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Front Matter Template - The University of Texas at Austin

E. PROMINENT EMBELLISHED MASSES

The embellishing antiphons, tropes, and prosulas discussed above were composed

for the prominent feasts and Masses in the usage of St. Yrieix. These Masses were taken

from the temporal and sanctoral in the Gregorian tradition, from the neo-Gregorian

Masses for regional saints, and from traditional feasts included in Gallican

sacramentaries. 75 Table 4-11 lists twenty-four prominent feasts of the Sanctoral of St.

Yrieix (listed in descending order of prominence), containing a combination of additional

antiphons, tropes, and prosulas and in some cases additional Masses (such as alternative

Masses, Vigils, Days, or Octaves). Fourteen of the prominent feasts at St. Yrieix were

Gregorian, containing Gregorian chants in all genres of the formulary. These include the

Marian feasts, Stephen, Laurence, and so on. 76 The remaining ten prominent feasts are

neo-Gregorian, for regional saints and for All Saints, St. Benedict, and others that were

not recognized in the AMS graduals, but were subsequently added to the international

Church calendar. Each merited special celebration at St. Yrieix and consequently a

prominent Mass in Pa903.

The most elaborate Masses are the large Masses of the Virgin Mary (Purification

and Assumption). The Table includes the secondary patrons of St. Yrieix (in descending

order of prominence): St. Martin, patron of St. Martin of Tours (patronal church of St.

Yrieix), St. Benedict, patron of the Benedictine monastic order, and Saint Saturninus,

patron of the Cathedral of Toulouse. The least prominent Mass is the Chains of Peter, a

troped Mass with Gregorian chants. The Proper of Michael is also listed in the Table,

since it contained tropes and prosulas, but this Proper is missing from the gradual because

of the major lacuna of the manuscript.

75 J. M. Neale and G. H. Forbes. The Ancient Liturgies of the Gallican Church, see Chapter III.

76 This does not preclude an additional neo-Gregorian Alleluia or other Mass chant genre in some

of these feasts. The neo-Gregorian Mass chants of the gradual are reviewed in Chapter V.

95

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