09_Smart Grid and Smart Cities_Vivek_25042012.pdf - CiSTUP

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09_Smart Grid and Smart Cities_Vivek_25042012.pdf - CiSTUP

Smart Grid and Smart City

Discussion on key concepts


Objectives

Smart Grid – a brief introduction

• Relevance of Smart Grid to Smart City

• Achieving synergy

2


Smart Grid - Ecosystem view

Distributed Energy

Sources

Energy Storage

Information and Communication Enabled Energy Infrastructure

Traditional Energy Infrastructure

Transmission

Generators Sub-Stations

System

Solar

Panel

Home

Gateway

Electric

Vehicle

Smart Home

Distribution

System

Consumption and

Rate Display

Smart

Appliance s

Meter

Market Participants

Customers

Smart Industry/

Commercial


Smart Grid - Business and IT Architecture

Business Analytics Portal

Billing

DSM/ Demand

Response

Systems

Planning

GIS

CIS Call Center

MDMS

Maintenance

Mgmt

Asset Mgmt

Transmission

Generators Sub-Stations

System

Customer Portal

Protocols, Standards and Security

Communication Infrastructure

Power Infrastructure

Distribution

System

Planning &

Forecasting

Resource

Dispatch

EMS DMS

SCADA

Protocols, Standards and Security

Smart Meters/

Smart Homes

Extranet Portal (Market,

Suppliers, Partners etc)

Customer Service Power Procurement and Market Ops

Planning and Engineering

MWM

AMI

Operation

Planning

Business Applications

Enterprise Integration

Real-Time Systems

Bidding &

Scheduling

Settlements

Power Quality and Reliability

Distributed

Energy Sources

Trading &

Contracts

OMS

Energy

Storage


4

Smart Grid is the Migration from the traditional network structure...

-

12kV 400kV 400kV

11kV

66/33kV

400/230V

Power flow

220/132/66 kV

66/33kV

25kV

Transmission

Network

Rail Traffic

Farmhouses

Transmission Distribution


... To a dynamic & bidirectional flow of energy & data

Storage

Smarter

equipment &

connections

Microgrids

Exponential data

Interconnections

Electric Vehicle

Renewable

energy

Smarter

Consumption


Smart Grid - Business Value Chain


Example - SCADA in Smart Grid context


Value Realization

Example – Automated Demand Response

Fault

Anticipation

Integrated OMS

Smart Meters &

AMI

Dynamic

Pricing

Intelligent Devices

Distribution

Automation

Phase-1: (Infrastructure)

Network

Optimization

Auto – Demand

Response

Full Load

Participation

HAN / IHD

Distributed

Generation, PHEV

Phase-2:

(Instrumentation &

Grid Automation)

Implementation

Micro-grids

Energy Storage

Smart Appliances

Cyber & Grid Security

Decentralized

Control &

Intelligence

Phase-3: 2012-2021

(Grid Intelligence

& Customer Enablement)

Smart Grid

Vision 2030

Phase-4: 2020-2030

(Intuitive Grids

& Participatory Networks)


Key Principle: Role of IT in Future Systems

Social Policy Economic

Information Technology

Communication

Automation & Control

• Business function level applications

• For visibility, transparency & quick

decision making

• Glue between IT & Automation

• Evolution and unification of voice and

data

• Equipment level intelligence (e.g. meter,

switchgear etc)

• Open standards driven & vendor neutral

The convergence of IT,

Communication and

Automation/Control

technologies needs to

happen in harmony

with Social, Policy and

Economic aspects.

“Social applications of IT--especially those supporting organizational

and societal missions--tend to be large-scale and complex, mixing

technical and non technical design and operational elements and

involving often-difficult social and policy issues…”

-- Making IT Better: Expanding Information Technology Research to Meet Society's Needs (2000),

Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB), National Academies Press, USA

IT is the backbone of any complex socio-technical system

An enabler to sense, discover, regulate, enforce, control and optimize


11

Questions?

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