cult i 16 located in | n (,| 1( . rammer of 1828 the Burn were well nigh I .Mr. Hayes solicited the rnment for permission to b in th mihipof Belmont the whole of hie percentage for the th r «:*- township The grounds of thii request weie, (1) "thai the great Ko.Jy of iron ore on which your memorialist reliei is within the township of Belmont/' ami (2) " that in I dd township of Belmont ii a lake to which from your irialiat's worlu is a line of water communication^ and From which said lake your memorialist has it in contemplation to cut at some future period a canal to connect it with the river Trent, which would be of gn-at importance in tl ing iron and other commodities from the sard works to the Rice lake, and versa, and would also be very beneficial to the public." 14 The patent- m issued in duly, 1824, and covered areas of 8,534 acres in Belmont, includi lot 8 in the first concession, upon which is the Big Ore bed or Blairton mil Prom this mine most of the ore smelted at the Marmora furnaces was taken. Busii But Mr. Hayes appears to have already become involved in business difficul- Marmora Foundery O incorporated. Report on a scheme to utilize penitentia-ry labor in iron iHaking. ties, for in September of the same year he made an assignment in trust of a portion of his property, including the land upon which the works were built, to Peter McGill, Anthony Manahan and Robert Ha} In February. 1825, Messrs. McGill and Manahan surrendered their trust to Charles and Robert Hayes, and in June the property was sold in part to Mr. McGill, who carried on the works for some time in this and the following year. In 1828 Mr. McGill sought, but unsuccessfully, to enlist the aid of the Legislature, having applied for a loan of £10,000, and in October, 1830, he sold th*property to Mr. Hetherington. An Act to incorporate the Marmora Foundery Company was procured from the Legislature in the session of 1831, upon the petition of Messrs. Hetherington, McGill and Manahan, with an authorized capital of £50,000, the object as set forth in the preamble being to acquire the Marmora iron works, at that time the property of Mr. Hetherington, to the end that " the said iron works and manufactory should be conducted on an extensive scale, so that his Majesty's subjects in this Province may have a cheap and accessible market for a supply of iron wares independent of any foreign country." A further object as set forth was that " the said Company will be capable of furnishing such ordnance, military and naval stores in the line of their trade as his Majesty's Government may require in this Province in peace or war." 15 This corporation continued to exist at least in name until 1853, when the charter was amended under a new set of directors ; tout the records of the county registry office show that in 1834: Mr. Hetherington reconveyed the property to Mr. McGill. The report of the Commissioners appointed in 1837 to ascertain upon what terms the lands and works of the " Marmora Iron Works" might be acquired by the Government, for the purpose of employing the convicts of the penitentiary in the production and manufacture of iron at Marmora, showed that the quantity of land held in fee in the two townships was 10,935 acres, besides the 1,800 acres of fuel reserve. 16 It also appears by this report that the works consisted of two furnaces for smelting ore, a easting house common to both, a forge for tfhe manufacture of bar iron, four coal houses with a capacity of 35,000 bushels each, saw and grist mills, blacksmith's shop, carpenter's shop, store, dwellings, etc., "forming in the view of the Commis- sioners a more complete and substantial establishment than on its scale of magnitude can be met with in all North America." The value placed by —*——— — "— — — -•— - — ' 1 4 Memorial to his Excellency Sir Peregrine Maitland, 14th June, 1823. 15 An Act to incorporate certain persons under the style and title of the Marmora Foundei y Company, passed 16th March, 1831. IS Twelve hundred acres of the land in fee was purchased from a private owner (C. A. Hagerman), and the rest was acquired by grant from the Crown. Report of the Commissioners on the Removal of the Penitentiary from Kingston to Marmora, appendix to Journal of the Assembly of Upper Canada, Session 1839, vol. n, pp. 239 and 24o.
Mr. McGill on this property in his offer to the Commissioners was .£25,000, including the land, and if the statements made by the Commissioners we trustworthy remain idle. the wonder is that the works should have been allowed to Referring to the supply of ore at the Big Ore bed, they describe it as a , ti h Bur mountain on the shore of Crow lake entirely composed of iron ore. " Inas bed in much as the Commissioners had never before a conception of such a quantity I mont - of ore in one mass in such a position, their surprise was exceeding, for the first consideration that must be given to this locality is that it is inexhaustible for all the purposes which may be forever required for this Province." They also found that with a boat of fifty tons navigated by lour men one hundred and fifty tons of ore from the head of the lake might easily be brought to the works in two days, so readily was it quarried and put on board there. 17 The extent of this ore body is better known now, but the impression produced upon the minds of the Commissioners was doubtless an effect of novelty. As to the profits of the business, the report gave the following figures of ^ furnac actual cost and production as shown by the record of the new furnace for a record, campaign of five months : 18 Statement ok the Expenses of Wages incurukd ix the Wobkii of t 11 b n k \y k b n a k, blas1 om m b n [ng n i h k 1 5 t h day 01 Dkcemhkk, 18 2 5, AN n ENDING n 'i h b 15tii day o i' May, 1 8 2 6 17 To the founder, John Jones, 1">_' days at 15s. i>er diem To 2 firemen, Campbell & I >yer, 152 days at 6s. 3d. each per diem To the ballast moulder, Seagriff, 152 days at 5s. per diem To 2 top-men or tillers, 1 banksman and 1 ore-burner at §24 per mouth each ......... To 1 gutter-man at $20 per month To the carpenter who attended the bellows, Is. per day extra wages, 152 days and $12 allowed for the blast To the average labor of 2 men each day employed in making logheaps, filling ore, raising clay and sand, etc., 152 days at 3s. 3d. per diem | To the expense of 600 bushels of coals each day for 162 days, at 2ls. 6d. per hundred To the average quantity of ore, 4 tons per diem, for 152 days, at 5s. per ton To allowance for candles, oil, tar, etc , for the casting-house, moulding, and use of bellows, at 1«. per diem for 152 days. £. 114 95 38 120 25 24 10 12 Total expense 1,5(57 (5 During the blast she cast as follows, viz : In December 90£ pigs January 31(5 do February 34 March W3 April May 466 218 1 do do do do Total 1,914^ pigs Say l,9l4i pigs, equal to 2734 tons, which at £15 10s. Currency net at Kingston (allowing 40s. per ton, take the actual expense of transportation thither), will amount to £4,239 58., showing the gain by the furnace in the five months' blast as follows, viz : 14 980 8 The proceeds at Kingston 4,239 Deduct the amount of expenses as set forth 1,567 Profit she has actually made 2,671 19 In this statement no charge is made for interest upon the capital invested. At Mr. McGill's valuation of £25,000 this would amount at 6 per cent, to 2 (M.) 17 Report, p. 238. 18 Report p. 245. 152 7 12 5 6 .1. Ore