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PDF - White Rose Etheses Online

PDF - White Rose Etheses Online

PDF - White Rose Etheses

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  • Page 2 and 3: The Structural, Metamorphic and The
  • Page 4 and 5: This thesis is dedicated to the mem
  • Page 6 and 7: Table of Contents Chapter 1 Introdu
  • Page 8 and 9: Chapter 4 The Structural History of
  • Page 10 and 11: 4.12.3 A Model for the Origin of th
  • Page 12 and 13: 7: 2 "Closure Temperature" and the
  • Page 14 and 15: Chapter 1 Introduction The dynamic
  • Page 16 and 17: 3 The first season (6 weeks) compri
  • Page 18 and 19: 5 retrograde PTt path of the Dome.
  • Page 20 and 21: ° ý Firi4 ä»;. a w ot 3soi ýý
  • Page 22 and 23: 9 kinematic development of the Alpi
  • Page 24 and 25: sequence to be developed (Lein 1987
  • Page 26 and 27: 2: 2.3 The Pennine Domain lý Units
  • Page 28 and 29: 15 Parts of the Glockner nappe pres
  • Page 30 and 31: 17 Helvetic and Pennine Domains, wi
  • Page 32 and 33: IO the Alps (Udias 1982 and figure
  • Page 34 and 35: 2 The extensional faults developed
  • Page 36 and 37: ý; Milnes (1978), Trümpy (198O) a
  • Page 38 and 39: -4S'N i- HF 4 4" 25 The overthrust
  • Page 40 and 41: 27 postdated tectonic emplacement o
  • Page 42 and 43: 29 were emplaced by thrusting and i
  • Page 44 and 45: 31 under large strains. This proble
  • Page 47 and 48: 33 The coarse augen gneisses are ho
  • Page 49 and 50: Figure 3.2a. K-feldspar augen withi
  • Page 51 and 52: 36 Biofite and white mica define th
  • Page 53 and 54:

    38 albitic in composition, shows mu

  • Page 56 and 57:

    40 3: 3 Geochemistry of the Sonnbli

  • Page 58 and 59:

    Figure 3.5a K20 wtl 6 S 4 5 2 01234

  • Page 60 and 61:

    o00 oo Zö OOO OO r' °E an ac o E

  • Page 62 and 63:

    44 Zirmsee the reader is referred t

  • Page 64 and 65:

    46 Garnet-mica schist, exposed with

  • Page 66 and 67:

    w '1 "p ft' ,, I rýý hfl ." , t'

  • Page 68 and 69:

    49 micaceous and contain garnet por

  • Page 70 and 71:

    0 Figure 4.1. Profiles through the

  • Page 72 and 73:

    52 strike and which range from the

  • Page 74:

    Figure 4.3a. Weakly deformed coarse

  • Page 77 and 78:

    56 generally consistent at low stru

  • Page 79 and 80:

    Figure 4.4a. Field sketch of contac

  • Page 81 and 82:

    iv) The development of a second fol

  • Page 83 and 84:

    POLES TO SHEAF(C) PLANES ^ d STRETC

  • Page 85 and 86:

    63 and although no large scale fold

  • Page 87 and 88:

    Figure 4.8. Sketch to show road sec

  • Page 89 and 90:

    66 4: 6 Fold Development in the Son

  • Page 92 and 93:

    6x localization of these folds at l

  • Page 94 and 95:

    Figure 4.10. Map of the area above

  • Page 96 and 97:

    Figure 4.11. Sketch of the cliffs a

  • Page 98 and 99:

    onl cC TC F9 AYIAI PI ANFS 53 DA 72

  • Page 101 and 102:

    74 Figure 4.15. Simple model (after

  • Page 103 and 104:

    76 -'; f'; i j:. f -. -: -:: '; -:

  • Page 105:

    Figure 4.19a. Normal faults exposed

  • Page 108 and 109:

    80 The magnitude of displacement in

  • Page 110 and 111:

    81 I'll i i c: l

  • Page 112 and 113:

    4: 8 Vein Formation 83 Within the S

  • Page 114 and 115:

    85 To the southern end of the expos

  • Page 116:

    Figure 4.24a. Quartz texture develo

  • Page 119 and 120:

    89 b) Mesoscopic Ductile Shear Zone

  • Page 122 and 123:

    91 not reflected in the mantle grai

  • Page 124:

    Figure 4.26a. Feldspar textures dev

  • Page 128 and 129:

    97 the Bogenizen Scharte (grid ref.

  • Page 131 and 132:

    99 preferred orientation at approxi

  • Page 133 and 134:

    Figure 4.29a. F3 fold developed wit

  • Page 135 and 136:

    102 bands. Epidote-rich layers form

  • Page 137 and 138:

    103

  • Page 139 and 140:

    105 resulted from the development o

  • Page 142 and 143:

    107 Where calcite veining is observ

  • Page 144 and 145:

    109 Moving down through the Dome, t

  • Page 146 and 147:

    io a ö log 0 (}Pm) Figure 4.32. Gr

  • Page 148 and 149:

    113 However, recent work looking in

  • Page 150 and 151:

    115 4: 12.3 A Model for the Origin

  • Page 152 and 153:

    117 The applicability of the fold m

  • Page 154 and 155:

    119 parameters arise from the fact

  • Page 156 and 157:

    121 size-sensitive processes, such

  • Page 158 and 159:

    123 Deformation in the Zentralgneis

  • Page 160 and 161:

    \` ll, Il ýý, "\ ro ,\\ cam; NKN

  • Page 162 and 163:

    N t5 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.3 20 1.5 1.0 4.0

  • Page 164 and 165:

    128 A m 9 bÖ f4 %, Y Z I" 0 r P 0

  • Page 166 and 167:

    g- (Mg+Fe 2 ), ,or "9 "8 "7 "6 "S "

  • Page 168 and 169:

    75 N a"'-5 0 25 2 rs Al"+F'+T i+Cr

  • Page 170 and 171:

    M, % Vii' Aid ^ ý#.. . i'`ýl tiý

  • Page 172 and 173:

    135 Figure 5.9. SEM Z-contrast back

  • Page 174 and 175:

    Figure 5.10. SEM micrographs of zon

  • Page 176 and 177:

    Spessartine Spessartine 138 Pyrope

  • Page 178 and 179:

    Figure 5.13. Geochemical profile al

  • Page 180 and 181:

    141 of 40 times that for other ferr

  • Page 182 and 183:

    143 occured. However, these rims ap

  • Page 184 and 185:

    145 be limited to those conditions

  • Page 186 and 187:

    10 9 8 7- 6, 5- 4. P (kba i ýyC A"

  • Page 188 and 189:

    149 Estimated pressures vary betwee

  • Page 190 and 191:

    151 Table 5.2.48/88 Garnet Arnphibo

  • Page 192 and 193:

    153 reduced to 20°C. An average te

  • Page 194 and 195:

    155 garnet outside the experimental

  • Page 196 and 197:

    157 calculated following Newton and

  • Page 198 and 199:

    ii) Garnet Amphibolite 159 The larg

  • Page 200 and 201:

    5: 4 Discussion 161 5: 4.1 Conditio

  • Page 202 and 203:

    163 for an earlier metamorphism. Th

  • Page 204 and 205:

    165 of the Sonnblick Dome, it can b

  • Page 206 and 207:

    167 Chapter 6 Metasomatic Shear Zon

  • Page 208 and 209:

    169 locally increasing chemical pot

  • Page 210 and 211:

    171 1.5 metre wide metasomatised sh

  • Page 212 and 213:

    173 terms of both major and trace e

  • Page 214 and 215:

    175 relating the mass gain or loss

  • Page 216 and 217:

    177 strain coarse augen gneisses de

  • Page 218 and 219:

    . - E ö ý AN X178 j-ýý Lý 0 r"

  • Page 220 and 221:

    Figure 6.4a. Albitic replacement of

  • Page 222 and 223:

    181 within the rock but micas in th

  • Page 224 and 225:

    6: 5.4 Shear Zone Centre 183 The mi

  • Page 226 and 227:

    C ,, AK f i;, -ý 184 0.1 mm I i ý

  • Page 228 and 229:

    186 shear zone formation were proba

  • Page 230 and 231:

    co .5 193 6 K-FELDSPAR 4yx 3- 2 5.5

  • Page 232 and 233:

    189 The approach illustrated above

  • Page 234 and 235:

    K-FELDSPAR 191 cc ,: PY MUSCOVITE C

  • Page 236 and 237:

    193 margin parallel to the foliatio

  • Page 238 and 239:

    195 densities in newly grown feldsp

  • Page 240 and 241:

    197 Chapter 7% Geochronology of the

  • Page 242 and 243:

    199 exhaustive study since the data

  • Page 244 and 245:

    Figure 7.2. Map showing the distrib

  • Page 246 and 247:

    201 The location of the calculated

  • Page 248 and 249:

    T s X 203 Table 7.3. Geochronoloeic

  • Page 250 and 251:

    x v L 200 175 150 125 a, 100 75 50

  • Page 252 and 253:

    207 vertical height can give rise t

  • Page 254 and 255:

    209 cooling rates from 500-300°C a

  • Page 256 and 257:

    211 Within strongly foliated rocks,

  • Page 258 and 259:

    213 top-to-NW shearing have undergo

  • Page 260 and 261:

    215 References Abbate, E., Bortolot

  • Page 262 and 263:

    217 Bell, T. H. 1985. Deformation p

  • Page 264 and 265:

    219 Chappel, B. W. and White, A. J.

  • Page 266 and 267:

    221 De Graciansky, P. C., Poagh. C.

  • Page 268 and 269:

    223 Etheridge, M. A. and Cooper, J.

  • Page 270 and 271:

    225 Frasl, G. 1958. Zur Seriengleid

  • Page 272 and 273:

    227 Goffe, B. and Chopin, C. 1986.

  • Page 274 and 275:

    229 Hodges, K. V. and Royden, L. 19

  • Page 276 and 277:

    231 Karl, F. 1959. Vergleichende Pe

  • Page 278 and 279:

    233 The Central Segment (edited by

  • Page 280 and 281:

    235- Massonne, H. -J. and Schreyer,

  • Page 282 and 283:

    237 ophiolitic albitites: Consequen

  • Page 284 and 285:

    239 Powell, R. and Evans, J. A. 198

  • Page 286 and 287:

    241' Rubie, D. C. 1984. A thermal t

  • Page 288 and 289:

    243 Simpson, C. 1983. Strain and sh

  • Page 290 and 291:

    245 Thompson, J. B. and Waldbaum, D

  • Page 292 and 293:

    247 Weijarmer, R. and Rondeel, H. E

  • Page 294 and 295:

    249 Appendix I Sample Preparation A

  • Page 296 and 297:

    251 with 1/4 micron diamond paste.

  • Page 298 and 299:

    253 Appendix 2 Analytical Technique

  • Page 300 and 301:

    PAGES MISSING IN ORIGINAL

  • Page 302 and 303:

    LLEUS CIýZFN St-II; C 0 4148 M87Rb

  • Page 304 and 305:

    Rearranging the equation gives 259

  • Page 306 and 307:

    261 (ý nN nf OAAONNO fmn f^ OA P^

  • Page 308 and 309:

    ß. L2 (! ' 7NNN t t' a 263 qPthNmm

  • Page 310 and 311:

    i O ý' mNNO Pf A Fl ÄNtbnONmt 1ý

  • Page 312 and 313:

    x x v G E J r, Q x c v a Q I f s...

  • Page 314 and 315:

    Q I NNCAnh Om 1D OnnnNO .n ýn nNn.

  • Page 316:

    n es 0 U L V v u V _U L U U c Q x '

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