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Crop Production Guide 2013-Horti - TNAU

Crop Production Guide 2013-Horti - TNAU

Crop Production Guide 2013-Horti -

Crop Production Techniques of Horticultural Crops 2013 HORTICULTURAL COLLEGE AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE TAMIL NADU AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY COIMBATORE – 641 003

  • Page 2 and 3: Part I - Fruits Contents Chapter A
  • Page 4 and 5: Nutmeg………………………
  • Page 6 and 7: Chapter A Tropical and Sub Tropical
  • Page 8 and 9: and retention of fruits. Spray 2 %
  • Page 10 and 11: Preferred Varieties and Hybrids Ban
  • Page 12 and 13: Digging pits Garden land, Padugai a
  • Page 14 and 15: Perennial banana: Give surface digg
  • Page 16 and 17: three times at 15 days interval to
  • Page 18 and 19: Acid Lime: Citrus aurantifolia (Chr
  • Page 20 and 21: Diseases Twig blight: Prune dried t
  • Page 22 and 23: Little leaf malady: To control litt
  • Page 24 and 25: Plant protection Pests Leaf miner:
  • Page 26 and 27: Manures and Fertilizers (Kg per vin
  • Page 28 and 29: Guava: Psidium guajava L.; Myrtacea
  • Page 30 and 31: Pineapple: Ananas sativus; Bromelia
  • Page 32 and 33: Diseases Sooty mould: Boil 1 kg mai
  • Page 34 and 35: Plant protection Nematodes: To cont
  • Page 36 and 37: Pomegranate: Punica granatum L.; Pu
  • Page 38 and 39: Jack: Artocarpus heterophyllus; Mor
  • Page 40 and 41: Diseases Black leaf spot: Spray Car
  • Page 42 and 43: Chapter B Temperate Fruits Apple: M
  • Page 44 and 45: Pear: Pyrus communis L.; Rosaceae V
  • Page 46: Peach: Prunus persica; Rosaceae Var
  • Page 49 and 50: Name of fruit with Botanical Name L
  • Page 51 and 52: Name of fruit with Botanical Name A
  • Page 53 and 54:

    Name of fruit with Botanical Name P

  • Page 55 and 56:

    Sow the treated seed in protrays @

  • Page 57 and 58:

    Growth regulators Spray 1.25 ppm (

  • Page 59 and 60:

    Peanut bud necrosis virus: Selectio

  • Page 61 and 62:

    Field preparation Thoroughly prepar

  • Page 63 and 64:

    Whitefly Monitor the whitefly with

  • Page 65 and 66:

    Bhendi: Abelmoschus esculentus (L)

  • Page 67 and 68:

    Weed control Spray Oxyflourfen @ 0.

  • Page 69 and 70:

    Chillies: Capsicum annuum L.; Solan

  • Page 71 and 72:

    Fertigation schedule CHILLI F1 HYBR

  • Page 73 and 74:

    Insecticide Dose Carbosulfan 25 % E

  • Page 75 and 76:

    Capsicum (Sweet pepper / Bell peppe

  • Page 77 and 78:

    75% RD of Phosporous applied as sup

  • Page 79 and 80:

    Pumpkin: Cucurbita moschata Poir.;

  • Page 81 and 82:

    Snake gourd: Trichosanthes cucumeri

  • Page 83 and 84:

    Ribbed gourd: Luffa acutangula Roxb

  • Page 85 and 86:

    Crop Growing districts Erode, Coimb

  • Page 87 and 88:

    Plant protection Pests Mites: Spray

  • Page 89 and 90:

    Bitter gourd; Momordica charantia L

  • Page 91 and 92:

    Fertigation Schedule- Bitter gourd

  • Page 93 and 94:

    Plant protection Pests Fruit fly 1.

  • Page 95 and 96:

    Cucumber: Cucumis sativus L.; Cucur

  • Page 97 and 98:

    Gherkin: Cucumis sativus var. angur

  • Page 99 and 100:

    4. Use 20 x 15 cm polythene bags, f

  • Page 101 and 102:

    Muskmelon: Cucumis melo L; Cucurbit

  • Page 103 and 104:

    Tinda: Citrullus vulgaris var. fist

  • Page 105 and 106:

    Cluster beans: Cyamopsis tetragonol

  • Page 107 and 108:

    Lab lab or Dolichos bean: Lab lab p

  • Page 109 and 110:

    French bean: Phaseolus vulgaris L;

  • Page 111 and 112:

    Ash weevils Spray Phosalone 35 EC @

  • Page 113 and 114:

    Peas: Pisum sativum L.; Fabaceae Va

  • Page 115 and 116:

    Ratoon crop: Cut back the trees at

  • Page 117 and 118:

    Chapter B Cole Vegetables Cabbage:

  • Page 119 and 120:

    Fertigation schedule Recommended Do

  • Page 121 and 122:

    Yield Hills : 70 - 80 t/ha in 150 d

  • Page 123 and 124:

    with 19:19:19 + MN @ 0.5 % (5g/l) s

  • Page 125 and 126:

    4. Spray NSKE 5 % or cartap hydroch

  • Page 127 and 128:

    Carrot: Daucus carota L; Umbellifer

  • Page 129 and 130:

    Radish: Raphanus sativus L; Brassic

  • Page 131 and 132:

    Beet root: Beta vulgaris L.; Chenop

  • Page 133 and 134:

    Potato: Solanum tuberosum L.; Solan

  • Page 135 and 136:

    Potato tuber moth Select healthy t

  • Page 137 and 138:

    Tapioca: Manihot esculenta Crantz.;

  • Page 139 and 140:

    S. No 1 2 3 4 Total Fertigation sch

  • Page 141 and 142:

    Elephant foot yam: Amorphophallus c

  • Page 143 and 144:

    Taro: Colocasia esculenta L. Scott;

  • Page 145 and 146:

    Dioscorea: Dioscorea alata and L.;

  • Page 147 and 148:

    Chapter D Bulb vegetables Onion - S

  • Page 149 and 150:

    Big onion or Common onion: Allium c

  • Page 151 and 152:

    Fertigation: For big onion, 60:60:3

  • Page 153 and 154:

    CURRY LEAF; Murraya koenigii Linn.

  • Page 155 and 156:

    Name of crop Mint (Mentha virides)

  • Page 157 and 158:

    Name of crop Knol-khol (Brassica ca

  • Page 159 and 160:

    Pests Thrips : Spray monocrotophos

  • Page 161 and 162:

    Cardamom: Elettaria cardamomum (Mat

  • Page 163 and 164:

    Turmeric: Curcuma longa Val.; Zingi

  • Page 165 and 166:

    Leaf spots: Spray Carbendazim 500 g

  • Page 167 and 168:

    Chapter B Tree Spices Clove: Syzigi

  • Page 169 and 170:

    Cinnamon: Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blu

  • Page 171 and 172:

    Allspice (Pimenta dioica Lindl.); M

  • Page 173 and 174:

    Diseases Powdery mildew: Seed treat

  • Page 175 and 176:

    Fennel: Foeniculum vulgare Mill.; A

  • Page 177 and 178:

    The artificial pollination is usefu

  • Page 179 and 180:

    Diseases Damping off: Drenching the

  • Page 181 and 182:

    (or) MOP 12 parts by Weight Magnesi

  • Page 183 and 184:

    Insecticide Dose Azadirachtin 5% Ne

  • Page 185 and 186:

    Spacing Arabica Coffee: 1.5 to 2.0

  • Page 187 and 188:

    Spray 0.5 % Bordeaux mixture during

  • Page 189 and 190:

    after shaving the bark or swab the

  • Page 191 and 192:

    Pruning: Formation pruning: Done in

  • Page 193 and 194:

    Rubber: Hevea brasiliensis Muell-Ar

  • Page 195 and 196:

    Plant protection Pests Scale insect

  • Page 197 and 198:

    Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.); Palmae

  • Page 199 and 200:

    Weed management: The inter-space in

  • Page 201 and 202:

    or Monocrotophos 0.04 % or Methomyl

  • Page 203 and 204:

    Arecanut: Areca catechu L.; Palmae

  • Page 205 and 206:

    Oil Palm - Elaeis guineensis Jacq;

  • Page 207 and 208:

    Palmyrah: Borassus flabellifer; Pal

  • Page 209 and 210:

    Betelvine: Piper betel; Piperaceae

  • Page 211 and 212:

    Powdery mildew: Spray 0.2 % Wettabl

  • Page 213 and 214:

    After cultivation: Care should be t

  • Page 215 and 216:

    Coleus forskohlii (Lamiaceae) Varie

  • Page 217 and 218:

    Senna: Cassia angustifolia Vahl. (L

  • Page 219 and 220:

    Medicinal solanum: Solanum viarum C

  • Page 221 and 222:

    Citronella: Cymbopogon winterianus;

  • Page 223 and 224:

    Palmarosa: Cymbopogon martinii var.

  • Page 225 and 226:

    Mint: Mentha sp; Labiatae Varieties

  • Page 227 and 228:

    (Sembaruthi) dry leaves 8. Bixa ore

  • Page 229 and 230:

    Rose: Rosa sp; Rosaceae Part VI Flo

  • Page 231 and 232:

    Malligai (Gundumalli): Jasminum sam

  • Page 233 and 234:

    Mullai: Jasminum auriculatum (Vahle

  • Page 235 and 236:

    Crossandra: Crossandra infundibulif

  • Page 237 and 238:

    Chrysanthemum: Dendranthema grandif

  • Page 239 and 240:

    Diseases: Leaf spot : Foliar applic

  • Page 241 and 242:

    Nerium: Nerium indicum Mill.; Apocy

  • Page 243 and 244:

    Cut Rose: Rosa sp.; Rosaceae Chapte

  • Page 245 and 246:

    Plant protection: Pests: Rose chafe

  • Page 247 and 248:

    Light regulation: Chrysanthemum is

  • Page 249 and 250:

    Special practices Netting for plant

  • Page 251 and 252:

    Anthurium: Anthurium andreanum; Ara

  • Page 253 and 254:

    Dendrobium Orchid: Dendrobium sp.;

  • Page 255 and 256:

    Crop duration: Asiatic hybrids : 8

  • Page 257 and 258:

    Gerbera: Gerbera jamesonii; Composi

  • Page 259:

    China Aster: Callistephus chinensis

  • Page 262 and 263:

    Crop Name of Duration Yield Special

  • Page 264 and 265:

    Crop Name of Duration Yield Special

  • Page 266 and 267:

    COBH 2 120-130 58-60 F1 hybrid deve

  • Page 268 and 269:

    gourd collected from Alangulam, Tir

  • Page 270 and 271:

    French Bean TKD.1 90 5.6 green pods

  • Page 272 and 273:

    35%; field tolerance to mosaic viru

  • Page 274 and 275:

    Fenugreek CO 1 80 - 90 600 kg of gr

  • Page 276 and 277:

    Pitchi J. grandiflorum CO 1 (Pitchi

  • Page 278:

    Thyme Ooty-1 7-8 years 10.7 t/ha gr

  • Page 281 and 282:

    Part IX Organic Cultural Practices

  • Page 283 and 284:

    II VEGETABLES Seed treatment Seed t

  • Page 285 and 286:

    Growing medium: Soil:Compost:Cocope

  • Page 287:

    TOMATO Part XI Seed Production Tech

  • Page 290 and 291:

    Spacing: 75 x 60 cm. Foliar applica

  • Page 292 and 293:

    Season: June - July ; November - De

  • Page 294 and 295:

    Intact pods can also be stored upto

  • Page 296 and 297:

    The seeds are pre-germinated by inc

  • Page 298 and 299:

    BOTTLE GOURD Season: June - July an

  • Page 300:

    Seed yield: 250-300 kg/ha. Fruit st

  • Page 303 and 304:

    Storage: Seeds dried to 8 % moistur

  • Page 305 and 306:

    45 days after anthesis. Colour chan

  • Page 307 and 308:

    Seed yield: 100 kg/ha Storage: Seed

  • Page 309 and 310:

    Harvest: The umbels are harvested d

  • Page 311 and 312:

    Grading: Seeds are graded using BSS

  • Page 313:

    Foliar spray: DAP @ 2 kg/ha is spra

  • Page 316 and 317:

    The stones soaked in thiourea @ 2 %

  • Page 318 and 319:

    Harvest: Jamun seeds attain physiol

  • Page 320 and 321:

    MEDICINAL PLANTS GYMNEMA: Pre sowin

  • Page 322 and 323:

    Seeds attain physiological maturity

  • Page 324 and 325:

    Storing of fluffs in 700 gauge poly

  • Page 326 and 327:

    Storage: Seed treatment with chlori

  • Page 328 and 329:

    Sl.No. Crop SEED CERTIFICATION STAN

  • Page 330 and 331:

    S.No Name of seed Max. viability pe

  • Page 332 and 333:

    Symptoms 1) Older leaves become dar

  • Page 334 and 335:

    Remedial measures: Spray 250 - 500

  • Page 336 and 337:

    Potato Symptoms: Leaves become smal

  • Page 338 and 339:

    Citrus Symptoms: Small, narrow, pal

  • Page 340 and 341:

    quantity, the spray solution employ

  • Page 342 and 343:

    crop grown in the field and has all

  • Page 344 and 345:

    solve several problems like the pro

  • Page 346 and 347:

    Mushroom Cultivation techniques for

  • Page 348 and 349:

    Paddy straw is used as the raw subs

  • Page 350 and 351:

    Economics of Spawn Production (100

  • Page 352 and 353:

    Economics of Oyster mushroom produc

  • Page 354 and 355:

    Net income per year : 2,37,175

  • Page 356 and 357:

    Crop Season of flowering Season of

  • Page 358 and 359:

    Endosulfan I/A Agrosulfan,Agirosulf

  • Page 360 and 361:

    Dichlorvos I/A Agrovan-76, Bangvos,

  • Page 362 and 363:

    Methamidophos I/A Monitor, Metataf,

  • Page 364 and 365:

    Phorate I/N/A Aelmet,Agrophorate, C

  • Page 366 and 367:

    Carbofuran, I/N/A Furadan,Hexafuran

  • Page 368 and 369:

    Aluminium Phoshide I/R/A Al-phos, C

  • Page 370 and 371:

    2. Imidacloprid Gaucho, Confidor, I

  • Page 372:

    Source: The Agrochemicals Handbook-

  • Page 375 and 376:

    Organic Mercurials Methoxy ethyl me

  • Page 377 and 378:

    Pyrazophas Iprobenphos 9. Piperazin

  • Page 379 and 380:

    grew at the rate of 5.0 per cent pe

  • Page 382 and 383:

    Naturally occurring herbicides Many

  • Page 384 and 385:

    In the transplanted field they are

  • Page 386 and 387:

    RADISH Application of pre-emergence

  • Page 388 and 389:

    Chloramben Amiben, Vegiben Pre-em M

  • Page 390 and 391:

    S. No. Crops Varieties Season Seed

  • Page 392 and 393:

    S. No. Crops Varieties Season Seed

  • Page 394 and 395:

    S. No. Crops Varieties Season Seed

  • Page 396 and 397:

    S. No. Crops Varieties Season Seed

  • Page 398:

    S. No. Crops Varieties Season Seed

  • Page 401 and 402:

    The implement could be used for dee

  • Page 403 and 404:

    4. Cost of the unit : Rs. 20,000/-

  • Page 405 and 406:

    discharge end. The main pump shaft

  • Page 407 and 408:

    can be moved up and down by ropes f

  • Page 409 and 410:

    assembly of the power tiller. From

  • Page 411 and 412:

    Useful for weeding between rows of

  • Page 413 and 414:

    and increase the shelf life of the

  • Page 415 and 416:

    ! Capacity of the unit is 500 kg of

  • Page 417 and 418:

    ! Cost of seed extraction per kg is

  • Page 419 and 420:

    single flat seeds such as chilli an

  • Page 421 and 422:

    Aerial access hoist for coconut and

  • Page 423 and 424:

    Part XX FOOD PROCESSING TECHNOLOGIE

  • Page 425 and 426:

    Tomato Powder Ready to use conveni

  • Page 427 and 428:

    substituted products were increased

  • Page 429 and 430:

    (Irugur series) FP2O5 = 0.29 T -2.7

  • Page 431 and 432:

    Target : 500 q ha -1 fresh root FK2

  • Page 433 and 434:

    Tomato (10) Soil : Red Sandy loam (

  • Page 435 and 436:

    Part XXII APPENDICES Appendix - I N

  • Page 437 and 438:

    Appendix - II Number of trees per a

  • Page 439 and 440:

    Appendix - V Viability of Horticult

  • Page 441 and 442:

    Rate of application (kg/ha) Ammoniu

  • Page 443 and 444:

    Appendix IX a.i. 0.02 Schedule 0.04

  • Page 445 and 446:

    Sweet potato Ipomoea batatas L.Lam.

  • Page 447 and 448:

    Betelvine Piper betle Vethalai Tama

  • Page 449 and 450:

    Crops Pesticide Concentration (%) W

  • Page 451 and 452:

    About . . . Government Botanical Ga

  • Page 453 and 454:

    (For information only) Growth and d

  • Page 455 and 456:

    Standardization of organic producti

  • Page 457 and 458:

    fertilizer, organic though it is, b

  • Page 459 and 460:

    for example, morphology of the plan

  • Page 461 and 462:

    Table 2. Showing position of earth

  • Page 463 and 464:

    Biodynamic preparations Basically t

  • Page 465 and 466:

    * Fusarium monliformae * Penicilium

  • Page 467 and 468:

    taken that pit should be 15cm highe

  • Page 469 and 470:

    ioreactors for effective recycling

  • Page 471 and 472:

    A farmer at Indore developed this m

  • Page 473 and 474:

    The important properties of biodyna

  • Page 475 and 476:

    ! Scientific explanation for respon

  • Page 477 and 478:

    ! Efficient utilization of land, wa

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