Environment Situation Atty Oposa part 1

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Environment Situation Atty Oposa part 1

Stories Stories

Of a rich man

Philosophy

Principles

Procedures

What you can do

What we, can do

together!


Once upon a time, there was a place so rich and so

beautiful it was called the Perla del Mar de Oriente

(Pearl of the Orient Sea)


A STORY OF A Grandfather

died at 82 YRS OLD,

Inheritance, 10 M, Trustee;

1 M a day, 9.5 days, Lost it

all ; CALL IT REVENUE,

PROFIT ?


Earth: The Only Planet

which contains ….

4.5 Billion years

Composed of the delicate

mixtures of the basic

elements of Life. Air, Water

and Soil


LIFE -600 M Yrs, Man-1 M;

Human Civilization – 7-10,000 yrs ago

when humans descended from the trees and mountains, and

settled in the fertile plains of Sumeria and Mesopotamia


• Industrial Rev barely 200 years ago

• Significance of IR: Started to use sources of life faster than

rate of replenishment)


ENVIRONMENT?


Environment-Not

about birds and

bees,

LIFE and Sources of Life

Land, Air and Water

(LAW)

Vital Organs of LIFE

- Trees and forests- Lungs

- Land & soil - skin and

flesh

- Sea and waterways –

blood and

bloodstreams

- 70% of the human body

and of the Earth is

water


Applying the Mindset of

Extraction and

Consumption

Cut down trees and

wiped out forests, and

then called it income,


Revenue

Income

Profit, GNP


BURNING OF FOSSIL

FUELS

Air Pollution

and Global Heating

Development!

Revenue; Profit; Progress,

Development?

DEVELOPMENT BASED ON

THE AMOUNT OF ENERGY

PRODUCED AND USED AND

VOLUME OF WASTE

GENERATED?


Used, used

up, dirtied

Waters


WATER POLLUTION


Mining: DISEMBOWELED THE EARTH, SCRAPE AWAY LIFE

GIVING SOIL AND THROW AWAY WATER >Revenue?

PARADOX OF DIAMOND AND WATER > Or Depletion of

the natural capital?


• US, Britain, etc., Are

they developed

economies?

• Conventional

paradigm of

Consumption-based

Economics

• Economics- def.

efficient use of scarce

resources.

• 5% of people-

30% of resources?


Need 5 earths

to satisfy the

consumption

patterns

Is Waste

Economical?

“Developed

Economy” -contradiction

of

terms?


Story of

grandfather?

Not 10 M

False accounting: Fact,

Fiction and Fantasy

ENRON?

Wall Street?

US Economy


A little favor please..

• “Developed and developing” countries? Over

Consuming Countries (OCCs), a.k.a.,

Obsessive-Compulsive Countries)

• Obsessive-Compulsive – in Psychology, a mental

disorder a symptom of which is excessive

hoarding of material things.

• Low Consuming Countries

• Change words, change meaning, change

implications, and then change mindset


• Mt. Makiling

4,000 ha.

• USA: 1 B ha


NEW MAMMALS


BASED ON A

PER UNIT OF

AREA, OUR

LAND IS THE

RICHEST ON

EARTH (in

endemicity)


Paradigm of

extraction and

consumption

70%


•Carpenter, K.E. and V.H.

Niem (eds), 1998 - 2001

• 6 volumes, 4218 pp

> 100 experts contributing

Seaweeds, corals, bivalves, gastropods,

cephalopods, crustaceans, hagfishes,

sharks, batoid fishes, chimaeras, bony

fishes, sea turtles, sea snakes, estuarine

crocodile, and marine mammals


• The Indo-Malay-

Philippine Archipelago

(IMPA) –

the CENTER OF MARINE

WEALTH ON EARTH


The “PHILIPPINES IS THE

CENTER OF THE CENTER OF

MARINE BIODIVERSITY ON

EARTH”

– Dr. Kent Carpenter/

UN FAO Study


September 13,

2004


3 Million

Hectares


0.2% INTACT Over-fishing

Destructive

Forms of

Fishing


Used,

used up,

dirtied

Waters


Biologically Dead Rivers

Violations of Laws!

16 Rivers are dead


Story of the Piglets


The Laws of Nature

In the Laws of Nature,

There is no right nor

wrong,

There are no rewards

nor punishments;

There are only

consequences.


Global Warming and Climate

Change

Accumulated consequences of our excessive

extraction and consumption behavior

Crisis : Gravest threat to

Mankind

Greatest Opportunity

What can we do?


Philippines

contributes ¼ of

1% of the global

GHG (HTG) but

is the most

vulnerable to

the adverse

impacts of

climate change.


Climate change could devastate

Philippines: NASA scientist

Climate change could have a devastating impact on the

Philippines, leading to widespread destruction of the

country's flora and fauna and flooding the capital

Manila, a NASA scientist warned here Friday.

The continued melting of Arctic ice caps, brought on by

climate change, could cause sea levels to rise by seven

metres (23 feet), said National Aeronautics and Space

Administration (NASA) physicist Josefino Comiso.

He said the country's fish stocks would be depleted and

many species of plant and animal life would die because

of the change in ocean temperatures caused by climate

change.


Sea Level Rise Poses Greatest Threat to the

Philippines

• PANAY NEWS, 7 Feb 2009; By Jun Ariolo N. Aguirre

BORACAY – An assessment made by marine experts said the

powdery white sand beach of this island will be submerged in sea

water several years from now because of the Sea Level Rise (SLR)

and other key factors.

Global warming experts from the National Research Council of the

Philippines (NRCP) of the Department of Science and Technology

(DOST) and from the University of the Philippines Marine Science

Institute recently presented this finding to stakeholders here.

• “These observations have been corroborated by the

island's 15 to 20-year residents and news reports,” she

added.


Manila Will Sink

• JUST LIKE OTHER MAJOR ASIAN CITIES: Manila, coastal

villages under threat from sea-level rise ( By TJ Burgonio);

• Source: Philippine Daily Inquirer, 23 Sep 08

MANILA, Philippines—Coastal communities in the

Philippines are under threat from sea level rise, while a

mega, but low-lying city like Manila

is vulnerable to more disasters, according to a World Vision

report.


Can you afford economic dislocation? For how long?

Infrastructure & Transport


A FORETASTE OF THINGS TO COME

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