherapist,

says that she

was working as a trainer

at a swimming pool in a 5star

hotel in Malaysia.

"Now I'm back to films," says Gayatri.

Too real?

It was a slap that

Gopika would not forget

that easily, a slap given by

her co-star Ravikrishna. Of

course, it was for their new

film. It was during the

shooting of a crucial scene

that the incident reportedly

happened. The scene

required the hero to have an

altercation with the heroine

and slap her hard in the

midst of the heated argument.

And Ravi, to make

the scene look realistic,

brought all the realism to

his hand and slapped her

hard. It was only when the actress reeled and fell in a faint

that realisation dawned that she wasn't acting either! But

nothing to worry, a few drops of water and Gopika was

back on her feet again. But it was surely an experience she

wouldn't forget in a hurry! And all for some realism!

Expensive but busy

Film-makers may grumble

about Reema Sen's

hike in her fee post 'Chellamay'.

But the actress has

yet managed to sign some

films with young heroes

like Simbu. Reema features

in 'Vallavan' which

Simbu directs though she'll

be sharing frames with

Nayantara and Sandhya.

But one hears that Reema's

role is the challenging one,

a character with grey shades.

And Reema, with her

obvious oomph, is sure to

sizzle the screen this time

round too. The actress also

has a film with Prashant.

7


8 EVENTS

Tamil Guardian Wednesday July 27, 2005

The annual "THER" festival of the four-century-old historic Sri Visvanathaswami (Sivan) Temple in Trincomalee was

held Tuesday July 13th after about twenty-two years in a newly constructed thirty-three feet tall chariot. The trial run

of the new chariot buit at a cost of Rs 4 million was held on July 11th. Photo TamilNet

A large number of civilians, mostly fishermen, demonstrated Tuesday last week in Mannar town, opposing the implementation

of the Sedusamudram Canal Project (SSCP) claiming that the project will destroy fishing resources in Mannar Sea.

Mannar District Fisheries Societies' Federation and Mannar Peace Movement organized the protest. Photo TamilNet

For advertising on Tamil Guardian

advert@tamilguardian.com Tel/Fax: +44 20 7357 8731

The Trincomalee Methodist Church distributed one million rupees worth household implements to 204 families and

500,000 rupees worth push cycles to 70 secondary students in Kallady in Eachchilampathu division, who were afftected

by Tsunami that hit the seaside village on Boxing Day in December 2004. Photo TamilNet

Sri Lanka's Supreme Court (SC) Friday last week issued a stay order on four main points of the Post-Tsunami

Operational Management Structure (P-TOMS) signed between the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) and the

Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), legal sources said. Fund management, location of Regional Committee in

Kilinochchi, Project approval and implementation issues in Regional Committees are the issues being mentioned in the

stay order, according to the information available at the moment. The Sinhala nationalist Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna

(JVP) and the Buddhist extremist JHU filed cases seeking the Court to make P-TOMS null and void. Photo TamilNet

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