Culture - Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines

ceap.org.ph

Culture - Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines

Cluster III: Concurrent Session on Public Policy,

Advocacy and Research in Catholic Education

August 30, 2012

2:15-4:15 PM

2012 CEAP National Convention

Theme: Remember with Gratitude,

Renew with Fervor

SMX Convention Center, Pasay City

1


Session on:

Transformative Education and

Advocacy in Catholic Schools

Atty. Adoracion P. Cruz-Avisado, PhD

Member, National Advocacy Commission, CEAP

Chair, Transformative Justice Institute

2


There can never be genuine peace and

democracy unless we have a working

Justice System.

CEAP has taken on the advocacy to help

transform the Philippine Justice

System with an initial focus on Judicial

Reform.

3


To discuss the rationale for the needed

Public Advocacy and Research on

Transformative Justice and the Rule of

Law; and

To determine how our schools can be

involved in advancing to their students

and the community concepts of

Transformative Justice and the Rule of

Law, Human Rights, Gender Equity and

Equality, Ethics in the Administration of

Justice, as well as Restorative Justice.

4


Intertwining Culture

of Patriarchy and

Corruption in the

Justice System that

result in Impunity

Tremendous

miscarriage of

justice in many

cases before the

courts of law

5


Those of us in the education sector have a lot

to do and contribute in the much needed

development, social change and

transformation in our beloved country.

There is a need for us, as educators, to

actively be involved in pushing for

transformation of the justice system with

much focus on judicial reform

6


Republic Act 9262 – Anti

Violence Against Women

and their Children Law

- rehabilitation for doers

of violence

7


Republic Act 9344 –

Juvenile Justice and Welfare

Law

- provisions on Diversion

Programs and Youth

Homes/Agricultural Camps

8


Components of the Legal System


Substance:

what the law

says


Culture:

how people

regard the

law


Structure:

how the law

is applied

Graph by Margaret Schuler

9


Substance:

Substance:

What the law says =

Laws

Constitutions

Rules

Regulations, Etc.

Graph by Margaret Schuler

10


We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring

the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a

just and humane society, and establish a

Government that shall embody our ideals and

aspirations, promote the common good,

conserve and develop our patrimony, and

secure to ourselves and our posterity, the

blessings of independence and democracy

under the rule of law and a regime of truth,

justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do

ordain and promulgate this Constitution.

11


Davao City Jail Situation:

jail facilities with a carrying capacity of

350 people

1,300 male inmates are detained in that

facility

another 200 male inmates are confined in

the annex

series of deaths due to sickness and

suicide

12


RA 9344 Sec. 4 (q)

Restorative Justice refers to a principle which

requires a process of resolving conflicts with the

maximum involvement of the victim, the offender

and the community. It seeks to obtain reparation

for the victim, reconciliation of the offender, the

offended and the community; and reassurance to

the offender that he/she can be reintegrated into

society. It also enhances public safety by

activating the offender, the victim and the

community in prevention strategies.

13


Provisions of:

Republic Act 9344 – Juvenile Justice and

Welfare Act

Republic Act 9262 – Anti-Violence Against

Women and their Children

Implementation of:

Republic Act 8369 – Family Courts Act

14


Law Enforcement


Structure:

Structure:

How the law is applied =

Courts

Law Enforcement

Administrative Agencies, etc.

PILLARS OF THE PHILIPPINE JUSTICE SYSTEM

Prosecution

PAO & Public

Defenders

Courts

B J M P

Correction &

Rehabilitation

Graph by Margaret Schuler and TJI

DSWD & CSSDO

Community

15


poor knowledge about the laws and often

times, they are resistant in enforcing the laws

especially against the rich, famous and well

connected individuals

continuing general perception that the law

enforcers themselves are involved in

syndicated crimes such as carnapping,

kidnapping, drugs trade, trafficking in

persons, smuggling and many other

16


high level of distrust especially among the

poor

Many of them still express that they fear that

their cases will be fixed

practice of allowing private prosecutors

greatly disadvantage the poor

For those who can afford to pay private

practitioners, they resort to this also because

of lack of trust in public prosecutors

17


most of the accused who are poor are

represented by the Public Attorney’s Office

In many areas, there are no PAO lawyers and

thus, disposal of cases are delayed.

The accused who cannot post bail remain

behind bars, sometimes even beyond the

possible sentence for imprisonment as

provided for by law due to the snail paced

administration of their cases

18


Culture of Patriarchy and Corruption result in

tremendous miscarriage of justice in our country

prevailing Culture of Domination and

Subordination in many of our institutions

biases and discrimination of judges

Family Court judges lament the fact that they did

not choose to become Family Court judges as

they were merely designated as such by the

Supreme Court without any form of consultation

disposal of cases remain very slow

19


various detention cells in the Philippines need

to be thoroughly studied and exposed

our government continues to violate its

mandate as duty bearers in ensuring that

speedy disposition of justice is carried out

20


correction and rehabilitation of prisoners are

not ideally carried out

government needs to improve the system of

correcting and rehabilitating those who are

imprisoned for them to become productive

members of society

correctional facilities especially for women in

the regions

21


DSWD is not given the right personnel

support and budget to carry out the

provisions for instance of RA 9262 in

providing rehabilitation for doers of violence

and in the rehabilitation and correction of

CICL under the Juvenile Justice Welfare Law

22


academe, including members of CEAP, is not

very strong yet in its participation in

strengthening the pillars of Justice

Not too many are concerned about ensuring

that the rule of law, respect for human rights,

gender equality, ethics in the administration

of justice and restorative justice are upheld

23


Culture:

Culture:

How people regard

the law =

Shared attitudes

and behaviors

toward the law

Graph by Margaret Schuler

24


A set of people’s values, beliefs, behavior,

language and artifacts which distinguish

them from other people and are

transmitted from generation to generation

Example of behaviors that negatively

impact the justice system:

Palakasan

Padrino

Fraternity ties

Cover-up

Abuse of power

and authority

Graft and

corruption

Etc.

25


Substance Structure



Changing

the Law


Changing

People

Culture

Changing

institutions

Graph by Margaret Schuler

26


This graphic illustrates how strategies

target actions toward the location

of the problem within the system.

It is for this reason that an accurate

analysis be undertaken. The graphic

also illustrates the dynamic interaction

of strategies on the various components

of the system.

Margaret Schuler, (1992), Legal System

27


If the location of the

problem is analyzed to

be in:

what the law says

the structures of law

enforcement

attitudes and behaviors

of people

The strategy will tend to

emphasize:

changing, abolishing or

creating new laws and

policies

engaging, using

challenging institutions

enabling, empowering,

educating, challenging

people

Margaret Schuler, (1992), Legal System

28


CEAP can do a lot in forming and

transforming mindsets, attitudes, behaviours

and characters.

Transformative Education must purposively

be introduced and carried out in all our

schools.

Various schools must embark in research and

outreach that are relevant to the

strengthening of the Philippine Justice System

and that will ensure the application of human

rights, gender equality, restorative justice and

the rule of law.

29


Inmates and Students

Bridge-Builders for Peace and Justice

Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


26 National Service Training Program (NSTP)

Students from Ateneo de Davao University

and Holy Child College of Davao

10 Criminology Interns from Holy Cross

College of Davao and University of Mindanao,

Davao

25 Inmate leaders from the Davao City Jail

main facility

Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


A Transformative Educational Activity

A Partnership between the Davao City Jail and

Service Provider Volunteers

A leadership experience for inmates

An opportunity for learning, dialogue &

reflection with Davao City college students

All activities were led by Inmates

Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


Formed in a partnership between Therapeutic

Community (Inmate) Leadership Forum and

Support Group Volunteers

3 Months of Peace Circle Training and summit

planning for Inmate Facilitators and Guides

Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute volunteer

Coordination with NSTP Coordinators, BJMP

leadership, personnel and other groups

Self Funded by Summit participant fee

Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


A transformative experience for students

perceptions of inmates and the jail

Stereotype and bias reduction

Encouraging and confidence building

experience for inmates

Requested more training on facilitation and

peace building

Participants requested to continue the project

and stay involved

Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


“Detainees are not harmful”

“Peace can only be developed by understanding

others”

“As a good leader, you must be a good listener”

“Tanang inmates pwede magbag-o.”

“Detainees are Spiritual”

“Peace begins with me.”

Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


“Change others’ perspective of the detainees

and let them feel that they are part of our

community.”

“[Share] that a lot of detainees are waiting for

sentences…dapat paspas ang dagan sa

kaso…aron dili na sila magwait ng pila ka

years.”

“Will be a peacemaker in our family”

“To improve the facilities”

“Increase awareness to my classmates on the

truth about the inmates and encourage

conflict management through peaceful

dialogue.

Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


Davao City Jail Warden, personnel and Region XI

BJMP

Ateneo de Davao, Holy Cross, Univ. of Mindanao

and Holy Child

Therapeutic Community – Support Group

Volunteers (SGV)

Other support groups, ministries and volunteers

For more information contact:

Jeremy Simons

justpeaceadvocate@gmail.com

SGV Board member & Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute Volunteer

Courtesy of Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute/Jeremy Simons


The Philippines is now at the

crossroads of having another

image and face in the global

arena. As members of the Catholic

Educational Association of the

Philippines, CEAP, we can play a

very important role in achieving

that direction.

43


This is the challenge that we

would like to raise in this

session for our schools to

embark into instruction,

research and outreach that will

help strengthen the Philippine

Justice System.

44


I urge you, then, brothers/sisters,

remembering the mercies of God, to offer

your bodies as a living sacrifice, dedicated

and acceptable to God; that is the kind of

worship for you, as sensible people. Do not

model your behaviour on the contemporary

world, but let the renewing of your minds

transform you, so that you may discern for

yourselves what is the will of God -- what is

good and acceptable and mature.

45


When we go into this kind of

advocacy for purposes of

transformative education, it is our

way of saying that “we remember

with gratitude and renew with

fervor” our commitment to

serving God, our country and

God’s people.

46

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines