The flora Thanks to its position and geological ... - Alta Badia

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The flora Thanks to its position and geological ... - Alta Badia

The flora

Thanks to its position and geological conformation Alta

Badia boasts an extremely rich and characteristic flora.

In the valleys it is possible to find the most beautiful

species of meadow flowers, whilst in the rocky zones

and on the glaciers alpine flowers of vivid and delicate

colours grow. At the beginning of spring, when the

meadows are not yet green, they are covered by a

blanket of white crocus, which are then replaced by

bright yellow stretches of dandelion.

The spring gentian, the primrose, the buttercup and the mountain soldanella can be

found in the more humid meadows. The anemone is found in the high meadows

whilst the anemone hepatica grows in the woods. However, the most beautiful

season as far as plant wildlife is concerned is from June until late August. During this

time the auricula, various species of gentian, the nigritella, the daphne, the saxifrage,

the colombine, the campanula and various species of lily come into flower. The

mountain slopes are made even more beautiful by the evocative red rhododrons.

On the mountain summer pastures it is possible to see

the red lily and the martagone lily; and the intense and

characteristic scent of the nigritella perfumes the air. On

the more inaccessible rocks huddle small groups of

gracious stars, the androsaces. Here the extremely

sought-after edelweiss also survives.

From the rocks themselves sprout the creeping cinquefoil and the rock rampion. The

most beautiful species of mountain flowers, however, are those which are slowly

gaining ground in the mountains in a natural way, far from the modern ski lifts. Some

of the loveliest specimens are the clusiana primrose, the auricula primose, the alpine

linaria, the alpine leontopodium, the Rhaetian poppy, the glacier buttercup, the alpine

buttercup, the artemesia laxa, and the silene acaulis.

The fauna

The mountains and the woods of Alta Badia offer a completely unique attraction for

those who love the animal world, which is an irreplaceable element of nature. The

rustling of wings, the running of a roe-deer, the cheerful scurrying of a squirrel, the

singing of birds and the perfect flight of an eagle help

to animate the different aspects of this world which

surrounds us. In the high mountains the reliefs have

caused the bigger four-legged animals to acquire an

extraordinary agility. This vital quality gives them a

sureness of step which means they always tread in the

right place without ever slipping. The most noted

example is the chamois

A springy hoof with several sections which can separate independently from each

other makes the chamois the king of the mountains. Chamois are found in the gorges


of the Sella, in the Puez Gherdenacia group, in the

valleys of the Setas and especially on the Fanes

plateau. It is often possible to encounter packs of 20-

30 chamois. Whilst in the summer they venture up the

mountains to heights of 3,000 metres, they spend the

winter in the high mugo pine woods. The roe-deer,

whose principal characteristics are extreme agility and

shyness, is also widely spread. During the summer the

roe-deers coat is characterised by the growth of bristly, reddish streaked fur, whilst in

winter it develops a full woolly greyish-coloured coat which protects it from the rigors

of the cold season. The squirrels are gracious and friendly creatures who can cover

extremely long distances without touching the ground, moving from branch to branch

with an incredible bounciness. They are fairly widespread and often cheer up

passers-by with their agile leaps and strange habits. The high pastures of Fanes,

Falyarego, Puez and Piz La Ila are inhabited by marmots, extremely prudent animals

who take refuge in their lair at the least sign of danger.

The carnivores which populate Alta Badia are the fox, the badger, the marten and the

ermine.

Without doubt, the most superb animal of the

Dolomites is the golden eagle. With their talons and

powerful wings, whose span exceeds two metres, they

are certainly the most dangerous bird of prey for large

and medium game, since they don’t hesitate to attack

animals stronger and faster than themselves. They

nest between the crevasses in the inaccessible zones

of the Conturines, Lagazuoi and Sassongher. Other

birds of prey include the eagle owl, a magnificent nocturnal bird which has now

become quite rare. On the high plateaux of Fanes and Puez-Gherdenacia it is

possible to see ptarmigan; above the towns fly flocks of crows whilst jackdaws live on

the rocks. These corvidae come down to the valleys during the winter to find food

near the inhabited area

The wood grouse and the gallo forcello are much- sought-after trophies for hunters.

In the woods it is also possible to see the tracks of the wild hare, the red fox, passing

deer and hundreds of singing birds.

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