The flexible desktop farm - VMware

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The flexible desktop farm - VMware

The Flexible Desktop Farm

Dario Gnaccarini

C.D.H. srl


The flexible desktop farm - Agenda

Customer Profile

The evolution of the destop farm

The needs for a flexible desktop approach

Virtual Desktop Farm Architecture

Benefits in a complex netwok infrastructure

The virtual desktop lifecycle

Some numbers


Am I at the right session ?

NO if I’m here to …

… sleep

… bring an expensive gadget

… learn a new COS command

… ask a too technical question

YES if I’m here to …

… sleep

BUT only if I don’t snore

… make warm water starting from

cold and hot water

… make more sense to VMware

virtualization technology

… accelerate the ROI of your

investments in a virtualized

desktop farm


Customer Business Profile

Satellite ISP (subsidiary of the owner of satellites)

NOC (Network Operations Center) operations 7x7 24h

Custom applications to control the infrastructure

Simulation of distributors and end user environment

Network Infrastructure:

Switches

Routers

Firewalls

Traffic Shapers

Data management

Traffic LOG

Configuration of Devices


Key Needs

Manageability

Basic knowledge of VMware products

Easily to manage daily operations

Time to Production

Time required to deploy a new operator workstation

Time required to create a new workstation template

Scalability

Modular expansion of the infrastructure

Flexible to guest new services


Desktop Farm Evolution

xxM years

18 months

RDP (1:1)

xxM years

6 months

xxM years

2 months

RDP (1:many)


Stage 1 – Anarchy

PROs

Easy to build

No engineering

CONs

Noisy

Unstable in 6-8 hours

Network Segments Connectivity

Too many hardware configurations

Too personal


Stage 2 – Control

PROs

Reduced room noise

More security

Fastest deployment (+Mhz - RIS)

More standardized hardware

CONs

1:1 model

Increased hardware cost (WS vs

PC

Full control costly (IP KVM or ILO)


Stage 3 – Flexible

PROs

No more 1:1 model

Full workstation remote hardware

control

Image modeling

Dramatically faster deployment

Drivers standardization

CONs

Manual load distribution

Orphaned workstations


Stage 4 – Fanciful

PROs

Self service provisioning

Automatic load distribution

Scheduled end of life

Scheduled fresh installation

CONs

Too many VMs (-:


Desktop Farm Architecture

Operator Console

HP Thin Clients

512 Mb RAM

512 MB Flash

19” LCD Monitor

Screen Console

HP Thin Clients

512 Mb RAM

512 MB Flash

42” LCD Video wall

Remote

Desktop

Session

4 4

5 5 Tape

4 4

5 5 Tape

4 4

5 5 Tape

3 3

2

2

3 3

2

2

3 3

2

2

0 0

1 1

0 0

1 1

0 0

1 1

Simplex Duplex ch 1 ch 2

Simplex Duplex ch 1 ch 2

Simplex Duplex ch 1 ch 2

UID 1 2

hp

ProLiant

DL380 G4

1

2

hp

ProLiant

DL380 G4

1

2

UID

UID

UID

hp

ProLiant

DL380 G4

1

2

HP

ProLiant

DL320

G3

Virtual HOST

3 (5)x HP DL385

2 x AMD Opteron Dual Core

16 Gb RAM

5 x 1Gb Lan

Storage Area Network

HP MSA1000 FC SAN

14 x 146Gb 15k

Redundant Controller

Backup Server

HP DL 145

CA Brighstore Arcserve


The network Infrastructure

Satellite Transmission System

(Modulators – TCP Accelerators - …)

Housing / Hosting Area

1 Client = 1 VLAN

Devices Console Network

Office Network

Internet backbones (AS – BGP)

- 256 Mbit/s

- 512 Mbit/s

- 384 Mbit/s

Virtual Desktop Farm


Desktop Farm Architecture - Network

RDP Console VLAN

Infrastructure & Traffic Management VLANs

Customer Housing / Hosting VLANs

Operator

Virtual

Desktop


Virtual Workstations Life Cycle

WSUS – AV

Update

Virtual

Desktop

Images

Library

Operator

Console

Image

Masters

New

Applications

Images

Manager


Virtual Desktop Optimization

Reduced Image Footprint

Unneded cabs

Drivers

Easy cleanup using scripts

VM not used for more than xx hours/days

VM marked for short term usage


Next Steps

Update to VI3

iSCSI for flexible local drives (with auto provisioning)

Migration to Vista

Application Virtualization

Image content Injection & Business Desktop Deployment

http://www.microsoft.com/technet/desktopdeployment


Time to Production (& more)

Classic PC

Collapsed

Workstations

Virtual Desktop

Image Creation 2-4h 45m – 1h 15m

Image Deploy 45m 30m 5m

Post & Boot 3m 3m 1m

Curse 25/h 5/h 1/y

Nails Bitten - 15/d Bitten - 10/d Growing again

pbpd

(phalanx bendings per deploy)

7500 5000 500


Farm €€€

SAN Infrastructure

A7450A MSA San Starter KIT € 7.000 1 € 7.000 € 0 € 7.000

A7523A

HP Q200 2 Gb, 32-Bit/133 MHz PCI-X-to-Fibre Channel Host Bus

Adapter

€ 400 1 € 400 € 0 € 400

347708-B22 146.8-GB 15,000 rpm U320 Universal Hard Drive (1") € 525 14 € 7.350 € 0 € 7.350

218231-B22 MSA1000 Controller, with 256 MB cache € 2.900 1 € 0 € 2.900 € 2.900

218960-B21 MSA Fibre Channel I/O Module € 300 1 € 0 € 300 € 300

288247-B21 MSA SAN Switch 2/8 (integrated) ships with 4 SFPs installed € 2.850 1 € 0 € 2.850 € 2.850

A7523A

HP Q200 2 Gb, 32-Bit/133 MHz PCI-X-to-Fibre Channel Host Bus

Adapter

Host Servers Infrastructure

€ 400 3 € 0 € 1.200 € 1.200

407613 DL385R01 O2.6 GHz-1MB, 1GB (Dual-core/SCSI) € 1.980 3 € 5.940 € 0 € 5.940

407624-L21 Dual-core AMD® O285 2.6/1000-1M DL385 FIO Base € 940 3 € 2.820 € 0 € 2.820

379300-B21 GB PC3200 DDR SDRAM DIMM Memory Kit (2 x 2 GB) € 1.130 12 € 13.560 € 0 € 13.560

313881-B21

NC7170 DUAL PORT 64BIT/133MHZ PCI-X 1000T GIGABIT

ETHERNET

€ 205 3 € 615 € 0 € 615

293048-B21 Redundant Fan Option Kit € 165 3 € 495 € 495 € 990

355892-B21 Hot Plug AC Redundant Power Supply Module € 180 2 € 360 € 360 € 720


Farm €€€

KVM Infrastructure

AG056A TFT7600 Rackmount Keyboard Monitor IT €1.800 1 €1.800 €0 €1.800

AF600A 2x16 Server Console Switch with Virtual Media €1.270 1 €1.270 €0 €1.270

AF604A PS/2 Virtual Media Interface Adapter, 1 pack €105 4 €420 €0 €420

VMware Virtual Infrastructure 3

VI3 VMware Virtual Infrastructure Standard 2Processors € 3.200 3 € 9.600 € 0 € 9.600

VI3-U VMware Virtual Infrastructure Standard to Enterprise 2 Processors € 1.600 3 € 0 € 4.800 € 4.800

VI3 VMware Virtual Center 2 € 4.300 1 € 4.300 € 0 € 4.300


Farm €€€

TOTAL END USER PRICE €URO - Base Configuration € 55.930

TOTAL END USER PRICE €URO - Redundancy Components € 12.905

TOTAL END USER PRICE €URO € 68.835

END USER PRICE €URO Per Desktop - Base Configuration 75 € 746

END USER PRICE €URO Per Desktop - Redundancy Components 75 € 172

END USER PRICE €URO Per Desktop 75 € 918


VMware White Papers

VDI Server Sizing and Scaling

http://www.vmware.com/pdf/vdi_sizing_vi3.pdf

VirtualCenter 2: Template Usage and Best Practices

http://www.vmware.com/pdf/vc_2_templates_usage_best_practices_wp.pdf

Using AnywhereUSB to Connect USB Devices

http://www.vmware.com/pdf/esx_anywhereusb2.pdf


Now in action

Q & A

&

Thank You


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